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**SYLLABUS FOR ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING (EC)
**

Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra:

Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

Calculus:

Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.

Differential equations:

First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

Complex variables:

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent' series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

**Probability and Statistics:
**

Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods:

Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Transform Theory:

clamping. DACs. BJT. Signals and Systems: . Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition. digital IC families (DTL. criterion for oscillation. 555 Timers. mobility. p-n junction diode. Microprocessor(8085): architecture. differential and operational. counters and shift-registers. memory and I/O interfacing. Sample and hold circuits. Filters. Generation and recombination of carriers. fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. rectifier. BJTs. photolithography. MOS capacitor.Fourier transform. Wye-Delta transformation. incidence. logic gates. Digital circuits: Boolean algebra. MOS. Linear constant coefficient differential equations. Analog Circuits: Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes. clipping. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops. MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Laplace transform. and power. Electronics and Communication Engineering Networks: Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs. Zener diode. LED. State equations for networks. ion implantation. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. TTL. tunnel diode. intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. and resistivity. diffusion. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. Frequency response of amplifiers. CMOS). decoders. programming. JFET. PROMs and PLAs. MOSFET. oxidation. ADCs. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process. n-tub. p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process. Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits. drift current. Basics of LASERs. minimization of Boolean functions. ECL. Electronic Devices: Energy bands in silicon. Sinusoidal oscillators. code converters. Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Simple op-amp circuits. Thevenin and Norton's maximum power transfer. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers. single-transistor and op-amp configurations. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage. Semiconductor memories. p-I-n and avalanche photo diode. time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits. feedback. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current. multiplexers. Power supplies. Z-transform. Simple diode circuits.

block diagrammatic description. parallel and cascade structure. continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance. S parameters. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation. poles and zeros. power spectral density. impedance matching. cut-off frequencies. Gauss' and Stokes' theorems. convolution. Bode and Nyquist plots. skin depth. signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Maxwell's equations: differential and integral forms. impulse response. dispersion relations. continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series. stability. phase delay. antenna gain. Control Systems: Basic control system components. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides. reduction of block diagrams. Plane waves: propagation through various media. elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. causality. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems. realizations of analog communication systems. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties. . phase and group velocity. Communications: Random signals and noise: probability. FDMA and CDMA and GSM. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci. Basics of TDMA. reflection and refraction. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. PSK. spectral analysis of these operations. radiation pattern. autocorrelation. DFT and FFT. FSK). Poynting vector. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas. differential pulse code modulation (DPCM). impedance transformation. random variables. probability density function. elements of hardware. Sampling theorem. frequency response. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. pulse excitation. Routh-Hurwitz criterion. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM). ztransform. transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes.Definitions and properties of Laplace transform. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems. group delay. matched filter receivers. Wave equation. Smith chart. boundary conditions. Signal transmission through LTI systems. Electromagnetics: Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl. digital modulation schemes: amplitude. superheterodyne receivers. phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK.