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Breaking Out of the Box Oracle Forms

Breaking Out of the Box Oracle Forms

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Sections

  • Breaking Out of the Box Oracle Developer/Forms for Experienced Rdb Developers
  • Abstract
  • Schedule
  • Assumptions
  • Configurations and Choices
  • Traditional
  • Classic Client/Server
  • Multi-dimensional Client/Server
  • New Ways with Terminals
  • Windows Terminals
  • Thin Clients on the Web
  • Configuration for Some Sessions
  • Background for Your Choices
  • Your Choices
  • Software Pieces and Parts
  • Production Systems Prerequisite Software
  • Other Software Pieces and Parts
  • Design Choices
  • An Example
  • Example Form
  • Another Example Form
  • Integrated from Another Technology
  • Developing Forms -- The Basics & Default Functionality
  • Introduction
  • Open the Forms Builder
  • Open the Form Builder
  • Getting Started
  • What You See First
  • Components: Modules and Blocks
  • Components: Canvases and Windows
  • Your Tools: Tools Menu
  • Your Tools: Object Navigator
  • Your Tools: Properties Palette
  • Your Tools: Layout Editor
  • Examining the Object Navigator
  • Closeup of the Object Navigator
  • Close-up of the Property Palette
  • Close-up of the Layout Editor
  • Your Tools
  • Using the Object Navigator to Add a Block
  • Using the Wizards
  • Creating a Block Based on a Table
  • Form for Choosing the Table
  • Connecting to the Database
  • Browsing the Metadata
  • Rdb Specifics for Browsing the Metadata
  • Selecting Your Table or View
  • Selecting Your Columns
  • Choosing the Layout Wizard
  • Beginning the Layout Wizard
  • Choosing the Canvas
  • Setting Up the Block
  • More Wizardly Choices
  • Choosing Your Layout Style
  • Other Choices
  • Finishing the Layout Wizard
  • The Layout Wizard and Frames
  • Examining the Results
  • Changing the Defaults
  • Free-Hand in the Layout Editor
  • Menus for the Layout Editor
  • For Example: Alignment
  • Alignment
  • For Example: Fonts
  • Fonts
  • Changing the Form with the Properties Palette
  • Examining the Properties for a Column
  • Using the Property Palette to Change the Layout
  • Changing Multiple Things at Once
  • Editing Prompts
  • Changing Other Defaults
  • The Layout Editor Toolbar
  • Adding Other Text
  • Adding Color
  • Rearranged Form
  • Follow Naming Standards
  • Other Naming Issues
  • Window Size
  • Determining Navigation Order
  • Special Considerations for Rdb
  • Changes to Accommodate Rdb
  • Required Changes for Rdb with Some Product Versions
  • Module Level Changes for Rdb
  • Item Level Changes
  • Module Level Changes in the Property Palette
  • Block Level Changes in the Property Palette
  • Item Level Changes in the Property Palette
  • You, Developer 2000/Forms, & Rdb
  • A User View
  • Default Menus and Toolbar
  • Querying
  • Help
  • Printing
  • Summary
  • Standards and Inheritance
  • Component Software
  • Building Blocks for Software Development
  • Standards: Property Classes Defined
  • Example of a Property Class (Dates)
  • Visual Attributes
  • Program Units
  • Menus and Toolbars
  • Property Class Module
  • Object Library Definition
  • Benefits of Object Libraries
  • Property Class Module vs. Object Libraries
  • Developer Templates
  • When to Use Inheritance Structures
  • Graphical View of Inheritance Structures
  • Developer Intermediate Topics
  • Advanced Topics
  • Additional Topics
  • Exceptions
  • Developer Exceptions
  • How Does Developer/Forms Let You Know An Exception Has Occurred?
  • How Can You Handle Expected Exceptions?
  • On-Message Trigger
  • :System.Message_level
  • On-Error Trigger
  • Stored Procedures
  • What We Will Discuss
  • How D2K Calls A Stored Procedure
  • Calling An Rdb Stored Procedure
  • Forms_DDL
  • Example - Exception Reporting Routine
  • Results
  • Now The Good News
  • Transaction Control & Locking
  • Aside on How the Transaction Model Changed
  • Additional Brief Topics
  • Some of the Topics to Consider
  • Prototyping
  • Standards
  • Multiform Applications
  • Configuration Management
  • Automated Builds
  • Other Issues and Answers
  • New Appreciation for Views
  • Access Control
  • Auditing
  • Audit Form Example
  • Where Do YOU Start?
  • Legacy Applications
  • Developer Defaults
  • Additional Remarks
  • Deployment
  • Rdb Specific Issues
  • Possible Additional Advantages to YOU, the Experienced Rdb User

Breaking Out of the Box Oracle Developer/Forms for Experienced Rdb Developers

Cheryl P. Jalbert
Thomas H. Musson • Jeffrey S. Haidet Keith W. Hare • Jeffrey S. Jalbert

JCC Consulting, Inc. Granville OH 43023

Abstract
Users of Oracle Rdb have sometimes expressed frustration with whatever forms products they were using with Rdb. Consequently, when someone suggests huge advantages from using the Oracle toolset, many Rdb experts are dubious. This session will address some of your questions and go well beyond those questions into the hints and kinks of successfully combining Oracle Rdb and Oracle Forms to empower users, significantly enhance developer throughput and improve your flexibility relative to hardware platforms. The attendee will understand the management tasks associated with using Oracle Developer with Oracle Rdb.

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

2

Schedule
q

EOUG: Hints and Kinks
– 8:30 - 9:15 – Designed for those who know Developer or who know Rdb – Collection of topics

q

Rdb Forum: Breaking Out of the Box
– – – – – – 13:00 - 15:15 Designed for people with Rdb experience Quick introduction to Developer/Forms Specifics of using Developer with Rdb Additional advanced topics Discussion of the value that you can expect from using Developer/Forms with Rdb

q q

Rdb Forum: Discussion / Q & A
– 15:15 - 16:00

Rdb Forum: Demos ?
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

3

Inc. 4 . JCC Consulting. You lack a satisfactory GUI (Graphical User Interface).. You need a quick success. You need to provide either a data warehouse / decision support system or you need to add some of those capabilities to your existing TP applications. Your existing UI took time to create and takes time to enhance. Time is an important factor. All rights reserved. Does this sound familiar? Copyright 1998.Assumptions q q q q q You have one or more existing Rdb databases. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc.. JCC Consulting. Inc. 5 . All rights reserved.Configurations and Choices q Configurations – – – – – – – Traditional Classic Client/Server Multi-dimensional Client/Server New Ways with Terminals Windows Terminals Thin Clients on the Web Other q q Software Pieces and Parts Design Choices Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting.Traditional Remember “main frames” and terminals? Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 6 .

JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998.Classic Client/Server The client provides the user interface. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 7 . Inc. The server provides the database.. Inc. All rights reserved.

Inc.. JCC Consulting. Production DB Server Training DB Server File & Print Server for Remote Office Mapping Application Server for Remote Office Clients Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 8 . Inc.Multi-dimensional Client/Server A client relies on a server to provide a resource.

Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..New Ways with Terminals How well do you “remember” terminals? You can produce forms for terminals & PCs from the same development project. Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. 9 . Inc. JCC Consulting.

JCC Consulting..Windows Terminals New wrinkle on an old scheme that centralizes management Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc. 10 . Inc.

11 . Inc. All rights reserved. Inc..Thin Clients on the Web Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.

JCC Consulting. Inc.. Inc.Configuration for Some Sessions DB Server Map Server Client Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. 12 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Background for Your Choices q q What are your requirements? What are your resources? Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 13 . Inc.

14 . – You can develop forms that use the same code for windows or dumb terminals on VAXes. Inc. Inc. – Terminals provide centralized management. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.“Dumb Terminals” as Your Choice q Advantages – You can use Oracle Developer with terminals. JCC Consulting. – You may have a set of terminals in place.. – Oracle Developer compares well with other forms packages for dumb terminals. All rights reserved.

Inc. – Dumb terminals lack “real estate. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.” – Dumb terminals do not support q q q q q q q icon buttons pull-down menus color changes for subtle clues graphics integration with newer technologies navigation with a mouse pop-up alerts Copyright 1998..3.2 for your work with terminals. 15 . Inc.“Dumb Terminals” as Your Choice q Disadvantages – Oracle has shown no interest in keeping terminal support current. You will be stuck with Version 1. – Developing for dumb terminals is much more tedious. All rights reserved.

– Prototyping a form for user review is quick and easy. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Components that can be integrated are “hot” items.Windowing Devices q Advantages – Newer technology q q Oracle development is ongoing. – Fewer and fewer people need to be taught the basics of how to use the application that you develop.. Inc. Inc. 16 . – Use of your application is supported by q q q q q q q icon buttons pull-down menus color changes for subtle clues graphics integration with newer technologies navigation with a mouse pop-up alerts Copyright 1998.

Inc.Windowing Devices q Disadvantages – Costs may be higher q q because you have terminals in place because you have PC’s in place and can’t control the maintenance costs You may need to disable mouse navigation for heads down data entry. – Your application may be better suited to terminal styles q Copyright 1998. 17 . Inc. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. All rights reserved.

. Inc. Logic Applicatn. Logic Data Logic Data Thin Client Thick Client Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. 18 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.Client/Server Choices — Five Tier Model Client Server User Interface Interfc.

Can minimize network traffic. Use the database to audit. Inc. Can maximize reusable components. 19 . All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Use the database to ensure consistent results.Your Choices q Thin Clients – WEB – Can minimize network traffic. Inc. Can reduce systems work. Can enhance standardization. JCC Consulting. – Can reduce systems work (by ignoring the systems work for the client). Copyright 1998. q Thick Clients – – – – – – – Use the database to address access issues.

.0 Copyright 1998. – Forms V6. JCC Consulting. Oracle Developer V6. All rights reserved.x – Forms V5.0 q q Now.0 – Graphics V6. Inc. Inc.Translating Oracle’s New Names q Oracle Developer 2000 V2.0 – Graphics V3.0 is out. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.0 – Reports V3.0 – Reports V6. it’s Oracle Developer (without the 2000). 20 .

21 . JCC Consulting.6) q Data Transport Mechanism – SQLNet (Preferred) – ODBC (Required for earlier versions or non-Oracle db.5.7.) – For VMS terminals (Developer V1.10.0 or higher to use SQL*net.2. Inc.Software Pieces and Parts q Database – Oracle 7 or 8 – Rdb (Use Version 7..1.) q User Interface – Developer Forms (Version 5. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.0 is out. Forms V4.6.3.) q Operating Systems – VMS – NT – W95 Copyright 1998. Inc.0.

JCC Consulting. (This is installed with SQL Services if not already present on system. − q 22 . W ‘95 or W/NT] On Server − Network Software. Inc.g..0 Copyright 1998.) − Rdb V7.g. UCX/DECnet − Native Connect (Part of SQL Services) − SQL*net. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.g. Inc. All rights reserved. e.q Production Systems Prerequisite Software On Client Developer − SQL*net − SQL*net network adapter [e. TCP/IP] − Operating System Network [e.

Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.Other Software Pieces and Parts q q q q q q q q Other data stores Other clients Other operating systems ActiveX controls Batch processing eXcel and such Icon editors Documentation support Copyright 1998. 23 . JCC Consulting.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Design Choices q Style(s) of use – – – – – unanticipated queries heads down data entry query only access limited audited toolbar menus buttons hot keys graphics exceptions Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. q Styles of presentation – – – – – – 24 . Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting.

Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.. JCC Consulting.An Example Copyright 1998. 25 . All rights reserved.

Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. 26 .Example Form Notice the Menus & the Toolbar & the special buttons at the bottom for audit or notes or other things.. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

All rights reserved. 27 Copyright 1998. . JCC Consulting. Inc..Another Example Form Data is erased here for non-disclosure reasons. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. The dark blue background is a clue to the user that this isn’t part of the query area.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. 28 . Several things are obscured here to avoid revealing company confidential data..… and Another Form . Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. but the thing of interest to you is this button. Copyright 1998..

29 . Inc.Integrated from Another Technology Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Inc.. All rights reserved.

Developing Forms -The Basics & Default Functionality Getting Started Developing Forms .

Inc. All rights reserved.Introduction q q q q q q q Parts that you will produce Tools that you will use First steps Special requirements for Rdb The user view and default functionality Standards and how to make things easy Pointers to intermediate topics Copyright 1998. 31 . JCC Consulting. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc. 32 .Open the Forms Builder Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc..

33 . Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.Open the Form Builder Copyright 1998.. Inc.

– – – – Use the Data Block Wizard OR Open an existing form OR Build a form based on a template OR Build a new form manually. – Use the Help provided. 34 . JCC Consulting. q Click OK. (We will choose “Build a new form manually” in order to look. Inc. q Choose a starting point. All rights reserved. – Use the wizards. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Getting Started q Examine the new front piece provided by Oracle. Inc.) Copyright 1998. at some of the tools that you will use. first..

Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc..What You See First (if you choose Build a new form manually) Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 35 .

Block. JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. 36 . Inc. All rights reserved. Window We’ll discuss these topics in this section. Inc..Module. Canvas. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc..) q Block – – – – – – Blocks for tables Blocks for buttons Blocks for a toolbar Blocks for other types of things One or many blocks per module Displayed in “frames” Copyright 1998. (if you have the compile before running option checked. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. when generated or run.Components: Modules and Blocks q Module – Forms file – FMB extension – Generates an FMX extension. JCC Consulting. 37 . Inc.

All rights reserved.. – Windows can be re-sized and moved by the user and. programmatically. Inc. Each block must be assigned to a canvas. One or more canvases per module. also.Components: Canvases and Windows q Canvas – – – – Display surface for blocks (in frames) and text. 38 . Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. – User’s view of what you’ve created. A canvas can include many blocks. q Window – View of a canvas or many canvases.

Your Tools: Tools Menu Copyright 1998. Inc.. JCC Consulting. Inc. 39 . All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc. Inc. 40 . All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.Your Tools: Object Navigator Copyright 1998.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Your Tools: Properties Palette Copyright 1998. All rights reserved.. JCC Consulting. Inc. 41 . Inc.

JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..Your Tools: Layout Editor Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc. 42 . Inc.

q Layout Editor – Editor for the form presentation. – Not all characteristics will be of interest for all objects. Inc.Developer’s Primary Tools q Object Navigator – Lists each different type of object and the objects in that type for each module that is open for development work. Inc. – Easy place to add buttons and extra fields. Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. – Where graphics and text is added. 43 .. JCC Consulting. – Main work space – Details can be expanded or contracted on the display q Property Palette – Easy way to change the characteristics of objects.

Inc. 44 . Inc..The Developer’s Tools in an Example Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.

. All rights reserved. Inc. 45 . These have the following meaning: q Expanded q Unexpanded (but something to expand q Nothing to expand Copyright 1998. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Examining the Object Navigator The boxes on the left enable you to see more or less detail in the navigator. JCC Consulting.

All rights reserved. 46 . Inc. JCC Consulting.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. we see q three data blocks q two canvases q two windows There are also some q triggers q attached libraries q LoVs q property classes q record groups Copyright 1998.Closeup of the Object Navigator In this module. Inc.

. 47 . Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.Close-up of the Property Palette We see that the payment canvas q is displayed q is displayed in the payment_window q is 505 X 149 Some characteristics are not set at all. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc.

JCC Consulting.. Copyright 1998.Close-up of the Layout Editor The layout editor supports arrangement of the canvas. All rights reserved. Inc. 48 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. The canvas is shown selected. q This layout shows some of the styles chosen for the application used as an example q q the title decorative frame (blue rectangle) q q buttons colors q q alignment fonts q q The tools for changing things are on the left side. Inc.

Your Tools

The tools work together. In the example, the payment canvas is selected for q Object Navigator q Property Palette q Layout Editor
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

49

Using the Object Navigator to Add a Block

To add one of the objects q select that object type q press the green “+”

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

50

Using the Wizards
This form will pop-up, when you add a block.

Recommendation: Use the Data Block Wizard.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

51

All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 52 .Creating a Block Based on a Table Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. Inc..

Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc.Form for Choosing the Table q Press Browse… to see the list of tables and views q Or type in the name. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 53 . Inc.. JCC Consulting.

Copyright 1998. Inc. you will need to connect to the database. Fill it in appropriately.Connecting to the Database The first time that you try to read from the database (whether you are reading data or metadata). The Connect form will pop up automatically. 54 . JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.

55 . Inc. Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. you will next see this form. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. All rights reserved.Browsing the Metadata If you’ve asked to browse for a table.

The “Current user” default assumes that you only want to see the sub-schema built for you. you need to make certain that you get everyone’s tables. Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. in some cases.Rdb Specifics for Browsing the Metadata q Select “Other users”. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. as well as “Current user”. Inc. therefore. q Select “Views”. – Oracle’s “other database” includes a concept of subschemas. JCC Consulting. In the Rdb context. if you need those. Inc.. 56 . too. over 29 characters) you will want to create a view that uses shorter names and use the view with Developer 2000. – Heads up: If any of your tables use a table or column name of over 30 characters (or.

JCC Consulting.. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Selecting Your Table or View q q q Use the Find window to search for your table. All rights reserved. Or Scroll to the table that you want. Use the % as a wild card in the Find window. Inc. Copyright 1998. 57 .

All rights reserved. Inc. Include the key. Inc. JCC Consulting.) Copyright 1998.. (You will not have to display it. 58 .Selecting Your Columns Select columns by q Selecting them in the available list and dragging them to the Database Items list q Or Selecting each and pressing > q Or Pressing >> to move them all. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

JCC Consulting. Inc..Choosing the Layout Wizard Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc. 59 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.. Inc.Beginning the Layout Wizard Copyright 1998. 60 . JCC Consulting.

Choosing the Canvas q q Create a new canvas Or use any canvas in this module. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.. JCC Consulting. 61 .

All rights reserved. Inc. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. 62 . q Or leave some of them out. Inc.Setting Up the Block q Display all of the columns that you included in the block. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..

63 .. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.More Wizardly Choices Default choices work well. Copyright 1998. here.

Choosing Your Layout Style q q Form layout style arranges columns vertically. Tabular layout style arranges columns horizontally and works well with multiple rows. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.. 64 . Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

65 . the other two fields should be left as the defaults.) If you use 1 as the number of Records Displayed.. Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Other Choices q q The Frame Title (block title) is displayed above the display of the fields. Inc. (You can leave it blank. Copyright 1998.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Inc. Inc. 66 .Finishing the Layout Wizard Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.

The Layout Wizard and Frames q Frames – Display container for a block – Displayed on a canvas – Find it as an item under block in the Object Navigator q Issues – With the V2.. it is because the frame property Update_layout is set to automatically (instead of manually) in the Property Palette. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. you may need to adjust the dimensions of the frame after you receive exception messages from the Wizard. – If your fields “spontaneously” rearrange themselves!. A large number of fields or any fields with a large number of characters may cause difficulties. Inc. Inc. 67 .0 Layout Wizard.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved. 68 .Examining the Results Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.. Inc.

Inc. 69 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Changing the Defaults There are several ways to change the default result. All rights reserved.. Inc. JCC Consulting. q q q q q With a free-hand approach to the Layout Editor Using the Pull-down Menus for the Layout Editor Changing properties in the Property Palette Using a combination of the Layout Editor Toolbar and free-hand Changing navigation order in the Object Navigator Copyright 1998.

Inc. q Add text. q Add a button or other feature. For example. q Click on the canvas and drag it to re-size it.. JCC Consulting. 70 . Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc. q Line up individual items.Free-Hand in the Layout Editor You can select and change things directly in the layout editor. q Add a rectangular frame. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. q Select all of the fields and labels and move them.

. Inc. Inc. q Arrange – Align – Group q Format – Font Copyright 1998. 71 . Investigate which menu items are available with the Layout Editor. JCC Consulting.Menus for the Layout Editor The Menus for your development screen are context sensitive. For example. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.

For Example: Alignment

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

72

Alignment
Choose how you want the selected fields aligned q horizontally q vertically You can then group the items.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

73

For Example: Fonts
If you q select all of the name fields q choose Format, Font

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

74

Inc. All rights reserved. 75 .Fonts You can make all the usual font changes. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998.. JCC Consulting.

. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Changing the Form with the Properties Palette Changes that you can make in the layout with the properties palette include: q q q q Rearranging the column layouts Changing labels Changing fonts Changing query criteria Copyright 1998. Inc. 76 . JCC Consulting. Inc.

Inc. 77 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Examining the Properties for a Column Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting..

Copyright 1998. 78 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc..Using the Property Palette to Change the Layout q q Check on the position and size of a field that you would like to use as a starting point. JCC Consulting. Inc. Arrange other fields relative to this one. All rights reserved.

you will want to change multiple fields at once. The “****” for prompt shows that the fields selected have different values for this property. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. Here.Changing Multiple Things at Once Sometimes.. the several lines of the address are selected. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Inc. 79 . JCC Consulting.

Inc. JCC Consulting. 80 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Editing Prompts When you edit a prompt and then press return. Inc. you will get this pop-up. Copyright 1998. All rights reserved.. You can then edit further.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. 81 . one of the things that you may want to change is the NO default for Case Insensitive Query.Changing Other Defaults For text fields. Inc. Copyright 1998.. Inc. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting. 82 .The Layout Editor Toolbar The Layout Editor Toolbar offers shortcuts to change the defaults..

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. several text items.Adding Other Text Use the Text button to add text. Inc. or edit. (Double click to add. JCC Consulting.) Copyright 1998. Inc. All rights reserved. 83 ..

Adding Color Color for q Fill q Line q Text Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. 84 . All rights reserved..

. 85 . Inc.Rearranged Form View of the form in the layout editor. Inc. JCC Consulting. There are visible and invisible changes to make yet. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998..Follow Naming Standards Type here and press enter to rename here and here. Inc. Inc. 86 .

Inc. q q When you change the window name.Other Naming Issues Notice window name. Developer 2000 does not lose the association between the window and the canvases displayed in the window.. 87 . Copyright 1998. Expect this same flexibility in other name changes. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.

Inc.Window Size Changing the window size to fit the canvas is optional. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.. Inc. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. 88 .

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. q Drag and drop so that first_name is the first field. q Etc. Inc. Inc.Determining Navigation Order Use the Object Navigator to determine the order in which the fields are visited. All rights reserved.. 89 .

Special Considerations for Rdb
q

q

q

q

The special tuning that was required to use Developer 2000/Forms with Rdb is less necessary starting with Version 7.0 of Rdb and Version 5.0 of Forms. With some versions, you will still need to understand the special requirements. Satisfying the special requirements makes good examples of how to manipulate Forms. Examining these issues is an interesting look at how Relational Database Management Systems differ.

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

90

Changes to Accommodate Rdb
The property palette defaults are not correct for Rdb for: q Pre-Version 7 of Rdb
– Pre-Version 5 of Forms – When using ODBC
q

In some additional cases for best performance

We will discuss q Each issue q Reason for each issue q Current status of each issue
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

91

Required Changes for Rdb with Some Product Versions
q

Module
– Savepoint Mode = False (Default is True in earlier versions. Property is not shown in Forms 5.)

q

Block
– Enforce Primary Key = Yes (Default is No.) – Key Mode = Nonupdatable (Default is Unique for pre V5 or Automatic for post V5.) – Locking Mode = Delayed (Default is Immediate for pre V5 or Automatic for post V5.)

q

Items
– Primary Key = Yes, for one or more items (Default is No.) – Maximum Length and Query Length must be one character longer than in the database, if using ODBC in some versions.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

92

0. JCC Consulting. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Set the module’s Savepoint = FALSE. All rights reserved. Oracle Rdb does not. which is also – Oracle Forms prior to Release 5.0 Copyright 1998. 93 . if you are using – Developer/2000 prior to Release 2. Inc.Module Level Changes for Rdb q q q Oracle7 supports savepoints for sub-transactions..

– For Rdb. (Continued) Copyright 1998. q Key Mode – Oracle 7 uses key mode unique for the system generated keys. – Oracle Rdb requires key mode updatable or non-updatable. – Oracle Rdb relies on DBA defined primary keys. Inc. – JCC uses non-updatable for Rdb. set the block property Enforce primary key = Yes. JCC Consulting. 94 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. “Primary Key”) – Oracle 7 uses internally generated synthetic keys. All rights reserved.Block Level Changes These still apply: q Enforce Primary Key (formerly..

– For concurrency. JCC Consulting. which takes an exclusive lock as soon as the user starts typing. D2000 uses locking mode immediate. which takes the lock when the user saves. Inc. Both locking modes re-read and compare. use locking mode = delayed. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. 95 . Copyright 1998.Block Level Changes This one only applies if you are using products pre-V7 of Rdb: q Locking Mode – By default..

JCC Consulting.. Inc.” Copyright 1998. Inc. 96 . – Set Query length to usual length plus one. Developer 2000 must “know” what the key is. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. q If using ODBC: for all items – Set Maximum length to usual length plus one. – ODBC needs a character for the “null terminators. All rights reserved.Item Level Changes q This still applies: For attributes that are part of the key – Set Primary key = Yes – To enforce the primary key.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Module Level Changes in the Property Palette q Savepoint Mode = False Notice that there is NO illustration of this for Forms 5 & Developer 2000 V2. Copyright 1998. 97 .

Inc.Block Level Changes in the Property Palette q q q Enforce Primary Key = Yes (Default is No. JCC Consulting. 98 .) Locking Mode = Delayed (Default is Automatic.) Key Mode = Nonupdatable (Default is Automatic. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Values of “Automatic” work without changes. All rights reserved.) Copyright 1998. Inc.

) Maximum Length and Query Length must be one character longer than in the database. for one or more items (Default is No. Inc. JCC Consulting. 99 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. if using ODBC. Copyright 1998.Item Level Changes in the Property Palette q q Primary Key = Yes. All rights reserved.. Inc.

100 . There is still value in defining table keys. Developer 2000/Forms.. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.You. & Rdb q q q Improvements in the software have made the Rdb connection more transparent. There is still value in understanding the issues.

Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc.. … Provides a form for connecting to the database. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. q Pulls in metadata q Establishes defaults for – – – – – q q labels item characteristics spacing canvases windows. you must understand what your application user will see from the choices that you make. 101 . More .. Developer 2000 provides significant functionality by default.A User View To understand how to use Developer 2000..

.Default Menus and Toolbar q q Pull-down menus Toolbar q More . Inc.. 102 . JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Inc. Copyright 1998.

> Query retrieval by groups of rows Copyright 1998. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..Querying q q q q Enter Query Execute Query Count Hits Cancel Specifying the query criteria: q Any subset of the fields available q Exact matches q Wildcarding q <. 103 . Inc. JCC Consulting.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 104 . Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting.Help Choosing Help on the default Help menu displays the property palette information on the item selected. Copyright 1998..

“Hot Keys” Choosing Keys on the Help menu displays this form. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. 105 .. Notice q F1 is Help q F7 is Enter Query q F8 is Execute Query q You can scroll for more. Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

.Printing q q Since many forms are wider than tall. 106 . All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. it seems like a “free” report. Copyright 1998. Inc. If you use this feature well. printing in landscape mode is usually best. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. D2000 defaults to portrait. Inc.

107 . Toolbar. Connecting to the database. Inc. Copyright 1998. Help. Inc.. – – – – – – – – – Help for you with the metadata.Summary q q Forms is a powerful multiplier of your work. Querying. Forms does some things by default. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Pull-down menus. All rights reserved. Hot Keys. More … q Forms is an excellent tool for prototyping or JAD (Joint Application Development). Printing. JCC Consulting.

Standards and Inheritance This section introduces how an application developer can use modern software engineer techniques from within an Oracle Developer application. q q q q q q Property classes (domains) Visual Attributes Program Units Object Libraries Property Classes vs.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc. 108 . Inc. Object Libraries Templates Copyright 1998.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.Component Software q Baby Steps – Create generic functionality – Gradually refine functionality as needed for applications – Maintenance made easier Application Refine Level 2 Level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 1 Refine Copyright 1998. Inc. 109 ..

JCC Consulting.Building Blocks for Software Development Standards (Property Classes) Interface (Visual Attributes) Logic (Program Units) Easy to Use.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. 110 . Inc. Maintainable Application Copyright 1998. Inc.

Standards: Property Classes Defined q A property class is a first generation Developer 2000 building block for application development. Inc. All rights reserved. – Property classes allow for some level of standardization of a Forms application – A property class is an entity that allows common items to have properties set automatically as well as custom event triggers automatically associated with the appropriate item – Property classes are very similar to Oracle Rdb domains – – – – – ID code name date money – – – – – date/time code text summary money comment and others .. Inc. ... JCC Consulting. 111 Examples: Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc.Example of a Property Class (Dates) q Format Masking – – – – MM/DD/YYYY MM/DD/YYYY HH:MI:SS DD-MON-YYYY etc q q Handling the NULL date (17-NOV-1858) Date Range Searches Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. 112 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Inc.

JCC Consulting. Inc. Copyright 1998. and other visual properties that could be assigned to various objects Allows the interface to have a standard look and feel Examples: – – – – Current record highlighting in a multi-record block Highlight the current item in a form Company Logo Etc. font.. All rights reserved.Visual Attributes q q q Color. Inc. 113 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. Copyright 1998.. All rights reserved. 114 .Program Units q q q Program units are PL/SQL procedures and functions that are encompassed in a form Used for tasks that could potentially occur multiple times in a single form Example: – – – – JCC’s GET_ID functionality Override Developer’s default assembly of the query Population of default values when creating a new record Etc. JCC Consulting.

Inc. – Statement will fire the “KEY” trigger which triggers the Query events Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. 115 . Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..Menus and Toolbars Oracle Developer supports the creation of MDI menus and toolbars – Menus and Toolbars once created can be referenced and included by every form – Dynamically enable and disable functionality during runtime – Reference form specific code via Developer built-in DO_KEY q The DO_KEY statement causes the corresponding form events to fire – This ensures that the event code path can be called and executed the same way each time – Requires less code maintenance by creating/developing/debugging once – Example: DO_KEY ( ‘EXECUTE_QUERY’ ).

Inc. JCC Consulting..x release JCC recommends: q Create a separate module for property classes q Copy the property classes from this module to other form modules. as a subclass q Ensure all form modules reference the same property class module Enforces a single point of code maintenance (software building block) Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.Property Class Module If using a pre-Developer 2. 116 .

. JCC Consulting. 117 .Object Library Definition q q The Object Library is a Developer 2000 second generation mechanism used to store objects that can be referenced by forms Objects can include: – – – – – Blocks and Items Property Classes Visual Attributes Program Units Etc. q q The Object Library is a means to allow for the reuse of commonly used components Places development standards in a single location Copyright 1998. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.

. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Benefits of Object Libraries q Object Libraries are opened automatically when you start the Forms Designer – Makes objects immediately accessible q Multiple Object libraries may be associated with a form – – – – One for company standards One for work group standards One for personal standards A single object can reference only one entry in a particular Object Library so Object Libraries cannot be in conflict with one another. 118 . q Do not need to drag and drop all objects into your active form to make objects available Copyright 1998. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

0 q Object Libraries – Can contain ALL types of objects that do not have to be copied (subclassed) into forms in ordered to be referenced q This includes Property Classes. Items. but not all items in pre-Developer 2.Property Class Module vs. Toolbars. etc. Program Units.x could be subclassed (Program units) – Must have Property Class module open in order to drag in and drop property classes to make them available to a form – Only way to implement inheritance pre-Developer 2000 Release 2. – New feature in Developer 2000 Release 2. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Windows. Visual Attributes. Object Libraries q Property Classes – Can contain property classes. Canvases..0 that truly implements inheritance (linked during compilation) Copyright 1998. 119 . – The Object Library opens automatically when the Forms Designer is opened making objects immediately available. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.

Templates may include (either referenced or nonreferenced): – – – – – Toolbars Program Units Canvases Attached Libraries Etc. It is not a true inheritance structure but can utilize inheritance structures like items from the Object Library.Developer Templates q q A template is a starting form that you use to build other forms. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. q Templates are a great way of getting through the “muck”.. Inc. 120 .

121 . menus. blocks and items q q Templates – This structure provides a starting point for form creation q Use Property Classes whenever possible for similar items q Object Libraries – This structure is a common storage location for all generic items.When to Use Inheritance Structures q Property Classes – These structures store property settings for forms. Inc. q JCC recommends using a template that references an object library since templates themselves are not a true inheritance structure Use Object Libraries to store items such as Property Classes. toolbars. JCC Consulting. etc. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

All rights reserved. Form Specific Items Form Specific Functions Etc. JCC Consulting.Graphical View of Inheritance Structures Appication Form Object Library Property Classes Toolbars Menus Attached Libraries Etc. Referenced Prop. Classes Referenced Toolbars Referenced Menus Referenced Attached Lib. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. References 122 . Inc. Inc..

maintain and implement. Copyright 1998. JCC has found standards and functionality easier to develop. 123 .. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Summary q q q This section provided an overview of the concepts of application development and mapped software engineering terminology into Developer functionality Developer has the hooks to allow for flexible and maintainable applications By using the inheritance structures. Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.

Inc. Inc. 124 ..Developer Intermediate Topics Developer features that you will want to explore include: q Master-detail relationships q List of Values (LoV) q Special item types – Flags – Icon buttons q q q q q q Radio buttons Stacked canvases Alert boxes PL/SQL Triggers (forms triggers) Creating your own toolbar or menus Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.

Advanced Topics Teaching the Application to Sing .

Additional Topics q q q Exception Handling Stored Procedures Elaboration of morning topics – Transaction control & locking – Others Copyright 1998. Inc.. 126 . All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Inc.

127 .Exceptions q Unexpected or abnormal result of an operation – – – – – Divide by zero Invalid data type conversion Data entered does not match format mask No rows returned by a query “No changes to save” q Exceptions can be raised by: – SQL – PL/SQL – Calls to user-named subprograms Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.

see the PL/SQL User’s Guide and Reference for a complete list q Each exception has a severity level associated with it – Valid levels are 0. named exceptions – – – – – CURSOR_ALREADY_OPEN DUP_VAL_ON_INDEX INVALID_CURSOR PROGRAM_ERROR etc . 5.. 15. All rights reserved. 20. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 10.Developer Exceptions q Oracle has several pre-defined. 128 . JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc. 25 – 0 is least severe – 25 is most severe Copyright 1998.

129 . Inc. All rights reserved. 3 Copyright 1998. 1 end. JCC Consulting. etc.g. then “higher-level” begin-end block. – E.. Inc. 2 end.How Does Developer/Forms Let You Know An Exception Has Occurred? q Default exception handling in Forms is to display a message – Validation exceptions also disallow forward progress – More severe exceptions can cause a “rollback” q Exceptions are first raised in the begin-end block where the exception occurs. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Begin begin begin <exception occurs> end.

All rights reserved.. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.How Can You Handle Expected Exceptions? q Exception clause – begin <executable statement> exception when <named exception> then <executable statements> when <named exception> then <executable statements> o o o when other then <executable statement> end. Inc. 130 . Copyright 1998. Inc.

131 . Inc..Message_level – This system variable represents what severity level of messages should be suppressed by the default exception reporting Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.in our case: q q “n records saved” “No records to save” q On-Message trigger – Create a trigger at the form level that filters messages you do not care about q :System.How Can You Filter “Noise” Exceptions? q What is a “noise” exception? – Any exception that D2K raises that you do not care about . All rights reserved.

Inc. errtyp VARCHAR2(3) := ERROR_TYPE. ELSE /* ** Print the Normal Message that would have appeared */ Message(errtyp||’-’||TO_CHAR(errnum)||’: ’||errtxt||’ on ’||:system. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.This is that stupid non-message ("-0:") message.This is that stupid "Transaction complete: XXX records applied and saved" message. All rights reserved. Null. 132 . END IF. end.. BEGIN IF errnum = 40400 and errtyp = ’FRM’ THEN -. Copyright 1998. ELSIF errnum = 40405 and errtyp = ’FRM’ THEN -.ERROR_TYPE ** Trigger: On-Message */ DECLARE errnum NUMBER := ERROR_CODE.ERROR_TEXT.trigger_item).On-Message Trigger q On-Message /* Built-in: ERROR_CODE. Null. errtxt VARCHAR2(80) := ERROR_TEXT. ELSIF errnum = 0 THEN -. Null. JCC Consulting.This is that stupid "No changes to apply" message.

q q 133 . :system. JCC Consulting.Ignore 0. Note: Exceptions are still raised.:System. begin save_message_level := :system. -.message_level. All rights reserved. Inc.. end. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.message_level := ‘10’. only reporting to the user is suppressed.item from y where z = 2. You should use this one carefully! Copyright 1998. 5. 10 select x into :block. :system.Message_level q declare save_message_level char(2).message_level := save_message_level.

Inc.” o o o – Any questions? Copyright 1998.Recording Client Exceptions q Why record exceptions? – User: “I just got an error. Inc..” IS: “What was the error?” User: “It said something about converting…” IS: “What? What screen are you on?” User: “Screen X” IS “What were you doing?’ User “Trying to open a new account. 134 . JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

135 . Inc. All rights reserved.. JCC Consulting.Recording Client Exceptions q q q q Problem: Need to record client exceptions Problem: Need to be able to access the exception data without having access to the machine Problem: Need to capture exceptions even when developers forget to implement exception handling Solution: A procedure that logs client exceptions on the server and use a default exception handler – Records client exceptions – Output is on server – Catches all exceptions Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.

136 . Inc. JCC Consulting. q This will be described in more detail in the next section.Recording Client Exceptions q Comc. aptly named “Stored Procedures” q On-Error trigger – Create a trigger at the form level that logs exceptions Copyright 1998. Inc.record_exception – This is a library (COMC) procedure which calls a database stored procedure. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. – The database stored procedure writes information to a log file.

form_event. end. errtyp VARCHAR2(3) := ERROR_TYPE. Copyright 1998. */ comc. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.On-Error Trigger q On-Error /* ** Built-in: ERROR_CODE.ERROR_TYPE ** Example: Reword certain FRM error messages by checking ** the Error_Code in an ON-ERROR trigger ** Trigger: On-Error */ DECLARE errnum NUMBER := ERROR_CODE. 137 . ** ** Print the Normal Message that would have appeared. errtxt VARCHAR2(80) := ERROR_TEXT.trigger_item).record_exception(comc.trigger_item). Message(errtyp||'-'||TO_CHAR(errnum)||': '||errtxt||' on '||:system.ERROR_TEXT. All rights reserved. Inc.’Property class ’||errtyp||’-’||TO_CHAR(errnum)||': ’ ||errtxt||' on '||:system.. JCC Consulting. BEGIN /* ** Log the message are where it occurred.

138 . Inc. however. JCC Consulting. meet the SQL standards) – Configuration management !?!? Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Stored Procedures q Procedures stored within the database are valuable for many reasons – – – – – Single source of complex update code Security Revision control Reduction of network traffic (client/server) Accessed from multiple divergent clients q They also have a down side – No return values (no native interface for D2K to return values) – Rdb stored procedures have poor exception handling/reporting (it does. All rights reserved.. Inc.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 139 . JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved..What We Will Discuss q q q q How D2K calls a stored procedure Calling an Rdb Stored Procedure Example We will not discuss configuration management of stored procedures… Copyright 1998.

All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.How D2K Calls A Stored Procedure q The traditional method for calling a stored procedure from D2K is a simple. in-line call: begin procedure_to_call().. Inc. 140 . q Works for Oracle 7/8 procedure/data sources Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. end.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. – DDL means Data Definition Language Copyright 1998.. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting.Calling An Rdb Stored Procedure q q q The first implementation of SQL*Net for Rdb did not include stored procedure support We needed to use stored procedure calls to allow multiple platforms access to the same code Necessity is the mother of invention – Benjamin Franklin q Use Forms_DDL calls – Forms_DDL(‘procedure_to_call()’). 141 . Inc.

Inc. All rights reserved. then back to native data types – A work-around for this could be to use temporary tables to pass data between client and server – Exception handling becomes more complex Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.Forms_DDL q Upside – Allows us to make stored procedure calls today – Interface is not TOO hokey q Downside – Dynamically compiled and executed on server – Numeric and Date parameters must be converted to text. 142 .

Example . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. All rights reserved. 143 . JCC Consulting. Inc.Exception Reporting Routine q q q Problem: Capture client messages on the server Problem: Must be able to record events outside of the context of a transaction Answer: Use a stored procedure that does no database work – Short compilation and execution time – Outside of transaction contexts – Messages are logged on the server and can be culled on a frequent basis Copyright 1998.

Inc.current_form’) || ’~’ || event_text || ’~’ || name_in(’system. All rights reserved.. JCC Consulting.Exception Reporting q Client side Forms_DDL(’call comc_record_event(’’’ || name_in(’system. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. 144 .current_datetime’) || ’’’)’). Copyright 1998.

Copyright 1998.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Exception Reporting q Server Side trace trim(:text_string) || ’~’ || trim(session_user) || ’~’ || cast(cast(current_timestamp as timestamp(2)) as char(22)). Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting. 145 . All rights reserved.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Inc.15. We are able to write stored procedures that provide a single source for – VMS – Developer – anything else Copyright 1998. We now have 10.Results q q q We began using this approach in the fall. 146 .000 . Inc..000 lines of stored procedure code. All rights reserved.

Inc.Now The Good News q SQL*Net for Rdb version (next) is due out “soon” and reportedly supports the same native interface for stored procedures as Oracle 7/8 Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. 147 .. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.

. q Additional levels of control are possible and may be required for your application.Transaction Control & Locking q Developer uses Read Write transactions – Implication « lock conflict q SQL services for Rdb can be configured for Read Committed – Index locks remain until the scan has completed. Inc. Things to consider include – – – – – timeouts nulls commits rollbacks cursors Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting. 148 . All rights reserved.

Inc.JCC’s Latest Move on Transaction Control q For each new instance of a form – rollback the existing R/O transaction – start a new R/O transaction – use the WHEN_NEW_FORM_INSTANCE forms trigger q For a database write – rollback the existing R/O transaction – start a R/W transaction – use the PRE_COMMIT forms trigger q For the commit – commit the R/W transaction with the POST_DATABASE_COMMIT forms trigger – start a R/O transaction with the POST_FORMS_COMMIT forms trigger Copyright 1998.. Inc. All rights reserved. 149 . JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc. All rights reserved. Action to change the entire model – – – – one developer well over 200 forms modules 5 minutes by adding the forms triggers to the property class in the object library. JCC Consulting.. Copyright 1998.Aside on How the Transaction Model Changed q q Standardization is the key. Inc. 150 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Additional Brief Topics Slides from the morning presentation .

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Some of the Topics to Consider q q q q q Prototyping Standards Multiform Applications Configuration Management Automated Builds Copyright 1998. 152 . Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved..

Prototyping q With windows and Developer – – – – prototyping is easy most of the default decisions that are built-in are useful your own standards are also quickly added with domains support for JAD (Joint Application Development) projects. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. 153 . or other ways of involving users. is robust – prototyping of individual forms can be the basis of what you will use in production q Beyond prototyping – requires defining standards – developing ways to handle the particular challenges of your application Copyright 1998. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.

. 154 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. – Standards increase usability.. Inc. etc. – Relying on industry standards minimizes training. JCC Consulting.Standards q Important – Ease of generating forms can cause chaos. q Goal of the prototyping explorations – Sloppy prototyping leads to chaos – Lack of early user involvement leads to chaos – Good prototyping leads to coherent standards q Apply to everything Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc. – Use Developer defaults. unless . object libraries.. q Readily implemented – Use Developer features: property classes.

All rights reserved. Inc.. Inc. 155 .Multiform Applications q Applications with one form module – Frequently used for examples – Frequently used for small applications – Some shops use multiple single form applications q Advantages of multiform applications – – – – – Partition development Support logical application flow Enhance flexibility Can share information across forms Amortize database “connect” Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

. JCC Consulting. Our project consists of – 5 or more developers working with Developer/Forms – almost 300 modules q We use MicroSoft’s Visual Source Safe – to provide a library of all the modules q q q q forms icons DLL’s common libraries – to ensure that we aren’t all working at cross purposes Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Configuration Management q q You need to take the same care that you do with main frame applications. 156 . All rights reserved. Inc. Inc.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved. 157 ..Automated Builds q Batch-mode builds require – Oracle command line method – No programmatic alterations of the forms – For each form q q q attach to the database compile the form unattach q Automated builds with the Forms API – – – – Single program control Mass changes without opening each form by hand One database attach Requires less than 20% of the time that batch mode requires in the best of circumstances Copyright 1998. Inc.

158 .Other Issues and Answers q q q q Data Models at Variance with User Views Access Control Auditing Transaction Control & Locking Copyright 1998.. Inc. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. q Pulling in data from several tables can be done more efficiently with views. – Your users may think of a subset of the data that is inconsistent with database tables or normalization. If you are fond of long names. – Sophisticated query options are automatically included. – Interfacing with legacy applications may require views. 159 . Inc. ODBC doesn’t tolerate 30 character names. JCC Consulting. q Developer is very easy to use when working with a single table or view. Inc. q q Worse yet. – All of the fields that you need are pulled in easily. All rights reserved.New Appreciation for Views q Requirements may suggest views.. you will need views. Copyright 1998. – Developer doesn’t tolerate 31 character names.

but the buttons at the bottom lead to forms that do support updates to the underlying tables. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.. consumer. Inc.This form lets the user query on fields from the account. Inc. Updates are not allowed on this form. and meter tables. 160 . site. The form is based on a view and response is very fast.

161 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.. JCC Consulting. Inc.Access Control q q q Views “Roles” 3 SQL Services levels Process started under some VMS account SQL Service Rdb Database Client VMS Requests Access Authenticates as a VMS user (Session User) Authorized to use this service (System User) DBA grants access via ACLs Copyright 1998.

Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.Auditing q q q q q q q Database triggers Audit table Form on table Changes highlighted Reference information. 162 .. Inc. as required User acceptance Example Copyright 1998.

Inc. 163 . JCC Consulting.Audit Form Example Copyright 1998. All rights reserved.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.

. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Where Do YOU Start? q q q Legacy application Developer defaults Other? Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. 164 . Inc. JCC Consulting. Inc.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. if you need to try something else q q Adopting an utterly different style can free you and your users to think about what needs to be done. Copyright 1998. Prototyping with a good tool frees you to – try a different approach – present it to the user quickly – throw it away. Stepping back and thinking simplistically can produce simply obvious results..Legacy Applications q q q Copying a legacy application can produce torturous results. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. 165 . Most legacy applications do not include Developer’s event driven nature.

Developer Defaults q Advantages of built-in defaults – Provides a starting point – Many are well chosen q Disadvantages of built-in defaults – Have changed between releases – May not meet your needs q Building your own defaults – Use the standardization tools – Avoid unnecessary changes from q q Oracle Developer standards Industry standards Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.. 166 . All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc.

Additional Remarks What? We don’t have four more days! .

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. 168 .Deployment q Developers – – – – Paradigm shift Group efforts Intoxicating speed Testing an event driven application q Users – Change is threatening – User involvement q q Can help Requires a training period – Side-step competition with legacy applications – Include humor Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc..

Rdb Specific Issues
q

The original set
– The differences are dwindling. – You can use Developer features to apply certain characteristics uniformly and meet the needs.

q

Stored procedures
– Fake it.

q

Legacy applications
– Can you write a COBOL application in Developer? – Do you want to?!

q

Do we — those of us with Rdb — demand more?
– Big – Fast – Mission critical – Accurate
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

– Manageable – Predictable
169

Possible Additional Advantages to YOU, the Experienced Rdb User
q

You can learn how to embrace PC technology.
– Disadvantage: You aren’t “in Kansas” any more and the Wicked Witch is unpredictable.

q

The vendor is the same as your database vendor.
– This has meant on-going improvements in the way the two work together.

q

Developer can be a significant step toward flexibility and independence.

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

170

Questions?
Cheryl P. Jalbert Jeffrey S. Jalbert Keith W. Hare Thomas H. Musson Jeffrey S. Haidet Phone (740)587-0157 Web: www.jcc.com List Server: RdbD2K
To subscribe to the list server:
• Send mail to majordomo@JCC.com. • Include “subscribe RdbD2K” in the body of your message.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

cheryl@jcc.com jeff@jcc.com keith@jcc.com tom@jcc.com jeffh@jcc.com

171

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.. JCC Consulting.Questions? Copyright 1998. 172 . Inc. Inc.

Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.Questions? Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. 173 .

JCC Consulting.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 174 .Copyright 1998. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.

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