- ANTHROPOFAGIA anthropofagia is a popular notion among Brazilians that the formation of Brazilian identity resulted from "the constant

interaction between diverse cultures, each of which consumed the other until a single, all-encompassing culture was created." = IN SHORT, SWALLOWING OF OTHER CULTURES AND IDEOLOGIES IN ORDER TO PRODUCE NEW CULTURE. Exhibition: "Nucleo Historico: Anthropofagia e Historias de Canabilismos" (24th Bienal de Sao Paulo, 1998) - THIRD.SPACE, THIRDING term invented by Edward W. Soja. BOOK: Third.space: Journeys to Los Angeles and Other Real-And-Imagined Places. By Edward W. Soja. Cambridge, Mass., and Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1996. IN SHORT, THE IDEA IS TO LOOK BEYOND THE 'BINARIES' OF OUR CULTURE, SUCH AS THESIS - ANTITHESIS. HE DEVELOPS ON 'TRIALECTICS' BY LEFEBVRE. Thirdspace is an invitation to think beyond oppositional binaries and in different ways about space and spatiality. Soja draws on Lefebvre for the theoretical foundations, introducing Lefebvre's ideas through two "trialectics." The first trialectic moves around Spatiality, Historicality, and Sociality, and counters the tendency to privilege time over space. The second trialectic emerges from Lefebvre's distinction between spatial practice (perceived space), representations of space (conceived space), and spaces of representation (lived space). The important point seems to be that lived space (which approximates Soja's notion of thirdspace) both encompasses and is distinct from the previous two; it is a "thirding-as-Othering." Thirdspace is "a product of a 'thirding' of the spatial imagination, the creation of another mode of thinking about space that draws upon material and mental spaces of the traditional dualism but extends well beyond them in scope, substance and meaning" (p. 11). In the first six chapters, Soja not only reinterprets Lefebvre in light of thirdspace, but reviews the work of other theorists who seem to grasp both trialectics and work with them in creative ways. These theorists include bell hooks, Gillian Rose, Gloria Anzaldua, Maria Lugones, Gayatri Spivak, Edward Said, Homi Bhabha, and Michel Foucault.

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