201 Interview Questions

TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD ........................................................................10 KEY QUESTIONS ................................................................. 13
Basic ............................................................................................14 Intermediate ................................................................................. 16 Expert ......................................................................................... 2l

CHAPTER 1: BW Administratio11 and Design ......................25
Basic Concepts ............................................................................. 2 6 BW Settings in SPRO ..................................................................... 44 Non Cumulative Key Figures ............................................................ 47 A~~thorizations .............................................................................. 5 0

BW Archival and retrieve ................................................................ 55

.............................................................................. 57 Process Chai~is
Open Hub ..................................................................................... 6 2 Tuning ......................................................................................... 6 4 RSRV ............................................................................................ 67 ODs ............................................................................................ 69 BW Statistics ................................................................................72 Aggregates ...................................................................................74

Table o f c o n t e n t s

CHAPTER 2: BW Reporting (BEx and Web Reporting) ........79
Business Explorer ......................................................................... 80 Calculated key figures ................................................................... 82 Boolean Operators ........................................................................ 84 Structures and cells ...................................................................... 85 Before and after aggregation .......................................................... 86 Key figure properties ..................................................................... 88 Hierarchies in Reports ................................................................... 90 92 User Exits for Bex Reporting ........................................................... 95 Variables ..................................................................................... Query properties .......................................................................... 100 Document utility .......................................................................... 'I03 Query Administration .................................................................... 104 105 Conditions and Exceptions ..................................................... Reporting Agent .......................................................................... 108 Web Application Designer ............................................................... 112

CHAPTER 3: Extraction ....................................................121
Basic Concepts ............................................................................ 122 Class System .............................................................................. 129 Generic Data source ..................................................................... 130

.............Table of contents LIS Extraction ................................................................................ 134 CO-PA Extraction ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 142 DB Connect ....................................................... 147 CHAPTER 4: BW Fu~~ctional ............................................................ l5l ........................................................................... 131 LO Extraction .................................................. 150 Business Content and roles ........................ 137 CO-PA Retraction ........................... 140 Enhancing data extraction ............................. 149 ASAP methodology .. 145 Currency Translation in BW ...

By randomly adding in a few questions from the rest of the book you can focus on a specific area and ensure that the candidate really knows the relevant information.INTRODUCTION How to use this book: As a consultant / analyst: J J J Start by reading this book from cover to cover. Before interviewing a candidate. If you are an employer looking to hirelcontract a BW professional: * . J J J . always make sure that you fully understand the question and the answer. some questions may still not make sense to an untrained user. Repeat that until you think you know all the details. Although every effort has been made to make the questions and answers simple in their explanation. familiarizing yourself with the answers and then conducting the interview. We suggest highlighting those questions that you wish to ask. Now practice what you have learnt in the system. The first part of the book highlights key questions that you should be able to ask a candidate and therefore gauge their competency based on their answers.

If you are asking a reporting question then explain to the candidate that the following question pertains to reporting.com. This is because it is always important to know in what context the question w.ls asked. Links to SAPGcnic's BW material are also available from this bonus arca.rrenicr. including candidate worksheets which have all the questions marked out for yoi~. provide space for the candidates name. such as SAP'S standard cubes.com/ 201 bw and enter the username 201 bw and password lsd2lk Good luck and enjoy! .ress. To access this information: go to http://www. Key : Each question has a rating which is illustrated by the tollowing symbols: 0 00 Basic Intermediate 000 Expert As an added benefit we've included several worksheets and bonus material on Geniepress. to ensure that the candidate can respond to it as correctly as possible e. the date of interview and their overall scores.Note that the chapter / topic that: the question covcrs is always listed on the top of each page. There are also links to other BW data provided by the author.g.

It is created automatically and ilscs ALE for data transfer. Aggregates klrc transparent to the user. This leaves the customer uri th 13 dimensions. Supports multiple languages. 'The star schema? 9 9 9 9 9 Uses generated numeric keys and aggregates in its own tables for faster access. What is an aggregate? Aggregates are mini cubes. 3 are predefined by SAP and thcsc arc timc.K e y [luestions Basic 1. l'ou can cquate them to indexes on a table. 2. . Supports slowly changing dimensions. 3. Of these 16. Uses an external hierarchy. They arc uscd t o improvc performance when executing queries.dl cubcs. 5. How maliy tliniensio~isare there ill a cube? There are a total of 16 dimensions in a culx. What are the advantages of an Extended star schema of BW vs. What is the transaction for the Adrr~inistratorwork bench? Transaction RSA 1 4. Contains master data common to . unit and request. Wliat is tlie "myself data mart"? A BW system feeding data to itself is called the myself data mart.

What is a condition? If yo11 want to filter on key figures or do a ranked analysis then you use a condition. 9. or customers with more than a million dollars in annual salcs. What is the enlia~icementuser exit for BEx reportilig? 8. Wliat is a calculated key figure? A calculated key figure is ilsed to do complicated calculations on key figures such as mathematical functions. if you are developing a sales rcport for a given product. you can have a calculated key figure to calci~late sales tax based on your sale price. For example. What is a characteristics variable? You can have dynamic input for characteristics using a characteristic variable.Basic 6 . For example. . you can use a condition to report on the top 10 customers. you will define a variable for OMATERIAL. percentage filnctions and total filnctions. For example. 7.

12. What are the data types s1. What is meant by compo~. . For example. What are the types of attributes? Display only . when you define a cost center. you will then be able to analyze the data using customer and country.lnding? Compounding defines the s~lperior Infoobject. assume that we have customer characteristics with country as a navigational attribute. Navigational attributes regular characteristics. which must be combined to define an object.Kev Ouestions Intermediate '10.These attributes are only for display and no analysis can be done. the controlling area is the compounding (superior) object.1pported by characteristics? 4 4 4 4 NUMC CHAR (up to 60) DATS TIMS Numeric IJp to 60 characters Date Time 11. - These attributes behave like For example. In the BEx query you can create filters or variables for country and you can also use the drill down feature.

c/ c/ c/ c . Identify slowly changing dimensions. How long will the data be kept. In this case the use of an ABAP routine is most appropriate . assume that you are getting a flat file from legacy data and the cost center is in a field and you have to "massage" the data to get it in. Identify aggregates. If you want to do some complex string manipulation. Define pre-calculated key figures. 14. no transformation Assign a constant eg. Define the attributes of the entities.Intermediate 13.direct transfer. What options are available in the transfer rule? c/ c/ c/ Assign an Infoobject . you can make the country (17s)as a constant and assign the value explicitly ABAP routine eg. How often is the data extracted. From which system is the data to be extracted. Define the granularity of the fact table (how detailed do you want the data to be). Identify the dimension tables. What are tlie 10 decision poi~itsof data warehousi~ig? c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ Identify a fact table. If you are loading data from a specified country from a flat file.

This saves space and improves performance but the disadvantage is that you cannot delete the compressed requests individually. What is an InfoSet? An InfoSet is an info provider giving data by joining data from different sources like O D s and master data. the request I D is deleted and data is moved from the F table to the E table. the cube should be compressed as often possible to improve performance. if you have cli~antity the in transaction data and you have price as an attribute of the material. All the rcgular rcqucsts are stored in the F table. You can also do an outer join in an InfoSet. If you are using noncumulative key figures in a cube.for simple calculations usc formula eg. . For example. still use selective deletion. use the TOUPPER formula. however. 16. What is compression or collapse? This is the process by which we delete the recluest ID'S which leads to space savings. You can.K e y Cluestions J Formula . When you compress. InfoSets can also be used to combine transactional data with master data. Then you can have an InfoSet with transaction data and material where yo11 will l)e able to do calculations based on material pricc in BEx. You can use formilla builder to help put your formulas together. 15. If you want to convert all lower casc cl~uractcrs to upper case.

etc. Examples are head count and inventory amount. 4 4 4 4 4 . What are lion cu~iiulativekey figures? These are key figures that are not summarized (unlike sales. So avoid using the exclusion but use inclusion. They are always shown in relation to a point in time. 18. What perfornialice improvemelit call we do for reporting? 4 4 4 4 Aggregates OLAP cache Pre-calculated web templates Use small amount or result data as starting point of any queries and do the drill down.Intermediate Another usage is. we will ask how many employees we had as of last quarter. We don't add up the head count. Create additional indexes. For example. if you have O D s you can disable BEx reporting (in the setting) and use the O D s in the InfoSet for reporting. Avoid reporting on O D s and use InfoSet containing O D s for reporting. Use compression on Infocubes since the E table is optimized for queries.). which leads to improved performance 17. the indices are not used. If you use exclusion in reporting ( < >). Use the read mode "H" read when navigating and expanding hierarchies".

v 19.Key Ruestions Run DB statistics often. v Use RSRT transaction to look at the "Explain Plan" statement. 9 Use secondary indexes on ODS active table. 9 If you are running a query on an info provider with non cumulative key figure then suppress summary line items (totals). then you can create an aggregate only for the country IJS Blank None . Wliat are tlie options when defining aggregates? * H F Groups according to characteris tics Values Hierarchy Fixed value. for example if you have a OCOUNTRY characteristic and only US is reported on.

lqua~itity alid number type key figures? Amount /quantity is always combined with units. what are the important variables yo11 make use of? 4 RESULT This gets the result of the ABAP code. . What are the BEx options for characteristics like F4 help for query definition and execution? This defines how the data is displayed in the query definition screen or when the query is executed. What is tlie 1:lifference between am~u~it. 10 products available in a cube and in BEx you display a query for 2 products. Wlieli coding the ABAP transfer rule. 22. Options are from the data displayed. In your design if you don't need units then you should use number or integer to improve performance.Exoert Expert 20. For example. from master data table (all data) and from dimension data. the following options for the product will display different data: 4 4 4 Selective data only will display 2 products Dimension data will display 10 products From master data will display all 100 products 21. sales will be linked to currency and inventory will be linked to quantity in units. For example let us assume that you have 100 products in total in your material master.

tlie data is split for each calendar day. Here you can select either the normal calendar or the factory calendar. else this record is skippcd. if the source contains calendar week and the target contains calendar day. what are tlie return table options for? lJsually thc ilpdatc rulc scnds one record to the data target. 23. using this option you can send multiple records to the data target cg. to abort thc cntirc package. Set this to a value not 0. If you gct 1 record from thc communication structure using this option you can create multiple records into thc data target. .~ili cmployec using ABAP code.K e y Questions J RETURNCODE J ABORT You set this to 0 if everything is O K . In update rules for key figures. For examplc. What is the use of time distribution option in the update rule? This option is uscd to distribute data according to time. you can use this to return tclcphone cxpcnses for cach employee (by dividing the total cxpenses by the number of employccs in tlle cost center) and creating cost record for c. 24. For example if we are getting total tclcphone expenses for the cost center.

Option 2) c/ Obviously Option 2 is better. By flagging it as a line item dimension. For example. How would you optimize dime~isions? IJse as many dimensions as possible for performance improvement eg.Expert 25. 26. Assume that you have 100 products and 200 customers. Make individual dimensions one for product (100 rows) and one for customers (200) rows. you define that dimension as a line item dimension. the performance will be very slow. ( 100 * 200). Even if you have more than one characteristic per dimension. Option 1) Make one dimension for both. the size of the dimension will be 20. When you add the overhead of look ups for DIMIDISIDs. What is a line item (or degenerate) dimelision? If the size of a dimension of a cube is almost the same as the size of the fact table. you should do the math considering the worst case scenario and decide which characteristics may be combined in which dimensions.000. the . usually the dimension size and the fact table size will be the same. if you store the sales document number in one dimension in a sales cube. The total number of rows in both dimensions will be 300.

the user sees all customers for sales org 1000 and only summarized report for other sales org. What is a "Marker" in Non Cumulative cubes? Noncumulatives are stored using a "Marker" for the current period. 27. the complete master data is displayed (which takes more time to display). It allows summary data to be displayeci if the user does not have access to detailed data. A marker is nothing b ~ l a pointer t referring to a time period. if you create 2 authorizations for one user: one with Sales Org * and customers : and second with sales org 1000 and customers *. . For example an inventory cube marker may refer to the inventory levels as of yesterday. 28. Only one characteristic is allowed per line item dimension and for F4 help. This avoids one look up into dimension table (the dimension table is not created in this case). For example.Kev Ouestions system puts the SID in the fact table instead of DIMID for the sales document number. What is the use of a colon ':' as an authorization value? J J It enables queries that do not contain an authorization relevant object that have been checked into the Infocube.

CHAPTER 1 BW Administration and Design .

What is a star schema? O A fact table at the center and surrounded (linked) by dimension tables 31.hose value changes over a time period.Chapter 1: B W Administration and Design Basic Concepts 29. What is a slowly changing dimension? O A dimension containing characteristics \\. take an employee's job title. This is called a slowly changing dimension. 32. What are the differences between OLAP and OLTP applicatiolis? O J J J OLAP Summarized data Read only Not Optimized Lot of historical data J OLTP Detailed Read write Optimized for data applications Less historical data 30. The star schema? O J J J Use of generated keys (numeric) for faster access External hierarchy Support for multiple languages . What are the advalitages of an Extelided star schenia of BW vs. this changes over a pcriod of time as the employee moves through an organization. For example.

Basic Concepts J J J Master data is common to all cubes Supports slowly changing dimensions Aggregates in its own tables which allows for tastcr access 33. What are time dependent text / attribute of cliaracteristics? O If text (for example a name of a product or person) or if an attribute changes over time then these must be marked as time dependent. product. What is an Infoobject? 0 Infoobjects are business objects eg. 34. 36. The prefix 9A is used in APO. They are divided into characteristics and key figures. 35. Characteristics also include special objects like unit and time. All generated objects start with 1-8 (like export data source). Customer. What is the namespace for BW? 0 0 All SAP objects start with 0. The customer namespace is A . All tables begin with /BIO for SAP and /BIC for customers. Can you create your own time characteristics? O .2. Characteristics are evaluation objects such as customer and key figures are measurable objects such as sales quantity.

C h a o t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i n n

37. Wliat is mealit by Alplia conversio~i?00
Alpha conversion is used to store data consistently. It does this by storing numeric values prefixed with 0s eg. If you have defined a material as length 6 (of type Numc) then material number 1 is stored as 000001 but displayed as 1; this removes inconslstenc~es between 0 1 vs. 001.

38. What is tlie alpha clieck executioli progra~ii?00
This is used to check consistency for BW 2.x before upgrading the system to 3.x. I t is RSMDCNVEXIT

39. What is the attributes only flag? 0
If this flag is set, no master data is stored. This is only used as an attribute for other characteristics, for example comments on an Accounts Receivable document.

40. Wliat are tlie data types allowed for key figures? 0
4 4 4 4 4 4

Amount, Quantity Number Integer Date Time

41. What are the aggregation options for key figures? 00
If you are defining prices then you may want to set "no aggregation" or you can define max, min, sum. You

can also define exception aggregation like first, last etc. This is helpfill in getting a headcount eg. If you define a monthly inventory count key figure you want the count as of the last day of the previous month.

42. What is ,the niaximuni number of key figures you call Iiave in an Infocube? O

43. What is the maximum number of characteristics you can have per dimension? O

44. What is a SID table a ~ i d what are its advantages? 00
The SID table (Surrogate I D table) is the interface betwccn master data and the dimension tables. Advantages include: 4 Using 8 byte integer values as indexes for faster access 4 Master data is independent of Infocubes 4 Supports multiple languages 4 Supports slowly changing dimensions

45. Which tables are generated for master data? 00
P table
Time independent master data attributes Time dependent master data attributes

Q table

Chapter 1: BW Administration and Design

S Table M view X table

Y table

for the SID Ids Com bines P and Q Interface between master data SIDs and time independent navip;ltional attributes SIDs ( P is linked to the X table) Interface between master data SIDs and time dependent navigational attributes SIDs ( Q is linked to the Y table)

46. What is the transfer routine of tlie I~ifoDbject?O
It is like a start routine; this is independent of the data source and valid for all transfer routines; you can use this to define global data and global checks.

47. Wliat is the DIM ID? O
These are Dimensional IDS. Dim ID'S link dimensions to the fact table. I t is an 8 byte integer like SID.

48. What is a table partition? 00
By partitioning we split the table into smaller tables which is transparent to the application. This improves performance (when reading as well as deleting data). SAP uses fact table partitioning to improve performance. Note that you can only partition on OCALMONTH or OFISCPER.

you cannot partition a cube with data.Basic Concepts Remember that the partition is created only in the E fact table. the F fact table is partitioned by Request Number as a default. Then empty cube A. Note that this is going to change in Netweaver 2004s (Or BW 7) 50. How many extra partitions are created and why? Can you partition a cube wi. What is a source system? O Any system that is sending data to BW like R/3. A cube must be empty to partition it. re-import data from B and delete cube B. One work around is to make a copy of the cube A to cube B and then to export data from A to B using export data source.th data ? 00 IJsually 2 extra partitions are created to accommodate data before the beginning period and one after the end of partitioning period. create partition on A. oracle database or a non-SAP systems. flat file. No. . Advantages of a partition: 4 Makes use of parallel process 4 Allows a smaller set of data to be read 4 Allows fast deletion 49.

. phone no. address. Wliat are tlie 4 types of InfoSources? O J J J J Transactional Attributes Text Hierarchy 53. wc have a OCUSTOMER-ATTR data source to supply attributes to OCUSTOMER from R/3. Wliat is a commur~icationstructure? O Is an independent structure created from an InfoSource. 54. the OCUSTOMER InfoSourcc will contain data related to customer and attributes like customer number. InfoSource : Group of logically related objects. It is independent of the sourcc system / data source. These are used to clean up thc data from source system. What are transfer rules and what is global tralisfer rule? O Transfer rules: T h e transformation rules for data from the source system to the InfoSource / communication structure. For example.C h a p t e r 1: B W A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d Design 51. etc.t is an InfoSource? O Data source: The source that is sending data to a particular InfoSource on BW For example. What is a data source and wha. 52.

Basic Concepts For example when you load customer data from flat file. What is tlie process of replication and what menu path would you use to perform it? O This copies data source structures from R/3 to BW For example. This is common for all soilrce systems. assume that you added a new data source in R/3. Global Transfer Rule: This is a transfer routine (ABAP) defined at the Infoobject level./ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ Concatenate substring condense leftlright (n characters) 1-trim r-trim replace date routines: DATECONV date-week add-to-date date-diff logical functions like: if and 56. Name some important formulas available in BW? O c/ . . 55. This will not be visible in the BW system until you replicate it. you can convert the name to upper case using a transfer rule.

you can use update rule to globally change data independent of the source system. What are the special conversions for time in update rules? O Time dimensions are automatically converted. if the cube contains calendar month and your transfer structure contains date. For example. the date to c. This is independent of the source systems / data sources. Wliat is tlie update rule? O The update rule defines the transformation of data from the communication structure to the data targets. You can also replicate at an info area level. 57. For example. What are the options in update r~.lles?O J J One to one move for Infoobject value Constant Lookup for master data attribute value Formula Routine (ABAP) Initial value J J J J 59. .ilendar month is converted automatically. 58.C h a n t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d Desinn You replicate using the transaction RSAl +Source System + k g h t click on the system +Replicate.

For example.Basic C o n c e p t s 60. If you enable this flag then unit of measure of the key figure appears in the ABAP code as an additional parameter. you can use this to convert quantity in pounds to quantity in kilograms. you can define global values to be used by the update routines. For example. What is the co~iversio~i routi~ie u ~ i i t s currencies in for and the update rule? 00 IJsing this option you can write ABAP code for unit / currency conversion. Use this to fill global variables to be used in update routines. What is the start routine? 00 The first step in the update process is to call start routine. How do you add an entry in the monitor log from the update rules? 000 This is added in the internal table MONITOR. this will show up in the monitor . It is also the first step in the Transformation process before the Transfer rules. 62. 81. the following fields describe the M O N I T O R structure 4 4 4 4 4 4 MONITOR-MSGID gives an I D MONITOR-MSGTY message type MONITOR-MSGNO message number MONITOR-MSGV1 monitor message1 MONITOR-MSGV2 monitor message 2 Append it to the M O N I T O R table.

Monitor-msgty = L E ' . End i f . Monitor-msgno = ' 1 2 3 ' . Monitor-msgid = ' X Y Z ' . Exit. R e t u r n c o d e = 1.Chapter 1: BW Administration and Design Here is a sample code to do this. Can you make MultiProviders alid liiaster data as data marts? O Yes . Monitor-msgv2 = comm-structure-product. Append m o n i t o r .s t r u c t u r e . The code in the update routine will be :Ifc o m m . How do you create the "myself data mart"? O The BW system feeding data to itself is called the myself data mart. It is created automatically and uses ALE for data transfer d J J d Right click and create the export data source for the ODSIcube or PSA.p r o d u c t = LXYZ'. In the target system replicate the data source Create transfer rules and update rules Create info package to load 64. Assumc that you are checking for product 'XYZ' which should not bc loaded to the cube and you want to display a message in the monitor. Monitor-msgvl = ' I n v Prod'. 63.

The data in the PSA is in the same format as the data received from the source system. you can trigger a chain event if all loads are successfill. Wliat are tlie benefits of data marts? 0 4 4 4 4 Simple to use H u b and spoke usage Distributed data In some cases they can provide performance improvements 66. 67. after you load data to the cube you can trigger an event which will start another job to run the reporting agent. you can use events in batch jobs. AWB Tools Event collector 68.Basic Concepts 65. Wliat is all event chain and Iiow do you create one? 00 This is a group of events that are completed independently of one another. What is meant by PSA? 0 Persistent staging area . Use SM62 to create and maintain events. . Used to execute processes based on success or failure of events. What are events and how do you use them? 00 Events are background signals to tell the system that a certain status has been reached. For example.is based on the transfer structure and is source system dependent. For example.

72. do all the subsequent requests turn to "red" in an Infoprovider? 00 This is to avoid inconsistency and ensures that only data from subsequent requests is not available for reporting which otherwise would lead to inconsistency between report and underlying data. What are different options available for update process to data target? O cl cl r/ cl PSA and data targets in parallel . 71.N o PSA For performance reasons you should do PSA . The E table is ol7timized for Read.tructitln? O This is the process by which you reload data from PSA (or O D s ) into the cube/ODS. Wliy. What are the two fact tables? O There are two fact tables for each I n f o C ~ ~ b c namely the E table and the F table.improvcs performance PSA and data target in sequencc PSA only .C h a o t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i n n 69. . What is recons.you have to manually load clata to data targets Data targets only . if one request fails. 70.1nd Data targets in parallel.

Using this. For example. Performance is poor while using remote cube. Infosets.customer line items 77. .Basic Concepts 73. no master data allowed. OF1-AR-3 . What are the restrictio~is/recomme~idations usi~ig for remote cube? 00 These are used for reporting on small volumes of data with few users. you can access a table from a logical cilbe. 76. ODS. master data. for example. a user defined function module is used as the data source. 74. the delivered cube OBWTC-C08 (BW Metadata) is an InfoCube with Services and it Llses a function module to get data. It is usually used to report on real time data from an r/3 system instead of drilling down from BW to R3. What is a MultiProvider? 0 lJsing MultiProvider you can access data from different data sources like cubes. What is a remote cube? 0 Remote cube is a logical cube where the data is extracted from an external source. 00 OF1-AP-3 . 75.vendor line items. What is a virtual I~ifoCubewith services? 00 In this case. MultiProvidcr does a Union at the database level. Give examples of data sources that support remote cubes.

Example: InfoProviderl (with Sales Order and order q t y ) Sales Doc Ord qty S 10 1 10 InfoProvider2 (with Delivery doc no. salcs doc no. What is .x only multi cubes were available. 79. J'OLL can not combine a O D s and cube. qty delivered) Del Doc No Sales Doc no Qty delivered Dl01 SlOl 8 If we use a MultiProvider to rcport.x for MultiProvider? 00 Prior to 3. What are the added features in 3. for example.C h a p t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i g n 78. the f. So from a MultiProvider JJOLI may get as many rows as the number of underlying InfoProviders.)llowing data will be displayed :SalesDoc DelDoc Ord Qty 1)clQtv S 10 1 SlOl # Dl01 10 S If we use an InfoSct the following result ~ v i l lbe displayed (join on sales doc no): SalesDoc DelDoc OrdOty SlOl D 10 1 10 DclQty S .the difference between MultiProvider and InfoSet? O MultiProvider is a Union whereas InfoSct is a 'Join" (intersection).

Since transactional cubes are not loaded by InfoPackagc thc reporting flag is not set until it rcachcs a certain limit. Plcasc note : You need BAPI to load data and also for reporting on Transactional Infocube. 80.0 this limitation is not applicable). standard cubes arc optimized for reading.Basic Conceots Please note: Thc InfoSet cannot be created on an Infocube but only on transparent tables like O D s and Master data (BW version 7. Wliat is the Transaction code for monitori~ig Cache? O Transaction code RSRCACHE . The transactional cubes are uscd in SEM. you should use the system variable O -RQMRC (Most Current Data) as a filter for S Request ID in your BEx queries. To view the data from queries with latest data. 81. BAPI's are needed to load data and also for reporting on Transactional InfoCubes. What is a transactional Infocube? How will you report on this? O These cubes arc used for both read and write.

What are the profile parameters for cache? 00 J J rdsb/esm/buffersize-kb rsdb/esm/max-objects maximum size of cache maximum number of entries in cache 85. When do you recommend high cardi~ialityvs line item dimension? O 0 If your dimension is more than 10% but less than 20% of the size of h c t table then use high cardinality dimension. What is persistelice mode ill caclie? 00 Instead of swapping data from menlor): you can store the data in a cluster table or file. Basically SAP converts from a bitmap index to a B tree index. Can you disable the cache? 00 Yes. What is meant by Iiigli cardi~ialitydinielisio~i?00 If the dimension exceeds 10% of the size of the fact table then you can make it as a high cardinality dimension. . if it exceeds 20% then use line item dimension.~ble size of main memory. This option . 86. either globally or by using query d c l ~ l g tool using transaction code RSRT. 84. 83.~llows you to store more data in cache than the avai1.C h a p t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d Design 82.

For example. When should you do the alpha conversion? 000 If you are upgrading you must do it before the PREPARE phase of upgrade 89. Right click on the info area and select "Insert characteristic as data target" . NUMC and GJAHR 88. when you want to report on attribute values of characteristics (master data). you can make OCUSTOMER as an InfoProvider and do BEx reporting on OCUSTOMER. What does tlie progralli RSMDCNVEXIT check? 000 All characteristics with conversion exit ALPHA. right click on the info area in the administration workbench and make them as an InfoProvider. to make an Infoobject as InfoProvider.Basic Concepts 87. Can you make an Infoobject as an InfoProvider and why? O Yes.

Chanter 1: BW Administration and Design

BW Settings in SPRO
90. What are the control parameters for data transfer?

O

They define the maximum size of the p ~ ~ c k e t , the maximum number of records per packet, the number of parallel processes, etc.

91. Which transaction code is used to set up tlie permitted characters? 000
Transaction code RSKC.

92. What is meant by aggregate realignment run maintenance? 00
This defines the level of percentage change where a realignment run will cause a reconstruction of aggregates. Remember that if you have exception key figures like Min or Max, then the aggregate will be rebuilt every time you run the change.

93. What is meant by update mode for master data?

O

It defines whether the master data (auto sid) is added you automatically, for non existing master data, nll~en load the transaction data.

BW S e t t i n e s i n SPRO

94. What are the ODs object settings? O
They are: c/ The number of parallel processors in activation, c/ Minimum number of data records c/ Wait time

95. What are the settings for flat files?
They are: c/ The thousand separator c/ Decimal pointer c/ Field separator (default is ;) c/ Field delimiter (default '7

O

96. What are the settings for data transfer? O
They are: c/ Maximum number of data packages c/ Frecluency c/ Size of PSA partition

97. What are tlie nio~iitorset'ti~igs?O
c/

Define the wait time before the status turns to red. Usually it is 7 hours, which means if the data is not transferred within 7 hours for the request, the status is set to red. Status colors. Here you can specify what status should be displayed in case of 0 records transferred or warnings. Schedule monitor assistant in the background to analyze requests.

c/

c/

Chapter 1: BW Administration and Design

98. Which tra~isactit~n defines the background user in the code source system? 00
Transaction code RSCUSTV3

99. What are the settings for Reporti~ig?O
4

4 4

Defines what should be displayed for conditions like: divide by zero, no data, overflow, mixed values and authorization errors Infoprovider properties for cache Activate personalization in BEx

100. What are the settings for web ? O
4 4
4

4 4

Define default web template and style sheet RRI Setting Drag and relate settings IGS settings Maintain web protocol of http or https

but you must include all time characteristics.1t-es. Exception aggregation -) specifies how values for a key figure are aggregated using time characteristics. What is a time reference characteristic? 000 It is a time characteristic which determines all other time characteristic eg. OFISCPER 103.N o n Cumulative Key Figures Nan Cumulative Key Figures '101. 00 4 4 2L1S-40-S278 2LIS-0 3-BF 2LIS-03-UM transfer BW stock Material Movements Revaluations 104. What is the opening balance? 000 When you start loading inventory data from R/3 you start with inventory quantity at a certain point in time. OCALDAY. OCALWEEK. Give example of data sources supporting non cumulative key fig1. this is what is called the opening balance. . OCALMONTH. 102. What is standard and exception aggregation? 000 Standard aggregation -) specifies how values for a key figure arc aggregated using all characteristics except time. 105. Can you create aggregate for a cube having cumulative key figure? 00 Yes.

the reference point is not updated but the requests are moved to Request O (usu. What are the steps to load a non c~.lmulativecube? 000 r/ r/ Initialize the opening balance in R/3 6 2 7 8 ) Activate the extract structure MCO3BFO for data source 2LIS-03-BF Set up the historical material documenrs in R/3 Load the opening balance using data source 2LIS-40-S278 Load the historical movements and comprcss them without marker update. 108. Wliat is "No Marker Update"? 000 If you choose this option when compressing a non cumulative cube. 107. how would you know which request had "Marker llpdate" enabled or not? 000 Check the log file for each compression. When you compress multiple requests.C h a o t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i a n 106. If you see a message like N O REFPOINT UPDATE rhen rhc marker was not updated in this comprcssion.ll compression). Set up the V3 update Load the deltas using 2LIS-03-BF c/ c/ r/ r/ r/ . You must do this for compressing historical data.

having noncumulative key figure.the dos and dolifts of no~icumulativekey figures? 000 9 9 9 1Jse few validity objects. How is the result for a query based on an Infocube.Deltas for backward quantity Example :Ref p i n t in time : 12/30/2003 qty 100 Delta for one day 1213 1/2003 qty 1 0 (not compressed) Total qty = 110. Plants opening and closing time periods. + 110.N o n C u m u l a t i v e Key F i g u r e s 109. Wliat is a validity deterliiiliing characteristic? 000 This determines the validity period of a noncumulative cube eg. Wliat are . calculated? 000 Non Quantity = Reference point in time quantity compressed delta quantities . . 111. Compress the cube as regularly as possible so that the marker stays current. IJsc a smaller time period using variable when reporting.

C h a p t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i g n 112. 114. 0 All B W roles start with S-RS. Dataset approach .use this in conjunction with Info area to limit access Query name based approach . Y queries are readlwrite and FI* query names arc for FI use. Give some examples of the roles delivered with SAP BW. Z queries are read only. You can use reporting authorization for this.many customers use this to limit access eg. For example: 4 S-RS-ROPAD.Production system administrator 4 S-RS-RREPU .BEx user 115. .limitation of characteristics and key figures. What is a role? O The role defines the responsibility of a user wit11 proper menu and transaction authorizations. What are the different authorization approaches available ill BW? O 0 4 4 4 InfoCube based approach . Wliat is tlie tra~isactio~i for mai~itaini~ig code autlioriza'tion object and role maintenance? 00 Transaction code PFCG 113.

How niany fields can you assign to all autliorizatio~iobject and what are the values for ACTVT? 00 10 The possible values for ACTVT are create.Authorizations 116. change and display. Give some examples of stalidard authorization objects delivered for BW. 00 S-RS-IOMAD S-RS-ADMWB S-RS-ODSO S-RS-TOOLS S-RS-ICUBE S-RS-HIER S-RS-COME S-RS-COMPl S-RS-FOLD S-RS-IOBJ S-RS-ISOUR S-RS-ISRCM S-GUI .SAP standard BW Reporting (not delivered by SAP) .GUI S-BDS-DS Master data AWB objects O D s objects BEx tools . Restricting data using an authorization variable 117. InfoCube Hierarchy Reporting authorization Folders Info0 bject InfoSource (transaction data) Infosource (master data) Activities (workbooks) Document set (for workbooks) . 118. What are the two object classes of BW authorization? 00 4 4 BW Warehouse authorization .user defined eg.

OLAP processor in BW for checking reporting authorization. Create a query. Give a step hy step approach to create an authorization object. Assign the object to one or more InfoProviders. Create a variable Lvitliin the query for OCOSTCENTER of type "Autlic>riz.lger runs the query it shows only the cost centers assigned to himlher. In this example OCOSTCENTER Create an authorization object ilsing Transaction code RSSM and include OCOSTCENTER in this object. 00 4 4 4 4 c.ltion" and include it in the query. What is a reporting object? 00 T h e authorization object. Assign the role to users. 4 Make the Infoobject as Authorization relevant (flag) and activate it.ln. use an authorization variable to control the data as an Infoprovider. Assume that we are restricting the report by cost center. Role check for saving workbook in a role Transaction in rolcs for skiving workbook in a rolc 119. Create role(s) with different values for cost centers eg. 120. If the I T ni. that is used I)!. For example. . You can create a role called "IT Manager" and assign it to all IT cost centers.Chapter 1: BW Administration and Design 4 S-USER-A G R S-USER-T C D c.

thoriza'ti~11 ':' value? 00 c . c . c . c . 4 checks for authorization depending on the owner info area view of BEx elements (to si~ppress) or InfoSets new activity code 6 0 loaded for upload 123.What are the new BW 3.x authorizations? 0 0 c . c . 122. c .What is the use of c o l ~ n as an au. . c . Create a profile using transaction OOSP Assign the user to the profile using transaction OOSB IJpdate the T 7 7 U U table Run the progrnm RHBAUSOO Activate the data source and related components OHR-PA-2 in B W Load O D S from R/3 Activate the target InfoObjects as "Authorization relevant" Rim the filnction module RSSB to generate B W authorization. c . It enables queries that d o not contain an authorization relevant object and have been checked in the InfoCube It allows summary data to be displayed if the user does not have access to detailed data. c . c . S-RS-C O M P l S-RS-FOLD S-RS-ISET f S-G U I c .Authorizations 121. How to inipleme~itstructural autliorization in BW? 00 c .

How would you debug security issues? 00 By using transactions ST0 1 and RSSMTRACE. the Llscr sees all customers for sales org 1000 and only summarized report for other sales org. if you create 2 authorizat~ons one for user.thorizatinns? O O Transaction code SU24. 126. one with Sales Org * and customers : and a second with sales org 1000 and custon~ers*. This avoids having too many roles OTCTAUTHH is used in hierarchy authorization. . Which Transaction code shows templates for au. What is $ as an a~~thorization and what is value OTCTAU'TH H? O O You use $ followed by a variable name (thcsc variable values are populated in a BEx user exit). 125.C h a n t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d Desinn For example. An 'X' mark in the log shows a fiiiled authorization check. 124.

Wliat is tlie difference between the restoring of Cube vs [IDS from archive files? 00 You can restore into O D s directly from the SARA transaction. You should make sure that you archive and delete before you load any new data. What are the adva~itagesof archiving a ~ i d what is tlie transaction code for archiving? 00 J J i J To minimize space Improve query performance Improve load performance Archive uses A D K (Archive Development Kit).B W Archival and retrieve BW Archival and retrieve 127. 128. For the cube you should schedule an info package. . it is locked for any loads until the delete is finished. What is the preca~llion should take wlie~i yuu archiving? 00 W h e n you archive an InfoCube or O D s . Tnns&ct"on code S A m . i 130. What are tlie size parameters for archiving? 00 J J Maximum file size in Megabyte Maximum number of data objects 129.

1). it is not currently supported (as of 3. OCALDAY. 132. OCUSTOMER Define the file structilre (maximum file size and maximum number of data objects) Select the folder (logical file namc) Select the delete options (not scheduled. start automatically or after event) Activate the cube The cube is ready for archiving . 00 J J J J J J J J Double click on the cube (or right click and select change) Extras I) select archival Choose fields for selection eg. Give the step by step approach to archivi~iga Cube.C h a n t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i e n 131. Cali you archive Master data or PSA? 00 No.

Wliat is a process cliai~iand what is the tra~isactio~i code for going to process chain? 00 The process chain is a utility to schedule batch jobs on BW similar to SM37.P r o c e s s Chains Process Chains 133. Wliat are tlie general services supported in process chain? O0 c. you can use this to check for successful completion of two or more processes eg. AND c . It offers good monitoring features and error handling. ABAP . c . OR EXOR (first) c. you usually use this to determine if any of the predecessor processors failed. If you have multiple tasks in parallel you can use this to detect any process failures. It can be set to be recursive. You can load 2 ODSs in parallel and put an AND condition (if successful) to load a cube. Start process specifies a variant for the start time and date. Transaction code RSPC 134. c . you use this to run an ABAP program with variants.

Remote process chain Workflow 135. you can have a process chain (master) called "Daily load of master data" and within that it may call 2 or more process chains to load attributes. it is usef~llto do an ftp copy before loading. hierarchies and do a change run. ~Jsually there will be a master process chain calling different child process chains. Local process chain call another process chain. 00 Delete index Generate index Construct database statistics Initial fill of new aggregates Roll up of filled aggregates Compression of the InfoCube Activate O D s Complete deletion of data target . List some of tlie data target admi~iistrationtasks.C h a p t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d Design J J J J OS Command as an example. For example. texts.

This is a useful tool to compress master data and text. 00 4 4 4 4 Attribute change run Adjustment of time dependent aggregates Deletion of requests from PSA Reorganize attributes and texts for master data. 000 4 4 Hierarchy attribute change run Loading master data for the same Infoobject eg. What are the scheduling options for start process? 00 4 4 4 Direct scheduling or Start from meta chain (parent chain) API Use the second option for your child process chains. List sollie of the BW process types for building process chain. List some of the parallel processes that could have locking problems. 00 4 4 4 4 Exception reporting Print in the background Pre calculation of web templates Pre calculation of value sets 137.P r o c e s s Chains 136. 138. Avoid loading master data from different source systems at the same time . List the reporting agent tasks. 139.

What is tlie benefit of tlie optio~i"default chai~is"?000 When this option is enabled (by default) and when you insert a process. then the process types (such as "Update from PSA". Rolling up for the same InfoCubc Selecting deletion of an InfoCube I ODS ~lnd parallel loading Activation or deletion of an ODS ohjcct when loading in parallel 140. "Activate ODS".1. What are the four views available for a process chain? 00 9 9 9 c. Planning view Checking view Log view Job overview . + + + 14.Chapter 1: BW Administration and Design c. To disable this option use Transaction Code RSPC Settings default chains check mark "Do not suggest processes". By default. "Further processing") are automatically inserted. How would you reassign it to a proper component? 00 Process Chain + Attributes + Display components 142. c. c. For example. all newly created process chains are assigned to tlie "unassig~ied"~iode. if you drag and drop an info package load for ODS. any corresponding process types are inserted automatically.

Process Chains 143. fail or always) create a variant for the mail. EXOR will be executed only once." button type in the name and description the individual info packages are inserted automatically. Load info package) select create message select when you want to send a message (success. * * + 144.lp into a process chain? 0 0 Double click on the info package group click on the "Process Chain Maint. + * * 145. How would you convert an info package grol. How would you send an email when a process ends in a process chain? 00 %ght click on the process you want to monitor (eg. What is tlie differelice between EXOR and OR ill a process chain? 0 O The target for an O R process will be executed for each successfi~l occurrence. . Usilally you use EXOR to detect failed processes.

flat file and O D B O interface. 147. Targets could be another BW system. Yes it supports Delta. What are the desti~iatio~i target optiolis for Open Hub in BW? 0O J J CSV file Database table . What is Ope11 Hub (OH) and what data targets does it rt support? Does it s ~ ~ p p odelta? 00 O H is a tool by which you can send data from BW to different targets. It is a controlled distribution of consolidated and cleansed daca. external systems. relational table. 148.C h a p t e r 1: B W A d m i n i s t r a t i o n and Design Open Hub 146. How do you get into Ope11 Hub and what are the supported data sources? 0 0 Use the following menu path: Transaction Code RSBO or AWB H u b Service * Tools * Open Datasources for an Open H u b are cube. ODs and Infoobject (attributes and texts).

What is the licensing requirement that you should be aware of for using Open Hub in BW? 00 Extracting data from SAP B W by any means requires additional licensing. How do yo11change tlie default desti~iatio~i Ope11 Hub of files in BW? 00 Menu path for changing the default destination of Open H ~ t b as follows: is LJse Transaction Code SE 11 3 choose table RSBFILE 3 modify entry for XIDEST. 150. What is the "delete table before extraction" option in Open Hub in BW? 00 If you choose this option. 151. the table contents are deleted before any new record is written. How do you transform Ope11Hub data? 00 IJsing a BAD1 you can transform Open H u b data according to the destination requirement.Open H u b 149. 152. Disable this if you want to keep historical data. .

C h a p t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i g n Tuning 153. This does improve performance. 154. Use precalculated web templates fi)r newspaper like reporting together with a reporting agent. Use database partitioning. Run statistics on all tables as often . What should you consider when tuning your web? 00 0 4 Use HTTP compression to reduce nctlvsrk traffic Refer to note 550669. Use client browser caching. 155. 1Jse database statistics. filc that can be used for further analysis. memory and disk space. What should you consider when tuning your server? O 00 The right combination of server resources like CPU.exc program's log file option to time the query. 4 . 4 4 Load balancing across several application servers. 4 4 possible. What s h o ~ ~yo11consider when tuning your Oracle ld database? 00 0 4 Apply OSS note 180605 to set tlic riglit oracle DB parameters.IS c. 4 4 c. Use the iemon. Check for unnecessary traces and 10sfiles. make sure that you run cleanup jobs to clean the table TPRI-PAR.exe to extract a csl. Use analyze-iemon. If you have process chains.

Parallel query is started on basic cubes. Use the B W Statistics cube to monitor performance. Buffer the SID number ranges if you load lot of data at once. 000 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 If you are loading lot of transactional data try deleting the indexes before the load and recreating the indexes after the load. 157. This [night slow performance. IJse load balancing across servers. . IJsc PSA and data target in parallel option in the info package. Rim the attribute change job in parallel. List major tuning tasks you would undertake to improve the performance of the data load. Load master data before loading transaction data. Build indexes on source tables. Start several info packages parallel with different selection options. Use MultiProviders. Watch for ABAP code in transfer and update rules. ITse fixed length files if you load data from flat files. List stlme of tlie ge~ieraltuning guidelines. Use standard content (SAP delivered) extractor as much as possible. 000 4 4 4 4 Archive and delete old data.Tuning 156. Use line item dimensions instead of a large dimension. P u t the file on the application server.

Reporting on browser is faster than reporting on Excel using BEx Analyzer. Use the aggregate hierarchies to minimize the roll up time.C h a o t e r 1: BW A d m i n i s t r a t i o n and Desinn J J J J J Reporting authorization checks impact tlie performance negatively. If you are not going to use an O D s for reporting. RSRTRACE ST05 RSRV ST03 to debug and get explain plan statements on queries for SQL traces to repair objects to monitor current query performance J J J . Wliat are tlie syste~iitools you can use to nionitor performance? 000 The following are the Transaction codes that are used for system monitoring: J RSRT. 158. disable the BEx Reporting flag. Use parallel upload and activation for ODS objects using transaction SPRO or RSCIJSTA?.

RSRV RSRV 159. 000 RSRV is a powerful transaction code to test consistency of following BW objects and repair them if required. but if you want to fix errors found in the background use the program RSDMD-CHECKPRG-ALL. if there are any inconsistencies between the Q and Y tables for a master data object you can fm using them this transaction. For example. What are the RSRV combined tests? 000 J 1/ J J J Master data Transaction data Hierarchies Database Aggregation 181. . J J J J J J Master data Transaction data Hierarchies Database Aggregates PSA tables 160. Explain the purpose of the tra~isactioncode RSRV . Cali you scliedule RSRV in the background? 000 Yes.

You would then d o a combined test on the InfoOhject.thle vs the dimension table is. + + 164. 163. use the transaction code RSRV All Elementary tests database data1)ase information about the Infoprovider tables.C h a n t e r 1: B W A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i e n 162.le. How would you a~ialyzethe size of the fact table vs tlie dimension table.Typically. This gives you the count as a percentage of the hict t. when do you use RSRV? 000 W h e n loading data sometimes you get SID error inconsistencies on some master data objects. + + + . using RSRV? 000 Menu path for analyzing the size of the fact t. How do you scliedule the RSRVjob ill tlie background? 000 The menu path for scheduling the RSRV job in the background is. fix the problem and reload the data. use the Edit menu and select "Test Package" create a package for current selections schedule it.ll.

It stores all changes for a record in Active Table. This is used for data harmonizing. What is . You can overwrite existing data in the O D S (in a cube you can not).'165. What is ODs alid what table structures are used? O Operational Data Source is used for detailed storage of data.the purpose of a clialige log in ODs a ~ i d do you how delete it? O A change log is used for delta updates to the data target after the ODS. The records in a Change log are stored based on the generated request during each activation of requests in the new data table. ODS adds a delta capability when used in the staging process before the cube. The data is stored in a flat table (unlike the extended star schema of the cube). cleansing and synchronizing. To delete a change log use the following menu path: lJse Transaction code RSAl right click on ODS Manage j Environment Delete change log + . You can also drill down from a cube to the O D s . Table structures : J Active data J New data J Change log table 166. So using SE 11 / SE 16 you can query the ODS data directly.

What is a tra~isactio~ial object? ODs O An O D s object: 4 Has only the active table. M table is replaced with new data which is similar to PSA. 168. c/ Is only reported on using an InfoSct. 4 Is usually used for applications like SEbl (Strategic Enterprise Management). Wliat are the advantages of usi~ig ODs in an I~ifoSetfor all reporting? O 4 Access via OLAP engine. Selective deletion of data is now possihle. 4 Is filled using APIs. 169. What are additional features available for ODs from BW version 3.x? O 4 c/ J 4 You can load and activate O D s in parallel. InfoSets can join flat BW objects such as master data attributes.Chapter I: BW Administration and Design 167. . It is possible to create secondary indexes for an O D s object.

Please note: The Unique data record is used to improve performance and it is to be used only when you are sure that the data source will note send a duplicate record.170. Set quality status to O K automatically. What are the flags used for in ODs and specifically what is the unique data record flag used for? O If you enable the unique data record then an error is issued when a duplicate record. Activate O D s automatically. . 1Jse this feature to load a cube filtering any duplicates (Cubes will simply add up duplicates) c/ BEx Reporting whether this O D s is enabled for reporting. to that in the Active table is inserted. IJpdate data targets automatically. c/ c/ c/ c/ Unique data records.

etc. It provides data on aggregates. J Similarly install the Technical Content SAP-B W-T C O N T role.lds.C h a p t e r 1: B W A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d Design BW Statistics 171. OLAP and Warehouse management. What is the purpose of BW statistics cubes? O The standard sets of cubes delivered by SAP are used to measure performance for queries. select before and after data flow for grouping and install. How do you install BW statistics? O You use tlle business content available In AW7B to install J Using the Business Content section of AWB select info area "BW Statistics" I) right click and ) select insert objects for collections . # Install the info package groups for Master data / text and transaction data. It also shows aggregate usage and the cost associated with them. 172. data lo. . How do you enable monitoring of an Infocube-cube using BW statistics? O Individual data targets and InfoProvidcrs call 1)c included for monitoring in B W statistics using the following menu path: AWB -) Tools I) BUf statistics 173.

How the query was executed? How much time was spent on the Database. How many rows were read from the database vs how many were displayed / processed. If you want to display the data in real time from the statistics tables (not cubes). Give some examples of usage of BW statistics reports. You can create custom exceptions to proactively tune queries eg.BW Statistics 174. O 4 4 4 4 Mean time per query R~lntime query T Jsing Infocubes I Jtilizing OLAP 175. Give some examples of queries delivered with BW statistics.in this case tuning is needed. 176. . O 4 4 4 4 W h o is using the query. use transaction ST03. Select Expert Mode and select BW System load. O The BW statistics data is loaded periodically. how often i t is used and when it was last used. You can create exceptions if the clilery spends more than 50% accessing the database . Give a reason why BW statistics can not provide inforniation ill real ti~iieand name the transaction code used to monitor BW system statns in real time.

Which report can you use to monitor the change run process? 000 RSDDS-C H A N G E R U N-M O N I T O R 181.ure change. To start the change run process use a proccss chain or AWB I) Tools I) Apply Hierarchy attri1. Cali you create aggregate 011all ODs or MultiProvider? 0 178. time dcpendenr attributes that are used in aggregates.Chaoter 1: BW Administration and Design 177. RSDDAGGRDIR 179. you nced to execute the change run process to realign thc aggregates. 180. ~ like navigational attributes. Wliich program is used t o maintail1 aggregates? 000 RSDDS-AGGREGATES-MAINTAIN . What is "filling" of aggregate and whicli table has tlie aggregate status? 00 T h e data from an InfoCube is summarized into the aggregates. hierarchy. What is the change run process and how do you start it? 00 Whenever there is a change in master d . l t .

183. For example. Propose from B W statistics (tables): based on database tables RSDDSTAT and RSDDSTATAGGRDEF . 185. Wliat is the optimal size of the aggregates? 00 It should have around 10-20% of the size of the fact table.000 rows. what is "Roll Up"? 00 Roll up is the process by which new requests loaded into the InfoCube are "rolled up" into the aggregates. The data loaded from a new request is available for reporting only after a successfill roll ilp into the aggregates. Wliat is meant by "propose from statistics" for aggregates? 00 Based on B W statistical data (such as query run time). the aggregate should have less than 200. In terms of aggregates. you can request the system to suggest the optimal characteristics for aggregation.Aggregates 182.000 rows. 184. Can you define aggregates 011 tinie depelidelit liavigational attributes? 00 Yes. 186. if your fact table contains 1000.x. as of version 3. What "proposal options" are available for aggregates? 00 J J Propose from B W statistics cube: history of B W statistics.

It is recommended that you create a fcw large base hierarchies and small aggregates can bc built from these. List major usage indicators for aggregates. This hierarchy is done automatically.ltcs arc built on top of other aggregates. 187.with signs of + for good aggregate and --. . J J J + + 190. What is the naming convention used for aggregates created from a query? 00 MIN 1 through MIN n and MAX 1 through MAX n.C h a n t e r 1: B W A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d D e s i e n J J Propose from the last navigation: suggcstion based on the last entry of the abovc mentioned tables for the current user.for not so good aggregate. 00 J Number of records Summarization (compression) Last used date . 189. Propose from a query. What is an aggregate hierarchy? 0 0 Aggregates hierarchies are where aggreg. What is the naming convention for aggregates created from statistics? 0 0 STAT 1 through STAT n 188.remember if you don't see any recent activity then this aggregate is not used Valuation .

. 192.Aggregates 191. then you recommend aggregates. How does change ruli affect the aggregate? 00 The change run (also called hierarchy attribute realignment run) adjusts the data in the aggregates and turns the modified version of the navigation attributes and hierarchies into an active version.111 the real world when would you recommend aggregates? 00 By looking at the B W statistics and noticing if a query spends more than 50% of the time in the database accessing data and the ratio of records read to records processed is more than 10.

CHAPTER 2 BW Reporting (BEx and Web Reporting) .

What i s a restricted key figure? Give an example.C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d Web R e p o r t i n g ) Business Explorer 193. you will create a restricted key figure with "Sales qty" as a key figure and restricted by OMATEFUAL of value "A". Filter Area: T h e characteristics in this area are restricted and can not be filtered or drillcd down any further. What is the effect of using characteristics in free area vs filter area in Query designer? 0 Free Characteristics : The characteristics in this area are not displayed in the initial view of the query but you can drill down and filter once you execute the query. 195. nrhcn you want to compare the sales of product "A" betwccn different fiscal year periods. . this system generated key figure is available. For example. O These are key figures "restricted" by values of one or more characteristics. What is lROWCOUNT key figure? 0 0 For InfoProviders based on transparent tal)les like ODs / Master data. This can be used to count the num1)er of records. 194.

How will I use this variable to select values of ZLOCATION where 'ZA' are the alphabets in 2nd and 3rd place for the values? 0 0 In the BEx variable input window. Wliat is a constant selection? 00 This feature allows you to mark a selection of specific value or all values of characteristics in the query designer as a "Constant". filtering will not have any change in the sales quantity for that. Navigation and filtering has no effect on this selection during run time. . navigation. For example. How do you activate personalization for BEx? 00 IMG -) Activate personalization for BEx. 199.1 have a variable for characteristic val~resof Infoobject ZLOCATION. 198. 197. you makc the product group as the constant selection. How will yalr debug errors wi. This shows an excel sheet with a start button -) click on it -) this verifies the G U I installation -) if you find any errors either reinstall it or fix it. if you want to report a product's sale in reference to a product group rather than all the products. any drill down. type in '+ZA*' T h e ' + ' character is used as a single character wild card.Business Exolorer 196.thin SAP GUI (like all Active X error)? 0 0 Run BEx analyzer -) Business Explorer menu item -) Installation check.

Percentage share: It is defined as parameter 1 %A parameter2. ndivO(parameter) returns 0 if the parameter returns division by 0. Actual expenses exceeds thc % budgeted expenses. what other usefl~l fl~nctions are there in BEx? O J COUNT NDIVO SUMCT J J Count(parameter) returns value 1 if parameter is not zero else zero.Wl1at differelit percentage calculatio~iscan we use in BEx? O Percentage variance : This is defined as parameter 1 % parameter2 eg. Percentage share of overall result: Defined as % G T parameterl. 201. Besides percentage functions. Percentage share of result total: Defined as %RT. gives the percentage share of parameter 1 of parameter2. sumct(parameter) result of parameter in all rows and columns.C h a n t e r 2: BW R e o o r t i n e (BEx a n d Web R e n o r t i n e ) Calculated Key Figures 200. similar to previous but the percentage is a share of overall results. . gives the result in percentage with respect to result. Percentage share of result: Defined as %CT parameterl.

C a l c u l a t e d Key F i g u r e s 9 SlJMGT SlJMRT c/ sumgt (parameter) result of the parameter for the overall result. 202. O c/ c/ c/ c/ Max Min Absolute Smallest Division c/ . sumrt (parameter) result of the parameter for the report result.List some of the mathematical f~nnctionsavailable in Query designer.

Give an example of boolean expression. .What are the Boolean expressions allowed? O J J J J J J J < <> > <= >= = less than not equal to greater than less than or equal to greater than or equal co equal logical N O T AND OR XOR J J exclusive O R 205.10 )+ ((salary > 1000) * salary * 0. if salary is < I 0 0 0 it is 10% and if more than 1000 then it is 1 5 % is defined as ((salary < 1000) :k salary * 0.What does a Boolean operator return? O 1 or 0 (True or False) 204.C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d W e b R e p o r t i n g ) Boolean Operators 203.u-y.15). O Assume you are calculating tax rate on a sal.

lre?O These are InfoProvider level structures which can be used in any queries on that InfoProvider. a structilre containing 3 months with specific values eg. What is a reusable structure and how do you create it from a local struct~. 209. tJse the icon to create exception cells. Using this you can override the default cell values.What is a cell editor? O Gives the definition of a specific cell in a query (intersection of two structures one characteristics structure and one key figure structure). A globally defined structure can be reused in any of the query on the InfoProvider.What is an exceptiun cell? O I t is a cell specific definition that allows you to define explicit formulas to overriding those implicitly created cell vali~es. FEB and MAR and 4 t h element. + + 208.Boolean O p e r a t o r s / S t r u c t u r e s a n d C e l l s Structures and Cells 206.What is a structure? O The structure helps in calculation between its elements. 207.This allows you to design much more detailed queries. k g h t click on the local structure select save as enter technical name and description. . JAN. could be FIRST QUARTER which is a formula representing sum of the earlier elements. For example.

Assume that you have a cube with product qty. the report looks like this by default Q ~ J Result 10 20 30 Unit Price 2 3 5 \4lI uc 20 60 150 You can see that the value is calculatecl using a calculated key figure as "After aggregation" by defidult. Now the result is calculated correctly :QJ ~ 10 Result 20 30 Unit Price 2 3 5 Value 20 60 80 . Now right click on the calculated key figure. you have a BEx report showing clty. with example. ilnit price. enhanced and change to Before aggregation. unit price and value (unit price * qty). effect of 'before and after aggregation' property of a key figure. select properties.Chapter 2: BW Reporting (BEx and Web Reporting) Before and after aggregation 210. but the correct amount is 80. basically it multiplies 3 0 by 5 which is 150. Illustrate. 00 In many queries you may come across the following situation.

.Before and After Aggregation Note: If you use before aggregation. so this will have negative effect on performance. the cubes aggregates are not used. You set the before or after aggregation on a global calcillated key figure.

What are tlie options for "calculate si~iglevalue as"? O For each item: Normalization 9 + data is displayed as: 9 a percentage of the result normalization of result normalization of overall result normalization of query result Ranked list size of the characteristic value wit11 the largest being 1. For example. 9 O 9 Scaling factor: Valid range is 1 to 1 l)illion. if you set a scaling factor of 1000. 2.C h a p t e r 2: B W R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d Web R e p o r t i n g ) Key figure properties 211. then the value 3000 is displayed as 3 Number of decimal places.5 or just 2 is displayed in the report. when a value appears more than once. Ranked list (Olympic) silllilar to the previous point except the next smallest v~llue. List some of the properties of key figure.48 or 2. 212. is not given rank increased by value 1: 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 maximum minimum count all values count all values < > (not equal to) 0 average of all values average of all values < > (note equal ro) 0 suppress single values .

Key Figure Properties 213. For example. . when you report number of employees by cost center. O This defines how the key figure is aggregated in relation to exception characteristics. Wliat is an exception aggregation? Give an example. you would create an exception aggregation on "Last Value". usually a time characteristics.

Chanter 2: BW Renortine (BEx and Web Renortine)

Hierarchies in Reports
214. Wliat is a reporting hierarchy. M e ~ i t i o a ifew properties of ~ a hierarchy? O
A hierarchy is a structure of characteristics values
allowing you to view data in different ways. Nodes are like branches in trees with thc uppermost node referred to as the root node. A l~ierarchy can have multiple nodes.
4

Hierarchy levels:

Node of a hierarchy are structurally placed in different levels eg. Parent - child nodes. Intervals automatically g r o u p leaves together. W h e n a new value is added to a characteristic it is automatically added to the proper node. This node allows a s u b tree to be included in a hierarchy on more than one occasion.

4

Intervals:

4

Link Node:

215. Wliat are tlie report-relevant setti~igsill hierarchy maintenance? O
4

Level maintenance this setting allows the naming of different levels of hierarchies. K1u can navigate during execution of the query 1)). using a right click.

+

Hierarchies in Reports

4

4

4

4

4

D o not display inner nodes in a query +does not display the leaves level of the hierarchy report. Changeable display for leaves of inner nodes specifies whether a user can change the display. Suppress unassigned node suppress nodes with no values appearing. Root / totals item indicates whether the totals are displayed at the beginning or end of the hierarchy. Start drill down level -) the default level of the query that is displayed when opening.

+

+

+

Chanter 2: BW Renortine (BEx and Web Renortine)

User Exits for BEx Reporting
216. Nanie the BEx reporting user exit e~iliancenie~it. 00
There are three user exits: RSROOOOl - For User Exit Variable RSR00002 - For Virtual Key Figures RSR00003 - For Moving Characteristics M~lucs

217. Name the BEx reporting user exit component and its include program for variable. 00
J

J

The component is EXIT-SAPLRRSO-00 1. T h e include program is ZXRSRUO 1.

218. Wliat variables would you typically use when ~iiaki~ig of use the user exit RSR00001 in BEx reporting? 00
J

I-STEP is used in ABAP code as a conditional check. T h e following values are checkcd: Before processing of the variable pop-ups and gets called for every customer var~ablc . 2 Is called after variable popup for variables not marked as "Ready for input" and are set to required entry. Is called after all variables are processed (only once and not for each variable). I-VNAM: It is the variable containing the variable name within ABAP Typically you lvould do a 1

3

J

-RANGE L O W low end value H I G H high end value SIGN 'I' to include. Second call for the user exit. I-T -VAR-RANGE: table with all variables and their values. What is the call sequence for the user exit RSROOOl in BEx Reporting? OO J c/ c/ First call of the user exit. 'EQ' for equal. Characteristic Hierarchy node Text Formula Hierarchy 219. ecc. . I-PERIV: fiscal year variant.variable type 1 2 3 4 c/ c/ c/ 5 I-IOBJNM: name of the Infoobject. Popup and enter values (if ready for input is enabled). E-T-RANGE: This is the internal table populated with variable values in a customer exit. O P T gives the options like 'BT' for between.U s e r E x i t s f o r BEx R e p o r t i n g J CASE statement on this variable to get the variable working. L S RANGE: This is the structure to populate . E-f c/ I-VARTYP. etc.

CASE E-BUPERWHEN ' O O L ' OR ' 0 0 2 ' L-S-RANGE-LOW+4(3) WHEN ' 0 0 4 ' OR ' 0 0 5 ' L-S-RANGE-LOW+4(3) WHEN ' 0 0 7 ' OR ' 0 0 B ' L-S-RANGE-LOW+4(3) WHEN ' O L O ' OR ' 0 1 1 ' L-S-RANGE-LOW+4(3) ENDCASE. = '001'. L-S-RANGE-OPT = 'BT'. = L007'OR ' 0 1 2 ' . E-GJAHR L I K E T O O S B . APPEND L-S-RANGE ENDIF. L-S-RANGE-HIGH(4) = E-GJAHR. DATA: T A B I X L I K E S Y . OR ' 0 0 9 ' . TO E-T-RANGE. C A L L F U N C T I O N LDATE-TO-PERIOD-CONVERT' EXPORTING I-DATE = SY-DATUM I-PERIV = 'FL' IMPORTING E-BLIPER = E-BUPER E-GJAHR = E-GJAHR. E-BUPER L I K E TOOSB-POPER. - .T A B I X CASE I-VNAM. I F SY-SUBRC = 0 - DATA: DATA: CLEAR L-S-RANGE. = '009'. L-S-RANGE-LOW = L-S-RANGE-HIGH. ENDCASE OR ' 0 0 3 ' .C h a p t e r 2: B W R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d W e b R e p o r t i n g ) BEx User Exit Example L-S-RANGE T Y P E RSR-S-RANGESID. = '004'.B D A T J . OR ' O O L ' . WHEN ' Z P E R Q U A R ' . L-S-RANGE-SIGN = '1'. L-S-RANGE-HIGH+4(3) = E-BUPER.

Variables Variables Variables are very important i n BEx. What is the scope for a characteristics variable? O Variables are defined on Infoobjects and are thus globally available across InfoProviders.Wha. O c/ c/ c/ c/ Characteristics Hierarchy node Text Hierarchy variables . 222.t is a variable? List tlie objects that are supported by variables. 220. O Variables are used to parameterize the query at the runtime and the following reporting objects are supported by variables: c/ c/ c/ c/ Characteristics Hierarchies Hierarchy nodes Texts Formula elements 221. You should pay particular attention t o t h i s section i f you are interested i n BEx report development.Give the 4 variable types for BEx queries.

. since the fiscal year period is dvnamic (depending on the user input). yo11 create a formula variable for the discount percentage and use it in the calculated key figure. For example. If you are developing a sales report for a given product.What are formula variables? 0 0 Formula variables are variables used in calculations of the query. you will define a variable for OMATERIAL to report sales of specific products. 224. take the sales report for a given product for the last 3 nionths. take a customer disco~lnt report where each customer is given a different percentage discount.What are text variables? 0 Text variables are used to display texts dynamically for a given characteristic. you want to display the correct title for the key figure so in this case create a text variable for the fiscal year period and use it in the text of properties. 225. The inputs prompted are product and fiscal year period. on the column level you have drilled down l>v fiscal year period.C h a p t e r 2: B W R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d Web R e p o r t i n g ) 223. These are defined :LS &text-variable -name&. For example.W11at is a cllaracteristics variable? 0 Characteristic variables allow you to have dynamic input selection for values of characteristics eg.

What is a user entry processing type? O This is entered by the user at run time of the query. 227. where the query displays dynamic heading for the fiscal year period.What is replacement path processi~igtype? O In this processing type for the variable. For example. for example. You can specifjl a default value for this. system replaces the value of a characteristic in a calculation / expression at run time.Variables 226.What are the options for hierarchy node variables? O J J Fixed hierarchy and variable hierarchy node where only the node is selected at run time Variable hierarchy and variable node where both hierarchy and nodes are selected at run time. in a product sales report you would enter a product at run time. . 229. What are the different processing types for variables? O J J J J J lJser entry Replacement path Authorization Customer exit SAP exit 228. the variable type is text and processing type is replacement path.

What is an authorization processing type? O In this case the system looks for authorized values for the characteristics for the user and replaces the variables with these values.Name the SAP enhancement used to manipulate the customer exit processing type variables. 232.C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g ( B E x a n d W e b R e p o r t i n g ) 230. O n the bdck end you should create reporting authorization objects and assign fixed cost centers to each manager. In this case we would create a characteristics variable for OCOSTCENTER with processing type authorization. take the case of cost center reports mentioned above. instead of defining it as an authorization type assume that you get managerlcost center data trom a Z table in Rl3. you write an ABAP program on the back end and fill u p the variable values. let us look at a cost center reporting. In this case you would write ABAP code to: 4 4 read the user who has run the query read the Z table to get the cost centers and fill up the variables. What is a customer exit processing type? O In this case. 231. 00 . For example. For example. each manager is 'lssigncd one or more cost centers and each are restricted from seeing the others' cost centers.

236. The SAP exit variable OCMONTH returns the current calendar month. . let us assume that you have query Q 1 which displays the top 10 customers. You would create 3 restricted key figures for sales quantity with OCALMONTH. We have query 4 2 which gets the top 10 customers for Infoobject OCUSTOMER as a variable with replacement path. first with offset value 0. What is the function module used to manipulate the cl~stomerexit processing type varial:~les?000 EXIT-SAPLRRSO-00 1 234.Variables 233. 235. For example. What is a SAP exit processing type? 00 The SAP Exit processing type is used for variables delivered by SAP eg. let us assume that our query displays all sales data for the 3 months prior to a user entered value for the month. This displays a detailed report on the customers passed from Q 1. 00 Variable offsets are a powerfill feature in BEx where a characteristics value is calculated with an offset. (You can have negative or positive offsets). then with -1 and then with -2. For example.Explaili variable offsets.How do you replace a result from a ~iiasterquery to a child query (not a drill down)? 00 If you select characteristic value with Replacement path then it uses the results from previous query.

List a ~ i d explain properties of a query.you can use this option to disable the ability to change the format of the reporting results.bottomiright (default) or topi left or bottomileft or toplright. 00 J J J J Adjust format after reporting . yo11 can drag a sold-to-party and put it on an R/3 transc\. ctlon to execute.C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g ( B E x a n d W e b R e p o r t i n g ) Query properties 237. .signs. (By default chis property is enabled i.e.lult is enabled. ' J J J J Display of +/. Display document links . Display scaling factor (default is disal)lcd).the def. The user is allowed to adjust the format of the query results). Display drag and relate links . If you want repeated key values to be displayed (some users demand this) then disable this option. You would use this option if you use your own templates and wish co enforce the use of these template.this is usefill if you have portals and BW For example. Results position . Display or suppression of zero rows and columns . Suppress repeated key values .use this to display any available document links.

assume that you want to hide / delete some header / filter are after each refresh of the query. For example. 240. This is ilsef~ll big queries where you d o not want to wait for the system to refresh but just one time after you make all the changes.What are the options for using template BEx Analyzer? J O J J Empty (nothing).What is the purpose of option "Pause Automatic Refresh"? O O W h e n you enable this option. 239. O You can use VBA to customize the report.use a permanent template.this shows a list of workbooks and you select one. You can then use this as a standard in your BEx reports.lluery P r o p e r t i e s 238.1. use the SAPBEx on Refresh macro to do this. From a permanent template . By default this macro is empty. of . add excel code to customize the f~lnctionality BEx queries in workbooks. Give an example of using VBA in a template. Select from list . For example. 24. you can stop the query from being refreshed automatically after either selecting a filter value or changing a query or its' for properties.Wliat is a query te~iiplate?O You can create excel templates to display the BEx queries. you can create a corporate excel template containing your company logo and title.

242. X OLAP processor requests data for each navigational status of the query.What are the read modes for a query? O H Query to be read when you navigate or expand hierarchy. Use this if the InfoProvider does not support selection or a user exit is active in a query.n. 243. This will take a long time if it is a large query.lil. A Read all at once . ..How do you set tlie read mode for a query? O You can set the read mode for the query using the transaction code RSRT +Property.read all data at once.C h a n t e r 2: BW R e o o r t i n ~(BEx a n d Web Reoortin!?) Remember that the macro f~~nctions . This mode is recommended by SAP Query to Read Data during navigation.tble only are on BEx and not when you do web reporting using the same query.

material and fiscal year period. 244. For example. To do this create a master data document utility for the creation of a document for each OM ATERIAL value. O Assume that we want to add product images for each product. J IJsing the admin work bench documents metadata path. .sales quantity.Give all exarnple of niaster data docume~itatio~i. + + 245.What are the objects that support docume~itatio~i Iiow and do you use the documents feature? O J J J J J Infoobject Infocube InfoSet ODs Query You ciin use the document feature either: J After executing the query (right click and select documents for BEx. left click and select document from web reports) or.What is Infoprovider documentation? O This is used to create one or more documents for the transaction data of an Infoprovider.Document Utilitv Document utility Many users have started using this new feature to create / attach documents for queries or results. 246. you can define a document for the following combination of key figures and characteristics .

What is the menu path for deleting multiple query objects (like Workbook) in a single transaction? O Logon to your BW sap client. you can copy queries between one InfoProvider to another as long as their key figures and characteristics match. select Business explorer Delete objects. .C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d Web R e p o r t i n g ) Query Administration 247.Can yo11copy queries between two InfoProviders? O Yes. Query * 248.

or all characteristics in the drill down. For example. 250. or a combination of characteristics. Option available : You can either select a single characteristic.What is a condition? What options are available for usi~ig conditio~is?O If you want to filter on key figures or do ranked analysis then you would use a condition. 249. you can use a condition to report top 10 customers or customers with more than a million dollars in sales yearly. Note that a condition is only effective when the report is drilled down for all characteristics defined in the condition.What are the options for creating condition on a key figure? OO J J J J J J J = <> < > <= >= Between Not between .(luery A d m i n i s t r a t i o n / Conditions a n d Exceptions Conditions and Exceptions Conditions and exceptions a r e extensively used i n BEx reporting.

when you have multiple active conditio~isin a query? 00 9 9 9 Conditions work (all valid). Status is displayed as "Not Used" because of colliding conditions where one condirion deactivates the other.C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d W e b R e p o r t i n g ) 9 9 9 9 9 9 Top N Bottom N Top % (eg. . Why do the totals someti~iiesnot ~iiatch. Top 20% of customers) Bottom % Top Sum Bottom Sum 251.What are different status' for conditions. Status is displayed as "Variant" because the characteristics combination is not included in the drill down. ?i> display the correct totals you should use "Si~rnrnation" in the key figure properties instead of "Norhing defined". when we use conditions ? 0 O By default the report shows overall resulrs total and not the results total taking the filter into accounr. 252.

For each characteristics in the report you can define the following: J J Everything Totals only . you may want to do an exception for sales where the customer is in OCOlJNTRY = USA Level . you may want to show red for all accounts receivables that are older than 9 0 days and yellow for older than 60 days.where you can specify fixed values or select a variable.exception on totals only (not individual rows) Everything except totals Fixed value . For example.What is cell restriction and what are its' options? 00 You can define restrictions on characteristics as to how the exception reporting will be done. J J J . 254.exception is applicable only for a specific level of the hierarchy.Conditions and Exceptions 253. For example.Wliat is an exception? O An exception is not a filter (like condition) but is used to highlight reports in different colors when key figures exceed predefined values.

c . 4 Exceptions Print Web templates (precalculated) Value sets Bookmarks Crystal reports 256.Chapter 2: BW Reporting (BEx and Web Reporting) Reporting agent You can use .How do you use reporting agent for exception ge~ierating alert? 00 Use the reporting agent for this from the Administrator Work Bench (AWB): *r 4 Click on the exceptions icon on the left. c . For example. Select the exception based on a specific query for generating alert using drag and drop.What types of reports can yo11use in the reporting agent? O O c .the reporting agent t o schedule exception reporting and alert tlie users f o r any unusual data. you can create an exception f o r actual sales quantity and an exception t o report any sales t h a t do 11ot nieet t h e target. . 255. give it a technical name and text description. c . You can then send periodic alerts t o interested parties based on these exceptions. c .

RRI interface .view results in the alert monitor. For example. use the create icon. in the BEx Analyzer you can select open exceptions. + + + + 259.send the data to a work flow for followup action.Reporting Agent 257. specifying: c/ c/ title zcros suppression . From the reporting agent.What are the options available to check exception occurrence using tlie alert monitor? 00 If an exception is handled by the alert monitor then you can use the following menu path: AWB Reporting agent select Exception on the left window Alert icon.if an exception happens you can jump to another query for a more detailed data display using the G o To option. What are the follow-up actions available in the reporting agent? 000 c/ c/ c/ c/ Send mail . Alert monitor entry .alerts user by email.How do you use print settings? 00 You use print settings to print report in the background using the reporting agent. 258. Export . you can send an email alerting managers that the sales quantity target was missed. You can also give a URL to the alert monitor. Alternatively.

ilnlcss you have the right URL with variable \~alues.C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d W e b R e p o r t i n g ) 9 9 9 colors. . The parent query can then be defined as a value set returning values for OMATERIAL. To gct the top 10 products you run another query with a condition. position margins how the Infoobjects will be displayed in the report etc. 261. What is the menu path for creating value set? 00 Use the AWB -) Reporting agent and sclcct the value set icon on the left 262. To find the correct URL ilse the following mcuu path:9 Use the transaction code RSRAPS (Document Repository). Assume that everyday poi1 gencrate a detailed report on the top 10 products. 260.What is the menu path to find correct 1lRL of the precalculated web template whether 'STORED' or 'STATIC' mode? 000 Even if you have pre-calculated templates.What are value sets? 00 Using the reporting agent you can fill values for a variable on a particular characteristic in the background eg. lvill show it an error.

Use this LTRL to get the stacic reporting from docitn~cnc score . Open the 1ndex. Gght click on thc documcnc on the right and select Vicw Source. Search for string THIS IS A URL T O THE DOCIJMENT.Reoortinn Anent 9 9 9 Navigate to the Reporting agent job.hcm document by double clicking.

S H O W-PAGING -AREA-T O P for tables.Wl1at is a Web Item? 00 A web item gives the HTML output from the data provider. ctc.List some of tlie standard delivered web items. 264.lnci processing capabilities. These are reprcscntcd by the OBJECT tag in the web template. GENERATE-CAPTION. It has a logical name and comm. CAPTION. Attributes that are specific to Web itcrms arc MODIFY-TABLE.Chapter 2: BW Reporting (BEx and Web Reporting) Web Application Designer 263. 00 J J J J J J J J J J J J Chart Tdble Dropdown box Radio button group Check boxes Generic navigation block Hierarchical context menu Filter Label Text elements List of exceptions Alert monitor . Web items have attributes like HIDDEN.

266. 00 J J Table . Chart . 267.Web A o o l i c a t i o n D e s i e n e r J J J J J Menu Ticker Map Single document List of documents 265.different charts like pie chart and bar charts. Give all overview of some of the web items. Flag for output optimization.What are the flags for general reporting? 00 J J J J Open dialog for web applications in new windows. .What is the web items library? 00 The web items library is a library of customized web items which can be used across web applications. 1Jse the read mode for data flag to use precalculated or HTML pages. remember that you should have the IGS setup properly to use charts. you can customize the table web item (like setting flags and display options) and save it in the library for other web templates to use. Force variables entry. Note that the data provider assigned to the web item library object is not copied.to display table data like product sales report. For example.

used for filtering the report.filter values by navigation.to classify data. 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 268. Single document .query information. ABC classification . Text element .Where do you store custom style sheets? 000 In the MIME repository and store it under SAP Public SAP BW Customer Style Sheets.used for filter. List of exceptions .used for data filtering. Hierarchical context menu . Alert monitor .creates navigational blocks by using labels for charactcristics and structural components. Role menu .filter values. Ticket .to filter llicrarchy nodes.list of cxccptions defined. List of conditions.individual documents for master data. Check box .similar display as a stock ticker.image map. drill down etc. Map .to view alerts. Label . What if condition. Filter . + + + + . List of documents. Radio button group . Generic navigation block .displays favorites and roles of the user.C h a o t e r 2: BW R e o o r t i n n (BEx a n d W e b R e o o r t i n n ) 4 4 4 4 Drop down box .for cockpit design .

Give all example for this llRL command. 273. Use the following menu path for accessing the MIME rcpository : SAP I) Public I) SAP I) BW I) Customcr I) Images.What is a pre-calculated web template? 00 This is like a precalculated value set. The report is generated as an HTML document by the Report Agent but bear in mind that in this case no navigation / drill down is possible. . 270. STATIC uses pre calculated data. 000 # HYPERLINK " h t t p : / / m y a p p l i c a t i o n s e r v e r / S A P / BW/ ex?CMD=LDOC8TEMPLATE=yourtemplate8DATA~MODE=STORED1' m-TFnpI ollratlonserver/SAP/BW/ ATE=vour-ATA MODF=STORFQ 272.Where do you store yol.Web Application Designer 269. HYBRID uses pre calculated if available else new data.lr custuln iniages (like logos)? 000 They are stored in the MIME repository. Wliat is a co~itrolquery? 000 A control query is used to filter query results for different precalculated web templates. 271. What is the effect of various DATA-MODE options in the command line URL? 000 STORED use prc-calculated data exclusively.

274. ZTEMPLATE. 276.Chanter 2: BW Renortine (BEx and Web Renortine) For example. but you should make a copy using program RS-TEMPLATE-MAINTAIN and make the changes to the copy. 277. 275. which is used as a filter in the pre-calculated web template. How would you clia~igetlie default teniplate? 000 You should not change OQUERY-TEMPLATE. What does setting the VARIABLE-SCREEN llRL parameter to 'X'do? 000 An X will force the web report to display rlie variablcs entry screen. How do you handle language dependent texts? 000 Use the tag SAP-BW -TEXT and specify the program name and key. Wliat is the default web template used ill a report? 00 OQUERY-TEMPLATE. . the top 10 products are available from this control query. Then go to transaction SPRO to define the new Z template as the default web template. if you have scheduled different reports for the top 10 selling products with different characteristics using a pre-calculated web template. Give this new template a name from the customer namespace eg.

If you are asked to change the way tables are displayed in web reporting. STRUCTURE-CELL cell methods DATA-CELL.How wo1. . How will you add buttc~nsto a template? 000 Create a button and add a URL that can call web reporting eg. copy it to a Z class where you make your desired changes.W e b A p p l i c a t i o n Designer 278. The following methods are used in this class START called before any cell creation called after a new row is NEW-RO W completed after the table is rendered FINISHED CAPTION-CELL. how would you do this? 000 IJsing the SAP delivered class CL-RSR-W W W-MODIFY-TABLE as a template.11dyou debug Web reports? 000 Using the transaction code RSRT2. 280. CHARACTERISTIC-CELL table body methods 279. Create a standard HTML button with label 'USA' to call URL with FILTER-IOBJNM=OD-COUNTRY FILTER-VALUE = 'US'. In the object tag of the table in the template put <param name='MODIFY -CLASS' value= 'NEW Z -CLASS'>.

c .L 1)ookmark < a href=" <SAP BW UFU cmd ='BOOKhiARK'> " > BookMark b his </a>. 4 c . What are the advantages of BW 3. c . + 282. SET-NAV -STATE and EXPORT You can also embed a command in Javascript. cxample is SAPBWOpenURL(SAP-BW -IJFU-GctO "&CMD= BOOKMARK"). c . No proprietary products (no RFC) XMLIXSLT engine and integrated J2EE engine MIME objects are cached .Chapter 2: BW Reporting (BEx and Web Reporting) 281. SSL. background processing Full SAP application server with ABAP run time HTTP server and client functionality Native support for open protocols like HTTPS. display the variablc screen) eg. c . use of IGS for charts. etc. Sample commands are Expand (drill down). SSO. What are processing commands? 000 Processing commands are used to bring a change in status (like hiding or drill down) or to perform an action (for example.x web server (WAS)? 0O c . 283.What is the use of download scheduler? 00 This is the tool that enables the users to schedule the off-line downloading of reports from reporting agents. Enhanced scalability. You can define a html command to creatc .

What are the built in javascript functions available to customize web templates? 000 c/ c/ c/ c/ c .x to 3. filter. javascript handler. SAP-BW-URL Get Returns the SAPBWOpenURL Executes URL in current window. SAPBWOpenWindow Opens URL in a new window.W e b Aoolication Oesiener 284. c/ 285. The following steps occur after you upgrade to 3.x. lJsed to enhance context menu eg. cell-type.0b SP 13). c . SAPBWGetDataProviderDimensions(provider name) Gives an array of characteristics and structures. SAPBWAddToMenu(labe1. WAD Web Application Designer lJsing SE38. parameter. (This check is available from BW 2. uE. visibility. item). . SAPBWGetItemProp(itemName) Returns properties of items in an array. position. You can add new entries to the context menu.x. Step 2: Fix any errors. SAP-BW-Get -Language Gives the logon language. dataqrovider. 000 Step 1: Do a consistency check of web objects using transaction RSRV.Give a broad step by step process to convert web objects from 2.

Once the conversion is complete.What are the parameters available for Web Reporting? 000 J Filter . 286.120 C h a p t e r 2: BW R e p o r t i n g (BEx a n d W e b R e p o r t i n g ) Step 3: Execute program RSZW-WEBOBJECTS -30-UPGRADE. Step 6: You can also use program RS-TEMPLATE-MAINTAIN to edit templates on the server. If there are any errors then fur thcm and reconvert. For example. you can use this program to replace links to logos on the old JGS server path to new MIME repository path. Step 5 : You can also use program RSZW-REPLACE-TEMPLATE-STRINGS to replace strings.Example to filter for a specific customer: FILTER-IOBJNM = 'OCUSTOMER' FILTER-VALIJE ='1234' v Use a variable as filter: FILTER-IOBJNM = 'OCUSTOMER' FILTER VALUE-TYPE = 'VARIABLE-EXIT' FILTER-VALUE = 'ZCIJSTEX1T' J Sort data (customer ascending): CMD='SORT' IOBJNM ='OCI JSTOMER' SORT-TYPE='T' SORT-DIRECTION='A' J Export data as excel file: CMD ='EXPORT' FORMAT = 'XLS' . Step 4: Delete the old templates using program RSZW-OLD-BDS-ENTRIES-DELETE .

CHAPTER 3 Extraction .

Extract data. What are different types of extractors? 000 c. Cross application Generic extractor (for Custom extracts from database tablelviews ancl Sap Query). .What is the initial transaction code for mallaging extraction tasks? 0 0 Transaction code SBIW 290. Create an info package. J c .What are the broad steps followed to extract data from R/3? 00 c .Chapter 3 : Extraction Basic Concepts 287. Maintain the communication structure and transfer rules. Assign them to an Infosource. LO Cockpit and Generic extractor for LIS. J c . FI-SAL). J Application Specific extractors (BW Content extractors like FI. 288.Wllat is the transaction code for creating or changing the generic extraction tool Data Sources? 00 Transaction code RS02 289. Replicate the data sources.

What is direct update for an I~ifoObject? 00 An Infoobject is updated without the use of update rules. making it a possible to ~lpdate harmonized master data from different source systems before updation to master data tables.List broad steps followed to co~ifigureand use tlalirdparty (BAPI) tools. Only transfer rules are used.What is flexible updating? 00 Flexible updating makes use of update rules. Wliat are business content extractors? Give an example. 292. OFI-AP-03. 0 0 c/ c/ c/ Ascential Informatica Mercator 295. 294. O 0 Extractors supplied by SAP for a specific business module eg.Give some examples of third party ETL tools that are supported by SAP.Basic Concepts 291.Wliat is the transaction code for accessing monitor? 00 Transaction code RSMON 296. 00 J c/ Define the RFC connection using SM59 Define the third party source system . 293.

e.. 299.Wliat update modes are available? 00 J J J Full Init of delta Delta . in this example it is 10. After image: the record after it got clx~ngcd. in this case it is 20. Delete image: only the O D s keys are givcn for deletion.Chapter 3 : Extraction J J J Assign to InfoSources Map and define transformation rulcs Create info package and load data 297. 000 J J J J J Before Image: the record before it got changed. Wliich file formats are supported for . rcvcrse with the quantity to zero out. the sales quantity changed from 2 0 to '10). 10. Additive image: in this case only thc difference i. not supported for cubes.Define the record modes for delta (assume. Reverse image: used for deletion.third party E'TL tools? 00 J csv ASCII J 298. for exa~iiple.

This can be used in both the ODS and in a cube.Basic C o n c e p t s 300. 303. This is only available for ODS.When you create a datasource some flags are attached to each field. What setti~igsare available for delta option for loadirig data from flat file? (You set the delta mode in the transfer structure . a repair request (Scheduler Repair f~lll 301. 302. 000 J J New status only: this sends records of changed records. making it request).Wliat is a delta update? 00 Instead of updating the entire data.Update niode 'field). . SAP uses a change log (for business content extractor and Time stamp (CO-PA)) to do delta update. Additive delta: just the change in key figures is sent. If you wish to d o a full load without destroying the delta inits. 000 Assurne that you have done "init of delta" and "deltas" for an ODS and you find that there is a problem with certain loaded data. you would perform . what are they? 00 J Selection flag: if this flag is set for a field then we can select the field. A cube can not be used.value for extraction fro111 the InfoPackage.Explain what a repair request is.I selective deletion of the data from ODS first and then schedule a fill1 load with this selection.

Wliat tra~isactioncode is used to tlie clieck extractt~r?00 Transaction code RSA3 305. then in the Infopackage you can select customer numbers in extraction.Which transaction code is used to check delta Q for a data source? 00 Transaction code RSA7 306.Wliat optio~is generally availal~lewhen filling in the are values for selection? 0 0 4 Manual input .tractor from SAP R/3? 0 0 4 4 BSIK: Open invoices BSAK: Cleared invoices 307. Cancellation fields: this is field is inverted when a transaction is cancelled. 304.the FI AR extractor froni SAP R/3? 0 0 4 4 BSID: Open invoices BSAD: Cleared invoices 308. then the field is not populated in extraction. if you set the flag for OCI JSTOMER. Wliat is tlie source tables for .Chaoter 3 : Extraction 4 4 For example. Hide flag: if this flag is set.Wliat is tlie source tables for tlie FI AP ex.

What delta modes are available? 000 "F" Flat file provides delta. "A" IJses ALE (Application Link Enabling). "E" Extractor determines the delta eg. the 1 t-range table is filled. "D" Application determines the delta queue eg. the data source is connected to the myself datamart.What table is filled when you select ABAP routine for selectio~iill info pack? 000 Similar to variable exits. LO. . LIS.Basic Conceots */ */ Fill up from OLAP variables .0 parser Create an Infosource Assign P C file as the data source Create a transfer and communication structure activate From the transfer structure screen select Extras create B W datasource with SOAP application After successful generation. - 310. The name of the data source is 6A* Create an info package Load data from an xml file */ + + 9 */ 311. How do you send XML data to BW? 000 */ */ */ 9 Install the XML 3.use variables created in BEx ABAP routine 309. CO-PA.

Chapter 3 : Extraction 312. 0 0 0 From table RODELTAM. J c . Q . The AIM value describes type of delta such as F 1 for function module. c . 313. c . What is the benefit of 'early delta i~iitialization'trption? 000 This is the process in which you run thc initialization of delta and load the delta queue in parallel. 314. ctc.view. Name the table in SAP R/3 to get detailed information on data source and it's delta capability. V . How do you configure BW to load data from a data stage system? 000 c .lrty) Load transfer structure from BW Map columns to BW structlire Define and load info package. it with 315. The delta column shows the delta method (A .Extractor.). Create the RFC connection (SM59) and tcst the datastage system Define the job in the data stage systcn~ Create a source system (type third p. c .InfoSet query. The LO extraction supports this method which allows for minimum downtime on the SAP R/3 side. 00 IJse table ROOSOURCE. Name the table ill SAP R/3 to get detailed information on delta methods.ALE. . E.

Select the class. . What are tlie steps taken to create class? 000 c . c . This controls the classes that can be assigned to them.0 mega pixels. Generate the data source. c . c/ c . For example. What are the steps within SBIW to create classes for BW? 000 c . For example. class type can be material. Define the properties. J Select the data source for assigning classes eg. Searches can now be done on the classes. Select OMATERIAL-ATTR. Assign objects to the class. c .Class Svstem Class System 316. Create a class type. Create a class and assign it to the class type. class could be digital cameras. get all the cameras with 3. c . These values are transferred to BW as Omaterial attributes. Which tralisactinn code do you use to do classifica~tio~i on SAP R/3 for BW? 000 Transaction code SBIW and select maintain data source for classification data. a prefix 1CL is added to the data sources generated. 317. For example. 318.

create info package and load the data. Activate the data source. view or a ABAP query 1 InfoSct for the source of the data. define communication structure and transfer rulcs. Replicate.Chanter 3 : Extraction Generic Data source 319. Select a table. Enter the data source name and description. c/ c/ c/ c/ . What are the steps followed to create a generic data source? 000 c/ c/ c/ Execute transaction code R S 0 2 . assign Infosource. Flag the fields that are required for sclection. Flag the fields that are required to be hidden.

Wliat is the transactio~icode for setti~ig extractors up based on I-IS? 00 Transaction code RMCSBIWC 322. . S301.What does LIS stand for? 00 Logistics Information System.Explain the data flow for 4 1. This data is then stored in S tables (tables beginning with S) eg.G e n e r i c D a t a S o u r c e / LIS E x t r a c t i o n LIS Extraction 320. It allows for online reporting that does not affect the performance of your on-line transactions. it is stored as a comn~unication structure. W h e n data is updated in LIS. 321.1s updation in SAP R/3. Standard LIS tables are up to S499. Customer defined info structures are tables from S500 onwards. Used in R/3 for reporting for snapshot in time reporting with drilldown and analysis capabilities. 00 4 4 4 4 OLTP (On-line Transaction Processing) data is stored in application data tables. The communication structure is then written to the corresponding information structures using update rules.

325. How many structures are generated when LIS extractor is created? 00 Even though 2 tables are crated for LIS cxtracrion only one structure is created in the form SxxxBIWS where xxx is the LIS table name eg. S 3 0 1 B I W 1 and S301BIW2. Z LIS 01 S301.How do we know which table has the current data (BIW1 or BIWZ)? 00 It is in table T M C B I W 326.What is the naming convention of the 1. S30 1BIWS.Chanter 3 : Extraction 323. 327.s data source? 00 1 2-LIS-01-Sxxx where xxx is the LIS table name cg. T h e information is written to each table alternatively (depending on the last delta). How does the data flow from the LIS tables to BW? 00 For example. if we are extracting S30 1 then 2 tables are created internally. What happens when you do an initialization of delta for an LIS data source? 00 T h e entire data from the S table exaniplc S30 1 is extracted to B W . 324.

the data is extracted directly from the S tables. D o the initialization of delta. Generate the data source select the fields for selection -) mark necessary fields as hidden or cancellation fields. start collecting delta data and populate one of the SBIW tables (1 or 2). . Replicate the data source assign Infosource maintain communication structure and transfer rules create info package. Generate the update program for Delta. Start loading the delta. Activate the delta. Set up initialization of delta. During delta update on B W either one of these tables is read for extraction.Where is the data extracted from rlurilig i~iitializatio~i of delta and delta updates? 00 During initialization of delta.What steps are followed to set up extraction from LIS in SAP R/3? 00 c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ Run transaction code RMCSBIWC.LIS E x t r a c t i o n 328. + + + + 329. The delta update programs once activated.

v2 and v3 updates? 00 vl v2 + postings are carried out synchronously. It waits until a unique trigger is issued. Updated with a batch process (V3 update).Chapter 3 : Extraction LO Extraction 330. What are vl. Single solution for all logistics applications. No 2 table use like in LIS. the processing is treated as a secondary step to the document saving. . Detailed extraction. directly tied to document posting. Only data that was changed from a BW perspective is added in the delta queue. Data is passed to a centralized delta n1. + postings are carried out asynchrononsly. v3 + postings are left in Initial status. N o LIS functionality meaning you don't need to setup LIS on RJ3. Which transaclio~icode on R/3 shows the tra~isactions with pending processes for update? 00 Transaction code SM 13 332.What are the advantages of the new LO Extraction ? 00 4 4 Improved performance and reduced volume.Lnagement. 4 4 4 4 4 331.

This does not write any data but sets the pointer. 2LIS. Switch off LIS extraction.LO Extraction 333. Load the last delta queue for the old LIS extraction.~rces? 0 0 2LIS-nn-xxxxx where nn is the number that represents an application and xxxx is the source of data eg. 334. J LBWE LBWF LBWG OLI*BW Customizing cockpit B W log Delete setup tables Initialization / Setup J 335. 336.1. Which R/3 version supports LO extraction? 00 From R/3 4. I . Now you can start a delta. switch on update for L O extraction. . What transaction codes are useful in LO extractions? 00 J I. Simulate an initialization of delta with new L O data source.0b with SP 4 0 with P12002.How do you convert from LIS to LO Extraction? 00 J I. J Make sure no R/3 data is updated for the data sources in question.11-VAHDR for sales document header. What is the naming convention used for LO data so~. D o not refresh statistics for new data sources. J I. where 1 1 is for application sales.

use different document number ranges and do the setup in parallel.Chapter 3 : Extraction 337.'2 tables. v v Non serialized V3 update: data in the update run is read without regard to sequence in the update tables. LIS use of the S tables. 339. What are the liew update methods since PI 2002? 000 Direct delta: data is transferred t o the BW delta queue for each document posting.How do you improve tlie perforniance w h e ~ creating a i setup table in LO extraction? 000 You create multiple batch jobs with different.tialization of delta and delta? 00 v 9 For initialization of delta LO i~scs setup tables vs. What is the differelice betweer~LIS and LO in ini. For example. This is ilsefiil for low volume extraction. 338. when you d o a setup table for SD. . LIS using BIX'1 or BI\. v Queued delta: extraction data is collcct-ed for the affected application instead of being collected in an extraction queue which ensures serialization.selection criteria. For delta update LO uses the comn~unication structure with V3 update vs. This is useful for large volume extraction.

What is meant by characteristics derivation? 00 This is where characteristics are derived from another given characteristic. What are "predefined characteristics"? 00 Some characteristics like company code. 343. For example. 342.What is a characteristic in CO-PA? 00 Characteristics are defined at levels where information is maintained eg.CO-PA E x t r a c t i o n CO-PA Extraction Controlli~iga ~ i dProfitability Analysis 340. 344. 341. material and customer are set LIPwith predefined set values. Why is CO-PA a generic extraction and not a business coritent extraction? 00 CO-PA is highly customizable where value fields and characteristics are defined differently between customers. Customer groups and divisions. SAP has released CO-PA as a generic extraction which can be customized.How many customer defined characteristics are you allowed to create? 00 . if we have product we can derive product group.

Each record in this tablc defines the profitability segment n u m l ~ c r a for given combination of characteristics' values.Segment level table . CE2 is the Plan line item similar to CE 1 CE3 . 00 4 4 4 4 There are 4 tables C E N X X X X (n is 1 .' and I X X X X is the operating concern) CE1 is the Actual Line items table containing data at the line item level.Define the database structure in CO-PA.Segment Table .How would you k~iow a segment/segment level entry has if been summarized? 00 Using the time stamp of the last summarization run. . 347.this defines thc link between profitability segments and the linc items using segment number.contains the value fields (key figures). contains values of the period for each profitability segment nun~ber. CE4 .Chapter 3 : Extraction 345. 4 346. You can exclude some characteris tics (li kc order numbers) to reduce the volume (similar tc) linc item dimensions in the Infocube). What is the safety delta for CO-PA? 000 BW only updates records that arc at least 30 minutes old.

PA. Define data source for f~111 updates (summarization level.Define the steps necessary to set up CO-PA for BW. Select the value fields. segment level and line item).client number and olxon . Select SBIW transaction to get into CO-PA setup.Segmcnt level table S~lmmarization Level BW Infocube ODs Dimension table Line item dimension Fact table Aggregate I/ 4 4 4 4 4 349.What is the standard naming convention of the CO-PA data source? 00 1-CO.<SYS>-<CLIENT> -< O P C O N > where sys . Select the characteristics. How would you compare the CO-PA to an Infocube? 00 CO-PA Operating Concern CE 1/CE2 Line item details CE4 . client .Segment table Excl~ldingcharacteristics in Segment tablc CE4 CE3 . 00 4 4 I / I / CO-PA datasource must be defined at Operating Concern / Clicnt Level.operating concern name 350. Generate the data source.system ID.CO-PA Extraction 348. 4 4 .

What is CO-PA retraction? 0 0 0 This is the process by which BW data is loaded into N3. N o delta functionality although runs can be cancelled. 0 0 0 J J J Define the query.Give a step by step approach for doing CO-PA retraction.Chapter 3 : Extraction CO-PA Retraction 351. 352. This drill down is performed internally. Actual data is always updated ilsing rccord type H where planning data. 354. What are thegeneral restrictions of CO-PA retraction? a00 J J J J Allowed only for cost based CO-PA. Retractor uses RSCRM-BAPI to run the query. 353. . create the RFC connection in R/3 if not already there. Data is retracted after drilling down using all free characteristics. record type and version can be specified. Enable for OLE DB. How is the query from BW used for CO-PA retraction? 000 The query on BW is the source for the retraction.

3. 5 . IJse SPRO and search for "Execute data transfer". Execute the extraction. + + 2. .PA R e t r a c t i o n */ Define field assignments (between InfoObjects and CO-PA fields): 1. Assign the InfoObjects. 4. You can find this under SPRO controlling controlling profitability analysis. Currencies and units are assigned automatically. There are two options: assignment at system level or query level. Key figures can ONLY be assigned at the query level. you can also assign fixed values. selecting a run and clicking on "Cancel Run". 6. */ */ */ Please note : If you want to cancel the retraction run you can perform a reverse by displaying all runs (log).CO . Search for "data transfer from SAP BW". If both are defined then the query level takes precedence. You may d o retraction in the background and use variant. Choose the query.

355. 356. Activate the user exit. master and transaction). Edit the right user exit to populatc the custom fields. Add the custom fields. What is the SAP enliancenient for data sources? 000 RSAPOOOO 1 . Replicate the datasources. Create info package and load the data. What are the typical steps taken to enhance data source? O 0 c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ c/ Append the standard data structure.What restriction is placed on the naming of custom fields in appended structures? 000 All new fields in the appended structure should start with ZZ 357.Chapter 3 : Extraction Enhancing data extraction You enhance the extraction of data sources when you find that you have to add Z fields to the SAP delivered data sources (text. Create InfoObjects corresponding t o thc new custom fields. Map the new fields to the InfoObjects Activate the communication structure and transfer rules.

Debug the process. 360. do while x > 1. 361. Now you can see and debug your code. Start the extraction on BW The process on R/3 now goes into an infinite loop. The user exit is only used to append data to the record. Look for the applicable process in SM5O.1s the user exit for data st~urcescommtln for all data sources? 000 Yes. .Enhancine Data Extraction 358. thus exiting the while loop. x = 3.How do you debug a background user exit? 000 J J J J J J J Create an infinite loop on a value eg.What are the user exits within the SAP enhancement for data sources? 000 EXIT-SAPLRSAP-001 EXIT-SAPLRSAP-002 EXIT-SAPLRSAP-003 EXIT-SAPLRSAP-004 + transaction data + master data + text + hierarchy 359. Within debugger change value of x to 1. which is why you should use a case statement checking the data source name in your code. Can you add data records in the user exit for data sources? 000 No.

Remember that this contains all data.Chapter 3 : Extraction 362. update mode. basic characteristics name of the InfoSourcc. contains descriptions of nodes. internal table containing text of hierarchies. internal table containing data for the master attri1)utes.What parameters are available in the user exit. containing hierarchy leaves with intervals. for data sources. for enhancing master data? 000 I-T-FIELDS I-T-DATA list of transfer structure fields.What enhancements are available for LIS? 000 MCS10001 MCS5 000 1 LEINSOO 1 Sales documents Deliveries Purchase orders 365. 364.What enhancements are available to enhance HR data? 00 HRPTDWO1 for H R time related data .What are the hierarchy relevant parameters? 000 C-T-HIENODE C-T -HIETEXT C-T -FOLDERT C-T -HIEINTV table which contains hierarchy. I-U P D M O D E I-CHABASNM I-SOURCE 363.

What are the restrictions of DB connect? 00 4 4 N o synonyms are allowed . the date format is different in SAP Oracle has both date and time in the date column. Tdbk and field names must be in capital letters. A view is used to circumvent this limitation.What is DB connect? 00 D B connect is a utility to load data directly from external databases such as Oracle. The database specific D B Client must be installed. so to map date only to SAC use the to-char(date-column. AWB Source systems create + + . 'YYYYMMDD') function. You can create a view with this fi~nction and use d b connect with the view. 367.What are the steps to create DB connect? 00 4 4 First verify that the D B connection works from the server. Table name is limited to number of characters. If you are using Oracle. 368.OB Connect DB Connect 366. 369.What are 'the pre-requisites for DB con~iect? 00 4 4 4 4 DBSL must be installed on the SAP server.

Maintain and activate the communication structure and transfer rules. .C h a p t e r 3: Extraction Select Database source system. c Create info package and load data. c . c/ Using transaction RSDBC generate the data source. pass\vord and connect string. . . c Assign data source to info source. c. Enter the database user name. c.

For example. How do you do Euro coliversioli at tlie database level? 00 1Jse the program RSEURO . Which table contains the exchange rate? 00 372. How do you load exclialige iliformatioli .Currency Translation i n BW Currency Translation in BW 369. What i s the function module to convert currency? 00 RSW -CURRENCY-TRANSLATION 373. 370.What are the options available in BW for currency conversion? 00 It can be done in either the update rule or in Bex.from R/3 to BW? 00 AWB Source systems right click on the SAP R/ 3 source system select transfer exchange rates + + + 374. the target currency can be fixed or can be determined at the time of translation. 371. If you do it in the update rule then you lose the information on the original currency. What is the translation key? 00 Defines how the exchange rate is calculated.

valid from date. exchange rate. select the file system and select Transfer exchange rate. Ratio Once the file is ready g o to AWB flat file right click source system. c/ + + . from currency.Chapter 3: Extraction 375. to currency. How do you upload currency exchange from a flat file? 00 c/ T h e file must have the same structure as TCIJRR table including exchange range type.

CHAPTER 4 BW Functional .

C h a p t e r 4: B W F u n c t i o n a l ASAP methodology 376. What are the project phases within ASAP? 00 4 J 4 4 4 Project preparation: perform a concel. Perform a design review following this. Conduct a performance review following this phasc. 377. Final work prior to moving to production. . go-live plan. Business blue print: filnctional spccs arc written in this phase. What is a typical set up of a BW team? 00 J J J J J Project manager One or more functional consultants 1 cxpcrts One or more developers One or more QA testers Basis team support 379. What does ASAP stand for? 00 Accelerated SAP implementation nietlioclology. Wliat is tlie 90 day rule? 00 It is a thumb rule that SAP-B\V can bc ~mplenienced in 90 days because most of the generic reclilirenients are already delivered in its business contcnc. Realization: configure and develop. Go live and support: move to production and provide support. Final preparation: QA. Pcrform a configuration review following this p1i.tual review following this phase. 378.lsc.

What are the groi~ping options available when installing busi~iess co~itent?00 9 9 9 9 Only necessary objects .This will collect only the csscntial objects. info objects.A S A P M e t h o d o l o g y / B u s i n e s s C o n t e n t and Roles Business content and roles 380. etc with the cube. info packages. data sources. Data flow before and after.If you install a cube with this option it will also install anything after the cube such as qucries.What is business content? 00 T h e pre configured objects delivered by SAP are called 1)usiness content. What are the versioris ill objects? 00 9 9 9 Modificd version A Active vcrsion D M SAP delivered . 382. queries. work books.If you are installing a cube with this option it will install all the required objects like info objects. Data flow aftcr. roles etc. OMATERIAL is a busincss content delivered by sap.This will install all thc objects beforc and aftcr almost from infoobjccts to Role. For cxamplc. . info providers. Data flow before . info sources. It includes roles. ctc. . update rules. 381.

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