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Oilspill (1)

Oilspill (1)

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Published by Manthan Shah

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Published by: Manthan Shah on Oct 20, 2011
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Oil Spills

American Institute of Chemical Engineers

Refined petroleum oil has many uses including gasoline for cars. schools. . fuel for ships and airplanes. the manufacture of plastic products. flammable liquid found throughout the world in underground pockets in the earth’s outer layer of rocks.000 tons of oil.Petroleum Oil s s s s Petroleum oil is a dark colored. heating fuel for homes. and businesses. Oil producers ship millions of barrels of petroleum oil around the world each day. and much more. Oil tankers are huge ships that can carry more than 200.

1989 The Exxon Valdez oil tanker scraped along a rocky ocean reef in Alaska cutting open the hull of the ship.America’s Worst Oil Spill March 24.enough to fill a football stadium. . Thousands of tons of oil spilled into the ocean .


bears. . Sea turtles. and cats can die from eating oilsoaked beach plants and animal carcasses. whales. Oil can sink to the ocean floor and destroy the habitats of sea animals. birds. wolves. fish. Dear. Oil washes up on beaches and marshes resulting in life threatening habitats for wildlife species. dogs. otters and other animals can become oil-soaked and die. Oil can react with oxygen in the air to form acids that are carried by wind and eventually fall back to the ground as acid rain.Damaging Effects of Oil Spills s s s s s s Oil on the water’s surface can catch on fire and pollute the air.




The birds are weak from struggling in the oil and may be ill from digesting oil while trying to clean their feathers.Oil clogs the spaces between a bird’s feathers. . Cleaning oiled birds is not always successful. never making it to the beaches. Many birds drown and sink in the ocean. making it impossible for them to fly.



straw. Microbes are tiny organisms that can digest the oil. Biodegrade the oil by spreading microbes on beaches. Vacuum up spilled oil with skimmer boats. or other sorbents. Absorb the oil with sawdust. foam chips. s s s s . A skimmer is a boat with special equipment that collects oil from the surface of calm waters. Booms are giant styrofoam logs wrapped in plastic that act like a floating fence. Use chemicals to disperse the oil into small droplets and let it drift out to sea.How can oil spills be cleaned up? s Contain spill with oil booms.




Thorough training of tanker crews. . s s Double lined bottom instead of single metal layer. In a double-hull tanker. the cargo tanks are separated from the ships outer hull to protect against the impact of an accident.How can oil tanker spills be prevented? Design safer oil tankers. s s Develop better emergency procedures. Improve navigation skills. Separate compartments for oil storage.

Many oils float on top of water because they are lighter than water. by a different material. the more easily it flows. Oil spilled in the cold waters of Alaska spreads slower than oil spilled off the warm coast of South America. The hotter a fluid. Density A measure of how heavy a substance is in a fixed amount of volume. Absorptivity A measure of how easily a fluid is absorbed. Engineers use absorbent pillows to soak up spilled oil. or soaked up. .Properties of Oil that Affect Cleanup Viscosity A measure of a fluid’s resistance to flow.

6. . or a small piece of lettuce to soak up the oil. Fill your tanker with cooking oil and float it in a dish half full of water. 5. Now use some cotton balls. 3. what material soaked up the oil the best. Try all three materials to absorb the oil. Try to come up with a sturdy ship design. Shape a small piece of aluminum foil into a canoe . Try to contain the floating oil with a loop of string or yarn. was your tanker easy to turn over. When you are ready. 2. tip the boat over. Record your experiment results on a sheet of paper: could the oil be contained with string.Activity: Make a Vegetable-Oil Tanker 1. 4. a ripped piece of paper towel.a little bigger than your thumb.

Oil Spills Engineers and scientists develop the technology to help prevent oil spills and to clean up oil spills. .


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