If you work with UMTS,'ve probably heard someone talk about RTWP.

Its definition can be found in a dictionary of acronyms, such as http://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/RTWP: Received Total Wideband Power. Represents a measure of UMTS technology: the total level of noise within the UMTS frequency band of any cell. RTWP is related to uplink interference, and its monitoring helps control the call drops - mainly CS. It also has importance in the capacity management, as it provides information for the Congestion Control regarding Uplink Interference. In UMTS, the uplink interference may vary due to several factors, such as the number of users in the cell, the Service, Connection Types and Conditions of Radio, etc.. As our goal is to always be as simple as possible, we will not delve in terms of formulas or concepts involved. We will then know the typical values, and know what must be done in case of problems.

Typical Values
Ok, we know that RTWP can help us in checking the uplink interference, then we need to know its typical values. In a network is not loaded, normal, acceptable RTWP Average value is generally around -104.5 and -105.5 dBm.

But what can we do when we find bad values? If RTWP is not at acceptable levels. or even been forced to have a momentary value due to some algorithm i. • If the parameter settings and hardware are ok. such as a Interferer Repeater. This is the most common case. Usually we have High. most vendors have an alarm: RTWP "Very High. Once verified the parameter settings.. However. If the value is around -85 dBm. the situation is ugly. the next step is the physical examination. • • The first thing to do is check if there is a configuration issue with the RNC or NodeB. " What to do in case of problems? We have seen that RTWP can cause performance degradation. with strong uplink interferers. Low and Medium measures of RTWP.e. . Based on these typical values. It also should be checked if there is faulty transmitters. or any other problem that could generate intermodulation between the NodeB and the antenna. the difference between them RTWP should not exceed 6 dB. since they may have been caused by a peak of access. the chance is very high that we have external interference. What happens is that when its value is 'bad'. Thus.the latter being responsible for degradation. it's actually indicating the presence of interference . it's not RTWP that causes performance degradation. some actions should be taken. especially in cases of new activations. the maximum and minimum values are recommended only as auxiliary or reference. Note: Actually.Values around -95 dBm indicate that the cell has some uplink interferers. the value that helps us. mainly CS Call Drops. especially jumpers and cables. often partially reversed. and has the most accurate information is the same Mean RTWP! For cases in which cell has two carriers.

using the OSS. but also for its adjacent cells.In cases where there may be external interference. An antenna guy must gradually change the azimuth of the antenna. major subscribers. Note: There are many forms of interference in the uplink. In practice to find . further worsening the problem. through the information directing the antenna and the respective values of RTWP. Usually this amount of data is sufficient. For being such a complex problem. The deepening of all possibilities is beyond the goal of being simple to teach the concepts. Data should be collected for the suspicious cell.a fictional example where the interference occurred..colorful . etc. In the figure below. we see different days and times . Another way to locate the source of interference is to do a test in field. we recommend that be collected enough data for each investigation. but this is a suggestion for whoever wants to deepen the study. Vendors offer several ways to measure RTWP. you can draw conclusions very good. The uplink interference may appear only in specific periods. Thus. both internal and external. identification and elimination of interference. Insufficient data collected can lead to erroneous conclusions. performance counters and logs. .and eliminate . it is recommended that data be collected from at least one week (7 days) for every 24 hours. That is. while another professional do RTWP measurements. It is obvious that changing the online system may not be a good practice. if it carry high traffic. allowing it to make a triangulation increasing the chances of locating the source of interference. and tests can be made with a Yagi antenna and a Spectrum Analyzer. Only a few are listed above.problems of interference is one of the biggest challenges in our area. we must begin to act after such a prioritization based on how much this is affecting the cell KPI's across the network.

see what was stated at the start of this tutorial . we learn what is RTWP.have concluded that improving RTWP. I strongly recommend. ie making is as close as possible to -105 dBm.by describing RTWP.5 dBm. improving the Call Drop Rate! IMPORTANT : Seizing the opportunity. and that the ideal typical value is about -104. because it has many issues that help in our growth in telecom and IT area.and we know that interference is the main cause of performance degradation .dictionary . If you have not visited this section of the portal yet . .5 dBm and -105.Conclusion In this brief tutorial. Remember that this site has been the subject of a very interesting tutorial in the TipsSection. As the RTWP is directly related to Uplink Interference .

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