Y R A L U B VOC A
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
◆ Health and Safety ◆ Car and Driver ◆ Responsible Citizenship ◆ Nutrition and Cooking

VOCABULARY in context
ELLIOTT QUINLEY
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VOCABULARY iin nc o n te x t context

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS HISTORY MEDIA
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GEOGRAPHY WORDS LITERATURE WORDS CAREER WORDS

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MARKETPLACE WORDS
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MUSIC, ART, SCIENCE

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TECHNOLOGY WORDS
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WORKPLACE

Three Watson Irvine, CA 92618-2767 E-Mail: info@sdlback.com Website: www.sdlback.com Development and Production: Laurel Associates, Inc. Cover Design: Elisa Ligon Interior Illustrations: Katherine Urrutia, Debra A. LaPalm, C. S. Arts Copyright © 2002 by Saddleback Educational Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. ISBN 1-56254-392-X Printed in the United States of America 07 06 05 04 03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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.............. 55 LESSON UNIT 1 Preview ........................................... 87 4 Communities Against Graffiti ......................... 34 3 Easy Biscuits ..... 56 2 Buying Life Insurance .......... 18 6 A Car’s Safety Features .. 15 5 Controlling Pests .....................EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS CONTENTS ▼ Introduction ........... 96 7 Vocabulary Stretch ...... ▼ Word List .......................... 105 109 3 ................................. 65 4 Keep Your Cool! ............................. 21 5 Practicing Conservation ................... 9 3 Beware of Telephone Scams ........... 12 4 Understanding Mass Mailings ... 84 3 Tools and Tasks . 30 LESSON 1 Glossary ............. 74 ▼ Unit 3 Review .................................. 5 LESSON 1 Glossary ........... 27 UNIT 4 Preview ...................................................... 77 7 Vocabulary Stretch .. 4 UNIT 3 Preview ......................... 6 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? ............................................................................... 68 6 Washing Your Car ................................ 37 4 Will You Lend a Hand? ........................ 43 6 Good Mental Health .... 62 1 Glossary . 46 7 Vocabulary Stretch ............ 59 3 Megavitamins: A Good Idea? ......................... 99 ▼ Unit 4 Review ......................... 40 5 How to Paint a Room ...... 52 ▼ End-of-Book Test .............. 24 ▼ Unit 1 Review ....... 71 7 Vocabulary Stretch ............................................. 80 LESSON UNIT 2 Preview .................................................................... 81 2 Reading Food Labels ....... 102 5 A Gardening Project ....................... 93 6 Safe Driving Quiz .... 49 ▼ Unit 2 Review .. 31 2 Computers and Health ............................. 90 1 Glossary ....................

A first-class vocabulary must be constantly renewed! In order to earn a reputation as a firstrate communicator. grammatical word forms. your ideas are only as convincing as the words you use to express them. History and Geography. the vocabulary you use when you speak or write always significantly adds or detracts from what you have to say. you must incorporate the new words you learn into your everyday speech and writing. prefixes. Follow-up exercises provide a wide variety of practice activities to help you unlock the meanings of unfamiliar words. connotations. And word power obviously increases your effectiveness as a communicator. Art. and suffixes. such as drawing conclusions and completing analogies. A word of advice: Don’t stop “thinking about words” when you finish this program. There are six thematic books in the series—Everyday Living. 4 . VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT was written especially for you. Science and Technology. Think about it: As far as other people are concerned. are included as reinforcement. Workplace and Careers. word roots. and Literature. Each worktext presents topic-related readings with key terms in context. The program was designed to enrich your personal “word bank” with many hundreds of high-frequency and challenging words. These strategies include the study of synonyms and antonyms. In other words.INTRODUCTION Welcome to VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT! A well-developed vocabulary pays off in many important ways. Media and Marketplace. Thinking skills. Better-than-average “word power” makes it easier to understand everything you read and hear—from textbook assignments to TV news reports or instructions on how to repair a bicycle. and Music. and the efficient use of a dictionary and thesaurus.

T 2. F 7. 1. part of speech 2. 5. a 4. _____ Adjectives are words that describe adverbs. 8. _____ Soap and toilet paper are two staples that people keep in their homes. b 2. F 4. en- ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. 3. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. barnyard b. compound word 4. _____ Analogies are statements of relationship. c 5 . 4. 2. _____ Gullible people are sometimes known as con artists. _____ Solicitors are important safety features in your car. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each item on the left with an appropriate example on the right. T 8. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ It can be dangerous to recline your seat-back while you are driving. Latin root a. F 5. d 3. prefix 3. T 6. 7. concepts. _____ Pesticide is an antonym of insecticide.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. and skills you will study in this unit. 6. 1. F 3. _____ Road rage is usually an effect of excessive stress. pronoun c. cide d.

often forbidden by law schedule a plan showing dates and times when parts of a project should be completed. academic having to do with formal schooling analyze to study something part by part. good manners obligation a legal or moral duty or responsibility passage a section of a speech or a piece of writing pedestrians people who are walking instead of driving or riding prohibited describes something not allowed. You show consideration for other people when you follow the rules of _________________________. 6 . glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. Driving the wrong way on a one-way street is _________________________ by law. a timetable staples common articles or food items kept in readiness for use thrive to grow in a strong. 1. to examine it carefully ballot paper or card on which a voter marks his or her choice bank account money deposited in a bank where it is held ready for withdrawal by the depositor consumer person who buys products or services cultivate to prepare soil and grow crops detour route used when the regular route is blocked or closed to traffic entrée the main dish of a meal etiquette rules of proper conduct. 2. healthy way WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences.UNIT 1 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms. In this book.

To _________________________ a garden plot. In order to establish a _________________________. you take on a legal _________________________. you will be given a _________________________. 11. 12. 9. Sugar and flour are _________________________ found in most people’s kitchen cupboards. 4. 6. 5. At most intersections. and a hoe. Roast beef is the most popular _________________________ served at this restaurant. When you sign a contract. 8. 7 . On an essay test. you will need a shovel. 13.3. 10. 7. a crosswalk is provided for _________________________. you might be asked to _________________________ the causes of America’s Civil War. you must fill out a form and deposit some money. Your _________________________ history is an important part of your résumé. a trowel. When you arrive at a polling place. Seedlings need plenty of sunshine and water if they are to _________________________. A customer in a store can also be called a _________________________.

8 . 16. The noun form of analyze is ____________________. ______________________________________________________________ b. LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. ______________________________________________________________ 6. When roads are being repaired. The adjective form of obligation is __________________________. The verb form of consumer is __________________________. ______________________________________________________________ 7. Two different meanings of the word passage are: a. 4. The noun form of prohibit is __________________________.14. Two different meanings of the word staples are: a. ______________________________________________________________ b. The noun form of academic is __________________________. drivers usually have to make a _________________________. 3. 2. 15. Check the bus _________________________ to see where you will have to transfer to another route. 1. The teacher asked Tim to read a _________________________ from Romeo and Juliet. 5.

WORD SEARCH 1. 5. Change an answer only if you have a good reason to do so. never. What seven-letter adjective in the reading means “requiring the least effort”? _______________________ e 2.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? Here are some useful strategies to help you improve your performance on objective tests at school. • If you have time. Start with the easiest questions. If you still can’t answer a question. • If there is no penalty for guessing. check over the exam before you turn it in. 3. Allow most of your time for questions that are worth the most points. try these strategies: • For a multiple-choice item. What five-letter verb in the reading means “to make a judgment without having enough facts to be certain”? _______________________ g r 3. answer all the questions. none of the above. 1. Budget your time. 2. Underline key words and qualifiers such as all of the above. Read the questions and all possible answers carefully. • Try paraphrasing the question. reread the questions you didn’t answer the first time. and so on. After you answer the questions you know. Glance over the test. Then choose among the remaining alternatives. even if you have to guess blindly. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “left over”? _______________________ 9 . 4. eliminate those choices you know are not correct. always. Then try to recall some examples. noting the types of questions and the number of points each section is worth.

Never change a test answer unless you have a good reason for doing so. a. a. a. One is to several as single is to __________________________. Paraphrasing a test question sometimes helps you to understand it better. 2. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading. o 10 .WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or phrase as it is used in each sentence. a. revise c. 4. studying during peak hours c. work very quickly c. 1. 1. Skillful test-takers know how to budget their time. justification c. equate time with money b. tutor 2. plan how to best use 4. techniques used to accomplish something ANALOGIES b. r Opinion is to fact as subjective is to __________________________. check over your exam before you turn it in. reading it backward 5. If you have time. Adjective is to blind as adverb is to __________________________. review b. Employing certain strategies can help you get better test grades. b m Affirm is to reaffirm as read is to __________________________. budget b. Find the relationship between the first two words. 3. add check marks 3. hiring a tutor to coach you Analogies are statements of relationship. reading it aloud b. a. restating it in your own words c.

use each word in two original sentences. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. reject 5. choices 10. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11 . important 2. On the lines below. begin SYLLABLES 9 S 7 8 T S A 10 R Find the two words in the crossword puzzle that have four syllables (word parts spoken with a single sound). part 9. ACROSS 1 2 3. upgrade 7. remember DOWN 3 K C C 4 E 5 I 6 1. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. select 4. exams 8. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 1. The clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. finalize 6.

If you suspect the telephone offer is a fraud. simply hang up. or credit card number. or arrange for someone to pick it up?) WORD SEARCH 1. Social Security number. 3. follow these tips provided by the police: 1. To avoid becoming a victim of telephone fraud.) Particularly. bank account number. note the following details and include them in your report to the police: • the name or title the caller used to identify himself or herself • what the person said about the firm that he or she claimed to represent • what the caller promised or offered • what the caller told you to do (Give personal information? Mail money. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to guess that something might be true”? ______________________ 12 . (This rule applies to any unknown persons seeking information in person or by mail as well as by telephone. If the call includes just about any promise of sudden riches. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “disturbs or pesters in an annoying way”? ______________________ b s 3. call the police. Never give a stranger any personal information. If a solicitor bothers you with requests for money or tries to argue.UNIT 1 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Beware of Telephone Scams Some con artists swindle gullible people over the telephone. do not reveal your address. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to cheat or trick someone for financial gain”? ______________________ s 2. 2.

Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. c t r a a s 13 . 2. aggressor 6. Explain is to clarify as debate is to __________________________. ACROSS 1 1.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 6. 3. Answer is to reply as ask is to __________________________. sophisticated 3. 4. Deceive is to mislead as cheat is to __________________________. Identification is to identify as application is to __________________________. withhold 7 P ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. familiar 4. Climb is to climber as call is to _________________________. 1. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. Write is to keyboard as speak is to __________________________. customer 7. to seek 5. public DOWN 5 G 2 U 3 A 4 V S 6 R 2. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. 5.

standard. __________________________ 4. __________________________ 5. LURE ________________________ ERCHIS ______________________ LUGBILEL ____________________ NOINIFORTAM ______________________ LUCYTARPRAIL ______________________ NUDSYLED _________________________ 1. __________________________ 6. __________________________ 3. fortune. Use a dictionary if you’re not sure of a word’s meaning. con artists charming 2. facts. unexpectedly. fraud bargain SYNONYMS reputable criminal convincing compassionate outsider nonacquaintance mentor unidentified trickery hoax opportunity scheme Unscramble the words from the reading. __________________________ 14 . data. guideline. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). innocent. inexperienced. 1. immediately. especially. wealth. stranger sibling 3. __________________________ 2.DESCRIPTIVE WORDS Cross out two words that could not be used to describe each boldface item. specifically.

getting mad doesn’t solve problems. admit it. Responding quietly—instead of blowing your top—alters your breathing pattern and slows the damaging physical effects of stress. Do you really want to give other people the power to make you upset? Try counting to 10 or taking deep breaths for a minute or two. Someone else may have “started it. If you have a problem with anger. for example. Here are some expert tips on how to “simmer down”: Be honest. Such behaviors also raise blood pressure. Distract yourself. What ten-letter noun in the reading names the practice of driving too closely to the car ahead of you? _______________________ t 2. trigger heart attacks. Besides. Watch your intake of caffeine and alcohol. do you follow other cars too closely? Work on it. Alcohol slows your thinking and spurs you to act out. People who habitually yell and argue create much unhappiness and cause a lot of trouble. for example. and then practice new ways of behaving.” but that doesn’t excuse your own bad behavior. Practice saying “Be my guest” if another driver cuts you off or gives you a rude gesture. Don’t set yourself up for anger. ulcers. What eight-letter noun in the reading names a substance that stimulates the heart and nervous system? _______________________ c 15 . and contribute to strokes. When you’re driving.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Keep Your Cool! Anger affects your health. Decide to change your behavior. And road rage—uncontrolled anger while driving—can be deadly. WORD SEARCH 1. and digestive problems. Caffeine promotes anxiety and irritability. Ask yourself what mistake you are making. Stop attracting trouble by tailgating.

Caffeine and alcohol can play a big part in uncontrolled anger. dull aches 2. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a motion made with some part of the body to express a feeling or idea”? _______________________ g 4. Phrases such as “simmer down” and “blow your top” are examples of a. 5.3. food groups 16 b. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. legally prohibited c. Severe frustration and stress can result in stomach ulcers. 4. c. 7. elevate suggestions tension confess shout 6 D Y 8 E WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to complete the sentence or show the meaning of each boldface word or words. figurative language. chemical substances . formal speech. ACROSS 1 2 R A 3 2. changes 6. a. 3. lethal 8. 3. 1. violent tremors b. a. open sores c. b. What eight-letter verb in the reading means “to divert or draw away one’s attention to something else”? _______________________ d SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. results DOWN T 4 S 5 A 7 1. bad grammar.

Answer words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the clue words. confident. c. sure. halt 8. nervous. 2. 1. deceitful 3. uneasy. ANTONYMS b. incurable. 17 . lethargic. 3. ____________________ is the noun form of the adjective digestive. habitual. expert. ____________________ is the noun form of the verb alter. deny 7. If you need help.4. drowsy. 5. bored. A person who is suffering from anxiety feels a. focus 6. b. happy 4. Find the mystery words (reading from top to bottom) by filling in the blanks with words from the reading. c. polite ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 5. dominant. 1. The adjective form of the noun behavior is ____________________. destroy 2. A behavior that is consistently repeated without thinking about it has become a. agree ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ CHANGING PARTS OF SPEECH Complete each sentence with the correct form of the boldface word from the reading. check a dictionary. distressed.

like any pests. Using a pesticide spray should be your last resort. choose the least toxic one. flat surface on top of your lower kitchen cabinets? ______________________ c s 3. If you must use an insecticide. Put the sugar bowl—and every other sweet thing—in the refrigerator. That’s why ants are often found crawling around the bathroom sink and tub. need food and water. The first line of defense is cleanliness. Break up ant trails. Soap washes away the chemical trail that ants follow. To keep things dry as well as clean. What four-letter verb in the reading means “to go out in search of ”? ______________________ s 2. How do you get rid of ants? Try to control them with the least toxic products. Remember that even small traces of pesticides washed down the sink drain into waterways and harm sensitive aquatic life. Even tiny crumbs attract ants. Ant baits are usually less toxic than sprays. fix leaky faucets and pipes. ants come indoors to seek warmth. Don’t forget that ants. And empty the kitchen trash can every day. What five-letter adjective in the reading could be used to describe a dripping faucet? 18 ______________________ ______________________ l . That’s why you should wipe down counters thoroughly after preparing food. You can clean up ants with a vacuum or spray them with soapy water and wipe them up with a sponge. WORD SEARCH 1. What seven-letter noun names the long. Also make sure that food is stored in tightly sealed containers. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “delicate or easily injured”? 4.UNIT 1 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Controlling Pests Have you ever been surprised to see a long line of ants parading across your kitchen counter? When the outside temperature falls.

ANTONYMS Solve the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. ACROSS 1 2 4. ____________________: scraps. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). reject 5. ____________________: contaminating. ____________________: dabs. loosely 3. taps 19 . Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. ITCOX ______________________ HARTS _____________________ CAUFTES MURBSC ______________________ _________________________ 1. poisonous 3. sizable DOWN C 5 4 T L 1. filthy SYNONYMS T Unscramble the words from the reading. foster 2. attract 8. short 8 7 6 C L R 6. rubbish 4. particles 2. carelessly 3 H T 7. ____________________: spigots.

2. Any illegal killing of one human being by another is called a ____________________. People who kill themselves commit the act of ____________________. for example.” Use words that end in cide to complete the sentences below. Tub is to bathroom as sink is to _________________________. d Scrub is to brush as wipe is to _________________________. 6. 2. 1. 1. means “kill. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. 4.ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. 5. s THE LATIN ROOT cide Many English words are based on Latin roots. The root cide. 1. A ____________________ is a chemical substance used to kill a wide range of plant and animal pests. Milk is to pitcher as sugar is to _________________________. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. 4. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Use each of the boldface words in two sentences of your own. An ____________________ is a poison especially formulated to kill insects. Drink is to water as eat is to _________________________. fall (verb) ______________________________________________________ fall (noun) ______________________________________________________ 2. 3. p k f b Attack is to offense as repel is to _________________________. counter (noun) _________________________________________________ counter (verb) __________________________________________________ 20 . Welcome is to guest as unwelcome is to _________________________. 3.

They won’t interfere with the driver’s visibility. Whenever the car is moving. WEAR SAFETY BELTS To get maximum protection from seat belts and airbags. airbags deflate immediately. This allows you to take advantage of the vehicle’s built-in safety features. seat belts: • keep you connected to the vehicle. and rear impacts as well as rollovers. • hold you in the best position in case the airbags deploy. An inflating front airbag can strike with enough force to seriously injure—or even kill—a small child. resulting in serious injury. • prevent your ejection from the vehicle. AIRBAGS Airbags supplement the protection that seat belts give to the torso and legs.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 6 A Car’s Safety Features SEAT BELTS Seat belts are the single most effective safety device in your automobile. keep adjustable seat-backs in an upright position. Move both seats as far back as possible from the steering wheel and dashboard. side. the airbags will instantly inflate. including frontal. be sure to adjust your front seats properly. Here are some important facts about airbags: • If you have a moderate to severe frontal collision. When properly worn. • Airbags can be hazardous to children. 21 . a seat belt can prevent serious injury or death in a crash. • keep you from being thrown around the inside of the vehicle and against other occupants. Reclining a seat-back too far can allow a person to slide under a seat belt in a crash. • help protect you in almost any type of crash. • Most occupants of the vehicle will not realize that the airbags deployed until they see them lying deflated on their laps. They provide a cushion to help restrain and protect the head and chest. • After inflating. When worn correctly.

WORD SEARCH

1. What six-letter noun in the reading means an “instrument” or “mechanism”? 2. What eight-letter verb in the reading means to “control” or “hold back”? 3. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “forced departure”?
SYNONYMS

_______________________

d r e

_______________________

_______________________

Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.
ACROSS

1. significant 5. activate

1

S

2

C

3

6. permit
5

T
6

4

F

7. car
DOWN

D

A

1. slip
7

2. crash 3. trunk 4. power
WORD FORMS

A

Many words can be written in different forms to become different parts of speech. The noun danger, for example, can be rewritten as an adjective (dangerous) or a verb (endanger). On the lines below, write sentences of your own, using the word forms indicated.

1. noun form of the verb adjust ______________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

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2. adjective form of the noun vision __________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. verb form of the noun inflation ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. verb form of the noun collision ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
ANTONYMS

First unscramble the boldface words from the reading. Then draw a line to match each word with its antonym (word with the opposite meaning).

1. NOTRALF 2. FIVEFECET 3. RIFTEENER 4. TRADEMOE

________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________

a. extreme b. assist c. rear d. useless

WORDS IN CONTEXT

Read the sentences. Then use words from the reading to complete the sentences.

1. When you drive, you and your passengers are ____________________ of the vehicle. 2. Your seat-back should be kept in an ____________________ position. 3. A safety device called an ____________________ can protect your head and chest. 4. A head-on crash into another car would be called a ____________________ collision.

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UNIT 1

Lesson 7

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS

VOCABULARY STRETCH

Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary.
LOOK IT UP!

Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. Before selecting a word, (1) read the dictionary definitions of all the boldface words, and (2) check out the context clues in each sentence.

1. Some people who lose their jobs become ( indigent / impeccable ). 2. Brad’s solution to the problem may not be ( malleable / viable ). 3. Rita’s ( profligate / requisite ) spending makes us worry. 4. Steven’s ( austere / vapid ) remarks in class are annoying to the teacher. 5. In a materialistic society, ( decorum / avarice ) is common.
Now write sentences of your own, using the boldface words you did not use to complete the sentences above.

1.

WORD:

_______________________

SENTENCE:

______________________________

________________________________________________________________ 2.
WORD:

_______________________

SENTENCE:

______________________________

________________________________________________________________ 3.
WORD:

_______________________

SENTENCE:

______________________________

________________________________________________________________ 4.
WORD:

_______________________

SENTENCE:

______________________________

________________________________________________________________ 5.
WORD:

_______________________

SENTENCE:

______________________________

________________________________________________________________ 24

Work that is faulty or imperfect in some way could never be called ______________________. viable 2. Because copper can be easily hammered or reshaped. 2. it is a very __________________________ material. indigent 5. vapid 4. profligate 1. 4. Then use one of the unscrambled words to correctly complete each sentence. Loud laughter in the library shows a lack of _______________________. avarice 5 W WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. Art class is optional at our school. 5. 3. it is not a _______________________ for graduation.SYNONYMS 1 2 3 W Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. Her ____________________ room has no decoration at all. LAMEBALEL ____________________ MOREDUC ______________________ EASERUT _______________________ CAMPECLIBE ____________________ ETISIUQER ______________________ 1. If you need help. ACROSS DOWN F P 4 G 3. check a thesaurus. 25 .

move to another place b. Would a friend try to lead you down the garden path? a. Gary got raked over the coals by the shift supervisor. 1. We decided to go out on the spur of the moment. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. scolded 2. hold your emotions in check c. praised b. refrain from speaking d. that cannot be understood literally. 1.EVERYDAY IDIOMS Every language has idioms. disappoint you b. a. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. in spite of falling 3. _____ to blow your own horn 4. by sheer luck and little skill b. warned c. surprise you 26 . or expressions. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. suddenly b. deceive you c. brag or boast about yourself IDIOMS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. a. a. _____ to keep a stiff upper lip a. Amy made the all-star team by the seat of her pants. under pressure c. _____ to hold your tongue 2. arrive early 4. by warming the bench c. _____ to pull up stakes 3.

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! SENTENCE COMPLETION Use words from the unit to correctly complete the sentences. Airbags can be _ i of 7. 3. 2. Jaywalking is _________________________ p on most city streets. A t heart attacks. Frustrated people should watch their _________________________ caffeine and alcohol. Device is to mechanism as crash is to _________________________. 5. _________________________ are words with opposite meanings. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. Library is to libraries as strategy is to _________________________. 6. 4. 1. 8. Spreads is to widens as flattens is to _________________________. An _________________________ i person cannot afford to buy groceries. 27 a c s d . 4. 2. 1. Carrots are to rabbits as crumbs are to _________________________. 3. Uncontrolled anger can _________________________ c ________________________ trail left by ants. Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit. Find the relationship between the first two words. One _________________________ s for answering a multiple-choice question is to eliminate wrong answers first. Soap washes away the _ h ________________________ to small children.

Check off each word as you find it. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. 1. ___ OBJECTIVE ___ ALTERNATIVES ___ SWINDLE ___ DISTRACT ___ TOXIC ___ DEPLOY ___ GULLIBLE ___ INTAKE ___ EJECTION ___ AQUATIC ___ ANXIETY ___ FRAUD E J E C T I O N J H E A I S F O T F R I U E L Q N T R D R I C K P T B U T H O A O D O R E L I A A C U N C A U R M Z L T K D A E O F N E D A L I E S A R E A T X E Y U C M E W C T T H D I B G H O T L I M S Q F O E M D C I V X N H I O R Y T A W E L O O D U D E U A Y S M G T H E L X V R R L D E O U A I D E P L O Y E V I T C E J B O D Y L Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. aquatic ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. Words may go up. fraud __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. down. deploy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 28 . backward. distract ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. or diagonally. across.HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. intake _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5.

swindle ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. words with suffixes average sensitive protection attendance 2. anxiety ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. toxic ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. ejection ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ CATEGORIES Cross out one word that does not fit in each category. gullible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. words with four syllables pedestrians information identify irritability 29 . alternatives ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. 1.6. objective _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. compound words dashboard supplement airbags bathroom 3.

b 2. yesterday.” 7. 1. _____ There are silent letters in the words mortgage and autumn. d 4. _____ A tomato plant grows best if it is tied to a steak. F ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. _____ Before baking biscuits. require. 6. bereavement c. 4. F 6. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. lightly. belong. sensitivity. _____ The prefix en. 5. c 3. _____ The suffix -ology means “the study of. concepts. engulf d. _____ The word volunteer can be used either as a noun or a verb. scraggly. 2.means “not. T 2. you must knead the flour. 3. 8. F 5. verbs 3. _____ A consortium is a partnership of groups making a joint effort. sly 30 ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. F 3. T 7. private.” ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each boldface item on the left with appropriate examples. 1. crisis. now b. T 8. and skills you will be studying in this unit. _____ A mentally healthy person always feels contentment. noun 2. adverb a. very. temporary. counsel. a . T 4. adjective 4.

utilities public services such as gas. or decoration agent someone. who takes care of business for you curriculum the course or plan of study in a school delegate one who officially represents others estimate a quoted price for goods or services inference a conclusion reached by careful reasoning interstate between or among the states of a federal government inventory a complete list of goods possessed. What three-letter abbreviation in the reading means “and so forth”? 2. water.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms. comfort. railroads. such as an insurance agent. join or cross lease agreement to use something for a certain amount of time and for a certain amount of money mortgage agreement in which a borrower gives the lender a claim to property as a pledge that the debt will be paid property a person’s belongings. WORD SEARCH 1. having to do with the subject being discussed restriction a limiting condition such as a rule revoke to cancel or repeal a license. stock on hand junction the place where highways. etc. accessories extra things added for convenience. loss. glossary entries are drawn from various activities of everyday life. electricity. especially land or real estate reimburse to pay back money owed for services. What five-syllable word in the reading names something provided by a public utility? ___________________________ e ___________________________ 31 e . relevant to the point. etc. In this book. permit. law. expenses. etc. etc.

1. Is French included in your school’s _________________________? 6. 10. The company will _________________________ you for all of your out-of-pocket expenses. What _________________________ can you draw from the broken door lock and the empty safe? 32 . Her scarf and pin are perfect _________________________ for her new suit. 8. 5. Is there a _________________________ on pets in your apartment house? 2. You can drive from Seattle to Boston on ________________________ 90. The judges may _________________________ that law if they decide it is unfair. What eight-letter noun in the reading has a silent letter? WORDS IN CONTEXT ___________________________ r ___________________________ m Use entry words in the glossary to complete the sentences. 7. 3. What eight-letter adjective in the reading is a synonym of pertinent? 4. Our warehouse workers are busily doing the end-of-year _________________________. 4. 9.3. _________________________ payments on a car are usually less expensive than purchase payments. That real estate _________________________ has sold three houses this month.

creditor P MYSTERY WORDS Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. eliminate 6. Our LEADTEEG _________________________ to the United Nations is a former senator. 33 . 3. nonessential 6 2. owned DOWN 4 J S C 5 L 1. crossroads 4. The mechanic’s STEAMTIE _________________________ for overhauling the engine seems very high.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the glossary. 1 ACROSS E 2 3 3. specific 5. topic 4. 4. They qualified for a low interest rate on their GROMGATE _________________________ loan. 1. The wealthy investor purchased a lot of TRYPROPE _________________________ along the coastline. 2.

UNIT 2 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Computers and Health Your computer can have adverse effects on your health. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a video device that displays data or images generated by a computer”? 34 _________________________ s _________________________ m . take a 15-minute break. short breaks from staring at the computer screen. or CVS. blurred vision. • Make sure the monitor is positioned 20 to 28 inches away from your eyes. WORD SEARCH 1. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “a number of symptoms that occur together and make up a particular disease or condition”? 2. • Rest your eyes regularly. After two hours of computer use. Most people blink less often when they are using a computer. This one is called computer vision syndrome. If necessary. and difficulty in focusing. It is a consequence of working at a computer for long periods of time. Using the same hand motions over and over again causes nerves in the wrist to swell and become pinched. Symptoms include headaches. Here are some preventive measures to help alleviate CVS: • Position the monitor to avoid glare from windows and other light sources. Look out the window every 20 minutes. light sensitivity. Have you ever heard of carpal tunnel syndrome? This painful condition is quite common. It can be relieved by frequent. Computer users are now being warned about another computerrelated malady. place a filter over the screen. • Remember to blink. Experts also recommend that people who work long hours on a computer should get more frequent eye exams. CVS is a temporary condition. Some may need special glasses designed for computer use.

squeezed d. signs c. symptoms a. pinched 3. motions 4. short 7. authorities 35 . experts 2. What nine-letter adverb in the reading means “happening often enough to form a kind of pattern”? _________________________ r ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 1. pleasurable 4.3. What three-word name in the reading describes a condition caused by repetitive compression of a nerve that passes through the wrist into the hand? ___________________ c ___________________ t ___________________ s 4. permanent 5. helpful 7 S SYNONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word from the reading with its synonym (word with similar meaning). movements b. rarely 3. different DOWN T 3 P 4 A 5 6 A L 1. ACROSS 1 2. attract O 2 6. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words.

REKAB _________________________ • to split or crack into pieces _______________________________________________________________ • a recess or interruption _______________________________________________________________ 4. amount. SURESAME _________________________ • finds out size.MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. (Read the definitions for help. using the words as defined.) Then write sentences of your own. First unscramble the words from the reading. ROSEDIP _________________________ • dots used to punctuate the end of statements _______________________________________________________________ • repeating cycles of time _______________________________________________________________ 3. or extent of something _______________________________________________________________ • actions intended to bring about a desired result _______________________________________________________________ 2. 1. SLEWL _________________________ • to bulge or become larger _______________________________________________________________ • a very large rolling wave _______________________________________________________________ 36 .

(Too much milk makes the dough sticky.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 3 Easy Biscuits Years ago—before commercially made bread was widely available— many homemakers made biscuits every day. Add a bit more milk if the dough isn’t pliable. or another fat used in baked goods”? _______________________ s 37 . Dough is just the right consistency when it is soft and puffy and will roll out easily. Use a fork or a pastry blender to “cut in” shortening WORD SEARCH 1. /4 cup shortening 3 /4 cup milk 1 Heat oven to 450 degrees. EASY BISCUITS 2 cups flour 3 teaspoons baking powder 1 teaspoon salt until the mixture looks like meal. What ten-letter noun in the reading means “butter. vegetable oil. Serve piping hot. Stir in almost all the milk. not enough makes the biscuits dry. What four-letter noun in the reading developed from the Old English word melu.Combine flour. For biscuits with soft sides. and salt in a large bowl. place biscuits one inch apart. Cut biscuits close together with a 11/2-inch round biscuit cutter. knead lightly about six times. To ensure a fine texture. Place on middle rack of oven. meaning “coarsely ground grain”? _______________________ m 2. Pressing gently with a rolling pin. The following recipe makes about 20 flaky biscuits. place biscuits close together on an ungreased baking sheet. Add shortening to the dry ingredients. and bake for 10 to 12 minutes. Mix well. baking powder. For biscuits with crusty sides.) Round up the dough on a lightly floured board. roll dough until it is about 1 /2 -inch thick.

blend 4.3. firmness 3. crisp DOWN 6 P 5 M F 1. 2 1 C C 3 4 ACROSS F 2. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. for sale in stores. Then circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed. stir WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 C Notice the boldface words. What ingredient in the recipe contains baking soda and an acid that makes dough rise? _____________ _______________ b p 4. c. delicate 7. b. What tool named in the reading is a heavy. 38 . crumbly 5. Commercially available foods are a. 1. flexible 6. better than homemade. smooth cylinder made of wood or some other material? _____________ _______________ r p SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. advertised on television.

pressing. b. Part is to whole as ingredient is to _________________________. p 2. r Inch is to width as degree is to _________________________. Skillet is to fry as oven is to _________________________. SILENT LETTERS Many English words have letters that are not pronounced when the words are spoken out loud. baking it homemade. Dry is to flour as wet is to _________________________. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. light and airy. 6. c. t 39 . 5. rough and grainy. The cook will knead the dough by a. 3. rolling. c. The texture of a perfect biscuit should be a. b. a 3. and squeezing it. b Soft is to crusty as together is to _________________________. The first one has been done for you. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading. 4. Cross out the silent letters in the words below. dense and rich. m Sticky is to adhesive as stretchy is to _________________________. 1. biscuit receipt solemn nuisance science slick knee knead ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. allowing it to rise.2.

and special fundraising events. FOSTER HOMES FOR ANIMALS Can you care for puppies and kittens in your home until they reach adoptable age? The Humane Society provides volunteer training and covers food and medical expenses. What nine-letter noun in the reading names an unpaid worker? ___________________________ v b 2. A commitment of two hours per week for six months is required. SUICIDE PREVENTION The Health Dept. BE A MENTOR Turning Point Counseling Center needs adult volunteers to counsel at-risk youth.UNIT 2 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Will You Lend a Hand? Do you have a little time to give to a worthy cause? There are many ways for volunteers to get involved in any community. Bereavement volunteers are also needed. The food bank is open from Mon. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “sadness or loneliness as a result of loss or death”? ___________________________ 40 . PARTNERS IN READING needs one-on-one tutors for adults who read below eighth-grade level. FOOD BANK The Emergency Consortium needs assistance with warehouse and office activities. Bilingual a plus. will train you to answer its crisis hotline. ART LOVERS WANTED The Uptown Museum needs docents to give weekday tours to fourth and fifth graders. through Sat. WORD SEARCH 1. health fairs. HOSPICE VOLUNTEERS We need individuals to provide emotional and practical support to terminally ill patients and their families. HAVE A HEART The American Heart Association needs volunteers to help with office work. Here’s a list of typical organizations and agencies that are looking for helping hands. The docent training workshop begins Sept. Trainees must be over 21. 1.

ACROSS 1 2 R P 3 A 3. closed WHO’S WHO? M Unscramble the words to correctly complete the sentences. optional 2. few DOWN 6 5 4 G O 1. useless 7 T 5. child 4. 41 . A TREMON _________________________ is one who advises wisely. What seven-letter word in the reading means “a homelike place where dying people are cared for and made comfortable”? 4. A NETARIE _________________________ is one who is being prepared to perform a task. A TREELOVNU _________________________ is one who gives time freely. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. extraordinary 7. 2. 1.3. What seven-letter adjective in the reading describes something that is “a true representative example of its kind”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ h ___________________________ t Use words from the reading to complete the crossword puzzle. take 6. 3.

has very little funding b. 3. Tutors are needed to help people learn to read better. private teachers c. partnership of several organizations b. gift shop clerks c. a. 1. 1. donate your money b. the word adoptable means “capable of being adopted. An explanation that can be understood is ________________________. sign a binding contract 42 . adding the suffix -able.” Rewrite the boldface words below. You must make a six-month commitment to volunteer as a tutor. trumpet players 3. cluster of apartment buildings 2. a. I support the Food Bank because it is a worthy cause. promise or pledge c. a. Hint: Some of the spellings are tricky! Check a dictionary before you write your answers. a. a.” In the reading. WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase.THE SUFFIX -able The suffix -able means “capable of being. is worth a fortune c. tour guides and lecturers 4. deserves help for good work 5. A project that can be managed is _________________________. Docents are needed at the art museum. 2. Someone you can always rely on is _________________________. 4. maintenance workers b. The Downtown Housing Consortium works to provide shelter for the homeless. financial sponsors b. meeting of church officials c. Something that has great value is _________________________.

The plants should be about eight inches tall. Check the plant regularly as it grows. seedlings. That will allow the plant to stop growing taller and use its energy to ripen its fruit instead. Before planting. plant each tomato in a large hole. scraggly. After the last frost. WORD SEARCH 1. The easiest way to get started is to buy young plants from a nursery. and garden supplies? 2. Pinch off the top of a plant once it has grown four bunches of yellow flowers. These plants have been stuck in their pots for too long. Avoid buying plants with thin. Don’t let them dry out. This will help flower and fruit production by keeping tomatoes off the ground and away from insects. Find a spot in your yard that gets an abundance of sunshine but is sheltered from gusting winds. juicy fruit from early summer to early fall. Be sure to give your plants a steady supply of water. The average plant—which spreads about three feet across and reaches about four feet in height— will yield a crop of about four pounds of tomatoes. yellow stems.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 A Gardening Project Growing tomatoes is a good project for a beginning gardener. Look for pot-grown tomatoes with healthy green leaves and no flower bunches. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a very great amount or supply of something”? ____________________ n ____________________ a 43 . enrich the soil there with compost or well-rotted manure. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a store that sells seeds. Support each plant with a wire cage or a stake. Tomato plants bear delicious.

4. or (3) “in or into” (entangle—to tangle in). insect _______________________ 4. ragged. bunch ______________________ 3. 1. What two seasons of the year are named in the reading? ___________________ ___________________ 4. When you ENGEAROUC ____________________ people. 6. 2. 5. 1. Sunny weather will ENRUSE ____________________ large attendance at the fair.3. dark secrets. You ENRANES ____________________ an animal when you catch it in a trap. (2) “to make” (enrich—to make richer).at the beginning of a word can mean: (1) “to put into or on” (enthrone—put on a throne). Check a dictionary if you need help. or irregular”? ____________________ s PREFIX en- The prefix en. tomato ______________________ 44 . What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “uneven. PLURALS Write the plural form (names more than one) of each noun below. A huge wave can easily ENFULG ____________________ a swimmer. Police officers ENCROFE ____________________ the law when they issue speeding tickets. 3. Unscramble the words beginning with the prefix en-. you give them new confidence and hope. nursery _____________________ 2. You ENSURTT ____________________ only your closest friends with your deep.

describes fruits containing lots of liquid Y 8. blowing suddenly and strongly 5. location ___________________ 1.MATCHING WORDS AND MEANINGS Use the definitions to help you complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. squeeze between thumb and forefinger 6. 1. tasty ______________________ 2. 1 ACROSS C 3 2. Write the correct word from the reading on each line. blossoms __________________ 6. the amount of something produced DOWN 1. decayed animal waste 2 C 4 P G 5 M 6 R 7 J 8 7. How many pounds of tomatoes might you get from three plants? ________ pounds 2. to mature The boldface words listed below are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of words from the reading. protected __________________ 5. At what time of year does the “last frost” occur? ____________________ 45 . clusters ___________________ THINKING ABOUT THE READING 4. farm product grown in the soil 4. bugs _______________________ 3. rotted vegetable matter SYNONYMS 3. cone-shaped wire support for a plant 2.

and joy. simply having peace of mind. But even “being content” is hard to define. Self-acceptance (admitting your own limitations as inescapable conditions of being human) 3. it means many things: feeling love. WORD SEARCH 1. But their realistic understanding of themselves and other people provides contentment most of the time. Self-control (the ability to discipline your own emotions and behavior) 4. So it isn’t surprising that there is no foolproof formula for good mental health. a majority of people would agree that a mentally healthy person feels content—most of the time. Self-respect (liking and honoring yourself as a good and worthy person) 2. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “more than half ”? ___________________________ m 2. that make contentment possible: 1. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “troubling circumstances that are not easy to bear”? ___________________________ h 46 . like you. satisfaction. Still. Generally speaking. everyone else has strengths and weaknesses. Mentally healthy people do have troubling emotions that cause them problems. Their studies of mentally healthy people show four important causes. Psychologists tell us that contentment is a result rather than a cause. Awareness of others (understanding that. or conditions. freedom from worry or overwhelming hardships. and wants to feel worthwhile) The words “most of the time” are crucial.UNIT 2 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Good Mental Health There is no single definition of “good mental health” that everyone accepts.

1. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the power or skill required to do something”? 4. 47 . To me. A person shows self-acceptance when ___________________________ _______________________________________________________________. What seven-letter noun in the reading is a synonym for recipe? ___________________________ a f ___________________________ GIVING EXAMPLES Complete the sentences with appropriate examples of the boldface terms. 4. the Greek root psych (meaning “mind”) plus -ology creates the word psychology. 5.” You will probably need a dictionary to help you find the correct words to complete the sentences. A person shows self-respect when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________. A person shows awareness of others when ______________________ ________________________________________________________________.3. 1. “contentment” means ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________.” For example. A person shows self-control when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________. Musicology is the study of ____________________. meaning “the study of the mind. THE SUFFIX -ology The suffix -ology means “the science of” or “the study of. 2. 3.

restraint or control 7. critical 6. ACROSS 1. actual D 7 A 48 . The scientific study of crime and criminals is called _________________________. A doctor who specializes in cardiology works with diseases of the _________________________. 3. one. important. Seismology is the study of _________________________. 5. only 4. The study of animals is called _________________________.2. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of answer words. SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. abides by DOWN 6 1 S 2 F 3 F 4 C 5 R 1. unfailing 3. Paleontology is the study of _________________________. 4. astonishing 2. 6. truthful. recognizes. liberty 5.

2. Now write five original sentences. 1. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 5. On a clear night.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH WORDS IN CONTEXT Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface word choices. 1. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. using the boldface words you did not circle above. Then circle the word that best completes each sentence. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. You might ( mollify / encroach ) a barking dog by throwing it a bone. The ( acute / timorous ) kitten hid under the couch. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 49 . WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. They say that a robin is the ( harbinger / siege ) of spring. 3. The senator’s opponents will try to ( stymie / embellish ) the passage of his bill. 4. you can see a ( paucity / myriad ) of stars in the sky.

the troops captured the fort. CHORENAC _____________________ BIMESHELL _____________________ CAUTIFPY ______________________ ESIGE __________________________ TUCEA _________________________ 1. Then use the unscrambled words to correctly complete the sentences. 2. 5. The ______________________ of their harvest was very disappointing. myriad DOWN S F 4 F 1.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. stymie 2. timorous 5 P SENTENCE COMPLETION Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. After a bloody ______________________. She will ______________________ her speech with humorous stories. harbinger 5. Use a thesaurus to find synonyms that fit. We may be faced with an _____________________ shortage of gasoline. 3. 50 . mollify 4. They don’t want censors to ______________________ on free speech. 4. ACROSS 2 3 1 H 3.

1. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. 1. makes a mistake 4. she made that cake from scratch. be as skillful and powerful b. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. have confidence and trust in c. That rookie can’t hold a candle to the seasoned veteran. a. with professional help c.IDIOMS IN CONTEXT All languages have certain expressions. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. a. or idioms. using basic ingredients • Now use each of the above idioms in an original sentence. We’ll be all right as long as no one rocks the boat. that cannot be understood literally. in small towns b. a. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. over the campfire b. to beat the odds 2. Make sure the context of your sentence makes the idiom’s meaning clear. a. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. causes trouble c. Instead of using a prepared mix. into poverty c. gets nervous b. Some very successful people were born on the wrong side of the tracks. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 51 . earn as much money 3. • Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom.

4. 3. 1. many homemakers made ____________________ every day.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you know about the material you studied in this unit. 6. Volunteers are sometimes required to make a ____________________ for a certain time period. 5. 7. 8. Years ago. Your ____________________ bills may go up if there is an energy shortage. prefixes 52 -ibility hotline pre- sunshine un- crossword inter- bereavement . The store manager must try to ____________________ the angry customer. Adding the suffix ____________________ can turn a verb or noun into an adjective. 1. Tomato plants bought at a ____________________ should be about eight inches tall. compound words 2. CATEGORIES u s b c n m r -a Cross out the item that does not fit in each category. Computer vision syndrome (CVS) may include a ____________________ to light. Psychologists say that contentment is a ____________________ rather than a cause. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with appropriate words from the reading. 2.

is to prefix as -ology is to _________________________. Words may go up. plural 5. Single is to several as symptom is to _________________________. Synonym is to thesaurus as definition is to _________________________. m HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. backward. Find the relationship between the first two words.3. 3. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the unit. en. ___ EMBELLISH ___ ADOPTABLE ___ REIMBURSE ___ CONSISTENCY ___ FOOLPROOF ___ CRUCIAL ___ ADVERSE ___ ACUTE ___ CRISIS ___ YIELD ___ CONTENT ___ COUNSEL C O N S I S T E N C Y A G B C R U C I A L K D H P E D H T Z P E P O X E Y N S G R W S D P L T F I S U R A N Y T T U T O E G Y P U E A F C J N O L P T O S B C A R G E R D O C U L R M N Q F T P A D V E R S E I S A N L O I L Y D I V B E W O O H A K T F S I S I R C O N T H S I L L E B M E F 53 . Buy is to rent as purchase is to _________________________. people ANALOGIES -less stems delegates -ment lens introdeer -ance causes hospices mentors docents Analogies are statements of relationship. d s 6. Hands are to keyboard as eyes are to ________________________. 5. or diagonally. s 2. down. Scrambled is to unscrambled as tencod is to _________________________. suffixes 4. 1. d l 4. Check off each word as you find it. across.

adoptable ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. reimburse _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. acute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. content _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. check a dictionary. yield ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. 1. counsel ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. embellish ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. crucial ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 54 . foolproof ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. adverse ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. consistency ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9.ORIGINAL SENTENCES Now use each word from the hidden words puzzle in a sentence of your own. crisis __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. If you need help. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear.

vitamin. adverb 55 . T 4. T 6. concepts.means “one thousand. and skills you will study in this unit. 6. solicit / solisit ______________________ 2. 8.” 5. annually. 1. T 5. vitemin / vitamin ______________________ 4. F 7. F 8. anully / annually ______________________ ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. _____ The words feasible and unrealistic are synonyms. F 3. _____ The words reprocessed and recycled are antonyms. F 2. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. noun 4. adjective 3. _____ Someone who does a heinous deed deserves punishment. massave / massive ______________________ 3. circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. 7. verb 2. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. or adverb to show that word’s part of speech. massive. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. 4. adjective. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY First.” 2. Then write noun. solicit. _____ The prefix mega.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 3 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. _____ A customer’s regular payments to an insurance company are called premiums. _____ The word supplement can be used as a noun or a verb. 3. verb. _____ The suffix -ant means “one who does something. _____ One kind of megavitamin is called a chamois. 1.

not bright. You can’t teach someone to jump as high as Harry does. 56 . often secretly innate given by nature. or teammates feasible possible. such as students. seeming to have been born in a person jettison to throw away or get rid of WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences. adamant not giving in easily. In this book.UNIT 3 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms. soldiers. to help someone or something grow and develop permeate to pass through or spread through every part roster a list naming members of a group. Jennifer’s plan isn’t ______________________. capable of being done under conditions as they are gross total. 2. firm. stubbornly held opinions expunge to erase completely or remove lackluster dull. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. that ability is ______________________. narrowminded person with strong. entire. with nothing taken away hoard to collect and stow away. 1. interesting. because it would cost too much. unyielding bigot a prejudiced. or forceful libel the crime of printing something that unfairly damages a person’s reputation net what is left after certain amounts have been subtracted nostalgia a wishing for something that happened long ago or is now far away nurture to care for.

They had to ______________________ cargo to keep their sinking ship afloat. 8. 11. your flowerbed will be filled with blooms.3. 15. 5. Sherry’s ______________________ salary is about 30 percent higher than her net pay. The famous actor’s performance was strangely ____________________. Only a ______________________ would make such a hateful remark. 13. The outraged celebrity sued the newspaper for ____________________. 10. If you ______________________ the seedlings. My brother likes to ______________________ candy in a coffee can hidden under his bed. 9. As the bread bakes. As the campers entered the bus. 6. 12. When remembering their youth. The congresswoman was ______________________ about her refusal to run for reelection. 57 . older people may get carried away with ______________________. the scoutmaster called roll from his ______________________. 14. a wonderful aroma will ______________________ the air. The judge has the power to ______________________ the criminal record of a rehabilitated person. 7. Your ______________________ salary is also called “take-home pay.” 4.

salvage 6 H 7 A LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. and hoard can be used as _________________ as well as verbs. libel. ACROSS 1 2 L I 3 E 2. engrave 4. Two different definitions of the word net are: • ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ • ______________________________________________________________ 58 . brilliant 3.ANTONYMS Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. acquired 5. The words nurture. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. 1. 4. 3. The condition or state of being a bigot is called ____________________. 2. distribute 7. The adjective forms of bigot and nostalgia are ____________________ and ______________________. neglect 6. uncertain DOWN 5 4 J N 1.

94 12.87 42.50 32.77 11.87 49.81 33.93 24.93 31.06 31.33 11.00 56.15 18.000.50 11.43 56.50 110.71 31.15 14.93 32.75 78.03 12.50 108.25 19.93 24.75 117.87 56.24 14. health.00 49.62 79.62 90.93 18.68 34.59 11.25 105.94 11.06 31.87 105.37 62.68 19. AFFORDABLE LIFE INSURANCE NON-TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) ISSUE AGE TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) FEMALE ISSUE AGE $101.90 20.71 31.87 57.000.12 93. annually.56 50.71 17. POLICY NOT AVAILABLE IN ALL STATES WORD SEARCH 1.07 17.50 24.06 31.86 11.07 17.25 113.41 11.12 55.37 71.31 29. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the dried leaves of a plant prepared for smoking.98 16.06 31.86 11.000 MALE $101.25 56.78 18.00 42.87 49.24 14.24 14.87 42.93 24.71 17.00 58.37 24.87 29.87 49.12 55.87 Other amounts available upon request.87 105.12 55. Premiums are based on applicant’s age at nearest birthday.87 43.33 11.24 11.33 11.43 56.59 26.43 28.03 19.03 19.98 16.03 19.68 15.62 81.33 11.75 136.86 11.31 43.43 28.94 12.25 19.86 11.03 26. or monthly.18 39.06 31.62 30.31 67.33 11.33 11.71 31.87 49.18 45.75 58.93 32.65 29.56 11.37 32.86 11.000 MALE FEMALE 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 11.43 56.31 52.13 18.75 78.12 55.21 18.) Above premiums are preferred rates.43 56.43 28.33 14.12 12.25 121. chewing.34 20.93 24.71 24.81 54.72 16.71 17.000 MALE FEMALE $250.24 11.87 56.12 55.12 64.33 11.43 28.87 42.31 44.62 98.24 14.62 60.50 54.24 14.06 31.25 17.39 15.07 17. semiannually.03 19.25 19.42 17.78 28.19 20.71 17.12 86.000 MALE FEMALE $1.71 17.71 17.75 58.62 52. Premiums increase annually.12 55.98 17.12 49.87 106.000 MALE FEMALE $1. Read the explanatory notes under the chart.00 28.62 31.43 28. Premiums may be paid by bank draft.87 57.75 78.87 49.77 11.75 30. Policies are non-cancelable as long as premiums are paid.06 46.86 11.00 28.62 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 16. or amount of coverage desired.37 18.75 78.81 19.77 11.87 105.78 17.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Buying Life Insurance How much do you know about the vocabulary of insurance? The chart below lists life insurance rates for people of various ages.15 25.93 31.71 17.75 108.68 34.37 83.81 19.000 MALE FEMALE $500.98 16.90 30.93 24. Level death benefit to age 95.81 33.03 19. or as snuff”? ________________________ t 59 .000 MALE FEMALE $250.06 31.98 16.71 31.43 56.03 19.33 14.87 42.50 77.50 17.51 14.81 18.00 77.03 19.75 78.21 12.04 15.43 42.46 19.87 49.62 60.93 103.07 14.50 31.86 11.62 31.37 62.37 32.39 12.87 49.75 51.24 14.12 56.96 55.50 31.62 127.65 37.06 31.81 48.33 11.27 31.43 28.07 14.75 106. (A no-cost medical exam may be required depending on age. All policies are issued and subject to underwriting by ABC Insurance Company.74 16.75 42.57 19.12 56.25 54.71 31.56 28.000 MALE FEMALE $500.00 56.71 17.87 42.87 78.90 27.43 28.15 25.75 79.25 55.50 17.87 50.93 25.56 35.87 105.00 49.43 28.

What eight-letter noun in the reading means “regular payments made to keep an insurance policy in force”? READING A CHART ________________________ u ________________________ b p ________________________ Use information from the chart on the previous page to answer the questions. non-smoking male pay for a $500.” is used to make a noun of a verb. How much more would the same woman have to pay each month if she were a smoker? 3.000 life insurance policy? ______________ 2.000 life insurance policy? ______________ THE SUFFIX -ant The suffix -ant. What monthly rate would a 38-year-old. one who assists ________________________ . 1. One who applies.2. meaning “one who. What twelve-letter verb in the reading means “officially assuming liability to the amount of a specified sum”? 3. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “payments made by an insurance company”? 4. one who serves ________________________ 60 3. Are monthly life insurance rates higher for males or females? 4. one who participates ________________________ 2. What monthly premium would a 30-year-old. non-smoking woman pay for a $250. Does the chart list monthly premium rates for 15-year-olds? ______________ ______________ ______________ 5. Add -ant to the following verbs to show “one who” takes that action. one who immigrates ________________________ 4. is an applicant. for example. 1.

subject to underwriting. yearly 3. 2. c. ACROSS 1 A 2 A 1. 3. one-half at a time. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. also called death benefits. closest 5 4 3 A D DOWN A 2. your age at death.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Hint: Pay attention to the boldface words. twice a year. Check a dictionary if you need help. An insurance company considers your issue age to be a. the date you were born. 1. c. b. sums 5. c. b. wanted N WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed. every two years. Payments made semiannually are paid a. 61 . your age when the policy is written. b. obtainable 6. prices charged per unit of coverage. Insurance rates are a. inexpensive 6 4.

however. • have any other medical problems. WORD SEARCH 1. Vitamins in an oral liquid form should be kept from freezing. • are currently using any other prescribed or over-the-counter (OTC) medicine. Outdated dietary supplements—or those no longer needed—should be promptly discarded.UNIT 3 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Megavitamins: A Good Idea? Have you read anything about megavitamin therapy ? Some people believe that taking massive doses (called megadoses) of vitamins can cure certain medical problems. The AMA warns that large doses should be taken only after a specific need has been identified by your doctor. What four-letter adjective in the reading means “by mouth”? 2. People who do take dietary supplements without a prescription should read the precautions on the label carefully. have not proven this. What ten-letter verb in the reading describes something that has been ordered for you by a doctor? 4. • are pregnant or breastfeeding. Vitamins should be stored away from heat and direct light—and out of the reach of children. Studies by the American Medical Association. What five-letter plural noun in the reading means “amounts of medicine to be taken at one time”? 3. What ten-letter verb in the reading means “pinpointed or detected”? 62 __________________________ o __________________________ d __________________________ p i __________________________ . Heat or moisture can break down vitamin supplements. They should be especially guarded if they: • are allergic to any prescription or nonprescription medicine.

and so on has a mental disorder called ______________________.” In a figurative sense (nonliteral).means “one million. ACROSS 1 3 D 2 W L 4 3. saved 2. solid 4. fresh 7. A ______________________ is a funnel-shaped device designed to greatly increase the sound of a person’s voice.means “large. invites 5. debunked 6 7 P 5 O 6. A person who has illusions of grandeur. mega.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 4. To describe a wealthy man. 63 . use a dictionary to find the mega word that correctly completes each sentence. you might use the slang expression: “That guy has ______________________!” 2. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words.” If you need help. mega. A ______________________ of something has the explosive power of one million tons of TNT. wealth. or powerful. 3. power. great. eventually DOWN P M 1. tiny THE PREFIX mega- Literally. 1.

The word GYLREAL _________________ is an Americanism that came into English from the NAMREG _________________ language. If you eat a well-balanced diet. 1. The ______________________ on a dietary supplement usually lists certain precautions. WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the reading to complete the sentences. meaning “other. your vitamin needs will be met without taking a ______________________. The quality of a vitamin supplement can be reduced by exposure to heat or ______________________. Use context clues for help.” The combination was meant to give the ADIE _________________ of a reaction to a GORENIF _________________ substance. but your own ______________________ does.WORD HISTORY Unscramble the words to complete the word history below. 4. AMA ___________________________________________________________ 2. 1. 3. ABBREVIATIONS Write out the complete words represented by the abbreviations from the reading. A manufacturer of vitamins does not know your personal medical history. OTC ___________________________________________________________ 64 .” and another KEGER _________________ word meaning “work” or “action. The NAMREG _________________ word was coined from the ancient KEGER _________________ adjective allos. 2.

Quantities are limited. FEBRUARY 10 10 OFF MERCHANDISE % 10 DAYS ONLY! ALL REGULAR-PRICED 003199105010 12-DIGIT Authorization Number Consumer: Present this certificate to the StarMart register operator for your 10% discount on eligible merchandise prior to processing your purchase. gift certificates. No sales to dealers or distributors for purpose of resale. Have you ever received a flyer like the one below? Read the details carefully to figure out the terms and conditions of this sales promotion. tobacco. 2001 © StarMart Corporation REGISTER OPERATOR: Ring purchase as an Associate Discount. The 10% discount may not be applied to sale or clearance merchandise. This promotion is limited to on-hand. layaway purchases. State and local taxes due on StarMart purchases may not be discounted.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Understanding Mass Mailings Retailers sometimes solicit business through a mass mailing. FEBRUARY 1 THROUGH SATURDAY. THIS COUPON REDEEMABLE AT STARMART LOCATIONS ONLY PREFERRED CUSTOMER SAVINGS m WORD SEARCH 1. in-stock merchandise only. or special order merchandise. co-pay on prescriptions. or alcoholic beverages. the portrait studio. Enter the authorization number as the associate number. STARMART CERTIFICATE VALID THURSDAY. deli foods. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “things that are bought and sold”? _________________________ 65 .

The discount certificates are sent to preferred customers.2. credit card shoppers c. regular buyers at the store b. people who pay cash 66 . holiday specials c. in great numbers 2. ACROSS 1 3 Q 2 P C 4 5 D 3. colorfully illustrated b. What six-letter noun in the reading means “part of a printed ad that gives the holder certain rights”? SYNONYMS _________________________ _________________________ c Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “qualified for”? 4. Retail stores often send out mass mailings. What nine-letter plural noun in the reading means “sellers of goods in small amounts to customers who will use them”? _________________________ r e 3. 6. 7. amounts 2. previous 4. a. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. a. 5. 1. DOWN buyer seek restricted to buy S 6 L 1. numeral WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 P Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words.

An item put on layaway is not eligible for the 10 percent discount. charged on a debit card c. a. VERB FORM NOUN FORM _________________________ solicit _________________________ _________________________ authorization _________________________ distributors promotion UNDERSTANDING THE READING Use information from the reading to help you complete the sentences. This sales promotion does not provide a discount on tobacco products. repair person b. 67 . You can get your picture taken at the _______________________ _________________________. The register operator will ring up your purchase. the word delicatessen has been shortened to _________________________. purchasable b. legal c.3. On this certificate. in effect 5. Write either the noun form or the verb form of the boldface words. business 4. operations manager 6. 1. The discount coupon is valid only until February 10. a. bedding items such as sheets Complete the chart. to be paid in full at a later date WORD FORMS b. campaign c. a. sales clerk c. 2. authorization b. a.

Protect and save water. Use non-toxic cleaning and garden products. 4. recycle.”? _______________________ l 68 . 3. don’t leave the light on. Walk. • Set your thermostat at 68 ° maximum. Don’t dump waste into storm drains. Be “energy smart” at home. • Insulate doors and windows. reuse. Buy only what you need. use drought-resistant plants. shrubs. etc. or use public transit instead. Compost organic waste. Drive less. • Use energy-efficient light bulbs and appliances. (A dim light in the living room will keep you from running into things. • Turn down your refrigerator and hot water heater settings to the lowest recommended temperature. Look for recyclable and minimal packaging. Eat more vegetables. carpool. When you landscape. Buy in bulk. Here are some simple steps you can take to create a sustainable future. Producing one pound of beef consumes up to 30 times more energy than producing one pound of vegetables. Trees do more than provide oxygen. 1. 5. WORD SEARCH 1. so does the need for conservation—the wise use of Earth’s resources. Plant more trees.500 gallons of water to produce one pound of meat. Eat fewer meat and dairy products. They also cool buildings naturally—saving the energy required for air conditioning.UNIT 3 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Practicing Conservation As the world’s population grows. Each gallon of gas your car burns creates 20 pounds of a gas called carbon dioxide— which contributes to global warming.) If you’re watching TV. 6. Sleep with socks on. and purchase used goods when you can. bike. 2. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “to make a piece of ground more attractive by adding trees. • Light only the room you are using at the moment. It takes 16 pounds of grain and 2. Reduce.

a. unwanted plant and animal matter c. maximal 5. Excessive carbon dioxide contributes to the greenhouse effect and global warming. What six-letter noun in the reading names a clear gas that has no odor and is a chemical element? ANTONYMS ________________________ r ________________________ p o ________________________ Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading.? 4.2. worldwide increase in temperatures b. bright 2. a. artificially 4. local 6. What eight-letter adjective in the reading describes something that has been reprocessed to be used again? 3. Decayed organic waste can be used to improve the soil in your garden. Clue words are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. ACROSS DOWN 1 3 D 2 N M 3. b. leftover rocks. highest 5 4 L G 6 L WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. cellophane wrapping. production of energy c. What nine-letter noun names a category that includes things like cardboard boxes. more 1. byproducts of synthetic chemicals 69 . dirt. 1. comfortably warm weather conditions 2. etc. sand. etc.

) If you’re still not sure after saying the words aloud. an _____confirmed appointment 6.both mean “not. Then draw a line to match each word with its synonym (word with similar meaning). you reduce waste and save money. a.and un. replace wood with steel b. Your house will be more energy-efficient if you insulate your doors and windows. 1. lessen f. multiple small packages The prefixes non. SCOSK _______________________________ 2. which word sounds right—unviolent or nonviolent? (Nonviolent is the correct word. a _____fiction book 5. 1. suggested 70 . For example. INRAG _______________________________ 4. TORPTEC ____________________________ 5.” How do you know which one to use? Often. cereal b. PEELS _______________________________ 3. When you buy in bulk. a _____fatal heart attack 2. your ear will tell you. carefully clean and paint c. very bulky items THE PREFIXES non. safeguard d.AND un- b. slumber c. ECRUDE _____________________________ 6. check a dictionary. a. hosiery e. _____cooked foods 3. seal cracks to prevent drafts 4. large amounts of something c. MODERNMEDEC ____________________ a. a _____resident Unscramble the words from the reading.3. feeling _____welcome SYNONYMS 4.

using this solution and a soft-bristle brush. WORD SEARCH 1. Rinse frequently. air pollution. remember to rewax these areas. Wash the car. A wax coats the finish. it’s time to wax the car—including the metal trim. metal. • Check the car for road tar. use cool water to rinse the car thoroughly (from the top down) to remove loose dirt. or soft cloth. Be sure to use a quality liquid or paste wax. sponge. Even if the rest of the car does not need waxing. (Letting it air-dry will cause dulling and water spots. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a piece of soft leather used as a polishing cloth? ________________________ 71 c . etc. • First. If the car has been parked in the sun. dry the car with a chamois or soft towel. Remove these stains with turpentine. working from the top down. tree sap. and so on. Here are some helpful dos and don’ts about the proper way to wash and wax your car. • Use only solvents and cleaners recommended in your car’s Owner’s Manual.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 6 Washing Your Car Cleaning your car frequently helps preserve its beauty and protect your investment. • Fill a bucket with cool water and add a mild detergent (such as dishwashing liquid). and follow the directions on the container. and plastic on your car. protecting it from damage by exposure to sunlight. Some strong cleaners and chemical solvents can damage the paint. • After rinsing the whole exterior.) • If water doesn’t form into beads or droplets on the car’s surface. • Wash the car in a shady area rather than in direct sunlight. and rinse off immediately. move it into the shade so it can cool down before you start.

72 . 1. Soap is made from fats and lye. The ______________________ on a brush may come from animals or be artificially made. certain DOWN 5 1.2. but ______________________ wax comes in a can. promptly 6. Liquid wax usually comes in a bottle. permitting WORDS IN CONTEXT I 6 S Complete the sentences with words from the reading. For help. pail 5. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “substances that can be used to dissolve another substance”? SYNONYMS ________________________ t ________________________ s Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. but ______________________ is made from chemicals. use context clues (hints given by the other words in the sentence). 3. ACROSS 4 1 F 2 B 3 C L 2. What ten-letter noun in the reading names a colorless oil made from tree sap that’s used as a paint remover? 3. droplet 3. package 4. often 2. 2.

sunny d. interior c. GLUDNIL 2. OTERIXER ________________________ 4.4. ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading. finish (to complete) _____________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. DAYSH ________________________ a. Daily ______________________ to blazing sunshine can fade your car’s paint. solution (liquid combination of substances) _______________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3. Then draw a line to match each unscrambled word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). solution (answer to a problem) __________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Write an original sentence for each definition given. brightening ____________________________ 3. Tree sap and road tar can put ______________________ on your car’s finish. 6. apply b. 1. You protect your ______________________ in your car when you maintain its appearance. EVMORE ________________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. 1. finish (a type of surface) _________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 73 . 5.

LOOK IT UP! Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface words. 1. The mountain climber had a ( heinous / precarious ) foothold on the steep slope. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 74 . using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above. Making the All-Star team was the ( gamut / acme ) of Katy’s softball career. 5. Samantha tried to ( cajole / inundate ) her brother into doing some of her chores. Hint: For additional help. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. Carl had to successfully ( exhort / refute ) his opponent’s argument. Now write sentences of your own. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. 4. Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence.UNIT 3 Lesson 7 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. use context clues. 3. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 1. To win the debate. 2. Ricky was frightened. his confident appearance was only a ( façade / enigma ).

flatter 7 P WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the boldface words to correctly complete the sentences.5. We hope the teacher doesn’t NUTNADIE ______________________ us with homework this weekend.) 1. wicked overwhelm peak unsecure 1. from joy to grief. urge 5. (Answers are words you studied on the previous page. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SYNONYMS 1 2 R Complete the crossword puzzle with some of the words you studied on the previous page. The coach will THROXE ______________________ the players to try harder in the second half. The location of the stolen painting is still an NIMAGE ______________________. disprove 4. ACROSS DOWN H 3 5 6 I 4 E C A 2. 2. 7. 4. 3. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. The Holocaust is a NUOSHIE ______________________ chapter in human history. 3. 75 . That actor can portray the TAGUM ______________________ of emotions. 6. 5.

1. check a dictionary. Tricia isn’t happy unless she’s in the limelight. take turns c. prospects b. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. Bob’s goose was cooked the day he insulted the boss. 1. make the wrong choice Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. my friends and I always go Dutch. Hint: Use context clues for help. cajole 3. poultry was were ruined enhanced roasted 3. If you need help. berate c. the center b. proceed very cautiously d. firm d. _____ to wear more than one hat IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. with close of attention mood friends 76 . in a good c. a. a. improve what doesn’t need improvement b. _____ to gild the lily 4. When we eat at an expensive restaurant. _____ to walk a tightrope 3. _____ to bark up the wrong tree 2. or idioms. future was c. split the charge cards paying check equally 2. that cannot be understood literally. holy All languages have certain expressions. nadir b. heinous 2. have many responsibilities c. acme 4. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right.ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). 1. a. precarious EVERYDAY IDIOMS a. use our b. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. ask the wrong person.

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS

UNIT 3

REVIEW

Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit!
WORDS IN CONTEXT

Complete the sentences with words you studied in Unit 3. Use context clues for help.

1. A ______________________ is a group of letters added at the end of a word to change its meaning. 2. Life insurance rates are higher for people who use ______________________ than for people who don’t. 3. Massive doses of vitamins are called ______________________. 4. If you have a ______________________ that entitles you to a store discount, you will save money. 5. As the world’s population grows, so does the need for ______________________ of Earth’s resources. 6. To keep drafts out and heat in, you should ______________________ your doors and windows. 7. It takes 16 pounds of ______________________ to produce one pound of beef. 8. Car wax comes in two forms—______________________ and ______________________.
SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS

Unscramble the words to correctly complete each sentence.

1. An antonym of acquire is SNOITTEJ _________________________. 2. A synonym of precaution is ARNWING _________________________. 77

3. An antonym of enter is TIXE _________________________. 4. An antonym of interior is REXRIOTE _________________________. 5. A synonym of pail is TECKUB _________________________.
ANALOGIES

Analogies are statements of relationship. Find the relationship between the first two words. Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit that shows the same relationship.

1. More is to less as gross is to _______________________. 2. Child is to children as bigot is to _______________________.
HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE

3. Premium is to benefit as life is to _______________________. 4. “Again” is to reas “not” is to _______________________.

Find and circle the words in the puzzle. Words may go up, down, across, backward, or diagonally. Check off each word as you find it.
___ NONTOXIC ___ ENERGY ___ APPLICANT ___ THERAPY ___ ELIGIBLE ___ BULK ___ INSURANCE ___ EXPOSURE ___ REFUTE ___ FAÇADE ___ WAX ___ CONSUMER

A N O N T O X I C E R X

Y P A R E H T C X U T I

G B P C M A P P A P N B

R F G L Y J O B W S O C

E E Z V I S K M U A P O

N D W B U C L R E S E N

E A R R O K A D R D T S

O C E A L N L N Y F U U

L A J S C B O U T E F M

I F H E L I G I B L E E

F M X R P V C E P U R R

Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear.

1. nontoxic _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

78

2. consumer ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. bulk ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. insurance ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. eligible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. wax ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. exposure _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. energy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. applicant ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. refute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. façade _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. therapy ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

79

F 7. _____ You will need a drill to repair a leaky faucet. prevalent 4.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. concepts. T WORDS IN CONTEXT: 1. 6. 3. _____ Most traffic fatalities occur on Friday and Saturday nights. _____ The words indispensable and essential are synonyms. Use context clues to help you select the right word. Speeding is a ____________________ factor in auto accidents. _____ The abbreviation mg stands for milligram. Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. 4. redundant 80 . T 6. 3. F 3. lucrative 3. tenacious prevalent lucrative inclement negligible precise redundant multitudinous 1. 4. 2. 8. and skills you will study in this unit. F 4. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. 2. T 2. _____ The words vandal and tagger are antonyms. _____ Every language has exactly the same idioms. 5. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete each sentence with a word from the box. F 8. Her ____________________ recording contract made her wealthy. T 5. _____ Cheese and lettuce are two popular condiments used in sandwiches. I crossed out the ____________________ words in my paragraph. precise 2. 1. Repair projects usually require ____________________ measurements. ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. 7. _____ Two multiple-meaning words are saw and coat.

care in what one says or does divulge to reveal or make known efficiency the quality or fact of accomplishing a task with the least waste of time. state or condition tangible real. ____________________ weather could spoil their plans for an outdoor wedding. The president’s ____________________ kept that bill from becoming law. corroborate to confirm or add proof to a supposed fact discretion prudence. 81 .UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms. able to be touched or felt transaction task or piece of business carried out or completed veteran someone who has served in the armed forces veto to prevent or forbid something to be done virulent deadly. 1. solid. or privilege of some kind WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to correctly complete the sentences. gratuity a tip. money given in return for some service inclement rough or stormy liability the condition of being obliged by law to pay physique the form or shape of a person’s body recipient a person or thing that receives something redundant unnecessary. claim. 2. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. In this book. very harmful or poisonous waive to give up a right. more than enough status rank or standing. effort. etc.

7. If you’re wearing suspenders. Jonathan’s dad is a ____________________ of the Vietnam War. It’s wise to use ____________________ when dealing with strangers. Every debt must be considered a ____________________. 16. As the ____________________ of a Nobel prize. 4. 10. No matter how much we begged her. 17. The ____________________ was finalized when all parties signed the contract.3. 14. 13. Barry’s ____________________ was greatly improved by long hours of exercise and lifting weights. AIDS is a ____________________ disease on the African continent. Can anyone ____________________ your whereabouts on June 10? 5. Will you track the ____________________ of my rush order? 6. Will the suspect ____________________ his right to call a lawyer? 8. her boss is impressed with her ____________________. 9. that scientist soon became a celebrity. Charlene never wastes materials. but he had hoped for a ____________________ reward. Joe appreciated everyone’s thanks. Mrs. Currier leaves a generous ____________________ when she gets especially good service. a belt is ____________________. Melissa wouldn’t ____________________ her secret. 12. 11. 15. 82 .

donor DOWN D 6 7 V W 1. necessary 4.ANTONYMS 1 V Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. How many syllables are in the word recipient? _____________________ When recipient is pronounced. What are the two silent letters in the word waive? __________________ 3. What is the noun form of the adjective virulent? ____________________ 4. the accent is placed on which syllable? 5. wholesome 8 3. ACROSS 2 C 3 R 4 I 5 2. disprove 5. What crossword puzzle answer can be used as either a verb or a noun? _____________________ _____________________ 83 . What four verbs are used as answers in the crossword puzzle? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ 2. withhold 7. use a dictionary to find the information you need to answer the questions. claim 8. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. fine 6. 1. approve LOOK IT UP! R If you need help.

CORN SYRUP. 0 *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. NO. Total Fat 0g Sodium 65mg Total Carb. DISTILLED VINEGAR. SPICE.5g 8% Cholesterol 10mg 3% Sodium 85mg 4% Total Carbohydrate 0g 0% Protein 0g *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. spices.000 calorie diet. mayonnaise.000 calorie diet. water.UNIT 4 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Reading Food Labels Most of us use condiments every day. 0mg 0% 0% 0% Total Carb. and other sauces. ONION POWDER. (946 ml) REFRIGERATE AFTER OPENING. distilled vinegar.000 calorie diet. Fat 0g Cholest. (1. salt. INGREDIENTS: DISTILLED VINEGAR AND WATER. dressings. 4g Fiber 0g Sugars 4g Protein 0g 1% 0% Sodium 190mg 8% Vitamin A 6% • Vitamin C 0% • Calcium 0% • Iron 0% INGREDIENTS: TOMATO CONCENTRATE MADE FROM RED RIPE TOMATOES. 84 . Calories 0 % Daily Values* Total Fat 11g 17% Saturated Fat 1. TURMERIC. 1 GRADE MUSTARD SEED. KETCHUP Nutrition Facts Serv. sugar. Some familiar condiments are pepper. HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP. ketchup. Amount/serving %DV* Amount/serving %DV* Total Fat 0g Sat. Size 1 Tbsp (14g) Servings Per Container 64 Amount Per Serving MUSTARD Nutrition Facts Serv. lemon juice. Study the product labels below to learn more about the ingredients and nutritional value of three condiments. DO NOT FREEZE. These are the seasonings. return unused product to your store for a prompt and cheerful refund. whole eggs. Size 1 Tbsp (17g) Servings about 66 Calories 15 Fat Cal. PAPRIKA. and calcium disodium EDTA added to protect flavor QUALITY COMMITMENT If not 100% satisfied. mustard. egg yolks. Calories 100 Calories from Fat 100 % Daily Values* INGREDIENTS: soybean oil. or relishes we use to make foods taste better. SALT. SALT. NATURAL FLAVORING 40 oz. (566g) SATISFACTION 100% GUARANTEED 1 qt. 0g Protein 0g 0% 3% 0% 20 oz. Size 1 Tsp (5g) Servings About 113 Amount Per Serving *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2.13kg) MAYONNAISE Nutrition Facts Serv.

What five-letter noun in the reading means “coarse foods.WORD SEARCH 1. 7. green partial artificial irritable nightly 9 F SYNONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading to complete the sentences. Notice that the italicized word in each sentence is a synonym (word with similar meaning) of the scrambled word. 3. 1. such as cereals. that help move waste products through the intestines”? ______________________ f ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Customers who are not SIDEFASTI ____________________. or content. Bran muffins contain the BRIFE ____________________. ACROSS 3 1 P 2 R W 4 5 N A 6 1. 5. DOWN delayed subtracted boil strange 8 C 7 D R 2. or roughage. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a sour. 8. fermented liquid used to flavor or pickle foods? ______________________ s ______________________ v 3. 6. 4. 85 . your body needs to stay healthy. 2. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. 9. What five-letter verb in the reading means “to examine for the purpose of learning”? 2. with a product can return it for a refund.

oz. milligram kilogram gram quart megaliter milliliter ounce teaspoon quantity tablespoon grain ozone 1. Why is a form of calcium added to mayonnaise? ____________________ SPELLING 1. tsp _________________________ Use information from the labels on page 84 to answer the questions. What is another acceptable spelling of ketchup? ____________________ 2. g __________________________ COMPARING LABELS 5. _________________________ 6. __________________________ 7. qt. Hint: You will not use all the words in the box. ml _________________________ 2. to make their foods tastier. or spices. tbsp ________________________ 8. People use GINSASENOS ____________________. Which of the three condiments has a small vitamin content? ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ 3. 4. ABBREVIATIONS Choose the word from the box that matches each abbreviation. 1. mg _________________________ 4. Which condiment has the highest number of calories per serving? Which has the lowest? 2. Packaged food labels provide INRUINTOT ____________________ facts about your body’s daily requirements for nourishment. kg __________________________ 3. How is the plural form of tomato spelled? 86 ____________________ .3.

because it works for any size nut. bolt.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 3 Tools and Tasks Most young people look forward to moving out on their own. Needle-nose pliers are best for gripping small items or fitting in tight spots. Most drills come with screwdriver bits. Following is a list of essential tools that everyone should own and learn how to use: Hammer A basic claw hammer is a necessity for most projects from hanging pictures to tacking down loose carpet. or piece of pipe or wood. Tape measure Few projects can be accomplished without precise measurement. A 10-foot tape measure is fine for most basic projects. But independent living carries new responsibilities as well as new freedoms. Who will do simple building projects and fix things that break? Every young adult—male and female alike—should be prepared to deal with simple household tasks. Screwdrivers Both a standard and a Phillips-head screwdriver are necessary for most assembly work as well as for tightening loose screws. When you need more power. WORD SEARCH 1. What sixteen-letter noun in the reading means “obligations or duties”? __________________________ r 87 . Pliers Reach for the pliers to get a firm grasp on a nut. loose doorknobs) as well as for everyday projects (hanging a picture. Adjustable wrench This basic tool is indispensable for many projects. Saws An old-fashioned hacksaw is great for cutting through pipe and plastic. from fixing leaks to adjusting a toilet seat. Drill A handheld drill is perfect for drilling holes in wood or metal. putting up shelves). a circular saw is your best option. You’ll need more than a bed and a few groceries to be self-sufficient. You’re going to require some basic tools for routine repairs (leaky faucets.

new / _______________________ 2. Make sure the word’s meaning is entirely different in each sentence. Then circle the compound words. Hint: You will make both marks on two words. and underline the words that have a silent letter.2. tasks. nut nut ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ ANALYZING WORDS Study the words in the box. threaded pin used with a nut to hold parts together? ___________________________ b p 3. Write two sentences for each boldface word from the reading. What four-letter noun in the reading names a heavy metal. male /_______________________ 4. household screwdriver people everyday simple wrench independent doorknob 88 . or undertakings”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ Write an antonym (word that means the opposite) of each boldface word from the reading. more / ______________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS 3. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “organized activities. 1. best / _______________________ Many words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts.

a tool like small pincers.SYNONYMS 1 G 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 3. grip 2. indispensable 3. If you’re trying to put together the parts of something. 89 . 6. you will need to use a REDWERCVIRS ____________________. jobs WORDS IN CONTEXT 6 O S Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. A plumber usually uses a CHEWRN ____________________ to hold and turn a pipe. to bend wire. you will have to use a PEAT RUESAME ___________ ___________________. To tighten a loose doorknob. exact 5. 7. 4. uncomplicated DOWN 5 4 P 1. ACROSS E 3 T 4. you are doing SALYMEBS ____________________ work. 5. 1. choice 6. To find out exactly how big a room is. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. The solid metal head on a REMAHM ____________________ can be used to shape metal. You can use RESLIP ____________________. 2. A WAKCASH ____________________ has a narrow blade and fine teeth.

4. Like all vandals. taggers will be held responsible for restitution to property owners. Graffiti vandals can lose their driver’s licenses for one year. You Lose. If they don’t yet have a license. and fences. Enforcement teams are now being made up of police officers and community volunteers. A minimum of 66 weekend hours removing graffiti. First time offenders—and their parents—are required to attend a class taught by a police officer. Juvenile offenders are now required to complete more community service hours than ever. Many communities are demanding harsher penalties for those who commit graffiti vandalism. 2. Enforcement team members are hopeful that the tougher penalties will deter taggers from taking the risk. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the smallest amount possible or allowed”? 90 ____________________ ____________________ m v . and apprehension. their eligibility to get one will be delayed for one year. One large city in California has come up with a program called Tag. investigation. They are multiplying their efforts at surveillance. These “graffiti artists” usually work together as a “tagging crew. A second offense will impose 132 hours of graffiti cleanup.” They go on “bombing runs” with the express purpose of putting their tag names on both public and private property.UNIT 4 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Communities Against Graffiti Some young people make a sport of defacing structures like buildings. walls. street signs. 3. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “the deliberate destruction of property”? 2. This program mandates the following new penalties for taggers who have been caught in the act: 1. WORD SEARCH 1.

enhancing / ____________________ 4. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the condition of being qualified for something”? 4. i. public / ___________________ 2. rarely / ___ S ___ ___ L L Y 8. u) to write a word from the reading next to its antonym listed below. e. 5. From what foreign language have English speakers borrowed the word graffiti? 2. Use information from the entry to answer the questions. What is the singular form of the word? ____________________ ____________________ 91 . win / L ___ S ___ LOOK IT UP! Look up graffiti in the dictionary. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the act of paying back for what has been lost or damaged”? ANTONYMS ____________________ e ____________________ r • First. o. adult / ____________________ 3. unscramble the words from the reading. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). advanced / _____________________ • Now add vowels (a.3. apart / T ___ G ___ T H ___ R 6. less / M ___ R ___ 7. 1. EVILJUNE _____________________ EDGAFNIC _______________________ EYELADD ______________________ TRAPVIE _________________________ 1.

watched over closely c. lay on as a burden 92 . The police kept the suspect under surveillance for several nights. a. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. punishments DOWN 6 2.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 1. graffiti artists 3. arrest 6. fully informed of his rights 2. more punitive P WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. determine c. being repeatedly questioned b. ACROSS 1 S 2 T 3 M 4 5 H A 1. increasing 4. a. suggest to a jury c. A judge could impose a high fine on taggers. discourage b. a. game 5. Fear of being caught will deter some vandals from striking. terrify 3. take into consideration b.

Then fill a lint-free roller with paint. It is important to follow the directions in order. Paint trim and woodwork last. 6. Clean up. square section. Roll from dry areas into wet. Wait to decorate. Fill cracks and holes with spackling paste to smooth uneven areas. What six-letter noun in the reading is a unit of measurement meaning “four quarts”? ______________________ g 93 . area in one coat. Go on to the other walls. When dry. but do not thin. bottom. Mix paint thoroughly. Paint the walls.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 How to Paint a Room The following instructions appear on a one-gallon can of paint. by 2-ft. 3. Then roll across the V to fill in the section. sand and cover repairs with a primer. 1. Paint the ceiling first. Roll a V over a 2-ft. Prepare the surface. Use a nylon scrub brush to remove paint from brush bristles. Use a 2-inch brush. Brush a 3-inch border around the top. 2. Then use your roller and the V technique to finish the job. Begin by brushing a 3-inch border around the edges. Allow the paint to dry four hours between coats. 7. Use the V technique to finish painting the ceiling. 4. 5. If necessary. Do not place objects on windowsills or shelves for 30 days (until paint is cured). 8. Wash your hands and tools with warm. Stir. Clean to remove dirt and dust. Sand lightly to brush off loose paint and dull any shine on the surface. WORD SEARCH 1. A full roller should cover a 2-ft. and sides of one wall. Use a scrub sponge to thoroughly clean paint trays and brush handles. soapy water. apply a second coat.

1. Follow the directions in order. window moldings. Use spackling paste to fill cracks and holes. paint the woodwork. remove / _____________________ . one at a time b. cool /________________________ 2. first quality wall paint Unscramble the words from the reading. After spackling. a. things like picture frames 3. begin /_______________________ 4. sand and cover the area with a primer. a. etc. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). After painting the walls. a. alphabetically c. doors. special lubricating compound c.2. uneven /_____________________ 94 3. special paint used for a first coat c. flour-based paste that sparkles b. liquid glue or adhesive ANTONYMS b. b. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the top part of a room opposite the floor”? ______________________ c WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. PYPAL ________________________ OTHMOS ______________________ SHIFIN ___________________________ RAWM ___________________________ 1. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a method or procedure for rendering art or carrying out an operation”? ______________________ t 3. patching substance made of powder and water 4. wooden workbench c. chronologically 2. a.

cavities DOWN 6 4 3 5 T N C R F I 7 T 2. c 4. 6. p 5. n h 2. 3. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. ACROSS 1 2 1. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading. Foot is to pedal as hand is to _________________________.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. to complete 7. crevices 8 4. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. Outside is to roof as inside is to _________________________. Inches are to feet as minutes are to _________________________. directions 8. Placement is to place as removal is to _________________________. to dilute 5. Baker is to bake as painter is to _________________________. implements ANALOGIES H Analogies are statements of relationship. 1. Prepare is to verb as shelf is to _________________________. r h 95 . required 3. eradicate 6.

Q If the light changes while you’re in a crosswalk. how many miles should you plan to drive in a single day? A Under optimum driving conditions. Q Who has the right-of-way when two cars approach an intersection at the same time? A No one has the right-of-way! According to the law.6% of all accidents. When you reach an intersection. and midnight on Fridays. but the law doesn’t give the right-of-way to anyone. The following factors must always be taken into account: bad weather. About three in every ten Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related crash at some time in their lives. you may obstruct traffic and cause an accident. it’s best to be prepared to yield—regardless of your position. you might hit a pedestrian crossing behind you. be sure to wear your seat belt and stay alert! Q When you’re taking a trip.M. Q Which contributes more to accidents—alcohol or speeding? A In a recent review of traffic fatalities. stay put. alcohol contributed to 38. More than 18% of all fatal accidents occur on this first day of the weekend. Most serious accidents occur during two blocks of time: between 8 P.M. and driver exhaustion. unexpected road conditions. If you must drive late at night. Q What’s the most dangerous time of the week to drive? A Saturdays. plan to drive about 350 miles. 96 . If you back the car up. If you go forward. Don’t allow a driving trip to become a mad rush. and between midnight and 4 A. what should you do? A If you can’t avoid getting caught in a crosswalk. Speeding was the second most prevalent factor. the driver on the left should yield.UNIT 4 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Safe Driving Quiz Here’a a quick quiz to test your “safe driving” knowledge. on Saturdays. Your courtesy and caution may prevent a collision.

Mrs. 3. An (ancient) ____________________ weather report predicted fair weather for this coming weekend. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “a lane marked off for people to use while crossing a street”? 3. 97 . NECTER _______________________ DIOVA ________________________ LATER ____________________________ FELT _____________________________ 1. Then complete each sentence by writing an unscrambled word next to its boldface antonym (word that means the opposite). west is on the (right) ____________________ side. Hanson tried to (pursue) ____________________ a conversation with her nosy neighbor. An (inattentive) ____________________ person rarely misses out on a good opportunity. 4. When you’re looking at a map.WORD SEARCH 1. 2. What ten-letter plural noun in the reading means “deaths”? _________________________ p c f _________________________ _________________________ ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading. What ten-letter noun in the reading names a person who is traveling around town on foot? 2.

a. criticism b. 1. gave money to b. in spite of c. written in a ledger 4. in regard to 2. without sending regards b. a. added up c. Several factors must be taken into account before you decide to keep driving. fatigue 3. perilous 5. ACROSS 1 3 2 P E O 3. ideal WORDS IN CONTEXT 5 F Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. managed to avoid c. Regardless of your position. weighed and considered b. tallied. a. a. played a part in 98 . Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. common 2. be prepared to yield the right-of-way. A recent review of fatalities listed the main causes of deadly traffic accidents. commentary c. examination 3. impede 4. Alcohol contributed to almost 39 percent of all car accidents. deadly DOWN 4 D 1.

5. Now write sentences of your own. rambling story was not very ( sporadic / coherent ). Hint: For additional help. Think about the definitions. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. 3. 4. look up the ten boldface words in your dictionary. His ( tenacious / furtive ) behavior should have aroused our suspicions. That ( impetuous / lucrative ) boy often takes dangerous risks. 1. Brittany’s explanation of the problem was quite clear and ( voracious / succinct ). The big crowd at the championship game was unusually ( raucous / emaciated ). WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. 1. 2. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 99 . Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. use context clues. using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above. LOOK IT UP! First. Hector’s long.

persistent. Kelly’s business has grown and become ____________________. ongoing b. 1. Over the years. The faces of the starving people were pitifully ____________________. ACROSS DOWN S 4 F 5 1. sneaky I 6 T WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with some of the words you studied on the previous page. plump.SYNONYMS 1 2 C 3 R Complete the crossword puzzle with words you studied on the previous page. emaciated 2. concise 4. 2. ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonyms (words with the opposite meaning). ____________________ bursts of laughter could be heard from the playground. sporadic 100 a. Use context clues for help. The frightened child had a ____________________ grip on his mother’s hand. sly. bewildering. 4. determined 2. wordy . Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. robust c. clear. rash. The ____________________ teenagers asked for more pizza. 5. 1. brief. hasty 6. constant. noisy 3. coherent 3. rowdy. sensible 5. 3.

prefers a flat. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. a. knew what was coming b. report someone’s wrongdoing Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. 1. wanted you to follow him c. not believe what we heard 4. _____ to let your hair down 4. watch someone closely c. speak frankly and intimately d. _____ to climb on the bandwagon IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. keeps moving c. doesn’t stop. _____ to blow the whistle on 3. a prophet predicted 2.EVERYDAY IDIOMS All languages have certain expressions. a. that cannot be understood literally. Bob was pulling your leg when he told you that wild story. your little sister said b. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. learned from a secret source c. a. 1. join others in supporting someone or something b. fooling around. teasing 101 . read about it in the paper c. a. Hint: Use context clues for help. _____ to breathe down someone’s neck 2. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. smooth surface 3. keeps her yard well-mowed b. we could see the writing on the wall. Sandy never lets any grass grow under her feet. Even before the lay-offs. or idioms. giving you a secret signal b. A little bird told me that I could find you here.

3. Information about a canned food’s ____________________ value can be found on the label. Taggers. The adjective form of the noun necessity is ______________________.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words you studied in Unit 4 to complete the sentences. If you need help. 8. like all ____________________. WORD FORMS s n p v c a c t Complete the sentences with different forms of the boldface words. Paint the ____________________ of the room before you paint the walls. 2. 4. 7. You can grip a very tiny item with needle-nosed ___________________. Nearly one-third of all Americans will one day be involved in an ____________________-related car accident. 1. 102 . Art’s ____________________ explanation of the water cycle earned him an A in science. must make restitution for the damage they’ve done. 5. 6. check a dictionary! 1. That patient’s ____________________ has recently been upgraded from poor to fair. His fingerprints were ____________________ evidence that he had been in that room.

4. _____ PREVALENT _____ GRAFFITI _____ ASSEMBLY _____ PROMPT _____ TANGIBLE _____ DISCRETION _____ ELIGIBILITY _____ WAIVE _____ OBSTRUCT _____ IMPOSE _____ WRENCH _____ FIBER E L I G I B I L I T Y D S A D Y J Q S D X L I P D W C P T C U R T S B O T E Q S W U P Z C G H T A S C D O R O R A J A N N O W A S S E M B L Y E G P X A P T U N Z E D L I M R F I B E R C W S A B I B O S V Y G O H F V L X N H M J E F P S G E E C U G A P T H P D N R G R A F F I T I E F C P 103 . The verb form of the noun transaction is ______________________. 2. The noun form of the verb impose is ______________________. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. c d d a Find and circle the words in the puzzle. 5. across. Ham is to meat as mustard is to _________________________. 1. The noun form of the adjective tenacious is ______________________. 4. 3. backward. Apprehension is to apprehend as deterrence is to _________________________. HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE 3. down. Words may go up. 6. The adverb form of the adjective prompt is ______________________. Sandpaper is to remove as roller is to _________________________. The plural form of the noun fatality is ______________________. or diagonally. Confirm is to corroborate as reveal is to _________________________.2. Check off each word as you find it. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading to show the same relationship.

tangible _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. discretion _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. wrench ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. waive __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. prompt ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. 1. check the dictionary definitions. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. impose ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. obstruct _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 104 . prevalent ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. graffiti _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6.Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. fiber ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. To get ideas. eligibility ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. assembly _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12.

If you’re accused of a crime. DOWN promotion VERB: __________ NOUN: V abundance ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 7 F vandalize NOUN: __________ VERB: sensitive NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: 8 S 2. ACROSS P R 3 4 A 5 N A 6 1. 4.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS END-OF-BOOK TEST WORD FORMS 1 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with a different form of each boldface word from the readings. Should you paint the sealing before or after you paint the walls? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 105 . cross out the incorrect word in each sentence. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Then rewrite the sentence. never wave your right to see an attorney. replacing the crossed-out word with its homonym. 6. Answer words are the part of speech shown. frost ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: HOMONYMS First. analyze NOUN: __________ VERB: 7. relevant NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: necessity ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 5. 3. 1. 8. Hint: Check the Word List to find the homonyms.

Paint the trim and ____________________ after you paint the walls. restaraunt / restaurant 6. you can put that coat on ____________________. BOX A BOX B ways work gate away proof walk cross fool lay tail water wood 1. 4. 5. just ask for it. Hint: Answer words combine one word from Box A and one word from Box B. utilities / utilitys . If you don’t have the whole purchase price. If you knead more writing paper. Our country’s ____________________ are endangered by chemical pollutants. 1. 3. Who will council me about which classes to take next year? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ COMPOUND WORDS Write a compound word to complete each sentence. 6. prevalent / prevelant 5.3. bereavement / bereavment 2. you must not ____________________ the driver in front of you. strategys / strategies 3. The brochure claims that the assembly instructions are so easy they’re ____________________. SPELLING Circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. 2. curicculum / curriculum 106 4. Stop if you see a pedestrian entering the ____________________. To be a safe driver.

healthful / ___________________ 6. down. ragged / ____________________ 2. wither / _____________________ Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. Even small ( formulas / traces ) of insecticide can harm aquatic life. Use context clues for help. Hospice volunteers support ( terminally / habitually ) ill patients and their families. flexible / ____________________ 5. ___ TOXIC ___ TEMPORARY ___ PLIABLE ___ DETER ___ ROSTER ___ WORTHY ___ THRIVE ___ OPTIMISM ___ REFUTE ___ SCRAGGLY ___ PROMPT ___ INFLATE T H R I V E A S R G O O S P O M N C H E P B X C U T E I E T T O S I R O C V L R I E G Y C A T E B O M S D R H H G M A A I R P A H T W G I N S N A R L C R O L N M I X O O A A O P Y F Q C P N M M P W O O L O M Y D P O U M R C A E R O S T E R P S N T C L U N V B S H A E E T U F E R D O D SYNONYMS ANTONYMS 1. 1. write each word next to its synonym or antonym. When you have circled all the words. permanent / _________________ 4. list / ________________________ 4. undeserving / ________________ 3. or diagonally. backward. 107 .SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Find and circle the hidden words. deflate / _____________________ 5. pessimism / __________________ 2. Check off each word as you find it. prevent / ____________________ 6. 2. across. punctual / ___________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT 1. disprove / ___________________ 3. Words may go up.

using each word in two different ways. 7. try to ( distract / inundate ) yourself by taking deep breaths. 6. 5. When you’re angry. WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 2. Everyone should know how to use a few ( viable / essential ) tools. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Find two multiple-meaning words in the box. 8. Your insurance ( gratuities / premiums ) may increase annually. Your car’s airbag will ( encroach / deploy ) if you have a collision.3. Some telephone ( solicitors / applicants ) may be clever con artists. Psychologists say that ( contentment / vandalism ) is a result rather than a cause. 4. Then write four original sentences. WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 108 . tenacious inference organic resort cajole etiquette desert precarious 1.

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Abbreviation abundance academic accessories acme acquired acute adamant adjustable adverse affects agencies agent aggressor allergy alleviate alter alternatives analyze anxiety applicant apprehension aquatic artificial assembly austere authorization avarice average awareness Ballot bandwagon behavior benefits berate bereavement bewildering bigot bilingual biscuits bolt bristle budget Caffeine cajole campaign carbohydrate ceiling certificate chamois chemical chronologically coherent collision commercially commitment community compost compression concise conclusion condiments consequence conservation consistency consortium consumer contentment corroborate counsel coupon crevice crosswalk crucial crusty cultivate curriculum cylinder Debunked deceitful decorum defacing deflated delegate deploy deter detergent detour digestive discard discipline discount 109 .

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST discretion disprove divulge docents Efficiency ejection eligibility eligible eliminate emaciated embellish encroach enforce engulf enigma enrich ensnare ensure entangle enthrone entrée entrust essential estimate etiquette exhort exposure expunge exterior fatalities feasible fiber filter firm flatter foolproof forerunner formula foster fraud frequent frontal frost fructose furtive hinder hoard hospice Identify impact impeccable impetuous impose inclement independent indigent indispensable inference inflated ingredients injury innate insecticide insulate insurance intake intersection interstate inundate inventory investment irritability Gamut gesture graffiti grain grasp gratuity gross gullible gusting Habitually hacksaw hammer harbinger hardships heinous Jettison junction justification juvenile Façade factor familiar 110 .

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Ketchup knead Nadir necessity negligible net nontoxic nostalgia nursery nurture nutritional Lackluster layaway lease liability libel limitations lucrative Objective Majority malady malleable mandate manure marital mass massive maximum megadose megavitamins mental mentor merchandise moderate mollify monitor mortgage multitudinous myriad obligation obstruct occupants offense optimism optimum organic overwhelming policy precarious precautions precise premium prescribed prevalent preventive primer production profligate profusion prohibited promotion prompt property prudence psychologists punitive Paraphrase particularly passage pastry paucity pedestrian pedestrians penalty permeate pesticide physique pliable pliers Raucous realistic reasoning recall recipient recline recommend redundant refute regardless reimburse relevant repeal 111 .

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST repetitive requisite responsibilities restitution restrain restriction résumé revoke right-of-way robust roster roughage routine Salvage scam schedule scraggly seasonings self-acceptance self-control self-respect self-sufficient sensitive severe shortening siege solicit solicitor solution solvents sophisticated spackling paste sporadic spurs staples status strategies stymie succinct suicide supplement support surveillance suspenders sustainable swindle symptoms syndrome turpentine tutors typical Ulcers underwriting upright utilities Vandalism vapid vehicle veteran veto viable vinegar virulent visibility volunteer voracious Tagger tailgating tangible technique temporary tenacious terminally texture therapy thrive timorous torso toxic traces trainee transaction transit trigger Waive waterways wax whereabouts woodwork worthwhile worthy wrench wrongdoing Yield 112 .

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