Phin IhU'hai CAC BAI lOAN llCH PHAN CO NHIEU CACH GIAI

De gitip cho cac em co each nhin sau sac hon ve cac phirong phap va each tlurc giai nhtr dii trinh bay 6 phan thir nhat, ciing nhu giiip cho cac em co the nr duy mot bai toan nhanh nhat dap irng duoc yeu cau d6i rnoi cua viec h9C va thi do la sir sang tao trong lam bai, tu duy nhanh va d9C lap. Chung toi gioi thieu t6i cac em 50 bai tap co 100igiai rna moi bai tap 6 day duoc thi trac nghiem
, ... " ft _ , ",',

?

sir dung toi thieu la

2 each tinh. Day cling la mot each tlnrc ren luyen de chuan bi tot cho 19 trinh

VI trac nghiem ve ban chat doi hoi cac em h9C sinh mot nr dllY

nhanh va ap dung mot each giai ngan nhat cho mot bai toano Viec dira ra toi thieu Ia 2 each tinh 6 day ta phai hieu la co the 1 bai toan cluing toi se trinh bay tci thieu bang 2 phuong phap giai hoac trong cung 1 phtrong phap giai nhirng 14;1i nhieu hinh thirc giiii khac nhau. Di;ic bier nhirng co each giai rna cluing toi trinh bay 6 day khong phai d1:lla

her tat ca cac phirong

phap tinh cua bai toan, cac em nen suy luan d~ tim toi cac phirong phap tinh khac. Can err vao hinh thirc cua ham so diroi dau tich ph an rna cluing toi chia thanh tirng nhom sau :

I - NHUNG SAl lOAN VE HAM SO HUU 11
Bdi 1 : Tinh tich phan 1

_

._

,

~

....

J_?

=

J3

o x +1

J x dx .
3

2

Gidi :

each J
Dat x

: Dung d6i bien bang bien phap luong giac hoa.
~ dx

= tant

=

(1 + tan 2

t) dt.
57

D6i

can x = 0 .
IT

~t
IT

= 0 :. x = J3 ~ t =

7!.

3

IT

IT

))

1= ftan) tdt = ftan

o
IT

t.( tan
IT

). 2 2 0

3 0

t + 1-1 )dt = ftan t.( tan t + 1)dt - ftan tdt

0

= ftantd (tan t) +f·
o
0

)

) d ( cos t) cost

= (--+ Inlcostl) ) = - +ln 2.
2 o 2

tan 2 t

---

IT

3

C dch 2 : Dung tich phan nrng phan.
X2

D~t

{

dv

= It = xdx
x +1
2

{dll ~
v

= 2xdx
In ( x2 + 1) 2

=

.

.Jj

voi J

=

o

f In(x
dv

2

+ l)d(x2 + 1).

_ {In ( x + D~t

2

1) =
2

II

= d(x

+

1)

~

jdll = d ( x2 + 1)
x

2

+1

2
V=X

+1.

= 3In 2 - - (8In 2 - 3) = - - In 2.
2 2
Cach 3 : Chia nr so cho mau so M tach thanh 2 tich phan

1

3

58

1= f

J3 (
o 2

x __ x_ dx= 2 x +1

)

J3
0

f(x)dx-

J3 (

°

f

._X_

)

x +1

2

dx=!_

2

J3
0

--

2

f--'-=:---'2 2 x +1

1 J3 d ( x

2

+ 1)

°

= ~-ln2.
NhuV4Y cac em & dang nhan thay each 3 het sue don gian va ngan gQn.
Bili 2: o

Tfnh tich ph an 1 = f x dx -1(x2+1)

2

3

cuu .
each 1 " D6i bien bang bien phap luong giac hoa.

Dat x = tan t => dx = ( tan 2 t + 1) dt
D6i can x = -1 => t =* -

.

1t ; X

4

= 0 => t = O.

o tan t(tan t+l)dt 1= -1'[
4

f

2

2

(tan2t+lt dt -f

=

°
4

-1'[(tan2t+lt dt

f-t+

tan2tdt

=f

o
2

°
2

-1'[(tan
4

= f cos2 -1'[
4

o

1) -1'[(tan 4 ° tdt - f cos tdt
t+
4

1

t

-1'[
4

= 2" f (1 + cos 2t ) dt
-1'[
4

1

0

-"4

1

f (1 + cos 2t)2 dt -1'[
4

°

1° 1° 1° 10 1° 2 =2" f dt+2" f cos2tdt-"4 f dt-2" f cos2tdt-"4 f cos 2tdt -1'[ -1'[ -1'[ -1'[ -1'[
4 4 4 4 4

59

60 . 4 -1 1=-+16 1 0 .=.X =0 ~ t = O. 2 4 -TI 4 ~ -1 J (tan dtt+ 1(-+-1 °f cos 16 2 4_TI -- tdt 4 =- -1 16 +- 1 () 4 8 -TI 1 f ( I+ cos 2t ) dt = --1 + -81 °f dt + -16 () cos 2td (2t ) f 16 -TI-TI _.8 32 t) -TI = 4 7t 32 C ach 2 : Dung tfch phan tung phan.7t . 4 4 Bili 3: Tfnh tich phan I = 2 I f x +1 :x .fdt-- 1° 1° 8 4 f(l+cos4t)dt=4 1° -TI -TI 8 -TI-TI 32 4 fdt-- 1° fcos4td4t 4 4 t 1 =(---sm o .4 . D6i can x = -1 ~ t = .

2 A= D<.. .itx . d(x ..itt Ir2 o = .33 =0 =0 . +1 2 I x4 +1 I x4 +1 * Gidi A : Chia ca nr so va rnau so cho x2• 1 1 D<.. * Gidi B : Chia ca nr so va mau so cho 61 . x = 2 dr +2· dt => t = 2 3 . J2 tan II ~ ~ II = J2 ( 1 + tan 2 u ll) du .(x -1) dx = _!_ [s x' + 1dx _ S x2 ~ 1dX] 2 x4 = _!_ (A 2 B).= r. 1 = _!_ f 2dx = 2 I x4 +1 f( I 2 x + 1).in phu. 2-v2 3 1 A = J2 I 2Ji 1 du = J2 2li arctan- 3 2J2 ..~ 2 3 arctan -. = acrtan arctan 1I D6i can t . .cuu .) = dt. each 1 : Ta tach tfch ph an bang bien phap them bot ket hop voi .::.. = o x2. r.t= .. = 1~ 3 r = 0 . x x D6i can x .

It+Fl I =_1_1n t-Fl 2Fl arctan t+Fl 3 2 ~ =_I_(ln 5-2Fl +ln 2-Fl) 2Fl 5+2Fl 2+Fl· VayI= . 2Fl 4Fl 5+2Fl 2+Fl 1-2x2=(x2+ 1)2_2x2 = (x2 -Flx+ 1)(x2 +Flx+ I) I Ax+B +--=-Cx+D --= x 4 + I x2 . 2 = I => t = 2 . t D"'·' can x 01 . 2Fl __ I_(ln5-2Fl_In2-Fl). x = 2 => 2 = -5 2 I 5 dt 5 'i dt [5 2 dt 5 2 dt B= It2-2 = !(t-Fl)(T+Fl) = 2Fl It-Fl.Flx + I x2 + Flx + I <=> I = x3 (A +C)+ x2 (B + FlA + D -Flc)+ x( BFl + A -FlD Ta phan tfch xf + 1 =x4+2x2+ Cdch 2 : Ta tach tfch phan theo cong thirc tach tich phan. +C )+(B + D) <=> A+C=O B+D+FlA-Flc FlB-FlD+A+C B+D=l B=D=}_ =0 =0 <=> 2 A= 2Fl C= -1 I 2Fl. 62 .I D~t x + - x =t => d(x + -) x I = dt .

* Gidi A

:

D~it

1) r;:; ( x - "\/2

=

"\/2

1 tan t => dx = r;:;

"\/2 cos t

t:

dt

2

D6i can

x = 1 => f = n(n = arctan ( Ji - 1) ) ; x = 2 => f = m(m = arctan ( 2 Ji - 1) ) .
* Gidi B :

dx B = 2 x2 + Jix + 1 + Ji x2 + Jix
1
2

!

(LX

+ Ji)dx

I

2

!
1

+I

1

2

~2

f

d (x2 + Jix
2

+I)

2

x +J2x+!

+ J2

f( x+*

dx
)\~

= _!_ In jx2
2 Dat

+ Jix + 111 ~ + _1_

Ji

fIji
r: dt

df

cos
2

2f

.

a ~ ( tan

t + 1)

( I) = I
X

+ r;:;

"\/2"\/2

r;:; tan t =>

dx =

"\/2 cos t 63

D6i can x = J => r = a (a = arctan ( 12 + 1)) ; x = 2 => t = ~ (~ = arctan ( 2 12 + 1) ) . B = _!_ In ( 212 2 2+12 , -J VC;lY 1= 212

5+

J+ Jdt = _!_ In ( 5+ 212] + (~ - a)
r a

3

2

2+12

.

("21In

(5-212J 2-12

-(m-n)
I

-

1 "2In

(5+212J 2+12

-(~-a)).

Trong bai toan nay cac em can chu nhirng neu ta d6i can cua bai toan If diroc VI khi dat x - ..!_
x

Ia

OX

J

:x

y

rang each 1 thi ngan gon hem each 2 thi each 1 hoan toan khong th~ XU

+1

= t thi

khong d6i diroc can, tuy nhien each 2 lai thirc

hien mot each binh thirong. Bai 4: Tfnh tfch phan 1= Gidi :
Cdch 1 : Neu suy nghi mot each thong thuong ta co tM khai trien thanh

o

Jx (3 - 2x4
I
3

)3

dx.

tong cac tich phan nhu sau :
I

1=

Jx3(27
o

- 54x4 + 36x8

-

8xl2)dx = J(27 x3 -54x7
0
1

1

+ 36xll -8xI5)dx

=(27 x4 _ 54 xX + 36 xl2 _!_xI6) 4 8 12 16 C del! 2 : D6i bien
Dat t

=

5

0

2

=> dr = -8x3dx. D6i can : x = 0 => r = 3 ; x = 1 => t = 1.
1=

= 3-2x4

-8 It

1

13

dt

= 84 1 = 2

1 t4

3

5

64

Cacti 3 : Str dung vi phan D;>'h" ay -- Id(3 - 24) eyt X 8
=X

3/ nentaco 'I" O'lglatn husau: .,. ex
A

Bai toan nay c6 ve kha de dang voi nhieu ban tuy nhien ta de bai to an tren neu bac cua (3 - 2x4) khong phai Hi 3

y

rang trong

rna cao

hon nira. VI du nhu

bac 200 chang han, khi d6 each 1 se qua kh6 khan de thuc hien duoc, nlnrng neu sir dung phuong phap nhir each 2 hoac each 3 thi bai toan lai duoc thirc hien mot each de dang. Va day phirong phap dung vi ph an thea each 3 la dan

a

gian va hieu qua hon.

Bili 5:
Tlnh tich ph an 1=

f x(x
I I

4

x

2

+3x

-~

+2)

dx.

2

Gidi :
Cach 1 : Dung each thirc tach tich phan. "

Nhan thay mau
x(x4

so ph an tfch

duoc thanh :

+ 3x2 + 2) = x(x2 + I )(x2 + 2) ,
2

do vay ta lai sir dung phtrong phap tach phan thirc :

------ x 4
du

-3

x(x +3x2+2)

= -A
x

+

Bx+C x2+1

+ -----,--x2+2

Dx+E

den day, ban c6 the nhan thay neu tiep tuc lam nhir vay

ve mat

se

kha dai dong, mac

If thuyet thl chac chan thuc hien diroc,

Cach 2 : Dung each thuc tach tich ph an nhirng ket hop voi d6i bien. Nhan ca

tv va mau
1=

cua ham duoi dau tfch phan voi x .
2

.fi
I

f

x(x -3) dx 2(x4 +3x2 +2) x .

65

C nhir bai toan tren. x = .Dat t = x- ') => dt = 2xdx. 2 J Slr dung tach tfch phan thi thirc hien d~ dang hon nhieu : ABC =-+--+-t t+1 t+2 => -3=A(0+ ¢:::> t-3 ---t(t+1)(t+2) Chot=O t-3 = A(t+ 1)(t+2)+Bt(t+2)+Ct(t+ => -3=2A=>A=--. D6i can : x = 1=> t = 1 . 2_S/2] 1=- 2 J-dt+ t 24 11+1 J-dt+ J-dt I 1+2 = _!_[-3In I t 112 +41n I t+ 111~ -SIn I t+2112] + 22 I 2 I = -21 Cac em hru tim A. 2 S + 1) => -S = 2C=> C = --. Gidi : C aeh I : Dung each tlnrc tach tfch phan. C khong nhat thiet phai giai h~ 3 phirong trinh 3 a phan an nhu M cluing toi dii thtr nhat rna cac em co the sir dung each chon doi so d~ tim fa A.0 => -4 = -B => B = 4. d6 cap y thong 4 In 2 + . Ta nhan thay day la dang tich phan hfru tfch diroc thanh tlch cac da thirc bac nhat ti rna mau so cua phan thirc ph an 66 .O + B. 1)(0+2)+B.fi => 1 = 2. Bai 6 : I Tinh tich phan I = o(x J 2 2x +3x+2)(x +. B.O + C(-2)(-2 1[2-3/2 I e.1 => -4 = A.O + B( -1)( -1 + 2) + Cho t = -2 => -S = A. +7x+12) dx.0+C. 1). I =_!_ Den day (t-3)dt 2 I t(t2 + 31 + 2) .0 3 2 Cho t = .!2ln 3. 4 qua bai toan nay cluing ta thay viec dong nhat 2 ve B.

O + q-3 2 + 1)(-3 + 2)(-3 + 4) + D.!_ (2In 2 .0 2 + D(-4 + 1)(-4 + 2)(-4 + 3) => -3 = -6D => D = . 2 2 4 67 .!_...!_. 2 Cho x => -1 = A.O + D.2B => B = -.(x2 + 3x + 2)(x2 + 7 x + 12) = (x + l)(x + 2)(x + 3)(x + 4)..O + B(-2 + 1)(-2 + 3)(-2 + 4) + C.O + e. Vay tich phan can tinh se diroc tach thanh 4 tich phan don gian sau : I ~ .!_ In (~)..!_.O + B.2In 4 + In 5) = .!_.. do vay ta se sir dung phirong phap tach phan thirc cu th~ nhir sau : 2x+5 (x+1)(x+2)(x+3)(x+4) ABC x+1 x+2 D x+4 _-------- = --+--+--+-- x+3 ~ 2x + 5 = A(x + 2)(x + 3)(x + 4) + B(x+ l)(x+ 3)(x + 4) +C(x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 4) + D(x + l)(x + 2)(x + 3).!_[Sd(X+l) 2 0 x+1 + Sd(X+4)] 0 x+4 = ~ [ In I x + lll~ -In I x + 2 II~-In I x + 3 II~+ In I x + 4 II~ ] = . 2 = -2 = -3 = -4 => 1 = A.[ ~ ({l x+1 -j_-j_+j_}lX x+2 x+3 x+4 _ Sd(X+2) 0 x+2 _ Sd(X+3) 0 x+3 =.O + C. Vi dang thirc tren phai thoa man vci moi x nen cfing thoa man voi nhirng gia tri x bat ki Chox= -1 => 3 == A(-l + 2)(-i + 3)(-1 + 4) +B.O + B.. Cho x => -3 = A.O + D.O => 1 = ..O => 3 = 6A => A Cho x = .O => -I = 2C => C = -.

ket hop voi tach tich phan.21 -2 I[ = 2 In I t + 4 II (.+In (J 6] = 21n (5) . 1 "4 ding f 1+4 f o (+6 d(t+6)] each 3 : Tuy nhien. 0 2 4 Cach nay qua that kheo leo ve each them bot va str dung vi phan d~ tach fa thanh hai tich phan phai khong cac ban! 68 . x = I =:> t = 6.. Cach I giai quyet diroc bai toan nlurng co ve kha dai. Nhan xet thay I!lau so viet lai duoc +5x+6).Ca ell 2 : Dung phuong phap d6i bien. D6i /_ can x = 0 =:> 1 = 0 . _ _!_ d(t+4) 6 dt _ _!_6 (t+6)-(t+4)d1 (1+4)(1+6) I 1 + 6 110 [6 -1(t+4)(t+6) . neu d~ y diroc d(x2 + 5x + 4) = d(x2 + 5x + 6) = (2x + 5)dx. = (2x + 5)dx do do ta se d~t x2 +5x =:> dt = (2x+5)dx. Sr+6 x +5x+6 =_!_[In 2 Il=. ta co th~ giai bai tap nay mot each ngan han nita nhu sau : /= o f2 I 1 (2x+5)[(x2 +5x+6)-(x2 +5x+4)] dx (x2 +5x+4)(x2 +5x+4) +5x+6) +5X+6)] =_!_[fd(~2 2 0 _ fd(~2 0 x +5x+4 x2+5x+4 x2 + .!_ln(~). neu ta d~ nhu sau : (x2 + 3x + 2)(x2 + 7 x + 12) = (x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3)(x + 4) = (x+ 1)(x+4)(x+2)(x+3) =(x2 +5x+4)(x2 Den day ta lai thay : d(x2 + 5x) (= y mot chut thi se co duoc each lam khac ngan gon han.

1 = -2 => t = -9 .+5x :l x -2 2 +4x+4 dx. 2 Gidi : Cciclz I : Ta ph an tich rnau so cua bieu thirc duoi dau tich phan : x4 +2x3 +5x2 +4x+4 =(x4 +2x3 +x2)+4(x2 = (x2 +x)+4 + x)2 + 4(x2 + x) + 4 = (x2 + x + 2)2.2 x2 2 x )+5 dx.' x = 2 = 3. x 1 => 9 l 2 " D6i can x . do sir dung phirong phap dong nhat he so ta se tim duoc A. B. D. Tuy nhien ta thay rang mac du van co th~ di den loi giai nhung thuc hien thea phuong phap nay kha dai va phirc tap. I= 9 t2 2 f dt = _ fd(t + 1) = 3 (t + 2t + 1 + 1)2 _I_Ii =_l_ + f 9 13 44' 69 . Dung phuong phap tach tich phan ta co phan tich : x2 -2 ---------= x4 +2x3 +5x2 Sau x2-2 +4x+4 (x2 +x+2)2 = Ax+B 2 +x+2) (x + Cx+D 2 +x+2)2 (x . 2 D~t t = x + - 2 x => dt = (1 - 2 )dx .Bdi 7 : I ich an T'illh tIC Pha I = f 2 I x 4 +2x. C. Cdch 2 : Chia ca ttr va mau cho x2 I 1= I f (x2 + 4 )+2(x+x 2 1.

Cach 3 : Neu mot h9C sinh kha hon va thuan thuc ki nang dira bieu thirc vao vi phan co thti thirc hien nhtr sau : I 1= f I 1- :2 4 2 (x2 + 2)+2(x+)+S 2 x x dx If = I d(x +x~) • 22 ) +2(x+ x 3 44 2 x )+1 2 (x+ Bai 8: ~I 11m = f x( 1 + x2(08) dx .( f(x) XIII - b) 1 (a.b E Rm E ]':J*) thi ta con co th~ 70 giai bai toan nhtr sau : . 2008 Tuy nhien bai toan nay ciing bang phirong phap them bot theo cong tlurc tach sau (dii diroc d~ cap b phan thrr nhat la : 1 [f(X) (XIII - f(x) ( X III - a) ( X 1/1 - b) = a . Gidi: C ach I : Trong ph an 1 cac em dii diroc xem mot each giai bang phirong phap them bot kha dan gian do la : I~ f (X2008 + 1_ x2008 ) dx x ( I+ x2OO8 ( 2007)d ) ~ J x ( I+ ( 1 + x2008 ) x2008 ) dx - f x ( I+ x2()()') dx ( x2008 ) = fdx -f( x x 1+ x2008 ) ~lnlxl-_l_1n(l+x2008)+c.b a) .

t2008 t-2006 -2006 t-2005 -2005 dt = - f t2008 + 2 f t2007 . = 1 ~ x = 1 .2(1 .fl. . Cach 2 : Them bot d~ tach tlch phan.200S f 2008 d (x + 1) (x2008+ ) ~lnlxl1 200s1n(x Ca hai each tren cung la phirong phap them bot d~ tach tich phan nhirng each 2 lai mang tfnh cong tlurc cao hon va neu cac em thuoc cong thirc tach nay thi se giai quyet diroc rat nhieu bai toan khac.x) dx + f dx . Bai 9: Tim 1= Gidi: C aeh 1 : D6i bien D<.t => dx = =dt (2 . Neu ta phan tich x2 thea luy thira cua 1 .U (1 . ta co x2 = (1 - x)2 .f (l_x/006 .x) + 1 thl ta co 1- f ( 1..x)2 dx -2 f (1.x l008 ( 1_ x )2008 .(2007 dx x2008 + 1 1) 2008 +1)+C.x )2008 ( 1.x) f (1.f dx 1 x 2007dx _ x2007 dx x2008 - f( .x) x2dx 2008 .f t2006 dt dt dt =- ft-2008 dt + 2 ft-2007 dt . 1= - 1.cs-« 2 : 1_ .x.t)2 21 + f( (2008 dt = .ft-2006 dt +C 1 2005(I-x)205 0 t-2007 =--+2 2007 =------ 2007 (1.~J~.2 f (l_x)2007 +f (l_x)2008 dx dx dx 71 ( 1.f x2008 ( x2008 + 1) .x )2007 1 ------+ 1003(I_x)2006 +C.

2 2 vao nr so d<i tach J3 tich phan I= J3) f I x. 6 .x )2007 1003 ( 1.=- f( I-x )-2006 1 d ( I-x ) +2f( I-x 1 )-2007 d ( I-x 1 ) - f( I-x +C )-2008 d ( I-x ) = _ + 2007 (1 .-1 dx = x4 +x2 J3 x2 J32 f I (x + 1) . Phuong phap them bot 6 each 2 moi nhin thi c6 ve kh6 nhirng neu cac em bier sit dung n6 thi se la mot each hfru hieu M ap dung cho viec giai cac bai tinh tich phan sau nay 6 cac loai ham khac nhu ham vo ti. 1t . X D6i can x = 1 => t = 1"[ = J3 => t = 1t . J3 1 72 . 1 fdt = 1"[ 3 =12· 1t 1t 4 Yay 1=--1+-.2 dx = x2(x2 +1) J3 2 f I dx + 2 x2 J322 f x .. f-2-=Ix+l XI cu: 1: DiH x = tant ·43 => dx = (1 + tan2t)dt.x )2006 2005 ( 1 _ x )2005.(x + 1) dx 2 2 +1) I x (x = f dx + 2 f __!!!__ I J3 2 I· x + 1 f I dx x2 =- J3 dx IX f 2+2 J3 dx IIJ3 +21.. hrong giac. . Bili 10: Tinh tich ph an I Gidi : Cach I : Dung them bot = J3 I f x: +x1 dx . .

ti S" d ung p han tic h ir an x 3 1 (x 2 + 1) ABC = -+2+3+ x x Dx + E r01 SU d ung phirong '.J TC cot 2 cot II - u(cot 2 1 II + 1) (1 + cot 2 II 'ydu =- J TC (1 .du 2 4 TC TC 6 4 = .2)du 6 6 =.cot 2 u) tan u. ) dx +x 73 . II D6i bien: TC x = 1~ = 'IT 4 . D:.Cacli 2 : Dung d6i bien bang bien phap hrong giac hoi. Ta co th~ lam don gian viec tim cac he so A.( tan II - ......t x = cot u ~ dx = -(1 + cot 2 u )du . D bang each them bot tren tir so cua bieu thirc diroi dau tich phan nhir each 2 sau day: Cacti 2 : Sir dung them bot d~ tach tich phan. B.i. D.1 + . B. C.2 du = .. 2 x +1 phap dong nhat he so d~ tim ra A. 1 'IT 211)\ TC = .x = J3 ~ u = 'IT 6 • TC 624 I =. 1= 2 s(x I 2 + 1)-x x:) + x3 2 dx =~ I _1 x3 x3 1_. ~ 6 J3 6 6 Bui 11 : Tinh tich phan I = 2 J :)dx I 3' x +x Gidi: Cdch 1 : Sl'rdung cong thiic de tach x tich phan.J(tan TC 2 4 ll-l)du = . C.J(tan TC 2 u + 1. Tuy nhien each nay kha dai dong.J TC 4() TC 1 cos2 u .

. 2 II . 2 28 2 . Gidi : Cach 1 : Dung d6i bien bang bien phap hrong giac hoa.V<1! 1irong x t hi1 I 2 = J 4 xdx 2 ] x (x + 1) . ._!_ Sf x = 1 => 1 = 2._!_ . x = 2 => t = 5 . dt _ _!_ . f ~ 2 +_!_lnltIIS =~-ln2+_!_ln(~). 1 d sin tdt D at x=--=> X=--. lit! _. 2 J 2] 1 2 d(x 2 + 1) 3 1 2 =--ln2+-1n(x x +1 8 2 +1) 12 I Cach 3 : "" Nh an ca ttr so" va mau so".(t -l)dt Sft _ _!_ sf dt _ _!_ sf dt 22t(1-1)2 22 t(t_1)2 22(t-l)222t(t-l) = _!_ f dt 22(t-I)2 .1) 2 2 " . cost cos2 t 74 .= 2t ~ lX -1 2 ] 1 ~_ (I+X2)-X2Idx X3 + X) = 2r(_1 ~ X3 l _ _!_+_X_)dX X X2 +1 2 =-2 ="8-ln2+ In 3 2x -lnlxll] 2 +- 2 1 (5) ..NHUNG BAI TOAN VE HAM SO VO TI Hili 12 : 3 _ Tfnh tich ph an I = 2 f~ x -1 . D6i bien: I . Dat T = x2 + 1 => dt = 2xdx ...(I -1)dt ft 22 t(t-I) = _!_ fd(t -1) 22(1-1)2 _!_f~ 22(t-I) + _!_ fdt 221 = -1 S -_!_lnlt-1 2(1 .

11 =-2'In sint+I all .?·. s6 cua ham s6 diroi Cdch 2 " Ta them bot mot IUQ'l1g ao v ca til s6 va mau dau tich phan 3 I= 2 (x f (x + ) x .= a 3 (1) 3 .1) 2 1 + ) x2 -I ) = In (x + '1/r.. x= 2 => 2 rt t = .1)) x2 . khong nhirng the no con dira ra mot chu dang y quan trong la khi g~p ho nguyen ham f '1/~x dx 2 thi ta chi viec them bot vao cii til s6 Hin mau s6 IUCJng +k x +) x2 + k va ho nguyen ham nay se co dang f d( x+)x2 x+ f. x vat < -1 ) . 01 can .1 2 (x f d ( x + ) x .1) dx = 2 3 + ) x2 . n I= f sin tdt cos t ~ = f-cos TI c: tgt - dt t= n TI 3 ~C~s2t-l M f __!!_!_ = f cost TI n 3 = _ _!_ n ~os tdt _ a ~os tdt 2 [ TI sin f .2. x~1 3 2+ 13 Tir each 2 cac em co the rat de thay bai toan duCJCgiai thirc su sang tao.k 2 x +k +k) va ket qua cua honguyen ham la Injx+)x2 Bdi 13 : 'T":1m I -_ 1J +kj+C(k E JR.: 1) 12 = In 3 + 2J2 .=-2' (sin a -1) ( + 2) In (sina+I)(13-2) 13 J .1 TI sm t + 1 3 3 f f I TI cos tdt I-sin2 t 3 3 1 I sin t . x = 3 => t = a arccos . 3 75 .D .). f xdx 2oo~I_3x (vo .

3x = I 2008<=> x = 1. 4015 = -2008 9 l r 200~(1.3x) 2007 -I 200X dx -I 20()X 3x ) 2()()X d ( 1 .3x )2007 2007 J C ach 2 : Them bot d~ tach tich phan.3x) dx 1 J 2oo~h-3x 3x ) +3 20(J7 200X 2007 dx 20o~I_3x =:3 1 f ( 1 1 ="9 f ( 1( 1 dx + 3 f (1 .3x )4015 + C.3x) -"91 f (1 . 4015 76 . Ta phan tich x = ~1 (1 - 3x) + * thi 1 diroc tach thanh : 1 =:3 -1 J( 1. 2007 _ 200~(I-3xtOI51+c.3x ) 4()1) =9 1 1-3x ) 2()()X ( 1-3x .3x ) ) 200X d (1 .t = ----ft4014dtJ 2007 dt 3 dt (1 (2008)(2007 1= -2~08 f ( = -2~08[ft2006dt_ = _2008[.cut . 4015 2008 2007 2008 +C = _2008[200~(I-3X/007 9 Bilil4 : Tfnh 1= fx"f2-5xdx.x at \/1 . '1 D.20()8~1_. = l <=> 1- .2007 _ (4015 9 2007 4015 ]+C 200~(I .t3 2008 -2008t => d. Cach I : D6i bien.

(2-5x) 3 +C. 77 . Jix J ~. x -1 Dat ~ =t ¢::> x2 =t 2 + 1 :::::> xdx = tdt.Gidi: co-« J : Dbi bien.5x) + ~ thi tich phan I diroc tach thanh 1= fxJz-5xdx =_1 l(2-5X)~ 25 '. Nhu cluing toi dii nhan xet hili 14 chfnh la each thirc Slt dung them bot d~ tach tfch phan trong ham vo ti a ca 2 dang la ham vo tl co phan thtrc va khong co phan thirc. Ta phan tich x = ~l (2 . 2 =125(2-5x)25 =-* {(Z-5x)i 75 4 3 (2-5x)2+C=- -2(2-5X)~}X -2(2-5X)i}J(2-5X) 8 + 30x I 375 .. 5 = -2[2t _t )+c= 25 3 5 C ach 2 : Them bot d~ tach tich phan.-5 3 2-t x =--:::::> 2 -2tdt dx =-- J 2 -2tdt =--2 5 25 5 J( 2-f 2) t2dt =--2 f( 2t 2 -t 4) dt 25 _2[2~(2-5x)3 25 3 _ ~(2-5XfJ+c. Sau mot so vi du tren chac cac em dfl ur dira rut ra cho minh mot bien phap tach phan thtrc rat dan gian phai khong! Bdi 15 : 2 a hili 9 a phan thrr hai thi each 2 cua hili 13 va Tinh tfch phan I = Gidi: Cach J : Dbi bien.t. a=>: =t 2 ¢::> Dat yL-:JX = I¢::> 2-5x ·55 2-t J = --.

J2 ~ = -' TC rt 4' =.... fj 1= L2~= !t(t~d:r !(/:I) fj D~t t = tanu ~ dt = --2 cos du -. TC =u 3 4 TC = 1t _ 1t = ~.J2x Dat t DOl >.M t f dt ') = E :.2 ~ 2 1 1 t: I = r: : . dx dt 1 =- ~ j.2 1 1 I= 2 f .~ 2 1 II =- 6 TC 6 cs-» 3 : D6i bien.. X=--~ 6 1 cost d X=--.x x2 " Doi can x = 2 ~ .D6i can x = 2 ~ t = Jj. x = .. D at . II can t = - . I dx Dat -=/~-=-dt . I = -. suvtdt cos2 I 78 . 12 TC 3 4 4 4 C dell 2 : D6i bien. = sinu ~ = cos udu. 2 TC 3 II II + = 1 Jdu . 'Ji-.x = 2 J2 ~ t = 1. II TC 3 I= J -- du TC tan 2 cos .M 1t f dt 2.

~ dx t = 2 sin t cos tdt.. 1= f 4 dx I ~x-x2 79 . = -1 ~ 4 2' 6' d 2 t 7t = _. L.J5 f~ X x 2 +4 ~ In % ) cling co each tlnrc giai wong ur nhir bai toan nay. 7t = _. df nghi cac em nr giai.---2 ~ 3. Dat x = sin 2 f .nfcost t = 2 fdt = 2t smtcost 7[ d 4 ~~sin2t(1-sin2t) 666 Cdch 2 : D6i bien. x = 2 ~ t = _. x = -1 ~ DOl can x '.. cao dcing nam 2003 .D:!" can 01 . a De' thi tuyen sinh dai hoc. 7tlsinll 7t : 3 4 12 4 4 f 7t 3 f Ca ba each giai tren vf ban chat chi la phirong phap d6i bien tuy nhien viec d6i bien each nao thuan lei thi cac em nr danh gia. rt rt x =" r::::2~ t = _.khdi A : 1 = (ket qua 1 = 2J3 . = sm t dt = dt = t 3 = 7t _ 7t = ~ . 4 7t 1= 4 f 7t smtcost t = 42' 2! f 7t ~l. Bai 16 : I Tfnh tfch ph an 1 = 2 f~ dx 2' I x-x 4 Gidi : Cacli 1 : D6i bien. 4' 3 n • n 3 1= cos t 7t~I-cos2t 4 cos2 t f sin tdt .

3·· I .. x =dt t D6i can x = 1 =:> t = 2 =:> t = 2. 8 64 3. 2 1 2 _ 0 -7t D6i can x=-=:>t=--.. I Gidi: Cdch 1 : D6i bien.Dat (x . 6 () 1= -7t J 2 1 costdt - () 1 .2 = I J dt = t = . 2 = _!_ sin 2 1 4 1 t =:> dx rt = _!_ cos tdt.x=-=:>t-O. . 1= f 2~··._!_) . Dat x . =- 1 =:> dx t = -2= 1. 6 rr 6 4 4 SIO -7t --- 6 6 Bili 17 : Tinh tich ph an 1 = 2 J Vx-x3dx 4 X .w x 3 dx 2 3~dX _f~x2-1 I =-- x 3 2 I~ I 1- 2 x l)j d1 ( __ 12 ) X =_V~ll_-xx_2)_ =--W.3~(1_12)4 2 9 80 .' 1 2 Cach 2 : Su dung vi phan.

2..l 31_(t+..j... I~( .j.2.:'}t 3I .2.' Dbi bien. Dat t = xE ? <=> t2 =x 3 => 2tdt = 3x2 dx.l). x = 1 => t = 1.l 2J2 2J2 f f( 81 .x dx. D~t f::.' Dbi bien.dx x-s x . D 01 can x = -1 => t = --.1 . Cadi 2 .. x.~ <=> X = t2 -1 => 3x dx = (t2 -1 1 2 -2tdt t.)2 + 1 ~~ tdt ~ ~ l+ ft2-:.= r::I ~ 1 -t.t.xJ-.Jx. x +1 Gidi : C ach 1 . 2 2J2 I~ f 2 ' x. 2 f~ 3 ..Qua hai each giai tren thi cac em deu thay viec ap dung vi phan so vci dat an phu Iii hieu qua han rat nhieu BiJi 18 : Tinh tich phan I ~ ..j.

J200S2 2008 r---- . 22 D. o f cu«. x = 200S => t = 7t .x2 2008 0 f 2 x dx J200S2 sin t .x2 dx . => dx = 200S cos rdt . D6i can x = 0 => t = 0.t{J200S -x =u a dx=dv => {dU=J v= x.x2 dx + 200S2 f I d~ -x 2· \j 200S = 200S . Cdch 1 : Tich phan tirng phan ket hop voi d6i bien.200S2 sin2 t o J200S2 => 2/ = 200S2 f o dt => / = 7t200S2 4 ca. .« 82 2 : D6i bien. 200S -x~x -x 2 / = x.x2 2008 o + 2008 =Dat x o f 0 J200S2 . 2 / = -t + 200S2 f n 1t 200S cos tdt .Bili 19: Tfnh tich ph an / = 2008 J 200S2 .

· 4 7t 7t 7t l=J3f~ D~t II 4 (tan2 t + 1) o 3(tan2 t+l) df=f 4~ 0 4 2 tan t+ldt=f-dt. · f v. x = 2008 => t = 7t · 2 .. ".t = -7t 4 => U = 1 r.2 83 .. Boi 20: J3 Tfnh tich phan I = Gidi : each 1 : D6i bien. SIn 2 f J i = 2008 o 4 2 7t . o f b· 3+x r.Dat x = 2008 sin f => dx = 2008 cos tdt . DOl can: x = 0 => f = 0. D6i can x = 0 => t = 0. x = '" 3 => t = -. 7t Dat x = J3 tan f => dx = J3(tan2 t + 1)dt. D 01 can : = 0 => II = 0 . v.. Qua 2 each tren ta nhan thay viec d6i bien hrong giac ngay se Him bai toan ngan han. 7t 7t 1= 20082 f cos2 tdt = 2 20082 2 2 00 n f(1 + cos 2t )dt 7t = 2008 2 2 2fdt + 2008 0 2 2fcos 2 td(2 t ) 0 4 = (2008 2 2 t+ 2008 4 2 . 0 1 cost = sin t => du = cos tdt.

0 Cach 2 : D6i bien. cac y la em c6 thegiai tiep tuc nhu bai so 20. t= J3. J3+16 d f __!_=InltIIA+ t C dch 3 : Dung vi phan. I= f fj d o J3 + x x 2 fj =f 0 ~3 2 fj d(X+~3+x2) x + -rs + x~ dx = f 2 2 2 (x + x ) J3 + x 0 x x J3 + ------'--===_-'- + J3 + ~ Inlx+ J3+ x21 J3 ~ In(1+. nhirng cac em each giai nay kha dai. 2 3+x Gidi : Cdcli I : VI bieu thirc dtrol dau tich ph an c6 ~3 + x2 nen ta c6 th~ sir dung each dat x = cling din hru J3 tan t . J3 16 6=ln(J2+1). f du () (I-I?) =_!_ f(l+ll)+O-U)du= 2 0 (I -li)(1 + II) I JiJi _ _!_ fd(l-U)+_!_ 2 () l-ll. 84 .I I I 1= Ji. fd(l+ll) 2 0 1+ u Ji I 1 = -In 2 Il+lliJi -1-[( t: = In( ". D6i din: x= 1= °=> fj J dx 3 + x2 .= t dt ./2\ o Gifi'a each 2 va each 3 cac em biet sir dung tich phan gian hon rat nhieu.2 + 1). Dat t = x + V j + x~ c=: => dt = x+~3+x2 ~ 3 + x2 dx = tdx ~ 3 + x2 => . a each de thay cluing y 3 thea chu a bal chi la mot nhung neu cac em 12 phan tlur hai thl se don Bai 21 : Tinh tich phan I fj = o f hdx. x = J3 => t = J3 + 16.

2.1 + f I?:3 dx x +3 x +3 x +3 2 ..J3 0 3 2 => 21 = 3J3 +3 13 o f I?:3. c: = 3-v_)+ 31n( -v2 + 1) => 1 = -3J3 se ra duoc -v2 + 1). t: nos 22: Tinh tich 2 3 +-In( 2 phan 1 = x2 ~ x2 + 4dx. => ~ x v = vx2 +3.J3 0 3 ..J3 2 13 0 f Vr=r: x + 3dx 2 = 3J3 - 13 0 3 f J--i-. bang bien phap IUQ'ng giac quen thuoc rna cluing toi dil trinh bay 6 nit nhieu each I 2: I 0 1 = f(x2 +1)~x2 +4dx- o f 2 Ji-:4dXx +4 2 I 0 f 2 [. dx 2 x2 +3 = 3J3 - .4dx x +4 ~N±X~(x2 +4)3)_ H1xN+4)- H21n(wJx +4») 2 85 .each D:.U: 2 : Dung tich phan tung phan. dx + f I?:3 dx = 3J3 . dx x +3 Den day ta str dung ket qua cua bai 20 tren 21 t. o I f Gidi: each J: Theo each thong thirong ta co the d~t x = 2 tan t de dira ve tich phan ham phap d6i bien luong giac. 1 = xv x + 3 ~1.J3 o f iz. ll { =x dv = I?:3 o - x {dU = dx d . viec giai tiep gianh cho ban d9C VI day la phuong bai tnroc.

a ong nh' tIni cosa = cos( -2---2..21n(l + ". at ire =-- 2cosa 2 =-- 2cosa 86 . +411 -2In(x+~x2 2 0 +4)/1 0 t: t: = -315 ..i.x + a ) . 4 III .5) + 21n ".1 =J_X~(X2 4 +4)31 0 .NHUNG BAI loAN Bili 23 : VE HAM 56 LUQNG GIAc ~ 1m I =. 1 Gidi : ' Cac II I : f smx-sma dx .2. T'tr d" x. (vci a I' h' ~) VO'l a ang so .

ca'--I _I_In +C = 1 + cos a cos a tsma 1 + cos a tg .dx=2dt~dx=---.Cacti 2 : _tx DC. 2 . Den day cluing toi tiep tuc trinh bay them 3 each tinh khac nira.------2 sina x tg -2 x --~~i~ 1. 2dt 1 + t2 1. Mot each a bai 36 va mot each a bal 37. tuy nhien 2 each tfnh nay chi cung sir dung mot phirong phap la dung tfch phan lien ket co khac chang chi la viec neu day la tlch phan xac dinh (tich phan) thl cac em se dung viec d~t &nphu dac biet d~ tlm fa tich phan lien ket voi tfch phan A con neu Ia tfch phan bat dinh (ho nguyen ham) thi ta 11! phai di 11mtich phan lien ket voi no.sin x sin x + cos x sin x + cos x 87 .lt g-=t~ 2 2dt dx 2 cos 2 x 2 =dt~ (2l+fg x) .cos a + C. 11m I= f sin xdx sinx + cosx Cac em theo doi bai toan nay a ph an thrr nhat thi cluing toi da trinh bay each giai bai toan nay bang 2 each thirc. Cach 3 : sm x sin x + cos x = A sin x + cos x + B cos x .cos a = _I_In cosa Bili 24: 'r': I_f_-_=sl=nc..

1( x-. Thong qua 5 each giai tren thi cac em se nhan thay diroc tinh hieu qua cua each tlurc nao khi giai cac bai tfnh tfch phan ham lirong giac rna ham nay chi chua roan sinx. .= I => dx = dt. x 2 = t =>dx= --va 2dt .+C. .<=> SIIU = .B = 1 <=> {A A+B=O = 0. 2t --. Dat x . ( t+ n)d t J2 cost cost 4 = _!_ fin t + cos t dt = _!_ fin tdt + _!_ dt 2 cost 2 cost 2 f =- -1 fd ( cos t) 2 1 +-t+C 2 -1 2 -1 1 =-Inlcostl+-t+C=-ln 2 2 Cach 5 : cos x-4 (n) +. 2 Cach'_. 2 )SIllX + (A + B)cosx <=> . dx --x-+C sin x + cos x 2 2 sin x + cos x .t2 n) Dat tan.) . cosx bac nhat. 1+ (2 SIllX= . 4 I= f Sill . 88 . 2 4 1.. 1+ (2 Nhu vay ta se d6i bien x thanh bien t tuy nhien day la mot each giai rat dai va plnrc tap.cosx 1+ t2 =--._ 1 1 fd ( sin x + GOS x) .sin x {A . Bili 25 : Tim 1= f sin 2008x dx .5.5 B=-0.B. trong qua trinh tfnh toan cac em khong nen dung va cluing toi chi htrong dan a day voi tinh chat tham khao rna khong giai ra cu the VI tinh hieu qua khong cao.' : 1= f sin xdx J2 cos( n x-.1 fd 1 I -x-- fCOS 2 1 . (A . x . = -( x +In Isin x + cosxl)+ C.

Gidi ._1_[ fd( 2 2008 cos2008x -1) _ cos 2008x . 89 . I .' Cach. 40) 6 cos 2008x + 1 Tfnh tich ph an 1= f smd: . 1+ I 1= 1 dt 1 1 f ( 1 + t 2. 2008 t .cosxdx u-.' I = rin 2008xdx = _1_ d ( cos 2008x) sin22008x 2008 cos2 2008x-1 d(cos2008x) = 2008 (cos 2008x -1) (cos 2008x + 1) 1 f f = _!_.' D~t tan(l 004x) ~ t z:» dx ~ ( 1 + [2 1004 d) va sin (2008x) = ~.' each 1 : Dung tfch ph an tirng phan. +=ll dx --=dv sin2 x Sill x {d => _ -2sinx.1 fd (cos2008x + cos 2008x + 1 1)] = Bdi 26 : _1_lnlcoS2008X-II+c. 1004 =-f-=-lnltl+C=~lnltan(1004x)l+c. 2008 2008 ( 1+ 2) dt (2) Cach 2 . 1[ x 4 ou: . . 4 sm x v=-cotx.

cot x sm . Tuong ttl cac em co the cotx = rna rong them mot each khac do la d6i bien thong qua viec d~t I. C deli 1 : D6i bien.4 7t sin x 4 n f-. tuy nhien each giai nay cluing toi d6 nghi cac em ttl giai vi no kha dan gian Bili 27 : n 2 Tfnh tich phan 1 == 7t f smd~x . 4 3 ca. 90 .n n n 1 = . 2 sm x = 2-2/-2cotx 4 4 => 31 = 2 + 2 <=> 1 = -.. cos x.4 x n sin 7t .4 7t 1 = fCOS x = n tan" x n 4 4 2 2( f 1+ tan 2 x ) d ( tan x) 4 7t tan x n :2 = f(tan-4 7t x+tan-2 x)d{tanx) 4 = ( 3 tan 3 x -1 -1 ) + tan x 3 7t 4 =3 4 Qua 2 each giai tren thi each 2 dan gian va hieu qua han nhieu. Ie d6i 3 oui .» 2 : 7t dx . Vi ham diroi dau tfch phan la ham Dat 1 voi sinx nen = cosx => dt = +sin xdx. . cot xdx = 2 _ 2 2f(cos x) dx 7t 2 x 7t sm 7t .4 x 4 2 ~ 4 2 ~ 4 2 7t == 2-2 f--+2 .2 2_ 7t 2f2 sin x.

Dat f=tan-::::>dt=-(tan 2 7t x 1 2 2 1 -+I)dx=-(t 2 rt x 1 2 2 +I)dx::::>dx= (t 2 2dt +1) ..C)1 4 2t2 2 J3 . +t)dl='!'( 1 3 1= f1 r:. 1t SIn x (* ) 1t SIn X 333 91 . 3 4 Cdch 3 : 1= f 3 sin2 ~+3cos2 SIn x dx = f ~x 1t SIn + X x fC~S: x dx = f_d_X_+1.::::> t = 0 . .D"'· can: 01 .: If(__!_+~.f( -0 1 (1. 1 11 =-+-ln3. rt 7t x = .t)(1 + t) C ach 2 : D6i bien.::::> t = -1 x = .3 v» l 2dl (t 2 + 1) (t 2 +1) 3{. 8t3 41 ".3 t -I +2Inltl+. DOl can : x = "3 ::::> t = s- J3' x = "2 ::::> t = 1. 3 2' 2 I 1 =-f I (1 2 dt t2)2 .t)(1 + t) )2 = "40 1 f(O+t)+O-t»)'2 (1.

2 SIn 2 X .!.Sinx =.!.In 11 + ll2 = . 1t f dx 32.!. 12 _.!.3 1tSIn 2 . 1t SIn D~t t = cosx => dt . 1t n =- COSX 2 2sin x. = .f(l+t)+(I-t)dt-. f dx 2. X Dat : _ .2 X dx.!.I (l-t2) 2 -. 1 1 fdX Thay J vao (*) ta diroc : 1=-+-.!.f~ .!. . 3 2 n sin -- 2 1 =-+ K. 1 = -1t => t = -2' X = -1t => t = 0 . 3 2 I I I K--J dt .{II .!.f~+. + . -.In 3. D" can: 01 . 34 each 92 4 : Dung tich ph an tirng phan.I 3 = COSX cosx dv=--dx .!.sinx .2 0 (l-t) I 20 (l+t) = . 2 I-to 2 V fry I .!.1t lch S'U d ung tIC p ha tung p h'" Ch 0 J an an = fCOS . X 3 3 1t Ta tiep tuc tfnh K = f 3 ~x X d6i bien.2 0 (l-t)(l+t) . SIn 3 X 1t {dU = -sin xdx => -1 v= .In 3. X = -sinxdx.

4 o cui.li_ fCOS2 1t 1t X X dx. each 1 : 1t Lien ket A voi B = fsin2 x.sin 2x 20 2 I 4 1 ~ 0 = -. 1 U=-sinx 1 SIn X 1=- c~tx. SIn x1t 1t sin:' 3 3 den day lam 1t giong nlur each 3 (ta dung tich phan tirng phan cho J = fcos 1t 2 X X sin3 dx ). 4 o Taco 1t 1t A +B = 4 o f( sin 1t 2 x+cos2 x ).f cos 2xd (2x ) = .cos2xdx = fcos2xdx 0 4 = . I (1) 2 93 .cos2xdx. 3 Bdi 28 : 1t Tfnh tich phan A = fcos2 x.cosx {dU=---dX 2 D~t : => sin x 1 dv = -.cos2xdx.-2 -dx v = -cot X.

fcos2 2xdx 20 20 = .cot(x+ 3J n)dX. n. 2.fcos2xd(2x) 40 11 1 4 +. 2 x+--n) -sm.n )cos(x + -) 2 sm(2x + -) + sm-I=f 3 6 dx=f 2 6dx n. ocos(x+ 1Ism( 3 6 3 2 6 11.)sm(x+-) n .11 11 11 4 A-B= f(-sin o 11 2 X+COS x). o 8 (2) Taiay(1)+(2) Cach 2 : 11 =>2A=n+!=>A=_1 82 11 16 (4+n).f(1 + cos4x )dx 40 11 1 4 1 =-sin2x 4 d +- 11 14 14 fdx+fcos4xd(4x) 40 16 0 11 = (!sin2x+_!_x+_l sin4x) 4 4 16 Bai 29: 11 4 o =_1 (4+n).n . 6 Gidi : ca-» 1 : rt ~. = n.fcos2xdx +.cos2xdx= 11 2 4 0 fCos 2xdx=! 2 4 f(1+cos4x)dx. 11 14 A = . 4 sm(x + n 94 . 16 Tfnh tfch phan 1= jtan(x+ o n J.f(1 + cos2x ).0 A-B=! 20 4 fdx+! 80 4 fcos4xd4x= (X + sin4x 2 8 )11 4.cos2xdx 20 11 11 14 14 = .

. ( x+-7t) cos(x+~·)sm 3 6 J 95 .1 4 d 4 + 21 =- 7t o 4 + 21. Dei can: x = ..7t 7t = 12 cos 2x + I dx = 1 (2 cos 2x . D~t t = tan x=> dt = (tan2 x + I)dx = (t2 + l)dx.I 7t 7t = dx + 2 Ta tinh 1: 7t f o 4 f .x _ = x () 2 cos 2x .J3t)(I+.J3t I-J3t I 0 = _1_1n[<1 +J3)2 J. 4 J3 2 each 2 : /= 4 7t( sin(x + 7t) cos(x +)7t o cos(x +1T)sin(x + 7t) 3 6 :[Sin(x+ f 3 6 = f o ~)cos(x+ ~)-cos(x+ 7t)sin(x+ 7t) 3 6 3 6 +1 dx 7t . 1=f I • °=> t = 0..!_f(1+'J3t)+(I-. =.J3t) +20 (1 + J3t) I dt If 1 = _I_In 2J3 1+.J3t) If dt = 2 0 o-. x = 4 I 7t => t = I.I 0 2 cos 2x .3t)dt o (l+t) 2 (l-t dt =f dt 2 2 ) 01-3t 2·· -I 1+ t2 20 (l-. 2J3 2 Yay /= 7t+_1_1n[(l+J3)2J.I) + 2 dx o 2 cos 2x . I t: r.

:. 40 Gidi : each I : SiI dung bien d6i..I =_ TI 4 COS(X+ f 7t 7t. 5 4 96 . 7t I~ 0 6 - '\/3 r. In 1 cos(x + 7t/ 3) 116 + - 1 rt 4 = -7t + 4 '\/3 r.:. In 1 ((1 + J3)2 J .- 2 5 cot ( lOx) 3TI 40 TI 4O =. 2 d x 5x.cos 2 5x . )COS(X+· )+sm(x+-)sm(x+--) 7t 3 6 3 6 dx+ 7t 4 J3 1 0 TI cos(x+ 7t)sin(x+-7t) 3 6 4 cos(x+) 7t 1 TI 4 sin(x+-) 7t =-f J3osin(x+7t) 6 dx+-f 3 dx+7t J3ocos(x+~) 4 6 3 =-_ I TI 4 f 0 d(sin(x sin(x+ +» rt 6 --f I TI 4 0 d(cos(x J3 6 7t) J3 3 dx+7t cos(x+ 7t) 4 3 TI +» 7t = '\/3 r. In 1 sm(x + -) 1 I .:. 2 Bili 30: 3TI Tinh tlch phan I = 40 TI f sin . 3TI 3TI 3TI I=4 f TI 40 dx 4sin2 5xcos2 5x =4 f TI 40 dx sin2lOx =- 4 40 ~ ~ 10 11 sin210x ~ f d(lOx) =. 7t.

f--dt=each 3 : 37t 1 fl 1 + t S a r2 1 f(t -2 +l)dt=-(-t S 1 +t) fl =. Bili 31 : (De' thi Dr. n rt 3n 3n DOl can x = .zi /U)C Md dia chdt ndm 2000) 7t + cos2Sx = thl bai toan lai Tinh tich phan I ~ Gidi : 7t f .( smx. ( x+-6n) . .= P).( x + ~) ] dx . ( x+6n) 97 . cos2 Sx :?. 40 8 40 8 V6"i--- 1+ tan2 Sx sin2 Sx 2 tan2 Sx 1 fl Sa 37t .sm 7r )" x+-- 6 6 each 1 : I~ SIn Si+ . a 37t 1= f ~ 40 7t SIn 1 .= a).=> t = a(tan. _I 1=. (n) 6 ~ smxsm. smxsm. I - ~ ~ -2 ~( ~ Sinxcos( x+ ~ )-COSXSin( X+ ~) )<h . S 4 ~ . . dx Sx + f cosdx Sx =-(tanSx-cotSx) S 40 7t 40 7t 2 2 =-.=> t = p(tan.(1p---a+5 P a 1) .x:::: . - ~ 2 Nhir vay voi sir phat hien cong thirc sin Sx diroc giai (} each 3 mot each don gian va hieu qua.each 2 : Dat tan Sx = t => Sdx = dt.

«.------. cos(x =-2 f 1[ 1t )dX 6 ..s.( 1t) SIn X + 6 ..J3 + cot x) 6 2dx =j-2.( )1.J3 + cot x) . ( ) sm x+a SIn x+b 1 cos ( x + a) cos ( x + h) --.d(J3+cotx) =-21n .-------:----. 6 =2In~. +2 f SIn X sinx ) 1[ 6 6 6 6 ~ [-2In Sin( x+ :) + 2ln SinX Cach 2 : 1[ l I] ~~ 21n% 6 1[ I= J 1[ 1[ dx SinxSin(x+~) 66 = J 1[ dx = J 6 dx sin2 x(J3 22 1[ 6 1[ ~ Sinx(. .-'sin ( x + a) cos ( x + 1 h) thong qua viec them bot d~ tach tich phan. 2 Qua each 2 cua bai toan nay thi mot 1<1n nira cac em lai thay viec phat hien mot cong thirc hrong giac d~ dung trong qua trinh giai mot bai tinh tich phan ham hrong giac la mot viec lam rat quan trong VI no se quyet dinh each giai dai hay ngan mot bai toano Tuy nhien M xet tinh quan trong thi each 1 lai dua ra mot phirong phap giai tong quat cho nhieu loai ham dang .. -3 I I.f3__sinx+!cosxJ 2 2 .( 1t) SIn X ++ 6 ~ +2 1[ f cos xdx sinx ~ d[Sin(X + =-2 1[ f 1t)] 6 .: (De' thi D(_li hoc Thuong mai nam 2000) 1[ Tinh tich ph an I Gidi : = 2f 4sinxdx 3. (1) o ( sin x + cos x )- Cacli I : 1= _1_ 2J2 ocos3(x-l) 98 J 1[ 4sinxdx . ( . Bai 32.11: + 1 cotx) = J . d(. sin 6 2 x ( .

Dat x--=t=>dx=dt..-4 2 dx (7tJ IT x- 4 ') 0 ~ =4. - 4 4 =-1 ~7t cos.~2..=> t = -..U (. Cdch 3 : Cac em co th~ de dang nhan thay I co mot tfch phan lien ket voi n6 Hi IT J= 4 cos tdt 3 va cac em d. 1-4 Cacti 2 : D:.td(cost)+ 4 3 -IT 1 ~=( cos t 4 2cos t 1 2 +tantJI:.~- 7t 7t 1 n 4 IT IT 4 . o ( cos t + SIn t) A 2f each nay ve ban chat khong khac nhieu so voi each 2 nen chiing toi khong trlnh 99 . => 1 = 2. e e. . D6i din x = 0 => t = -' x = . 4 7t 7t 7t 7t D)/·.d'ang glaI hIT +. 2' 2 IT J " 7t 7t 1= f 2 --- IT 4costdt =f 2 4cosxdx x + sin x)3 IT .x = t => dx = -dt.)=2tan o ( cos x + SIn x) 0 cos2 x . " . .? ~ 'I fch . o ( cos t + sin t)3 n 0 ( cos (2) 0)+(2)=>2/= 2 dx f . x = .J d? tim ra tic ph an 1.can x = 0 => t = .-. 2 =2f ( 7t.=> t = O.. 01 . . va .. 4 2 4 ~ 4Sin(t + 7t)dt 1 = _1_ f 4 = 1 (sin t + c~s t) dt = 1 ( sin t dt + 1 ( cos? dt 2J2 -7t cos ' t -7t cos t -7t cos t -7t cos t ~.

- 1t 4 1t 1t 4 3 4 1t = -cot x 2 -2 1(+-l)dx+_!_(x+ T[ _ 1t sin2X) 2 2 2 1t 3 SIll X 4 4 4 100 .bay cu the.dx . d~ nghi cac em xem lai phan li thuyet quyet tiep. Bili 33 : T[ a phan thtr nhat d~ nr giai Tfnh tich phan I = fc~s4 x dx.4 X T[ SIll .2cos2 xsin2 x + cos2 xsin4 x x T[ SIn . tuy nhien neu thirc hien thea each d6i bien nay.2 f cot2 xdx + f cos2 xdx 1t 2 1 2 2 sin x 1t 1t 4 1t 4 1t 4 1t 2 2 =. Tuy nhien neu thirc hien bien d6i hrong giac ham diroi dau tich phan ta se co duoc mot each giai khac nhanh va ngan hon. cs-« 2 : Ta se kheo leo tach tfch phan nay ra thanh cac tich phan tfnh diroc : T[ T[ 1= 2f[COS(l.-2 .sin2 x)]2 dx = 2fcos2 x .4 X 4 1t 1t 4 1t = f cot2 x -. T[SIn 2 6 X 4 Gidi: Cach I : Ham dtroi dau tfch phan la ham chan voi ca sinx va cosx nen ta co th~ dat t = tanr.fcot xd(cotx)-2 1t 2 12 f[(cot2 x+l)-l]dx+2" fO+cos2x)dx 1t _. ta se diln den tich phan cua mot ham hfru ti rat kho.

cos x 1 D:I' can: x 01 . Di. ' T'Inh tic h pha I = an Gidi : Cdch 1 : D6i bien. TC TC TC 1= j sinxdx o cos ' x(tan x + 2)3 =j 0 tanxdx 2 x(tan x + 2)3 cos = j(tanx+2)-2 0 d(tanx+2) (tan x + 2)3 TC = 4( I (tanx+2)2 1 2 (tanx+2)3 2) d(tanx+2) TC - - ( -1 tanx+2 - 2(tanx+2)2 -1) 4 0- - 36' 101 1 .4 =*-2( Bai 34 : -4 n +1)+~(: -~) = TC 58n. d X 3 dx.S S0 (1+2)3 -1 = => t = 1.o(t+2)3 -1 =-I 0 I dt _2 dt .~~. = tanx=>dt = A --2--dx. x = -n 4 _I (t+2)-2dt. 1 I_IS tdt .0(t+2)2 O(t+2)3 1 S (t+2) -2 2(t+2)2o 36 Cdch 2 : Dung vi phan. = 0 => t = 0 .H t 4 o (sinx+2cosx) f Sin X .

f dt . den day ta thay ham diroi dau tich phan la ham le doi vci cos2x nen ta sir dung cong thirc d6i bien so...5 cac em tv giai tiep..Cdch 3 : D6i bien. 4 1 Yay I=. 2 = cosa.!. x = -n => t = 1..!.a) /. C acli J : D6i bien. Bien d6i I = j 7t 0(1 + sin cos 2x 2x)2 dx . 7t Tinh tfch ph an I Gidi: = f o (sin x+cos 4 1-2sin2 x r) 4 dx.. wang tv nhir each I hili 32. r.. tuy nhien each giai nay cluing toi khong trinh bay rna de nghi Bai toan nay thoat dau moi nhin qua thl cac em lai d~ nham rang da duoc giai tai hili 32 nhung neu quan sat ki thl bai to an nay khac bai toan tnroc d can Clla tick phdn x va neu tich ph an co can nay thl cac em xem each giai dat =:- t hoac each giai tim tich phan lien ket thi co diroc chang. • .:: = sma. ) T'U d 0 cac em co t h:! d ~t t = x-a..:: . r. 2o(l+t)2 =. 20 fO+t)-2d(l+1)=.5 . 1 0 2 +t )-1 -1 0=--2 1 1( 1 -2-!1 ) 1 =-4· 102 . (val 1 . Chung toi goi em tv giai vi co nhir vay cac em moi hieu dung ban chat cua nhirng Y M cac Bili 35 : each dung tich phan lien ket. = 0 => t = 0 . Cac em hru sin x y co th~ bien d6i mau so cua ham so dtroi dau tich ph an : = + 2 cos x 15( Js sin x + 3s cos x ) = 15cos ( x' .!. D~t t = sin2x D6i can: x => dt = 2cos2xdx. Cac h l'am nay // /e / .

os (sin 7t 2 o xx+cos =:') .Cdcli 2 : 7t B'.' d)/' I = len 01 D~t t 4 f c. goi 7t y: . D~ nghi cac em tv giai tiep.2 SIn X x)" dX = 4 f (sin cos x r . = sinx + cosx dt = (cosx = 1 4 . t D6i din: x . " iai t each 4 : Ngoai ra ta co th~ siXdung mot each khac ntra.: 4 d(1+Sin2x) .sinx)dx. 4 f o (sin x +cos cos2x r) 4 d X = 4 cos2x. Bai 36: 7t ich T'In h tic ph an I= 2 7t f 1 . Ca biet cac em co th~ bien d6i I = 4f cos2x 0(1 + sin2x) 2 dx rot ~t tanx "'d = ttl hi biat toan van co'h)/ e gtai d ucc. . SIn X r):' 0 +cos dx.cos x dx. 1 + cosx 103 ~ 3 .x 1t =:') = J2. 1. 2dx2' o (1 + SIn 2x) 2 0 (1 + sin 2x ) f f em thir thirc hien xem sao.dx f (1t) 04cos x-4 va cac em co t " e ~t x . =0 =:') t = 1 . goi rt - y - n 1Cac 7t _4 cos2x .4 = t 1t 4 va cac em giai nhu each 1 hal 32. . h' d n I =. V~yI= Cacli 3 : J2 dt I fl=-2t2 J2 I =4"' Tuy nhien bai tren co th~ sir dung phuong phap dira vao vi phan clnr khong nhat thiet phai sir dung d6i bien so.

.2 .3 --6' 3 3 cs. - 1 2 2 TC J3 +( -cotx-x) 2 =2- Sill X -v j 2 1t r. TC 3 4 104 . 1 . Cac ban thir thirc hien tiep nhe. n 1t 1= 2 (I TC f Sill . Cach 2 : Sii dung nhan lien hop. x ) dx 2 2 sm x TC Sill x 3 n TC 3 3 TC 3 3 1t =-+-.Gidi : Cach 1 : VI ham diroi dau tfch ph an la ham khong chan khong Ie vci ca sinx va cosx nen ta co th~ sir dung each d~t f = tan ..2 cos x) 2 dx = X 2( TC f --.cos x + cot 2.» 3 : TC 2 sin2 cos 2 X TC 2 X I= f TC 2 dx = ftan TC 2 x dx 2 3 2 3 = 1t( 1t 2 f 1 cos2 x-I ~~ x J dX=(2tan"2-x) 2 1t =2--- 3 2 ~3 TC 6 J3 2 1t Bai 37 : TC Tinh tich phan 1= ftan3 xdx.

1t 3 1. 2 ca. x = 2 2 1 I = 3 f 1t cos x . 2 4 4 C ach 2 : D6i bien.-dx n cos X 4 4 1t 4 n 4 = ftanx.d(tanx)+ 1t 3 3 fd (COSX) n cosx tan2 x 1t =-3 +lnlcosxl 2 1t 4 1t 3 1t 4 1 =1--ln2. . D~t t e- = cosx => dt = A sinxdx.t-tdt= fj.tan x)dx 1t 3 4 n n 1t 1t = 3 1t f tanx(tan 2 x+l)dx- 3 n f tanxdx= ftanx.t ) dt t 3 J2 -- = 2f (---)dt= 11 I (3 t (1 ---lnt 2t2 ) 2 I - 1 =1--ln2.. I t +1 ftdt-_!_ fd(~ +1) 2 I t +1 = !_ 2 I . Dat t = tanx=> dt = Dei can x . 1t = -7t 4 =- => t I 2 = -J2 .=> (= -.7t cos x 1. I fj._!_ In I t + 111 2 2 = 1- _!_ In 2. 2 1= f-2-t -dt= I t +1 2fj. fj. cos 2 X 3 sin x dx.f-.3. .. t: fj.3 SIn X 3 J2 dx f (1 . ft I .« 3 : D6i bien. s. 2 4 2 2 2 105 . 3 2 7t DOl can x .x '3 2 dx = (tan2 x + l)dx = (t2 + l)dx => dx = ---f!-. t +1 = -4 => t = 3 = -rt => t = .Giai: Cach 1 : n 1 = f(tan3 x + tan x .

n ~ 3 . sin xdx = dv o C ach J : Dung tich phan tung phan. 3 ca. => {dU = 2 sin x cos xdx v = .« 2 : Sir dung cong thirc sin3x 7t = 3sinx )dx . 7t 7t ~-~ J = -sin 2 x. ta co : 7t - 7t 1=- 40 12 f(3sin x-sin3x =- 32 40 f(sin x )dx -- 12 f( sin3x )d(3x) 120 Cdch 3 : Dung vi phan sau khi bien d6i sin2x = 1 . 2 ouu .cos x.cos2x. Tinh tfch phan I = f sin 3 xdx.Cdch J tuy khong dan gian nhir cac each sau nhirng cac em co th~ d~ nhan thay day la each tlnrc kha tong quat dung d~ giai cac tich phan rna ham so diroi dau tich phan co dang tan"x hoac cd'x khong th~ qua Ian Bai 38 : 7t voi n E N* . Tuy nhien n cling VI moi bin tach tich ph an chi giam diroc 2 bac.4sin3 x. _ {sin2 x = U Dat .cosx 2 + f2sinxcos2 0 2 xdx o 7t =-2 2 o fcos2 xd(cosx)= -2cos3 x 2 o 7t 3 2 =-. 106 .

1t n 1t 1= 2 o 2 f( 2 2 1. 2 107 .liJU!C Kach khoa Tim 2 s6 A.cos2 x) sin xdx = f sin xdx .) 2+smx I( 2 + sin x )1] -1t = 2In 2 . o Biii 39: (De' thi DC. 2 x) -1t (2 + sin x) 2 o = [( 4.f cos2 x sin xdx 0 1t 0 1t 2 = fsinxdx+ o fcos2 xd(cosx) 0 =[- cos x + cos3 xJ . 3 = 1- 12 3" = 3" . -1t d~ng:h(x)= Acosx (2 + sin + x )2 Bcosx (2 + sin . o fh(x)dx. o f h(x)dx = -1t + -4cosxdx :-_7t (2 + sin x )2 2 0 f o =-~( 2 + sin x) 2 f 2cosxdx 2 o = -4 f (2+sinxr2 + 2In d(2+sinx) +2 Of d (2 + sin :-_'IT.tud6tfnhtfchphan/= x) 2 Nhtr vay bai toan nay d~ bai da huong dan mot phtrong phap tach cu th~ va ta chi viec SLr dung guy dong mau thirc chung cho hai ta se diroc ve roi dong nhat hai nr s6 : 2sinxcosx (2+sinx)2 = (A+2B)cosx+Bsinxcosx (2+sinx)2 <=>{A+2B=O B=2 <=>{A=-4 B=2.2. B d~ ham s6 hex) na N(Ji ndm = sin 2x (2 +sinx) 1999) 2 c6 th~ bieu dien diroc duoi .

SIn x+ cos.. 4 1t = t => dx = dt. cluing toi xin d6 cap mot each giai bai toan nay don gian hon sau day: Cach 2 : 1= o f .' 1 +4) = 2In2-2. o. ) Dat . =_IT J (2 + sin x)2 x dx=2 J (2 + sin x)2 SInXCOSX 22 2d dX=2f!"'=__dt=2f_:2 It It 24 J-dt I r2 2 2 =( 2In\l\ +7) ~ = (2In2+ 2)-(2In Ba! 40. 2 J2 cos( x . 2 Dat 2 + sinx D6i can x . -1t " = -2 => l = I'' x = 0 => t = 2..Trong bai 30 phan phan 1 = thir nhat thi cac em da diroc xem xet each tinh tich o J h (x) dx r6i nhirng tren thuc te thi each giai nay chi mang tinh chat -IT 2 la ap dung huang dan cua dau bai rna chua dat duoc tinh ngan gon.x Gidi : Cach J : 1 = _1_ f sin 2xdx . SIn 2 X 2 -IT (2 + sin x) dx. TIm J = fs~nxcosxdx. 1= 0'2 SIn -IT = t => cos xdx = dt. 108 .x .

."In .11 = r. SIll .f cos tdt ] 4J2 sint-l sin r+ 1 SIll X .: H x -~ ) _ cos ( x ..2 I sint . 71:1 SIll x+ 4 71: ) 1 ...._1_ f__!!!_ J2 2J2 cost 1.2 If. at ire sin If· / =_ 2 (smx+cosx)dx-- If -. C +-_ 1 f cos tdt =-SIllt+ 1.2 1 .1 + r.: ) -1 sin ( x . 1 SUd ung d ong nha t hirc si x cos x ="2 ( sm x + cos x )2 -"2.« 2 : ' ' 1..2J2 sin 2(t + 71: )dt 4 __ 1_ fcoS2tdt cost . .+ 1 4 ( 4) +c.!(-cosx+sinx)+C+ 2 lr.: ) f +-:) 109 sin ( x . SIllt + 1 r.2 . = _ (.: ) + 1 sin ( x . 4./ __ 1_ f .--:. =-Slllt+ J2 1 .2J2 cost __ 1_ f2cos t -1 dt ..2J2 cost 2 = _1_ fcos tdt .!( -cosx+sinx)+ 2 f d(X-2: ) 4 cos ( x _ : ) 1 .(-cosx+sinx)+ 2 4.---. In.__-7--~ =.2 4.. Sillt + C + .( X- cs.1 =...!..dx 2 SIllX+COSX C __ 1_ 2J2 =.4 ..cos x + Sillx) + C + -_ 1 2 2J2 ( f COSx .71:) d (x _ 71:) 4 4 sin2(x-:)-1 --'-----.( 71:) = r. In ( ) + C.2 f cos ( x .71: ) . 4 4. 2 t-l 2J2 sin J2 1 C +-_ 1 [ f cos tdt . 71: SIll x--.

4 4 0 48 192 Cacli 2 : Dung tich phan tirng phan. VI vay cluing toi 2 khong trinh bay 6' day. D~t {u=cos x =>{dU=-5sinxcos dv=cos xdx v=sinx.+5 f(l-cos2 4 4 0 o x)cos4 xdx 0 8 110 .Cac em co th~ dung each dat tan .= t nhirng kha phirc tap. 1t 1t 5 4 xdx t: 1 =sinxcos5 xl4 +5 fsin2 xcos4 xdx=. o C dch 1 : Dung bien d6i 1t va tach 1t tich phan.!_+ 15n. Bai 41 : 1t x 4 Tfnh tich phan 1 = Gidi: f cos 6 xdx.4(I cos3x+3cosx )2 d x f( -f 0\ 1t 4 2 =- f(cos 16 4 0 1t 1 2 3x+6cos3xcosx+9cos x)dx =- 1 4 1+ cos6x ( +3(cos4x+cos2x)+9 160 2 f 1+ cos2x 2 )dx 1t =- 1 4 160 f ( cos6x 2 15 +3cos4x+-cos2x+5)dx 2 1t =_1 (sin6x 16 12 + 3sin4x + 15sin2x +5X)4 =.!.!. 1-- o 4 cos 3 x )2d x .

ai -.+ 5 cos 4 xdx .5 I 8 0 1t 1 4 f => I =-+1t 15 4 48 60 fcos4 xdx .1t = . Tuy nhien each giai nay dai 111 .!+3 4 f(l-cos2 x)cos4 xdx 0 1 =-+3 4 4 fcos2 xdx-3J 1t 1t 0 => J = -+16 1 2 1 fCOS xdx = -+40 16 3 4 3 4 80 f(l +cos2x)dx Cac em hru y thi ta co the sir dung cong thirc sau cos6x = (cos2x)3 va tiep tuc di ung cong t lui h a b ~c d? co cos x ire e '( 2)3 = (1 + cos 2x)3 2 '.» roi khai tnen h'ang d~ng thirc d6 va tach thanh nhieu tfch phan nho. Tfnh J:=: COS4xdx.lt {U = COS x => {dll = -3sinxcos dv=cos xdx v=sinx. 4 o f Di. 3 1t 2 xdx 1t J =sinxcos 1t 3 Xl~ +3 fsin o 1t 4 2 xcos 2 4 xdx=.

. = sinx = cosx nhirng tinh co nhieu sinx hon nen sii dung each d~t t f f = cosx.3 3r:. D~t u R 2 2 => u3 = 1-2 => 3ll2du t => u = -.. I3 3 I= f~ = .. . . = sinx y mot chiit ta se thay VI ham nay thl thuc hien se de dang hon = sinx => dt = cosxdx. x-smx 3 sm x . 31 . x = .cotxdx. dang 4 thay ham duci dau tich phan diroc viet lai la cos r.=> t = 1.. hoac t VO'l cosx. 1t D61 can: x = - .hem cticli 1 va lai cling kieu bien d6i nen cluing toi khong trinh bay 6 day chi nen nen de cac em tham khao. t = O. d 0 de 0 ta co th~ d~t each d~t Dat r. t = 1 => U 1 = 3dt. 6 Gidi: each De 1: nh~n .vsm .0 e 01 . 3 = f\Jsm TI . 6 => t = . 2 " 1 D6i can: t = - 112 .. I 1 2 {4 dt = f 1 n 2' t3 1 1t 2 dt. Btli 42 : TI rna Ich T'm h tic ph an I 2 31 . 3 x-smx sin x I do l'a mot am I'd''" vor smr va cung l'a l'e 'h' . .

cot ' xd(cot x) = 8 n ~2 8 9~ 8 6 7t Bai 43 : 7t ' T'm h tic h pha I = an Gidi: 4~ cos x 3 cos x dx.« I: dx D~t t = tan x => dt = -_eos2 x D6i can : x = °=> x 2I t = 0. o cos x f 3 cs. va nr ay cae em 1" co n h'" eac h tin h I U <.~1-:12m 1= f ' 3 sm x cotxdx = fVeot2 x.cotx .cos2 x I v~ban chat cac em co th~ bien d6i 113 => I = ftdt = !_ o 20 . x = - 1t ~eosx-coS3 cosx.11 leu . tanx . -3cot3 x = .d~ 7t sin x 7t sm x 6 n ') i 6 7t 2f .Cac em chu y bai toan 6 bien t cac em co th~ tham khao each giai 6 bai 17 ·' . l t cs» 2 : Sir dung -+dx sm x 2 = d(cot x). sin X. = If~ t I -~ 3 4- t ct. ta se co each giai kha ngan gon nhtr sau : .[£~_ cos ' x 1 2 4 => t = 1. 'd" ' P han th' hat.

ell 2 each giai tren tuy c6 each thirc giai tirong tv nhau nhung day chung toi muon d~ cap toi viec cac em can phai linh hoat khi sir dung cong thirc hrong giac thi cac bai toan giai se hieu qua hon.Jtanxdx.~ cos x dx ~ 1 0 cos tan. tan x =--cos2 x I~ 1 o IT cosx.vcosx-cos3 cos 3 31 x x COSX.Jsin2x J2 dx= fcosx-sinx . 114 . each 2 : 1 = fJSinx cosx =- dx = f 2~in2 x sm2x X J2 2 f(sinx+cosx)-(cosx-sinx)d .Jsin 2x ( . VOl Isin x I= sin x) =_l_(rinx+cosx . Gidi : a each 1 : Dat t = .. l+t 1 = 2 f-:f--dt t +1 den day ta lam thea phirong phap giai cua hili 3 phan thtr hai.Jtanx 2 ~ t2 = tanx ~ 2tdt = (1 +tan2 x)dx ~ dx = ~dt.~ = cos2 x cos x 3 1 --I roi dung vi phan chir khong nhat thiet phai d~t each 2 : an phu.Jsin2x dx]=_I_U1 J2 +/2). Ban doc c6 the giai tiep tuc. Bai 44: Tim 1 = f.x dx ~ x 1 0 Si~x dx cos x IT jd(COSX) =0 1 14 1 2x0= cos ' x = 2 cos 2".

1 115 ..~ x)+~(cosx-sinx) cos2x dx= fd(Sinx+cosx+~) sinx +cosx + ~sin2x 1 dx dx (sinx + cosx + ~sin 2x)~sin2x dx sin x + cosx+ ~sin2x = In 1 sinx+cosx+~sin2x Vay 1= ~ (arcsin(sinx-cosx)+ -c.cos x ~ costdt = (cosx + sin x)dx.NHUNG BAI TOAN VE HAM 50 51EUVI~T Bai 45 : 1 Tfnh tich phAn I = Gidi: Cach J : o 2e f~ 2x dx .. = fcosx-smx+. IV .x= 1 ~t=e -I +. J __ _ . f/I ~.. Nen ta d~t sin t = sin x . . x + 2e + 1 D:!· olc~n X= 0 ~t= A 2 . In 1sinx + cos x+ ~sin 2x I) + C.Tinh I. I .= f ~ cos tdt = fd t=t+ C =arcsm(smx-cosx)+C... : Df y rang ~sin2x = JI-(sinx-cosx)2. 2t I-sin Tinh 12 : I = s<sinx+cosx+~)(COSX-SinX) 2 (sin x + cos x + ~sin 2x )~sin 2x 2 2 = f(COS x-sin .

e+l+)2e2+2e+l .-'. eX D6i can x 1 -dt t2 l. Dat -=t=>dx=-. .:) 5 Cach 2 : .= In ( 2 + '\jJ..x = 0 => t = -dt t = 1 => t = e-I• = I f 2(:y +~+I I . + 2e + 1 Cach 3 : I e' --f I o )2e2x dx + 2ex +1 --f 0 I eX )2e2x ex xd + 2e + 1 x '" hie nay cac em co t h·' d~t e = t thl se diroc mot tich phan vo ti 6 dang quen thuoc. 116 . Tuy nhien do each nay dai nen cluing toi chi gioi thieu cho cac em nhir la 1 each thirc d~ tham khao.In 2 [e+I+)2e +2e+I] e = In e(2+J5)./1 +21+2 +1 )dt 2 dt = I f dt ")(1+1)2+1 ~J (1+ I +)(1+ 1)2+ 1))(1+ 1)2+ I (t+l+J(t+l)2 = In e e(2+J5) + 1+ ) 2e2 .

4. each 1 : SiXdung tfch phan lien keto Lien kei A voi B = I I o eX -xd f ex. +1 2 2 each 2 : <. 7t 4 4 each 3 : 117 . D6i can x = 0 => t = 7t x = 1=> t = a ( a = arctan e ) . 0 2e (2) Ta lay (1) + (2) => 2A = 1+1n--=> 2e +1 A =-In--. a A= f dt = t a 7t =a. o X (1) VaA-B= .Bdi 46 : oui . + e-x Ta co A + B = f dx = 1. f o I( e -e -x)d x Id( = 0 e' +e-x f eX +e -x) eX +e-x e2 =In(ex +e-x) 1 e2 I 2 1 =ln~.: .

xA X ~ 2 I Gidi: cs-» J: D~t Inx =t dx => x = dt. don cir nhtr De' thi tuye"n sinh dai 118 . v- NHUNG BAI loAN HaN HQP NHIEU LO~I HAM s6 Bai 47 : Ich T'Inh tic phA I an = e fIn x 2 + In --uX. Tuy nhien tren thirc te' de giai quyet mot bai toan c6 nhieu each cling la d6i bien thi ta nen chon hrong de dat an phu cang Ian thl bai toan cang don gian. D6i can x = 1 => t = 0.« 2 : Sir dung vi ph an ta se dtroc loi giai ngan gon nhir sau : e /= fInx~2+ln2 121 xd(lnx)=- 1 e ~----f\l2+ln2 xd(In2 x+2) =! ~(ln2 2 OlC em nen hru hoac 2 x+2)4 4/3 e =~(3ifj-2lfi). x = e => t = 1. ca. 8 y tci viec sir dung vi phan con viec d6i bien nhtr each 1 thl cac em c6 quyen thuc hien rat nhieu kieu khac nhau nhir em c6 the dat In2x =t + In x 2 = t thi bai toan van ra duoc ket qua.D6i can x = 0 => t = 1: x = 1 => t = e.

Jl+31nx 1 dx cac em co th~ d~t X = t hoac dat I + 31nx = t. 2008 7t 7t -4 O 2008x . cao ddng ndm 2004 .lt " . COS20X = U D~t { 2008 e xdx = dv ~ {dU = -20sin20xdx 1 2008x v = -e . . 135 n Tinh tich ph an 1 = 40 J e2008x. 20 d -1 SIn x X=--+--.' 1 = lnr Slnx.I ta tiep tuc dung tich phan tirng phan.cos20xdx.' each 1 . J 2008 20 40 7t e2008x COS 20xdx =e 0 20 -1 2008 2008 20087t ~~ 40 ~2008J+201=e (2) 119 .khoi B .' Dung tfch phan tirng phan.JI + 31n x Bai 48 : = t .hoc. 2008x 20 40 20 1 =--e I cos x +-2008 2008 o Je 0 2008 20 I 2008 (1) ~ 20081 -20J =-1. 2008 7t D~t { 2008 e xdx = dv J = -- I~- 2008 e2008xsin 20x 40 . D6i voi .-- o 20087t 40 . tuy nhien d~ bai toan don gian thl cluing ta nen di. o Gidi .SIn 20 x == U ~ {dU = 20 cos 20xdx 1 2008x v = -e . d~ nghi cac em ur giai tiep (dap s6 : 1 = 116).

2008 . e2OO8x. 20 xax d') 1 =_e2008x. sin 20x 40 + -e2008x. 20 20 0 40 f o TI 40 Ta tiep tuc sir dung tich phan tirng phan doi voi tfch phan o sin 20xdx Dat { 2008x e = II f e2008x sin 20xdx. 1 = -e 2008x. COS20 x 0 ( 20 ) 0 TI TI 120 .· 20 x 0 ---2008 ( --e 2008x .2008} C deli 2 : Dung tich ph an tirng phan. 40 2008 2008x 40 e . 2008x dx 1 . SIn 20 x + --2 e .SIn 20 x 40 --e2008x SIn 20 xdX. 20 TI TI -1 40 1 40 1 --e 2008x.cos20x 0 ( 20 )2 TI TI TI 40 0 TI (2008) ( 20 )2 2- TI 40 0 f e2008x cos20xdx 1 2008 -(2008) = _. _ {COS20XdX = dv Dat 2008x ~ e = II { V = -sIn20x.cos 20x 40 20 0 (20)2 0 (20)2 (2008) 2 2 1 --'----'---2::-'---"--1 + ( 20 ) 2 ( 20 ) =20 1 2008x.SIn 20 20 20 TI 2008 +-20 40 0 f e2008x cos.sin20x 20 200840 + __ e2008x. 20 TI TI du = 2008e 1.Giai he (I) va (2) ta c61 = (2008/+ (20)2 [ 20e 50:" .cos 20 x 0 . = dv ~ {dll = 2008e2008x dx V 1 = --cos20x.

(2008) +(20) Ca hai each giai tren thoat nhin thi nrong chi la mot phuong phap dung tfch phan tung phan nhirng neu cac em tim hieu ki se thay nhirng bai tap d~ vira dat mot ph an la II va dat nguoc lai bang dv trong each tinh tich phan tirng phan khac la rat dac biet. o Gidi : cac« 1: Day la mot bai khong qua kho.« 2 : Ta co th~ giai bai nay bang each nhan xet nhir sau Ta de thay : (j(x)ex) 1 '= U(x) + f'(x»ex => IU(x) + f'(x))ex dx = j(xkx nen ta se giai bai tap nay nhir sau : 1 = Iex [(X4 4 + 4x3) -4(x3 + 3x2) + 12(x2 + 2x) . 121 . De nghi cac em d~t x4 = giai.4 I eX [ x3 + 3x 1 J dx + 12 I eX [ x I 0 I 2 + 2x J dx 1 . De nghi cac em xem ki each giai cua bai nay d~ rut fa nhirng nhan xet quan trong cho minh.=> I = I2 2 50211 [ 20e ] 5 - 2008 . bang each sir dung phirong phap tich phan tung phan ta co th~ giai diroc bai toan nay tuy nhien se kha dai tfch phan tirng ph an 4 Ian.24 I eX [x + 1] dx + 24 I eXdx o = x4ex I:) _ 4x3exil o + 12x2eXI' 0 _ 24xex I I + 24ex 0 1 0 = ge - 24.24(x+ 1) + 24 Jdx o = I eX [ x + 4x3 000 I J 2 dx . Bai 49: 1 Trnh tich phan I = I eXx4 dx. II VI phai Slr dung va e'tlx = dv va tiep tuc ca.

~ {dU Dung tich phan tirng phan. dat x -dx du=-- lnxdx x = dv ~ x2 v=--. { e-t dt = dv In2 0+ v = -e-(. 1= oe t f t~t = f e-ttdt. In2 0 = dt. x = 2 ~ = In 2. Dar =U = dt In2 . Gidi : C acli 1 : D6i bien roi moi dung tfch phan tirng phan. { -=dv x2 ~ = dx x v=--. x I I f x x2 2 x I 2 2 Trang bai toan nay ca hai each deu dung tich phan tirng phan nhung each 2 thi hieu qua hon rat nhieu. In2 x 2 122 . I = -te -t In2 o f e-td t = --In2 2 !dU f e-td( -t 0 ) = --In2 2 . Tuy nhien voi vai tro cua da phirong phap thi chung toi cling de nghi -=U cac em tham khao them each dat tich ph an tirng phan nfra nhu 1 sau. 2 2 -In 2 1 o Cach 2 : Dung tich ph an tirng phan.Bili 50: 2 Tinh tich ph an I = fIn IX 2 x . 1 I = _ In x 2 + dx = _ In 2 _]_ 2 = _ In 2 + _!_ . inX dx Dat = 1. D~t t Inx = t ¢:::> x =e dx ~x .1 .e -t In2 =--+-. - . t D6i can x = 1~ t In2 = 0.

Tuy nhien day la mot each phirc tap va dai hon hai each kia rat nhieu. 16 V fli 50 bai tdp tren thi cluing toi deu co' gdng chi ra nhiing phuang phdp ((51 uu trong hdu /1('1 cdc bai gidi. D{ic biet fa cac vi du J tren co the' chua khdi quat hef duac vi can nhieu vi du khac hay han nhung viii mong muon fa tao su nhin nhdn dung vai tro cua tung phuong phap tinlz ciing nhu hieu qua cua tinh dao sail trong tinh ticli phdn nay.' (D ap so: I = 3 . cao dang ndm 2008 . Cac em cling co the dira vao cac each giai tren de giai quyet bai toan trong De' thi 2 tuye'n sinh dai hoc. Vi¢c trinh bay phdn nay tuy co nhieu co' gdng nhung khong tranli khoi S(I xudt hade bo qua nhiing cacn gidi thu vi khac mong cdc em tu tim toi bd sung. nghien cuu hoc tdp clio m6i hoc sinh nen chung toi dd co' gdng viet va tao nhiing each nhin nhdn mai han vephdn 123 .2In 2 ) .khoi D : Tinh tich phan 1= fIn x dx 1 x3 ' . trung ldp thi cluing toi chi huang dan cac em hodc thdm chi khong de' cap den. DOl' viii nhiing cacti gidi qua dai hodc khong co tinh sang tao.

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