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CSSR Analysis

CSSR Analysis

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Published by: asojuma on Oct 19, 2011
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08/07/2013

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# How is the CSSR formula ?

CSSR_w/o_block = ImmAss SR x SSS Proc SR x Ass TCH

ImAss Phase

ImmAss SR = NSUCCHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,OCSD NSUCCHPC(SMTCSD)

SSS Proc Phase

SSS Proc SR =

TASSAT (F,H) NSUCCHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,O

TCH Assignment Phase

TCH Ass SR = TASSSUCC(F,H)+TASSFAIL(NRF,NRH)+SINTHINT(DR)+SU

SSS Proc SR x Ass TCH

CHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,OCSD)-

TASSAT (F,H) SUCCHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,OCSD)-

L(NRF,NRH)+SINTHINT(DR)+SUINBHDO(DR)+SUOISHDO(DR)

Over idle coverage b.if the differences > 0 means there c.not LOS transmission (obstacle) .NSUCCHPC Loss probability : a.Analysis # What factor can influence within this phase ? Phase I : ATIMASCA .problems on COBA/COSA module c.see statistic meas : difference bet .broken module .SUIMASCA Loss probability : a. high loss . Radio Interface problem MS might be due to MS used 'phant .untight connector .flicker transmission . HW problem & wrong installation o . Transmission problem .high VSWR .broken cable/feeder . Radio Interface problem .fabrication faulty : BTS mainboard .see point d on phase I explanation d. Transmission problem .see point c on phase I explanation . HW problem & wrong installation on .see point b on phase I explanation b. No SDCCH available .cell inversion : antenna. AGCH overload .High number of request . feeder.unnecessary cabling on DDF pane .Lack of SDCCH resources .unnecessary db setting Phase II : SUIMASCA .unbalance UL & DL due to improp . b d.frequency interference .

HW problem & wrong inst .changing any broken mo . un-received/sent of messages toward BTS/MS e point c on phase I explanation a. ESTIN) between BTS and BSC point b on phase I explanation statistic meas : difference between TACCBPRO (2) .NSUCCHPC smission problem . CHNAK) between BTS and BSC ker transmission LOS transmission (obstacle) -> wrong transmission planning necessary cabling on DDF panel oblems on COBA/COSA module problem & wrong installation on BTS -> bad processing/failure.adding SDCCH TS within . semirigid. Transmission problem ov .no over coverage for pre . module slot l inversion : antenna. Transmission problem ov . RACHBT . no SABM sent to BTS by might be due to MS used 'phantom' RACH when send CHNREQ point d on phase I explanation problem & wrong installation on BTS -> bad processing/failure.more selective on filterin (set RXLEVAMI.Abis interface -> messages loss (IMASS.see point d on explanatio . wrong HW db creation o Interface problem -> messages loss between MS and BTS quency interference balance UL & DL due to improper coverage (overshoot or lack of coverage). feeder. backplane.adding block AGCH rese b.fix any wrong installation d. HW problem & wrong inst .antenna optimization (an c.hopping optimization (ho .SUIMASCA DCCH available -> SDCCH attempt meeting blocked h number of request k of SDCCH resources er idle coverage smission problem .see point c on explanatio d.see point b on explanatio c.reduce the (over) covera b. CMSREQ) loss between MS and BTS . Solving AGCH overload b . un-received/sent of messages toward BTS/MS ight connector oken cable/feeder .Abis interface -> messages loss (CHNAV.frequency retune . SDCCH capacity overhand .fix any transmission cab I : SUIMASCA . Radio Interface quality im .power control mechanis . high loss rication faulty : BTS mainboard. SABM.NACSUCPR(2) he differences > 0 means there are AGCH overload o Interface problem -> messages (IMASS. Radio Interface quality im .transmission replan by T . contour factor necessary db setting a.Action : ATIMASCA .

transmission re-route fix any transmission cabling/connection problem and module failure a. Solving AGCH overload by : adding block AGCH reserved => set NBLKACGR. Transmission problem overhandling : see point d on explanation above .a. Radio Interface quality improvement : see point b on explanation above c. ant height. HW problem & wrong installation fixing : see point c on explanation above d.for dedicated mode no over coverage for preventing interfering with others => done by coverage adjustment antenna optimization (ant type with proper beamwidth. HSN. Transmission problem overhandling : transmission replan by TNP (if no LOS) by antenna μw optimization (height).check it all) . RACHBT) reduce the (over) coverage by tilting adjustment b. hop activation. mall lists .for dedicated mode power control mechanism (threshold. step size) . maio. SDCCH capacity overhandling might be done by : adding SDCCH TS within TRX more selective on filtering MS for accessing network => only MS with good UL level can access the cell and get RACH (set RXLEVAMI. azimuth. Radio Interface quality improvement : frequency retune hopping optimization (hop mode. tilt) c. HW problem & wrong installation fixing : changing any broken module/equipment fix any wrong installation d. but must consider PCH reserved reducing impact by increasing this AGCH capacity b.

.

. .SSS Procedure Phase start from CMS REQ .Many SSS procedure events are performed during this p procedures. multi frame established state When BTS has sent layer 2 message in ackn layer 2 acknowledgement from MS (reasons MS has sent a Um layer 2 (LAPDm) messag BTS has detected irregularities in the Um lay .SDCCH are already seized within this phase. loss analysis can be got from Authentication Process Ciphering Process # How can the SDCCH connection become drop ? What may be the most drop reason can be known from mesurement counter NRFLSDCC [1-9] : Counter NFRLSDCC (1.3) Sub Counter Description 1 T200 expired 2 unsolicited DM response.# What kind of process (procedures) occurred within this phase ? .From BSS point of view.

HW& TRACK/TRAU module failure.3) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 sequence error T_MSRFPCI expired distance limit exceeded handover access failure radio link failure remote transcoder failure unspecified (others) BTS has detected irregularities in the Um lay T_MSRFPCL is not adjustable on database MS-BTS distance exceeds the threshold Failure on HO SDCCH-SDCCH . Causes : Ra Radio Problems (interference.NFRLSDCC (1. COBA/CU failu . coverage.

sent a Um layer 2 (LAPDm) message DM (Mode) to the BTS while the BTS-MS communication is in ’multiple frame stablished s detected irregularities in the Um layer 2 (LAPDm) flow control functions (wrong message sequence) useds in’acknowledged mode’ . ciphering. and digit translation . IMEI check. loss analysis can be got from SDCCH drop counter (NRLFSDCC_1-9) IMEI Check & TMSI Reallocation Procedure Setup Message & Digit Translation Procedure BTS has sent layer 2 message in acknowledge mode (that is I frame message : ASS CMD) N200+1 times to the MS without receiving acknowledgement from MS (reasons : any radio problems may exist) until T200 timer expired. y seized within this phase. then the connections are dropped. that are authentication. TMSI re-allocation.CMS REQ message sent from BSC towards MSC. re events are performed during this phase. and stop after receipt of ASS REQ. setup message.

TTRAU = TSYNC => This setting is for ensuring that a signaling failure (T8 and T10) . coverage. TTRAU > T10. oblems (interference. COBA/CU failure. Causes : Radio Problems (interference. coverage.s detected irregularities in the Um layer 2 (LAPDm) flow control functions (wrong message sequence) useds in’acknowledged mode’ FPCL is not adjustable on database S distance exceeds the threshold on HO SDCCH-SDCCH . HW&Installation) TRAU module failure. wrong DB setting (TTRAU > T8 .

.

at a signaling failure (T8 and T10) is detected before transcoder failure (TSYNC and TTRAU) .

unnecessary .There is still loss probability on .reversion to old channel No radio resource available Directed Retry Al Other Cause Counted as TCH Assignment Success on KPI CSSR Formula HCPT -> see shet formula TASSFAIL due to Radio Interface Message Failure ASS CMD message is lost.Any TCH Assignment Failure will incremen # TASSFAIL causes ? Counter TASSFAIL (1.Radio Interface problem : Interferen .Actually TCH Blocking influence this phase formula .# How is this phase ? . may be c .TCH Assignment Phase start after receiving .30) Sub Counter for CHAN TYPE TCH/F TCH/H 6 11 7 12 8 13 9 14 10 15 Description Radio Interface Message Failure Radio Interface Failure .BSS Counter start from TASSATT and end .

reversion to old channel SABM message is lost while using FA .Radio Interface problem : Interference .TASSFAIL due to Radio Interface Failure .unnecessary T10 setting Directed Retry HO ACCESS .Radio Interface problem : Interferen .

Directed Retry HO ACCESS .Radio Interface problem : Interference TASSFAIL due to Directed Retry When Directed Retry .

H Assignment Phase start after receiving assignment request (ASS REQ) message on BSC from MSC. TCH blocking is excluded from TCH assignment failure. but counted as TCH Assignment Suc ere is still loss probability on SDCCH Drop with T200 expiry reason within this phase => check if any radio problem which cause loss of ASS CMD message y TCH Assignment Failure will increment TASSFAIL counter in BSC TCH Assignment Success on KPI CSSR > see shet formula message is lost. may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference. Coverage. and stop after assignment complete (ASS COM) message sending S Counter start from TASSATT and end by TASSSUCC ually TCH Blocking influence this phase. BUT on KPI Formula HCPT for CSSR. HW Failure / Wrong Installation unnecessary T10 setting .

HW Failure / Wrong Installation unnecessary T10 setting Directed Retry HO ACCESS message is lost while using FACCH. HW Failure / Wrong Installation .message is lost while using FACCH. assignment TCH fail and back to SDCCH . Coverage. may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference. Coverage. assignment TCH fail and back to SDCCH on old cell . may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference.

HW Failure / Wrong Installation Directed Retry HO is performed. may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference. assignment TCH fail and back to SDCCH on old cell .Directed Retry HO ACCESS message is lost while using FACCH. Coverage. TASSFAIL(9) counter will be incremented .

message sending counted as TCH Assignment Success -> see on sheet SS CMD message .

determines the call / signalling conection. less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Timer supervision start from sending Must set to proper value . more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. more HO fail possibility due to FACCH rejected. Must be set to proper value . more SDCCH usage. more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. less SDCCH To enable / disable intercell SDCCH HO usage. TSYNC setting in BTS object must be same with TSYNC haven't correctly received. more attempt SDCCH. more SDCCH usage. Decrease => Only good UL level can access RACH. less HO fail possibility due to FACCH rejected. Start when 3 DL TRAU frame TTRAU . more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. to be reserved in CCCH TS for AGCH . TTRAU = TSYNC for ensuring signalling failure is TRAU frame received by BTS detected before transcoder failure Timer supervision start of TRAU frame Must be set to proper value . (shared between PCH and AGCH) Should be attended that this timer setting can much reduce drop LAPDm timer 200 . less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. less attempt SDCCH Decrease => Idle coverage enlargement. Start from sending message ASS CMD and stop when ASS CMP received. Time to return assignment complete (ASS CMP) message. less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. less SDCCH To enable / disable intracell SDCCH HO usage. Must follow the rule : TTRAU > T8. So acknowledgement need proper adjustment as trade off Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. more SDCCH usage. Must follow the rule : TSYNC = handling.DB Parameter Related DB Parameter RXLEVAMI Object BTS Description Minimum received level at the MS required for access to the network Value Setting Trade Off RACHBT BTS NBLKACGR BTS T200 BTS IERCHOSDCCH BTS IRACHOSDCCH BTS EISDCCHHO BTS TTRAU BTS TSYNC BTS . less attempt Threshold for the signal level on RACH SDCCH. Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. more attempt SDCCH Increase => Low UL level can access RACH. UL TRAU frame and stop when first DL TTRAU > T10. less SDCCH To enable / disable interBSC SDCCH HO usage. MAINBCCH provides 9 CCCH blocks Decrease => vica versa from statement above. TRAU Increase => Idle coverage shrinking. Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. decrease blockes to be reserved for PCH. the setting must follow the rule : T10 < TTRAU T10 BSC . Specifies the number of CCCH blocks Increase => Add CCCH blocks to be reserved for AGCH. and reset setting in TRAU object when correct frame is received again. In the case of call setup. but can also deliver non realistic image waiting time for a layer 2 frame of the actual radio interface quality (less drop but poor quality).

(ASS COM) message sending counted as TCH Assignment Success -> see on sheet SS CMD message .

.

.

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more attempt SDCCH RACHBT BTS NBLKACGR BTS Increase => Low UL level can access RACH. Must follow the rule : TTRAU > T8. In the case of call setup. less Threshold for the signal level on RACH attempt SDCCH. TRAU frame and stop when first DL TTRAU > T10. less HO fail possibility due to FACCH rejected. Increase => Add CCCH blocks to be reserved for AGCH.DB Parameter Related DB Parameter RXLEVAMI Object BTS Description Minimum received level at the MS required for access to the network Value Setting Trade Off Increase => Idle coverage shrinking. TSYNC setting in BTS object must be same with TSYNC haven't correctly received. TTRAU = TSYNC for ensuring signalling failure is TRAU frame received by BTS detected before transcoder failure Timer supervision start of TRAU frame Must be set to proper value . and reset setting in TRAU object when correct frame is received again. Decrease => vica versa from statement above. MAINBCCH provides 9 CCCH blocks (shared between PCH and AGCH) LAPDm timer 200 . more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. Specifies the number of CCCH blocks decrease blockes to be reserved for PCH. less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop T200 BTS IERCHOSDCCH BTS To enable / disable intercell SDCCH HO IRACHOSDCCH BTS To enable / disable intracell SDCCH HO EISDCCHHO BTS To enable / disable interBSC SDCCH HO TTRAU BTS TSYNC BTS . Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. So need proper adjustment as trade off Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. Must be set to proper value . more HO fail possibility due to FACCH rejected. T10 BSC Time to return assignment complete (ASS CMP) message. the setting must follow the rule : T10 < TTRAU . Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. Start from sending message ASS CMD and stop when ASS CMP received. more SDCCH usage. less SDCCH usage. determines the waiting time for a layer 2 frame acknowledgement Should be attended that this timer setting can much reduce drop call / signalling conection. less SDCCH usage. Must follow the rule : TSYNC = handling. but can also deliver non realistic image of the actual radio interface quality (less drop but poor quality). less SDCCH usage. to be reserved in CCCH TS for AGCH . Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. more SDCCH usage. less attempt SDCCH Decrease => Idle coverage enlargement. Start when 3 DL TRAU frame TTRAU . TRAU Timer supervision start from sending UL Must set to proper value . less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. Decrease => Only good UL level can access RACH. more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. more attempt SDCCH. more SDCCH usage.

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