Technology

Introduction
Electroseismic (EKS) technology is an effective tool for the siting of water wells, mapping aquifers, the development and management of groundwater resources. It is a means to reduce cost associated with the development of groundwater resources and is geared towards providing valuable information concerning groundwater structures. The technology is making groundwater project management more effective and affordable.

EKS History and Background
Electroseismics (sometimes called Electrokinetics) was discovered in the 1930’s. Most of the research has been around since the 1950’s. The main issue in most of the research was noise; especially power line noise. During the 1980’s and 1990’s, Dr. Richard H Clarke and Dr. John W A Millar (scientist from BP Oil) spent seven years of Research and Development to reduce the noise issue. Their development of electroseismic signal collection technology was devoted to producing a thousand-fold improvement in signal to noise ratio (s/n) and reproducibility. Electroseismics also is the foundation for their business – GroundFlow, Ltd. (UK). This increase has brought about a change in attitude by the geophysical community. Electroseismics is currently used at many universities and research institutes. The system has been tested at tens of thousands of locations in more than fifteen countries including the USA, Europe, Africa and the Middle East. A US Patent was issued on May 11, 1999.

Principles of Electroseismic
Electroseismic effects are initiated by Sound waves (P-wave) passing through a porous rock and inducing relative motion of the rock matrix and fluid thus producing an electric charge

The seismic wave propagates into the ground.The signal detected arise directly from the movement of water. The speed of the wave depends on the rock. electrical charges are separated. This electrical signal is transmitted to the ground surface at the speed of light where it is fed into the EKS. . Electroseismic Effect The seismic source produces a seismic compression wave. not from the Rock Matrix. When the P-wave reaches the water table or rock saturated with water.

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