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GRIHA - the gr~en building rating system evaluates the environmental performance of a building holistically over its entire life cycle, thereby providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a 'green building'. The rating system, based on accepted energy and environmental principles, strikes a balance between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and international.
2. On a macro scale, the rating system seeks to benefit the community at lage through • Reduced energy consumption, resulting in savings on account of reduced energy bills without compromising on achieving the human comfort levels • Integration of solar energy devices, such as, solar water heating systems and roof top PV systems to generate on-site energy for various requirements • Waste recycling and reuse • Reduced water consumption • Reduced air and water poilution (with direct health benefits) • Reduced destruction of natural areas, habitats, and biodiversity, and reduced soil loss from erosion etc. • Increased user productivity • Enhanced image and marketability 3. The primary objective of the rating system is to help design green buildin jS and, in turn, help evaluate the 'greenness' of the buildings. The rating system follows best practices along with national/international codes that are applicable to achiev"ig the intent of green design. It has derived useful inputs from the building codes/guidelines being developed by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Union Ministries of New and Renewable Energy and Environment and Forests (MNRE and MoEF), and the Bureau of Indian Standards. 4. The rating system helps 'design and evaluate' new buildings (the rating proce~.:; is most useful to projects when implemented at their conceptual stage before desig' '3 and specifications are frozen). GRIHA Assessment is based on predicted builc;'IQ performance over its entire life cycle - inception through operation. The issues addressed at various stages are as follows. - Pre-construction stage (intra- and inter-site issues) - Building planning and construction stage (issues of resource conservation and reduction in resource demand, resource utilization efficiency, resource recover' and reuse, and provisions for worker and occupant health and well being). The prime resources that are considered in this section are land, water, energy, 8, and green cover. - Building operation and maintenance stage (issues of operation and maintenance of building systems and processes, monitoring and recording of consumption, and occupant health and well being, and also issues that affect the local and global environment). 5. GRIHA has 100 points distributed across 34 criteria. The framework consists cF some core criteria which are mandatory while the rest are optional. A project has ' , comply with all the mandatory requirements in order to contend for certification. :e.1~.~he project has to score points, which can be earned by complying with the
.of the points remaining after excluding the non-applicable ones from the 100 and the -.000 for evaluation) .c:: bonus points in addition to the applicable ones.. five stars.. and 81 to 90 points will get one star. the bonus points shall also be C .Imber of bonus points opted by the project..respectively.Construction)' by the National Advisory Council. A bUilding scoring 91 to 100 points wil!'et the maximum rating i. BUildings from paying registration-cum-rating fee to the GRIHA Secretariat in ad mce . In such cases.. m. 6. commitment of the criterion against which the point is allocated. 90% of this fee as given below for projects rated 3-Star and above.ition. operation or maintenance of the building that have si! iificant environment benefits.m. Buildings scoring 50 to 6C . 100 points distributed against explicit requirements laid out in the rating systerr . i from being evaluated against a criterion that doesn't apply to the projec' Such subjective criteria have been identified and the exemption clauses mentione( in the table that follows. The rating system comprises of 34 criieria with maximum available score of 104. - Rs 3.e project can further claim four bonus points by showcasing achievements in dsign.\.unted in arriving at the percentage. M~" "I::...' .000 fixed cost for registratioi and secretariat fees + Rs 64. J \.75/sq m over and above 5000 sq m of built area 9.000 (fixed cost for projects up to 5000 sq.t can be exempt from attempting the specific criteria. two star :'. construction. Projects scoring over 71% on applicable points shall be GRIHA 3 star rated. certification (one star to five star) are awarded based on the number of points e.000 (Rs 2. IF a project chooses to attem'" . has modified the provisions of the scheme to exempt first 100 Govt.. I Project size (total built up area s 5000 sq. It is also well recognized that some criteria may not apply to a particular project due to technical constraints that are specific to the particular project.<lints. the project shall be rate on a percentage basis on applicable points only. 8. Under MNRE scheme for Energy efficient Solar / Green BUildings. >5000 sq. a pre-feasibility study shall be carried ou 'Jy the project team along with the GRIHA Secretariat to demonstrate that the projec. it is permitted to claim exem'~'. constraints out of control of the project proponent. In addition to t' . L The minimum score required for certification is 50. m. As such theoretically a project can contend for 104 P(1tS but shall be judged only over 100 points. m.. Rating cum registration fee Rs 3. m. 61 to 70 points.. / Public ~ .. With an aim to expedite implementation of the national rating system.i . 7. is reimbursable by MNRE to the owners through GRIHA Secretariat after validation of Star Rating (Post . owners buildings proposed to be rated under GRIHA are to register with GRIHA Secn::·f-:-at l arid to pay the Registration-Cum-Rating fee for the project at the time of regis! .ctor •. three stars and four stars.14.e. 71 to 80 points.) + Rs 3.. In view of the uniqueness of each project and the design and developme . having bu ~area up to 5000 sq. IF a project gets exemption from attempting certain criteria.14.. Different level~ .. The denominator in such case would be the sun.. and for projects rated 4-Star and above having built are2 above 5000 sq.50.
The GRIHA Secretariat shall conduct a preliminary review of 1he documents and hold a meeting to confirm compliance with mandatory requirem . coastal zone regUlations. // Criterion 1 Site Selection Partly Mandatory The selected site should be in conformity with the development plan/master plan/ UDPFI guidelines. various hazard prone area regulations. Preserve top soil by employing measures described in the Technical background Contaminated sites/sites that d'_ not have fertile top soil that is considered worth storing for relise Sites that are devoid of mature trees For above mentior ~d category. Projects that are not likely to achieve more than 2 stars can still register with the GRIHA Secretariat for rating by paying the registration-cum-rating fees. heritage areas. [he GRIHA Secretariat shall recommend the sanction of incentives from the Ministry. A minimum 3 star and above is prescribE. Preserve existing vegetation by means of non· disturbance or damage to the trees and other form of vegetation OR .j for projects smaller than 5000 sq. Based on the outcome of this meeting. This should comply with the provisions of ecosensitive zone regUlations. commuter rail. the undertaking given by competent authority on the official letterhead and the project drawings can be submitted to fl· j GRIHA Secretariat. 1 point Criterion 2 Preserve and protect landscape dUring construction Partly Mandatory Ensure proper timing of construction with respect to rain and confine construction activity to pre des' nated areas Proper implementation of staging and spill prevention plan and effective erosion and sedimentation control to prevent soil erosion.if jl'// 1/ at the time of registration. The selected site should be located within ~ km radius of an existing bus stop. Projects desirous of availing this incentive however hae to commit for achieving a high rating.m and a minimum 4 star and above is prescribed for projects larger than 5000 sq. and others IF the site falls under any such area. light rail or metro station and/or select Brownfield site. Make selection 1 point (mandatory IF trees exist on the site prior to construction) . howeve demonstrated adequate tree plantation shall fetch 1 oint.nts and evaluate possible level of star rating.m The prescribed format for 'undertaking' can be obtained from the GRn-tA Secretariat. Trees/plants replanted within site premises in ratio of 1:3. Application for GRIHA rating consisting of registration form containing project details. water body zones..
used in outdoor lighting meets the corresponding lamp luminous efficacy prescribed in GRIHA Automatic control~ for 100% of outdoor lights Percentage of total outdoor lighting fixtures with solar lighting system. More than 50% of the paved area to have pervious paving/open grid pevemenUgrass pavers OR b. vegetation. whichever is higher). Minimum 50% of the paved area (inclUding parking) to be topped with finishes with solar reflectance of 0. (~5% to 50% of total number or minimum of 15% of total connected load.5 or higher. Criterion 7 Plan utilities efficiently and optimize on site Demonstrated use of minimization and consolidation of transportation/service corridors .Trees/plants replanted within site premises in excess of 25% than minimum requirement Criterion 3 Soil conservation (till postconstruction) Proper top soil laying for supporting vegetative growth Criterion 4 Design to include existing site features Zoning of areas on-site is appropriate to the existing site features (slopes. or any other use not to exceed 25% of site area Total surface parking not to exceed the capacity permitted by local byelaw (mandatory) and a. Minimum 50% of the paved area (including parking) to have shading by vegetated roof/pergola with planters OR c. roads. water bodies and other natural formations . paths. 1 point Select Measures Criterion 6 Enhance outdoor lighting system efficiency Luminous efficacy of 100% of lamps . Carry out detail sit" analysis and ensure sustainable site planning Criterion 5 Reduce hard paving on site/and or provide shaded hard paved surfaces Partly Mandatory Total paved area of site under parking.
_«." ../ I circulation efficiency Use of aggregate utility corridors Consolidation of utility corridors along the previously disturbed areas or along the new roads. and to ensure easy mmntenance Criterion 8 Providing Sanitation Isafety facilities for construction workers Mandatory Compliance with NBC norms on construction safety for ensuring safety during construction Provision for Health and sanitation facility as specified above Criterion 10 Reduce landscape water requirement Reduction in water consumption Reduction in water consumption by 30% OR by 40% OR 1 point 1 point 1 point Criterion 11 Reduce water use within the building 1 point 1 point Criterion 13 Optimize building design to reduce conventional energy demand Partly Mandatory Climate responsive building design Adequate day-lighting in each functional area (minimum level mandatory and higher levels optional) Partly Mandatory Compliance with Energy Conservation of the BEE Building Code 6 points (Mandatory) J .. .~... in orderto -minimize unnecessary cutting and trenching.~ /. ?'/" .//-1.:.
and time of construction by adopting efficient technologies (e. as per all compliance clauses. sand.g. meeting the equivalent strength requirements. !rgy consumption between 21% and 30% of the 1 lchmarked figure and the thermal comfort criteria a : fully met IF Reduction in energy consumption between 31% and 40% of the benchmarked figure and the thermal comfort criteria are fully met IF Reduction in energy consumption by 40% of the benchmarked figure and the thermal comfort criteria are fully met Criterion 15 Utilization of flyash in building structure IF Minimum 15% replacement of Portland cement with fly ash by weight of cement used in structural concrete IF the above is >30% IF Minimum 40% replacement of portland cement with fly ash by weight in Building blocks for wall IF the above is >40% IF Certify minimum 30% replacement of portland cement with fly ash in plaster/masonry mortar Criterion 16 Reduce volume and weight. concrete.) Use of low-energy technologies in structural application clearly demonstrating a minimum five per cent reduction in high energy materials such as cement. etc. steel.building within . brickS by absolute volume when compared with equivalent products for the same application. pre-cast systems. for 100% structural system used in a building. Non-structural application .specified comfort limits Reduction in energy consumption compared to benchmarked figure IF Reduction in energy consumption up to 10% of the benchmarked figure and the thermal comfort criteria arewlIy met IF Reduction in energy consumption between 11% and 20% of the benchmarked figure and the thermal comfort criteria are fully met IF Reduction ir.
for 100% infill wall system used in a building. Rated capacity of proposed renewable energy system is equal to more than 1% of internal lighting and space conditioning connected loads or its equivalent in the building (1 point mandatory) IF Rated capacity of proposed renewable energy system meets annual energy requirements equivalent to at least 5% of internal lighting connected load 1 point (Mandatory) 1 point IF Rated capacity of proposed renewable energy system meets annual energy requirements equivalent to at least 10% of internal lighting connected load IF Rated capacity of proposed renewable energy system meets annual energy requirements equivalent to at least 20% of internal lighting connected load 1 point 1 point 1 / IF Rated capacity of proposed renewable energy system meets annual energy requirements equivalent to at least 30% of internal lighting connected load 1 point .' . which are used for non-structural applications such as infill wall system and cause a minimum five per cent reduction in the use of high-energy materials such as cement. as per all the compliance clauses.. meeting the equivalent strength requirements. concrete.\ t. 1/ I 'III! Use of low-energy technologies/materials (not based on the utilization of industrial waste)..y7. steel $ by absolute volume when compared with equivalent products for the same application. Sub-assembly/internal partitions/paneling/false ceiling/in-built furniture I Partly Mandatory Renewable energy utilization fi~ \1 • \ . ~) . Use low energy material in interiors.
Criterion 21 Water recycle and reuse (including rainwater) For sites that have high water table where recharge is not feasible. If hot water requirement is less than 500 titre per c' _ y IF Annual energy saved by proposed renewable energy system is more than 70% of annual energy required for water heating to meet the hot water requirement of the occupants in the building. Criterion 25 Resource recovery from waste Zero waste generation through appropriate resource recovery measures .Renewable energy based hot water system IF Annual energy saved by proposed renewable energy system is 20% to 50% of annual energy required for water heating to meet the hot water requirement of the occupants in the building. IF Annual energy saved by proposed renewable energy system is 60% to 70% of annual energy required for water heating to meet the hot water requirement of the occupants in the building.
. Mandatory Tobacco and smoke control Company policy for ban/prohibition of smoking within the building premises or 1 point (Mandatory) .. Sound insulation and noise control. Section 4-Acoustics. .. Part VIII-Building Services.zeroflow .'/ Criterion 26 Use low-vac paints/ adhesives! sealants Zeroflow-VaC paints . I 1 .r'/ -.vac paints for 100% of all painfl'tlsed in the interior of the building Low-VaC sealants and adhesives .' j/ 1"/.) f l' .100% of all the sealants and adhesives used are water based rather than solvent based/low in solvent content 100% of composite wood products with no ureaformaldehyde resins Mandatory Minimise ozone depleting substances All the insulation used in building are free of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) All the HVAC and refrigeration equipment are free of CFCs and HCFCs The fire suppression systems and fire extinguishers installed in the building are free of halon 1 point (Mandatory) Acceptable outdoor and indoor noise levels The outdoor noise levels are Within the acceptable limits as set in Central Pollution Control BoardEnvironmental Standards-Noise (ambient standards) The indoor noise levels are within the acceptable limits as set in National Building Code of India-1984.' .
21) Mandatory Appendage of speciFic clause in the contract document for commissioning of all electrical and mechanical systems to be maintained by the owner. -'''''~.. The Sf of actions suggested shall however be treated only as a pointers in the directio of ~. electrical and mechanical systems.~ration and maintenance best practices for the building. or the owner or occupants themselves (in the case of single owner. Innovation Point 2 Innovation Point 3 Innovation Point 4 A list of various actions grouped under technical categories is suggested below as a possible strategy to achieve a minimum of 3 star rating. Suggestions in brac~~~.. supplier or operator. 1 I ! Innovation points The project team may identify other innovative interventions that have a significant positive environmental impact in the context of their project.. Documentation of the op.Universal accessibility Ensure access to facilities and services by adopting appropriate site planning to eliminate barriers as per NBC2005 (BIS 2005f) Comply with planning .'.-:.:fil l' .'"'''' ... . .(. commercial buildings) undertaking the respon~" 'Iity for the operation and maintenance of the bui g.and design guidelines as per NBC2005~nex D (Clause 12.:) followed by a * shall enhance the score further and enable a 4 star rating. Provision of a core facility/service management group (IF applicable). .
Design the building as per site conditions Control Air pollution at all stages of construction Ensure safety and health of construction workers Control hard paving/run off/manage utilities efficiently Use energy efficient outdoor lighting (use RE based Iighting)* Use native trees and shrubs for landscaping to reduce landscape water demand over GRIHA benchmark by 40% (reduce by 50%)* • • • • • • • • • Reduce 25% water demand over GRIHA benchmarks (developed based on National Building Code) (by 50%)* Save water in construction Comply with the mandatory requirements within the ECBC (Energy Conservation Building Code) Meet prescriptive shading norms of ECBC. .r "':~f. ~ ·~'l.achieving a high star rating but not as a comprehensive and exhaustive checklist for achieving a high rating. • • • • • • • • Select appropriate site as per GRIHA guidelines Ensure sedimentation /erosion control/save trees (IF they exist) / plant more trees by appropriate planning of the construction work.... provide daylight.C~~ ." '~':' f?:' '...\ ... Use low VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) paints Ensure compliance of water quality with relevant BIS standards Restrict Smoking in the building Provide Universal accessibility CPWD has adopted GRIHA as their reference for Green Building Design & Construction and has further embarked on a nation-wide capacity building drive for its officers. avoid over design of artIFicial lighting Reduce energy performance index over GRIHA benchmark by 10%(by 30%)* Provide 1% eqUivalent connected load of lighting and HVAC through Renewable Energy power (meet 10% lighting consumption through RE power)* Use fly ash based products in minimum two of the following three areas: (structure/wallinglfinishing) Recycle wastewater and reuse 25% of treated wastewater (IF wastewater quantity is higher than 10kUday) Segregate and store waste appropriately quality Indoor environmental • • • • • Minimize the usage of Ozone depleting products in the building structure and systems. The Works Manual of CPWD is also being updated to facilitate green bUilding ..
Ministry for New and Renewable Ener~ Such reque'"' shall be sent to the ~IHA Secretariat for arranging training programmes or fea' 'Jllity studies for new building projects as per the requirement of the concerned gove .\ construction. based self-learning tools to initiate both the novices and the amateurs into green Juilding design principles and technology.'. . Requests for capacity building in GRIHA mC" be sent to th" Director (Solar Thermal). "\. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy shall facilitate similar training of government officers engaged in the construction of buildings through the GRIHA Secretariat.ment department I agency. The Ministry is also pursuing the development of wet.
-IT..ITEE Residential Commercial Commercial .-- .' .. Civic Centre (HQ) DMRC. :ial Spiritua . " Integratf j Institutir lal Commercial Institutional Residential .ITES .'- Residential Hospitality Hospitality Institutic1al Institutional Institutional Institutional Institutional Commercial Institutio"':::i. TY~ Resident. ostel Complex H SIDBI CPCB City Kanpur Kolkata Nashik Dehra Dun Pune New Delhi New Delhi Faridabad Mumbai Faridabad Faridabad Manesar Maharashtra Gurgaon New Delhi Gurgaon Chandigarh Hyderabad Mumbai Hyderabad Noida Faridabad Chennai Kolkata Hyderabad Pune Bhopal Trivandrum Bhuvaneswar New Delhi Pune New Delhi New Delhi Faridabad Bangalore Ahmedabad Bhubneshwar Bhopal Institutional . Vinay Marg Norwegian Embassy.ITEf Institutional Institutional . Embass' IT. liT ITC Residential building Office of Public Works Department The Doon School Suzlon Energy Limited Fortis hospital Commonwealth Games Village GreenSpaces (PSC) Proiect Garden... Hindustan Unilever Crown Technopark Abacus Towers SP Infocity Police Training School. Chanakyapuri Harvana Technology Park EmbassY Pristine 11M.- -I ".Commerc.tl' i l / ~ S. New Lecture Theatre and Lab block Pimpri Chinchwad New Town Development Authority Civil Services Officers Institute.No. •••• Project Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering.ITES Comme~:::ial IT.Akshay Urja Bhawan National Fisheries Development Board Govardhan Eco Village IRDA Oil and National Gas Corporation National Hydel Power Corportaion ITC Grand Chola Hotel ITC Sonar Extension South Central Railways Rail Nirman Nilayam IISER IISER IISER AIIMS liT.IQ . Tasgaon Fortis Hospital Municipal corporation of Delhi.'" IT. HAREDA .. Sushant Lok.Commercial "Clil Metro Statio' Institutior' Comme.- "- -'.j 1· 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 . .
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