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percentages range from 18%-23% in men and 25%-30% in women. Men

with body fat percentage greater than 25% and women with a body fat

percentage greater than 3% are considered obese. Obesity occurs when

intake of calories exceeds the daily caloric requirement. The National

Institute of Health (NIH) classifies obesity as a chronic disease, which

requires a lifelong effort.

methods. These methods include body density using underwater body

weight, dual x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), measuring skin-fold thickness,

computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The

DEXA test and weighing an individual underwater are most accurate

methods, although they can be expensive, time consuming and are not

always practical.

The two most common methods for measuring a person’s excess body

fat are “weight-for-height” tables and body mass index (BMI)

measurement. The weight-for-height tables provide a range of

acceptable weights for a person of a given height. There are many

versions of these tables with different weight ranges, which limit their

use. Because of variability of these tables, BMI has become the

measurement of choice for many doctors and researchers. BMI is

calculated using a mathematical formula that accounts for a person’s

height and weight. BMI is equal to a person’s weight in kilograms (kg)

divided by height in meters squared (BMI=kg/m²).

For both men and women, normal BMI is between 20 and 24.9.

Student Height(m) Weight(kg)

1 1.73 43

2 1.77 54

3 1.62 50

4 1.58 45

5 1.65 48

6 1.78 50

7 1.60 50

8 1.63 53

9 1.68 44

10 1.75 85

11 1.69 75

12 1.58 35

13 1.76 57

14 1.74 73

15 1.68 50

16 1.55 44

17 1.62 38

18 1.62 46

19 1.6 49

20 1.69 53

21 1.6 58

22 1.67 43

23 1.69 56

24 1.71 68

25 1.71 56

26 1.75 50

27 1.68 52

28 1.65 54

29 1.55 50

30 1.7 52

31 1.68 70

32 1.63 45

33 1.65 50

34 1.88 75

35 1.72 54

36 1.59 41

37 1.6 47

38 1.52 45

39 1.58 52

40 1.74 62

41 1.75 50

42 1.71 49

43 1.58 45

44 1.67 50

45 1.7 75

46

Weight 1.72 Frequency 54

35-44 6

47 1.88 75

45-54 28

55-64

48 1.72 6 70

65-74 4

49

75-84 1.76 4 60

85-94

50 1.86 1 104

95-104 1

3 statistical graphs:

Histogram

Polygon

Frequency

30

25

20

t

n 15

e Frequency

d

u

tS

10

0

35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75-84 85-94 95-104

Weight(kg)

Bar Chart

, cy, χ Frequency, e Boundary

(kg) ƒ ƒχ Frequency

35-44 6 39.5 237 6 44.5

45-54 28 49.5 1386 34 54.5

55-64 6 59.5 357 40 64.5

65-74 4 69.5 278 44 74.5

75-84 4 79.5 318 48 84.5

85-94 1 89.5 89.5 49 94.5

95-104 1 99.5 99.5 50 104.5

Total frequency

= Σƒχ

Σƒ

= 237+1386+357+278+318+89.5+99.5

6+28+6+4+4+1+1

= 2765

50

= 55.3kg

fм

= 44.5 + 50/2-6 x 10

28

= 44.55 + 6.79

= 51.29kg

the value in a set of data are taken into consideration while

calculating the mean. Mean is also suitable representing data

which are evenly distributed.

median eliminates the effects of extreme values in the set of

data.

number of values which take only some specific values and

many repeated values.

tendency.

Standard deviation

n Σχ Σχ² Standard

deviation

50 55.3 27.65 161722 13.28

35-44 6 39.5 237 936105

45-54 28 49.5 1386 68607

55-64 6 59.5 357 21241.5

65-74 4 69.5 278 19321

75-84 4 79.5 318 25281

85-94 1 89.5 89.5 8010.25

95-104 1 99.5 99.5 9900.25

Σƒ = 50 Σƒχ = 2765 Σƒχ² =

161722

Mean, = 55.3kg

σ ² = Σƒχ² - (Σƒχ)²

Σƒ

= 161722/50-(2765/50)²

= 176.35kg

σ = 176.51/2

=13.28kg

ƒ

35-44 6 39.5 249.64 1497.84

45-54 28 49.5 33.64 941.92

55-64 6 59.5 17.64 105.84

65-74 4 69.5 201.64 806.56

75-84 4 79.5 585.64 2342.56

85-94 1 89.5 1169.64 1169.64

95-104 1 99.5 1953.64 1953.64

Σƒ = 50 Σ( χ - )² Σƒ( χ - )²

= 4211.48 = 8818

= 55.3kg

σ² = Σƒ( χ - )²

Σƒ

= 8818

50

= 176.36kg

σ = 176.361/2

= 13.28kg

D) Conclusion:

The value of the standard deviation σ = 13.28kg indicates that there is a

wide dispersion from the value of mean obtained.

1 1.73 43 14.37

2 1.77 54 17.24

3 1.62 50 19.05

4 1.58 45 18.03

5 1.65 48 17.63

6 1.78 50 15.78

7 1.60 50 19.53

8 1.63 53 19.95

9 1.68 44 15.59

10 1.75 85 27.76

11 1.69 75 26.26

12 1.58 35 14.02

13 1.76 57 18.4

14 1.74 73 24.11

15 1.68 50 17.72

16 1.55 44 18.31

17 1.62 38 14.48

18 1.62 46 19.53

19 1.60 49 19.14

20 1.69 53 18.56

21 1.60 48 18.75

22 1.67 43 15.75

23 1.69 56 19.6

24 1.71 68 23.26

25 1.71 56 19.15

26 1.75 50 16.31

27 1.68 52 18.42

28 1.65 54 19.83

29 1.55 50 20.81

30 1.70 52 18

31 1.68 70 24.8

32 1.63 45 16.93

33 1.64 50 18.37

34 1.88 75 21.22

35 1.72 54 17.84

36 1.59 41 16.22

37 1.60 47 18.36

38 1.52 45 19.48

39 1.58 52 20.83

40 1.74 62 20.48

41 1.75 50 16.33

42 1.71 49 16.76

43 1.58 45 18.03

44 1.67 50 17.93

45 1.70 75 25.95

46 1.72 54 18.25

47 1.88 75 21.22

48 1.72 70 23.66

49 1.76 60 19.37

50 1.88 104 30.06

From the investigate and the report made, the problems of obesity

must be persevere since obesity cause not only physical change but also

endanger the life of the person. In order to prevent obesity, diet control

is very important. Have a balanced diet everyday for enough nutrition

and energy especially for those who undergone adolescence. Eat more

fruit and vegetables to gain enough vitamins and fibre, taken enough

amount protein and carbohydrate from meat and rice and also noodle.

Prevent from drinking too much carbonate drink since it contains a lot of

sugar that might cause obesity. We also prevent from taking too much

junk food since there are no nutrition.

twice or three times in a week for a healthy body. Not only sit on the sofa

but taking a walk after dinner or lunch to improve digestion of food

inside the stomach.

BMI Frequency Cumulative Upper boundary

frequency

6-10 0 0 10.5

11-15 3 3 15.5

16-20 34 37 20.5

21-25 9 46 25.5

26-30 3 49 30.5

31-35 1 50 35.5

From the ogive above, it shows that

Σƒ

= 965.43

50

= 19.3

• Most of the student are not obese but underweight or normal

weight.

obesity must be dealt with the right measures since obesity can cause

not only physical change but also endangers the life of the person.

Therefore, everyone must work together to overcome this crucial

problem. As student, we must play our respective role too.

Having a daily balanced diet, especially for those who are undergoing

adolescence, is a positive step towards a healthy lifestyle. Avoid drinking

too much carbonated drinks since they contain lots of sugar that might

cause obesity. We should also avoid eating too much junk food since they

are not nutritious.

Moreover, we must exercise regularly. Exercising twice or three

times a week will lead to a healthy body. We should take a walk after

dinner or lunch to improve digestion of the food inside our stomach.

Swimming is also a much-recommended exercise for obese people as it

takes away much pressure from the feet.

proper medical advice from qualified dieticians. These dieticians will be

able to recommend the most appropriate and safest diet for each

individual to lose weight. After all, doctors know best.

lightly as it can be life-threatening. As student, we should show our full

support to help make the “ Obesity Awareness Campaign ” a success.

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