PIP_STD_STS05130 Struct Erection 2-2002 | Screw | Specification (Technical Standard)


February 2002

Process Industry Practices Structural

PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification

PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities. or standards organizations. contractors. PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice. To the extent these Practices or guidelines should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations. Construction Industry Institute. such laws or regulations must be followed. Changes. individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take precedence over this Practice. overlays. 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500). The University of Texas at Austin. Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice for their internal use. Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www. By harmonizing these technical requirements into a single set of Practices. While this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users. reaffirmed. Austin. or modifications of any kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written authorization of PIP. Printing History November 1994 December 1998 Issued Revision February 2002 Technical Correction Not printed with State funds . this Practice has been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major industrial users. addenda. This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and will be reviewed every 5 years. The use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. or withdrawn. All Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and regulations including OSHA requirements.org. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice. administrative. application. and engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced.pip. This Practice will be revised. Other brands having the same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. © Process Industry Practices (PIP).

....... 3 3.........................1 Quality Control........................2 Scope................... 2 2......... 8 6.............. Inspection............ 7 6... 6 6..2 Submittals . Products and Materials . 4 5....2 Industry Codes and Standards........11 Shear Connectors.......10 Metal Decking for Floors and Roofs .....................................9 Floor Plate and Grating .............. 2 1........................................................3 Government Regulations....................... 2 1...... 7 6......................5 Bolted Connections .....1 Process Industry Practices....................................3 Performance Requirements ....... and Storage ................... 2 2.......................................................................................... Definitions ................ 2 2................ 8 6.........3 Structural Stability.................2 Erection .............................. 3 4..4 Setting Base Plates .. 9 6......... Introduction .... 9 6... General ...... 5 Process Industry Practices Page 1 of 9 ......1 Receiving..................... 9 6.... 9 2.............. 6 6.....12 Coating Repairs.....1 Purpose .............. 6 6. 9 6....TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 Process Industry Practices Structural PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification Table of Contents 1................. 3 4..... Execution ........ 4 4.......................................... 2 6.........6 Welded Connections ....................... 3 4..................................................... References........7 Correction of Errors ........................... 7 6....................8 Steel Joists .......

or other contract documents shall be brought to the attention of the buyer for resolution.Fabrication of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification 2. Any conflicts or inconsistencies between this Practice. the latest edition of the following codes. 30 Page 2 of 9 Process Industry Practices . erection.2 Industry Codes and Standards • American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) – AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges – AISC Manual of Steel Construction.1 .Cementitious Grout Specification – PIP STS03601 .PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 1.Steel Steel Deck Institute (SDI) – SDI Design Manual for Composite Decks.2 Scope This Practice describes the requirements for the receipt. erection drawings.1 Purpose This Process Industry Practice (Practice) provides the structural steel erector with a specification of steel erection requirements for the process industry. Allowable Stress Design (ASD) – AISC Manual of Steel Construction. assembly. standards. specifications. Introduction 1.Safety Requirements American Welding Society (AWS) – AWS D1. and field inspection of structural and miscellaneous steel.Epoxy Grout Specification – PIP STS05120 . Short titles will be used herein when appropriate. Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) – AISC Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts • • • American National Standards Institute (ANSI) – ANSI A10. shop drawings. 2. and references in effect on the date of contract award shall be used.1 Process Industry Practices (PIP) – PIP STS03600 .Steel Erection . 2. except as otherwise noted. handling. References When adopted in this Practice or in the contract documents.13 . 1. Form Decks and Roof Decks – No.Structural Welding Code .

either by incorporation or reference. and made part of the legal contract agreement or purchase order between the buyer and the erector engineer of record: The buyer’s authorized representative with overall authority and responsibility for the structural design erector: The party that is responsible for the erection of the structural and miscellaneous steel. General 4.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) – OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910 – OSHA 29 CFR Part 1926 3. The buyer may be the owner or the owner’s authorized agent. Definitions buyer: The party that awards the contract to the erector.1 4. Unless otherwise noted.1. and workmanship. buyer’s inspector: The authorized representative of the buyer with authority to act in the interest of.1. the term erector shall apply also to the erector’s subcontractor(s) and/or vendor(s).1. Department of Labor.1 Quality Control 4. installations.3 Steel Joist Institute (SJI) – SJI Standard Specifications and Load Tables Government Regulations • U. installations. erector’s inspector: The authorized representative of the erector with responsibility for the quality control of all materials.1. All welding procedures and individual welders shall be qualified in accordance with the requirements of AWS D1. the buyer in all quality assurance matters contract documents: Any and all documents that the buyer has transmitted or otherwise communicated.3 Process Industry Practices Page 3 of 9 . and on behalf of. and workmanship furnished by the erector and any of the erector’s subcontractors or vendors owner: The owner of the proposed structure 4.TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification • 2. The erector shall have a written Quality Control Program and Inspection Procedures document that shall provide details of how compliance with the requirements of this Practice and the shop and erection drawings shall be achieved.2 The erector shall be solely responsible for the quality control of all the erector-supplied materials. 4. The erector shall maintain a complete up-to-date set of erection drawings at the jobsite.

installations. defective.7 4.1. and scaffolds as requested by the buyer’s inspector. AISC Manual of Steel Page 4 of 9 Process Industry Practices .1.1.2 If requested by the buyer. Any rejected materials. AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges.3. Inspection tools and tool calibration records for tools used by the erector shall be maintained and available for examination by the buyer’s inspector.2 Submittals 4.1. and workmanship of the erector to ensure conformance with all requirements of this Practice and the contract documents. Assembly lift plan(s) as required by OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R.1.8 4.5 All welding inspectors shall be qualified and certified as AWS Certified Welding Inspectors in accordance with the requirements of AWS D1. Quality control program and inspection procedures c. 4. Safety program b.3. Welder(s) qualification records f. the erector shall submit the following documents to the buyer for recording purposes: a.1.1 Safety 4.6 4.9 4. The safety program shall comply with the requirements of the contract documents. Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) d. installations.3 Performance Requirements 4. Quality control inspections and test results b. The buyer’s inspector may reject any improper. ladders. The buyer’s inspector shall have the right to inspect all materials.1 The erector shall submit the following documents to the buyer for review before the start of erection: a.2. and workmanship shall be repaired or replaced by the erector in accordance with the buyer’s instructions at no cost to the buyer. installations.1 The safety program shall address the safety measures that the erector shall use during steel erection work.4 4. and workmanship supplied by the erector and shall have an unrestricted right of access to the erector’s work areas. Procedure Qualification Records (PQR) e. Calibration or recalibration performed on the tools or equipment used by the erector during the work 4.PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 4. AISC Manual of Steel Construction (ASD). or unsuitable materials. and workmanship of the erector. The erector shall provide all inspection tools and shall provide inspection access facilities such as platforms. inferior.2. The erector’s inspector shall inspect all materials.1. installations. 4.1.

Lifting plans and hoisting procedures 4. state. and any other applicable federal. as well as appropriate records to document compliance. 5.1 A written assembly lift plan shall be prepared for assemblies larger than 50 feet (15 meters) in one direction. The assembly lift plan shall demonstrate that the proposed lift shall be performed safely and that the assemblies being lifted will remain free from distortion or undue bending.3.2. Fall prevention b. Process Industry Practices Page 5 of 9 . unless otherwise specified by the contract documents.2. 4. Hole covers and opening barriers d.3. Access control to incomplete areas of erection e.2.3 Review of the assembly lift plan by the buyer does not relieve the erector of responsibility required for the safe erection and/or lifting of any component.3. Products and Materials All materials supplied by the erector shall conform to PIP STS05120. applicable portions of OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910 and Part 1926. larger than 2. greater than 50 tons. or any other item under the control of the erector.2 The assembly lift plan shall contain detailed data on the extent of the lifted assembly.2 Assembly Lift Plan The erector is responsible for assuring that all preassemblies that are not specifically shown or noted on the design drawings to be preassembled before lifting will maintain structural integrity during lifting. verification of the capacity capabilities for any cranes utilized in the lift. location and positioning of the cranes. and will maintain structural integrity during the lift. or local requirements.3. and a description of the rigging to be utilized. structural assembly.3. 4. At a minimum.TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification Construction (LFRD).000 square feet (186 square meters) in the plan area. the structural calculations that prove structural stability of the assembled components during lifting operations.1. or when required by the contract documents. its weights.2 The erector’s safety program shall provide a detailed description of how the erector will prevent injury to all personnel affected by the erector’s operations. The safety program shall include an effective system for initial orientation and education in safety and accident prevention. 4. the safety program shall place particular emphasis on the following aspects: a. Ground-level preassembly to minimize elevated erection c. 4.

2. or documentation are missing or otherwise defective. the joist manufacturer. performance. stored. bolt buckles. 6. 6. OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910 and Part 1926. Any damage caused during erection shall be reported to the buyer. all materials shall be inspected by the erector immediately after receipt to ensure that the materials are not damaged. The erector shall be responsible for securing all equipment and materials within the erector’s care. the construction industry safety standards that regulate steel erection. Loose timbers. incorrectly fabricated steel members. and control during the erection operation. 6. and Storage 6.* and any applicable state.1. tools.2 Erection 6. debris. Execution 6. or any parts.2 Any circumstances discovered by the erector that affect progression. the AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges. Erection of steel joists shall conform to the requirements of the Steel Joist Institute (SJI). that all items on the packing list have been supplied. Inspection.6 Page 6 of 9 Process Industry Practices . *Note: OSHA has made a major revision of OSHA 1926 Subpart R.5 6. damage. and other foreign matter.2 6. custody. Unless otherwise required by the buyer. and OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R.PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 6. AISC Manual of Steel Construction (ASD). and temporary scaffolding shall be kept restrained or removed from work areas. metal sheeting. or completion of the erector’s work activities such as discrepancies between the erection/shop drawings and the delivered steel members. This revision enhances protection provided to workers engaged in steel erection and updates the general provisions that address steel erection. custody. and that all documentation has been received.1 All materials designated for the care. or incomplete or unacceptable work of other contractors affecting the erector’s work shall be immediately reported to the buyer in writing.1. If any damage is discovered.2.2. and control of the erector shall be received.2. Temporary erection loads or permanent loads shall not be placed on any incomplete portions of the structure being erected unless the erector can demonstrate by analysis that the contemplated action is safe.1.4 6. grease. municipal.3 6. unloaded.1 Receiving. deterioration. and otherwise handled in a manner that prevents distortion. components. AISC Manual of Steel Construction (LRFD). Corrective measures shall be completed as directed by the buyer at no cost to the buyer. or local regulations or codes. Materials shall be kept free of dirt.1 Erection shall be in accordance with the drawings and other contract documents. or staining. the occurrence shall be immediately reported to the buyer in writing.

elevations. 6.3 6. 6. methods of installation. Anchor bolts shall be fully tightened to the specified tension only after the base plates have been grouted. tension control. The structure shall be plumbed.7 The erector shall maintain the job site in a clean and safe condition at all times and shall properly dispose of. of all material erected.4.1 The erector shall. elevation.11 Erection of steel deck shall conform to the requirements of the Steel Deck Institute (SDI). direct tension indicator washers shall be installed according to the manufacturer’s published specifications.5. This responsibility shall also extend to temporary bracing required to ensure safe and stable conditions of partially completed structural assemblies. Grouting of base plates shall be in accordance with PIP STS03600 or PIP STS03601 and other contract documents if this work is included in the erector’s contract. and condition. all crating. types of wrenches to be used. 6.8 6. by piece number.2. anchor bolts shall be tightened to the specified tension.TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification 6. the erector shall check foundations and other connection points to confirm their location.9 6. and inspection methods shall conform to the AISC Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts and the contract documents. waste materials. 6.2 6. they shall be loosened before grouting. and locations as shown on the erection drawings.3 Structural Stability 6. and OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart R. The erector shall keep a daily record. be responsible for the adequacy and installation of any temporary bracing or guy cables required to counteract loadings imposed during erection.2 6.2.3. at all times.5 Bolted Connections 6. If setting nuts are used. Lifting of painted structural members shall be done with a nonabrasive choker.4 Setting Base Plates Process Industry Practices Page 7 of 9 .4.1 The erector shall clean the top of bearing surfaces and the bottom of base plates. Shims or wedges may be used and shall be provided by the erector. orientation. the materials. When required on the drawings. When used. and braced before any final bolted or welded connections are made.1 Where structural joints are made using high-strength bolt assemblies.2.10 Before commencing work.4. and other refuse that has accumulated as a result of the erector’s activities under this Practice. 6. The erector shall set and shim column base plates to correct positions.2. 6. the deck manufacturer. leveled. off the premises.5.

The erector shall color code. gates. erection drawings.4 6.5 All bolts shall be as noted on the shop drawings. Mechanically galvanized bolts and nuts shall not be intermixed with hot-dip galvanized nuts and bolts.1 6. When approved by the engineer of record.5.6. Minimum fillet weld size shall be 3/16 inch (5 mm) for structural welds. etc.5.7 Correction of Errors 6.) to structural steel members. or wedging shall be permitted to correct faulty work unless approved by the engineer of record..2 6. Welds to connection plates embedded in concrete shall be deposited in a sequence that minimizes distortion of the embedment to +1/8 inch (3 mm) of flat or true.3 6. Flame cutting. No packing.3 6. the bolts shall be tightened to a snug-tight condition. 6. the engineer of record shall provide a welding procedure.3 6.5.6. Where ASTM A307 bolt assemblies are used for connecting appurtenances (i. or other contract documents.7 6. die punch. chipping. ASTM A490/A490M bolts and galvanized ASTM A325/A325M bolts shall not be reused.7.5.6. the erector may enlarge standard holes by 1/16 inch (1 mm) when necessary to make connections resulting from minor misfit. Seal welds may be 1/8-inch (3-mm) minimum fillet weld. Drift pins shall not be driven with such a force as to injure adjacent metal areas. handrail assemblies.5 Page 8 of 9 Process Industry Practices .5 Welding shall conform to AWS D1. 6.6 Welded Connections 6.7. The engineer of record’s approval shall be required for filler plate requirements greater than 1/8 inch (3 mm).6. One filler plate up to 1/8-inch (3-mm) thickness may be used as required in spaces between members to be bolted. Enlargement of holes shall be made by reaming or drilling only. Holes in connections that misfit by more than 1/16 inch (1 mm) shall be corrected as directed by the engineer of record.6 6. or otherwise mark the ends of torqued bolts indicating that the bolts have been properly tensioned and are ready for inspection. burning.6. All welds shall be continuous unless the buyer approves alternate procedures. When the contract documents require welding to existing facilities that were constructed before 1963 and/or using steel other than ASTM A36. shimming.4 6.1 Fit-up bolts and drift pins shall not be used to bring improperly fabricated members and parts into place (springing). filling. or drift punching shall not be permitted.PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 6.7.6 6.e. pipe supports.2 6.4 6. Field welding shall not be used except as shown on the shop drawings or erection drawings.6. gouging. 6.

9 Floor Plate and Grating 6.11.1 Floor and roof deck sheets shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions and the contract documents.12 Coating Repairs 6. Use of power-driven or powder-actuated fasteners in the diagonal and bottom chord members of the joists is not permitted.2 All erection damage to shop-applied paint coatings shall be repaired in accordance with the buyer’s coating specification.10.11. 6.2 6.8.8. holes. shall repair all erection damage to hot-dip galvanized coatings. and other contract documents.3 Where damage has occurred to shop-applied coatings on metal decking. and other irregularities.10. the erection/shop drawings.3 6. 6.9. 6.1 Field welding of bolting joists to supporting steel framework shall be in accordance with the SJI specifications for the type of joist used.2 The erector shall repair all sags. 6.8. A minimum of four fasteners per panel shall be used.3 All ceramic insulators shall be removed from the base of the studs after welding. Process Industry Practices Page 9 of 9 . All galvanized bolt assemblies tightened against shop-applied paint shall be painted.10.1 All shear stud attachments shall be welded in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations for welding procedure and welding equipment. deformations.12. 6. 6.2 When two or more stud welding guns are operated from the same power source.11. the erector shall interlock the guns so that only one gun can be operated at a time to ensure that the power source has fully recovered from making one weld before another weld is started. field touch-up shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. 6.12.9. 6. 6.1 All field-cut floor plate or grating openings requiring toe plate protection or banding shall be installed as required on the design drawings or other contract documents. in accordance with PIP STS05120.TECHNICAL CORRECTION February 2002 PIP STS05130 Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel Specification 6.11 Shear Connectors 6.8 Steel Joists 6.1 The erector. The erector shall make no modifications or repairs to steel joists without prior written approval of the engineer of record. The erector shall fasten the grating and floor plate as specified on the design drawings.2 6.10 Metal Decking for Floors and Roofs 6.

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