ANSI C50.13-1977

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ANSI C50.13.1977

requirements for cylindricalrotor synchronous generators

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ANSI C50,13-1977
[Revlalon

Dr

C50.13-1005)

American National Standard Requirements for Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators

Secretariat

Edison Electric Institute Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc National Electrical Manufacturers Association

Approved

August 4, 1975

American National Standards Institute. Inc

Published

by

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc 345 East 47th Street, New York. N. Y. 10017

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American National Standard

An American Natlonel Standard implies a consensus of those substantially concerned with its scope and provisions. An American National Standard is intended as a guide to aid the manufacturer, the consumer, and the general public. The existence of an American National Standard does not in any respect preclude anyone, whether he 'has approved the standard or not, from manufacturing, marketing, purchasing, or using products. processes, or procedures not conforming to the standard. American National Standards are subject to periodic review and users are cautioned to obtain the latest editions. CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised' or withdrawn at any time. The procedures of the American National Standards Institute require that action be taken to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard no later than five years from the date of publication. Purchasers of American National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute.

© Copyright 1977 by

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc
No of ,IIi5 pub/ira!ion rna) tw reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval syslem or otherunse, u';lh",,, th e prior u.'r;llen permL,sio1l of the pulJli,IIer.
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Foreword
CThis Foreword is not a parl of American Generators, Cf>O.13·1917.) National Standard Requirements lor Cylindr icel-Rotor S)'Jlchronoul

Developed over a period of more than two years within a working group that reflected wide industrial experience in both the manufacture and use of Synchronous Generators, American National Standard C50.13-1977 received the unanimous approval ofthe C50.1 Subcommittee on Synchronous Machines as well as the full endorsement of American National Standards Committee C50 on Rotating Electrical Machinery. It is the intent of C50 to revise and update this standard at regular intervals, and comments on this document, including recommendations for its revision, will be welcomed by the Committee. Ple~se forward comments to the Secretary, American National Standards Committee C50, American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York. N.Y. 10018. At the time it approved this standard, American National Standards Committee C50 on ~otating Electrical Machinery had the following membership; C. C" Cummins, Chairman
Organization Represen ted Association of Iron and Steel Engineers Electrical Apparatus Service Association Electric Light and Power Group.

~

W. A. Samsonoff, Secretary
Name of Representative . Lew C. Wheeland David L. Gebhard Wilson Giles (All) O. K. Brown N. Derewianks J. P. FitzJ;erald P. R. Landrieu J. B. Oliver J. P. Markey (All) J. J. Ray (All) H.A. Van Wassen (All) S.P.Axe Robert C. Moore W.H. Levers P.G. Cummings W.C. Dumper (All) R. E. Arnold (Alt) C. E. Asbury IA/t) G.W. Horner (Aft) J.A. Oliver A.C. Seidl J.e. White E.C. Whitney J.C. Andre88 .Y. F. Davis W. T. Gordon John G. Trask)' J. W. York F. O. L"'nherger tAW F. A. Schoen stein WalterJ.Glod Harold J. Blakney (AIr) Leonard W. John<;Qn C. C. Cummins J. W. Batchelor James B. Tice

Institute

of Electrical

and Electronics

Engineers.

National

Electrical

Manufacturers

Association.

'Telephone Group ... U. S. Department of the Navy- Naval Ship Engineering U. S. Department of the Navy- Naval Facilities InrlhirlualMember Members·at·Large. .

Centq

...

Engin ..ering Command .

... J t

I!

The C50.1 Subcommittee

on Synchronous

Machines consiste-d of the following members: J.P. Markey, Secretary

C. E. Asbury, Chairman
J. W. Batchelor
R. E. Appl eyard C.H. Holley R.I.. Huse J. R. Imbertscn P. R. Landrieu J. A. Oliver C. Rahe J.J. Ray F. von R~chlaub

O.K. Brown N. Derewianka W.C. Dumper J. P. Fil.z.eerald A. Hoffman

L.T. Ro •• nber, W. J. !;hrf"h E. C. Whitney C. L. \\"ill'On R. L. Winche&ter H. C. Ward. Jr J.Q. Wray,Jr.

The working group responsible for developing this document consisted of: J. P. Fitzgerald, Chairman
J. W. Batchelor
O.K. Brown D. R.Creen C. H. Holley· J. A. Oliver L.T. Rosenberg W. J. Sheets G. L. Wilson R. L. Winchester

Contents
SECTION 1. Scope PAGE 7

2.

Classification 2.1 Stator Types ' 2.2 Rotor Types ...............•................................................... Usual Service 3.1 Variation 3.2 Variation 3.3 Variation Conditions from Rated from Rated from Rated Voltage Hyd rogen Pressure Frequency
.

:

7 7 7 7 7 7 7
I

3.

4.

Rating. 4.1 Output Rating 4.2 Capability 4.3 olt age Ratings 4.3.1 Armature 4.3.2 Excitation

.......... ........................ ........... ·············· "
System Voltage Ratings.. . . ...........

v

··

7 8 8 8
8 8 8

.).

Temperature

5.1 Air-Cooled
6.

Rise .. Machines 5.2 Hydrogen-Cooled Machines . Faults

............

10
10

'Requirements for Abnormal Conditions. . 6.1 Armature Winding Short-Time Thermal Requirements.. 6.2 Field Winding Short-Time Thermal Requirements 6.3 Rotor Short-Time Thermal Requirements for Unbalanced 6.4 Mechanical Requirements for Short Circuits 6.5 Continuous Unbalance Requirements. . : Efficiency Overs peed.... . . . ·.··.·· . . ·······.··· ........

10 10
10 11 11 11 11

7.

8.
9.

Telephone Influence Factor...... 9.1 Balanced. 9.2 Residual Component 9.3 Single Frequency 9.4 Other.. . -..

. ' _

:

'...............•................. .

11 11 11 11 11

.10. Tests 11. Direction of Rotation. Marking Specification Forms. Standards Referred

................................... . ............
. to in .............. National

13 13 13
13 13

12. Nameplate
13. Performance

14. Revision of American This Documerit TABLES Table 1 Table ~

Table Table

;) 4

Limiting Observable Temperature Rise of Air-Cooled Cylindrical-Rotor Generators Limiting Oh,a;Tv;lble Temperature and Temperature Rise of Hvdrocen-Cooled Cyfindr ical-Rotor Gener~ltor!' in Decrees Celsius 1900 SiJH~It'-rrequ{'nc)' TI F r Weighting Factors. Tt'"ts on Cylindrical-Rolor Svnchronou« G~ner3t!'Jrs

........

.-

8
9 12 12

.....................

fIGtlHF_

s
Performance Specification Form for Steam, HydraulicTurbine-Driven. and Motor-Driven Air-Cooled Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators ,.. . Performance Specification Form for Steam- TurbineDriven Hydrogen-Cooled Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators . . ... , , , . . , , - ., ".". .

PAGE

Fig 1 Fig 2

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American National Standard Requirements for Cylindrical- Rotor Synchronous Generators

1. Scope
The requirements in this standard apply to 60 hertz cylindrical-rotor synchronous generators, except those covered in C50.14-1977. All requirements and definitions, except. as specifically covered in this. standard, shall be in accordance with American National Standard C50.10-77.

above or below rated voltage. but not necessarily in accordance with the standards of performance established for operation at rated voltage. 3.2 Variation from Rated Hydrogen Pressure. Capabilities at hydrogen pressures other than rated pressure shall be available from the manufacturer, The capabilities at hydrogen pressures other than rated shall be determined such that the hottest spot temperature of the winding which is limiting at the specified capability shall be essentially th!! same as that at rating. ,3.3 Variation from Rated Frequency. Capabilities at frequencies other than rated frequency shall be available from the manufacturer.

2. Classification
A cylindrical-rotor rotor types. type of stator is deof armature windirig cooling, either directly or indirectly. • 2.1 Stator Types.' The synchronous generator

is classified by one of the stator and one of the

fined by the method

2.2 Rotor Types. 1 The type of rotor is defined method of field winding cooling, either directly 'or indirectly.

oy the

4. Rating
4.1 Output Rating. The output rating shall be expressed in kilovolt-amperes available at the terminals at a specified speed, frequency. voltage. and power factor. The output rating of hydrogen-cooled generators shall be at the maximum hydrogen pressure imposed on the generator enclosure. The output 'rating. specified temperatures. and observable temperature rises shall. be based only on rated hydrogen pressure. The preferred maximum hydrogen pressures are:
(1) For indirectly cooled generators: (pounds per square inch gage) (2) ,For directly cooled generators: 60 .. or 75 psig

3. Usual Service Conditions
The usual service conditions upon which the requirements for cylindrical-rotor synchronous generators are based are given in ANSI C50.10-1977. In addit.ion to these usual service conditions, the following requirements shall be met. . 3.1 Variation from Rated Voltage. Generators shall operate successfully at rated kilovoltat::.~res {kYAt frequency. and power factor at Any voltage not more than five percent.
'RA"ito ASS! C50,IO-197Hordefinilion •.

30 psig
30. 45.

7

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ANSI

13-1 D77

AMERICAN

NATIONAL

STA~DARD

RfQUIRf.!,lENTS

fOR

1 ,
!

4.2 Capability. The capability. of a synchro .• nOU5 generator is the highest acceptable continuous loading IkVA) throu!(h the full range of power factor at a specified condition. 4.3 Voltage Ratlnge, 4.3.1 Armature. Armature shall be voltage ratings

citation system volt aces do not apilly to ~fntrators of the brush less type with direct-connected exciters.

5. Temperature Rise
6.1 Air-Cooled Machine •. The observable . temperature rise of each of the various parts of the machine above the temperature of the cooling air. referred to as the cold air ternperature, shall not exceed the values given in Table 1 when the machine is operated at output rating conditions. The temperature rises in Table 1 are based on a maximum cold air temperature of 40· C. For open machines and for parts of enclosed machines that are cooled by open ventilation passages. that is, collector rings, the cold air temperature is the average temperature of the external air as it enters the ve_ntilating openings of the machine. For totally enclosed machines. the cold air temperature is the average temperature ofthe

600· 2400·

240· 480

4160
13 800

4800·

6900·

NOTE: The asterisk indicates recognized for use on esta blished Iyslems but not preferred for new undertakings.

Generator voltages above 13 800 V are desirable in large-capacity generators that usually are connected directly to their own stepup transformers.

4.3.2 Excitation

System

Voltage Rating •.

The preferred excitation system voltage ratings for field windings are 62.5, 125,250, 375, 500, 625, and 750 direct voltage. These ex-

Table 1 Limiting Observable Temperature Rise of Air-Cooled Cylindrical-Rotor Generators
Method of Temperature Determination resistance embedded detector· embedded detector· embedded detector· embedded detector= resistance detector or thermometer thermometer Temperature Rise te) C1assB Oass F Class H 80 90 85 80 70t 85 70 106 115 1I0 105 90t 105 90 125 140 135 125 !lOt

nem
(1)

Machine Part Armature winding (a) below 10 000 kVA (b) 1563 kVA and less (c) 1564kVAtolOOOOkVA (1) 7000 V and less (2) over 7000 V (d) 10000 kVA and above Field winding Cores and mechanical parts in contact with or adjacent to insulation Collector rings

(2)
(3)

125
110

(4) (5)

85

85

85

Miscellaneous parts (such as brusbholders, brushes. etc) may altain such temperatures as wiU not injure the machine in any respect

I

.Embe-ddtod detectors Art' located w)thin the slot of the machine Bod can be either re-siste.nee ele merrts or tb ermccoupjes, Embedded d e t ect or temperatures $h~ll be used to demonstrate eonfor mtty with 'the st .. ndard fOllr:n.n- ..tor~ IC f"Qwpp.ed. -r'I'hese vaIue s are for insulation s yst ems with thermose ttfng materials. For thermoplastic ma(.uials- tb e equ lva le nt temperatures shall be 60"C for Class B~ Class F and Class H do not ,.pp!Y.

8

CYLINDRICAL·ROTOR

SYNCHRONOUS

OENERATORS

C50.1S·1977

ANSI

air leaving the cooler or coolers. The cold air temperature at rating. when the coolers are supplied with water of the rated amount and temperature, is usually specified as 40° C. For machines that operate under prevailing barometric pressure and are designed not to exceed standard temperature rise at altitudes from 3300 ft (1000 m) to 13000 ft (4000 rn), the temperature rises. as checked by test at low altitude, shall be less than those listed in
Tn'h'A 1 h'U' 1 ..... 0"",....0 ............ f ... 1-.ft.
................ :1:

. perature rise for each 330 ft (l00 m) of altitude in excess of 3300 ft (1000 m). When designing to meet the temperature rises of Table 1. it is intended that the hottest-spot temperature should not exceed 130' e for Class B, 155' C for Class F, and 180' C for Class H insulation systems. . For machines of 10000 kVA and above, the relationship between hottest- spot temperature and the temperatures as specified in Table 1 for the armature and field windings
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ANSI C[.O 13· IBi7

i\Mf.HI("i\~ NATJONhL t;TA~I>"'H> tU:<il1ll1t:m:NTS fOR min "('lTline from 1'Iahili71'1i h'mllPraturt>s rated conditions. at

11
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or Tf'rol!ni71'11 methods of calculation correlated to special factor)' test!> on II basically ",imilaT machine, Machinu. The observable trmprrature rise of each of the various parts of the machine above the average temperature of the cold coolant. when tested in accordance with the rating. shall not exceed the values given in Table 2. The temperature of the cold coolant shall be the average temperature of the coolant leaving the coolers when tested in accordance with the rating. The cold coolant temperature shall not exceed the appropriate value for the rated hydrogen pressure as listed in Table 2. Temperatures shall be determined by the methods specified in Table 2. The hottest-spot temperature shall not exceed 130' C for Class B insulation systems. The relationship between hottest-spot temperature and the temperatures as _specified in Table 2, for the armature and field windings, shall be demonstrable by direct measurement or recognized methods of calculation correlated to special factory tests on a basically similar machine.

5.2 Hydrogen-Cooled

NOTE III: Thr lH'r"",.ihl~ r..·leI\ ..hil~'" lit tilT"'> up '0 I:!() i'I, hll""'il Ul)(tn the' .... anu' illftl'nu.'nl of 1U'~t ..t.urLirf as definNi in Secrien 6.2 •.will be Time (",condi) Field voltege (percent] 10 208 30 146 60 120 120 112

NOTE C21: It j, t ..("o~nizM that fi~ld ....ndine t emi . p"rlltllrK und ..r the ... condition5 will exceed J8ted·&o.d VIIJU"~ and. thurror e, th e machine construction i. ba..d upon the assumptfon that the number of such opr-rations at field voltag es to th e limit. spetifiNi in Not .. (]) will occur not mere tban two lim ... per year.

6.3 Rotor Short-Time Thermal Requirements for Unbalanced Faults. The generator rotor shall be capable of withstanding, without injury, unbalanced short circuits or other unbalanced conditions on the system or at the armature terminals resulting in values of IJ" as listed below.
Minimllm Generator Short·Time Capability Expressed in Terms of 1/1 (Note) 30 10 10-(0.00625) (MVA-800)

Indirectly cooled

-----------------------Directly cooled, up to 800 MVA 800 MVA to 1600MVA

Type of. Cylindrical-r Rolor Synchronous Generator

6. Requirements for Abnormal Conditions
6.1 Armature Winding Short-Time Thermal Requirements. The generator armature shall be capable of operating at 130 percent of rated armature current for at Ieast 1 min, starting from stabilized temperatures at rated conditions.
NOTE (1): The permissible armature currents at times up to 120 s, based upon the same increment of "eat storage as defined in 6.1, will be Time (seconds) Armature current (percent) 10 226 30 154 60 1.30 120 116

~

NOTE (2): It is recognized that armature temper atures will exceed rated load values under these conditions and. therefore, the machine construction is based upon the assumption that tho' number of such operations at arrnature currents to the limits sp.<;ified in Note (1) will occur not more than two times per year.

122, in the preceding table is the integrated product of the square of the generator negaLive-phase-sequence current (12), expressed in per unit stator current at rated kilovolt-amperes and duration of the fault in seconds (I). The generator unbalanced fault capability expressed in terms of 1/, applies for times up to 120 s, based on a constant increment of heat storage and negligible heat dissipation. In the above criteria, the generator shall be capable of withstanding the thermal effect of unbalanced faults at the machine lenninals, including the decaying effects of (1) Field current, where protection is provided by causing field current reduction, such as with an exciter field breaker or equivalent (2) Direct-current component of the stator current
NOTE: Generato rs subjf'CU<!\.c·faults between ing values 9f I,', and 200 fIe'",nt of these suffer varying degrees of damage; fOf faults 200 percent of these limiu. ...--ious damage peeted. the precede values may in excess of may be es-

1
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6.2 Field Winding Short-Time Thermal Requirements. The generator field winding shall be capable of operating at a field voltage of 125 percent of rated-load field voltage for at least 1

10

CYLINDRICAL-ROTOR

SYNCHRONOUS

GENERATORS

ANSI C60.13·1977

6.4 Mechanical Requirements for Short Clr~ cult •. The generator shall be capable of withstanding, without mechanical injury, any type of short circuit at its terminals for times not exceeding short-time thermal requirements, when operating at rated kilovolt-amperes and power factor and 5 percent overvoltage, provided the maximum phase current is limited by external means to a value which does not exceed the maximum phase current obtained from the three-phase fault.
NOTE: In the case of stator windings. the criteria for no injury is that the windings can satisfactorily w ithstand a normal maintenance high-potential test. There shall also be no visible abnormal deformation or damage to the
winding coils and connections,

"age regulator. and associated devices comprising the excitation for a particular synchronous machine. Include motor Joss if unit motor-generator exciter set is used; if a unit rectifier is used, include the loss of the rectifier and rectifier transformer. (5) Friction and windage loss

8, Overspeed
Cylindrical-rotor generators shall be so constructed that they will withstand, without injury, an overspeed of 20 percent.

6.5 Continuous Unbalance Requirements. A generator shall be capable of withstanding, without injury. the effects of a continuous current unb'ala nce corresponding to a negative-phase-sequence current of the following values, providing the rated kVA are not exceeded, and the maximum current does not exceed 105 percent of rated in any phase. Negative-phase-sequence current is expressed in percent of rated stator current.
Type of Generator

9, Telephone Influence Factor
9.1 Balanced. The balanced telephone influence factor (TIF) of synchronous generators. based on the weighting factors given in 9.3, shall not exceed the following values:
kVA Rating of Machine 62.6 300 • 70Q .• "-5000 20 000 100000 to 299 to 699 t.o. 4999 to"19999 to 99 999 and above Balanced TlF 350 250 150 100 70

Permissible 12 (percent) 10

40

Cylindrical rotor indirectly cooled directly cooled, 'to 960 MVA 961 to 1200 MVA 1201 to 1500 MVA

8
6 5

These values also express t'he negative phase sequence current capability at reduced generator kilovolt-ampere capabilities. in per: cent of the stator current corresponding to the reduced capability. 7_"Efficiency The following losses shall be included in determining efficiency:3 (1) P R losses of armature and field winding (2) Core loss (3) Stray load loss (4) Excitation system losses. if required by" specifications. shall include the exciter. volt-

9.2 Residual Component. The residual-component TIF of synchronous generators having voltage ratings 2000 V and higher, based on the weighting factors given in Section 9.3, shall not exceed the following:
kVA Rating of Machine 1000 6000 20 000 100000
to 4999 to 19 999

Residual TIF 100 75 50 30

to 99 999 and above

9.3 Single Frequency. The single-frequency telephone influence weighting factors (TIF r) according to the 1960 single-frequency weighting are shown in Table 3. Methods of measurement for TIF shall bein accordance with IEEE Std 115-1965, Test Procedure for Synchronous Machines.
9_4 Other. Special consideration

may be necessary where trouble exists or may be anticipated from difficult exposure conditions.

11

'.

(.;[,0.13·1977

A~l'l

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD.REQUIIiE"iENTIi

FOR

T;lblr 3 1960 SinJ:I('-Frrqu('n('y TIFf WdJ!htinJ! Factors
Frt-quenc-y

Tiff
O.S 30 22S 400 650 1320 2260 2760 3360 4350 5000 5100 6400 5630 6050 6370 6650 6680 6970 7320 7570

r,.. ucney q
19110 2100 2160 2220 2340 2460 2580 2820 2940 3000 3180 3300 3540 3660 3900 4020 4260 4380 5000

TIF,

60 1110 300 3(;0 420 540 660 720 780 900 1000 1020 1080 1140 1260 1380 1440 1500 1620 1740 1800

isco

7820 B330 8830 9080 9330 9840 ]0340 10600 10210 9820 9670 8740 8090 6730 6130 4400 3700 2750 2190 840

.

Table 4 Tests on Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Generators
Generators Completely Assembled for Test in Factory Test.; .. Resistance of armature and field winding. -II' Dielectric tests of armature and field windings 'If: Voltage balance ~ Phase sequence II Mechanical balance -II. Open-circuit saturation curve Overspeed Short-circuit saturation curve1 Harmonic analysis and measurement of Tlr Hellt rum Short-circuit tests at reduced voltage to determine reactance and time constants M .. asur .. ~ent of segregated losses f- J.:eFs~~c~<'nt of rotor impedance • ).~"2surement of ;nSu'fa\i~n resista n ce of a trna t ure and Iield windings k J,~"asurem~nt of bearing insulation resistance
"An X indicates that te-st sh a U be madt on ~ac:h unJt. may be obtained. may be specified . resistance is
f ~,' , ~,:.
I'.v·

Generators Not Completely Assembled in Factory Factory Tests , Field ; ~T' Tests X X X X

pC


X X X

X X

Xt
X X _§ _§
_§ _§ _§

xt
X

Xt
X

_§ _§

-I X X X

_ ..
X
test made . On an r.5s.tnti.aUy dupllcatf' eeneretcr, Insufs ted bearings. a fi,f1d measure me nt of the bea:rin;£: insul.ation

xtt

1" A fwld ch{"('k of rnt't'h"nic.al b"lance of aU Erne-ratonis reeommended after inst.a.llation. ·00 brushtess ,ror.r&t.ou., rot"lIdif\£l of exciter field current Instead of :Ef'nuB1.o:r fieJd Current ~ This • ·On g enet at ors furnUJlf'd r .. co rrame nded,

an

test,

or conies

or .. ce"rt1f~P1:!test

report covertng
or mort

wit h One

"t"tFor urtits len than

10000 kVA and less th"n

7000 V. measurerne nt of rotor Imp eda nce is not requtred.

12

CYLINDRICAL-ROTOR

SYNCHRONOUS

GENERATORS (1)

ANSI CrtO.13·1977

NOTE (]): Althou,h TIF i. d .. il\nHl baskall)' ••• me .. ure of the Influence of current or voltago in • power eircuit on p",.lIel telephone eircuits, the TI F of opencircuit ,.neralor voltaie hal been uaed for mlln), yun •• an approximate index of the influence of ,.n~rator wave ,hllpe. There has been no e.peri.nce to indicate that ,.n.r.lon designed in accordance with ANSI C!>O.1·1955 have caused inductive coordination problema. However. accumuleted measurements by manufacture .. indicate that len.rator open-clrcuit TI F measured in accordance with the 1960 weiehtine averall:ed hii!her than with the 1935 weight in... Accordingl)'. in adoptinr the 1960 weirhtinli in this revision of ANSI C50.1·19S5. the limitin, TJF value. of lower capacity machines were increased. At the same time the neatly improved wave .hap< or modern high-capacity generators is recogrriaed in •• UiOlia lower limit of balanced TIF for the larger units. NOTE (2): For in{ormation on TIF. see "Supplement to Enl1ineering Report 33. The Telephone Influence Factor of Supply System Voltages and Currents." Enginurin, Reports of 'he Join. Subcommittee on Dcvelopmeat and Ret. earch, Edison Electric Institute and Ben S,'stem. Edison Electric Institute Publication 60·68. For further information on methods of measurement of TIF •. see W. C. Ball and C. K. Poarch. "Tel ..phone Influence Fac· tor (TIF) and Its Measurement." AlEE Transac,ions. pt I. vol 79. Jan 1961, pp 659·664.

Voltage (2) Output kilovolt-amperes (3) Revolutions per minute (4) Armature amperes (5) Frequency (6) Temperature rise of armature (7) Temperature rise of field (8) Number of phases (9) Power factor (10) Excitation voltage (11) Excitation.amperes . (12) Hydrogen pressure (if hydrogen cooled)
NOTE: Direction of rotation should be shown on mao chine .. hen necessar), for correct operation.

13. Performance Specification Forms
Fig 1 shows the form that shall be used for specifying the performance of steam, hydraulic-turbine-driven, and motor-driven aircooled synchronous generators. Fig 2 shows the form that shall be used for specifying the performance of steam-turbinedriven hydrogen-cooled synchronous generators.

10. Tests
The tests specified in Table 4 shall be conducted in accordance with IEEE Std 115~1965 and ANSI C50.10-1917.

11. Direction of Rotation
The direction of rotation of the generator shall suit the prime mover requirements.

14. Revision of American National Standards Referred to in This Document
When the following American National Standards referred to in this document are superseded by a revision approved by the American National Standards Institute, Incorporated, the revision shall apply: ANSI C50.10-1977, General Requirements for Synchronous Machines . ANSI C50.14-1977. Requirements for Combustion Gas Turbine Driven Synchronous .Generators

12. Nameplate Marking
A nameplate having the following minimum information shall be provided: manufacturer's name, serial number, or other suitable identification. The following information at rating shall be supplied:"

,'For hydrogen<ool...d machines. the values ahall be Jiven (or rna>: imum hJ.~To,en pr."qurea.

13

ANSI
Cr,O.) 3·1977

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD REQUIHEMEI\TS

rOR

1

j

Performance

Fig 1 Specification Form for Slum. HydrauHc-Turbine-Drj",en. and Motor-Driven AirCooled Cylindrical-Rotor Synchronous Cri-neratofl
(Tbe (ollo..-inl: data ahall be ,inn in .ccord"nc~ with ANfSI C~O.13·19771

Dau
Output R.II.,.

__

Power

Spud

1'10

or

No of

F• .e!

TIp< or

~--k-V-A--~--F-.-<-lo~r4---k-W--~~--.~/m--ln--~--P-o-I-.-.--1--P_h_._~ __ __ ~~-H-.-r-l-._ ~_V~n~lI~o--+_~A-m~p-._ ••o--+_---F~t.m. -

Dr-:Jer;piion --------------------------------------------------------------- Typo< 01 hciloli<>n .yot.", Maximum AmorliueW'

--'-

_ b tfmin without mf"chartical

5P+-ed of Ern~rator

(and

exeuer if ihaft-dri'tolen)
(not luppUed)

~njllr)'.

windin&!: is (C'io5-l"d) (open) (s.h.ll) (shall not)

Ge ner .. tor eo oling

include

... elo:ied--c.lTc\.IU ail .)'st-r-m. ; Atm.tlD'~ drive Connr-ciioftl

-Insulation Djrec

Cla."-t;el.~Armature

Windin,

t io n of rotation

---

view·inc the end opposite:

thr

.f

----- ; Fiorld Wind-ina .------ ..
of un~din'("lionll~ d~s.i,n or l'onstTuchon. Rt"Quirtmf'nts Exdt-er Input E~dt espc n se RUiQ SY5t~m

Te rnperat

ure FUst Guva.nlr.f'1i Rlsf' C Not to Exceed

M.aJj E:x.dt.ahon Gen 'Excitation Fitld Stip--Rin& Type-

kVA
Exciter (])

Power Factor

1----------,----------1WdCby
By Ruist

Armatwf'

Winding

By Dete ej or

I-----....,-~c__----jl_---......,. ----_;R .
Amp Volt'S Amp Vol"

BrU5hlf"1S

Fit-5ist

No minaj eriline Volts

---~

. i1) At ·'Maximum

Excitation

ReQuiTf'mtnL~" r ises
An

ope-uti"'

Ievel, te rnp ere tur e of 40ClC at an .ltitude not
e1{,I'~in&

RathlE, and temperature (1000 m).

base-d

on an ambirnt

3300

ft

Minimum Powe-r Factor

EffiC'iel:H~-iH

;

kVA

JI.. Loci
kW L<>.d

3/4
Load

L<>ad

1/2

EfhcMo>ncirs. ar e detf'rmined by including ]2R tosses or e rma t ure and field windings at .. °c . .("OT-r loss a nd lo.ad loss_ Friction and w ind age Io ss (are) (are not) included; e xctrer .and fjt!')d r heo st.at losse s {a.r'i} (are not) indudpd

,,\Ta.,.-

-_
Reactancl!$(CaJc pe-r Unit) Ratocl V Approx Rotor W-e-ighb in Pounds. Hea v ie-st Pari for Crane

Sl'nch
Xd

Rated I DirAltis 'I'ra ns ien t

x~<!!___

Sub nail$. X" :-_ dv

Dir Axl.

W,._2 Ib-1l2

Circuit Ralio

Shorl

Total N.t

Rotor N.t

Tot.\ ShipPin&

-

Approxlrnatr Totally

Opf'raHn, with

Data water

for CooBne cooters to coojers,

S),5tem

with

Itnrrator

at rat.f't! joad:

e ncjosed

Te mpera t.ure of inlet

water

~ __ eallons

OF (tpm) (for v("ntil8tinc lIir ... nd

Volume- of coolin£, wa tes-, bf"aTLn& whenreQuirrdl----oil, Ervc lo

per minute

sed , self- ve nt ila ted (no e)(tr:rn.r blower)
coohng air.. elm for e xter na l duNE. filttfl, et-c inch or water. available

Vo1um.r-of

Pre-SSUJ't drop

I •

14

CYLINDRICAL-ROTOR

SYNCHRONOUS

GENERATORS

ANSI C&O_13-1977

Fig 2 Performance Specification Form for Steam-Turbine-Drivcn Hydrogen-Cooled Cylindrical-Rowr Synchronous Generators
(The lollowini data .hall be riven in accordance with ANSI C50_13-1977)

0.'.
Output Ratinc Sp.ed t/min No 01 PoltJ Nool PhaS'!1 Fr.q Typr or Fume
PO","',,"'

_

tv"

Factor

kW

Her tz

Volts

Amp~r.ps

O e ..,rlpllcn Type of e xelte t io n sy5-tem windin:&

~ _ (not l'uP'Plied) _

_

Amortisse-ur

is (efo sed j (open) Windilll

-Insu}.ation fitld

Cl.a..$$~': Armature _ vif'win&

Armatur~

Connections

_

Wind,nc or rotation

~ Direction

the end opposite

the drive-

-If ot unidirPC'tionR.1

desicn

or construction..

Te rn pera

t ure

RiM" Guarantees

Ma. Grn

E)lcilation

Requirement. Exciter Input Ex.cit System Response Ratio Nominal Ctilins; Volts.

Rise C Not to Exceed
Power Factor Arm \\'indjne by Embed de d Defector Fi.ld Wind inK by Resistance

Ex.citation Typo Volts

Slip-RinK -Amp

Brushless Amp Vollo

tVA

Ea.cit-er

(1) Excitatiol'\ Requtrernents" ris.es .h",tl be in operatil1& accordance revet, with T ..hJe 2' Df ANSI-CMl.13·IPl1 at pst. prt'S$-U,H- and and aTe besed on •

-t.f'm~ntu.rt l-emPt-t..ture
G

(1) At ·'MaxUnum Rlilinl of 3300 .nd

C of the ('oolinE 13$ at the exit from
m)_

the coolers,

.t an .. ltitude

not -f"~c;--eedin&

n (1000

Re.actanc

es (Calc Rated I DiI" Axis Transient X'di

per Un.it)

Approx V

Weil:hts

in Pound,

Synch

XcI

Dir Axi$ Sub,lrans
X dv

Rued

Rotor
Wk2 Ib-Ul!

Heavie-It Short Circuit Ratio TOlal Not Rot.or

Par' Crane
for

Net

Tolal S.hiDPinc

OperalinJ

Data (at rate<! load

and
",'alt'l

hydroc~n

pre$.'$ure):

(a) Temperature of inlet
(b) Volu'mr of eoolin&

to eooters,
,pm

"F.

water.

;

,

15

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