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100.00 mL de HCl 0.10 M contra NaOH 0.

10 M
mL HCl =
100
M HCl =

0.1

M NaOH =

0.1
1.00E-14
+

[H ]

mL NaOH
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
95
98
99
99.2
99.4
99.6
99.8
99.9
99.95
100
100.05
100.1
100.2
100.4
100.8
101
102
105
110
120
140

[OH-]

pOH

pH

0.1
0.081818182
0.066666667
0.053846154
0.042857143
0.033333333
0.025
0.017647059
0.011111111
0.005263158
0.002564103
0.001010101
0.000502513
0.000401606
0.000300903
0.000200401
0.0001001
5.0025E-05
2.50063E-05
0.0000001
2.49938E-05
4.9975E-05
9.99001E-05
0.000199601
0.000398406
0.000497512
0.000990099
0.002439024
0.004761905
0.009090909
0.016666667

4.60216855
4.30124709
4.00043408
3.69983773
3.39967372
3.30319606
3.00432137
2.61278386
2.32221929
2.04139269
1.77815125

1
1.087150176
1.176091259
1.268845312
1.367976785
1.477121255
1.602059991
1.753327667
1.954242509
2.278753601
2.591064607
2.995635195
3.298853076
3.396199347
3.521573904
3.698100546
3.999565488
4.300812794
4.601951404
7
9.397831449
9.698752911
9.999565923
10.30016227
10.60032628
10.69680394
10.99567863
11.38721614
11.67778071
11.95860731
12.22184875

100 mL de HCl 0.1 M vs NaOH 0.1 M
14
12
10
pH

Kw =

8
6
4
2

0
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

0 0 20 40 60 80 mL NaOH 100 120 140 160 .

03001109 0.6 100.00927541 0.2 0.6 2 4 7.5 97.0624622 0.30321788 0.02009148 0.05811291 0.13051251 0.2 0.09734627 0.1 99.05 100.7 99.45 100.15 0.02808266 0.01029914 41.12537456 0.00017909 0.300164 0.3 0.30092146 0.25 122.5 107.00263289 0.4 99.1125 100.26802169 -0.0227722 47.48238832 0.50514835 3.00157943 0.18351364 -0.15 0.29887468 0.40457059 0.75257175 -0.10914447 0.01492059 60 1a.09913147 0.48673135 0.9381997 -0.8875 99.00434294 -41.30124731 0.5 96. derivada de la curva de titulación potenciométrica DpH/DV 60 DpH/DV 50 40 50 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 95 .01512677 0.32451109 0.30321788 0.6 99.01247306 6.5 111.5 98.3 0.9609719 47.30081301 0.05 0.12493874 0.5 99.01029914 -1.15 100.5 98.00063774 0.25576043 0.07239466 0.85 99.5 105.17652664 0.39783145 0.03003025 -0.3980486 2.075 0.28082661 0.2 0.30146494 0.2 1 3 5 10 20 0.025 100.075 100.20091484 0.62687278 0.00496472 0.975 100.6246915 1.95 100 100.75 101.2 0.50298176 0.09647766 0.1 0.225 100.01842925 3.50514835 -0.05 0.14014143 0.8 99.05 0.75 94.39153752 0.01249387 0.09275405 0.75041001 0.29887468 0.31231101 0.07239959 -0.2 0.13485686 0.30113861 2.0010013 0.16836218 -0.00991315 0.5 115 130 Vprom 2 dpH/dV 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 5 3 1 0.2 0.5 15 0.775 99.2 99.29056456 0.16836102 0.01091445 0.5 4 2 0.6 0.05 0.01316207 dV2 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 88.075 0.2 0.0003813 0.05 0.2 102.50732471 3.88263321 1.4 0.00813011 1.08894108 0.00871502 0.05 0.03245111 0.925 99.956629 6.00889411 0.3 99.18351347 0.01235962 0.5 103.5 d(dpH/dV1) 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 7.26324143 dV 5 15 25 35 45 55 65 75 85 92.Vprom 1 dpH 0.3 100.9 101.1 0.30059635 0.08715018 0.05 0.15126768 0.5 99.2 0.9381997 -3.

0 0 0 20 40 60 80 mL NaOH 100 120 140 95 .

004001479 0.13732189 838.37742E-05 0.763994 -40.1373219 -10.00099471 95 Gráfica de la 2a.018098665 0.7639943 -0.000157943 0.79091E-05 3.700707145 1.278802138 3.2 1.0180999 -0.50857249 -0.00010013 0.30585606 -0.000496472 0.00400403 -0.123457514 10.0343224 -2.81297E-05 6.08418051 0.305855786 0.0868589 -838.001235962 0.08418109 -0. derivada 1000 500 D2pH/DV2 2 d pH/dV 0 97 98 99 100 -500 -1000 mL Titulante 105 101 102 .89340564 -0.000263289 0.03432231 40.

95 105 VNaOH prom .

103 .

00E-14 M NaOH = 0.05 0.025 0.05 0.00225 48 HOAc/OAc - 0.05 0.0035 50.050 M mL HOAc = 50 M HOAc = 0.005 0.0495 0.00075 20 HOAc/OAc - 0.01 0.02 0.055 0.05005 0.045 0.00325 - 0.00125 30 HOAc/OAc 0.003 - 0.95 HOAc/OAc 0.0005 15 HOAc/OAc - 0.05 0.04995 0.002 0.05 0 0 2 HOAc/OAc 0.5 HOAc/OAc - 0.75696195 L NaOH Moles NaOH 0 HOAc 0.0024975 50 OAc 0.05 0.051 0.048 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.050 M contra NaOH 0.75E-05 pka mL NaOH Solución Molaridad 4.05 0.015 0.05 0.0505 0.0025025 - 0.05 0.05 0.065 0.07 0.50.0001 5 HOAc/OAc 0.05 0.05 0.0025 - 0.05 0.00 mL de HOAc 0.05 Ka = 1.05 0.05 OH 50.002 45 HOAc/OAc - 0.05 0.00175 40 HOAc/OAc 0.00025 10 HOAc/OAc - 0.05 Kw = 1.002475 49.002525 - 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.00245 49.06 0.5 OH 51 OH 65 OH 70 OH .05 0.052 0.00255 - 52 OH 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.035 0.049 0.0015 35 HOAc/OAc 0.001 25 HOAc/OAc - 0.00275 60 OH 0.0024 49 HOAc/OAc - 0.0026 55 OH 0.

.

02058824 0.008823529 0.033333333 0.0244898 0.000935414 0.01153846 0.000251256 0.016666667 0.000935414 0 0.657577 11.02474747 0.5 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 2 0.005555556 0.77964E-06 5.001020408 0.000935414 0.7112045 6.475 0.02368421 0.000935414 0.5808707 4.1371732 6.60227708 0.00833333 0.75 0.3977229 10.376751 11.3767507 3.395774 10.002631579 0.7565274 8.021428571 0.000935414 0.05 0.9330532 5.30535137 0.8027194 4.3590219 5.3889852 4.475 0.62324929 0.7525971 7.006521739 2.49875E-05 4.000935414 0.000935414 0.00192308 0.002380952 2.34242268 0.154902 4.920819 dV 0 3.000935414 0.008333333 2.000935414 0.00454545 0.1249387 5.25 0.9914 11.18563658 0.00049505 3.000248756 3.000935414 0.25 0.02222222 0.000935414 0.814363 11.040909091 0.01428571 0.02498749 pOH 3.447158 6.004545455 2.60422605 0.000505051 0.Moles Ácido [H+] Moles Acetato[OH-] 0 0.02487437 2.577451 9.42254902 2.000935414 0.07918125 pH 3.026923077 0.50125E-05 0.756962 4.046153846 0.000935414 0.01875 0.000935414 0.00860017 0.75 2 4 5 5 .01666667 0.000980392 3.0125 0.000935414 0.694649 10.028996 3.

.

5 0.28108774 50.25 0.08337466 57.32706735 49.375 -1.00721114 17.00315885 0.5 0.4875 0.5 0.5 -0.41331312 49.03521825 35 5 0 0 37.125 0.352182518 0.21298437 48.15 12.820271936 3.15 3.08804563 47.03837711 25 5 -0.234083206 0.23829854 53.013743 48.176091259 0.5 1.5 1.2410567 50.352182518 0.3625 -13.03521825 30 5 -0.725 0.37269146 22.5 0.5 0.347754736 0.12493874 0.5 0.63370096 49.85 0.00063177 42.5 0.00843954 -0.0993585 5.6125 -1.4027496 82.5 3 -0.05616532 65 67.03135722 5 -0.00713369 0.64302971 49.5 0.5 0.425968732 0.20032875 0.15 0.25012398 -0.5 0.6125 0.0993585 0 7.00187545 46.5 0.04681664 44.176091259 0.00168791 27.1373831 -36.75 0.0704365 15 5 -0.28082661 0.03837711 40 5 0.Vprom 1 dpH dpH/dV 0 Vprom 2 dVprom2 d2pH/dV2 dpH'' 0 0 0 1 0 0 3.5 0.425968732 0.298874684 0.191885526 0.05203788 -0.70266049 -1.296751198 0.234083206 0.5 3 0.5 0.275 0.6849976 50.003930294 4.309984838 0.82092354 16.4846097 50.01156397 62.00158526 12.00063177 32.00843954 0.01572117 50 0.10649218 10 4.156786104 0.5 0.5 0.10116007 51.39849958 52.17992768 -1.5 0.305439115 0.2297166 0.5 0.00472397 22.191885526 0.025 0.00803448 Curva Tiulación Ac.5 0.5 0.5125 0.998051031 2.3625 0. Acetico 4 2 0 0 20 40 60 Volumen del titulante 80 . Acetico 14 12 pH 10 8 6 Curva Tiulación Ac.1483756 55.00315885 -0.09633772 60 4.4184708 50.09086454 49.975 1.375 0.875 1.04122899 0.04681664 20 5 -0.03605568 -0.02361986 -0.385350881 0.5 4.0401724 -0.92641253 51.

.

de equiv.pH Métodos Gráficos para determinar pto. Primera derivda Linear (pH v.s Vol) 0 20 40 60 80 Volumen del tiulante Primera Derivada 18 16 14 12 10 Primera Derivada 8 6 4 2 0 0 20 40 60 80 Segunda Derivada 100 80 60 40 20 Segunda Derivada 0 -20 0 -40 -60 20 40 60 80 .s Vol Pto de Equiv. 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 pH v.

-60 .