Gases for Welding & Cutting

Introduction of the international standard

6 Alumix He 30/50/70/90 Inoxmix He30 H2 C Inoxmix C2 Inoxmix He15 C2 Inoxmix X2 Inoxmix C3 X1 Ferromix C8 Ferromix He20 C8 Ferromix C18/C25 Ferromix X4/X8 Ferromix C5 X5 Ferromix C6 X1 Ferromix C12 X2 Ferromix C15 X5 Welding argon 4.Classification of process gases The standardisation of gases for fusion welding and allied processes is uniform throughout the world under the International DIN EN ISO 14175.015 N2 N2 N2 N2 Forming gas (5/8/12/…) Alumix N Alumix He15 N Alumix He30 N Alumix He50 N Inoxmix N1/N2 Inoxmix He15 N1 Inoxmix He15 H2 N Forming gas (5/8/12/…) Alumix N Alumix He15 N Alumix He30 N Alumix He50 N Inoxmix He30 H2 C N5-NH-5 (8/12/…) O Z-ArN-0.5 ≤ He ≤ 95 Designation Sub Main group group CO2 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 M1 I O2 He H2 low reactive N2 I1 I2 I3 M11 (1) M12 M12 (1) M13 M14 M21 M21 (1) M21 M22 M23 M24 >0 to 5 >0 to 5 >0 bis 3 >0 bis 3 >0 to 5 >5 to 25 >0 to 8 >0 to 5 >5 to 25 M2 Welding argon 4. The helium part is shown by an additional reference number in acc.5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 0.5 ≤ N2 ≤ 5 0.5 ≤ O2 ≤ 30 balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balancea) balance2) balance2) >10 to 15 balance2) >25 to 50 1 2 M3 M3 3 1 2 1 2 1 C1 R1 Carbonic acid Inoxmix H2/5/7 Carbonic acid Inoxmix H2/5/7 C1 R1-ArH-2 (5/7) >8 to 15 >5 to 50 100 Rest >0 to 30 >0 to 5 >15 to 35 100 balance2) balance2) C R F C R N 0.25(2.8 Helium 4.25 balancea) balancea) balancea) 0.5 ≤ H2 ≤ 10 0.5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 3 < O2 ≤ 10 balancea) 5 < CO2 ≤ 15 5 < CO2 ≤ 15 15 < CO2 ≤ 25 15 < CO2 ≤ 25 25 < CO2 ≤ 50 25 < CO2 ≤ 50 5 < CO2 ≤ 25 25 < CO2 ≤ 50 100 Rest 0.25 (2. 2) Argon can be replaced by helium by up to 95%. Section 4 DIN EN 439 gives details. argon may be replaced in whole or in part by helium. see Section 4 DIN EN 439. Until now these gases have been standardised under DIN EN 439.12 100 S Z Mixed gases with components not includes in the table or mixed gases with a composition outside of the given areas.5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 0.5 ≤ N2 ≤ 5 5 < N2 ≤ 50 0.5 ≤ H2 ≤ 5 M1 balancea) balancea) M2 3 < O2 ≤ 10 balancea) 0.25 N2 S I3 + 0.6 Alumix He 30/50/70/90 Inoxmix C2 Inoxmix He15 C2 Inoxmix X2 Inoxmix C3 X1 Ferromix C8 Ferromix He20 C8 Ferromix C18/C25 Ferromix X4/X8 Ferromix C5 X5 Ferromix C6 X1 Ferromix C12 X2 Ferromix C15 X5 I1 I2 I3-ArHe-30 (50/70/90) M12-ArC-2 M12-ArHeC-15/2 M13-ArO-2 M14-ArCO-3/1 M20-ArC-8 M20-ArHeC-20/8 M21-ArC-18 (25) M22-ArO-4 (8) M23-ArCO-5/5 M24-ArCO-6/1 M24-ArCO-12/2 M25-ArCO-15/5 I 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 1 0.5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 3 < O2 ≤ 10 0.015 0.5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 0.6 Argon 4. The following comparison table shows at a glance the allocation of products from the Messer range of gases and informs you of the corresponding designation.8 Helium 4.015 Z-ArHeN-30/0. a) For this classification.5) N2-ArHeN-15/1.5 ≤ H2 ≤ 15 15 ≤ H2 ≤ 50 100 Inoxmix N1/N2 Inoxmix He15 N1 N2-ArN-1.5) N2 S I3 + 1. Alumix is marketed in Germany without nitrogen additive.015 0. .5 ≤ H2 ≤ 50 balance Rest >0 to 50 2 S S S S I1 I3 I3 I3 + + + + F2 0.6 Argon 4.015 Z-ArHeHC-30/2/0.5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 3 < O2 ≤ 10 10 < O2 ≤ 15 2 < O2 ≤ 10 10 < O2 ≤ 15 10 < O2 ≤ 15 0.5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 5 < CO2 ≤ 15 15 < CO2 ≤ 25 balancea) balancea) 0. as DIN EN 439 low reactive N2 Components in percentage by volume reducing inert oxidising H2 He Ar 100 100 >0 to 5 balance balance2) balance2) balance2) balance2) balance2) balance2) balance2) >3 to 10 balance2) >3 to 10 balance2) as DIN EN ISO 14175 Designation as EN 439 Our products Our products Designation as ISO 14175 Designation Main Sub group group CO2 oxidising Components in percentage by volume inert reducing O2 Ar 100 100 balance 0.015 Z-ArHeN-50/0. b) S I1 + 1.015 Z-ArHeN-15/0.015 N2 Inoxmix He15 H2 N Z-ArHeHN-15/2/0. b) Two mixed gases with the same Z classification may not replace each other.015 1) If components not included in the table are added.5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 0. the mixed gas is designated as special gas with the letter “S”. with Table 3.015 0.

For additions over 1% nothing has changed. are designated as special gases and are denoted by the letter “S” I M1.101 Mpa max -50 40 -50 40 -44 80 -40 120 -40 120 -50 40 -50 40 -50 40 Note: for certain applications a greater purity and / or a lower dew point could be recommendable in order to avoid possible oxidation and contamination.5 99.7 99. as DIN EN 439 inert gases and inert mixed gases oxidising. M2. The group Oxygen “O” has been added.com · www. Humidity and Purity The maximum permitted humidity of the gas groups “O” and “C” has changed. whose composition lies outside of the area of Table 2. The groups have been renamed “N” and ”Z“.99 99.8 99. at 0.9 99.7 99.9 99.5% absolute ±10% from target Additive < 1% 1% to 5% > 5% Comment Not defined in ISO 14175 Messer Group GmbH · Gahlingspfad 31 · D-47803 Krefeld Phone +49 2151 7811-0 · Fax +49 2151 7811-503 welding-technology@messergroup.95 99. the mix accuracy. M3 C R F I M1. the permissible humidity and the names of the main groups. 99. as DIN EN 439 Humidity (ppm) Dew point (°C) max. M3 C R N O as DIN EN ISO 14175 inert gases and inert mixed gases oxidising mixed gases with oxygen and/or carbon dioxide stronger oxidising gases and mixed gases reducing mixed gases low reactive gas or reducing mixed gas with nitrogen Oxygen Mixed gases with components not included in Table 2 or mixed gases. S Z Note: oxygen and special gases are not included as main groups in EN 439. Main groups In the main groups the changes only affect the forming gases and special gases.5 Dew point (°C) Humidity (ppm) at 0. Already for many years the purities used in practice have exceeded the standard by a long way.95 99. M2. argon-based mixed gases containing oxygen and/or carbon dioxide stronger oxidising gases and mixed gases reducing mixed gases low reactive gas or reducing mixed gases Gases.101 Mpa 40 -50 40 -50 80 -44 120 -40 200 -35 40 -50 40 -50 200 -35 40 -50 Purity (%) min.5% absolute ±10% from target Accuracyy as DIN EN ISO 14175 ± 0. as DIN EN 439 Comment Additive 0% to 5% > 5% to 50% Accuracyy ± 0.5 Main group EN 439 I M1 M2 M3 C R F Oxygen Hydrogen Main group ISO 14175 I M1 M2 M3 Ca R N O as DIN EN ISO 14175 Purity (%) min. 99.com .Changes have been made to the group classifications.7 99. which in terms of their composition are not listed in Table 2.5 99.7 99.99 99.messergroup.9 99.9 99. Tolerances of mixtures In regard to accuracy of mix no definition is made for additions < 1 %.

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