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2011 National Gang Threat Assessment – Emerging Trends-FBI

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment – Emerging Trends-FBI

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Gang members’ vulnerability to radicalization and

recruitment for involvement in international or domes-

tic terrorism organizations is a growing concern to law

enforcement. Gang members’ perceptions of disen-

franchisement from or rejection of mainstream society

and resentment towards authority makes them more

susceptible to joining such groups and can be attractive

and easy targets for radicalization by extremist groups.

NGIC reporting indicates that incarcerated gang

members in some jurisdictions are adopting radi-

cal religious views in prison.


Gang members leave prison with the knowledge and connec-
tions that allow them to identify with a national gang which will
garner them greater respect and “street credibility” within their

Illegal Cell Phones in California Prisons

The majority of illegal cell phones in California

prisons are smuggled in by visitors or correctional

staff. Many cell phones have also been discovered

in legal mail and quarterly packages. In 2010, more

than 10,000 illegal cell phones were confscated

from prisoners in California.

Historically, correctional staff who have been

caught smuggling phones have been successfully

prosecuted only when the phone was connected

to a more serious charge such as drug distribu-

tion, and district attorney offces rarely pros-

ecute unless a more serious offense is involved.

In March 2011, legislation was approved in the

California State Senate to criminalize the use of

cell phones in prison, including penalties for both

smugglers and inmates.

Sources: US Bureau of Prisons and CDCR; California
State Senate Press Release, 22 March 2011

32 National Gang Intelligence Center

Prison gangs that tend to be dedicated to political or

social issues are often more susceptible to infuence by

extremist ideologies. In some instances, prison gang

members may even emulate various terrorist movements

by embracing their symbolism and ideology to enhance

the gang’s own militant image within the prison setting.

Prison and street gang members are also susceptible on

an individual basis to radicalization. Various correctional

agencies have reported individual members of the Black

Peace Stones, Crips, Latin Kings, and Insane Latin Dis-

ciples embracing radical ideologies.

Gang Infiltration of Corrections,
Law Enforcement, and

Gang infltration of law enforcement, government, and

correctional agencies poses a signifcant security threat

due to the access criminals have to sensitive informa-

tion pertaining to investigations or protected persons.

Gang members serving in law enforcement agencies

and correctional facilities may compromise security and

criminal investigations and operations, while acquiring

knowledge and training in police tactics and weapons.

Corrupt law enforcement offcers and correctional staff

have assisted gang members in committing crimes and

have impeded investigations.

NGIC reporting indicates that gang members

in at least 57 jurisdictions, including California,

Florida, Tennessee, and Virginia, have applied for

or gained employment within judicial, police, or

correctional agencies.

• A Crip gang member applied for a law enforce-

ment position in Oklahoma.

• OMGs engage in routine and systematic exploita-

tion and infltration of law enforcement and gov-

ernment infrastructures to protect and perpetrate

their criminal activities. OMGs regularly solicit

information of intelligence value from government

or law enforcement employees.

NGIC reporting indicates that gang members in at

least 72 jurisdictions have compromised or cor-

rupted judicial, law enforcement, or correctional

staff within the past three years.

• In November 2010, a parole worker in New York

was suspended for relaying confdential informa-

tion to a Bloods gang member in Albany, accord-

ing to open source reporting.33

• In July 2010, a Riverside County, California

detention center sheriff deputy was convicted

of assisting her incarcerated Eme boyfriend

with murdering two witnesses in her boyfriend’s


• In April 2010, a former Berwyn, Illinois police

offcer pleaded guilty to charges of conspiracy to

commit racketeering and to obstruct justice for

his part in assisting an OMG member in targeting

and burglarizing rival businesses.35

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment

National Gang Intelligence Center 33

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