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OS Textile Technology and Production L4

OS Textile Technology and Production L4

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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

OCCUPATIONAL STANDARD

TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTION
NTQF Level IV

Ministry of Education May 2011

Introduction
Ethiopia has embarked on a process of reforming its TVET-System. Within the policies and strategies of the Ethiopian Government, technology transformation – by using international standards and international best practices as the basis, and, adopting, adapting and verifying them in the Ethiopian context – is a pivotal element. TVET is given an important role with regard to technology transfer. The new paradigm in the outcome-based TVET system is the orientation at the current and anticipated future demand of the economy and the labor market. The Ethiopia Occupational Standard (EOS) is the core element of the Ethiopian National TVET-Strategy and an important factor within the context of the National TVET-Qualification Framework (NTQF). They are national Ethiopian standards, which define the occupational requirements and expected outcome related to a specific occupation without taking TVET delivery into account. This document details the mandatory format, sequencing, wording and layout for the Ethiopia Occupational Standard which comprised of Units of Competence. A Unit of Competence describes a distinct work activity. standard format that comprises:        Occupational title and NTQF level Unit title Unit code Unit descriptor Elements and Performance criteria Variables and Range statement Evidence guide It is documented in a

Together all the parts of a Unit of Competence guide the assessor in determining whether the candidate is competent. The ensuing sections of this EOS document comprise a description of the occupation with all the key components of a Unit of Competence:    chart with an overview of all Units of Competence for the respective level including the Unit Codes and the Unit Titles contents of each Unit of Competence (competence standard) occupational map providing the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) providers with information and important requirements to consider when designing training programs for this standards and for the individual, a career path

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Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

UNIT OF COMPETENCE CHART Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Occupational Code: TXT TTP NTQF Level IV
TXT TTP4 01 0511 TXT TTP4 02 0511 TXT TTP4 03 0511

Undertake Process Planning and Production Scheduling

Supervise Operations in Textile Enterprise

Interpret and Apply Textile Calculations and Specifications

TXT TTP4 04 0511

TXT TTP4 05 0511

TXT TTP4 06 0511

Facilitate Development of New Textile Product

Interpret Product Costs in Terms of Customer Requirements

Assist Implementing Proactive Maintenance Strategy

TXT TTP4 07 0511

TXT TTP4 08 0511

TXT TTP4 09 0511

Apply Quality Systems and Statistical Quality Control

Coordinate Set-up of Machine/s for Product Change

Estimate and Cost Job

TXT TTP4 10 0511

TXT TTP4 11 0511

TXT TTP4 12 0511

Establish Quality Standards

Utilize Specialized Communication Skills

Develop Individuals and Teams

TXT TTP4 13 0511

TXT TTP4 14 0511

Manage and Maintain Small/Medium Business Operations

Migrate to New Technology

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Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV

Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor

Undertake Process Planning and Production Scheduling TXT TTP4 01 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required for reviewing process specifications, determining the production sequence, identifying production requirements and capacities and preparing schedules for process & production of textile products. Performance Criteria 1.1 Supporting engineering and production data is examined, where required. 1.2 Production processes to be used are determined. 1.3 Specifications are obtained and examined. 2.1 Steps required for the process are identified and flow charts are produced where required in accordance with standard operating procedures. 2.2 Material and parts lists are prepared also with CAD in accordance with standard operating procedures. 2.3 Tooling and/or equipment requirements are documented in accordance with standard operating procedures. 2.4 Process steps are documented and clearly represented in accordance with standard operating procedures.

Elements 1. Review process specifications

2. Determine production sequence

3. Identify production requirements and capacities

3.1 Engineering production data is identified and obtained in accordance with workplace procedures. 3.2 Inventory capacities and requirements are identified and obtained in accordance with workplace procedures. 3.3 Procurement and supply requirements and constraints are identified and obtained in accordance with workplace procedures. 3.4 Production capacity and constraints are identified and obtained in accordance with workplace procedures. 3.5 Standard times are identified and obtained in accordance with workplace procedures. 3.6 production requirements are obtained with the existing resources and strategies are evolved to fit with it.

4. Prepare schedule for production of component/ part

4.1 Production of component is scheduled in accordance with production, inventory, procurements, time constraints, supply capacities and requirements. 4.2 Schedule is documented in accordance with accepted organization procedures and quality management.
Ministry of Education Copyright Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

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Variable Production processes Steps

Range Production processes include work planned over a specified timeframe, taking into account required and available resources Steps include steps and milestones against which progress can be checked

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: Competence  Review process specifications  Determine production sequence  Identify production requirements and capacities  Prepare schedule for production of a component/part Underpinning Demonstrates Knowledge of: Knowledge  Production processes found within the organization  Tooling and/or equipment requirements for workplace processes  Safe workplace practices and procedures  Scheduling techniques  Production methods  Quality assurance requirements  Inventory policies  Procurement, supply requirements and constraints  General staffing levels, capabilities and application of standard times  Machine set-up, capability and application of standard times  Enterprise safety requirements and directives Underpinning Demonstrates skills to: Skills  monitor and maintain a safe workplace and environment  access and use feedback to improve operational performance  prepare recommendations to improve operations  access and use established systems and processes  coaching and mentoring skills to provide support to colleagues Resource The following resources must be provided. Implications  Workplace or fully equipped assessment location with necessary tools and equipment as well as consumable materials Method of Competence may be assessed through: Assessment  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Context of Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated Assessment work place setting
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Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV

Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor

Supervise Operations in a Textile Enterprise TXT TTP4 02 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes to supervise operations within a textile enterprise.

Elements 1. Identify scope of supervisory responsibility

Performance Criteria 1.1 Machine operations, staff, resources and operation processes within work area are identified. 1.2 Scope and limitations of supervisory role are identified. 1.3 Production targets are determined. 1.4 Maintenance requirements are identified.

2. Provide technical support to operators

2.1 Operator roles and allocation of personnel are identified. 2.2 Operator productivity and ability to conduct work effectively and safely are monitored. 2.3 Training needs are identified and communicated to appropriate personnel. 2.4 Technical problems rose by operators regarding machinery, product quality, and operational safety are addressed. 2.5 Technical support in the skill and knowledge associated with operations is provided to operators.

3. Control production to achieve efficiency targets

3.1 Production standards are set or interpreted to meet production targets. 3.2 Corrective or preventative action is recommended and implemented. 3.3 Targets and procedures are communicated to relevant personnel in a logical and easily understood manner. 3.4 Supply of resources is managed and ensured as required. 3.5 Maintenance of machinery is scheduled as required.

4. Supervise team 4.1 Production standards are communicated to team members. activity 4.2 Work allocation requirements are monitored and addressed in order to maintain optimum production efficiency. 4.3 Targets and procedures are communicated to appropriate personnel in a logical and easily understood manner. 4.4 Team communications and relations are monitored and supported.
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4.5 Team compliance with OHS practices is monitored. 4.6 Production output is monitored against targets and addressed as necessary 5. Liaise with downstream and upstream areas and management 5.1 Liaison with downstream and upstream areas is maintained to ensure quality and efficiency of operations as required. 5.2 Management is kept informed of progress and any issues which may affect operation outcomes. 5.3 Ongoing liaison is maintained with management to guide operation targets. 5.4 Opportunities to minimize down time are discussed and arranged with maintenance staff and management. 6. Ensure workplace documentation 6.1 Documentation procedures are identified for each step of operations. 6.2 Compliance with documentation requirements is monitored. 6.3 Movement of materials through operations is monitored to assess progress. 6.4 Enterprise documentation is completed.

Variable Occupational Health & safety

Range OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to:  manual handling techniques  standard operating procedures  personal protective equipment  safe materials handling  taking of rest breaks  ergonomic arrangement of workplaces  following marked walkways  safe storage of equipment  housekeeping  reporting accidents and incidents  environmental practices Operation processes may include:  use of machines and equipment  use of chemicals  use of materials Issues which may affect operation outcomes may relate to:  staffing  machinery
Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Operation processes

Issues which may affect operation outcomes
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Ministry of Education Copyright

  

materials schedules maintenance requirements

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: Competence  organize machine operations, staff and operation processes  Communicate with other employees and external personnel such as suppliers, contractors, etc.  implement appropriate ways of correcting non-compliance and inefficiencies  apply techniques to monitor operations  provide technical support  apply OHS practices in work operations  check operation outputs against specifications  maintain accurate records Underpinning Demonstrates knowledge of: Knowledge and  production and workflow system in the workplace Attitudes  requirements for efficient production  controlling, monitoring and assessing production efficiency  factors and constraints that impact on effective workflow  ways of controlling factors and constraints  efficient operation of machines and processes within area of supervision  techniques and procedures identifying workflow problems  machinery maintenance requirements  quality assurance standards, procedures and practices  OHS practices, including hazard control measures  workplace practices, recording and reporting practices Underpinning Demonstrates skills to: Skills  schedule and prioritize resources (machines, staff, materials and operation processes)  clarify and communicate tasks, roles and responsibilities  allocate work for operators/team members  identify and report problems with workflow  problem solving techniques  read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations and meet specifications  carry out work according to OHS practices

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Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Resource Implications Method of Assessment Context of Assessment

Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV

Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor

Interpret and Apply Textile Calculations and Specifications TXT TTP4 03 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes to interpret and apply calculations and specifications within a textile manufacturing environment. Performance Criteria 1.1 Features of systems used to document specifications and techniques for converting specifications across systems, are identified 1.2 Specifications applying to fiber and yarn analysis are interpreted 1.3 Specifications applying to fabric analysis are interpreted 1.4 Terminology used in the textile production industry relating to raw materials, specifications and processing are correctly interpreted, applied and used 1.5 Specifications appropriate to the textile operation are obtained and interpreted 1.6 Work requirements are determined from specifications 1.7 Clarification of specifications is undertaken as required using appropriate information resources and search techniques

Elements 1.Obtain and interpret textile specifications

2. Perform textile calculations

2.1 Calculation requirements for specific production processes are determined 2.2 Formulas used to convert specifications to desired format are identified and applied 2.3 Formulas used for calculating requirements for natural fiber and yarn production are identified and applied 2.4 Formulas used for calculating requirements for textile production are identified and applied 2.5 Formulas and graphs used for calculating requirements for production of man-made fibres are identified and applied 2.6 Calculations are checked and verified as correct 2.7 Deviations from expected outcomes are examined and validated with appropriate information resources

3. Complete records

3.1 Calculation records are accurately documented to agreed standards 3.2 Documentation is prepared for testing or production processes
Ministry of Education Copyright Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

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Variable Occupational Health and Safety

Range OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to:  manual handling techniques  standard operating procedures  personal protective equipment  safe materials handling  taking of rest breaks  ergonomic arrangement of workplaces  following marked walkways  safe storage of equipment  housekeeping  reporting accidents and incidents  environmental practices Specifications applying to fiber and yarn analysis may include  coefficient of variation  count or linear density  ply  TPI  fiber fineness  fiber and yarn strength  hairiness  moisture or regain Specifications applying to fabric analysis may include  mass per unit area/ GSM  PPI  EPI  Length and width  shrinkage  Pilling  Abrasion  Drape  permeability  fire proof Terminology may include  Ethiopian standards  international standards  industry standards  standard operating procedures, safety procedures, job lists, manufacturer manuals, specifications, textile production patterns and machine settings, Ethiopian and International Standards, trade journals, quality system documentation customer requirements, workplace and site procedures and
Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Specifications applying to Fiber and yarn analysis

Specifications applying to fabric analysis

Terminology

Resources and search techniques include

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Ministry of Education Copyright

Formulas

Appropriate information resources

manuals, industry manuals, codes of practice, awards, legislation, plans, diagrams, log books  hard copy or electronic data  key personnel, supervisors, trainers, colleagues  using index, table of contents, numbering and classification systems, etc.  computer database search or look-up, questioning, crossreferencing  basic techniques to identify relevant information, including skimming and scanning, identifying key words and ideas Formulas may include  calculation of percentages  calculation of fractions  conversion between systems  reading and constructing graphs Appropriate information resources may include  supervisors  managers  trainers  machine manuals

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to:  identify specifications relevant to textile processes  interpret specifications accurately  convert specifications formats accurately as required  select and apply correct formulas  undertake textile calculations  construct and read graphs  record calculations and units accurately  apply OHS practices in work operations Demonstrates knowledge of:  textile industry terminology  systems and formula used in textile calculations  weight length ratio  international specification standards  practical application of calculations  quality practices  workplace practices  practices for recording and reporting  production processes Demonstrates skills to:  identify specification information
Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills
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Resource Implication Method of Assessment Context of Assessment

recognize, rectify and report deviations from specifications read, interpret and follow specification information, standard operating procedures and work instructions and other reference material  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations  clarify and check task-related information  carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

 

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Facilitate Development of New Textile Product TXT TTP4 04 0511 This competency covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required to develop a new/evolutionary product within an existing range of products and encompass design for manufacture and the facilitation of its initial production.

Elements 1. Confirm design brief of new product in consultation with relevant people

Performance Criteria 1.1 Communicate with customer and other key stakeholders and agree on technical specification, aesthetic requirements, timelines, cost and other market requirements 1.2 Determine regulatory/industry code/intellectual property requirements for product 1.3 Identify possible tooling/process/equipment needs 1.4 Develop design brief, including relevant drawings, to meet needs 1.5 Obtain 'sign off' on total design brief from all relevant persons

2. Determine material requirements for product

2.1 Select appropriate materials/combination of materials/ components in liaison with key stakeholders 2.2 Determine material/component testing and evaluation regime required to meet product end use requirements, including regulatory /industry code requirements 2.3 Arrange for, testing and evaluation of trial materials/ components 2.4 Guide material trial process and interpret material trial results 2.5 Determine final materials/components specifications and details of value chain

3. Determine process requirements for product

3.1 Select appropriate process to make product in liaison with key stakeholders and based on relevant factors 3.2 Determine any special process/equipment requirements for this product 3.3 Communicate with production personnel to determine their concerns and/or training or other needs 3.4 Adjust the design as required to satisfy customer and production needs
Ministry of Education Copyright Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

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4. Ensure process 4.1 Liaise with equipment design/procurement personnel needs for new 4.2 Interpret hardware specifications and ensure they are product have appropriate for the job required been met 4.3 Liaise with process personnel to ensure appropriate draft procedures for new product have been developed 4.4 Validate product cost and design meets objectives 5. Trial new 5.1 Design trialing procedure to deliver required information product through 5.2 Liaise with relevant stakeholders the process 5.3 Ensure health safety and environment (HSE) requirements are stringently observed 5.4 Coordinate the trialing of the new product 5.5 Interpret product trial results and guide product trial process 5.6 Tune process to optimize production of new product 6. Determine process capability 7. Coordinate product trials 6.1 Plot appropriate statistical process control charts 6.2 Determine confidence limits 6.3 Compare confidence limits with product specification 7.1 Determine product testing and evaluation regime required to meet end use requirements, including regulatory/industry code requirements 7.2 Arrange for testing and evaluation of trial product/prototype 7.3 Interpret product trial results and guide product trial process 7.4 Determine final product specification in liaison with key stakeholders 7.5 Make required changes to materials, process and equipment 8. Implement standard procedures for new product 8.1 Monitor initial production and, in liaison with appropriate team members, adjust process, conditions and materials to ensure the product and process outcomes conform to requirements 8.2 Ensure process specifications are updated and reflect the optimized operation developed 8.3 Ensure standard operating procedures are correct for the new product 8.4 Ensure equipment and other hardware records are updated to reflect additions/changes 8.5 Ensure project records are complete and all required reports have been completed and submitted 8.6 Archive records according to company procedure
Ministry of Education Copyright Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

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Variable Occupational Health and Safety

Range  Safe working practices’ include compliance on accepted policies, standard, strategies legislative and enterprise requirements. Recognize hazards commonly occurring at the workplace and follow health and safety instructions and procedures in the workplace. Implement and monitor defined OHS policies and procedures for a work group or area, within their scope of responsibilities.

Processes and policies

Typical regulatory requirements

Relevant factors

This competency unit is for the design of a new product 'from scratch'.  It assumes an understanding of the operation of all relevant equipment and processes but does not necessarily require them to be used personally.  The competency assumes a working knowledge of all main processes and materials so that an informed choice can be made between them.  All operations are performed in accordance with standard procedures and policies. Typical regulatory requirements include:  Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)  Environmental regulations  Structural codes  Product/industry specific requirements. Relevant factors may include:  Type of material  Dimensional precision of product  Length of run/number of products  Required aesthetics  Size and complexity of product  Available capital funding  Process equipment available  HSE.

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to:  Confirm design brief of new product in consultation with relevant people  Determine material requirements for product  Trial new product through the process
Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications

Method of Assessment Context of Assessment

 Implement standard procedures for new product  Determine process requirements for product Demonstrate knowledge and attitudes on:  Knowledge and understanding of the materials, equipment and process sufficient to choose an appropriate combination of materials and process to achieve the end use function of the product.  Knowledge of the enterprise's procedures and relevant regulatory requirements along with the ability to implement them within appropriate time constraints and work standards. Demonstrates skills to:  draw trade sketches and drawings  access industry standards  complete accurate documentation  read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations  meet specifications  clarify and check task-related information  carry out work according to OHS practices The following resources MUST be provided.  Workplace or fully equipped assessment location with necessary tools and equipment as well as consumable materials  Documented organizational requirements  Approved assessment tools  Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV

Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor

Interpret Product Costs in Terms of Customer Requirements TXT TTP4 05 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, attitude and skills needed for a person to be able to identify the major cost components of their product/s, the basic relationship of these to customer benefits and use this to help minimize waste (defined as anything not delivering a customer benefit). It has a different focus to apply cost factors to work practices which focuses on costs in isolation whereas this unit regards all costs not directly leading to customer benefit as waste. It may apply to all employees.

Elements 1. Identify cost components deriving from customer benefits and other costs 2. Compare required performance of product or process steps with actual performance

Performance Criteria 1.1 Identify customer features/benefits in product or process being undertaken 1.2 Identify cost components which deliver customer features/benefits and those which don't.

2.1 Identify performance required to meet customer needs in own work and that of team 2.2 Identify actual performance 2.3 Compare cost components of products or process with current customer-related targets 2.4 Separate costs components into those that contribute to customer features/benefits and those that do not contribute 2.5 Determine non-contributing cost components which are under control of the individual or team

3. Minimize waste

3.1 Recommend changes to eliminate or reduce waste 3.2 Adopt changes which minimizes waste 3.3 Monitor effect of changes to ensure gains are made against customer features/benefits

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Variable Occupational Health and Safety

Range  Safe working practices’ include compliance on accepted policies, standard, strategies legislative and enterprise requirements. Recognize hazards commonly occurring at the workplace and follow health and safety instructions and procedures in the workplace. Customer features/benefits are those characteristics of the product or services which add value to the customer, this value may be assessed in financial or features terms. The customer may be internal or external.

Customer features/benefits

 Performance 

Customer-related targets Non-contributing cost components

Performance may be thought of as the rate of output of the plant compared to the rate required to meet demand.  Performance might also be thought of in terms of takt where takt time is the allowable time to produce one product at the rate and quality customers are demanding it.  This is NOT the same as cycle time, which is the normal time to complete an operation on a product (which should be less than or equal to takt time). Customer-related targets are the internally set financial and operational targets that contribute to meeting customer features/benefits. Non-contributing cost Components Some costs incurred make a direct contribution to customer features/benefits. These costs continue to need to be incurred (although they may be minimized) in order to gain the customer feature/benefit. Other costs do not contribute to customer features/benefits (noncontributing cost components) and either must be maintained such as regulatory compliance and occupational health and safety (OHS) costs while other costs are not required and do not contribute to customer features and so should be eliminated if possible. This is also defined in terms of waste. Within manufacturing, categories of waste include:  Excess production and early production  Delays  Movement and transport  Poor process design  Inventory  Inefficient performance of a process making defective items. Waste for this unit may include activities which do not yield any benefit to the organization or any benefit to the organizations

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Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to:  Identify cost components deriving from customer benefits and other costs  Compare required performance of product or process steps with actual performance  Evidence of implementing changes which reduce waste. Demonstrate a knowledge of accessing company information about:  Customer features/benefits  Cost components of products made  Costs concepts such as expense and income  Major cost contributors to product (e.g. energy)  Difference between internally and externally controlled costs  Difference between overhead, labor and consumables Demonstrates skills to:  access industry standards  read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations  meet specifications  clarify and check task-related information  carry out work according to OHS practices The following resources MUST be provided.  Workplace or fully equipped assessment location with necessary tools and equipment as well as consumable materials Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications

Method of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV

Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor

Assist in Implementing Proactive Maintenance Strategy TXT TTP4 06 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required by a maintenance person to assist in the implementation of a proactive maintenance strategy in a manufacturing environment. This unit includes the interaction between maintenance worker and operator as appropriate. Performance Criteria 1.1 Determine manufacturer's recommended inspection, servicing and related schedules for relevant plant 1.2 Consult with relevant people with regard to appropriate inspections, services and schedules 1.3 Discuss any conflicts with relevant people and seek resolution of conflicts 1.4 Develop schedules in liaison with relevant people 1.5 Identify inspections and servicing which may be done by operations personnel in liaison with relevant stakeholders

Elements 1. Develop components of reliability strategy for a work/plant area

2. Assess current practice for maintenance implications

2.1 Evaluate procedures for plant/equipment reliability implications 2.2 Discuss current practices with relevant people to determine any plant/equipment reliability implications 2.3 Recommend changes to improve plant/equipment reliability in accordance with procedures

3. Assist in implementing the reliability strategy

3.1 Arrange for schedules to be incorporated in relevant work plans 3.2 Identify training needs in discussion with relevant personnel 3.3 Assist personnel to develop required skills for inspections/servicing within scope of authority 3.4 Collect data/information as required by own work plan 3.5 Compare data/information with performance indicators 3.6 Recommend improvements to reliability strategy in accordance with procedures

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Variable Occupational Health and Safety

Range Safe working practices’ include compliance on accepted policies, standard, strategies legislative and enterprise requirements.  Recognize hazards commonly occurring at the workplace and follow health and safety instructions and procedures in the workplace. Inspection may include:  Reading dials, gauges, meters  Observations including those using sight, hearing, smell, feel  Observations of product quality/faults/rejects. Servicing may include:  Cleaning  Lubricating  Topping up  Adjusting Procedures include:  all work instructions,  standard operating procedures,  formulas/recipes, batch sheets,  temporary instructions and similar instructions provided for the smooth running of the plant. They may be:  written,  verbal,  computer based or in some other form. For the purposes of this Training Package, 'procedures' also includes good operating practice as may be defined by industry codes of practice (e.g. Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), Responsible Care) and government regulations. 

Inspection

Servicing

Procedures

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: Competence  Develop components of reliability strategy for a work/plant area  Assess current practice for maintenance implications Underpinning Demonstrate knowledge and attitudes on: Knowledge at  Requirements of the proactive maintenance strategy being Attitudes implemented  Principles of operation of the equipment/plant  Likely abilities of operations personnel with regard to
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Underpinning Skills

Resource Implication

Method of Assessment Context of Assessment

inspections and servicing  Procedures relevant to job  Methods of making/recommending improvements. Demonstrates skills to:  assess operating performance of machine  start and stop machines according to specifications  monitor machine operations, including machine production readings  recognize fault conditions  rectify minor machine faults or problems as required  read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations  meet specifications  clarify and check task-related information  carry out work according to OHS practices The following resources MUST be provided.  Workplace or fully equipped assessment location with necessary tools and equipment as well as consumable materials Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Apply Quality Systems and Statistical Quality Control TXT TTP4 07 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required for working within a quality improvement system, either individually or in a team situation and taking samples or applying a statistical process to monitor production.

Elements 1. Ensure work within a quality system

Performance Criteria 1.1 Instructions and procedures are ensured to be followed and duties performed in accordance with requirements of quality improvement system. 1.2 Conformance to specifications is ensured. 1.3 Defects are detected and reported according to standard operating procedures. 1.4 Performance of operation or quality of product or service is monitored to ensure customer satisfaction.

2. Engage in quality improvement

2.1 Current performance is assessed. 2.2 Established performance measures are identified. 2.3 Specifications and standard operating procedures are identified. 2.4 Defects are detected and reported according to standard operating procedures. 2.5 Process improvement procedures are participated in. 2.6 The improvement of internal/external customer/supplier relationships is participated in. 2.7 Performance of operation or quality of product or service is monitored to ensure customer satisfaction

3. Take samples

3.1 Difference between population and sample is understood and various sampling schemes are applied in accordance with standard operating procedures. 3.2 Sample is taken according to the procedure.

4. Apply statistical 4.1 Concept of variation in terms of average and spread is process to understood. Data is used to produce relevant statistical information. monitor production 4.2 Data is interpreted accurately and information is presented to appropriate authority according to standard operating procedures.
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Variable Quality improvement system

Range Quality improvement system a system comprising some or all of the following elements:  Quality assurance  Quality control  Quality inspection  Quality improvement  Total quality control  quality assurance – planning to meet customers’ requirements  quality control – checks and procedures to ensure customer requirements are met  quality inspection – inspecting and testing products and services  total quality control – a company-wide approach that combines both quality assurance and quality control so that the customer is always satisfied Customer the next person or organization receiving the production or service Sampling schemes Agreed customer plans, Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) and Average Outgoing Quality Level (AOQL) plans, balanced score card (BSC), 5S, Six Sigma etc. Relevant statistical information Average, range and process control data and the plotting of charts such as line graphs, run charts, tally charts, histograms, control charts, random and assignable causes etc.

Quality terms

Customer Sampling schemes Relevant statistical information

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to:  work within a quality system  engage in quality improvement  take samples  apply statistical process to monitor production Demonstrate a knowledge of  Commonly accepted meaning/s of the terms quality and quality system  The reasons for following the requirements of the quality improvement system  Strategies and approaches for working within a quality system  Procedures to be followed in undertaking the work  Specifications to which the individual’s work is to comply  Reasons for ensuring work conforms to specification  Benefits of good quality:
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Underpinning Knowledge

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Underpinning Skills

quality products reduced costs customer confidence, satisfaction and loyalty good reputation job satisfaction increased competitiveness keeping up with technology  Costs and consequences of poor quality e.g.  lost customers, accidents, wastage, lost time, low morale and conflict  Procedures for reporting defects  Examples of common defects  Quality improvement procedures  Four steps of the quality cycle: plan, do, check, act  Reasons for following process improvement procedures  Examples of ways in which customer/supplier relationships can be improved  Benefits of good customer/supplier relationship  Hazards and control measures associated with applying quality procedures, including housekeeping  Safe work practices and procedures  Numerical operations and statistical calculations/formulae within the scope of this unit  Statistical process control procedures, which may include sixsigma etc. And the sampling procedures to be followed  The types of charts that can be produced to assist monitoring of products including run charts, tally charts, histograms, control charts  Use and application of personal protective equipment Demonstrates skills to:  consistently achieve quality and production output requirements  read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations  meet specifications  clarify and check task-related information  carry out work according to OHS practices

      

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Resource Implications Method of Assessment Context of  Assessment

The following resources must be provided.  Workplace or fully equipped assessment area with necessary tools and equipment as well as consumable materials Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Coordinate Set-Up of Machine/s for Product Change TXT TTP4 08 0511 This unit covers the skills, attitudes and knowledge required to set up machines for production changes in a textile enterprise. Performance Criteria 1.1 Product specifications are interpreted correctly in relation to machine setting requirements 1.2 Machine is set in accordance with product specifications, machine manufacturer instructions and OHS practices 2. Conduct sample runs 2.1 Material to be used for sampling is obtained 2.2 Machine is operated in accordance with manufacturer and workplace instructions to produce a specified sample 2.3 Sample is organized for quality testing 2.4 Sample is tested in accordance with workplace practices to ensure required quality standards are met 3. Re-adjust machine settings to meet requirements 3.1 Test results are interpreted to determine adjustment requirements 3.2 Adjustment changes are assessed in accordance with product and machine specifications 3.3 Appropriate production personnel are informed of the availability of the newly set up machine in accordance with workplace practices 4. Maintain records 4.1 Records are maintained and updated 4.2 Reports prepared, where necessary, in accordance with workplace practices 4.3 Necessary documentation is accomplished in accordance with workplace procedures and standards Variable Occupational Health & safety Range OHS practices must include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may include:  manual handling techniques  standard operating procedures  personal protective equipment  safe materials handling  taking of rest breaks
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Elements 1. Set machines

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     

ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents other OHS practices relevant to the job and enterprise

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: Competence  interpret specifications for machine settings  perform sample runs  arrange or conducting testing of sample  make appropriate re-adjustments  apply workplace health and safety policies in production operations  maintain accurate records Underpinning Demonstrates knowledge of: Knowledge and  setting up and adjustment requirements for the range of Attitudes machines and equipment used in the workplace  quality requirements  machine manufacturer specifications  safety and environmental aspects of relevant workplace activities  OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures  quality and workplace practices  recording and reporting practices Underpinning Demonstrates skills to: Skills  set and operate machines  test and analyze samples  apply all the relevant safety practices when working in the industry  communicate effectively with individuals, work groups and supervisors  interpret and carry out established procedures  read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions and other reference material  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations  meet specifications  clarify and check task-related information  carry out work according to OHS practices
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Resource Implications Method of Assessment Context of Assessment

Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Estimate and Cost Job TXT TTP4 09 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to estimate materials, labor and time requirements and establish costs for products and services,

Elements 1. Gather information

Performance Criteria 1.1 Details of customer requirements are obtained through discussion with customer or from information supplied. 1.2 Details of products and services to be provided are developed. 1.3 Delivery point and methods of transportation are determined where necessary. 1.4 Details are recorded.

2. Estimate materials, labor and time

2.1 Types and quantities of materials required for work are estimated. 2.2 Labor requirements to perform required services are estimated. 2.3 Time requirements to perform required services are estimated.

3. Calculate costs

3.1 Total materials costs and labour costs are calculated. 3.2 Total job cost is calculated, including overheads and mark-up percentages. 3.3 Final cost to customer is calculated.

4. Document and verify details

Details of costs and charges are documented. Costs, calculations and other details are verified by other enterprise personnel, as required. 4.3 Customer quotation is prepared. 4.4 Details are documented for future reference.

Variable

Range

Legislative/regulatory All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or requirements Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. OHS practices OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to:
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Types and Sources of Information

                     

manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices Organizational rules, regulation and guidelines sharing best practice Virtual library Workplace guidelines Recorded documents/logo/history Purpose of value chain analysis Methods of value chain analysis Types of waste and methods of reducing it Process used to make product Processes employed by other members of the value chain sufficient to have meaningful dialog with them Methods of value analysis

Required Knowledge

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: Competence  interpret work orders  interpret specifications and instructions for products and materials to be used  estimate quantities of materials required  determine the types and amount of labour required to complete the work  estimate time required to complete the work  document and communicate work-related information, including customer requirements, products, materials and labour required, costing calculations for products, materials and labour, and special conditions  use calculators, computer programs and other aids in the estimation and cost calculation processes Underpinning Demonstrates knowledge of: Knowledge and  products and services offered by the enterprise Attitudes  operating principles of products and equipment  workplace costing procedures  components of overheads costs
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Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications Method of Assessment Context of Assessment

components of direct labour costs workflow and manufacturing processes basic mathematical processes basic mathematical formulas labour rates and approximate costs of products and materials  OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures Demonstrates skills to:  locate and interpret technical information about products, materials, equipment and operating procedures  identify customer requirements  calculate amounts and sizes of materials  apply hourly rates for labour and overheads  estimate production times  calculate total costs of products or services  ascertain or estimate delivery, availability and timelines  read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material  maintain accurate records  communicate within the workplace  sequence operations  meet specifications  clarify and check task-related information  carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

    

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Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Establish Quality Standards Unit Code TXT TTP4 10 0311 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required to monitor quality of work, establish quality specifications for work outcomes, participate in maintaining and improving quality at work, identify hazards and critical control points in the production of quality output, assist in planning of quality assurance procedures, report problems that affect quality and implement quality assurance procedures.

Elements 1. Establish quality specifications for service

Performance Criteria 1.1 Market specifications are sourced and legislated requirements identified. 1.2 Quality specifications developed and agreed upon 1.3 Quality specifications are documented and introduced to organization staff / personnel in accordance with the organization policy 1.4 Quality specifications are updated when necessary 2.1. Critical control points impacting on quality are identified. 2.2. Degree of risk for each hazard is determined. 2.3. Necessary documentation is accomplished in accordance with organization quality procedures 3.1 Procedures for each identified control point are developed to ensure optimum quality. 3.2 Hazards and risks are minimized through application of appropriate controls. 3.3 Processes to monitor the effectiveness of quality assurance procedures are developed. 4.1 Responsibilities for carrying out procedures are allocated to staff and contractors. 4.2 Instructions are prepared in accordance with the enterprise’s quality assurance program. 4.3 Staff and contractors are given induction training on the quality assurance policy. 4.4 Staff and contractors are given in-service training relevant to their allocated procedures. 5.1 Quality requirements are identified 5.2 Inputs are inspected to confirm capability to meet quality requirements 5.3 Work is conducted to produce required outcomes
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2. Identify hazards and critical control points 3. Assist in planning of quality assurance procedures 4. Implement quality assurance procedures

5. Monitor quality of work outcome

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6. Participate in maintaining and improving quality at work

7. Report problems that affect quality

5.4 Work processes are monitored to confirm quality of output and/or service 5.5 Processes are adjusted to maintain outputs within specification. 6.1 Work area, materials, processes and product are routinely monitored to ensure compliance with quality requirements 6.2 Non-conformance in inputs, process, product and/or service is identified and reported according to workplace reporting requirements 6.3 Corrective action is taken within level of responsibility, to maintain quality standards 6.4 Quality issues are raised with designated personnel 7.1 Recognize potential or existing quality problems. 7.2 Identify instances of variation in quality from specifications or work instructions. 7.3 Report variation and potential problems to supervisor/manager according to enterprise guidelines.

Variable Sourced Legislated requirements Safety procedures

Range  end-users  customers or stakeholders  Verification of service quality as part of consumer legislation or specific legislation related to service content or composition.  use of tools and equipment for construction works  workplace environment and handling of material safety,  following occupational health and safety procedures designated for the task  respect the policies, regulations, legislations, rule and procedures for construction works

Evidence Guide Critical Aspect of Competence Assessment requires evidence that the candidate:  Monitored quality of work  Established quality specifications for service  Participated in maintaining and improving quality at work  Identified hazards and critical control points in the production of quality service  Assisted in planning of quality assurance procedures  Reported problems that affect quality  Implemented quality assurance procedures
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Underpinning Knowledge

Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Demonstrates knowledge of:  Monitoring quality of work  Establishing quality specifications for product  Participating in maintaining and improving quality at work  Identifying hazards and critical control points in the production of quality product  Assisting in planning of quality assurance procedures  Reporting problems that affect quality  Implementing quality assurance procedures Demonstrates skills in:  Monitoring quality of work  Establishing quality specifications for service  Participating in maintaining and improving quality at work  Identifying hazards and critical control points in the production of quality service  Assisting in planning of quality assurance procedures  Reporting problems that affect quality  Implementing quality assurance procedures The following resources must be provided:  Workplace or fully equipped environment with necessary tools and equipment as well as consumable materials Competence may be assessed through:  Interview/ Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Utilize Specialized Communication Skills Unit Code TXT TTP4 11 0311 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to use specialized communication skills to meet specific needs of internal and external clients, conduct interviews, facilitate group discussions, and contribute to the development of communication strategies.

Elements

Performance Criteria

1. Meet common 1.1 Specific communication needs of clients and colleagues are and specific identified and met communication needs of clients 1.2 Different approaches are used to meet communication needs of clients and colleagues and colleagues 1.3 Conflict is addressed promptly and in a timely way and in a manner which does not compromise the standing of the organization 2. Contribute to 2.1 Strategies for internal and external dissemination of the information are developed, promoted, implemented and development of reviewed as required communication 2.2 Channels of communication are established and reviewed strategies regularly 2.3 Coaching in effective communication is provided 2.4 Work related network and relationship are maintained as necessary 2.5 Negotiation and conflict resolution strategies are used where required 2.6 Communication with clients and colleagues is appropriate to individual needs and organizational objectives 3. Represent the organization 3.1 When participating in internal or external forums, presentation is relevant, appropriately researched and presented in a manner to promote the organization 3.2 Presentation is clear and sequential and delivered within a predetermined time 3.3 Utilize appropriate media to enhance presentation 3.4 Differences in views are respected 3.5 Written communication is consistent with organizational standards 3.6 Inquiries are responded in a manner consistent with
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organizational standard 4. Facilitate group discussion 4.1 Mechanisms which enhance effective group interaction is defined and implemented 4.2 Strategies which encourage all group members to participate are used routinely 4.3 Objectives and agenda for meetings and discussions are routinely set and followed 4.4 Relevant information is provided to group to facilitate outcomes 4.5 Evaluation of group communication strategies is undertaken to promote participation of all parties 4.6 Specific communication needs of individuals are identified and addressed 5. Conduct interview 5.1 A range of appropriate communication strategies are employed in interview situations 5.2 Records of interviews are made and maintained in accordance with organizational procedures 5.3 Effective questioning, listening and nonverbal communication techniques are used to ensure that required message is communicated

Variable Strategies

Range                  Recognizing own limitations Utilizing techniques and aids Providing written drafts Verbal and non verbal communication Identifying and evaluating what is occurring within an interaction in a non judgmental way Using active listening Making decision about appropriate words, behavior Putting together response which is culturally appropriate Expressing an individual perspective Expressing own philosophy, ideology and background and exploring impact with relevance to communication Related to staff issues Routine Confidential Evidential Non disclosure Disclosure Establish rapport
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Effective group interaction

Types of Interview

Interview
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situations

   

obtain facts and information Facilitate resolution of issues Develop action plans Diffuse potentially difficult situation

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Assessment requires evidence that the candidate:  Demonstrated effective communication skills with clients accessing service and work colleagues  Adopted relevant communication techniques and strategies to meet client particular needs and difficulties Demonstrates knowledge of:  Communication process  Dynamics of groups and different styles of group leadership  Communication skills relevant to client groups Demonstrates skills to:  Full range of communication techniques including:  Full range of communication  Active listening  Feedback  Interpretation  Role boundaries setting  Negotiation  Establishing empathy  Communication skills required to fulfill job roles as specified by the organization Access to relevant workplace or appropriately simulated environment where assessment can take place Competence may be accessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context for Assessment

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Develop Individuals and Teams Unit Code TXT TTP4 12 03 11 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes required to determine individual and team development needs and facilitate the development of the workgroup. Performance Criteria 1.1 Learning and development needs are systematically identified and implemented in line with organizational requirements 1.2 Learning plan to meet individual and group training and developmental needs is collaboratively developed and implemented 1.3 Individuals are encouraged to self evaluate performance and identify areas for improvement 1.4 Feedback on performance of team members is collected from relevant sources and compared with established team learning process 2.1 Learning and development program goals and objectives are identified to match the specific knowledge and skills requirements of competence standards 2.2 Learning delivery methods are appropriate to the learning goals, the learning style of participants and availability of equipment and resources 2.3 Workplace learning opportunities and coaching/ mentoring assistance are provided to facilitate individual and team achievement of competencies 2.4 Resources and timelines required for learning activities are identified and approved in accordance with organizational requirements 3.1 Feedback from individuals or teams is used to identify and implement improvements in future learning arrangements 3.2 Outcomes and performance of individuals/teams are assessed and recorded to determine the effectiveness of development programs and the extent of additional support 3.3 Modifications to learning plans are negotiated to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of learning 3.4 Records and reports of competence are maintained within organizational requirement

Elements 1. Provide team leadership

2. Foster individual and organizational growth

3. Monitor and evaluate workplace learning

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4. Develop team commitment and cooperation 5. Facilitate accomplishment of organizational goals

4.1 Open communication processes to obtain and share information is used by team 4.2 Decisions are reached by the team in accordance with its agreed roles and responsibilities 4.3 Mutual concern and camaraderie are developed in the team 5.1 Team members actively participated in team activities and communication processes 5.2 Teams members developed individual and joint responsibility for their actions 5.3 Collaborative efforts are sustained to attain organizational goals

Variable Learning and development needs

Range                 Coaching, monitoring and/or supervision Formal/informal learning program Internal/external training provision Work experience/exchange/opportunities Personal study and Career planning/development Performance evaluation Workplace skills assessment Recognition of prior learning Quality assurance and/or procedures manuals Goals, objectives, plans, systems and processes Legal and organizational policy/guidelines and requirements Safety policies, procedures and programs Confidentiality and security requirements Business and performance plans Ethical standards Quality and continuous improvement processes and standards Formal/informal performance evaluation Obtaining feedback from supervisors and colleagues Obtaining feedback from clients Personal and reflective behavior strategies Routine and organizational methods for monitoring service delivery On the job coaching or monitoring Problem solving Presentation/demonstration Formal course participation Work experience Involvement in professional networks
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Organizational requirements

Feedback on performance

          

Learning delivery methods

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 Conference and seminar attendance

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Assessment requires evidence that the candidate:  Identified and implemented learning opportunities for others  Gave and received feedback constructively  Facilitated participation of individuals in the work of the team  Negotiated learning plans to improve the effectiveness of learning  Prepared learning plans to match skill needs  Accessed and designated learning opportunities Demonstrate knowledge and skills include:  Coaching and monitoring principles  Understanding how to work effectively with team members who have diverse work styles, aspirations, cultures and perspective  Understanding how to facilitate team development and improvement  Understanding methods and techniques to obtain and interpreting feedback  Understanding methods for identifying and prioritizing personal development opportunities and options  Knowledge of career paths and competence standards in the industry Demonstrate skills on:  Ability to read and understand a variety of texts, prepare general information and documents according to target audience; spell with accuracy; use grammar and punctuation effective relationships and conflict management  Communication skills including receiving feedback and reporting, maintaining effective relationships and conflict management  Planning skills to organize required resources and equipment to meet learning needs  Coaching and mentoring skills to provide support to colleagues  Reporting skills to organize information; assess information for relevance and accuracy; identify and elaborate on learning outcomes  Facilitation skills to conduct small group training sessions  Ability to relate to people from a range of social, cultural,
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitude

Underpinning Skills

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Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

physical and mental backgrounds Access to relevant workplace or appropriately simulated environment where assessment can take place Competence may be accessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Manage and Maintain Small/Medium Business Operations Unit Code TXT TTP4 13 0511 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the operation of day-to-day business activities in a micro or small business. The strategies involve developing, monitoring and managing work activities and financial information, developing effective work habits, and adjusting work schedules as needed.

Elements 1. Identify daily work requirements

Performance Criteria 1.1 Work requirements for a given time period are identified taking into consideration resources and constraints 1.2 Work activities are prioritized based on business needs, requirements and deadlines 1.3 If appropriate, work is allocated to relevant staff or contractors to optimize efficiency

2. Monitor and manage work

2.1 People, resources and/or equipment are coordinated to provide optimum results 2.2 Staff, clients and/or contractors are communicated within a clear and regular manner, to monitor work in relation to business goals or timelines 2.3 Problem solving techniques are applied to work situations to overcome difficulties and achieve positive outcomes

3. Develop effective work habits

3.1 Work and personal priorities are identified and a balance is achieved between competing priorities using appropriate time management strategies 3.2 Input from internal and external sources is sought and used to develop and refine new ideas and approaches 3.3 Business or inquiries are responded to promptly and effectively 3.4 Information is presented in a format appropriate to the industry and audience

4. Interpret financial information

4.1 Relevant documents and reports are identified 4.2 Documents and reports are read and understood and any implications discussed with appropriate persons 4.3 Data and numerical calculations are analyzed, checked, evaluated, organized and reconciled 4.4 Daily financial records and cash flow are maintained

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correctly and in accordance with legal and accounting requirements 4.5 Invoices and payments are prepared and distributed in a timely manner and in accordance with legal requirements 4.6 Outstanding accounts are collected or followed-up on 5. Evaluate work performance 5.1 Opportunities for improvements are monitored according to business demands 5.2 Work schedules are adjusted to incorporate necessary modifications to existing work and routines or changing needs and requirements 5.3 Proposed changes are clearly communicated and recorded to aid in future planning and evaluation 5.4 Relevant codes of practice are used to guide an ethical approach to workplace practices and decisions Variable Resources may include: Range           staff money time equipment space sales targets budgetary targets team and individual goals production targets reporting deadlines

Business goals may include:

Problem solving techniques may include:

 gaining additional research and information to make better informed decisions  looking for patterns  considering related problems or those from the past and how they were handled  eliminating possibilities  identifying and attempting sub-tasks  collaborating and asking for advice or help from additional sources     prioritizing and anticipating short term and long term planning and scheduling creating a positive and organized work environment clear timelines and goal setting that is regularly reviewed and
Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Time management strategies may include:

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adjusted as necessary  breaking large tasks into smaller tasks  getting additional support if identified and necessary Internal and external sources may include:  staff and colleagues  management, supervisors, advisors or head office  relevant professionals such as lawyers, accountants, management consultants  professional associations

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence A person must be able to demonstrate:  ability to identify daily work requirements and allocate work appropriately  ability to interpret financial documents in accordance with legal requirements Essential knowledge and attitudes include:  Federal and Local Government legislative requirements affecting business operations, especially in regard to occupational health and safety (OH&S), equal employment opportunity (EEO), industrial relations and anti-discrimination  Technical or specialist skills relevant to the business operation  Relevant industry code of practice  Planning techniques to establish realistic timelines and priorities  Identification of relevant performance measures  Quality assurance principles and methods  Relevant marketing, management, sales and financial concepts  Methods for monitoring performance and implementing improvements  Structured approaches to problem solving, idea management and time management Essential skills includes:  Literacy skills to interpret legal requirements, company policies and procedures and immediate, day-to-day demands  Communication skills including questioning, clarifying, reporting, and giving and receiving constructive feedback  Numeracy skills for performance information, setting targets and interpreting financial documents and reports  Technical and analytical skills to interpret business
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

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Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context for Assessment

documents, reports and financial statements and projections  Ability to relate to people from a range of social, cultural and ethnic backgrounds and physical and mental abilities  Problem solving skills to develop contingency plans  Using computers and software packages to record and manage data and to produce reports  Evaluation skills for assessing work and outcomes  Observation skills for identifying appropriate people, resources and to monitor work The following resources should be provided:  Access to relevant workplace documentation, financial records, and equipment Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test  Observation/Demonstration with Oral questioning Competence may be assessed in the workplace or in a simulated work environment

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Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Textile Technology and Production Level IV Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Migrate to New Technology TXT TTPA 14 0511 This unit defines the competence required to apply skills and knowledge in using new or upgraded technology. The rationale behind this unit emphasizes the importance of constantly reviewing work processes, skills and techniques in order to ensure that the quality of the entire business process is maintained at the highest level possible through the appropriate application of new technology. To this end, the person is typically engaged in on-going review and research in order to discover and apply new technology or techniques to improve aspects of the organization’s activities.

Elements 1. Apply existing knowledge and techniques to technology and transfer

Performance Criteria 1.1 Situations are identified where existing knowledge can be used as the basis for developing new skills. 1.2 New or upgraded technology skills are acquired and used to enhance learning. 1.3 New or upgraded equipment are identified, classified and used where appropriate, for the benefit of the organization.

2. Apply functions of technology to assist in solving organizational problems

2.1 Testing of new or upgraded equipment is conducted according to the specification manual. 2.2 Features of new or upgraded equipment are applied within the organization 2.3 Features and functions of new or upgraded equipment is used for solving organizational problems 2.4 Sources of information is accessed and used relating to new or upgraded equipment

3. Evaluate new or upgraded technology performance

3.1 New or upgraded equipment is evaluated for performance, usability and against OHS standards. 3.2 Environmental considerations are determined from new or upgraded equipment. 3.3 Feedback is sought from users where appropriate.

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Variable Environmental Considerations Feedback

Range May include but is not limited to recycling, safe disposal of packaging (e.g. cardboard, polystyrene, paper, plastic) and correct disposal of waste materials by an authorized body May include surveys, questionnaires, interviews and meetings.

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes Competence must confirm the ability to transfer the application of existing skills and knowledge to new technology  Broad awareness of current technology trends and directions in construction industry (e.g. systems/procedures, services, new developments, new protocols)  Knowledge of vendor product directions  Assess and analyze value chain  Ability to locate appropriate sources of information regarding building construction and new technologies  Current industry products/services, procedures and techniques with knowledge of general features  Information gathering techniques  Research skills for identifying broad features of new technologies  Ability to assist in the decision making process  Literacy skills in regard to interpretation of technical manuals  Ability to solve known problems in a variety of situations and locations  Evaluate and apply new technology to assist in solving organizational problems  General analytical skills in relation to known problems Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through:  Interview / Written Test / Oral Questioning  Observation / Demonstration Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Sector: Textile and Garments Sub-Sector: Textile Production

Level V

Textile Technology and Production Management

Level IV

Textile Technology and Production

Level III

Spinning and Ginning Operations

Weaving and Knitting Operations

Textile Chemical Processing Operations Textile Chemical Processing Operations

Level II

Spinning and Ginning Operations

Weaving and Knitting Operations

Level I

Basic Textile Operations

Page 49 of 50

Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Acknowledgement

We wish to extend thanks and appreciation to the many representatives of business, industry, academe and government agencies who donated their time and expertise to the development of this occupational standard.

We would like also to express our appreciation to the Experts of Ministry of Education (MoE) and Engineering Capacity Building Program (ecbp) who facilitated the development of this occupational standard.

This occupational standard was developed on May 2011 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Page 50 of 50

Ministry of Education Copyright

Textile Technology and Production Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

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