COMPUTER NETWORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS (WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT

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THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN NETWORKS AND COMMUNICATIONS

NAME: Kamil Hakimi bin Kamal Azam CLASS: 5 Utarid I.C. No: 941225-01-6359 SCHOOL: SMK Saujana Utama TEACHER: Pn. Nurul Afifa

a study of computer networks branches into many areas as we go up from fundamentals to the advanced levels. such as a personal computer in the network.0 INTRODUCTION The purpose of a computer communications network is to allow moving information from one point to another inside the network. the computer network has evolved into a highly complex system. or could be generated by a process on another piece of information. It is practically impossible for a single area of science or engineering to be entirely responsible for the design of all the components. such as automatic sales transactions at the end of a business day. The information could be stored on a device. Therefore. and due to the fact that each type of information has its own conditions for intelligibility. Due to a large variety of information to be moved. The device does not necessarily have to be a computer. Specialized knowledge from many areas of science and engineering goes into the design of networks. .1. it could be a hard disk. such as speech. a camera or even a printer on the network. it could be generated live outside the network.

4mm. It also uses the Nokia Battery BP-4L that is about 1500 mA h.7 Million / 24-bit colour) and the video format is MPEG-4 VGA and capture videos at 640 x 480 resolution at 30 frames per second. Mobile computing implies wireless transmissions.0 for the use of Data Transfer.1 DEFINITION The meaning of mobile computing is by using a computing device while in transit. .11 background with UPnP support. The display has 3. Bluetooth 2.2. The picture format used in S60 5th Edition is JPEG/EXIF (16. A-GPS and Internet browsing. 2.5-inch TFT and produces 16 million colours.0 MOBILE COMPUTING 2. SERVICES The S60 5th Edition’s services include the WLAN IEEE 802. It also has TV-Out Support. The memory is up to about 48GB which the Internal Memory is 32GB and 16GB for the Micro SD Expansion Slot. radio systems and lasers to transmit between permanent objects such as buildings and towers. AND FREQUENCIES OF MOBILE COMPUTING SPECIFICATION The S60 5th Edition shares a lot of greatness in technology. This technology uses the Dual LED Camera for flash. SERVICES. FREQUENCIES The frequencies of S60 5th Edition are up to 2G Network GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 and 3G Network HSDPA 900 / 1900 / 2100. Micro USB Connector and the 3. but it does not necessarily imply the mobile computing. Fixed wireless applications use satellites.2 SPECIFICATION. The display resolution is 640 x 360 pixels and it has the aspect ratio of 16:9 widescreen mHD.5 mm stereo headphone plug. The camera aperture is about F2. S60 5th Edition’s main camera uses the Carl Zeiss Tessar Lens and is about 5 Megapixels (2584 x 1938).8 and the focal length is 5.

0 INTERNET TECHNOLOGY AND SERVICES 3. Other terms frequently ecountered and synonymous with VoIP are IP telephony. 4. VoIP are also used in online computer games as well. Examples of blogging websites are Wordpress.1 PAN . Coolblog and Blogger.0 TYPES OF NETWORK 4. Internet telephony. voice over broadband (VoBB). and not by the content published inside it.1 VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a general term for a family of transmission technologies for delivery of voice communications over IP (Internet Protocol) networks such as the Internet or other packet-switched networks. 3. like a forum or a social bookmarking site. broadband telephony and broadband phone.2 BLOG A blog is basically a type o website. As such it is define by the technical aspects and features around it.3.

The technology provides up to 3 Mbit/s broadband speed without the need for cables.16 standard (also called Broadband Wireless Access). . 4. meaning Worldwide Interoperablility for Microwave Access. The forum describes WiMAX as "a standards-based technology enabling the delivery of last mile wireless broadband access as an alternative to cable and DSL". The name “WiMAX” was created by the WiMAX Forum. which was formed in June 2001 to promote conformity and interoperability of the standard. or for connecting to a higher level network and the internet. The technology is based on the IEEE 802.A Personal Area Network (PAN) is a computer network use for communication among computer devices (including telephones and personal digital assistants) close to one’s person. 4. Personal Area Networks may be wired with computer buses such as USB and FireWire.3 WLAN A wireless LAN (WLAN) is a wireless local area network that links two or more computers or devices using spread-spectrum or OFDM modulation technology based to enable communication between devices in a limited area. PANs can be used for communication among the personal devices themselves (intrapersonal communication). The reach of a PAN is typically a few metres. to provide remote offices or individual users with secure access to their organization’s network.3 WIMAX WiMAX.0 CONCLUSION We can conclude the fact that the computer networks and communication makes our life easier to communicate with each other and the world using the computer. The goal of a VPN is to provide the organization with the same capabilities but at a much lower cost.2 VPN A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a network that uses a public telecommunication infrastructure. from point-to-multipoint links to portable and fully mobile internet access. A virtual private network can be contrasted with an expensive system of owned or leased lines that can only be used by one organization. 5. The devices may or may not belong to the person in question. 4. is a telecommunications technology that provides the wireless transmission of data using a variety of transmission modes. This gives users the mobility to move around within a broad coverage area and still be connected to the network. such as the Internet.

org/wiki/WiMAX http://en.REFERENCE http://www.gsmarena.org/wiki/Wireless_LAN http://en.com/content/k352871185136267/fulltext.wikipedia.php http://en.pdf?page=1 http://www.springerlink.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_area_network http://en.org/wiki/Virtual_private_network .wikipedia.com/nokia_n97-2615.wikipedia.

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