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The Spirtual of Spain

Part IV

.. 17

:
, Why not """"
(
)( )

(Anrique)(Julio)( Pedro Almodova)
Mongo Camper

Miguel de Cervantes
Saavedra
Pablo Picasso
Salvador Dali
Raul
Gonzalez

92

(tapas)
(Basque Country)( pintxos)

10

(Coimbra ) ( Salamanca, )

Castilla y Lean La Ciudad Dorada ,The golden city


( Salamanca )88 UNESCO 02 05
250

1102~2002
1729~55
Albertode Churriguera ( Plaza Mayor )

1893

, , .
. 19 , ,
22 , 25 , 20 , 21

1852

Charles I, Alfonso XI, Ferdinand VI, Cervantes (St. Theresa)


Public Sphere

(Casa de las Conchas) 1493~1517


300 (Ja'aqob)
Rodrigo Arias de Maldonado Order of Santiago de Compostela

(Casa de las Conchas) Colonette ( ajimez )

Order of Santiago

EI Camino de Santiago:


EI Camino de Santiago
814 7 25 Galicia ,

Santiago

(Casa de las Conchas)

(Casa de las Conchas) Iglesia de la Clerecia

Iglesia de la Clerecia

Iglesia de la Clerecia

Iglesia de San Martin

Iglesia de San Martin

Iglesia de la Clerecia

Iglesia de la Clerecia Andrs Garca de Quiones

( Catholici Reges Philip III Et Margarita Fundatores Huyus Domus)

Albertode Churriguera 1728-55

(Jamon) Jamon Iberico


(Universidad de Salamanca) ( King Alfonso XI ) 1218 1244
Universidad Esculelas Mayores 1255 (Pope
Alexander IV )
Castilla y Leon
30%

(Pope Alexander IV )
13 15 ( la fachada de la universidad )

(Allegorical motif )

The Patio de Esculas Menores


16 Fray Luis Ponce de Leon Fray Luis 1527 14

( 18 )1576

As we were mentioned yesterday(


)

-
! !
! -

-

Victor()
Victor()

Juan XXIII Iglesia del Convento de San Esteban Toms de Cmara y Castro

Iglesia del Convento de San Esteban

Iglesia del Convento de San Esteban


1525 Cordoba Juan Alvarez de Toledo Juan de lava
1618 Juan Antonio Ceroni
"Martyrdom of St. Stephen" San Esteban
y por encima un Calvario 15901592 Juan Ribero de Rada
Martn Rodrguez

(Universidad de Salamanca)( la fachada de la universidad )


( Mudejar )( Plateresque, Silversmith Monterrey
) Villamayor

( la fachada de la universidad)


1509 14 2,700

Sebastiano Conca (1679-1764) Ignacio de Loyola (1461~1556)

(Spiritual Exercises) Ignacio de Loyola (1461~1556)


Societas Iesu, S.J. 1540 9 27
1. 2. 3.

16
1759 1762 1767
1772 1814
( Ferdenand Verbiest )Brother Giuseppe Castiglione S.J.

1140 1513 ( Catedral Vieja Catedral Neuva)


1120 15
1513
1733

Villamayen sandstone
Plateresque( Mudejar )
( Plateresk, Silversmith Monterrey )

()

,,,
,,

( renacentista )
Salamanca
Villamayen sandstone Plateresque

(
)

, (Churriguerismo)

( )

( Catedral Vieja ) :
53 Nicolas Florentino

18

VINCCI CIUDADSALAMANCA( A )
(294 )

11

( Salamanca )( Segovia )( Avila )

Castilla y Leon ( Segovia)1985


2016 No Segovia, No Isabel; No Isabel,
no Columbus: No Columbus, no America; No America, no Moom

la Vera Cruz

1000 Guadauame
Eresma Clamores
Alcazar
Alcazar
1800 75 44 728m x 29m
Bernardo de Valbuena Ciudad Vieja de Segovia y su Acueducto

1974 2000 Loba Capitolina


700

Casa del Sigio XV

(Aqueducto Romano)

Iglesia de San Esteban

Church of San Esteban

Church of San Esteban 13

Iglesia de San Millan


(The Barrio de Santa Cruz ) ( Synagogue )
1391 Archdeacon Ferrant Martinez
synagog


synagogue sinagoga
10 ()

1461 1532 San Miguel


1474 12 13 Isabella, Queen of Castile
( Plaza del Azoguojo ) (Catedral de Segovia)
Trasmeran mason Juan Gil de Hontan
Rodrigo Gil de Hontan 1525~1577 200 18

1521 Juan Bravo

15 Palace of Ayala berganza, Lozoya


Tower, House of Juan Bravo, Old Peoples Hospital ( Plaza del Azoguojo )( Stocks)
Casa de los PicosMeson De Candido

Cochinillp Asado


Cochinillp Asado

11 (vila ) Hercules
85 UNESCO 1131 Gredos (Sierra de Gredos)
( Adaja )
2.5
9 88 2500 ( battlements ) 1090 ( Muralla
medieval) Puerta del Alczar Puerta de San Vicente

(vila )( Los Cuatro Postes )

Puerta de Santa Teresa

()

( Catedral de vila ) 12 16
Abbey Church of St Denis

( Catedral de vila ) 12 16 Abbey


Church of St Denis
Cimorro El Greco

( Prdro Berrugrete)
El Tostrado Vasco de la Zarza
Museo Catedralco
(Juan de Alfa)

( Catedral de vila )

Cimorro

Alonso de Madrigal

(Basilica de San Vicente) 12


Church of San Juan 3
1130 12 Fruchel
Congregation of the Mission
Vincentians
Stability

12

San Vicente

San Vicente Sabina Cristeta

(Basilica de San Vicente)

( Barefoot Carmelite Descalzas)


( Santa Teresa de Jess, Teresa de Cepeda y Ahumade, 1515~1582)
1515
Convento de la Encarnacion :

40 1622

Fray Alonso de San Jos


(Convento de Santa Teresa )
()
1979 Blessed Teresa of Calcutta (1910~1997)
Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu1950 10 (Santa Teresa)
12 Missionaries of Charity

Iglesia de San Pedro

Gothic-Mudejar ( Iglesia de San Pedro )

( Real
Monasterio de Santo Toms ) 1482
( Don Juan )
15 Domenico Fancelli

It's backed by an altarpiece by Pedro de Berruguete depicting scenes from the life of St Thomas Aquinas. The
magnificent choir stalls, in Flemish Gothic style, are accessible from the upper level of the third cloister, the Claustro de
los Reyes, so called because Fernando and Isabel often attended Mass here. It's thought that the Grand Inquisitor
Torquemada is buried in the sacristy.
Yemas

( churros)
..

ALCAZAR
ALCAZAR 1474 1863
1882 ( the Dame of Gothic Cathedral )
8 16 52 16

Alczar

Ferdinand VII of Spain , 1814,

Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile

Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile

( the Dame of Gothic Cathedral ) 8 16 52

Henry IV of Castile

16

Meson de Candido

HOTEL II CASTILLAS AVILA ( A )


-(110 ) - -(83 ) -

12

(Avila )( Aranjuez ) ( Consugra )( Toledo )

( Consuegra ) Andalusian ( La
Mancha , )( Miguel
de Cervantes )( Don Quijote)
Ruta de Don Quijote

race

( Consuegra )

wild poppy
70 ( Tagus )( Toledo )
(Mudejar )
( Isabelline Gothic )1940
1987 UNESCO UNESCO
:

Castillo de San Servando .

The Gothic Cathedral 13 Narciso Tome


Pedro BerrugueteEnrique EgsPetrus Petri
Juan Guas(Puerta del infierno)
(Puerta del Perdon)
(Puerta del Juicio) 90 17. 5 112m
56m 45m 88 22

Monasterio de San Juan de los Reyes () 15 Juan Guas


los Reyes Catlicos

The Renaissance Museo-Hospital de Santa Cruz 16

Museo de El Greco

Santa Mara la Blanca (synagogue),

Synagogue de el Transito 1357

(Museo Sefard)

Hospital de Tavera Museum Duque de Lerma El Escorial 16


(Ribera) (Tiziano)
(Covarrubias) (Bustamante)

Church of Santiago del Arrabal -.

Iglesia de Santo Tome () 14


(El Greco) ( El Entierro del Contede Orgaz )

The Burial of the Count of Orgaz

( Augstin )( Esteban
) ()

()

Mezquita del Cristo de la Luz 999


.

Galiana Palace 13

Torneras Mosque 11

Alcazar fortress 1936


Covarrubias Herrera

(escalera imperialescalera de honor)


2009

Puerta de Bisagra Nueva .


Carlos V

Puerta de Bisagra Alfonso VI Gate

Puerta del Sol

Knights Hospitallers 14

Puerta Bab al-Mardum

New Gate of Hinge 16 Alonso de Covarrubias .

Old door hinge or Puerta de Alfonso VI 13 .

Cambrn gate 16

San Romn Councils and Visigoth .

Ermita del Cristo de la Vega 11 .

Alcntara bridge 1500

(Tagus)

Ciudad Histrica de Toledo (Toledo)

Ciudad Histrica de Toledo (Toledo) Iglesia de Santo Tome ()

14 (El Greco)
( El Entierro del Contede Orgaz )

(Tagus )

(Puente de San Martin )

Puerta de Bisagra Nueva


Carlos I Charles V

(House of Habsburg

16 Giulio Clovio
Suleiman, Clement VII,
Francis I, Duke of Cleves, Duke of Saxony
Landgrave of Hesse.


: ()

La Puerta del Cambrn

92
1 8000

1504 Isabella of Castile Ferdinand II of


AragonJoanna the Mad
1516
CharlesCarlos
Karl

1519

1556 Philip II

1700
5

(
) Catedral

Ciudad Vieja de Santiago de


Compostela (Santiago de Compostela) (A Corua) :
56 11 1982199319992004 2010
20212027 2032 7 25
Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela,
Galicia ( Logrono ) Zaragoza ( The Ebro Way )
( Way of St. James) 1987 10
Girona Montserrat

Primate Cathedral of Saint Mary of Toledo (


Catedral Primada Santa Mara de Toledo)

Catedral Primada Santa Mara de Toledo

Mudjar 12~16 Emirate of Granada


Al-Andalus Aragon Castile vilaSegovia
Toledo .
Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castilethe Catholic Monarchs, los Reyes Catlicos

1491 (The Treaty of Granada)


1491 Muhammad XII Mudjars
Alhambra Decree (1492)

Alhambra Decree (1492)


16 Moriscos 1610
(Hispano-Moresque)
.

El Greco,
1577

View of Toledo, El Greco,


El Greco ( 1541-1614)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

The Burial of the Count of Orgaz


Santo Tom, Toledo

Felipe II Felipe II Toledo

El Greco El Greco
El Greco
Toledo

1605

Toledo El Greco 1586 (45 ) Toledo


(Entierro del Conde Orgaz)
El Greco 14 Toledo
Orgaz Agustn() Esteban()()

El Greco

Mannerism

( Catedral Primada de ToledoHoly Church Cathedral, Toledo )


SanJuan de los Reyes Antolin Abad :

16
711
al-Andalus (Muslim Spain)1085

(Puerta del Perdon)


(Puerta del infierno)(Puerta del Juicio)

Puerta del Perdn (Door of Forgiveness) 1418 Alvar Matinez

Saint Ildephonsus

(Saviour)

(archivolt or voussure)

Palms

12 (anapostolates)

Olihuelas

Primate Cathedral of Saint Mary of Toledo ( Catedral Primada Santa Mara de Toledo)

1227 Ferdinand III of Aragon Don Rodirigo,


Jimenez de Rada 1366 Visigoth ()
Martin 120 x 60m 5 ( naves)72 (vaults )
88 ( pillars )
Capilla Mozrabe of the Cathedral
Toro 1476
( Holy Mary of the Immaculate Conception
(Santo Domingo )
) Juan Guas Bourges Cathedral 1493 Petrus Petri


Coro
Capilla Mayor

El Greco,
Caravaggio, Raphael, Titian, Rubens, Velzquez Goya
: "Toledo , Seville , Santiago Len
"

1492 1561 1808


11 14

1477~1504 Ferdinand II of Aragon Queen Isabella I of


Castile Afonso V Toro Juan Guas ( Monasterio de San Juan
de los Reyes, Monastery of Saint John of the Kings ) 1809 1883

GuadixBaza
Malaga Toledo

Monasterio de San Juan de los Reyes


Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile

Granada

()

Tanto Monta

Lladro

Santa Rita Mazapan ( Marzipan )


(1936-39) Colonel Moscard Luis
Guzman el Bueno Alczar

EUROSTARS TOLEDO HOTEL ( A )

-(120 )---(63 )-

13

( Aranjuez ) ( Escoril ) ( Madrid )

( Palacio Real de AranjuezRoyal Palace of Aranjuez ) 16


Philip II of Spain Juan Bautista de Toledo Juan de Herrera 18 Ferdinand
II "La Saleta de la Reina" (the queen's small room), "La
Antecmara de Msica" (the chamber), "El Anteoratorio" (the anteoratory), "El Oratorio" (the oratory), "El Saln del
Trono" ( the throne room), "El despacho de la Reina" (the queen's office) The Chinese Porcelain Room

150 "El Jardn del Prncipe" Joaqun Rodrigo


Concierto de Aranjuez
Rod ri go
Rodrigo
Rodrigo
Rodrigo

1940 14 ( Valle
de los Caidos ) 10
150m ()( San Lorenzo
de El Escorial)1984 1536 21
( Order of Jeronimo )
1600

4
( ) 4 15

( ) 3

16 20
16

( Custodia de Arfe )() 4000 4


1500
50
( San Lorenzo de El Escorial)( Palacio Real de Aranjuez )
18 Carlos III
Francesco Sabatini eal Sitio de el Pardo 7: 30

18 Bayeu, Castillo y Goya 1 939 - 1975

18 Bayeu, Castillo y Goya

1720

()

()

17 Gregorio Fernndez


( madrono )(Ursaria
) (
madroo
)
(Mayrit) ( Mayra)
itMardrid
Matrit
1556 ( Philp II,
1527-1598 ) 1561 5 670
1000 3000 50
(Puerta de Sol )( Plaza Mayor )( Plaza de Espana)

1992

18

1561

1790

1848

()

Plaza Castilla 6
6 Torres Kio ()
Lima Estadio Bernabeu

AYRE GRAN COLON ( A )


-(48 )- -(76 )--(3 )--(60 )-

14

( ) EI
Museo del Prado
( http:// www.museodelprado.es/en)
1819
13~16

Francisco de Goya El Greco


Diego Velzque

EI Museo del Prado MurilloDiego VelzquezFrancisco de Goya

4000 48
2 :

Fra Angelico
Antonello da
Messina
Van der
Weyden
Bosch
Patinir
Drer
Mor
Raphael
Titian
Tintoretto

The Annunciation
The dead Christ supported by an
angel
Descent from the Cross

Mantegna
Bermejo

Table of the 7 deadly sins


Crossing the Styx
Self portrait
Queen Mary Tudor
Madonna of the fish
Charles V of Mhiberg
Christ washing the disciples feet

Bosch
Brueghel
Drer
Raphael
Titian
Titian
Veronese

The Death of the Virgin


Saint Dominic of Silos enthroned as
Abbot
Triptych of the adoration of the
Magi
The Garden of earthly delights
The triumph of death
Adam and Eve
The Cardinal
Bacchanal of the Adrians
Dana and the Shower of Gold
Venus and Adonis

Hans Memling

El Greco
El Greco
Poussin
Snchez Cotn

The holy trinity


Knight with his hand on the chest
Parnassus
Still life with game, fruit and
vegetables

El Greco
Caravaggio
Ribera
Zurbarn

The Adoration of the shepherds


David Victorius over Goliath
Jacobs dream
Still life with four vessels

Zurbarn

Apparition of the Apostle St


Peter to St Peter Nolasco
The surrender of Breda

Velzquez

The drinkers

Velzquez

Murillo
Rubens
Rembrandt

The Buffon don Diego de Acedo,


El Primo
The Spinners
The inmaculate conception
The three graces
Artemisa

Goya
Goya
Goya
Sorolla

The Parasol
The family of Charles V
Saturn devouring his child
Children on the beach

Velzquez
Velzquez

Murillo
Rubens
Van Dyck
Tiepolo
Goya
Goya
Rosales

Las Meninas
The Patricians dream
The adoration of the Magi
Self Portrait with Sir Endymion
porter
The Inmaculate conception
The Naked Maja
The third of May, 1808
Queen Isabella dictating her last
will and testament

Velzquez

Orestes and Pylades

Cup with Golden Mermaid

Caravaggio (Francisco de Zurbarn, 1598~1664 )


(Diego Velzquez, 1599~1660 )


(El Greco)
20 (Pablo Ruiz Picasso, 1881~1973)

( Juan Gris, 1887~1927)


17 (Snchez Cotn, 1560~1627)

( Bartolom Esteban Murillo, 1618-1682 )(Salvador Dali, Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i
Domenech, Marqus de Pbol, 1904~1989)
(Joan Mir i Ferr, 1893~1983)

(Francisco de Zurbaran,
1598~1664)
18 (Francisco Jos de Goya y Lucientes,
1746-1828 ) 23

114 470 (
) La Maja Desnuda

La Maja Vestida

La Familia de Carlos IV
()

The Parasol
1808 5 3 The Third of May, 1808

() Saturn Devouring His Children

La Maja Desnuda, 1797

1815
Manuel de Godoy,
Duke of Alcudia .

La Maja Vestida1798

(La Familia de Carlos IV, Charles IV of Spain and His Family), 1800
; Louisa

Carlos Maria Isidro Fernando VII Maria JosefaMara


Isabel Maria Luisa of ParmaFrancisco de PaulaCharles IV Carlos IV
Don Antonio Pascual
Carlota Joaquina
Don Luis de Parma Maria Luisa Carlos Luis (
Parma )

(Francisco Goya, 1746-1828)

The Parasol, 1777

19

1808 5 3 El Tres de Mayo


5 2

V

1808 5 2 El dos de mayo de 1808 en


Madrid o La carga de los mamelucos

1819~1823 () Saturn Devouring His Children


Leocadia Weiss 1819-1823 ()

(Diego Velzquez, 1599~1660

: (Diego Velzquez, 1599~1660 Cristo crucificado


: Las Meninas, 1656, Diego Velzquez, Museo del Prado, Madrid
( Diego Rodrguez de Silva y Velzquez)

Las Meninas 17
The Maids of Honour The Infanta Margarita The Triumph of Bacchus
Edouard Manet Las Meninas
'After this, I don't know why the rest of us paint.' You'll know it by the enormous gaggle of onlookers.
"Las Meninas " 17

Infanta
Margarita
Dona Maria Agustina Sarmiento Dona Isabel de Velasco
Mari-Blibol
Nicolasico Pertusato

. Jose Niet
Velazquez

Velazquez ?


Velazquez

Bartolom Esteban Murillo ( 1617~1682 )

: La Inmaculada Concepcin de El Escorial1660~1665,


: Inmaculada Concepcin de los Venerables o Inmaculada Soult, 1678,

Sagrada Familia del pajarito,1649~1650,

St. Francisco el Grande


Murillo


17

19
(1854)
17

20
Soult

16 El Graco (1541~1614 )
Iglesia de Santo Tome ()( El Entierro del
Contede Orgaz )( 4.8 x 3.6m) The Trinity,
The Knight with His Hand on His Breast

Mannerism,

El Greco
1603 Orgaz
1606

(La Trinidad,The Trinity ),1577~79,

( El caballero de la mano en el pecho,

" Santo Domingo el Antiguo"

The Knight with His Hand on His Breast) , 1580

Hieronymus Bosch

Hieronymus Bosch The Garden of Earthly Delights

20
First Panel :

4
()

Dixon
-

Dixon

( )()( )

() When I had gone a little further, I saw


a large and extensive garden, Entirely surrounded by a high, crenulated wall, Which was decorated on the outside with paintings and
carved with many rich inscriptions. love garden
Love conquers all things; let us too
surrender to Love.

Dixon

()

()

(
)

3 Final Panel

1463

( )

( Horus )(
)

The Vision of
Tundale by St Vincent of Beauvais: 'Bestia sedebat super stagnum'.


( lute )
( harp)-
( pommer )

C upsilon Y

Adamite

( )

4 Outer Wings

Psalms 33:9

Rogier Van der Weyden(1399~1464 ) Descent from the Cross1435


Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus
: Mary Cleophas () ; Saint
John the Evangelist, Mary Salome ( ), The Virgin Mary (), the corspe of Jesus Christ,

Nicodemus (in red),

, Joseph of Arimathea ( ),
Mary Magdalene.

Albrecht Durer Adam and Eve, 1507

Sanchez Cotan Still Life with Game, Fruit and Vegetables

Peasant Bruegel Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525~1569 )El triunfo de la

Muerte ,Triumph of death, 1562

16 17 150
16

(Jusepe de Ribera, 1591~1652)


(Michelangelo Merisi detto il Caravaggio,1573-1610)

Jean-Baptiste-Simon Chardin ( 16991779) .


16 (Jos de Ribera, 1591~1652 )
The Young Ribera

The Raising of Lazarus( La resurreccin de Lzaro) 2001


La vista

The Empress Doa Margarita de Austria ,1666,Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo.
.

Iglesia de Los Jerommos

Plaza Mayor

+TAPAS

( Cervantes,1547-1616 )
( Don Quixote )
(Soncho Panza )

TAPAS TAPAS

TAPAS ( Serrano
Iberico)Manchego CroquettesFried Squids Spain Omelet
ManzanillaLa Gitana

( Palacio RealReal Royal )


1556 1734
1738 ( Bourbon King Philip V )
Filippo Juvarra, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo , Ventura Rodrguez , Francesco Sabatini , and Martn Sarmiento
26 1764
( Palacio Real )
Caravaggio , Velzquez and Francisco de Goya Corrado Giaquinto , Giovanni
Battista Tiepolo and Anton Raphael Mengs
( Sala de

Porcelana )( Sala Fumadora )El Cid

( Palacio Real )
Berniniesque
2500

( Palacio Real )

( Palacio Real )

(
Galerie des Glaces )
9~14
15~16 (Venetian
Republic)17

1684 1873

( Royal Palace of Madrid ) 100km


:
1.

Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de el Escorial : Philip II Juan de Herrera 1563~1584

2.

Royal Palace of Aranjuez : 16 UNESCO

3.

Royal Palace of el Pardo : Monte de el Pardo 18


Francesco Sabatini

4.

Royal Palace of la Granja de San Ildefonso : Philip V Sierra del Guadarrama

5.

Royal Palace of Riofrio : 1752 Philip V Isabella Farnese

( Palacio Real )

: ( Sala de Porcelana )
: Queen Marie Amelie of France, Franz Xaver Winterhalter ,1842

: Charles IV in his Hunting Clothes, 1799, Francisco de Goya


: "Salome with the Head of John the Baptist", by caravaggio (1571-1610)

Plaza de la Armera ( Plaza de Armas)


Moctezuma, Emperor of the Aztecs Atahualpa, Emperor of the Incas

: Phillip V Reccared II Erwig


Golden Fleece Holy Spirit .
Zarzuela

Gothic : Philip VMaria Luisa of SavoyElisabeth Farnese , Ferdinand VI


Barbara of Portugal

1750 ~ 1753 Zodiac of the Greeks () Juan Pascual de Mena and


Domingo Martnez

Church of Almudena

( Plaza de Orient )

( Palacio Real ) 15

( Palacio Real )

( Palacio Real )