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Surveying Info]

Surveying Info]

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Published by Jackie Arul

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Published by: Jackie Arul on Oct 25, 2011
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01/09/2014

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Surveying

For landscape construction

The tools
Level or transit Tripod Rod, decimal or inches and feet Steel tape Clip board Pins Marker paint

Surveying
Level the level
Focus knob scope Adjusting knobs for scope Base plate Moveable Plate/degrees Leveling bubble

legs

roughly level Align scope over adjusting knobs Turn knobs until bubble is centered All feet must touch base plate Rotate scope 90 degrees of other knobs .Surveying Attach legs to scope assembly Extend legs Set legs in ground.

. the bubble screws have been tampered with.Surveying Adjust knobs until bubble is centered Repeat as needed. until bubble stays centered If it doesn’t work.

Surveying tampered screws If this has happened. set up the same way Align scope over one set of knobs Alternatively adjust screws half way and knobs half way Rotate scope 180 degrees and repeat until bubble stays centered .

06 3.08 .07 .94’ 4 9 9 tenths of a foot Numbers not printed on stick Red four is four foot mark.Surveying decimal rod View through scope Each b/w bar is 1/100 of a foot 4 .09 .05 . black numbers are 10’ths of foot .

Surveying inches and feet rod View through scope Each b/w bar is 1/8 inch 4 7/8 3/4 5/8 1/2 4 11 3’11 ¼” Red four is four foot mark. black numbers are inches .

Surveying 90 degree angles Rod. plumbed over pin Top view Set adjustable plate to “zero”. rotate 90 degrees .

Surveying 90 degree angles Scope plumbed over pin Top view Set adjustable plate to “zero”. rotate 90 degrees Sighted on one plane Swing 90 degrees New sighting .

Surveying height Height of instrument 4.43’ .

54’ 4.68 inches =10 5/8” .89 feet x 12=10.Surveying height Height of step 3.54’=.43’-3.

Surveying height with feet & inches rod Door sill reading =3’ 3 ½” + Decking 1 ½” + Joist 9 ¼” + Beam 9 ¼” + New reading Height of post At 4’ 11 ½” Cut off .

56’ .Surveying height. decimal feet Height of instrument= 4.

56’-.81’ height of hill .Surveying height.75’=3.75’ 4. decimal feet Rod reading .

Surveying height. feet & inches Height of instrument= 4’ 3-1/2” .

decimal feet Rod reading 7 1/2” 4’3 ½”-7 ½”= height of hill Height of hill is 3’ 8” .Surveying height.

86’ 8.24’=7.24’ 8.62’ difference Read.Surveying height fore sight 1. read .86’-1. then move rod to new location.

then move rod to new location.rotate scope and read .75’ Fs 2.21’ Bs 5.Surveying height fs 1.42’ Hi 4.41 Fs 3.23’ tp1 bs 6.45 Tp 2 Read.

72 same Add Fs.75 5. add Bs.41 .86=9.21 3 3.589.23 6.58-6.86 16.42 4.21 5.42 3. find difference= Total difference in elevation .99 Totals 6.Surveying notes Tp Fs Bs Dif 1 1.72 16.52 2 2.

rotate 180 degrees Take new reading Add fs. find difference . add bs.Surveying notes Tp = turning point Fs= fore sight Bs= back sight You must set up transit at each tp Take reading.

Surveying notes To double check yourself Find difference between each fs & bs Add up all differences Compare with other method If they are not the same There is a math error .

Topography Lay out a grid using baselines at 900 Mark base lines at 20’ intervals Mark intersecting points Take readings at each intersection .

I. all 7’s All 8’s.66 . all 9’s etc. connect The like points.32 5.72 7.87 Once you have located all The topo points.e. 5.Topography Locating topo lines 7.

87-6.72=1.87 Find the difference between two adjacent points 7.00) 7.15=.Topography Locating topo lines 6.00 point 7.00-6.8 ft mark= 7.24% from the 6.28….15 feet We want to locate the even foot mark(7.62 reading point .62 .8 feet from The 6.28/1.72 4.72=.24% of 20 feet (grid distance)=4.

Topography Is X a hole or hill? 7 8 9 X .

The #’s are elevations 7’ 8’ 9’ X .Topography It’s a hill.

topography The grids and elevations can change If the area is large as in square miles The elevations may be 50 or 100’ The grids may be in square miles In small areas the scale might be 1’ elevations and 10’ grids. .

topography There are computer programs that will plot for you but you must still measure and enter values .

Surveying A dumpy level or transit can be used to. Level construction projects Check plumb Square up projects Determine deck post cut off Check drain grade Many other uses .

Surveying .

....5.566.  .4.92    .6360.

964 ' 9. .      964.15765.   6.50  .. 911:.

7 :.636933     .'6769.

93.7 .:.65:     .33 ':..'6769.

:.943: 5:4.5 ..9.7 '91:.:3..5191: .65:.50.513.34..:0.9./5:8./69 '91:4..33.9.6769.:5:8.65:0.943: '3.65:4../ 3.

:.33 736.90647.515.7 '9.4:.334.64:.6769..:9 .696/.3: ..97969..9.

0.5:.5/:1.9:: .657960.94510276:.&95 1473369.: .6 3065:.1 .56.59.0.90.977960.6 0219.9.: 02734/ &8.

&95 .

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