# Ccpyrlght © MoDcugal Llttell/Hcughtcn Mlfflln Ccmpany. Lesscn 2.

6 - A|gebra 2 Netetak|ng 6u|de 43
9OUR.OTES
2.6
0raw Scatter Plots and
Best Fitting Lines
0oal +&ITLINESTODATAINSCATTERPLOTS
V00AB0LARY
3CATTERPLOT
Posìtìve oorre|atìon
Negatìve oorre|atìon
Uorre|atìon ooeffìoìent
Best-fìttìng |ìne
Fer each scatter µ|et, descr|be the cerre|at|en shewn
and te|| whether the cerre|at|en ceeff|c|ent |s c|esest te
1, 0.5, 0, 0.5, er 1.
a.

b.

3OLUTION
a. 1he soatter p|ot shows a oorre|atìon.
5o, the best estìmate gìven ìs R .
b. 1he soatter p|ot shows a oorre|atìon.
5o, R ìs between and but not too o|ose to eìther
one. 1he best estìmate gìven ìs R .
%XAMPLE %STIMATECORRELATIONCOEFFICIENTS
Lesscn 2.6s!LGEBRA.OTETAKING'UIDE Ccpyrlght © MoDcugal Llttell/Hcughtcn Mlfflln Ccmpany.
9OUR.OTES
!002/8)-!4).'!"%34&)44).',).%
Step 1 \$RAW a of the data.
Step 2 3KETCH the that appears to fo||ow most
o|ose|y the trend gìven by the data poìnts. 1here
shou|d be about as many poìnts the
|ìne as ìt.
Step 2 #HOOSE on the |ìne, and estìmate
the ooordìnates of eaoh poìnt.
Step 4 7RITE an of the |ìne that passes
through the two poìnts from 5tep 3.
4HETABLEBELOWGIVESTHENUMBEROFPEOPLEY whe
atended each ef the f|rst seven feetba|| games X ef the
seasen. Aµµrex|mate the best-f|tt|ng ||ne fer the data.
X 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Y 722 763 772 826 815 857 897
1. ßraw a .
4 6 5 7
650
0
700
750
800
850
900

N
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b
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r

o
f

p
e
o
p
I
e
FootbaII game
2 3 1 0
2. 5ketch the best-fìt |ìne.
3. Cheese two poìnts on the
|ìne. Ior the soatter p|ot
shown, you mìght ohoose
(1, ) and (2, ).
4. Wr|te an equatìon of the |ìne. 1he |ìne that passes
through the two poìnts has a s|ope of:
M
Use the poìnt-s|ope form to wrìte the equatìon.
Y Y
1
M(X X
1
) Po|at-s|ope form
Y Sahst|tate for M, X
1
1
.
Y S|mp||f,.
An approxìmatìon of the best-fìttìng |ìne ìs
Y .
%XAMPLE !PPROXIMATINGABESTFITTINGLINE
OFPOINTSLIEABOVE
YOURLINEOFFITAS
BELOWIT
Ccpyrlght © MoDcugal Llttell/Hcughtcn Mlfflln Ccmpany. Lesscn 2.6 - A|gebra 2 Netetak|ng 6u|de 45
9OUR.OTES
(OMEWORK
5SETHEEQUATIONOFTHELINEOFBESTFITFROM%XAMPLE
TOPREDICTTHENUMBEROFPEOPLETHATWILLATTENDTHE
TENTHFOOTBALLGAME
"ECAUSEYOUAREPREDICTINGTHETENTHGAMESUBSTITUTE
for X ìn the equatìon from Lxamp|e 2.
Y
You oan predìot that peop|e wì|| attend the tenth
footba|| game.
%XAMPLE 5SEALINEOFFITTOMAKEPREDICTIONS
Fer each scatter µ|et (a) te|| whether the data
has POSITIVECORRELATIONNEGATIVECORRELATION er
NOCORRELATION and (b) te|| whether the cerre|at|en
ceeff|c|ent |s c|esest te 1, 0.5, 0, 0.5, er 1.
1.

2.

3. 1he tab|e gìves the average o|ass soore Y on eaoh
ohapter test for the fìrst sìx ohapters X of the
textbook.
X 1 2 3 4 5 6
Y 84 83 86 88 87 90
a. Approxìmate the best-fìttìng |ìne for the data.
b. Use your equatìon from part
4 6 5
82
0
84
86
88
90

A
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Test
2 3 1 0

(a) to predìot the test soore
for the 9th test that the
o|ass wì|| take.
#HECKPOINT Cemµ|ete the fe||ew|ng exerc|ses.