TYPES OF EARTHQUAKE

1. Tectonic 2. Volcanic

The Philippine Archipelago occupies the western rim of the Pacific Ocean (Western Segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire), a most active part of the earth that is characterized by an ocean-encircling belt of active volcanoes and earthquake generators (fault lines).

Two w ays o f de scribing t he s tren gth of a n ea rth qua ke

2. Intensity
perceived strength of an earthquake based on relative effect to people and structures; generally higher near the epicenter

based on instrumentally derived information and correlates strength with the amount of total energy released at the earthquake’s point of origin

1.

Magnitude

GROUND SHAKING

Ground Shaking effects

Hazards

Ground rupture

Ground rupture and fissuring
creation of new or the renewed movements of old fractures, oftentimes with the two blocks on both sides moving in opposite directions

Landslides

Public education
teach people - characteristics of areas prone to landslide - signs of landslides - what to do

DUCK!

What to do DURING an earthquake

If on a mountain, or near a steep hillslope, move away from steep escarpments which may be affected by landslides

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