Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium spp.

Descriptions of COTTON VARIETIES OF PAKISTAN

Dr. Akhlaq Hussain Muhammad Ibrahim Munir Ahmed Naz

Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

CONTENTS
PREFACE .........................................................................................................................5 FOREWORD ....................................................................................................................7 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS..............................................................................................9 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS .......................................................................10 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................................13 SUMMARY.....................................................................................................................16 PAK UPLAND ................................................................................................................20 COTTON VARIETIES ..................................................................................................20 BH 160 .........................................................................................................................21 NIAB 111......................................................................................................................22 CIM 707 .......................................................................................................................23 CIM 506 .......................................................................................................................24 FH 1000 .......................................................................................................................25 NIAB 999......................................................................................................................26 CIM 499 .......................................................................................................................27 CIM 473 .......................................................................................................................28 MARVI .........................................................................................................................29 SHAHBAZ 95 ...............................................................................................................30 CRIS 134 ......................................................................................................................31 CIM 482 .......................................................................................................................32 FH 900 .........................................................................................................................33 FH 901 .........................................................................................................................34 MNH 552......................................................................................................................35 MNH 554......................................................................................................................36 BH 118 .........................................................................................................................37 CIM 446 .......................................................................................................................38 CIM 443 .......................................................................................................................39 FVH 53.........................................................................................................................40 CHANDI 95..................................................................................................................41 CIM 448 .......................................................................................................................42 CIM 1100 .....................................................................................................................43 FH 634 .........................................................................................................................44 NIAB KARISHMA ........................................................................................................45 MNH 329......................................................................................................................46 RH 112 .........................................................................................................................47 SLS 1 ............................................................................................................................48 S 14 ..............................................................................................................................49 CRIS 9 ..........................................................................................................................50 GOMAL 93...................................................................................................................51 BH 36 ...........................................................................................................................52 CIM 240 .......................................................................................................................53 FH 682 .........................................................................................................................54 MNH 147......................................................................................................................55

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

NIAB 26N.....................................................................................................................56 RESHMI 90 ..................................................................................................................57 CIM 109 .......................................................................................................................58 GOHAR 87 ...................................................................................................................59 NIAB 86........................................................................................................................60 RH 1 .............................................................................................................................61 FH 87 ...........................................................................................................................62 S 12 ..............................................................................................................................63 SHAHEEN....................................................................................................................64 CIM 70 .........................................................................................................................65 MNH 129......................................................................................................................66 REHMANI ....................................................................................................................67 MS 84 ...........................................................................................................................68 SLH 41 .........................................................................................................................69 NIAB 78........................................................................................................................70 MNH 93........................................................................................................................71 K 68/9...........................................................................................................................72 B 557 ............................................................................................................................73 SARMAST.....................................................................................................................74 QALANDARI................................................................................................................75 149 F ............................................................................................................................76 MS 39 ...........................................................................................................................77 MS 40 ...........................................................................................................................78 M 100 ...........................................................................................................................79 BS 1 ..............................................................................................................................80 362 F ............................................................................................................................81 AC 134 .........................................................................................................................82 LASANI 11 ...................................................................................................................83 238 F ............................................................................................................................84 268 F ............................................................................................................................85 199 F ............................................................................................................................86 216 F ............................................................................................................................87 124 F ............................................................................................................................88 M 4 ...............................................................................................................................89 289 F/43.......................................................................................................................90 LSS ...............................................................................................................................91 289 F/K25 ....................................................................................................................92 289 F ............................................................................................................................93 4 F ................................................................................................................................94 3 F ................................................................................................................................95 PAK UPLAND HYBRIDS .............................................................................................96 H 115 ...........................................................................................................................97 H 151 ...........................................................................................................................98 H 160 ...........................................................................................................................99 PAK UPLAND INBRED LINES .................................................................................100

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

20 F ............................................................................................................................101 126 F ..........................................................................................................................102 210 F ..........................................................................................................................103 AS 108 ........................................................................................................................104 AS 192 ........................................................................................................................105 DESI COTTON VARIETIES ......................................................................................106 FDH 228 ....................................................................................................................107 FDH 170 ....................................................................................................................108 ROHI..........................................................................................................................109 RAVI...........................................................................................................................110 SKD 10/19..................................................................................................................111 D 9 .............................................................................................................................112 TD 1 ...........................................................................................................................113 231 R ..........................................................................................................................114 119 S ..........................................................................................................................115 39 M ...........................................................................................................................116 15 M ...........................................................................................................................117 SNR ............................................................................................................................118 COTTON DESCRIPTOR, STANDARDS, GUIDELINES etc. ................................119 COTTON DESCRIPTOR ............................................................................................120 CERTIFICATION STANDARDS...............................................................................123 TRUTH IN LABELING SEED STANDARDS ..........................................................124 GUIDELINES FOR SEED CROP INSPECTION.....................................................125

Introduction................................................................................................... 125 Material and references ................................................................................ 125 Number Of Crop Inspections ........................................................................ 126 Preliminaries ................................................................................................. 126 Number of Counts......................................................................................... 127 Count Inspection ........................................................................................... 128 Method of Taking Count .............................................................................. 128 Number of Inspections.................................................................................. 130 Final Inspection ............................................................................................ 130
EXPLANATORY NOTES ...........................................................................................133 TABLES.........................................................................................................................143 Table 1: Area, Production and Yield of cotton 1950-2001........................................143 Table 2: Parentage of cotton varieties.......................................................................144 Table 3: Parentage and pedigree of cotton varieties ............................................148 Table 4: Estimation of Cotton Seed Requirements................................................153 Table 5: Status of Cotton Varieties .......................................................................154 PHOTOGRAPHS .........................................................................................................158 INDEX OF COTTON VARIETIES ............................................................................164

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

PREFACE
The impact of Pakistan seed industry project launched in 1976, has been remarkably successful as it has created vigorious awareness about using quality seeds in the farming community. To meet the increasing demands of quality seed, the Government encouraged participation of private sector and consequently, a large number of seed companies entered seed industry. The privatisation promotion policy has also attracted some world renowned multinationals to start seed trade in Pakistan. Successful running of seed industry largely depends on the availability of good varieties. Though the variety development is a very time consuming, painstaking, laborious and high-investment task, yet it is a matter of great satisfaction that majority of our breeding programs have been in line with the needs and priorities of the country. In coton, some of the local bread varieties had a very high yield potential which helped boost the production to the tune of about 13 million bales in 1991-92, but unfortunately fell susceptible to CLCV. This may be due to genetic factors and our research institutes are trying their level best to overcome the problem. However, it has also been experienced that improved varieties also start showing deterioration soon after their formal release. The varieties also deteriorate due to genetic factors and physical mixing during sowing, handling and processing of seed lots. To control and minimise rapid breakdown of commercial varieties, it is necessary to maintain the variety seed stocks true-to-type and produce sufficient quantities of genuine pre-basic seed for onward multiplication to basic and certified categories. Pure and genuine seed production requires establishing sound basis and it is a matter of great satisfaction that the Federal Seed Certification and Registration

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

Department has accomplished this very basic task through establishing descriptions of the varieties. The descriptions given in the book, “Cotton Varieties of Pakistan” are based on distinctness, uniformity and stability studies conducted for two consecutive years under field and laboratory conditions. The book contains almost all the cotton varieties developed and released during the last 55 years, for commercial production in the country. The varieties released for general cultivation in this part of the Sub-continent even before 1947, have also been recorded. In addition to the descriptions, the book contains background information on the parentage and pedigree of the variety, the breeder and the breeding centre and the status of the variety. The information presented in this publication will prove highly useful for the plant breeders, seed quality controllers, seed producers and quality conscious farmers. Earlier, the Department has published a book with the title Wheat and Barley Varieties of Pakistan and I wish the Department to arrange further publications of similar books on rice, maize, pulses and oilseeds also.

(SARDAR YAR MUHAMMAD RIND) Federal Minister for Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Dated 19th January 2004

Government of Pakistan, Islamabad

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

FOREWORD
Cotton has been known in the areas now constituting Pakistan for over three millennia. Coarse cotton fabric pieces were found amongst the archeological finds of the Indus valley civilization at Mohenjo Daro in Sindh province of Pakistan. It was known to be short staple cotton of the local type (Gossypium arboreum). The desire to seek cloth of a finer quality over the centuries has since led to appreciable brakthrough to the varietal development of cotton. Cotton today holds a significant position in the national economy. Reference is often made to the economy of Pakistan as a cotton economy, and for very good reasons. Cotton and its value added products together bring in 67% of the national export earnings. In this backdrop the Government of Pakistan over the years has been investing millions of rupees in locating and developing new improved varieties of cotton. This publication is a first serious attempt at identifying and cataloguing all these varieties. It was through an extraordinary effort that such detailed information was collected and compiled. The Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department has made a commendable effort in this research and data collection exercise. The publication, “Identification of Cotton Varieties of Pakistan” contains a comprehensive list of all varieties of cotton identified and developed over the past fifty five years. It is hoped that it will serve as a useful reference and information document for cotton breeders, seed producers and quality control and seed registration authorities. It would also serve as a useful information document for researchers and other users

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

of this information. The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department would continue to update this document. It will also undertake similar publications for other major crop varieties of Pakistan.

(Tariq Mahmud) Secretary Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock Islamabad, ____May 2004, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors feel pleasure in expressing their profound appreciation and gratitude to: The cotton breeders, particularly, Dr. Noor Ul Islam Khan, Director, CRI, Faisalabad; Ch. Muhammad Islam Gill, Director, CCRI, Multan; Dr. Muhammad Ali Baloch; Director CCRI, Sakrand; and retired colleagues particularly Ch. Wahid Sultan Khan, Director, CRI, Faisalabad, Dr. Zahoor Ahmad, Director, CCRI, Multan; Mr. Munirud-Din Khan, Director, CRS, Multan, Ch. Abdus Salam, SSO, CCRI, Multan, Rana Muhammad Saeed Iqbal, CSO, NIAB, Faisalabad, Mr. Muhammad Anwer Tariq, Cotton Botanist, CRS, Bahawalpur, Mr. Ahmad Khan Almani, CB, ARI, Tandojam, Mr. Muhammad Ibrahim Mithaiwala, CB, CRS, Ghotki, Mr. Rahmat Ali Saroya, CB, CRS, Sahiwal, Dr. Abul Ghafoor Arain, Head PBG, NIA, Tandojam and collaborating teams for excellent plant breeding and variety development work and cooperation in providing us the seed, plant materials and technical information of new varieties, and facilities for carrying out Plant Variety Registration Trials., Dr. Muhammad Hanif, Agricultural Development Commissioner, and Dr. Qadir Bukhsh Baloch, Cotton Commissioner, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock for help finalize the format and valuable suggestions; Dr. Mahbub Ali, Scientist Emeritus, for providing valuable information about parental background and breeders of some early released varieties; Syed Irfan Ahmed, Ex. Director General, FSC&RD, for critically reviewing the draft and help improving technical notes and descriptor layouts; Field Officers of FSC&RD particularly Mian Muhammad Munir, Director, Mian Muhammad Wajid, Regional Dirtector, Mr. Abdus Samad, Director, and Mr. Abdul Latif Shad, Deputy Director, Mr. Liaqat Ali Arshad, Deputy Director, Multan, and Rana Muhammad Abdus Salam, Retired Deputy Director, Multan, Muhammad Umer, Manager and Ch. Abdul Ghaffar, Deputy Manager Foundation Sewed Cell, PSC, Khanewal for their help record data on VCU and DUS characteristics of cotton varieties., and , Last but not the least, we are highly thankful to our colleagues, particularly Dr. Muhammad Ashraf Tajjamal, Deputy Director, Miss Naheed Naz, SCO, Mr. Ghulam Nabi, P.A, and friends for their unremitting support and good wishes.

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
AARI AC AEARC ARI BCGA BH BS Bt CCRI CIM CLCV CRIS CRS CSO D DCRT DI Khan DPL DUS FH* FSC&RD GH GMOs GOT K
*

Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad. American Cross. Atomic Energy Agricultural Research Center, Tandojam, Sindh; now renamed as NIA. Agricultural Research Institute. British Cotton Growing Association, Khanewal. Bahawalpur Hybrid. Bahawalpur Selection. Bacillus thuringiensis. Central Cotton Research Institute, (PCCC), Multan. Cotton Institute, Multan (for CCRI, Multan). Cotton leaf curl virus Cotton Research Institute, Sakrand. Cotton Research Station. Chief Scientific Officer. Desi (Desi cotton). Director Cotton Research Trials (Managed by the Director, CRI, Faisalabad). Dera Ismael Khan. Delta Pine Smooth Leaf. Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability. Faisalabad Hybrid. Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department Ghotki. Genetically modified organisms. Ginning Outturn. (Lint percentage) Kotdigi (a historical and famous fort of Talpur dynasty,

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

Khairpur district, Sindh). L LSS M M Mike MNH* MS NCVT NIA NIAB NT PBG PCCC RO R RH S S S Cott. SKD SLH
* *

Lasani (L 11). Lahb Singh Selection (Mr. Lahb Singh, Cotton Botanist before 1947). Mirpurkhas, Sindh (M 100). Mollisoni (39 M, Desi cotton). Micronaire values. Multan Hybrid. Multan Selection. National Coordinated Varietal Trials (Managed by PCCC, Karachi). Nuclear Institute for Agriculture, Tandojam, Sindh (formerly AEARC). Nuclear Institute Faisalabad. for Agriculture and Biology,

New Types (M 4 and M 100). Plant Breeding and Genetics. Pakistan Central Cotton Committee, Karachi (a semiautonomous organization of Pakistan). Research Officer Rosea (231 R- Desi cotton). Rahim Yarkhan Hybrid. Sabazwari (Shah Shamas Tabraiz Sabazwari - a legendary Muslim saint of Multan). Sanguineum (119 S- Desi cotton). Seed cotton Sakrand Desi. Sahiwal Hybrid. Sindh Sudhar. Senior Scientific Officer.

SNR SSO

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

TD TPPSI VCU VH*

Tandojam Desi. Thousand Pounds Per Square Inch. Value for Cultivation and Use. Vehari Hybrid

* H designates the cotton varieties developed through crossing.

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

INTRODUCTION
Cotton has been enjoying very important position in crop production ever since the dawn of civilization. The earliest cottons grown and spun into fabrics were in the Indus Valley as displayed by the excavations at Mohenjo-Daro, dating back to 3500 BC. Cotton seeds about 9,000 years old, the oldest in the world so far, have been found at the foot of Bolan Pass in Balochistan. In view of dynamic nature and multifaceted role of cotton in the economy through exports and providing livelihood to millions of farmers, traders and workmen, it has always received priority and preference for research and development. As a result, a comprehensive set up responsible for variety development, registration and release, seed production and quality control, pest warning and Integrated Pest Management (IPM), etc. is in position. The cotton production in Pakistan entered the high demanding era during 1980s. As a result, quality seed of high yield potential and improved varieties started making its headway to the fields. Accordingly, the production strategies changed from low-input to a high-input, self-sustaining to market oriented, wellprotected and considerably mechanized system. The average yield of lint from 277 kg/ha in 1975-76 attained a quantum jump of 769 kg/ha in 1991-92. The yield during 1947-48 was 159 kg/ha. The use of quality seed got a good momentum but limited availability remained a serious concern. Efforts are underway by the Government to promote private sector to augment the availability of certified seed along with public sector organizations. Seed is the physical basis of production. No other input can compensate for the inferior germplasm contained in the seed. To get higher production, use of high quality seed is essential. The qualities that are vital in a good cotton seed are, improved variety, genetic and physical purity, germination, vigor and freedom from weeds, pests and diseases. In cotton, germination is the most critical factor as the subsequeny plant population depends upon it. For ensuring optimal stand, which is essential for good yields, the seed must possess high germination capacity and vigor (see notes). It is not always possible to appraise genetic purity and genuineness by visual observations of the seed unless the crop originating the seed is examined. To assess genuiness and health of the seed crop definite crop inspection procedures and standards have been fixed. For this purpose a commercial variety must possess distinguishing characteristics and to make a variety distinguishable depends upon its breeding method and procedure of maintenance of seed stocks.

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

The role of the breeder is most fundamental so far the cotton crop is concerned. The development of new varieties may be comparatively simple in other corps but in cotton it is highly complex and painstaking. The complexity is caused by the diversity of objectives behind a new variety. The new improved variety is expected to be high yielding with high ginning out-turn, fine and uniform linted, long and strong fibred, resistant to various pests and diseases, responsive to higher dozes of fertilizer and moisture, adapted to a wide range of agro-ecological conditions and socioeconomic farming systems. Above all it should be suitable for pure seed production, which means that it should possess distinctness, uniformity and stability (DUS) norms. The development of an ideotype with all the expected qualities is rather difficult at present due to limitations of breeding procedures, know-how and environmental vagaries. However, even to solve specific problems, priorities are fixed and strategies meticulously drawn up. The solution of problems demands a wide spectrum of basic and fundamental research both in the laboratory and field. It will enable the breeders try to include maximum of the factors responsible for determining the inherent suitability, usefulness and adaptability of any commercial variety. Beset with highly complex changes, our breeders have come up to the expectations. There has been a gradual and remarkable improvement in yield potential and fiber qualities of cotton varieties released from time to time (Annex 2). The inherent potentials have successfully been translated in the fields and the production impact harvested was both horizontal and vertical. However, the epidemic incidence of cotton leaf curl virus (CLCV) in Punjab in 1992-93 reduced the yields significantly. The drop in yield from 1991-92 (849 kg/ha) to 1992-93 (574 kg/ha) in Punjab was over 32%. The enthusiastic efforts of the breeders have borne fruit and at present there are a number of cotton varieties, which are resistant to CLCV and giving good production with medium to good lint qualities. It is also a common observation that the varieties, soon after release start showing deterioration and loosing production potential and identity. This phenomenon is caused due to the absence of a well-defined variety maintenance and certified seed production system. The usual causes include mechanical factors like mixing during farm operations, genetical factors like crosspollination, natural gene mutation and gene frequency changes and disease epidemics. The analytical purity can be maintained by careful handling the field operations but the genetical purity can not be accomplished unless the varieties are maintained true-to their registration criteria that include distinctness, uniformity, and stability (DUS) characteristics during seed re-newel and multiplication stages. As soon as a variety is put to test its value for cultivation and use (VCU) in

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

the National Coordinated Varietal Trials (NCVTs), and Director Cotton Research (DCR) Trials, it is also tested for DUS characteristics through crop variety registration trials (CVRTs). The CVRTs are conducted, by the Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department for two consecutive years. The data are recorded according to the stabilized descriptors. The descriptions of all the varieties except some released prior to 1947, have been established accordingly. The descriptions have been tabulated according to the year of release in descending order. As a result of strengthening of research and development in the country, some of the research stations have been upgraded to institutes. Therefore, while recording the developing center of the variety, the present status of the center has been mentioned. We earnestly hope that the descriptions of cotton varieties and the diversity of relevant information will make this book extremely useful not only for the seed producers and quality control agencies but also for the breeders, progressive farmers, young scientists and libraries. Suggestions and comments for improving the book will be welcome and highly appreciated.

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

SUMMARY
Yield and fiber characteristics of cotton varieties
Variety Breeding Centre Release Year Yield Seed
cotton

GOT

Staple length mm

Fineness µg/i

Strength tppsi

Kg/ha

%

Upland cotton varieties (Gossypium hirsutum)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. BH 160 NIAB 111 CIM 707 CIM 506 CIM 499 FH 1000 NIAB 999 CIM 473 CRIS 134 CRS, Bahawalpur NIAB, Faisalabad CCRI, Multan CCRI, Multan CCRI, Multan CRI, Faisalabad NIAB, Faisalabad CCRI, Multan CRI, Sakrand CRI, Sakrand ARI, Tandojam CRS, Bahawalpur CCRI, Multan CRI, Faisalabad CRI, Faisalabad CRS, Multan CRS, Multan CCRI, Multan. CCRI, Multan. CRS, Vehari NIA Tandojam. CCRI, Multan. CCRI, Multan. CRI, Faisalabad. 2004 2004 2004 2004 2003 2003 2003 2002 2001 2001 2001 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 1998 1998 1998 1996 1996 1996 1996 2,500 2,600 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 2,700 2,500 2,500 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 2,900 2,800 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 2,800 39.0 37.5 39.0 38.6 40.0 38.8 36.5 39.7 34.5 34.5 33.5 38.5 39.2 38.0 38.0 40.0 41.3 36.5 36.1 38.4 35.0 38.0 38.0 36.3 29.5 30.5 32.2 28.7 29.6 29.5 28.7 29.5 28.0 26.5 27.5 28.0 29.0 28.5 27.5 27.5 28.0 27.6 27.0 28.6 30.0 28.5 29.0 28.5 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.4 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.5 4.3 5.2 4.9 4.2 4.9 4.7 5.2 4.0 4.5 4.0 4.1 95.1 218.8 97.5 98.9 97.3 96.9 98.0 95.0 98.0 96.0 94.6 98.0 98.0 95.1 92.0 95.0 94.0 96.1 97.4 98.5 96.0 93.8 94.0 95.1

10. Marvi 11. Shahbaz 95 12. BH 118 13. CIM 482 14. FH 900 15. FH 901 16. MNH 552 17. MNH 554 18. CIM 443 19. CIM 446 20. FVH 53 21. Chandi 95 22. CIM 448 23. CIM 1100 24. FH 634

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

Variety

Breeding Centre

Release Year

Yield Seed
cotton

GOT

Staple length mm 28.6 28.5 27.6 29.5 27.4 26.2 26.5 27.8 27.8 28.5 28.5 28.0 31.5 27.3 28.0 29.0 29.8 27.8 28.0 27.4 28.6 28.7 27.0 27.8 33.3 27.0 28.6 30.1 28.1

Fineness µg/i 5.0 4.2 4.6 4.2 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.3 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.9 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.5

Strength tppsi 93.3 96.0 95.0 93.0 95.3 97.0 93.0 100.5 94.0 95.7 95.5 95.0 98.7 91.0 98.6 95.0 103.7 96.0 93.0 94.6 92.5 95.0 90.0 95.8 91.3 92.0 94.2 96.0 93.0

Kg/ha 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,500 3,100 2,800 3,100 3,000 3,200 3,300 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 2,800 3,000 3,000 3,900 2,200 3,100 3,000 3,000 2,200 2,100 3,500 3,500 2,000 2,500

% 37.4 41.0 34.3 43.0 35.0 34.5 34.5 38.7 36.5 37.0 41.3 37.5 35.7 35.0 36.0 34.5 31.8 36.8 41.3 35.0 31.1 38.5 35.0 36.7 34.0 37.0 37.5 33.0 35.9

25. Karishma 26. MNH 329 27. RH 112 28. S 14 29. SLS 1 30. CRIS 9 31. Gomal 93 32. BH 36 33. CIM 240 34. FH 682 35. MNH 147 36. NIAB 26N 37. Reshmi 90 38. CIM 109 39. Gohar 87 40. NIAB 86 41. RH 1 42. FH 87 43. S 12 44. Shaheen 45. CIM 70 46. MNH 129 47. Rehmani 48. SLH 41 49. MS 84 50. NIAB 78 51. MNH 93 52. K 68/9 53. B 557

NIAB, Faisalabad. CRS, Multan. CRS, RY. Khan. CRS, Multan. CRS, Sahiwal. CRI, Sakrand. CRS, DI Khan. CRS, Bahawalpur. CCRI, Multan. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Multan. NIAB, Faisalabad. CRS, Tandojam. CCRI, Multan. CRS, Bahawalpur. NIAB, Faisalabad. CRS, RY Khan. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Multan. CRS, Ghotki. CCRI, Multan. CRS, Multan. CRS, Tandojam. CRS, Sahiwal. CRS, Multan. NIAB, Faisalabad. CRS, Multan. CRS, Ghotki. CRI, Faisalabad.

1996 1996 1996 1995 1995 1993 1993 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1991 1990 1990 1990 1990 1988 1988 1988 1986 1986 1985 1984 1983 1983 1980 1977 1975

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

Variety

Breeding Centre

Release Year

Yield Seed
cotton

GOT

Staple length mm 28.6 28.6 28.0 31.8 31.3 27.0 26.0 23.8 26.5 28.6 23.8 24.6 24.6 23.8 24.6 23.8 23.8 23.0 23.8 25.0 20.6 20.6

Fineness µg/i 3.9 3.8 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.0 4.5 4.5 4.5. 4.5 4.8 4.5 4.5. 5.0 4.5 4.5. 5.0 4.9

Strength tppsi 92.7 92.7 97.0 87.5 89.4 85.0 94.2 93.0 93.5 90.0 88.0 92.0 90.0 90.0 96.0 85.0 95.0 85.0 95.0 95.0 85.0 85.0

Kg/ha 1,800 2,000 2,000 1,650 1,700 1,500 1,200 1,500 1,600 1,600 1,000 1,000 900 1,000 900 900 900 1,000 1,000 950 800 600

% 34.0 34.0 34.5 33.5 34.0 34.5 33.8 33.0 34.5 34.5 31.5 34.1 35.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 31.0 32.2 33.5 32.0 32.0 33.0

54. Sarmast 55. Qalandari 56. 149 F 57. MS 39 58. MS 40 59. M 100 60. BS 1 61. 362 F 62. AC 134 63. Lasani 11 64. 238 F 65. 268 F 66. 199 F 67. 216 F 68. 124 F 69. M 4 70. 289 F/43 71. LSS 72. 289 F/K25 73. 289 F 74. 4 F 75. 3 F

CRS, Tandojam. CRS, Tandojam. CRS, Multan. CRS, Multan. CRS, Multan. CRS, Tandojam. CRSS, Khanpur. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Multan. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Tandojam. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. BCGA, Khanewal. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad.

1975 1974 1971 1970 1970 1963 1962 1959 1959 1959 1948 1948 1946 1946 1945 1942 1934 1934 1930 1921 1914 1913

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Cotton Varieties of Pakistan

Foreword, Introduction & Summary

Hybrid Cotton Varieties (Gossypium hirsutum)
Variety Breeding Centre Release Year 1. 2. 3. H 151 H 115 H 160 Alseemi, Multan Alseemi, Multan Alseemi, Multan 2003 1999 1999
* *

Yield Seed cotton Kg/ha 3,500 3,500 3,500

GOT

Staple length mm 32.5 29.5 28.5

Fineness µg/i 4.6 4.5 4.2

Strength Tppsi 100.3 108.0 108.0

% 38.0 38.0 38.0

* Date refers to year of registration Desi cotton varieties (Gossypium arboreum)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. FDH 228 FDH 170 Rohi Ravi SKD 10/19 D9 TD 1 231 R 119 S CRI, Faisalabad CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Bahawalpur CRI, Faisalabad CRI, Sakrand. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Tandojam. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Multan. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Tandojam.
*

2002 1995 1986 1982 1975 1970 1963 1959 1941 1934 1930 1926

2,000 2,500 2000 1900 1,700 1,400 1,000 1,000 800 650 600 800

43.5 40.3 39.0 40.3 40.6 41.0 41.0 40.0 35.5 36.0 35.0 39.0

13.9 14.1 15.9 14.9 15.5 14.5 15.9 15.9 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5

7.3 8.4 8.0 8.0 10.1 8.2 9.4 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.0 7.8

80 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0

10. 39 M 11. 15 M 12. SNR

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Pak Upland Varieties

DESCRIPTIONS OF

PAK UPLAND COTTON VARIETIES

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

BH 160
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: Cedix FDW 946 x 673/93 (1994). Check: FH 1000 Breeders: Shah, R. H. et al. Center: Cotton Research Station, Bahawalpur. Maintainer: Cotton Botanist, CRS, Bahawalpur. Status: Released, 2004 (Punjab). Registered 2004. Growth habit: Semi spreading, medium early in maturity (120-150 days), stemtip-hairiness medium, pigmentation weak. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (170-190 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 6-7, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-20, short to medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 19.0, width 16.0, stalk 12.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with short exsertion (0-1 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at lower mid, beak very short, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.2 g, length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2500.0 Fiber: GOT 39.0%, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 95.1 tppsi, Uniformity 50.0%. Seed: Seed Index 8.4 g, size medium, length 6.9, width 4.5 mm, oil 24.0 %. Seeds fuzzy white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: BH 160 heat tolerant, medium tall growing, dark green, medium dense foliage, pollen creamy, boll roundish with very short beak and medium early in maturity, opening good, and seed fuzzy white.

21

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

NIAB 111
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: (NIAB 313/12 x CIM 100) F1 300 Gy. Check: CIM 473 Breeders: Khan, M. S. I. et al. Centre: NIAB, Faisalabad. Maintainer: NIAB, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 2004 (Punjab). Registered 2004. Growth habit: Semi spreading to spreading, early in maturity (100-130 days), stem-tip-hairiness medium, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium tall (150-175 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 5-6, monopodia 2-6, sympodia 15-20, short to medium, spreading. Foliage: Foliage density medium, medium green, medium hairy and nectaried, leaf length 12.4, width 15.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen light yellow creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (8-10 mm) with medium exsertion (1-2.5 mm). Boll: Medium large, 4-5 locked, round conical, wide at lower mid, with medium beak, finely pitted, gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.5g, length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2600.0 Fiber: GOT 37.5%, Staple length 30.5 mm, Micronaire 4.4, Strength 28.8 g/tex, Uniformity 49.5%. Seed: Seed Index 8.2 g, size medium, length 8.8, width 5.4 mm, Seeds fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: NIAB 111 heat tolerant, medium tall growing, medium green, medium dense foliage, pollen light yellow creamy, boll roundish conical with medium beak and medium maturity, opening good, seed fuzzy to semi fuzzy white.

22

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 707
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Long staple. Parentage: CIM 243 x 738-6/93 (1993). Check: CIM 473 Breeders: Arshad, M. et al. Center: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CRI, Multan. Status: Released, 2004 (Punjab). Registered 2004. Growth habit: Erect, semi spreading, medium early in maturity (110-130 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (120-150 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 7-8, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-25, short to medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, profusely hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 12.5, width 17.0, stalk 13.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (8-10 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at lower mid, beak short, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.0g, length 3.0, width 2.2, peduncle 1.2 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0%, Staple length 32.2 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 97.5 tppsi, Uniformity 47.9%. Seed: Seed Index 9.8g, size medium, length 8.2, width 4.4 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky white with greenish tinge. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: CIM 707 heat tolerant, long staple, medium tall growing variety with medium dense, green foliage, pollen creamy, boll roundish with short beak and medium early in maturity, opening good, seed naked to fuzzy.

23

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 506
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), medium staple. Parentage: CIM 360 x CP 15/2 (1993). Check: CIM 446. Breeders: Arshad, M. et al. Center: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 2002 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Bushy to semi-spreading, early maturing (105-130 days), stemtip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium height (110-130 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 6-7, monopodia 2-7, sympodia 20-25, semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, profusely hairy and nectaried. Leaf length 11.5, width 15.0, stalk 12.5 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (9-12 mm) with no exsertion. Boll: Medium large sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, with short beak. Surface smooth, gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 30-35, boll weight 3.9g, length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.6%, Staple length 28.7 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 98.9 tppsi, Uniformity 47.3%. Seed: Seed Index 8.8 g, size medium, length 8.9, width 4.4 mm, Seed fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dusky white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 506 Plant bushy semi spreading, leaves light green, medium, profusely hairy, flower nectaried, pollen creamy, early in opening, boll shape roundish, beak short, opening good, seed fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, color dusky white.

24

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

FH 1000
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: S 12 x CIM 448 (1994). Check: CIM 473 Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: Cotton Botanist, CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 2003 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading, medium early in maturity (180-200 days), stemtip-hairiness medium, pigmentation weak. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (110-125 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 15-20, short to medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium to dense, dark green shiny, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 15.5, width 21.0, stalk 17.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-25 mm) with medium exsertion (4-6 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at lower mid, beak very short, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.5 g, length 5.0, width 3.5, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.8%, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 96.9 tppsi, Uniformity 53.0%. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 26.6 %. Seeds fuzzy to semi fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: FH 1000 heat tolerant, medium tall growing variety with dark green shiny, medium to dense foliage, flower nectaried, pollen creamy, boll roundish with very short beak and medium early in maturity, opening good.

25

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

NIAB 999
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: H 1 x LRA 5166 Irradiated 30k (1993). Check: CIM 473 Breeders: M. I. Rana, et al. Centre: NIAB, Faisalabad. Maintainer: NIAB, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 2003 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading to spreading, early in maturity (150-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness medium, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium tall (150-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 2-6, sympodia 15-20, short to medium, spreading. Foliage: Foliage density medium, size small to medium, light green, medium hairy and nectaried, leaf length 11.0, width 14.0, stalk 10.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (10-15 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, ovate, wide at lower mid, with medium beak, finely pitted, gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 3.4g, length 4.5, width 3.2, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 36.5%, Staple length 28.7 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 30.2 g/tex 99.8 tppsi, Uniformity 49.5%. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, Seed fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: NIAB 999 heat tolerant, medium tall growing variety with light green, medium dense foliage, flower nectaried, pollen color yellow, boll shape ovate with medium beak and medium maturity, boll opening good. Seed fuzzy to semi fuzzy, color grayish white.

26

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 499
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: CIM 433x755-6/93 (1992). Check: CIM 473 Breeders: Arshad, M. et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CRI, Multan. Status: Released, 2003 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading, medium early in maturity (180-200 days), stemtip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (110-120 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-20, short to medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, profusely hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 14.0, width 17.0, stalk 12.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (10-15 mm) with medium exsertion (4-6 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at lower mid, beak short, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 3.5g, length 5.0, width 3.5, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 40.0%, Staple length 29.6 mm, Micronaire 4.4, Strength 97.3 tppsi, Uniformity 48.2%. Seed: Seed Index 8.6g, size medium, length 8.2, width 4.7 mm. Seeds fuzzy to semi fuzzy, dusky white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: CIM 499 heat tolerant, medium tall growing variety with medium to dense green foliage, flower nectaried, pollen color creamy, boll shape roundish with short beak and medium early in maturity, opening good. Seed fuzzy to semi fuzzy, color dusky white.

27

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 473
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), medium staple. Parentage: CIM 402 x LRA 5166. Check: CIM 446. Breeders: A. Salam, and M. Arshad, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 2002 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading, early maturing (120-130 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium height (110-130 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 5-7, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 20-25, semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, medium hairy and nectaried. Leaf length 14.0, width 17.0, stalk 12.4 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium large sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, with short beak. Surface smooth, gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 30-35, boll weight 4.4 g, length 4.7, width 3.3, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 39.7%, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.3, Strength 95.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, Seed fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dusky grayish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 473 medium early in maturity and medium tall growing variety with light green, medium hairy and broad foliage. Boll opening earlier than CIM 482, cutoff early, boll roundish, beak short, opening good. Seed fuzzy to semi fuzzy, dusky grayish.

28

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MARVI
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: Qalandari x 9L 34 ICCC (1981). Check: NIAB 78 Breeders: Soomro, A.R., et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Sakrand. Maintainer: CRI, Sakrand. Status: Released, 2001 (Sindh). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading, medium early in maturity (180-220 days), stemtip-hairiness medium, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (110-130 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-20, short to medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium, green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 18.5, width 18.0, stalk 17.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with medium exsertion (4-6 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at lower mid, beak very short, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 3.0 g, length 3.5, width 3.0, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2500.0 Fiber: GOT 34.5%, Staple length 26.5 mm, Micronaire 3.9, Strength 96.0 tppsi, Uniformity 47.6%. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 20.5 %. Seeds fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: Marvi heat tolerant, medium tall growing variety with medium green, medium dense foliage, flower nectaried and pollen color creamy, boll round with very short beak and medium early in maturity, opening good. Seed fuzzy, grayish white.

29

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

SHAHBAZ 95
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: Qalandari x Acala 1517 (1979) Check: CIM 473 Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: ARI, Tandojam. Maintainer: ARI, Tandojam. Status: Released, 2001 (Sindh). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading, medium early in maturity (180-220 days), stemtip-hairiness medium, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (110-125 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-18, medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 12.5, width 11.0, stalk 10.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with short exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at lower mid, beak short, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 3.5 g, length 5.0, width 3.5, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2500.0 Fiber: GOT 33.5%, Staple length 27.5 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 94.6 tppsi, Uniformity 48.3%. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 18.2 %. Seeds fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: Shahbaz 95 medium tall growing variety with medium green, medium dense foliage, flower nectaried, pollen color creamy, boll shape roundish with short beak and medium early in maturity, opening good. Seed fuzzy, grayish white.

30

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CRIS 134
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: NIAB 78 x DPL 70 (1988). Check: NIAB 78 Breeders: Soomro, B. A., et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Sakrand. Maintainer: CCRI, Sakrand. Status: Released, 2001 (Sindh). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading, medium early in maturity (180-210 days), stemtip-hairiness medium, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (100-120 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-1, sympodia 15-18, short to medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 12.5, width 12.0, stalk 11.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-23 mm) with short exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at lower mid, beak short, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 3.0 g, length 3.4, width 3.1, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2700.0 Fiber: GOT 34.5%, Staple length 28.0 mm, Micronaire 4.4, Strength 98.0 tppsi, Uniformity 50.0%. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 22.0 %. Seeds fuzzy, dusky white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: CRIS 134 medium tall growing medium variety with dark green, medium dense foliage, flower nectaried, pollen color creamy, boll shape round with short beak and medium early in maturity, boll opening good. Seed fuzzy, grayish white.

31

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 482
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), medium staple. Parentage: CIM 229 x CP 15/2. Check: CIM 448. Breeders: A. Salam, and M. Arshad, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 2000 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: erect to semi-erect, medium maturing (120-140 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium height (110-130 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 5-7, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 15-25, semi erect and short. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 13.0, width 20.0, stalk 16.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, petals creamy with dark spot, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, semierect, stigma medium (15-20 mm), medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium large sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, with very short beak. Surface smooth, and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 30-40, boll weight 4.5 g, length 5.0, width 3.3, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Opened boll tip sharp. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 39.2 %, Staple length 29.0 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 98.0 tppsi, Uniformity 46.6 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, Seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 482 medium tall growing, leaf color medium green, medium hairy, sticky shedding of flowers present, typical dark spot at petal base, pollen creamy, boll roundish, medium early in opening, boll opening good. Seed fuzzy, dusky white.

32

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

FH 900
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: (FH 672 x AET 5) x (B 557 x LRA 5166). Check: FH 634. Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 2000 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading to spreading, medium in maturity (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Stem bold, medium tall (150-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-20, short and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 13.0, width 18.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with medium exsertion (5-7 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at mid, with medium beak, finely pitted and gossypol small, submerged, opening fair. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.5 g, length 5.0, width 3.3, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 28.5 mm, Micronaire 4.3, Strength 95.1 tppsi, Uniformity 46.4. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 27.5 %. Seeds semi-fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: FH 900 heat tolerant, medium tall growing variety with medium green, medium dense foliage, flower nectaried, pollen color creamy, boll shape roundish with medium beak and medium maturity, opening fair. Seed semi-fuzzy, grayish white.

33

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

FH 901
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: CIM 240 x CIM 448. Check: FH 634. Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 2000 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi-spreading, and medium in maturity (180-200 days), stemtip-hairiness profuse, and pigmentation strong. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall (140-150 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-8, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-25, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 15.0, width 20.0, stalk 19.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-25 mm). Sticky shedding present. Exsertion medium, shorter than FH 900. Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked (mostly 5 locked), round to oval, wide at lower mid, very short beak, gossypol prominently pitted, opening good. Bolls/plant 2025, weight 4.2g, length 4.8, width 3.2, peduncle 2.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 27.5 mm, Micronaire 5.2, Strength 92.0 tppsi, Uniformity.46.0. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 27.0 %. Seeds semi fuzzy to fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: FH 901 medium tall growing variety with green, medium dense foliage, flower nectaried, pollen color creamy, boll shape roundish, beak very short, medium maturing, opening better than FH 900, stem pigmentation strong. Seed semi-fuzzy to fuzzy, grayish white

34

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MNH 552
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: MS 48 x LRA 5166. Check: CIM 448. Breeders: M.D. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 2000 (Punjab) Registered 1998. Growth habit: Compact to semi-spreading, early maturing (150-160 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium to tall height (140-180 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 5-8, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 20-30, semi-erect to semispreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green profusely hairy, nectaried, leaf length 13.0, width 17.0, stalk 15.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower small, nectaried, creamy, with medium calyx, pollen color creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with medium exsertion (5-7 mm). Boll: Small to medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at above base, beak very short. Surface smooth, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 30-40, boll weight 2.5 g, length 3.5, width 3.0, peduncle 3.0 cm. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2900.0 Fiber: GOT 40.0 %, Staple length 27.5 mm, Micronaire 4.9, Strength 95.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.0 %. Seed: Index 7.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Oil 22.0 %. Fuzzy but early and late bolls may have semi-fuzzy to naked seeds, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: MNH 552 medium to tall growing variety, highly heat tolerant, leaf size medium, medium green, medium dense, sympodia medium, semi-spreading maturity early, boll small to medium and high ginning out turn.

35

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MNH 554
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: MNH 439 x LRA 5166. Check: CIM 448. Breeders: M.D. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 2000 (Punjab). Registered 1998. Growth habit: Spreading, medium maturity (180-190 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (150-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 7-9, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 20-25, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 15.0, width 21.0, stalk 15.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium late. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semierect, stigma height medium (20-30 mm) with medium exsertion (4-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish oval, wide at above base, beak short. Surface smooth, finely pitted and gossypol distinct, opening good. Bolls/plant 25-30, boll weight 4.0 g, length 5.2, width 3.2, peduncle 4.0 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2800.0 Fiber: GOT 41.3 %, Staple length 28.0 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 94.0 tppsi, Uniformity 47.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 22.0 %. Seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: MNH 554 spreading medium to tall growing variety with medium green broad and large leaves, medium dense foliage, maturity medium, boll medium and ginning out turn high.

36

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

BH 118
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: BS 48 x 829-4/90. Check: BH 36. Breeders: M.A. Tariq; AbdulKarim and S.R. Ahmad. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Bahawalpur. Maintainer: CRS, Bahawalpur. Status: Released, 2000 (Punjab). Registered, 2000. Growth habit: Semi-compact to spreading, medium early maturing (130-150 days), stem-tip-hairiness and, pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Tall growing, (140-250 cm), 7-9 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 20-25, medium and semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium lax, green, medium hairy, leaf length 15.0, width 19.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium late. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (15-20 mm) with medium exsertion (4-7 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oblong, wide at lower mid, and short beaked. Surface smooth, light green, gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 30-35, weight 3.0 g, length 4.2, width 3.0, peduncle 2.8 cm, bracteole normal, medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 38.5 %, Staple length 28.0 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 98.0 tppsi, Uniformity 50.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.4 g, size medium bold, length 8.1, width 4.2 mm, oil 24 %. Seeds vary from fuzzy to semi fuzzy, whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: BH 118 resemble BH 36 except plant height, which is less than BH 36, comparatively less spreading and earlier in opening than BH 36, boll light green in color, stem pigmentation medium but strong at maturity.

37

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 446
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: CP 15/2 x S 12. Check: CIM 240 Breeders: M. Arshad, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 1998 (Punjab). Registered 1998. Growth habit: Semi spreading, compact bearing, early maturing (150-160 days) variety, stem-tip-hairiness profuse, stem pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium height (120-150 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-20, short and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage dense, dark green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 16.0, width 18.0, stalk 15.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early, duration medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx medium, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with short exsertion (3-4 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at mid, with medium beak, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.3 g, length 5.0, width 3.3, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 36.1 %, Staple length 27.0 mm, Micronaire 4.7, Strength 97.4 tppsi, Uniformity 46.4. Seed: Seed Index 7.2 g, size medium, length 7.8, width 3.5 mm, oil 27.5 %. Seed fuzzy, dusky white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: CIM 446 heat tolerant, medium statured variety with dark green, dense foliage, flower nectaried, pollen color creamy, boll shape roundish, close bearing, bigger and early in maturity than CIM 443, opening good.

38

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 443
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: CIM 109 x LRA 5166. Check: CIM 240 Breeders: M. Arshad, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 1998 (Punjab). Registered 1998. Growth habit: Semi spreading, early maturing (110-120 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium tall (110-150 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-20, short and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium, light green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 13.0, width 17.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early, medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, petals creamy, calyx medium, pollen color yellow to creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at mid, with short beak, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, boll weight 3.6 g, length 5.0, width 3.3, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 36.5 %, Staple length 27.6 mm, Micronaire 4.9, Strength 96.1 tppsi, Uniformity 46.7. Seed: Seed Index 7.9 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.3 mm, oil 27.5 %. Seeds semi-fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: CIM 443 heat tolerant, medium statured, light green, foliage, pollen yellow to creamy, boll roundish with short beaked, mostly 34 locked, early maturing, short duration with good opening and sticky flowers.

39

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

FVH 53
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: KIVI 1021 x S 12. Check: NIAB 78. Breeders: W.S. Khan, and Farid, M. et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Vehari. Maintainer: CRS, Vehari. Status: Released, 1998 (Punjab). Registered 1998. Growth habit: Semi spreading, medium in maturity (140-160 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Stem bold, medium tall (120-150 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-20, short and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green, sparsely hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 17.7, width 18.8, stalk 11.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early, medium duration. Flower size medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx medium, pollen creamy to yellow, stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm), exsertion medium (57 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at base, beak blunt, finely pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, boll weight 4.2 g, length 4.2, width 3.5, peduncle 1.8 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.4 %, Staple length 28.6 mm, Micronaire 5.2, Strength 98.5 tppsi, Uniformity 49.5. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 8.5, width 5.2 mm, oil 24.5 %. Seeds semi-fuzzy, white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: FVH 53 heat tolerant, medium tall growing variety with dark green, medium dense foliage, flower nectaried pollen color creamy to yellowish, boll shape roundish with blunt beak and medium maturity, boll opening fair.

40

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CHANDI 95
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: DPL 16 x AC 134 (F1 irradiated 30 kr, 300 Gy gamma rays. Check: NIAB 78. Breeders: A.G. Arain, M.M. Kandhro, A.A. Rajput and S.K. Leghari. Centre: Atomic Energy Agricultural Research Centre (AEARC), Tandojam. Maintainer: Head, PBG, AEARC, Tandojam. Status: Released, 1996 (Sindh). Registered 1996. Growth habit: Spreading, indeterminate, and early in maturity (160-170 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall in height (110-130 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-25, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green in color, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 10.0, width 11.0, stalk 12.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with medium calyx, petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (13-18 mm) with short exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round to oval, wide at lower mid, with short beak. Surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. No./plant 20-25, weight 3.8 g, length 3.8, width 3.2, peduncle 1.3 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 35.0 %, Staple length 30.0 mm, Micronaire 4.0, Strength 96.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds fuzzy to semi fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: The plants of CHANDI 95 resemble NIAB 78 except for shorter in height, comparatively shorter inter-nodal length and slightly bigger boll size with higher boll weight.

41

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 448
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), medium staple, (sister line CIM 1100). Parentage: 492/87 x CP 15/2. Check: CIM 240. Breeders: A. Salam, and M. Arshad, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 1996 (Punjab). Registered 1997. Growth habit: Compact to semi-spreading, and medium in maturity (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium height (110-130 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-20, semi erect to semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense to dense, dark green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 12.0, width 15.0, stalk 11.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semierect, stigma height medium (20-25 mm) with long exsertion (5-8 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, with medium beak. Surface smooth, finely pitted and gossypol medium, opening fair. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.0 g, length 4.0, width 3.4, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 28.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 93.8 tppsi, Uniformity 49.3 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, Seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish with greenish ting. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 448 leaves dark green, medium early in opening, (earlier than CIM 1100), fruiting semi-cluster and opening fair.

42

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 1100
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), medium staple, (sister line CIM 448). Parentage: 492/87 x CP 15/2. Check: CIM 240. Breeders: A. Salam, and M. Arshad, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 1996 (Punjab). Registered 1997. Growth habit: Bushy, indeterminate, and late in maturity (200-210 days), stemtip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing (160-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 15-25, semi erect to semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage dense, dark green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 15.0, width 18.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering late, medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-25 mm), short to medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, with short to medium beak. Surface smooth, finely pitted and gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.1 g, length 4.0, width 3.5, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 29.0 mm, Micronaire 4.0, Strength 94.0 tppsi, Uniformity 47.1 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.2, width 5.1 mm, Seeds fuzzy, whitish with greenish ting. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 1100 tall growing, bushy, monopodial habit, leaves very large, dark green, opening late.

43

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

FH 634
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: CEDEX x B 557. Check: FH 682. Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1996 (Punjab). Registered 1997. Growth habit: Spreading bushy, indeterminate, and medium in maturity (180200 days), stem-tip-hairiness medium, pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing (150-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-25, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green in color, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 13.0, width 17.0, stalk 12.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium, medium long duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy to yellow, stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-25 mm), exsertion medium (4-5 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, oblong, wide at lower mid, with long beak, finely pitted and gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.5 g, length 4.5, width 3.5, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2800.0 Fiber: GOT 36.3 %, Staple length 28.5 mm, Micronaire 4.1, Strength 95.1 tppsi, Uniformity 46.4 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 27.0 %. Seeds semi-fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged, pollen color varies from creamy to yellow. Leading characters: FH 634 tall growing, light green, medium dense foliage, pollen variable creamy to yellow, boll oblong conical with long beak and medium to late maturing,.

44

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

NIAB KARISHMA
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: NIAB 86 x W-83-29-Mex. Check: NIAB 78. Breeders: M.A. Bhatti and M. Saeed. Centre: Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad. Maintainer: NIAB, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1996 (Punjab). Registered 1997. Growth habit: Semi spreading, highly heat tolerant, early maturing (160180days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium height (150-180 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 18-25, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green in color, medium hairy, and nectariless, leaf length 13.0, width 14.0, stalk 11.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectariless, petal and pollen creamy (sometimes traces of yellow pollen), stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-23 mm) with long exsertion (5-7 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, with very short beak. Surface slightly rough, finely pitted and gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 3.5 g, length 3.4, width 3.5, peduncle 3.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 37.4 %, Staple length 28.6 mm, Micronaire 5.0, Strength 93.3 tppsi, Uniformity 53.3 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.2, width 4.8 mm. Seeds fuzzy (fuzziness decreases in late maturity), whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary if sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Pollen sometimes light yellow, seed fuzzy to semi naked. Leading characters: Niab Karishma (commonly known as Karishma) highly heat tolerant, medium tall, early maturing, leaf and flower nectariless.

45

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MNH 329
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: K 401/78 x 479-81/83. Check: CIM 240. Breeders: M.D. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1996 (Punjab). Registered 1997. Growth habit: Spreading, indeterminate, and medium in maturity (170-190 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall in height (160-180-cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-25, semi-erect to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green in color, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 15.0, width 20.0, stalk 15.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium and of medium long duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy (sometimes light yellow), stamen medium dense, and semi-erect in attitude, stigma height medium (20-22 mm) with long exsertion (5-6 mm). Boll: Medium large, 4-5 locked, semi oval, wide at above base, beak medium. Surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 2.9g, length 5.0, width 3.5, peduncle 2.0cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 41.0 %, Staple length 28.5 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 96.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.8 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 20.0 %. Seeds semi fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged, pollen sometimes with light yellow traces. Leading characters: MNH 329 medium tall to tall growing, large leaves, bigger bolls, normal opening and high ginning out turn.

46

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

RH 112
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: H 60-5/79 x H-49-5/79. Check: NIAB 78. Breeders: M. M. Farid, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Rahim Yar. Khan. Maintainer: CRS, RY Khan. Status: Released, 1996 (Punjab). Registered 1997. Growth habit: Spreading, indeterminate, medium in maturity (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (130-160 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium, light green in color, profusely hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 14.0, width 18.0, stalk 13.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium, medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate, petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height medium (25-30 mm), exsertion short to medium (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, with medium beak. Surface smooth, finely pitted and gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 3.3 g, length 4.3, width 3.0, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 34.3 %, Staple length 27.6 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 95.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.8 mm. Seeds fuzzy, whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: RH 112 plants medium tall in height, foliage medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, boll roundish, seed fuzzy whitish, low ginning outturn variety.

47

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

SLS 1
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: SLH 19 x NIAB 78. Check: SLH 41. Breeders: R.A. Saroya and M. Saeed, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Sahiwal. Maintainer: CRS, Sahiwal. Status: Released, 1995 (Punjab). Registered 1992. Growth habit: Spreading, semi-determinate variety, early in maturity (150-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Height medium (110-130 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 15-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium, green in color, profusely hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 12.0, width 14.5, stalk 10.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-22 mm) with short exsertion (2-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, with very short beak. Surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.4 g, length 3.5, width 2.9, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 35.0 %, Staple length 27.4 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 95.3 tppsi. Uniformity 46.5%. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 24.0 %. Seeds fuzzy, whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: SLS 1 medium to short growing, heat tolerant, early maturing than SLH 41. Foliage medium green (light green in SLH 41), and boll beak very short to short.

48

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

S 14
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: H 2102-1/83 x H-2105-1/83 Check: CIM 240. Breeders: M.D. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1995 (Punjab). Growth habit: Compact to semi-spreading, semi-determinate, and medium in maturity (170-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants medium in height (120-140 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-20, semi-erect to spreading. Foliage: Foliage dense, dark green in color, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 16.0, width 22.0, stalk 19.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower large, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-30 mm) with short exsertion (3-4 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at above base, beak medium. Surface smooth, finely pitted and gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 4.5 g, length 4.2, width 3.6, peduncle 4.0 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 43.0 %, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 93.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.2 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 22.0 %. Seeds semi-fuzzy, dusty whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Habit varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: S 14 medium short, leaves broad, dark green, dense, maturity medium, boll large and high ginning out turn.

49

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CRIS 9
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: Rajhans x RA-33-47. Check: Qalandari. Breeders: B.A. Soomro, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Sakrand. Maintainer: CRI, Sakrand. Status: Released, 1993 (Sindh). Registered 1992. Growth habit: Spreading, medium early in maturity (160-180 days), stem-tiphairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium height (110-140 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green in color, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 14.5, width 18.0, stalk 17.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semierect, stigma height medium (15-23 mm) with long exsertion (7-11 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, beak short. Surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 2.8 g, length 3.3, width 2.7, peduncle 1.5 cm, and bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3100.0 Fiber: GOT 34.5 %, Staple length 26.2 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 97.0 tppsi, Uniformity 45.9 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm, oil 22.0 %. Seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: The plants of CRIS 9 resemble NIAB 78 but have short sympodia with fruiting close to the main stem, shorter in height than Qalandari and few days earlier in maturity.

50

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

GOMAL 93
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: 387 F x AC 134. Check: B 557. Breeders: M. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Dera Ismael Khan. Maintainer: CRS, DI. Khan. Status: Released, 1993 (DI. Khan, NWFP). Registered 1997. Growth habit: Spreading, bushy, indeterminate, medium maturity (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness medium, and pigmentation strong. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Tall growing (170-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green in color, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 14.0, width 18.0, stalk 13.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy to yellow, stamen medium dense, semierect, stigma height medium (20-25 mm), exsertion medium (4-6 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, semi oval, wide at above base, beak medium. Surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.3 g, length 4.0, width 3.2, peduncle 2.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2800.0 Fiber: GOT 34.5 %, Staple length 26.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 93.0 tppsi, Uniformity 45.9 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.8 mm. Seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: Gomal 93 plants medium to tall growing, light green foliage, reddish pigmentation on stem and branches strong. First variety from DI. Khan.

51

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

BH 36
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: BS 1 x TX Bonham-76 C. Check: NIAB 78. Breeders: M.A. Tariq; AbdulKarim and S.R. Ahmad. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Bahawalpur. Maintainer: CRS, Bahawalpur. Status: Released, 1992 (Punjab). Registered, 1992. Growth habit: Plants semi-spreading, to spreading, maturity medium early (180-190 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium, tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall, (140-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 7-9, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 16-20, medium and semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, dark green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 13.8, width 15.0, stalk 16.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (20-30 mm) with medium exsertion (4-7 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish oval, wide at middle, and medium beaked. Surface smooth, gossypol low and opening good. Bolls/plant 30-35, weight 3.9 g, length 3.5, width 3.0, peduncle 2.8 cm, bracteole normal, medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3100.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 38.7 %, Staple length 27.8 mm, Micronaire 4.3, Strength 100.5 tppsi, Uniformity 50.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.4 g, size medium bold, length 8.1, width 4.2 mm, oil 24 %. Seeds vary from semi-naked to few fuzzy and whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Fuzzy seeds may vary from traces to occasional. Leading characters: BH 36 plants taller than NIAB 78, spreading, profusely hairy and earlier in maturity than MNH 93. Seeds predominantly seminaked as compared to fuzzy in NIAB 78 and MNH 93.

52

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 240
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: S 12. Parentage: CIM 70 x W 1106. Breeders: A. Salam, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 1992 (Punjab). Registered, 1992. Growth habit: Plants spreading, semi-determinate in fruiting, early maturing (160-170 days), stem-tip-hairiness medium, pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Height medium short (100-125 cm). Nodes to first fruiting branch 6-8, monopodia 0-1, sympodia 20-30 semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 14.5, width 20.0, stalk 19.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen slightly yellowish, stamen medium lax, semi-erect, stigma height (20-25 mm), exsertion short to medium (2-5 mm). Boll: Medium large, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, beak very short, surface smooth, finely pitted gossypol medium. Opening good. Bolls/plant 25-40, weight 4.5 g, length 4.1, width 2.8, peduncle 1.8 cm, bracteole wide. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 36.5 %, Staple length 27.8 mm, Micronaire 4.7, Strength 94.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.4 %. Seed: Seed Index 10.0 g, bold, length 8.5, width 4.5 mm, oil 22.2%. Seed fuzzy, dusky white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Development vary with agronomic practices or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 240 plants shorter than NIAB 78, taller than S 12, monopodia rare, leaves incline downward, leaf stalks long, bracteoles big, pollen slightly yellow and peduncles short. Late in opening than CIM 70.

53

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

FH 682
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: FH 87. Parentage: Express x Lankart 57. Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1992 (Punjab). Registered, 1992. Growth habit: Spreading, medium in maturity (180-200 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall (130-180 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch. 6-10, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 20-22, medium in size and semispreading. Foliage: Medium dense, light green, medium hairy, semi-erect and nectaried, length 14.0, width 17.0, stalk 13.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen light yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (18-26 mm) with medium to long exsertion (4-9 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval to conical, wide at middle, medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, weight 3.4 g, length 4.0, width 2.8, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3200.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 37.0 %, Staple length 28.5 mm, Micronaire 4.3, Strength 95.7 tppsi, Uniformity 49.4 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, medium bold, length 7.8, width 4.0 mm, oil 25.9 %, semi-fuzzy to fuzzy, grayish white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Plant shape varies with change in agronomy, spacing or terminal bud damage. Leading characters: FH 682 plants profusely hairy, early in maturity and shorter in height than FH 87, seeds semi-fuzzy to fuzzy, grayish white as compared to semi-naked to semi-fuzzy with greenish tinge of FH 87.

54

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MNH 147
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: CIM 109. Parentage: 431/79 x 283/80. Breeders: M.D. Khan., Akmal, K. and Mushtaq, A. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1992 (Punjab). Registered, 1992. Growth habit: Plants highly spreading, medium in maturity (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and stem pigmentation medium to strong. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Medium tall (140-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 7-10, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 16-20, medium, semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, nectaried, leaf length 13.0, width 15.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate. Pollen color light yellow, stamen dense, and semi-erect. Stigma height (20-30 mm) with medium exsertion (3-8 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, beak medium, surface rough, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.4 g, length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 3.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3300.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 41.3 %, Staple length 28.5 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 95.5 tppsi, Uniformity 48.8 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5g, medium, length 8.1, width 4.1 mm, oil 20%, seeds semifuzzy, white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: MNH 147 plants taller, stigma exsertion shorter than NIAB 78, foliage color light than S 12, bolls oval as compared to roundish in CIM 109 and NIAB 78, late in opening than CIM 109 and NIAB 78.

55

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

NIAB 26N
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: (DPL 16 x AC 134 - F1 irradiated 30 kr) x DPL NSL. Check: NIAB 78. Breeders: M.A. Bhatti and M. Saeed. Centre: Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad. Maintainer: NIAB, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1992 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi spreading to spreading, early in maturity (160-175 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants medium in height (140-160 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 18-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green in color, medium hairy, and nectaries absent, leaf length 14.5, width 15.0, stalk 16.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectariless, calyx intermediate, petal and pollen creamy (traces of yellow pollen), stamen medium dense, semierect, stigma height medium (15-18 mm) with medium exsertion (2-3 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, oval, wide at above base, with short beak. Surface medium rough, finely pitted and gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, boll weight 3.5 g, length 3.7, width 3.4, peduncle 3.6 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3000.0 Fiber: GOT 37.5 %, Staple length 28.0 mm, Micronaire 4.4, Strength 95.0 tppsi, Uniformity 49.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 7.5, width 4.7 mm. Seeds fuzzy whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Habit varies if sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. At late maturity seeds may be fuzzy to semi naked. Leading characters: NIAB 26N medium tall, early maturing, medium hairy, leaf and flower nectaries absent.

56

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

RESHMI 90
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), long staple. Check: Rehmani. Parentage: Coker 100 A x H-61-29. Breeders: S.K. Bokhari, and A.K. Almani. Centre: Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Maintainer: CRS, Tandojam. Status: Released, 1991 (Sindh). Registered, 1990. Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading, maturity medium (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall, (110-140 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch. 7-10, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-22, medium, semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, dark green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect, length 12.1, width 12.4, stalk 12.4 cm, leaf type semi-okra. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower large, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen color creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect. Stigma height medium (12-16 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, conical, wide at base, medium beaked, surface smooth, pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, weight 4.5 g, length 5.0, width 3.7, peduncle 4.0 cm, bracteole medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 35.7 %, Staple length 31.5 mm, Micronaire 4.1, Strength 98.7 tppsi, Uniformity 46.4 %. Seed: Seed Index 9.8 g, size medium bold, length 8.2, width 4.4 mm, oil 18.5 %, seeds fuzzy, dirty white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: Reshmi plants medium tall, leaf type semi-okra, dark green in color and sparsely hairy. It has big conical bolls, good opening. It is a long staple cotton variety.

57

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 109
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: NIAB 78. Parentage: NIAB 78 x A89/FM. Breeders: A. Salam, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 1990 (Punjab). Registered, 1990. Growth habit: Spreading, early in maturity (160-175 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall (130-150 cm). Nodes to first fruiting branch 6-10, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, green, medium hairy, nectaried, leaf length 13.0, width 14.0, stalk 12.5 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (20-28 mm), exsertion short to medium (2-7 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish oval, wide at middle, beak medium, sharp, surface smooth, gossypol medium, finely pitted, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, weight 3.8 g, length 4.0, width 2.8, peduncle 2.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 35.0 %, Staple length 27.3 mm, Micronaire 4.4, Strength 91.0 tppsi, Uniformity 46.7 %. Seed: Seed Index 9.0 g, size bold, length 9.1, width 4.0 mm, oil 19.6 %, fuzzy, dusky white, dark greenish tinged, semi-naked seeds may occur rarely. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Boll oval to roundish, stigma exsertion variable. Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 109 resembles NIAB 78 except for slightly light foliage color, a little longer beaked bolls, few days early maturing. Seed fuzzy dark greenish tinged as compared to dusky white fuzzy of NIAB 78.

58

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

GOHAR 87
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: B 557. Parentage: 149 F x B 557. Breeders: M.A. Tariq; Abdul Karim, and S.S. Masood. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Bahawalpur. Maintainer: CRS, Bahawalpur. Status: Released, 1990 (Punjab). Registered, 1990. Growth habit: Spreading, maturity medium (180-190 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing, semi-bushy variety, (180-200 cm), 7-11 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 16-21, semispreading. Foliage: Medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, length 11.5, width 12.7, stalk 11.0 cm. Flower: Flowering late, medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semierect, stigma height (16-26 mm) exsertion short to medium (2-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, beak medium spinous, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 30-40, weight 3.3 g, length 4.0, width 3.1, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole normal, size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 36.0 %, Staple length 28.0 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 98.6 tppsi, Uniformity 49.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.0, width 4.1 mm, oil 24.0 %, seed fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dusky white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Plant shape varies if terminal bud damaged, or agronomy changed. Leading characters: Gohar 87 taller than NIAB 78 but shorter than B 557. Leaf light green and boll oblong with sharp pointed beak. Maturity earlier than MNH 93 and later than NIAB 78. It has long branches bearing fruit generally on upper canopy.

59

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

NIAB 86
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: H1-9-6-2 x SP 16. Check: NIAB 78. Breeders: M.A. Bhatti and M. Saeed. Centre: Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad. Maintainer: NIAB, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1990 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi spreading to spreading, semi-determinate, and early in maturity (160-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants medium in height (145-170 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-25, semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green in color, medium hairy, and nectaries present, leaf length 14.0, width 17.0, stalk 13.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early, medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate calyx, petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, semierect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with long exsertion (4-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at above base, medium to short beak. Surface slightly rough, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 4.0 g, length 3.7, width 3.0, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2800.0 Fiber: GOT 34.5 %, Staple length 29.0 mm, Micronaire 4.3, Strength 95.00 tppsi, Uniformity 50.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.6 mm. Seeds fuzzy (fuzziness may decrease in late maturity), whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary if sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Seed fuzzy but fuzziness may decrease in late maturity. Leading characters: NIAB 86 medium tall, maturity same as NIAB 78, medium hairy, leaf and flower nectaries present, Pollen and petal color creamy. Opening good.

60

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

RH 1
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: B 557. Parentage: LH 62 x W 1104. Breeders: Wahid, S.K. and Ghayyur, M.K. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Rahim Yar Khan. Maintainer: CRS, Rahim Yar Khan. Status: Released, 1990 (Punjab). Registered, 1990. Growth habit: Spreading, medium in maturity (180-200 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall, (120-150 cm), 6-10 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-25, medium long, semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 16.5, width 17.5, stalk 10.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semierect. Stigma height (15-30 mm) exsertion short to medium (2-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, beak medium sharp, surface pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 25-30, weight 3.8 g, length 3.5, width 2.5, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal, slightly lobed. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 31.8 %, Staple length 29.8 mm, Micronaire value 3.9, Strength 103.7 tppsi, Uniformity 48.7 %. Seed: Seed Index 9.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.2 mm, oil 26.0 %, fuzzy, white with greenish tinge. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary if terminal bud damaged or crop grown under different conditions. Leading characters: RH 1 plants taller than NIAB 78, spreading, foliage medium dense, light green in color and profusely hairy, boll size medium sharp beaked. Fiber strength high but low GOT was the main cause of its failure.

61

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

FH 87
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: B 557. Parentage: AC 134 x Paymaster. Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1988 (Punjab). Registered, 1990. Growth habit: Plant habit spreading, and medium early in maturity (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium to tall (130-185 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 6-12, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 20-22, medium semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 13.0, width 16.5, stalk 13.5 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium late. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen light yellow, stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height (16-24 mm), exsertion medium to long (4-10 mm). Boll: bolls medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, beak medium, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, boll weight 3.3 g. boll length 3.6, width 2.8, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 36.8 %, Staple length 27.8 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 96.0 tppsi, Uniformity 51.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 7.7, width 4.1 mm, oil 27.0 %, seed semi-fuzzy to semi-naked, dusky white with greenish tinge. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: FH 87 resembles B 557 except a bit shorter in height, light in foliage color, and earliness in maturity. Seeds semi fuzzy to semi naked and have greenish shade.

62

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

S 12
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: NIAB 78. Parentage: MNH 93 x 7203-14-4-Arizona. Breeders: M.D. Khan; Hafeez, R. and Akmal, K. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1988 (Punjab). Registered, 1990. Growth habit: Semi-compact to semi-spreading, maturity medium (160-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium dwarf, (90-110 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 5-10, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 15-20, medium, and semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage dense, dark green, medium hairy, and semi-erect, nectaried. Leaf length 11.6, width 15.2, stalk 16.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect. Stigma height medium (16-21 mm) with short exsertion (2-3 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, short beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, weight 4.5 g, length 3.8, width 3.3, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal, size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3900.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 41.3 %, Staple length 28.0 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 93.0 tppsi, Uniformity 49.3 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.0 g, size medium, length 8.1, width 4.1 mm, oil 22.0 %, fuzzy, dirty white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: S 12 plants shorter in height, foliage dense dark green and medium hairy, stigma exsertion short, boll size bigger than NIAB 78. Opening very good. Calyx with more prominent gossypol glands. GOT high.

63

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

SHAHEEN
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: K 68/9. Parentage: GH 7/72 x H-1. Breeders: M.I. Mithaiwala, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Ghotki. Maintainer: CRS, Ghotki. Status: Released, 1988 (Sindh). Registered, 1990. Growth habit: Spreading, and medium early in maturity (160-180 days), stemtip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall, (150-170 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 6-10, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-20, medium and semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, light green, medium hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 12.0, width 14.8, stalk 13.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen color creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect in alignment, stigma height medium (15-25 mm) with medium exsertion (4-7 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at middle, beak short to very short, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 25-30, weight 3.5 g, length 3.8, width 3.0, peduncle 4.0 cm, bracteole normal, medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton 2200.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 35.0 %, Staple length 27.4 mm, Micronaire 4.3, Strength 94.6 tppsi, Uniformity 46.9 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.0, width 4.6 mm, oil 19.3 %, fuzzy, dirty white in color with greenish ting. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Plant height and branching vary under different growth conditions. Sometimes semi-fuzzy to semi-naked seeds appear in traces. Leading characters: Shaheen slightly taller than K 68/9, but earlier in maturity with bolls roundish and almost blunt, suitable for areas with high water table, seeds more dusky greenish than K 68/9.

64

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

CIM 70
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: MNH 93. Parentage: Coker 8314 x 307/70. Breeders: A. Salam, et al. Centre: Central Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Multan. Maintainer: CCRI, Multan. Status: Released, 1986 (Punjab). Registered, 1986. Growth habit: Spreading, determinate, early in maturity (160-170 days), stemtip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation very strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Short to medium (90-120 cm). Nodes to first fruiting branch 6-8, monopodia 0-1 sympodia 12-15, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, sparsely hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 11.5, width 15.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen slightly yellowish, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (19-22 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium large, 4-5 locked, generally oval, wide at mid, beak medium long, surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, weight 4.0 g, length 3.8, width 2.8, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole wide. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3100.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 31.1 %, Staple length 28.6 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 92.5 tppsi, Uniformity 45.7 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.2, width 4.2 mm, oil 19.7 %, seeds fuzzy white with greenish tinge. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Plant height, shape and branching vary when spaced planted or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: CIM 70 plants semi-dwarf, short statured variety, with strong reddish stem pigmentation and almost determinate fruiting habit, very early in opening but has lower GOT as compared to other commercial cotton varieties.

65

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MNH 129
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: NIAB 78. Parentage: 946/66 x DPL 16. Breeders: M.D. Khan; M.M. Yussaf, and Hafeez, R. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1986 (Punjab). Registered, 1986. Growth habit: Plants semi-spreading, medium in opening (180-195 days), stemtip-hairiness profuse, stem pigmentation medium to strong. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall (120-160 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 8-10, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 16-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, dark green, profusely hairy, length 12.5, width 15.0, stalk 12.5 cm, leaf nectaried. calyx wide with dull gossypol glands. Flower: Flowering late. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (12-18 mm) with medium exsertion (3-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, beak medium, surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.5 g, length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 4.0 cm, bracteole comparatively narrow. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 38.5 %, Staple length 28.7 mm (1-1/8”), Micronaire 4.4, Strength 95.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.6 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.0 g, size medium, length 7.8, width 4.0 mm, oil 21.0 %, seed semi-fuzzy, and dirty whitish in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Plant height, shape and branching vary under diverse environment and agronomic practices. Leading characters: MNH 129 plants taller in height, calyx wider than NIAB 78 and MNH 93, boll splitting later than NIAB 78 but slightly earlier than MNH 93.

66

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

REHMANI
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: Qalandari. Parentage: G. hirsutum 21 x McNaire-TH 14920. Breeders: S.K. Bokhari, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Maintainer: CRS, Tandojam. Status: Released, 1985 (Sindh). Registered, 1986. Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading, medium in maturity (160-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium to tall (130-180 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 6-9, monopodia 0-1, sympodia 15-20, medium and semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, green, medium hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 13.0, width 15.0, stalk 12.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect in posture, stigma height medium (16-20 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval wide at middle, beak short to medium, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 15-25, weight 2.5 g, length 3.8, width 3.5, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton 3000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 35.0 %, Staple length 27.0 mm, Micronaire 4.4, Strength 90.0 tppsi, Uniformity 43.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 7.5, width 4.2 mm, oil 19.0 %, seeds fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dirty white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or main stem damaged. Leading characters: Rehmani about the same height as Qalandari but less spreading with lower number of, monopodial branches and medium leaf hairiness.

67

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MS 84
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), long staple. Parentage: MS 40 x DPL 16. Check: MS 39. Breeders: M.D. Khan; et al.. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1983 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi spreading to spreading, indeterminate, and medium in maturity (170-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium height (110-140-cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-6, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-20, semi-erect to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 14.5, width 19.2, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium and of medium long duration. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with intermediate calyx, pollen cream (sometimes yellow), stamen medium dense, and semi-erect in attitude, stigma height medium (16-24 mm) with long exsertion (4-5 mm). Boll: Medium large, 4-5 locked, semi oblong, wide at above base, beak medium. Surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20 weight 4.0 g, length 4.2, width 3.0, peduncle 2.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2100.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.0 %, Staple length 33.3 mm, Micronaire 3.9, Strength 91.3 tppsi, Uniformity 74.8 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 10.0, width 7.0 mm, oil 19.0 %. Seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Plant shape varies under diverse conditions. Pollen sometimes yellow. Leading characters: MS 84 medium tall growing, bigger bolls, normal opening and long stapled.

68

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

SLH 41
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: B 557. Parentage: S 178/68 x 2267/70. Breeders: R.A. Saroya; M. Saeed and M. Sharif. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Sahiwal. Maintainer: CRS, Sahiwal. Status: Released, 1984 (Punjab). Registered, 1986. Growth habit: Semi spreading, bushy, medium late in maturity (180-205 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Input requirements low. Height and branching: Medium tall (140-180 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 6-11, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 15-20, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 15.0, width 17.0, stalk 9.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium late. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen light yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect in alignment, stigma height (16-22 mm) exsertion short to medium (2-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, short beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, weight 3.4 g, length 4.5, width 3.0, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal and of medium width. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 2200.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 36.7 %, Staple length 27.8 mm, Micronaire 4.4, Strength 95.8 tppsi, Uniformity 46.1 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 7.5, width 4.2 mm, oil 17.4 %, seeds fuzzy, dusky white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Plant shape varies with change in agronomy or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: SLH 41 plants medium tall, foliage color light green, leaves more hairy than B 557. Foliage senescence late. Pollen light yellow, stigma exsertion short to medium. Matures early than B 557. Fruiting resembles AC 134.

69

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

NIAB 78
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: B 557. Parentage: DPL 16 x AC 134 F1 Irradiated-30 kr Gamma rays (60 Co). Breeders: R.S. Iqbal; M. Boota; M. Aslam, and A.B. Akbar. Centre: National Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad. Maintainer: NIAB, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1983 (Punjab). Registered, 1984. Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading, maturity early (160-170 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium in height (120-150 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch. 6-9, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 16-20, medium, and semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, medium hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 12.5, width 15.0, stalk 14.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried and calyx medium. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (20-28 mm) with medium long exsertion (4-9 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish oval, wide at middle, beak pointed, picking uncomfortable. gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 25-30, boll weight 3.5 g, boll length 4.5, width 3.0, peduncle 3.8 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3500.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 37.0 %, Staple length 27.0 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 92.0 tppsi, Uniformity 49.8 %. Seed: Seed Index 8g, size medium, length 8.8, width 4.0 mm, oil 20%, seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Tall plants, shy bearing, very late, with clusters of sterile sticky flowers increasing upwards. Semi-naked to naked seeds may also occur. Leading characters: NIAB 78 plants medium tall, shorter in height, less spreading, early in maturity with less leaf hairiness and dense gossypol glands than B 557. Flower nectaried, petal and pollen color creamy, exsertion medium, boll size medium, roundish and opening good.

70

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MNH 93
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: B 557. Parentage: 389/65 x C 158. Breeders: M.D. Khan; Ali, M., Nazir, A., and M. Ibrahim. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1980 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Spreading, maturity medium (150-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Lodging medium to high in early sown crop. Height and branching: Medium tall (120-170 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch. 6-11, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 16-20, medium, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green in color, profusely hairy, and semierect in attitude, leaf nectaried, leaf length 12.5, width 15.0, stalk 15.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect in attitude, stigma height (11-25 mm) with short to medium exsertion (2-4 mm). Boll: Bolls oval, large, 4-5 locked, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface finely pitted, gossypol medium and opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 4.5 g, length 4.0, width 3.2, peduncle 4.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 3500.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 37.5 %, Staple length 28.6 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 94.2 tppsi, Uniformity 49.6 %. Seed: Seed Index 9.0g, size bold, length 8.4, width 4.2 mm, oil 20.0%, seeds fuzzy, dusky white. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: MNH 93 plants medium tall, taller than NIAB 78, shorter than B 557, opening later than NIAB 78, bolls oval and bigger than NIAB 78, early sown plants tend to lodge under heavy bearing.

71

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

K 68/9
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: M 100. Parentage: 199 F x Wilds. Breeders: M.I. Mithaiwala, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station (PCCC), Ghotki. Maintainer: CRS, Ghotki. Status: Released, 1977 (Sindh). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Spreading, bushy, and medium in maturity (180-200 days), stemtip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall, (140-160 cm), with 7-12 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-18, medium, semi-spreading. Foliage: Dense, dark green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 15.0, width 18.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, color creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen variable creamy to light yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (18-30 mm) with medium exsertion (36 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, beak medium to long, surface smooth, finely pitted. gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.5 g, length 4.0, width 3.1, peduncle 5.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton 2000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.0 %, Staple length 30.1 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 96.0 tppsi, Uniformity 42.2 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.8, width 4.1 mm, oil 20.0 %, seeds fuzzy, dirty white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: K 68/9 plants taller than NIAB 78 and shorter than Sarmast, foliage more dense, dark green and leaves broader. bolls bigger in size than “NT” Types. Black conspicuous dots on filament.

72

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

B 557
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: AC 134. Parentage: 268F x L 5. Breeders: Khan W.S, A.H. Khan; Wali. M.C. and S.D. Khan. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1975 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Spreading, bushy and medium in maturity (180-200 days), stemtip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall to tall growing (140-200 cm) with 6-12 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-20, medium, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, medium green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 14.0, width 14.0, stalk 10.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium late. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (18-24 mm) with long exsertion (4-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at middle, beak medium, surface smooth, gossypol medium and opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.0 g, boll length 3.8, width 3.0, peduncle 2.8 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 2500.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 35.9 %, Staple length 28.1 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 93.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.6 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.0 g, size medium, length 7.9, width 4.1 mm, oil 18.5 %, seeds semi-fuzzy to semi-naked, dusky white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: B 557 plants resemble AC 134 in shape and height except spreading and open plant canopy, more green foliage, and early in maturity. A high yielding variety with good adaptability.

73

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

SARMAST
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: M 100. Parentage: {(M4 x Acala) x M 4}. Breeders: S.K. Bokhari, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Maintainer: CRS, Tandojam. Status: Released, 1975 (Sindh). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Spreading, and medium in maturity (160-180 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium to tall, (130-180 cm), with 6-12 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-20, medium, semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, dark green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 14.0, width 17.0, stalk 10.5 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, Calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semierect in attitude, stigma height medium (20-24 mm), with medium exsertion (4-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round to oval, wide at middle, beak medium to short, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.0 g, length 4.2, width 3.3, peduncle 3.5 cm, bracteole normal, medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1800.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.0 %, Staple length 28.6 mm, Micronaire 3.9, Strength 92.7 tppsi, Uniformity 42.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.5, width 4.0 mm, oil 18.0 %, seeds fuzzy, dirty white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: Sarmast (S-59/1) plants medium to tall, leaves dark green, larger, profusely hairy, bolls with more reddish pigmentation, and early in opening than Qalandari, bracteoles bigger in size than Qalandari.

74

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

QALANDARI
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: M 100. Parentage: (M 4 x G. anomalum) x Karnak. Breeders: S.K. Bokhari, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Maintainer: CRS, Tandojam. Status: Released, 1974 (Sindh). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Spreading, medium in maturity (170-190 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium to tall, (130-180 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 5-10, monopodia 0-6, sympodia 20-25, medium and semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, light to medium green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 13.0, width 15.5, stalk 12.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium in size, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate. Pollen color creamy, stamen medium dense, and semierect in attitude, stigma height (20-25 mm) with medium exsertion (3-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, and short to medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, weight 3.0 g, length 3.7, width 3.0, peduncle 5.0 cm, bracteole normal, medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 2000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.0 %, Staple length 28.6 mm, Micronaire 3.8, Strength 92.7 tppsi, Uniformity 42.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 7.5, width 3.9 mm, oil 19.0 %, fuzzy, dirty white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: Qalandari plants medium to tall growing, leaves light to medium green, more hairy, bolls bigger, seeds densely fuzzy than “NT” types i.e. M 4 and M 100.

75

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

149 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: AC 134. Parentage: 124 F x Babdal. Breeders: Mahboob, A; Nazir, A; A. Salam and M. Ibrahim. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1971 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Compact, to semi-spreading, medium early in opening (170-190 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and stem pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (140-170 cm), with 7-11 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 16-18, medium short in size and mostly semi-erect. Foliage: Medium dense, dark green in color, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 12.5, width 15.0, stalk 12.5 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height 15-20 mm with medium exsertion (2-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, beak short, surface smooth, gossypol medium, and opening good. Bolls/plant 20-30, boll weight 4.0 g, boll length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 7.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 2000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.5 %, Staple length 28.0 mm, Micronaire 4.0, Strength 97.0 tppsi, Uniformity 47.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium bold, length 8.5, width 4.5 mm, oil 19.5 %, semi-fuzzy, semi-naked, and dirty white in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 149 F compact, semi-spreading, taller than 124 F and shorter than AC 134. Leaves more hairy than 124 F, early in maturity than AC 134, bolls peduncles long.

76

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MS 39
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), long staple. Check: L 11. Parentage: Natural hybrid in L 11 (Lasani 11). Breeders: Mahboob A; A. Salam; M.J. Mirza and M. Manzoor. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1970 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Spreading, with medium maturity (170-190 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall (140-160 cm). Nodes to first fruiting branch 6-10, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 16-18, medium, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage intermediate, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 14.0, width 15.0, stalk 14.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (14-20 mm) with medium to short exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium and opening good. Bolls/plant 12-16, weight 3.5 g, length 4.0, width 3.2, peduncle 3.8 cm, bracteole normal, size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1650.0 Fiber: MS 39 a long staple variety. Ginning Outturn 33.5 %, Staple length 31.8 mm, Micronaire 3.6, Strength 87.5 tppsi, Uniformity 49.3 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.2 mm, oil 20.0 %, semi-naked to semi-fuzzy, whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: MS 39 plant medium tall but shorter than AC 134, bolls bigger, opening earlier than L 11. Leaves and bracts develop strong reddish color at maturity.

77

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

MS 40
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), long staple. Check: L 11. Parentage: a single variant selected from AC 252. Breeders: Mahboob, A; Nazir, A; N.M. Zafar and A. Majeed. Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1970 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Spreading, maturity medium (180-200 days), stem-tip-hairiness and pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (140-160 cm), with 6-10 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 16-18, medium and spreading. Foliage: Foliage intermediate, green, medium hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 14.0, width 17.0, stalk 15.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower size medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate, petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with short exsertion (2-4 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium and opening good. Bolls/plant 12-15, weight 3.5 g, length 4.3, width 3.0, peduncle 3.8 cm, bracteole normal, size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1700.0 Fiber: MS 40 a long staple variety. Ginning Outturn 34.0 %, Staple length 31.3 mm, Micronaire 4.0, Strength 89.4 tppsi, Uniformity 45.3 %. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, medium, length 8.0, width 4.2 mm, oil 20%, seeds fuzzy, whitish in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Shape varies when sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: MS 40 resembles MS 39 very closely except that MS 40 plants are more spreading, less hairy, dark green in color and slightly late in opening than MS 39.

78

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

M 100
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 289 F. Parentage: (M4 x Wilds) x M 4. Breeders: S.K. Bokhari, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam). Maintainer: Mirpur Khas and Tandojam. Status: Released, 1963 (Sindh). Growth habit: Plant spreading, bushy and medium early in maturity (160-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall, (170-190 cm), with 6-9 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 16-20, medium and spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, green, medium hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 11.5, width 12.5, stalk 11.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height 20-22 mm with medium exsertion (4-6 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, weight 2.6 g, length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 3.2 cm, bracteole normal, medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1500.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.5 %, Staple length 27.0 mm, Micronaire 4.0, Strength 85.0 tppsi, Uniformity 47.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 6.8 g, size medium, length 7.0, width 4.0 mm, oil 19.0 %, seeds fuzzy, dirty white in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: M 100 closely resembles M 4 except for miner differences. Lateron both were given “NT” designation (new types). During 1970s and 1980s the “NT” covered most of the cotton belt in Sindh.

79

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

BS 1
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: AC 134. Parentage: M 4 - Selection (13/216). Breeders: Fasihud-Din, Mahboob, A. and Nazir A. Centre: Cotton Research Station, (AARI), Khanpur, Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1962 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading, maturity early (140-160 days), stem-tip-hairiness medium, pigmentation medium. Tolerant of lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall (140-180 cm), 6-8 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 16-20, medium long, semi-spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, bluish green in color, sparsely to medium hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 11.0, width 13.0, stalk 11.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium late. Flower medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate, petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height (15-25 mm) with medium exsertion (3-6 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at middle, beak short, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, weight 3.3 g, length 3.5, width 3.0, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1200.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.8 %, Staple length 26.0 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 94.2 tppsi, Uniformity 48.9 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5g, medium in size, length 8.o width 4.o mm, oil 18.o%, seeds fuzzy, dusky whitish in color. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: BS 1 (13/26) taller than 124 F. Foliage dark (bluish) green as compared to light green of AC 134, seed fuzzy white. It has some drought tolerance, hence was approved for Bahawalpur and Rahim Yar Khan areas.

80

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

362 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: LSS. Parentage: 289 F- Selection. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Faisalabad (Lyallpur). Centre: Cotton Research Institute, (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1959 (Punjab). Growth habit: Plant growth spreading, medium bushy, maturity medium (170200 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation weak. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing in habit (150-200 cm), with 6-12 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodial branches 0-5, and sympodial branches/plant 15-20, medium in size and semi-spreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium and of medium duration. Flower medium, petals of cream color. Flower size medium, nectaried, calyx normal and of intermediate size. Boll: Boll size medium, generally four locked, roundish Surface smooth and opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 3.0 g. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1500.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.0 %, Staple length 23.8 mm, Micronaire value 4.5, Strength 93.0. Seed: Seed Index 7.0 g, size medium, surface fuzzy, white in appearance. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 362 F plants tall growing, foliage profusely hairy, boll roundish, high yielding and comparatively early in opening than LSS. Staple length better than LSS. This variety also had some drought resistance and heat tolerance.

81

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

AC 134
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: LSS. Parentage: 148 F x 199 F. Breeders: A.H. Khan; and Wali, M., et al.. Centre: Cotton Research Institute, (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1959 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Semi-spreading, semi-bushy, maturity medium late (190-215 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium to tall (140-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 6-10, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-18, medium, semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 13.5, width 15.0, stalk 11.5 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium late. Flower medium, nectaried, calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-25 mm) with medium exsertion (3-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, and very short beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, weight 3.5 g, length 4.0, width 3.1, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal and medium width. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1600.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.5 %, Staple length 26.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 93.5 tppsi, Uniformity 47.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 7.2, width 4.0 mm, oil 18.5 %, seeds semi-fuzzy semi-naked, white in color with greenish tip. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Height and branching vary if sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Few seeds of every grade and shade can occur. Leading characters: AC 134 plants medium to tall growing, taller than 124 F, but shorter than LSS, foliage medium, light green than LSS, opening earlier, bolls bigger than LSS.

82

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

LASANI 11
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 124 F, LSS. Parentage: 181 F - Selection. Breeders: M. Afzal; Wali, M. and A.H. Khan. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1959 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading, and medium late in maturity (190210 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall (140-200 cm), with 6-11 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 16-20, medium, semi-spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 12.0, width 130, stalk 10.0 cm. Flower: Flowering late. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (16-25 mm) with medium exsertion (2-6 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oval, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 12-15, weight 4.0 g, length 4.0, width 3.2, peduncle 4.5 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1600.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.5 %, Staple length 28.6 mm, Micronaire 4.0, Strength 90.0 tppsi, Uniformity 47.5 %, 65’s. Seed: Seed Index 8.5 g, size medium, length 7.5, width 4.1 mm, oil 21.0 %, seeds fuzzy and whitish in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: Lasani 11 (L 11) tall growing more hairy and late maturing than 124 F. Longer inter-nodes and more spreading than AC 134. Seeds fuzzy whitish compared to Semi-fuzzy, semi-naked greenish tinged of AC 134. fiber quality better than earlier released varieties.

83

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

238 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 289 F/43. Parentage: 289 F/43 - selection. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Faisalabad (Lyallpur). Centre: Cotton Research Institute, (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1948 (Punjab). Growth habit: Spreading, medium bushy and medium late in maturity (190-210 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation weak. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing (150-200 cm), with 7-13 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 15-20, medium and semispreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaried. Flower: Opening of flowers medium late and of medium duration. Flower size medium, flower nectaries present, and calyx intermediate. Petal color cream. Boll: Boll size medium, generally four locked, roundish, beak medium short, surface smooth and boll splitting good, No. of bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 3.2 g. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 31.5 %, Staple length 23.8 mm, Micronaire value 4.5, Strength 88.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, seeds fuzzy, semi-fuzzy, and whitish in appearance. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 238 F plants tall growing, foliage medium dense, green and profusely hairy, boll shape roundish, high yielding, with better staple length than 289 F/43.

84

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

268 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: LSS. Parentage: LSS - selection. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Faisalabad (Lyallpur). Centre: Cotton Research Institute, (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1948 (Punjab). Growth habit: Plants spreading, to medium bushy and medium late in maturity (180-210 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation weak. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing in habit (160-200 cm), bearing 6-13 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodial branches/plant 0-5, sympodial branches 15-20, medium long in size and semi-spreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium late and of medium duration. Flower size medium, flower nectaries present, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen color creamy. Boll: Boll size medium, generally four locked, shape roundish, beak medium sharp, surface smooth and opening good, No. of bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 3.3 g. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 34.1 %, Staple length 24.6 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 92.0. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, seeds fuzzy, whitish in appearance. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 268 F plants tall growing, foliage medium dense, profusely hairy, boll shape roundish, high yielding, slightly early with better staple length than LSS.

85

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

199 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), medium staple (Sultani). Check: 4 F. Parentage: 4 F-98 (material from Sakrand) - Selection, Natural hybrid, an Offtype plant in 4 F-98 cotton field at Multan. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Faisalabad (Lyallpur). Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1946 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading bushy and medium in maturity (180-200 days). Stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing plants (120-150 cm), bearing 8-14 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodial branches/plant high 0-9, sympodial branches 15-20, long in size, and semi-spreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering early and of long duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color cream. Boll: Boll size medium, generally four locked, roundish, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol high and opening of bolls good. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 2.9 g. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 900.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 35.0 %, Staple length 24.6 mm, Micronaire 4.5. fiber Strength 90.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium. Oil contents 17.5%, seeds fuzzy, whitish in appearance. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 199 F (Sultani) high yielding, medium in maturity and high ginning outturn than 4 F, seeds densely fuzzy and whitish in color.

86

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

216 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 4 F. Parentage: 4 F - selection. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Faisalabad (Lyallpur). Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1946 (Punjab). Growth habit: Plants spreading to medium bushy and medium early in boll maturity (170-190 days). Stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation weak. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing (150-200 cm), with 8-14 nodes to first fruiting branch. No. of, monopodial branches/plant varies from 0-5, sympodial branches 15-17, medium in size and semi-spreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaries present. Flower: Opening of flower medium early and of medium duration. Flower size medium, flower nectaries present, and calyx of intermediate size. Petal color cream. Boll: Boll size medium, generally four locked, roundish, surface smooth and opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 3.0 g. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.0 %, Staple length 23.8 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 90.0. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium. oil 17.5 %, seeds semi-fuzzy to Fuzzy, dusky white in appearance. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 216 F plants tall growing, foliage medium dense, profusely hairy, boll roundish, early in maturity than 4 F, seeds fuzzy and dusky whitish in color.

87

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

124 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum), medium staple. (Victory) Check: LSS. Parentage: 289 F/43 - Selection (1936) and bulked as “Victory”. Breeders: M. Afzal, et. al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1945 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi-spreading, and medium early in maturity (170-190 days), stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall in growth (120-150 cm), with 6-10 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 15-20, medium in size and semi-erect in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 11.0, width 12.5, stalk 10.5 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen light yellowish, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-30 mm) with medium exsertion (4-7 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium with dull glands, opening good. Bolls/plant 1215, weight 3.4 g, length 3.8, width 3.0, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 900.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.0 %, Staple length 24.6 mm, Micronaire 4.8, Strength 96.0 tppsi, Uniformity 45.2 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 7.5, width 4.1 mm, oil 19.0 %, seeds fuzzy, with dusky brownish look. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 124 F (Victory) plants drought tolerant, shorter in height and earlier in maturity, with leaves sparsely hairy, light green in color as compared to LSS (profusely hairy). Seed densely fuzzy giving dusky brownish looks.

88

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

M4
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 289 F. Parentage: 289 F - Selection. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Tandojam. Centre: Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Maintainer: CRS, Tandojam. Status: Released, 1942 (Sindh). Growth habit: Spreading, medium early in maturity (160-180 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall (120-160), with 7-12 nodes to first monopodium, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 16-20, long in size and spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 12.0, width 14.0, stalk 13.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-25 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium and opening good, No. of bolls/plant 15-20, weight 3.5 g, length 4.0, width 3.1, peduncle 3.2 cm, bracteole normal, size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton 900.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.0 %, Staple length 23.8 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 85.0 tppsi, Uniformity 47.9 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm, oil 18.1 %, seeds fuzzy, dirty white in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: M 4 plants medium tall, shorter in height than 289 F, foliage medium dense and profusely hairy. Maturity early. M 4 together with M 100 (known as “NT”) were the most famous varieties of Upland cotton in Sindh.

89

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

289 F/43
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 4 F. Parentage: 4 F - Selection, Natural hybrid - an off-type plant found in the 4 F field. Breeders: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur (Faisalabad), Punjab. Centre: Botanical Section, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Maintainer: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Status: Released 1934 (Punjab), Growth habit: Spreading, semi-bushy and early in maturity. stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing (150-200 cm), with 9-14 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 3-5, sympodia 15-20, medium long and semispreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering starts early and of medium duration. Flower size medium, flower nectaries present, calyx of intermediate size, petal and pollen color creamy. Boll: Small sized, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol high and opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 2.8 g. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 900.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 31.0 %, Staple length 23.8 mm, Micronaire 4.5. fiber Strength 95.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium. oil 17.5 %, seeds fuzzy, dull whitish in appearance. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 289 F/43 plants tall growing with low water requirements, foliage medium dense, profusely hairy, early in boll maturity but low ginning outturn than 4 F.

90

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

LSS
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 4 F. Parentage: 4 F - Selection, a single off-type plant: a natural hybrid found in the field of 4 F cotton. Breeders: L.S. Singh, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1934 (Punjab). Growth habit: Spreading, bushy to semi-bushy, highly, monopodial and late in maturity (190-220 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall (170-200 cm), with 8-14 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 15-18, medium, spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 13.0, width 13.5, stalk 11.5 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering late. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx intermediate, pollen light yellow, stamen medium dense, semi-erect, stigma height (15-25 mm) with medium exsertion (2-5 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish to oval, wide at middle, and short beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium, opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, weight 2.5 g, length 3.5, width 2.7, peduncle 5.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 32.2 %, Staple length 23.0 mm, Micronaire 5.0, Strength 85.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.5 %. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size small to medium, length 6.5, width 3.2 mm, oil 21.0%, seeds naked to semi-fuzzy greenish, whitish towards tips. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: LSS plants medium tall growing, taller, longer internodes and late maturing than 4 F. Leaves more strongly hairy than 4 F and bolls bigger. Due to late maturity the bolls suffer from frost.

91

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

289 F/K25
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 4 F. Parentage: 289 F - Bulk selection. Breeders: British Cotton Growing Association (BCGA). Centre: BCGA Farm, Khanewal. Maintainer: BCGA Farm, Khanewal. Status: Released, 1930 (Punjab). (289 F/K25 was a very popular commercial variety during 1930s). Growth habit: Spreading, bushy and medium in maturity. Stem-tip-hairiness sparse to medium and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (150-200 cm), with 9-13 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 3-5, sympodia 10-15, medium long and semi-spreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage density medium, green, sparsely hairy, semi-erect, leaf nectaries present. Flower: Flowering medium late and of long duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy. Boll: bolls small, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol high and opening good. Bolls/plant 12-15, boll weight 2.5 g, bracteole normal and of medium width. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 1000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.5 %, Staple length 23.8 mm, Micronaire value 4.5. fiber Strength 95 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium. length 7.5, width 3.8 mm. oil 21.1%, seeds fuzzy, dull white. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 289 F/K25 plants medium tall growing, foliage medium dense, sparsely hairy. Plants resemble 289 F except for more yield, and sparse hairiness. Seeds fuzzy, dull whitish in appearance as compared to naked to semi-naked of 4 F.

92

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

289 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 4 F. Parentage: 4 F - Selection. Breeders: Milne. D., et al. Centre: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Maintainer: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Status: Released, 1921 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi-spreading to spreading, bushy, medium early in maturity. Stem-tip-hairiness profuse and stem pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing (160-210 cm), with 9-14 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 3-5, sympodia 10-15, medium long and semispreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium late and of long duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color cream. Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, shape roundish, wide at middle, and beak size medium, boll surface smooth, gossypol intensity high and boll opening good. Bolls/plant 12-16, boll weight 2.5 g, bracteole size normal and of medium width. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 950.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 32.0 %, Staple length 25.0 mm, Micronaire value 4.5. Strength 95 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 7.4 g, size medium, oil contents 20.0 %, seeds fuzzy, whitish in appearance. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 289 F plants tall growing, early maturing and high yielding than 4 F. Seeds fuzzy, whitish in color as compared to naked to semi-naked seeds of 4 F.

93

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

4F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Check: 3 F. Parentage: Selection from stray plants of American Cotton. Breeders: Milne. D., et al. Centre: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Maintainer: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur. Status: Released, 1914 (Punjab). Growth habit: Spreading, bushy, medium late in maturity (180-210 days). stemtip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (150-200 cm), with 9-15 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 3-5, sympodia 10-15, medium long and semi-spreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 10.5, width 12.0, stalk 13.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium late and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal and pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (15-25 mm) with very short exsertion (0-2 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol high, opening good. Bolls/plant 12-15, weight 2.5g, length 3.3, width 2.7, peduncle 3.2 cm, bracteole normal, medium width. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 800.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 32.0 %, Staple length 20.6 mm, Micronaire 5.0, Strength 85.0 tppsi, Uniformity 48.9 %. Seed: Seed Index 6.6 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm, oil 18.0 %, naked to semi-naked, greenish towards tips. Seed coat color blackish, hence “Kala Narma”. Variants: Shape varies if sown early, late, spaced or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 4 F plants shorter in height, leaves profusely hairy and bolls slightly bigger than 3 F, but early in maturity.

94

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Gossypium hirsutum L.

3F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: Selection from stray plants of American cottons introduced from USA by the East India Company. Breeders: Milne. D., et al. Centre: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur. Maintainer: Department of Agriculture, Lyallpur. Status: Released, 1913 (Punjab). Growth habit: Plant spreading to bushy in habit, and late in boll maturity. stemtip-hairiness sparse to medium and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Tall growing (200-225 cm), with 8-14 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 3-5, sympodia 12-18, long and semi-spreading to spreading in attitude. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering late and of long duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal creamy and Pollen yellowish. Boll: Medium, generally four locked, roundish, wide at middle, and medium beaked, surface smooth, gossypol medium and opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 2.0 g. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton (Kapas) 600.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 33.0 %, Staple length 20.6 mm, Micronaire 4.9, Strength 85.0 tppsi, Uniformity 46.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 6.0 g, size medium, length 7.0, width 4.0 mm, oil 18.0 %, naked to semi-naked, and darkish green in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late, spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: 3 F plants medium to tall growing, and late in maturity. Leaves sparsely hairy and susceptible to jassid and other sucking pests. This was the first regular variety of Upland cotton released for general cultivation and got the name of “NARMA” due to softness and silky feel of lint as compared to Desi cottons.

95

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

DESCRIPTIONS OF

PAK UPLAND COTTON

HYBRIDS

96

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

H 115
Type: Upland. Hybrid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: 210 F x AS 108. Check: cim 448 Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Registered 1999. Growth habit: Spreading to semi spreading, medium early in maturity (160-170 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall (150-175 cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 25-30, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Medium dense, color green, leaf broad, profusely hairy, and nectaried, leaf attitude mostly horizontal, leaf length 13.0, width 15.0, stalk 12.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, with medium calyx, petal creamy, pollen yellow, stigma height medium (25-30 mm) with medium to short exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium bold, 4-5 locked, roundish to ovate, wide at lower mid, beak very short to blunt. Surface rough, pitted, gossypol distinct glands, opening good. No/plant 30-40, weight 4-5g length 4.5, width 3.2, peduncle 2.5 cm. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 108.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damaged.

Leading characters: H 115 medium tall, foliage medium, leaf broad, green
(greener than H 151), profusely hairy, pollen yellow, stigma exsertion medium to long, boll roundish to ovate, opening medium early (later than H 151).

97

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

H 151
Type: Upland. Hybrid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: 20 F x AS 192. Check: CIM 448 Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Released, 2003 (Punjab). Registered 1999. Growth habit: Semi bushy to semi spreading, medium early maturing, stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Plant medium tall growing (150-165 cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 5-8, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 25-30, semi-erect to semi spreading. Foliage: Foliage density sparse, light green, medium broad, profusely hairy, and nectaried. Leaf length 15.0, width 14.0, stalk 13.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx medium, petal creamy, pollen light yellow, stamen medium, semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-22 mm), and exsertion medium (5-6mm). Boll: Medium bold, 4-5 locked, round to ovate, wide at lower mid, beak medium. Surface smooth, pitted, gossypol normal, opening good. No/plant 30-40, weight 4.5g length 5.0, width 3.5, peduncle 2.0cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0%, Staple length 32.5 mm, Micronaire 4.6, Strength 100.3 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 7.5 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 5.0 mm. Seeds fuzzy – semi fuzzy, silver gray. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damaged. Leading characters: H 151 medium tall, semi bushy, foliage density sparse, light green, profusely hairy, pollen light yellow, boll medium big, beak medium, opening good, seed fuzzy-semi fuzzy, silver gray.

98

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

H 160
Type: Upland. Hybrid (Gossypium hirsutum). Medium staple. Parentage: 126 F x 210 F. Check: CIM 448 Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Registered 1999. Growth habit: Spreading, medium early maturing (160-170 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (140-160cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 5-7, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 20-30, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage density sparse, light green, leaf broad, profusely hairy, and nectaried. Leaf length 12.0, width 14.0, stalk 8.0cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx medium, petal creamy, pollen creamy yellow, stamen medium, semi-erect, stigma height medium (18-20 mm), and exsertion medium to long (5-7mm). Boll: Size medium bold, 4-5 locked, roundish oblong, wide at lower mid, beak short. Surface smooth, finely pitted, gossypol normal, opening good. No/plant 30-40, weight 4-5g length 5.0, width 3.2, peduncle 2.5cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0%, Staple length 28.5 mm, Micronaire 4.2, Strength 108.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damaged.

Leading characters: H 160 medium tall growing, spreading in habit, foliage
density sparse, leaf light green, profusely hairy, flower creamy, pollen creamy to yellow, stigma exsertion medium to long, boll medium big, roundish, short & sharp beaked.

99

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

DESCRIPTIONS OF

PAK UPLAND COTTON

INBRED LINES

100

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

20 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Parentage:.a variant selection from. Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Registered 1999. Growth habit: Bushy spreading plants, medium early in maturity (160-170 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse and stem pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (150 cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-6, sympodia 15-20, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage sparse, light green, profusely hairy, and nectaried. Leaf length 12.0, width 12.0, stalk 9.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, pollen creamy yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (2530 mm) with medium exsertion (6-10 mm). Boll: Medium, 4-5 locked, oblong to roundish, wide at lower mid, beak short. Surface smooth, pitted, gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 25-30, weight 4-5 g length 4.5, width 3.0, peduncle 2.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 108.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damage. Leading characters: 20 F medium tall, spreading variety, foliage medium, leaf broad, green, profusely hairy, pollen creamy, stigma exsertion medium to long, boll medium big, roundish, boll beak very short to blunt, opening medium early (later than H 151), seed semi-naked to fuzzy, fuzz color dusky white. Inbred of H 151.

101

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

126

F

Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Inbred of H 160. Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Registered 1999. Growth habit: Plant spreading to semi spreading, medium early in maturity (160-170 days) stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (140 cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 20, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, profusely hairy, and nectaried. Leaf length 12.0, width 15.0, stalk 10.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, pollen light yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (1520 mm) with medium exsertion (5-7 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, shape roundish, wide at lower mid, boll beak medium sharp. Surface smooth, pitted, gossypol normal, opening good. No/plant 25-30, weight 4-5 g length 5.0, width 3.0, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 108.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching may vary with sowing time, space and bud damage. Leading characters: 126 F medium tall, spreading bushy, semi-spreading, foliage medium, leaf light green, profusely hairy, pollen light yellow, stigma exsertion medium, boll medium, roundish, boll beak medium sharp, opening medium early, seed semi-naked to fuzzy, fuzz dusky white.

102

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

210 F
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Parentage:.a variant selection from 110 F field. Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Registered 1999. Growth habit: Spreading, medium early in maturity (160-170 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (130-140cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 20-25, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and nectaried. Leaf length 12.0, width 17.0, stalk 13.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx medium, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect. Stigma height medium (25-30 mm), exsertion medium to short (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, roundish, wide at lower mid, beak very short to blunt. Surface rough, pitted, gossypol distinct glands, opening good. No/plant 25-30, weight 4-5 g length 4.5, width 3.1, peduncle 2.5 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 108.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damage. Leading characters: 210 F plant medium tall, spreading, foliage medium, leaf broad, green, profusely hairy, pollen creamy, stigma exsertion medium to long, boll medium big, roundish, boll beak very short to blunt, opening medium early (later than H 151), seed semi-naked to fuzzy, fuzz dusky white. Inbred of H 115.

103

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

AS 108
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Parentage:.a variant selection from. Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Registered 1999. Growth habit: Spreading, medium early in maturity (160-170 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall growing (130-140cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 20-25, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, green, profusely hairy, and nectaried. Leaf length 11.0, width 13.0, stalk 10.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx medium, pollen yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect. Stigma height medium (25-30 mm), exertion short to medium (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, shape oblong, wide at lower mid, beak short. Surface rough, pitted, gossypol distinct glands, and opening good. Bolls/plant 25-30, weight 4-5 g length 4.0, width 3.0, peduncle 2.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 108.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damage. Leading characters: AS 108 medium tall, spreading, leaf, green, profusely hairy, pollen yellow, stigma exsertion short to medium, boll medium, roundish, beak short, opening medium early, seed semi-naked to fuzzy, dusky white. Inbred of H 115.

104

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Cotton Hybrids

AS 192
Type: Upland. Tetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum). Parentage:.a variant selection. Breeders: Syed Siddique Akbar Bokhari. Centre: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Maintainer: Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Kabirwala, Multan. Status: Registered 1999. Growth habit: Semi erect, medium early in maturity (160-170 days), stem-tiphairiness profuse and pigmentation medium. Lodge tolerant. Height and branching: Medium tall (150 cm), nodes to 1st fruiting branch 5-8, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 25, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage sparse, light green, profusely hairy, and nectaried. Leaf length 12.0, width 15.0, stalk 14.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early. Flower medium, nectaried, creamy, calyx medium, pollen color creamy yellow, stamen medium dense, and semi-erectin attitude. Stigma height medium (25-30 mm), exertion medium to short (3-5 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, oblong to roundish, wide at lower mid, beak short. Surface smooth, pitted, gossypol normal, opening good. No/plant 253 0, weight 4-5 g length 5.0, width 3.1, peduncle 2.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 3500.0 Fiber: GOT 38.0 %, Staple length 29.5 mm, Micronaire 4.5, Strength 108.0 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 8.0 g, size medium, length 8.0, width 4.0 mm. Seeds naked to fuzzy, dusky whitish. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Tolerant. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damage. Leading characters: AS 192 medium tall, semi erect, foliage sparse, leaf broad, light green in color, profusely hairy, pollen creamy yellow, stigma exsertion medium to short, boll, oblong to roundish, beak short, opening medium early. Inbred of H 151.

105

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

DESCRIPTIONS OF

DESI COTTON VARIETIES

106

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

FDH 228
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Parentage: TD 1 x (Commila x FDH 170) (1990). Check: FDH 170 Breeders: Iqbal, M., et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: Cotton Botanist, CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 2002 (Punjab). Registered 2003. Growth habit: Semi spreading, early in maturity (95-100 days), stem-tiphairiness medium, pigmentation medium. Lodge resistant. Height and branching: Plant medium height (170-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 4-7, monopodia 0-2, sympodia 15-20, short to medium, semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, medium hairy, and nectaried, leaf length 6.0, width 5.0, stalk 6.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, white, with intermediate calyx, pollen creamy, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect, stigma height short (7-10 mm) with short exsertion (2-4 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4-5 locked, round, wide base, beak very short, pitted and gossypol normal, opening good. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 2.3 g, length 3.3, width 2.2, peduncle 1.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2000.0 Fiber: GOT 43.5%, Staple length 13.9 mm, Micronaire 7.3. Seed: Seed Index 5.0 g, size medium, length 5.5, width 3.3 mm. Seeds fuzzy, dusky. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): Susceptible. Variants: Habit varies with space, sowing and stem damage. Leading characters: FDH 228 tall growing, dark green, medium dense foliage, petal white, pollen creamy, boll round with short beak and early in maturity, opening good.

107

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

FDH 170
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Parentage: D 9 x TD 1. Check: Ravi. Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1995 (Punjab). Registered 1996. Growth habit: Semi spreading to spreading, and early in maturity (170-180 days), stem-tip-hairiness profuse, pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium height (140-150 cm), monopodia 0-1, sympodia 12-18, semi-spreading to spreading. Foliage: Foliage medium lax, light green in color, profusely hairy, leaf nectaries present, leaf length 11.0, width 13.0, stalk 14.5 cm. Flower: Flowering early, and of short duration. Flower size medium, nectaries present, white in color, pollen color cream, stamen medium dense, and semi-erect in attitude, stigma height medium (25-28 mm) with long exsertion (2.3 mm). Boll: Size medium, 4 locked, roundish to oblong, wide at middle, beak short. Surface rough, pitted, gossypol high, opening good. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 2.5 g, length 3.3, width 2.5, peduncle 1.5 cm, bracteole medium, normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed cotton 2500.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 40.3 %, Staple length 14.1 mm, Micronaire 8.4. Strength 80 tppsi. Seed: Seed Index 5.0 g, size medium, length 5.4, width 3.3 mm, seeds naked to slightly fuzzy and dark dusky in shade. Variants: Height and branching vary with sowing time, space and bud damage. Leading characters: Plants of FDH 170 resemble Ravi except for slightly shorter in height, stem slightly more hairy, foliage light green and less spreading than Ravi. FDH 170.

108

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

ROHI
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: D 9. Parentage: Haroonabad Local x D 9. Breeders: M.A. Tariq and AbdulKarim et al. Centre: Cotton Research Station, (PCCC), Bahawalpur. Maintainer: CRS, Bahawalpur. Status: Released, 1986 (Punjab). Registered, 1986. Growth habit: Plants erect to semi-erect to semi bushy and early maturing. Stem-tip-hairiness profuse and pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing, (130-170 cm), with 8-10 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 25-30, medium in size and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green in color, sparsely hairy, and semierect, leaf length 10.3, width 11.0, stalk 10.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early and of short duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with purple base and pollen bright yellow, stamen dense, and semi-erect in attitude, stigma height medium (1020 mm) exsertion short to medium (2-5 mm). Boll: Medium size, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at base, and short beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 2.0 g. boll length 3.5, width 2.8, peduncle 2.8 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 2000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 39.0 %, Staple length 15.9 mm, Micronaire 8.0. Strength 80.0 tppsi. Uniformity 50.0 %. Seed: Seed Index 5.0 g, size medium, length 7.5, width 3.5 mm. oil 23.0 %, seeds fuzzy, with greenish tinge. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely. Leading characters: Rohi earlier in maturity, shorter in height and comparatively high yielding, than Ravi. Foliage color dark green and leaf size slightly smaller than Ravi.

109

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

RAVI
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: D 9. Parentage: 465 D - selection. Breeders: W.S. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1982 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Semi-spreading, semi-bushy, and early maturing. Stem-tiphairiness and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing, (150-200 cm), with 8-10 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-6, sympodia 20-25, medium in size and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, light green, sparse to medium hairy, and semierect, leaf length 11.0, width 13.0, stalk 9.0 cm. Flower: Flowering early and of short duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with purple base and pollen light yellow, stamen dense, and semi-erect, stigma height medium (20-25 mm) with medium to long exsertion (3-7 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at base, and short beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 20-25, boll weight 2.0 g. boll length 3.5, width 2.7, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 1900.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 40.3 %, Staple length 14.9 mm, Micronaire 8.0. Strength 80.0 tppsi. Uniformity 47.7 %. Seed: Seed Index 5.0 g, size medium, length 7.0, width 3.4 mm, oil 24.5 %, fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dusky white with greenish tinge. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely or terminal bud damaged. Leading characters: Ravi slightly less hairy, earlier in opening, and comparatively high yielding than D 9. Pollen color light yellow as compared to yellow of D 9. Exsertion variable from medium to long.

110

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

SKD 10/19
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: TD 1. Parentage: SNR - Selection, (a single plant selection from SNR, G-IV, bulked G-4/NRPT 10 & 19). Breeders: B.A. Soomro and MohyudDin, K. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (PCCC), Sakrand. Maintainer: CRI, Sakrand. Status: Released, 1975 (Sindh). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Plant semi-spreading, semi-bushy, medium early in maturity (150-160 days), stem-tip-hairiness sparse, pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing, (150-200 cm), nodes to first fruiting branch 10-12, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 15-20, medium and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 12.0, width 14.5, stalk 6.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with red purple base, stamen dense, and semi-erect, pollen yellow, stigma height medium (20-25 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, round, wide at base, and very short beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 20-30, boll weight 2.0 g, boll length 3.5, width 2.6, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 1700.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 40.6 %, Staple length 15.5 mm, Micronaire 10.1. Strength 80.0ppsi. Seed: Seed Index 7.0 g, size medium, length 7.0, width 3.3 mm, oil 21.0 %, seeds fuzzy, dusky white with greenish tinge. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely. Leading characters: SKD 10/19 a bit shorter in height with bigger bolls than TD 1. Flower with large purple colored base. Micronaire very high.

111

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

D9
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: 231 R. Parentage: Bahawalpur Desi - Selection. Breeders: S.D. Khan, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: CRI, Faisalabad. Status: Released, 1970 (Punjab). Registered, 1983. Growth habit: Semi-spreading, semi-bushy, and early to mature. Stem-tiphairiness sparse and pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Medium tall growing, (150-200 cm), with 8-10 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-3, sympodia 20-25, medium in size and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green, medium hairy, and semi-erect, leaf length 11.5, width 13.0, stalk 4.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium early and of medium duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with red purple base, stamen dense, and semi-erect, pollen yellow, stigma height medium (15-20 mm) with short exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at base, and short beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 1.9 g, boll length 3.4, width 2.5, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal, size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 1400.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 41.0 %, Staple length 14.5 mm, Micronaire 8.2. Strength 80.0 tppsi. Uniformity 47.8 %. Seed: Seed Index 5.0 g, size medium, length 7.0, width 3.5 mm, oil 22.1 %, seeds semi-fuzzy dusky white with greenish tinge. Variants: Plant shape, height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely. Leading characters: D 9 plants medium tall, foliage sparsely hairy, earlier in maturity, shorter in height with lower staple length than 231 R.

112

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

TD 1
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: SNR. Parentage: SNR -Selection. Breeders: S.K. Bokhari, et al. Centre: Cotton Research Section, ARI, Tandojam. Maintainer: CRS, Tandojam. Status: Released, 1963 (Sindh). Growth habit: Semi-spreading, semi-bushy, and early in maturity (150-170 days), Stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing, (240 cm), with 10-13 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-5, sympodia 15-20, medium in size and semierect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green in color, sparsely hairy, and semierect, leaf length 10.0, width 12.0, stalk 6.0 cm, leaf nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium and of medium duration. Flower size medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with red purple base, stamen dense, and semi-erect, pollen yellow, stigma height medium (20-25 mm) with medium exsertion (3-5 mm). Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, oval, wide at base, and medium short beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 1.7 g, boll length 2.7, width 2.5, peduncle 3.0 cm, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 1000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 41.0 %, Staple length 15.9 mm, Micronaire 9.4, strength 80.0. Seed: Seed Index 4.9 g, size medium, length 6.0, width 3.0 mm, oil 16.9 %, seeds fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dirt whitish in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely. Leading characters: TD 1 (Tandojam 1) high yielding and medium early in maturity having medium beaked bolls with high Ginning Outturn.

113

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

231 R
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: 119 S. Parentage: 39 Mollisoni - Selection. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: Lyallpur. Status: Released, 1959 (Punjab). Growth habit: Plant semi-spreading to semi-bushy in habit, and medium in maturity. Stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation medium. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing, (150-200 cm), with 12-13 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 20-30, medium in size and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect. Leaves medium sized, leaf length 13.0, width 14.5, stalk 12.0. Flower: Flowering medium and of short duration. Flower medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with purple base, stamen dense, and semi-erect, pollen yellow. Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at base, and short beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium, opening loose. Bolls/plant 20-30, length 3.2, width 2.6, peduncle 3.0 cm, weight 1.9 g, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 1000.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 40.0 %, Staple length 15.9 mm, Micronaire 8.4. Seed: Seed Index 5.5 g, size medium. Oil 19.8 %, seeds fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dirty whitish in color. Variants: Plant shape, height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely or topped. Leading characters: 231 R (231 Rosea) plants tall growing, foliage medium dense, sparsely hairy, light green in color and white flowered variety. Seeds fuzzy to semi-fuzzy, dirty whitish in color.

114

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

119 S
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: Local Desi. Parentage: Selection from local Desi mixture called Multani Kapas. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Centre: Cotton Research Station (AARI), Multan. Maintainer: CRS, Multan. Status: Released, 1941 (Punjab). Growth habit: Plants with semi-spreading, to semi-bushy growth, and early in maturity. Stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing, (150-180 cm), with 10-11 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 15-20, medium in size and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, reddish green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect. Leaf size medium, leaf length 12.0, width 13.0, stalk 11.0 cm. Flower: Flowering medium and of short duration. Flower size medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color red, stamen dense, and semierect in attitude, pollen yellow. Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at base, and short beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 20-30, boll weight 1.6 g, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 800.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn (GOT) 35.5 %, Staple length 17.5 mm, Strength high, Micronaire value 8.4. Seed: Seed Index 5.0 g, size medium. Oil content 20.0 %, seeds fuzzy to semifuzzy, dirt whitish in color. Variants: Plant shape, height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely. Leading characters: 119 S (119 Sanguineum) plants tall growing, with stem, leaves and flowers strongly red. Reddening deeper at petal bases. It has very strong anthocyanin pigmentation on all parts of the plant.

115

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

39 M
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: Local Desi. Parentage: Selection from local Desi mixture. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: Lyallpur. Status: Released, 1934 (Punjab). Growth habit: Plants semi-spreading to semi-bushy in growth, and early in boll maturity. Stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing, (150-180 cm), with 12-14 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 15-20, medium in size and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, dark green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect. Leaf size medium and nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium and of short duration. Flower size medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with red purple base, stamen dense, and semi-erect, pollen yellow. Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at base, and medium beaked, surface rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 1.7 g, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 650.0. Fiber: Ginning Outturn (GOT) 36.0 %, Staple length 17.5 mm, Micronaire value 8.5. Seed: Seed Index 5.5 g, size medium. Oil 19.1 %, seeds fuzzy, dirt whitish in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late or plants spaced widely. Leading characters: Plants of 39 M (39 Mollisoni) resembles 15 Mollisoni except for few days earliness in boll splitting, comparatively high yielding and more ginning outturn.

116

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

15 M
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: Local Desi. Parentage: Selection from Local Desi. Breeders: Cotton Botanist, Lyallpur (Faisalabad). Centre: Cotton Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad. Maintainer: Lyallpur. Status: Released, 1930 (Punjab). Growth habit: Semi-spreading, semi-bushy, and medium in maturity (150-170 days), Stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing, (180 cm), with 12-13 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-7, sympodia 15-20, medium in size and semierect. Foliage: Medium dense, dark green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect. Leaf size medium and nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium and of medium duration. Flower size medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color light yellow with red purple base, stamen dense, and semi-erect, pollen color yellow. Boll: Medium sized, 3-4 locked, roundish, wide at base, and short beaked, surface rough, deeply pitted. Boll gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 15-20, boll weight 1.7 g, bracteoles of normal type and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 600.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn (GOT) 35.0 %, Staple length 17.5 mm, Micronaire value 8.0. Seed: Seed Index 5.4 g, seed size medium. Oil 19.0 %, seeds fuzzy, dirty whitish in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely. Leading characters: 15 M (15 Mollisoni) plants tall growing, foliage medium dense, dark green, sparsely hairy. Bolls medium, short beaked and medium early in maturity.

117

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Desi Cotton Varieties.

SNR
Type: Desi, diploid (Gossypium arboreum), short staple. Check: Sindh Desi. Parentage: Sindh Desi mixture -Selection, (1922). Sindh Desi, originally was Comilla cotton from East Pakistan, now Bangla Desh. Breeders: Milne, D. et. al. Centre: Agricultural Research Institute, Tandojam. Maintainer: Director Agriculture, Sindh. Status: Released, 1926 (Sindh). Growth habit: Semi-spreading, semi-bushy, and early in maturity (140-160 days), Stem-tip-hairiness sparse and pigmentation strong. Resistant to lodging. Height and branching: Plants tall growing, (150-210 cm), with 12-13 nodes to first fruiting branch, monopodia 0-4, sympodia 12-15, medium in size and semi-erect. Foliage: Foliage medium dense, medium green, sparsely hairy, and semi-erect. Leaf size medium and nectaried. Flower: Flowering medium and of medium duration. Flower size medium, nectaried, and calyx intermediate. Petal color white with red purple base, stamen dense, and semi-erect, pollen yellow. Boll: Size medium, generally 3-4 locked, boll shape conical, wide at base, and boll beak medium, boll surface medium rough, gossypol medium and opening loose. Bolls/plant 10-15, boll weight 1.6 g, bracteole normal and size medium. Yield kg/ha: Seed Cotton (Kapas) 800.0 Fiber: Ginning Outturn 39.0 %, Staple length 17.5 mm, Micronaire value 7.8. Seed: Seed Index 5.1 g, size medium. Oil 20.1 %, seeds semi-fuzzy to fuzzy, dirty whitish in color. Variants: Height and branching vary when sown early, late or spaced widely. Leading characters: SNR plants tall growing, foliage medium green, sparsely hairy, petal color white, pollen yellow, bolls medium beaked, early in maturity as compared to local desi mixtures.

118

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

COTTON DESCRIPTOR, STANDARDS, GUIDELINES EXPLANATORY NOTES, TABLES & PHOTOGRAPHS

119

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

COTTON DESCRIPTOR
COTTON: (Gossypium spp.)
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 2.1 2.2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 General Variety name: Variety type: Check variety Parentage: Breeding centre: Breeders: Organisation: Applicant: Maintainer: Area of adaptation: Variety origin: Days to opening: Maturity: Seedling: Length cm: Green color: Foliage spot: Plant: Growth habit: Plant height cm: Branching type: Monopod attitude: Sympod attitude: Nodes to 1 monopod: Monopodia/plant: Sympodia/plant: Pigmentation: Stem tip hairiness: Bud gossypol: (3)weak (1)absent (1)glandless (5)medium (3)sparse (3)low (7)strong (5)medium (5)normal (7)profuse (7)high
st

(1)Desi

(2)Upland

(with pedigree)

(1)local cross

(2)selection

(3)introduction (50 % boll splitting)

(1)early

(2)medium

(3)late

(3)light (1)absent

(5)medium (2)present

(7)dark

(1)compact

(2)intermediate

(3)spreading

(4)bushy

(1)normal (3)erect (3)erect

(2)short (5)s. erect (5)s. erect

(3)cluster (7)horizontal (7)horizontal

120

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.10 7.11

Leaf: Foliage density: Leaf color: Length/width cm: Petiole length cm: Leaf attitude: Leaf type: Nectaries: Hairiness: Flower: Days to flowering: Flowering duration: Size: Petal spot: Nectaries: Petal color: Pollen color: Stamen density: Stigma height mm: Exsertion mm: Calyx size: Boll: Shape: Size: Beak size: Boll length/width cm: Boll broad at: Peduncle length cm: Boll surface: Gossypol: Bracteole length: Bracteole width: Bolls / plant: (1)smooth (1)glandless (3)short (3)narrow (2)finely pitted (3)low (5)medium (5)medium (3)rough (5)normal (7)long (7)wide (7)high (9)v. long (1)base (2)lower mid (3)middle (1)round (3)small (1)v. short (2)oval (5)medium (3)short (3)conical (7)large (5)medium (7)long (3)narrow (5)medium (7)large / broad (50 % (3)short (3)small (1)absent (1)absent (1)white (1)white (3)lax Flowering) (5)medium (5)medium (2)present (2)present (2)cream (2)cream (5)s dense (3)yellow (3)yellow (7)dense (4)red (4)red (7)long (7)large (3)erect (1)normal (1)absent (1)absent (5)semi. Erect (2)semi-okra (2)present (3)sparse (5)medium (7)profuse (7)horizontal (3)okra (3)sparse (3)light green (5)medium (5)medium (7)dense (7)dark green (at bolling)

121

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

7.12 7.13 8 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 11 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 12 13 14

Boll opening: Boll weight g: Yield kg/ha: Seed: Size: Length/width mm: Index g/100 seeds: Coat color: Fuzz: Fuzz color: Oil content %: Fiber: Color: Got / lint %: Staple length mm: Fineness µg/I: Strength tppsi: Lint index g: Uniformity %: fiber group mm: Resistance: Lodging: Sucking pests: Boll worms: Viruses (CLCV): Variants:

(1)good

(2)medium

(3)loose

(4)fair

seed cotton

Lint

(3)small

(5)medium

(7)bold

(1)brown (3)fuzzless (1)white

(2)dark brown (5)s. fuzzy (2)dusky white

(delinted) (7)fuzzy (3)greenish tinge (9)dense (4)greenish tip

(1)shiny white

(2)white

(3)khaki

(1)short 20.6

(2)medium 20.6-25.4

(3)medium long 26.2-27.7

(4)long 28.5-33.3

(3)S (3)S (3)S (3)S

(5)MS (5)MS (5)MS (5)MS

(7)MR (7)MR (7)MR (7)MR

(9)R (9)R (9)R (9)R

Distinguishing characteristics: Notes:

122

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

CERTIFICATION STANDARDS
COTTON (Gossypium spp.)

I.

CROP STANDARDS (a) Land Requirements

Land to be used for the production of seed must be free of volunteer plants of cotton. (b) Crop Inspection

A minimum of three crop inspections shall be made from the time of flowering to picking/harvesting. (c) Crop Purity Standards 1. General Requirements Isolation A minimum isolation distance of 50 meters between two varieties for Pre-basic and Basic and 10 meters for Certified seed class shall be provided from fields of other varieties of the same species, fields of the same variety not conforming to varietal purity requirements for seed certification, and fields of other species of cotton.

2.

Specific Requirements

FACTOR Maximum permitted (%) Factor Pre-basic Basic Certified Approved

1.

Off-types

None

0.10

0.20

2.0

Note: There shall be no “Desi” cotton varieties in the seed fields of American cotton varieties.

123

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

SEED STANDARDS FACTOR
Pre-basic

Basic

Certified (%)

Approved

a. American Cotton Seed Standards 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Pure seed (minimum) Other varieties (maximum) Desi Varieties (maximum) Weed seeds Inert matter (maximum) Germination (maximum) 99.99 None None NA 0.10 80.0 98.00 0.10 None N.A 2.00 80.0

98.00 0.20 None N.A 2.00 75.0

96.0 2.0 0.0 0.1 2.0 70.0

(b) Desi Cotton Seed Standards 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Pure seed (Minimum) Other varieties (maximum) Other crop seeds Weed seeds Inert matter (maximum) Germination (maximum) 1. 99.99 None N.A N.A 0.10 80.00 98.00 0.10 N.A N.A 2.00 75.00 98.00 0.20 N.A N.A 2.00 7.00 2.0 70.0 96.0 2.0 0.1

Note:

In case of Sindh province the germination percentage for American cotton seed and Desi cotton seed shall be 75%, 70% and 70% for Pre-basic, Basic and Certified classes, respectively. The Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department shall check the ginning plants for cleanliness before ginning every new cultivar.

2.

TRUTH IN LABELING SEED STANDARDS
Seed (Truth in Labeling) Rules, 1991 Purity (%) 96.0 Inert matter (%) 2.0 Other crop / weed seeds (%) 0.2 Objectionable Germination weed seeds (%) 0.1 (%) 65.0

124

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

GUIDELINES FOR SEED CROP INSPECTION
COTTON INTRODUCTION
To assess genetic purity of the seed crop field inspections are carried out at different stages of crop growth and development. The main objective of the crop inspection is to varify that the seed crop represents the designated variety and has not been contaminated genetically and or physically beyond certain prescribed limits. As a general rule the standards are more strict for early generations i.e. prebasic and basic and comparately lenient towards successive categories. While inspecting the cotton crop, the inspector shall follow the procedure out-lined as under:

MATERIAL AND REFERENCES
The inspection officer at the time of seed crop inspection shall have the following itmes with him:

i)

A list of registered growers, having information like variety, seed source, acreage sown to each variety and location of the seed farm etc. A small note book. Crop certification standards. Crop inspection report forms. A metre rod. A hand lens. Detailed botanical description of varieties. A small knife or sharp skelpel. Protective shoes specially for areas where snaks could be found.

ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix)

It is always advisable and useful to inspect the crop in the presence of the grower or his representative, because, in case, some minor discrepancies are observed, proper corrective measures could be advised.

125

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

NUMBER OF CROP INSPECTIONS
A minimum of three field inpections are recommended from the time of flowering to picking.

The first inspection can be accomplished at the beginning of flowering, the second at peak flowering and boll formation and the final at boll maturing and initiation of boll opening stage. PRELIMINARIES
On arriving at the site for first inspection, before taking the actual counts, the inspection officer must perform the following preliminary investigations and record them in the crop inspection report:

x)

Verification of the source entered on the registered grower’s list of the seed sown from labels, seals, bags or receipts etc. (These items must be retained by the registered growers). Acreage and location of the seed fields. Determination of the variety supposed to be there. Examine about 100 plants at random to confirm the variety. Cropping history of the seed field:
The previous crop in cotton seed field does not mean wheat but the crop grown in the same preceding season i.e. last Kharif.

xi) xii) xiii)

xiv) xv)

Cleanliness, crop condition and husbandry. Isolation distance.

Resulting these preliminary investigations, the seed crop may be rejected for certified seed production if: • • • • the source of the seed sown could not be verified; the crop sown is not of the correct variety as given in the list; land requirements do not conform to the standards i.e. the previous cotton crop was of another variety or was uncertified or, the crop is severely lodged i.e. more than 1/3rd.

Normally lodging in cotton is experienced rarely but due to boll load or other fsctors it has been noticed in some varieties. Lodging in cotton is highly objectionable because:

i)

The count inspection in a lodged cotton crop and search for off-

126

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

type is not possible. ii) The bolls in a lodged crop do not form properly, may rot completely or result in bad opening and poor quality seed and lint. The fallen crop is very difficult to pick. The lodged crop is severely attacked by insects and pests as proper application of plant protection measures is not possible. The lodged cotton crop provides favourable environment for development of diseases.
• • The crop is distorted due to high weed infestation and severe attack of pests and diseases etc., or the crop is very badly grown. The isolation of the seed fields from different varieties is not satisfactory:

iii) iv) v)

If the isolation distance is less than 50 metres for pre-basic and basic and 10 metres for certified seed fields, it should be discussed with the registered grower or his representative as to what action should be taken to correct the situation. In such cases to comply with the prescribed requirements a suitable number of border rows may be recimmended to be cut or discarded before the final inspectiuon.
In case, the crop is not rejected in the preliminary investigation then the inspection officer may proceed to assess the level of the impurities in the field by count inspection.

NUMBER OF COUNTS
The number of counts to be taken on each crop inspection depends upon the acreage of the seed field of a veriety offered for inspection. The number of counts prescribed for the acreage grown shall be:

i) ii) iii)

Acreage of seed field Up to 5 6 to 25 26 and above

No. of counts to be taken 5 in total 5 for the first 5 acres and 1 additional for each additional 5 acres At least 1 in every 10 acres but not less than 10 or more than 20.

127

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

COUNT INSPECTION
As the growth pattern in cotton is quite different from other seed crops like wheat and rice etc., the sweeping or method of taking quadrate count is also different. The minimum number of plants to be examined per quadrate count is 500 in pre-basic and basic and 300 in certified seed fields.

METHOD OF TAKING COUNT
Taking of counts in a seed field is the most technical and delicate function and must be so determined for accuracy and efficiency as to allow the highest degree of coverage of the seed crop. For this purpose the following method is proposed:

i)

A suitable pattern of travel in the seed field enabling examination of maximum number of crop plants for the length of distance travelled must be selected. The pattern of travel must assure that the remotest parts of the seed field are reached easily. Examine carefully more sensitive parts of the seed field which usually are headlands, field boundaries, vicinity of farm yard building, thrashing floor, water course sides and roads into or through the seed field. In these areas, the seeds of other crops, other varieties and unknown origin may have been dropped in transit etc. To make the inspection practically as representative as possible, the points sampled for taking counts must be randomly selected on the line of travel at pre-fixed distances. The count, in no case must begin from the point an off-type was observed or from any selected bad spot of the seed field or even try to avoid any observed off-type as it introduces bias to the sample and make observations un-reliable and may result in rejecting the fields which may be genetically pure and worthy of seed production. To estimate the area to be swept per quadrate count and the number of plants to be examined per count, the crop stand is assessed by counting the number of plants per metre length or per square metre (for broadcast method) and averaging at least 5 such assessment counts taken at random from different parts of the seed field.

ii)

iii)

iv)

128

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

v)

Generally the cotton seed crops are line-sown. The plants are spaced 30 c.m. and rows 75 c.m. apart. Count the number of plants per metre length. In case the crop has not been thinned, the number of plants will be considerably higher than well thinned crop. In case, the seed field happens to be a broadcast then estimate the number of plants per square meter. When the crop is line-sown, walk between the rows and sweep for off-types 1 or 2 rows on each side or 3 rows on one side only. Measure the distance by pacing or a string to ensure to cover a population of 500 plants in pre-basic and basic and 300 in certified seed crop. When the seed crop is broadcast, then on the basis of stand assessments, sweep a sufficient crop area to examine the required number of plants. While examining the plants in the ount, record the plants of other varieties and off-types, other crop plants and weed plants etc. (Please note that some times millet plants are grown deliberately to help control insects. It may be noted but not counted for rejections). When it is not possible to identify an off-type as to which veriety it belongs to, then its distinguishing characteristics must be described. The occurrence of desi plants in long stappled Pak American cottons (Gossypium hirsutum) is taken as an independent factor. Avoid taking the counts while facing the sun as it is not an appropriate arrangement for spotting off-type plants. Avoid using coloured glasses while taking the counts as it may make the observations doubtful.

vi) vii) viii)

ix)

x)

xi)

xii) xiii) xiv)

Bring the eyes periodically in level with the general height of the crop and note the uniformity of the stand. The plants may be taken as off-types, if the tallness from the top of the general crop is more than 50 c.m. (It must be checked carefully that it is the main shoot which is tall. In case, some monopodia of otherwise normal plant may happen to out grow if the main shoot was top bored or otherswise damaged).

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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NUMBER OF INSPECTIONS
The inspections are so scheduled as to check the genetical purity of the crop stand at each important stage of growth. The seed stocks prior to the final inspection are field inpsected twice i.e. at the beginning of flowering and boll formation stage. These two inspections are to establish the level of crop purity, insect attack, disease incidence and weed infectation etc. Resulting these inspections:

i) ii)

The seed crop may be provisionally accepted where the genetic purity is assessed to be upto the standard. The crop may be kept pending for want of roguing of off-types and purification where the impurities are not serious and the grower is willing to clean his crop. a) In such case, the identify of the off-types and extraneous plants advised to be rogued out must be established and demonstrated to the seed grower and roguing team. The method of roguing of off-types and purification must also be explained clearly. Rogues and off-types must be pulled out or cut deep in the ground and taken away from the field. In no case, the rogues should be left broken insitu, specially when there are bolls on. The purification must be completed before the date fixed for final inspection.

b)

iii)

The crop may be rejected outright, where it is more than one third lodged, or so badly grown or severely attacked by pests and diseases as to be distorted, weed infestation or admixture of other crop plants and other varieties so high as to make purification impracticable.

It is difficult to establish the identify of all off-types at first and second inspection as they may resemble the seeded variety very closely. Some of the rogues are easily identified when the bolls have matured and opening initiated.

FINAL INSPECTION
The final inspection is very important as it:

i)

Enables the late developing off-types to be identified.

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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ii) iii)

It is also a check on late lodging etc. It further provides a mean of assessing the efficiency of purification and roguing a marginal crop.

As a result of this inspection, the crop is finally certified or rejected and this also confirms the observations of the previous inspection. The prelimainary investigations and crop stand assessment are not repeated on final inspection. While making the inspection the following points must be kept in mind: a. If a cotton plant is damaged or top-bored in the early stages of development, its phenotypic expressions, sometimes are changed considerable e.g., more and large monopodia, broader, darker and dense leaf canopy, bolls bigger and late in maturity etc. Please be careful in examining these type of plants and make sure to label them as off-or true to type. b. Occasionally much under-sized plants are found under the leaf canopy in well grown fields which are mainly due to weak seedlings or late germination etc. these plants usually remain fruitless and are to be ignored unless the species they represent is other than the grown. Same principle may be applied to the plants which are found absolutely sterile and without any flower and boll. c. Near the water courses, field boundaries or in saline and infertile soil patches, the plants of the same variety or species may appear to be quite different than normal description. It is unlikely to find patches of offtypes in a good seed crop. Off-types are expected to occur homogeneously distributed in whole or the seed field. Make sure that they do not belong to species other than grown and may be due to different soil and water conditions or micro-environmental factors etc. d. Cotton plant is not like other annual crop plsnts. Simultaneous to vegetative growth in height it starts producing flower buds and bolls. On the other hand it is very sensitive to agro-ecological conditions due to which the leaf size, boll size and shape may very significantly, sometimes the position effect is very pronounced. Similarly the seed size and fuzziness may also show marked variability not only owing to the position of boll on the plant but within the same boll. e. Cross-pollination in cotton in Pakistan is considered to be negligible but not totally absent and at the same time a small amount of variability in cotton is considered to be necessary for maintenance of genetic yield potential and wider adaptibility. Due to this there may be some plants showing certain differences of plant shape, hairniness, boll size, shape and beack etc. such plants may be examined carefully before declaring

131

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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them off-types representing other varieties. f. Absolute uniformity in morphological characteristics is neither desirable nor necessary and may have negative impact on adaptability, insect and disease resistance and yield.

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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EXPLANATORY NOTES
Anthocyanin: In green tissues of most Gossypium species, the epithelial cells are red or purple because they contain high levels of anthocyanin. Anthocyanin are sap soluble glycoside in plant pigments and responsible for most scarlet, purple, mauve, and blue coloring in crop plants. Cotton varieties show different concentrations of anthocyanin pigmentation (reddening) i.e. weak, medium and strong. Boll: The cotton fruit, or boll is a spherical or ovoid, peduncled, dehiscent schizocarp with 3-5 locks. Bolls of upland cotton are light green, with boll wall pitted on the outside having gossypol glands which are not very conspicuous in Upland cotton but black and deeply sunken in Desi and Egyptian cottons. The boll matures in about 40-60 days after pollination and splits (opens) on carpal edges into locks, exposing seed cotton (Kapas), which is a picked by hand or mechanical harvester. Cotton varieties vary in boll size from small, medium to large. Boll shape may also vary from round to oblong and conical. Boll beak also varies from almost blunt to long and sharp causing inconvenience for hand picking. Bolls formed during early, mid and late stages may exhibit marked variation in size and shape. Bollgard: See Bt cotton. Boll weight: It is the average weight of seed cotton in a mature boll. The boll weight is established by picking and weighing seed cotton from all pick-able bolls on a number of plants selected at random and divided by number of bolls. The boll weight is fairly constant for a given variety and can be used for estimating yield by multiplying average boll weight, No. of bolls/plant and No. of plants/ha: Seed cotton kg/ha =: Boll weight (g) x No. of bolls/plant x No. of plants/ha 1000 Bracteole The earliest structure noticed on a cotton plant is the epicalyx which becomes the bract or bracteole of mature fruit. When bracteoles are first visible they are called "squares". Enclosed within the 3-sided "square" is the developing flower bud composed of the calyx, corolla, androecium and gynoecium. Bt cotton: Bt cotton or Bollgard cotton refers to the cotton varieties that have been genetically altered (genetically modified organisms - GMOs) to express the caterpillar toxin of Bacillus thuringiensis. Monsanto has developed these varieties. Although there is very strong opposition due to their possible health hazards from EU and many other countries and organizations yet Monsanto and other multinational organizations are

133

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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promoting Bt varieties very vigorously. These varieties provide resistance against caterpillars of bollworms but not other insects against which chemical control is applied. Calyx: Within the epicalyx there is a small, cup-shaped calyx at the base of the corolla, which is light green, dotted with oil glands and has five distinct lobes. Certification: Seed certification is a system for quality control of seed multiplication and production. It consists seed crop inspection, seed lot testing and pre- and post- control tests. The objective of the seed certification is to maintain and make available to the farmers high quality seed of superior crop varieties by ensuring genetic and physical purity, viability and health. • Crop inspection: It is the detailed examination of the seed crop for evaluating purity, freedom from objectionable weeds, seed-borne diseased plants and isolation. Seed testing: It covers bin inspection, sampling and analyzing the sample in the laboratory. The seed to be certified must meet certain standards of purity, germination and health. The seed standards vary from crop to crop. Pre- & post control plots: The samples of seed lots certified for different categories are grown in small plots and examined to evaluate the efficiency of the certification department.

Certified seed: It refers to pedigreed seed meeting certain standards and certified by the Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department following the laid down procedures. The generations used in Pakistan are: Pre-basic seed: This category is of highest genetic purity and is produced by the breeder from carefully maintained variety seed stocks. Basic seed: Basic seed is the first progeny of the pre-basic seed. Certified seed: It is the progeny of the basics seed. Approved seed: It is the progeny of certified or higher category seed. Check: The new varieties are assessed in comparison with the most resembling registered/commercial varieties of the same crop. The "Check" variety is normally sown adjacent to the new variety. Counts: The finished yarn made out of the lint is measured by the `count'. The count is the number of hanks of 840 yards, which can make up a pound of yarn. The finer the cotton the greater will be the number of counts spun from one pound.

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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Cotton plant: Cotton is a perennial plant but cultivated as annual primarily for the production of lint, oil, cake etc. are byproducts. It is grown in Pakistan on about 3 million hectares. Cotton genetics: The genus Gossypium (Family Malvaceae) consists of 39 species of which only four are cultivated e.g. G. hirsutum, G. arboreum, G. barbadense, and G. herbaceum L. The genus is made up of at least seven genomes called A, B, C, D, E, F and G. The most important cultivated cottons are G. hirsutum and G. barbadense and are known as New World cottons. Both are allotetraploid (2n=52) whereas the Old World cottons i.e. G. arboreum and G. herbaceum are diploid (2n=26) and presently have very little value for cultivation and use. Cutout: See determinate. Delinting: See lint. Determinate: Botanically, the cotton plant is indeterminate because it flowers and sets fruit over an extended period. However, breeders have developed varieties that fruit early and stop growing and flowering sometimes during the season. As the boll load increases, fruit abscission rates increase and rates of growth and blooming slow and may eventually stop. This gap in growth and fruiting is commonly referred to as "cutout". Such varieties have been termed as determinate or semi-determinate. Diploid species: See Tetraploid. Discontinued: The cultivated varieties during their life cycle when become susceptible to diseases and insects, or loose their superiority for value for cultivation and use (VCU) or distinguishing characteristics are de-registered and removed from the recommended list for certified seed production and general cultivation. Duration: See flowering. DUS characteristics: Mean the characteristics that can help identify different varieties in the field and laboratory. However, the characteristics may show significant variation due to genotype environmental (GE) interaction. DUS means: Distinctness: (Uniqueness, Novelty) A variety is considered distinct if, at the time of registration it is clearly distinguishable from other existing commercial varieties of the same crop by one or more morphological, physiological, cytological or other characteristics. Uniformity: (Homogeneity): A variety will be considered sufficiently uniform if the individual plants in a population are similar and genetically

135

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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identical in morphological characteristics. The degree of uniformity depends upon the mode of reproduction. Stability: A crop variety is considered stable if, after successive multiplication, it retains its distinguishing and essential characteristics. Exsertion: It is the protrusion of the stigma and style above the staminal column. It is highly influenced by variety, stage of plant growth and application of growth retardants. It may be very short, short (2-3 mm), medium (4-6 mm) and long (over 6 mm). Fiber fineness: Fineness is associated with hair length and hair diameter. It is measured on the principle that the resistance to the flow of air through a bundle of fibers varies in proportion to the surface area of the fibers. The instrument generally used is the Micronaire calibrated to measure fineness in µg/inch and usually referred to as "Micronaire values or “mike” readings. Higher the Micronaire values more course the fiber will be". Maturity and water stress can affect mike. Immature and last pick produce tends to have low mike values. The growers should avoid growing varieties with both low staple length and high Micronaire readings. The following five grades have been recognized in the cotton trade: Grade 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Very low Low Average High Very high

Micronaire Reading (µg/inch)
Below 3.5 3.5 - 3.9 4.0 - 4.4 4.5 - 5.0 Above 5.0

Fiber Length: It is the average length of all the fibers (lint) on a seed. The upper half Mean length (UHML) is the average length of the longer half of the fibers. Lint length or staple length may be measured by Tuft method, Halo or Butterfly, Hand sampling, Baer diagram and Photoelectric stapler or Fibrograph. Staple length is measured in millimeters (mm) or 32nds of an inch. Farmers must avoid growing varieties with low staple length. Staple length is an inherited characteristic of cotton varieties and is classified in to the following five groups: Group (mm) 1. Short staple under 21 Staple Length (inches) (13/16") Desi cottons Type of varieties

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

2. Medium staple 3. Medium long staple 4. Long staple 5. Extra long staple

21-25 26-28 29-34 35 and longer

(13/16-1") (1/1/32-1/3/32") (1/1/8-1/11/32") (1/3/8" and longer

Upland cottons -doUpland & Egyptian cottons Egyptian, Sea Island and Pima cottons

Fiber Strength: fiber strength is a varietal character. It is an important factor for high quality spinning. Generally full season long duration varieties have high strength than short season short duration varieties. Strength is measured by determining the breaking strain. Two instruments namely the Pressley Strength Tester and the Stelometer are used to measure the fiber strength. In the Pressley Strength Tester, the strength is expressed in terms of "thousands of pounds per square inch" (tppsi). In the Stelometer it is in “grams per tex”. A tex unit is equal to the weight in grams of 1,000 meters of fiber. The results are convertible. The values in "tppsi" (S1) can be converted to g/tex (S3) using the following formula (USDA, 1982): S3 = S1 x 0.496 Flowering: It is taken to be the number of days from sowing to the time when 50 percent of plants have at lest one flower open. The flowering duration represents the onset of the "cutout" which can be early or late depending upon variety and or environments. Foliage: See leaves. Fuzz: See lint. Germination: Germination refers to the emergence and development from the seed embryo of those essential structures, which indicate the ability to produce normal plant under favorable conditions in soil, whereas the vigor represents its ability to do so under poor conditions. Generally, high germination capacity is associated with high vigor. However, cold (or cool) test can be used as a good indicator of germination vigor in cotton seed. The test is simple requiring only placing the soaked seeds at 17-180C (64oF) instead of placing in ideal germination conditions at 300C (860F). The cool test places so much stress on cotton seed that only high vigor seeds will germinate and produce normal seedlings. Ginning Outturn (GOT): Also referred to as lint percentage, is the weight of lint that can be obtained from a given weight of Seed cotton and is expressed as percentage. Economically, high ginning outturn is desirable as, "the loss of 1% of GOT eats up the profit of 3 % higher yield" (Afzal, 1948).

137

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Gossypol: See oil glands. Hairiness: The leaves and other aerial parts of the plant bear multicellular stellate hairs derived form single cells of the epidermis. But the degree of hairiness is genetically controlled and varies both in density and length. Hairiness of cultivars is considered a source of jassid resistance. The varieties may be glabrous, sparsely hairy, medium hairy, profusely or densely hairy. Height: The height of the plant is measured from ground level to the top of the main stem. It shows wide variation under different input conditions and length of growing period. The height may be short (below 125 cm), medium (up to 150 cm); medium tall (150-180 cm) and tall (180 cm and above). Indeterminate: See determinate. Isolation distance: This refers to the distance required to all around a seed field to protect if from physical and genetic contamination. In cotton the required isolation distance for various classes of seed follows: (meters) Pre-basic 50 Basic 50 Certified 10 Approved 10

Leaf: Each leaf has a long petiole subtended by two small stipules, and a broad palmately lobed lamina dissected to varying degrees depending upon variety and species. In upland cottons there may be a red spot at the junction of petiole and lamina. The lamina commonly has three to five lobes. In some cottons the leave may be almost undivided or okra type. Leaves in Desi cotton varieties resemble okra. The leaves are spirally arranged on the main stem and upon its monopodial or vegetable branches, but appear to be alternate on sympodial or reproductive branches. Foliage color varies depending upon variety and growth conditions particularly the availability of nitrogen. Leaf curl virus (CLCV): The incidence of cotton Leaf-curl virus (CLCV) in Pakistan was first noticed during 1960s. Its occurrence at that time was in traces but during 1990s the incidence soared so rapidly that it threatened the successful production of cotton crop in many areas of cotton belt. The symptoms include: upward and down-ward curling of leaves; thickening of veins, veins more pronounced and darker in shade on the under-side of the leaves; and a cup shaped leaf laminar out growth, `enation' varying in size on the under-side of the leaf. The causal organism is assumed to belong to GEMNI viruses and transmitted through the vector white fly (Bemisia tabaci). The final solution lies in developing resistant varieties. However, proper insect control and improved cultural management provide some control of the disease.

138

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Lint: Epidermis of seeds of cultivated cottons has two types of unicellular hairs, i.e. short un-convoluted hairs or fuzz, and long convoluted hairs or lint. Lint is formed from a single cell of the epidermis by rapid outward extension of its external wall. A good majority of the varieties have white lint, but varieties with lint color like green, gray, khaki also occur. Lint is separated from seed by mechanical means called ginning. Two types of gin are used namely Saw gin and Roller gin. A second layer of short fibers underneath the lint fibers is formed during later stages and constitutes the fuzz. Fuzziness is largely influenced by variety, and weather conditions. For achieving flow-ability of seed for mechanical sowing, the fuzz is removed by delinting the seed by mechanical or chemical means. Lint Length: See fiber length. Lint percent: See ginning outturn. Maintainer: The maintainer of a variety means the breeder, the institution or an agency responsible for maintaining the variety seed stocks true-to-type, as registered and producing Pre-basic seed for further multiplication. This cyclic renewal of seed is required on regular basis for protection against analytical and genetical deterioration. The maintainer of each variety is designated at the time of registration. Maturity: See boll. Monopodial branches: Growth of the main stem in cotton is monopodial from the apical bud. In each leaf axil are two buds, a true axillary bud and an extraaxillary or lateral bud. Usually only one develops. The lower branches on the main stem grow from the true axillary bud and repeat the general structure of the main axis, with no flowers; they are vegetative branches or monopodial branches with spirally arranged leaves. Higher up the main stem, a different kind of branch grows from the extra-axillary bud of the pair in each leaf axil. It is fruiting or sympodial branch with sympodial growth in which the terminal bud produces a flower, while vegetative growth continues from the bud in the axil of the last leaf. Nectary Extra-floral nectaries occur on the underside of 1-3 main veins of the leaf. It is a gland-like cavity filled with nectar and multicellular hairs. A ringshaped floral nectary occurs within the base of the calyx-tube, and three extrafloral nectaries are found outside it. Some cotton varieties are nectariless. Nodes: Nodes to first fruiting branch are the number of main stem nodes produced before the first fruiting branch. The nodes are counted from above the cotyledons. It is influenced by the species, variety and environmental factors. Oil glands: Cotton seed and most aerial parts of the cotton plant are covered with oil glands which consist of a sac surrounded by flattened secretory cells, filled

139

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

with a dark brown fluid composed of oils and raisins like terpenoid aldehydes (gossypol) which show a wide range of pesticidal activities and are poisonous to most monogastric animals. Okra: A leaf shape that is deeply cleft with narrow lobes, in contrast with normal (broad) leaf. See also leaf. Picking: In Pakistan, almost all the seed cotton is hand picked by female labor. Large bolls and the bolls which on maturity split full open with outer walls of locules flaring back and have no spines or sharpened locule ends are considered most suitable for hand picking. Pigmentation: See anthocyanin. Petal: Five large petals are closely rolled in cotton flower bud, fused at the base but free above. Upland varieties have creamy white petals, which turn pink and then red as they become older. Egyptian and Sea Island cottons have deep yellow petals with a purple spot at the base. Desi cotton varieties have white or deep yellow petals with purple spot at the base. Desi cottons may also have purple red petals. Plant Breeders’ Rights: It refers to the legislation for protecting the property rights of the plant breeders or the owners through patenting or sui generis system which gives the owner the right to exclude others from multiplying or importing and selling the reproductive or vegetatively propagating material of protected variety. Pollen: See stamen. Pollination: Cotton is generally considered as self-pollinating but in the presence of honey bees or some other flower visiting insects cross pollination can occur relative to the insect concentration and activity. However, under normal conditions 0.2% cross-pollination has been reported. Recommended variety: See registered variety. Registration: See registered variety. Registered variety: Registered variety means a new variety registered by the Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department. The National Seed Registration Department provided registration cover up to March 1997, when it was merged with the Federal Seed Certification Department, transforming into Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department (FSC&RD). Registration involves the assessment of distinctness, uniformity and stability (DUS) characteristics, together with value for cultivation and use (VCU). Registration provides the basis for pure seed production, genetic certification, variety maintenance and quality control through crop inspection and seed testing. It also is a pivot between the work of the breeder and the work of the

140

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

seed producer. Registered varieties are released and recommended for general cultivation by the Provincial Seed Councils and are eligible for certified seed production and marketing. It also furnishes the basis for Plant Breeders’ Rights. See also DUS characteristics. Seed: The cottonseed, a pyriform, dark brown after removal of fuzz. 5-11 Seeds are formed in each locule and mature in about 50-60 days after the flower opens. Aborted ovules produce mots, which cause difficulty in spinning. Cottonseed contains up to 30 % starch, 18-25 % semi-drying oil, 16-20 % protein and 22 % crude fiber. Cotton varieties differ in seed size from small to medium and bold. Seed Cotton: See boll. Seed Index: It indicates the size and boldness and is expressed as average weight of 100 seeds in grams. It is influenced by variety and weather conditions. Square: See bracteole. Stamen: The cotton flower contains about 100-150 stamens, which are united by their filaments into a thick tube around the style. Short branches (filaments) arise along its length, each ending in a small one-celled, kidney-shaped anther, which together with pollen grains vary in color from light creamy to pale yellow and deep gold. Pollen is shed soon after the flower opens and is able to germinate immediately. Staple Length: See fiber length. Strength: See fiber strength. Sympodial branch: See monopodial branches. Tensile Strength See fiber strength. Tetraploid: The cultivated cottons belong to the following two groups: Diploid species Tetraploid species G. arboreum, and G. herbaceum (2n = 26). These are short staple cottons and are also called Asiatic cottons. Our all "Desi" cotton varieties belong to G. arboreum. G. hirsutum and G. barbadense (2n = 52). This group includes all medium to extra-long staple cottons of the world. All of our medium and long staple varieties belong to G. hirsutum and also called upland cottons. Egyptian, Sea Island and Pima Cotton Varieties belong to G. barbadense.

Uniformity Ratio: Uniformity ratio for fiber length is dependent upon varietal purity, efficient ginning and grading. It can be measured by:

141

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

(Mean length x 100) Upper half mean length (UHML). Upland cotton: See Tetraploid. Variant: The plants showing some variation of morphological characteristics than the normal norm of the variety are considered 'variants'. Generally the variants occur in the seed crops as a result of genotype-environmental interaction and can be predictable under various growth conditions. Normally the variants occur uniformly throughout the seed field and not in patches. Vigor: See germination.

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

TABLES Table 1: Area, Production and Yield of cotton 1950-2001
Area (000 ha)
Year Pakistan Punjab Sindh

Production (000 bales)
Pakistan Pun jab Sindh

Yield (kg/ha)
Paki stan Punj ab Sindh

1 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001

2 1110 1343 1756 2081 2599 3002 2927

3 756 930 1344 1481 2036 2393 2386

4 353 408 409 598 561 599 524

5 1295 1713 3149 4282 8560 9837 10732

6 915 1177 2346 2832 7454 7614 8540

7 379 533 801 1447 1103 2192 2141

8 198 217 305 350 560 557 624

9 206 215 297 325 623 541 609

10 183 222 333 412 334 622 696

Note: Lint bale = 375 lbs = 5.879 mt

Conversions:
Hectares to kg/ha Bales to to acres md/acre tonnes ha kg/ha bales multiply divide multiply by by by 2.4711 92.2313 0.17009

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

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Table 2: Parentage of cotton varieties
(Ascending order) Variety 1. 3 F 2. 4 F 3. 124 F 4. 149 F 5. 199 F 6. 216 F 7. 238 F 8. 268 F 9. 289 F 10. 289 F/43 11. 289 F/K25 12. 362 F 13. 15 M 14. 39 M 15. 231 R 16. 119 S 17. AC 134 18. B 557 19. BH 36 20. BH 118 21. BH 160 22. BS 1 23. Chandi 95 Breeding center CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad BCGA, Khanewal CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRS, AARI, Multan. CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRS, PCCC,/AARI, Bahawalpur CRS, PCCC/AARI, Bahawalpur CRS, PCCC?AARI, Bahawalpur CRSS, AARI, Khanpur NIA, Tandijam M 4 – Selection DPL 16 x AC 134 (F1 irradiated Parentage Selection Selection 289 F/43 – Selection 124 F x Babdal. 4 F-98 Selection 4 F - selection. 289 F/43 - selection. LSS - selection. 4 F - Selection. 4 F – Selection. 289 F - bulk selection. 289 F- Selection. Selection from Local desi Selection from local desi 39 Mollisoni - Selection. Selection from local desi 148 F x 199 F. 268F x L 5. BS 1 x TX Bonham-76 C. BS 48 x 829-4/90.

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety

Breeding center

Parentage 30 kr, 300 Gy gamma rays).

24. CIM 70 25. CIM 109 26. CIM 240 27. CIM 443 28. CIM 446 29. CIM 448 30. CIM 473 31. CIM 482 32. CIM 499 33. CIM 1100 34. CIM 506 35. CIM 707 36. CRIS 9 37. CRIS 134 38. D 9 39. FDH 170 40. FDH 228 41. FH 87 42. FH 634 43. FH 682 44. FH 900 45. FH 901 46. FH 1000 47. FVH 53 48. Gohar 87

CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CCRI, PCCC, Multan CRI, PCCC, Sakrand CRI, PCCC, Sakrand CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRS, PCCC, Bahawalpur

Coker 8314 x 307/70. NIAB 78 x A89/FM. CIM 70 x W 1106. CIM 109 x LRA 5166. CP 15/2 x S 12. 492/87 x CP 15/2 = (W 1104 x S 12) x CP 15/2. CIM 402 x LRA 5166. CIM 229 x CP 15/2. CIM 433x755-6/93 492/87 x CP 15/2 = (W 1104 x S 12) x CP 15/2. CIM 360 x CP 15/2 CIM 2143 x 738-6/93 Rajhans x RA-33-47. NIAB 78 x DPL 70 Bahawalpur desi selection D 9 x TD 1 TD 1 x (Commila x FDH 170) AC 134 x Paymaster. CEDEX x B 557. Express x Lankart 57. (FH 672 x AET 5) x (B 557 x LRA 5166). CIM 240 x CIM 448. S 12 x CIM 448 KIVI 1021 x S 12. 149 F x B 557.

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Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety 49. Gomal 93 50. H 115 51. H 151 52. H 160 53. K 68/9 54. Lasani 11 55. LSS 56. M 4 57. M 100 58. Marvi 59. MNH 93 60. MNH 129 61. MNH 147 62. MNH 329 63. MNH 552 64. MNH 554 65. MS 39 66. MS 40 67. MS 84 68. NIAB 26N

Breeding center CRS, PCCC, DI Khan Alseemi, Multan Alseemi, Multan Alseemi, Multan CRI, PCCC, Sakrand CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRI, PCCC, Sakrand CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. NIAB, Faisalabad

Parentage 387 F x AC 134. 210 F x AS 108 20 F x AS 192 126 F x 210 F. 199 F x Wilds. 181 F - Selection. 4 F – Selection 289 F - Selection. (M4 x Wilds) x M 4. Qalandari x 9L 34 ICCC 149 F x C 158. 946/66 x DPL 16. 431/79 x 283/80. K 401/78 x 479-81/83. MS 48 x LRA 5166. MNH 439 x LRA 5166. Natural hybrid in L 11 Selected from AC 252. MS 40 x DPL 16. H-196-2 x DPL NSL = (DPL 16 x AC 134 - F1 irradiated 30 kr) x DPL NSL. DPL 16 x AC 134 F1 Irradiated30 kr Gamma rays (60 Co). HI-9-6-2 x SP 16. H 1 x LRA 5166 Irradiated 30k NIAB 313/12 x CIM 1100 (300 Gy) NIAB 86 x W-83-29-Mex.

69. NIAB 78 70. NIAB 86 71. NIAB 999 72. NIAB 111 73. NIAB

NIAB, Faisalabad NIAB, Faisalabad NIAB, Faisalabad NIAB, Faisalabad NIAB, Faisalabad

146

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety Karishma 74. Qalandari 75. Ravi 76. Rehmani 77. Reshmi 90 78. RH 1 79. RH 112 80. Rohi 81. S 12 82. S 14 83. Sarmast 84. Shahbaz 85. Shaheen 86. SKD 10/19 87. SLH 41 88. SLS 1 89. SNR 90. TD 1

Breeding center

Parentage

CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRI, AARI, Faisalabad CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRS, AARI, RY. Khan CRS, AARI, RY. Khan CRS, PCCC, Bahawalpur CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, AARI, Multan. CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRS, PCCC, Ghotki CRI, PCCC, Sakrand CRS, PCCC Sahiwal CRS, PCCC Sahiwal CRS, ARI, Tandojam CRS, ARI, Tandojam

(M 4 x G. anomalum) x Karnak. 465 D – selection. G. hirsutum 21 x McNaire (TH 14920) Coker 100 A x H-61-29. LH 62 x W 1104. H 60-5/79 x H-49-5/79. Haroonabad Local x D 9. MNH 93 x 7203-14-4-Arizona. H 2102-1/83 x H-2105-1/83 {(M4 x Acala) x M 4}. Qalandari x Acala 1517 GH 7/72 x H-1. SNR – Selection S 178/68 x 2267/70. SLH 19 x NIAB 78. Sindh desi selection SNR -Selection.

147

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Table 3: Parentage and pedigree of cotton varieties
(Varieties in ascending order)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Variety 3F 4F 124 F 149 F 199 F 216 F 238 F 268 F 289 F Parentage Selection Selection. Selection 289 F/43 124F x Babdal 4F-98 selection 4F-selection. 289 F/43-selection. LSS-selection. 4 F-Selection. 4F–Selection 289F selection. 289F- Selection. Selection local desi Selection from local desi. Selection 39 Mollisoni Selection desi 148F x 199 F 268F x L 5 BS1 x T X Bonham76C BS 48 x 829-4/90 Cedix x 673/93 M4-Selection DPL 16 x AC 134 (F1 irradiated) Pedigree Selection from varieties introduced from USA by East India Company. Selection from stray plants of American Cotton. Selection from 289 F/43. 124 F x Babdal. Selection from 4 F-98 (material from Sakrand). Selection from 4 F. Selection from 289 F/43. Selection from LSS. 4 F-Selection, Natural hybrid-an offtype plant found in the 4 F field. Selection from 4 F-natural hybrid, an off-type plant in the 4 F field. 289 F bulk selection Selection from 289 F. Selection from Local Desi. Selection from local Desi mixture. Selection from 39 Mollisoni. Selection from local Desi mixture called Multani Kapas. 148 F x 199 F. 268 F x (45 F x LSS). M 4 x T X Bonham 76C. (T X 339 x ST-7A) x (ST-7A x AET 5) Cedix FDW 946 x 673/93 Selection from M4. (DPL 16 x AC 134-(F1 30kr, 300Gy gamma rays).

10. 289 F/43 11. 289 F/K25 12. 362 F 13. 15 M (desi) 14. 39 M (desi) 15. 231 R (desi) 16. 119 S (desi) 17. AC 134 18. B 557 19. BH 36 20. BH 118 21. BH 160 22. BS 1 23. Chandi 95

148

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety 24. CIM 70 25. CIM 109 26. CIM 240 27. CIM 443 28. CIM 446 29. CIM 448.

Parentage Coker 8314 x 307/70 (149 F) NIAB 78 x A89/FM CIM 70 x W 1104 CIM 109 x LRA 5166 CP 15/2 x S 12 492/87 x CP 15/2 = (W 1104 x S 12) x CP 15/2 CIM 402 x LRA 5166

Pedigree Coker 8314 x (124 F x Babdal) x Coker 100 WA). (DPL 16 x AC 134 – F1 30kr) x A89/FM. Coker 8314 x (124 F x Babdal) x Coker 100 WA) x W 1104. (DPL 16 x AC 134 – F1 30kr) x A89/FM x LRA 5166 CP 15/2 x {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x 7203-14-4-Arizona. {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x 7203-14-4-Arizona (sister

line CIM 1100).
[{(Coker 8314 x (124 F x Babdal)} x {Coker 100 WA) x (CIM 46 x (AC 134 x (DPL 16 x AC 134-F1 30kr)}] x LRA 5166. {(DPL 16 x AC 134 – F1 30kr) x ALS 15(CIM 39 x ALS 15} x CP 15/2.

30. CIM 473

31. CIM 482

CIM 229 x CP 15/2

32. 33. 34. 35.

CIM 499 CIM 506 CIM 707 CIM 1100

36. CRIS 9 37. CRIS 134 38. D 9 (desi) 39. FDH 170 (desi) 40. FDH 228 (desi) 41. FH 87 42. FH 634 43. FH 682 44. FH 900 45. FH 901

CIM 433 x 755-6/93 CIM 360 x CP 15/2 CIM 243 x 738-6/93 492/87 x CP 15/2 = (W 1104 x S 12) x CP 15/2 Rajhans x RA-33-47 NIAB 78 x DPL 70 Bahawalpur desiselection D 9 x TD 1 TD 1 x (Commila x FDH 170) AC 134 x Paymaster CEDEX x B 557 Express x Lankart 57 F1 1993 x F1 CIM 240 x CIM 448

(W 1104 x {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x 7203-14-4Arizona.) x CP 15/2. Rajhans x RA-33-47. (DPL 16 x AC 134)-F1 Irradiated-30 kr Gamma rays (60 Co) x DPL 70 Bahawalpur Desi – Selection. D 9 x TD 1. TD 1 x (Commila x FDH 170) AC 134 x Paymaster. CEDEX x B 557 (B 557 x Ala (68)1) x Lankart 57. (FH 672 x AET 5) x (B 557 x LRA 5166). {Coker 8314 x (124 F x Babdal) x

149

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety

Parentage

46. FH 1000

S 12 x CIM 448

47. FVH 53

KIVI 1021 x S 12

48. Gohar 87 49. Gomal 93 50. H 115 (hyb) 51. H 151 (hyb) 52. H 160 (hyb) 53. K 68/9 54. Lasani 11 55. LSS

149 F x B 557 387 F x AC 134 210 F x AS 108. 20 F x AS 192. 126 F x 210 F. 199 F x Wilds 181 F-Selection 4 F selection

Pedigree Coker 100 WA) x W 1106} x {(W 1104 x {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex } [{(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x 7203-14-4-Arizona] x [{(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x 7203-14-4-Arizona] KIVI 1021 x {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x 7203-14-4Arizona. (124 F x Babdal) x B 557. 387 F x AC134. Inbreds 210 F x AS 108. Inbreds 20 F x AS 192. Inbreds 126 F x 210 F. (124 F x Babdal) x Wilds. Selection from 181 F. Selection from 4 F-a single plant variant (natural hybrid) in the 4 F field. Selection from 289 F. (M 4 x Wilds) x M 4. {(M 4 x G. anomalum) x Karnak} x 9L 34 ICCC (124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12). {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x DPL 16. [{(124 F x Babdal) x (L 11 x Lankart 57)} x {(124 F x Babdal)} x Mex . Pollen) x MS 64)] x {B 557 x (124 F x Babdal) x DPL 16)}. {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x {B 557 x (124 F x Babdal) x DPL 16)}. (124 F x Babdal) x LRA 5166.

56. M 4 57. M 100 58. Marvi 59. MNH 93 60. MNH 129 61. MNH 147

289 F-selection (M4 x Wilds) x M 4 Qalandari x 9L 34 ICCC 149 F x C 158 946/66 x DPL 16 431/79 x 283/80

62. MNH 329 63. MNH

K 401/78 x 47981/83 MS 48 x LRA 5166

150

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety 552 64. MNH 554 65. MS 39 66. MS 40

Parentage MNH 439 x LRA 5166. L 11 selection AC 252 selection

Pedigree {(124 F x Babdal) x (L 11 x Lankart 57) x 4C} x (C 603 x Mex 3) x LRA 5166. Natural hybrid in L 11 field. (124 F x 181 F), a single variant plant (natural hybrid) selected from AC 252 field. (124 F x 181 F) x DPL-16. (DPL 16 x AC 134-F1 irradiated 30 kr) x DPL NSL (DPL 16 x AC 134)-F1 Irradiated-30 kr Gamma rays (60 Co). (DPL 16 x AC 134-F1 30kr) x Stoneville 213. F1 seed 300 Gy gamma radiation (DPL 16 x AC 134-F1 30kr) x LRA 5166 {(DPL 16 x AC 134-F1 30kr) x Stoneville 213)} x W 83-29 Mex . (M 4 x G. anomalum) x Karnak. 465 D-selection. G. hirsutum 21 x McNaire TH 14920. Coker 100A x (DPL 16 x AC 134 – F1 30kr). LH 62 x W 1104. (124 F x Babdal) x Delfoss) x (AC 134 x C.T.). Haroonabad Local x D 9. {(124 F x Babdal) x (MS 39 x Mex 12)} x 7203-14-4-Arizona. {(124 F x Babdal) x (AC 252 x DPL 16) x DPL 16) x Lankart 4789 A } x {(124 F x Babdal) x (AC 252 x DPL 16) x Coker. (F1 x F1)}. (M4 x Acala) x M4.

67. MS 84 68. NIAB 26N 69. NIAB 78 70. NIAB 86 71. NIAB 111 72. NIAB 999 73. NIAB Karishma 74. Qalandri 75. Ravi (desi) 76. Rehmani 77. Reshmi 90 78. RH 1 79. RH 112 80. Rohi (desi) 81. S 12 82. S 14

MS 40 x DPL 16 H-196-2 x DPL NSL DPL 16 x AC 134 F1 irradiated HI-9-6-2 x SP 16 NIAB 313/12 x CIM 1100 H 1 x LRA 5166 Irradiated 30k NIAB 86 x W-83-29Mex (M 4 x G. ano) x Karnak 465 D-selection G. hirsutum 21 x McNaire Coker 100 A x H-6129 LH 62 x W 1104 H 60-5/79 x H-495/79 Haroonabad Local x D9 MNH 93 x 7203 -14-4-Arizona H 2102-1/83 x H2105-1/83

83. Sarmast

(M4 x Acala) x M 4

151

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety 84. Shahbaz 85. Shaheen 86. SKD 10/19 87. SLH 41 88. SLS 1 89. SNR (desi) 90. TD 1

Parentage Qalandari x Acala 1517 GH 7/72 x H-1 SNR Selection

S 178/68 x 2267/70 SLH 19 x NIAB 78 Selection Sindh desi SNR –Selection.

Pedigree {(M 4 x G. anomalum) x Karnak} x Acala 1517. GH 7/72 x (DPL 16 x AC 134–F1 30kr). SNR (single plant selection from SNR G-IV bulked G-4/NRPT 10 & 19). (289 F x Mysor American) x (124 F x Babdal) x Mex 68). SLH 19 x SLH 19 x ( DPL 16 x AC 134 – F1 30kr). Selection from Sindh desi types. Selection from SNR

152

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Table 4: Estimation of Cotton Seed Requirements

Cotton
The following table shows the estimation of requirement of cotton seed for 1000 hectares on two levels of seed rate i.e. @ 20 kg/ha (8 kg/acre) and 12 kg/ha (5 kg/acre). To calculate the requirements on provincial or country level, multiply the area figures in thousands accordingly.

Estimated Seed Requirements for 1000 ha

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Total cropped area (hectares) Total cropped area (acres) Total seed requirement (tons) Target area for seed renewal (100%) Certified seed required for renewal target (100% for cotton) Area to produce Certified seed Basic seed required for above area Area required to produce Basic seed Pre-basic seed required for above area Area required to produce pre-basic seed BNS required for sowing pre-basic crop

(ha) (ac) (mt) (ac)

1000 2500 20.00 2500

1000 2500 12.50 2500 12.500 25 0.125 0.250 0.001 0.003 0.013 0.10 5.0 0.50 100

11 Area required to produce BNS Area required to produce BNS 12 Seed rate/ac 13 Yield/ac 14 Target for seed renewal

(mt) 20.000 (ac) 40 (mt) 0.320 (ac) 0.640 (mt) 0.005 (ac) 0.010 (mt) (kg) 0.10 (ac) (kn) 0.10 (kg) (mt) (%) 8.0 0.50 100

153

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Table 5: Status of Cotton Varieties 2004-05
Variety 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. BH 160 NIAB 111 CIM 707 CIM 506 CIM 499 FH 1000 NIAB 999 CIM 473 CRIS 134 Breeding Center Cotton Research Station, Bahawalpur Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology,FD. Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan Cotton Research Station, Faisalabad Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan Cotton Research Institute, PCCC< Sakrand Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Sakrand Agricultural Research Institute, Tandojam Cotton Research Station, Bahawalpur Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan Central Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Multan. Central Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Multan. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Vehari Nuclear Institute for Agriculture (AEARC) Tandojam. Central Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Multan. Central Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Multan. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Release Year 2004 2004 2004 2004 2003 2003 2003 2002 2001 2001 2001 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 1998 1998 1998 1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 Status Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Discontinued Recommended Recommended Recommended Discontinued Discontinued Recommended Recommended Discontinued Dscontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued

10. Marvi 11. Shahbaz 95 12. BH 118 13. CIM 482 14. FH 900 15. FH 901 16. MNH 552 17. MNH 554 18. CIM 443 19. CIM 446 20. FVH 53 21. Chandi 95 22. CIM 448 23. CIM 1100 24. FH 634 25. Karishma

154

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety

Breeding Center Faisalabad.

Release Year 1996 1996 1995 1995 1993 1993 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1991 1990 1990 1990 1990 1988 1988 1988 1986 1986 1985 1984 1983 1983 1980 1977

Status

26. MNH 329 27. RH 112 28. S 14 29. SLS 1 30. CRIS 9 31. Gomal 93 32. BH 36 33. CIM 240 34. FH 682 35. MNH 147 36. NIAB 26N 37. Reshmi 90 38. CIM 109 39. Gohar 87 40. NIAB 86 41. RH 1 42. FH 87 43. S 12 44. Shaheen 45. CIM 70 46. MNH 129 47. Rehmani 48. SLH 41 49. MS 84 50. NIAB 78 51. MNH 93 52. K 68/9

Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, AARI, RY. Khan. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, PCCC Sahiwal. Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Sakrand. Cotton Research Station, PCCC, DI Khan. Cotton Research Station, PCCC, Bahawalpur. Central Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Multan. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Central Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Multan. Cotton Research Station, PCCC, Bahawalpur. Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, AARI, RY Khan. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, PCCC, Ghotki. Central Cotton Research Institute, PCCC, Multan. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Cotton Research Station, PCCC, Sahiwal. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, PCCC, Ghotki.

Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Recommended Dscontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Banned Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Dscontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Dscontinued

155

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety 53. B 557 54. Sarmast 55. Qalandari 56. 149 F 57. MS 39 58. MS 40 59. M 100 60. BS 1 61. 362 F 62. AC 134 63. Lasani 11 64. 238 F 65. 268 F 66. 199 F 67. 216 F 68. 124 F 69. M 4 70. 289 F/43 71. LSS 72. 289 F/K25 73. 289 F 74. 4 F 75. 3 F

Breeding Center Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Khanpur. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, AARI, Multan. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Station, ARI, Tandojam. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. BCGA, Khanewal. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad.

Release Year 1975 1975 1974 1971 1970 1970 1963 1962 1959 1959 1959 1948 1948 1946 1946 1945 1942 1934 1934 1930 1921 1914 1913

Status Discontinued Dscontinued Dscontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Dscontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued

Hybrid Cotton Varieties (Gossypium hirsutum)
76. H 115 77. H 151 78. H 160 Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Multan Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Multan Alseemi Seeds & Agri. Services, Multan 1999* 2003 1999
*

Recommended -

Desi cotton varieties (Gossypium arboreum)
79. FDH 228 80. FDH 170 CRI, Faisalabad CRI, Faisalabad. 2002 1995 Recommended Recommended

156

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

Variety 81. Rohi 82. Ravi 83. SKD 10/19 84. D 9 85. TD 1 86. 231 R 87. 119 S 88. 39 M 89. 15 M 90. SNR

Breeding Center CRS, Bahawalpur CRI, Faisalabad CRI, Sakrand. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Tandojam. CRI, Faisalabad.* CRS, Multan. CRI, Faisalabad. CRI, Faisalabad. CRS, Tandojam.

Release Year 1986 1982 1975 1970 1963 1959 1941 1934 1930 1926

Status Recommended Recommended Recommended Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued Discontinued

157

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

PHOTOGRAPHS

MORPHOLOGICAL DECRIPTORS OF COTTON PLANT

158

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

159

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

160

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

161

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

162

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

163

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

INDEX OF COTTON VARIETIES
119 S ....................................................................................................... 115 124 F ......................................................................................................... 88 126 F ....................................................................................................... 102 149 F ......................................................................................................... 76 15 M ........................................................................................................ 117 199 F ......................................................................................................... 86 20 F ......................................................................................................... 101 210 F ....................................................................................................... 103 216 F ......................................................................................................... 87 231 R....................................................................................................... 114 238 F ......................................................................................................... 84 268 F ......................................................................................................... 85 289 F ......................................................................................................... 93 289 F/43 .................................................................................................... 90 289 F/K25 ................................................................................................. 92 3 F ............................................................................................................. 95 362 F ......................................................................................................... 81 39 M ........................................................................................................ 116 4 F ............................................................................................................. 94 AC 134 ...................................................................................................... 82 AS 108 .................................................................................................... 104 AS 192 .................................................................................................... 105 B 557......................................................................................................... 73 BH 118 ...................................................................................................... 37 BH 160 ...................................................................................................... 21 BH 36 ........................................................................................................ 52 BS 1........................................................................................................... 80 CHANDI 95 .............................................................................................. 41 CIM 109 .................................................................................................... 58 CIM 1100 .................................................................................................. 43 CIM 240 .................................................................................................... 53 CIM 443 .................................................................................................... 39 CIM 446 .................................................................................................... 38 CIM 448 .................................................................................................... 42 CIM 473 .................................................................................................... 28 CIM 482 .................................................................................................... 32

164

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

CIM 499 .................................................................................................... 27 CIM 506 .................................................................................................... 24 CIM 70 ...................................................................................................... 65 CIM 707 .................................................................................................... 23 CRIS 134................................................................................................... 31 CRIS 9....................................................................................................... 50 D 9........................................................................................................... 112 FDH 170.................................................................................................. 108 FDH 228.................................................................................................. 107 FH 1000 .................................................................................................... 25 FH 634 ...................................................................................................... 44 FH 682 ...................................................................................................... 54 FH 87 ........................................................................................................ 62 FH 900 ...................................................................................................... 33 FH 901 ...................................................................................................... 34 FVH 53...................................................................................................... 40 GOHAR 87 ............................................................................................... 59 GOMAL 93 ............................................................................................... 51 H 115......................................................................................................... 97 H 151......................................................................................................... 98 H 160......................................................................................................... 99 K 68/9........................................................................................................ 72 LASANI 11 ............................................................................................... 83 LSS............................................................................................................ 91 M 100 ........................................................................................................ 79 M 4 ............................................................................................................ 89 MARVI ..................................................................................................... 29 MNH 129 .................................................................................................. 66 MNH 147 .................................................................................................. 55 MNH 329 .................................................................................................. 46 MNH 552 .................................................................................................. 35 MNH 554 .................................................................................................. 36 MNH 93 .................................................................................................... 71 MS 39........................................................................................................ 77 MS 40........................................................................................................ 78 MS 84........................................................................................................ 68 NIAB 111.................................................................................................. 22 NIAB 26N ................................................................................................. 56 NIAB 78.................................................................................................... 70

165

Cotton varieties of Pakistan

Descriptor ,Notes & Tables

NIAB 86.................................................................................................... 60 NIAB 999.................................................................................................. 26 NIAB KARISHMA................................................................................... 45 QALANDARI........................................................................................... 75 RAVI....................................................................................................... 110 REHMANI................................................................................................ 67 RESHMI 90 .............................................................................................. 57 RH 1 .......................................................................................................... 61 RH 112 ...................................................................................................... 47 ROHI....................................................................................................... 109 S 12 ........................................................................................................... 63 S 14 ........................................................................................................... 49 SARMAST................................................................................................ 74 SHAHBAZ 95........................................................................................... 30 SHAHEEN................................................................................................ 64 SKD 10/19 .............................................................................................. 111 SLH 41 ...................................................................................................... 69 SLS 1......................................................................................................... 48 SNR......................................................................................................... 118 TD 1 ........................................................................................................ 113

166