Drept_1_LE_1 DREPT Limba engleza 1

MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Choose the correct answer:

A person who steals money placed in his care. a. a forger b. an arsonist c. an embezzler d. a poacher
2. Choose the correct answer:

................ means catching game birds, animals or fish without permission on somebody else’s property. a. hunting b. stealing c. trespassing d. poaching
3. Choose the correct answer:

A person who enters a building illegally, especially by force, in order to steal. a. a burglar b. a robber c. a hooligan d. a vandal
4. Choose the correct answer:

A person who steals money, etc from other people’s pockets, especially in crowded places. a. a thief b. a pickpocket c. a shoplifter d. a robber
5. Choose the correct answer:

The judge has pronounced .......................... of ten years’imprisonment. a. an accusation b. a punishment c. a sentence d. a conviction

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6. Choose the correct answer:

The correct spelling for the English equivalent of the Romanian word – delapidator – is: a. imbezzler b. embezler c. embezzler d. embezller
7. Choose the correct answer:

He has been released from prison .................... and if he does not behave satisfactorily, he will be sent back. a. on probation b. on remission c. into custody d. on testing
8. Choose the correct answer:

There was no need for a trial, because the client decided to ......................... and forgive the attacker. a. serve his sentence b. appear in court c. drop all the charges d. commute his sentence
9. Choose the correct answer:

............... means money paid by or for a person accused of a crime, as security that he will return for his trial if he is allowed to go free until then. a. Probation b. Bribe c. Bail d. Fine
10. Choose the correct answer:

A .................... is a lawyer who prepares legal documents, advises clients on legal matters and speaks for them in lower courts. a. solicitor b. prosecutor c. judge d. barrister
11. Choose the correct answer:

A person who takes people hostage for a ransom is called a ............................................ a. hijacker b. bandit c. kidnapper d. rapist

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12. Choose the correct answer:

The correct spelling for the English equivalent of the Romanian expression – omor din culpã – is: a. menslaughter b. manslother c. manslaughter d. manslauther
13. Choose the correct answer:

After ten hours, the Jury finally reached its …………….: the prisoner was guilty. a. sentence b. verdict c. point d. conclusion
14. Choose the correct answer:

A person who willfully gives a false statement while under oath, concerning a material matter in a judicial proceeding is said to commit ................................... . a. slander b. bribery c. perjury d. treason
15. Choose the correct answer:

A .............. is someone who testifies, especially in a court of law to events or facts within his own knowledge. a. registrar b. spectator c. witness d. friend
16. Choose the correct answer:

Any witness shall take an oath that the .................. he/she is about to give shall be the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. a. confession b. testimony c. verdict d. statement
17. Choose the correct answer:

To ............... means to go or intrude on the property, privacy, or preserves of another with no right or permission. a. trespass b. forge c. break in d. burgle

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18. Choose the correct answer:

.................. is defined as giving or promising to give a public official something of value with a corrupt intention to influence the official in the discharge of his or her official duty. a. Forgery b. Larceny c. Bribery d. Perjury
19. Choose the correct answer:

.................... is the false making or altering of any document that either has legal significance or is commonly relied upon in business transactions. a. Deceit b. Smuggling c. Corruption d. Forgery
20. Choose the correct answer:

Since the defendant did not have a criminal record, he got away with a small .............. a. ransom b. punishment c. fine d. ticket
21. Choose the correct answer:

The woman sitting in the witness ............ will certainly commit perjury. a. box b. stand c. seat d. bench
22. Choose the correct answer:

A .............. will be appointed to investigate the violent and suspicious death of the teenager. a. prosecutor b. doctor c. coroner d. judge
23. Choose the correct answer:

He was caught ..................... stealing money from the cash-box. a. red-handed b. heavy-handed c. light-fingered d. heavy-set

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24. Choose the correct answer:

You can’t have burgled the house alone, so who was your ............... ? a. ally b. accomplice c. assistant d. associate
25. Choose the correct answer:

Wilkinson is alleged to have ................... a number of serious crimes. a. done b. made c. committed d. discharged
26. Choose the correct answer:

She will soon ................. trial for the part she played in the recent robbery. a. give b. perform c. make d. stand
27. Choose the correct answer:

Detectives are said to be ....................... into the causes of the recent fire. a. looking b. investigating c. checking d. searching
28. Choose the correct answer:

The victim ............... the law into her own hands by killing her attacker. a. took b. seized c. grabbed d. put
29. Choose the correct answer:

‘I object, Your Honour, the lawyer is ................. the witness!’ a. harassing b. intimidating 3 offending c. leading

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30. Choose the correct answer:

Many civilized countries have long abolished the death ................................. a. penalty b. punishment c. conviction d. sentence
31. Choose the correct answer:

A threat of attack to another person, followed by actual attack which need amount only to touching with hostile intent is called ......................................... a. rape b. assault and battery c. threat d. vandalism
32. Choose the correct answer:

The man jumped out of the window and committed ................ a. death b. homicide c. murder d. suicide
33. Choose the correct answer:

The police said there was no sign of a .......... entry even though the house had been burgled. a. broken b. burst c. forced d. smashed
34. Choose the correct answer:

He was placed ............ house arrest for his own safety. a. on b. in c. under d. within
35. Choose the correct answer:

Is the defendant going to ............ guilty or not guilty? a. plead b. play c. appeal d. appear

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36. Choose the correct answer:

Mr. Johnson was ............... fifty pounds for drinking and driving. a. charged b. fined c. ordered d. penalized
37. Choose the correct answer:

As it was her first offence, the judge gave her a ............... sentence. a. kind b. lenient c. severe d. tolerant
38. Choose the correct answer:

The defendant was able to prove his innocence at the trial and was ...................... . a. absolved b. acquitted c. forgiven d. pardoned
39. Choose the correct answer:

Ted Bundy was a hardened criminal who showed no .................. for his crimes. a. penance b. pity c. remorse d. reproach
40. Choose the correct answer:

His sentence has been commuted to six months on the ................ of failing health. a. bases b. causes c. grounds d. reasons
41. Choose the correct answer:

He was convicted to 10 years of prison and ................. of his property. a. confiscated b. denied c. removed d. deprived

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42. Choose the correct answer:

The judge recommended more humane forms of punishment for juvenile ................... . a. convicts b. villains c. sinners d. delinquents
43. Choose the correct answer:

If you can’t resolve the dispute, it will have to be settled by............................ a. arbitration b. court c. election d. referee
44. Choose the correct answer:

All his friends thought he was guilty, but no one could ................. anything against him. a. accuse b. ensure c. point d. prove
45. Choose the correct answer:

I ............... to say anything unless I am allowed to speak to my lawyer. a. deny b. neglect c. refuse d. resist
46. Choose the correct answer:

The new harassment law comes into ............... on September 15. a. force b. condition c. date d. power
47. Choose the correct answer:

As the result of a police ............. on the disco, twenty teenagers were arrested. a. invasion b. raid c. intrusion d. entry

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48. Choose the correct answer:

The police have to ................... the law, not to take it into their own hands. a. press b. break c. force d. enforce
49. Choose the correct answer:

He was charged .............. assault and battery and taken to prison. a. of b. with c. on d. in
50. Choose the correct answer:

As he was suspected ........... drug traffic, he was placed ........................... investigation. a. on, on b. of, into c. with, under d. of, under
51. Choose the correct answer:

He was taken ......... custody for smuggling and released ..................... bail the same day. a. into, with b. in, on c. to, with d. into, on
52. Choose the correct answer:

‘You have no right to enter my house without a search ....................................... .’ a. permit b. warrant c. authorisation d. licence
53. Choose the correct answer:

As he didn’t have a criminal ............., the judge sentenced him to 50 hours of community work. a. case b. file c. record d. dossier

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54. Choose the correct answer:

The judge will hear the next ............ after a short break. a. lawsuit b. trial c. charge d. case
55. Choose the correct answer:

After they pronounced the verdict, the judge .................. the case. a. dismissed b. discharged c. declined d. removed
56. Choose the correct answer:

‘I am a law-................... citizen, I could never break the law!’ a. respecting b. abiding c. obeying d. breaking
57. Choose the correct answer:

Before the trial begins, the jurors ................ to decide the facts fairly. a. promise b. declare c. swear d. guarantee
58. Choose the correct answer:

In criminal cases, the judge has to decide whether the accused is guilty ‘beyond any ..................... doubt’. a. reasonable b. unresolved c. probable d. uncertain
59. Choose the correct answer:

Any sentence has to be imposed ................ limits that have been fixed by the legislature. a. inside b. within c. outside d. under

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60. Choose the correct answer:

Judge Williams ........................ today as judge Thomson has been taken ill. a. presides b. will preside c. is presiding d. presided
61. Choose the correct answer:

Before taking up his duty, each judge ............. an oath to respect his responsabilities. a. takes b. is taking c. took d. has taken
62. Choose the correct answer:

He ................... a solicitor for more than a year now. a. was b. had been c. has been d. is
63. Choose the correct answer:

We ...................... for the verdict for almost two hours! There must be something wrong. a. are waiting b. were waiting c. waited d. have been waiting
64. Choose the correct answer:

Judges ............ never take bribe from the defendants. a. should b. must c. can d. will
65. Choose the correct answer:

The window is broken; the intruder ............... tried to get into their bedroom. a. can have b. should have c. would have d. must have

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66. Choose the correct answer:

Everybody hates ..................... law expenses. a. to pay b. paying c. to be paid d. to be paying
67. Choose the correct answer:

She .................... released on bail last week. a. has been b. was c. will be d. had been
68. Choose the correct answer:

The members of the jury ....... now ................... on the murder case. a. is __ deliberating b. were __ deliberating c. are __ deliberating
69. Choose the correct answer:

............ the jury .................. a verdict? a. Have ... reached b. Has ... reached c. Had ... reached d. Did .... reach
70. Choose the correct answer:

By the time you reach the Court, he ........................... released on bail. a. had been b. will have been c. has been d. was
71. Choose the correct answer:

While the people ......................... for the verdict, the judge was talking to the defendant about the weather. a. had been waiting b. are waiting c. were waiting d. wait

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72. Choose the correct answer:

He was innocent! They ................. have taken him into custody! a. shouldn’t b. mustn’t c. needn’t d. can’t
73. Choose the correct answer:

He ................ have committed the crime! He was immobilized in bed at that time! a. mustn’t b. couldn’t c. wouldn’t d. shouldn’t
74. Choose the correct answer:

I look forward to ...................you in Court! We shall settle things then. a. seeing b. see c. have seen d. saw
75. Choose the correct answer:

Right now I think I am ....................... . Come and pick me up! a. followed b. being followed c. been followed d. following
76. Choose the correct answer:

The leader of the gang ...... just ............ acquitted by the court of justice. a. has...been b. had...been c. was...been d. is ...
77. Choose the correct answer:

He ....................... down a street near his home when he was kidnapped. a. walked b. was walking c. had been walking d. is walking

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78. Choose the correct answer:

One of the kidnappers ................ to kill him while they were driving away. a. threatens b. threatened c. is threatening d. had threatened
79. Choose the correct answer:

How long ago ....... you .......... an appeal? a. did ... made b. had ...made c. did ... make d. were ... made
80. Choose the correct answer:

I saw you yesterday, while you ................... that famous criminal. a. were defending b. defended c. had been defending d. defending
81. Choose the correct answer:

He was placed under investigation only after they .............. hard evidence against him. a. found b. had found c. has found d. finded
82. Choose the correct answer:

His sentence was by far more severe than everybody ................................................. . a. expected b. was expecting c. had expected d. has expected
83. Choose the correct answer:

As soon as the jury .................. the verdict, the case was dismissed. a. had pronounced b. pronounced c. has pronounced d. pronounces

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84. Choose the correct answer:

Everybody wondered why he ................. caught red-handed before. a. hasn’t been b. wasn’t c. hadn’t been d. wouldn’t be
85. Choose the correct answer:

The members of the jury ................. for hours when they finally reached a verdict. a. were deliberating b. deliberated c. have been deliberating d. had been deliberating
86. Choose the correct answer:

The witnesses were still being heard when I ............. the court of law. a. left b. leaved c. was leaving d. had left
87. Choose the correct answer:

She told me that she ..................... filing for divorce for a long time. a. considered b. had been considering c. would consider d. has been considering
88. Choose the correct answer:

This time tomorrow they .................... the witness. a. will cross-examine b. would cross-examine c. will be cross-examining d. are cross-examining
89. Choose the correct answer:

............................ to represent yourself in the trial? a. Will you b. Are you going c. You are going d. Will you be

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90. Choose the correct answer:

By the end of this year he ........................ ten years in prison. a. will be spending b. will spend c. will have spent d. has spent
91. Choose the correct answer:

Look out! One of the robbers .......................... . a. will shoot b. is shooting c. was shooting d. is going to shoot
92. Choose the correct answer:

I ....................... my solicitor tomorrow; I am changing my will. a. am seeing b. will see c. see d. would see
93. Choose the correct answer:

I ......................... in a court of law since my parents filed for divorce. a. wasn’t b. haven’t been c. won’t be d. hadn’t been
94. Choose the correct answer:

As soon as I .............. from my lawyer, I will let you know. a. will hear b. heard c. will have heard d. hear
95. Choose the correct answer:

We knew that the defendant .............. to do such a thing. a. will never be able b. are never able c. would never be able d. can never

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96. Choose the correct answer:

They said that the new constitution ....................... soon. a. would be voted b. will be voted c. would vote d. is voted
97. Choose the correct answer:

By this time next year, he ..................... his prison sentence. a. would have served b. will have served c. will serve d. is serving
98. Choose the correct answer:

I am sorry you didn’t ask for help; I ....................... introduced you to my lawyer. a. can’t have b. must have c. could have d. was able to
99. Choose the correct answer:

The legislation says that judges ........................ immune from legal proceedings. a. shall be b. will be c. should be d. must be
100. Choose the correct answer:

A judge ................... of his office if he no longer fulfils the legal conditions. a. can be deprive b. must deprive c. may be deprived d. may been deprived
101. Choose the correct answer:

The criminal ....................... to trial if there is enough evidence against him. a. would be brought b. will have been brought c. will be brought d. was brought

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102. Choose the correct answer:

As soon as the search warrant ..................... they will be allowed to look for the documents. a. has been issued b. will be issued c. was issued d. had been issued
103. Choose the correct answer:

................ his criminal record ..................... to the slightest detail? a. Was ___ checked b. Has ___ being checked c. Has ___ been checked d. Would ___ been checked
104. Choose the correct answer:

You cannot enter this room. The witness ..................... cross - examined right this moment. a. is being b. is c. will be d. has being
105. Choose the correct answer:

If he does not confess his crime, he .................... sentenced to life imprisonment. a. was b. would be c. will be d. has been
106. Choose the correct answer:

While he ....................... tried in his absence, his wife was sitting in the Court of Law, waiting for the verdict. a. is being b. was being c. had been d. will be
107. Choose the correct answer:

The suspect ............... under investigation long before the police found irrefutable evidence. a. was placed b. has been placed c. had been placed d. will be placed

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108. Choose the correct answer:

You had better .................... your crimes right now, when you still have a chance. a. to confess b. confessing c. confess d. confessed
109. Choose the correct answer:

‘Find me a good lawyer! I don’t want to risk .................. the rest of my life in jail.’ a. spending b. to spend c. having spended d. spend
110. Choose the correct answer:

‘Shall we proceed? It’s no use .................... for the witness!’ a. to wait b. having to wait c. waiting d. wait
111. Choose the correct answer:

‘I’m sorry Your Honour, but I can’ t help ................... when I speak about my son.’ a. crying b. not to cry c. not crying d. cry
112. Choose the correct answer:

I suggest ...................... upon the case after a short break. a. to deliberate b. deliberating c. to be deliberating d. deliberate
113. Choose the correct answer:

The judge admitted ..................... bribe from one of his clients months before the trial. a. to take b. to be taking c. having taken d. having took

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114. Choose the correct answer:

He has been charged with .................... and taken into custody. a. tresapass b. trespassing c. tresspassing d. to trespass
115. Choose the correct answer:

Would you mind .................... up when the verdict is pronounced? a. to stand b. stand c. being stand d. standing
116. Choose the correct answer:

I would rather .......... the rest of my life in jail than confess to a crime I did not commit. a. spend b. to spend c. spending d. spent
117. Choose the correct answer:

He made me .............. all my charges, threatening me with a gun. a. to drop b. drop c. dropping d. to have dropped
118. Choose the correct answer:

He let me .............. which option was the best for my difficult situation. a. decide b. deciding c. to decide d. being to decide
119. Choose the correct answer:

‘I strongly object to ................... treated like a hardened criminal!’ a. be b. is c. being d. been

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120. Choose the correct answer:

Let’s ............. a short coffee break and decide afterwards. a. taking b. to take c. took d. take
121. Choose the correct answer:

He ................ have committed the crime! He was immobilized in bed at that time! a. mustn’t b. couldn’t c. wouldn’t d. shouldn’t
122. Choose the correct answer:

I am sorry you didn’t ask for help; I ....................... introduced you to my lawyer. a. can’t have b. must have c. could have d. was able to
123. Choose the correct answer:

‘To be liable for punishment’ means: a. to be legally obliged or responsible for something and be punished accordingly. b. to be suspected of an offence and be punished for it. c. to deserve a form of punishment.
124. Choose the correct answer:

‘To be eligible for a remission’ means: a. to deserve to be punished for a remission. b. to be unworthy or unfit for a remission. c. to have the right or proper qualification for a remission.
125. Choose the correct answer:

This procedure ........... be without prejudice to Article 170. a. will b. shall c. must d. can
126. Choose the correct answer:

You …………… submitted the case to a higher court! The verdict was in your favour! a. couldn’t have b. mustn’t have c. needn’t have d. may not
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127. Choose the correct answer:

Any Member State .......... comply with the judgements of the European Court of Justice. a. shall b. must c. will d. have to
128. Choose the correct answer:

Many houses in this area …………… into by burglars. a. have been being broken b. have been broken c. are been broken d. have being broken
129. Choose the correct answer:

A photofit picture of the wanted man ....................... last week. a. had been issued b. was issuing c. was issued d. has been issued
130. Choose the correct answer:

After the verdict ............................., the case ...................................................... by the judge. a. had been pronounced, was dismissed b. will be pronounced, will be dismissed c. will have been pronounced, has been dismissed d. has being pronounced, will be dismissed
131. Choose the correct answer:

He ........ just ........................ with sexual assault on a six-year-old boy. a. was.....charged b. had......been charged c. has......been charged d. has ...... be charged
132. Choose the correct answer:

He ........................... to 100 hours of community work only because he was at his first offence. a. have been sentenced b. was sentenced c. will be sentenced d. had being sentenced

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133. Choose the correct answer:

Before ........................ of breach of trust, the ......................................... with perjury in a divorce case. a. been accused, was ..... charged b. being accuse, has ..... been charged c. being accused, had .... been charged d. being accused, was .... been charged

lawyer

.............

also

134. Choose the correct passive form of the following active sentence: The Commission has

just appointed the new President of the European Court of Justice. a. The new President of the European Court of Justice had just been appointed by the Commission. b. The new President has just been appointed by the European Court of Justice. c. The Commission has just been appointed to vote the new President of the European Court of Justice. d. The new President of the European Court of Justice has just been appointed by the Commission.
135. Choose the correct passive form of the following active sentence: The members of the

European Parliament were still debating the issue of competition law at that point. The issue of competition law was still debated at that point by the members of the European Parliament. b. The issue of competition law was still debating at that point the members of the European Parliament. c. The issue of competition law was still being debated at that point by the members of the European Parliament. d. The members of the European Parliament were still being debated by the issue of competition law.
a. 136. Choose the correct English translation for the following Romanian passive sentence: Nu

s-a ajuns încã la nici o concluzie cu privire la noua lege a adopþiei. a. No conclusion hasn’t yet been reached regarding the new adoption law. b. No conclusion has yet been reached regarding the new adoption law. c. No conclusion was reached yet regarding the new adoption law. d. Yet, no conclusion is reached regarding the new adoption law.
137. Choose the correct equivalent sentence for the following: People say that Mr. Johnson a. b. c. d.

had business difficulties in the past. Difficulties are said to have been had by Mr. Johnson in the past. Mr. Johnson is said to having had business difficulties in the past. Mr. Johnson is said to have had business difficulties in the past. It is said that Mr. Johnson has had business difficulties in the past.

138. Choose the correct answer:

Terrorists resort …... violence as a political weapon. a. at b. to c. on d. into

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139. Choose the correct answer:

The unknown foreigner carried …. a bombing in the centre of Paris. a. out b. in c. round d. on
140. Choose the correct answer:

How should Governments deal …… terrorist attacks? a. on b. without c. with d. about
141. Choose the correct answer:

The Iraqi citizen had been suspected …. many offences before. a. about b. in c. with d. of
142. Choose the correct answer:

Who was held responsible …. the journalist’s death? a. for b. of c. about d. on
143. Choose the correct answer:

The home-made bomb may have been destined …... the recruits. a. to b. for c. at d. upon
144. Choose the correct answer:

The Palestinian blew himself …. in a crowded bus. a. out b. in c. up d. against

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145. Choose the correct answer:

The terrorist attack coincided …... an important religious celebration. a. with b. to c. on d. into
146. Choose the correct answer:

The attack, attributed …. a new terrorist group, had many casualties. a. with b. on c. to d. up to
147. Choose the correct answer:

How can the government prevent journalists …… endangering their lives? a. for b. to c. against d. from
148. Choose the correct answer:

I am sure that this is one of the exceptions …… the rule. a. of b. to c. from d. with
149. Choose the correct answer:

The Ministry of Defence has laid …... strict procedures for this kind of situation. a. on b. down c. up d. out
150. Choose the correct answer:

Quite ……… from this problem, can such tests predict what the future holds in store for us? a. aside b. apart c. away d. out

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151. Choose the correct answer:

I generally agree …. you, but I strongly object …... your behaving so rudely. a. to, to b. with, to c. to, at d. with, with
152. Choose the correct answer:

He pleaded guilty …... manslaughter after trying to escape from police custody. a. of b. to c. against d. for
153. Choose the correct answer:

The lorry belonged …. an ex-convict that rented land on Smiths Farm, in Northolt, west London. a. with b. to c. of d. in
154. Choose the correct answer:

Both men were meant to be ……. surveillance at the time of the killing. a. on b. above c. under d. below
155. Choose the correct answer:

Another person at the scene said that children were ……. the hostages taken by the gunmen. a. between b. among c. within d. inside
156. Choose the correct answer:

This prisoner is not …... our jurisdiction. We have to call district authorities. a. above b. below c. under d. on

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157. Choose the correct answer:

The number of ……………... in our city has been doubled this year. a. holds-ups b. hold-ups c. helds-ups
158. Choose the correct answer:

We need a negotiator to talk to the ………………. . a. hostages-takers b. hostage-takers c. hostags-takers
159. Choose the correct answer:

Many ……………. have been issued this week. a. search warrants b. searches warrants c. searchs warrants
160. Choose the correct answer:

The ……………… will be punished sooner or later. a. laws-breakers b. lows-breakers c. law-breakers
161. Choose the correct answer:

Two …………………... have been accused of perjury. a. woman-diplomats b. women-diplomats c. womans-diplomats
162. Choose the correct answer:

“My beloved …………………., your claims will soon be solved.” a. fellow-citizens b. fellows-citizens c. felows-citizens
163. Choose the correct answer:

My ………………… have been charged with indecent exposure. a. sisters-in-laws b. sister-in-law c. sisters-in-law

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164. Choose the correct answer:

These ……………… are the result of hard work. a. analysis b. analyses c. analyse
165. Choose the correct answer:

Which are the ……………. used in this classification? a. criterions b. criteria c. criterias

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