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Tax Alert - 2005_Nov

Tax Alert - 2005_Nov

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Published by: zhanleri on Oct 21, 2011
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TAX ALERT

November 30, 2005 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IMPORTED BY CEBU PACIFIC FOR USE IN ITS INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS ARE EXEMPT FROM SPECIFIC OR AD VALOREM TAXES PURSUANT TO SECTION 135(a) OF THE 1997 NIRC. To be entitled to exemption from excise tax under Section 135(a) of the National Internal Revenue Code of 1997 (the “Tax Code”), the following must be present: (i) the petroleum products are sold to an international carrier for use and consumption outside the Philippines; (ii) the petroleum products sold to these international carriers shall be stored in a bonded storage tank and may be disposed of only in accordance with the rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Finance, upon recommendation of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue; and (3) in the case of international carriers of foreign registry, the country of said foreign international carrier exempts from similar taxes petroleum products sold to Philippine carriers. The language of Section 135(a) of the Tax Code is broad enough to include petroleum products sold by nonresidents to an international carrier of Philippine registry for its international flights. The obvious intent of the law is to grant exemption to the international carrier and not to the seller of the petroleum products. Thus, to impose an excise tax on petroleum products directly imported from abroad by international carriers, such as Cebu Pacific, would render for naught the intention of Section 135(a) of the Tax Code exempting petroleum products purchased by international carriers from excise tax. BIR Ruling No. DA-438-2005 dated October 21, 2005. THERE IS NO STATUTE OR REGULATION THAT PROHIBITS THE USE OF FOREIGN CURRENCY IN FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF TAXPAYERS. BIR Ruling No. DA-398-2005 dated September 26, 2005. LANDS THAT HAVE BEEN VACANT, IDLE, UNPRODUCTIVE AND UNIMPROVED SINCE THEIR ACQUISITION ARE CAPITAL ASSETS. Facts: The parcels of land were recorded in the taxpayer’s books as investments. They have been idle since their acquisition. No improvements have been introduced. The taxpayer did not include them in its inventory nor did these generate any rental income. Held: The parcels of land are capital assets. Their sale is subject to 6% capital gains tax (“CGT”) pursuant to Section 27(D)(5) of the Tax Code and to DST at the rate of P15.00 for each P1,000.00, or fractional part in excess of P1,000.00, of the consideration or fair market value of the property whichever is higher pursuant to Section 196 of the same Code. The sale of the property, not being used in the ordinary course of the taxpayer’s business, is not subject to 10% VAT. BIR Ruling No. DA-420-2005 dated October 10, 2005.

BIR Ruling No. 2-98. as implemented by Revenue Regulations (“Rev. Regs. 2-98. being exempt from corporate income tax. A joint venture is not subject to corporate income tax under Section 27 of the Tax Code. WHERE THE LOTS DEVELOPED UNDER A JOINT VENTURE ARE REGISTERED UNDER THE NAME OF ONLY ONE PARTY INSTEAD OF EXECUTING A PARTITION AGREEMENT. as stipulated in the Joint Venture Agreement. 6-85 and amended by Rev. AN AGREEMENT. DA-415-2005 dated October 4. 2005. Regs. No. See also BIR Ruling No. WHICH WAS EXECUTED WITHOUT CONSIDERATION AND NOT IN CONNECTION WITH A SALE. Upon the subsequent disposition by the co-venturers of the areas allocated to them. The joint venture. 2005. is not required to file quarterly and final or adjusted income tax returns. Moreover.2 BIR REITERATES THE TAX CONSEQUENCES OF JOINT VENTURES. The sale shall be subject to DST imposed under Section 196 of the Tax Code based on the gross selling price or fair market value of the property. is not a taxable event. Moreover. DA-431-2005 dated October 20. Consequently. BIR Ruling No. Gross payments received by the joint venture are not subject to the 2% expanded withholding tax prescribed under Section 57(B) of the Tax Code. donor’s tax and DST under Section 174 of the Tax Code. In this case. BIR Ruling No. THE INFUSION OF ADDITIONAL PAID-IN CAPITAL. DA-397-2005 dated September 22. whichever is higher. WITHOUT THE ISSUANCE OF ADDITIONAL SHARES OF STOCK. It is not subject to income tax or withholding tax because the allocation is a mere return of capital that each party contributed. as amended. No. no gain was realized by the transferor . A JOINT VENTURE FOR A CONSTRUCTION PROJECT OF THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT SUBJECT TO INCOME TAX. IS DEEMED A CAPITAL INVESTMENT. The allocation between the co-venturers of the project’s saleable area in consideration of their respective contributions. as the case may be. 27(A) or 27(E) of the Tax Code. It is not subject to income tax. DA-432-2005 dated October 20. 2005.”) No. The Partition Agreement is not subject to DST. THE TRANSFER BY A FOREIGN CORPORATION OF ITS SHARES IN A DOMESTIC CORPORATION TO ANOTHER FOREIGN CORPORATION BY WAY OF STOCK DIVIDENDS PURSUANT TO A LEGITIMATE WORLDWIDE CORPORATE REORGANIZATION IS NOT SUBJECT TO PHILIPPINE INCOME TAX. 2005. 2005. Regs. the gain that may be realized from such sale will be subject to the regular income tax rates under Sections 27. IS NOT SUBJECT TO DST UNDER SECTION 196 OF THE TAX CODE. BIR Ruling No. DA-430-2005 dated October 20. gross payments to said joint venture are not subject to withholding tax. and/or to the creditable withholding tax under Rev. there is no effective transfer of beneficial ownership since the transfer was from a subsidiary to a parent company. the sale shall also be subject to VAT.

taxes deemed to have been paid in the Philippines equivalent to at least 20%.3 foreign corporation for income tax purposes. September 26. 2005. DA-ITAD-104-05 dated September 19. IS EXEMPT FROM PHILIPPINE INCOME TAX AND VAT. the school is likewise exempt from payment of the 20% final tax on interest earnings derived from time deposit accounts. DA-400-2005 dated CASH DIVIDENDS DECLARED BY A DOMESTIC CORPORATION TO A U. DA-417-2005 dated October 7. TI owns 99. 28(B)(5)(b) of the Tax Code. treasury bills and other bank notes. treasury bonds.99% of the shares of stock of TIPI. BIR Ruling No. CORPORATION IS SUBJECT TO 15% PREFERENTIAL INCOME TAX. Facts: TIPI is a domestic corporation. Interest income from currency bank deposits and yield from deposit substitute instruments and under the expanded foreign currency deposit system derived by J School in pursuance of its purpose as an educational institution is exempt from the payment of the 20% and 7. .S. BIR Ruling No. DA-ITAD-105-05 dated August 24. the BIR recognized that U. INCOME NOT COVERED BY A SPECIFIC ARTICLE IN THE RP-KOREA TAX TREATY IS TAXABLE ONLY IN KOREA. REPAIR. BIR Ruling No. TIPI intends to declare cash dividends in favor of TI. the cash dividends to be declared by TIPI in favor of TI are subject to a preferential income tax rate of 15%. Ruling: The reduced 15% income tax on dividends is applicable if the United States shall allow TI a tax credit against U. BIR Ruling No. 2005. Independently of the Philippine branch. pursuant to Sec. 2005.5% final tax. SERVICE COMMISSIONS PAID TO A KOREAN CORPORATION FOR SERVICES CARRIED OUT ENTIRELY IN KOREA.S.S. BEING INCOME NOT DERIVED FROM SOURCES WITHIN THE PHILIPPINES BY A FOREIGN CORPORATION. Issue: Whether the cash dividends to be declared by TIPI in favor of TI are subject to the preferential income tax rate of 15%.S. Moreover. PROFESSIONAL FEES PAID TO TECHNICAL CONSULTANCY FOR A CORPORATION PROVIDING THE CONSTRUCTION. taxes for “taxes deemed paid in the Philippines”. while TI is a company organized and existing under the laws of the State of Delaware with a Philippine branch. In previous rulings. Hence. EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS ARE EXEMPT FROM 20% FINAL TAX ON INTEREST DERIVED FROM TIME DEPOSITS AND MONETARY PLACEMENTS WITH BANKS. 2005. DA-414-2005 dated October 4. 2005. Guarantee fees paid to a Korean corporation for its guaranty of loans granted to a Philippine corporation are considered “Other Income”. A Korean resident is taxable only in Korea for its income arising in the Philippines when such income is not covered under any specific provision of the RP-Korea tax treaty but is considered “Other Income” under Article 22 of the said treaty. tax laws allow a credit against the tax due from the U. BIR Ruling No.

PLAN OR PROJECT ARE SUBJECT TO 2% CREDITABLE WITHHOLDING TAX. A “Specialty Contractor” is defined as one whose operations pertain to the performance of construction work requiring special skill and whose principal contracting business involves the use of specialized building trades or crafts. While. 2005. ordinarily. 2005. 62001 amending Section 2. COMMISSIONER FORGOES THE IMPOSITION OF SURCHARGE AND PENALTIES ON THE LATE PAYMENT OF ESTATE TAX ON ACCOUNT OF FAVORABLE ACTION ON THE REQUEST FOR EXTENSION OF TWO MORE YEARS TO PAY ESTATE TAX. MANAGEMENT. DEVELOPMENT. Regs.4 ALTERATION. A NON-RESIDENT FOREIGN CORPORATION (“TPI”) MAINTAINING A TOLL PROCESSING AGREEMENT WITH A DOMESTIC CORPORATION (“DPI”) AND A COMMISSIONAIRE AGREEMENT WITH ANOTHER DOMESTIC CORPORATION (“TWP”) IS NOT DEEMED TO HAVE A PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 8 IN RELATION TO ARTICLE 5 OF THE RP-US TAX TREATY. 2005. BIR Ruling No. VAT AND DST. as the case may be. Rev. it is considered a specialty contractor because its principal contracting business involves the use of specialized building trades or crafts. TWP is also a domestic corporation that . However. DA-416-2005 dated October 6. DA-439-2005 dated October 24. the estate shall be liable for 20% interest from the time the estate tax accrued to the time of payment. kitchen and household effects. 2-98. No. OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLE ACT OF 2002. RESTORATION.57. BIR Ruling No. DA-437-2005 dated October 21. the transfer of property to a Special Purpose Vehicle is exempt from the following taxes: (1) DST. No. The property transferred under the Revocable Inter Vivos Trust shall be subject to estate tax at the time of the transferor’s death. Regs. Facts: TPI is a non-resident foreign corporation duly organized ad existing under the laws of the USA.407-2005 dated October 3. pursuant to Section 249 of the Tax Code. 2005. (2) CGT on the transfer of land treated as capital asset. DPI is a domestic corporation engaged in the manufacture and sale of plastic wares. and (4) VAT. the transfer of property by way of a dacion en pago is subject to DST and CGT or creditable withholding tax. SUPERVISION AND SPECIAL STUDIES OF ANY TECHNICAL WORK.] Although the corporation does not perform actual construction work. THE TRANSFER OF LAND TO A SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLE PURSUANT TO A DACION EN PAGO IS EXEMPT FROM DOCUMENTARY STAMP TAX AND CAPITAL GAINS TAX PURSUANT TO RA 9182. (3) creditable withholding tax on the transfer of land treated as ordinary asset. [Section 3. BIR Ruling No. BIR Ruling No. DA. THE TRANSFER OF PROPERTY TO A TRUSTEE PURSUANT TO A REVOCABLE INTER VIVOS TRUST IS NOT SUBJECT TO INCOME OR DONOR’S TAX.2(E)(3) of Rev.

and (5) will charge an arm’s length commission fee to TPI. Under the commissionaire agent structure. TWP: (1) is of an independent status. NOTE: The information provided herein is general and may not be applicable in all situations.2005. they will not constitute permanent establishments since DPI and TWP will have separate and distinct personalities from TPI. their activities will not be devoted wholly or almost wholly to TPI. Held: TWP and DPI are not considered permanent establishments of TPI under paragraph 2 of Article 5 of the RP-US Tax Treaty and since they do not have the authority to conclude contracts with customers in the name or on behalf of TPI. and (5) upon instructions of TPI to DPI. plant and the machinery/equipment. As the commissionaire. it owns and operates the facilities. BIR Ruling No. which manufactured the products.5 resulted from the spin-off of the marketing division of DPI and functions as the marketing entity and the commissionaire agent of TPI. facsimile number (632) 633-1911. (4) files the VAT returns on behalf of TPI for goods sold within the Philippines. DA-ITAD-106-05 dated September 21. (3) once orders are accepted. Consequently. TPI purchases ordered items from DPI. Neither TWP nor TPI habitually maintain a stock of goods or merchandise from which either may regularly deliver goods or merchandise on behalf of TPI. TPI will not be subject to Philippine income tax on the business profits or income to be derived from the sale of goods to customers in the Philippines and that TPI will not be subject to the 1% creditable withholding tax on the sale of goods to customers in the Philippines and will also not be required to withhold the same tax on payments to local suppliers of raw and packing materials. title to the DPI goods is transferred from DPI to TPI the moment the goods leave DPI’s premises. (2) TWP forwards the orders to TPI for acceptance as TWP has no authority to conclude contracts on behalf of TPI. TPI is the legal owner of all the imported and locally sourced raw materials being used in the production of the finished products which DPI sell to TPI. (3) shall use its own invoice in billing customers for the goods sold by TPI. or at the indicated e-mail address: . If you have any questions. (4) upon purchase. title of the goods passes from TPI to the distributor. While TPI will enter into a toll processing agreement with DPI and a commissionaire agreement wit TWP. please feel free to contact any of the following at telephone number (632) 633-9418. and will be done in the ordinary course of their business under arm’s length conditions. the finished goods are transported from the premises of DPI to unrelated distributors and upon delivery thereto. (2) shall market and sell the goods purchased by TPI from DPI and deals with Philippine customers in its own name. In the case of DPI. It should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations. the mainstream transaction flow involves: (1) TWP receiving orders from the distributors of the products.

Suzette A.6 Atty. Bello Atty.com cglaino@baniquedlaw.com sacelicious@baniquedlaw. Baniqued Atty.S. Celicious Atty. Madeline L. Kathleen L.com mlzvillapando@baniquedlaw. Laiño-Santiago Atty. Saga cgbaniqued@baniquedlaw.com thbello@baniquedlaw. Carlos G. Carlota Christina G. Zialcita-Villapando Atty. Yuson-Layug Atty.com . Laura Victoria A.com klsaga@baniquedlaw.com lvyusonlayug@baniquedlaw. Terence Conrad H. Ma.

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