Wi-Fi

• WIRELESS FIDELITY

What is Wi-Fi?
• Wi-Fi i.e. Wireless Fidelity is a wireless technology that uses radio frequency to transmit data through the air. Wi-Fi refers to a type of Ethernet specified under the IEEE 802.11a and IEEE 802.11b Standards for LANs operating in the 5-and 2.4-GHz unlicensed frequency bands respectively.

Wi-Fi Standards
802.11b
 Runs in the 2.4 GHz frequency range  Uses direct-sequence spread-spectrum technology  Has 11 channels, with 3 non-overlapping, and supports rates up to 11 Mbps

Disadvantage of 802.11b
 It is prone to interference from other devices (microwave ovens, cordless phones, etc) and also has security disadvantages  It limits to the number of access points in range of each other

802.11a
• Runs in the 5 GHz range • Uses orthogonal frequency division multiplexing technology • Has 12 channels, 8 non-overlapping, and supports rates up to 54 Mbps • Flexible because multiple channels can be combined for faster throughput and more access points can be collocated

Disadvantage of 802.11a
As this standard does not support frequency hoping in response to interference it retransmits or wait for the higher level TCP/IP protocol to sort out signal from noise. This works well for data transmission but but can result in voice transmission choppy

Range and Performance
• 802.11a
– Indoor 40-300 feet – Outdoor – 100 to 1000 feet

• 802.11b
– Indoor 100-300 feet – Outdoor 400 – 1500 feet

Upcoming Standards
 802.11g : Backwards compatible with 802.11b with the same disadvantages  802.11b+ : Backwards compatible with 802.11b supports rates up to 22 Mbps  802.11i : Provides more security by advance encryption technology  802.11e : More multimedia friendly for viewing streaming videos.

Why Wi-Fi ?
• Setup Cost – Reduced cabling required • Flexibility – Quick and easy to setup • Scalability – Can be expanded with growth • Freedom – You can work from any location

What do you need to do Wi-Fi ?
• Existing wired network • Access point • Wireless adapter

Security
• • • • Data Security/Encryption Third Party solution -Fortress Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)-Shared key

Conclusion
• Wi-Fi is a certification of interoperability for IEEE 802.11b systems awarded by the Wi-Fi Alliance. A Wi-Fi seal indicates that a device has passed through independent tests and can be safely interoperated with all other certified devices.

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