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PAINT DEFECTS

1st November 2001/aka

CONSUMER BUYS THE PAINTED SURFACE TIME PERIOD BETWEEN TWO PAINT APPLICATION CYCLES

BEST BUY
DEPENDS ON
THE RIGHT SURFACE CONDITION THE RIGHT SURFACE PREPARATION THE RIGHT PAINT COMPOSITION THE RIGHT APPLICATION WITH RIGHT TOOLS THE RIGHT ENVIRONMENT

PRODUCT TRAINING PROGRAMME

PAINT DEFECTS
STAGES OF DEFECTS IN WET PAINT DURING APPLICATION DURING DRYING AND CURING SHORTLY AFTER APPLICATION DURING SERVICE LIFE

DEFECTS APPEARING IN
WET PAINTS

PRESENTATION ON

DEFECTS

PROBABLE CAUSES

PROBABLE CORRECTIVES

DEFECTS IN WET PAINTS

FOAMING
OVERSTIRRING LOW CONSISTENCY
TRANSPORTATION

ALLOW THE MATERIAL TO STAND STILL

DUMPING OR ADDITION

GAS FORMATIONBULGING
REACTION OF METALLIC PASTE BASIC PIGMENTS BINDERS PUTREFACTION MOISTURE STORAGE TEMPERATURE
CAREFULLY ALLOW GAS TO GO OUT CHECK VISCOSITY IF IT CAN BE ADJUSTED FOR USE

GELLED
REACTION ON STORAGE EXPOSED TO HIGH TEMPERATURE MOISTURE DISCARD

HARD SETTLING
OLD MATERIAL HEAVILY PIGMENTED LOWER CONSISTENCY STORAGE IN ELEVETED TEMPERATURE STIR WELL FOR LONGER TIME USE GYROSHAKER KEEP TIN UPSIDE DOWN FOR SOME TIME

LUMPS
SMALL BIG HARD SOFT (Distempers)

LUMPS
MATERIAL IS EXPOSED TO AIR FORMING SKINS AND / OR SMALL LUMPS MIX WELL FOR LONG TIME FILTER THE MATERIAL BEFORE USE TO AVOID LUMPS

MEDIUM SEPARATION
MATERIAL IS OLD TENDENCY EXIBITED BY MANY FORMULATIONS IT IS NOT A QUALITY RELATED ISSUE MIX WELL AND USE

PUTREFACTION

UNPLEASANT SMELL
MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION FROM RM,WATER USED;MATERIAL LEFT EXPOSED AFTER THINNING WITH WATER IF THERE IS NO CHANGE IN CONSISTENCY USE MATERIAL; OTHERWISE DISCARD

SKINNING
MORE ULLAGE LEAKAGE OF AIR FAULTY FILTRATION PART OF PAINT REMOVED AND LID IS NOT TIGHTLY CLOSED COVER THE TOP LAYER WITH SMALL QUANTITY OF THINNER FILTER WELL PRIOR TO USE

SYNERESIS
WATER/LIQUID SEPARATION
OLD MATERIAL LOW CONSISTENCY OVERTHINNING OF MATERIAL MIX WELL AND USE

THIN IN CONSISTENCY
INEFFECTIVE STIRRING WHILE ASSESSING CONSISTENCY DROP IN VISCOSITY ON STORAGE SYNRESIS MIX WELL AND USE HAVE A SKILLED BRUSHMAN TO AVOID SAGGING

PICKUP IN CONSISTENCY
THICKENING/ VISCOUS MATERIAL

REACTION EXPOSED TO HIGH TEMPERATURE MOISTURE

ADJUST CONSISTENCY AND USE IT MAY TAKE MORE THINNER AFFECTING OPACITY

DIFFICULTIES

DURING

APPLICATION OF PAINT

BITTY FILM
DUSTY SURROUNDINGS UNFILTERED MATERIAL SEEDINGOVERTHINNING RAPIDLY UNSUITABLE THINNER SEEDING WILL RESULT BITTY FILM IN OTHER CASES FILTER AND USE

BLEEDING
USE OF IMPROPER PRIMER OR THINNER ( STRONG SOLVENTS) INSUFFICIENT CURING OF BASE COAT
USE OF LOCAL DYES/ STAINED WOOD

RIGHT THINNER RIGHT UNDERCOAT CURE WELL PROPER QUALITY OF WOOD

BLOOMING
OR HAZE IMPROPER THINNER POOR VENTILATION CONTAMINATION HIGH HUMIDITY CONDENSATION ON SUBSTRATE RIGHT THINNER GOOD VENTILATION AVOID CONTAMINATION

BLUSHING
ACTION OF MOISTURE / WATER UNDER HIGH HUMIDITY WARM THE PARTS BEFORE PAINTING TO ,SAY AT 40C FORCE DRY THE FRESH FILM DURING COOLER DAYS

BRUSH CLOGGING
POOR BRUSH CLEANING (DISTEMPERS)

BRUSH CLOGGING
HARD WATER USE OF BRUSH PARTIALLY USEDUNCLEANED USE SOFT WATER MAINTAIN BRUSH PROPERLY

BRUSH MARKS
HIGH CONSISTENCY WRONG THINNER MATERIAL DRIES FAST HIGH SURROUNDING TEMP POOR QUALITY OF BRUSH POOR WORKMANSHIP PROPER CONSISTENCY RIGHT THINNER QUALITY BRUSH GOOD WORKMANSHIP

HARD TO BRUSH
IMPROPER THINNER TEMP HIGH (Evaporation of solvents) HIGH CONSISTENCY(Tin left opened) LOWER TEMP(Visc pickup) POROUS SUBSTRATE FIRST COAT SOFT RIGHT THINNER RIGHT WEATHER CURING OF UNDERCOAT

CISSING
CONTAMINATION POOR WETTING (at end of pot life) PAINT IS TOO THIN GOOD SUBSTRATE PREPARATION RIGHT CONSISTENCY AVOID CONTAMINATION

DIFFICULT TO MIX WITH WATER


(WATER BASE PAINTS)

DIFFICULT TO MIX WITH WATER


HARD WATER HIGH CONSISTENCY DUMPING OF PASTE IN WATER USE SOFT WATER MIX SLOWLY AND WELL

LIFTING OF UNDERNEATH FILM


(AFTER THE APPLICATION OF TOP COAT)

LIFTING OF UNDERNEATH FILM


STRONG SOLVENTS IN TOP COATS IMPROPER CURING OF UNDERCOAT APPLICATION OVER UNCLEAN SURFACE PROPER THINNER CURE UNDERCOAT RIGHT COMPOSITE SYSTEM USE TIE COAT

ORANGEPEEL EFFECT
IMPROPER THINNER SETTING OF GUN FILM SETS FAST LOW FILM OR TOO HIGH DFT SUBSTRATE TEMP HIGH UNDERCOAT NOT DRIED WELL

PROPER THINNER CURING OF UNDERCOAT RIGHT ATMOSPHERE GOOD WORKMANSHIP

PINHOLES
CONTAMINATION WETTING POOR (Two Pack) SILICON CONTAMINATION POOR FLOW AVOID CONTAMINATION GOOD WORKMANSHIP

POOR SPREADING CAPACITY


OR POOR COVERING CAPACITY APPLICATION AT HIGHER CONSISTENCY -THICK FILM IMPROPER THINNER HIGH ABSORPTION DUE TO POROUS SUBSTRATE GOOD WORKMANSHIP RIGHT THINNER SEAL THE SUBSTRATE TO REDUCE POROSITY

POOR HIDING
OVERTHINNING LOWER DFT CONTRAST OF BASE COLOR SETTLED MASS IN A CAN NOT FULLY MIXED FLOCCULATION OF PIGMENT MIX WELL GOOD WORKMANSHIP APPLY PRIMER TO REDUCE CONTRAST

SAGGING
IMPROPER THINNER HIGH DFT GUN SETTING PAINT OVER GLOSSY SUBSTRATE WET PLASTER INSUFFICIENT MIXING OF PAINT ( SETTLED MASS ) POOR VENTILATION

GOOD WORKMANSHIP RIGHT THINNER PROPER SURFACE PREPARATION

WRINKLING
THICKER FILM BUILDUP HIGH TEMP VISCOUS MATERIAL SURFACE DRY WITH TRAPPING OF SOLVENTS CONTAMINATION GOOD VENTILATION AVOID CONTAMINATION GOOD WORKMANSHIP

FAULTS RELATED TO
DRYING & CURING

DISCOLORATION DUE TO
OVERBAKING,OR YELLOWING DUE TO OVERBAKING BAKING AT HIGHER TEMPERATURE BAKING FOR LONGER DURATION CONTROL PROPER SCHEDULE

SLOW DRYING
HIGHER DFT LOW SURROUNDING TEMP HIGH HUMIDITY CONTAMINATION OF OILY ,WAXY MATERIAL
IMPROPER THINNER

GOOD SURFACE RIGHT THINNER RIGHT ATMOSPHERE GOOD WORKMANSHIP

SOFT FILM
FILM IS CHEESY HIGHER DFT LOW SURROUNDING TEMP IMPROPER THINNER CONTAMINATION WITH OIL WAX RIGHT THINNER GOOD VENTILATION RIGHT ATMOSPHERE GOOD WORKMANSHIP

FILM IS TACKY
FILM IS STICKY HIGHER DFT LOW SURROUNDING TEMP IMPROPER THINNER CONTAMINATION SAPONIFICATION DAMP WALL RIGHT THINNER RIGHT ATMOSPHERE SEAL ALKLINITY GOOD WORKMANSHIP

BLISTERS
IMPROPER THINNER AERATION IN PAINTS MOISTURE CONTAMINATION THICK FILM WITH ENTRAPPED SOLVENTS WATERLOVING SALTS IN BASECOAT MOISTURE MORE THAN 12% RIGHT THINNER SEASONED WOOD AVOID CORROSION RIGHT DFT PROPER CURING

COLOR STREAKS
UNDISPERSED TINTERS PIGMENT FLOCCULATION NON UNIFORM BRUSHING GOOD WORKMANSHIP PROPER MIXING OF MATERIAL

DEFECTS SHORTLY
AFTER APPLICATION

FINISH OF THE FILM


GRITTY OR ROUGH OR FINISH OF THE FILM POOR

FINISH OF THE FILM POOR


UNFILTERED MATERIAL UNCLEAN SUBSTRATE DUSTY SURROUNDING DUMPING OF THINNER STIRRED-IN-SKIN PIGMENT FLOCCULATION

FILTER WELL CLEAN ENVIRONMENT SELECT AND ADD RIGHT AMOUNT OF THINNER

MATTENING OF THE FILM


DIFFERENCE IN SHEEN/MATTNESS

MATTENING OF THE FILM


IMPROPER THINNER THIN FILM HIGH POROSITY OF THE SUBSTRATE OR PRIMER/UNDER COAT SEAL THE SUBSTRATE SELECT PROPER THINNER GOOD WORKMANSHIP

PATCHINESS
NON UNIFORM ABSORPTION NONUNIFORM APPLICATION OF PRIMER POOR PUTTY WORK THIN FILM POOR DISPERSION OF TINTERS POOR WORKMANSHIP

UNIFORM DFT PROPER MIXING AND STIRRING CORRECT APPLICATION QUALITY TOOLS SEALING OF SURFACE

POOR ADHESION

ADHESION ON GALVANISED,COPPER OR ALUMINIUM

POOR ADHESION
POOR SURFACE PREPARATION ETCH PRIMER? PRETREATMENT CHEMICALS CHALKY SURFACE CONTAMINATION POOR CURING OF UNDERCOAT
INCOMPATIBILITY OF COATS(THERMOPLASTIC VS THERMOSETTING)

SELECT RIGHT SYSTEM GOOD SURFACE PREPARATION CURE WELL THE COATS APPLIED IN BETWEEN

POOR GLOSS
INCOMPATIBLE THINNER POOR VENTILATION VERY THIN COAT HIGH ABSORPTION OF THE SURFACE PRIME THE SURFACE USE PROPER THINNER ENSURE GOOD VENTILATION GOOD WORKMANSHIP

SHADE VARIATION
NONUNIFORM FILM DEPOSIT COLOR OF THE U/C NO. OF COATS APPLIED FLOCCULATION DIFFERENCE IN APPEARANCE OF TOP COAT(GLOSS) CONTAMINATION WITH OTHER COLOR

MIX THE MATERIAL WELL GOOD WORKMANSHIP

REDUCED SHEEN
(LUSTRE FINISH)

IMPROPER THINNER ABSORPTION OF UNDERCOAT / SURFACE NONUNIFORM DFT SETTLED MASS IN CAN-?

MIX WELL SELECT RIGHT THINNER GOOD WORKMANSHIP

DEFECTS DEVELOPED DURING SERVICE LIFE

ALGAE GROWTH
PRETREATMENT TO THE AFFECTED SURFACE PRIOR TO PAINTING MOIST/HIGH HUMIDITY DAMP SURFACE TREAT WITH BIOWASH AVOID DAMP WALL STOP THE LEAKAGE OF WATER GOOD WEATHER

CHALKING
IMPROPER SURFACE ABSORPTION OVERTHINNING OF W/B -SETTLING UV RADIATION TOO THINLY APPLIED FILM SALTY ATMOSPHERE

SELECT RIGHT PRODUCT GOOD WORKMANSHIP

CHECKING & CRACKING


SEVERE WEATHER CONDITION OVERAGEING OF FILM DIFFERENCE IN STRESS AND STRAIN IN MULTICOAT SYSTEM SELECT RIGHT PAINT COMPOSITE SYSTEM

EFFLORESCENCE
SEEPAGE OF WATER THROUGH WALLSALTS DEPOSITION SALTS FROM BRICKS UNWASHED SAND IN MORTERS OR CEMENT ADDITIVES

STOP SEEPAGE REMOVE POWDER WASH WELL DRY SURFACE PRIME AND APPLY

FUNGUS GROWTH
OR MOULD GROWTH AFFECTED SURFACE PRIOR TO PAINTING HIGH HUMIDITY LACK OF SUNSHINE POOR VENTILATION DAMP ROOMS TREAT WITH BIOWASH SELECT RIGHT SYSTEM RIGHT WEATHER CONDITIONS

PEELING & FLAKING


DIFFERENTIAL RIGHT PAINT STRESS AND STRAIN SYSTEM IN MULTICOAT RIGHT SURFACE SYSTEM PREPARATION PREMATURE DETACHMENT OF U/C GOOD POOR ADHESION WORKMANSHIP UV EXPOSURE POOR SUBSTRATE DAMP PLASTER EFFLORESCENCE

RUSTING
RUSTY SURFACE POOR QUALITY OF PRIMER HIGH HUMIDITY CORROSIVE ATMOSPHERE RIGHT PAINT SYSTEM RIGHT SURFACE PREPARATION GOOD WORKMANSHIP

DARKENING OF SHADE
OVER EXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT ALKALINE -ACIDIC CONTAMINATION LOSS OF GLOSS RIGHT PRODUCT SELECTION

FADING OF SHADE
SHADE IS BECOMING LIGHTER OVEREXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT TINTED WITH LOCAL COLORANTS MOISTURE CHALKING MASKS LOSS OF GLOSS ACIDIC CONTAMINATION

RIGHT PAINT SYSTEM

YELLOWING OF SHADE
INADEQUATE EXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT ADDITION OF GLAZE VARNISH UNDERNEATH SURFACE RUSTY OVERBAKING CONTAMINATIONAMMONIA PAINTED AREA PARTIALLY COVERED

GOOD SURFACE PREPARATION RIGHT PAINT SYSTEM

THANK YOU