PAINT DEFECTS

1st November 2001/aka

CONSUMER BUYS • THE PAINTED SURFACE • TIME PERIOD BETWEEN TWO PAINT APPLICATION CYCLES

BEST BUY
DEPENDS ON
• • • • THE RIGHT SURFACE CONDITION THE RIGHT SURFACE PREPARATION THE RIGHT PAINT COMPOSITION THE RIGHT APPLICATION WITH RIGHT TOOLS • THE RIGHT ENVIRONMENT

PRODUCT TRAINING PROGRAMME

PAINT DEFECTS
• • • • • STAGES OF DEFECTS IN WET PAINT DURING APPLICATION DURING DRYING AND CURING SHORTLY AFTER APPLICATION DURING SERVICE LIFE

DEFECTS APPEARING IN
WET PAINTS

PRESENTATION ON

DEFECTS

• PROBABLE CAUSES

• PROBABLE CORRECTIVES

DEFECTS IN WET PAINTS

FOAMING
• OVERSTIRRING • LOW CONSISTENCY
• TRANSPORTATION

• ALLOW THE MATERIAL TO STAND STILL

• DUMPING OR ADDITION

GAS FORMATIONBULGING
• REACTION OF METALLIC PASTE BASIC PIGMENTS BINDERS • PUTREFACTION • MOISTURE • STORAGE TEMPERATURE
• CAREFULLY ALLOW GAS TO GO OUT • CHECK VISCOSITY IF IT CAN BE ADJUSTED FOR USE

GELLED
• REACTION ON STORAGE • EXPOSED TO HIGH TEMPERATURE • MOISTURE • DISCARD

HARD SETTLING
• OLD MATERIAL • HEAVILY PIGMENTED • LOWER CONSISTENCY • STORAGE IN ELEVETED TEMPERATURE • STIR WELL FOR LONGER TIME • USE GYROSHAKER • KEEP TIN UPSIDE DOWN FOR SOME TIME

LUMPS
• • • • SMALL BIG HARD SOFT (Distempers)

LUMPS
• MATERIAL IS EXPOSED TO AIR FORMING SKINS AND / OR SMALL LUMPS • MIX WELL FOR LONG TIME • FILTER THE MATERIAL BEFORE USE TO AVOID LUMPS

MEDIUM SEPARATION
• MATERIAL IS OLD • TENDENCY EXIBITED BY MANY FORMULATIONS • IT IS NOT A QUALITY RELATED ISSUE • MIX WELL AND USE

PUTREFACTION

UNPLEASANT SMELL
• MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION FROM RM,WATER USED;MATERIAL LEFT EXPOSED AFTER THINNING WITH WATER • IF THERE IS NO CHANGE IN CONSISTENCY USE MATERIAL; OTHERWISE DISCARD

SKINNING
• MORE ULLAGE • LEAKAGE OF AIR • FAULTY FILTRATION • PART OF PAINT REMOVED AND LID IS NOT TIGHTLY CLOSED • COVER THE TOP LAYER WITH SMALL QUANTITY OF THINNER • FILTER WELL PRIOR TO USE

SYNERESIS
WATER/LIQUID SEPARATION
• OLD MATERIAL • LOW CONSISTENCY • OVERTHINNING OF MATERIAL • MIX WELL AND USE

•THIN IN CONSISTENCY
• INEFFECTIVE STIRRING WHILE ASSESSING CONSISTENCY • DROP IN VISCOSITY ON STORAGE • SYNRESIS • MIX WELL AND USE • HAVE A SKILLED BRUSHMAN TO AVOID SAGGING

PICKUP IN CONSISTENCY
THICKENING/ VISCOUS MATERIAL

• REACTION • EXPOSED TO HIGH TEMPERATURE • MOISTURE

• ADJUST CONSISTENCY AND USE • IT MAY TAKE MORE THINNER AFFECTING OPACITY

DIFFICULTIES

DURING

APPLICATION OF PAINT

BITTY FILM
• DUSTY SURROUNDINGS • UNFILTERED MATERIAL • SEEDINGOVERTHINNING RAPIDLY • UNSUITABLE THINNER • SEEDING WILL RESULT BITTY FILM • IN OTHER CASES FILTER AND USE

BLEEDING
• USE OF IMPROPER PRIMER OR THINNER ( STRONG SOLVENTS) • INSUFFICIENT CURING OF BASE COAT
• USE OF LOCAL DYES/ STAINED WOOD

• RIGHT THINNER • RIGHT UNDERCOAT • CURE WELL • PROPER QUALITY OF WOOD

BLOOMING
OR HAZE • IMPROPER THINNER • POOR VENTILATION • CONTAMINATION • HIGH HUMIDITY • CONDENSATION ON SUBSTRATE • RIGHT THINNER • GOOD VENTILATION • AVOID CONTAMINATION

BLUSHING
• ACTION OF MOISTURE / WATER UNDER HIGH HUMIDITY • WARM THE PARTS BEFORE PAINTING TO ,SAY AT 40ºC • FORCE DRY THE FRESH FILM DURING COOLER DAYS

BRUSH CLOGGING
POOR BRUSH CLEANING (DISTEMPERS)

BRUSH CLOGGING
• HARD WATER • USE OF BRUSH PARTIALLY USEDUNCLEANED • USE SOFT WATER • MAINTAIN BRUSH PROPERLY

BRUSH MARKS
• HIGH CONSISTENCY • WRONG THINNER • MATERIAL DRIES FAST • HIGH SURROUNDING TEMP • POOR QUALITY OF BRUSH • POOR WORKMANSHIP • PROPER CONSISTENCY • RIGHT THINNER • QUALITY BRUSH • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

HARD TO BRUSH
• IMPROPER THINNER • TEMP HIGH (Evaporation of solvents) • HIGH CONSISTENCY(Tin left opened) • LOWER TEMP(Visc pickup) • POROUS SUBSTRATE • FIRST COAT SOFT • RIGHT THINNER • RIGHT WEATHER • CURING OF UNDERCOAT

CISSING
• CONTAMINATION • POOR WETTING (at end of pot life) • PAINT IS TOO THIN • GOOD SUBSTRATE PREPARATION • RIGHT CONSISTENCY • AVOID CONTAMINATION

DIFFICULT TO MIX WITH WATER
(WATER BASE PAINTS)

DIFFICULT TO MIX WITH WATER
• HARD WATER • HIGH CONSISTENCY • DUMPING OF PASTE IN WATER • USE SOFT WATER • MIX SLOWLY AND WELL

LIFTING OF UNDERNEATH FILM
(AFTER THE APPLICATION OF TOP COAT)

LIFTING OF UNDERNEATH FILM
• STRONG SOLVENTS IN TOP COATS • IMPROPER CURING OF UNDERCOAT • APPLICATION OVER UNCLEAN SURFACE • PROPER THINNER • CURE UNDERCOAT • RIGHT COMPOSITE SYSTEM • USE TIE COAT

ORANGEPEEL EFFECT
• • • • IMPROPER THINNER SETTING OF GUN FILM SETS FAST LOW FILM OR TOO HIGH DFT • SUBSTRATE TEMP HIGH • UNDERCOAT NOT DRIED WELL

• PROPER THINNER • CURING OF UNDERCOAT • RIGHT ATMOSPHERE • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

PINHOLES
• CONTAMINATION • WETTING POOR (Two Pack) • SILICON CONTAMINATION • POOR FLOW • AVOID CONTAMINATION • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

POOR SPREADING CAPACITY
OR POOR COVERING CAPACITY • APPLICATION AT HIGHER CONSISTENCY -THICK FILM • IMPROPER THINNER • HIGH ABSORPTION DUE TO POROUS SUBSTRATE • GOOD WORKMANSHIP • RIGHT THINNER • SEAL THE SUBSTRATE TO REDUCE POROSITY

POOR HIDING
• OVERTHINNING • LOWER DFT • CONTRAST OF BASE COLOR • SETTLED MASS IN A CAN NOT FULLY MIXED • FLOCCULATION OF PIGMENT • MIX WELL • GOOD WORKMANSHIP • APPLY PRIMER TO REDUCE CONTRAST

SAGGING
• • • • IMPROPER THINNER HIGH DFT GUN SETTING PAINT OVER GLOSSY SUBSTRATE • WET PLASTER • INSUFFICIENT MIXING OF PAINT ( SETTLED MASS ) • POOR VENTILATION

• GOOD WORKMANSHIP • RIGHT THINNER • PROPER SURFACE PREPARATION

WRINKLING
• THICKER FILM BUILDUP • HIGH TEMP • VISCOUS MATERIAL • SURFACE DRY WITH TRAPPING OF SOLVENTS • CONTAMINATION • GOOD VENTILATION • AVOID CONTAMINATION • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

FAULTS RELATED TO
DRYING & CURING

DISCOLORATION DUE TO
OVERBAKING,OR YELLOWING DUE TO OVERBAKING • BAKING AT HIGHER TEMPERATURE • BAKING FOR LONGER DURATION • CONTROL PROPER SCHEDULE

SLOW DRYING
• HIGHER DFT • LOW SURROUNDING TEMP • HIGH HUMIDITY • CONTAMINATION OF OILY ,WAXY MATERIAL
• IMPROPER THINNER

• GOOD SURFACE • RIGHT THINNER • RIGHT ATMOSPHERE • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

SOFT FILM
FILM IS CHEESY • HIGHER DFT • LOW SURROUNDING TEMP • IMPROPER THINNER • CONTAMINATION WITH OIL WAX • RIGHT THINNER • GOOD VENTILATION • RIGHT ATMOSPHERE • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

FILM IS TACKY
FILM IS STICKY • HIGHER DFT • LOW SURROUNDING TEMP • IMPROPER THINNER • CONTAMINATION • SAPONIFICATION • DAMP WALL • RIGHT THINNER • RIGHT ATMOSPHERE • SEAL ALKLINITY • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

BLISTERS
• IMPROPER THINNER • AERATION IN PAINTS • MOISTURE CONTAMINATION • THICK FILM WITH ENTRAPPED SOLVENTS • WATERLOVING SALTS IN BASECOAT • MOISTURE MORE THAN 12% • • • • • RIGHT THINNER SEASONED WOOD AVOID CORROSION RIGHT DFT PROPER CURING

COLOR STREAKS
• UNDISPERSED TINTERS • PIGMENT FLOCCULATION • NON UNIFORM BRUSHING • GOOD WORKMANSHIP • PROPER MIXING OF MATERIAL

DEFECTS SHORTLY
AFTER APPLICATION

FINISH OF THE FILM
GRITTY OR ROUGH OR FINISH OF THE FILM POOR

FINISH OF THE FILM POOR
• UNFILTERED MATERIAL • UNCLEAN SUBSTRATE • DUSTY SURROUNDING • DUMPING OF THINNER • STIRRED-IN-SKIN • PIGMENT FLOCCULATION

• FILTER WELL • CLEAN ENVIRONMENT • SELECT AND ADD RIGHT AMOUNT OF THINNER

MATTENING OF THE FILM
DIFFERENCE IN SHEEN/MATTNESS

MATTENING OF THE FILM
• IMPROPER THINNER • THIN FILM • HIGH POROSITY OF THE SUBSTRATE OR PRIMER/UNDER COAT • SEAL THE SUBSTRATE • SELECT PROPER THINNER • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

PATCHINESS
• NON UNIFORM ABSORPTION • NONUNIFORM APPLICATION OF PRIMER • POOR PUTTY WORK • THIN FILM • POOR DISPERSION OF TINTERS • POOR WORKMANSHIP

• UNIFORM DFT • PROPER MIXING AND STIRRING • CORRECT APPLICATION • QUALITY TOOLS • SEALING OF SURFACE

POOR ADHESION

ADHESION ON GALVANISED,COPPER OR ALUMINIUM

POOR ADHESION
• POOR SURFACE PREPARATION • ETCH PRIMER? • PRETREATMENT CHEMICALS • CHALKY SURFACE • CONTAMINATION • POOR CURING OF UNDERCOAT
• INCOMPATIBILITY OF COATS(THERMOPLASTIC VS THERMOSETTING)

• SELECT RIGHT SYSTEM • GOOD SURFACE PREPARATION • CURE WELL THE COATS APPLIED IN BETWEEN

POOR GLOSS
• INCOMPATIBLE THINNER • POOR VENTILATION • VERY THIN COAT • HIGH ABSORPTION OF THE SURFACE • PRIME THE SURFACE • USE PROPER THINNER • ENSURE GOOD VENTILATION • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

SHADE VARIATION
• NONUNIFORM FILM DEPOSIT • COLOR OF THE U/C • NO. OF COATS APPLIED • FLOCCULATION • DIFFERENCE IN APPEARANCE OF TOP COAT(GLOSS) • CONTAMINATION WITH OTHER COLOR

• MIX THE MATERIAL WELL • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

REDUCED SHEEN
(LUSTRE FINISH)

• IMPROPER THINNER • ABSORPTION OF UNDERCOAT / SURFACE • NONUNIFORM DFT • SETTLED MASS IN CAN-?

• MIX WELL • SELECT RIGHT THINNER • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

DEFECTS DEVELOPED DURING SERVICE LIFE

ALGAE GROWTH
• PRETREATMENT TO THE AFFECTED SURFACE PRIOR TO PAINTING • MOIST/HIGH HUMIDITY • DAMP SURFACE • TREAT WITH BIOWASH • AVOID DAMP WALL • STOP THE LEAKAGE OF WATER • GOOD WEATHER

CHALKING
• IMPROPER SURFACE ABSORPTION • OVERTHINNING OF W/B -SETTLING • UV RADIATION • TOO THINLY APPLIED FILM • SALTY ATMOSPHERE

• SELECT RIGHT PRODUCT • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

CHECKING & CRACKING
• SEVERE WEATHER CONDITION • OVERAGEING OF FILM • DIFFERENCE IN STRESS AND STRAIN IN MULTICOAT SYSTEM • SELECT RIGHT PAINT COMPOSITE SYSTEM

EFFLORESCENCE
• SEEPAGE OF WATER THROUGH WALLSALTS DEPOSITION • SALTS FROM BRICKS • UNWASHED SAND IN MORTERS OR CEMENT ADDITIVES

• • • • •

STOP SEEPAGE REMOVE POWDER WASH WELL DRY SURFACE PRIME AND APPLY

FUNGUS GROWTH
OR MOULD GROWTH • AFFECTED SURFACE PRIOR TO PAINTING • HIGH HUMIDITY • LACK OF SUNSHINE • POOR VENTILATION • DAMP ROOMS • TREAT WITH BIOWASH • SELECT RIGHT SYSTEM • RIGHT WEATHER CONDITIONS

PEELING & FLAKING
• DIFFERENTIAL • RIGHT PAINT STRESS AND STRAIN SYSTEM IN MULTICOAT • RIGHT SURFACE SYSTEM PREPARATION • PREMATURE DETACHMENT OF U/C • GOOD • POOR ADHESION WORKMANSHIP • UV EXPOSURE • POOR SUBSTRATE • DAMP PLASTER • EFFLORESCENCE

RUSTING
• RUSTY SURFACE • POOR QUALITY OF PRIMER • HIGH HUMIDITY • CORROSIVE ATMOSPHERE • RIGHT PAINT SYSTEM • RIGHT SURFACE PREPARATION • GOOD WORKMANSHIP

DARKENING OF SHADE
• OVER EXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT • ALKALINE -ACIDIC CONTAMINATION • LOSS OF GLOSS • RIGHT PRODUCT SELECTION

FADING OF SHADE
SHADE IS BECOMING LIGHTER • OVEREXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT • TINTED WITH LOCAL COLORANTS • MOISTURE • CHALKING MASKS • LOSS OF GLOSS • ACIDIC CONTAMINATION

• RIGHT PAINT SYSTEM

YELLOWING OF SHADE
• INADEQUATE EXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT • ADDITION OF GLAZE VARNISH • UNDERNEATH SURFACE RUSTY • OVERBAKING • CONTAMINATIONAMMONIA • PAINTED AREA PARTIALLY COVERED

• GOOD SURFACE PREPARATION • RIGHT PAINT SYSTEM

THANK YOU