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S? s-_,:9/28/2011

**Unit 5: Electrical and Electronic Principles
**

Dr. Asanka S. Rodrigo

Description of unit

~ This unit covers the electrical principles that learners in many branches of electrical and electronic engineering need to understand. ~ It builds on the elements of ac theory in Engineering

~ Science.

~ It also provides the basis for further study in more specialist areas of electrical principles.

Copyrighted

@Dr. Asanka S. Rodrigo (asanka@elect.mrt.ac.lk)

1

ac. 4. I. 2. 2. Rodrigo (asanka@elect.01i Syllabus I. Circuit theory : Quick Revision ~ Alternating Current: ~ An alternating waveform is a periodic waveform which alternate between positive and negative values. I. Asanka S. I. 4. 3. I. Copyrighted @Dr. 3. ~ Unlike direct waveforms. they cannot be characterized by one magnitude as their amplitude is continuously varying from instant to instant. 3. 2. Circuit theory Transformation theorems Circuit theory Magnetically coupled circuits R-L-C tuned circuits Two-port networks Network models Symmetrical attenuators Complex waves Properties Fourier Analyze Transients in R-L-C circuits Laplace transforms Transient analysis Circuit responses 2. 2.mrt.lk) 2 .9/28/2.

c) d) Average value (rectified): The full-wave rectified average value or average value of a waveform is defined as the mean value of the rectified waveform over a complete cycle. Instantaneous value art) = Amsin(Wt + <p ) b) Peak value: The peak value.9/28/2011 AC Theory a) ~ Various forms of magnitudes are defined for such waveforms.:vde -"egL~(t)·dr1 Jwi fcyde Copyrighted @Dr. It also corresponds to the direct component of the waveform. Rodrigo (asankalalplpC"t mrt . Aa\'g = ~ [P()sL~(t)'dt hal _fi. For a sinusoid.:tr lid . . Peak value = Am Mean value: The mean value of a waveform is equal to the mean value over a complete cycle of the waveform. or maximum value. Instantaneous value: The instantaneous value of a waveform is the value of the waveform at any given instant of time. of a waveform is the maximum instantaneous value of the waveform. It is a time variable a(t). For a sinusoid. Asanka S.

. -" ." ..s value of sinusoidal wave v(t) Am sin(wt ) = . Power dissipation = lei· R = leff = as the original I: 1 I.m. ~.+T Jj2(t). 9/28/2011 e) r... ormactor=----~ rms value average value Peak Factor = _-peak value rms value Example: ~ Calculate mean. average value and r.-. value: is defined as the constant value which would cause the same power dissipation quantity over one complete period.s...-..dt i4 F F .m.R.

.-...- - .-..-...--------__ --. ~ ~V= 1 (L j ~ )11 .07 A 6..-~-..-.....-.--.'..//---..... ji=Cf.lk) 5 .-....ac..-- R L...37 A 300 radls 47. C Components J J} i!tJ Resistor /v(t) = Ri(t) I _ Iv = RJ I Inductor ]u(t)""L-- : dt diU) -.....}{fc~J -..... Rodrigo (asanka@elect........-... I""~ Capacitor ..-'~-....-...--..... Asanka S... (d) angular frequency of the supply is . (e) frequency of the supply is --- ._v-U~_...---.... 10 A 7.mrt....:: -----"'. v=(t.....f~j_(_tJdL -iif' --.'_j......7 Hz (c) the average value of current is .... .... ..57) A (a) the peak value of current is (b) the rms value of current is ....--_.+ --................ -~ --b. ~.- Copyrighted @Dr.-.-.9/28/2011 Exercise 0 1: ~ For the current waveform given by i(t)= 10 sin (300 t + 1.

?_:__m-l?_~9:~_1}_~~Z} l __ ( ~ What is the impedance of 250 resister in series with 100 mH inductor at 50Hz supply? ~ Ifthe supply frequency is 60Hz. R I~ --l.30°) A.what is the total impedance at 50Hz supply JR . what is the new impedance? ~ If R= 250.9/28/2011 ___ ~~~I_~j§_~_Q.!. L= 250 mH and C = 400I-'F. then • What is the rms value of voltage across a resistance of value 240 ? ~ What is the waveform of the voltage across a inductor of value 100 mH ? Copyrighted @DL Asanka S.fd(foL_fI Ie ____________________________________ J _~ I I j(J)c _ Exercise 03: • If the current waveform is given by i(t) = 5 cos (250 t . Rodrigo (asanka@elect-mrt_aclk) 6 .

. Copyrighted @Dr. Asanka S..15 >_ ~ • Also for the closed boundary. • ~ 13 -r.1. Lit· = 0 lj • _i_' .ac.9/28/2011 Network Theorems ~ Kirchoff's Laws ~ Kirchoff's Current Law ~ Kirchoff's Voltage Law ~ Superposition Theorem ~ Thevenin's Theorem ~ Norton's Theorem ~ Maximum Power Transfer Theorem ~ Conversion between "Star" and "Delta" networks Kirchoff's Current Law ~ Algebraic sum of the currents meeting at a point is zero. Rodrigo (asanka@elect. - .lk) 7 . /2 -.mrt.

-------------------------------. eJt) alone gives a response /"1 (1) 1'2(t). Superposition Theorem ~ if a network comprises of more than one source.ac. the resulting currents and voltages in the network can be determined by taking each source independently and superposing the results.9/28/2Q11 Kirchoff's Voltage Law ~ The algebraic sum of the potential differences taken round a closed loop is zero. Asanka S.mrt.= rtt) -+ lAt) ------------------------------------ Copyrighted @Dr.lk) 8 . Rodrigo (asanka@elect.(r). If an excitation and an excitation edT) alone gives a response r.

lk) 9 .2(R+r)]=O for maximum -----dR c iP £2 (R + r) . Asanka S.9/28/2011 Thevenin's Theorem . bilateral network is considered across one of its ports.. and Maximum Power Transfer Theorem I CUITent R I E R+r Load Power P = e. then it can be replaced by an equivalent voltage source (Thevenin's voltage source) and an equivalent series impedance (Thevenin's impedance).cvenil1 VO". If a linear.. 4 ·[CR+r)2 Copyrighted @Dr.mrt.1-R. Rodrigo (asanka@elect. active.ac. R . Linear Active Bilateral Network l o Voc - Zrr.

A C J'BC ~B Delta-Star Transformation A A = B Copyrighted @Or.b:A.lk) 10 .9/28/2011 Star.Delta Transformation A .ac. Asanka S.mrt. Rodrigo (asanka@elect.

ac.9/28/2011 Exercise 3 ~ if the frequency of the supply is 50 Hz. L 20D 63. Rodrigo (asanka@eiect.mrt. determine the current I through the capacitor.G6mH h Copyrighted @Dr.ik) 11 . Asanka S.

- On Writing
- The Shell Collector
- I Am Having So Much Fun Here Without You
- The Rosie Project
- The Blazing World
- Hyperbole and a Half
- Quiet Dell
- After Visiting Friends
- Missing
- Birds in Fall
- The Great Bridge
- Who Owns the Future?
- The Wife
- On Looking
- Catch-22
- A Farewell to Arms
- Goat Song
- Birth of the Cool
- Girl Reading
- Galveston
- Telex from Cuba
- Rin Tin Tin
- The White Tiger
- The Serialist
- No One Belongs Here More Than You
- Love Today
- Sail of Stone
- All My Puny Sorrows
- Fourth of July Creek
- The Walls Around Us

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