NORTH MAHARASHTRA UNIVERSITY JALGAON
FOR F.Y.B.Sc. STATISTICS (Semester I and II)
WITH EFFECT FROM ACADEMIC YEAR 2009-2010
Journal . (Statistics) are as below.Sc.B. 2009-2010
NORTH MAHARASHTRA UNIVERSITY.( Statistics) Course Structure
Course Title of Course Semester Code ST-111 DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS-I I ST-112 PROBABILITY AND PROBABILITY I DISTRIBUTIONS -I ST-121 DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS-II II ST-122 PROBABILITY AND PROBABILITY II DISTRIBUTIONS –II ST-103 STATISTICS PRACTICALS I and II Periods/ week 03 03 03 03 04/Batch Total Periods 40 40 40 40 104 Marks Ext Int 40 10 40 10 40 40 80 10 10 20
Where. a for semester number (a=1 for semester I a=2 for semester II and a=0 for whole year for practical course) and b for course number.f. Viva-voce .Sc.Sc.B.Sc.Y. Jalgaon
F. JALGAON SYLLABUS FOR F.60 marks.
F.Sc. The course codes and titles for the courses offered at F.North Maharashtra University.Y.B. 1
. course code ST 1ab means 1 for F.(Statistics) Syllabus – w.e. Note: Distribution of external examination marks (80) for Statistics Practicals will be as below: Practical Exam Paper.10 marks.Y.Sc.B.(Statistics) in view of semester pattern.Y.B.Y.Y. (Semester-I and Semester-II) SUBJECT: STATISTICS With effect from June 2009
The Board of Studies in Statistics in its meeting held on 14/5/09 resolved to accept the revised syllabus for F.10 marks.B.
Agriculture. Raw data.6M) 1. Parts of table .Meaning of table . decision making science.Meaning of frequency. relative frequency. 1. INTRODUCTION TO BASIC CONCEPTS definition of Statistics as science.North Maharashtra University. 2009-2010
ST-111 DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS-I
1.3 Statistical institutes and organizations: ISI. 2. Information Technology. Struges formula. 1.1 Meaning of Statistics: numerical information.2 Attributes and Variables.Y.(Statistics) Syllabus – w.8 Diagrammatic representation of data: simple. class width. Medical Sciences. PRESANTATION OF DATA 2. Sciences.10 Cumulative frequency distribution: less than.1 Meaning of data. Advantages of sampling over census 1. Education and Psychology.2 Scope of Statistics: In the field of Industry. Importance of quantification scope of statistical methods.9 Frequency distribution: . 2 (10L. Economics Sciences. ordinal. census. general
. sample. and construction of table(up to three factors of classification ) 2.3 Primary data and Secondary data 2.7 Methods of sampling. exclusive and inclusive classes.5 Population. NSS.f.11 Guidelines for construction classes. Simple random sampling with without replacement.4 Limitations of statistics 1.10M) (6L. Open-end classes. Qualitative and Quantitative data 2.7 Tabular presentation of data :. Beauro of Economics and Statistics in States. Management Sciences. class. 2. Stratified sampling and Systematic sampling 1. continuous and discrete variables 2. 1. mid-value. statistical population. Insurance. Biological Sciences. science.6 Illustrations from real world situations. 2. Social. ratio and interval scales 2. Multiple and subdivided bar diagrams.e.Sc. sampling. Jalgaon
F.B.4 Sources of secondary data 2. 1.. pie diagram. more than .5 Measurement scales: nominal. class boundaries and limit.8 Illustrations from real life situations 2.6 Objectives of sampling. 2.
M.12 Partition values:-Quartiles. Merits and Demerits . merits and demerits. 2.12M) (12L.. computation formula(without derivation).M.(for 2 and 3 values) 3. Requirements of a good measure of
3.H.Box plot.graphical method of determining median. sum of deviations from A. ogives. MEASURES OF DISPERSION:dispersion.6 Mode: Definition. combined mean for k groups. 3.: Definition.M.5 Median: Definition. 4.M. requirements of a good measure of
4. 3.M. effect of change of origin and scale.4 Mean deviation (M.3 Quartile Deviation (Q.uses.f.M.(Statistics) Syllabus – w. deciles.Sc.D.2 Arithmetic mean(A.5 Mean Squared Deviation.8 A. 3.G. 3.Variance and Standard deviation.10 Use of appropriate measure of central tenancy in different situation.4 Harmonic Mean (H. (12L. stem & leaf chart. 3.e. 3. MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY(LOCATION): Central Tendency.) : Definition.North Maharashtra University.M.M. 3. Frequency Polygon .D. merits and demerits.. & percentiles ( Definition and Computation for ungrouped and grouped data)..Definition. median and mode.7 Weighted Means: A.13 Examples and problems. uses 3.Y.1 Meaning of central tendency of data. merits and demerits. merits and demerits Minimal Property of Mean Deviation without proof . 4.13 Examples and problems.B.graphical method of determining median.): Definition. computation. merits and demerits 4.>H.1 Meaning of Dispersion of data and objective. objectives. Frequency curve.M. Minimal property with proof .): Definition.2 Range . Jalgaon
F. merits and demerits.): Definition.3 Geometric mean (G. 4.computation. 3.M. computation formula(without derivation).) . 3.9 Trimmed mean 3.>G. merits and demerits. Definition. 2009-2010
2. uses 3.12 Graphical representation of data:-Histogram(equal and unequal classes).11 Empirical relation among mean.
S. 4. ≥ M. BOOKS FOR REFERENCE.Cowden D.Dasgupta. Madhava Rao 2.M.Srivenkatraman.ii).Gupta V. 6 Theory and problems of statistics .Gupta and B.Effect of change of origin and scale iii) S.8 Examples and problems .D.f.Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics by S.Dixit
.Uses Of C. 4 Statistical Method by Snedecor G.G.R.Sc. Coefficient of variation (C.W and Cochran W.C.Y. T..Textbook of statistics-Paper I by P.7 Absolute and relative measures of dispersion :Coefficient of range.e.K.D..V.6 Properties of variance and Standard Deviation:i)combined Variance and Standard deviation for two groups (with proof) and its extension for k groups. Jalgaon
F. 7.K.1 by A.K.Applied General statistics by Croxton F.G (Iowa state university press) 5 Fundamental of statistics Vol.Bhat.V.North Maharashtra University. 4.R.D. 2009-2010
4.Kapoor 3. Coefficient of Q.M.Goon.J and Klein s.(Statistics) Syllabus – w. Coefficient of M. Schaum’s Publishing series by Spiegel M.).B.E.:1 Statistics Volume-I by B.D.
2 Definitions of the following terms:. 1.6 Representation of sample space and events by Venn diagram 1.6 Examples and problems. probability of an event 2. Relative frequency approach of probability.(Statistics) Syllabus – w.8M) 1.Sc..) 2. discrete random variable 5
(10L.5 Baye’s theorem (with proof) 3.5 Exhaustive events. SAMPLE SPACE AND EVENTS (8L.1 Meaning of experiment.4 Partition of sample space. Elementary event.Outcome .10M)
(12L.5 Following results with proof (i) P(A’) =1.3 Multiplication theorem of probability (with proof) 3. deterministic and non-deterministic models 1. discete sample space.3 Concept of occurrence of an event 1. Sure event.1 Classical definition of probability.
(10L. Impossible event.1 Concepts of random variable.2 Equiprobable sample space .2 Conditional probability of an event 3. Equally-likely events. Event. CONDITIONAL PROBABILITY AND INDEPENDENCE 3.4 Addition theorem of probability up to three events and extension for k events (with proof using Axioms of probability only. Favorable event.3 Axioms of probability 2.f. Complementary event. pairwise and mutual independence 3.B.8 Examples and problems
2 PROBABILITY 2.P(A) (ii) If A ⊆ B. Compound event.6 Examples and problems 3.4 Union and intersection of two or more events 1.12M)
. UNIVARIATE PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION.North Maharashtra University. 3.e. random experiment. then P(A) ≤ P(B) (iii) P( ∪ Ai ) ≤ ΣP(Ai) 2. Jalgaon
2. Mutually exclusive events 1. sample space (finite and infinite).1 Independence of events. 2009-2010
ST-112 PROBABILITY AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS -I
1.Y.7 Occurrence of (i) at least one of the given events (ii)all of the given events (iii) none of the given events
1. 4. 4.
Y.R. 4.K.e.3 Probability mass function of a discrete random variable.S. 2009-2010
4.Sc. (5) Statistics Volume-II by B.:(1) Elementary Probability Theory with stochastic Processes By Chung K. T.Srivenkatraman.2 Function of random variable. Jalgaon
F. 4.North Maharashtra University.4 Distribution function of a discrete random variable.Dixit
.f.7 Median and mode of a discrete random variable.Bhat.(Statistics) Syllabus – w. Madhava Rao (6) Textbook of statistics-Paper II by P. 4. Jim Narosa Publishing house. 4.9 Examples and problems BOOKS FOR REFERENCE. 4. Wiley (4) Probability By Pitman.8 Introduction of some standard probability distributions 4.6 Concept of symmetric random variable. (2) Elementary Probability Theory By David striazaker Cambridge University Press (3) An introduction Probability Theory and it’s applications By feeler W.L Springer International Student Edition.5 Statement of properties of a distribution function.G. 4.B.
REGRESSION: 3. 2. 3. 2. 2. Construction of scatter diagram and interpretation. 1.Sc. 2009-2010
ST-121 DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS-II
1.12M) (10L.6 Standard error of regression estimate.3 Concept of Skewness of a frequency distribution. Effect of change of origin and scale on central moments.3 Scatter diagram.7Explained and unexplained variation and coefficient of determination 3. 3.8 Non-linear regression : Fitting of non-linear curves of the type 7 (12L. Ungrouped and grouped.4 Bowley’s coefficient of skewness Limits of Bowley’s coefficient of skewness 1.4 Covariance between two variables: Definition.6 Kurtosis: Meaning.2 Meaning of correlation between two variables. 3.B.SKEWNESS AND KURTOSIS: 1. 3.3 linear regression: Fitting of lines of regression by method of least squares.2 Concept of method of least squares. interpretation 2. CORRELATION 2.4 Regression coefficients and their properties (statement and proof).6 Rank correlation: Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Jalgaon
F. 1. symmetric frequency distribution 1.North Maharashtra University.e.7 Measures of skewness and kurtosis based on moments.Rank correlation with ties 2.Y.10M) 1.8 Examples and Problems. mesokurtic & platykurtic.10M) (10L.5 Karl Pearson’s coefficient of skewness.f.1 Meaning of regression.1 Bivariate data.7 Simple numerical Examples and Problems.
.1 Raw & central moments.(Statistics) Syllabus – w. 3.2 Expression for central moments in terms of raw moments (with proof). MOMENTS. 3. Positive and negative skewness. 1.5 Product moment correlation (Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficient) and its properties. Effect of change of origin and scale 2. concept of linear and non-linear regression. 1. Types of Kurtosis :-leptokurtic .5 Angle between the two lines of regression. 2. 3. positive & negative correlation. derivation of the formula of rank correlation coefficient (without ties).
M.negative class frequency.9 Examples and Problems.1 Concept of attribute.Goon.2 Class frequency . 4. order of class. manifold classification.9 Examples and problems.:1 Statistics Volume-I by B.R.K. . 4. 4 Statistical Method by Snedecor G. contra class frequency. 4.7 Yule’s coefficient of association(Q) . Notations 4. 4.K.(Statistics) Syllabus – w. 7.B.4 Method of dot operator to express any class frequency in terms of positive class frequencies .Srivenkatraman. Madhava Rao 2. BOOKS FOR REFERENCE.Cowden D. ultimate class frequency 4.Bhat. 2009-2010
(i) y=a+bx+cx (ii) y=ax (iii) y=ab 3.1 by A. 6 Theory and problems of statistics .Dasgupta. Textbook of statistics-Paper I by P.Gupta V.8 Properties of Q and interpretation of Q 4. positive class frequency .E.S.Applied General statistics by Croxton F.J and Klein s.Y.North Maharashtra University. 4.Gupta and B.5 Fundamental set of class frequencies: Definition.Dixit
. THEORY OF ATTRIBUTES
(8L.R. dichotomy. Jalgaon
F.e.G (Iowa state university press) 5 Fundamental of statistics Vol. T.C.Sc.Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics by S.G.M.K.8M)
4.f. Schaum’s Publishing series by Spiegel M. determination whether a set of frequencies is fundamental set of or not (two attributes).6 Independence and association of two attributes 4.3 Relation between class frequencies.W and Cochran W.Kapoor 3.
variance and standard deviation of a random variable.7 Examples and problems 2.1 Expected value of function two-dimensional random variable 3.8 Examples and problems. 2.(Statistics) Syllabus – w.1 Definition of expected value of a discrete random variable. central and factorial moments of probability distribution 1.where X&Y are independent random variables.2 Joint probability mass function of two dimensional random variable.8M)
(10L. where a and b are constants (ii) E(aX.3 Definition of mean.3 Joint distribution function of two dimensional variable.f. 3. (iii) [E(XY)] ≤ [E(X) .6 Raw.bY)= abE(X)E(Y).5 Concept of standardized random variable 1. MATHEMATICAL EXPECTATION 1.where K is constant . (iii) E(E(X)) = E(X) 1.8M) 3.2 Discussion of the following results with proof:(i) E(K)=K. (ii)E(aX+b)=aE(X)+b. 1.Sc. 2. 2.where a&b constants .Y.4 Effect of change of origin and scale on mean.E(Y) ] 3.B.4 Statement of properties of joint distribution function.7 Independence of two random variables.5 Definition of covariance of a random variable. 3. 2. 2. 9
2 2 2
(8L. conditional mean and variance.North Maharashtra University. Jalgaon
F.6 Properties of covariance (with proof).10M)
.2 Discussion of the following results with proof:(i) E(aX+bY)= aE(X)+bE(Y). 3. BIVARIATE PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION. 2. EXPECTATION OF FUNCTIONS TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLE (8L. variance and standard deviation 1.e. 2. 2.5 Marginal probability mass function.1 Definition of two dimensional random variable. expectation of function of random variable 1. 2009-2010
ST-122 PROBABILITY AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS –II
1.4 Raw and central moments 3.6 Conditional probability mass function.3 Conditional expectation.
5 Examples and problems. 3.9 Examples and problems.L Springer International Student Edition.recurrence relation of central moments. BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION : Binomial situation .statement of probability mass function.. 4. Statement of probability mass function. mean and variance .Y. (5) Statistics Volume-II by B. Madhava Rao (6) Textbook of statistics-Paper II by P. applications.f. 4. applications.S.2 BERNOULI DISTRIBUTION : Bernoulli trial. Jim Narosa Publishing house.variance and mode. (2) Elementary Probability Theory By David striazaker Cambridge University Press (3) An introduction Probability Theory and it’s applications By feeler W.G.14M) 4. Jalgaon
F.statement and proof of reproductive (additive) property of binomial distribution.e. 2009-2010
3. 4.(Statistics) Syllabus – w.R. mean . applications.Sc.1 DISCETE UNIFORM DISTRIBUTION: Statement of probability mass function.7 correlation coefficient 3. mean and variance.B. :(1) Elementary Probability Theory with stochastic Processes By Chung K.
.Bhat. BOOKS FOR REFERENCE.K. T.Dixit (14L. 4. applications. SOME STANDARD DISCRETE DISTRIBUTIONS. mean and variance. 4. Wiley (4) Probability By Pitman.3.8 Variance of linear combinations of two random variables with proof.Srivenkatraman.4 HYPERGEOMETRIC DISTRIBUTION: statement of probability mass function.North Maharashtra University.
(4) Demonstrate MS EXCEL commands to calculate various statistical measures
DETAILED CONTENTS OF SYLLABUS OF PRACTICALS PART .Sc.North Maharashtra University.e. (2) The examination shall be executed into two parts .Y. Construction of histogram . multiple .f. 2009-2010
ST-103: STATISTICS PRATICAL
INSTRUCTIONS:(1) The total duration of practical examination shall be 5(five)hours. (1P)
(3) Construction of frequency and cumulative frequency distribution from raw data
(students should be able to decide the number of classes limits and class Width).Duration of each part shall be TWO & HALF HOURS. A student will have to solve two questions out of four given questions Each question carries 15 marks (4) Student must complete all the practicals to the satisfaction of concerned teacher. subdivided bar diagrams and pie diagrams
are expected). frequency curve .
INSTUCTIONS TO TEACHERS (1) Practicals be carried out by using calculators.(Statistics) Syllabus – w.orgies form the frequency distribution.B. Jalgaon
. (5) Students must produce at the time of the practical examination the laboratory journal of practical completed along with the completion certificate signed by the concerned teacher and the Head of the department. frequency polygon .1
(1) Construction of tables from given raw information (up to 3 factors of classification is
expected Students should be able to calculate and supply missing information in the tables)
(2) Construction of diagrams(simple. (2) Encourage students to collect live data from real life situations. Such data be used for practicals (3) Demonstrate MS EXCEL commands to draw diagrams and graphs. (3) Each part will carry maximum 30 marks.
deciles & percentiles)
based on algebraic and graphical methods(problems based on only raw data and frequency are expected). (2P)
(6) Computation of range . 2009-2010
(4) Computation of A. Students should be able to determine explained and unexplained variations .P Indicates practical period .Sc.B. standard error of estimate and estimation of unknown value by using regression equations). mean deviation and standard deviation and
their coefficients for ungrouped and grouped data(problems on only raw data and frequency distribution are expected). G. computation of product moment
correlation coefficient and regression lines for grouped data.M . coefficient of skew ness and kurtosis based on moments for ungrouped and grouped data(problems and frequency distribution are expected). (2P)
(12) Fitting of binomial distribution and model sampling form binomial distribution (for
model sampling parameter values should be explicitly specified) (2P)
(13) Applications of binomial and hypergeometric distribution (1P)
REMARKS :.e.moments . (iii) y=ab (problems based on only raw data are expected).M & H. quartile deviation. (2P)
(7) Computation of raw and central .North Maharashtra University. Jalgaon
F.Y.Karl Pearson’s & Bow ley’s coefficient of
skew ness. (2P)
(10) Construction of bivariate frequency distribution .M for ungrouped and grouped data(problems based on
only raw data and frequency distribution are expected ) (1P)
(5) Computation of median . One practical is equivalent to 3 clock hours.
.(Statistics) Syllabus – w. mode & partition values (quartiles . (2P)
(8) Drawing of random sample by using simple random sampling stratified random
sampling and systematic random sampling. (2P)
(11) Fitting of non linear curves(students are expected to fit the curves I)y=a+bx+cx2
(ii)y=axb . (1P)
(9) Computation of product moment correlation coefficient and regression lines for
ungrouped data(problems based on only raw data are expected .f.