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GENERAL AWARENESS SOCIO-ECONOMIC & BANKING AWARENESS
The Best Stuff for all Competitive Exams
First Edition : 2011 Publisher & Chief Editor D.V. RAGHURAM Executive editor P. SUBHASHINI
AWARDS / PRIZES 5-26 PERSONS 27-40 APPOINTMENTS 41-46 DEATHS 47-50 NS O51-56 PLACES - TI SPORTS -A IC 57-76 SPORTS AND THE TERMS UN ASSOCIATED WITH THEM M 77-79 M TROPHIES ASSOCIATED WITH CO VARIOUS SPORTSI& GAMES 80-82 A SUMMITS / CONFERENCES 83-90 ED COMMITTEES M 91-93 EE SCHEMES 94 SR VISITS / TOURS 95-106 FINANCE & ECONOMY CAPSULE - 107-126 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES - 127-133 SPACE RESEARCH - 134-138 DEFENCE NEWS - 139-143
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY POLITICAL AFFAIRS INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS NATIONAL AFFAIRS BOOKS - AUTHORS IMPORTANT DAYS IMPORTANT YEARS ABBREVIATIONS
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Environment award for Indian
Rajesh Shah of Bangalore has been honoured with the prestigious 2010 Intel Environment Award for his efforts to solve global safe drinking water and sanitation crises.
Indira Gandhi Peace Prize, 2010
Outgoing Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva was on 19th November selected for the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 2010. Lula has been selected by an international jury chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The prestigious prize was given to Lula for his outstanding contribution to the cause of eliminating hunger and promoting inclusive growth in his country, his advocacy for strong ties among the developing countries and for his significant contribution to the cause of India-Brazil partnership, a statement from Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust said. Indira Gandhi Peace Prize: The Indira Gandhi Peace Prize or the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development is the prestigious award accorded annually by India to individuals or organizations in recognition of creative efforts toward promoting international peace, development and a new international economic order; ensuring that scientific discoveries are used for the larger good of humanity, and enlarging the scope of freedom. The prize carries a cash award of 25 lakh Indian rupees and a citation. A written work, in order to be eligible for consideration, should have been published. The panel constituted by the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust consists of prominent national and international personalities including previous recipients. The recipients are chosen from a pool of national and international nominees.
Vice-President Hamid Ansari will give away the prestigious Paul H. Appleby Award for distinguished service to public administration for 2010 to Jaipur-based academician and management expert Ramesh K. Arora at the Indian Institute of Public Administration's annual general meeting in New Delhi.
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NS O CNN-IBN Lifetime Achievement Award TI A Veteran agricultural scientist M. S. Swaminathan has been IC Lifetime Achieveconferred the CNN-IBN Indian of the Year 2010 UN ment Award for his “outstanding leadership in the field of agriculture that has contributed to ensuring food security for millions of M Indians.” Union Finance Minister M Pranab Mukherjee presented the award to Dr. Swaminathan at a function here. Dr. Swaminathan, a CO statement from CNN-IBN noted, has “worked consistently towards the actualisation of his dream of a hunger-free world with the help A of his innovative concepts of sustainable development, especially DI of agriculture, food availability, and E with eco-friendly techniques biodiversity conservation.” M EE Man Booker Prize SR British writer and journalist Howard Jacobson's novel The
Recipients of Indira Gandhi Peace Prize Year 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2008 2010 Name of Recipient Year Name of Recipient Jimmy Carter 1998 Muhammad Yunus M S Swaminathan 2000 Mary Robinson Sadako Ogata 2002 Shridath Ramphal Kofi Annan 2004 Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Hamid Karzai 2006 Wangari Maathai Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Mohamed ElBaradei 2009 Sheikh Hasina Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
Finkler Question, a semi-autobiographical comic take on Jewish identity, is the surprise winner of this year's Man Booker Prize. It was not the unanimous choice of the jury and, in the end, two of the five judges voted against it. Manchester born Mr. Jacobson, who lives in London, beat two of the bookies' favourites — Tom McCarthy's C and Emma Donoghue's Room — to win the £50,000 prize. Critics were disappointed to see Australian writer Peter Carey miss out on Parrot and Olivier in America. Had Mr. Carey won, he would have become the first ever writer to win a Booker three times. Mr. Jacobson's previously longlisted novels are Kalooki Nights and Who's Sorry Now?
formerly known as Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).25 lakh and a 200-gram gold medal. which will be held in Hyderabad from August 19 to 27. Her first International film role was in the M on Earth. Mortensen and Christopher A. The 35-year-old star made her acting debut with Mani Ratnam’s Dil COin Soldier the same year. Economic Sciences: The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was awarded jointly to Peter A. A versatile actor.7 8 Nobel Prizes. PeaceD China The Nobel Peace Prize E 2010 was awarded to M Liu Xiaobo "for his Peru UK USA USA Japan USA USA UK Richard F. Punjabi and English. Nobel Peace Prize: Awarded to Liu Xiaobo "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China". SR Leelavathi Award Well-known physicist-turned author. For their analysis of markets with search frictions. which carries a reward of Rs. was presented on behalf of the Indian National Science Academy. It is the highest professional recognition that the country offers to outstanding Indian scientist for the work done in India. Edwards Medicine NS O TI A IC UN M Nobel Prize Winner . his friend.R. Winner's Name Konstantin Novoselov Andre Geim Liu Xiaobo E RE S Mario Vargas Llosa Literature Robert G. Literature: Mario Vargas Llosa "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance. Pissarides long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China". DI for her role as a teenage single mother and she was later recognised E in Kya Kehna (2000). Edwards "for the development of in vitro fertilization". Heck. For the development of in vitro fertilization. will be by a leading U. M doctorate from the University of East London. India Science Prize.K. 2010 Physiology or Medicine: Robert G. For palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis. Mortensen Christopher A.10 lakh and a citation. Diamond Economics Dale T. NS O Honorary Doctorate TI A Bollywood actor Preity Zinta. It will be presented at the closing ceremony of the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM). India Science Award World renowned statistician C. Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis". for which she was awarded the Canadian film Heaven Silver Hugo Award for Best Actress at the 2008 Chicago International EE Film Festival. Heck Chemistry Ei-ichi Negishi Akira Suzuki Peter A. at the inaugural ceremony of the 21st general meeting of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World. has acted in over 30 films in Hindi. who has the unique distinction of UN will receive the addressing the Oxford Union on Wednesday. university. revolt.2010 M Field Country Work CO For groundbreaking experi Physics Russia ments regarding the twoIA dimensional material graphene. known for her performances in ICconferred a doctorate films like Kal Ho Naa Ho and Veer Zaara. Pissarides "for their analysis of markets with search frictions". Zinta. Dale T. Named after the immortal mathematical treatise of the great Indian mathematician Bhaskaracharya. Zinta M Telugu. revolt. Diamond. For his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance. and defeat". Rao received the India Science Prize in recognition of his outstanding work in statistics from Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. As of . and defeat. journalist and television producer of Indian origin Simon Lehna Singh has been selected by the International Mathematical Union for the Leelavathi Award in recognition of his outstanding contribution to public outreach in mathematics. These Se in 1998 followed by a role A performances earned her a Filmfare Best Female Debut Award. Physics: Awarded jointly to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for ground-breaking experiments regarding the twodimensional material graphene" Chemistry: Awarded jointly to Richard F. the award carries a cash prize of Rs. Singh presented the award to Rao.
carries a purse of Rs.V. the award is a one-time prize.K.S. Mithila Prasad Tripathi (Sanskrit). instituted by the Mercy Ravi Foundation. a of Planning and Management (IIPM). one travelogue. rhythm EE song. Swami Vyaptanand received the award on behalf of the CO Ashram. A The Ramkrishna Mission Ashram in Narainpur in Bastar region of DIfor the award for its work among the Chhattisgarh was selected E Pahadi Madia tribals. an autobiography and a play were among the literary works in 22 languages that have won the Sahitya Akademi Awards for 2010. The award carries a cash prize of Rs. Mangat Badal (Rajasthani). Bestowed to the best athlete of the Games and named after the former honorary secretary of the Commonwealth Games Federation. Sandhu. has been selected for the Dewang Mehta Award for his outstanding contribution to education. Trecia Kaye Smith is the third winner of the award which in earlier additions went to Natalie Du Toit (RSA) in 2002 and Samresh Jung (IND) in 2006. Making the declaration at a public function organised on the occasion of the first death anniversary of the former Congress leader here on Sunday. Congress M Manmohan Singh gave President Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister the award. 2000. The award. Gopi Narayan Pradhan (Nepali). The Dewang Mehta Award is conferred upon outstanding educationists and administrators who . The award. Chandran said the date for presentation of the award would be finalised in consultation with Ms. NS O TI Tagore award A IC Irom Sharmila who has been observing a fast-unto-death since November 4. The poets honoured are Aurobindo Uzir (Bodo).N.1 lakh and citation. Efforts are under way to make it a regular feature at the future sessions of the ICM. demanding the repeal of the Armed Forces UN (Special Powers) Act was given the Rabindranath Tagore AwardM 2010 on September 11. DI Registrar Ratna Choudhury and Dean Tarun Bose came to the J. instituted by the Indian Institute M carries Rs. Dikshit later. a citation and a shawl. Narasimhan of the Indian Institute of Science.K. Singh was selected by a committee of five eminent mathematicians. Dr. The IIPM conferred the award on CO 16 people at a function in Kolkata on August 30.D. five lakh and a citation. The awards announced here on Monday were recommended by jury members representing 22 languages. M EESahitya Akademi awards EightR S books of poetry. Choudhury. The novelists who have won the award are Bani Basu Dewang Mehta Award Lt-Gen Dr D. have made significant contribution in the field of leadership in education and management.9 10 now. Sharmila. while Rahman was honoured for bringing M and all lands on the uniform platform of together people of all ages melody. As the bed-ridden A Sharmila could not go there. Mercy Ravi award Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit has been selected for the first Mercy Ravi award for exemplary contribution to public life by a woman. four works of criticism. gold medal. Vanita (Punjabi).51 lakh in cash. the award was introduced in the Manchester 2002 Commonwealth Games. The award has been instituted by the K.S. Bangalore. Laxman Dubey (Sindhi) and Sheen Kaaf Nizam (Urdu). led by M. Birla foundation and is given to only Rajasthani writers. and R Bihari Puruskar S Poet Hemant Shesh has been given the award for his collection of poetry ‘Jagah Jaisi Jagah’. three collections of short stories. Arun Sakhardande (Konkani). foundation chairman P. Vice-Chancellor of Kurukshetra University. E Hospital here to hand over the award to Ms. NS O TI A Indira Gandhi Award C I Noted music composer A R Rahman and Ramkrishna UNjointly honoured with Mission Ashram Narainpur were on Sunday M the 25th Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration. IIPM chairman M. and approved by the Executive Board of Sahitya Akademi which met under the chairmanship of its president Sunil Gangopadhyay. four novels. David Dixon award Triple Jumper from Jamaica Trecia Kaye Smith was conferred with the prestigious David Dixon award.
M Best Music Director: Amit Trivedi for Anurag Kashyap's “Dev-D”. whose poetry strongly expresses an “ideological non-commitment”. CA I(Hindi). Best Actress: Ananya Chatterjee for Lahore Best supporting actor: Farooque Sheikh for Lahore (Hindi). the Akademi had instituted the Bala Sahitya Puraskar for writers of children's literature. Best child actor: Jeeva and Anba Karaus share the award. Best supporting actress: Arundhati Naag for M Indira Gandhi award for best debut film of a director: Lahore (Hindi) M by Sanjay Puran Singh Chauhan. The award comprises of a Swarn Kamal. Best popular film providingCO wholesome entertainment: 3 Idiots (Hindi). Tamil. Best Actor: Amitabh Bachchan for Paa (Hindi). Keshada Mahanta (Assamese). A Nargis Dutt award for best feature film on national integration: DI Delhi 6 (Hindi). for his rendering of 57th National Film Awards ‘Kolakata’ in the Bengali film “Mahanagar”. the Born in 1931 in Kerala’s Kollam district. Nanjil Nadan (Tamil) and Manoj (Dogri) have won the awards for their short story collections. Kelkar (Marathi) won the awards for their books of criticism. Akhon Mein Toofan Sa Kyon Hai”. Assamese. Bengali. The festival will also include a seminar on the works of Rabindranath Tagore. outstanding contribution to Indian cinema. Esther David (English). Malayalam.1 lakh. who entered the film world in 1963 with "Anuragam". is listed as the most prolific producer with 110 films by the Guinness Book of Records. He has the distinction of producing movies in Hindi. Dada Saheb Phalke Award. E has been chosen forM 2008 award. TI Best Director: Rituparno Ghosh for Abohoman (Bengali). Kannada. respectively.11 12 NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Jnanpith Award. Marathi and Bhojpuri. for Bengali movie “Houseful”. Basher Bashir (Kashmiri) and Ashok R. Best Lyrics: ‘Behti hawa sa tha woh’ from “3 Idiots”. Sahitya Akademi secretary Agrahara Krishna Murthy said the awards for Telugu and Maithili would be announced in a few weeks.N. UN Paa (Hindi). Best playback singer (female): Nilanjana Sarkar. Kurup is a leading E voice among theE has reinvented R contemporary Malayalam poets. will be presented to the winners on February 15 next year during the Festival of Letters in the capital. which include a cash prize of Rs. 2007 and 2008 A Eminent Malayalam litterateur O. Ramanaidu has been selected for the prestigious Dada Saheb Phalke Award for 2009 for his Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy for Sports The Punjabi University and Guru Nanak Dev University have been awarded the trophy for academic session 2008-09 and 200910. 2009 Telugu film actor-producer D. Earlier this year. E Best film on social issues: Well Done Abba (Hindi). . Veerendra Kumar (Malayalam) for his travelogue. Uday Prakash (Hindi). SR Best playback singer (male): Rupam Islam. Kurup has been chosen DINoted Urdu poet Akhlaq Khan Shahryar for the 2007 Jnanpith award. a cash prize of Rs one million and a shawl. He said the books were selected on the basis of recommendations made by a three-member jury in the respective languages. Among his famous compositions is: “Seene Mein Jalan. Dhirendra Mehta (Gujarati) and M. Rahamath Tarikere (Kannada). Born in 1936 in a Muslim Rajput family in Uttar Pradesh’s Bareilly district. Best children’s film: Shared by “Putaani Party” in Kannada and “Keshu” in Malayalam. Akademi is instituting the Yuva Sahitya Puraskar for debutant writers in Indian languages under the age of 35 from next year. Some of his well-known films are “Premanagar”. Oriya. The awards. His roots lie in his desire for self-realisation and his attempt to understand modern problems. NS O Best feature film: Kutty Srank (Malayalam). The other winners are the former Union Minister M. Borkanya (Manipuri). (Bengali). “Preminchu” and “Ramudu Bheemudu” in Telugu and “Asukh” and “Sudhu Ekbar Bolo” in Bengali. “Srikrishna Tulabharam”.P. The industry veteran. Gujarati. Shahryar shaped himself as an “intellectual poet”. written by EE Swanand Kirkere. Hehis long poems the narrativeS transition of Malayalam poetry through like ‘Ujjayini’ and ‘Swayamvaram’. “Dildar” and “Bandish” in Hindi. Pathani Pattnaik (Oriya) for his autobiography and playwright Bhogla Soren (Santhali).V.
5 lakh. The selection was made by jury comprising Kerala Press Akademy Chairman S R C Sakthidharan. was announced UN at a press meet here today by the fourm’s office-bearers. Bangalore. who S Indian women’s cricket team captain. Dinesh Kumar(Boxing). have been awarded India’s second highest peace time gallantry award. they said. carrying Rs. RCC was chosen for the award in recognition of its services and track record in a critical area of mediM O care.T. G. 500. Award carries a cash prize of Rs. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Jagseer Singh (Paralympic (Athletics)). M The awards were announced at a function to mark the foundation day of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research at New Delhi EE 26th. Sanjeev Rajput (Shooting). A major M cancer treatment centre in India. it is appropriate that the coaching award is named after Dronacharya. The others are Swapan K. has been awarded Ashok Chakra (posthumously). Chhattisgarh. Pati.5 lakh each. (Volleyball). Sandeep Singh (Hockey (Men)). Juss killed a foreign terrorist in February 2010 during an encounter in J&K and Choubey fought against more than 300 naxalites. Other winners are: Joseph Abraham (Athletics). Captain Roop Chand (Wrestling) and A. a scroll of honour and a cash component of Rs. a citation and a plaque and will be presented. Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay.M journalist and charity organiser. the highest peacetime gallantry award. 2009 India's ace shuttler Saina Nehwal has been selected for the prestigious award.000 each. who took on a suicide bomber and killed him. Kolkata (Engineering Sciences). citations and cash prize of Rs. Kutty (Athletics) were awarded for lifetime achievement. Kirti Chakra: Captain Davinder Singh Juss of the Parachute Regiment and Vinod Kumar Choubey. The award carries a medal. The award was instituted in DIwho lived many years in Abu Dhabi and E memory of Chirayinkil Ansar. L. Indian Institute of Science.13 14 Gallantry Awards. The award. Jhulan won the ICC Women's Player of The Year Award in 2007. an unarmed army doctor serving in Kabul. 2010 Ashok Chakra: Major Laishram Jyotin Singh. Krishna Poonia (Athletics). Awardees will receive statuettes. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research. Gulf-based entreprenuer Thomas John and social worker Kaniyapuram Sainuddeen. Jasjeet Kaur Handa (Hockey (Women)). 2009 Goswami. The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is India’s highest honour given for achievement in sports. Indian Institute of Technology. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award. Kanpur . for her outstanding achievements on the badminton court. 2009 This award is given by the government of India for excellence in sports coaching. 1 lakh. Ibomcha Singh (Boxing) and Ajay Kumar Bansal (Hockey). Sandeep Verma.K.J.000. senior journalist T N A Gopakumar. Rajeev Tomar (Wrestling). as he was the Guru ofArjuna. Rehan Jehangir Poncha (Swimming). a scroll of honour and a cash component of Rs. The award was instituted in 1985. Ananthasuresh.500. SP. Bangalore. Deepak Kumar Mandal (Football). Parimrajan Negi (Chess). Mumbai. on 2010 September SR Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize The award for S&T Innovations for Rural Development 2009 will go to the Indian Oil Corporation's Research and Development Centre in Faridabad. The awardees for Biological Sciences are Sanjeev Galande of the National Centre for Cell Science. Mitali Mukerji. As the best sports-person award is named Arjuna Award. The award comprises a bronze statuette of Dronacharya. Among the winners of 2009 award were: Subhash B. Rajesh Chaudhary (Yachting). Aggarwal (Billiards & Snooker). Pune and Shubha Tole of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. A DI women figure in the list of nine scientists For the first time three E chosen for the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize 2010.K. Dinesh Kumar (Kabaddi). The award was instituted in the year 1991-92 to supply the lack of a supreme national accolade in the field of sports. is among those named for the Arjuna Award for the year 2009 by the committee headed by former track queen P. Usha. Dronacharya Awards. Cancer centre chosen for Abu Dhabi forum’s NS O award TI selected for A Regional Cancer Centre(RCC) here has been IC the Chirayinkil Ansar Memorial award instituted by Friends Abu Dhabi Malayali Samajam. Indian Statistical Institute. left a mark as writer. E RE Arjuna Awards. Kapil Dev K.
R.15 16 Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Dhyan Chand Award. Best Music Director: Pritam for “Love Aaj Kal”. China and Thailand. Best Debut (Female): Jacqueline Fernandez and Mahie Gill share the award for their role in “Aladin” and “Dev D”. Korea. Best performance in Comic Role: Sanjay Dutt for performance in “All the Best”. Abdul Kalam presented the award Rs 10 lakh and a trophy M to him. Ghosh. having potential to produce over 12 lakh tonnes per annum of this healthy cooking oil. a part of Rs 500-crore A. In Japan. Sharma is RE Organics (P) Ltd. Best Actor in Negative Role: Boman Irani for his role in “3 Idiots”. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research. Best Actress: Shared jointly by Vidya Balan for “Paa” and Kareena Kapoor for “3 Idiots”. The awards ceremony was held in Colombo. Best Singer (Female): Kavita Seth for “Iktara’ in “Wake Up. performing arts and material science—in the three-dimension time framework of past. the rice bran oil is being used as a premium cooking oil in countries like Japan. Best Cinematography: 3 Idoits Best Supporting Actor (Male): Sharman Joshi for his role in “3 Idiots”. Best Debut (Male): Omi Vaidya for his role of Chatur in “3 Idiots” and ackky Bhagnani for “Kal Kissne Dekha”. Satish Pal (Athletics) and Kuldeep DI chosen for the award which is India's Singh (Wrestling) have E M been highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and games. joining an elite league comprising of chemist C.” says Best Supporting Actor (Female): Divya Dutta for her performance in “Delhi 6”.P. The Indian author will be sharing the prize in the present dimension with Dr Gordon E. Sharma. The $1 million award is a joint international enterprise endowed by the Dan David Foundation and head-quartered at Tel Aviv University. Rao and musician Zubin Mehta. India is the second largest producer of paddy in the world. Om Prakash and yesteryear actress Zeenat Aman. Unfortunately. whose Moore's Law has become the guiding principle for the semi-conductor industry.R. RE S IIFA Awards. Moore. Best Film: 3 Idiots. it is popularly known as “Heart Oil” because of its scientifically proven cholesterol-lowering properties. This year no award is being given in Earth. a health-friendly cooking oil produced from the outer brown layer of rice. “Our group enjoys the distinction of being pioneer in development of an eco-friendly and health-friendly cooking oil. It is annually awarded in three different fields—archaeology. E the chairman-cum-managing director of the A. . Dan David Prize Noted Indian author Amitav Ghosh has won the prestigious Dan David Prize for his remarkable reworking of the great tradition of the western novel in transnational terms. respectively.P. Best Actor: Amitabh Bachchan. For the past over 50 years. A. Umesh Vasudeo Waghmare. The E award is named after the legendary Indian hockey player Dhyan Chand. Mumbai (Physical Sciences).P. 2010 NS O TI A IC UN M National Technology Award. is the third Indian to win the award. for “Behti hawa sa tha woh” (3 Idiots). Outstanding achievement by an Indian in International Cinema: Anil Kapoor. present and future. Lifetime Achievement Award: Veteran filmmaker J. Best Director: Rajkumar Hirani for “3 Idiots Best Screenplay: 3 Idiots. has been A honoured with the national award by the Technology Development DI and Technology. who CO comes from dusty town of Dhuri in Sangrur district. for his role as a progeria-afflicted child in “Paa”. Bangalore and Kalobaran Maiti. 2010 M A pioneer in processing rice bran oil. Best Singer (Male): Shaan. Delhi . Best Lyrics: Swanand Kirkire for “3 Idiots”. 53. 2009 A Anita Chanu (Weightlifting). Sri Lanka. Sid!”. Ocean and Planetary Sciences and Mathematical Sciences. Former President Board of the Ministry E Science of Dr A. Atmosphere. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. it is used in India more in producing soaps and detergents than as a nutritious and healthy cooking oil.N. Solvex Group of S Companies.J. The group is the largest producer of refined rice bran oil.
Sachin wins Sir Garfield Sobers Award Sachin Tendulkar capped a fine year with the most coveted cricketing reward in recent times ‘The Sir Garfield Sobers Cricketer of the Year' Award as the maestro glittered bright amidst a galaxy of leading players at the LG ICC Awards night here on 6th October. . LG People's Choice Award: Sachin Tendulkar.B. Women's Cricketer of the Year: Shelley Nitschke (Australia). Dhoni (captain). Oriya writer Manoj Das. he has been based in Delhi for CO “Tokyo Cancelled” had also over eight years now. M. James Anderson. Emerging Player: Steven Finn (England).282 runs in the game's longer version. Virender Sehwag. Kumar Sangakkara.K. de Villiers performed with his band. Stuart Broad. Jacques Kallis. Dale Steyn and Doug Bollinger. Tamil writer Indira Parthasarathy. E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO NS O TI Commonwealth Prize. among them talking parrots. Birla Foundation in 1991. Tendulkar scored another double at the awards function as he also won the ‘LG People's Choice Award. Gulshan Bamra has been given the award for his initiative to involve community in the Naxal-affected areas of Madhya Pradesh. Solo is a story told M by a 100-year-old Bulgarian. A. 2010). Courtney Walsh and former England women's cricketer Rachael Heyhoe Flint.000 Test runs this year besides becoming the first man to score a double hundred in ODI cricket while South Africa wilted against him at Gwalior.” adds Sharma. Sachin Tendulkar.5 lakh). holding that the process used by the group for production of refined rice bran oil is economical and scientifically proven process. Though Britain and holds a British passport. The night then ebbed away in a medley of tunes as ‘ODI Player of the Year' A.S. 2009 EDi Dargah”. Rana won a prize of £10. Malayalam poetess Balamaniamma. Twenty20 International Performance of the Year: Brendon McCullum (of New Zealand for his unbeaten 116 against Australia at Christchurch on February 28.000 (Rs 8. Doug Bollinger and Ryan Harris. Spirit of Cricket: New Zealand. a citation and a plaque. Courtney Walsh and Rachael Heyhoe Flint. carries an award of Rs 5 lakh. 2010 A IC British-Indian author Rana Dasgupta (38) has won the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize for ‘Best Book’N for his second book U on Solo.B. with 1. After scoring 1. PM’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration The award. ICC ODI World XI: Ricky Ponting (captain). Umpire of the Year: Aleem Dar (Pakistan). Graeme Swann. de Villiers (South Africa). Dhoni was named the skipper of a World Test XI.B. Hashim Amla. Bengali novelist Sunil Gangopadhyay and Urdu literary critic Shamsur Rahman Faruqi. Sachin Tendulkar.S. Bishan Singh Bedi was inducted into the ‘ICC Hall of Fame' along with Joel Garner.S. Simon Katich. a poetry collection in Punjabi by Surjit “Lafzan R Patar.17 18 Sharma. and includes a cast of riveting characM Dasgupta was born in ters. Paul Collingwood. E Rock” won in the Best First M ESaraswati Samman. Joel Garner. was adjudged the ‘Test Cricketer of the Year' and M. instituted by the K. Tendulkar became the second Indian to win the award after Rahul Dravid bagged it in 2004. The first recipient of the award was Harivansh Rai Bachchan in 1991 for his autobiography. His first novel A drawn enormous praise. ODI Player of the Year: A. hasSbeen awarded the 19th Saraswati Samman for 2009. Michael Hussey.' The Indian team had a lot more to cheer about as Virender Sehwag. Other awardees include Marathi playwright Vijay Tendulkar. Inductees into the ICC Hall of Fame: Bishan Singh Bedi. Daniel Vettori. Australian author Glenda Guest’s “Siddon DI Book category. de Villiers. ICC Test World XI: M. The awardees: Sir Garfield Sobers Cricketer of the Year: Sachin Tendulkar. Shane Watson. Associate and Affiliate Player: Ryan ten Doeschate (Netherlands). Test Player of the Year: Virender Sehwag. The patent for the process is registered with the Government of India in my name. Dhoni (wicketkeeper). It is recognised as the most prestigious and the highest literary honour in India and is given every year to an outstanding literary work written in an Indian language and published during the last 10 years.
Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Awards. posthumously. Patal. MUp Best Animated Movie: E Best Foreign Film: The Secret in Their Eyes (Argentina). . Chairman and Managing Director. Fearless. Zydus Cadila Healthcare Ltd. IC Oscar Awards. Ex-Chairman of ICICI Bank Ltd.P. Album of the Year: Taylor Swift. NS been Environmentalist Baba Balbir Singh Seechewal has IO selected for the award for setting new milestones in the field of TKali Bein rivuenvironment. a shawl. has been instrumental in introducing several academic and administrative reforms in higher education during ongoing XIth plan. 2010 Life Time award: Michael Jackson. Chairman. Entrepreneur of the year (Services): Shashi Kiran Shetty. 2010 UN M Best Movie: The Hurt Locker. Thorat. a memento and a cash prize of Rs 1. Nuru Light’s objective is to replace the use of expensive. Grammy Awards. Punjab. 2010 means light in Swahili). Delhi and Monalisa Changkija. A Best Actress: Sandra Bullock (The Blind Side). DI Best Supporting Actress: Mo’Nique. who has authored 21 publications. M Locker). A pilot project is already in place in Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. executive editor of Tehelka. Of those. Ustad Vilayat Khan. A DI can be recharged by pedalling for 20 A portable light that E minutes and was developed for use in areas not wired for electricity. Chairman and Managing Director of A2Z Maintenance & Engineering Services Pvt. Chairman and Managing Director. The award carries a citation. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Mother Teresa Award. Entrepreneur of the year (Business transformation): Dr Vikram Akula. nearly 580 million are in India.000. Sameer Hajee. especially his initiative on cleaning the A let passing through Kapurthala. E Best Supporting Actor: Christoph Waltz. Entrepreneur of the year (Start-up): Amit Mittal. Entrepreneur of the year (Manager): O. 2009 Entrepreneur of the year: Anand G. is essentially a lighting system that can be recharged by a pedal generator—the Nuru POWER Cycle. Bhatt. Editor of Nagaland Page. Allcargo Global Logistics Ltd. unhealthy. and dangerous kerosene as a source of lighting for the two billion people without access to electricity. Marico Ltd. Vaghul. State Bank of India. Lifetime Achievement award: N. The winners of the coveted honour include Ustad Lachhman Singh Seen (classical music tabla).19 20 Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards Punjab has for the first time bagged the highest number of awards in the performing arts category for 2009. 2009 Chameli S SAARC Environment Award. Vice Chairman and MD of Mahindra Group. Entrepreneur of the year (Healthcare and Life Sciences): Pankaj R. The device has been developed by Nuru Design (Nuru SR Sasawaka Prize of UNEP. Mof Indian origin. RE Devi Jain Award.00. Chairperson & founder SKS Microfinance Ltd. She has become Best Director: Kathyrn Bigelow (The Hurt the first woman director to win the honour. Ltd. Mariwala. Entrepreneur of the year (Manufacturing): Harsh C. The device. Dimapur. Goslan Khanna (ragi/dhadi) and Neeta Mahindra (theatre). called the Nuru light. polluting. since the inception of the Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1952. Besides Kamal Arora (theatre make-up) from Chandigarh is another recipient. CO Best Actor: Jeff Bridges (Crazy Heart). Mahindra. the prestigious has won a Canadian Sasakawa Prize of the United Nations Environment Programme EE (UNEP). 2010 The award for an outstanding woman media-person has been shared by Shoma Chaudhary. Chairman and Managing Director. 2010 UGC chairman Sukhadeo Thorat has been given the prestigious Mother Teresa Lifetime Achievement Award for 2010.
especially poetry. Booker T. Pop Instrumental Performance: Throw Down Your Heart. Taylor Swift. Keith Urban. Pop Instrumental Album: Potato Hole.. Female Pop Vocal Performance: Halo. Male R&B Vocal Performance: Pretty Wings. Jared Followill. for Sherlock Holmes Best Actress (Motion Picture Drama): Sandra Bullock for The Blind Side Best Actress (Motion Picture Musical or Comedy): Meryl Streep for Julie & Julia EE SR Golden Globe Awards. Solo Rock Vocal Performance: Working on a Dream. Alternative Music Album: Wolfgang Amadeus Phoenix. Song of the Year: Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It). Metal Performance: Dissident Aggressor. Score Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture. Rock Song: Use Somebody.21 22 Song Written for Motion Picture. Uttam Jeevan Raksha PAdak and Jeevan Raksha Padak. She has become the first women poet from Kashmir to be honoured by the Akademi. E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Tagore Literature Award. R. Jason Mraz. Beyonce. Record of the Year: Use Somebody. the Black Eyed Peas. A. Jason Mraz and Colbie Caillat. Pop Vocal Album: The E. 22. New Artist: Zac Brown Band. written by Gulzar. Television or Other Visual Media: Up. had killed a top Pakistani militant and injured another at Kalsian village in Rajouri district on the night of September 27 2009. the Black Eyed Peas. Umman Antony from Kerala. Rock Album: 21st Century Breakdown. had rescued many from Taj hotel and never dithered from doing his duty.D. from “Slumdog Millionaire”. Green Day. Matthew Followill and Nathan Followill. Jeevan Raksha Padaks. Kang. Hard Rock Performance: War Machine. Maxwell. Bruce Springsteen. The award has been instituted by the Akademi at the initiation of the Korean government and the Embassy of Korea in Delhi. Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak: The winners include Syed Areef Sujauddin from Andhra Pradesh. written by Thaddis Harrell.N. was selected for this honour for her poetic collection. Phoenix. Television or Other Visual Media: Jai Ho. Male Country Vocal Performance: Sweet Thing. Beyoncé Knowles. 2009 Noted Kashmiri poet Naseem Shafai has been conferred the prestigious “Tagore Literature Award” by the Sahitya Akademi for her outstanding contribution in Kashmiri literature. Pop Collaboration: Lucky. besides Karanbir Singh Kang from Maharashtra and Prachi Santosh Sen from Madhya Pradesh. Nasem Best Director: James Cameron for Avatar Best Motion Picture (Drama): Avatar Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy): The Hangover Best Actor (Motion Picture Drama): Jeff Bridges for Crazy Heart Best Actor (Motion Picture Musical or Comedy): Robert Downey Jr. Rajan Kamble from Maharashtra (all posthumously). This was the second collection of Naseem’s poetry after “Derche Machrith” (open windows) in 1999. Terius Nash and Christopher Stewart (Beyonce). Pop Performance. Béla Fleck. Male Pop Vocal Performance: Make it mine. 2010 A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Rahman and Tanvi Shah. Kings of Leon. Rukhsana. written by Caleb Followill. Jones. Jeevan Raksha Padak series of awards are meant for meritorious act of humane nature in saving the life of a person in three categories: Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak. Female R&B Vocal Performance: Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It). Judas Priest. Beyonce. who lost his wife and two children in the 26\11 Mumbai attacks. Duo Or Group: I Gotta Feeling. Female Country Vocal Performance: White Horse. AC/DC. “Na Thsay Na Aks” (Neither shadow nor reflection). 2010 Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak: Braveheart Rukhsana Kauser and Delhi’s Narender Kaushik (posthumously) have been selected for Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak for their conspicuous courage in saving life under circumstances of very great danger to the life of the rescuer.
2008 Best Music Direction: Ajay Atul for Jogwa (Marathi) Best Lyrics: Antaheen (Bengali) Best Male Playback Singer: Hariharan for Jogwa (Marathi) Best Female Playback Singer: Shreya Ghoshal for Antaheen (Bengali) Best Choreography: Chinni Prakash and Rekha Prakash for Jodha Akbar Best Audiography: Pramod J. EE Cricketer Virendra Sehwag.Eine Deutsche Kindergeschichte) from Germany Best Animated Film: Up NS films V.P. Sivaraman.23 24 Best Supporting Actor (Motion Picture): Christoph Waltz for Inglourious Basterds Best Supporting Actress (Motion Picture): Monique for Precious. 56th National Film Awards UN M Best Film: Antaheen (Bengali) M (Tamil) Best Direction: Bala for Naan Kadavul Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment: Oye Lucky! CO Lucky Oye! A Best Children’s Film: Gubbachigalu (Kannada) DI Little Zizou (English. hockey player Padma Shri: SR Ignace Tirkey. Indira Gandhi Award for Best First Film of a Director: A Wednesday (Hindi) Nargis Dutt Award (for Best Feature Film on National Integration): Aai Kot Nai (Assamese) Best Child Artist: Shams Patel Best Cinematography: Avik Mukhopadhyay for Antaheen (Bengali) Best Screenplay: Sachin Kundalkar for Gandha (Marathi) Best Art Direction: Gautam Sen for Firaaq Best Make-up Artist: V. Sachin Tendulkar's 'guru' Ramakant Achrekar. Prime Minister A Manmohan Singh’s cardiac surgeon R. Apollo Hospitals chief Pratap Reddy. Best Screenplay: Jason Reitman. Ebrahim Alkazi and M noted Mridangam Carnatic artist Umayalpuram K. Sreekar Prasad for Firaaq (Hindi) Best Special Effects: Govardhan (Tata Elxsi) Mumbai Meri Jaan (Hindi) Special Jury Award/Special Mention (Feature Film): Bioscope NS O TI Republic Day Awards. boxer Vijender Singh. Singh were among the 43 Fareed Zakaria and winners. prominent industrialist from E Punjab S.P.M. Rahman. Bollywood O C actor Aamir Khan and controversial Indian origin businessman Sant Singh Chatwal. badminton star Saina Nehwal. Murthy. Thomas for Gandha (Marathi) Best Editing: A. Moorthy for Naan Kadauul (Tamil) Best Costume Design: Neeta Lulla for Jodhaa Akbar Bravery Awards. Yesteryear Bollywood diva Rekha. Oswal. Reddy.V. eminent DI neurosurgeon Satya Paul Agarwal.K. eminent journalist Mreal estate czar K. Sheldon Turner for Up In The Air Best Original Score: Michael Giacchino for Up Best Original Song: “The Weary Kind” from Crazy Heart Best Foreign Language Film: The White Ribbon (Das Weisse Band . Panda. the ace cinematographer of Guru Dutt’s IO who is best known for his camera work in Chaudvin ka Chand and THe is the first A Pakeezah. Gujarati) Best Film on Family Welfare: E Best Actor: Upendra Limaye for Jogwa (Marathi) M Chopra for Fashion (Hindi) Best Actress: Priyanka E Best Supporting Actor: Arjun Rampal for Rock On!! (Hindi) RE Actress: Kangana Ranaut for Fashion (Hindi) Best Supporting S Dada Saheb Phalke Award. . Formula One driver Narain Kartikeyan. Padma Bhushan: MusicM maestro A. Manvinder Singh Banga. Oscar winner sound recordist Resul Pokutty and actor Saif Ali Khan were among 83 winners. 2010 Kirti Chakra: Rukhsana Kausar and her brother Aijaz Ahmad have been awarded the second highest gallantry award in peacetime. for their act of bravery in killing a Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) commander in their Morha Kalsi village in Jammu and Kashmir in 2009. IC cinematographer to get the award. 2010 A Padma Vibhushan: Nobel laureate of Indian origin IC N Venkatraman Ramakrishnan. has been honoured with the award. Music maestro Illaiyaraaja. ZohraU Segal. former RBI Governor Y.R.
and Pallavi Aiyar. In 2008. has received the prestigious award. Tamil Nadu. former director-general of Hotel Taj Mahal ) by conferring ‘d'Officier de l'Ordre national du Merite' on them for being “efficient. Vellore. ED The winning interview with Ram Jethmalani was conducted in June. executive vice-president of Hotel Oberoi-Trident and M. general secretary of the India-China Friendship Association. founder-Chancellor of the VIT University. conferred by Emerging Markets. Chandrajit Banerjee. the Award on behalf SR Finance Minister of the Year for Asia award Finance Minister of India. G. accepted EE of the bank. CO He won the award in 1999. London. China-India Friendship Award Professor Manoranjan Mohanty and Professor Tan Chung and senior Communist Party of India (Marxist) leader Sitaram Yechury. 2009 Mridula Koshy's If It is Sweet. N. Director-General of the Confederation of Indian Industry. part of Euromoney Institutional Investor Plc. Pranab Mukherjee has won 2010 Finance Minister of the Year for Asia award. The company was also been rated as the first Mamongst other recipients of the among equals for its CSR practices award 2010. The Shakti Bhatt Foundation is a non-profit trust set up by the late writer/editor's family to keep her memory alive. V. A I 2003. Karnataka. IBM India is the first IT Company to win this award since its M incep5on in 2002. who is also president of the Friends of China Association. for exposing the Hak Hakook scam in which timber meant for villagers in the State was sold to the timber mafia. Chairman and Managing Director. Shergill. E Jethmalani walked out in anger over questions that explored RE S allegations of opportunism surrounding his return to the BJP. and Editor of India-China People's View. Vir Sanghvi of Hindustan Times was the recipient of the Tilak Award in 2009. Chandigarh. which is conferred for excellence in journalism on a personality making important contribution to the field of journalism at national level. who worked for two years as The-Hindu's correspondent in Beijing. Thapar won the award for his “Devil's Advocate” interview programme.25 26 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize. educationist B. courageous and taking decisions by risking their lives to save hundreds of lives. Ram. The New Delhi-based author will get Rs 1 lakh and a citation. 2008 terror attack in Mumbai. The subject was Mr.S. Bhaskaran. Sarkozy honours two Indians Remembering two French citizens who lost their lives in the November 26. French President Nicolas Sarkozy honoured two Indians (M. Karambir Kang. CO Business India’s Best Bank Award IA D(BOB) was presented the 'Business India Bank of Baroda E Best Bank 2010' award by Union Minister for Road Transport and M at a function in the Mumbai on Oct 7. Editor-in-Chief of the Hindu newspaper. Thapar is winning Presenter Award in the 15-year history of the Asian Television awards. Devendra Bharma. 2005 and 2007. NS O TI Golden Peacock Award CA IBM India has been conferred with The I Golden Peacock award 2010 for its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives in India UN on Oct 7. M D Highways. The interview ended abruptly when Mr. a collection of short stories. This is M the Best Current Affairs the fifth time that Mr. Jethmalani's controversial decision to rejoin M the Bharatiya Janata Party. Viswanathan. . Bank of Baroda.” Green Apple award Uttarkhand based NGO Himalayan Chipko Foundation has been awarded the Green Apple award at the House of Commons. Kamal Nath Mallya. attentive. Pakistani author Mohammed Hanif's A Case of Exploding Mangoes had won the award. 2010 year Mr. has bagged the award. for their “invaluable contributions” towards strengthening cooperation between the two neighbours. Professor Sreemati Chakrabarti. Lokmanya Tilak National Journalist Award. 2010 NS O TI A IC The Asian Television award UNBest Current Affairs The Asian Television award for the M Presenter was presented to Karan Thapar of the CNN-IBN.
Philippines Quezon City. 22. Philippines Quezon City. was crowned Miss Universe 2010 beating off competition from 82 contestants. travelling to both Beijing and Shanghai before reaching Sanya on the southern Chinese island of Hainan. dressed in a red gown with a flowing train.27 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 28 P ERSONS Nicole Faria India's Nicole Faria has been crowned Miss Earth Talent 2010 after beating 17 other contestants at a talent competition in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. China DI Peru E Rosanna Davison Ireland Sanya. China Alexandria Mills United States I Kaiane Aldorino Gibraltar UNJohannesburg. The final marked 60 years since the first Miss World competition was first held in 1951. First runner up was Miss Botswana Emma Wareus followed by Miss Venezuela Adriana Vasini. beating more than 100 other contestants in the competition which goes by the motto “beauty with a purpose. Vietnam's representative Luu Thi Diem Huong was voted among the top five contestants with her performance of folk dances that are inspired by traditional dances in the northern. China CIceland Vilhjalmsdottir A María Julia Mantilla Sanya. The Miss World contestants spent a month in China. China M Tat(ána Kuchar(ova Czech Republic Warsaw. Vietnam Boracay. USA. SouthAfrica Ksenia Sukhinova Russia Johannesburg. Poland O Unnur Birna Sanya. She was followed by Miss Jamaica Yendi Philipps while Miss Australia Jenista Campbell was the second runner-up at the 59th annual pageant held in Las Vegas. open minded and outgoing person on the official Miss World website. Botswana. Philippines Quezon City. The 18-year-old Mills described herself as a positive.City. Navarrete. a 20-year-old girl from Bangalore. Year 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 Country India Brazil Philippines Canada Chile Miss Earth Nicole Faria Larissa Ramos Karla Henry Jessica Trisko Hil Hernández Venezuela Brazil Honduras E RE S NS O TI A IC Title Holders N U M OM C A DI E M National title Femina Miss India . Philippines Manila. United Kingdom Agbani Darego Sun EE Chopra Nigeria London. central and southern region of the country. Philippines Quezon City. It was the fifth time in eight years that the beauty contest was held on the popular holiday island. Faria. spontaneous. . Philippines Angeles City .Earth Beleza Brasil Miss Philippines Earth Miss Earth Canada Miss Earth Chile Miss Earth Venezuela Beleza Brasil Miss Earth Honduras round were from China. Venezuela and Ireland. Ms. Year 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 Location Alexandra Braun Priscilla Meirelles Dania Prince Nha Trang. China M Azra Akin Turkey London. South Africa Priyanka India United Kingdom R S Jimena Navarrete Alexandria Mills Miss United States of America Alexandria Mills was crowned Miss World 2010 in China’s island province Hainan on October 30. SouthAfrica Zhang Zilin China M Sanya. impressed judges by highlighting the importance of teaching children about family values. Philippines NS Title Holders O TI Location Miss World Country CA Sanya.” Participants in the final Miss Mexico Jimena Navarrete. won the title at the talent show with a scintillating belly dance that combines Oriental and Middle Eastern style.
Stefania Fernandez Nassau. Harris will be the first woman to hold the office. Mexico Zuleyka Rivera Los Angeles. .N U Gandhi ranks 9th on the Forbes 2010 list of the ’World’s Most Powerful People.” a list that also includes Congress President Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Her father. a breast cancer specialist from Tamil Nadu who travelled to the United States from Chennai to pursue her graduate studies at UC Berkeley. She refused to leave but the military S Myanmar even when her husband died in 1999.S. General Yangon in June. Ms. Aung San Suu IC Myanmar’s iconic opposition leader. Harris is the daughter of Dr.378 votes. ahead T U. India’s business tycoons M Ambani.S. Kamala Harris Indian-American Kamala Harris won the election for AttorneyGeneral of California. diplomatic cables by his whistle-blower website. Pop star Lady Gaga was third with 146. has won an online vote to be Time magazine’s Person of the Year. U. President of A Barack Obama who is ranked second among 68 people “who IC matter. in Ambassador to India. which said that its editors. 1945 (known as Rangoon Aung San. Lakshmi Mittal also make the CO list.S. defeated Steve Cooley of the Republican Party in a tough fight. who was the only Indian-American candidate publicly endorsed by President Barack Obama. Panama NS Chinese President Hu Jintao has been named the most IO powerful person in the world by Forbes. Ms.’ Dr. by Rrefused to hand over power. Bahamas Dayana Mendoza Nha Trang. which gave him an easy first place. while U. Assange received 148. one-fifth of world’s population. The last elections in take care of her ailing mother E 1990 were won E Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party. Prime Minister of Turkey. Her mother was DImarried Michael Aris. NS O TI A Kyi. amid continuous leak of thousands of confidential U.” Jintao.29 30 Title Holders Year 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 Country Mexico Venezuela Venezuela Japan Puerto Rico Canada Australia Dominican Republic Miss Universe Location First woman: Born and raised in the East Bay. Ximena Navarrete Las Vegas. Harris was elected as the first woman District Attorney in San Francisco's history in December 2003. Tata Sons Chairman Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ratan Tata and head of ArcelorMittal. Ms.8 billion people on the planet. Daughter of an Indian mother and African-American father. who is in custody in Hu Jintao London on rape charges. she was released on UN in house arrest. after spending 15 years M Myanmar. an academic.” EE ‘Time’ readers choose Assange Person of The Year SR WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. reserve the right to disagree with the results of the online poll. Natalie Glebova Bangkok. President Barack Obama was in the sixth position with 27. She was reelected for a second term in November 2007.383 votes more than Recep Tayyip Ergodan. Forbes’ list comprises A “the 68 who matter. is a national hero who was on the verge of wresting CO when he was assassinated in independence from the British rule A 1947. She was educated in Delhi and Oxford. 2010. who choose the actual Person of the Year. She returned to Myanmar in 1988 to M and stayed back.S.478 votes. Shyamala Gopalan. U. She E Oxford and raised two sons. Of the 6. Mr. and as the first African-American woman and South Asian American woman in California to hold the office. Harris. Ms.020 votes. who stood second with a score of 233. She will replace Democrat Jerry Brown who won the election for Governor of California on November 02. according to the magazine. Harris is the District Attorney for San Francisco. Ms.S. occupies the top slot for being the DI “paramount political leader of more people than anyone else on the E planet” and one who “exercises near dictatorial control over 1. Ecuador Amelia Vega Panama City. Ms.3 M billion people. Vietnam Riyo Mori Mexico City.638. she is simply known as ‘The Lady’. The 39-year-old Australian secured 382. She was born in M then). Thailand Jennifer Hawkins Quito. In November 13. M Manmohan Singh comes in at number 18.
replaces acting leader Harriet Harman in the contest triggered by the resignation of Gordon Brown. plays and essays. Mr Miliband. 2010. Five other IndianAmericans. Daughter of Punjabi Sikh immigrants from Amritsar. Commander Dilip . Nikki Randhawa Haley is being hailed as a rising star on the American political horizon. The family his grandparents S moved back to Peru in 1946 and he later went to military school NS O TI A IC UN M Nitish Kumar M has won 206 seats to form Nitish Kumar led NDA alliance CO the government in Bihar. In 1959.31 32 Nikki Haley Having gone from state legislature to Governor of South Carolina in a span of just six years. His international breakthrough O came with the 1960s novel The C Time of The Hero. one of theA most writers in the Spanish-speaking world who once C for President in Iinran his homeland. all Democrats. bit the dust in the face of an antiestablishment vote. has won the 2010 Nobel Prize UN literature. The former energy secretary appears to have benefited from a last-minute surge of support. 2010. a year after being arrested as lead author of Charter 08. including Conversation in the Cathedral and The Green House. Liu. Janata Dal (United) has bagged 115 seats and its DI (BJP) has won 91 seats. A The book was considered controversial in his homeland and a DI publicly by officers from the academy. to become the Governor of a U. Liu Xiaobo Jailed Chinese pro-democracy activist Liu Xiaobo has won the Nobel Peace Prize. Commander Dilip Donde of the Indian Navy became the first Indian ever to circumnavigate the globe solo on a sail-boat when he steered into the Mumbai harbour after his arduous effort spanning a little over nine months. Vargas Llosa grew up with RE in Bolivia after his parents divorced. for Dilip Donde On May 22. state.M Spanish-speaking world’s the most distinguished literary honour. He was later jailed for 20 months and then spent three years in a “labour reeducation” camp during the 1990s. He has written more than 30 novels. subversion of State power. Out of 243 A Assembly seats. In 1995. NS O Mario Vargas Llosa TI acclaimed Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa. had risen to prominence as a strike leader during the protests at Tiananmen Square in 1989. He has lectured and taught at a number of universities in the US. third and fourth preference votes came into play. ally Bharatiya Janatha Party E M Bihar Assembly Polls Party 2010 GAIN/LOSS EE 2005 R JDU 88 115 +27 S BJP 55 91 +36 Ed Miliband has won the Labour leadership in England after narrowly beating Brother David in a dramatic run-off vote ahead of the party's conference. E thousand copies were burnt Vargas Llosa is the first South American winner of the prestigious M to Colombian writer Gabriel Garcia prize since it was awarded E Marquez in 1982. as well as months under virtual house arrest. Nithish's triumph in 2010 Assembly polls was the biggest victory for any political leader in the state.S. a former literature professor. Peru. he moved to Paris where he worked as a language teacher and as a journalist for Agence France-Presse and the national television service of France. Liu was jailed for 11 years in December 2009. and second IndianAmerican after Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal. RJD LJP CONG OTHERS 54 10 9 27 22 3 4 8 -32 -7 -5 -19 Ed Miliband before studying literature and law in Lima and Madrid. Ed won by just over 1% from former foreign secretary David after second. “for decades of non-violent struggle for human rights”. he M was awarded the Cervantes Prize. Born in Arequipa. South America and Europe. calling for free speech and multi-party elections. which builds on his experiences from the Peruvian military academy Leoncio Prado. Another Indian-American Kamala Harris won the election for Attorney-General of California. Nimrata Nikki Randhawa Haley has become the first Indian-origin woman. a manifesto issued by Chinese intellectuals and activists.
presented by the President of India in 2000. Jugnu). Gen Singh is a graduate of the .K. Zhu Min. Donde. witnessed the historic moment and gave him a rousing reception. He shook the corporate world in the M US and elsewhere during the past two decades with his offbeat but CO radical strategies for managing corporations. Verwaayen RE Special Adviser. He had the distinction of becoming the Prime Minister of Nepal five times.K. who were on board INS Delhi. He stole the limelight with his best seller book “The Future of Competition”. and second Kannadiga after Kannada movie icon Dr Raj Kumar. along with Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma and Donde’s family members. Veteran democratic leader of Nepal politics and former Prime Minister of Nepal. especially related to the integration of India into all our activities.K. NS O TI A IC Sachin is Indian Air Force group captain UN Indian sports icon Sachin Tendulkar conferred the honorary M rank of group captain by the Indian Air Force (IAF) for services the Mthrough the sport. to get the Dada Saheb Phalke award for his contribution to the film industry. who started the voyage on August 19 2009 on INSV Mhadei. Singh is the Chief of Indian army. People's Bank of China. International Monetary Fund (IMF) and S and a former Deputy Governor. 2010. Vice-President Hamid Ansari. which aims to revive the old tradition of sea faring. with 23-tonne displacement. Murthy V. The cricketer cricketer has rendered to the nation O was presented his rank by AirC Chief Marshal P V Naik. Others elected to the Board are: Alcatel-Lucent's CEO Ben J. Gen Singh was awarded the Yudh Sena Medal for his distinguished service during 'Operation Pawan' against the LTTE in Sri Lanka. A third generation officer from the Rajput regiment. anchored at the finish line. 34 minutes and 6 seconds. Prahalad UN M Dr C. USA and the US Army War College. He was a member of the Blue Ribbon Commission of the United Nations on private sector and development. died on April 19. Murthy also worked with Pramod Chakravarthy (Naya Zamana. Kaagaz Ke Phool and Pyaasa.K. along with speedboats and two tugs operating their water cannons. The book is widely companies to foray S acknowledged as one of the world's most significant forces in corporate thinking. His boat was ceremonially escorted by a fast attack craft of the Indian Navy.33 34 NS O TI A IC C. A Mukesh Ambani DI E Reliance Industries' Chairman and Managing Director Mukesh Ambani has been M elected Member to the Board of World Economic E Forum. Gen. He is known for his work in most Guru Dutt films like Sahib Biwi Aur Ghulam. Mukesh Ambani will bring an extraordinary level of business acumen and his commitment to the ideals of the Forum. is the first fibre glass yacht constructed entirely in India and boasts of state-of-the-art navigation and communication equipment. a globally known influential management thinker. The 56-foot-long Mhadei. at 67 days. touched base back in India at the Sunk Rock Light House in Mumbai. Experienced in counter insurgency operations. E stressed that it would not be worthwhile for the R Heinto unrelated diversifications. he died on March 20.” Girija Prasad Koirala V. 13 hours. He was commissioned into 2 Rajput Regiment in June 1970 and commanded the same unit when it was positioned along the Line of Control with Pakistan. Vijay Kumar Singh Gen V. He has played a key role. Prahalad. Murthy is the first cinematographer. He was also the first recipient of the Lal Bahadur Shastri Award for contributions to management and public administration. Line of Control and high altitude operations. Carlisle. 2010. Besides Guru Dutt. Wellington-based Defence Services Staff College as well as the Rangers Course at Fort Benning. K. The 276day voyage was part of the Navy's daunting Sagar Parikrama project. The most notable among them was his “The IA Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid” through which he urged D MNCs to evolve a business model that would cater to the huge E M market of world’s four billion poor. He was 87. The world record for the fastest solo circumnavigation was set in January 2008 by Frenchman Francis Joyon. He firmly believed that such an approach would help eradicate the scourge of E poverty. He had led the peaceful April Uprising in 2006 and abolished the 239-year-old authoritarian royal regime of Nepal.
10 lakh and a citation and will be presented by the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM). 1925 at Cuncolim in south Goa. Nair. a feat he achieved in Gwalior against South Africa in February. A DI Sachin E Milestones M have become so routine in Sachin Tendulkar’s career that it hardly came as a surprise when he touched another one EE by becoming the first batsman in cricket’s history to notch up an asSR tonishing 50 Test hundreds. P. 85. The 37-year-old right-hander. is slated A to be appointed member of I National Commission for Minorities. who has spent a remarkable over 20 years in international cricket. Tendulkar is also the only batsman in the world who has scored a double ton in ODIs. NS O. Mr. Always at the forefront of the Konkani movement. He is the second person from the North-East to become an Election Commissioner. Kagaz ke Phool and is also one of the pioneers of colour cinematography. UN ing Director of Union Bank. Bhatt O TI been elected State Bank of India Chairman O. M Brahma EE Rassumes charge as Election Commissioner. NS O TI A Samy Vellu IC Samy Vellu until recently president of the Malaysian Indian UN to India and South Congress (MIC). D the majority community. V. the award carries a cash prize of Rs. has perhaps every batting record that is there to be taken under his belt and adding to the countless tally is the historic hundred that he struck against South Africa in the opening Test at Centurion. his contributions to the growth of Konkani were immense. HDFC Bank Managing Director Aditya Puri. Yes CO Chief Executive Officer Rana Kapoor has been elected Honorary Secretary of the association. Influenced by the Gandhian thoughts. He also shot India’s first cinema-scope movies. Mallya M and Canara Bank Chairman and Managing Director A. Ravindra Kelekar Konkani litterateur and Jnanpith Award winner Ravindra R. Tendulkar’s precocious talent was there to be seen when he shared an unbeaten 664-run stand with buddy Vinod Kambli in the Lord Harris Shield inter-school game in 1988. Mukesh Ambani RIL Chairman Mukesh Ambani has topped Forbes magazine's list of the 100 richest Indians for the third year in-a-row. C. Though he also wrote in Marathi and Hindi. who retired as the Union Power Secretary in April this year. journalist and television producer of Indian origin Simon Lehna Singh has been selected by the International Mathematical Union for the Leelavathi Award in recognition of his outstanding contribution to public outreach in mathematics. Much before his debut on November 15.Named after the mathematical treatise of the great Indian mathematician Bhaskaracharya. Bhatt has CA the new Chairman of the Indian Banks' Association (IBA) for 2010IChairman and Manag11. political editor of Hindustan Times. Kelekar. pipping billionaires like L N Mittal and Azim Premji with a net worth of USD 27 billion. Ravindra Kelekar was born on March 25. D. a retired IAS officer of 1975 batch from the Andhra Pradesh cadre. will be Malaysia's Special Envoy M Asia for Infrastructure with effect from New Year's Day 2011. Simon Lehna Singh Famousphysicist-turned author. Mahajan M Bank Managing Director and were elected deputy chairmen. will hold office till April 18. he struggled to seek recognition for the Konkani language. P. This feat was included in Time magazine’s top 10 sports moments of the year. He will succeed He will be a representative of the E veteran journalist Dileep Padgaonkar. assumed charge as Election Commissioner at Nirvachan Sadan. Mr. M Vinod Sharma CO Vinod Sharma. 1989. Lyngdoh. on December 19. Bhatt will take charge from M. he . after J. Bank of Baroda Chairman and Managing Director M. SixtyBrahma S year-old Harishankar Brahma.35 36 Kamal Amrohi (Pakeezah) and Shyam Benegal (Bharat Ke Khoj. a television series). Brahma. 2015. 2010. died. was actively involved in the freedom struggle and the Goa liberation movement.M.
Sachin appears on the January 2011 page of the calendar with an air superiority fighter Su-30MKI in the background. He Pingping He Pingping of China. On September 3. which otherwise carries the pictures of various fighter planes and transport aircraft of the IAF. after Jagmohan Dalmiya. A Yesuratnam of Venkatagiri Court in Sree Potti Sreeramulu Nellore District declared judgements in 300 different cases. Kapil Dev NS Legendary all-rounder Kapil Dev. A commemorative cap was IC presented to Kapil by ICC President David Morgan. Prasoon Joshi Ad-man and lyricist. Sinha will replace CB Bhave on Feb. The cricket icon. a research student at the University of Lehigh. D E MShyam Saran Negi Shyam Saran Negi. Mthe Chairman and Managing Director of UTI 17. CO A UK Sinha DIas the new Chairman of Securities ExUK Sinha appointed E change Board of India (SEBI). 2011. at 8 feet 1 inches is the tallest man. features in the calendar wearing a green flying suit with helmet Rahat Taslim Rahat Taslim from Giridih. to have become the highest executive of the world cricket body. Pawar is only the second Indian. Mr. who was recently conferred the honorary rank of Group Captain.President since 2008. 1951. received the 2010 C. as well as an audience of ICC officials Ubody’s headquarters in and other invited guests at the governing M Dubai. This is the first time in McCann’s history that an Asian has been appointed to the top global creative position. Sachin Tendulkar Sachin Tendulkar can now be seen in IAF fatigues along with the Sukhoi fighter aircraft in the force’s 2011 calendar. Elections in snow-bound Kinnaur region were held ahead of other places in India. This is the first time that number of judgements is announced in one single day in the history of Indian judiciary. was the first to cast his vote in SR independent India’s first elections on October 23. recognises some of International Cricketers' Associations the legends of the game.37 38 Sharad Pawar Sharad Pawar assumed office as President of the International Cricket Council (ICC) at its annual conference in Singapore. Chatterjee. Soon after taking over as the seventh President of the ICC for a two-year term. resident of the remote Kalpa village in EE Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. PennsylCO vania. where the elections were held in January and February of 1952. who led IndiaO their only I to ODI World Cup triumph in 1983. run in association with the Federation of M(FICA). The Hall of Fame. the IAF conferred the honorary rank of Group Captain on Sachin for his cricketing achievements and contribution to the nation. NS O TI A IC Prasun Chatterjee UN An Indian environmental engineering student whose reM search has contributed to a new way of detecting toxic lead and M copper in water. in front of fellow N Hall of Famer Clive Lloyd. Ellen Gonter Environmental Chemistry Award from the AmericanIA Chemical Society's (ACS) Environmental Chemistry Division. tucked under his left arm. Jharkhand has become the first contestant to win the prize money of Rs. The Union Agriculture Minister and former President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India succeeded David Morgan after serving as the ICC Vice. E SR Yesuratnam Magistrate. he has been named as the Chairman of McCann Worldgroup Creative Leadership Council. .1 crore in the fourth season of game show Kaun Banega Crorepati. at 2 feet 5 inches is the world’s shortest man and Sultan Kosen of Turkey. Sachin is the only person appearing in the calendar. has won one of the highest US research honours. Sachin is the first sportsperson to be conferred a rank by IAF and the first personality with no aviation background to receive the honour. has been inducted T the Internainto A tional Cricket Council’s Hall of Fame. Sinha isE now Asset Management Company.
an India-born businessman Vim Kochhar has been nominated to the Canadian Senate by Prime Minister Stephen Harper.39 40 John Wakefield John Wakefield. Antony became the first Defence Minister IOland to Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) of Nyoma in the Ladakh region of T for fixedA Jammu and Kashmir. A. Chinthakindi Mallesham Chinthakindi Mallesham of Sharajipet in Nalgonda Dist selected by the Forbes Magazine as one of the 'seven most powerful rural enterpreneurs'. to be decorated with its highest award. from Maharashtra who became the OM youngest Indian to reach the highest peak in 2009. Mallesham who dropped the school in eighth class invented Laxmi Asu Machine to ease the work of handloom weavers. Divya A. she has been appointed as the head of the UN’s little-known Office for the Outer Space Affairs (UUNOOSA). NS on the A. he has become the first Sikh in over 25 DI US Army officer basic training withE years to be allowed to complete out giving up his turban or shaving his full beard. UN Shabana Mahmood M Shabana Mahmood. M Sanjiv Mehta EE R Sanjiv Mehta is the new owner of East India Company. he has M Mount Everest.N. RE S A. NS O Orissa-based renowned sand artict. Antony Sanath Jayasuriya Sri Lankan cricketer Sanath Jayasuriya made his debut as a lawmaker.K.The ALG. Mazlan Othman Malaysian astrophysicist. activated in September. whose term expired on December 31.18. Secretary-general Ban Ki-moon has appointed Atul Khare of India as Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping E Operations. the ‘Sword of Honour’. Divya is the first woman cadet in the history of the Officers Training Academy. He broke become the youngest Indian to climb the the record of Krushnaa Patil. CA Arjun Bajpayee NI U 16-year-old resident of Uttar Pradesh's Noida city. including India. Puri would chair the UN Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee. in the north-west. Labour candiLadywood. Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Turkey.K. the S world’s first multinational whose forces once ruled much of the Sudarsan Pattnaik globe. Hardeep Singh Puri Indian Ambassador to the United Nations Hardeep Singh Puri has been elected Chairman of the all important Security Council Committee on counter-terrorism and two other key committees of this 15-membered body. became Britain's first A women Muslim MPs. .'the torchbearer of Karnataka's first eco-tourism project — the Kabini River Lodge on the banks of the Kabini at Karapur in Mysore district. She is officially the world’s first contact for any aliens that may come visiting. one of India’s premier defence training institutes. 2010. DI Khare E Atul M U. he has won the people’s TI choice award at the 8th International Sand Sculpture Festival in Berlin. for his creation on global warming. C Capt Tejdeep Singh Rattan A A 31-year-old Dentist. with a runaway victory from a parliamentary constituency in Matara district in the south. and Yasmin CO date for Bolton South East. Mr. He replaces Ertugrul Apakan. passed away. Jayasuriya won on the ticket of the ruling United People's Freedom Party alliance of the President Mahinda Rajapaksa.2009 wing aircraft. is 23 km from the Line of Actual IC Control and close to the Sino-Indian border. in central England. Vim Kochhar For the first time. Elected for a two-year term. fondly known as ‘Papa. the Labour candidate for Birmingham M Qureshi.
41 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 42 A PPOINTMENTS N A K Browne is new Air Force Vice-Chief Air Marshal NAK Browne.G. Justice Kapadia was part of the Constitution bench that in January 2007 declared that laws placed under the protective umbrella of the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution were open to judicial review. including Chief Operations Officer and Air Officer Commanding of a SU-30 base and Assistant Chief of Air Staff (Intelligence) at Air Headquarters. 2011 January 1.N. Born on September 29. Since then. securR ing nearly S per cent of the total votes polled. all variants of MiG-21s. An erudite man with a keen interest in Economics. 2007. P. A DI E The government announced the appointment of the former M K. Justice E person of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). he is the first CJI born in Justice M. JusRE 65. Balakrishnan. 1947. Balakrishnan Justice Sarosh Homi Kapadia NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Supreme Court judge in 2000 and sworn in as CJI on January 14.G. he would remain at the helm of the judiciary till September 29. He is an elected member of Legislative Assembly from Andhra Pradesh and a former member of NDMA. 60 Marri Sashidhar Reddy appointed as Vice Chairman of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).H. Air Marshal Browne has flown aircraft including the vintage Hunter. Air Marshal Browne is a fighter combat leader and has also served as an instructor at the Tactics and Combat Development Establishment and Defence Services Staff College. who retired on 2010 December 31. S Justice K. An alumnus of the National Defence Academy. The post of NHRC chairperson had been lying vacant for the past one year after the retirement of Justice Rajendra Babu.American Pulitzer Prize . He succeeds Air Marshal PK Barbora. Justice Kapadia has vast experience in tax. President Barak Obama's Committee on the Arts and Humanities. Mahinda Rajapska emerged victorious in the bitterly-fought first post-LTTE era Presidential elections. EE He won fighting against former army chief Sarath Fonseka. Rao The former Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court. the Air Marshal has held many key posts. 2012. M full-time members and seven Now the Law Commission hasO C two part-time members. retired as CJI on May 12.S. assumed charged as Chairperson of the . He started his career as a class IV employee and possesses integrity as “the only asset”. Public Finance. as the sixth chairChief Justice of India. He was appointed a tice Balakrishnan.winning author Jhumpa Lahiri has been appointed as a member of U. an ace fighter pilot. Theoretical Physics and Hindu and Buddhist philosophies. along with five others. Kapadia has been appointed the Chief Justice of India. NS O TI A IC Narsingha Mishra UN The Central Government announced the appointment of Narsingha Mishra as another part time member to the 19th Law M Commission. P Venkatarama Reddy is the Chairman of 19th Law Commission. Makani Narayana Rao. He was a senior Advocate in the Orissa High Court. He was also responsible for establishing the Indian Defence Wing in Tel Aviv. AIR correspondent reports commissioned into the fighter stream in 1972. finance and business matters. Justice G. Justice S. 2010. Israel in April 1997 where he served as the defence attache till July 2000. A DI re-elected President Rajapaksa E M On January 27. Mathur had been acting as the commission's. took over as the Vice Chief of Indian Air Force. Marri Sashidhar Reddy Jhumpa Lahiri Indian . A graduate of the Air Command and Staff College. Wellington. Jaguar and SU-30MKI. He is the 38th CJI and will have a tenure of two years and five months. post independence era. Air Marshal Browne was previously commanding the Delhi-based Western Air Command. USA. besides other civil cases and issues relating to crime.
Nehchal Sandhu Bihar-cadre IPS officer of 1973 batch Nehchal Sandhu appointed as Chief of Intelligence Bureau from January 1. Born on 11 June 1947. A DI Rousseff E Dilma M Dilma Rousseff has been elected as the first female E President of Brazil. voters’ M in the electoral process through scientific research and interventions. was appointed permanent judge of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in July 1986 and he served as Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court from November 1997 to April 1998. taking over from Malaysia. elections. former Telecom Secretary. R. His book ‘Social Marketing for Social Change’ has broken new ground in the field of Development Communication.43 44 National Commission for Backward Classes. he has been practising in the Supreme Court. who hails from Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. Stephen’s College S Quraishi completed in Delhi before joining the Indian Administrative Service in 1971. He has been anE ardent proponent for lending strength to the grassroots level election functionaries. In the A management of elections. a 1975 batch officer of Kerala cadre. K. Head of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. He is the first Muslim to hold the post. population. will remain Chairman for the next 12 months. HIV AIDS and Family Planning. articles and talks to his credit on issues related to democracy. S 1970 for fighting K. K. Satyanand Mishra Satyanand Mishra appointed as Chief Information Commissioner to succeed AN Tiwari. Quraishi has brought a special focus DI education and youth involvement E on people’s participation.Y. Dr Quraishi is known for his special contributions in social sector reforms covering health. women and child development and Youth. 62-year-old economist. . After his retirement. Ramakrishnan O TISarabhai Space S. Ansar Parvez. 2012. Quraishi has been appointed CO Commissioner of India. and civil society action. UN M P. education.J. He also has a number of books. Quraishi M as the 17th Chief Election S.Y.J. Vijay Kumar K. currently serving as Special Director General of Border Security Force. Dr. Medhekar will be the new Director General of elite commando force National Security Guard. NS S. the UN nuclear watchdog. Justice Rao (74). Director (Projects). Medhekar Senior IPS officer R. He received a Ph. Venkatarama Reddy. 14th Central Vigilance Commissioner by the President of India. Thomas A IC was sworn in as P. Ramakrishnan. which will have tenure up to August 31. Vijay Kumar has been appointed as the Director General of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). social marketing.D for his thesis on “Role of Communication and Social Marketing in Development of Women and Children”. UN M S. Thomas. Dr. Nehchal Sandhu will succeed Rajiv Mathur of 1972 batch. 2011. Venkatarama Reddy M P. Vikram A Centre. a The Centre has appointed Justice O retired judge of the Supreme C Court as chairperson of the 19th Law Commission. drug abuse. Thiruvananthapuram. Quraishi earlier held the position of Election Commissioner. NS O TI P. he handled several sensitive issues. The high-level committee headed by Manmohan Singh including Sushma Swaraj and Veerappa Moily decided in favour of Satyanand Mishar. Medhekar. As a panel lawyer for many State governments. Dr RE his Masters degrees from St. has been appointed Director of Liquid IC Space Research Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) of the Indian Organisation (ISRO). Rousseff is a former Marxist guerrilla who was jailed and tortured for three years in early RE against dictatorship in Brazil. Ansar Parvez Ansar Parvez has been name head of IAEA.
she has been elected as the first woman Prime Minister of Trinidad & Tobago. Entity for M Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. taking the helm as the country struggles to rein in a huge public debt. who stepped down following revolt against him within the Labour party. He is the first Indian to be appointed to the job and will succeed Irene Khan in June 2010. Julia Gillard Julia Gillard scripted history when she was elected as the first woman Prime Minister of Australia. It will delineate appropriate policy initiatives within the government required to spur innovation. He is closely associated with the design and development of India’s first Thoriumbased advanced Heavy Water reactor. The Council has been given the mandate to evolve an Indian model of innovation focusing on inclusive growth and creating an appropriate eco system conducive to fostedng inclusive innovation. a vote held to M decide the legitimacy of her rule after President Kurmanbek Bakiyev regime was ousted in April 2010. NS O TI A Roza Otunbayeva IC Roza Otunbayeva has been elected as the first woman UN President of Kyrgystan. CO Julia Gillard A Julia Gillard was sworn in as Australia's first woman Prime DI was toppled as the leader of the ruling E Minister after Kevin Rudd Labour party. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and Innovations. making her the interim President till 2011. She claimed victory in a referendum in M Kyrgyzstan. and manage ties with security ally USA and a rising China. She will hold the rank and status of a Cabinet Minister. People’s Partnership. Women. The National Innovation Council would be headed by Sam Pitroda. won 29 of the 41 parliamentary seats to end the 43-yeaqr-old rule of the ruling party. He has become the fifth Prime Minister of Japan in three years.N. Dr Ratan Kumar Sinha Dr Ratan Kumar Sinha has been appointed as the new Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). She succeeded Kevin Rudd. engineer growth in an aging society. Her party.N. O C Nitin Noharia A DI An Indian-American he has taken over as the Dean of Harvard E Business School. Sonia Gandhi UPA chairperson and Congress President. The rebellion had been spearheaded by Ms Gillard. the prestigious and high E RE Kamla Persad S A 58-year-old woman of Indian origin. The body will be known officially as the U. M Sam Pitroda EE R Minister has approved the setting up of a National S Prime Innovation Council to prepare a road map for the Decade of Innovation 2010-2020. body that will seek to improve the lives of N U women and girls around the world.45 46 Naoto Kan Naoto Kan has been elected as the Prime Minister of Japan. . He is the first person of Indian origin to occupy M profile post.N. Salil Shetty Salil Shetty has been appointed as the Secretary-General of Amnesty International. NS O Michelle Bachelet TIthe appointment A Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced IC of former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet to head a new U. It will also promote the setting up of Sectoral Innovation Councils and State Innovation Councils. opposing his policies on health. four years after quitting the post over an office-of-profit controversy. education and climate change. she has been appointed as the head of National Advisory Council (NAC). but officials say M it will be referred to as U.
who was the economic adviser to Prime Ministers from Jawaharlal Nehru to P. passed away.N.M. 1917.N. formation of coalition governments at the Centre in 1989. Mathew started off as a rubber planter in Chickmagalur in Karnataka. Rajasekhara Murthy was a freedom fighter. not only in the be Left but also national politics. 'Tiruguleni Manishi'.Raj. Mr. but was active and at work till a few months ago. K. Mr. He was 85. He later went to Bombay to look after another line of the family business. 1996.and the hugelypopular 'Gharana Mogudu'.Raj K. His films include 'Naa Desam'. 2010 at the age of 95. N Indian politics” left behind a void that will U hard to fill. Indian nuclear scientist Homi Sethna O During his career Sethna held C several posts including director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and chairman of the Atomic A Energy Commission. Eugenie Blanchard NS O TI A IC UN Homi Sethna M M has died at the age 86. Then he went to CO here that he was influenced by Communism.Devi Vara Prasad Senior Telugu film producer K. IC The “colossus of he died on January 17. founded in 1888. Mathew. Mr. 1997 and 2004. 1914 in Kolkata. Mathew K. His major achievements as Chief in Minister ofSR Bengal were rural land reforms and entrenching of West the Panchayati Raj institutions. NS O Jyoti Basu TI A The CPM patriarch and former Chief Minister of West Bengal. He was 93. In 1996. Mathew was honoured with the Padma Bhushan in 1998. During his time with the AEC Sethna presided DI at Pokhran in 1974. Kondaveeti Raja'. In 1977 he became the Chief Minister of E West Bengal and continued to hold the office for 23 straight years.V.47 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 48 EATHS D EATHS K. Born on January 2. . passed away at his residence. He was one of the foundermembers of CPM in 1964. He joined the family-owned Malayala Manorama in 1954 as its General Manager and Managing Editor.Devi Vara Prasad Passed away on Friday at Hyderabad. He was 68 years old. He quit as E Chief MinisterE November 2000. He was first elected to Rajya Sabha in 1994 and elected to Rajya Sabha recently from Bangalore in 2006. M In 1935 he graduated from the Presidency College of Kolkata with MLondon to study law and it was honours in English. E over India's nuclear experiment M M Rajasekhara Murthy EE leader and Rajya Sabha member M SeniorRJD(S) RajasekharaSMurthy died at the age of 88 due to cardiac arrest. in 1973. K. In 1940 he joined the then undivided CommunistA DI Party of India. M making him the longest-serving Chief Minister in India. Mathew became the Chief Editor of the newspaper. Chief Editor of the mass-circulation Malayalam newspaper Malayala Manorama. He was born on 3 March 1926 a freedom fighter in India's struggle for independence and was the first citizen to throw a bomb on the last Nizam of Hyderabad to kill him. Jyoti Basu played a major role in World's oldest person. named Eugenie Blanchard of French West Indies died at the age of 114. he narrowly missed out on becoming Prime Minister of India after his party’s veto.M. widely respected development economist.Narasimha Rao and one of the architects of the Indian plan edifice. Narayana Rao Pawar Narayana Rao Pawar dies at the age of 85 in Hyderabad due to ill health. He had age-related ailments. He was born on July 8. He produced several hit films with the late NTR and Chiranjeevi.
NS O TI A Nirmal Pandey IC Hindi films actor. Birla Science and Technological Museum and Birla E Archaeological and Cultural Research Institute. Two of the Archers he had coached won silver medals at the recently concluded Common Wealth Games in New Delhi. Milon Kumar Banerjee Milon Kumar Banerjee. M G. Kakkadah Nandanath Raj David Warren A pioneering Australian scientist who invented the ‘black box’ after investigating the world’s first jet airliner crash in 1953. the former Attorney-General of India. he is best known for his roles in “Bandit M kee subha nahin” and “Pyar Kiya to darna kya”. . M TahirO C Hussain father of film star Amir Well-known Hindi film-maker and A Khan. Hyderabad Industries and Nigeria Engineering Works. Nanaji Deshmukh One of the founder members of Bhartiya Jan Sangh. A graduate rom National School UN Queen”. social worker and former member of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sbha. He was also involvedM setting up the Birla Institute of Technology in in Ranchi. who had helped toD up units such as Orient Paper and set E Industries. CO Eminent industrialistIA Birla passed away. had the rare honour of being called upon to address the Parliament regarding the powers of the Election Commission on August 5. RE Arjun Sengupta S Eminent economist and Rajya Sabha MP.P. as Attorney-General. where he argued before the Supreme Court that these awards were not titles and as such were not violative of Article 18 of the Constitution. He was 93. Bhairon SinghM Shekhawat died in Jaipur following cardiac arrest. Banerjee.49 50 Cherukuri Lenin The former international Archer. Birla.M. “Zakhmee”. Mr. NS O TI A IC Bhairon Singh Shekhawat UN The former Vice-President and three-time Chief Minister of Rajasthan in the past. He was 85. Girija Prasad Koirala Five-time Prime Minister of Nepal and architect of the landmark peace deal with the Maoists that ended a decade-long insurgency in Nepal. He was 72. 1993. He was 46. He is known for producing hits like “Hum hain rahi pyar ke”. and the Padma Awards case. “Iss raat of Drama. The challenges of determining the causes of an air crash led him to the idea of a recording device that could withstand a crash where there were no survivors and no witnesses. He was 85. “Anamika” and E M Erich Segal E Author E the tear-jerking novel Love Story and screenwriter of of the Oscar-winning film version. G. a request that had not been made to the Attorney-General for decades. passed away. Son of B.P Birla . He leaves behind a policy footprint that changed the way poverty alleviation programmes are discussed in India. DI “Caravan”. Cherukuri Lenin died in a road accident. SR Leading economist of India who made a significant contribution in preparation of India’s first five-year Plan (1951-56).
Hédi Annabi.51 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 52 P LACES Haiti The capital of this tiny island nation. Port-au-Prince. At 1. Chernobyl Chernobyl now open to tourists.200 tigers living in the wild. and the main jail. there are currently only 3. Many notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed. 2010. Davos is located on the Landwasser River. Tiruchi V. Switzeraland.200. A Asian Games. warfare to take place SR Jaipur Davos Over 2500 global leaders in business and politics gathered in Davos. the National Assembly building. 1986. Ukraine announces official tours of the 1986 nuclear disaster site. the Port-au-Prince Cathedral.560 meters. 2010. More than three lakh people perished in the tragedy. on July 24-25. CO St IA Petersburg D Russia called for global efforts to On November 21. the bones of a huge penguin UN with surprisingly colourful feathers and the fossils of the Leviathan Melvillei. Chairman of Combustion Institute Indian Section (CIIS)and Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister. including the Mission’s Chief. said that . Commonwealth Games. as against 1 lakh a century ago. Among those killed were Archbishop of Port-au-Prince Joseph Serge Miot.0 on the Richter scale on January 13. located in the capital. making it a contender for the largest predator ever to prowl the oceans. in the Swiss Alps. killing many. E discuss ways toEdouble the population of the endangered animal R 3. collapsed. for the World Economic Forum. to M deliberate on various issues related to sports and law in India. it is the highest city in Europe. Saraswat. This was the first international conference on electronic EE in India. NS O TI A New Delhi IC The Society of Indian Law Firms (SILF) organised the first UN ever ‘Sports Law Conference’ in New Delhi. was hit by an earthquake measuring 7. DI Bengaluru E M Warfare India Conference (EWIC) was held in The Electronic Bengaluru. a whale with teeth longer thanM M those of the Tyrannosaurus rex. and opposition leader Micha Gaillard. NS O Ocucaje Desert TI smugglers. including the Presidential Palace. The earthquake caused major damage to Port-au-Prince. fossils A draw IC Discoveries there include gigantic fossilised teeth from the legendary 50-foot shark called the megalodon. Visitors would be offered tours inside the 50km exclusion zone set up after reactor four at the plant exploded on April 26.K. M discussed the ‘Right to Among other things. showering northern Europe in radioactive fallout. Jacmel and other settlements in the region. Due to decades of poaching and habitat S from the existing destruction. UNESCO has granted the World Heritage status to Jantar Mantar in Jaipur which is a celebrated astronomical observatory built in 18th century. E avert extinction of tigers as wildlife activists and officials from 13 M gathered at a summit in St Petersburg to countries. This is India’s 28th and Rajasthan’s second site (after Keoladev National Park) to be given the World Heritage status. the conference Information’ (RTI) and accountability of sports federations. including India. and CO legalities involved in staging major sports events like the Olympics. according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Buried in Peru's Ocucaje Desert. between the Plessur and Albula Range. The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). 2010.
684 feet) high structure is an “unprecedented” engineering marvel. The centre. Blue whales are long-distance migrants known to undertake long journeys in search of food and mating grounds. named after the late Prime airstrip on January 31. nine hotels. which was inaugurated by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda. at the E The centre. The whales could have come in search of food. cooler. blazing fireworks and dazzling lights marked the opening of the world's tallest tower. were recently spotted off the Mangalore coast during a marine survey carried out by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI). RE Mangalore coast S Two blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus). motion of dense. usually nutrient-depleted surface water) was reported in the Malabar coast extending from Kozhikode to Mangalore. Recently. 7. Their skin is greyish blue with light grey mottling on the back. M Minister Rajiv Gandhi. which includes the humpback. Burj Khalifa. and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface. Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb N Shah . a non-descript village located in the backwaters of Haryana has got India’s first aero sports centre. it has also . has been set up by the Department of Civil Ein collaboration with the Aero Club of India. Aviation. With more than 160 stories.000 homes. the 5th ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty built Charminar in Ufrom Golkonda to what 1591 shortly after he had shifted his capital M is now known as Hyderabad. M Burj Khalifa CO A On January 4.5 billion. Charminar meaning T "Mosque of the A Four Minarets" and "Four Towers" is the most famous mosque and IC monument in the city of Hyderabad. upwelling (an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven Charminar NS O TI A IC Tembhali UN This remote village in tribal-dominated Nandurbar district of Maharashtra is the first place in India whose residents have been M issues the Unique Identification Number (UID) or Aadhaar. he blue whales belong to the Rorquals family. formerly DI known as Burj Dubai. Burj Khalifa holds the following records: Tallest building in the world Tallest free-standing structure in the world Highest number of stories in the world Highest occupied floor in the world Highest outdoor observation deck in the world Elevator with the longest travel distance in the world Tallest service elevator in the world Not only is Burj Khalifa the world’s tallest building. and the 30-acre man-made Burj Khalifa Lake. Kasaragod The Kerala government had adopted a slew of measures to help the victims of Endosulfan by banning the use of such pesticides in Cashew Plantation in Kasaragod and efforts are on to promote organic farming. at the local airstrip on January 31. 2010. Haryana Narnaul. replacing the warmer. Burj Khalifa has been designed to be the centrepiece of a large-scale. A few dolphins were also spotted during the period. a non-descript village located in the backwaters of A Haryana has got India’s I was D first aero sports centre. Haryana. the largest mammals on Earth. They can grow up to 33 metres in length and weigh up to 200 tonnes. which local inaugurated by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda.4 SR acres of parkland.E M The $1. Three months after it fell. named after the late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. 2010. at least 19 residential towers. Haryana. Kochi. mixedEE use development that will include 30. M Narnaul CO Narnaul. fin and minke whales. the Dubai Mall. 818 metres (2. 2010.53 54 ultra super critical thermal technology developed by the BHEL and the NTPC would be used for the first time in the 500-MW Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle power plant coming up at Tiruchi. making the stretch abundant in fish and prawn varieties. has been set up by the Department of Civil Aviation. NS Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to take up repair of Charminar. in collaboration with the Aero Club of India. the chunk of lime stucco work IO on Charminar is in for repair.
located in the north . GIAHS has begun identifying and then documenting unique agricultural systems across the world to create 'agricultural heritage'. International Finance Corporation and the IDBI bank have provided debt for the project. including three IA from 2010 IPL. NS O Palakkad TI Palakkad district in kerala is the first fullyA IC electrified district in the country. TI A respectively. In 2009 India had hosted the CO tournament. The Chicago-based Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) has established three criteria to determine what makes a tall building tall. North Dakota. The technical expertise was provided by the EPC (engineering procurement commissioning) arm of Moser Baer Solar. previously held by Toronto’s CN Tower. and tallest free-standing structure. The solar farm has been commissioned using amorphous silicon thin film technology which is best suited for the Indian climatic conditions and is connected to the 110 kVA local grid. Seethampeta Seethampeta. at 2. The coal handling capacity of the plant. has rolled out India’s first AC double-decker rake from its premises. UN South Africa M M League Twenty20 cricket South Africa will host the Champions tournament in September 2010. Khedar The first 600 MW unit of the prestigious Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power project at Khedar. double-decker prototype coach.400 tonnes per hour. in the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit IC (EIU). has commissioned a 5 MW solar farm at Sivaganga in Tamil Nadu. Among the top ten are four Australian cities Sydney. The RE to introduce these coaches on the ‘yuva’ Railways has decided S Vancouver trains. DJalandhar E M Factory (RCF) at Jalandhar has developed The Rail Coach E India’s first air-conditioned. called ‘Peace Airport’ in Xigaze O prefecture C Chennai IA on Biodiversity in relation to food International Conference ED and human security was held in Chennai.western part of Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh and home to the Konda Savaras has now become part of the Food and Agricultural Organisation's (FAO) Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). Burj Khalifa wins by far in all three categories. Canada has been named as the O world’s liveable city. The tournament will feature 12 teams. near Hisar. previously held by the KVLY-TV mast in Blanchard. Delhi and Mumbai are placed at 113th and 117th. The project was awarded by the Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA) and is being implemented under the generation. a subsidiary of Moser Baer RE S Projects. Haryana became operational on February 10. It is India’s largest solar farm. is the highest in India. Kapurthala.55 56 broken two other impressive records: tallest structure. Zimbabwe’s Harare is lowest ranked. to be M in Tibet. Kapurthala The Rail Coach factory. The first AC double- . decker train has been introduced between Howrah (West Bengal) and Dhanbad (Jharkhand). The building has returned the location of Earth's tallest freestanding structure to the Middle East where the Great Pyramid of Giza claimed this achievement for almost four millennia before being surpassed in 1311 by Lincoln Cathedral in England.based incentive scheme of the Union Ministry of New & Renewable Energy. Perth and Adelaide. Melbourne. 2010. M Sivaganga E Moser Baer Clean Energy. UN Peace Airport M China is building a new airport near Mount Everest. NS most Vancouver.
Teen sensation Vikas Krishan ended Indian Boxing’s 12-year-old gold medal drought in the Asian Games by winning the lightweight (60kg) title. Joseph Abraham and Ashwini Chidananda grabbed gold medals in men’s and women’s 400m hurdles. Medals were up for grabs across 42 different disciplines. India’s best medal haul in the Asian Games till date was recorded in the 1982 Games in New Delhi when they had won 13 gold. XVI Asian Games 2010 Medal Tally RANK COUNTRY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 China South Korea Japan Iran Kazakhstan India Chinese Taipei Uzbekistan Thailand Malaysia Hong Kong North Korea Saudi Arabia Bahrain Indonesia Singapore Kuwait Qatar Philippines Pakistan Mongolia Myanmar G S B T 199 119 76 65 48 74 20 14 18 23 14 17 13 16 1 1 22 1 1 9 9 18 8 15 6 10 5 3 5 0 4 9 4 7 4 6 4 5 3 4 3 2 2 5 2 5 98 91 94 25 38 33 38 23 32 13 17 20 5 4 13 6 1 7 9 3 9 3 416 232 216 59 79 64 67 56 52 40 40 36 13 9 26 17 1 1 16 16 8 16 10 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Jordan 2 2 2 Vietnam 1 17 15 Kyrgyzstan 1 2 2 Macau 1 1 5 Bangladesh 1 1 1 Tajikistan 1 0 3 Syria 1 0 1 United Arab Emirates 0 4 1 Afghanistan 0 2 1 Iraq 0 1 2 Lebanon 0 1 2 Laos 0 0 2 Nepal 0 0 1 Oman 0 0 1 Bhutan 0 0 0 Brunei 0 0 0 Cambodia 0 0 0 Maldives 0 0 0 Palestine 0 0 0 Sri Lanka 0 0 0 Timor-Leste 0 0 0 Turmenistan 0 0 0 Yemen 0 0 0 TOTAL 477 479 621 6 33 5 7 3 4 2 5 3 3 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1577 EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . South Korea finished a credible second. Bajrang Lal Takhar created history by notching up the first rowing gold medal for India in the Asian Games. The next edition of the Asian Games will be held in 2014.000m and 5. ahead of Japan. respectively. not only in Asia but at the Olympics too. A. respectively. almost half were gold. India had finished 10th in the last edition of the Games in Doha with a tally of 10-17-26. athletics contributed the lions share in India’s number of gold medals in this addition also. Out of the 14 gold India won in Guangzhou. cue sports and rowing. India opened a new page in its Asian Games history with Ashish Kumar clinching the first-ever medal (bronze medal in men’s floor exercise) in gymnastics. China now hands over the responsibility to the Koreans. With the successful hosting of the Asian Games 2010.000m. They have come from no where and taken the 4th spot on the medal tally. South Korea. Uzbekistan and the rest of the former Soviet bloc to make the competition as stiff as it was in Guangzhou. has come to an end. showcasing their overall strength as a sporty nation. China. 19 silver and 25 bronze for an overall tally of 57. Just like in many earlier editions of the Asian Games. Somdev Devvarman became the first man in 24 years to win a gold in both single and doubles tennis category in Asian Games. it was for the top spot only. A quarter century ago there was no Kazakhstan. India got its first gold medal of the 2010 Asiad in Billiards with Pankaj Advani winning the English Singles. They ended up winning nearly half the gold medals on offer. Virdhawal Khade broke the swimming medal drought after 24 years by winning a bronze medal in men’s 50m butterfly event. Ronjan Sodhi brought an end to the gold drought in shooting by winning gold in the double trap (shot gun) event.C. after 16 days of fierce competition. kabbadi and tennis and one each from shooting. in Incheon. Ashwini (400m hurdles and women’s 4x400 relay) and tennis star Somdev Devvarman (men’s singles and doubles) won two gold medals while Preeja Sreedharan bagged a gold and a silver in women’s 10. and 45 Asian nations sent in their best athletes to try and win as many medals as possible. 17 silver and 33 bronze for a record 64-medal haul. A point to note is that out of all the medals China won. finishing second behind South Korean world record holder Kim Woojin. Another noteworthy mention is Iran. This proves that when they competed. India finished sixth with 14 gold. India underlined its rising sporting prowess by bagging the biggest medal haul in the Asian Games. China once again showed why they are the powerhouse of sports. with a sweep of medals over most of the disciplines at the games. Tarundeep Rai rewrote history in the archery championship by becoming the first Indian individual medal winner.57 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 58 S PORTS India’s Biggest medal haul: After producing their best ever show in the Commonwealth Games. who once used to give China a tough fight for the top spot. XVI Asian Games The 2010 Asian Games held at Guangzhou. the highest number of five came from athletics and two each were won in boxing.
It was the first time that the Commonwealth Games were held in India and the second time it was held in Asia after Kuala Lumpur. Saina Nehwal created history by becoming the first Indian woman to win the singles gold in badminton at the Commonwealth Games. 27 silver and 36 bronze medals. The men's hockey team. officially known as the XIX Commonwealth Games. The women shuttlers. Wrestling contingent also did very well. Those two gold medals in badminton were vital to help India push England to the third place by the skin of their teeth. Teenage woman archer Deepika Kumari. Rifle-shooting ace Gagan Narang scooped up four gold medals. The track and field events witnessed India's first gold medal in 52 years when Krishna Poonia led a clean sweep of the women's discus throw. archery range and. The main haul of these 101 medals came from the shooting range. Legendary Prakash Padukone (1978) and the late Syed Modi (1982) were the two men players to win the singles gold in the Games. whose fortunes are followed closely by the sports fans of the country. Official song The official song of the 2010 Commonwealth Games was Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto. It was composed and performed by the A. but could not achieve the feat of overhauling five-gold hero of the 2006 Melbourne Games—Samresh Jung. winning 19 medals in the 21 designated event. eclipsing the Asian Games in 1951 and 1982. Among the 19 medals. The final medal tally was led by Australia. the bestever harvest for the country in the Games history. Rahman. The women's 4x400m relay squad struck an unexpected gold with a superb display that pushed Nigeria and England to second and third places. brought two gold medals to bring down the curtains on the country's competitive show with a bang. led by Saina Nehwal. It was the largest international multi-sport event to be staged in Delhi and India. The opening and closing ceremonies were held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. India. there were 10 Mascot NS O TI A IC UN Tally XIX Commonwealth Games Medal M Rank Nation Gold Silver M55 Bronze Total 1 Australia 74 48 177 2 India 38 O 27 36 101 3 England 37C 59 46 142 4 Canada 26 17 32 75 A 5 South Africa 12 11 10 33 DI 12 6 Kenya 11 9 32 E 12 10 7 Malaysia 13 35 M 11 11 8 Singapore 9 31 9 Nigeria 11 10 14 35 EE 10 Scotland 9 10 7 26 SR EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO The official mascot for the 2010 Commonwealth Games was Shera. The official mascot of the Games was Shera and the official song of the Games. R. who held her nerves even as the more seasoned Dola Banerjee wilted. The song's title was based on the slogan of the games. A record medal haul of 38 gold. A total of 6. boxing ring.R. the track and field events. daughter of an auto-rickshaw driver. "Come out and play". Malaysia in 1998.59 60 XIX Commonwealth Games The 2010 Commonwealth Games. . from 3 to 14 October 2010. India’s performance: Indian competitors came out with flying colours. "Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto". Harwant Kaur and Seema Antil won the silver and bronze. The song was penned by Mehboob in Hindi with a sprinkling of English words.081 athletes from 71 Commonwealth nations and dependencies competed in 21 sports and 272 events. was composed by celebrated Indian musician A. were held in Delhi. while England placed third. Jwala Gutta and Ashiwni Ponnappa scripted history by becoming the first Indian pair to win the gold at Commonwealth Games. The host nation India gave its strongest performance yet to emerge second. the main stadium of the event. helped India climb to the record-high second position and end the multi-discipline event on a thumping note. made history by making it to the final for the first time before coming a cropper against world and defending champions Australia in the summit clash. The 8-0 defeat was huge and one of the biggest suffered by the country. to come up with a golden double in the women's recurve event. to everyone's surprise. an anthropomorphised tiger. Rahman. wrestling mat.
Brendon McCullum notched up his best-ever Test score of 225 to ensure a draw. Harwant Kaur and Seema Antil bagged silver and bronze. And India's only previous 5-0 sweep was R S against England at home in the 2008/09 season. five silver and four bronze medals. Ashish Kumar of India created history by winning a bronze medal in Gymnastics. The trio of Alka Tomar. bettering the 2006 campaign at Melbourne by two. The girl from Hyderabad won backto-back titles . while the women wrestlers. Geeta became the first Indian women wrestler to bag a gold medal in the Commonwealth Games.61 62 gold. Singapore Open Super Series and defended the Indonesian Super Series . beating strong teams like Nigeria and England. respectively. the first ever medal in gymnastics for India in the Commonwealth Games. losing their final rounds. The rampant India's 5-0 India won the E One ODI series sweep M set up by the bowlers.Indian Open Grand Prix. Fancied fisticuff exponents Vijender Singh and Akhil Kumar were ousted early but Indian boxers still delivered a historic golden punch to come up with their best-ever campaign in the Games history. stole the show with a memorable performance. His 105-run 10th wicket stand with Sreesanth the was best for India. India's 12 medals were two more than the number it won in all the earlier editions. The women's 4X400m relay team of Manjeet Kaur. but their performance drew praise from all. Ashwini Akkunji and Mandeep Kaur added another gold in a memorable race. A DI Day series 5-0.66 in the series. Skittled out for 103. Brian Lara and Virender Sehwag. Harbhajan Singh made history by becoming the first number eight Test batsman to hit back-to-back centuries. E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO India-New Zealand Test series India won the three-Test series 1-0 after winning the third Test in Nagpur by an innings and 198 runs. Geeta and Anita won their final bouts with ease. played in Ahmedabad. Poonia also became the first Indian woman to bag a Commonwealth Games gold after 'Flying Sikh' Milkha Singh won the men's 440 yards race in 1958 edition in Cardiff. Saina played a tactical game after she lost the first game and clawed her way back with some fast-paced rallies and powerful smashes to outwit the Chinese world number five. Saina wins Hong Kong Open Super Series Ace Indian shuttler Saina Nehwal rallied to register a scintilliating three-game victory over Shixian Wang of China to clinch her third Super Series title of the year at the Hong Kong Open in Wanchai. ended in a draw after VVS Laxman and Harbhajan Singh put in a fight-back after India had been reduced to 15 for 5 at one time. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Sri Lanka-West Indies Test Series West Indies opener Chris Gayle made the joint 12th highest Test score with a magnificent 333 in the first Test. was the Kiwis were E down for the count. including two gold. the Indian ring stylists recorded their best medal haul at the quadrennial multidiscipline sports event. India achieved unprecedented success in athletics by bagging 12 medals. after Sir Donald Bradman. while Babita Kumari and Nirmala Devi missed out on gold. Krishna Poonia created history by breaking India's 52-yearold Commonwealth Games gold medal jinx by winning the gold medal in women's discus throw. The 20-year-old Indian capped her career's fourth Super Australia-Sri Lanka ODI series Australia snapped a run of seven straight losses in all forms .The India-New Zealand One Day series left-handed Gambhir was adjudged Player of the Series for 329 runs including two centuries at an average 109. In the second Test played in Hyderabad. With a hat-trick of gold plus four bronze medals. two silver and a bronze medal to show their supremacy in the freestyle category. Wales.before clinching the gold medal in the Commonwealth Games in October. Series title triumph with a 15-21 21-16 21-17 win over the third seed Chinese in a gruelling one hour and 11 minutes summit clash at the Queen Elizabeth Stadium. participating in the Games for the first time. Sini Jose. This is India's biggest win in terms of ballsE against New Zealand. India won three gold. In the six events for women. The first Test. He became only the fourth man to achieve the feat twice in Test history. Sushil Kumar literally walked his way to gold. In the first Test he hit 115 and followed this with 111 not out in the second Test.
63 64 of cricket when it beat Sri Lanka by eight wickets in the third and final match. 2010 M Chennai Super Kings. The highlight of the match was the matchE winning 118 runs by Virat Kohli. Sri Lanka claimed the series 2-1. India-Australia Test Series Debutant Cheteshwar Pujara struck a sparkling 72 as India defeated Australia by seven wickets in the second and final Test. played in South Africa.S. A Mumbai via tie-breaker. Hero Honda Women’s Indian Open Championship England’s Laura Davies notched up a thrilling play-off win to lift the trophy. The trio whipped Japan. India beat Australia by wickE tory over Australia in over two M ets in the second ODI. to win the Airtel SR Kom wins World Championship Mary Ryder Cup. Laxman and Ishant Sharma set up the opening win. beating Steluta Duta of Romania 16-6. ATP World Tour Finals Roger Federer polished of Rafael Nadal 6-3.178 runs. It was for the first time in 24 years that top two players in ATP ranking reached the season finale. NS O TI Body Building World Championship A Bobby Singh of Imphal. who had . held at Varanasi. specifically designed for the Ryder Cup. I D E T20 Champions League. have clinched the overall trophy in the CO 27th Indian Oil Surjit Hockey tournament. The 4-0 series win is Bangladesh’s first sweep against a major team. With the USA as A defending Cup IC the holder the event was played on the newly-constructed Twenty 10 course. the ATP World Tour final.000 runs in Tests Sachin Tendulkar has become the only player to make 14. It was the first time the competition was staged in Wales. Tarundeep Rai and Rahul Banerjee won gold in the fourth leg of the World Cup archery in Shanghai. led ably by Mahendra IPL champions Singh Dhoni. India won the first Test at Mohali by one wicket. played at Bangalore. to sweep the series. 2010 India’s woman boxer MC Mary Kom claimed a historic fifth successive world championship title on September 18. RE Bangladesh-New Zealand One Day Series S Rubel Hossain grabber four wickets as Bangladesh completed a sweep with a thrilling three-run victory in the fifth and final one day match. NS O The 38th Ryder Cup matches were held at the Celtic Manor TI Resort in the city of Newport. win the Border-Gavaskar trophy and consolidate their world number one status. They defeated Air India. Team Europe won UN the competition. Man of the series Sachin Tendulkar followed up his first innings double cen- India wins gold in fourth leg of World Cup The Indian men's recurve team of Jayanta Talukdar. M Surjit Hockey Tournament M Indian Oil. Sachin first to make 14. IC scripted history by becoming the world champion at the second UN WBPF World Bodybuilding Championship. a clerk at the North Frontier Railway. This was the first one-day series vicDI decades. Wales. The tournament was held in Gurgaon.V. Laxman scripted an unbeaten 73 runs and Ishant Sharma chipped with a contribution of 31 runs. tury with an unbeaten 53 to help India chase down the 207-run target. 2010. defeated the Warriors of South Africa by eight wickets EEChampions League. Australian skipper Ricky Ponting remains his nearest rival.000 runs in Test cricket. 6-1 to capture his fifth season-ending finale. India M has won a world Bodybuilding Championship after 22 years. A 81run ninth wicket stand between V. M Day Series India-Australia One CO India won the three-match series 1-0 after the third and final A ODI was abandoned because of rain. At 12. The first match also had to be abandoned because of rain. after winning the first match by one wicket and the second by 29 runs. 3-6. This mother-of-two from Manipur remains the only boxer to have won a medal in each edition of the world championship. Mumbai. Earleir.
Women’s Doubles title: Serena and Venus Williams of USA. The final set alone lasted just over eight hours. who beat Wesley Moodie of South Africa and Lisa Raymond (United States) 6-4. Leander Paes and Cara Black. A USIOpen. 6-2. Both men shattered the record for aces in one match. 7-5. The Isner-Mahut first round marathon. The win gave him his first US open title M and was his ninth Grand Slam win. This was his fifth French Open win. 7-6. 6-7. 2010 The 124th Championships. 70-68. 6-2. lasted 11 hours five minutes and totalled 183 games before Isner staggered away the winner 6-4. They had earlier won the title in 2002 in Australia. IC win Sushil becomes first Indian to UN World Championship gold M Wrestler Sushil Kumar has become the first Indian to win a M gold medal in the World Wrestling Championships. 7-6. Also unseeded. Vania King and Yaroslava Shvedova. they overcame the Russians. In the doubles.65 66 beaten the formidable Koreans in the semi-final. The championship was held at Rosario. Hockey Women’s World Cup Argentina defeated reigning World and Olympic champions Netherlands 3-1 to win their second field hockey world title. most Men’s Singles title: Rafael Nadal won the title by defeating Robin Soderling. which stretched over three days. 7-6. Isner delivered 112 and Mahut also cracked the century with 103. The men’s doubles title was won by Mike and Bob Bryan of USA who defeated Indo-Pak team of Rohan Bopanna and Aisam-ulHaq. held in Moscow. The women’s doubles title was won by Vania King (USA) and Yaroslava Shvedova (Kazakhistan) while the mixed doubles title was won by Liezel Huber (USA) and Bob Bryan (USA). past Billie Jean King. Austria's Jurgen Melzer and Germany's Philipp Petzschner. In the men’s singles final Rafael Nadal beat Tomas Berdych 6-3. The victory took her to 13 Grand Slam singles titles. previously held by Ivo Karlovic at 78. An exhausted Isner crashed out to Thiemo De Bakker of Holland in the next round. 2010 D defeated Novak Djokovic (Serbia) to Rafael Nadal of E Spain win the men’s singles title. The women’s singles title was won by defending champion Serena Williams who beat Russia’s Vera Zvonareva 6-3. The women's doubles was won by an American-Kazakh combination. 6-4 to win the title. Talukdar won bronze in the individual event defeating Athens Olympic champion Marco Galiazzo of Italy 7-3. 2010 Wimbledon Championship. the second seeds. which smashed every existing record in the sport. O He defeated Alan Gogaev in theC 66-kg freestyle category. Men’s Doubles title: Canada’s Daniel Nestor and Serbia’s Nenad Zimonjic won by beating defending champions Leander Paes of India and Lukas Dlouhy of Czech Republic. This was the second Wimbledon title for the Spaniard. but the silver medal ensured Deepika her maiden place in the grand final in Edinburgh. S notably in that unforgettable first round men's singles between John Isner of the United States and France's Nicolas Mahut. Women’s Singles title: Francesca Schiavone became the first Italian woman to win a Grand Slam singles title when she defeated Australian Samantha Stosur to win the women’s singles title. The mixed double's championship fell to a seeded combination. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO French Open. Elena Vesnina and Zvonareva. Serena Williams won her second French Open Women's Doubles . Deepika Kumari lost the women’s recurve final. Turkey A score of 195 out of 200. and sixth in the all-time list. a Royal tournament thanks to the first visit to the All England Club by Her Majesty the Queen for 33 years. the men's title went to an unseeded pair. was also a record-breaking occasion in many ways. playing only their seventh tournament as a team. E of Belgium defeated Vera Zvonareva (Russia) Kim Clijsters RE to take the women’s singles title. Berdych became the first Czech since Ivan Lendl in 1987 to reach the Wimbledon final. Argentina. 3-6. NS Ronjon shoots gold at ISSF World Cup IO India’s Ronjon Sodhi clinched a gold at the double trap Twith a stunning Shooting in the ISSF World Cup finals in Izmir. collecting just five games.
Steve Waugh (168 Test matches) of Australia had held the record earlier. 2010 Kerala lad Denson Devdas struck twice as Bengal made a spectacular comeback to beat Punjab 2-1.S. China.V. The O Monchengladbach. to be held India beat higher-ranked China 2-1 to win the bronze medal. won the mixed M doubles title. A total of 3. China. NS Serena Williams defeated Belgium’s Justine Henin to win the women’s singles title for the fifth time and her 12thO TI Grand Slam title. Zimonji? won his second French Open Mixed Doubles title. in November 2010. ending their 11 years title drought in the National Football Championship for Santosh Trophy. 2010.S. which took place against a backdrop of the city's skyline. which this was the fourth win in a row in the women's doubles in the Slams. and the fourth Slam title in that discipline. Japan and India which will also compete for the gold medal in the Asian Games SinRGuangzhou. Mixed Doubles: Katarina Srebotnik and Nenad Zimonji? were the winners. CA Roger Federer beat Andy Murray to win Ihis fourth Australian open men’s title. Atwal first Indian to win US PGA title Arjun Atwal has become the first Indian ever to win a US PGA title when he won the Wyndham Golf Championship. 2010 S Nthe first InTejaswani Sawant scripted history by becoming O dian woman shooter to clinch a gold medal at theTI World Championships. Venus Williams won her second French Open Women's Doubles title. Tendulkar becomes most-capped player Iconic Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar has become the most-capped Test cricketer (169 Test matches). This feat was achieved in the third and final Test against Sri Lanka. Tejaswini becomes first Indian woman to win gold at World Championships Youth Olympic Games Singapore hosted the first Youth Olympics from August 14 to 26. This was his 11th Grand Slam title. taking his own Grand Slam titles record to 16. Srebotnik won her third French Open Mixed Doubles title. The first Asian Women Champions Trophy drew the four highEE est-ranking teams in the region South Korea. by A Sri Lanka-New Zealand-India One-Day Tri-series DI Sri Lanka rode onE M Tillakaratne Dilshan’s century to clinch the triseries title with an emphatic 74-run win over India. with a world-record equalling score in 50m Rifle Prone event A in Munich. The opening ceremony of the Games was held on 14 August at The Float@Marina Bay. IC Hockey Champions Trophy. O Mike and Bob Bryan won the men’s doubles title. held at Busan South Korea. equalling Mahesh M Bhupathi’s record of most wins by an Indian. UN Leander Paes. Dhoni’s sequence of four consecutive series triumphs on Sri Lanka soil. The women’s doubles title was wonC Serena and Venus Williams. and the twelfth title in that discipline.000 spectators attended the event.C A Hockey Asian Champions Trophy (Women) DI2-1 to win the inaugural Asian Women's E Korea beat Japan M Hockey Championship. . played in August 2010. ending M. which this was the fourth win in a row in the women's doubles in the Slams. Laxman cracked a fighting unbeaten 103 as India pulled off a five-wicket win in the third Test to level the threeTest series 1-1. Australian Open. With this win she drew level with Billie Jean King’s record of 12 Grand Slam wins. and the fourth Slam title in that discipline. a floating stage near downtown Singapore. with a comprehensive 4-0 win over England. Laxman was adjudged the man of the match while Virender Sehwag was adjudged man of the series. EE RSri Lanka-India Test Series S Veteran V. Approximately 27. Santosh Trophy. with partner Cara Black. and 11th in all.531 athletes between 14 and 18 years of age from 204 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) competed in 201 events in 26 sports.67 68 title. NetherM championship was held at lands secured the third place. 2010 UN M Australia won their third successive Champions Trophy. Germany. Germany. and the twelfth title in that discipline.
Johannesburg. It was during the 119th session of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in Guatemala City on the July 5. Germany defeated Uruguay 3– 2 to secure third place. A contest held to name the two mascots was won by two Singaporeans. 2006 world champions Italy and 2006 runners-up France were eliminated in the first round of the tournament. respect). defeated third-time finalists the Netherlands 1–0 after extra time. the European champions.69 70 Lyo and Merly were the official mascots. was performed by the Colombian singer Shakira and the band Freshlyground from South Africa. The official song of the 2010 World Cup. NS O TI A IC Muralitharan becomes first bowler to take 800 UN wickets M On July 22. friendship. followed by Russia (18) and South Korea (11). The vision of the innovative concept for the new sport event is to inspire young people all around the world to participate in sport and adopt and live by the Olympic values (excellence. She had earlier won the Indian Open Grand Prix and the Singapore Open Super Series. In the semi-finals. India was ranked 58 with 6 silver medals and 2 bronze medals in its kitty. Golden Ball: Diego Forlan (Uruguay) Golden Boot: Thomas Müller (Germany) Golden Glove: Iker Casillas (Spain) Best Young Player: Thomas Müller (Germany) FIFA Fair Play Trophy: Spain The official mascot for the 2010 World Cup was Zakumi. The matches were played in ten stadiums in nine host cities around the country. The 38-year-old spin wizard got Indian tail-ender Pragyan Ojha caught at slip by A Mahela Jayawardene to reach the magical figure. Zangalewa. It took place in South Africa from June 11 to July Saina Nehwal notched up an incredible hat-trick of titles by successfully defending her Indonesian Open Super Series title with s hard-fought win over Japan’s Sayaka Sato. The duo ere made up of a red male lion and a blue female Merlion. Singapore Open Indian ace Saina Nehwal clinched the second Super Series title of her career by winning the Singapore Open with a straightgame triumph over Chinese Taipie’s Tzu Ying Tai. Indonesia Open NS O TI A IC UN M M CO that a European nation has won the tournament outside its home continent. It took designers from Cubix International about six months to complete designing the mascots. 2010. 2010 Foot EE Spain. 2010. The song is based on a traditional African soldiers’ song. FIFA. which means “ten” in various African languages. presented on 22 September 2008. the first time in the 116th minute 11. "Waka Waka". Host nation South Africa. China topped the medals tally with 30 gold medals. with the final played at the Soccer City stadium in South Africa’s largest city. had selected South Africa to become the first African nation to host the tournament. The song was sung in both English and Spanish. In 2004. Germany holds the record for most third place finishes in the World Cup (4). This SR She had won the Lucknow Grand Prix in 2009. Innsbruck and Seefeld will host the first Winter Youth Olympic Games from January 13-22. the international football federation. while Uruguay holds the record for most fourth place finishes (3). Sri Lankan off-spinner Muttiah Muralitharan M wickets. His name came from “ZA” (the international abbreviation for South Africa) and the term kumi. Thirty-two teams were selected for participation via a worldwide qualification tournament that began in August 2007. E several pedestals above his MBall World Cup. with Andrés Iniesta's goal SR giving Spain their first world title. win the title. 2007 when the IOC decided to create Youth Olympic Games (YOG). reaching the milebecame the first bowler to take 800 Test CO stone in the last Test of his illustrious cricket career. Spain defeated Germany by 1-0 while Netherlands had defeated Uruguay. 2012. The mascot's colours reflected those of the host nation's playing strip–yellow and green. which puts him DI contemporaries. . A DI E Yonex-Sunrise India Open Grand Prix M Saina Nehwal of India beat Malaysia’s Mew Choo Wong to EE was her second international title win at home. The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup. an anthropomorphised leopard with green hair. Shakira and Freshlyground performed the song at the opening ceremony and at the closing ceremony.
2010 Chasing a challenging target of 148 runs. CO Sushil. Both RE had nine points after 11 rounds. Cricket T20 World Cup.5 winner and seal his place as a dominant player of UN his era. The championship was held in Ludhiana. The Russian was not in contention in the Commonwealth category.5-5. Dinesh Karthik was declared man of the match.R. 2010 Men’s Singles: Lin Dan (China).71 72 Asia Cup India defeated Sri Lanka by 81 runs to win the Asia Cup. Women’s Doubles: Pan Pan and Quing Tian (China) Mixed Doubles: Peng Soon Chan and Liu Ying Goh (Malaysia) The Championship was held in New Delhi. while for Asian champions South Korea this was their second M title win. NS O Viswanathan Anand held his nerve and focus better than his TI opponent. The Kingfisher Fair-play award was won by Chennai Super Kings.D Laxman clinched his career best win and E bagged the gold after beating GM Pablo Lafuente of Argentina at the M Parsvnath Commonwealth Chess Championship. Indian Premier League-3 Chennai Super Kings beat Mumbai Indian by 22 runs to win the third edition of the tournament. D. Kazakhistan. won a gold in E R the World S Cup Kabbadi Punjab Championship. Punjab. Royal Challengers Bangalore routed Deccan Chargers by nine wickets in the third and fourth place play-off match. England defeated Australia by seven wickets to win the T20 World Cup. Australia’s women held their nerves in a low-scoring final as they beat New Zealand by three runs to lift the Women’s T20 World cup title. to win the 12th and final game to retain his World Championships title. but the former Pavel and Laxman S World Chess Title 2010 had the better tie-break record on Bucholz count. Anand first won the world title in 2000 and held it till 2002 M when the chess world was still split. NS O TI A 19th Sultan Azlan Shah Cup IC champions after India and South Korea were named joint UN the final match was abandoned following heavy rains in Malaysia. matching Australia. Electing to bat first. The 40-year-oldCA I Indian beat the local man from Bulgaria in the closing game with black pieces. Chennai posted 168 for 5 and then restricted Mumbai to 146 for 9 to win their maiden title. Sachin Tendulkar won the DLF Golden Player award and the Orange cap for hitting the maximum runs in the tournament. CO Championship Commonwealth Chess IA Grandmaster R. . India had set the Lankans a stiff target of 299 runs. M For defending champions India it was their fifth win. With this win Royal Challangers qualified for the Champions League Twenty20 tournament. The tournament was held in West Indies. they had last won the cup in 1996. Badminton Asian Championship. 2010 India outclassed Pakistan 58-24 to win the title. In the open catE egory. in May 2010. China won the most medals in total—10. followed Korea and India amassing eight medals each. Suresh Raina was declared the man of the match. NarshingA I win gold in Asian Wrestling Olympic bronze D E medallist Sushil Kumar lived up to his reputation as he bagged a gold in men's 66kg freestyle in the Senior M Asian Wrestling Championships held at New Delhi. Harika outwitted IM Tania Sachdev on account of superior tie-break. Grandmaster Maletin Pavel of Russia signed peace with International Master Lalith Babu on the top board to win the title. Women’s Singles: Q-Li Xuerui (China) Men’s Doubles: Gun Woo Cho and Yeon Seong Yoo (Korea). Narshing Yadav E 74kg freestyle category. In the women’s category. to emerge a 6. Kazakhastan topped the medals tally with eight gold medals. Pragyan Ojha won the Purple cap for taking maximum wickets in the tournament. Veselin Topalov. Boxing Asian Women’s Championship The Asian Women's Championships were held in Astana. He became the undisputed M World champion in 2007 and then retained the title in 2008 when he beat Vladimir Kramnik.
1997. statistically the greatest batsman the game has ever seen. India could manage eight spot only. Top 10 highest individual knocks in the history of one day cricket are: 200* : Sachin Tendulkar (Ind) vs South Africa in Gwalior on Febru ary 24. carrying a prize teen countries are participating inO the C money of $1. NS O TI A IC Indian Open badminton at Chennai UN The Yonex-Sunrise Indian OpenM badminton Grand Prix Gold will be held at the Nehru Indoor Stadium from June 8 to 13. 189 : Sanath Jayasuriya (SL) vs India in Sharjah on October 29. NineMtournament. 2005. The game was part of the 1998 Kuala Lumpur Commonwealth Games and its Twenty20 version is set to feature at Asian Games in Guangzhou. 181 : Viv Richards (WI) vs Sri Lanka in Karachi on October 13. Renault's Robert Kubica was fourth and Force India's Adrian Sutil took fifth. 2007. Sebastian Vettel wins Malaysian GP Sebastian Vettel led Mark Webber in a 1-2 finish for Red Bull at the Malaysian Grand Prix.000. The capacity crowd at the Captain Roop Singh Stadium. hammering the first double century in the history of one-day cricket to add another feather to his well-adorned cap.50. 1999. Guus Vogls of The Netherlands was declared the player of the tournament. The Netherlands came back strongly from a 1-3 first half deficit to prevail over England 4-3 and win the bronze medal. 183* : Mahendra Singh Dhoni (Ind) vs Sri Lanka in Jaipur on Octo ber 31. with Nico Rosberg finishing third for Mercedes as forecast rain stayed away from the Sepang circuit. 183 : Sourav Ganguly (Ind) vs Sri Lanka at Taunton on May 26. 1996. since its 1971 inception. 186* : Sachin Tendulkar (Ind) vs New Zealand in Hyderabad on November 8. 1987. Its Twenty20 version can now bid to join the 2020 Olympic Games though ICC has not made it clear which format it will push for.73 74 Hockey World Cup. Cricket was part of the 1900 Olympics in Paris and has not appeared since then. 2009. 2010 Australia defeated Germany 2-1 to deny Germany a historic hat-trick of titles. 194 : Saeed Anwar (Pak) vs India in Chennai on May 21. 2010. for sports not in the Olympic programme but which conform to certain criteria. One Day International cricket. Cricket was granted the status of a recognised Olympic sport in 2007. 194* : Charles Coventry (Zim) vs Bangladesh in Bulawayo on Au gust 16. China. the players will proceed to Singapore and then to Indonesia. pending a decision for a permanent slot in the Games. 189* : Viv Richards (WI) vs England in Manchester on May 31. 1984. Sachin becomes first batsman to hit a double hundred in an ODI Sachin Tendulkar rewrote the record books on February 24. 2010. The previous best mark was shared by Zimbabwean Charles Coventry (194 not out) and Pakistan’s Saeed Anwar (194). SR as a first step towards cricket becoming OlymThis could be seen EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO pic sports. according to a press A release from Tamil NaduDI Badminton Association. . 1999. pushed South African bowler Charl Langeveldt’s delivery through the off-side and ran a single to achieve a feat which no other cricketer has achieved. had to wait nearly four decades to see a batsman score 200. 2010. 2000. Cricket can E bid M nowpart offor 2020 Olympics a Cricket’s push to be a the Olympic Games received EE major boost with International Olympic Council (IOC) granting recognition to International Cricket Council (ICC) on February 12. 181* : Matthew Hayden (Aus) vs New Zealand in Hamilton on Feb ruary 20. Gwalior witnessed history as Tendulkar. After the Chennai event. 188* : Gary Kirsten (SA) vs United Arab Emirates at Rawalpindi on February 16. Vettel passed pole-sitter Webber in the run to the first corner and held that lead throughout. Germany had won the title in 2002 and 2006.
The 50th Test century was E made against South Africa at Centurion grounds. India has hosted the South Asian Games twice thus far—in 1987 (Kolkata) and in 1995 (Chennai). including the most popular and prestigious football and cricket titles. Approximately 2. Previously. in Vancouver. in 2010 Games. Alberta. Qatar will be the first Muslim country to hoast the games. Canada hosted the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. India. Pakistan. Quebec and the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. The mascot also featured a Magpie Robin. Montenegro. This was the third time that the Bangladeshi capital hosted the Games. The bid for 2018 and 2022 were finalised by the 22 FIFA Executive Committee Members . Canada topped the medals tally with 14 gold. Russia. Also Jamaica. Pakistan narrowly beat the host to occupy the second spot with 19 golds. Ghosh won the medal against Korean players at M Bratislava. Nepal. Pakistan and Sri Lanka—competed in 23 different sports. on January 29. and the first by the province of British Columbia. thus becoming the first city to hold the games three times. The 2010 Winter Olympics were the third Olympics hosted by Canada. Maldives. Mexico and Morocco returned to the Games after missing the Turin Games. Krasnodar Krai. Peru and Serbia made their winter Olympic debuts. Canada. including 90 gold medals. Slovak Republic. of Tendulkar was arrived EE FIFA world cup 2018 held in Russia SR The FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) Executive Committee member Franz Beckenbauer announced that the Soccer World Cup 2018 and 2022 will be held in Russia and Qatar respectively. India was picked to host the regional sporting event after Bhutan. Delhi will host the next South Asian Games.600 athletes from 82 nations participated in 86 events in fifteen disciplines. a flying doel. 2014 in Sochi. Ghana. . India continued its dominance with 175 medals. officially the 21st Winter Olympics. It is the National Bird of Bangladesh. whose turn it was to host the next SAG. Cayman Islands. after Milkha Singh in 1958. The 2010 Winter Olympics. played at Bangkok. E RE Winter Olympics. M Sachin 50 Test Centuries CO A Sachin Tendulkar has become the first batsman in the world DI to score Test hundreds for 50 times. Dhaka. in which a concert hosted by Pt.75 76 South Asian Games. Commonwealth Athletics gold Krishna Poonia won India’s first Commonwealth Games athletics gold. British Columbia. known in English as the Oriental Magpie Robin. 2010 S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO NS O World Junior Table Tennis Championship TI Soumyajit Ghosh becomes the first Indian to win the medal CA IGhosh won the bronze in World Junior Table Tennis Championships. Asian Tour International crown Gaganjeet Bhullar scripted a sensational come-from-behind victory at Asian tour International crown. Athletes from eight countries— Afghanistan. Ravi Shankar and Beatles star George Harrison for Bangladesh’s Independence day and the March 7 address of Sheikh Mujibur Rehman were displayed on a water screen. while the host Bangladesh capture 18 golds. Sri Lanka’s Shehan Abeypitiya became the fastest man while Pakistan’s Naseem Hamid was crowned the fastest woman of the region. Germany was second. followed by USA. 2010. 2010 The 11th edition of South Asian Games (SAG) opened at the Bangabandhu National Stadium. Colombia. This was his second Asian tour title. Bangladesh. The first Test century M in Manchester in 1990. expressed its inability to stage the meet. The next 2014 World Cup will be held in Brazil. Bhutan. The 2014 Winter Olympics will be held from February 7 to February 23. 7 silver and 5 bronze medals. The logo of the Games was 'Kutumb'. were a major international multi-sport event held on February 12– 28. medal in mixed doubles along with his team mate NG Wing Nam of UN Hong Kong. 2010. The aquatic show was the main attraction of the opening ceremony.
Tripping. Pot. Hat-trick. over Pitch. Punter. Queen. En Passant. Bolting. Down. Scratch. Cue. Break. Defence. Pullout. Pawn. Par. Bull’s Eye Badminton: Angled Drive Serve. Doosra.. Gyaku. Roll -in. Short leg. Hitter. Judo: Ashi-waza. Bookies. Virtuosity. Follow On. Cut. No Ball. Blocking. Back-stick. Makikomi. Cannon. Straight Drive. Cut. Bid. Duckworth-Lewis Rule. Shuffle. Hitter. Hat-trick. Planche. Silly Point. King. Cover Drive. Full Toss. Forehand Smash. Billiards: Baulk Line. Foursome. Dribble. Ariel. Leg-bye. Over. Golden Goal. Battery. Wrap. Castling. Giants. Dojo. Nage-waza. Jigotai. Caught. Flick Serve. Throw In. Goal kick. Pivot. Hockey: Advantage. Hazard. Stymied. Corner. Greed Holes. Stumped. Deuce. Holding. Golf: Best-ball Foursome. Niblic. Centre Forward. Thorough Bred. Peg Out. Blocks. Short Pitch. Koka. Off-side.77 78 SPORTS AND THE TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH THEM Archery: Target. Stone Walling. Leg-break. Dish.w. Break. Drop pass. Vulnerable. Fairway. Caddie. Backhand Low Serve. Baseball: Base. Little Slam. Held Ball. Pinch. Screw Back. Dribble. Love All. net Shots. Red Card. Penalty Corner. Pitcher Plate. Let. Free Throw. Jab. Cycling: Track Events Draughts: Huff Equestrian: Tent Pegging Football: Advantage Clause. Upper Cut. Cricket: Ashes. Dead Ball. Dan. Bully. Penalty Shootout. O-goshi. Gymnastics: A-bars. Bogey. Free-hit. Tackle. Grand Master. Threesome. Blue line. Mallet. Tie-breaker. Let. Scoop. Penalty Kick. l. Flairs. Steeplechase. Long jenney. On Drive. Notrumps. Revoke. Chess: Bishop. Ruff. Rook. Thirdman. Strike. Babit Punch. Marking. Weight In. Hat-trick. Banana. Stalemate. Boundary. Strike. Hajime. Knight. Crease. Under Promoting. OffSide. Jigger. Basketball: Ball. Multiple Throws. maiden E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Over. Run Down. Duck. Croquet: Hoops. late Cut. Bird. Inswinger. Out. Finesse. Knock. Leg Glance. Goal Line. Fault. Ippon.b. Basket. Blind Side. Double Droup. Striker. Zonal Marking. Rush. Put. Popping Crease. Bowling. Yorker. Square Pass. Kaeshiwaza. Hook. Off Break. Suit. Tie-Breaker. rubber. Batter. Declarer. In-off. Tumble. Halfway Line. Centre Forward. Flick. Centre. Corner Kick. Bunker. Fourball. Dribbling. Stick. Lob. Fine Leg. Lying On. Rubber. Gambit. Tee. short Stop. Jump Ball. Tariff. Links. Green Card. Spin. Randori. Dummy. Gardening. Cary. Short Corner. Square Leg. Gully. Direct Free Kick. Smash. Dormy. Chicane. Striking Cirele. Doubleton. Short Stop. Over-trick. Catcher. Slam. Capture. Sixteen-yard hit. Outswinger. Inlocate. Diamond. Googly. Run Out. Mandatory Over. chui. Kip. Long Corner. Win by Knock-out. Grand Slam. Seconds out. Cone of Swing. Welter Weight. Rough. Horse Racing: Jockey. Checkmate. Scarf. Boxing: Ausiliary Point System. Swing. Bridge: Auction. Chinaman. Outfield. Home Infield. Sicilian Defense. Slip. Red Car. Bunting. Hit Wicket. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO .
Khaitan Trophy. Austrelasia Cup. NatWest Trophy. Rohinton Baria Trophy. Drop. Deuce. Lombard World Challenge Cup. Volley. Boat Rowing: American Cup (Yacht racing). Arjuna Raja trophy. Lob Pass. Nidan. C. S. Thomas Cup. Bose Trophy. Twiddle. Marksmanship. Tornado TROPHIES ASSOCIATED WITH VARIOUS SPORTS & GAMES Air Racing: Jawaharlal Challenge Trophy. Scouting. William Jones Cup. C. Sharjah E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . federation Cup. Geri. Singhania Trophy. Gupta Trophy. Uber Cup. Irani Trophy. Kakato. Obi. Val iBaker Trophy. Asia Cup. Hajime. Limca Trophy. Tunku Abdul Rahman Cup. Ruia Cup. Foot Fault. Plug. Paddle. Swimming: Breast Stroke. Doubling. Ergometer. Ashes. Jion. Champions Trophy. Weight Lifting: Clean and Jerk. Nayudu Trophy. Slice. hakumat Rai Trophy. Tobigeri. Heave. Ghulam Ahmad Trophy. Freestyle. Archery: Federation Cup Athletics: Charminar Trophy. Rugby Football: A Trackle. Thomas Cup. McDowells Challenge Cup. Skiing: Tobogganing. Yonex Cup. Duleep Trophy. Sanbon. Federation Cup. Cow. Quick Smash. Ground Stroke. Fault. Bucket. Rani Jhansi Trophy. Touch. Deuce. Amrit Diwan Cup. Linares City Trophy. Gedan. Ibuki. Jawaharlal Nehru Cup. Sophia Kitiakara Cup. Holding. Backspin. Encho Sen. Asia Cup. Bull’s Eye. Ibrahim Rahimatollah Challenge Cup. Scrum. Chukker. Ranji Trophy. Todd Memorial Trophy. Bridge: Basalat Jha Trophy. World Cup. Rei. Badminton: Agarwal Cup. Benson and Hedges Cup. ICC World Cup. Spike. Holkar Trophy. Backhand Stroke. Yuko. S. Half Volley. Deodhar Trophy. Harilela Cup. Muzzle. Wellington Trophy (India). R. Moin-ud-Dowla Cup. Waki-gatame. Cricket: Anthony D'Mellow Trophy. Prudential Cup (World Cup). Yoko-geri. Dachi. Tactical Ball. Bench Press Wrestling: Half-Nelson. Rothmans Cup. Let. Chess: Naidu Trophy. Smash. M. Ai-uchi. Blocking. Base-line. Sahara Cup. World Cup. Billiards: Arthur Walker Trophy. Jump Set. Volley Volleyball: Ace. Flying Dutchman. Rowing: Bow. Scissor. Push. Merchant Trophy. Narng cup. Try. Lines. Zanshin. Chadha Cup. Double Fault. European Cup. Aka. Shiro. Loop. Tennis: Ace. G. Windmill Service. Spin. Topspin. Service. Ude. Chop. Gavaskar-Border Trophy. K. Gavaskar-Border Trophy. Basketball: Basalat Jha Trophy. Hold. Crawl. Point. Koka. Cooch-Behar Trophy. Fudotachi. Gillette Cup. Makiwara. Love All. World Cup. Feather. Boxing: Aspy Adjahia Trophy. Regatta. Waza-ari. Ruia Gold Cup. Duleep Trophy. Heave. Shooting: Bag. B. Mallet. Interface Cup. Penhold Grip. Konica Cup. King's Cup. Karate: Age Zuki. Polo: Bunker. Head Lock. Table Tennis: Anti Loop. Deep Volley. Yoshi. Federation Cup. Chakugan.79 80 Tani-Otoshi. World Cup. Birla Trophy. Uchi-komvi. Charminar Challenge Cup. Zen-no. Konica Cup. Yachting: Soling Tempest. Rebouts. D. Love.
Eisenhower Trophy. World League Cup. Ranjit Singh Gold Cup. Edgbaston Cup. Titan Cup. Dr. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Gold Cup. Berna Bellack Cup. Travancore Cup (women). Pithapuram Cup (men). Football: African Natons Cup. Kirin Cup. Inter-Continental Cup. Prime Minister's Gold cup. Raja Memorial Trophy. Roy Trophy. Sir Frank Worrel Trophy. Solheim Cup. Lal Bahadur Shastri Trophy. Nizam Gold Cup. World Cup. Sanjay Gandhi Trophy. Naidunia Trophy. Dhyan Chand Trophy. Stafford Cup. U Thant Cup. Nations Cup. Corbillion Cup (women). Watson's Water Trophy. A T&T Cup. US Cup. Sanjay Gold Cup. Wimbledon Trophy. DCM Cup. Supercup Trophy. Welsh Grand Prix. Swaythling Cup (men). Beighton Cup. Intercontinental Cup. Nagjee Trophy. Guru Nanak Cup. Vittal Trophy. Singer Cup. Greek Cup. Webb Ellis Trophy. Evert Cup. President Cup. Gasper-Giest Prize. Santosh Trophy. FA Cup. Kalinga Cup. Durand Cup. Grand Natonal Cup. World Cup. Golf: Canada Cup. C. European Nations Cup. World Cup. Gyanvati Devi Trophy. Wrestling: Bharat Kesari. Vizzy Trophy. Bombay Gold Cup. Grand Slam Cup. Yachting: America Cup EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Rene Frank Trophy. Radha Mohan Cup. McDowell Cup. Shriram Trophy. Waterford Crystal Trophy. Bhim Sain Trophy. Sheffield Shield. Rajiv Gandhi Trophy. World Cup. World Team Cup. Modi Gold Cup. Murugappa Gold Cup. World Cup. Grand Prix. Nomura Trophy. Airlines Cup. Vijay Merchant Trophy. Wellington Cup. Grand Prix. Scindia gold Cup. Bordoloi Trophy. Lady Rattan Tata Cup (women). Calcutta Cup. Burdwan Shield. BMW Trophy. Rovers Cup. Rowing: Beefeather's Gin. Begum Hazrat Mahal Cup. Esanda Champions Cup. Jayalaxmi Cup (women). World Cup. Bicentennial Gold Cup. King's Cup. Rugby Football: Bledisloe Cup. Topolino Trophy. Walker Cup. World Series Cup. Vijay Hazare Trophy. E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Kabaddi: Federation Cup Kho-Kho: Federation Cup Netball: Anantrao Pawar Trophy. Nehru Trophy. Kamala Ramanunjan Cup. Azlan Shah Cup. Jules Rimet Trophy. Wightman Cup. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan Cup. Muthiah Gold Cup. Bandodkar Trophy. Gold Cup. Wisden Trophy. Weightlifting: World Cup. Inter-Continental Cup. IFA Shield. Allwyn Asia Cup. Confederations Cup. Sir Ashutohs Mukherjee Trophy. Table Tennis: Asian Cup. Raghbir Singh Memorial Cup. Prince of Wales Cup. Horse Racing: Beresford Cup. Ryder Cup. Volleyball: Centennial Cup. Federation Cup. Obaidullah Gold Cup. Prithi Singh Cup. Tunku Abdul Razak Cup. Champions Cup. Independence Day Cup. Winchester Cup. Nehru Gold Cup. Polo: Ezar Cup. UEFA Cup. World Cup. Todd Memorial Trophy. Jawaharlal Nehru Gold Cup. President's Trophy. Derby. Shivanthi Gold Cup. Shootng: North Wales Cup.81 82 Cup. Ghafar Cup. gold Cup. NFL Trophy. Kings Cup. Clarke Trophy. Indira Gandhi Gold Cup. Paralamdi Trophy. Asia Cup. Federation Cup. Rangaswami Cup. Winner's Cup. Great Wall Cup. V. Kuppuswamy Naidu Cup. G. Gurmeet Trophy. Champions Trophy. Scissors Cup. ATP President's Cup. Electra Gold Cup. Blue Riband. america Cup. Maekyung LG Fashion Open Trophy. Subroto Cup. Lal Bahadur Shastri Cup. Colombo Cup. Davis Cup. European Cup. Sheesh Mahal Trophy. Indira Gandhi Trophy. Nations' Cup. Governor's Cup. Hockey: Agha Khan Cup. BILT Cup. Texaco Cup. Rajendra Prasad Cup. Asian Women's Cup. Tennis: Ambre Solaire Cup. Indira Pradhan Trophy. Marcel Corbillon Cup. Federation Cup. Merdeka Cup. Wills Trophy. Snooker: Team Tournament Asean Cup. Yadavindra Cup. B.
Brazil. Germany. Two more with Japan and Malaysia have almost been finalised. Everyone. agreed at the end of the two-day Summit of the G-20 leaders. the 10-member Asean and Sri Lanka. European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced their intention to wrap up the talks next year. "Let us sign the deal in 2011. With an aim to play a more significant role in the growing economies of the region. India and China SR . Representatives from E more than 30 RE Private Companies have participated in the meet. With an agreement in place for free trade in services and investment. These measures. In the face of a currency war between the US and China. the US. The Seoul Action Plan. called for moving towards more marketdetermined exchange rates. The 27-member grouping is India's largest trading partner. China. services and investment by early next year. Singapore and Thailand (ASEAN nations). India can offer a bigger share of the pie to these countries in its infrastructure sector that is poised for a major growth. including Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. An undervalued Yuan or a weak Dollar also has ramifications for India and several other countries in terms of their exports becoming uncompetitive. He said they are very happy with the text and Cancun represents an important step forward. Malaysia. South Africa. France. Vietnam on October 30. according to a joint report tabled at the summit. Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said." Barroso said after the meeting. Cambodia. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said the conclusion of a “services and investment agreement” between India and ASEAN would be an important step in “our goal of comprehensive economic cooperation”. healthcare workers and teachers in Brunei. however. who worked for two weeks to ensure transparency in the process and help countries work through their differences. Vietnam. S First DRR Industry Meet 2010 G-20 Summit NS O TI A IC UN M M CO NS O TI A IC UN M M CO UN Climate Summit A The UN climate conference at Cancun reached a DI billion Dollar Green Fund to fight global compromise to set upE 100 a warming. appreciated the efforts of Mexican Foreign Secretary Patricia Espinosa. with bilateral trade touching $75 billion in 2009-10. Through this pact. agreed to refrain from ‘competitive devaluation’ and bring in exchange rate flexibility to ensure that no country gets undue advantage. He said that many of India's contributions have been incorporated in the text. India wants to get a foothold in all ASEAN countries for its growing pharmaceutical industry. the major emerging economies -. India has been pushing its case for having a bilateral pact in services and investment at the earliest. He also highlighted that no peaking year for carbon emissions has been mentioned in the draft nor a global emission reduction goal set for 2050. . South Korea. 2010. besides allowing ease in visa regimes for its IT professionals. during the ongoing India-EU Summit in Brussels on December 10. Ministers from both sides will meet in March to finalise the agreement which would be signed by spring. Addressing the heads of the state of ASEAN countries. Brazil. The pact is expected to increase two-way trade by 30%. ASEAN-India Summit The 8th ASEAN-India Summit was held at Hanoi. Philippines. The G-20 group includes India. Russia and Japan. global leaders.BASIC have welcomed the decision. India has so far signed bilateral free-trade agreements with Singapore. The fund is intended to assist poorer nations with low Mand protective measures against the effects of carbon development EE global warming. Laos. India and the European Union will sign their much-delayed free-trade pact on goods. A DI Research (DRR) has organized the E The Directorate of Rice M First DRR Industry Meet -2010 on Display of DRR technologies and Services at its Premises in Rajendranagar. Indonesia.83 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 84 SUMMITS / CONFERENCES India-EU Summit the leaders said. would help mitigate the risk of excessive volatility in capital flows facing some emerging market economies. developed countries are subject to stricter scrutiny on their mitigation cuts than developing countries. with the respective chief negotiators meeting every month to fast-track the process. Myanmar. The minister pointed out that under the current text.
3rd National seminar on AIDS
3rd National seminar on AIDS was started at Hyderabad October 29, 2010. National Aids control board conducted this seminar.
The 17th ASEAN Summit was held in Hanoi, Vietnam, on October 28-30, 2010. The meeting was considered a success, with all members agreeing to cooperate with one another in solving the region’s economic downturn. The 17th ASEAN Summit focused on the contents of building the community and implementing the ASEAN Charter, external relations and key role of the body, sustainable development and coping with global challenges.
NS O TI International Tiger Forum CA Ifor global efforts to On November 21, 2010, Russia called avert extinction of tigers as wildlife activists and officials from 13 UN in St Petersburg to countries, including India, gathered at a summit M discuss ways to double the population of the endangered animal M of poaching and habitat from the existing 3,200. Due to decades O destruction, there are currently C only 3,200 tigers living in the wild, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), as against 1 lakh a IA century ago. “Three sub-species have already disappeared and Dsecure,” said the declaration that was none of the other six are E adopted by the heads of government at the summit. Russia is the M its tiger population increase in the past only country to have seen E years, from 80-100 in the 1960s to around 500 now, and experts RE have hailed animal lover Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin for S
taking an active role in saving the tiger. Along with Russia and India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand and Vietnam—home to wild tigers— took part in the summit. Simultaneously, a Youth Tiger Summit opened in Vladivostok on Russia’s Pacific coast, which adopted an appeal to the leaders of their countries to take active steps in tiger conservation.
NS Microfinance India Summit O TI 7th Annual Microfinance India Summit held in New Delhi disA cussed the need for reforms in microfinance industry. Chairman, IC Dr. C. Rangarajan Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister, UN called for reforms in MFI business. M Third summit on Global Agenda M The third summit on Global Agenda was held in Dubai in CO an opportunity to social, political November 2010. The summit gave A and business leaders across the world to benchmark key developDI realities. mental issues against global E MClimate Change Conference 16th UN E The RE United Nations Climate Change Conference took 16th S place in Cancun, Mexico, from November 29, 2010. India was among
the 190 UN members who took part in the 12-day event.
deliberate on various issues related to sports and law in India. Among other things, the conference discussed the ‘Right to Information’ (RTI) and accountability of sports federations, and legalities involved in staging major sports events like the Olympics, Asian Games, Commonwealth Games. It also discussed gender discrimination in sports, intellectual property rights, importance of transparency in corporate structure of professional sports leagues, future of IPL, besides public relation opportunities and challenges which are concomitant with it, issues relating to infrastructure in developing and maintaining stadiums, training facilities etc.
International Renewable Energy Conference
The International Renewable Energy Conference was held in New Delhi in October 2010.
India’s first sports law conference
The Society of Indian Law Firms (SILF) organised the first ever ‘Sports Law Conference’ in New Delhi, on July 24-25, 2010, to
The UN Summit on the Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, was held in September 2010 at UN Headquarters in New York, USA.
US President Barack Obama waded into a new round of Middle East diplomacy September 1, 2010, seeking momentum for revived peace talks clouded by a flare-up of West Bank violence and a deadlock over Jewish settlements. Obama met Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as he launched a series of one-on-one meetings with Middle East leaders attending a US-led peace summit that culminated with the first direct Israeli-Palestinian talks in 20 months. With Obama's peace bid facing broad skepticism and the clock ticking toward the September 26, 2010 expiration of an Israeli settlement construction freeze, Israel's defence minister sounded a conciliatory note about the prospects for sharing Jerusalem, an issue at the heart of the decades-old conflict. But big obstacles remain to Obama's quest for a peace deal that eluded so many of his predecessors. Hamas militants declared war on the talks even before they began, killing four Jewish settlers in the occupied West Bank, vowing more attacks and underscoring the threat hard-liners pose to the fragile peace process. The summit marked Obama's riskiest plunge into Middle East diplomacy, not least because he wants the two sides to forge a deal within 12 months, a target many analysts call a long shot.
A DI Minister Manmohan Singh and his On April 29, 2010, Prime E Pakistani counterpart Yousaf Raza Gilani held their first bilateral M to end the diplomatic stalemate in ties meeting in nine months between their two E nations since the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks. At their hour-long meeting, described as an “exercise in soul searchRE the two leaders decided to upgrade the bilatS ing” by Indian officials,
Summit between India-Pak Prime Ministers 16th SAARC Summit
The 16th SAARC summit began at Thimpu, Bhutan, on April 28, 2010, with India’s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and leaders of seven other member nations pledging to combat extremism and terrorism, launch joint initiatives to deal with climate change and boost intra-regional trade. The Summit ended on April 29, 2010, with leaders adopting the ‘Thimphu statement’ on climate change,
NS O TI A IC UN M M CO
eral dialogue to the political level, something which Islamabad had been insisting upon for months.
NS O TI A IC UN M IBSA Summit M (IBSA) Summit was held in The 2nd India-Brazil-South Africa Brasilia on April 15, 2010. Speaking at the Summit, Prime Minister CO of leading developing econoManmohan Singh said the grouping A mies must speak againstIthe protectionist policies, “which are only D in the long run”. IBSA can contribshort-sighted and self-defeating E ute to the shapingM the global agenda and highlighting the issues of of concern to developing countries. EENuclear Security Summit SRleaders, including Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan World
Singh, attending the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington D.C., on April 12, 2010, set a stiff four-year target to secure all vulnerable nuclear material in the world to prevent terrorists from laying their hands on any of them. In a communiqué issued at the end of the summit, the leaders emphatically stated: “Nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security” and agreed that “strong nuclear security measures are the most effective means to prevent terrorists, criminals or other unauthorised actors from acquiring nuclear material.” Another summit would be held in 2012 in South Korea to review the progress.
signing an agreement on trade in services and expressing their firm resolve to stamp out terrorism from the region. The next summit would be held in the Maldives in 2011. Facing criticism for the slow pace of development in the region, the SAARC leaders reiterated their commitment to implement the South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) in letter and spirit to boost intra-regional economic cooperation for the prosperity of their people. The closing ceremony of the summit was attended by leaders from all the eight SAARC countries—India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Representatives of nine observer countries—Mauritius, South Korea, China, Japan, Iran, the US, the EU, Australia and Myanmar—were also present. The sevenpage ‘Thimphu Silver Jubilee Declaration-Towards a Green and Happy South Asia’’ emphasised the importance of reducing dependence on high-carbon technologies for economic growth and hoped promotion of climate resilience will promote both development and poverty eradication in a sustainable manner.
Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (AFPPD) hosted a conference in Manila, Philippines, in March 2010, on indigenous peoples, climate change and rural poverty.
things, the Speaker’s role as a mediator and administrator of Parliament and use of technology in disseminating information on Parliamentary proceedings.
Partnership Summit 2010
The 16th Edition of the Partnership Summit 2010 was held in Chennai, organised by the confederation of Indian Industry.
Fifth global steel summit
The fifth global steel summit was held in Goa in February 2010 to serve as a forum to strengthen ties between steel makers and miners.
Environment Ministers meeting
The Environment Ministers meeting of the BASIC Countries (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) was held in New Delhi.
NS O TI A IC Pravas Bharatiya Divas UN President Pratibha Patil delivering the valedictory address at the Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas (Jan, 9) on the day Mahatma Gandhi M returned to India in 1915, pointed out that: Overseas Indian's estiM recognised as the "Knowlmated at over 250 lakhs had come to be edge Diaspora". India's remittances from Overseas Indians estiCO are the highest in the world.Of mated at over $ 50 billion last year A these about $ 20 billion comes from Overseas Indian workers in the DI contracted skilled and semi-skilled Gulf consisting of temporary E workers. M 20th Commonwealth Speakers Conference E RE The 20th Commonwealth Speakers’ Conference was held S in New Delhi from January 5, 2010. It was inaugurated by Prime
International Congress of Mathematicians
President Pratibha Patil inaugurated the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM 2010) at HICC, Hyderabad. For the first time ever, the Union's General Assembly has elected Ingrid Daubechies of the U.S., a woman as its president for the 2011-14 terms.
NS O The Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure (CCI) approved the TI which seeks establishment of National Knowledge Network A C(NKN), to inter-connect all knowledge institutions in the country through Ian outlay of Rs 5,990 high speed data communication network, N at crore to be implemented by NIC over a period of 10 years. U M World Telecom Development Conference M ITU's fifth World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC-10), will take place in Hyderabad, India from 24 May to CO States is underway) with par4 June 2010 (consultation A Member I of ticipants to include government delegates, Ministers, Ambassadors and representatives from the private sector, as well as regional and ED international organizations. It will be an opportunity to review the M programmes and activities of ITU-D as well as to set the agenda for E the following four-year cycle. RE World Classical Tamil Conference S
Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure
The first World Classical Tamil Conference was held in Coimbatore. President Pratibha Devisingh Patil presented the Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi Classical Tamil Award to Asko Parpola for his work on the Dravidian hypothesis in the interpretation of the Indus script.
Minister Manmohan Singh. Describing the growth of regional parties as a challenge for governance and conduct of parliamentary democracy, Mr Manmohan Singh said: “Though the aspirations of smaller parties may often be anchored in narrow considerations, they carry great weight for their constituents. In the end, democracy must respond to everyday concerns of the common man and Parliament should be the forum to address such concerns.” The remark was in obvious reference to the growing influence of subregional parties in coalition politics and Parliament. Presiding officers from 42 Commonwealth nations were present (some in traditional Speaker robes). The Conference discussed, among other
Knowledge Millennium Summit
Eight Knowledge Millennium Summit 2010 - 2020: Decade of Innovations was held in New Delhi. Former President, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and ASSOCHAM President, Swati Piramal addressed on the issues of food security, energy and water.
C. N. An expert group was set up last year under the chairmanship of N. Sirpurkar. that will investigate the grounds for impeachment of karnataka chief .P. collect. cheif Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High court and eminent Jurist P.C. Madhava Menon to determine the structure and functions of SR Besides the chairman. evaluate and disseminate data. to give shape to the Government's decision to observe the current decade (2010-2020) as the Decade of Innovation. Saxena Committee was set up by the Ministry of TI Environment and Forests. Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and Innovations. Bimal Jalan committee The Bimal Jalan committee was set-up to review the ownership and working of capital markets infrastructure institutions (MIIs). NS O The N. forming the separate State of Telangana. The committee has been EE given time tillR December 31.Dave. A Justice Srikrishna committee DI E The Union government has set-up a five-member committee M Srikrishna to look into the modalities of headed by Justice B. which have been denied or which claim to have been denied equal opportunities by the government or private institutions particularly in education and employment. Saxena Committee Three member committee Rajya Sabha Chairman Hamid Ansari Constituted a three member committee headed by supreme court judge V. NS O TI A IC Parliamentary Inquiry Committee UN M Parliamentary Inquiry Committee headed by Justice B Sudershan Reddy holds Justice Soumitra Sen guilty of misconduct M and misappropriation of funds. two of them full-time.D.Justice P.grabbing charges.000 crore be roped in as anchor investors.O C Equal Opportunities Commission A The Minority Affairs Ministry has finalised the contours of the DI E Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) being planned by the govM ernment to address the inequalities that persist even 60 years after Independence and evolve/evaluate mechanisms for affirmative acEE tion. insurance companies and domestic financial institutes with a net worth of Rs 1.Rao are the other members of the panel. The project is aggressively opposed by the local UN Pharmacopoeia Commission M The government decided to set up a Pharmacopoeia M 14.S. the Commission.Dinakaran whose removal from office has been sought jointly by 75 Opposition members in the Rajya Sabha on corruption and land .91 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 92 COMMITTEES Women's Leadership Summit 2010 Prime Minister Manmohan Singh along with Lok Sabha speaker Meira Kumar inaugurated the Women's Leadership Summit 2010 on Inclusive Growth and Empowering Women of Rural India in New Delhi. The Council will have a mandate to evolve an Indian model of innovation that focuses on inclusive growth and creating an appropriate eco-system conducive to fostering inclusive innovation. indigenous medicines with the aim of raising the country's share in CO the $62-billion global herbal drug market. R. the EOC will have a five-year term.R. the task cut out for the EOC is to create indices for measuring inequality in different sectors of activity and among different sections.08 crore for developing Commission in Ghaziabad at a cost of Rs. National Innovation Council Prime Minister Manmohan Singh agreed for the setting up of a National Innovation Council headed by Sam Pitroda. Primarily. IC tribal groups.N. and intervene on behalf of deprived and discriminated . it will have six members. Justice A. One major recommendation of the report is that only banks. Its jurisdiction will extend to all deprived groups. Unlike most other commissions. The members two have to be women will be selected by a three member committee headed by the Prime Minister and comprising the Minister for Minority Affairs and the Leader of the Opposition. 2010 to consult all sections of the society and S submit report. It details the manner in which laws were A flagrantly flouted to facilitate the Vedanta Alumina Ltd project in Orissa.
Mayawati launches people's welfare programme called "Uttar Pradesh Mukhyamantri Mahamaya Garib Arthik Madad Yojna" to disburse Rs. The group found the South African and British models of particular value.300 per month to the eligible poor in the State. on July 8. was launched by Union Home Minister P Chidambaram as a pilot project for implementation in 200 districts. nutrition and health education. Achuthan. including size. The experts found that the EOCs were becoming a norm in leading democracies with social and cultural diversities.000 per year to each National Pension Scheme (NPS) account opened in year 2010-11 and for the next three years. in its 139-page M ties and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). 1948. counselling/guidance on family welfare. The Committee was constituted in June 2007 to submit the report in 3 months. A total of 107 countries supported moratorium. including one on cooperation in new and renewable energy and another on increasing the number of flights between the two countries. exemptions from open offer obligations. SCHEMES Justice V. . aims to empower adolescent girls between ages 11 to 18 years by providing them nutrition. the open offer has to be made for all the shares of the target company. M Scheme for Adolescent Girls Rajiv Gandhi EE RajivR Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls. The and after 23 amendments E takeover panel. vocational training etc. Analysts said the proposed S acquiring an additional United Nations General Assembly Committee issued resolution for a moratorium on death penalty. NS O TI CA Takeover Regulations AdvisoryICommittee The Takeover Regulations Advisory Committee under the UNreport to the Securichairmanship of C. a cashless health insurance scheme. the Central government will contribute Rs 1. India-Iran joint commission In their first interaction after the UN imposed the fourth round of sanctions on Tehran in June 2010 over its controversial nuclear programme. formed by SEBI in September 2009. S called SABLA. indirect acquisitions. India and Iran. CO calculating the offer price and competing offers. Swavalamban Scheme Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee launched the Swavalamban Scheme of Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) on September 25. has recomMthe open offer trigger from 15 per cent to 25 mended an increase in E per cent. People's welfare programme Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister. Under the scheme. a E housing scheme for slum dwellers and urban poor.93 94 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 groups. offer changes on critical issues. 2010. Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation. This comes nearly A 16 years after the guidelines were formally notified for the first time DIto the last major review in 1997. has proposed sweeping Mthe open offer trigger. till 2013-14. signed six pacts. instead of the current practice of an offer for RE 20 per cent. UN General Assembly Committee NS O Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna TI A The Union Cabinet has approved a proposal of the Labour IC Act. The scheme seeks to provide pension scheme to the un-organised sector. Bhaskara Rao commission The inquiry commission headed by Justice V Bhaskara Rao on police firing on protesters after Macca Masjid blast in Hyderabad submitted his report to the Government of Andhra Pradesh. rules would raise the financing required for taking over a firm. MYojana Rajiv Awas CO The Union government has set up an independent eight A member expert committee under the chairmanship of Deepak DI Parekh to review the draft guidelines of Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY). to proMinistry to amend the Employees State Insurance N vide medical facilities to unorganised U workers in ESIC hospitals and recognised private hospitals under the Rashtriya Swasthya M Bima Yojna (RSBY). 2010. but would encourage investors taking strategic stakes in companies. health check-up. Further. The MOUs were signed at the end of the two-day meeting of the India-Iran joint commission. along with India 37 other countries opposed and 36 countries abstained.
95 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 96 VISITS / TOURS Visit of Russia President Medvedev Russian President Dmitry Medvedev official two-day visit to India during which he will discuss trade. E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO talks with Prime Minister Dr. but unofficially said to be around $35 billion. Medvedev is likely to secure a long-awaited contract with India on jointly developing 250-300 fifth generation fighter aircraft over 10 years. The two sides reviewed with satisfaction the comprehensive and rapid progress of India-China relations in the last ten years. Manmohan Singh and will call on Smt. the Joint Statement of India and China in 2005. Manmohan Singh. India and China shoulder important and historical responsibilities of ensuring their comprehensive and sustainable economic and social development. since signing the original contract in 2004. economic. India and Russia hope to boost bilateral trade to $20 billion within five years. The two sides welcome each other's peaceful development and regard it as a mutually reinforcing process.000 MW of nuclear power by 2032 to support its economic growth. The two sides decided to enhance strategic communication. enough areas for India and China to cooperate. Russians are one of our main suppliers of nuclear power plants. Moscow-based defence analysts Cast say Russia has nearly tripled the price. Pratibha Patil. "Negotiations (with Areva) have reached an advanced stage to pave the way for the launching of nuclear power reactors in Visit of China PM Wen Jiabao At the invitation of Dr. Mr Wen Jiabao. broaden cultural exchanges. The contract amount is unknown.bilateral trade is eclipsed by Russia's booming economic ties with the European Union and China. advance functional cooperation. mutual respect and sensitivity for each other's concerns and aspirations.. Prime Minister of the Republic of India. India and China -. President of India. They also make a vital contribution to advancing peace and development in Asia and in the world at large. They believe that their growing relationship offers increasing opportunities to advance their cooperation. former Indian foreign secretary. Russia. Behind the rhetoric of expanding ties with its fellow BRIC economy -. and trade with China was $47. The two sides agreed that as the two largest developing countries in the world. India inked the deal with France's state-run nuclear group Areva for the purchase of two reactors for a new plant in Jaitapur in the western state of Maharashtra. is on a State visit to the Republic of India from 15 to 17 December 2010.3-billion-dollar framework agreement to sell two nuclear reactors to India during a trade-centred visit by French President Nicolas Sarkozy to New Delhi. Leaders of the two countries had an in-depth exchange of views on bilateral relations and regional and international issues of mutual interest in a sincere and friendly atmosphere and reached broad consensus. "Energy is one area where Russia will be the most important partner for India both in terms of conventional and non conventional energy. There is enough space in the world for the development of both India and China and indeed. The Kremlin said trade with India will total $10 billion this year. Russia is keen to continue supplying technology and expertise to energy-hungry India as it plans to add 63. and delayed delivery of the cruiser by four years. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Visit of France President Sarkozy France signed a 9. including the Admiral Gorshkov heavy aircraft carrying cruiser. He may have a tough task convincing India to strike more arms deals following delays to the delivery of some Russian projects. and reaffirmed their commitment to abiding by the basic principles and consensus concerning the development of India-China relations set out in the Declaration of Principles for Relations and Comprehensive Cooperation between India and China in 2003.the term used to group emerging powers Brazil. Up for negotiation during Medvedev's visit will be a deal for a third site for a Russian-built nuclear power plant. India-China relations go beyond their bilateral scope and have acquired global and strategic significance. and deepen and enrich the India-China Strategic and Cooperative Partnership for Peace and Prosperity on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence. Premier Wen Jiabao held . the India-China Joint Declaration of 2006 and A Shared Vision for the 21st Century of India and China of 2008.. Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China." said Lalit Mansingh.5 billion in the same period.. while official statistics show Russia's trade with the European Union stood at $246 billion in the first 10 months of 2010. energy and cultural cooperation as well as international issues.
President Obama landed in Delhi on November 7.0 billion euros. President Patil’s visit to Syria Indian President Pratibha Devisingh Patil arrived on November 26. the President said Inaugurating S Jaitapur in partnership with Indian industry. Several Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs). The agreements commi7ed to M culture. aircraft maker EADS. These deals. Sarkozy's office said. the centre piece of CO which is a project for the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) assisIA tance in the restora6on of the 6th century temple complex of Vat DChampassak. In the field of programme has been signed for 2011-2013. Deals totalling 15 billion euros (20 billion dollars) have been signed or are about to be signed with Indian companies. including West Asia peace process. will help in creating more than 50. The nuclear group hopes to supply six reactors in total for the Maharashtra nuclear plant. but it means Areva has moved ahead of US and Japanese competitors in the race to sell reactors to India. The President’s visit was aimed to bolster a political dialogue between the two countries and discussions were held on bilateral. Her talks with President al-Assad gave a new momentum to the bilateral relations in all fields. Syria has already backed India’s demand for a permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council and has always tried to act as a moderator for toning down Pakistani rhetoric in the meetings of Organisation of Islamic Countries. The US President’s speech. At an interaction with students of IA Indian schools from the UAE at the Abu Dhabi Indian School. RE the Indian Islamic Centre. He arrived in Mumbai where he S paid homage to the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack victims. . President Pratibha Patil told O C members of the Abu Dhabi Chamber of Commerce. NS O TI President Pratibha visit toA Laos IC Republic the India will provide the Lao People’s N Democra6c first tranche worth $72. the Dbuild friendships and develop the ability President advised themE M to to work constructively as a team.400 MW plants from GE and Spicejet’s deal to buy thirty three Boeing 737 aircraft. he said. 2010. On November 8. All religions of the world unite was the President’s second message in Abu Dhabi. including a leasing agreement for 14 Airbus planes and the modernisation of 51 French-made Mirage fighter jets. President Obama addressed the Indian Parliament. which was interspersed with several Her visit assumed special significance since this was the first ever visit of by an Indian President to Syria. and Areva.97 98 NS O TI A IC President Patil Visit to Abu Dhabi UN Indian President Pratibha Patil made a goodwill visit to Abu M Bhabi and Dubai in November 2010. 2001. that it was a tribute to the collective efforts of the Indian Diaspora and would serve as a cultural bridge between India and the UAE.000 jobs back home in USA. regional and international issues. including those on cultural exchange. addressing the Indian and American entrepreneurs he said several landmark deals worth US $ 10 billion have been signed between Indian and American companies shortly before his arrival. The deal is short of a final sale contract. She also launched a long-awaited 24-hour helpline for distressed Indian workers facing problems with their employers or contracts. which aims to tap atomic power for a quarter of its electricity demands by 2050. 2010. Phou in the province E of M EVisit of President Obama for a three-day US President Barack Obama reached India RE official visit on November 6. including the bosses of aircraft and defence groups Dassault Aviation. Later. The President arrived in Dubai to a grand reception given by the Indian community. on a four-day state visit to the Syrian Arab Republic. particularly on expanding economic and commercial cooperation. Sarkozy came with a delegation of six ministers and around 70 chief executives. Among the biggest deals announced included Reliance Power’s purchase of 2. harmony and tolerance. were signed during the visit.55million for two U power projects as part of a package of monetary and technical assistance in areas ranging M from power and irriga6on to culture. She opined that education was not merely necessaryE secure a job but an investment into the future to and a way to imbibe the concepts of peace. a cultural exchange cover several areas. according to the French presidency. India’s economic aspirations and strong growth make it an idealM destination for foreign investment." Prime Minister Manmohan Singh told a joint press conference. The first two are worth 7.
Building lab capacity at home for diagnoses of emerging infectious diseases using well characterised reference materials and advanced technology transfer that meets CDC and global standards will be the other major takeaways from health MoU. which saw two key pacts being E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO NSvisit Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s Japan O TI Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visited Japan on October A 25. Deciding to strengthen and expand the Indo-US global strategic partnership. and encourage closer hance competitiveness E partnership between the private sectors in India’s teeming SMEs M and hi-technology enterprises. The two leaders also decided to take mutual steps to expand US-India cooperation in civil space. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and US President Barack Obama. in a joint statement. The visit ended with the successful conclusion of negotiaIC tions for the Comprehensive Economic N Partnership Agreement (CEPA). 2011. enDof private sectors. which included Vice-President Hamid Ansari. Cabinet ministers and members of the two Houses of Parliament. called on Pakistan to bring to justice the perpetrators of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks. As of now. including the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT). On the health front. besides collaboration in defence. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. President Obama and Prime Minsiter Manmohan Singh announced the setting up of the Global Disease Detection India Centre to come up under the MoU between the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). 2011 and this will be implemented by July 1. India is and Japan’s infrastructure hoping that the CEPA coming into place will also balance out the EEbetween the two countries. India and the United States pledged to defeat all terrorist networks. it has been growing rapidly since past three IA years. trade beR trade imbalance tween the S countries is strongly in favour of Japan. The two leaders also emphasised the importance of close cooperation in combating terrorist financing and in protecting the international financial system. Singh welcomed President Obama’s affirmation that in the years ahead. two Visit of PM Manmohan Singh to Malaysia Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visited Kaula Lumpur on October 27. was attended by a packed House. They reiterated that success in Afghanistan and regional and global security required elimination of safe havens and infrastructure for terrorism and violent extremism in Afghanistan and Pakistan. inked in the sectors. On the education front. the two sides committed themselves to a higher education summit in New Delhi in 2011 to develop “collaborations” in the area.99 100 India-specific references and continuously underlined the fast-improving partnership between New Delhi and Washington. . they reiterated their commitment to build strong bilateral cooperation through the participation of American energy companies in India on the basis of mutually acceptable technical and commercial terms and conditions that enabled a viable tariff regime for the electricity generated. both countries agreed to a U visa regime. The highlight of the visit was agreement between India and Malaysia to forge new ties on two of the most important issues for their economies—sealing the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) and contain the threat of terrorism through establishment of a Joint Working Group on Counter Terrorism. As a first step in realising CEPA. issued at the end of the American leader’s official engagements in India. Condemning terrorism in all its forms. Atlanta. The agreement will foster new business opportunities. Washington looked forward to a reformed UN Security Council that included India as a permanent member. Delhi. and strengthen international cooperative activities that will reduce the risk of terrorists acquiring nuclear weapons or material. 2010. defence and other high-technology sectors commensurate with India’s non-proliferation record and commitment to abide by multilateral export control standards. the Indian PM and Obama called for an efficient. Key health and Education pacts singed: A promise to help India battle old and emerging infections and another of forging collaborations in higher education were the high points of US President Barack Obama’s India visit. The two leaders said that the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) will be signed by January 31. Though the trade between the two nations remained almost CO stagnant for decades. On the civil nuclear deal. Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar. 2010. UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi. credible and legitimate United Nations to ensure a just and sustainable international order. and the Centre for Disease Control (CDC). “sweeping” liberalisation of their bilateral M The successful conclusion of CEPA is expected to elevate M the two countries to the next trade and economic relations between level.
agriculture and energy. hasM spares the for upgrading the equipment with O Indian forces. specially to secure sea lanes against piracy. the EXIM Bank of India extended a line of credit of $60 million to the Myanmar Foreign Trade Bank. The proposal was made during Antony’s visit to Warsaw in April for a meeting of the joint working A between the two countries. A wide range of bilateral issues as well as global developments. 2010. Jacob Zuma was given a rousing reception by the SR Indian leadership on June 4. particularly on climate change. and said the time was ripe for India to find a place in the UN Security Council. after talks between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the 77year-old leader of the military ‘junta’. The Indo-Polish defence cooperation figured prominently during talks between the visiting dignitary and Prime Minister NI U Manmohan Singh. India and Mozambique inked three pacts and a credit line of $500 million was extended to that country for infrastructure projects. education and signed an agreement on cultural cooperation. Russia and France. Cameron signed a Rs 5. including reforms of the UN Security Council. he laid out the basis for a new “enhanced relationship” with India. and agreed to support each other’s candidature for the non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for the 2011-2012 term. Simultaneously. came for discussions during the talks. he said that Pakistan could not be allowed to harbour militants and promote terror against India. including one on air services. Travelling to Bangalore and then to Delhi. his business minister Vince Cable announced the UK was prepared to export civil nuclear technology to India. On his first visit to India after becoming Prime Minister in May 2010. Since most of the Indian military hardware was acquired in the 1970s from the then Soviet Union. deepening of economic cooperation.082 crore agreement for the Indian Air Force and Navy to buy an additional 57 Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer aircraft from British Aerospace Systems. Talking on terrorism affecting the region. India and the UK also made announcements in the field of immigration. 2010. and cooperation in capacity building and human resource development. the two countries signed an MoU on agriculture cooperation and another for linkages between the Foreign Service Institute of India and NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . closer cooperation between the two countries at various international fora. Top Indian leaders held wide-ranging talks with him on a plethora of issues. Apart from Cameron’s own tough talk on terrorism. E more extensive E R repairs. Poland. The two countries signed five accords A DI E VisitM South African President of E On hisE maiden visit to an Asian country as the President of South Africa. 2010. bringing Britain in line with the stance taken by the United States. Cameron welcomed India’s support to Afghanistan. which M and the technology was a key ally of former USSR. during a meeting between President of Mozambique Armando Guebuza and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. S Visit of Myanmar’s military ruler Ignoring worldwide concerns over human rights violations in Myanmar. New Delhi rolled out a red carpet welcome for Myanmar military ruler General Than Shwe on July 27. A I group (JWG) on defence D cooperation tank recovery vehicle is E type of armoured fighting vehicle used to a repair battle or mine damaged as well as broken down vehicles M or to tow them out of the danger zone for during combat operations. Apart from the pact on enhancing air connectivity. Visit of British Prime Minister British Prime Minister David Cameron came visiting India in July 2010. and increasing the volume of bilateral trade. Poland is keen the to sell tank recovery vehicles to C India. The increasing Chinese influence in the South East Asian nation is apparently weighing heavily in the mind of the Indian leadership as it seeks to increase its engagement with Myanmar. its “intellectual leadership” at the G20. as the two countries signed three key pacts.101 102 Visit of President of Mozambique On September 30. Nepal and Bhutan. The two countries have also decided to create a partnership based on greater political engagement. Afghanistan and the rest of the world. including bilateral ties as well as international developments. particularly in the vital energy sector and in fighting Indian insurgents operating along the India-Myanmar border. strengthening of defence and security cooperation. NS Visit of Polish Prime Minister IO T Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk visited A India on SeptemC ber 7. 2010.
2010. she held discussions with the top Chinese leadership. M M Visit of Prime Minister Putin of Russia CO Russian Prime Minister Vladmir Putin’s one-day visit New Delhi on March 13. including a treaty on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters and an MOU on sentenced prisoners. Russia announced its readiness to build 16 nuclear reactors for power stations in India. giving the much needed economic impetus. an MoU for cooperation in Russia’s satellite navigation system was also agreed upon during the visit. Patil sought Chinese support for New Delhi's permanent membership of the UNSC during talks. In an effort to make the visit a truly successful event. The DaI roadmap to strengthen economic ties. 2010. India offered a 250-million dollar soft loan through EXIM Bank REmajor accords with the Himalayan nation. India would also be taking up several projects for the reconstruction of the North and the East.000 tonne of wheat. petroleum and Visit of Afghan President Karzai aviation as Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin reaffirmed Moscow’s support to Delhi in its fight against terrorism. The Chinese leaders supported India's aspirations for UNSC permanent seat and assured the Indian leader that Beijing would back India’s bid in 2011’s election for a non-permanent membership of the UNSC.103 104 the Diplomatic Academy of South Africa. sought to allay India’s concerns over A the proposed re-entry of the Taliban in the Afghanistan government. Controversial issues such as Chinese border incursions.5 billion annually. if required.000 tonne of wheat would be provided to Nepal. 20. 2010. which currently stands at $7. IC into a power-sharKarzai indicated that his government would enter N ing arrangement with those elements ofU Taliban who had accepted the country’s constitution and were not part of the Al Qaida. during his O TI two-day trip to New Delhi on April 26. India and signed S four also offered to supply 50. visit helped in building E including in the pharmaceutical sector. construction of a cultural centre in Jaffna and several vocational training centres. Besides agreement on nuclear reactors. An additional 2. nuclear energy.000 houses for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Northern and Eastern provinces of Sri Lanka with India’s assistance. 2010. including rebuilding of railway infrastructure. Skirting contentious issues. stapled visas for Kashmiris. An important agreement was the gurated China’s first Indian-style Buddhist temple in Luoyang city in Henan province.000 tonne of rice and 10. diamond. Patil inau- . She had been invited by her Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao and her trip coincided with the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and China. he sought to cool down tempers in India over the plight of Tamils in his island nation by promising to quickly resettle displaced Tamils and expedite a political solution to the ethnic issue. During his talks with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. 2010. Indian visas for Chinese telecom companies and Sino-Pak ties did not figure in the discussions.5 billion bilateral trade to $20 billion by 2015 were set in motion. A host of steps aimed at scaling up the current $7.000 tonne of yellow peas to its neighbour. Visit of Sri Lankan President Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa visited New Delhi on June 9. During her visit. India and Russia sealed multi-billion dollars deals in key areas like defence. Visit of President Patil to China Indian President Pratibha Patil visited Beijing from May 27. The two countries also signed seven agreements.E Demonstrating the solidity of their strategic relationship to theSR world. She is the first Indian Head of State to visit China in a decade. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO NS Afghan President Hamid Karzai. The two countries announced a major initiative to undertake a programme of construction of 50. has gone some distance in adding a A strong economic dimension to ties between the two nations. The visit is noted for the success in taking this vital strategic partnership forward. renovation of the Duraiappaj stadium and rehabilitation of war widows. getting Russian investments M and accessing Russian markets for Inin infrastructure projects E dian services. after wide-ranging talks. Both India and South Africa are keen to increase the two-way trade. A DI Visit of Nepalese President E M Ram Baran Yadav visited New Delhi from President of Nepal E February 15. Zuma said he wanted that to grow to $10 billion by 2012. rehabilitation of Kankesanthurai harbour and Palaly Airport.
India committed one billion dollars line of credit for developmental projects in Bangladesh and transformed its bilateral ties by signing five accords. Turkey’s position is being seen as a major departure from that of OIC. The one-billion dollar line of credit is the largest ever one-time bilateral financial assistance India has provided to any country. Saudi Arabia expressed concerns over extremism in Pakistan as New Delhi and Riyadh firmed N a strategic partnerU up ship. President Lee Myung-bak began his four-day visit to India with a visit to the Hyundai factory near Chennai to meet Korean businessmen living in the city before reaching New Delhi. “This visit has opened a new chapter in India-Bangladesh relations. The agreement on peaceful uses of nuclear energy is expected to open more avenues of nuclear cooperation between the two countries. M President of Turkey Visit of E The Turkish President. Apart from the declaration on terrorism. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . terrorism. Abdullah Gul. Closer cooperation in combating global financial recession was also discussed in the context of the G-20 summit to be held in Seoul later in 2010. the two countries issued a document on cooperation in the field of science and technology. Regional and global issues. following the talks between the two leaders. This will be used for construction of railway bridges and lines. The most significant accords between the two sides were on the Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier that was approved by the Union Cabinet for the purchase of the vessel at $ 2. The two sides also signed a pact on serial construction of Russian designed nuclear reactors. Turkish President Abdullah Gul sought to placate India by strongly endorsing its position on the issue of terrorism.105 106 NS PM Manmohan Singh’s visit to Saudi Arabia O On February 26. later spoke of the “danCO gerous trend” of extremism in Pakistan and made it clear that Riyadh had nothing to do with the Taliban. Visit of Bangladesh Prime Minister On January 11. which finds a mention in the joint declaration on umbrella pact between the National Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and the Atom Stroy for Kudankulam III and Kudankulam IV nuclear reactors as part of the nuclear cooperation accord between the two sides. 2010Sand Manmohan Singh on all issues of mutual interest. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh unveiled a roadmap for comM prehensive economic partnership as he addressed captains of industry from both the countries. A DI E Cooperation in the civilian nuclear energy field was high on M meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan the agenda during the EE Singh and South Korean President Lee Myung-bak. supply of coaches and locomotives and buses. Presdent Myung-bak was also the chief guest at the Republic SR Visit of Korean President Day. including the international situation. India also agreed to supply 250 MW of electricity through its central grid. the Turkish President praised the role being played by India in the reconstruction plan in the embattled nation. including IT and civilian space. on January 25. figured prominently during talks between the two sides. 2010. During the visit the two countries signed accords in diverse areas. including the start of the Akhara-Agartala rail link. 2010. Days after keeping New Delhi out of the Istanbul conference on Afghanistan at the instance of Pakistan. Foreign Minister Prince Saud alM Faisal. an issue of pressing concern to Dhaka. which is not willing to exclude armed forces from the purview of the convention.” Manmohan Singh told Sheikh Hasina. reflecting the unity of minds and hearts.33 billion and the supply of 29 MIG 29K the sea variant of the fighter used by the IAF valued at $ 1. Turkey is the first Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) member to support India’s call for early conclusion of a comprehensive convention on international terrorism. 2010. On Afghanistan. including three key security pacts to expand counter-terror cooperation. who had a discussion with Singh. including the intensification of economic ties and cooperation in sphere of civilian nuclear cooperation and space technologies. A came the first Indian Prime Minister in 28 years to visit IC During the visit. visited India on FebruRE held wide-ranging talks with Prime Minister ary 9. and assistance in dredging.5 billion. during the visit of Bangladesh Premier Sheikh Hasina. The two sides also took major steps to improve connectivity. Saudi Arabia and Pakistan were IA among the few countries D had recognised the Taliban regime in that E Afghanistan. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh beTISaudi Arabia.
as per the newM series. Per capita income (at 2004-05 prices) stood at Rs 33.27 percentage points from 9. NS O TI A IC UN M M Mumbai gets world's CO largest diamond bourse The Bharat DiamondIA Bourse (BDB).17 billion).500 small and large diamond traders in addition to a Custom House. the WPI now items than the S New WPI series in place measures a total of 676 items against 435 earlier. 61. this bourse will achieve a crore and I am hopeful E turnover of overE 1. according to government data. India’s obsession with tobacco continues despite laws to tell the users of its lethal consequences. NS IO Inflation for the month of August stood at T 8. India's per capita income grew by 10. as the tax slabs have been sim- Tobacco India Report Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) for India.821 in the previous year. Per capital income means income of each Indian if national income is evenly divided among the country's population of 117 crore (Rs 1. 14th September. AsIC the old series with per a base year of 1993-94. conducted on 99. for promotion of diamond export.107 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 108 FINANCE & ECONOMY CAPSULE India's per capita income it.588 in FY10 against Rs 31. With the additional items. which is a better way of comparison and broadly factors inflation.12. according to the Commerce Ministry.5 per cent for the UN month. This will give a robust picture and reflect actual price movement. Industry Minister Anand E Sharma. Consumer items E Minister Anand Sharma told M widely used by the middle class. However. including establish infrastructure S jewellery.180 per year.78 per cent in the month of July.E washing machines. in 2009-2010.00.31 per CO cent in August last year.345 in 2009-10 against Rs 40. 35 per cent (one-third) continue to consume tobacco in some form or the other. pegs India's per capita income at a much higher $1.25% and reverse repo rate (the rate of interest that banks get with their surplus money being parked with central bank) to 5. per capita income grew by 5.6 per cent last fiscal if it is calculated on the basis of 2004-05 prices. Overall inflation in AuM gust witnessed a fall of 1. according to estimates of national income. The new Direct Tax Code (DTC) bring relief to the taxpayers. banks and other service providers who will cater for the gem and jewellery trade. the export of diamonds in this industry from Mumbai is Rs.749 as calculated by the Central Statistical Organisation in its advance estimates for FY10. India ranks a poor 161st in the world in terms of per capita incomes. and provide all support and service facilities to eventually make India an international trading centre for gems and jewellery.000 crore”. “It (the new index) will help in informing both A the government and people how the prices are moving. the complex is designed to house around 2. Though 64 per cent of all adults believe tobacco leads to heart attacks. The per capita income was slightly higher than Rs 43. inflation was 0.9 per cent of India’s population in 29 States. WPI inflation stood at 9. As per the new WPI index. The BDB has been set up to R Rs.5 per cent to Rs 44. gold and silver are reflected in the new series of WPI inflation. the world's largest.51 per cent. This New Direct Tax Code (DTC) 2011 Bill or Direct Tax Code India 2011 draft will be applicable from Financial Year 2011-12 starting from 1st Day of April 2011 and Direct Tax Code Highlights has been declared.000 Mthat within a year. 2009-10. New Direct Tax Code (DTC) 2011 Bill The New Direct Tax Code (DTC) 2011 Bill or Direct Tax Code India 2011 draft or Direct Tax Code Highlights has been released by finance minister Pranab Mukherjee which would replace current Income Tax structure from 2011. Spread over a 20-acre plot. The new WPI series has 241 more RE old index. The World Bank. acA cording to the new Wholesale Price Inflation (WPI) series released by the government 2010. was inaugurated at Mumbai on 17th October by Union Commerce and D “As on 17th October.” Commerce DI reporters in New Delhi.25% to control the high inflation in the country. however. which considers 2004-05 as the base year. UTs of Chandigarh and Puducherry has submitted its report. like ice-cream. According to . microwave ovens. mineral water. RBI raised the repo rate The Reserve Bank of India raised the repo rate (at which banks borrow from RBI) to 6.141 in the year-ago period.
headed by noted economist C Rangarajan. according to an assessment by the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC). the industrial production recorded an annual growth of 14 per cent.7 per cent in 2008-09 and 7. E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO NS O TI A IC UN M M CO India is largest recipient of World Bank loans A India remained the largest recipient of World Bank loans in DI through its lending arms IBRD and IDA. the Indian economy is projected to expand at 8.7 billion) and TurEE key ($3.8 billion). In the first two months of current fiscal. The speculation that this might force the finance ministry to make the revision of tax slabs also less ambitious to avoid giving away too much revenue has now proved well-founded. The taxpayers can now get more benefits. M more than the aid committed by the US and European Union.109 110 plified further which was approved by Cabinet yesturday on August 26. Under the original proposal. D. 2009-10. Udaya Kumar has designed the new symbol. European euro and Japanese yen that currently have their own symbols. the Indian economy grew by over nine per cent for three years in a row from 2005-06 to 2007-08 and expansion was maintained by industry and services sectors. The World Bank.3 billion in financial assistance to India in 2009-10.5 lakh per annum and on payments into PF and similar superannuation schemes up to Rs 1 lakh. In the assessment.000 for life insurance and health insurance premiums or tuition fees. Brazil ($3. Next in line were South Africa ($3.” Reserve Bank Governor D Subbarao said in the first quarter credit policy review.31 trillion in 200910 and is estimated to be USD 1.5 per cent this fiscal and by nine per cent in 2011-12. With the gaining of the symbol.72 trillion in 201112. A revised draft released in June this year brought back some of the exemptions like the one available for interest on housing loans that the first draft had proposed to get rid of. If the . Encoding of nine per cent growth trend is maintained. SR Rupee got Symbol On July 14. minus its stem. ISO/IEC 10646 and IS 13194. the PMEAC. 2010. moving closer towards the USD 2 trillion mark. said that it is imperative for India ”to preserve conditions that will enable it to return to the 9 per cent growth trajectory”. the 10% slab would have extended up to Rs 10 lakh and the 20% slab up to Rs 25 lakh. meaning that the 30% rate would have applied only to incomes of over Rs 25 lakh per annum. drastically lowering the tax burden while also doing away with most exemptions. Also available will be a deduction of up to Rs 50. Also deductions from taxable income will be available for interest on housing loans up to Rs 1.”. INDIA TO BECOME USD 2 TRILLION DOLLOR ECONOMY The Indian economy would grow to USD 1. All individuals and entities within and outside India would use the symbol after its incorporation in Unicode Standard.52 trillion in the current fiscal. 2010.0 billion). India would become USD two trillion economy in 2013-14 fiscal. British pound. 31-year-old IIT-B postgraduate in industrial design. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) at the market and current prices was measured at USD 1. “The gain from GST will propel the country from one-trillion dollar economy to two trilliondollar economy in a short span of time. On the plus side for individual taxpayers. E committed $9.5 lakh Tax Incentives on Housing Loans will continue The DTC provides for MAT of 20 per cent of book profits of companies The original draft had promised a whole new paradigm in direct taxation. the economy would get further push. “The lead indicators of service sector also suggest increased economic activity. the Indian rupee joins the elite club of US dollar. If the tax reforms are implemented as planned from next fiscal. Before the global economic slowdown since 2008. withdrawal from provident funds will not be taxed as the original DTC had proposed to do.5 lakh Tax for Income between Rs 2 lakh and Rs 5 lakh – 10% Tax for Income between Rs 5 lakh and Rs 10 lakh – 20% Tax for Income over Rs 10 lakh – 30% Rs 1. the Union Cabinet approved a new symbol for the Indian Rupee an amalgam of the Devnagiri ‘Ra’ and the Roman capital ‘R’. Key Features of New Direct Tax Code (DTC) 2011 Bill: Tax Exemptions for Salaried People – Rs 2 lakh Tax Exemption for Senior Citizens – Rs 2. After slowing down to 6.4 per cent in 2009-10.
She came in at No 13 in 2009. Once completed by the year 2014-15. Forbes most powerful women Three Indian women all from the corporate sector find a spot on the Forbes list of 100 most powerful women in the world. The decision to enact a legislation was taken after fears were expressed over the privacy and security of data collected by the UDAI. NV (EADS). In addition. the State A Bank of India will raise fresh funds from the capital market. a company owned by European consortium. the BHEL-NTPC joint venture project will manufacture power plant equipment and would have capabilities to produce equipment required for generation of 5. Nooyi came in at No 6.10 per cent for REweek ending September 4. thus making it necessary the to rein in liquidity. the first global chopper S Prime Minister Manmohan Singh laid the foundation stone for the much-awaited Rs 6. RBI raised short-term borrowing rate S (reverse repo) by 0. both within and outside the country. in its first ED increased repo and reverse repo rates leaving the cash reserve M ratio (CRR) unchanged as it battles to contain inflation. titled the National Identification Authority of India Act. It will be incorporated in software packages and keyboards in use in India. Surprisingly missing from 2010 list is Congress President Sonia Gandhi. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO review RBI’s A mid-term Imid-quarter review of its monetary policy. while Axis Bank CEO Shikha Sharma and ICICI Bank Managing Director & CEO Chanda Kochhar were ranked 89th and 92nd. E The central bank noted that food inflation has risen to 15. Chennai-born PepsiCo CEO Indra Best Business Schools Survey The Business Standard Best Business Schools Survey 2010 shows that India’s top business schools are: Indian Institutes of . from Rs one lakh. such as Pakistan. It would better distinguish the Indian currency from countries whose currencies are also designated as Rupee or Rupiah.000 crore BHEL-NTPS power plant manufacturing project at Mannavaram.25 percentage points to 6 per cent. has become RE company to open an office in India.000 mw power annually. SEBI raised application Limit The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has raised the application limit for retail investors to Rs 2 lakh. Unique Identification Authority of India The Union Cabinet has cleared a new law providing for strict penal action and hefty fines going up to Rs 1 crore to guard against misuse of data collected for allotment of a Unique Identity Card or a Aadhar number to Indian citizens.50 percentage points to 5 per cent and lending rate (repo) by 0. topped by US First Lady Michelle Obama. seeks to give statutory powers to the Unique Identification Authority of India (UDAI). The proposed legislation. Sri Lanka and Indonesia. respectively. The increased rates aim to make financing costly thus curbing consumption. the RBI said that inflation rates have reached a plateau. With the passing of this Bill.111 112 the symbol in the Indian Standards is estimated to take about six months while encoding in the Unicode and ISO/IEC 10646 will take about 18-24 months. DI chopper company E first global M Eurocopter. However. The symbol will standardise the expression for Indian Rupee in different languages. The apex bank also signalled banks to raise fixed deposit rates and also noted that the government was on target to contain the fiscal deficit. E European Aeronautic Defence & Space Co. BHEL-NTPS power plant NS O TI A IC UN SBI Amendment Bill M M Bank of India (Amendment) The parliament passed the State Bill providing for reduction of government equity to 51 per cent from CO a minimum of 55 per cent. This scheme of providing unique identity number to the citizens of the country took off on September 29 when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh presented the first such number at a function in the tribal district of Nandurbar in Maharashtra. As a result. Nepal. near Tirupati. created as an attached office under the Planning Commission. several civil rights groups had also pointed out that actions of the UDAI could well be questioned in the absence of a legal framework. The RBI.
whom the government prefers to call urban poor.03 million.6-2. The base rate will help borrowers to compare interest rates offered by various banks and make the process of how banks arrive at interest rates for loans more transparent.000 and above. and export credit. operating costs (expenses of running its branches. Global FDI flows are expected to jump from $1. Search engine Google was A fifth in the ranking. the base rate will follow an explicit formula that factors in a bank’s cost of deposits. including Mumbai. for instance). (There are a couple of exceptions like agricultural loans barring Meghalaya. General Electric. the national symbol for Canada. under the Basic Services to Urban Poor Programme (BSUP). Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) provides funds to States for creating housing and infrastructural facilities for the urban poor in 65 cities. it need not mean lower lending rates for borrowers.) While the new model will ensure greater transparency. The Centre has launched two programmes to improve the living conditions of slum-dwellers across the country. The front side of the coin displays Queen Elizabeth II and the reverse shows three maple leaves. world's largest gold coin The world's largest gold coin. The components for assistance include provision of basic services to the slum dwellers. Beverages firm. UN world’s most valuable brand M Apple Computers has emerged as the world’s most valuable M of the Forbes magazine.999 per cent. two belong to unidentified investors in Dubai and the whereabouts of the fifth are unknown. One is owned by Queen Elizabeth II. Intel and DI featured in the top 10 list. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade in New Delhi. the Integrated Housing and Slum development Programme (IHSDP) has been introduced. brand in the 50 top valuable brand list Apple was followed by software major Microsoft. S NS O TI A Tobin Tax IC of one currency Tobin Tax is a levy on all spot conversions UN into another. more transparent RE They will jettison the Benchmark Prime regime of loan pricing. banks will move to a new. National Institute of Industrial Engineering in Mumbai and XLRI Jamshedpur. It is Ma followed by Maharashtra with 26. Goa and Kerala and north-eastern States.113 114 Management in Ahmedabad and Kolkata. "Maple Leaf 2007" has been sold at an auction for $4. the National Agri Food A Biotechnology Institute (NABI) is being set up in Mohali. Other States with a sizable slum EE population in its cities are Haryana (8). Andhra tops the list—it has 36 D cities and towns with E slum population of 50. Lending Rate (BPLR) and price loans off a ‘base rate’.2 trillion in 2010 to $1. Unlike the BPLR that was set somewhat arbitrarily by banks. Marlboro. says there are 189 cities and towns in India with big slums. Foreign Direct Investments India has replaced the US as the second most important Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) destination for trans-national corporations. Institute of Management Technology at Ghaziabad. McDonald's.5 trillion in 2011 and $1. Finnish handset maker E Nokia M E New BPLR From 2010 July 1. . CO Coca Cola and technology giant IBM. Measuring 53 centimetres in diameter and with a purity of 99. RBI has stipulated that banks cannot charge below the base rate for most loans. NS India’s first agri-biotechnology institute O TI India’s first agri-biotechnology institute. are the only States where slums are non-existent. Chhattisgarh (6) and Gujarat SR and Rajasthan (5 each). near IC Chandigarh. Management Development Institute at Gurgaon. Uttar Pradesh (25). according to a survey conducted by UNCTAD. M M in Cities Survey of slums CO A survey of slums in cities and towns with a population of over one lakh as per theIA 2001 Census. For the remaining 124 towns. West Bengal (21) and Madhya Pradesh (15).0 trillion in 2012. It is imposed to prevent fluctuations in the market due to excessive capital inflows. the cost of statutory drafts on bank funds imposed by the Reserve Bank of India (the Cash Reserve Ratio and Statutory Liquidity Ratio) and the profit margin. There are five Maple Leaf 2007 coins worldwide. it is listed in the 2010 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s biggest gold coin.
endangering long-term food security goals. The country has a high “hunger score” of 24. and the child mortality rate. Values between 20 and 29. and Concern Worldwide ranks countries on three equally weighted indicators: the proportion of undernourished. India also runs the world’s largest free-meal programme for school-going children. Oil and Natural four giant public sector undertakings (PSUs) Gas Corporation (ONGC). Manufacturing of cigars. the 2010 hunger report reveals that more than 90 per domestic product. and Sub-Saharan African nations. Globally. India is among countries with “hunger levels considerably higher that their gross national income per capita would suggest”. particularly services. The the move to create a directory will particularly benefit the latter. The highest regional hunger indices suggesting the worst performers are almost the same for South Asian countries. M fed women. The SR services sector. such as India. Despite S China’s within three years by The Economist magazine. The IFPRI hunger index complied in partnership with German NGO Welthungerhilfe. according to the Internastunted children and poorly EE tional Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)’s “Global Hunger Index Ra strong economy that was predicted to overtake 2010”.115 116 world's first gold vending machine The world's first gold vending machine has been set-up in a hotel in Abu Dhabi in the UAE. while much reasonable database E is lacking for E non-agricultural ones. of tobacco or of tobacco substitutes have been put under the list of sectors where FDI is prohibited. India’s food security goals in danger An alarming new report by the World Bank has shown that an increasing number of aquifers in India are reaching unsustainable levels of exploitation. the world is nowhere near mee6ng the target of the UN’s goal of halving the proportion of hungry people.1 and ranks behind all its neighbours. such as Congo. the Union government notified the ban on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in cigarette manufacturing.5 per cent to the country’s gross cent of the world’s stunted children (whose height is low for their age) live in Asian countries. does not have a comprehensive data bank. India with a National Business Register O containing the details of every C business establishment in the country. If . number employed etc. Currently. NS O TI A IC UN Maharatna status for PSUs M The Central Government has granted ‘Maharatna' status to M NTPC. turnovers. The 'Gold To Go' machine gives out 1. NS O TI A IC N National BusinessU Register M The sixth economic census. cigarillos and cigarettes.800 kilocalories a day the minimum required to live a healthy and productive life. The national accounts significantly under-states the sector. including E others of the National Sample Survey Organisation. Asia director of the Washington. and the second. barring Bangladesh. 2010. India ranked FDI on Tobacco banned On April 8.largest producer of wheat and sugar. Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) and Steel CO Authority of India Limited (SAIL). a fairly M exists for the agricultural sector. the proportion of underweight children under five. sectors.9 on the index denote an “alarming” hunger situation. The business register is to keep an account of all business establishments with a workforce of 10 or more people addresses. contributing 62. “It’s kind of ironic. such as India and Bangladesh. apart from some Africa countries. The UN Food and Agriculture Organisa6on (FAO) defines hunger as the consump6on of fewer than 1.” Ashok Gulati. will provide M (NBR) for the first time.based IFPRI said. 67th among 85 countries in terms of access to food. The report points to widespread hunger in a country that is the world’s largest producer of milk and edible oils. IA Global D Hunger Index 2010 E India is among 29 countries with the highest levels of hunger. set to take off in 2011. Yet. withdrawal limit for ATMs The Reserve Bank of India has decided to increase the cash withdrawal limit for ATMs to Rs one lakh in a single day. even as it is the major contributor. 5 and 10 gram gold bars as well as gold coins. cheroots. The creation and maintenance of a business register and directory A are expected to be an economic data framework for various needed DI the Annual Survey of Industries and statistical surveys.
000 cr for bank re-capitalisation Rs 3000 cr for agricultural impetus Farm loan payments to be extended for six months Fertilizer subsidy to be reduced Rs 100 cr woman farmer fund scheme Coal regulatory authority to be set up Clean energy fund to be established Interest subvention of 2% to be extended for handicrafts and SMEs Rs 200 cr for Tamil Nadu textile sector Interest subvention for housing loans up to 1 lacs Allocation to defence raised to Rs 1. including “command-and-control” regulation of wells and curbing the supply of free or cheap power for groundwater irrigation. followed by Mumbai. 2010 On February 26.540 in 2009-10.800 cr to Rs 31036 cr Allocation to power sector at Rs 5130 cr Rs 10. The Additional Rs 1. A rainfall deficit in 196366 had decreased India’s food production by 20 per cent. is live in. This inaction has arisen mainly because the solutions often proposed for groundwater management are very controversial.000 cr Allocation to health Rs 22. Delhi is the best city to DIA liveable city.117 118 NS O TI A IC UN M M Liveability Index 2010 COIndex 2010. The report rings alarm bells for policy makers. prepared jointly by According to the Liveability A the CII and the Institute for Competitiveness. The Budget announcements tried to do just that. social and mental well being and personal REall its inhabitants. in 20 years about 60 per cent of all aquifers in the country will be in a critical condition. Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee presented a Budget that broadly focused on fiscal stabilization. there is little investment in its management. warning them against status quo.300 cr Allocation for school education up from Rs 26. according to the report.4 per cent at Rs 33. E not just an urbanised area in an urbanised region defined by the M Liveability refers to an urban system that presence of a municipality. what was required from the Budget was a further push for consumption and investment. Union Budget. Union Budget was presented at a time when the Indian economy was on the path of revival and almost all demand indicators had turned significantly positive. 2010. Highlights: The per capita income of India in 2009-10 was Rs 43. but a similar drought in 1987-88 had very small impact on food production due to widespread prevalence of groundwater. Today. against Rs 31.46 lakh cr Government to set up National Mission for delivery of justice EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . concludes the report “Deep Wells and Prudence: Towards Pragmatic Action for Addressing Groundwater Overexploitation in India”.47 lakh cr Defence capex raised to Rs 60. Even though there is a major dependence of many sectors on groundwater and it is being overexploited. per capita income is estimated to grow by 5.000 cr allocated for Indira Awaas Yojna Social Security Fund to have corpus of over Rs 1000 cr Rs 2400 cr for MSMEs Government to contribute Rs 1000 per month for pension security Rs 5400 cr allocated for urban development Rs 66100 cr allocated for rural development Rs 1900 cr allocated for UID project Gross tax receipts Rs 7. putting at risk over a quarter of the harvest.749 according to the advance estimates of Central Statistical Organistation. developments of S CSO Estimates current trends continue. groundwater supports 60 per cent of irrigated agriculture and more than 80 per cent of rural and urban water supplies.000 cr Rs 1200 cr assistance for drought in Bundelkhand Rs 48000 cr for Bharat Nirman NREGA scheme allocation raised to Rs 41.000 cr Divestment target of Rs 25. which is now declining. exploiting 230 cubic kilometres of groundwater every year over a quarter of the global total. After taking inflation into account. Investment and consumption demand was also on a revival mode.65. In the current economic scenario. The buoyancy in the manufacturing sector and up-tick in import and export were also working well for economic growth prospects.821 during 2008-09.141 in 2008-09. E contributes to the physical. India is the largest groundwater user in the world. It was Rs 40.
440 crore. Impact of Sixth Pay Commission recommendations placed at Rs. Andaman and Nicobar Islands to get railway line from Port Blair to Diglipur.3 per cent in 2010-11.1. Though the budget proposes to raise net surplus from Rs 951.87. Centre for railway research to be established with Indian Institutes of Technology and Defence Research and Development Organisation.000 crore. including 10 Durantos. The Railways hope to bring it down to 92. 8 lakh: 30 per cent private partnership (PPP) mode or are “subject to sanction by the Finance Ministry and Planning Commission”. Special 'Bharat Teertha' train to be run around India to commemorate Rabindranath Tagore's 150th birth anniversary. which was a healthy 75 per cent in 2007-08. 8 lakh: 20 per cent Income tax on income above Rs. Further extension of Kolkata Metro on priority basis. Free travel for cancer patients in 3rd AC classes. Design. A special train to be run from West Bengal to Bangladesh to commemorate the anniversary. 2010 To build 20 km of highway every day Income tax on income upto Rs 1. Many projects come with riders: they’re either proposed in the public- 15% rise in planned expenditure Fiscal deficit target of 5. Cost-sharing in public-private-partnership (PPP) mode in some gauge-conversion projects.328 crore in 2009-10. Gross earnings in 2009-10 estimated at Rs. Railway line to be extended from Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Jammu and Kashmir.281 crore.7 per cent in 2009-10.173 crore in 2010-11. The Minister also S promised to construct over 1. proportion of expenses to earnings. Rs. Only Rs 373.09 crore was provided for new projects.6 lakh: Nil Income tax on income above Rs 1. Tagore family.119 120 NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Railways Budget. was up to 94. 54 new food trains.5 lakh and upto Rs. stations to be named after Bahadur Shah Zafar.6 lakh and upto Rs.411 crore.88. Expenses during 2010-11 estimated at Rs.lakh crore Nutrient based fertiliser subsidy scheme to come into force from April 1. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . The operating ratio. Ten automobile ancillary hubs to be created. were announced. 5 lakh: 10 per cent Income tax on income above Rs. 2010. Sikkim capital Gangtok to be connected by rail from Rangpo.03 crore in 2009-10 to Rs 3. No change in passenger Railways Budget. were cut to keep prices down. North-south.5% in FY11 Excise on all non smoking tobacco raised Televisions to be costlier Mobile phones to become cheaper Cement to be costlier Refrigerators to be costlier Jewellery to be more expensive Monorail granted project import status CDs to be cheaper Excise duty on CFL halved to 4% Bank farm loan target: Rs 3.000 km of new rail lines over next one year.83.100 reduction in freight per wagon for fertilisers and kerosene. these figures were called “peanuts” by experts when compared to the figures of some years ago.55. Thrust on expansion in 2010-11 with allocation of Rs. Highlights: No increase in passenger fares.Eon M fares was announced Planning Commission was pitching for a E hike and the freight rates on select.100 crore. Working expenditure in 2009-10 estimated at Rs. Policy decision to employ one member of family whose land is requisitioned for railway projects. Net profit of Rs. Karmabhoomi trains to be introduced for migrant labour. New Janmabhoomi train between Ahmedabad and Udhampur. east-west dedicated freight corridors to be created.75.4. development and testing centre for railway wheels at Bangalore. but significant items such as kerosene and RE grains. 2010 A Union Railways Minister Mamata Banerjee presented the DIFebruary 24.
Full recovery. the Thirteenth Finance Commission has recommended a debt relief scheme for the States. a performance incentive of Rs 1. Trade gap narrowed to USD 76.5 per cent.6 per cent.5 per cent at present. High double-digit food inflation in 2009-10 major concern.3 per cent. much of it is tied to specific spending programmes such as those for elementary education and environment.5 percentage points. Government initiates steps to boost private investment in agriculture. against 54.7 tonnes.75 per cent in 2010-11. There is. Of this. even as it raised the share of taxes that the States would be entitled to receive over the next five years by 1. Exports in April-December 2009 down 20. up to 1 per cent can be incentive-linked. The Commission has told governments at the Centre and States to set their fiscal house in order. a Constitutional body that is appointed every five years to recommend a tax-sharing formula between the Centre and States. Favours making available food in open market.500 crore for Assam. and 75 per cent recommended by the Twelfth Finance Commission.24 bn in April-December. Favours monthly ration coupons usable anywhere for poor. The Finance Commission has said the Centre should transfer 32 per cent of the taxes it collects to States. among other things.8 per cent to 50.5 per cent of the divisible tax pool. that the overall debt of the Centre and States be capped at 68 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) from the current 82 per cent. The relatively less stringent condition for States comes with the rider that the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act allows the Centre to borrow on behalf of the States to help them counter macro-economic shocks. Wants credit available at reasonable rates on time for private sector to invest in agriculture. Railways to be lead partner for Commonwealth Games. Domestic oil production to rise 11 per cent in 2009-10. In addition. however. India 10th largest gold holding nation at 557. During the financial crisis. For States the reduction in debt is recommended at 2 percentage points to 25 per cent. The overall ceiling including transfers to local bodies on transfers from the Centre’s gross revenue has been raised from 38 to 39.2 billion cubic meters with RIL starting production. Need serious policy initiatives for 4% agriculture growth. While there is more reason for the States to cheer since the commission proposes an increase in grants. Imports in April-December 2009 down 23. Moots direct food subsidy via food coupons to households. Farm & allied sector production falls 0. 32. Gas output up 52. Gross fiscal deficit pegged at 6. Like its predecessor. Sikkim and Uttarakhand and a grant of Rs 51. India world's 2nd largest wireless network with 525. astroturf to be provided for development of hockey. E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO 13th Finance Commission The Union government has accepted most of the recommendations of the Thirteenth Finance Commission headed by former Finance Secretary Vijay Kelkar. The Finance Commission has recommended that the Centre reduce debt to 45 per cent of GDP by March 2015.9% investment (of GDP in 2008-09) put India in league of world's fastest growing nations.2 per cent at present. the Commission.5% savings & 34.1 million mobile users. Virtually every second Indian has access to phone. Its stringent new roadmap for fiscal responsibility suggests. employment opportunities for sports persons. Among proposals that provide a thrust to fiscal federalism. Himachal Pradesh and the north-eastern States (excluding Assam).121 122 Five sports academies to be set up. has suggested a roadmap for the introduction of a single-rate goods and services tax (GST).5 pc of GDP in 2009-10. arrested. against 30.2% in 2009-10. the commission has recommended that local bodies receive up to 2. Signs of food inflation spreading to other sectors. The first element is to cap the interest rate on a part of the loans from the EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Slowdown in infrastructure that began in 2007. the key indirect tax reform to create a common market in India.800 crore to meet the deficits of Jammu & Kashmir. the Centre had relaxed the cap on the fiscal deficit. Broad recovery gives scope for gradual stimulus roll back. Auction for 3G spectrum to provide existing and foreign players to bring in new technology and innovations. return to 9 per cent growth in 2011-12. Economic Survey 2010 Economy likely to grow by up to 8.
for instance. The milestone.2% in 2004-05. . 2010. China is also locked in a fierce debate over its currency policy. The London School of Business topped the list. Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir would be the top losers. while Japan’s economy is mature and its population quickly aging. Beijing is also beginning to shape global dialogues on a range of issues. Economists say that China’s economy is too heavily dependent on exports and investment and that it needs to encourage greater domestic consumption something China has struggled to do. This will translate into a benefit of Rs 28.360 crore to the States. in 2009 it asserted that the dollar must be phased out as the world’s primary reserve currency. with things like special trade agreements and multi-billion dollar resource deals. there was even talk about Japan’s economy someday overtaking that of the United States.28 trillion in the second quarter. Madhya Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh.506 crore benefit with the government accepting the suggestion to write off central loans that are not administered by the finance ministry but were outstanding at the end of 2009-10. In addition. The expert group to review the methodology for estimation of poverty. save for sharp growth in some years. while shifting some loans off their balance sheet to disguise lending and evade rules meant to curtail lending growth. China says that its currency is not substantially undervalued and that it is moving ahead with currency reform. China has continued to climb up the economic league tables by investing heavily in infrastructure and backing a $586 billion stimulus plan. European Union and others accusing Beijing of keeping the Chinese currency. ISB has improved its position to published by the SR Rural poor estimated at 42% Agriculture sector in India continues to suffer. followed by the University of Pennsylvania and Harvard Business School. though A anticipated for some time. Japan has had the world’s second-largest economy for much of the last four decades. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO suggests that China’s economy will race past Japan’s for the full year. as well as a lot more room to grow. But.4 percent in the quarter. Rural poverty was projected at 41. slightly EE below China’sR $1. meaning it has a much lower standard of living. the renminbi. Japan’s economy grew 0. A DI E Top 20 B-schools in the world M of Business (ISB) is the only one from The Indian School India to find a place on the list of top 20 B-schools in the world. China is already a major driver of global growth. The country’s largely state-run banks have recently been criticized for lending far too aggressively in 2009. chaired by Suresh Tendulkar. respectively. The Finance Commission has projected that tax receipts would see a compounded annual growth rate of over 17 per cent between March 2010 and March 2015. The country’s leaders have bag the 12th spot on the list of top 100 B-Schools across the globe in 2010. EE Financial Times. while nominal GDP growth is estimated at 13. was valued at about $1. there is a Rs 4.5 per cent. And during the 1980s. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra would be the biggest beneficiaries in terms of share of transfers. While the United States and the European Union are struggling to grow in the wake of the worst economic crisis in decades. with the United States. Stanford University GSB and Insead have been ranked at the fourth and fifth positions. China is in the throes of urbanization and is far from developed.8% and urban grown more confident on the international stage and have begun to assert greater influence in Asia. Including the higher grants-in-aid. has now suggested that the poverty ratio at the all India level was actually 37.33 trillion.2 per cent. China has passed After three decades of spectacular Japan in the second quarter of 2010 to become the world’s secondCO largest economy behind the United States.Ssubstantially less than forecast. There are huge challenges ahead. artificially low to bolster exports leading to huge trade surpluses for China but major bilateral trade deficits for the United States and the European Union. though.123 124 NS O TI A IC China overtakes Japan as second-largest UN Economy M M growth. The recognition M when Tokyo said that Japan’s economy came on August 16. Prescribing a zero revenue deficit as the golden rule. Africa and Latin America. according to the World Bank. Iis the most striking evidence yet that D China’s ascendancy is for real and that the rest of the world will E have to reckon with a new economic superpower. That weakness National Small Savings Fund at 9 per cent from up to 10. the Commission has recommended that the endeavour for all States should be to reach that level by 2014-15.
the poverty line was defined in terms of per capita consumer expenditure at 1973-74 market prices and adjusted over time and across States for changes in prices keeping unchanged the original 1973-74 reference poverty line baskets of goods and services. A The difference is met through subsidy. This is UN likely to have positive sentimental impact on share prices of fertiliser M companies. However the urea prices 483 per tonne or 10 per cent. as against official estimates of 28. It moved away from the calorie intake criteria for determining poverty line.125 126 NS O TI Nutrient-based subsidy policy CA The Union government has approved Ithe Nutrient Based Fertiliser Subsidy (NBS) plan with effect from April 1. The main aim of the mission is to help generate 20. rather than just calories. (d) to deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022. applications.000 MW of solar power by 2022. according to the 2010 Environmental Performance Index (EPI). Iceland leads the world in addressing pollution control and natural resource management challenges.7% by the committee. and Sierra Leone—countries that lack basic environmental amenities and policy capacity. to boost developing countries’ power in the InternationalR S Monetary Fund. 2010.7% for rural and urban population. Under the new policy. even as they failed to set targets for a wide-ranging global economic rebalancing. biodiversity and habitat. The all-India rural and urban poverty line baskets were derived separately. Angola. The Prime Minister urged the industry to create ‘Solar Valleys’ on the lines of Silicon Valleys and asked business houses to view the Solar Energy Mission as a business opportunity. reaching 1000 MW by 2017 and 2000 MW by 2020. air quality. fisheries. In the past.400 for rural people and 2. National Solar mission has been set-up to create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20. water resource management. The IMF deal was hailed by fund MD Dominique Strauss-Kahn as a ‘historical’ moment that will see Europeans give up two seats on its 24-strong board to powerful developing countries and transfer 6 percent of votes to them. and Japan (20th). respectively. M Mission launched Solar EE Manmohan Singh launched India’s Solar Prime R SMinister at 25. assuming per capita daily calorie intake of 2.000 MW of solar power in 2020. respectively. the companies can fix retail M will be increased by Rs fertiliser prices. The Tendulkar panel has made four major departures from the past practices. He added that the success of the mission had the potential of transforming India’s energy prospects while contributing to national and global efforts to combat climate change. 2010. significantly behind other industrialised nations like Britain (14th). NS O TI A IC UN M M CO .100 for urban population. The other objectives are: (a) Promote programmes for off-grid A DI E G-20 raises developing nations’ quota in IMF M20 Finance leaders struck a landmark deal on The Group of EE October 22. forestry. it tests for adequacy of actual food expenditure near the poverty line to ensure aggregate nutrition. and climate change. It proposes to replace the current system of E giving subsidy to the industry with direct assistance to farmers. reflecting the strain rapid economic growth imposes on the environment. The EPI ranks 163 countries on their performance across 25 metrics aggregated into ten categories including environmental health. Mauritania. (c) to achieve 15 million sq metres solar thermal collector area by 2017 and 20 million by 2022. Occupying the bottom five positions are Togo. Germany (17th). which are lower than their costs of production or import.3% and 25. agriculture. according to the index produced by a team of environmental experts at Yale University and Columbia University. Instead. The US ranks 61st. 2010. Fertilisers are sold at governmentCO fixed prices. the Central African Republic. The NBS does away with DI maximum retail price. Energy Mission (named Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission) on January 11. (b) to create favourable conditions for solar manufacturing capability for indigenous production and market leadership. 2010 Environmental Performance Index India and China rank 123rd and 121st in pollution control.
It is mildly venomous. targeting an installed capacity of 20.000 MW by the year 2022. aimed at cutting carbon emissions by 99 million tonnes. as he announced the launch of a National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency. The percentages of threatA ened invertebrates and plants are similar. spotted only twice in the past. India to launch mission to cut emissions India will spare no efforts to contribute to the success of post-Copenhagen process. “proving the importance of conservation”. 41 percent amphibians. When we caught it. Following this decision. reptiles A fifth of the world’s mammals. 13 percent birds. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh declared on February 6. said their findings on vertebrates showed that “nature’s backbone is at risk”. We are now on the lookout for more specimens so that more can be studied about its habitat and behaviour. Releasing the findings at DI the Oct.Maneri and providing 2. 22 percent reptiles and 15 percent fishes risk extinction. mostly due to loss of their habitats and some due to overhunting.” Experts and NGOs were consulted to identify the specimen. and environment experts that river Ganga will be allowed to run its natural flow . says this year’s CO edition of the benchmark IUCN Red List.000 MW of free power to Uttarakhand as compensation for the same. Around 3. Within the ambit of our National Action Plan on Climate Change. “The discovery took place on September 13 after a house owner contacted us to capture the snake. 18-29 UN biodiversity summit. The initiative is expected to lead to avoidance of capacity addition of nearly 20. The successes include three species that were EE SR government has decided to declare the natural The Union A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO course of the Ganga in 135 km stretch from Gaumukh to Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand as India’s first “eco-sensitive” zone on a major river. we realised it was a species we had not seen before. Bhairon Ghati and Pala. including senior BJP leaders.” said Divisional Forest Officer (Wild Life II) Sumita Ghatak. “This discovery is particularly exciting because this is the first time that a live specimen of the reptile — the Coral Red Kukri snake – has been reported. Very little is known about the species or its habitat. This means that part of the river cannot be disturbed for any projects. from aroundS the India’s first eco-sensitive zone on a major river They have found that 25 percent of all mammals. and its sudden appearance is very interesting. The snake was orange in colour and 88 cm long.Nagoya (Japan) on October 27th. Results show that the status of biodiversity would have declined by at least an additional 20 percent if conservation action had not been taken. 2010. was discovered at a home in north Bengal's Jalpaiguri town on September 30th. Rare snake sighted in West Bengal A rare species of snake. “Tissue samples from the snake have been collected for analysis and we are going to conduct further investigations about the snake. The decision is direct fallout of Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh’s assurance to religious gurus. and Przewalski’s horse in Mongolia. first discovered in 1936. Simon Stuart. IUCN has found 64 species that have improved their status in the Red List. Stuart said all these were in areas that had been protected. for example. There is no record of the Dooars being a natural habitat for this snake.127 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 128 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES extinct in the wild and have since been re introduced back to nature: the California condor and the black footed ferret in the US. amphibians. India has already unveiled one of the world's most ambitious plans for promoting solar energy. The Oligodon Cheriensis. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh approved a proposal of scrapping three big hydel projects Loharinag Pala.000 scientists R world have worked to put this Red List together.” NS O TI A IC UN risk A fifth of world's life at M extinction M birds. and fishes are in imminent danger of going extinct. A sighting was also reported near Mahendranagar in Nepal. being attended by 192 E countries. is named after the place in Uttar Pradesh where it was reportedly sighted for the first time. moving from the critically endangered to the endangered category.000 MW and reduce carbon dioxide emissions of almost 99 million tonnes. that was kept under observation for about 10 days. chair of M the Species Survival Commission of the International Union for Conservation ofEE Nature (IUCN). It was released into the wild on September 25.
was discovered from a depth of 500 metres off the Mangalore coast. NS O TI A IC UN M M 183 Elephant Corridors Identified CO A The Ministry of Environment and Forests has identified 183 DI corridors for elephants. according to researchers. a new gummy shark species. 100% central assistance is extended to Coastal States/Union Territories. including Baloon. 28 Inter State Elephant Corridors and 17 are International M year the Ministry receives proposals in Elephant Corridors. indicating that global temperatures for 2010 are continuing to track near record levels.5 crores has been released to Kerala and Rs. New species of fishes found in Indian waters The presence of a shark species new to science and 84 other deep-sea dwellers new to the Indian waters have been brought out by a stock assessment of deep sea fishes of the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone and the central Indian Ocean. In the last three years Rs. The final ranking of 2010 will E until November and December data are analysed not become clear RE in early 2011. Temperature rise to hit water. The details of central assistance provided to Coastal States/Union Territories for conservation & management of mangroves during the last three years and the current year. Of the 84 species of fishes found in the Indian waters. according to data compiled by the World Meteorological OrM ganization (WMO) that were released here on Thursday. 38 sites have been identified as appropriate for planting of mangroves and their conservation and management. The State-wise list is given in Annexure-I. Researchers have also confirmed the presence of 10 species of eels belonging to Conger. who had been advocating that no dams small or big be allowed on the river. Every E the form of Annual Plan of Operation from States / Union Territory’s RE for various activities under Project Elephant which includes restoraS Nationwide 38 Sites Identified for Plantation tion of Elephant Corridors also. for implementation of their approved Management Action Plans which comprise components such as Survey and Demarcation. 4.7 to 2 degrees Celsius rise in the annual mean surface air temperature by 2030 due to the change in climate conditions. Preliminary operational data from November 1 to 25 S indicate that global temperatures from November 2010 are similar to those observed in November 2005. The minister had support of non-official members of the authority. 3. NS IO Tyears 2010 in the top three warmest A IC The year 2010 is almost certain to rank in the top three warmest years since the beginning of instrumental climate records in UN 1850. Alternate and Supplementary Livelihoods. the mangrove cover in the country stands at 4639 km2 out of which 353 km2 is in Andhra Pradesh. published by Forest Survey of India. Cusk and Snipe families from the study region. Under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Conservation and Management of Mangroves.55 degrees Celsius plus or IA the 1961–1990 annual average of 14 degrees Celsius. As per the State of Forest Re- .25 crores to Tamil Nadu for acquisition of land for Elephant Corridors. Afforestation and Restoration of Mangroves. Mustelus manglorensis. The data also indicates that the January-October 2010 M temperatures are near record levels. Protection Measures.11 degrees Celsius above 0. 4X4 Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on key sectors and regions of The Ministry has a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Conservation and Management of Mangroves in the country. port 2009. Cat. At present. A WMO M sea surface and land surface statement said the global combined O air temperature for 2010 (January–October) is now estimated at Cminus 0. Out of this 138 are State Elephant CorriE dors. health India is expected to witness a 1. According to researchers. just ahead of 1998 2010's nominal valueE is and 2005. Education and Awareness etc. forest. On a nationwide basis. this is the second gummy shark that has been reported from the Indian Ocean against the 19 known worldwide. The acquisition process are done by respective State Governments. Dthe highest on record. 15 were shark varieties. The report. Most of the species were found inhabiting the sea at a depth beyond 500 metres. who so request. Lantern and Gulpers.129 130 in the 135-km stretch. according to a report commissioned by Ministry of Environment and Forests.
the report says that frequency of droughts is already increasing. held in October 2010. in 2010. The pressure on India and China to reduce emissions is rising. making India first developing country to publish such data. . in 2009. it made it clear to the Secretariat of the United Nations FrameDI E work Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that all its domestic mitigation actions M entirely voluntary in nature and not legally were E binding.' released by Assam governIC one-horned rhino. especially among the middle-class. Brazil and South Africa. The other is for developed countries to commit to what extent they will reduce their greenhouse gas emissions after 2012. a position India had maintained at Copenhagen Summit in Denmark. One track is on long-term cooperative action to combat climate change. M India is world’s third largest carbon emitter CO India is now world’s third biggest carbon dioxide emitting IA nation after China andD US. when the current commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol runs out. The statement also said is that the difference in total carbon emissions between the US (22 per cent) and India is still huge. water and forests in four regions of the country: Himalayas. the highest in any known M tiger habitat. Western Ghats. 2010.. at the next round of China. has been prepared by 220 scientists from 120 research institutions under the Indian Network for Climate Change Assessment (INCCA). famous for UN has the highest density of tigers in the world. BASIC countries seek environment treaty India. The saving grace that the developing countries strongly support international legallybinding agreements.The density of tigers at Kaziranga is 32. a day sion intensity cut targets by 20-25 O cent per C before the world body’s January 31 deadline for submitting the climate change mitigation steps under the Copenhagen Accord. In May a report on GHG Emissions 2007 was released. moved to the top position while contributing 23 per EE cent of the R S total global emissions and India. damage dams and harm infrastructure. India's per-capita carbon emission is still lowest in the world (about 4. India has kept it out of the purview of the mitigations actions in its blueprint submitted to the UN to ensure food security. In fact. This is the second major publication on INCCA. which may affect crop yields. ment. Coastal areas are likely to witness maximum increase in temperature while winters are expected to get warmer. followed by one hosted by China at the end of October 2010. The third meeting of BASIC ministers concluded in Cape Town April 25.km. surpassed Russia to take the third position with five percent. The next BASIC ministerial meeting will be held at the end of July 2010 in Brazil. Though agriculture sector contributes around 14 per cent RE S of the total GHG emissions. 2010. have said that the legally binding climate treaty on reduction of carbon emission should be finalised latest by 2011 as the “world could not wait indefinitely”. jointly called BASIC countries.64 tigers per 100 sq.5 tonnes) but the demand for energy is rising. Coastal zone and the NorthEast in 2030. US chief climate negotiator Todd Stern told a meeting of major economies forum that a legally binding climate treaty was not possible until India and China take “obligation” to reduce emissions. The new emission data from the the E United Nations was a cause of worry for India’s climate negotiators Mtalks in Tianjin in China. health. especially in the Himalayan region where the degree of severity had increased by more than 20 per cent since the 1970s. as the lack of such agreements hurts developing countries more than developed nations. India. India may endure floods 30 per cent more severe in magnitude and heightened drought conditions by 2030. NS Monitoring of Tigers ReportO TI According to a report titled ‘Monitoring of Tigers and Prey A Animals of Kaziranga National Park. India submitted its proposed emisM by 2020 to the UN. It is the first assessment report on the impact of climate change on agriculture. HowA ever. The ministers said that negotiations should follow a two-pronged approach. China.131 132 NS O TI A IC UN India submits proposed carbon cuts to UN M On January 30. the Kaziranga National Park. Russia's emissions have been falling because of economic slowdown.
reddish-orange and dark-grey smoke. NS O Solar-powered LED lanterns to earn I T carbon A credits IC The United Nations’ Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) N aimed at slowing the warming of the planet has notified governUcarbon-emission saved ments and companies on how to calculate M by installing solar-powered Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) instead M give India an incentive to of ubiquitous. half the cost of a solar-powered LED lighting system. The pact was signed at a meeting meant as a precursor to the UN-sponsored talks in Cancun. the rocket EE exploded into a ball of fire. Ka-Sat will ensure access to broadband Internet for poorly served terrestrial networks in Europe and Mediterranean basin. The rocket GSLV-F06 was to have put into orbit communication satellite GSAT-5P. Some experts have said programming errors caused failures. Meanwhile. "The satellite was successfully put into orbit". as falls in advanced economies were largely outweighed by rises in China and India. the only abode of the animals in the world. the Khrunichev space centre said December 27th. As it was climbing into the sky. taken in 2005. the equivalent of 60 million cars. Once charged. giving no hint of the disaspad It ascended into ter that awaited the rocket. Flaming debris from the rocket came down in a shower over the Bay of Bengal. with DI of fire as it ascended into the sky.8 billion tonne. compared with eight to 10 hours that conventional solar RElamps are about 90 per cent more energy efficient lanterns do. the GSLV-F06 lifted off from its launch Mthe sky majestically. a new study has found that fossilfuel gases edged back less than hoped in 2009. ancient lanterns. which still gets light by directly burning fuels. was 359. The last count. The satellite was constructed by EADS Astrium for Eutelsat. A ing a saving of 50 million tonnes A tonne of emission saved fetches up to Rs 19. built by ISRO on a commercial basis in partnership . This was Proton's first successful launch after a failure on December 5 of three Russian navigation satellites. meanCof carbon emissions every year. A GSLV-F06. emitting nearly 200 million tonnes of carbon dioxide each year.133 134 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 World mayors sign climate change pact Mayors from around the world have signed a voluntary pact in Mexico City to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The UN estimates its new initiative can change the lives of a quarter of humanity. The previous GSLV flight flown in April 2010 also ended in failure.000 per annum onM kerosene costs. compared with 2008. the sky lost it trajectory and SR Asiatic Lion census 2010 According to the Asiatic Lion census-2010. They fell into the Pacific some 1. Participants from some 135 cities and urban areas signed the pact committing them to adopt a number of measures to stem climate change. It is not known whether the range safety officer in the mission control centre pressed the ‘destructive’ button to destroy the rocket. gas and coal were 30.3 per cent in 2009. AE poor 1. LED S than traditional incandescent lamps and about 20 per cent more than Compact Fluorescent Lamps. Russia has temporarily suspended Proton launches. has grown by 13 percent to 411. the population of Asiatic Lions in the Gir forest in Gujarat's Saurashtra region. Europe's leading satellite operator. After the incident. as it was wearing off its path. from Sriharikota ended in failure on December 25. SPACE RESEARCH Russia puts European satellite Ka-Sat in orbit Russia on December 27th put into orbit the European KaSat satellite launched overnight by a Proton-M rocket from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. was filled with white. a record year. Annual emissions of carbon dioxide from the burning of oil. Glonass.500 kilometres (937 miles) from Hawaii. a retreat of only 1. After a the rocket bursting to a ball E smooth 30-hour countdown. Soon after. This could O replace the lamps that are used in 30 per cent of households. LED bulb works for up to E 42 hours. to reach orbit. communication satellite HYLAS launched An advanced communication satellite HYLAS (Highly Adaptable Satellite).000 in the internaDI Indian household can save up to Rs tional carbon market. NS O TI A IC UN M M fails GSLV-F06 launch CO The launch of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle.
2010. NASA’s Cassini probe scooped oxygen from the thin atmosphere of the planet’s moon while passing overhead at an altitude of 97 km in March 2010. Astronomers have counted 62 moons orbiting Saturn. At 1500 km wide. that is sustained by high-energy particles slamming into the moon’s surface and kicking up atoms.09 hours Indian Standard Time (IST) by the European Ariane-5 V198 launch vehicle. The lunar probe named after a Chinese mythical moon goddess. NS O TI A IC UN M M satellites PSLV launches five CO On July 12. E Canadian and Swiss were launched as part of a commercial opM one kg and has been built by 35 students of eration. It will generate pictures and data relevant for agriculture and rural development. while flying low over Saturn’s icy moon. besides setting up its own manned space station. China’s second lunar probe. W longitude for European coverage. Built at Rs 175 has a camera R crore and S weighing 694 kg. is currently orbiting 100 km above the moon taking pictures of its surface with a high resolution camera. ISRO's Master Control Facility (MCF) at Hassan in Karnataka successfully received radio signals transmitted by HYLAS and the satellite's health is normal. 2010.135 136 NS O TI A Thirty Meter Telescope Project IC On June 25. Such a large size of E in much sharper way than aperture will help it M collecting more light. Rhea. China also plans to send a probe to Mars by 2013 and to Venus by 2015. marking the success of China’s ‘Chang’e-2’ lunar probe mission. The mission will include aspects of short (up to 3 days) and medium-range (up to a week) predictions as well. According to the new road map. The launch took place from the Guyana Space Centre at Kourou in French Guyana. wisps of oxygen have only been detected on planets and their moons indirectly. . Its application will be towards cartography in India. The images generated by the teleREtimes sharper than the Hubble Space Telescope. The status of an observer is first step by India in O becoming a full partner in TMT. origin of galaxies and formation of planets M among others. Until now. which was launched on October 1. thus generating much E clearer and sharper images of fainter objects. India joined as anN U observer in the ambitious astronomical observatory. Studsat weighs E seven engineering colleges of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. in M Hawaii. scope will be 12 S First Oxygen sampled outside Earth on Saturn A spacecraft has tasted oxygen in the atmosphere of another world for the first time. is aimed at testing necessary technologies and continuing to transfer data back to earth for further research before eventually landing on the moon as an experiment for future lunar probes. The satellite is expected to be operated from 33. The pictures were taken and sent back by ‘Chang’e-2’. The three foreign satellites Algerian. official media said. China’s second lunar mission probe successful Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao unveiled pictures of the ’Bay of Rainbows’.5 deg. regarded as a trial run to land ’Chang’e-3’ in 2013. HYLAS separated from Ariane-5 launch vehicle after reaching its intended Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). five satellites CARTOSAT. which will be fully operational C 2018 and will be world’s most in advanced astronomical observatory. Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT). UK consists of ten high power transponders that use eight in Ka and two in Ku band frequencies. ’Chang’e-2’. STUDSAT and A three foreign satellites were launched by the ISRO-built Polar SatelDI lite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). molecules and ions. which will help in unravelling mysteries of black hole. using the Hubble space telescope and other major facilities. HYLAS satellite developed for Avanti Communications. It Ethat produces high-resolution data. which may not be possible by present day scopes. Instruments aboard Cassini revealed an extremely thin oxygen and carbon dioxide atmosphere with EADS-Astrium of Europe. CARTOSAT-2B is an earth observation satellite in a sun-synchronous orbit. The satellite is designed to deliver high-speed broadband services through its spot beams over Europe. was successfully launched November 27. 2010 at 00. Thirty-five minutes after its lift-off. National Mission on Monsoon The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) has proposed a National Mission on Monsoon towards developing reliable dynamic models for forecasting the monsoon over the next three to five-year period through a multi-institutional effort. Rhea is the second largest and is thought to be made almost entirely of ice. The telescope will have a 30IA metre segmented mirror which uses diffraction of light and focuses Dsmaller telescopes.
It is the first spacecraft to use such technology. The space station construction mission boosted Atlantis’ mileage to just over 193 million km. thus providing the spacecraft with enough thrust to hover and RE rotate. But that’s not in the cards unless the White House grants a reprieve. “These initial images show a dynamic Sun that I had never seen in more than 40 years of solar research. Equatorial Rocket Launching Station and the Satish Dhawan Space EE Centre in Sriharikota to investigate the effects of the longest annular SR solar eclipse of this millennium. 2010. director of the Heliophysics Division at NASA Headquarters in Washington. the maiden Indian moon IC of ice deposits on mission. Atlantis and its six-man crew landed at Florida’s Kennedy Space Center marking the end of Atlantis’ 25 years of service. some 2. Dhuman hair. Analysis UN Aperture Radar (Miniof data obtained by the Miniature Synthetic M SAR) aboard Chandrayaan-I spacecraft has provided evidence for M moon’s North Pole.137 138 Space shuttle Atlantis lands for final time On May 26. adding a new compartment and fresh batteries. It also alludes to the Greek mythic close to the Sun and fell into the sea. which is thinner than E a equipped with thin-film solar cells. The space agency would like Atlantis to return to the International Space Station in June 2011. It is the NS O Chandrayaan-I finds ice on moon TI A The success story of Chandrayaan-I. by NASA’s two other spaceships. The shuttle and its astronauts left the outpost bigger and more powerful. Its name is M an acronym for Interplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation of M hero Icarus who flew too the Sun. that was created when an asteroid smacked into moon's southern hemisphere shortly after the formation of earth's only natural satellite. Chandrayaan-I finds deepest crater on moon Scientists have discovered moon's biggest and deepest crater. accumulated over 32 flights. In space. turned a new chapter with the discovery the moon by an American payload aboard the spacecraft. . using data from a NASA instrument that flew aboard India's maiden unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-I. Only two shuttle missions remain. The square-shaped sail. diameter) with sub-surface water A 10 Rohini series indigenous rockets DI E The VikramM Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) launched a total of 10 Rohini series indigenous sounding rockets from the Thumba.400 km-long and 9 km deep. The Minithe presence of ice deposits near the SAR instrument found more than 40 small craters (two to 15 km in CO ice located at their base. The US space agency's Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) detected the enormous crater. NS First solar powered spacecraftO TI Japanese scientists have developed a CA I kite-shaped ‘space yacht’ that uses only solar power for propulsion. The spacecraft IKAROS would be launched into the space for a six-month mission UN to Venus. the spacecraft’s CO short cylindrical pod will be separated from the rocket spinning up IA to 20 times a minute. uses resistance created by the M Sun’s energy in the same way as wind propels a yacht through E water. first mission of the organisation’s Living with a Star Program or LWS one of the NASA’s many missions to study the Sun and space environment. S NASA’s Solar Mission releases pictures of Sun US space agency NASA has released stunning solar images some of which highlight never-before-seen material streaming out of the Sun while others show extreme close-ups of activity on the Sun’s surface. the South Pole-Aitken basin. The images were taken by Solar Dynamics Observatory. This will help it unfold its flexible 46-feet sail.” said Richard Fisher. or SDO that was recently launched by NASA.
flew the aircraft to an Test pilot. NS O TI A IC UN M M First flight of Tejas supersonic fighter plane CO The dream of having a supersonic fighter jet of indigenous A built came one step closer to realisation on June 2. satellites and UAV’s with ground and command stations which will in turn have the position of the ground-based air defence guns deployed at airbases. It can carry conventional warheads up to 300 kg and effectively engage ground targets from an altitude of just 10 metres. also supplied by GE (GE F404 IN20). two stateof-the-art high-speed warships. choppers.139 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 140 DEFENCE NEWS Unmanned Aerial Vehicle The Defence Research and Development Oganisation (DRDO). Installation tion of the indigenous multi-role fighter jet by the IAF. without causing collateral damage. The necessity for a new engine arose after the LCA’s present engine. Chandipur off the Orissa coast. The aircraft is being developed by the DRDO with the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) being the implementing agency for the RE of the new engine will pave the way for acquisiS project. NS O TI A IC UN INS Vagli M The last of India's Foxtrot-class submarines. with a 25. INS Cankarso and INS Kondul. in a significant development. Navy gets two Warships Giving a boost to the Navy’s defence capabilities. The Rustom has been designed for endurance of 12-15 hour. touching 1. as well as to pilots in the air. Installation of the new engine will necessitate major modifications to the LCA. The ADE specialises in UAVs and flight control systems. another DRDO laboratory.000-ft altitude ceiling and 75 kg payload of cameras and sensors. 2010. when the DI Tejas aircraft (LSP-4) took off from the Limited Series Production E Hindustan Aeronautics Limited airport. For testing. The subsequent flights of the Rustom will test and demonstrate capabilities like controlling the UAV through GPS satellites. transport planes. It is a medium altitude long endurance UAV. kms A fighter plane flies in supersonic speed when it has already acSR complished its mission and is being chased by enemy aircraft. there was a plane chasing the Tejas LSP-4 during its first test flight. The missile can travel at three times the speed of sound. M Suneet Krishna. from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at . including at terror camps. Water jet technology has BrahMos cruise missile India test-fired the supersonic BrahMos cruise missile. Group Captain E altitude of 11 E and went supersonic. The Air Force Network (AFNET) has replaced the IAF’s old communication network set-up using the “tropo-scatter” technology that was first devised in the 1950s. 2010. which has a range of 290 kms. has successfully flown the indigenously built Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). especially the fuselage. It will connect all IAF’s. its state-of-the-art digital information system that will provide real time data. can be potentially used for surgical strikes. were commissioned into the naval fleet on June 29. named Rustom. launched on September 14. for its first flight. Bangaluru. INS Vagli reM of INS Vagli will leave tired after 36 years of service. The indigenously-built ships use water jet propulsion technology and can achieve speeds in excess of 35 knots. The Brahmos-II. a private Indian company has built the airframe. The ADA expects the Tejas MK2 to fly in 2014. fighters. a result of an IndoRussian joint venture. A GE Engines for Tejas DI E GE Aviation of USA has bagged the contract for supplying engines for the Light M Combat Aircraft MK-2 (LCA MK-2 or Tejas MKE 2). failed to meet the IAF requirements. 2010. The Tejas flew in the configuration that would be finally delivered to the Indian Air Force. developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE). The retirement CO only 14 more submarines for India now. a lab of the DRDO. The new system will make the IAF network centric force.1 Mach speed. The data link for this has been developed by DEAL. IAF launches AFNET The Indian Air Force. voice and images to commanders on the ground.
jointly developed by the DRDO's Naval Science and Technology Laboratory in Visakhapatnam and Bharat Electronics Limited in Bangalore. including 35 officers. Russian. Russia is assisting Project 15-A with shafts and propellers. 2010. the oldest and the most prolific of all Indian naval RE at adding a new dimension to the country's naval S dockyards. . 2010. INS Cankarso and INS Kondul are fitted with 30-mm CRN-91 gun built by Ordnance Factory. It is equipped with a mix of Indian. The ships will be based in Goa and tasked with the role of detecting. DI successful first flight E LCH makes M 2010. air-to-ground weapons. ship handling and weapons. will man INS Shivalik. torpedos and the Nagin active towed array sonar. anti-infantry and anti-armour roles. The rotor system has also been developed indigenously. The 6800 tonnes Kolkata class (Project 15-A) destroyers incorporate Indian systems including the HUMSA-NG (Hull Mounted Sonar Array New Generation). 100 mm mounted gun and six-barrelled 30 mm gun. locating and destroying small. The ship. aerostats and also for testing electronic warfare systems. antisubmarine torpedoes. DI 15 Alpha is code name for KolkataE launched the warship. huge parachutes. The propulsion package consists of four reversible gas turbines in combined gas-and-gas configuration. fast-moving enemy surface craft engaged in covert operations. The Shakti engine being used in the LCH has been jointly developed by the HAL and Turbomeca of France with primary focus on high-altitude operations. from where different missiles are flight-tested. beyond visual CO range air-to-air missile ‘Astra' was test-fired from the Integrated A Test Range complex at Chandipur. wife of Defence Minister AK Antony. The hard-to-detect warship will form a crucial component of the Indian Navy. 16 Brahmos missiles. can tactically fire weapons even before the enemy detects it. a derivative version of Banagalorebased Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) flagship product Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) Dhruv was termed by pilots who flew it as “very good”. area defence missiles Shtil and Barak.5-tonne attack chopper. Orissa. stealth. Ships like these would form the core of the India’s battle fleet in the first half of this century. The maiden test flight of helicopter Light Combat SR the 5. Currently around 100 Dhruv helicopters are being used by the Indian armed forces and paramilitary forces like the Coast Guard and the BSF. Aimed warfare. New test range of DRDO The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is building a new test range in Chitradurga district in Karnataka for its aeronautics missions for flight-testing sophisticated unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Project M class destroyers that are being made in the Mazgaon dock in Mumbai. The twin-engine LCH is a pure attack helicopter made by the design experience gained from the Dhruv.141 142 rapidly gained acceptance as the leading means of propulsion for all types of high-speed marine craft. patrol crafts and pleasure boats. A 250-member crew. The new design features give the ship enhanced operational capabilities in terms of survivability. sea keeping. NS O TI A IC UN M M INS Chennai Missile Destroyer launched CO Indian Navy launched INS Chennai. INS Shivalik On April 29. which is 143 metres long. Israeli and western weapons and sensors. Elizabeth Antony. atA Mazgaon Dock in Mumbai on April the 1. India affected a generational shift in its warship-building capability by commissioning INS Shivalik the first indigenously built stealth frigate that is the biggest in its class in the world. NS O TI A IC UN M Astra M The first night trial of indigenously developed. Light Combat Aircraft Tejas. India entered the big boys’ league with On March 29. The DRDO already has an Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur-on-sea. Two other such ships INS Satpura and the INS Sahayadari would follow soon. the successful first flight of the prototype of its very own attack EE Helicopter (LCH). Medak. Each ship would carry on board long-range surface-tosurface Klub missiles. India has launched the indigenous warship with enhanced stealth features and land-attack capabilities. These E the largest warships ever constructed at are Mazgaon. work boats. and Igla missiles and set of machine guns ranging from light to heavy. a missile destroyer in the Project-15 alpha class. near Balasore. The helicopter is expected to meet operational requirements like air support. including ferries.
in February 2010. Though LCH is derived from Dhruv. The treatment has already been proven to work for the sickest patients. The plane has the capability to take off and land on 3. India joined the league of select nations IC missile when it to have a ‘manoeuvrable’ supersonic cruise successfully test-fired the vertical-launch version of 290-km range UNoff the Orissa coast. While in Dhruv pilots sit side-by-side. The weapon system has been designed and DI joint venture company. The prototype. country's first Anti Submarine Warfare Corvette M.000 feet or less runway. with the participation of 12 navies of the Asia-Pacific region. eachS of C-17 is capable of carrying payload of up to 78 tonnes. heavily armoured LCH. BrahMos from a warship in the Bay of Bengal M After the latest test. Pallam Raju. transport tanks and air-drop more than 100 combat-ready paratroopers directly into a battle-zone. hydraulics and fuel system have been redesigned for the sleeker. the marbled lungfish. All flight controls. developed by the Indo-Russian E M India planning to buy C-17 aircraft from USA EE India is set to buy 10 C-17 Globemaster-III giant strategic Rwhich comes for about $220 million. touch-sensiCO tive upgrades. The lab-tested material responds to almost the same pressures as human skin andM the same speed. An artificial kidney implant that would work as well as a natural organ is in the offing.M. The implant is being developed jointly by engineers. The device comprises thousands of microscopic filters to remove toxins from the blood and a bio-reactor to mimic the metabolic and water-balancing roles of a real kidney. followed by a E flexible. NS O Super Cruiser BrahMos test-fired successfully TI A On March 21. ImporM with tant hurdles remain but the exploit is an advance towards replacing today’s clumsy robots and artificial arms with smarter. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Flower has world’s longest genome Researchers at London's Kew Gardens say they've discovered the longest genome in the world and that it belongs to a rather ordinary-looking white flower.400 nautical miles at a stretch and with mid-air refuelling it can go even longer distances. measuring 49 M square centimetres. . Mauritius and Male. in the LCH they sit one behind the other. in a major step towards next-generation robotics and UN prosthetic limbs. The researchers then laid nano-scale transistors on top. Nepal. as typing on a SR Artificial kidney Exercise Milan “Exercise Milan” was the largest naval war game hosted by India. The scientists say the Paris japonica has a genetic code 50 times longer than that of a human being and edges out its nearest competitor. 2010. as also on a semi-prepared runway. biologists and physicians led by Shuvo Roy at the University of California. A genome is the full complement of an organism's DNA. San Francisco. It can cover 2. using a room-sized external model. comparable to the force used for such daily activities Ekeyboard or holding an object. The four-engine aircraft. can detect pressure ranging from 0 to 15 E kilopascals. The “e-skin” comprises a matrix of nano-wires made of germanium and silicon A DI rolled onto a sticky polyimide film. India has become the first and only country in the M world to have a “manoeuvrable supersonic cruise missile in its inventory”. The test-firing was part of the pre-induction tests by the CO Navy as moves are afoot to deploy the vertical-launch version of the A missile in ships. there are differences in design. The first prototype of the device unveiled by the US researchers could do away with the need for dialysis or donor organs. pressure-sensitive rubber. Dhruv is also being used by foreign countries like Ecuador. Union Minister of State for Defence launched the country's first Anti Submarine Warfare Corvette (ASWC) for the Indian Navy at the Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) Limited. complex molecules that direct the formation and function of all living organisms. NS O TI Scientists develop ‘e-skin’ A IC Biotech wizards have engineered electronic skin that can sense touch.143 144 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 civil operators like Pawan Hans and the ONGC.
Census of the seas First global count of marine life logs 230. lobsters. China’s shelves.000 species in our oceans. and turn thought into movement. krill and barnacles. The solar power E generated pected to result in emission reduction of more than 1. where the plant has been comM green stadium. unable to support life.000 species—but scientists warns of mass extinctions. Gulf of Mexico. Enclosed seas such as the Mediterranean. The scientists hope that. in collaboration with the University of Bristol and the John Innes Centre. Khanna Tennis Complex. turtles and E sea species in the M oceans.K. A Species often used inI conservation campaigning—whales. which is five times larger than the human genome and is the largest genome to be sequenced till date. The solar initiative is one of the major ones to comA pensate for carbon-dioxide emissions to be released through the DI at the Thyagaraj Stadium is exgame. solar energy initiative of UN tries. therefore. The manylight viperfish (Chauliodus sloani) is the most “cosmopolitan” marine creature with a presence in around a quarter of the world’s seas. in a breakthrough research that will prove valuable to crop breeders in countries like India. The number of marine fish species known to science stood at 16. It has been the biggest and most comprehensive attempt ever to answer that age-old question how many fish are there in the sea? A 10-year study of the diversity. in increasing the yield of the staple food crop.000 species each and are among the most biologically diverse in the world. The Census of Marine Life estimates there are over 230. they will be able to offer robotic devices to patients with damaged spinal cords that will enable them to move their arms or legs at will.764. E RE Brain chip S 2 Scientists have developed a brain chip that will help paralysed patients operate their bionic limbs. There are believed to be 22. is planned to be a model CO Group has also implemented power plants in the R. Thyagaraj Stadium. from the Antarctic through the temperate and tropical seas to the Arctic. decode the signals.000 fish species in the world. Over fishing. SR diverse regions are around Australia and south-east The most Asia. sea D birds—account for less than 2% of the lions. commissioned India's first one-megawatt solar plant to power a stadium to be used in the Commonwealth M Games 2010. The brain chip would then send signals to an implanted stimulator in the spinal cord. 2010. . The technology employs tiny microchips to sense nerve messages. octopus) and fish and that CO accounts for nearly half the species in world’s seas. RIL Solar Group. A team of over 360 scientists around the world surveyed 25 regions. and the Caribbean are having the most EE threatened biodiversity. But more problems are around the corner: rising water temperatures and acidification thanks to climate change and the growth in areas of the ocean that are low in oxygen and. degraded habitats. This would generate electrical impulses to make muscles contract and move paralysed limbs. pollution and the arrival of invasive species are major threats to the marine life. Baltic.145 146 Wheat genome code British scientists have decoded the genome of wheat.200 tons of M CO per year. NS O TI A IC Among the major findings are: UN M A fifth of the world’s marine species are crustaceans such as M Add in molluscs (squid and crabs. have sequenced the entire wheat genome and will make the DNA data available to crop breeders to help them select key agricultural traits for breeding. within five years. A more ambitious idea is not to use robotic devices but to replace the broken connection to the limb with an artificial link. and was growing at around 100 a year. Australian and Japanese waters contain more than 30. distribution and abundance of life in the world’s oceans attempts just that. Scientists have analysed the wheat genome. Scientists at the University of Liverpool. Wheat production worldwide is under threat from climate change at a time when there is an increase in demand from a growing human population. NS O TI A India’s first one-megawatt solar plant IC Reliance IndusOn April 7. RIL Solar missioned.
1911 feat.7-billion-year age of universe to within 4 seconds. apart from being a pilot project for improving the commercial viability of solar energy World’s most precise clock Scientists claim to have created the world's most precise clock based on the oscillation of a trapped aluminium-27 atom. once fused with other continents in a super-continent before being separated 200 million years ago. M touted to be Asia’s largest. First robot with emotions A robot that is capable of developing and showing emotions has finally been unveiled. With It had remained idle for E the commissioning of RAPS-5 the total installed nuclear power caRE risen to 4. angling for a hug. he raises his arms. 2010. has evolved.147 148 India’s first scientific expedition to South Pole To commemorate the centenary of Norwegian explorer Ronald Amundsen’s December 14. could tick off the 13. according to the National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin. Healthcare that will protect people against CO India’s first integrated Waste Management Plant A Infra firm a2z Infrastructure will set up India’s first integrated DI E municipal solid waste management plant in Kanpur. An eight-member team of scientists would undertake the 3. China's first domestically-made petaflop supercomputer. USA. When Nao developed by a European research team is sad. have been installed and it is scheduled to begin system debugging and testing in September. NS O TI A IC India’s 18th nuclear plant UN India’s 18th nuclear power plant MRawatbhata in Rajasthan at (RAPS-5) began production on February 6. IIT-Kanpur to set up experimental power plant The Indian Institute of Technology. Nao cowers. The 13 computer cabinets containing the Tianhe-1. set-up in September 2002. took six years to complete. The route to be taken is a fairly new one and had been charted with the aim to understand climate change over the past years. The challenging effort will be simplified to some extend with the help of navigational equipment and four modern ice-traversing vehicles that the Union government is planning to acquire for the trip. which is considered a better replacement for coal with lesser emissions. The optical clock monitors the oscillation of a trapped atom of aluminium-27 and is more than twice as precise as the earlier version. The power plant will have the capacity to produce 15 MW power.000-km long treacherous terrain from India’s research station Maitri in the Antarctic region to the South Pole. According to the New Scientist. The project. Kanpur (IIT-K) has planned to set up a 550 kilowatt (KW) Solar Energy Research Experimental Station (SERES) in its campus. The plant has M been set-up by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India.340 MW. The operationalisation of Dcapacity of Rawatbhata plant to 96 MW. and he stays like that until he is soothed with some gentle strokes on his head. When he's happy. M some months because of lack of fuel. The station would serve the purpose of solar energy development research. reported in 2008. he hunches his shoulders forward and looks down. Majority of SR the fuel used in the plant will be RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) derived from solid waste. . E RAPS-5 has increased the The project. When frightened. the new record-holder for the most precise timekeeper. would comprise management of the city’s solid waste in an environment friendly manner and subseEE quent power generation for captive and merchant use. built at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Colorado. The indigCO enously built 220 MW unit uses fuel imported from Russia which has been acquired after India got waiver from Nuclear Suppliers IA Group guidelines in September 2008. Vaxiflu-S manufactured by Zydus-Cadila M the A (H1N1) flu. pacity of India has S Tianhe-1 NS O TI A IC Anti-influenza vaccine UN manufactured antiIndia launched its first indigenously M influenza vaccine. India will launch its first scientific expedition to the South Pole in November 2010. These studies are expected to add to the knowledge of how the ancient landmass.
NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE announced the first-ever detailed mapping Indian scientists SR of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Browse at the speed of light Scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have created a new infra-red laser made from germanium that operates at room temperature. Craig Venter. First life form made by man Scientists have created the world’s first synthetic life form in a landmark experiment that paves the way for designer organisms that are built rather than evolved. Singhpur. 2010. an Indian team set sail on the first Southern Ocean expedition after the Copenhagen meet — the fourth to be taken up by the National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research (NCAOR). was described by one researcher as “a defining moment in biology”. described the converted cell as “the first selfreplicating species we’ve had on the planet whose parent is a computer. of light. climate change and its impact on life. Bakunthpur. left Goa with 25 scientists for Mauritius and head farther southwards on a voyage that will last till April 2010. water mass and other parameters would be compared with previous data to ascertain the impact of climate change. infra-red germanium lasers required expensive cryogenic cooling systems to operate. The research removes the cryogenic cooling systems previously needed for infra-red lasers and could lead to powerful computer chips that operate at the speed Fourth discovery by RIL in Cambay Basin Reliance Industries has announced its fourth oil discovery in exploratory block CB-ONN-2003/1. The government's Open Source Mapping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Drug Discovery (OSDD) initiative released the results of its ‘Connect 2 Decode' (C2D) project to re-annotate the biological and genetic information relating to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) genome. A DI E Mlaunched latest software Microsoft E Microsoft Corporation launched its latest software Office 2010. This block is located at a . Nankari. Changes in sediment formation. These same disks are actually used to produce chips in today's computers. located on-land in the Cambay basin and named ‘Dhirubhai-47’.149 150 generation. the pioneering US geneticist behind the experiment. It would provide uninterrupted free power supply to six neighbouring villages. unified productivity experience across computers. The villages are electrified. Climate expedition to Antarctica On January 11. The new germanium laser operates at room temperature. soak up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and even manufacture vaccines. Bara Sirohi. The scientists will take up about 20 studies in the ocean between 35 and 66 degrees South latitudes. which has occupied 20 scientists for more than 10 years at an estimated cost of $40 million. It will also be the first time Indian scientists will be crossing the 55 degrees South latitude to go almost up to the polar region on an Indian vessel. among other things. which has made light-speed computing come one step closer to reality. tomers. Naramau and Kachchar. the only Indian vessel that can cut through ice. silvery-gray disk of silicon and spray it with a thin film of germanium. the scientists take a six-inch. RE Visio 2010 and Project 2010 for business cusS SharePoint 2010. To create the germanium laser. but at its core is an entirely synthetic genome that was constructed from chemicals in the laboratory. Until now. Prominent among them would be paleo-climatic studies that involve collecting samples from the ocean bed at a depth of up to six kilometres. Sagar Nidhi. starting with bacteria that churn out bio-fuels. The controversial feat. The Rs 18-crore project has been taken up as a part of the ongoing golden jubilee celebrations at the institute. Goa to study. The new organism is based on an existing bacterium that causes mastitis in goats. but the present power supply is highly erratic.” He said the achievement heralds the dawn of a new era in which new life is made to benefit humanity. The block was awarded under NELP V round of exploration bidding. web and mobile.
operation and maintenance of quality assurance and prevention of commercialisation by foreign educational institutions. World’s smallest 3-D map Scientists claim to have created the world’s smallest three dimensional map a map of the Earth so small that 1. and so can carry large electrical currents without power dissipation or heat generation. The Bill aims to regulate the entry.00. The Bill is aimed at not only bringing in investment in the education sector. Maintenance of Quality and Prevention of Commercialisation) Bill will allow foreign universities to invest at least 51 per cent of the total capital expenditure needed to establish the institute in India. was considered a macroscopic phenomenon. 2010. that it exists at the molecular scale. there are several more prospects with upside potential have been identified in the contract area. however. increase competition and benchmark quality. The superconductor.” said Kapil Sibal. besides protecting the interest of the student community from sub-standard and ‘fly by night’ operators. Barring the parties from the Hindi-belt Samajwadi Party. medicine. It is composed of 5. RIL is the operator and has 100 per cent participating interest in the block. and until recently. Rajya Sabha passes Women’s Reservation Bill Fourteen years after it was envisaged. life sciences. Union Minister for Human Resource Development (MHRD). a sheet of four pairs of molecules. unanimously approved a Bill that would allow foreign education providers to set up campuses in India and offer degrees. 185 voted in favour of the Bill. the Union Cabinet. Rashtriya Janata Dal and BSP all other parties that included the constituents of Congress-led UPA and BJP-led NDA supported the Bill that was to carry . the Rajya Sabha. silicon tip with a sharp apex 1. and was created in only 2 minutes and 23 seconds. The company says that.00. A larger revolution than even in the telecom sector awaits us. Such institutes will be granted deemed university status under Section 3 of the Universities Grants Commission (UGC) Act. The Foreign Educational Institutions (Regulation of Entry and Operations. According to the scientists. each measuring 20 NM2. based on the acquired 3D seismic data. provides the first evidence that nano-scale molecular superconducting wires can be fabricated. and opto-electronics. this patterning technique opens new prospects for developing nano-sized objects in fields such as electronics. But prior to that. A team at computer giant IBM accomplished this through a new. passed the landmark Women’s Reservation Bill that will pave the way for reserving 33 per cent seats for women in Parliament and State Assemblies. E REhave developed the world's smallest superconScientists S ductor less than one nanometre wide which could be used for makWorld's smallest superconductor developed A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO ing miniature electronic devices. which opens up a novel route for studying this phenomenon. The block has 14 exploratory wells and the company is continuing further exploratory drilling efforts in the block. breakthrough technique which uses a tiny. Superconducting materials have an electrical resistance of zero. Of the 186 members present in the Rajya Sabha. but also draw in foreign students. The complete 3D map of the world measuring only 22 by 11 micrometre was “written” on a polymer. The new one is expected to be introduced in Parliament and be voted into law by the monsoon session of 2010. the legislation has to be seen through in the Lok Sabha.000 of them could fit on one grain of salt. on March 15. 1956. POLITICAL AFFAIRS Foreign Education Bill After several years of debate. Superconductivity was first discovered in 1911. besides helping check the flight of Indians to study (then work and settle) abroad. This is a milestone which will enhance choices. on March 10.000 pixels. The current finding suggests. A Bill to this effect was first introduced in the Rajya Sabha in August 1995.000 times smaller than a sharpened pencil to create patterns and structures as small as 15 nanometre at greatly reduced cost and complexity. future chip technology. 2010.151 152 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 distance of 130 kms from Ahmedabad and covers an area of 635 sq kms.
To begin with. which requires State governments to make free and compulsory elementary education a right of every child between 6 and 14 years of age. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . M which will replace the four decade-old Judges Inquiry Act. for the obvious reasons that they enter the school late. Any child above 6 years of age will be entitled to free special training either at school or residential facility. who have never been to school or not managed to complete elementary education. enforcing attendance of witnesses. the Union government approved model rules for the Right to Education Act 2009. the rules ask school management committees or the local authorities to identify children. which could upstage several well ensconced politicians but ensure proper representation of women. for schools with classes VI to VIII. These guidelines will be called A judicial standards. the law mandates maintenance of records of all children from birth to 14 years of age through a household survey to be updated every year. has laid CO down 14 guidelines for judges. DI N-liabilities Bill E Mstep towards the implementation of the IndoIn an important E US civilian nuclear deal. the BJP-led NDA and also the Left parties were on the same side as the Parliament authored the “historic move”. before he/she is ready to enter school at a convenient level. which would have to conform to the standards under the Act within three years of its commencement. list priorities for States. Main points of the legislation: Seeks to reserve one-third of seats for women in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies. the States would have to undertake a mapping to identify all children in remote areas. armed conflict or an act of terrorism and is suffered by the person on account of his own negligence. Reservation of seats for women shall cease to exist 15 years after the commencement of the Act. The Congress-led UPA. The claims commissioner shall have all the powers of a civil court for the purpose of taking evidence on oath. Such children would be allowed to complete elementary education even after they have attained 14 years. States need to provide more neighbourhood schools in highly populated areas and ensure safety of students in areas with tough terrains. At least one primary school (class I to V) must be located within a km of walking distance of the neighbourhood. This must be done in a year and the data updated every year. It also provides for the penalty to be paid by the operator and not the supplier companies.153 154 NS O TI A IC UN Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill M The proposed Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill. But before a school comes up. and arrange for their special training in appropriate classes so that they can ultimately be integrated into the system. The operator would not be liable for any nuclear damages if the incident is caused by “grave national disaster of exceptional character”. Nuclear Damage Claims Commission. which will have one or more claims commissioners for a specified area. which would mainly be American in this case. The Bill aims at limiting the liability of a nuclear plant operator to Rs 300 crore in the eventuality of an accident and provides for appointing a claims commissioner with powers of a civil court to arbitrate such cases. For the first time. The Act. 2010. the Union government is to introduce a Bill to facilitate the entry of American companies in the nuclear sector. One-third of the total seats reserved for SCs and STs shall be reserved for women from these groups in LS and Assemblies. including those from disadvantaged groups. which languishes at 11 per cent in Lok Sabha. Model rules for RTE Act On January 30. Allocation of reserved seats shall be determined by the authority prescribed by the Parliament. compelling the discovery and production of documents and other material objects. nonconformation could bring de-recognition. is yet to be officially notified though. passed by the Parliament in August 2009. 2009 is commonly known S The Civil Liability as the nuclear liability Bill. The model rules. The rules further prescribe strict norms for non-segregation of students and safe transport for disabled children to ensure that they attend school. this distance would be three km. Reserved seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in the State or Union Territory. The Bill also provides for the establishment of the out the 108th amendment to the Constitution for enabling reservation. REfor Nuclear Damage Bill.
2010 elections. he stated: 'Of course everybody of us will attempt to bring into play the two years we need to render our allies a feeling of aplomb and formulate trust and faith so that they are at ease with our role playing in the United Nation Security Council on a continued period of time'. NS O TI A IC UN M M Junta’s proxy seeps Myanmar poll CO A Myanmar’s military-backed party captured 77 per cent of the DI Parliamentary seats contested in the November 7. The results point to an overwhelming victory. Indian agent to the United Nations Hardeep Singh Puri put it straight that New Delhi would make use of this couple of year valid span to build assurance and accord a feeling of aplomb to the five non changing associates (famously known as the P-5) . Considering that Brazil. in 2010. moved to the top position while contributing 23 per cent of the R S total global emissions and India. NS O TI A IC to seek aid Ireland becomes second Euro nation N Ubecame the second euro On November 22. and South Africa and Germany. India got an unbelievable 187 of the 191 votes in the UN General Assembly carbon emission is still lowest in the world (about 4. Pakistan and Turkmenistan on December 11th agreed to move forward with a complicated and risky plan to build a natural gas pipeline across rugged territory plagued by war and terrorism. would bring huge amounts of gas to underdeveloped regions and could earn impoverished Afghanistan hundreds of millions of dollars in transit fees.5 tonnes) but the demand for energy is rising. France and China. Britain.159 parliamentary seats. but there has never been much doubt aboutE outcome because the junta-proxy. 2010.the United States of America. The route for the 1. the Union E the Solidarity andR Development Party (USDP). held in October 2010. especially among the middle-class.700-kilometer (1.155 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 156 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Afghan-Pakistan gas pipeline The leaders of Afghanistan. a running affiliate of the United Nation Security Council. Russia. Even as India’s acclamation for a nonpermanent bench on the body that includes fifteen members in total was an inevitable cessation afterwards Kazakhstan back out of the chase for the Asian bench beforehand in early January. The new emission data from the nation after China and E United Nations was a cause of worry for India’s climate negotiators Mtalks in Tianjin in China. whereas the largest opposition party was able to contest only 164 of the 1. following polling widely E M decried as manipulated and unfair. which got appointed with India. The pressure on India and China to reduce emissions is rising. India gets UNSC non-permanent seat The biggest news on the international front for India has been its inclusion into the UNSC as a non-permanent member after a gap of 19 years. by a re-run of the Greek debt crisis that CO India is world’s third largest carbon emitter IA India is now world’s third biggest carbon dioxide emitting Dthe US. surpassed Russia to take the third position with five percent. The pipeline. Concerns about security for the pipeline itself and for the workers who construct it have cast doubt on the project’s near-term feasibility. as well as some of Pakistan’s unruly tribal areas. SAARC Folklore and Heritage Festival The 3rd. fielded candidates in nearly every S district. India's previous spell in the Security Council was way back in 1992. US chief climate negotiator Todd Stern told a meeting of major economies forum that a legally binding climate treaty was not possible until India and China take “obligation” to reduce emissions.three day SAARC Folklore and Heritage Festival was held in Chandigarh from 3rd December. on October 14th were as well in contention for a permanent membership. The event was organised . Ireland M country to seek a rescue as the cost of saving its banks threatened M destabilized the currency. Almost immediately afterwards India's appointment. India's per-capita ballot on October 14th 2010. which would terminate in India. in 2009.050-mile) TAPI pipeline from gas-rich Turkmenistan would cross Afghanistan’s Kandahar Province. but proponents say it would calm the chaotic region. at the next round of EE China. where the Taliban and international forces are locked in battle.
parts of Asia. an apex body of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation). The decision was taken at the last cabinet meeting headed by the President Mahinda Rajapksha. Pakistan.46 degrees Celsius above the 1961-1990 average. from Caribbean islands to China and Russia. and details E of clandestine RE efforts to combat al Qaeda in Yemen.03 degrees Celsius above the 2000-09 average and the highest value ever recorded for a 10-year period. 0. At the start of CO a series of daily extracts from the US embassy cables Arab leaders IA are privately urging an air strike on Iran and that US officials have Dthe UN leadership. with the leaking to various interM classified cables from its national media of more than 250.6 million strong electorate are disillusioned with the current leadership as Thaci's reputation was marred by a string of corruption scandals involving his party officials. Bangladesh.9 degrees Celsius warmer than any previous decade. Central Asian and Greenland/Arctic. At present.157 158 by Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature (FOSWAL) in association with Ministry of External Affairs (Govt of India) and Chandigarh Administration. Recent warming has been especially strong in Africa. titled “The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development” celebrates the contributions of the human development approach. India is ranked 119 out of 169 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI) of the UNDP’s 2010 Human Development Report. The data also indicates that the January-October 2010 temperatures are near record levels. 2010's nominal value is the highest on record.2 to 1. 2010 is the top three warmest years The year 2010 is almost certain to rank in the top three warmest years since the beginning of instrumental climate records in 1850. as well as harsh criticism by US embassy staff of their host governments. Bhutan.11 degrees Celsius above the 1961–1990 annual average of 14 degrees Celsius. From 2001 to 2010. . which is as relevant as ever to making sense of our changing world and finding ways to improve people’s wellbeing. a move likely to further alienate the ethnic Tamils in the country. who pointed out that no country in the world uses the national anthem in other than one language. is the only organization in eight countries including India. Sri Lanka.55 degrees Celsius plus or minus 0.000 embassies. the Saharan/ Arabian. East African. many sent as recently as February 2010. The cables include been instructed to spy E on comments on a shiftM relations between China and North Korea. global temperatures have averaged 0. Maldives and Afghanistan. Lanka scraps Tamil version of national anthem Sri Lanka has scrapped the Tamil version of its national anthem at official and state functions. in high-level concerns over Pakistan’s growing instability. A WMO statement said the global combined sea surface and land surface air temperature for 2010 (January–October) is now estimated at 0. which look set to weaken Prime Minister Hashim Thaci's grip on power. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Human Development Report 2010 The 2010 HDR Report by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). and parts of the Arctic. 2010. and 0. legally authorized to hold cultural programmes under the SAARC banner and logo. NS O TI A IC Cablegate Crisis in USA N Uinto a worldwide diploThe United States was catapulted M matic crisis on November 29.7 degrees Celsius to 0. Nepal. Many in the 1. The cables US also containSspecific allegations of corruption.4 degrees Celsius above the long-term average. Surface air temperatures over land were above normal across most parts of the world. just ahead of 1998 and 2005. FOSWAL. Preliminary operational data from November 1 to 25 indicate that global temperatures from November 2010 are similar to those observed in November 2005. according to data compiled by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) that were released. This Kosovo votes in historic poll Kosovo headed to the polls on December 12th for its first elections since declaring independence in 2008. The final ranking of 2010 will not become clear until November and December data are analysed in early 2011. indicating that global temperatures for 2010 are continuing to track near record levels. Canada sub-regions have all had 2001-10 temperatures 1. The Report is also about how the human development approach can adjust to meet the challenges of the new millennium.
while special traditional dances are performed during Holi. regional festivals. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Mutual cooperation and collective participation of each caste in the ritual instils and strengthens common identity and mutual bonding in the community. then draw a huge image of goddess Kali. thereby ensuring its continuity and relevance in present times. while men accompany them on the khanjari percussion instrument and the poongi.Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan: Songs and dances are an expression of the Kalbelia community’s traditional way of life. Song and dance are a matter of pride for the Kalbelia community. China has improved eight notches (from 2005 to 2010) to secure the 89th position.159 160 marks an improvement of just one rank between 2005 and 2010 though the report. CO India . and a marker of their identity at a time when their traditional travelling lifestyle and role in rural society are diminishing. The dancers wear traditional tattoo designs. the temples of the goddess. moral codes and aesthetic norms of the community to the next generation. Mudiyettu is performed annually in ‘Bhagavati Kavus’. are among the 46 elements inscribed today on the UN Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. In South Asia. ethics. Malaysia and Mauritius. The dance is performed at night in an open space to traditional and folk melodies. jewellery and garments richly embroidered with small mirrors and silver thread. Chhau is taught to male dancers from families of traditional artists or from local communities. Purulia and Mayurbhanj. South Korea. The songs also demonstrate the poetic acumen of the Kalbelia. It is a community ritual in which the entire village participates. Once professional snake handlers. chaired by Jacob Ole M until 19 November 2010. a woodwind instrument traditionally played to capture snakes. India . places India among top 10 performers globally in terms of HDI measured on income growth. Today. Periyar and Moovattupuzha. the Wayuu normative system in Colombia. Its S vocabulary of movement includes mock combat techniques. Hong Kong. Transmitted from generation to generation. M A UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee. Shiva instead commands that Darika will die at the hand of the goddess Kali. Miaron from Kenya and meeting in Nairobi examined and inscribed 46 of the 47 nominations presented. Maldives has risen four places to 107. who is immune to defeat by mortals.Mudiyettu. the Peking Opera. Mudiyettu performers purify themselves through fasting and prayer. stylUNESCO representative list of India intangible cultural heritage of humanity ized gaits of birds and animals and movements modelled on the chores of village housewives. Sri Lanka at 91 too has pipped India in the rankings though Pakistan has lost two ranks to fall to 125. This prepares the ground for the lively enactment to follow. the festival of colours. E Enotably the spring festival Chaitra Parva. while Bangladesh is up one at 129. a special 20th anniversary edition. NS O TI The Aalst Carnival in Belgium. ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala: Mudiyettu is a ritual dance drama from Kerala based on the mythological tale of a battle between the goddess Kali and the demon Darika. Kalbelia today evoke their former occupation in music and dance that is evolving in new and creative ways. the songs and dances form part of an oral tradition for which no texts or training manuals exist. in different villages along the rivers Chalakkudy Puzha. called as kalam. who are reputed to compose lyrics spontaneously and improvise songs during performances. M Chhau dance is intimately connected to the first two using masks. The reverberating drumbeats of a variety of drums dominate the accompanying music ensemble. Nepal has gained five places to reach the 138th rank. The category is led by China. the traditional IC skills of carpet weaving in Kashan in Iran. India . the villagers reach the temple in the early morning on an appointed day. Kalbelia songs disseminate mythological knowledge through stories. Its origin is traceable toR indigenous forms of dance and martial practices. replicating the movements of a serpent. Spanish A Flamenco. presented by 11 countries. local folklore and abstract themes. Mudiyettu serves as an important cultural site for transmission of traditional values.Chhau dance: Chhau dance is a tradition from eastA ern India that enacts episodes from epics including the Mahabharata DI and Ramayana. Its three distinct E styles hail from the regions of Seraikella. and falconry. played on the reed pipes mohuri and shehnai. wherein the spirit of the goddess is invoked. women in flowing black skirts dance and swirl. India comes 10th after Botswana. After the summer crops have been harvested. on the temple floor with coloured powders. in which the divine sage Narada importunes Shiva to contain the demon Darika.
Likewise four Pakistani-origin MPs. accusing him of deliberately striking a patrol ship and obstructing public officers near uninhabited islets in the East China Sea. despite opposition from Brazil and Turkey. and promised tough counter-measures after a Japanese court extended the detention of a Chinese captain whose trawler collided with two Japanese coastguard ships. 2010. world’s most valuable brand Apple Computers has emerged as the world’s most valuable brand in the 50 top valuable brand list of the Forbes magazine. China signs for six pacts Pakistan and China reiterated their resolve to further strengthen strategic relationship between the two countries. It would M boost consumer protections. NS O TI A US Financial Reform Bill IC On July 1. and signed six deals of cooperation in the areas of agriculture. although they have not been able to . 2010. increase the level of economic cooperation and take concrete mea- election outcome that this country last experienced in 1974 when the then Prime Minister Edward Heath tried and failed to persuade the Liberal Party to join him in a coalition. However. In the 15member Council. The two countries pledged to make joint efforts to fight terrorism. the Republicans say the Bill would hurt the economy by burdening businesses with a A thicket of new regulations. 2010. force banks to reduce risky trading Ma new government process for and investing activities and setO up liquidating troubled financial C firms. D 2010. justice. Coca Cola and technology giant IBM. 12 countries. ballistic missiles. including the US and Britain. Beijing viewed the detention as illegal and invalid. Khalid Mahmood. Kyrgyzstan is all set to become Central Asia’s first TI per cent votparliamentary democracy. with Lebanon abstaining and Brazil and Turkey voting against. while Labour bagged 258 and Lib Dems 57. M sanctions on Iran UNSC slaps E RE On June 9. M Nelson Mandela Day CO The United NationsIA decided to observe the first “Nelson Mandela Day” on July 18. media. 2010. targeting the powerful Revolutionary Guard. EE Hung in Britain R OnS May 7. The Conservatives under David Cameron emerged as the single largest party with 306 seats in the 650-member House of Commons. economy and technology. Intel and Finnish handset maker Nokia featured in the top 10 list. on July 1. in honour of the Nobel laureate who E is regarded as the father of the new South Africa. General Electric. were successful on behalf of the Labour Party. during the visit of Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari to China in July 2010. Search engine Google was fifth in the ranking. Apple was followed by software major Microsoft. four each from the Labour Party and the Conservatives. Sadik Khan. with an overwhelming 90. and nuclear-related investments. sures to further bring their people closer.161 162 China-Japan spat China suspended high-level exchanges with Japan on September 19. They also point out that it ducks the quesDI mortgage finance giants Fannie Mae tion of how to handle E troubled and Freddie Mac. M which Democrats plan to tackle in 2011. the US House of Representatives approved UN a landmark overhaul of financial regulations. The Bill would impose tighter regulations on financial firms and reduce their profits. NS imIn a development that could have far reaching political O pact in the region. 2011. Britain woke up to a hung Parliament. the UN Security Council slapped sanctions S Kyrgyzstan vote for parliamentary democracy on Iran over its controversial nuclear programme. an Pakistan. After publishing the official N results referendum. Eight NRIs won elections. 2010. the Kyrgyz Central ElectionU Commission (CEC). The spat between Asia’s two largest economies has flared since Japan arrested the captain. McDonald's.55 A ers backing a new constitution which strips the President’s wide IC of the June 27 ranging powers. Beverages firm. Marlboro. Anas Sarwar and a woman lawyer Shabana Mahmood. The LibDems play an extremely important role in the formation of the next government. healthcare. declared Roza Otunbayeva as the transitional PresiM dent till December 31. voted in favour of the resolution.
However. Conservative leader David Cameron. CO world’s fourth biggest weapons importer IA The UAE has become the world’s fourth biggest weapons DSouth Korea are the top three arms imimporter. the South Asian University (SAU). will form the lynch-pin of a new rail network between northern and south-eastern Europe and help ease congestion and pollution in the Swiss Alps. France and its dominions have 12 time zones and UK and its overseas territories use 8 time zones. An estimated 63. A team at computer giant IBM accomplished this through a new. this patterning technique opens new prospects for developing nanosized objects in fields such as electronics. The present faculty includes Bangladeshi nationals as well as Australian nationals of Indian origin. The 57 km high-speed rail link. Though the university.00. Nepal. despite the poor show. India and E porters. 2010. They were expecting to win more than 100 seats. There are 25 students in each course. which will open in 2017. in that order. there is no student from the rest of the two SAARC nations. The faculty would be gradually increased when courses in other disciplines are launched from the next academic year beginning in July 2011. heading a coalition with the support of centrist LibDems. breakthrough technique which uses a tiny. engineers from both sides shook hands after the bore had pummelled through the final 1. On May 11. a dream project of M Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. medicine. Australia 9. He made Liberal Democrats leader Nick Clegg Deputy Prime Minister. The univerEfirst academic session on August 26. effecting more than five million passengers UN of Europe. the first of its kind in the region.000 times smaller than a sharpened Computer Applications. and vowed to put aside party differences and provide a strong and decisive government. Of the total 50 students.00. life sciences. classes for the first session are being held at the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). each measuring 20 NM2. took charge as Britain’s youngest Prime Minister in nearly 200 years. they still hold the trump card and are destined to play the role of king-makers. The who were trying to get in and out of major cities M eruption of the volcano caused the greatest air travel chaos since M the Second World War II. According to the scientists.163 164 attract as many votes as they hoped for. In a stage-managed breakthrough. Bhutan and Sri Lanka. Bangladesh. and opto-electronics. pencil to create patterns and structures as small as 15 nanometre at greatly reduced cost and complexity.000 of them could fit on one grain of salt. has been allotted land in the capital for its campus.M E Russia has 11 times zones RE Time (IST) is set in accordance with the Indian Standard S 82. As of now. silicon tip with a sharp apex 1.000 pixels. who favours a ‘new special relationship’ with India.5 metres of rock. future chip technology.000 flights were cancelled. A DI concerning Pakistani students having With the visa E issue been settled. China. the war-affected Afghanistan and the Maldives. after 15 years of construction.5 degree East longitude. the current record holder at 53. While India has just one time zone. 2010 to complete the world’s longest tunnel. but they had to be satisfied with less than 60. has finally taken off. startsity launched E R its ing two courses MA in Development Economics and Masters of S South Asian University becomes operational NS O TI A IC UN M M CO World’s smallest 3-D map Scientists claim to have created the world’s smallest three dimensional map of the Earth so small that 1. and Canada 6. It is composed of 5. 36 were from India and 14 from five other SAARC countries Pakistan. USA 10. .8 km. The complete 3D map of the world measuring only 22 by 11 micrometre was “written” on a polymer. World’s longest tunnel completed A giant drilling machine punched its way through a final section of Alpine rock on October 15. It is the third tunnel to be built through the snowbound St Gotthard area and is 3 km longer than a rail link between two Japanese islands. and was created in only 2 minutes and 23 seconds. made northern Europe a no-fly zone. attended by some 200 dignitaries 30 km inside the tunnel and broadcast live on Swiss television. NS IO Europe saw air traffic chaos in April 2010 asT plume of ash a from the Icelandic volcano that erupted underCA Eyjafjallajokull I the glacier. Icelandic Volcano causes air travel mess in Europe Russia has 11 times zones.
2010 with its Chairperson. stepped up their demand for thorough probe into corruption charges so that those guilty can be brought to book. Sam Pitroda. The need for setting up the three-member tribunal was being felt since the Union Ministry of Water Resources had tried to resolve the dispute. The Minister said that the growth is in comparison to the E corresponding period of last year. India is gearing up to organise its first Formula 1 Race in October 2011 in Uttar Pradesh and debating REto hold first ever National Tourism Mart in the year upon the idea S 2012. The palace was once the exclusive preserve of the rulers . CWG Corruption probe NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Council National Innovation A DI Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has approved the setting E up of a National Innovation Council to prepare a road map for the M 'Decade of Innovation 2011-2020'. Parliament hiked the salary of MPs The Indian Parliament has hiked the salary of Members of Parliament to Rs 50. who are experts in the field of environmental and related sciences.000 per month. but was not successful. to go into allegations of corruption related to the Commonwealth Games held in New Delhi in October 2010. Established by an Act of Parliament (the National Green Tribunal Act of 2010). the country is ready to play host for Cricket E World Cup 2011. The Tribunal has been constituted on a request sent by Goa in July 2002. V. which had held their fire during the 12-day event. for adjudication of the water disputes with Karnataka relating to Mahadayi River. It will delineate appropriate policy initiatives within the government required to spur innovation. Justice Lokeshwar Singh Panta taking charge of his office. Panchal as its Chairman. which shall also consist of other members. Maharashtra also stands to benefit from its adjudication. The Council has been given RE an Indian model of innovation focussing on the mandateS evolve to inclusive growth and creating an appropriate eco-system conducive to fostering inclusive innovation. The tribunal. Justice P. Haryana High Court and a former judge of Andhra Pradesh High Court. Shunglu.M. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has appointed a high-level committee headed by a former Comptroller and Auditor General.K. have been appointed as members. The tribunal is exclusively dedicated to environmental issues. The developments came as opposition parties.165 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 166 NATIONAL AFFAIRS National Green Tribunal The National Green Tribunal (NGT) was officially notified on October 19. This is the first body of its kind that is required by its parent statute to apply the “polluter pays” principle and the principle of sustainable development. Justice J. has been empowered to issue directions for the compensation and restitution of damage caused from actions of environmental negligence. adviser to the Prime E Minister on public information infrastructure and innovations.S. Two key allowances (constituency and office expenses) have also been increased to Rs 45. It will also promote the setting up of sectoral innovation councils and state innovation councils. Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal The Union government has constituted the Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal with a sitting Supreme Court judge. Narayana. Justice Viney Mittal of the Punjab and Taj Falaknuma Palace Taj Falaknuma Palace in Hyderabad is India’s most expensive hotel.000 each. She said that after having hosted M Commonwealth Games successfully. Tourism CO Minister Kumari Selja said this while speaking at a conference A organised by World Travel and Tourism Council in New Delhi yesDI terday. The erstwhile National Environment Appellate Authority had ceased to exist with the launch of the NGT. it will have circuit benches across the country to try all matters related to and arising out of environmental issues. will head the National Innovation Council. NS O TI A IC UN Foreign tourist arrival goes up M India has registered a growth rate of more than 10 per cent in M 27 per cent in foreign exforeign tourist arrivals and more than change earnings during the first 11 months of current year.
Germany. Antony. while north-eastern states getting less than five per cent. small hydro. M Backward districts not covered by RSVY CO Most of the districts identified as backward by the Planning IA Commission were not D covered under a scheme meant to remove E regional disparities. a CAG report has said. The a bio-sensor array using polymers for CO device could detect all cardiac markers in blood within seven minutes. Defence S with Vietnam another Clean energy investments NS O TI India elected for UN General Assembly CA IIndia. The M countries will be the nonfour veto-holding members of the 15-nation body. South The UN General Assembly has elected UN Africa and Columbia to two-year seats on UN Security Council. Independence Day speech of Manmohan With his Independence Day speech on August 15. replacing sniffer dogs. Bihar. Nuclear Deal with South Korea India and South Korea have struck a deal to finalise an agreement on civil uses of nuclear energy. The grand presidential suite at the hotel costs Rs 5 lakh per night. Professor V Ramgopal Rao of the Department of DI E Electrical Engineering in IIT-Bombay. the annual clean energy investment in India is expected to grow phenomenally over the next 10 years. IISc develop device to detect RDX A The Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay along with Indian IC device that Institute of Science here have come out with Nprototype Ua could be developed to detect RDX and other explosives. India is all set to emerge among the top five nations in G-20 group in terms of clean energy investments. developed at the Rs 100-crore Nano M Technology facility set up jointly by the two leading institutions. India is on tract to climb from the tenth to Vikas Yojna (RSVY) were not covered. during his visit to Vietnam. 2010 the seventh Manmohan Singh edged past Atal Behari Vajpayee to become the Prime Minister of India who has addressed the nation on Independence Day the third-highest number of times. on the sidelines of the 17th ASEAN Summit. "CAPART (Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology) could not reach out to the EE unserved areas of the country as most of the districts identified as R backward S the Planning Commission under the Rashtriya Sam by Minister A. The Korean President has invited the Prime Minister to Korea in 2011 and the deal is likely to be signed then.K. Lee Myung-bak. NRI Remittance To India As per information received from Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs the amount remitted to India in the last financial year (200910) from the NRIs working abroad was 40810 USD million (Approx. Haryana. NS O TI IIT-B." a latest report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India said. Orissa and Uttar Pradesh. Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the nation 17 times and Mrs Indira Gandhi 16 times. was M detection heart attack. M India strengthens ties with Vietnam E India has enlarged its scope of cooperation and relations RE “not-so-happy” neighbour of China. Enhanced clean energy policies would increase private investments in India by 48 per cent. The term will begin in January 2011.K. It also observed that the geographical distribution of the projects was uneven with 51 per cent of funds released during 2003-09 going to only six states of Andhra Pradesh.) .167 168 of Hyderabad. the third place in terms of clean power project investments worldwide. Karnataka. This was a major success for India during the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s Asia tour. It is likely to attract 169 billion dollar in wind. The prototype. solar. The same device could be developed for detecting RDX or A other explosives. Within the G-20. geothermal and marine energy projects in the next decade. The issue came up for discussion during the bilateral meeting of the Prime Minister with the President of the Republic of Korea. tied with the U. announced a slew of measures to expand cooperation as part of the nation’s “look east policy” aimed at engaging key countries situated east of India. at Hanoi. In a report brought out by the US based Pew Charitable Trust. as CAPART failed to reach out to the unserved M areas.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Finance.366 mm cial flagging-off E ceremony. divorced women and widows are allowed to adopt a child. only the father is considered to be the natural guardian of the child in a Hindu family and only unmarried. RE S NAIS Coverage NS O TI A IC UN M M India to get its first O double-decker train CAC India's first air-conditioned double-decker train is expected IA to be launched on the D Howrah-Dhanbad sector. eight double-decker coaches were recently brought to Howrah for conducting trial runs before the offiM The coaches with a height of 4. SR Allahabad High Court Verdict on Babri MasjidRam Janambhoomi dispute 548 districts have so far been covered under National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS). India will be able to use both routes. 1890 and the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act.7-acre land comprising the disputed site should be divided into three equal parts and be given . the much-awaited judgement of the Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court unanimously ruled that the idols of ‘Ram Lalla’ in the makeshift temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya cannot be removed. In a 2-1 majority verdict. Sudhir Agarwal and Dharamveer Sharma separately delivered the historic verdict. ensuring easy movement of goods.11. Government has recently. Continued efforts are made to create awareness about ongoing NAIS by the implementing agency i. under the existing Act. Bangladesh has finally agreed to start the construction of a highway that will not only provide transit facilities.950 mm. The salient activities for campaign involve the publicity of features and benefits of the scheme through advertisements in leading national/local newspapers. participation in agriculture fairs / mela / gosthi and organization of work- On September 30. 1956. She can give a son or daughter for adoption. for making the scheme more farmer friendly. it aims at removing hurdles in the way of a married woman to adopt. It also seeks to allow the mother. The second axis will start from North Bengal and enter Bangladesh at Panchgarh and run southwards via Srirajganj to Dhaka and further southeast to Cox Bazar and Chittagong before entering into Myanmar. Justices Khan and Agarwal decreed that the 2. A municipal south E run by the private sector ILFS group. The first route will enter from Bengal into Bangladesh at the existing Benapole land port on the border and run across eastwards via Jessore and Dhaka. The three-judge Bench of Justices S. generated a first modest cheque Memission reduction (CER) credits for its plan of Rs 5 lakh in carbon to keep more thanE 9. it will enter Assam/Meghalaya. modified the scheme and the Modified NAIS has been approved for implementation on pilot basis in 50 districts from Rabi 2010. shops / trainings etc. Khan. located on the north-eastern edge of Bangladesh. The Personal Laws Amendment Bill seeks to amend the Guardians and Wards Act. but also drastically shorten the circuitous route crucial from the military point of view between north-eastern States and the port city of Kolkata. making the process genderneutral. to be appointed as a guardian. Moreover. Women separated from their husbands and engaged in lengthy divorce battles cannot adopt a child. Bill to provide women equal guardianship rights A Bill paving way for the women to get equal rights in guardianship and adoption of children has been passed by the Rajya Sabha. Shri Namo Narain Meena in written reply to a question raised in Rajya Sabha. sions warming the planet. 2010.e. telecast through audio-visual media.U. distribution of pamphlets. Agriculture Insurance Company (AIC) in coordination with implementing States since its inception. will be higher E than the conventional LHB coaches whose height is around 3. passing through Sylhet. along with the father. For adoption and guardianship.169 170 Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs has informed that no data is available for remittance from the Gulf Countries. Crucial highway link to Kolkata In major development. NS O TI A IC UN M M MCD record CO Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) has become the first A municipal body of India to I cutting down emisD cash in oncompost plant incarbon Delhi.000 tonnes of carbon over the next 10 years by stopping methane leaks from garbage. Besides. Developed at the Rail Coach Factory in E Kapurthala.
Hindus and Nirmohi Akhara were joint titleholders of the property in dispute. Chief Judicial Magistrate Mohan P. with active support from the BJP and strategic absence of some fence-sitters such as the Samajwadi Party.” observed Justice Khan.” he said. now states that suppliers would be liable where “the accident has resulted as a consequence of an act of a supplier or his employees. E by New Delhi.171 172 NS O TI A IC UN M M nuclear pact India. the Union Cabinet. former R S Union seven others were convicted and sentenced to two years imprisonment. 2010. through the Lok Sabha. It would aim at imparting education on strategic challenges to armed forces offi- On August 25. 2010. 2010. namely Muslims. 2001. Compensation cap to be paid by the operator at Rs 1500 crore provided in the Bill is not the ‘limit’.If while allotting exact portions some minor adjustment in the share is to be made then the same will be made and the adversely affected party may be compensated by allotting some portion of the adjoining land. The judges also dismissed the claims of the Sunni Central Waqf Board over the Babri Mosque due to limitation or becoming time barred as well as the claim of the Nirmohi Akhara. the UPA government successfully shepherded the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill. “This Bill is a completion of a journey to end the nuclear apartheid. The new formulation of 17(b). The Bench directed maintenance of status quo at the site for three months and invited suggestions from all the parties for demarcation of the land. First Defence University More than 40 years after it was mooted. Nirmohi Akhara and the party representing ‘Ram Lala Virajman’. done to cause nuclear damage.. the Navodayas have shown in last 25 years how gifted children with humble means can rise to life. which the world had imposed on India in the year 1974. the ninth signed DIalters Canada’s stance towards India. With a 2-1 majority. Quashing opposition from the Left Bloc and other critics. The key points of the Bill are: Controversial Clause 17(b) amended by dropping the word ‘intent’. NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Navodaya Vidyalayas celebrated 25 years of existence in 2010. Sharma ruled that that the disputed site is the birth place of Lord Ram and that the disputed building constructed by Mughal emperor Babur was built against the tenets of Islam and did not have the character of the mosque. gave its approval to set up the nation’s first defence university at Binola. IA DGas Tragedy verdict E Bhopal M nearly 26 years after the world's worst inOn June 7. Both Justices Sudhir Aggarwal and SU Khan made it clear that the share of the Muslim parties shall not be less than one third of the total area of the premises. Compensation will be decided by the Claims Commissioner and the operator will have to pay. around 20 km from Gurgaon. on May 13. “. A befitting match to costly private schools. significantly The North American M nation had led the world in pushing for nuclear isolation after the E 1974 tests in Pokhran. TheA pact was signed during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to Canada. The deal. Canada sign civil O On June 28. IndiaC and Canada signed a civil nuclear cooperation agreement. Government assumes full liability for even a plant not operated by it.V. dustrial disaster left more than 15. and such act includes supply of equipment or material with patent or latent defects or sub-standard services”. Tiwari held the 85-year-old non-executive chairman of the Indian subsidiary of the US-based company and gave them punishment under less stringent provisions of the Indian Penal Code for causing death by negligence.000 dead in the Bhopal gas tragEE Carbide India Chairman Keshub Mahindra and edy. 2001. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh denied that the Bill was railroaded through the House to serve US interests.” The government managed to bring the BJP on board in return for accepting amendments to the controversial Clause 17(b) and dropping the word “intent”. RE Vidyalayas celebrated 25 years Navodaya S Nuclear Liability Bill to Sunni Waqf Board. the Bench held that all the three parties. The Bill is necessary for full implementation of civil nuclear deal signed with the USA in 2006. the third judge Justice D.. However. .
and National Defence Academy. focusing on making water conservation a peoples' movement in the country. InterOM (ISCOM) has partnered national School of Corporate C Management with the prestigious Elmwood College. is one of the fastest emerging sectors in UN in the next five years. the Union governE 863. which had branded Bt brinjal India’s UN first genetically modified (GM) food crop “unsafe”. Secunderabad. with an estimated growth of 30 M cent per However. there is a huge gap for good quality management professionals to join the golfing industry in India. 2010. local bodies and State governments for focused action on water conservation and augmentation. saw an astounding 10. To bridge this gap. E M Andaman and Nicobar as a major port EE The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to declare Andaman SR Nicobar set of Ports as a major port and establish and the Andaman and Nicobar Port Trust with its HQ at Port Blair. M ment decided to freeze the introduction of Bt Brinjal in India till independent scientific E studies established health and environment safety of the product RE satisfaction of both public and experts. to the S National Water Mission The Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change has approved the National Water Mission. The coal handling capacity of the plant. The Council felt that to make the Mission a peoples' movement it was essential to make available all data on water in the public domain. a risk asIA sessment body. parliamentarians and trainees at military academies. has trashed Séralini’s findings on Monsanto’s MON DOn February 9. its gene or seeds. Andrews. Wellington. Scotland.A C Mr referred to the findings of France-based Caen I University professor Gilles-Eric Séralini and his team. including Bt maize and Bt brinjal. ONGC proposes to dig deep more than half a kilometre—into . who chaired the meeting of the Council. would also be affiliated to the INDU. A sum of Rs 100 crore has been earmarked for land acquisition. To be established at an estimated Rs 300 crore. the institute would come up on an area of about 200 acres. The European Food Safety Association. to A introduce the first ever Postgraduate Programme in Golf ManageDI ment. New Delhi. at 2. Water Mission is one of the eight missions in the National Action Plan on Climate Change launched by the Prime Minister in 2009 to tackle the threats of global warming. At present. and never carried out a peer-reviewed laboratory study on CO GM crops he called hazardous. these institutions are attached to various universities across the country. St. which is the first of its kind in India. claim top European scientists. Project Saraswati Under Project Saraswati. Mizoram Guinness World Record The north-eastern state of Mizoram recently set a Guinness World Record for the “largest and longest dance”. near Hisar.173 174 cials. Cheraw.400 tonnes per hour. is the highest in India. Scientists slam study behind Bt Brinjal ban NS to A vital study cited by Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh O justify his decision to disallow the commercial cultivation of Bt brinjal TIRamesh had in India is flawed. India. as a sport. Pune.736 dancers in 671 groups set a record in the heart of Aizawl. Experts claim that M Séralini was unduly influenced by the renowned international NGO Greenpeace with its aggressive green agenda which sponsored M the study. to be able to mobilise NS O TI A India’s first PG course in Golf IC Management Golf. citizens. The existing defence educational institutions like the National Defence College. A 10-minute performance of its colourful traditional bamboo dance. a variety of Bt maize. highlighted the need to create a general consciousness of the need to use water in the most sustainable manner in view of its scarcity and assess the impact of climate change on water. academicians. bureaucrats. College of Defence Management. The government has already launched Energy Efficient and Solar Mission while a draft of Green Mission has been prepared for public consultation. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power project The first 600 MW unit of the prestigious Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power project at Khedar. National Staff College. Haryana became operational on February 10. 2010.
business people. Andhra Pradesh 18. As far as people are concerned. in the past. The final goal. migration. however. and many more. The slogan of Census 2011 is 'Our Census. places India below Pakistan. India now stands third in terms of the highest proportion of extremely poor people in South Asia. displayed commitment to adult literacy. literacy classes under the all-new Sakshar Bharat Mission.2 billion residents of India on the basis of their biometrics. has been allocated Rs 1. will only use the 12-digit number allotted to him. with corresponding percentages at 54. will change as and when the resident changes his pin number or residence. Our Future'. 2010 with President Pratibha Patil being the first to be enumerated in the decennial exercise. The mission. language. The authority plans to issue 600 million UIDs over the next five years. religion. Rs 1.175 176 aquifers along the path the ancient Saraswati river is once believed to have taken. districts where adult female literacy rate is 50 per cent less as per the 2001 census. is to take national literacy level from 64 per cent to 80 per cent by 2017.7 and 50. The census is the basis for reviewing the country's progress in the past decade. town and ward level. So. with none having any ongoing adult literacy component or programme. a provision of extra four digits would be a post-fix for this 12-digit number for pin-based identification. In the first phase. there would only be a 12-digit number that would be relevant for their identification and use. UID will become a 16-digit number for use and the database that will maintain be maintained by UIDAI. which the authority terms a ‘virtual number’. 2010 in 167 districts of 19 States. The selected States are the ones that continued to stress adult literacy even after the old National Literacy Mission (NLM) was disbanded. disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data since 1872.5. The first set of Aadhaars will be issued between August 2010 and February 2011. seeks to educate 70 million illiterates by 2012. These four digits. fertility and mortality. however. industrialists. Myanmar and Sri Lanka . literacy and education. The user. with a whopping budgetary support of $1 billion. Nationzl Census 2010 The 15th national census exercise. EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Social Situation Report With over 40 per cent of people in India still living on less than $1. UIDAI estimates total annual revenue of Rs 288 crore from authentication services in the initial stages. plan for the future. scholars. The mission aims to achieve 100 per cent literacy in 365 low literacy A DI E M literacy mission New adult E The Union government has chosen 19 States to start adult RE S NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Unique Identification (UID) number christened Aadhaar Aadhaar. Rajasthan has clinched the maximum number of projects for 31 districts. housing and household amenities. respectively. urbanisation. It provides valuable information for planning and formulation of polices for Central and State governments and is widely used by national and international agencies. 60 million being women. Some States like Punjab and Himachal neglected the sector. which the Prime Minister launched in September 2009. or the 12-digit unique identification (UID) number that will identify the 1.300 crore will be used to enable the registrars to enrol people in the system and the remaining Rs 600 crore will be spent for setting up the information technology infrastructure. next only to Nepal and Bangladesh. Close behind is Uttar Pradesh with projects for 26 districts. UIDAI. Of this. which have. economic activity. The latest UN Report on the World Social Situation 2010. The delimitation / reservation of constituencies— Parliamentary / Assembly / Panchayats and other local bodies is also done on the basis of the demographic data thrown up by the census. The census is the most credible source of information on demography (population characteristics). Gujarat 13 and Uttarakhand five. which is being headed by Nandan Nilekani. and reduce the gender gap from 21 to 10 per cent. began on April 1.2 billion population.25 (around Rs 60) a day. Census is the only source of primary data at village. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. However. Its first phase began on January 15.900 crore for the financial year 2010-11. monitoring the on-going schemes of the government and most importantly. the biggest census ever to be attempted in human history to cover India's 1. will have an additional four digits that will be hidden from the common man.
3 per cent. Himachal and Haryana. Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Pakistan is the only nation in the sector to have achieved the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of cutting poverty by half between 1990 and 2015. Gendering Human Development Index in India. The highest GEM scorers in India are Andaman and Nicobar.590 a decade later. at the local M named after the late Prime airstrip on January 31. Goa. claims GEM score of 0. It had 73 per cent of the people in ‘extreme poverty’ 15 years ago. which was 0. The knowledge. while GDI score improved from 0.497 in 2006 against 0. The IT mesh will connect around 1. their representation in Parliament and legislatures and their control over economic resources. The architecture of the NKN will be scalable and the M network will consist of an ultra-high speed core (multiples of 10Gbps E and upwards) to provide a nationwide ultra high-speed data-network highway.530 in 1996. Andaman and Nicobar.4 between 1990 and 2005 if it wants to meet the MDG target of 27 per cent. Chandigarh. the IIMs and top universities for ICof the important exchange of information and research. 2010. Puducherry.177 178 NS O The Union government has approved the setting up of a TI all major National Knowledge Network (NKN) that will connect A educational institutions like the IITs. with the latest government report showing a significant increase in country’s position on human (HDI) and gender related development indices. which judges women’s .2 per cent in urban areas. Ministry of Communications DI E and IT for this.7 per cent (between 2005 and 2015) against 1.6 per cent as against its MDG target of 29. so far it has touched only 41. One recommendations of the National Knowledge Commission (NKC) UN is to inter-connect all knowledge institutions through high speed M data communication network. Andhra and Himachal. Rural India has 43. however.100 crore was allocated to the Department of Information Technology. in terms of extreme poverty. a non-descript village located UN Haryana has got India’s first aero sports centre. specialised resources and O government’s decision to set upC such a network was announced in A 2008-09 and an initial amount of Rs. A concern. The centre. NS O TI A India’s first aero sports centre ICin the backwaters of Narnaul.416 in 1996. it now has 22. in collaboration A DI 97th Indian Science Congress E 97th Indian Science Congress (ISC 2010) hosted by the M Indian Space Research Organisation. which was M inaugurated by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda. Haryana.6 per cent. human and gender development report India’s human and gender development record is improving.8 per cent of the people in extreme poverty as against 36. released by Women and Child Development Ministry. Aviation. This would encourage sharing of M collaborative research.514 in 1996 to 0. The best performers on political participation of women are Punjab. and must have an annual poverty reduction rate of 4. but in terms of control of economic resources. rose to 0. participation in politics and decision-making. Delhi and Punjab are the best. India is lagging on the front. has been set up by the Department of Civil CO with the Aero Club of India.500 institutions and the RE network is expected to be completed in a span of setting up of S core National Knowledge Network two years. Delhi has the highest GEM score and Nagaland the lowest. India’s HDI.605 in 2006. is the country’s Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) score. Meghalaya stands on top. On economic empowerment of women. Goa. a national science event held EE in Thiruvananthapuram and 98th Indian Science Congress (ISC SR 2011) held at Chennai.
G. Tagore Agony and the Ecstasy Airport Ajatshatru Alaska Unbound Alchemist .M.K. Shaw Martin Fitzwater Mulk Raj Anand Ardesher Vakil Peter Lynch Jawaharlal Nehru Murry Midgley Toni Morrison Lewis Wallace Charles Berlitz Bill Clinton Kuldip Nayar Richard Nixon Veda Vyas Nirmal Verma Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn G. Douglas P. Gujral Tiziano Terzani Alien Nation All for Love Books A Bend in the river A Brush with Life A Foreign Policy for India A Fortune Teller Told Me A Peep into the Past A Possible India A Reveolutionary Life A Secular Agenda A Simple Path A Suitable Boy A Tale of Two Gardens A Tryst With Destiny Abbot Absalom. Wodehouse P. Mankekar Mohan Rakesh P. Shaw Manohar Malgonkar Mohammad lqbal Jawaharlal Nehru David Selbourne Norman Mailer Willem Doevenduin George Orwell Count Leo Tolstoy Derek Walcott Aldous Huxley Aldous Huxley George Bernad Shaw Sir Richard Burton V.Buck Aldous Huxley Amar Singh Anita Brookner J.G.Pulla Reddi Chester Bowles Henry Fielding J.K. Gorbachev Henry Fielding O. Ali Boris Yeltsin Bermuda Triangle Between Hope and History Between the Lines Beyond Peace Bhagwat Gita Bharal Aur Europe Bharat Bharati Big Fisherman Big Money Bill the Conqueror Billy Birth of Europe Bisarjan EE SR A DI E M Hugh Tinker NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Bone People Born Free Bostaan Book of the Sword Breaking the Silence Breakthrough Brif History of Time Broken Wings Bubble Britain’s True History Buddha Charitam Bureaucrazy Butterfield 8 By God’s Decree Byzantium Caesar and Cleopatra Call the Briefing Cancer Ward Canterbury Tales Canvass of Life Caravans Cardinal Castle Catch-22 Catcher in the Rye Centennial Chance Chandalika Bunch of Old Letters Gen. Michener Henry M.S. Naipaul Vikram Seth Elia Kazan Arthur Koestler Arthur Koestler Joseph Conrad Sinclair Lewis Kautilya Virgil J. S. Dixit Aristotle Bitter Sweet Black Arrow Black Diaspora Black Sheep Black Tulip Bleak House Blind Ambitions Blind Beauty Bloodline Blood Sport Blue Bird Noel Coward Robert Louis Stevenson Ronald Segal Honore de Balzac Alexander Dumas Charles Dickens John Dean Boris Pasternak Sidney Sheldon James Stewart Keri Hulme Maurice Macterlink Sir Richard Burton Joy Adamson Sheikh Saadi Anees Jung BOOKS .D.179 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 180 As I Lay Dying As You Like It Ashtadhyayi Asian Drama Aspects of the Novel Assignment Colombo Assignment India Atoms of Hope August 1914 August Coup Author’s Farce Autumn Leaves Avanti Sundari Babbit Baburnama Baby and Child Back to Methuselah Bandicoot Run Bang-i-Dara Banyan Tree Beach Boy Beast and Man Beating the Street Beloved Ben Hur Athenian Constitution Ascent of the Everest William Faulkner William Shakespeare Sir John Hunt Panini Gunnar Myrdal E.N. Forster J. Yeats G.M.R. Galbraith Christopher Thomas Mohan Sundara Rajan Vasant Navrekar Partha Chatterjee Laxmi Sehgal Arun Shourie All Under Heaven Along the Road Altered States Amar Kosh Lucinda Vardey Octavio Paz Vikram Seth Stanley Wolfer William Faulkner John Dryden Walter Scott D. Galbraith Dandin Sinclair Lewis Penelope Leach Babur Gunnar Myrdal Robert Louis An American Tragedy Theodore Dreiser G.Galbraith Susan Issacs S.B. Shelley Mark Twain lrving Stone Allen Drury Adventures of Tom Sawyer After All These Years After the Dark Night Against the Grain Age of Reason Agni Pariksha Agni Veena E RE S A DI E M George Eliot NS O TI A IC UN M M CO Ambassador’s Journal Ambassador’s Report Amelia American Capitalism An American Dilemma An Apology for Idlers Stevenson An Autobiography An Eye to China Ancient Evenings Angry Letters Animal Farm Anna Karenina Another Life Antic Hay Ape and Essence Apple Cart Arabian Nights Area of Darkness Arion and the Dolphin Arrangement Arrival and Departure Arrow in the Blue Arrow of Good Arrowsmith Arthashastra Alexander Solzhenitsyn Mikhali S.AUTHORS Authors V. Lopez R.Moshe Dayan Stephen Hawking Prem Bhatia Sarojini Naidu Ashvaghosha M.B. Wodehouse Albert French Robert.B.S.B. Absalom Absalom and Achitophel Acoession to Extinction Adam Bede Adhe Adhure Adonis Adversary in the House Advice and Consent Aeneid Affluent Society Alexander Quartet Alexander the Great Alice in Wonderland Lawrence Durrel John Gunther Lewis Carroll Peter Brimelow John Dryden Pearl S. Naipaul Satish Gujral I. Robinson Franz Kafka Joseph Heller J.N.Chaucer Sheila Gujral James A.K. Salinger James Michener Joseph Conrad Rabindranath Tagore Jean Paul Sartre Acharya Tulsi Kazi Nazrul Islam Irving Stone Arthur Hailey Jai Shankar Prasad James Michener Ben Johnson Maithili Sharan Gupta Lloyd C.K. Kaw John O’Hara Kapil Dev W.K.
Shaw Doll’s House lbsen Dolly-The Birth of a Clone Jina Kolata Don Juan George Byron Don Quixote Cervantes Double Betrayal Paula R.V. My Beloved Country Alan Patan Cuckold Kiran Nagar Kar Culture and Anarchy Matthew Arnold Curtain Raisers K. Sinclair Earth Emile Zola Earth Mother Pupul Jayakar East of Eden B.S.K. Buck China’s Watergate Leo Goodstadt Chinese Betrayal B.Kaye Faraway Music Svetlana Allilueva Farewell to the Trumpets James Morris Farewell to a Ghost Manoj Das Farewell to Arms Ernest Hemingway Farm House George Orwell Fasana-i-Azad Ratan Nath Sarkar Fathers and Sons lvan Turgenev Faust J.Eliot Famished Road Ben Okri Far Pavilions M.Chaudhuri Coolie Mulk Raj Anand Coup John Updike Court Dancer Rabindranath Tagore Coverly Papers Joseph Addison Cranford Mrs.D.Beethoven Fiesta Ernest Hemingway Fifth Column Ernest Hemingway Final Passage Caryl Phillips Fine Balance Rohinton Mistry Fire Next Time James Baldwin First Circle Alexander Solzhenitsyn Flags in the Dust William Faulkner Flames from the Ashes P. Natwar Singh Damsel in Distress P.S.Rousseau Confessions of a Lover Mulk Raj Anand Comus John Milton Confidential Clerk T.P.J.W.K.G.181 Cherry Orchard Anton Chekhov Chidambara Sumitranandan Pant Child Who Never Grew Pearl S. Chesterton Executioner’s Song Norman Mailer Exile and the Kingdom Albert Camus Eye of the Storm Patrick White Eyeless in Gaza Aldous Huxley Fairie Queene Edmund Spencer Fall of a Sparrow Salim Ali Family Reunion T. Watson Double Tongue William Golding Double Teeth U. Mullick Chitra Rabindranath Tagore Choma’s Drum K. Eliot Colonel Sun Kingsley Amis Common Sense Thomas Paine Communist Manifesto Karl Marx Confessions J. Nanda De Profundis Oscar Wilde Dean’s December Saul Bellow Death and After Annie Besant Death Be Not Proud John Gunther Death in the Castle Pearl S. Gaskell Creation Gore Vidal Crescent Moon Rabindranath Tagore Crescent Over Kashmir Anil Maheshwari Cricket on the Hearth Charles Dickens Crisis in India Ronald Segal Critical Mass William E. Newburg Double Helix J. Wodehouse Dancing with the Devil Rod Barker Dangling Man Saul Bellow Daniel Deronda Geroge Eliot Dark Room R.P.B.S. Harrington Death on the Nile Agatha Christie Death of a Salesman Arthur Miller Death Under sail C. Von Goethe Eight Lives Rajmohan Gandhi Emile J. Tandon Flounder Gunder Grass Follywood Flashback Bunny Reuben Forbidden Sea Tara Ali Baig E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO .Dante Divine Life Swami Sivananda Doctor Faustus Christopher Marlowe Doctor’s Dilemma G. Buck Death in Venice Thomas Mann Death of a City Amrita Pritam Death of a Patriot R.N. Narsimhan Descent of Man Charles Darwin Deserted Village Oliver Goldsmith Desperate Remedies Thomas Hardy Detective Arthur Hailey Dharmashastra Manu Dialogue with Death Arthur Koestler Diana-The Story So Far Julia Donelli Diana-The True Story Andrew Morton Diana Versus Charles James Whitaker Die Blendung Elias Canetti Diplomacy Henry Kissinger Disappearing Acts Terry McMillan Discovery of India Jawaharlal Nehru Distant Drums Manohar Malgonkar Distant Neighbours Kuldip Nayar Divine Comedy A. Shivaram Karanath Christabel Samuel Taylor Coleridge Christmas Tales Charles Dickens Chithirappaavai P. Buck Childhood Maxim Gorky Children of Gabelawi Naquib Mahfouz Children of the Sun Maxim Gorky China Passage J.B. Rousseau Eminent Churchillians Andrew Roberts Emma Jane Austen Ends and Means Aldous Huxley End of an Era C. Burrows Critique of Pure Reason Immanuel Kant Crossing in River Caryl Phillips Crown and the Loincloth Chaman Nahal Crown of Wild Olive John Ruskin Cry. Buck Edwina and Nehru Catherine Clement Egmont J. Snow Debacle Emile Zola Decameron Giovannie Boccaccio Decline of the West O’ Spengler Democracy Redeemed V.N. Akilandam City of Joy Dominique Lapierre City of Saints Sir Richard Burton Class Erich Segal Climate of Treason Andrew Boyle Clockwork Orange Anthony Burgess Clown Heinrich Boll Cocktail Party T.K. Mullick East West Salman Rushdie East Wind Pearl S. Narayan Dark Debts Karen Hall Dark Home Coming Eric Lustbader Dark Side of Camelot Seymour Hersh Darkness at Noon Arthur Koestler Das Kapital Karl Marx Dashkumar Charitam Dandi Daughter of the East Benazir Bhutto David Copperfield Charles Dickens Day in Shadow Nayantara Sehgal Day of the Jackal Frederick Forsyth Days of his Grace Eyvind Johnson Days of My Yers H.M. Galbraith China-Past and Present Pearl S.W.J.S. Eliot Conquest of Self Mahatma Gandhi Conservationist Nadine Gordimer Continent of Circle Nirad C. Von Goethe Faustus Chirstopher Marlow Fidelio L.K.E.D. Pandit End of the Chapter John Forsyte Enemies Maxim Gorky Envoy to Nehru Escott Reid 182 Erewhon Samuel Butler Escape John Forsyte Eassay on Life Samuel Butler Essays in Criticism Matthew Arnold Essays On Gita Aurobindo Ghosh Essays of Elia Charles Lamb Eternal India Indira Gandhi Eternity Anwar Shaikh Ethics Aristotle Europa Time Parks Eugenie Grandet Honore de Balzac Everlasting Man G.
P. Wodehouse Full Moon P.P.G. Munshi Jaguar Smile Salman Rushdie Jajar.G.A. Biswas V.V. Dalvi Hindu View of Life Dr.Radhakrishnan Hitopadesh R.G. Wells Iron in the Soul Jean Paul Sartre Ironhand J.M.V. Snow Handful of Dust Evelyn Waugh Happy Death Albert Camus Harlot High and Low Honore de Balzac Harvest Majula Padmanabhan Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad Heat and Dust Ruth Prawer Jhabwala Heavy Weather P. Snow Hornet’s Nest Patricia Cornwell Hot Water P.Radhakrishnan India’s China War Neville Maxwell Century & Beyond Sandy Gordon Indian Mansions Sarah Tiloston India Changes Taya Zinkin India Divided Rajendra Prasad Indian Muslims Prof.Wodehouse Future of NPT Savita Pande Gambler Fyodor Dostoevsky Gandhi and Stalin Louis Fisher Gardener Rabindra Nath Tagore Garrick Year Margaret Drabble Gathering Storm Winston Churchill Geeta Govind Jaya Dev Ghasiram Kotwal Vijay Tendulkar Ghosts in the Machine Arthur Koestler Girl in Blue P. Wodehouse Henderson the Rain King Saul Bellow Heritage Anthony West Hero of Our Times Richard Hough Heroes and Hero worship Thomas Carlyle Henry Esmond Thackeray Heir Apparent Dr.K.Mujeeb India. Wodehouse Golden Borough James Frazer Golden Gate Vikram Seth Golden Threshold Sarojini Naidu Gone Away Dom Moraes Gone with the Wind Margaret Mitchell Good Earth Pearl S.Buck Goodbye.G. Wodehouse Friends. the Critial Years Kuldip Nayar Indo-Pakistan Conflict Russen Brines Indica Megasthenes Indira’s India S. Wodehouse Girl On the Boat P. Narayan Gulistan Boston Sheikh Saadi Gulliver’s Travels Jonathan Swift Gurusagaram O. Bhutto Grey Eminence Aldous Huxley Grub Street Henry Fielding Guide R.G. Buck Human Factor Graham Greene Human Knowledge Bertrand Russell Humboldt’s Gift Saul Bellow Humour Ben Johnson Hungry Stones Rabindra Nath Tagore I am not an Island K.W.Choudhury His Excellency Emile Zola Home Comings C.G.Narayan Hind Swaraj M. Giri Joke Milan Kundra Judge’s Miscellany M. Gandhi Indian Philosophy Dr. Churashir Maa Mahashweta Devi Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte Jankijeevanam Prof. Mr Chips James Hilton Gora Rabindra Nath Tagore Grace Notes Bernard Mac Lavarto Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck Grapes and the Wind Pablo Neruda Great Challenge Louis Fischer Great Depression of 1990 Ravi Batra Great Gatsby F.K.G.A Abbas I Dare Parmesh Dangwal I follow the Mahatma K. Kamath India Today Rajni Palme Dutt India We Left Hymphry Trevelyan Indian Home Rule M. Mohd. Scott Fitzgerald Great lllusion Norman Angell Great Tragedy Z. Buck In Confidence Anatolyu Dobrynin In Evil Hour Gabriel Garcia Marquez In Search of Identity Anwar el-Sadat In the Bluest Eye Toni Morrison In the Shadow of Pines Mandeep Rai India discovered John Keay India is for Sale Chitra Subramaniam India of Our Dreams M. Narasimha Rao In Memoriam Tennyson Inside Asia John Gunther Inside Europe John Gunther Inside Africa John Gun ther Interpreters Wole Soyinka Intimacy Jean Paul Sartre Intruder in the Dust William Faulkner Invisible Man H. Vijayan Gypsy(poem) Pushkin Hamlet William Shakespeare Hard Times Charles Dickens Harsha Charita Bana Bhatt Hamsters C. Wodehouse House for Mr.K. Wodehouse Gita Rahasya Bal Gangadhar Tilak Gitanjali Rabindra Nath Tagore Gladiators Arthur Koestler Go Down Moses William Faulkner Goa Asif Currimbhoy God and the Bible Mattew Arnold Godan Munshi Prem Chand Godfather Mario Puzo Gold Bat P.M.S.G.V.183 Forsyte Saga John Galsworthy Fortynine Days Amrita Pritam Franklin’s Tale Geoffrey Chaucer Fraternity John Forsyte Free Man’s Worship Bertrand Russell French Revolution Thomas Carlyle Freedom from Fear Aung San Suu Kyi French Leave P. Naipaul 184 House of Spirits Isabel Allende House Divided Pearl S.G.Gandhi Hindu Civilisation J.M. Hidayatullah Julius Caesar William Shakespeare Jurassic Park Michael Crichton Jungle Book Rudyard Kipling Junglee Girl Ginu Kamani Kadambari Bana Bhatt Kamadhenu Kubernath Ray Kamasutra Vatsyayan Kagaz Te Kanwas Amrita Pritam Kamayani Jai Shankar Pandit Kaleidoscope of India Tomoji Muto Kali Aandhi Kamleshwar Kanthapura Raja Rao Kanyadaan Vijay Tendulkar Katghare Main Ram Sharan Joshi Kayakalp Munshi Prem Chand E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Karan Singh Higher than Hope Fatima Meer Himalayan Blunder Brig J.S.Nihal Singh Inferno Alighieri Dante Inner Circle Jonathan First Inside the CBI Joginder Singh Inside the Third Reich Albert Spencer Insider P.V. Von Goethe Isabella John Keats It is Always Possible Kiran Bedi Ivanov Anton Chekhov Ivanhoe Sir Walter Scott Marriage Chirstopher Anderson Jai Somnath K. Munshi Idylls of the King Tennyson Idiot Fyodor Dostoevsky Idols Sunil Gavaskar If I am Assassinated Z.P. S.A. Barrie Hinduism Nirad C. Rajendra Mishra Jazz Toni Morrison Jean Christopher Romain Rolland Jewel Danielle Steel Jhoota Sach Yashpal Jobs for Millions V. Bhutto Imperial Woman Pearl S. Not Masters Ayub Khan From Hero to Eternity James Jones Frozen Assets P.K.
K.K.Beethoven Moonwalk Michael Jackson Moor’s Last Sigh Salman Rushdie Mother Maxim Gorky Mritunjaya Shivaji Sawant Mrs. Stevenson Kiratarjuniya Bharavi Kim Rudyard Kipling King Lear Shakespeare Kipps H. The Unknown Lewis Carroll Man and Superman G.S. Buck Peculiar Music Emily Bronte Peter Pan J. Forster Mayor of Casterbridge Thomas Hardy Meghdoot Kalidas Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler Momories of Hope Charles de Gaulle Meri Rehen Meri Manzil Krishna Puri Middle March George Eliot Middle Ground Margaret Drabble Midnight’s Children Salman Rushdie Mill on the Floss George Eliot Million Mutinies Now V. Karaka Padmavati Malik Mohammed Jayasi Painted Veil W.Lynne Man of Property John Galsworthy Man.Shankara Kurup Odyssey Homer Oh.Nabokov Lycidas John Milton Macbeth William Shakespeare Magic Mountain Thomas Mann Mahabharata Vyasa Malati Madhav Bhavabhuti Magic Fishbone Charles Dickens Magnificent Maharaja K.B. Gandhi My Experiment With Truth M.H. Dixit My Struggles E. Krishna lyer Leaders Richard Nixon Leaves of Grass Walt Whitman Lead Kindly Light Cardinal Newman Les Miserables Victor Hugo Latter from Peking Peral S.T.R.N.P. Kaul Kidnapped R.S. Shaw Man for Moscow G. Snow Mati Matal Gopinath Mohanty Maurice E.L. Nayanar Myths of sisyphus Albert Camus My Prison Diary J. Narayan My Early Life M. Bendre Nacked Face Sydney Sheldon Naked Triangle Balwant Gargi Nehru Family and Sikhs Harbans Singh Netaji-Dead or Alive Samar Guha Never At Home Dom Moraes Nice Guys Finish Second B.K. Eliot Murky Business Honore de Balzac Murder of Aziz Khan Zulfikar Ghose My Days R.M. Coleridge Kulliyat Ghalib Kumar Sambhava Kalidas La Divine Comedia A.Wells Koraner Nari Taslima Nasreen Kore Kagaz Amrita Pritam Kubla Khan S.K.Chaudhuri Passage to India E. Barrie Persuasion Jane Austen Pickwick Papers Charles Dickens Pilgrim’s Progress John Bunyan Pinjar Amrita Pritam Plague Albert Camus Plans for Departure Nayantara Sehgal E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO .N.M. Narayanan Path to Power Margaret Thatcher Patriot Pearl S. Mankekar Paradiso Alighieri Dante Paradise Regained John Milton Passage to England Nirad C. Narayan Pair of Blue Eyes Thomas Hardy Pakistan Crisis David Loshak Pakistan Papers Mani Shankar Aiyer Panchtantra Vishnu Sharma Paradise Lost John Milton Pakistan Cut to Size D.K.R.Lawrence Lajja Taslima Nasreen Lal Bahadur Shastri C.P.M. Nihal Singh My Music.R.V.R. Deng Xiaoping Xiao Rong My India S. Their Films Satyajit Ray Our India Minoo Masani Out of Dust F.P. Gandhi My Life and Times V.Natwar Singh Mahatma Gandhi Girija Kumar Mathur Major Barbara George Bernard Shaw Malavikagnimitra Kalidas Main Street Sinclair Lewis Man. De Winter Susah Hill 186 Much Ado About Nothing Shakespeare Mudra rakshasa Vishakhadatta Murder in the Cathedral T.Tennyson Love in A Blue Time Hanif Khureshi Lolita V.Venkataraman My Truth Indira Gandhi Mysterious Universe James Jeans My Several Worlds Pearl S.K.P. Buck Letters From the Field Margaret Mead Leviathan Thomas Hobbes Liberty or Death Patrick French Light That Failed Rudyard Kipling Life Divine Aurobindo Ghosh Life is Elsewhere Milan Kundera Lines of Fate Mark Kharitonov Lipika Rabindranath Tagore Living Room Graham Greene Long Walk to Freedom Nelson Mandela Look Back in Anger John Osborne Lord Jim Joseph Conrad Lord of the Files William Golding Lost Child Mulk Raj Anand Lost Honour John Dean Lost lllusion Honore de Balzac Lotus Eaters A.K. Beast and Virtue Luigi Pirandello Man eaters of Kumaon Jim Corbett Marriage and Morals Bertrand Russell Mama Terry McMillan Man for All Seasons Robert Bolt Mandarin Simon de Beauvoir Mansfield Park Jane Austen Many Worlds K. Buck My Son’s Father Dom Moraes My South Block Years J.Hidayatullah My Father. Pottekatt Other Side of Midnight Sydney Sheldon Othello Shakespeare Our Films. Srivastava Last Analysis Saul Bellow Last Orders Graham Swift Last Phase Pyare Lal Last Things C. Nehru Nicholas Nickelby Charles Dickens Night Manager John le Carre Nile Basin Sir Richard Burton Nine Days Wonder John Mansfield Nisheeth Uma Shankar Joshi Niti-Sataka Bhartrihari Nineteen Eighty-Four George Orwell 1999-Victory Without War Richard Nixon Nirbashita Narir Kabita Taslima Nasreen North Seamus Heanev Northanger Abbey Jane Austen Nothing Like The Sun Anthony Burgess No Full stops in India Mark Tully Nursery Alice Lewis Carroll Occasion for Loving Nadine Gordimer Odessa File Frederick Forsyth Odakkuzal G.185 Kayar Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Keepers of the Keys Milan Kundera Kenilworth Sir Walter Scott Killer Angels Michael Shaara Kissinger Years T. Somerset Maugham Painter of Signs R.D.P Narayan Naari Humayun Azad Nana Emile Zola Naganandan Harsha Vardhana Naku Thanthi D.G. Snow Laws Versus Justice V.S. Buck Pavilion of Women Pearl S. My Love Ravi Shankar My Presidential Years R. Le Beaux Jours Samuel Beckett Old Curiosity Shop Charles Dickens Old Goriot Honore de Balzac Old Man and the Sea Ernest Hemingway Old Path: white Clouds Thich Nht Hanh Oliver’s Story Erich Segal Oliver Twist Erich Segal Oliver Twist Charles Dickens Omeros Derek Walcott On History Eric Hobswan One-eyed Uncle Laxmikant Mahapatra One World to Share Sridath Ramphal One Upmanship Stephen Potter One World and India Arnold Toynbee One World Wendell Wilkie Only One Year Svetlana Operation Shylock Philip Roth Origin of Species Charles Darwin Oru Desathinte Katha S.Giri My Own Boswell M. Menon Masters C. Dante La Peste Albert Camus Lady of the Lake Sir Walter Scott Lady with the Lapdog Anton Chekhov Lady Chatterly’s Lover D. Forster Past and Present Thomas Carlyle Past Forward G. Naipaul Mirror of the Sea Joseph Conrad Miser Moliere Mistaken identity Nayantara Sehgal Moby Dick Herman Melville Modern Painters John Ruskin Mother India Katherine Mayo Mod Classics Joseph Conrad Moonlight Sonata L.
Pleading Guilty Scott Turow Poison Belt Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Politics Aristotle Portrait of India Ved Mehta Possessed Albert Camus Post Office Rabindranath Tagore Power and Glory Graham Greene Power That Be David Halberstan Prathama Pratishruti Ashapurna Devi Prem Pachisi Prem Chand Prelude William Wordsworth Premonitions P.N. Haksar Princess in Love Ann Pasternak Prison Diary Jayaprakash Narayan Prisoner of Zenda Anthony Hope Prisoner’s Scrapbook L.K. Advani Primary Colors Anonymous Prince Machiavelli Prithviraj Raso Chand Bardai Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen Principia Isaac Newton Professor Charlotte Bronte Profiles & Letters K. Natwar Singh Promises to Keep Chester Bowles Purgatory Alighieri Dante Pyramids of Sacrifice Peter L.Berger Pygmation G.B. Shaw Quarantene Jim Crass Rabbit, Run John Updike Rage of Angels Sydney Sheldon Ragtime E.L. Doctorow Raghuvamsa Kalidas Rajtarangini Kalhana Ram Charit Manas Tulsidas Rangbhoomi Prem Chand Rains Came Louis Bromefield Rain King Saul Bellow Rainbow Pearl S. Buck Rape of the Lock Alexander Pope Ratnavali Harsha Vardhan Razor’s Edge Somerset Maugham Rebel Albert Camus Rebirth Leonid Brezhnev Red and Black Stendhal Red Star Over China Edgar Snow Rediscovering Gandhi Yogesh Chadha Red Badge of Courage Stephen Crane Remembering Babylon David Malouf Reminiscences Thomas Carlyle Reminiscences Thomas Carlyle Reprieve Jean Paul Sartre Republic Plato Rescue Joseph Conrad Resurrection Leo Tolstoy Return of the Native Thomas Hardy Revenue Stamp Amrita Pritam Rich Like Us Nayantara Sehgal Riding the Storm Harold MacMillan Rights the Man Thomas Paina Ritu Ka Pehla Phool Vijendra Ritu Samhara Kalidas Rivals R.B. Sheridan River Sutra Gita Mehta Road to Folly Leslie Ford Road to Freedom K.K. Khullar Robe Lloyd C. Douglas Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare Room at the Top John Braine Roots Rukh Te Rishi Harbhajan Singh Sader-i-Riyasat Karan Singh Sakharam Binder Vijay Tendulkar Saket Maithili Sharan Gupta Satyartha Prakash Swami Dayanand Smaler’s Planet Saul Bellow Sanctuary William Faulkner Sands of Time Sidney Sheldon Santa Evita Tomas Eloymartinez Satanic Verses Salman Rushdie Savitri Aurobindo Ghosh Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne Scarlet Pimpernel Baroness Orczy Schindlr’s List Thomas Keneally School for Scandal R.B. Sheridan Search for Home Sasthi Brata Second World War Winston Churchill Secret Agent Joseph Conrad Sense of Time S.H. Vatsyayan Sesame and Lilies John Ruskin Seven Summers Mulk Raj Anand
Tale of a Tub Jonathan Swift Tale of Two Cities Charles Dickens Tales from Shakespeare Charles Lamb Talisman Sir Walter Scott Tamas Bhisham Sahni Tar Baby Toni Morrison Tarkash Javed Akhtar Temple Tiger Jim Corbett Tess of D’Urbervilles Thomas Hardy Thank You, Jeeves P.G. Wodehouse The Age of Extremes Eric Holsbawm The Assassination K. Mohandas The Agony and Ecstasy Irving Stone The Beach Tree Pearl S. Buck The Commitments Roddy Doyle The Cardinal Henry Morton Robinson The Chinese Betrayal B.N. Mullick The Congress Splits R.P. Rao The Diplomatic Bag John Ure Ugly Duckling H.C. Anderson Ulysses James Joyce Uncle Tom’s Cabin Mrs.Hariet Stowe Unconsoled Kazuo Ishiguro Under Western Eye Joseph Conrad Unhappy India Lala Lajpat Rai Universe Around Us James Jeans Until Darkness Parvin Ghaffari Utouchable Mulk Raj Anand Upturned Soil Mikhail Sholokov Uttar Ramcharita Bhava Bhuti Utopia Thomas More Unto This Last John Ruskin Untold Story Gen.B.M.Kaul Valley of Dolls Jacqueline Susanne Vanity Fair Thackeray Vendor of Sweets R.K.Narayan Venisamhara Narayana Bhatt Very Old Bones William Kennedy Victim Saul Bellow Victory Joseph Conrad View from Delhi Chester Bowles View from the UN U Thant Village by the Sea Anita Desai Village Mulk Raj Anand Vinay Patrika Tulsidas Maithili Sharan Gupta Virangana Virginians William Thackeray Voice of Conscience V.V. Giri Voice of Freedom Nayantara Sehgal Voice of the Voiceless Rutsh Harring Waiting for Godot Samuel Becket Waiting to Exhale Terry McMillan Wake up India Annie Besant Walls of Glass K.A. Abbas War and Peace Tolstoy War of the Worlds H.G.Wells Waste Land T.S. Eliot Way of the World William Congreve We, Indians Khushwant Singh We, the People N.A. Palkhivala Wealth of Nations Adam Smith Week with Gandhi Louis Fischer West Wind Pearl S. Buck Westward Ho Charles Kingsley While England Sleeps David Leavitt Whispers of the Desert Fatima Bhutto White House Years Henry Kissinger Widening Divide Rafiq Zakaria Wild Ass’s Skin Honore de Balzac Winston Churchill Clive Ponting Witness to History Prem Bhatia Witness to an Era Frank Moraes Woman’s Life Guy de Maupassant World Within Words Stephen Spender Worthy it is Odysseus Elytis Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte Yajnaseni Dr. Pratibha Roy Yama Mahadevi Verma Yashodhara Maithili Sharan Gupta Yayati V.S. Khandekar Year of the Upheaval Henry Kissinger Year of the Vulture Amita Malik Years of Pilgrimage Dr.Raja Ramanna Yesterday and Today K.P.S. Menon Zulfi, My Friend Piloo Mody
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March 23 March 24 March 25 March 27 April 2 April 4 April 7 April 14 April 16 April 17 April 21 April 22 April 23 April 24 April 25 April 26 April 28 April 29 May 1 May 2 May 3 May 4 May 5 May 6 May 7 May 8 May 12 May 15 May 17 May 18 May 19 May 21 May 22 May 23
January January January January
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January 24 January 27 January 28 January 29 February 2 February 4 February 6 February 11 February 12 February 14 February 20 February 21 February 22 March 4 March 6 March 8 March 8 March 14 March 15 March 15 March 20 March 20 March 21 March 21 March 22
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Global Family Day World Day of Peace World Hypnotism Day World day for War orphans 3rd Sunday of January - World Religion Day National girl child day of India International Holocaust Remembrance Day Data Protection Day World Leprosy Day World Wetlands Day World Cancer Day International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation World Day of the Sick Darwin Day Valentines Day World Day of Social Justice International Mother Language Day International Scouts Day World Kamau's Day Dentist's Day United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace International Women's Day International Day of Action for Rivers World Day of Muslim Culture, Peace, Dialogue and Film World Consumer Rights Day International Day of the Francophonie World Day of Theatre for Children and Young People International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination World Poetry Day World Day for Water
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- World Meteorological Day - International Day for Achievers, World Tuberculosis Day - International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade - World Theatre Day - World Autism Awareness Day - International Day for Mine Awareness - World Health Day - Cultural Unity Day, recognized by India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bangladesh and Nepal. - World Entrepreneurship Day (WED) site - World Hemophilia Day - World Creativity and Innovation Day - Earth Day - World Book and Copyright Day - World Day for Laboratory Animals - World Malaria Day - World Intellectual Property Day - International Workers' Memorial Day - World Dance Day - May Day - Labour Day - International Day of Deliberately Unemployed - World Press Freedom Day - International Firefighters' Day - International Midwives Day - International Awareness Day for Osteogenesis Imperfecta - Rabindranath Tagore's Anniversary Day - World Red Cross & Red Crescent Day - International Nurses Day - International Day of Families - World Information Society Day - International Museum Day - World Hepatitis Day - World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development - International Day for Biological Diversity - World Turtle Day
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May 29 - International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers May 31 - World No Tobacco Day 1st Tuesday of May - World Asthma Day 2nd Saturday of May - World Fair Trade Day 2nd Sunday of May - International Mothers' Day June 1 - International Children's Day June 4 - International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression June 5 - World Environment Day June 8 - World Brain Tumour Day June 8 - World Ocean Day June 12 - World Day Against Child Labour June 14 - World Blood Donor Day June 17 - World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought June 18 - International Picnic Day June 19 - World Sickle Cell Day June 20 - World Refugee Day June 21 - World Music Day June 23 - United Nations Public Service Day June 26 - International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking June 26 - International Day in Support of Victims of Torture 3rd Sunday of June - International Fathers' Day July 1 - Doctor's Day, Bidhan Chandra Roy Birth Day 1st Saturday of July - International Day of Cooperatives July 1 - International Reggae Day - Jamaica July 7 - International Cooperative Day July 8 - Writer's Day July 11 - World Population Day July 23 - World Stress Down Day August 9 - International Day of the World's Indigenous People August 12 - International Youth Day August 13 - International Lefthanders Day August 19 - World Humanitarian Day August 23 - International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition September 8 - International Literacy Day
September September September September
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10 - World Suicide Prevention Day 11 - World First Aid Day 15 - International Day of Democracy 16 - International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer September 19 - International Talk Like a Pirate Day September 21 - International Day of Peace, recognized by the UN September 21 - World Alzheimer's Day September 26 - European Day of Languages September 27 - World Tourism Day September 28 - Right to Know Day September 28 - World Rabies Day First Monday of October - World Habitat Day October 1 - International Day of Older Persons October 1 - World Vegetarian Day October 2 - International Day of Non-Violence October 3 - World Smile Day October 4 - World Animal Day October 5 - World Teachers' Day Second Wednesday of October - International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction October 9 - World Hospice and Palliative Care Day October 8 - World Humanitarian Action Day October 8 - World Egg Day - 2nd Friday of October every year October 9 - World Post Day October 9 - Global Jamie Day October 10 - World Mental Health Day October 10 - World Day Against Death Penalty October 14 - World Standards Day October 15 - World Blind Day / World Sight Day October 15 - International Day of Rural Women October 15 - Global Handwashing Day October 16 - National Boss Day (Boss's Day) October 16 - World Food Day, recognized by the UN October 17 - International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
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International Rabbit's Day 18 .Paul S Day November 9 .International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women November 25 .Year of Women in South Africa . recognized by the UN 19 .International Meatless Day November 30 .Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination May 25–31 .International Civil Aviation Day December 9 .Universal Children's Day November 21 .International Mountain Day December December December December December 16 .World Vegan Day November 6 .International Day for Tolerance November 17 .World Aids Day December 2 .International Day of Persons with Disabilities December 5 .World Hello Day November 21 .Disarmament Week E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO 1961 1965 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1974 1975 1979 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 - Racial Discrimination World Population Year International Women's Year International Year of the Child International Year of Disabled Persons International Year of Mobilization for Sanctions against South Africa .World Communications Year . recognized by the UN October 24 .International Men's Day November 19 .International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development December 7 .Africa Industrialization Day November 20 .Year of the United Nations NS O TI A IC UN M Important Years M CO International Health and Medical Research Year A International Cooperation Year DI Year International Tourist E International Year for Human Rights M Year of Love International EE International Education Year International Year for Action to Combat Racism and SR .World Development Information Day October 27 .United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation 20 .World Statistics Day October 24 .Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-SelfGoverning Territories 4th week of September .World Diabetes Day November 16 .World Day for Audiovisual Heritage Third Sunday of November .World Immunization Day November 14 .Human Rights Day December 11 .World Television Day November 25 .International Peace Week October 4–10 .International Students Day November 19 .International Hug a Recovered Invalid Day 17 .World Toilet Day November 20 .World Space Week October 24–30 .World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims November 1 .International Migrants Day.International Human Solidarity Day Important Weeks March 21–27 .International Day of the Air Traffic Controller October 20 .International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict November 8 .The International Day against Corruption December 10 .International Day for the Abolition of Slavery December 3 .193 194 October 20 .Computer Security Day December 1 .World Freedom Day November 10 .United Nations Day.
Decade to Roll Back Malaria in Developing Countries.International Heliophysical Year 2008 .International Year for the Culture of Peace 2000 .United Nations Decade on Education for Sustainable Development .International Year of Deserts and Desertification 2007 .World Year of Physics 2006 .International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for the Children of the World .United Nations Year of Dialogue among Civilizations 2002 .International Year of Older Persons 2000 .United Nations Year for Cultural Heritage 2003 .International Year of Rice 2005 .First United Nations Decade for the Eradication of M EPoverty 2000–2010 E Second International Decade for the Eradication SR of Colonialism 2000-2010 .International Year of Languages 2008 . Xenophobia and Related Intolerance 2001 .Second International Decade of the World's Indigenous People .International Year of Volunteers 2001 .European Disability Year 2004 .First International Decade of the World's Indigenous D People E 1997–2006 .International Year of Freshwater 2003 .United Nations Literacy Decade .International Year of the Scout 2007-2008 .Water for Life Decade - International Year of Sanitation International Year of the Frog International Year of Astronomy International Year of Natural Fibres International Year of Reconciliation Year of the Gorilla International Year of the Shark International Year of Communications International Year of Biodiversity International Year of Youth International Year of Forests International Year of Chemistry International Year for People of African descent World Veterinary Year 2011 .Bone and Joint Decade 2001–2010 2001-2010 2003–2012 2005–2014 2005–2014 2005–2015 .International Year for Sport and Physical Education 2005 .International Year for the Eradication of Poverty 1998 .United Nations Decade for Women 1990s .International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduc CO tion IA 1994–2004 .World Mathematical Year 2001 .International Year of Mountains 2002 . Particularly in Africa (2001-2010) .International Year of Mobilization against Racism.International Year of the Ocean 1999 .United Nations Year for Tolerance 1996 .International Year of Thanksgiving 2000 .International Year of Ecotourism 2002 . Racial Discrimination.International Year of the Potato - E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO 2008 2008 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 2011 2011 2011 2011 NS O TI A IC Important Decades UN M M 1976–1985 .195 196 1985 1986 1987 1990 1992 1993 1994 1994 1995 International Youth Year International Year of Peace International Year of Shelter for the Homeless International Literacy Year International Space Year International Year of the World's Indigenous People International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal International Year of the Family World Year of Peoples' Commemoration of Victims of the Second World War 1995 .Year of the Dolphin (extended to 2008) 2007 .International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition 2004 .International Year of Microcredit 2005 .
Russia. BHU : Banaras Hindu University : Bureau of Industrial Costs and Prices BIFR : Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction BIMSTEC : Bangladesh. Thailand Economic Cooperation. Myanmar. BIPPA : Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement BIS : Bureau of Indian Standards BKU : Bharatiya Kisan Union BLOB : Binary Large Objects BMW : Bayerische Motoren Warke AG BOAC : British Overseas Airways Corporation BOLT : Build-Own-Lease-Transfer BPE : Bureau of Public Enterprises BPO : Business Process Outsourcing BRAI : Broadcast Regulatory Authorities of India BRIC : Brazil. India and China BRO : Border Roads Organisation BSE : Bombay Stock Exchange BSF : Border Security Force BSI : Botanical Survey of India BSNL : Bharat Sanchar Nigam BSP : Bahujan Samaj Party CAB : Civil Aeronautics Board CABE : Central Advisory Board for education CACCI : Confederation of Asia-Pacific Chambers of Commerce & Industry CACP : Commission on Agricultural Costs and Prices CADA : Command Area Development Agency CAG : Comptroller and AuditorGeneral CAN : Calcium Ammonium Nitrate CAPART : Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology CAPD : Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis CAPES : Computer-Aided Paperless Examination System CARD : Centre for Astronomical Research and Development CARE : Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere BICP ABBREVIATIONS AA : Anti-Aircraft. Author’s Alterations AAAS : American Association of Ad vancement of Science AAFI : Amateur Athletics Federation of Afro-Asian Games AAI : Airport Authority of India AAOU : Asian Association for Open Uni versities APSO : Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Organisation AASU : All-Assam Students’ Union ABC : Audit Bureau of Circulations ABM : Anti-Ballistic Missiles ABSU : All Bodo Students’ Union ABU : Asian Broadcasting Union AC : Alternating Current ACAS : Airborne Collision Avoidance System ACC : Auxiliary Cadet Corps.197 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 198 ASCI : Administrative Staff College of India ASCON : Army Static Switched Communication Network ASEAN : Association of South East Asian Nations ASEM : Asia Europe Meeting ASI : Archaeological Survey of India ASK : Aaykar Sampark Kendra ASLV : Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle ASSOCHAM : Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry ATC : Air Traffic Control ATGM : Anti-Tank Guided Missile ATM : Automatic Teller Machine ATR : Action Taken Report ATS : Anti Tetanus Serum AU : African Union AVARD : Association of Voluntary Agencies for Rural Development AVC : Army Veterinary Corps AVSM : Ati Vishisht Seva Medal AVTAR : Army Vocational Training and Rehabilitation AWACS : Airborne Warning and Control System AWWA : Army Wives’ Welfare Association BITS : Birla Institute of Technology & Sciences BJP : Bharatiya Janata Party BKKP : Bhartiya Kisan Kamgar Party B2B : Business to Business B2C : Business to Consumer BAC : Business Advisory Committee BAI : Badminton Association of India BALCO : Bharat Aluminium Company ltd BARC : Bhabha Atomic Research Centre BBC : British Broadcasting Corporation BCCI : Board of Control for Cricket in India BCG : Bacillus Calmette-Guerin BCL : Bachelor of Civil law BDO : Block Development Officer BEL : Bharat Electronics Limited BGA : Blue Green Algae BHEL : Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. Sri Lanka. India. Air Coordinating Committee ACD : Asian Co-operation Dialogue ACL : Access Control List ACU : Asian Clearing Union ADB : Asian Development Bank ADBS : Advanced Data Broadcast System ADF : Asian Development Fund ADRs : American Depository Receipts AEC : Atomic Energy Commission AERB : Atomic Energy Regulation Board AF : Audio Frequency AFC : Asian Football Confederation AFNET : Air Force Network AFP : Agence France-Presse AIIMS : All India Institute of Medical Sciences AILTA : All India Lawn Tennis Association AIMA : All India Management Association AIMO : All India Manufacturers Organisation AIMPLB : All India Muslim Personal Law Board AINEC : All India Newspaper Editors’ Conference E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO AIR : All India Radio AISNEC : All India Small Newspaper Editors’ Conference AISSF : All India Sikh Students’ Federation AITUC : All India Trade Union Congress AIWHA : All India Women Hockey Association AJT : Advance Jet Trainer ALGOL : Algorithmic Language ALH : Advanced Light Helicopter AMC : Army Medical Corps AMICE : Associate Member of the Institute of Civil Engineers AMU : Asian Monetary Union ANANDI : Area Networking Development Initiative ANC : African National Congress ANCA : Alternative Nuclear Command Authority ANERT : Agency for Non-Conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANN : Asian News Network AOC : Air Officer Commanding AP : Associated Press APASL : Asia Pacific Association for Study of Liver APCTT : Asia and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology APEC : Asia Pacific Economic Community APHLC : All Parties Hill Leaders Conference APM : Administered Price Mechanism APPLE : Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment APPU : Asian Pacific Postal Union APT : Asia Pacific Tele community ARC : Administrative Reforms Commission ARDC : Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation ARF : ASEAN Regional Forum ARP : Air Raid Precaution ARPANET: Advanced Research Project Agency Network ARTRAC : Army Training Command EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO .
199 CAS CASE : Conditional Access System : Commission on Alternative Sources of Energy CASI : Centre for the Advanced Study of India CAT : Computerised Axial Tomogra phy CAZRI : Central Arid Zone Research Institute Ltd. CBDT : Central Board of Direct Taxes CBEC : Central Board of Excise and British Customs CBFC : Central Board of Film Certification CBI : Central Bureau of investigation CBM : Confidence Building Measures Central CBR : Central Board of Revenue CBRI : Central Building Research Institute CBSE : Central Board of Secondary Education CBT : Children’s Book Trust CCEA : Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs CCI : Cement Corporation of India CCP : Cabinet Committee on Prices CCS : Cash Compensatory Support C-DAC : Centre for Development of Advanced Computing CDMA : Code Division Multiple Access C-DOT : Centre for Development of Telematics CDRI : Central Drug Research Institute CDROM : Compact Disc-Read Only Memory CDS : Compulsory Deposit Scheme CEC : Chief Election Commissioner CECRI : Central Electro Chemical Research institute CEERI : Central Electronic Engineering Research Institute CENTO : Central Treaty Organisation CENVAT : Central Value Added Tax CEO : Chief Executive Officer CERC : Consumer Education and Research Centre CFC : Chloro Fluoro Carbon CFSL : Central Forensic Science Laboratory CGA : Central Ganga Authority CGF : Commonwealth Games Federation CGHS : Central Government Health Scheme CGI : Common Gateway Interface CGIAR : Consultative Group on Interna tional Agricultural Research CHOGM : Commonwealth Heads of Gov ernment Meeting CHOGRM: Commonwealth Heads of Government Regional Meeting CIA : Central Intelligence Agency CIB : Credit information Bureau CICA : Conference on Interaction and confidence-building Measures in Asia CID : Criminal Investigation Department CIET : Central Institute of Educational Technology CII : Confederation of Indian Industry CIIL : Central Institute of Indian Languages CISF : Central Industrial Security Force CITES : Convention on International Trade on Endangered Species CITU : Centre of Indian Trade Unions CIWTC : Central Inland Water Transport Corporation CKD : Completely Knocked Down CLASP : Child Labour Action and Support Project CLAWS : Centre for Land Warfare Studies CLB : Company Law Board CM : Common Market CMA : Coal Mines Authority CMAG : Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group CMC : Computer Maintenance Corporation CMEA : Council for Mutual Economic Assistance CMERI : Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute CMIE : Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy CMP : Common Minimum Programme CNC : Computerised Numerical Control CNG : Compressed Natural Gas CNN : Cable News Network CNS : Chief of Naval Staff 200 CO : Commanding Officer COAS : Chief of Army Staff COL : Commonwealth of Learning COMECON: Council for Mutual Economic Assistance COMESA: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa COMEX : Commonwealth Expedition COMPS : Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction Centre CONCORD: Council of North Indian States for Cooperation and Regional Development COPO : Citizens Organisation for Public Opinion COPRA : Consumer Protection Act COPU : Committee on Public Undertakings CPC : Civil Procedure Code CPCB : Central Pollution Control Board CPF : Contributory Provident Fund CPHERI : Central Public health Engineering Research Institute CPI(ML) : Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) CPI : Communist Party of India CPI-IW : Consumer Price Index for industrial Workers CPMT : Combined Pre-Medical Tests CPR : Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation CPSU : Communist Party of the Soviet Union CPU : Committee on Public Undertakings CPWD : Central Public Works Department CRIDA : Central Research Institute for Dry-land Agriculture CRISIL : Credit Rating Information Services of India CRPF : Central Reserve Police Force CRR : Cash Reserve Ratio CRRI : Central Road Research Institute CRRID : Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development CRY : Child Relief and You CSAT : Civil Services Aptitude Test CSCAP : Council for Security Cooperation in Asia Pacific CSCE : Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe CSIO : Central Scientific Instruments Organisation : Council of Scientific and Industrial Research CSIRO : Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation CSO : Central Statistical Organisation CSP : Concentrated Solar Power CSSRI : Central Soil Salinity Research I n stitute CST : Central Sales lax CT : Computerised Tomography CTBT : Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty CTO : Central Telegraph Office CTV : Colour Television CV : Curriculum Vitae CVC : Central Vigilance Commission CVR : Cockpit Voice Recorder CVRDE : Combat Vehicles Research Development Establishment CWC : Central Warehousing Corporation CWF : Consumer Welfare Fund CWPC : Central Water and Power Commission CWPRS : Central Water and Power Research Station DA : Dearness Allowance DAE : Department of Atomic Energy DAP : Di-Ammonium Phosphate DAVP : Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity DCL : Doctor of Civil Law DDT : Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane DEAL : Defence Electronics Applications Laboratory DEG : German Investment and Development Company DFDR : Digital Flight Data Recorder DGCA : Director General of Civil Aviation DGCEI : Directorate General of Central Excise Intelligence DGMS : Directorate General of Mines Safety CSIR E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO .
EDI : Electronic Data Interchange EDMS : Electronic Document Management System EEC : European Economic Community EEC : Electro Encephalogram EEZ : Exclusive Economic Zone EFA : Education For All EFF : Extended Fund Facility EGP : Exterior Gateway Protocol EIL : Engineers India Limited EIS : Executive Information System ELJSA : Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay ELSS : Equity Linked Saving Scheme E-mail : Electronic Mailing EMF : Electro Motive Force EMG : Electro Myograni EMS : European Monetary System EMU : European Monetary Union ENS : Eastern Newspapers Society EOU : Export Oriented Units EPCG : Export Promotion Capital Goods EPCH : Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts EPCJ : Enhanced Proliferation Control Initiative EPF : Employees Provident Fund EPO : Earth Parking Orbit EPZ : Export Processing Zone ERM : Exchange Rate Mechanism ERNET : Educational and Research Network ERS : European Remote Sensing ESA : European Space Agency ECE ESC ESIC ESMA ESP EST Est ETT ETV EVM EVR FACT FAO FBI FBTR FBW FCI FCRA FDI FEDEX FEMA FERA FICCI FIEO FIFA FIH FII FIPB FIPC FIR FIRE FLAG FM FMCT FORE FRCP FRCS FRGS FRN FRS 202 : Electronics and Computer Software Export Promotion Council : Employees’ State Insurance Corporation : Essential Services Maintenance Act : Extra Sensory Perception : Eastern Standard Time : Established : Embryo Transfer Technology : Educational Television : Electronic Voting Machine : Electro video Recording : Fertilizers & Chemicals Travancore limited : Food and Agriculture Organisation : Federal Bureau of Investigation : Fast Breeder Test Reactor : Fly-By-Wire : Food Corporation of India : Foreign Contribution Regulation Act : Foreign Direct Investment : Federal Express : Foreign Exchange Management : Foreign Exchange Regulation Act : Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry : Federation of Indian Exports Organisations : International Football Federation : International Hockey Federation : Foreign Institutional Investors : Foreign Investment Promotion Board : Foreign Investment Promotion Council : First Information Report : Fully Integrated Robotised Engine : Fibre-optic Link Around the Globe : Field Marshal : Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty : Foundation for Organisational Research and Education : Fellow of Royal College of Physicians : Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons : Fellow of Royal Geographical Society : Floating Rate Note : Fellow of Royal Society FTP FTS FTU FTZ GAAP GAEL GAIL GAP GATE GATT GB GCC GCF GCM GDI GDP GEF GEM : : : : : : : : : : File Transfer Protocol Foreign Travel Scheme Free Trade Union Free Trade Zone Generally Accepted Accounting Practices Global Alliance for The Elimination of Leprosy Gas Authority of India Limited Ganga Action Plan Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering General Agreement on Tariff and Trade Great Britain Gulf Cooperation Council Greatest Common Factor Greatest Common Measure Gender-related Development Index Gross Domestic Product Global Environment Facility Gender Empowerment Measure General Headquarters Gateway Internet Access Services General Insurance Corporation Global Indian Entrepreneurs Conference Global Information System Graphics and Intelligencebased Script Technology Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment General Motors Graduate Management Admission Test Global Maritime Distress and Safety System Global Mobile Personnel Communications System Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope Greenwich Mean Time Gorkha National Liberation Front Gross National Product E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : GHQ GIAS GIC GIEC GIS GIST GLOBE GM GMAT GMDSS : GMPS GMRT GMT GNLF GNP : : : : : .201 DGTD DHSD DIA DIG DIR DMA DMK DMRC DMRTS DOD DOE DOTS DPBS DPI DPSA DRDO DRES DRF DRI DSB DSC DSIDC DSL DST DTAA DTH DTS DVC DVD DVM DWT EAC EARC EAS ECA ECAFE : Directorate General of Technical Development : Duplex-High Speed Data Service : Defence Intelligence Agency : Deputy Inspector General : Defence of India Rules : Direct Memory Access : Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam : Delhi Metro Rail Corporation : Delhi Metro Rapid Transport System : Department of Ocean Development : Department of Electronics : Directly Observed Treatment Short-Course : Developmental Press Bulletin Service : Director of Public Instruction : Deep Penetration Strike Air craft : Defence Research and Development Organisation : Department of Renewable Energy Sources : Depreciation Reserve Fund : Differential Rate of Interest : Digital Satellite Broadcasting : Distinguished Service Cross : Defence Scientific Information and Documentation Centre : Digital Subscriber Line : Department of Science and Technology : Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement : Direct-to-Home : Digital Theatre System : Damodar Valley Corporation : Digital Versatile/Video Disc : Doctor of Veterinary Medicine : Dead Weight Tonnes : Employment Assistance Centre : Economic Administrative Reforms Commission : Employment Assurance Scheme : Essential Commodities Act : Economic Commission for Asia and Far East : Economic Commission for Europe ECG : Electrocardiogram ECGC : Export Credit and Guarantee Corporation ECHR : European Commission on Human Rights ECM : European Common Market ECOSOC: Economic and Social Council ECS : Electronic Clearance Service EDBI : Educational Development Bank of India EDCIL : Educational Consultants India Ltd.
: Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts : Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy : Indira Gandhi National Open University : Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojana : Indian Hockey Federation : Indian institute of Advanced Studies : Indian Institute of Foreign Trade : Indian Institute of Information Technology : Indian Institute of Mass Communications : Indian Institute of Petroleum : Indian Institute of Public Administration : International Intellectual Property Alliance : Indian Institute of Remote Sensing : International Institute of Strategic Studies : Indian Institute of Technology : International Law Association : International Labour Organisation E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO IFWJ IGCAR IGIA IGMDP IGNCA IGNFA IGNOU IGNP IHF IIAS IIFT IIIT IIMC IIP IIPA IIPA IIRS IISS IIT ILA ILO . Health Action International Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Highest Common Factor Human Development Index Hyper Devices Markup Language High Energy Materials Research Laboratory High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager High Frequency Handicrafts and Handloom Exports Corporation Hyderabad Information Technology Engineering Consultancy Human Immunodeficiency Virus Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Hindustan Machine Tools Harmonic Progression Human Resource Development High Speed Diesel Hindustan Steel Limited High Speed Tram System High Technology Cooperation Group Hyper Text Markup Language High Temperature Reactor HTTP : Hypertext Transfer Protocol HUDCO : Housing and Urban Development Corporation HVNET : High Speed VSAF Network HZL : Hindustan Zinc Limited I&B : Information and Broadcasting IAAF : International Amateur Athletic Federation IAAS : Indian Audit and Accounts Service IAC : Indian Airlines Corporation IAEA : International Atomic Energy Agency IAF : Indian Air Force IAMC : Indian Army Medical Corps IAMR : Institute of Applied Manpower Research IARI : Indian Agricultural Research Institute IAS : Indian Administrative Service IASRI : Indian Agricultural Statistical Research Institute IATA : International Air Transport Association IATP : Income Adjusted to Total Population IBEF : India Brand Equity Fund IBM : International Business Machines IBRD : International Bank for Reconstruction and Development ICAA : International Civil Airports Association ICAAN : Internet Corporation for Assigned Names & Numbers ICADR : The International Centre for Alternate Dispute Resolution ICAI : Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ICAO : International Civil Aviation Organisation ICAR : Indian Council of Agricultural Research ICBL : International Campaign to Ban Landmines ICBM : Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile ICC : International Cricket Council ICCR : Indian Council for Cultural Relations ICCS : International Commission of Control and Supervision ICCW ICDS 204 : Indian Council of Child Welfare : Integrated Child Development Scheme ICE : InfoTech Communications And Entertainment ICFTU : International Confederation of Free Trade Unions ICHR : Indian Council of Historical Research ICJ : International Court of Justice ICMR : Indian Council of Medical Research ICOR : International Capital Output Ratio ICPD : International Conference on Population and Development ICRA : Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India ICRC : International Committee of Red Cross ICRIER : Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations ICRISAT : International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ICS : Indian Civil Service ICSI : Institute of Company Secretaries of India ICSSR : Indian Council of social Sciences Research ICSW : Indian Council of Social Welfare ICW : International Council of Women ICWA : Indian Council of World Affairs IDA : International Development Agencies IDBI : Industrial Development Bank of India IDC : Industrial Development Corporation IDD : International Direct Dialing IDE : Integrated deice Electronics IDN : Internationalised Domain Names IDPL : Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuti cals Limited IDRC : International Development Research Centre IDSA : Institute of Defence Studies and Analysis IELTS : International English Language Testing System IES : Indian Economic Service IFA : Indian Football Association IFAD : International Fund for Agricultural Development IFCI IFFCO IFFI IFRI IFRS IFS IFTU : Industrial Finance Corporation of India : Indian Farmers Fertilisers Corporation Limited : International Film Festival of India : Indian Forest Research Institute : International Financial Reporting standards : Indian Foreign Service. Indian Forest Service : International Federation of Trade Unions : Indian Federation of Working Journalists : Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research : Indira Gandhi International Airport : Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.203 GOC GOI GOP Govt GPF GPO GPRS GRAM GRE GRT GSI GSLV GSM GSP GSTP GTICL HAI HAL HCF HDI HDML HEMRL HESSI HF HHEC HITEC HIV HMI HMT HP HRD HSD HSL HSTS HTCG HTML HTR : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : General Officer Commanding Government of India Grand Old Party Government General Provident Fund General Post Office General Pocket Radio System Geo Reference ‘ Area Management Graduate Record Examination Gross Rated Tonnage Geological Survey of India Geo-synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Global System for Mobile Communication Generalised System of Preferences Global System of Trade Practices Gas Transportation & infrastructure Co. Ltd.
205 ILS IMAP IMC IMDT Instrument Landing System Internet Mail Access Protocol Indian Medical Council Illegal Migrants Determination by Tribunal Act IMF : International Monetary Fund IMS : Indian Medical Service IMY : Indira Mahila Yojana INA : Indian National Army INL : Indian National League INPEX : Indian National Philatelic Exhibition INS : Indian Navy Ship INSA : Indian National Science Academy INSAT : Indian National Satellite INTACFI : Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage INTELEX : International Teleprinter Exchange INTELSAT: International Telecommunica tion Satellite Consortium INTERPOL: International Criminal Police Organisation INTUC : Indian National Trade Union Congress IOA : Indian Olympic Association IOC : International Olympic Committee IOCOM : Indian Ocean Commonwealth IOR-ARC : Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation IOSCO : International Organisation of Securities Commission IP : Internet Protocol IPBA : Inter-Pacific Bar Association IPC : Indian Penal Code IPCL : Indian Petro-chemicals Corporation Limited IPKF : Indian Peace Keeping Force IPO : Initial Public Offering IPR : Intellectual Property Rights IPS : Indian Police Service IPSA : International Peace & Security Advancement IPU : International Parliamentary Union IQ : Intelligence Quotient IRBM : Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile IRC : International Red Cross IRCI : International Reconstruction Corporation of India : : : : : Indian Railway Construction Company IRCS : International Red Cross Society IRDA : Insurance Regulatory Development Authority IRDP : Integrated Rural Development Programme IREDA : Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency IRNA : Iranian News Agency IRRI : International Rice Research Institute IRS : Indian Remote Sensing IRSE : Indian Railway Service of Engineers ISAF : International Security Assistance Force ISB : Indian School of Business ISBA : International Sea-Bed Authority ISBN : International Standard book Number ISC : Indian Science Congress ISCON : Indian Steel Construction Company ISD : International Subscriber Dialing ISDN : Integrated Services Digital Net work ISI : Indian Standards Institute ISP : Internet Service Provider ISRO : Indian Space Research Organisation IST : Indian Standard Time ISTRAC : ISRO Telemetry. Tracking and Command Centre ITBP : Indo-Tibetan Border Police ITDC : India Tourism Development Corporation ITES : Infotech Enabled Services ITI : Industrial Training Institute ITIR : Information Technology Investment Region ITO : International Trade Organisation ITPO : Indian Trade Promotion Oganisation ITR : Interim Test Range ITU : International Telecommunica tion Union IUCD : Intra-Uterine contraceptive device IUML : Indian Union Muslim League IUPEP : Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme IRCON IVF IWAI TWDP IWRS IYC J&K JAAC JBRI JCC JCO JKLF JMM JNU JPC JRC JRY JVM JVP KBE KMBY KRC KVA KVIC KVS Kw LAC LAN LASER LCA LCD LCH LCM LDC LED LERMS LES LIC LIPS LMG LNG LOAC LPG 206 : In-Vitro Fertilisation : Inland Waterways Authority of India : Integrated Watershed Development Programme : Isolated Word Re-organisation System : Indian Youth Congress : Jammu and Kashmir : Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council : Japanese Bond Research Institute : Junior Chamber of Commerce : Junior Commissioned Officer : Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front : Jhatkund Mukthi Morcha : Jawaharlal Nehru University : Joint Parliamentary Committee : Junior Red Cross : Jawahar Rozgar Yojana : Janata Vidyarthi Morcha : Janata Vimukthi Peramuna : Knight of British Empire : Khetihar Mazdoor Bima Yojana : Konkan Railway Corporation : Kilo-Volt-Ampere : Khadi and Village Industries Commission : Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan : Kilowatt : Line of Actual Control : Local Area Network : Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation : Light combat Aircraft : Liquid Crystal Display : Light Combat Helicopter : Lowest Common Multiple. MAD : Mutual Assured Destruction MAT : Management Aptitude Test MBFC : Mutual Benefit Financial Company MBRS : Multi-Barrel Rocket System MBT : Main Battle Tank MCA : Monetary Compensatory Account MCC : Missile Control Centre MCD : Municipal Corporation of Delhi MCI : Medical Council of India MCOCA : Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act MDA : Market Development Assistance MDMA : Multi Disciplinary Monitoring Agency MDS : Master of Dental Surgery MEA : Ministry of External Affairs MES : Military Engineering Service MFA : Multi-Fibre Agreement MFN : Most Favoured Nation MI : Military Intelligence MIBOR : Mumbai Inter-Bank Offered Rate MIC : Methyle isocyanate MIGA : Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency MISA : Maintenance of Internal Security Act MLA : Member of Legislative Assembly MLC : Member of Legislative Council MMDS : Multi-Channel Microwave Distribution System MMMF : Money Market Mutual Fund MMS : Multimedia Messaging Service MMT : Million Metric Tonnes MMTC : Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation MNAMS : Member of the National Academy of Medical Sciences MNC : Multinational Corporation MNP : Mobile Number Portability E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Col : Lieutenant Colonel LTC : Leave Travel Concession LTTE : Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. Lower Division Clerk : Light Emitting Diode : Liberalised Exchange Rate Management Scheme : Lunar Escape System : Life Insurance Corporation : Language Independent Programme Sub-titles : Light Machine Gun : Liquefied Natural Gas : Line of Actual Control : Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPT : Licentiate in Printing technology Lt. : Least Developed Countries.
207 MODEM MODVAT MONEX MOU MOX MPA MPF : : : : : : : Modulator demodulator Modified Value Added Tax Monsoon Experiment Memorandum of Understanding Mixed Oxide Fuel Master of Public Administration Multinational Protection. Force Multiple Fuel Infection System Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission Mass Rapid Transit System Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation Manuscripts Master of Social Work Mahila Sainriddhi Yojna Missile Technology Control Regime Music Television : Narmada Bachao Andolan : National Building Construction Corporation NBDB : National Book Development Board NBFC : Non-banking Finance Company NBS : National Business Register NBT : National Book Trust NCA : National Commission on Agriculture NCAER : National Council of Applied Economic Research NCB : Narcotics Control Board NCBC : National Commission for Backward Classes NCBE : National Confederation of Bank Employees NCC : National Cadet Corps NCDC : National Coal Development Corporation NCERT : National Council of Educational Research and Training NCL : National Centre for Labour NCNA : New China News Agency NCO : Non-Commissioned Officer NCRB : National Capital Region Board NCTE : National Council for Teachers Education NCW : National Commission on Women NDA : National Defence Academy. National Democratic Alliance NDC : National Development Council NDDB : National Dairy Development Board NDMA : National Disaster Management Authority NDRI : National Dairy Research institute NDTF : National Democratic Teachers Front NEC : North-Eastern Council NEDC : National Economic Development Council NEEM : National Elementary Education Mission NEERI : National Environmental Engineering Research Institute NEFA : North East Frontier Agency NEHU : North-Eastern Hill University NEP : New Education Policy NER : North Eastern Railway NES : National Extension Service NEW : Net Economic Welfare NBA NBCC NFAI NFC NFDC 208 : National Film Archives of India : Nuclear Fuel Complex : National Film Development Corporation NFR : Northeast Frontier Railway NGO : Non-Governmental Organisation NGRI : National Geophysical Research Institute NHAI : National Highway Authority of India NHB : National Housing Bank NHPC : National Hydro-electric Power Corporation NHRC : National Human Rights Commission NIB : National investment Bank NIC : National Informatics Centre NICD : National Institute of Communicable Diseases NID : National Institute of Designs NIDC : National Industrial Development Corporation NIDS : National Immunisation Days NIFT : National Institute of Fashion Technology NII : National Institute of Immunology. National Information infrastructure NIIT : National Institute of Information Technology NIM : Nehru Institute of Mountaineering NIMHANS : National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences NIO : National Institute of Oceanography NIPFP : National institute of Public Finance and Policy NIS : Netaji Subhash Institute of Sports NIV : National Institute of Virology NKN : National Knowledge Network NLM : National literacy Mission NLTA : National Lawn Tennis Association NMD : National Missile Defence NMDC : National Mineral Development Corporation NMEP : National Malaria Eradication Programme NMNH : National Museum of Natural History NMR : Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NNP : National Nutrition Policy NOC : No Objection Certificate NPC : National Productivity Council NPCC : National Projects Construction Corporation NPCL : Nuclear Power Corporation of India NPP : National Perspective Plan NPR : National Population Register NPT : Non-Proliferation Treaty NRDC : National Research Development Corporation NREGA : National Rural Employment Guarantee Act NREGP : National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme NRF : National Renewable Fund NRHM : National Rural Health Mission NRI : Non-Resident Indian NRSA : National Remote Sensing Agency NRT : Net Registered Tonnes NRY : Nehru Rozgar Yojana NSAP : National Social Assistance Programme NSC : National Security Council National Saving Certificate NSCI : National Sports Club of India NSD : National School of Drama NSEI : National Stock Exchange of India NSG : National Security Guards NSIC : National Small Industries Corporation NSS : National Service Scheme NSSO : National Sample Survey Organisation NSUI : National Students Union of India NTC : National Textile Corporation NTP : National Temperature and Pressure NTPC : National Thermal Power Corporation NTS : National Testing Service NUJ : National Union of Journalists NVF : National Volunteer Force NWDA : National Water Development Agency NWGP : National Working Group on Power NWRC : National Water Resources Council OAS : Organisation of American States OBC : Other Backward Classes MPFI : MPLADS : MRTPC MRTS MRVC MSS MSW MSY MTCR MTV NAAI : : : : : : : : : National Airport Authority of India NABARD : National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development NAC : National Advisory Council NAECL : National Authority on Elimination of Child Labour NAFTA : North America Free Trade Agreement NALCO : National Aluminium Company Limited NAM : Non-Aligned Movement NAMS : National Academy of Medical Science NAPP : Narora Atomic Power Plant NARO : National Amnesty and Redemption Organisation NASA : National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDAQ : National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation NASSCOM : National Association of Software and Service Companies NATO : North Atlantic Treaty Organisation NAV : Net Asset Value NAWO : National Alliance for Women NAYE : National Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO .
Poly Vinyl Chloride PVSM : Param Vishisht Seva Medal PWD : Public Works Department PWG : People’s War Group QCT : Quality Council of India QMG : Quarter Master General QMT : Quantitative Management Technique QR : Quantitative Restriction R&D : Research and Development RABMN : Remote Area Business Message Network RAD : Research And Development RADAR : Radio Detecting and Ranging RAF : Rapid Action Force RAM : Random Access Memory RAW : Research and Analysis Wing RAX : Random Access Exchange RBI : Reserve Bank of India RBS : Risk Based Supervision RCC : Reinforced Cement Concrete RCI : Rehabilitation Council of India RDA : Rural Development Agency REC : Rural Electrification Corporation REM : Rapid Eye Movement REP : Replenishment Export Permit PIB PIL PIM RI RIA RIMC RITA RITES RMO RMS RNA RNO ROM ROO RPF RPM RPV RRB RRC RSE RSP RSS RTA RTC RTG RTIA SAARC SAC : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 210 Rigorous Imprisonment Radio Immuno Assay Rashtriya Indian Military College Regional Trade & Investment Agreement Rail India Technical and Economic Services Resident Medical Officer Railway Mail Service Ribonucleic Acid Resident Naval Officer Read Only Memory Rules of Origin Railway Protection Force Revolutions Per Minute Remote-controlled Pilotless Vehicle Rural Regional Bank Regional Reactor Centre Renewable Source of Energy Rourkela Steel Plant Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh Railway Territorial Army Round Table Conference Radio-isotope Thermo-electric Generator Regional Trade & Investment Area South Asian Association fir Regional Cooperation Space Application Centre Science Advisory Council South African Development Coordination Council South Asian Development Fund South Asian Economic Community South Asia Free Media Association South-Asian Free Trade Agreement South Asians Human Rights Forum Sports Authority of India Steel Authority of India Limited Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty Surface-to-Air Missile South Asian Preferential Trading Arrangement South Asia Regional Fund Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome South Asian Sub-regional Economic Co-operation SAT SATTE SAVE SCBA SCI SCOPE SDI SDO SDR SEATO SEBC SEBI : Scholastic Aptitude Test : South Asia Travel and Tourism Exchange : SAARC Audio Visual Exchange : Supreme Court Bar Association : Shipping Corporation of India : Standing Committee of Public Enterprises : Strategic Defence Initiative : Sub-Divisional Officer : Special Drawing Rights : South Fast Asia Treaty Organisation : Socially and Educationally Backward : Securities Exchange Board of India : Self-Employment Programme for the Urban Poor : South Eastern Railway : Self-Employed Women’s Association : Special Economic Zone : State Financial Corporation Strategic Forces Command : Students Global Aptitude Index : Sriharikota Tracking Station : Stock Holding Corporation of India Ltd. PRO : Public Relations Officer PROLOG: Programming Logic PSC : Public Service Commission PSLV : Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PTBT : Partial Test Ban Treaty PTI : Press Trust of India PTO : Please Turn Over PUCL : People’s Union of Civil Liberties PVC : Param Vir Chakra.209 OCS ODA OECD OECF OEEC OGL OIC OIL ONGC OPEC OPF OPV ORT OTCEI OTS P&T PAC PAL PAN PATA PBS PCC PCI PCM PCRA PCS PDA PDPA PBS PEC PERT PESB PETA PFC PFRDA PGA PHC PIA : Overseas Communication Service : Official Development Assistance : Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development : Overseas Economic Cooperative Fund : Organisation for European Economic Cooperation : Open General Licence : Organisation of Islamic Conference : Oil India Limited : Oil and Natural Gas Corporation : Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries : Ordnance Parachute Factory : Oral Polio Vaccine : Oral Rehydration Therapy : Over the Counter Exchange of India : Officers’ Training School : Posts & Telegraphs : Public Accounts Committee : Phase Alternative Line : Permanent Account Number : Pacific Asia Travel Association : Public Broadcasting Service : Pradesh Congress Committee : Press Council of India : Public Code Modulation : Petroleum Conservation Research Association : Provincial Civil Service : Personal Digital Assistant Preventive Detention Act : People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan : Public Distribution System : Projects and Equipment Corporation : Project Evaluation and Review Technique : Public Enterprises Selection Board : People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals : Power Finance Corporation : Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority : Parliamentarians for Global Action : Primary Health Centre : Pakistan International Airways : Press Information Bureau : Public Interest Litigation : Personal Information Management PIN-Code: Postal Index Number Code PIO : Persons of Indian Origin PLO : Palestine Liberation Organisation PLR : Prime Lending Rates PM : Prime Minister PMG : Post Master General PML : Pakistan Muslim League. : Society’ for Indian Automobile Manufacturers : Small Industries Development Bank of India : State Industrial Development Corporation : Southern India Engineering Manufacturers Association : Stock Index Futures : Students Islamic Movement of India : Stockholm International Peace Research Institute : Special Investigation Team : Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act : Satellite Instructional Television Experiment : Sea-Launch Ballistic Missile : Sri Lanka Freedom Party : Statutory Liquidity Ratio : Satellite Launch Vehicle : Short Messaging Service : Simple Mail Transfer Protocol : Society for the Prevention of to Animals E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO SADCC : SADF SAEC SAFMA SAFTA SAHR SAI SAIL SALT SAM SAPTA SARF SARS SASEC : : : : : : : : : : : : : EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO SEPUR SER SEWA SEZ SFC SGAI SHAR SHCIL SIAM SIDBI SIDC SIEMA SIF SIMI SIPRI SIT SITA SITE SLBM SLFP SLR SLV SMS SMTP SPCA . POTA : Prevention of Terrorism Act POW : Prisoner of War PPF : Planet Protection Fund PRCL : Pipavav Railway Corporation Ltd.
211 SPE SPG SRAM SRI SRO SSA SSB SSC SSI SSM START STC STD STEP STF STPI : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Special Police Establishment Special Protection Group Short Range Attack Missile Systems Research Institute Statutory Rules and Orders Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Service Selection Board Staff Selection Commission Supplemental Security Income Small Scale Industry Surface to Surface Missile Strategic Arms Reduction Talks State Trading Corporation Subscriber Trunk Dialing Satellite Telecommunication Experiment Project Special Task Force Software Technology Parks of India Sports Utility Vehicle Saturated Vapour Pressure South-West Africa People Organisation Society for World-wide International Financial Transactions. Scientific and Cultural Organisation UNFCC : United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFPA : United Nations Fund for Population Activities UNHCR : United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNI : United News of India UNIC : United Nations information Centre UNICEF : United Nations Children’s Fund UNIDO : United Nations Industrial Development Organisation UNSC : United Nations Security Council UNSCOM: UN Special Commission UNTAG : United Nations Transition Assistance Group UPA : United Progressive Alliance UPC : Under Postal Certificate UPS : Uninterrupted Power Supply UPSC : Union Public Service Commission UPU : Universal Postal Union UTI : Unit Trust of India VAM : Virtual Area Network VAT : Value-Added Tax VCR : Video Cassette Recorder VCRC : Vector Control Research Centre VDIS : Voluntary Disclosure Income Scheme VECC : Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre VHF : Very High Frequency VHP : Vishwa Hindu Parishad VHRR : Very High Resolution Radiometre VHS VIP VIRUS : Video Home System : Very Important Person : Vital Information Resources Under Siege VOA : Voice of America VPP : Value Payable Post VRDE : Vehicles Research and Development Establishment VRS : Voluntary Retirement Scheme VSAT : Very Small Aperture Terminal VSNL : Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited VSP : Visakhapatnam Steel Plant VSSC : Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre WADA : World Anti-Doping Agency WAP : Wireless Application Protocol WASME : World Assembly of Small and Medium Enterprises WAY : World Assembly of Youth WCAR : World Conference Against WCD : World Commission of Dams WCO : World Customs Organisation WEF : World Economic Forum World Environment Forum WFP : World Food Programme WFS : World Food Summit WFTU : World Federation of Trade Unions WHO : World Health Organisation WILL : Wireless in Local Loop WIFO : World Intellectual Property Organisation WMD : Weapons of Mass Destruction WMO : World Meteorological Organisation WPI : Wholesale Price Index WSIS : World Summit on Information Society WTO : World Trade Organisation WWF : World Wildlife Fund WWW : World Wide Web YMCA : Young Men’s Christian Association YWCA : Young Women’s Christian Association ZBB : Zero-Based Budgeting ZETA : Zero Energy Thermonuclear Assembly ZPG : Zero Population Growth ZS : Zoological Society ZSI : Zoological Survey of India SUV : SVP : SWAPO : SWIFT TAC TACDE TAFE TAFTA TAPS T AX TCAS TCIL TDA TDMA TDP TDS TELCO TELEX TERI TERLS TFAI TFT TGS THDP THI : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : E RE S A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO TRIFED TRIMS TRIPS TRP TRYSEM TTCI TTD TTE TULF UAE UAPA UAR UAV UDC UDF UDI UFO UGC UHF UID ULF ULFA UN UNAEC UNCED EE SR A DI E M NS O TI A IC UN M M CO . Technical Advisory Committee Tactics and Aircraft Development Establishment Technical and Further Education Trans-Atlantic Free Travel Agreement Tarapur Atomic Power Station Trunk Automatic Exchange Tactical Collision Avoidance System Telecommunication Consultants India Limited Trade Development Authority Time Division Multiple Access Telugu Desam Party Tax-Deduction at Source Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company Teleprinter Exchange Tata Energy Research Institute Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station Trade Fair Authority of India Thin Film Transistor Trade Guarantee Scheme Tehri Hydro Development Project Temperature Humidity Index TIFR TISCO TMC TMO TNC TNT TNV TOEFL TPDS TRACT TRAI : Tata Institute of Fundamental Research : Tata Iron and Steel Company : Tamil Maanila Congress : Telegraph Money Order : Transnational Corporation : Tri nitro toluene : Tripura National Volunteers : Test of English as a Foreign language : Targeted Public Distribution System : Transportable Remote Area Communications Terminal : Telecom Regulatory Authority of India : Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. : Trade Related Investment Measures : Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights : Television Rating Points : National Scheme of Training for Rural Youth for SelfEmployment : Tea Trading Corporation of India : Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam : Travelling Ticket Examiner : Tamil United Liberation Front : United Arab Emirates : Unlawful Activities : United Arab Republic : Unmanned Aerial Vehicle : Upper Division Clerk : United Democratic Front : Unilateral Declaration Independence : Unidentified Flying Object : University Grants Commission : Ultra High Frequency : Unique Identification : United Legislature Front : United Liberation Front of Assam : United Nations : United Nations Atomic Energy Commission : United Nations Conference on Environment and Development 212 UNCLOS : United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea UNCOD : United Nations Conference on Desertification UNCSTD : United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development UNCTAD : United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNDC : United Nations Disarmament Commission UNDOF : United Nations Disengagement Observer Force UNDP : United Nations Development Programme UNESCO : United Nations Educational.
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