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Beginners' Guide

Beginners' Guide

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Published by Saranathan Pksn
It is prepared to train the freshers from college to face the industry. It is exclusive for rural students who normally shy of talking, clueless etc.
It is prepared to train the freshers from college to face the industry. It is exclusive for rural students who normally shy of talking, clueless etc.

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Published by: Saranathan Pksn on Oct 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/31/2015

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Topics considered

 Expectation from the budding engineers  Industry exposure to the students

 Application of Theory in Real Life
 Quality tools used in Industry

Expectation from the budding engineers

1.Healthy
Eat good healthy food
Give enough rest to body and mind Keep your mind and body fit

 Time consciousness

2. Attitude

 Willing to learn and apply the learning  Humility to accept the mistakes

 Respect for seniors, peers and juniors, work men
 Willing to follow the rules and regulations in the industry even though it is against his nature/brought up style.

2. Attitude (contd)  Control of angers and fighting instinct  Focus on team performance and individual performance but not at the cost of others  Willing to help others in achieving their target  Assertive but not aggressive in talking and behaving

 Concern for people, industry resources and act accordingly.

2. Attitude (contd)

 Word and data integrity

3. Moral values

 Maintaining the confidentiality

 Willingly sharing relevant information with concerned people in the organisation
 Not taking up assignment with other companies during office and non office hours  Transparency

4. Good communication
Oral communication:
 Able to speak clearly, legibly at a medium speed.  Language shall be simple without jargons.  Sentences shall be short.  Communicate straight.  Give suggestions and recommendation as and when required.  Give opinion whenever asked

4. Good communication(contd)
Writing communication:  Technical report writing  Internal memo writing  Letters to suppliers and other external officials  Simple language, easy to understand by anybody  Sentences shall be short to medium in length  Give references  Should conclude with recommendation, final decision. Very important.

5. Reading habits
 Technical journals- SAE, Supply chain, manufacturing, SAE publications.

   

Auto journals. Developing ideas from the read material. Keep note of ideas and concepts developed. Do discussion with the peers on these ideas and concepts.  Make some summary reports on these.

6. Basics of finance
 Knowledge of Capital expenditures, Revenue expenditures  Return on investment  Depreciation  Material cost

6. Basics of finance(contd)
 Manufacturing process cost  Other costs involved in the business  Pricing – Difference between cost and price  Relationship between price and performance  How to do the costing of a part from the drawing

 Neat and tidy - Self and Work place

7. Organised

 Filing system properly coded and easy to retrieve  Come with fully prepared for the meeting, discussion, reviews, activities etc  Circulating the points to all stake holders after the discussion / meeting / reviews  Speak in meeting with hard facts and figures collected from the actual work place  Have idea to mitigate the problems/issues.

7. Organised(contd)
 Speaking with lot of self confidence  Having contingency plans to make the work progress smoothly  Focus on the results and the processes  To know what to do and whom to contact incase of emergency or difficult situation  Anticipating the unexpected and have some alternate plan

8. Leadership quality
    Act in an open and honest way. Care about followers in a thoughtful way, but at the same time, hold them accountable for what they do. Communicate and reach followers in a way that shows respect, recognizing that differences are a sign of progress. Follow a set of values that others can identify with – integrity, courage, reliability, fairness, and a lack of selfishness.

8. Leadership quality(contd)
 Managers administer while leaders innovate.  Managers tend to copy while leaders are more original in their style.  Managers seek to maintain the environment while leaders try to develop it.  Managers rely on control, leaders inspires trust.  Managers are focused on the process and systems, leaders are highly focused on the people behind the processes and systems.

8. Leadership quality(contd)
 Managers tend to be short-term thinkers and leaders have a much longer term perspective.  Managers routinely ask: How and When? Leaders will ask: What and Why?

Managers imitate according to the culture and politics of the organization. The leader is less likely to comply with culture and politics

8. Leadership quality(contd)
One of the responsibilities of leadership is, to seek out and develop the latent talent of those members

who, for various reasons,
have never had a real chance to demonstrate their ability.”

Industry exposure to the students

9. Knowledge on products, processes, services
Gain knowledge and experience through Industrial visits and Training.

The products  Work practices  Culture of the organization etc.

9. Knowledge on products, processes, services(contd)
By reading and interactions collect information on

 Best practices in design – product and process  Technological advancements and their implementation  Their impact on industry.

9. Knowledge on products, processes, services(contd)
Attend the seminars, symposium, Exhibitions

 To know the products  To know the technologies  To know the industry

 Eye for detail and information

10. Initiative and self-drive

 Sharing the information during the discussion
 Taking up assignments voluntarily

 Referring various journals, case studies to get the solution without waiting for the instruction.

11. Analytical ability
 Application of learning in the actual situation in the industry

 Apply logics and reduce the complexity of problems / situations
 Able to decode and explain the problems statements from customers and other stake holders  Able to visualize the patterns and trends from the data collected

12. Rules and /regulations on Products and Industry
Central motor vehicle rules and regulation Safety rules and regulation

Pollution regulation
Environment regulation

13. Passionate about something which is useful for the industry -

Either related to core subject or Unrelated to core subject but Useful for industry.

14. Strong in the basics of allied subjects connected to his/her core subjects.

15.TIME MANAGEMENT
Urgent Important QI ACTIVITIES : Crises Pressing problems Deadline-driven projects Q III Not Important Q II ACTIVITIES : Prevention, PC activities Relationship building Recognizing new opportunities Planning, recreation Q IV ACTIVITIES : Trivia, busy work Some mail Some phone calls Time wasters Pleasant activities Not Urgent

ACTIVITIES : Interruptions, some calls Some mail, some reports Some meetings Proximate, pressing matters Popular activities

15.TIME MANAGEMENT MATRIX(contd)
Results QI • Stress • Burnout • Crisis management • Always putting out fires
Q III
• Short-term focus • Crisis management • Reputation-chameleon character • See goals and plans as worthless • Feel victimized, out of control • Shallow or broken relation-ships

Q II • Vision, perspective • Balance • Discipline • Control • Few crises Q IV • Total irresponsibility • Fired from jobs • Dependent on others or institutions for basics

Industry

Application of Theory in Real Life

16. Application of theory into practice
1. Pascal's law - Hydraulic jack, Air jack 2. Unit force Safety pin example

3. Stapler and punching machine press tools

Examples
Theory
Application

Gear Mechanism

17. Emerging technologies

Writing recorder

Pocket MP3 Player

Laser computer

17. Emerging technologies(contd)

Application areas
The Global Electronic Library
Hydrogen Economy Enablers Pollution, Global warming, Control of resources, Portable Power Wearable computers, Personal robots, Medical ,

Electric vehicles, Solar power systems

17. Emerging technologies(contd)

Application areas
Augmented Reality Practical Robots Fuel Cell Vehicles Genetic Engineering of Humans Tabletop 3D displays

Vibration Medicine

Quality tools used in Industry

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry
Check Sheet Stratification Pareto Diagram

7 QC Tools

Cause & Effect diagram

Histogram Scatter Diagram Graphs and charts

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Check sheet

The Check Sheet is a data-gathering and interpretation tool

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Stratification Stratification is the act of fine tuning the data in order to make sure of the significance of the assured factors, to the grass root level.

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Who or What is Pareto?
200 88 175 73 65.5
Cumulative %

Pareto Diagram
91 93.5 95.5 97.5 98.5 99.5 100 100 84 79 75

150

125
In nos

55.5 50 33

100

75

66 45 25 20

Vilfredo Pareto (1848-1923) , an Italian economist observed that 20% of the Italian people owned 80% of their country's accumulated wealth.

50

25

15

12

10

8

6

5
Stores

4
Research & Development

4
Others

2
Quality

2
Factory production

1 0
Manufacturing Planning

0
Plant Maintenance Personnel Finance Materials Marketing Service Production Engineering Information Systems

Dept

A Pareto diagram is a tool used to identify the vital few causes and trivial many

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Fish bone diagram or Cause & Effect diagram

A graphical tool that helps to identify, sort and display possible causes of a problem or quality characteristics. It is also called as ‘Ishikawa diagram’ or ‘Fishbone diagram’

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Histogram

A histogram is a graphical representation of frequency distribution of data

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Scatter Diagram

Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911), by using the theory of linear regression developed Scatter diagram.

It is a visual display of data which shows the association between two variables acting continuously on the same item.

It illustrates the strength of the correlation between the variables through the slope of a line.

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Graphs Graph is a visual representation tool used for showing the relationship between two or more variables

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Affinity diagram Relation diagram Tree diagram

New 7 QC Tools

Matrix diagram Arrow diagram
Process decision program chart

Matrix data analysis

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)

Affinity diagram

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Relation diagram

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Tree diagram

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Matrix diagram

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Arrow diagram

Strategy

Constraints

4

12

1
Activity

2

3

5 6

9 8 7

10 11

13

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd) Process decision program chart

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Matrix data analysis
Criteria Options Design A Percentage weight Rank Importance score Design B Percentage weight Rank Importance score Design C Percentage weight Rank Importance score Design D Percentage weight Rank Importance score Sum of weights Average weight Criterion Ranking .40 4 1.6 .30 3 .90 .25 1 .25 0.3 3 .90 1.25 .31 1 .30 3 .90 .40 4 1.6 .25 2 .50 .10 1 .10 1.05 .26 2 .20 3 .60 .10 1 .10 .25 4 1 .20 3 .60 .75 .19 4 .10 1 .10 .20 2 .40 .25 3 .75 .40 4 1.6 .95 .24 3 Customer Acceptance (most important) Cost Strength Importance Option Reliability (least important) Sum Score Ranking

3.2

1 (tie)

3.0

2

2.5

3

3.2

1 (tie)

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Design of Experiments

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Quality function deployment

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)

Fault tree analysis

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Failure mode and effect analysis

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Measurement system analysis

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Statistical Process Control & Test of significance

18. QA tools and techniques used in Industry(contd)
Geometrical dimensioning and tolerance

Design for manufacturing & Design for assembly

Education is a good thing ---- as long as we don’t try to use it as a substitute for work. -Napoleon Hill The great aim of education is not knowledge, but action. -Napoleon Hill

THANK YOU

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