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CRS-Iran, May 24, 2010

CRS-Iran, May 24, 2010

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Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
Dr. Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs May 24, 2010

Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RL32048

CRS Report for Congress
Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Summary
The Obama Administration has not changed the Bush Administration’s characterization of Iran as a “profound threat to U.S. national security interests,” a perception generated not only by Iran’s nuclear program
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
Dr. Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs May 24, 2010

Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RL32048

CRS Report for Congress
Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Summary
The Obama Administration has not changed the Bush Administration’s characterization of Iran as a “profound threat to U.S. national security interests,” a perception generated not only by Iran’s nuclear program

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Published by: Confederation of Iranian students on Oct 23, 2011
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05/18/2012

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Iran’s support for Hezbollah is linked in many ways to its alliance with Syria. Syria is the transit
point for the Iranian weapons shipments to Hezbollah and both countries see Hezbollah as
leverage against Israel to achieve their regional and territorial aims. In order to preserve its links
to Syria, which is one of Iran’s few real allies, Iran purportedly has acted as an intermediary with
North Korea to supply Syria with various forms of WMD and missile technology. In April 2010,
the Obama Administration called in Syria’s Ambassador to ask about reports that Syria had
transferred Scud missiles to Hezbollah, although an Iranian connection to the purported transfer
remains unclear.

Some see Israel-Syria negotiations—and recent Obama Administration engagement with Syria—
as means to wean Syria away from its alliance with Iran. However, Iran is a major investor in the
Syrian economy, which attracts very little western investment, and some believe the Iran-Syria
alliance is not easily severed. On December 13, 2009, the Syrian and Iranian defense ministers
signed a defense agreement to “face common enemies and challenges.”

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