BASTIEN

PIANo

BASICS

PRIMER LEVEL

Dear teachers and parents:
BASTIENPIANO BASICSis an exciting and comprehensive series for piano study designed to get the young student off to the right start. The learning sequence is carefully graded to assure steady progress in all areas. Theory, Primer is coordinated page-by-page with Piano, Primer and Performance, Primer. The three books should be used simultaneously for thorough reinforcement of each concept. The suggested sequence among the books is listed in the Contents. Theory contains written work and some short pieces to reinforce each concept introduced. Students will have a better understanding of the music they are playing-and will learn it more easily-when theory is integrated as a regular part of the learning process. We offer you our best wishes for achievement and success. Neil A. Kjos Music Company James Bastien Jane Smisor Bastien

BAS'!'I EN PIANO BASICS

PRIMER LEVEL
BY JAMES BASTIEN

Contents
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P.

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2 3 4 5 6 7
8

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~e(> 'it1J(>e'iJ1J1(> __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 2 __ 4 __ __ 5 __ __ __ __ __ __ 6

__ The Piano Keyboard ........... ___ Low and High ................. __ Rhythm in Music .............. __ Stems on Notes . . . . ~. . . . . . . . . . ___ Bar Lines ..................... __ The Music Alphabet ........... __ White Key Names ............. .__ Space Flight Game ............. __ C Position .................... __ ~Time Signature .............. __ ~Time Signature .............. .__ ~ Time Signature ............... ____Review Quiz .................. __ The Staff ..................... __ Clef Signs .................... __ How Notes Move on the Staff .... __ The Grand Staff ............... ____ C Position ....................

6 7
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2 4

14 15 16 18 20 22 24 25 26 30

10
11

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

8 9 10

12

/).o~~ ~e(> lJoo~ "I'itlj, 'iJ o e 1J1o Dynamics ..................... 21 31 13 7 Measuring Intervals: 2nds ....... 22 32 14 8 Measuring Intervals: 3rds ........ 23 33 15 9 The Slur and the Tie ............ 24 34 16 10 Note-Spelling Game .. , ......... 25 Measuring Intervals: 4ths ........ 26 36 18 12 Measuring Intervals: 5ths ........ 27 38 19 13 Melodic and Harmonic Intervals 28 39 14 Rest Signs ..................... 29 40 20 15 The C Chord ................... 30 41 22 16 Middle C Position .............. 32 44 24 18 Two Eighth Notes .............. 33 46 26 19 Sharp Sign ..................... 34 48 27 20 G Position ..................... 36 52 28 22 Staccato Notes ................. 37 56 24 Flat Sign ........... , .......... 38 58 30 26 Matching Games ............... 40 62 32 30

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"To reinforce the feeling of achievement,

the teacher or student

may put a j when the page has been completed.

©1985 Kjos West, 4382 Jutland

ISBN 0-8497-5270-1 Drive, San Diego, California 92117.International

copyright

secured. All rights

reserved. Printed in U.SA

2

The Piano Keyboard
The keyboard has white and black keys. The black keys are sets of2's and3's.

°0

2. Draw a circle around each set of 3 black keys.

3. Fill in all the sets of 2 black keys.

4. Fill in all the sets of 3 black keys.

L..

r-

.__

r-

L-

......

L.....

"-r

r-

L-

roo

L.....

"-

r-

.....

,.....

WP205 Use with pa_f!.e 6 of Piano, Primer Level.

Use with page 7 afPiano. On the keyboard.H. Play the sets of 3 black keys down the keyboard with your L. Start at the middle of the keyboard. a cat high in a tree. a. Play the sets of 3 black keys up the keyboard with your R. Make up some pieces using sets of black keys. Make up a piece using the sets of 2 black keys. high keys are usually played with the Right Hand.Start at the middle of the keyboard.H. Primer Level.H. Start at the middle of the keyboard. low keys are usually played with the Left Hand. On the keyboard. or whatever you like. b. b. WP205 . Make up a piece using the sets of 3 black keys. 6. a.H.Start at the middle of the keyboard. Play the sets of 2 black keys up the keyboard with your R. Your pieces could be about growling lions. b. a.3 Low and High ----Down-- --Up--- 5. 7. Play the sets of 2 black keys down the keyboard with your L.

. •!.... o ..» ..U. Use any three black keys and make up a melody for this song..)or over notes (L. .. 9. '. ·.•.. Watch See L... Clap and count this rhythm. Count: half note d ·:. ". .. .'•• '. 10.. / _:'_ half note half note ··. ·•·• half note '.....:. IJ the it moon light climb the up high.. Write finger numbers under notes (R.U. Draw three quarter notes.. The Moon R..:7.. ...... • . ··. . Ualfnote Count: quar-ter quar-ter quar-ter quar-ter · · .H. .Note head 8.. ·· .. Clap and count this rhythm. . while others are held for a longer time."':-.... ... ... • '.. Some notes are short... sky I whole i i i i i II WP205 Use with a es 8·13 of Piano.-". Quarter note I--stem _ -.4 Rhythm in Music Different kinds of notes are used to make rhythm in music. or ..H. ~. Primer Level. i ". . ·#··i·:\. Draw three half notes.)for your melody..

o Count: whole note hold it whole note hold it whole note hold it whole note hold it 14. . Up stem Down stem 11. Clap and count this rhythm. and down stems go on the left side.. Draw down stems on these notes. Up stems go on the right side. Draw three whole notes. Write the names of these notes. Draw up stems on these notes. 12. . .. WP205 ... Primer Level. Whole note o 13.. o ouarter Use with pages 8-13 of Piano.. . r . .5 Stems on Notes A stem may go up or down on a note.. .

J .6 Bar Lines Bar lines divide music into measures.J . 4 4 4 8 loud.J J . 4 8 I i I I I i Ir II I 8 4 2 bar line bar line bar line r 3 WP205 Use with pages 8-13 of Piano. double bar line with repeat sign .gin to roll .H~ r-R. Draw bar lines to separate these notes into measures.U.J . My Spotted Cat R. Primer Level. Repeat the music from the beginning.U.ing 'round with play with.--. she would be . Clap and count this rhythm. Draw a double bar line at the end and put two dots before it. She a had I fluff . Bar line Bar line Double bar line II Measure Measure The repeat sign : is shown by two dots before a double bar line.H.yhad 2 2 3 4 3 spot . Draw bar lines in this piece. Use a double bar line at the end. Once 2. The end of a piece has a double bar line. 16. and 2 3 4 3 was we the best cat all called her 2 3 4 8 ev Sas purr! me! 0 4 ere sy. J . bar line bar line bar line double bar line II o r-L.J J J JJJ 2 bar line bar line bar line bar line 1.ted fur and name out fun to 2 8 cat. she tail. 15. When I called her She was lots of L. Play this piece.J J .

Primer Level. Play it. When you play and say the music alphabet backward. Play it. Play it. WP205 . When you play and say the music A alphabet forward. Write the music alphabet backward two times on this keyboard. How many letters are there in the music alphabet? 18. _ 19. ______ JL 20. you go up the keyboard to the right. you go down the keyboard to the left. Write the music alphabet forward two times on this keyboard. Play it. A 21. Use with page 14 ojPiano. Write the music alphabet backward.7 The Music Alphabet BC 17. Write the music alphabet forward.

8 White Key Names A is between the 2nd and 3rd keys in the 3 black key set. Play all the A's on your piano. B is to the right of the 3 black key set. Play all the B's on your piano. Write a B on all the B's on this keyboard. . 23. 22. Write an A on all the A's on this keyboard. C is to the left of the 2 black key set . Primer Level.24. Write a C on all the C's on this keyboard. Play all the C's on your piano. . WP205 Use with page 15 of Piano .

E is to the right of the 2 black key set. Write a G on all the G's on this keyboard. 25. Play all the G's on your piano.9 D is in the middle of the 2 black key set. Write an E on all the E's on this keyboard. 26. Play all the E's on your piano. WP205 . G is between the 1st and 2nd keys in the 3 black key set. Write a D on all the D's on this keyboard. 28. Write an F on all the F's on this keyboard. Play all the D's on your piano. Use with page 15 ojPiano. F is to the left of the 3 black key set. 27. Primer Level. Play all the F's on your piano.

Primer Level. He and his crew travel far into outer space. For outstanding work} Commander Fletcher and his men are all given a special medal which they wear like a BADGE. Commander Fletcher's mission is to find the alien creatures who are on a distant planet and locked in a CAGE. Their ship's name is ACE. Each creature has weird arms and feet and a wild expression on its FACE. . This is Star Ship Commander Fletcher.10 Space Flight Game In this game} write the word that has all capital letters on the keyboard. Once fed}the creatures are brought aboard the Star Ship Ace for the long trip back to Earth. Mission Complete! WP205 Use with page 15 of Piano. But Commander Fletcher understands that their yelling means they want to be FED.

See the wink . Primer Level. Stars at Night ROHoJ 1 eJJ~ 5~J iJJ 2 3 3 3 bar lin:J bar line bar line 2 J ~~ 5 3 bar line 1. Write the letters backward.U. fore the dawn. Play and name these letters.U. 1 what a sight. they are dim.U. starting with G.most gone! me! night! they'll come back next LOHo rrr I' bar line rrr rrrr. WP205 . Play and name these letters backward.Iy. 31. ______ R.U. _ R. L. down on you and oh.ri . Draw a double bar line at the end with a repeat sign.ing 2. bar line 0 bar line double bar line with repeat sign Use with oezes 16-17 of Piano. _ 30. Draw bar lines in this piece. 29.11 CPosition 1 1 R.ap 5 stars at night. Play this piece.Ide Soon they'll dis . mer . Write the alphabet letters in the C position. When we wake be How they twin . _______ L. how bright! al .H. pear from sight.

u. The top number tells how many beats are in each measure. Primer Level.H. i i Ii i Ii i Ii WP205 Use with pages 18-19 of Piano. Grandfather Clock R. Make up a melody for this song in the C position. .)or over notes (L." time goes "tick L.ter half note (continue counting) (continue counting) 33.U. 2 4 J J IJ J IJ IJ :11 34.)for your melody. Write finger numbers under notes (R. 32.12 Time Signatures The time signature is the two numbers written at the beginning of a piece. Clap and count this rhythm aloud. The bottom number tells what kind of a note gets one beat. 2 4 Count: or: J 1 J IJ 2 1 IJ 2 J IJ :11 quar. 4 means the quarter note gets one beat.ter quar. 2 means two beats in each measure. tock. Clap and count this rhythm aloud. Write the counts under these notes.4 2 J J IJ J IJ In It IJ a our keeps hall we and have clock.H.

)or over notes (L.13 3 means three beats in each measure. gets three beats. Make up a melody for this song in the C position.U. Write finger numbers under notes (R. 4 means the quarter note gets one beat. WP205 . 35. In I L. • 11 o My New Ice Skates J IJ R.)for your melody. Clap and count this rhythm aloud. The dotted half note j. 1 2 3 IJ J IJ :11 Count: 1 (continue counting) (continue counting) quar-ter quar-ter half note dot 36. Primer Level. my new skates with star in their the shin Ice y blades. Clap and count this rhythm aloud. Write the counts under these notes. dream I'll Ca - i I I II i I II II Use with pages 20-21 ajPiano.U. 3 4 J IJ :11 37.H. pades. 3 4 J or: quar-ter J 2 J 3 J.H.

Q:. Count aloud. Write the counts under these notes. :11 Count: 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 (continue counting) or: half note halfnote whole note hold it (continue counting) 39. :11 Q".po Is L. I he is look .mus. G.pot . Clap and count this rhythm aloud.. The Mysterious Hippopotamus 3 1 There's the hip . Primer Level. Play this piece in the C position. I rFr rrr rrrri I 5 Use with pages 22-24 of Piano. .iog thiokhe's straight at us! swell! he smil. The whole note 0 gets four beats.iog? 1 can't tell. 4 means the quarter note gets one beat. 38. Gee. o 5 I WP205 . 4 j.14 4 means four beats in each measure.. Clap and count this rhythm aloud. 40.U.a .

47. ~~JJ 4 4 JJj 3 4 J J J J... 45... .r- r-- ... Fill in the sets of 3 black keys...15 ReviewQuiz 41._ r-- I- r- '- 42.. • • o o • 44. Add a double bar line with a repeat sign at the end of each line. o J.. 48.- J - J 0 Use with pages 22-24 of Piano. WP205 --- --- .. Write the counts below the notes...- I"'" .....- L. r- I. Write the music alphabet. 46. Write the alphabet letters in the C position. r- . L. I- r- l- I"'" l- I- . Divide these rhythms into measures with bar lines. o Draw down stems on these notes... Write the names of these white keys. Fill in the sets of 2 black keys... ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 J - ~ J. Write the names of these notes. --~ - - --- -.. Primer Level._ I"'" I- 43.. I- r- l.r- . Draw up stems on these notes..

o o I' I' o " o o II 52. . ------ 1 Number the spaces from the bottom to the top.16 The Staff The staff has lines and spaces. Draw line and space notes on the staff above the letters. Primer Level. Line notes Space notes II o oo oo . Notes are written on lines or in spaces. How many lines does the staff have? How many spaces does the staffhave? 50. Use whole notes. L WP205 S L S S L L S L Use with page 25 ajPiano. II 49. 1 51. Number the lines from the bottom to the top... . Write L for the line notes and S for the space notes.

.17 Clef Signs A clef sign is used at the beginning of each staff.. then draw your own bass clefs. WP205 . @-I D Bass clef orFclef 4th line 54. Trace what is shown. Trace what is shown. «( II • . Primer Level. Use with page 25 of Piano. Treble clef orGclef 2nd line 53. then draw your own treble clefs.

) 4JJ I~J I ~ Repeat 4J J 14) I 4 ~J J 55. Primer Level. skip. Play and name these notes. F IF r Ir F IFF 10 F IF J 9: J F 10 0 IF 0 IF WP205 Use with pages 26-29 of Piano.) r r· r 9:~j IJ j J I 56. or repeat. I. (L.J J II .J1 . J IJ J IJ J IJ J IJ J 4 J J IJ J I. r IF r . Write how these notes move on the staff. Notes below the middle line have up stems.._.H.. Write how these notes move on the staff.Write step.. or repeat.H. Skip CPosition (R.18 How Notes Move on the Staff Step 4JJIt. I J J I J J IJ J II CPosition Notes on or above the middle line have down stems.Write step. skip. Play and name these notes.

· \. ."' J V · · ·. ' ·. · .. Brace fI ~ ~ . Trace these braces and bar lines to form grand staffs. t .. .19 The Grand Staff The grand staff is formed by joining the treble staff and bass staffwith a brace and bar line. •• . · "V · •• ·. . Use a ruler to draw the bar lines. fI nil ·. r.. ~ . Primer Level. I .' l~ · · . f\ ~ ·. WP205 . .. . Draw braces and bar lines to form grand staffs. " " .1 I t: . £ .I • • 58. . .' fI r.. .. •• _L ·. . 57.. v I"'- ~ +-Bae line tJ 1.. Draw treble and bass clef signs.. ' . ·. Use with page 30 of Piano.

WP205 Use with pages 30-31 ojPiano.. Primer Level... Draw a brace and bar line to form the grand staff.- ..U... Notes below the middle line have up stems... •• L....•• • ...I c. -. . Play them. f'} R. Draw the C position notes in the bass clef two times.. I .JIll" I CDE I I I I I - . I ~ .20 CPosition " \. Play and name these notes. Draw a treble and bass clef sign. ~ "tJ _I . ~ rt r. 5 ----rt-' I ~ i I -• . Draw a treble and bass clef sign. .. .. Draw the C position notes in the treble clef two times.. . T .. Write the names of these notes. C D E F G C D E F G 61. . I I FG 59. C D E F G C D E F G 60.-I I CDE F G Notes on or above the middle line have down stems... . .. 3 I r ro. Play and name these notes. Draw a brace and bar line to form the grand staff.-...U.

_. Our School Band I ~ -'o. Trace the first two p signs. play .iI =Boom ---.~ "- ~ J t... . _.ing loud. then draw four more ..... ..~ . Its Italian name is piano.. . . _.~ -~~. . . the clar ... -- ... then draw four more. 64. Primer Level.. Trace the first two fsigns... -.' 63. f means loud.....J I t \ Hear s: ..21 Dynamics Dynamics are loud and soft signs in music. 62.. . WP205 I Use with page 31 of Piano.. •• L . J \ . 1L 1\ fl ~ Hear the drum-mer I· .. ...' goes the sound so clear! - ..~... .. ~ t.. At the beginning of each line... Its Italian name is forte. p means soft. write the dynamic sign that matches the words of that line..~ - I .i - net so soft. to the JIll"'" ear... Play this piece. 1 boom... I I . Read the words of this song... . 1 . t- pleas-ing 5 ..

I ~ .. IF Ir ... 0 G C F B E A 67.. C D F B E o G 66.. Use either hand.. Upby2nds Down by 2nds 4 w 65.. Ir. . On the staff a 2nd is either line to space or space to line. ~: WP205 - . c.. Write an interval of a 2nd down from the given letters.. Write an interval of a 2nd up from the given letters. Play these intervals on your piano. Draw the note above if the arrow is up} or below if the arrow is down.22 Measuring Intervals 2nd The distance from one key to the next key is a 2nd. Primer Level. _______. ~ IE Use with page 32 of Piano. Play these intervals on Y0ul piano. Use either hand. Ir. Play and name these notes.. Draw a note an interval of a 2nd from the given note...

Draw the note above if the arrow is up. 70. Play these intervals on your piano. Ll Use with page 33 of Piano. or below if the arrow is down. Use either hand. Primer Level. WP205 . Up by 3rds Down by 3rds 68. c G o A E B 69. l__3rd__j On the staff a 3rd is either line to line or space to space. Write an interval of a 3rd up from the given letters. Play these intervals on your piano.23 3rd One skipped key is a 3rd. Draw a note an interval of a 3rd from the given note. Play and name these notes. Write an interval of a 3rd down from the given letters. Use either hand.

IJJJJIJJJ Jrd_ II The Tie The tie is a curvedline which connects notes that are on the same line or space. 73. 72.24 The Slur The slur is a curved line over or under two or more different notes that are to be played legato (smooth) connected). Play these notes legato. Play these notes legato. Draw a slur under these notes. Write the interval names (znd.. Play these notes legato. . IJ II II J IJ I II II J I 'I ~ :1: r IF" r· r· r· 0 WP205 Use with pages 34-35 of Piano. Primer Level. Draw a tie to these pairs of 4 -----. Draw a slur over these notes. J 2 counts notes. Draw a slur under these notes. 71. Play the first note and hold it for the value of both notes. 3rd) on the lines below. Write the total number counts for the tied notes on the lines below..-----.

Primer Level. and his 4JJ J R A would fly. Ihada o_ whose name was He always begged to be 9: After school I saw his and I knew he was ready to r A I'd throw the ball. f):rrLrl and he'd watch by the of the house every day.and off he'd go like a streak in the sky! • My A loved to see us play. WP205 . My mom's _A oj I would light up} too} and when she saw the fun we had} she'd shout Ya-hoo! Use with pages 34-35 afPiano.25 Note-Spelling Game In this game} write the note names in capital letters on the lines below.

Play these intervals on your piano. Write the names of these intervals. Play these intervals on your piano. 75. ~ t 51 J IJ J I. Play and name these notes. Primer Level. Write an interval of a 4th down from the given letters. 1~-4th--~1 On the staff a 4th is either line to space or space to line.26 Measuring Intervals 4th Two skipped keys is a 4th. Use either hand. J I J J IiJ J I J J L. IJ J IJ . II . Write an interval of a 4th up from the given letters. Up a 4th Down a 4th 74. 76.\\:h WP205 Use with pages 36-37 ojPiano.

Primer Level. Play and name these notes. Write an interval of a 5th up from the given letters. Write an interval of a 5th down from the given letters. 1. Write the names of these intervals. 79. 78. Use either hand. Use either hand. Play these intervals on your piano. Use with page 38 of Piano.---__ - 5th ----'I On the staff a 5th is either line to line or space to space. Down a 5th 77. Play these intervals on your piano. WP205 .27 5th Three skipped keys is a 5th.

Write the names of these melodic intervals. 3rd IJ Id I] " II 5th 4th 83. 3rd -e4th II -e5th 0 80. Play them. Primer Level. )) p~ tJI(J Harmonic intervals are two notes played to make harmony in music. ~ :eo 2nd I. 81. Draw a whole note above the one given to form a harmonic interval.. Write the names of these harmonic intervals. like notes in a melody. Draw a half note after the one given to form a melodic interval. ~: ~ ~ 2nd I ~ 3rd I - ~ 4th I ~ 5th II II 4~j 82. Id I. 2nd 1£ IQ Ii I . Play them.28 Melodic and Harmonic Intervals Melodic intervals are single notes played one at a time. Play them. Play and name these intervals. . II WP205 Use with page 39 of Piano.

.... .. Half rest Rest 2 beats.... . .. Fill in the first two whole rests. 0* •• 89.. . ~ . Trace the first two quarter rests... WP205 Use with page 40 of Piano... f) ~ (J ... --or whole measure. J. ) Quarter rest Rest 1beat.1 tJ -6 _.. . sr ~ ~'_V ....1. . Draw whole rests in this melody to complete the LI_ ~ .Rest 4 beats.. .... fl Draw the half rests sitting on the 3rd line. ~ --. --- . ... . then draw four more. ." 85..... .. ~' v f) ........ then draw four more..t. \.. then draw four more. Draw half rests in this melody to complete the tJ ... 84.. ....~ L J.. ~ ~ ~ 86.. Fill in the first two half rests.._ . "~ '-' fj tJ l/ Draw the whole rests hanging down from the 4th line. fl J correct number of beats in each measure..1.... Whole rest t --._ -- . fl :"\... fl correct number of beats in each measure... . LL .... -. .. Draw quarter rests in this melody to complete the correct number of beats in each measure.29 Rest Signs Rest signs are used in music for silence... 87. . ~. _""._... -6 '--' .... . 88.. Primer Level... -.

---. •• L ': \. .. Play these chords.. fl :.. Draw these C chords and rests in the correct rhythm.c 'A f-p .~ . JJJ I - II . Write the names of the chords on the lines below.. WP205 I 3 1 Use with pages 41-43 of Piano. c E G The bottom note names the chord. fl J "U" .30 The C Chord The C chord is formed from three of the keys in the C position: r-R... Play these broken chords.. Circle the bottom note of each chord... Play them. Solid chords: notes played together.. 92. 5 -- - .. _j.H. f): j II 90. 1 3 5 _ : • • I I - - - ~ ~ - • • .. Primer Level.-. 5 3 1 "" tJ '-.. .c.. ~ " . ~: l Ii 11& .. -?-C JJJ Broken chords: notes played one at a time..' tJ . I II ~: II 11& ! II 91..."' I' J1 -9.

• . ~J • ~ ~ "- ~ ~ "- "'-' < . ':.. . • • ~ ~ - ~ ~ . 3rd... •• ~.. Play the solid chords softer than the broken chords in the music below! Count aloud while you play..I. WP205 . -:. ! 95. r.s I "_._ • r • ~ - ~. .... then from the bottom note to the top note (5th). ~ 5 8 1 1 Ir ~ p 1 '- t. e: • I . • J •• ~ 5 ---.. :::. ----~ ~ "- V -. . Write the names of the intervals in these chords (root.I. ~5th ~3rd . . Root oGO o o o Measure the intervals from the bottom note to the middle note (Srdl. • • r-. • • ."... ~ . 3rd.J fl J 5 8 1 5 ! 8 ~.. ~. 93... • ~• »: I \ t. ~ ~ ~. . and 5th. ~ '" -s .. I .~ t. Play and count the rhythm for these C chords. Primer Level. ':.. • • Use with pages 41-43 of Piano. ~... . -::J.0'. 5th). ft): II Root 3rd 5th 5): II 94.31 The three notes in a chord are root.~ '" "- • ~... ~ ~ "- ~. ~...J " f-p ~J.

R. 6· _. Play and name these notes.."1'L. 1 2 8 4 5 - 5 4 821 96. Primer Level.H.. I .'0 IJ t. Draw quarter notes in the middle C position. _... Write the letter names of these notes to spell words..H. \ r- -- ~ (l. .- r- - --::J ~ fo""" r- - 6' fT WP205 Use with pages 44-45 of Piano. Play and name these notes in the middle C position. c _~lJ D E F G •• \~------------------------------------~------------------------------~ F A B c G Note-Spelling Fun! 97.J -6 ~ t~ '7 '" .32 Middle C Position To play in the middle C position} place both thumbs on middle C. I II . ~ ~ .

- • • I..J 11 "T . fl Happily 1 J 6.. Clap and count the following rhythm. • ...ry now.. - Hur ... 2 4 Count: 1and 2 and or: two eighths quar-ter n II 100. ---- -. Primer Level. Use either of the counting systems shown on this page. . Add a beam to these pairs of notes to form two eighth notes... /" f P1.... 24 n 111 til til 1 and 2 and r t:J I :11 1 and 2 and 99. At School ~ . In to school. _. Beam nu LJ Beam 98. don't let's work hard and lilt . .. here we go. - <. '-. . play! ~ II- • WP205 • Use with oeses 46-47 of Piano. rr Eighth notes may be counted with numbers by saying "and" after the number... ev -'ry day. _. Off 2..33 Two Eighth Notes Two eighth notes equal one quarter note... Play this music and count aloud.. our class •_.' "" tJ . They are connected with a beam.•• (") 6J 11 T - - 2 - J - ~ • be then slow..

. ~ . .... Draw a sharp before each note with a # sign over it. draw two heavy lines across.. . .. Draw a sharp before each note.. Play and name these notes. Play and name these notes.J tJ l. '" P --• ~ ~ I I t'J ~ ~ "t'Ji - _".~ II I I ~ '~---- _l .L.34 Sharp Sign The sharp sign before a note means to play the next key to the right. Trace the first two sharp signs. =#= 102. ~.~ 4~ 103.'" "-'. ~ ~ I"- ~ I WP205 Use with pages 48-51 of Piano. fl r ~ J " "'--tJ L ~ J I " ... ~ 11 I ... •• . . 101. Next. then draw four more First draw two lines down.... Primer Level. "t··I·· The "square" in the middle of the sharp is placed on a line + or in a space.

35 104. WP205 .. 105. Draw these sharps on the staff. Use with pages 48-51 of Piano. Write the names of these sharp keys. Play them. Play and name them. Draw a sharp before each note with a # sign over or under it. Play and name these notes. Primer Level. . 106. fJ .~ II G# (white key sharp) E# :1: I I I (also C#) (also F#) I The sharp sign lasts for the whole measure.

Play them.....H. I· J \ - - - ..r-"" - - 109.H..r-"" -.- - I 1 I .- . "" ~ < J. . --. .. •• •• .... v '" 1\ C D 4 tJ \ '" . . 'J A ....... -.- .-- - - - . Draw quarter notes in the G position. ~ fl ~ ("l ... •• ~ G A B c D 108.r-"" - T .- "... .... I ~ ... . -- WP205 Use with pages 52-55 of Piano... -~ . -' I· ~ A n T ...1 I I I I I L.... ~ " ... ... Primer Level.. .. Write the names of these melodic intervals..... G A B 107..fl • ..- - r-"" . Write the names of these harmonic intervals.36 GPosition R... - ---~ -.....- . Play them. ..5 I Play and name these notes .. r~ ~ ~ < ~ fl .

. / / / /' " /" 37 JJ / / / / / .- - ~ -.r I. Play these staccato notes. . I II I 1 I ( " t ~.- I I p I· - - ~ ~ -!II""" -../' / . .- - . A dot goes under the note if the stem is up. . Draw dots over or under these G chords. A dot goes over the note if the stem is down. Play these staccato notes. Draw dots over or under these harmonic intervals.. Play these staccato chords..-../' () .Staccato Notes Staccato notes have a dot over or under them./ / / / .- . Play staccato notes short and separated.• 1 ~ f ../' /' (J ~>/---~' 110../ . Primer Level. p Use with pages 56-57 of Piano.- 111. WP205 . • • 112. J \ ~ -• . . Draw dots over or under these notes.. d I .

. . Trace the first two flat signs) then draw four more... I I . .38 Flat Sign The flat sign before a note means to play the next key to the left. 113. P9 . ± 114.I" r__. P- ~ I 1 - -- \ I .I" -~ 115.-r WP205 Use with pages 58-61 of Piano..- .~ ~ ~ "J fJ . ..6it. - - .. J ~ It) I L.. First draw a straight line down. I .. ~.. ... _-j. ...J I ~ l~ Pi __ . ~ -.. Draw a flat before each note with a ~sign over or under it.. •• I "t.. ~ -I"".'" -. J fl . '-' -.. p I I . . . N ext) draw a heavy curved line... . Draw a flat before each note. Play and name these notes. ~ \ ~. Primer Level. Play and name these notes...t.. The "round" part of the flat is placed on aline or in a space.......

Draw these flats on the staff. Play them.39 116.) 118. Play and name them.""V tJ " h v f1: I D~ I I I (also A'-) The flat sign lasts for the whole measure. Play and name these notes. Draw a flat before each note with a ~ sign over or under it.1. Write the names of these flat keys. Use with pages 58-61 of Piano. (also (. WP205 . II . 117. Primer Level. () ~ B~ I Jt .

. 16. n 0 J Game 2 half note quarter note two eighth notes whole note treble clef sign 4 beats to each measure bass clef sign 3 beats to each measure grand staff 2 beats to each measure repeat sign double bar bar lines 1. Gamel 1. 6. ~ F?I I 12. . 4. 5.J 14. 9. 13.. 11.. 3.H. quarter rest 2: (i11 . 2. Primer Level.J 15. 8.. 9: ~ lo·le 11. 13.JJI f):frrrri G position (R. 2 7. 3. 3rd 2nd 5th 4th ~ 2. . 4.~ 6. P *JJrrrl f WP205 Use with pages 62-63 of Piano... 14. 4 8. • i • loud soft staccato notes 15. ~ tie half rest slur whole rest Gchord 7. middle C position (L. C position (R.J 16. 9. 2: ~ -e- e I J t 3 4 9: -aII 5.. 10. # ~ *lU.H.40 Matching Games Write the number in front of the correct term.H... II :11 1: U ~ sharp sign C chord flat sign 12.