Explaining eruption styles at Ocean.v.

Ocean subduction boundaries
Trench Ocean crust Island Arc

Alistair McNaught Nov-00

Eruption
95

Magma Type
Acid magma

100 90 80 70

75

Plate motion
55

60 50

Row 15 Row 16

35

40

Height Si% Mafics

1 Mantle

5 95 73.4 26.6

15

30 20

-5

Row 14

Column C

Use the slider bar to move the magma bubble. 1) What happens to the silica content as the rising magma cools and mafic minerals crystallise out of the mixture? 2) Which silica percentages define the different magma types (eg, Acid, Basic etc) 3) How will high silica contents influence the nature of the eruption?

Alistair McNaught

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