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CRS-Iran, September 2, 2011

CRS-Iran, September 2, 2011

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Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs September 2, 2011

Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RL32048

CRS Report for Congress
Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Summary
The Obama Administration views Iran as a major threat to U.S. national security interests, a perception generated not only by uncertainty about Iran’s intentions for its nuclear program but also by its ma
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses
Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs September 2, 2011

Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RL32048

CRS Report for Congress
Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Summary
The Obama Administration views Iran as a major threat to U.S. national security interests, a perception generated not only by uncertainty about Iran’s intentions for its nuclear program but also by its ma

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Published by: Confederation of Iranian students on Oct 23, 2011
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05/18/2012

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Iran’s relations with Pakistan have been partly a function of events in Afghanistan, although
relations have worsened somewhat in late 2009 as Iran has accused Pakistan of supporting Sunni
Muslim rebels in Iran’s Baluchistan region. These Sunni guerrillas have conducted a number of
attacks on Iranian regime targets in 2009, as discussed above (Jundullah).

Iran had a burgeoning military cooperation with Pakistan in the early 1990s, and as noted Iran’s
nuclear program benefitted from the A.Q. Khan network. However, Iran-Pakistan relations
became strained in the 1990s when Pakistan was supporting the Taliban in Afghanistan, which
committed alleged atrocities against Shiite Afghans (Hazara tribe), and which seized control of
Persian-speaking areas of Afghanistan. Currently, Iran remains suspicious that Pakistan might
want to again implant the Taliban in power in Afghanistan, but Iran and Pakistan now have a
broad agenda that includes a potential major gas pipeline project, discussed further below.

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