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AIEEE

Test Assessment, Analysis & Solutions
Some students are of the opinion that for AIEEE, practice is everything. At PAGE we recognize that
practice is one of the most important constituents of a good study plan. However, it is not enough to
blindly attempt tests. After every test, one needs to spend time reviewing it. The following charts will
give you a place to start your test review First check the question paper with answer keys to find out
marks scored. Religiously note down the number of questions that you obtained correct, wrong or left
unanswered in various section types. Also make a subjective self-judgment ascertaining the cause of
your performance in the various sections.
Summary performance table.
Physics Chemistry Maths Total
Total number of questions
Questions Attempted
Correct Answers
Wrong Answers
Total Scored
Analysis of wrong questions:
Reasons for wrong questions
(To be filled after you have attempted wrong questions on your own after the test) No. Questions
A. Know the solution / answer for the question but failed
to get it right in the exam: Calculation mistake
B. Know the solution / answer for the question but failed
to get it right in the exam: Applied wrong concept
C. Do not know the concept and couldn’t solve even after exam
Total Number of questions attempted wrong
If score of A &B is high then you need more practice and read questions more carefully. If C is very high you need
to revisit the topic in the textbook.
If the number of easy, average question not attempted by you is high then you need to focus on selection of
questions. In AIEEE you should select questions you can solve fast and leave lengthy and difficult questions.
PAGE
The National Expert in Test Preparation
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F E E
PHYSICS Analysis
Sl.No. UNIT NAME Q. Nos. Correct Wrong
1. UNITS AND MEASUREMENT 42
2. DESCRIPTION OF MOTION IN ONE DIMENSION 9, 53
3. MOTION IN TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS 17, 60
4. LAWS OF MOTION 23, 54, 59
5. WORK, ENERGY & POWER 18
6. ROTATIONAL MOTION & M.I. 10, 13, 55
7. GRAVITATION 2, 26, 40
8. SOLIDS AND FLUIDS 12, 19, 27
9. OSCILLATIONS 1, 11, 58
10. WAVES 29, 48, 57
11. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS 28, 37, 47
12. TRANSFERENCE OF HEAT 43, 50
13. ELECTROSTATICS 14, 39, 49
14. CURRENT ELECTRICITY 15, 24, 41, 52
15. THERMAL & CHEMICAL EFFECTS OF CURRENTS 35, 51
16. MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENTS 7, 16, 32
17. MAGNETOSTATICS 8, 33
18. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION & ALT. CURRENTS 21, 38
19. RAY OPTICS 30, 34, 45
20. WAVE OPTICS 22, 46
21. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 5, 36, 44
22. ELECTRON AND PHOTONS 3, 20, 56
23. ATOMS, MOLECULES & NUCLEI 6, 25
24. SOLIDS & SEMI-CONDUCTORS DEVICES 4, 31
CHEMISTRY Analysis
Sl.No. UNIT NAME Q. Nos. Correct Wrong
1. SOME BASIC CONCEPTS 69
2. STATES OF MATTER 70, 97, 117
3. ATOMIC STRUCTURE 71, 112
4. SOLUTIONS 72, 98, 118
5. CHEMICAL ENERGETICS & THERMODYNAMICS 73, 114
6. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM 74, 99, 116
7. REDOX REACTIONS & ELECTROCHEMISTRY 75, 100, 119
8. RATES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS & CHEMICAL KINETICS 76
9. SURFACE CHEMISTRY 77
10. CHEMICAL FAMILIES – PERIODIC PROPERTIES 78
11. CHEMICAL BONDING & MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 79
12. CHEMISTRY OF NON-METALS – I 80, 104, 115
13. CHEMISTRY OF NON-METALS – II 81
14. CHEMISTRY OF LIGHTER METALS 82, 111, 113
15. HEAVY METALS 83, 110
16. CHEMISTRY OF REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTS 84, 106
17. TRANSITION METALS INCLUDING LANTHANIDES 85
18. COORDINATION CHEMISTRY & ORGANO METALLICS86, 105
19. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 87, 109
20. PURIFICATION & CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS 88, 101
21. SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES 61, 89, 103, 108
22. HYDEROCARBONS 62, 90
23. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS 63, 91
24. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN 64, 92, 102, 120
25. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN 65, 93
26. SYNTHETIC & NATURAL POLYMERS 66, 64
27. BIO MOLECULES & BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES 67, 95, 107
28. CHEMISTRY IN ACTION 68, 96
29. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY ---
MATHEMATICS Analysis
Sl.No. UNIT NAME Q. Nos. Correct Wrong
1. SETS, RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS 122, 128, 157, 168
2. COMPLEX NUMBERS 121, 134, 167
3. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS 127, 172
4. QUADRATIC EQUATIONS 151, 165
5. PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS 131, 132, 133
6. MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION & ITS APPLICATIONS 123
7. BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS APPLICATIONS 169, 170
8. SEQUENCES AND SERIES 152
9. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 129,145,161,162,166,177
10. INTEGRAL CALCULUS 158, 159, 160, 163, 178
11. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 142, 143, 144
12. TWO DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY 125,146,147,148,149,150,173,180
13. THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY 137, 164
14. VECTOR ALGEBRA 126, 130, 155, 156, 154
15. MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY & DISPERSION 124, 179
16. PROBABILITY 154, 175
17. TRIGONOMETRY 135,136,138,139,140,141,171
18. STATICS 176
19. DYNAMICS 153
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5
1. a.
2. b. Gravitational force is required for convection of fluid in
which it transfers from one point to another.
3. a. A photon is a packet of energy called quantum of light
energy.
4.b.
5.a. Ozone layer stops ultraviolet rays
6. b. Two beams of electrons moving in the same direction
will exert electrostatic repulsion and electromagnetic
attracion. Here electrostatic repulsion is more prominent
than magnetic attraction.
7. a. A current loop behaves as a magnetic dipole, whose
magnetic dipole moment acts along the axis of current
loop.
8. b. Diamagnetic substances are very less resplled by the
great strength of magnetic field. Hence the magntic
substance would be repelled by the poles.
9.a.
a
v v
or t at v v
2 1
2 1

· · −
10.b. Fora satelite orbiting very close to the earth’s surface,
the orbital velocity Rg ·
/R) mv mg (
2
· ∵
This is equal to thevelocity of projection and is the
minimum velocity required togo into orbit. Also, the
esatellite would escapecompletely and not go inot or
bit for
e
υ υ ≥ .
e e
v v 2 / v < < ∴
11.d.
1S S
10
5 2
t ·
×
·
0.8 x or 1s ms 0.8 x
1
· × ·

12.c.
2 5 2 3
cm dyne 10 100cms J 1gcm 100cm P
− − −
· × × ·
100N dyne 100 10 F
5
· × ·
Again
3
199cm V ·
Weigth 1.99N dyne 1000 1 199 · × × ·
13.d. The angular momentum about the body’s centre of mass
is
o CM
I L
ω
· . Its linear momenthm is p =
o
mv
∴ angular momentum about O = L = Lem - p r

-
r mv T
0 ωo
-
14.d. o r
2
o r
2
R
E ε v C ε
2
1
cv
2
1
E · · ·
2 ε /E E
r o R
· ·
SOLUTIONS CODE : FEE
15.d. V = E -ir = 12 - 5
7.5V 10
2
· × ×

16.d.
r ε π 2
q qE
f
mv
F
o
2
λ
· · ·
or
m ε π 2

v
o
2
·
V
r
F
q
λ
17. a. Power =
→ →
⋅ v F
= ) k
ˆ
5 j
ˆ
4 i
ˆ
2 ( ) k
ˆ
3 j
ˆ
15 i
ˆ
60 ( - − ⋅ − -
= 120 - 60 - 15 = 45W
18. a. Given, K.E. of man =
2
1
K.E. of boy

2
1
m
1
v
1
2
=
4
1
m
2
v
2
2
; given, m
2
=
2
m
1

2
1
m
1
v
1
2
=
8
1
m
2
v
2
2
⇒ v
1
2
=
4
1
v
2
2
⇒ v
1
=
2
v
2
When person increases his speed by
1 m/s, then K.E. of man = K.E. of boy

2
1
m
1
(v
1
+ 1)
2
=

¹
`

.
'
2
m
2
1
1
v
2
2
⇒ v
1
2
+ 2v
1
+ 1 =
2
v
2
2
⇒ v
1
2
+ 2v
1
+ 1 = 2v
1
2
⇒ v
1
2
- 2v
1
- 1 = 0
⇒ v
1
=
1 2
) 1 ( 1 4 4 2
×
− × × − -
⇒ v
1
=
s / m
2
2 2 2

¹
`

.
'
-
⇒ v
1
= (1 +
2
)m/s.
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6
19. b. Elastic potential energy per unit volume
strain stress
2
1
u × × ·
Y
F
F
2
1
× × ·
Y 2
F
2
·
20. d. For the just emission of photoelectron the minimum
energy required corresponds to threshold wavelength
of light. Therefore for the emission of photoelectron,
energy of light equal to or more than the energy of
threshold wave length is needed. Therefore the incident
wavelength of light should be equal to or less than the
threshold wavelength of light.
21. a. Work donw,
2
LI
2
1
W ·

5 5 04 . 0
2
1
W × × × ·
⇒ W = 0.5 joule
22. b. The interplaner distance in a crystal must be of the
order of the wavelength of the waves 1 / a ≤ λ
8 8
10 6 . 5 10 8 . 2
− −
× ≤ ×
23. d. We have
tension in the wire,
2 1
2 1
m m
m m 2
T
-
·

4 1
10 4 1 2
T
-
× × ×
· ⇒ T = 16 N
Breaking stress,
2
r
T
S
π
·

S
T
r
π
·

10
10 18 . 3 14 . 3
16
r
× ×
·
⇒ r = 4 x 10
- 5
m.
24. c. We know that
Heat energy = msDt = 1
2
Rt
⇒ 2
2
2
1
2
1
I
I
t
t
·


⇒ 2
2
2
1
2
) I 2 (
I
t
5
·

⇒ 4 5 t
2
× · ∆ ⇒ C 20 t
2
° · ∆
25. a. We have, decay constant,
1/2
T
0.693
· λ

1/2
T
l 2 n
· λ

λ
·
2 n
T
2 / 1
l
26.c.
2 3
2
2 3
2
1
2
1
2r
r
T
365
or
r
r
T
T

¹
`

.
'
·

¹
`

.
'
·
days 1032 2 2 365 T
2
· × ·
27.a
28.d.
29.b.
B
C
ahead 90°
behind 90°
A
Hence B leads by
2
π
and C lags behind by π/2
30.b. Final image distnce 20 u V L
0 0
· - ·
for objective
0 0
u
1
V
1
1
1
- ·
for eye piece
e
u
1
25
1
fe
1
- -
or
e
u
1
25
1
5
1
· -
e 0 e
u 20 V cm
6
25
u − · ∴ · ∴
95
89
6
95
- 1
V
1
- 1
u 6
95
6
25
20 u
0 0
e
· · ·
1
∴ · − ·
89
95
u
0
· ∴
31.a.
32.d. V = i (G+S)
S) (50 10 0.5 10
3
- × ·

Ω ·19950 S
33.b.
34.b. Since object and screenare stationary and there are two
postions of thelensfor which sharp images are obtained,
therefore, this quesiton is of Displacement Method.
Here, D = 60 cm andd = 20 cm
Focal length of the less is given by
cm
3
40
f
4D
d D
f
2 2
·

¹
`

.
'

·
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35.b. Resistance of 100 W bulb
484
100
(220)
2
·
Resistance of 25 W bulb = 936 1
25
220
2
·
Total resistance in series = 2420
Voltage across 25 W bulb;
V 352 1936
2420
440
· × ·
Voltage across 100 W bulb:
V 8 8 84 4
2420
440
· × ·
∴ Bulb of 25 W will fuse.
36.a.
B
Ε
C · ;
N/C 10 2 10 6.7 10 3 E
3 12 8 − −
× ≡ × × × ·
37.c. In (c), Ab represents isothermal change and BC
represents adiabatic changes as slope of BC > slope of
AB, CA represents isochoric changes as volume is
constant.
38.a. c = nABω i.e, ω c ∝
39.a. As
dt
dV
E ·
ndaround x = 2m
V = constant Dv = 0 .
0 E · ∴
40.b. Since the mass and spring system worksas the restoring
force of thesprig and not on gravitationla force so the
time period or frequency will remain same i.e. 0.4 Hz.
41.d. As circuit is open,therefore no current flows through
circuit. Hence pot, diff across X and y = E.M.F of
battery = 120 V.
42.a. We know that, dimension of C
] A T [ML C
2 4 1 - −
·
and
dimension of
] A [MT B
-1 1 −
·
∴ dimension of X =
dimension of C ( dimension of
2
B)
] A T [M ] A T L [M
2 4 2 2 4 2 1 − − − −
·
or dimension of
] [ML X
2 −
·
43.b. Since the curved surface of the conductor is thermally
insulated, therefore, in steady state, therate of heat flow
at every section will be the same. Hence, the curve
between H and x will be straight line parallel to x-axis.
44.a. We knowthat, average radiation pressure exerted by
electro magnetic waes on reflecting surface is
2
0 r
E
3
2
P ∈ ·
and averageradiation pressure in absorig surface is
3
E
P
2
0

·
a
From (i) and (ii) we get
1 : 2
P
P
·
a
r
45.d.
46.c.
2
2 1
2
2 1
min
max
) a a (
) a a (
I
I

-
·
now given a
1
= 2a
2
⇒ 2
2
2
2
min
max
) a (
) a 3 (
I
I
·

9
I
I
min
max
·
which is the required ratio
47.b. Efficiency of carnot engine,
1
2
T
T
1
Q
W
− · · η
Case I,
1
2
T
T
1 6 / 1 − ·
.... (1)
Case II,
1
2
T
62 T
1 6 / 2

− ·
.... (2)
From equation (2), we have
1 1
2
T
62
T
T
1 6 / 2 - − ·
Now using equation (1), we get
1
T
62
6 / 1 6 / 2 − - ·

6
1
T
62
1
·
⇒ T
1
= 372° K
Putting the value of T
1
in (1), we get
372
T
1 6 / 1
2
− ·
⇒ 6 / 1 1
372
T
2
− · ⇒
6 / 5
372
T
2
·

6
5
372 T
2
× · ⇒ T
2
= 310° K

'
`
¦
° · − ·
° · − ·
C 37 273 310 T
C 99 273 372 T
2
1
48.c. Frequency of sonometer wire,
πρ
·
T
r 2
P
n
l
... (1)
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when tension and diameter are doubled and density is
halved, then
2 /
T 2
r 2 2
P
n
πρ ×
· ′
l
πρ
· ′
T
r 2
P
n
l
... (2)
Comparing (1) and (2) we get
n n · ′
49.a. Energy per unit volume
2
0
E
2
1
ε ·
Where
d
V
E ·
Hence energy per unit volume
2
2
0
d
V
2
1
ε ·
50.b. According to Wien’s displacement law
t tan cons T
m
· λ

T
1
m
∝ λ ⇒
( )
2
1
m
m
T
T
·
λ

λ

( )
3000
2000
m
m
·
λ

λ

( ) .
3
2
m m
λ ·

λ
51.b. Since both the bulbs have same voltage, hence they are
connected in parallel.
Hence power,
R
V
P
2
·

R
1
P ∝

40
R
1
40 ∝
and
100
R
1
100 ∝
From both the above expressions,
100 40
R
1
R
1
<
⇒ R
100
< R
40
or R
40
> R
100
52.a. Resistance of potentiometer k = 10
- 7
Wm
current flow I = 0.1 amp.
cross-sectional area A = 10
- 6
m
2
then, potential gradient,
A
IK
X ·

6
7
10
10 1 . 0
X


×
·
⇒ X = 10
- 2
volt/meter.
53.c. We are given
3 2
bt at x − ·

2
bt 3 at 2
dt
dx
− ·

bt 6 a 2
dt
x d
2
2
− ·
Let at time t
1
the acceleration of the particle becomes
zero.
⇒ 0 = 2a - 6bt
1

b 6
a 2
t
1
· ⇒
b 3
a
t
1
·
54.c. From the figure : x
2
+ y
2
= l
2

0
dt
dv
y 2
dt
dx
x 2 · -

dt
dx
y
x
dt
dy
B of velocity − · ·
and
dt
dx
= velocity of A = - 10 m/s (given)
velocity of B
dt
dx
cot α − ·
) 10 ( 60 cot − × ° − ·
10
3
1
× ·
s / m 8 . 5
732 . 1
10
· ·
55.c. The moment of inertia of the disc about its diameter
4
MR
2
· , then M. I. about the parallel axis at distance
R from the diameter of the disc
2
2
MR
4
MR
- ·
2
MR
4
5
·
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56.a. We have the relation,
λ
· ·
h
mE 2 p
where E → Kinetic energy of the particle
h → Plank’s constant
l → De Broglie wavelength
p → momentum of the particle

λ

1
m
{ E ∵ is same for both electron and photon }

e
p
p
e
m
m
λ
λ
·
since, m
p
> m
e
⇒ l
e
> l
p
57.b. Given x = a cos (wt + d) ....(1)
y = a cos (wt + d) ....(2)
But we have d = a + p/2
then from (2)
y = a cos (wt + d - p/2)
⇒ y = a sin (wt + d2) ....(3)
Hence equation of resultant wave, from (1) &(3)
x
2
+ y
2
= a
2
{cos
2
wt + a) + sin
2
(wt + d)}
⇒ x
2
+ y
2
= a
2
Which represents a circle. Since y lags behind, hence it
will be anticlockwise
58.a. Let the spring stretches l, when a tiny mass m is attached
to it, then mg = Kl

l
mg
K ·
And when mass m is released, its time period of motion.
K
m M
2 T
-
π · ⇒
( )
mg
m M
2 T
l -
π ·
59.d. From II law of motion
dt
dm
v
dt
dp
F · ·
. .(i)
Also, F = m(g + a)
⇒ F = 5000(10 + 20)
⇒ F = 150000 N
Now equation (i) gives 150000 =
dt
dm
800×

800
150000
dt
dm
·

1
s kg 5 . 187
dt
dm

·
60.b. Bthe the balls will reach the ground simultaneously as
horizontal velocity does not effect the vertical motion.
i.e. 2gh t t
D H
· ·
∴ the ratio of time = 1
when ball is dropped finalvelocity
2gh V
D
· ⇒
When ball is thrown horizontally
2gh u V V Vx V
2
H
y
2
H
2 - · ∴ - · ⇒
1
2gh u
2gh
V
V
2
H
D
<
-
· ⇒
61.c. Due to resonance in carboxylate ion, the double bond
character of C = O bod in carboxylic acids is greatly
reduced as compred to that in aldehydes and ketones.
C
O
O
C
O
O
C
O
O
62.d.
63.a.
64.c. In presence of non- prototic solvent such as
3
CHCl
or
4
CCl concentration of eectrophile ) (Br
-
is less,
hence reaction stos at the monobromos stage.
65.c. More the electron density on N, higher will be the
biasicity. Density on N is influenced by the (i) nature
of the group (+1 or -1) present in alkyl group or ben
zene nucleus and (ii) resonance (delocalisation of the
electron present on N). In : N ) H (C
3 5 6
electron pair is
delocalised to the maximum extent due to three benzene
rings and hence least available for protonation, thus it
will be least basic.
66.d.
67.a.
68.a.
69.a. In 100 g of oxide, wt of metal = 60 g
wt of oxygen = 100 - 60 = 40 gm
wt. of metal combining with 8 gm. (Equt) of oxygen
=
12gm 8
40
60
· ×
70.a. constant
T
V
·
T
313
233
233
·
C 40 313K T ° · · ∴
71.c.
72.b. On mixing, the concentrationsare reduced to half of the
orginal values. So osmotic pressures also become half
i.e. atm 1.2 P atm, 3.0 P
sugar cane urea
· · Total = 4.2
atm.
73.b. For the given reaction,
0 8 8 · − · ∆
g
n
Hence
∆E ∆H ·
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10
74.b. As ] [CrO
2
4

is increased, ] [Ag
-
decreases to keep
sp
K
constant.
75.c. Meq of A = Meq of B. Meq of
4
KMnO =
10 .5 20 · ×
Meq of 50 ml of 0.1 10 02 50 O C MH
4 2 2
· × ·
76.d. Initial rate =
2 2
kab [B] [A] k ·
New rate = . 9 ) 3 (
2 2
kab b ka ·
77.d. Gold no. is the amount of substance in miligrams that is
required to prevent coagulations of 10 cm
3
of gold sol
by addition of 1 ml of 10% NaCI solution. Convert
0.025 g to milligram = 25.
78.d. Because Cu is less electropositve the aluminium.
79.d.
4 2
SO H is a diprotic acid. It is also an oxidant becuase
the oxidation number of S in the given reaction decreases
form 6 to 4.
80.c.
81.b. Phosphorus readily converts to P
4
form, from P
2
form,
since, it has weak pp-pp bonding.
82.a. Substance A is Na which imparts a deep golden yellow
colour to Bunsen flame. Other reactions are
↑ + → +
2 2
H 2NaOH O 2H 2Na
(A)
(C)
Solution gas e Combustibl
(B)
(C) (B)
↑ + → +
2 2 2
H ZnO Na 2NaOH Zn
(D)
(B) (D)
↑ + → +
2 4 4 2
H ZnSO (diL) SO H Zn
83.d. The reaction at high temperature in the blast furnace is
2 2 2 2
SO 2FeS S Cu O 2CuFeS - - → - .
84.c. HCl HOCl O H Cl
2 2
- → -
↑ - → - H MgCl Mg 2HCl
2 2
85.c. . ] ) O [Fe(C
3
3 4 2

The iron is present in the highest
oxidation state
- 3
Fe
and
− 2
4 2
O C is a chelating ligand.
Chelates are always more stable complexes.
86.d. Maximum number of isomers are possible for
[Cr(SCN)
2
(NH
3
)
4
]
+
87.c. No. of half lifes =
3
30
90
·
No. of atoms left =
n
1
2

×


no. of atoms originally present =
3
10
1
6 10
2

× ×


10 9
1
6 10 7.5 10
8
· × × · ×
atoms
88.a. % O = 100 - (52.2 + 13.04) = 34.76
16
34.76
:
1
13.04
:
12
52.2
O : H : C ·
= 4.35 : 13.04 : 2.17
= 2 : 6 : 1
O H C E.F.
6 2
· ∴
E.F.wt. = 46 16 1 1 6 12 2 · × - × - ×
Mol. wt = 46 23 2 V.D. 2 · × · ×
O H C F.F. M.F.
6 2
· · ∴
89.b. (+) sign indicates dextrorotation while symbol D-
indicates that OH lies on the right or H- lies on the left
side of the chiral centre. Hence options (b) and (c)
are correct
90.c.
3 5 6
Anhyd.AlCl
3 6 6
COCH H C COCl CH H C
3
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷ -

3 2 5 6
Hg/HCl - Zn
CH CH H C ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷
Options (a) and (b) bring about polysubstitution while
option (d) gives only acetophenone
91.b.
2 2
C 80
NaOH alc. Conc.
2 2 3
CH CH CH Br CH CH CH
0
· ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷
3 3
C 20
COOH CH HBr /
.CHBr.CH CH
0
3
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷
92.a.
on Condensati
l Knoevenage
Pyridine
2 2 3
C(COOH) H CHO CH ÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷ -
O H C(COOH) CH CH
2 2 3
- ·
(IV)
O CO) (CH CHO H C
2 3 5 6
-
3 5 6
on condensati Perkin
COONa CH
CHOCOCH CH H C
3
· ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷
COOH CH CHCOOH H C
3 5 6
O /H H
2
- · ÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷
-
93.b. The stong electron-withdrawing effect ofthe nitro-group
coupled with the formation of the resonance-stabilized
cyclohexadienylide anion cnstitutes the driving force
for the nucleophilic attack by the hydroxide anion.
94.d.
95.b. According to Fajan rules, formation of ionic bond is
favoured by low charge on ions, large cation and small
anion. Thus, option (b) is correct.
96.b. Aniline yellow is basic dye.
97.b.
98.a.
mW
wM
P
P P
A
A
·
°
− °
so
100 65
142 5 . 0
143
P 143
×
×
·

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11
or 01 . 0
143
P 143
·

143 - P = 0.01 x 143
P = 143-143 = 141.57
99.b.
2
NO − group is a very strong electron with drawing
group. It stabilizes the corresponding phenoxide
ion dispersal of negative charge and increases the acid
streength.
100.b. The oxidising agent itself reduces so the cation which
has miximum standard reduction potential, is the
strongest oxidising agent.
101.c. Mass of g 028 . 0 28
22400
4 . 22
N
2
· × ·
% of nitrogen 100
248 . 0
028 . 0
× ·
= 11.38 %
C = 58.53%, H = 4.6%
% of oxygen = 100 - ( 11.38 + 58.53 + 4.06)
= 26.03%
102.d. When is treated with Grignard reagent,
primary alcohol is fomed
÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷ − − − − − − − −
-
H / O H
2 2
2
X Mg O CH CH R
+ R --CH
2
--CH
2
--OH
103.c. Due to electron releasing effect of CH
3
group the
electron density of benzene ring increases and
electrophile can easily attack it, so electrophillic
substitution reactions occurs readily.
104.b.
4 3 4 3
NH Cl + NaNO NaCl + NH NO
Ammonium Sodium Ammonium
chloride nitrate nitrate

heat
4 4 2
NH NO NO + 2H O
Ammonium
nitrate
÷÷÷→
105.c. Number of geometrical isomers of the complex
[Co(NO
2
)
3
(NH
3
)
3
] is two i.e., cis and trans
106.c.
107.a.
108.b. In toluene -CH
3
group is attached with benzene ring
and due to + I effect (electron releasing effect) of methyl
group, electron density is increased in the ring. So,
toluene is most reactive compound for electrophilic
nitration.
109.a. Amount of substance left =
×
¹
`

.
'
n
2
1
original amt.
8
2
1
5 . 0 ×
¹
`

.
'
· ⇒
n
or
4
2
1
16
1
8
5 . 0
2
1

· · ·
¹
`

.
'
n
Therefore no. of half lifes = 4, Total time = 1 hr. So life
time 15 minute.
110.c. Each cell, Cu atoms
4
2
6
8
8
· -
3
4
12
atom Ag · · ; 1
1
1
atom Au · ·
Hence formula, Au , Ag Cu
3 4
111.a. According to Fajan’s rule if we have small cation, large
anion and higher charge on the ions, the compound is
covalent and will be less soluble in water. Since
2
Mg
-
is
small and
2
S

ions is large, MgS will be most covalent
and-hence least soluble.
112.b.
∆nRT ∆E ∆H - ·
)] 227 273 ( 10 98 . 1 2 [ 40 . 22
3
- × × × − - ∆ · −

E
or . K mol kcal 20.42 ∆E
1 -1 −
− ·
113.b. [B] H 2NaOH[C] O 2H 2Na[A]
2 2
- → -
[B] H ZnO Na 2NaOH Zn[D]
2 2 2
- → -
[B] H ZnSO SO H Zn[D]
2 4 4 2
- → -
Na[A] imparts a goldenyellow colour to Bensenburner
flame and [B] H
2
is combustible.
114.c.
732KJ (iii) (ii) (i) ∆H
0
− · - − − ·
for the reaction (g) 2HBr (g) 2Br (g) 2H · -
for the reaction (g) HBr (g) Br (g) H · -
1
1
0
mol 366KJ
2
mol 732KJ
∆H


− ·

·
115.a.
96500
60 30 0.4 1
96500
t c E
W
× × ×
·
× ×
·
2
22.4 10 7.46
g 10 7.46
3
3
× ×
· × ·


= 0.0836 Litres.
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12
116.c
w b a
K .K K ·
under this conditio
8
a a
10 K 8 pK pH

· ⇒ · ·
or
6
b
14
b
8
10 k 10 K 10
− − −
· ⇒ ·
117.d. pV = nRT
Differentiating with respecttoT, we get
nR
T
p
p
·
¹
`

.
'

∂V
We can work out α from this
118.c. The loss of weight inbulb A is proportonal to the vapour
pressure of the solution ) (p
1
. The loss of weight in
bulb B is proportionl tothe vapour pressure of the
solvent ) P - (p
1
0
1
.
119.a. The process is the reverse of that in the electrolytic
cell.
120.b. Fe is in the 3 oxidation state in
- 3
6
] (CN) [Fe
It configuration is
5
3d
or
xy
d
yz
d
zx
d 2 2
x
d
y −
2
x
d
-
CN
is a strong ligand. So the leelctrons get paired and
occupy the
zx yz xy
d d d orbitals in
- 3
6
] (CN) [Fe
xy
d
yz
d
zx
d
121.b.
1
1
1
) 1 ( ) 1 ( ·
¹
`

.
'

-
⇒ − · -
n
n n
i
i
i i
4 1 ) ( · ⇒ · ⇒ n i
n
122.a. x
x
· 10 log
10

x
x g 10 ) ( · ∴ is the inverse of x x f
10
log ) ( ·
123.c. Take, n = 2k - 5, m = 2k - 1
) ( ) (
2 2
n m n m n m − - · − ∴
= (4k - 6) (4) = 8 (2k - 3)
which is divisible by 8
124.c. If each observation is divided by a, then new mean
a
x
·
Now, each item is increased by 10.
∴ Required mean =
a
a x
a
x 10
10
-
· -
125.a. Equation of hyperbola is ; 1
4 4
2 2
· −
y x
; 4
2 2
· · ∴ b a
2 1
2
2
2
· - ·
a
b
e
2 · ⇒ e
126. a) Given
0 ) d c ( ) b a ( · × × ×
→ → → →
Let
→ → →
· × m b a

0 ) d c ( m · × ×
→ → →
0 d ) c m ( c ) d m ( · − ⋅
→ → → → → →
0 d ] c , b , a [ c ] d , b , a [ · −
→ → → → → → → →
. . . (i)
Similarly, let
→ → →
· × n d c

0 n ) b a ( · ×
→ → →
;
0 ) b a ( n · × × −
→ → →
0 b ) a . n ( a ) b . n ( · - −
→ → → → → →
0 b ] a , d , c [ a ] b , b , c [ · - −
→ → → → → → → →
. . . (ii)
Now, from (i) and (ii),
→ → → → → → →
− d ] c , b , a [ c ] d , b , a [
→ → → → → → → →
- − · b ] a , d , c [ a ] b , d , c [
Therefore
→ → → →
d , c , b , a
are coplanar.
Therefore, P
1
is coplanar with P
2
Hence angle between P
1
and P
2
is zero.
127. d)
4
|KA | = K |A| ∵
3
|5A| =5 | A| ∴
125| A| ·
125 · ∆ .
128.a. Let Apples A ≡ and , Cheese C ≡ then
'
`
¦
≤ ∩
≤ ∩
) C ( n ) C A ( n
) A ( n ) C A ( , n
...(1)
(1) ⇒ n 120 ) C A ( ≤ ∩
Also ) C A ( n ) C ( n ) A ( n ) C A ( n ∪ − - · ∩
200 120 140 − - ≥ = 60
129.a. Let r be the radius of the circle. Then
0.3
dt
r d
2π 0.3 r) (2π
dt
d
· ⇒ ·
dr 0.3

dt 2 π
' `

. ¹
.......(1)
If A be the area of the circle, then
2
r π · A
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13
t d
r d
r 2 ) r (

d
t d
A d

2
π π · · ⇒
t d
When r = 5 cm, rate of change in
area =

¹
`

.
'
π 2
0.3
(5) π 2
[using eqn. (1)]
130.c. Required area
)
ˆ
4
ˆ
3
ˆ
( )
ˆ
2
ˆ ˆ
3 (
2
1
k j i k j i - - × − - ·
k j i
ˆ
8
ˆ
14
ˆ
10
2
1
- − ·
2 2 2
) 8 ( ) 14 ( ) 10 (
2
1
- − - ·
360
2
1
64 196 100
2
1
· - - ·
10 3 ·
131.c. If p objects are alike of one kind q objects are alike of
2nd kind r objects are alike of 3nd king then number of
ways of selecting atleast one object.
=(p +1) (q + 1)(r +1) -1
119 1 6 5 4 · − × × ·
132.b. This porblem of dearrangement.
Dearrangement of n diffierent objects
'
`
¦
'
'
¦
− - − - − ·
!
1
) 1 ....(
! 3
1
! 2
1
! 1
1
1 !
n
n
n
Here it is for 4 objects
9
! 4
1
! 3
1
! 2
1
! 1
1
1 ! 4 ·
'
`
¦
'
'
¦
- − - − ·
133.b. Number of vertices polygon of n sides = n,
where no three vertices are collinear
Given, 21 C C
3
n
3
1 n
· −
-
6 21 )] 2 ( ) 1 [( ) 1 ( × · − − - − ⇒ n n n
; 6 21 ] 3 [ ) 1 ( × · − ⇒ n 42 ) 1 ( · − ⇒ n n
0 42
2
· − − ⇒ n n
7 · ⇒ n
134.b.
0 ) a (c 2bccosA b
2bc
a c b
cosA
2 2 2
2 2 2
· − - − ⇒
− -
·
It is given that
2 1
b and b are the roots of this equation
. Therefore
2 2
2 1 2 1
a c b 2ccosAandb b b − · · -
2 2 2
1 1
2 1
3b 2c cosA and 2b c a
( b 2b given)
⇒ · · −
∴ ·
A) sin (1 8c a c cosA
3
2c
2 2 2 2
2
− ⇒ − ·
¹
`

.
'

2
2 2
2 2
8c
c 9a
sinA 9a 9c

· ⇒ − ·
135.a.
5
4
sin
1
2
sin tan 2
1
2
1 1 − − −
·
-
·
x
x
x
5
4
· ∴x
R.H.S. =
,
2
θ
sin
¹
`

.
'
where
θ
3
4
tan
1
·

then
3
θ tan
4
·
5
3
θ cos · ∴
5
2
θ cos 1
2
θ
sin 2
2
· − ·
y · · ∴
5
1
θ sin
Clearly x > y and 1-x =
2
5
1
5
4
1 y · · −
136.b. Because hx + ky = 1 touches ,
2 2 2
a y x · - therefore
a ·
-

2 2
k h
1
2
2 2
1
k h
a
· - ⇒
∴Locus of (h, k) is
,
1
2
2 2
a
y x · -
which is a circle
of radius
a
1
137.d. Given sphehre
is ) 1 .....( 0 11 62 4 2
2 2 2
· − − − − - - y x z y x
Centre of sphere
(1) = (1, 2, 3) and Radius of sphere
5 11 3 2 1 (1)
2 2 2
· - - - ·
Thus, centre of the required sphere is (1, 2, 3) and
its radius is 10.
Hence, equation of the required sphere is
2 2 2 2
10 3) (z 2) (y 1) (x · − - − - − or
0 86 6z 4y 2x z y x
2 2 2
· − − − − - -
138.b. The given expression can be written as

10cosx 5cos3x cos5x
1) 10(cos2x cos2x) 5(cos4x cos4x) (cos6x
- -
- - - - -
·
- -
- -
10cosx 5cos3x cos5x
x 10.2cos cosx 5.2cos3x 2cos5xcosx
2
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14
2cosx
x cos 10 5cos3x cos5x
x) 10cos 3x cos 5 x 2cosx(cos5
·
- -
- -
139.c.
θ - 1
θ − 1
· θ
θ - 1
θ 2
· θ
2
2
tan
tan
cos2 and
tan
tan
2 sin
2
25
7
16
9
1
16
9
1
4
3
tan 2 cos
1
·
-

·
¹
`

.
'


( )
5
4
) 2 ( 1
2 2
2 tan 2 sin
2
1
cot 2 sin
2
1 1
·
-
×
· ·
¹
`

.
'
− −
Hence, given expression =

4
π
>
¹
`

.
'
- ·
¹
`

.
'
·
¹
`

.
'
-
− − −
25
2
1 tan
25
27
tan
5
4
25
7
tan
1 1 1
140.c. Given equation is

O · 8 - θ 4 - θ 3 2 - θ cosec cot cot 2
2
0 2) (cosecθ ) 3 θ (cot
2 2
· - - - ⇒
2 − · θ 3 − · θ ⇒ cosec and cot
θ ⇒ lies is the 4th quadrant and
,
6
π
− · θ
∴ General solution is
I , n 2 ∈
6
π
− π · θ n
141.c. Since, A is obtuse angle ° < < ° ∴ 180 A 90
° < - − ° < ° ⇒ 180 C) (B 180 90
° − > ° - > ° − ⇒ 180 180 - C B 90
° < - ⇒ > - > ° ⇒ 90 C B 0 C B 90
C) tan(90 tanB C 90 B − ° < ⇒ − ° < ⇒
1 C tan B tan cotC B tan < ⇒ < ⇒
142.a. Put x + y = z
.
dx
dz
dx
dy
1 · - ⇒
The equation then becomes
2
2 2
2
2 2 2
2 2 2
dz dz a
z 1 a 1
dx dx z
z a z
dz dx
z z a
' `
− · ⇒ · - ·

. ¹
-
⇒ ·
-
Integrating we get
∫ ∫
- ·
-
− ⇒ - ·
-
⇒ D x ]dz
a z
a
[1 D dx dz
a z
z
2 2
2
2 2
2
D x z
a
z
tan a D x
a
z
tan
a
a
z
1 1 -
2
− − · ⇒ - · − ⇒

D c where ,
a
c y
tan a y x
a
D x z
tan
a
z
− ·
¹
`

.
' -
· - ⇒
¹
`

.
' − −
· ⇒
143.c. The given differential equaion is
,
x
y) y(x
dx
dy
2
-
− ·
which is homogeneous
Put
dx
dv
x v
dx
dy
vx y - · ⇒ ·
and we get
v) v(1
x
vx) vx(x
dx
dv
x v
2
- − ·
-
− · -
x
dx
2) v(v
dv
v 2v
dx
dv
x
2
·
-
⇒ − − · ⇒
On integrating, we get
·

- 2) v(v
dv
a,
x
dx
-

− a is
an arbitrary constant
∫ ∫
- − ·
¹
`

.
'
-
− ⇒ a
x
dx
dv
2 v
1
v
1
2
1
a nx - 2)] n(v - nv [
2
1
- · - ⇒

a nx
2x y
y
n a nx -
2 v
v
n
2
1
· -
-
⇒ - ·
-

·
x
y
v ting Resubstitu
b e
2x y
y
x a
2x y
y
x In
a
· ·
-
⇒ ·

-

(a new constant )
2x). c(y y x
2
- · ⇒ where
2
b c ·
another constant
144.b. We have
1 x) 2 x)
dx
d
≤ φ( - φ(
Multiply both the sides by
2x
e
(Note this STEP)
0 e x e
dx
d
0 e - x) e x
dx
d
e
2x 2x 2x x 2x

2
1
− ) φ( ⇒ ≤ φ( 2 - ) φ(
2

2
1
− ) φ( ⇒ x e
2x
in non-increasing function
[f(x) is non-increasing if f’(x)

0]
2
1
x − ) φ( ⇒ is a non-increasing function
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15
145.a. If x is a rational number and , n ∞ →
x π n! =
integral multiple of r.
1 ) cos(n! · π ∴ x or - 1 1 πx (n! cos
2m
· ) ⇒
Therefore,
2 1 1 πx (n! cos (1 Lim Lim
2m
m m
· ) - ( · )) -
∞ → ∞ →
If x is an irrational number, ≠ ∞ → πx n! , n integral
multiple of π .
1 x) n! cos( 1 < π < − ⇒ ⇒as
m 0 πx) n! ( .cos
2m
→ ∞ →
1 0 1 πx (n! cos (1 Lim Lim
2m
n m
· - · ) - ∴
∞ → ∞ →
146.b. We have ae = 5 [ Since focus is 0)] ae, (±
and
5
36
e
a
·

± ·
e
a
x is directrix since
On solving we get a = 6 and
11
36
25
1 36 ) e (1 a b
6
5
e
2 2 2
·
¹
`

.
'
− · − · ⇒ ·
Thus, the required equation of the ellipse is
1
11
y
36
x
2 2
· -
147.a. Since the vertices are on the x-axis with origin at
the mid point, the equation of the hyperbola is
of the form 1
b
y
a
x
2
2
2
2
· −
Since vertices are ), 0 , 5 (± and foci are ), 0 , 7 (± it
follows that
a = 5 and ae = 7, i.e.,
5
7
e ·
Substituting values of a and
e in 1), (e a b
2 2 2
− ·
we get
24 1
25
49
25 b
2
·
¹
`

.
'
− ·
Y
X
M
O
y) P(x,
3 PM 2OP − +
Therefore, the equation of the hyperbola is
600 25y 24x i.e. 1,
24
y
25
x
2 2
2 2
· − · −
148.a. Comparing the given equation with
0, c 2fy 2gx y x
2 2
· - - - -
we have g= - 3, f = -5, c = c
The circle will neither touch nor intersect x-axis
if 9 c 0 c 9 0 c g
2
> ⇒ < − ⇒ < − .....(i)
The circle will neither touch nor intersect y-axis
if
25 c 0 c 25 0 c f
2
> ⇒ < − ⇒ < −
Again the point (1, 4) lies inside the circles
S(x, y) = 0 if S(1, 4) < 0
29 c 0 c 40 6 16 1 < ⇒ < - − − - ⇒
Common values of c from (i), (ii) and (iii), are
25 < c < 29.
149.a .Let the common line be y = mx, then it must
satisfy both the equations, therefore we have
0 a 2hm bm
2
· - -
...(i) and
0 a' m 2h' m b'
2
· - -
....(ii)
Solving the equations (i) and (ii), we get
h) b' 2(bh'
1
b a' ab'
m
a) h' 2(ha'
m
2

·

·

Eliminating m, we get
h b' bh'
a h' ha'
h) b' 2(bh'
b a' ab'
2


·



h) b' a)(bh' h' 4(ha' b) a' (ab'
2
− − · − ⇒
150.b. We have :
CD
AD
cotA ·
and
CD
DB
cotB ·
CD
AB
constant
CD
DB AD
cotB cotA · ⇒
-
· - ⇒
const.] AB [ · ∵
constant CD · ⇒ ⇒ locus of C is straight line
parallel to AB
A D
C
B
ALTERNATE
Let the points A and B are selected as (-a, 0) and
(a,0) respectively, where a is a constant. Then,
y
x) (a
CN
ON AO
CN
AN
cotA
-
·
-
· ·
y
a) (x
CN
OB - ON
CN
BN
cotB

· · ·
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16
Y
O
0) B(a,
X
y) C(x,
) 0 A(-a,
cot A + cot B = constant ; ·

-
-
y
a x
y
x a
constant
Taking + or - sign we get y = bx or y = c
∴Locus is a line parallel to x-axis i.e. AB
151.b. Let the cost of the tape-recorder = Rs x and the
total number of students = n
Contribution per student = Rs
.
n
x
Also
195 170 ≤ ≤ x
When two students backed out, then
contrinution per student
2 −
·
n
x
By the given condition

1
2) n(n
2 n n
x 1
n
x
2 n
x
1
n
x
2 n
x
·


- −
⇒ · −

⇒ - ·

2
2n n
x
2

· ⇒
390 2n n 340 195
2
2n n
170
2
2
≤ − ≤ ⇒ ≤

≤ ∴
Add 1 to all the sides,
391 1 n 341 391 1) (n 341
2
≤ − ≤ ⇒ ≤ − ≤
positive) is 1 n ( − ∵
19 1 · − ⇒ n
as 391 19 341 < ≤ ( integer )
180
2
2.20 (20)
2
2n n
x 20 n
2 2
·

·

· ⇒ · ∴
152.c.
W
1 T
2 T 3 T
25
T
5m 5m
24 T
Obviously the well (W) must be on one side of
the trees , T ,......., T , T
25 2 1
The total distance covered by the gardener
- · - - - - · ..... ) T T (2WT ) T T (2WT WT
3 2 2 2 1 1
] T T (2WT
25 24 24
-
- - - × - - × - · ....... ) 5 15 2 ( ) 5 10 2 ( 10 to 25 terms
= 10 + ( 25 + 35 + 45) + 45 +....... to 24 terms )
3370 ] 230 50 [ 12 10 ] 10 ) 1 24 ( 25 2 [
2
24
10 · - - · × − - × - ·
153.a. h = 100, u = 10, g = 10, t = 5
2
gt
2
1
α)t sin u ( h - − ·
2
5 10
2
1
5 α) sin 10 ( 100 × × - × − ·
° 3O · α ⇒ · ∴
2
1
α sin

θ
h
T
R
u
154.a. Let us suppost that choosing the fair coin be the event
B, choosing the counterfeit coin be the event C and
throwing 5 heads be the event A then by the given
condition we have to find the probabil ity P (C/A)
Using Baye’ theorem
5
5
5
P(C)P(A/C)
P(C/A)
P(C)P(A/C) P(B)P(A/B)
1
1
10
1 9 1
.1
10 10 2
∴ ·
-
×
·
' `
-

. ¹
41
32
2
9
1
1
5
·
-
·
Here, P(A/C)P (getting 5 heads if counterfeit coin
is selected) =
5
) 1 (
P(A/B) = P (getting 5 heads if fair coin is chosen)
=
5
2
1

¹
`

.
'
155.b. P.V. of A = ; k
ˆ
3 j
ˆ
i
ˆ
2 - - P.V. of B =
k
ˆ
j
ˆ
2 C P.V.of ; k
ˆ
3 j
ˆ
i
ˆ
4 - · - -
P.V BA · ∴
of A- P.V. of B = i
ˆ
2 − similarly,
k
ˆ
2 - j
ˆ
i
ˆ
2 AC - − ·
BA. AC
cos( BAC)
|BA|. |AC|
∴ ∠ ·


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17

4 4 2
2.3 3
4 9
· · ·

¹
`

.
'
· ∠ ⇒
3
2
cos BAC
1 -
156.b.We have
PC PB AP PQ - - ·
PC AB PQ - · ⇒
B
A
P
Q
C
CQ PQ CP CP PQ PC PQ AB · - · - · − · ⇒
CQ AB · ∴ and CQ || AB
∴ABQC is a parallelogram
∴Q is a fixed point
157.b. Given : c, y x xy
2 2
· - differentiating with respect
to
) y x (xy
dx
d
x,
2 2
-
(c)
dx
d
) y (x
dx
d
(xy)
dx
d
or, (c)
dx
d
2 2
· - ·
or
0 2 . 2 .
2 2
·
¹
`

.
'
- -
¹
`

.
'
- x y
dx
dy
y x y
dx
dy
x
or,
x y y
dx
dy
y x x
2 2
2 ) 2 ( − − · -
x
y
xy x
xy y
dx
dy −
·
-
- −
· ∴
) 2 1 (
) 2 1 (
158.b.
1(given) | w |
i z
iz 1
· ·


1
i z
iz 1
·



2
1
2
1
z
z
z
z
· ∵
| i z | | iz 1 | − · − ⇒
| i - iy) (x | | iy) i(x 1 | - · - − ⇒
| 1) - i(y x | | ix y) 1 | - · − - ⇒
] ) 1 ( [ ] ) ( ) 1 [(
2 2 2 2
− - · − - - ⇒ y x x y
2 2 2 2
) 1 ( ) 1 ( − - · - - ⇒ y x x y
1 2 2 1
2 2 2
- − - · - - - ⇒
2
y y x x y y
or, 4y = 0
0 · ∴y
From this it is known that the locus of z, is y = 0,
which is a real axis. Therefore, z is situated on real axis.
159.c.
(given)
y
1
1 x
x
f(x) ·

·
x
x
x
x
x
x
y f
x
x
y − ·


·



·

· ∴ 1
1
1
1
1
1
) ( ,
1
160.a.
∫ ∫
-
− -
·
-
dx
x
x
e dx
x
xe
x
x
2 2
) 1 (
) 1 1 (
) 1 (
c
x
e
dx
x x
e
x
x
-
-
·

-

-
-
·

1 ) 1 (
1
1
1
2
161.b. Let us solve x y ·
2
and 0 ,
4 2
· − · x x x y
0 ) 1 (
3
· − ⇒ x x
1 , 0 · · ∴ x x
0 · ∴x
0 · ⇒ y and x = 1, ⇒ y = 1
Therefore, points are (0, 0) (1, 1 )
∴Area required =
3
1
3 3
2
) (
1
0
3
2 / 3
1
0
2
·

− · −

x
x dx x x
162.b. Let y = , ) 1 (
2
x x − then for maximum/minimum
0 ) 1 ( 2 ) 1 .( 1
2
· − − − · x x x
dx
dy
0 ] 2 1 )[ 1 ( · − − − ⇒ x x x
0 ) 3 1 )( 1 ( · − − ⇒ x x
3
1
, 1 · · ⇒ x x
Now ) 3 )( 1 ( ) 3 1 )( 1 (
2
2
− − - − − · x x
x d
y d
= (-1) (1-3)+(1-1)(-3) = 2at x= 1,
0 2
2
2
> ·
dx
y d
∴ At x = 1, y is minimum
) 1 (
2
2
− ·
dx
y d
2 ) 3 (
3
2
) 0 )( 1 ( ) 3 (
3
1
1
3
1
3 1 − · −
¹
`

.
'
- − · −
¹
`

.
'
− -

¹
`

.
'

Maximum at x = 1/3,
0
2
<
dx
y d
∴ y is maximum
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18
27
4
3
2
3
1
3
1
1
3
1
2 2
·
¹
`

.
'
·
¹
`

.
'
− · ∴ y
163.a.

·
π
0
2
2 logsin xdx
;

·
π/2
0
4 sin log 2 xdx

·
π/2
0
4 sin log xdx
2
1
πlog 2 2 πlog 2 2 log
2
π
e e
· − ·
¹
`

.
'

e
164.a.
0 n mx x
2
· - -
(Given equation ).
Equation whose roots are
3 3
αβ β, α will be
0 ) β(αβ α )x αβ β (α x
3 3 3 3 2
· - - −
Now ) β αβ(α αβ β α
2 2 3 3
- · -
But
4
4
(
n
αβ

n
· αβ) ⇒ - ·
4
and
αβ 2 β) (α β) (α
2 2
− - · -

n m n m 2
− · −
¹
`

.
'
− ·
2
2
2
2
then,
, 0
2
4
4
2
2
2
or
n
x
n m n
x · -

¹
`

.
'
− −

0
2
4
2 4
2 4
· -

¹
`

.
'


2
n x
n m n
x

or ,
0 ) 2 (
4 2 2 4
· - − − n x n m n x
165.c. We have ) )( ( 1
2 2
ω ω − − · - - x x x x
since f(x) is divisible by
, 1
2
- - x x
0 ) f( 0, ω) (
2
· · ω f
0 ) 1 ( ) 1 ( 0 ) ( ) (
3 3
· - ⇒ · - ∴ Q P Q P ω ω ω ω ...(1)
and 0 ) 1 ( ) 1 ( 0 ) ( ) (
2 6 2 6
· - ⇒ · - Q P Q P ω ω ω ω ...(2)
solving (1) and (2) we obtain
P(1) = (0) and Q(1) = 0
∴Both P(x) and Q(x) are divisible by x - 1.
⇒ ) (
3
x P and ) (
3
x Q are divisible by
1
3
− x
and
hence by x - 1.
Since ), ( ) ( ) (
3 3
x xQ x P x f - · we get ) (x f is
divisible by x - 1
166.c. We have f(x) =
x 5sin bx ax x
2 2 3
- - -
2x 5sin b 2ax 3x (x) f'
2
- - - · ⇒
∵f(x) is an increasing function
0, 5sin2x b 2ax 3x 0 (x) f'
2
> - - - ⇒ > ∴
1 2 sin < x ∵
5 b 2ax 3x 5sin2x b 2ax 3x 0
2 2
- - - < - - - < ∴
0 5) 4.3(b 4a 0 5 b 2ax 3x
2 2
< - − ⇒ > - - - ⇒
0 15 3b a
2
< − − ⇒
0 c bx ax [
2
> - - ∵ for all real x if. a > 0 and
discriminant < 0 ]
167.d. 10 3 7 3 | 5 | | 3 ) 5 ( | | 2 | · - ≤ - - ≤ − - · - z z z and
minimum value of | z + 2| = 0 which corresponds to
z = -2 and to this number satisfies the given inequality
7 | 5 z | ≤ - . So maximum values is 10 and minimum
value is 0.
168.d. If R be the relation, y - x ⇔ y R x is divisible by m.
x R x because x - x is divisible by m. So, R is reflexive.
x. R y ⇒ y R x So, R is symmetric.
x R y and y R z ⇒ x-y = m k z y m
2 l
, k · −
. ) (k z - x
2 1
m k - · ∴ So, R is transitive.
As R is reflexive, symmetric and transitive, it is an
equivalence relation.
169.c.
r 2r 10
r
5
r
r 5 2
r
5
1 r
(c) x C
x
c
) (x C T
− −
-
·
¹
`

.
'
·
∴ 10 - 3r = 1 ⇒ 3r = 9 ⇒ r = 3
co-eff.
3 3
3
5
10C (C) C x · ·
170.d.
q)! (p
q! p!
q) (p
C x effof. co S
p
q p p
p
-
-
· · − ·
-
q
S
= co-eff. Of q p q
q p q
S S
p! q!
q) (p
C x · ∴
-
· ·
-
171.d. Given β 5sin α sin 3 ·
3
5
β sin
α sin
· ⇒
Apply componendo and dividendo, we get
3 5
3 5
sinβ - α sin
sinβ α sin

-
·
-

4
2
8
2
β α
sin
2
β α
cos 2
2
β α
cos
2
β α
sin 2
· ·
− -
− -
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19

4
2
β - α
tan
2
β α
tan
·
-
172.c. Clearly,
( ) 1) (n n z 2nr 4r
3) (2n n y 1) (6r
1) n(n x 2
S
3
n
1 r
3
2
n
1 r
2
n
1 r
r
n
1 r
r
- −
- −
-
·




·
·
·
·
1) (n n z 1) (n n 1) (n n
3) (2n n y 3) (2n n
1) n(n x 1) n(n
3 2 2 2
2 2
- - − -
- -
- -
·
0
1) (n n z 1) (n n
3) (2n n y 3) (2n n
1) n(n x 1) n(n
3 3
2 2
·
- -
- -
- -
·
Whichis independent of x, y, z and n
173.b. Here = ar, e =
2
ar and d = bs, f =
2
bs
Then area of
1 f e
1 d c
1 b a
2
1
A ·

ac)] (ad af) (be ed) [(ef
2
1
− - − - − ·
bar] abs abs abr s abr [abrs
2
1
2 2 2 2
− - − - − ·
r)] (s ) s - (r r) [rs(s ab
2
1
2 2
− - - − ·
1] r - s - r)[rs - ab(s
2
1
- ·
1) 1)(r r)(s ab(s
2
1
− − − ·
174.d. We have
)} C A ( ) B A ).{( C B A ( - × - - -
=
); ).( ( C B A B C A C B A × - × - × - -
as
0 A A · ×
=
). C B A ( - -

) C A ( ×
) A B ).( C B A ( × - - -
) C B ).( C B A ( × - - -
); C B ( . A ) A B ( . C ) C A .( B × · - × - × ·
as 0 ) C A .( A · × · etc,
] C , B , A [ ] A , B , C [ ] C , A , B [ - - ·
] C , B , A [ ] C , B , A [ ] C , B , A [ - − − ·
] C , B , A [ − ·
175.b. The probability of appearing six in single throw
6
1
· .
\ the probability of not appearing six in single throw
6
5
6
1
1 · − ·
\ the probability of not appearing six in n throws
n
6
5

¹
`

.
'
·
Hence the probability of appearing six at least once in
n throws.
p = 1 - (probability of not appearing six in n throws)

n
6
5
1 p
¹
`

.
'
− ·

2
1
p as
2
1
6
5
n
> >
¹
`

.
'


n
6
5
2
1
1
¹
`

.
'
> −

2
1
6
5
n
<
¹
`

.
'
..... (1)
Since both sides of the inequality (1), are +ive numbers, the
inequality will remain unaffected by taking logarithm to the
base 10.
\ n log
10

¹
`

.
'
<
¹
`

.
'
2
1
log
6
5
10
or
1
10 10
) 2 ( log
12
10
log n

<
¹
`

.
'
or
) 2 log ( ] 3 log 4 log 10 log [ n
10 10 10 10
− < − −
or ) 3010 . 0 ( ] 4771 . 0 3010 . 0 2 1 [ n − < − × −
or ] 3010 . 0 [ ] 1791 . 0 [ n − < −
or 8 . 3 n or
0791 . 0
3010 . 0
n > >
Thus least value of n is 4
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20
Hence n

4
It can also easily be shown by trial method that (1) is
true only when n

4 by putting n = 1, 2, 3, etc.
176.b. Two equal and unlike parallel forces P, P at a distance p
form a couple of moment = P
177.c. Given
2'
x
µ
·
x d
v d
v
where µ is constant
∫ ∫
- · ⇒ ,
x
µ
v d v
2
c dx
where c is constant of
integration.
c
v
- − ·
x
µ
2
2
when
p
c v p x
2
µ
0 , 2 · ⇒ · ·

p 2
µ
x
µ
2
2
- − ·
v
when x = 4p,
we get
p p
v
4 4 p 2
µ
2
2
µ µ
· − ·

p 2
µ
· v
178.c) Given
¦
'
¦
'
¦

·
otherwise , 2
2 | x | for , x sin e
) x ( f
x cos
or
¦
'
¦
'
¦
>
≤ ≤ −
− <
·
2 x , 2
2 x 2 , x sin e
2 x , 2
) x ( f
x cos

∫ ∫ ∫
− −
- ·
2
2
3
2
3
2
dx ) x ( f dx ) x ( f dx ) x ( f
∫ ∫
- ·

3
2
2
2
x cos
dx 2 xdx sin e (odd function)
= 2 ) 2 3 ( 2 ] x [ 2 0
3
2
· − · -
179.a) Given that the average rainfall from Monday to
Saturday is 0.3 inch. Thus total rainfall for six days.
=
8 . 1 3 . 0 6 X N x · × · · Σ
inches
Further, it is given that the average rainfall for seven
days = 0.5 inches.
∴ Total rainfall for seven days = 7 x 0.5 = 3.5 inches
∴ The rainfall on Sunday = 3.5 - 1.8 = 1.7 inches
180.d. (1 cos 30°, 1 sin 30°)
A
B
L
° 30
M
C
° 30
or

¹
`

.
'
2
1
,
2
3
lies on
ax y 4
2
·
3 8 1 a · ∴

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