COVERT AND OVERT APPROACHES IN TEACHING GRAMMAR Covert grammar teaching The teacher gets the people involved

in using the structure without drawing their attention to grammatical rules Overt grammar teaching The teacher explicitly explains the rules when presenting the new language

The students attention is focused on the activity and not the grammar rules but they have ample opportunity to practice the question form

2 options are available to the teacher: - Deductive approach The teacher presents the rule/pattern/generalization and then goes to provide practice in the application of these rules Inductive approach/discovery method Students are first given a number of sample sentences containing the target forms and then the teacher guides the students into deriving the rule for themselves -

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