Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

M

ESSAGE

Our province is now one of the fast growing provinces in Region VI with various investors who ventured their luck not only in San Jose de Buenavista, its capital town, but almost all throughout the province. I believe that we are now realizing our vision to make Antique: a haven of free, peaceful and environment-friendly communities engaged in world competitive enterprises and proud of its rich cultural heritage. These developments cannot be made possible without the ultimate support of multi-sectoral groups that had partnered for Antique’s development. Likewise, I am also blessed to have capable and very supportive executive staff as prime movers in achieving the major thrusts I committed to deliver for Antiqueños: education, health and nutrition, food security, tourism, culture, history and arts; and environmental management. As I finally step down as the 22 nd Governor of this province, I would make sure that “a blue print” document in the form of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) is formulated and approved by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan. This is in compliance with Section 106 (a) of the local government code of 1991, requiring each local government units (LGUs), to have a comprehensive multi-sectoral development plan to be initiated by the Provincial Development Council and approve by its sanggunian. Similarly, to conform with the Joint Memorandum Order No. 1 Series of 2007, that LGUs are mandated in the case of the Provincial Government Unit to formulate the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan to be assisted by the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) adopting the new Provincial/Local Planning and Expenditure Management Guidelines. In order to effectively formulate this document the Provincial/Local Planning and Expenditure Management Core Team was created through an issuance of Executive Order No. 390, series of 2007 to spearhead the preparation of the said plan. , The Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) link the networks of plans covering the national, regional, provincial and municipal levels. It contributes to the efficient allocation and utilization of land and other physical resources for maximum social and economic benefits. Its preparation is spearheaded by the Provincial/Local Planning and Expenditure Management (PLPEM) Team through the Provincial Planning and Development Office. It provides development strategies on settlement and infrastructure development, agricultural production, tourism, sustainable
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

mining and environmental protection. Rural investment interventions like farm-to-market roads and income-enhancing activities are contained in the plan. The programs/projects/activities (PPAs) derived from the PDPFP are the basis for a multi-year Provincial Development Investment Program (PDIP) and the Annual Investment Program (AIP); the AIP is the basis for the allocations PPAs. A periodic review of the plan is necessary to find out the results and impact of its implementation. Lastly, the approved five-year PDPFP (2008-2013) shall be one of the gifts I will leave to the next administration and to the people of Antique.

SALVACION Z. PEREZ Governor

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

A

CKNOWLEDGEMENT

We wish to express our heartfelt thanks to Asian Development Bank (ADB) through the National Economic and Development Authority Region VI (NEDA-RO-6) for the financial and technical support in the formulation of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan adopting the new Provincial/Local Planning and Expenditure Management (PLPEM). Special gratitude is sincerely extended to the Provincial Development Council (PDC) through Honorable Salvacion Z. Perez, Governor, Province of Antique and Chairperson of the PDC for her political will and valuable support in complying Section 106 (a) of the Local Government Code, citing that “all LGUs should formulate their Comprehensive Multi-sectoral Development Plan, initiated by the Provincial Development Council and approved by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan”. Many thanks also to all members of the Provincial/Local Planning and Expenditure Management (PLPEM) Core Team for their active participation and support most especially in providing data requirement during workshops and in the organization of the content of the plan. We also acknowledge with great appreciation the untiring efforts and dedication of Engr. Ron Dalumpines, Mr. Gertjan W. Geerling in sharing their expertise in the overlaying of maps and to the Provincial Information Office most especially to Fritz Enjhay Cepe who spent his precious time in the completion of different maps. Lastly, for those who in one way or another contributed in making this plan possible and to the Almighty to whom this plan is dedicated for the people of Antique.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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ABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE NO i - ii iii - iv v – viii ix - xii xiii xiv - xv xvi - xviii

TITLE MESSAGE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT LIST OF ACRONYMS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF ANNEXES LIST OF MAPS A. INTRODUCTION 1. Historical Background 2. Plan Objectives And Context 3. Coverage Of The Plan 4. Outline Of The Plan B. VISION C. PLANNING ENVIRONMENT 1. LOCATION, LAND AREA AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS 2. POPULATION AND SETTLEMENTS Population Size, Density & Growth Rate Density & Urbanization Existing Settlement Patterns Summary Of Overall Trends 3. PHYSICAL RESOURCES GENERAL LAND AND WATER CHARACTERISTICS AND RESOURCES Topography And Slope Land And Water Resources Main Geological Features Mineral Resources Climate

1 4 5 6 6

7 11 14 18 27 31

34 34 37 38 42 44
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

TITLE 4. ECONOMY ECONOMIC STRUCTURE External Context Of The Local Economy Patterns Of Industry Concentration And Specialization Highest Level Of Concentration Potentials For Local Economic Growth Economic Base Industries Local Employment Growth Local Factors 5. TRANSPORTATION, ACCESS AND CIRCULATION External Linkages External Linkage Of The Province Proposed New External Linkages INTERNAL CIRCULATION Priority Internal Routes And Linkages That Need To Be Improved 6. INCOME, EMPLOYMENT, SERVICE ACCESS, POVERTY Employment And Unemployment Family Income SOCIAL SERVICES Education Housing Security Elderly Persons With Disabilities (PWDs) Children In Conflict With The Law (CICL) Violence Against Women & Children (VAW-C) Day Care Service AND

PAGE NO 60 60 64 71 72 73 75 88 93 93 96 97 98

101 101 103 105 121 128 133 139 139 140 140 141

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

TITLE UTILITY/INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES Water And Sanitation Power Drainage/Flood Control Solid Waste Management POVERTY 7. LAND USE POTENTIALS AND CONSTRAINTS Land Classification Land Suitability Protection Areas Demand (A) Integrate Demand With Supply (B) Other Land Use Requirements ( C ) Protection Framework Plan Production Framework Plan Transport And Infrastructure Framework Plan D. DEVELOPMENT ISSUES, GOALS, OBJECTIVES/TARGETS 1. Development Issues and Problems 2. Development Goals, Objectives/Targets E. STRATEGIES, PROGRAMS, PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES 1. Strategies, Programs, Projects and Activities 2. Summary of Strategies and PPAs GLOSSARY OF TERMS

PAGE NO 153 153 157 160 162 165 46 46 50 54 172 175 178 182 185 189 192

192

241

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IST OF ACRONYMS
Alienable and Disposable Antique Development Foundation Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act Annual Investment Program Antique Electric Cooperative Administrative Order Agrarian Reform Program Air Transportation Office Bureau of Agricultural Statistics Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Bureau of Jail & Management Penology Bureau of Soils and Water Management Community-Based Forest Management Children in Conflict with the Law Communal Irrigation System Comprehensive Land Use Plan Crime Solution Efficiency Department of Agriculture Department of Agrarian Reform Department of Education Department of Environment and Natural Resources Department of Interior and Local Government Department of Energy Department of Health Department of Justice Department of Science and Technology Department of Tourism Department of Transportation and Communication Department of Public Works and Highways Department of Social Welfare & Development Department of Trade and Industry Environmental Compliance Certificate Environmental Impact Assessment Environment and Natural Resources Office Executive Order Exploration Permit Exploration Application Farmer Field School Fishpond Lease Agreement Forest Management Bureau Forest Management Service Gender and Development Gross Domestic Product
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A&D ADF AFMA AIP ANTECO AO ARP ATO BAS BFAR BJMP BSWM CBFM CICL CIS CLUP CSE DA DAR Dep Ed DENR DILG DOE DOH DOJ DOST DOT DOTC DPWH DSWD DTI ECC EIA ENRO EO EP EXPA FFS FLA FMB FMS GAD GDP

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

GIS GKP GTZ HLURB HSMEDP HUDCC ICC ILHZ IRA IRR ISF LBP LEP LGC LGUs LIPASECU LMB LOI LQ LSB LWUA MASC MDG MFARMCs MGB M&E MOA MPDC MPDO MRFs MSWDO MSWMP NAMRIA NAPOCOR NAT NEDA NGCP NGO NHA NIA NIPAS NIS NLUC NPAAAD

Geographic Information System Gawad Kalinga Program German Technical Cooperation Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board Harmonized Small and medium Enterprise Development Plan Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council Indigenous Cultural Communities Inter-Local Health Zones Internal Revenue Allotment Implementing Rules and Regulations Integrated Social Forestry Land Bank of the Philippines Land Evaluation Party Local Government Code Local Government Units Libertad, Pandan, Sebaste and Culasi (LGU Alliance) Land Management Bureau Letter of Instruction Location Quotient Local School Board Local Water Utilities Administration Municipal Association of Senior Citizens Millennium Development Goals Municipal Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils Mines and Geosciences Bureau Monitoring and Evaluation Memorandum of Agreement Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator Municipal Planning and Development Office Materials Recovery Facilities Municipal Social Welfare & Development Office Municipal Solid Waste Management Plan National Mapping and Resource Information Authority National Power Corporation National Achievement Test National Economic Development Authority National Grid Corporation of the Philippines Non-government Organization National Housing Authority National Irrigation Administration National Integrated Protection Areas System National Irrigation System National Land Use Committee Network of Protected Areas for Agriculture & AgroIndustrial Development
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

NPC NPC-SPUG NSCB NSO OTOP PAMB PDC PDIP PDPFP PHILVOCS PLPEM PNPL PPDC PPDO PO PRIME PSWMB PTO PWCCC PWSSSSP RDC RLUC SAFDZ SMC SP TEEP VAW-CC WPZ ZO

National Power Corporation National Power Corporation Small Power Utility Group National Statistics Coordination Board National Statistics Office One-Town-One-Product Protected Area Management Board Provincial Development Council Provincial Development Investment Program Provincial Development Physical Framework Plan Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology Provincial Local Planning and Expenditure Management Plant Now Pay Later Provincial Planning and Development Coordinator Provincial Planning & Development Office Provincial Ordinance Promoting Rural Industries and Market Enhancement Provincial Solid Waste Management Board Provincial Tourism Office Provincial Women and Children Crisis Center Provincial Water Supply Sewerage & Sanitation Sector Plan Regional Development Council Regional Land Use Committee Strategic Agriculture and Fisheries Development Zones Semirara Mining Corporation Sangguniang Panlalawigan Third Elementary Education Program Violence Against Women and Children Center Waterways Protection Zone Zoning Ordinance

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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1 2

IST OF TABLES
TITLE PAGE NO 11 13

TABLE NO.

Land Area, Antique, by Municipality Population, Annual Population Growth Rate, Density, Area, Philippines, Region VI, by Province 1995, 2000 & 2007 Population, Annual Population Growth Rate, Density, Area, Antique, by Municipality, 1995, 2000, 2007 Population Shares, Antique, by Municipality, 1995, 2000, 2007 Estimated Population and Density, Antique, by Municipality, 2013 Land Classification, Antique, by Municipality Land Suitability, Antique, by Municipality Protection Areas, Antique, by Municipality 9 Total Family Income (PMillion ) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000 Joint Probability: Shares of Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000 Concentration: Total Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000 Specialization: Total Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000

3

16

4

17

5

26

6 7 8

48 52 58 62

10

63

11

65

12

66

List of Tables
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

TABLE NO. 13

TITLE Location Quotient: Total Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000 Employment and Unemployment Rates, Province, Region and Philippines, 2001, 2002, 2003 Average Family Income, by province, Region VI 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000 Hospital Bed-Population Ratio, Province of Antique, 2007 Doctor-Population Ratio, By Municipality, 2007 Low Birth Weight: 2006-2008 Ten (10) Leading Causes Of Morbidity No. & Rate/100,000 Population Province of Antique Ten (10) Leading Causes of Mortality No. & Rate/100,000 Population Province of Antique Estimated Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Birth) 2007

PAGE NO 74

14

102

15

104

16 17 18 19

105 106 108 110

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111

21

112

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Ranking of Municipalities on Malnutrition (Combined BNVL & BNL) Province of Antique 2006 & 2007 Ten (10) Leading Causes of Maternal Deaths No. & Rate/1,000 Livebirths, Province of Antique Number of Day Care Centers, Workers & Pupils

115

23

117

24

141

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Simple and Functional Literacy Rate by Sex, By Province, 1994

144

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

TABLE NO. 26

TITLE School Age Population (6-11 years old) and Enrolment Province of Antique SY 2002-2003 to SY 2008-2009 Elementary Level Participation Rate/Enrolment Rate in Government Schools, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 Elementary Level Cohort Survival Rate, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 Public Elementary Level Cohort Survival Rate, Province of Antique, By Municipality SY 2008-2009 Public Elementary Level Drop Out Rate, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 Secondary Level Participation Rate/Enrolment Rate in Government Schools, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 Simple Dropout Rate, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2008-2009 Cohort Survival Rate, Province of Antique SY 2002-2003 to SY 2008-2009 Cohort Survival Rate in Government Secondary Schools, By Province SY 2002-2003 to SY 2007-2008 Total Housing Units & Status, Province of Antique by Municipality Crime Rate by Type, Province of Antique 2007 - 2008

PAGE NO 144

27

145

28

145

29

146

30

147

31

147

32

148

33

148

34

149

35

150

36

151

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

TABLE NO. 37

TITLE

PAGE NO 151

Police to Population, Province of Antique, By Municipality, 2008 Average Monthly Crime Rate, Province of Antique by Municipality July 2007 to June 2008 Existing Land Use Distribution, Antique, Percentage Share

38

152

39

172

40

Existing and Proposed Land Use

174

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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1 2

IST OF FIGURES
TITLE Existing Hierarchy of Settlements Histogram Agriculture: Share of Family Income, Region 6 Wholesale & Retail: Share of Family Income, Region 6 Manufacturing: Share of Family Income, Region 6 Community: Recreational & Personal Services: Share of Family Income, Region 6 Transportation, Storage & Communication Services: Share of Total Family Income, Region 6 Other Services Industries: Share of Total Family Income, Region 6 Not Defined: Share of Family Income, Region 6 Specialization: Antique Neonatal Deaths/1,000 Livebirths Province of Antique Vital Health Indices, 2008 PAGE NO 30 32 67 67 68 68

FIGURE NO.

3-a 3-b 3-c 3-d

3-e 3-f 3-g 3-h 4

69 69 70 70 113

5

118

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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IST OF ANNEXES
TITLE Comparative Palay Production In Region Vi Palay Production, Income And Employment Total Family Income Per Municipality Per Industry, 2007 Employed Persons By Type Of Industry (In Thousands) Number Of Muscovado Sugar Mills, Sugarcane Farm Area Serviced, Average Area Covered Per Mill, And Number Of Farmers, By Municipality, Antique, 2007 General Information On Fishery, Antique, 2007 Fishery Production In Metric Tons By Sector By Year Calendar Year 2005-2006 Municipal Fisheries Annual Fish Production (Mt) By Municipality, Calendar Year 2007 Jobs Generated From Municipal Fishing Calendar Year 2005-2007 Income By Municipality For Fishery Industry, Cy 2007 Province Of Antique Skilled Weavers Employment And Annual Income Poverty Incidence, Poverty Gap And Severity Of Poverty, By Municipality, Province Of Antique Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence Among Families, Philippines, Region Vi, 2000, 2003 And 2006 PAGE NO 195 195 196 197 198

ANNEX NO. A B C D E

F G H

199 200 200

I J K L M N

201 202 203 203 204 205

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

ANNEX NO. O

TITLE

PAGE NO 206

Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence Among Families, Philippines, Region VI, 2000, 2003 And 2006 Poverty Incidence, Poverty Gap And Severity Of Poverty, By Municipality, Province Of Antique Issues/Problems, Goals And Objectives/Targets List Of Programs/Projects/Activities

P

207

Q R

208 235

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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IST OF MAPS
TITLE Regional Location Map Province Map Density Map, 1995, 2000, 2007 Annual Population Growth Rate, 1995-2000, 2000-2007 Built-Up Areas Existing Hierarchy Of Settlements Slope Map Geologic Map Mineral Map Climate Map Land Classification Map Land Suitability Map Protection Areas Map Location Of Industries And Key Support Infra Industries With Best And Declining Potentials PAGE NO 9 10 20 25 29 33 36 41 43 45 49 53 59 91 92

MAP NO. Map 1 Map 2 Map 3a, 3b, 3c Map 4a, 4b Map 5a Map 5b Map 6 Map 7a Map 7b Map 8 Map 9 Map 10 Map 11 Map 12 Map 13

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

MAP NO. Map 14

TITLE External Linkages And Internal Circulation Routes (Existing And Proposed) Location Of Health Facilities, Priority Areas And Proposed Health-Related PPAs Location Of Education Facilities, Priority Areas And Proposed Education- Related PPAs Location Of Housing Facilities, Priority Areas And Proposed Housing-Related PPAs Location Of Security Facilities, Priority Areas And Proposed Security-Related PPAs Location Of Water Facilities, Priority Areas And Proposed Water And Sanitation-Related PPAs Location Of Power Facilities, Priority Areas And Proposed Power-Related PPAs Location Of Drainage & Flood Control Location Of Solid Waste Facilities, Priority Areas And Proposed Solid Waste-Related PPAs Poverty Map Existing Land Use Map Initial Settlement Growth Initial Settlement Growth And Protection Land Use Settlement Framework Protection Framework

PAGE NO 100

Map 15

120

Map 16

127

Map 17

132

Map 18

138

Map 19

156

Map 20

159

Map 21 Map 22

161 164

Map 23 Map 24 Map 25 Map 26 Map 27 Map 28

168 171 175 179 183 186

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

MAP NO. Map 29 Map 30 Map 31 Map 32

TITLE Production Framework Transport/Infra Framework Overall Physical Framework Proposed Programs & Projects

PAGE NO 190 192 193 194

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

A.

I

NTRODUCTION

I.

Historical Background

According to the tales of Maragtas, Antique once enjoyed primacy among the realms carved out in Panay by the ten Bornean datu (chieftains), who fled from the tyranny of Sultan Makatunaw of Borneo. The Malayan datu bought the island from King Marikudo, the chief of the Negritos and established the sakups of Hamtic, Aklan and Irong-Irong. At the height of Datu Sumakwel’s reign, Hamtic became Antique, Aklan became Capiz (which was later divided into Aklan and Capiz) and Irong-Irong as Iloilo. Barangay Malandog, Hamtic is said to be the landing site of the first Malayan settlers in 1300 A.D. where a marker is placed and the event is re-enacted in the Binirayan (literally, “place where the boats landed”) Festival. Antique is a hispanized name derived from the vernacular word “hantik” which means black ants.

In Spanish times, Antique was administered from the nearby province of Iloilo, and remained a backwater of the colony. When Miguel Lopez de Legaspi transferred his headquarters from Cebu to Panay, his men came upon the villages of Hamtic and Bugasong. Christianization of the province formally started in 1581 when the Agustinian friars set up a mission in Hamtic thereby establishing the first parish in Antique. In the 1660’s when Panay was divided into two jurisdictions, Antique belonged to Ogtong, one of the two provinces carved out from the island, the other being Panay. It became a politico-

military province with the town of Antique later named Hamtic, as capital. It
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

was in 1802 through a Royal Decree that transferred the capital of Antique from Hamtic to San Jose de Buenavista. As a province, its officials were

headed by the Spanish alcalde-mayor. Later in 1888, the Antiqueños revolted against the abuses of the Spanish officials and the Agustinian clergies. It was started by the Igbaong, a secret organization in San Remigio led by Gregorio Peralta. When the Philippine Revolution broke out, its alcalde mayor was

Castro Verde. Upon the withdrawal of the Spaniards, Gen. Leandro Fullon assumed the position and held it until the outbreak of the Filipino-American War. With the succeeding establishment of the American colonial

administration, Gen. Fullon was re-appointed governor of the province. Philippine Independence was realized through the Tydings-McDuffie Law passed by United States Congress, which provided for a ten-year transition period under the Commonwealth government. Hence, a constitutional convention was called to draft the constitution of the Philippines. Antiqueños elected Ramon Maza and Angel Salazar Sr. as their Con-con delegates in 1934.

During the Japanese invasion, an active anti-Japanese guerilla campaign in Antique was led by Col. Macario Peralta and other officers of the 61st Infantry Division of the USAFFE (United States Armed Forces in the Far East). The first submarine-borne supplies to the 6th Military District landed in Libertad, then a barrio of Pandan. It was in December 1944 when the

guerilla forces equipped with arms supplied by the Americans fought a heroic battle and wiped off the Japanese occupation forces. After the liberation, provinces were rehabilitated and schools were re-opened.

When the Philippine Republic was established, Atty. Emigdio Nietes was Antique’s first Congressman and followed by Tobias A. Fornier who held the position of the Chairman of House Committee on Appropriations.
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

During the Snap Elections of 1986, the group supportive of Mrs. Corazon C. Aquino led by former Governor Evelio B. Javier conducted a successful campaign against the well-entrenched group supportive of the President, Javier was gunned down in broad daylight in San Jose de

Buenavista, Antique during the counting of ballots on February 11, 1986. The assassination of Javier intensified the tension that culminated in the EDSA Revolution eleven days after. Initially, the province celebrates its foundation day every 10 th of March pursuant to Act No. 2711 otherwise known as the Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917. This event transpired during the American Regime when the Philippine Legislature created the Province of Antique on March 10, 1917. However, further research shows that the province was actually created on April 13, 1901 by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act No. 114. Thus, Provincial Ordinance No. 2006-07 dated March 23, 2006 was passed providing for the celebration of the province’s foundation day every April 13th.

1.2. Antique is composed of 18 municipalities with a total population of 515,265 as of 2007.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

2. Plan Objectives And Context

2.1. Objectives Of The PDPFP

The Provincial Development Physical Framework Plan is a document that guides the policy makers, the decision makers and the stakeholders to develop the province of Antique. Its specific objectives are the following:

a. Derive the overall vision of the province. b. Provide the analytical basis for understanding existing conditions and identifying key development issues, problems, opportunities, goals, objectives and targets of the province of Antique. c. Translate the vision into implementable strategies towards the attainment of goals, objectives and targets. d. Guided by the vision, identify programs, projects and activities consistent with the proposed strategies.

2.2 Context Of The PDPFP

The PDPFP serves as the vertical link between provincial development objectives, the regional and national priorities. The

programs/projects/activities derived from the PDPFP are the bases for a multiyear investment program (PDIP – a prioritized list of PPAs with cost estimates) and an annual investment program (AIP of the current year “slice” of the PDIP). In turn the AIP serves as the basis for budgetary allocations for PPAs.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

3. Coverage Of The Plan

3.1. Historical Coverage

The PDPFP is a five – year (2008-2013) medium-term development plan guided by a long-term vision. Planning analysis, however, extend

beyond the medium-term to consider long-term trends. These are necessary inputs to the identification of strategies and PPAs for the five-year plan period.

3.2. Geographical Coverage

The political boundaries of the province define the primary level of geographical analysis. Other provinces in the host region as well as the host region itself and the country as a whole are also included as benchmarks in some of the analyses.

3.3. Sectoral coverage

The planning environment of the PDPFP includes all major sectors relevant to the development of the province. In order to establish comparability and context, sectoral data are consistent with regional, national and city/municipal data.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

4. Outline of the plan

The major contents of the rest of the plan include the following:

4.1. Vision: The provincial community’s long-term vision for the province expressed through consultation with sectoral committee members and approved by the Provincial Development Council.

4.2 Planning Environment: Descriptions and analyses of the social, economic, and physical environment of the province that serve as basis for identifying development challenges and issues and subsequent courses of action (strategies, plans, programs and activities)

4.3. Development Issues/Problems, Goals, Objectives, and Targets: Issues, challenges, and opportunities facing and accompanying the task of accomplishing the identified development goals, objectives and targets.

4.4. Strategies, Plans, Programs, and Activities: Specific strategies, plans, programs, and activities to address development issues and accomplish objectives.

B.

V

ISION

“Antique: Haven of free, peaceful and environment-friendly communities engaged in world competitive enterprises and proud of its rich cultural heritage.”
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

C.

T

HE PLANNING ENVIRONMENT

1. Location, Land Area And Political Subdivisions

1.1. The province of Antique is one of the six provinces comprising Western Visayas or Region VI and one of the four provinces in the island of Panay.

1.2. It is an elongated stretch of land occupying the whole length of the western side of the island. It is bounded by the rugged mountains of Panay, composed of the provinces of Aklan in the northeast, Capiz on the east, Iloilo in the southeast and a body of water called the Cuyo East Pass and part of China Sea, on the west. Its geographic location is defined at grid coordinates 121 degrees 5 minutes west to 122 degrees 24 minutes thirty seven seconds east longitude and 9 degrees 25 minutes south to 12 degrees 13 minutes north latitude. Resembling a seahorse in shape it is 155 kilometers long and 35 kilometers at its widest point.

1.3. Antique is a lone congressional district and has 18 municipalities, 14 of which are found along the coast, three are inland and one island municipality. It is further subdivided into 590 barangays. The municipalities are grouped into three areas according to their geographical location. The southern area municipalities are: Anini-y, Tobias Fornier, Hamtic, San Jose, Sibalom and San

Remigio, with San Jose as the center point. The central municipalities are Belison, Patnongon, Bugasong, Valderrama, Laua-an and Barbaza. Its central point is Bugasong. The northern area towns are: Tibiao, Culasi, Sebaste, Pandan, Libertad and Caluya with Culasi as the central point.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

1.4. The municipality of San Jose de Buenavista serves as the provincial capital, the center of commerce and trade and the seat of the provincial government and national government agencies.

One of the oldest historical landmarks in Antique is the old HispanoFilipino Church located in Poblacion, Anini-y. This massive coral building was constructed by the Agustinian friars sometime in 1875-1880. It is the only church of Spanish vintage which has survived earthquakes and time. Another oldest landmark is the old Watchtower in Libertad which was used to warn natives of approaching pirates. The tower is still intact. Malandog Marker is found in the municipality of Hamtic, said to be the landing site of the first Malayan settlers in 1299 A.D. The EBJ Freedom Park located in San Jose is named after Antique’s hero, former Governor, Evelio B. Javier. The Sira-an Hot Spring, claimed to be medicinal is in the municipality of Anini-y. Nogas

Island located in the same municipality is known for its white beaches and beautiful coral reefs. The Malumpati Health Spring in Pandan has sparkling cool water believed to have medicinal properties. Bugang River is also located in Pandan considered as the cleanest body of water in the Philippines. Mt. Madia-as in Culasi is 2,117 meters above sea level with beautiful mountain scenery, different species of flora and fauna, rare orchids, wild deers and boars, a lagoon and rain forest.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Table 1 Land Area, Antique, by Municipality Land Area Municipality (km2) ANTIQUE 2,729.2 Anini-y 66.17 Barbaza 154.36 Belison 19.78 Bugasong 203.71 Caluya 132.13 Culasi 228.56 Hamtic 113.03 Laua-an 100.72 Libertad 97.00 Pandan 113.98 Patnongon 167.92 San Jose 48.56 San Remigio 406.98 Sebaste 111.64 Sibalom 201.30 Tibiao 177.42 Tobias Fornier 112.12 Valderrama 273.79
Source: Land Management Bureau

% Share 100 2.42 5.66 0.72 7.47 4.84 8.38 4.14 3.69 3.55 4.18 6.15 1.78 14.91 4.09 7.38 6.5 4.11 10.03

2. POPULATION AND SETTLEMENTS

2.1 Population: Regional And National Context

Based on the 2007 census of the region’s total population of 6,843,643, 7.53 percent or 515,265 come from Antique. This makes Antique the fourth largest province in terms of population size in Region VI.

Among provinces in Region VI, Negros Occidental and Iloilo still have the largest share of the region’s population at 41.93 and 30.84 percent, respectively. The smallest province is Guimaras having a share of only 2.43 percent due to its small land area. Meanwhile, Antique’s population is 54th highest in the country while Cavite has the highest at 2,856,765.
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Antique has an average density of 189 persons per km2 in 2007. There is an increase of 16 persons from the 2000 density of 173 persons per km2. It has the lowest density in the region. Although the provinces of Iloilo and Negros Occidental are the two largest provinces in terms of land area, still have the highest densities. The province of Iloilo has the highest density at 416 persons per km2 followed by Negros Occidental with 360 persons per km2. Among provinces in the country, Antique’s population ranks 40th with Rizal province as the most densely populated at 1,916 persons per km2.

Comparing the growth rates among provinces in the region, Antique is fourth highest at 1.19 percent for the period 2000-2007 which is below the regional and national averages of 1.35 and 2.04 percent, respectively. The province of Iloilo has the highest at 1.57 percent and the lowest is Guimaras at 0.93 percent. If the province’s population growth continues at the current rate, its population will likely double in size in the next 58 years from 515,265 in 2007 to 1,030,530 by year 2066.

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Table 2 Population, Annual Population Growth Rate, Density, Area, Philippines, Region VI, by Province 1995, 2000 & 2007 Population Size Pop. APGR Pop. Density Land 1995 Philippines Region VI Antique Aklan Capiz Iloilo Negros Occ. Guimaras 2000 2007 2007 % Share 1995- 20002000 2.36 7.73 7.53 7.24 10.25 30.84 41.93 2.21 1.56 1.97 2.05 1.00 2.10 1.08 2.43 2007 2.04 1.35 1.19 1.29 0.97 1.57 1.56 0.93 1995 229 278 158 225 241 344 306 209 2000 255 299 173 248 252 379 322 234 2007 295 329 189 272 270 416 360 250 Area (km2) 300,000 20,794.2 2,729.2 1,821.4 2,594.6 5,079.2 7,965.2 604.6

Area %

68,431,213 76,504,077 88,574,614 5,765,943 431,808 410,539 624,469 1,749,561 2,434,186 126,470 6,211,038 472,561 451,314 654,156 1,925,002 2,565,723 141,450 6,843,643 515,265 495,122 701,664 2,110,588 2,869,766 151,238

6.93 13.1 8.8 12.5 24.4 38.3 2.9

Source: National Statistics Office (NSO) & Land Management Bureau (LMB)

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

2.2. Population Size, Density And Growth Rate

2.2.1. Size And Distribution

The largest municipality in Antique in terms of population is San Jose which is the provincial capital, the center of commerce and trade and the seat of the provincial government and offices of the national agencies. In 2007, it has a population of 54,871, accounting for 10.65 percent of the total provincial population while occupying only 1.78 percent of the provincial land area.

San Jose’s population is second to the lowest among the capital towns and cities in the region. The highest is Bacolod City in Negros Occidental with a population of 499,497 and the lowest is Jordan in Guimaras (32,524).

San Jose, Sibalom, Hamtic, Patnongon, Bugasong and Culasi are the six largest settlements, accounting for almost half or 48.98 percent of the provincial population. The rest of the population is distributed among the 12 municipalities with Belison having the smallest share of 12,467 or equivalent to 2.43 percent.

Nine out of 18 municipalities have increased their population shares for the period 1995-2000. The highest increase is experienced by Culasi with a net increase of 0.30 percent followed by Sebaste with 0.29 percent. In this period, San Jose, Pandan, San Remigio, Laua-an, Tibiao, Caluya, and Valderrama have also increased their population shares. Meanwhile, only five municipalities

experienced increase in population shares in 2000 to 2007 with Caluya having the highest increase of 0.71 percent followed by San Jose with 0.44 percent. Culasi, Barbaza and Libertad also experienced net increases in this period.

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San Jose, Sibalom, Hamtic, Culasi, Patnongon and Bugasong are the six largest municipalities in terms of population that account for almost 50 percent (48.98%) of the additional population (2000-2007) in the entire province. Sibalom and Hamtic which are located adjacent the capital town are the next largest municipalities, will become part of the expansion area if the latter continues to grow and expand its sphere of influence.

These population growth trends suggest that San Jose remains the biggest driver of population growth especially in the southern part of Antique. Culasi, being the secondary growth center in the northern part of the province influences population growth in the neighboring towns of Pandan and Libertad. Population growth in Libertad can also be attributed to the presence of its municipal port.

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Table 3: Population, Annual Population Growth Rate, Density, Area, Antique, by Municipality, 1995, 2000, 2007
Population
19951995 2000 2007 2000

APGR
20002007 1995

Density Land
2000 2007

Area (km2) 2,729.2 48.56 201.30 113.03 228.56 167.92 203.71 112.12 113.98 406.98 132.13 100.72 177.42 154.36 66.17 273.79 111.64 97.00 19.78

Area %

ANTIQUE San Jose Sibalom Hamtic Culasi Patnongon Bugasong Tobias Fornier Pandan San Remigio Caluya Laua-an Tibiao Barbaza Anini-y Valderrama Sebaste Libertad Belison

431,793 42,927 46,143 36,167 30,431 29,235 26,721 26,155 24,978 22,869 17,101 21,069 19,628 17,313 18,657 15,433 12,438 13,274 11,174

472,822 48,261 49,971 38,230 34,732 31,555 28,294 27,331 27,647 26,079 20,049 23,258 21,772 18,597 19,623 17,874 14,973 12,955 11,621

515,265 54,871 53,934 42,375 37,100 33,694 30,394 29,772 29,518 28,401 25,526 23,808 23,228 20,709 20,097 18,878 15,840 14,653 12,467

1.97 2.54 1.72 1.20 2.87 1.65 1.23 0.95 2.20 2.85 3.47 2.14 2.25 1.54 1.09 3.20 4.05 (0.52) 0.84

1.19 1.79 1.06 1.43 0.91 0.91 0.99 1.19 0.91 1.18 3.39 0.32 0.90 1.49 0.33 0.76 0.78 1.71 0.97

158 884 229 320 133 174 131 233 219 56 129 209 111 112 282 56 111 137 565

173 994 248 338 152 188 139 244 243 64 152 231 123 120 297 65 134 134 588

189 1,130 268 375 162 200 149 265 265 69 193 236 131 134 304 69 142 151 630

1.78 7.38 4.14 8.38 6.15 7.46 4.11 4.18 14.91 4.84 3.69 6.50 5.66 2.42 10.03 4.09 3.55 0.72

Source: National Statistics Office /The Philippine Countryside in Figures & Land Management Bureau

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Table 4: Population Shares, Antique, by Municipality, 1995, 2000, 2007
Population shares (%) 1995 ANTIQUE San Jose Sibalom Hamtic Culasi Patnongon Bugasong Pandan Tobias Fornier San Remigio Laua-an Tibiao Caluya Anini-y Barbaza Valderrama Sebaste Libertad Belison 9.94 10.69 8.38 7.05 6.77 6.19 5.78 6.05 5.30 4.88 4.55 3.97 4.32 4.01 3.57 2.88 3.07 2.59 10.21 10.57 8.09 7.35 6.67 5.98 5.85 5.78 5.52 4.92 4.60 4.24 4.15 3.93 3.78 3.17 2.74 2.45 10.65 10.47 8.22 7.20 6.54 5.90 5.73 5.78 5.51 4.62 4.51 4.95 3.90 4.02 3.66 3.07 2.84 2.43 9.94 20.63 29.01 36.06 42.84 49.03 54.81 60.86 66.16 71.04 75.59 79.55 83.87 87.88 91.45 94.33 97.40 100 10.21 20.78 28.87 36.22 42.89 48.87 54.72 60.5 66.02 70.94 75.54 79.78 83.93 87.86 91.64 94.81 97.55 100 10.65 21.12 29.34 36.54 43.08 48.98 54.71 60.49 66.00 70.62 75.13 80.08 83.98 88.00 91.66 94.73 97.57 100 0.27 (0.12) 5.40 0.30 (0.10) (0.21) 0.07 (0.27) 0.22 0.04 0.05 0.27 (0.17) (0.08) 0.21 0.29 (0.33) (0.14) 0.44 (0.10) 10.84 (0.15) (0.13) (0.08) (0.12) 0.00 (0.01) (0.30) (0.09) 0.71 (0.25) 0.09 (0.12) (0.10) 0.10 (0.02) 2000 2007 1995 Cumulative Pop.Shares (%) 2000 2007 % Change 2000-1995 2007-2000

Source: National Statistics Office (NSO)

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2.2.2. Density And Urbanization Antique has an average density of 189 persons per km2 in 2007. There is an increase of 16 persons from the 2000 density of 173 persons per km2.

Within the province, San Jose has the highest population density computed at 1,130 persons per km2 while both Valderrama and San Remigio have the lowest at 69 persons per km2. San Jose’s population density is

higher compared to the provincial (189), regional (329) and national (295) averages.

San Jose’s density is the fourth highest among capital towns and cities in the region with Iloilo City having the highest at 7,477 persons per km2 and Jordan the lowest at 258 persons per km2.

Belison is the second highest densely populated at 630 persons per km2. The lowest share in the provincial land area of 0.72 percent or 19.76 km2 can explain for the high population density.

A comparison of the province population densities in 1995, 2000 and 2007 as reflected in the population density maps reveals that much of the population are in the capital town of San Jose which is the major growth center in the province. The adjacent municipalities of Belison and Hamtic are also densely populated for the three census period. In 1995, higher population densities are also quite noticeable in the coastal towns of Anini-y, Tobias Fornier, Patnongon, Laua-an, Pandan, Culasi and the inland municipality of Sibalom. The same municipalities with the addition of Caluya have become densely populated in 2000 to 2007. Except for Culasi, their densities in 2007 are substantially higher than the provincial average of 189 persons per km2. Although Culasi is considered the secondary growth center
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in the north, its density is slightly lower than the provincial average which can be attributed to its bigger share in the provincial land area of 8.36 percent or 228.56 km2.

Meanwhile, the sparsely populated municipalities for the three census period are the inland municipalities of Valderrama and San Remigio and the coastal municipalities of Bugasong, Barbaza, Tibiao, Sebaste. population densities are below the provincial average. Their

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2.2.3. Growth Rate

a. For the period 1995-2000, nine municipalities namely Sebaste, Caluya, Valderrama, Culasi, San Remigio, San Jose, Tibiao, Laua-an and Pandan exhibited fast growth than the province and the region having growth rates ranging from 2.14 to 4.05 percent. In this period, Sebaste is growing the fastest at 4.05 percent.

However, this pattern changed for the period 2000-2007. Except for San Jose and Caluya, the rest of the municipalities with high growth rates mentioned above, have remarkably lowered their growth with Laua-an growing the slowest at the rate of 0.32 percent. The decline in growth rates of these municipalities can be attributed to the migration situation of the province where quite a number of the population work in other cities outside the province and as overseas contract workers abroad, particularly in the Middle East, Europe and the United States due to relatively harder living condition in their areas and better economic opportunities offered abroad. Many of the school age population also continue their tertiary education in colleges and universities in other provinces. Hence, in this period only five municipalities namely Caluya, San Jose, Libertad, Barbaza and Hamtic remain to grow faster than the province (1.19%) and the region (1.35%) with Caluya having the highest growth at 3.39 percent.

Population growth in municipalities is determined not only by the number of births but also by the number of migrants as well which is true to municipalities with higher growth rates. The presence of a mall and large business establishments has boost San Jose’s economic growth and correspondingly opened employment opportunities that attracted migration from other municipalities and even from other provinces. The long coastline of Antique and its rich fishing grounds have also encouraged fishermen
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particularly from Cebu to settle not only in San Jose but also in other municipalities like Hamtic and Barbaza. Most of them resided in the coastal areas of these municipalities. Malandog River in Hamtic serves as the hiding place of their boats especially during bad weather or typhoons. The presence of the municipal seaport in Libertad has contributed to its high growth rate in 2007. Meanwhile, Caluya’s growth can be attributed to the presence of the Caluya Port and the Semirara Mining Corporation where many migrant workers are employed.

Among capital towns and cities in the region, San Jose ranks fourth with Roxas City having the highest population growth rate of 2.18% percent and Kalibo as the lowest with 1.53 percent.

B. Densities And Growth Rate

High density and fast-growing settlements: San Jose, Hamtic, Caluya

San Jose has the highest density among the fastest growing settlements which is followed by Caluya and Hamtic. The presence of shopping centers, mall and supermarkets in San Jose has opened employment opportunities that attracted migration from other municipalities. Hamtic, being adjacent to San Jose, is expected to grow given the continued development of the capital town. Adding to its population are the fishermen from Cebu who resided in its coastal barangays particularly in Malandog. Although Caluya experienced decrease in population for the period 20002007, its population growth is still the highest in the province. The presence of the Semirara Mining Corporation encouraged residents from other provinces like Mindoro and the mainland municipalities of Antique to migrate in this municipality for employment.

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Low density and fast-growing settlements: Libertad and Barbaza

Libertad and Barbaza have low population densities but are fastgrowing settlements. Barbaza’s growth rate of 1.47 and Libertad of 1.71 is higher compared to the provincial average. Reasons for high growth rates in these municipalities are stated above.

High density and slow-growing settlements: Anini-y, Tobias Fornier, Belison, Patnongon, Laua-an and Pandan.

Among high density towns, Anini-y, Tobias Fornier, Belison, Patnongon, Laua-an and Pandan show a slowing down of growth at the rates ranging from 0.32 percent to 0.91 percent in 2000-2007. This is below the provincial average of 1.19 percent. Their slow growth is affected by the out-migration of their residents within and outside of the province for better employment. It can also be attributed to the collaborative efforts of the local health offices and other concerned agencies that advocate for reproductive health related programs.

Low density and slow-growing settlements: Tibiao, Valderrama, Sebaste and Bugasong

Tibiao, Valderrama, Sebaste and Bugasong are low in density and are slow-growing. These municipalities are located farther away from San Jose. Their slow growth can also be attributed to the awareness of mothers to reproductive health related programs. The out-migration of residents may have also contributed to their slow growth. These municipalities have substantially high population

growth rate for the previous period (1995-2000) but turned to be slowgrowing in 2000-2007.
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Given the current growth rate of the province, its projected total population at the end of the planning period (2013) will be 554,099 or an additional of 38,834 persons and its population density will be 203 persons per km2.

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Table 5 Estimated Population and Density, Antique, by Municipality, 2013
Population
2000 2007

APGR 2000-2007

Land Area (km2)

Population Density (2007)
189 1,130 268 375 162 200 149 265 259 69 193 236 131 134 304 69 142 151 630

Estimated Population (2013)
554,099 61,034 57,456 46,143 39,172 35,576 32,245 31,962 31,167 30,472 31,178 24,269 24,511 22,631 20,498 19,755 16,596 16,222 13,210

Estimated Population Density (2013)
203 1,257 285 408 171 212 158 285 273 75 236 241 138 147 310 72 149 167 668

Additional Population 2008-2013
38,834 6,163 3,522 3,768 2,072 1,882 1,851 2,190 1,649 2,071 5,652 461 1,283 1,922 401 877 756 1,569 1,283

ANTIQUE San Jose Sibalom Hamtic Culasi Patnongon Bugasong Tobias Fornier Pandan San Remigio Caluya Laua-an Tibiao Barbaza Anini-y Valderrama Sebaste Libertad Belison

472,088 48,261 49,971 38,230 34,372 31,555 28,294 27,331 27,647 26,079 29,049 23,258 21,772 18,597 19,623 17,874 14,973 12,955 11,621

515,265 54,871 53,934 42,375 37,100 33,694 30,394 29,772 29,518 28,401 25,526 23,808 23,228 20,709 20,097 18,878 15,840 14,653 12,467

1.19 1.79 1.06 1.43 0.91 0.91 0.99 0.19 0.91 1.18 3.39 0.32 0.90 1.49 0.33 0.76 0.78 1.71 0.97

2,729.2 48.56 201.30 113.03 228.56 167.92 203.71 112.12 113.98 406.98 132.13 100.72 177.42 154.36 66.17 273.79 111.64 97.00 19.78

Source: National Statistics Office & Land Management Bureau

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2.3. Existing Settlement Patterns

The scalogram shows a pronounced hierarchy of settlements led by the municipality of San Jose which contains most of the functions and where the basic services and facilities are concentrated. As the provincial capital, it is identified as the sub-regional center, provides supportive roles to Iloilo and other capital towns and cities in the region. Located in San Jose are higher level of services like the provincial hospital, tertiary schools, industries, welfare services, tourist facilities and others. It also serves as the trading center of other adjacent municipalities.

As reflected in the built-up areas map, most of the population is concentrated in the capital town of San Jose, in the poblacion of each municipality and along the national highway. Considering the varied roles of San Jose, it might not be able to cope up the space requirement for urban development. The establishment of alternative growth centers is encouraged to support the roles of San Jose in the development of the province and the region. Expansion area development is towards the municipality of Hamtic, which is seven kilometers away from San Jose. It will cater to the possible expansion of buit-ups such as industrial and commercial development during the time when San Jose can no longer accommodate the space requirement for its establishment. Culasi is the second growth center that will complement San Jose in commerce and trade. The presence of its port could help in promoting and enhancing inter and intra-regional linkages.

2.3.1. Large Towns: San Jose and Sibalom are large towns with a population of 54,871 and 53,934, respectively. Sibalom is a large town

located adjacent to San Jose. Its potential for development is high especially in agriculture. It complements the roles of San Jose by having the presence

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of vital infrastructure facilities like rural bank, district hospital, drugstore, telecommunication services, secondary schools and college and others.

2.3.2. Medium Towns: Hamtic, Culasi, Patnongon, Bugasong, Tobias Fornier, Pandan, San Remigio and Caluya are medium towns with a population less than 50,000. These municipalities have the presence of infrastructure facilities which are classified in the category of a medium town. Culasi, being the secondary growth center of the province complements the role of San Jose particularly on trade and commerce in the northern part of Antique. It has strong inter-provincial linkages with Aklan and Capiz. On the other hand, Hamtic which is close to San Jose is poised to become part of the expansion area of the capital town as it continues to grow and expand its direct sphere of influence. As a whole, this town has been growing faster than the provincial average.

2.3.3. Small Towns: The remaining eight municipalities which are Valderrama, Laua-an, Tibiao, Barbaza, Anini-y, Sebaste, Libertad and Belison are classified as small towns with a population less than 25,000. These municipalities have the presence of infrastructure facilities which are classified in the category of a small town like groceries, rural banks, primary health centers, eateries and entertainment bars.

The municipalities of Valderrama, Bugasong, Tibiao and Sebaste which are located farther away from San Jose have lower densities and have exhibited slower growth during the period 2000-2007.

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Figure 1. Existing Hierarchy of Settlements Hierarchy of Settlements Capital Town Municipalities San Jose Functions Seat of provincial administration and offices of the national government agencies, center of commerce trade and industry, banks and financial institutions, shopping centers/supermarkets, mall, tertiary education and health services (public and private), large drugstores and quality restaurants Rural bank, district/ community hospital, drugstore, secondary/ technical school and college, telephone service Some district hospitals, commercial bank and rural banks, telephone service, seaport, secondary/ technical schools and colleges, drugstores Groceries, consumer shops, rural banks, primary health centers, telecommunication office, eateries and entertainment bars Population 50,000100,000

Large Town

Sibalom

50,000100,000

Medium Town

Hamtic, Culasi, Patnongon, Bugasong, Tobias Fornier, Pandan, San Remigio, Caluya

25,000-50,000

Small Town

Laua-an, Tibiao, Barbaza, Anini-y, Valderrama, Sebaste, Libertad, Belison

2,000-25,000

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2.4. Summary

2.4.1. Antique has a population of 515,265 in 2007 and the fourth largest province in terms of population in Region VI. Its population density of 189 persons per km2 is the lowest in the region. Likewise, its annual

population growth rate (2000-2007) of 1.19% is lower than the regional average of 1.35 percent and the country’s overall growth rate at 2.04%.

Given its current growth rate, the population of Antique is expected to grow to 554,099 by the end of the plan period (2013). This translates into an additional population of 38,834 or an average increase of 3,236 persons every year.

2.4.2. San Jose is the largest growing urban center in the province. It has a population of 54,871 (2007) which accounts for 10.65 percent of the provincial population. It is the provincial capital, a sub-regional center and the secondary gateway to the neighboring provinces of Aklan, Capiz, Iloilo and other places like Mindoro, Batangas and Metro Manila (through land and sea).

2.4.3. With San Jose as the sub-regional center, it has strong commerce and trade linkages with its adjacent provinces in Panay, with Mindoro and Metro Manila.

2.4.4. Given current trends (described above) Antique will double its population in 58 years from 515,265 in 2007 to 1,030,530 by year 2066 with the expansion areas around San Jose accounting for almost half of the provincial population.

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3. Physical Resources

3.1 General land and water characteristics and resources

3.1.1 Topography And Slope

Antique has a rugged terrain and narrow coastal plains. Its topography is divided into three zones: upland, lowland and coastal. About 39 percent or 230 of the total barangays of the province are considered upland. San Remigio, Libertad, Barbaza, Tobias Fornier Patnongon and Laua-an are the municipalities which have more than 50 percent of their barangays classified as upland.

The highest points in the province are along the mountain crest from Valderrama to Culasi. The highest mountain is Madia-as in Culasi (2,117 meters above sea level), followed by Nangtud in Barbaza (2,060 meters) and Baloy in Valderrama and Bugasong (1,900 maters). The elevation of other mountains in the province generally ranges from 500 to 1,300 meters.

Majority or 74.93 percent of Antique’s land area are in the steep and protection–oriented slope and only 25.07 percent are in relatively developable range. As categorized, lands with a slope range greater than 50 percent are very steep lands, which account for the biggest share of the total land area of the province at 31.65 percent or 86,379 hectares. In this category, Valderrama has the biggest share at 16.96 percent or 14,650 hectares while San Jose, Belison and Caluya have no areas under this slope category. On the other hand, the 30-50 percent slope range is described as steep lands, which has the second highest share of the total land area of the province at 22.53 percent or 61,489 hectares. 21.13 percent or 12,993 hectares.
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San Remigio has the highest share at

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Meanwhile, lands in the slope range of 18-30 percent characterized as rolling to moderately steep occupy some 48,880 hectares while 29,394 hectares are in the slope range of 8-18 percent. Sibalom has the highest share in both types of this slope range.

On the other hand, lands in the slope range 3-8 percent, are gently sloping to undulating, occupy the smallest area with only 4.59 percent or 12,527 hectares. Caluya accounts for the biggest share of this slope class at 24.90 percent or 3,119 hectares. About 12.55 percent or 34,251 hectares are with slope ranging from 0-3 percent (level to nearly level). In this slope class, Sibalom still shares the biggest at 17.37 percent or 5,499 hectares.

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3.1.2. Land And Water Resources

The province of Antique has a total land area of 272,920 hectares which constitutes 0.93 percent of the total land area of the country and 13.66 percent of Western Visayas.

Out of its total land area, about 74.93 percent is classified as upland having a slope of more than eight percent while the narrow coastal and interior plains account for the remaining 25.07 percent. The municipalities with large lowland areas are Sibalom, San Remigio and Hamtic.

The province has a total coastline of 307.45 kilometers and traverses along the Cuyo East Pass, a body of water which is considered a rich fishing ground being one of the “tuna highways” of the Philippines. Other fishing grounds in Antique are the municipal waters of the 14 coastal municipalities and the island municipality of Caluya.

There are seven major rivers in the province which are the main sources of water for domestic, industrial and irrigation purposes. These are Cangaranan River, Paliwan River, Sibalom River, Dalanas River, Tibiao River, Hamtic River and Bacong River. These rivers are also good sources of sand and gravel for construction purposes. On the other hand, Paliwan, Tibiao and Dalanas Rivers are potential sources of hydro-electricity while Sibalom River abounds with gemstones and other semi-precious stones that can be processed into jewelries and other gift items.

Tibiao River and Bugang River in Pandan, together with Madia-as mountain in Culasi have vast eco-tourism potentials. Bugang River is considered the cleanest inland body of water in the country and has been recognized nationally and internationally.
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3.1.3.

Main Geological Features Of The Province

The geology of Antique is complex and mainly attributed to tectonic actions generated from Cretaceous to Quaternary period. The high

mountains of the province formed by the oldest rocks, largely of volcanic origin are completely folded and faulted assemblages of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Overlying the basement complex is the Tertiary

sequence of volcanic and sedimentary rocks which forms the lower hills and the rolling areas in the western-half part of the province. In general, the structural trend of the province is attributed to steeply sloping terrains and moderate to steep dips.

The rock units of the province are classified into three main groups based on the geologic ages and these are: the miocene and older systems, the plio-pleistocene series and recent deposits. Its geological features are as follows:

1. Miocene and older systems

These rock systems are found in the western mountain ranges of the province and at several islets in Cuyo East Pass. It is composed of

serpentine, basalt flows and metamorphic rocks, commonly fractures. Groundwater is limited to fractured and weathered zones. Basement

complex in the northern part of the province represents the folded metamorphosed rocks possibly sedimentary origin which forms the Buruanga Peninsula. The early miocene which are basaltic lavas in intercalated volcanic sediments overlying red mudstone form the Mt. Baloy volcanics of the middle miocene which is dominantly found in the northern towns of Antique, starting from Bugasong going north to Pandan.

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In the southern part of the province, the rock units of cretaceous period to paleocene epoch are made up of metamorphosed basalt flows, bedded chets and green clastics. The sedimentary rocks of early miocene epoch are well exposed hanging in the wall side of Patnongon thrust fault as narrow discontinuous patches resting directly on basalt and dipping steeply to the east. The extrusive rock of the late miocene forms the Lagdo formation which consists of thin to medium-bedded tuffaceous shale and sandstone with conglomerate and coarse lithic crystals of tuffs. These are found in the

southern part of the province. The Lumbuyan formation of the late oligocene considered as sedimentary rocks are found only in the mountain ranges of Bugasong, Laua-an, Barbaza and Tibiao. It is red to purple mudstone with minor greenish tuffs and turbidite wackes. The Semirara formation of the late miocene is tuffaceous shale, sandstone, conglomerate and limestone.

2. Plio-pleistocene series

The sedimentary rock units of plio-pleistocene epochs have various ranges of permeability which are extensively exposed on the western side of the province. The Apdo formation of the early pliocene are found in the mountains of Hamtic which are sedimentary rocks consist of gently to moderate dipping conglomerate, calcareous mudstone-siltstone and shale and coralline.

3. Recent deposits

Alluvium consists of loose coastal and river deposits of clay, silt, sand, gravel and shells. These are the fragments weathered and eroded from the pre-existing rocks and transformed by water into the river valleys, coastal plains and beaches of the area. The most extensive plain in the province is located in the southern basin formed by Sibalom River. The thickness of
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alluvial deposits ranges from 100 to 200 meters. In the upstream portion of Sibalom River unconsolidated gravel deposits are found along the river, extending northeast-southwest from Municipality of Sibalom to Barangay Osorio of San Remigio for a stretch of about 30 kilometers.

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3.1.4. Mineral Resources

Antique has deposits of metallic and non-metallic mineral resources. The metallic mineral resources include copper, gold, chromite, pyrite, iron, manganese and ferro alloy and limestone. Copper deposits in Barbaza and San Remigio are estimated to have a volume of 36,255 metric tons and 59,445 metric tons respectively. Pyrite deposits in Valderrama and Sibalom are estimated at 120,000 metric tons while limestone deposits in Culasi are estimated at 30 billion metric tons.

The Mines and Geo-Sciences Bureau (MGB) confirms the presence of gold in Mt. Dumara, Laua-an extending to as far as Lumboyan, Barbaza. An analysis conducted in ore deposits indicated that 39.75 grams of gold can be found in a metric ton of ore.

On the other hand, non-metallic deposits include sulfides, clay, sulfur, oil and gemstones. Marble deposits are estimated at 1.8 billion metric tons and 2.3 billion metric tons in Libertad and Pandan, respectively. reserves in Caluya are estimated to be 1.6 million metric tons. Coal

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3.1.5 Climate

Antique has a tropical climate dominated by the rainy and dry seasons. It has two types of climate, Type I and Type III. Type I is characterized by two pronounced seasons, dry and wet, with maximum rain period from June to September and a dry season which lasts from 3 to 6 months. Type III, on the other hand, has no very pronounced maximum rain period with a short dry season lasting from one to three months.

The dry season is from November to April and wet the rest of the year. The maximum rainfall is from June to September, while February to April is the driest.

December and January are the cool months while the hot months are April and May. Mean temperature is 27 degrees centigrade while relative humidity is high at all times. The north and northeast wind occur from

November to May and the southeast wind from June to October. On the average, one tropical typhoon occurs once a year.

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3.2.

Land Use Potentials And Constraints

3.2.1 Land Classification

Antique has a total land area of 252,200 hectares of which 47.04 percent or 118,634 hectares are classified as forest lands and 52.96 percent or 133,566 hectares are alienable and disposable lands. These lands are

further classified according to its use either for production or protection. 3.2.1. a. Alienable and Disposable Lands.

Of the total alienable and disposable lands, Sibalom has the widest area with 12 percent share followed by San Remigio with 9 percent. Belison has the smallest at 1.5 percent.

Based on the existing land use, all of these lands are utilized for production purposes. About 50 percent or 67,084 hectares of the total A and D lands are generally used for the cultivation and production of crops, livestock and poultry, 0.38 percent or 412 hectares for fishponds, 48.20 percent or 64,238.50 hectares for pasture land/open grasslands and other mixed and miscellaneous uses comprise and the remaining 1.36 percent or 1,830 hectares is utilized for other uses such as built up.

Protection lands within A and D are for conservation, rehabilitation, sustainable utilization and management. It is not restricted for cultivation and production or other development but has to observe allowable extent of development/utilization like areas prone to natural hazards termed as environmentally critical areas. Likewise, for agricultural lands within A and D, protection is on the aspect of not allowing the reclassification and conversion of prime agricultural land to non-agricultural uses This includes areas which

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are declared as Network of

Protected Areas for Agricultural and Agro-

Industrial Development (NPAAAD) pursuant to RA 8435.

3.2.1.b. Forest lands

Forestlands are those lands with slope 18 percent and above either classified as public forest, permanent forest, forest reserves and forest reservations. These are further categorized into production forest or protection forest. Among the municipalities, Valderrama has the largest area of forestlands while Tobias Fornier has the least. On the other hand, San Jose and Belison have no forest areas.

A large percentage of forestlands are classified as protection forests covering 59.29 percent or 70,338.52 hectares. A little more than 50 percent (50.31 percent) of the total forestlands are vegetated with an area of 60,861.50 hectares. The municipalities of Culasi, San Remigio and Valderrama registered the highest vegetative cover with an area of 13,005 hectares, 8637.50 hectares and 6,350 hectares respectively.

The remaining 40.71 percent or 48,296.48 hectares are classified as production forests either tenured (with tenurial instruments e.g. Certificate of Stewardship Agreement (CSC), Community-Based Forest Management

Agreement (CBFM) , Co-Management Agreement) or untenured. The largest area is utilized for agro-forestry which shares 73.17 percent or 36,112.47 hectares. Others are shrubs/wooded grasslands and other cultivated areas. The Municipality of Culasi registered the widest area of production forests followed by Remigio and Valderrama.

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Table 6 Land Classification, Antique, by Municipality
Municipality Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Tobias Fornier Valderrama TOTAL Alienable and Disposable (ha) 4,658.50 4,660 2,850 10,650 9,769 3,948.50 11,780 5,593 3,442 6,839 7,591 3,942 9,991 4,822 17,471 8,818 9,607.50 7,133.50 133,566 292 8,519 9,624 2,846 14,829 2,180 3,845 5,436 6,861 5,019 16,499 6,146 7,199 7,040 92 22,206.5 118,634 4,950.50 13,179 2,850 20,274 12,615 18,778 13,960 9,438 8,878 13,700 12,610 3,942 26,490 10,968 24,670 15,858 9,699.50 29,340 252,200 Forest Land (ha) Area (ha)

Source: Land Evaluation Party, Forest Management Service, DENR VI

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3.2.2. Land Suitability

Given its physical setup, a large area of the province is suited for trees and vine crops. No specific area has been identified for pastures. However, lands cultivated with annual crops or perennial trees can be associated with pasturelands.

Likewise, assessment of the existing land uses shows that there are areas cultivated with annual crops that have the potential to be reached by irrigation or suited for irrigated rice. This becomes a development opportunity for irrigated rice once expansion of irrigation project will be implemented by the National Irrigation Administration.

Portion of areas suited for trees and vine were cultivated with annual crops. These become over-used lands and would later result in the downgrading of the fertility level of the said land. This resource use conflict is maybe brought about by the increasing economic demand of the growing population specifically in the uplands. Occurrence of erosion and floods is aggravated by these situations in the area.

Areas with sustainable use or those existing land uses that conforms to its suitability are mostly irrigated lands and those which are under the program of the DENR and the devolved environmental programs undertaken by ENRO of the Provincial Government. There are portions of cultivated annual crops found to be sustainable particularly those located within 0-8 percent slope.

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Meanwhile, Sibalom has the highest land area suitable for irrigated rice or fishponds covering 3,063 hectares followed by Bugasong with 2,070 hectares, San Jose with 1,870 hectares and the lowest is Anini-y with only 40 hectares. Likewise, Sibalom has still the highest land area suitable for

cultivated annual crops with 7,740 hectares followed by Patnogon with 3,727 hectares, Valderrama with 2,700 hectares and the lowest is Sebaste with only 260 hectares. Likewise, the municipality with the highest land area suited for perennial trees and vine crops is Valderrama with 25,733 hectares and the lowest is San Jose with only 503 hectares.

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Municipality Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Tobias Valderrama

Table 7 Land Suitability, Antique, by Municipality Total Area of Scc Stv Sr Sustainable (ha) A&D Forestland (ha)
Land Use

1,220 1,360 580 2,476 790 2,275 2,080 370 1,030 3,727 1,092 2,173 260 7,740 1,150 1,610 2,700

40 813 706 2,070 1,370 997 420 150 903 360 1,780 427 642 3,063 900 950 347

3,440 4,285 83 6,420 1,792 7,297 2,690 955 970 4,969 503 5,207 2,508 8,447 2,100 6,212 3,525

147 7,270 486 7,397 11,275 488 12,109 5,355 6,387 5,109 16,172 6,104 3,430 9,504 22,208

4,847 13,728 1,855 18,363 15,227 11,057 17,299 6,830 9,290 14,165 3,375 23,979 9,514 22,680 13,654 8,772 27,880

Source: Office of the Provincial Agriculturist (OPA)

Sr-Suited for irrigated rice or fishponds Scc-Suited for cultivated annual crops Stv-Suitable for perennial tree and vine crops

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3.2.3 Protection Areas

a. National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS)

The province has two watersheds and two natural parks proclaimed as NIPAS areas covering a total of 21,161.76 hectares.

The Mau-it Tipuluan Watershed Reservation in Sibalom and Dalanas Forest Reservation covers an area of 7,737 and 8,558 hectares, respectively. The Sibalom Natural Park, which forms part of the Mau-it Tipuluan Watershed Reservation pursuant to Presidential Proclamation No. 282 on April 23, 2000, has an area of 5,511.47 hectares. The other natural park is the Northwest Panay Peninsula with an area of 12,009 hectares of which 7,009 hectares is located in the Municipalities of Pandan and Libertad in Antique and three municipalities in the Province of Aklan under Presidential Proclamation No. 186 dated April 25, 2002.

b. Non- NIPAS

The province recorded a total of 53,407.23 hectares of Non-NIPAS. This includes mangrove forest, areas with closed and open forest formations in the proposed Central Panay Mountain Ranges, bufferstrips, public easements, wooded and natural grasslands and other forest areas with slope greater than 50% and elevation of more than 1000 meters above sea level.

The mangrove forest registered a total of 425 hectares located in the municipality of Caluya. T here are also patches of natural mangrove stands in the municipalities of Anini-y, Hamtic, Barabaza, Tibiao, Culasi, Sebaste, Pandan and Libertad that are still subject to validation and mapping. PD 1067 or Water Code of the Philippines provides that banks of rivers and streams
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should have buffer strips. Twenty meters in agricultural and forty meters in forest areas should be protected as buffer strips referred to as Waterways Protection Zone with a total area of 919 hectares. The law provides that

these areas shall be protected with no settlements as much as possible.

c. Areas prone to natural hazards (typhoon, tsunami, volcanic, severe flooding, active fault lines, coastal zones)

1.

Flood Prone Areas

Flood-prone areas include the influence areas of the seven major rivers namely: Paliwan, Cangaranan, Dalanas, Bacong, Cairawan, Tibiao and Sibalom rivers. These areas have been the subject of seasonal destructive flash flooding which caused substantial damage to agricultural land and crops, infrastructure, dwelling and occasional loss of lives. The primary factors

which contribute to the occurrence of these hazards are the denudation of the forest cover in the upper watershed areas and river tributaries. These

contribute to the heavy siltation resulting in the incapability of the river waterways to handle heavy flash flood water flow from the rain catchment areas.

Based on the MGB study conducted in 2008 covering all municipalities except Caluya, all municipalities are susceptible to floods. Sibalom has the highest number of barangays (48 barangays) susceptible to this natural hazard and Belison has the least with 9 barangays.

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2.

Areas prone to seismic hazards

Earthquake prone areas are usually those areas along tectonic plate margins and active faults. Antique is affected by the existing active northern and southern Panay east fault that traverses the whole stretch of the province’s mountain range aside from the collision zone between Negros trench and Mindoro trench along the Cuyo East Pass.

As of 2008, ten municipalities are affected by these fault lines. These are Anini-y, Tobias Fornier, Hamtic, Sibalom, San Remigio, Patnongon, Valderrama, Laua-an, Barbaza and Culasi. Tobias Fornier is the most prone while the municipalities of Anini-y, Culasi and Barbaza are the least affected.

3. Landslide Areas

Associated landslides are very common that increase the risk particularly to those people living in the hinterlands. Landslides are triggered by combination of earthquakes and steep slopes. The 2008 study of MGB

showed that all municipalities are landslide prone areas. The municipality of Tobias Fornier ranks number one in terms of number of landslide-prone barangays with 37 barangays while Belison ranks lowest at two barangays.

4. Other Environmentally Constrained Areas

A. Severely Eroded Areas

Severely eroded areas or those prone to severe erosion are primarily located in places where there are abrupt changes in elevation like in mountainous areas particularly those that are denuded with forest cover. The whole range of the mountainous areas of Antique fronting the coast are prone
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to severe erosion.

As per record of the Bureau of Soils and Water

Management, about 146,514 hectares or 58.09 percent of the total land area of the province is expecting various forms of erosion of which 39.12 percent or 98,664 hectares are severely eroded.

5. Strategic Agriculture and Fisheries Development Zones (SAFDZ)

As reported by NIA, potential irrigable area totaled to 20,884 hectares, of which 15,311 hectares are already served by irrigation facilities with the remaining 5,573 hectares yet to be served by irrigation. These areas are

strictly not for conversion as provided in Administrative Order No. 20 Series of 1992 in order to keep and preserve the highly suitable agricultural lands for the long term food security of the nation.

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Table 8 Protection Areas, Antique, by Municipality
National Integrated Protection Areas (NIPAS) National Protected Agricultural Areas (NPAA) Irrigated/Irrigable Areas

Municipality

Non-NIPAS

Total

1.Anini-y 2.Barbaza 3.Belison 4.Bugasong 5.Caluya 6.CulasiI 7.Hamtic 8.Laua-an 9.Libertad 10.Pandan 11.Patnongon 12.San Jose 13.San Remigio 14.Sebaste 15.Sibalom 16.Tibiao 17. T. Fornier 18.Valderrama TOTAL

5,752 4,186 2,906 5,511.47 2,806 21,161.47

1,698.24 7.984.87 1,375 13,438.48 530.31 1,283.35 673.32 146.98 8,192.92 2,021.04 1,362.53 3,087.31 14,331.54 48,141.02

456 1,198 551 1,625 286 2,024 1,308 1,001 350 1,232 996 1,448 1,084 747 3,766 1,510 591 711 20,884.00

456 8,648.24 551 9,609.87 1,661 13,438.48 1,838 2,284.35 4,536 4,811.32 1,142.98 1,448 9,276.92 2,768.04 10,640 7,403.31 591 15,042.54 95,556.05

Source: Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)

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Figure 3g Concentration

Not Defined : Share of Total Family Income, Region 6
N gros Occ identa l e

Il oil o

Gui mar as

Capi z

Antique

A klan

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

Figure 3h

Specialization: Antique
1 .6 1 .4 1.2 1 0 .8 0 .6 0 .4 0.2 0

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4.1.3 Highest Level of Concentration

Antique concentrated in Agriculture especially in palay production and exports either palay or rice to other provinces within and outside the region. Tons of rice are exported to Palawan, Negros Occidental and other adjacent places. The province is suited for palay production because of its vast agricultural land and the presence of the seven major rivers as the source of irrigation. Farmers in the uplands are adopting the Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT) in cultivating their lands to preserve and maintain their upland areas. The non-irrigated areas are likewise planted with sugarcane and other cash crops.

Aside from rice, Antique also exports muscovado sugar to Metro Manila and other neighboring provinces.

The presence of seaport in Lipata, Culasi, the better external linkage to other provinces, the high technology communication facilities and the Roll-OnRoll-Off (RORO) facilities boast the agriculture because they provide easy market of products to other regions. Other factors that complement agriculture are functional irrigation facilities, pre and post harvest facilities, farm-to-market roads, and financial institutions like banks and cooperatives.

Constraints in agriculture are inadequate irrigation facilities, inadequate pre and post harvest facilities, high cost of agricultural inputs, low price of palay during harvest time, inadequate farm-to-market roads and bad condition of barangay roads especially during rainy season.

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The following are the priority infrastructure requirements of agriculture industry to increase efficiency, production and market share: 1) improve provincial external and internal linkage, 2) provide production and marketing assistance, 3) provide more pre and post harvest facilities, construct more irrigation facilities, repair the irrigation system damaged

by typhoon Frank and improve internal and inter-provincial transportation security.

4.2 Potentials for Local Economic Growth

Agriculture has high potentials for contributing to local economic growth of Antique due to wide tract of agricultural land, abundant supply of water (seven major rivers), available market of palay and rice, and presence of farmer organization willing to adopt new farming technologies.. Palay is produced three times a year in the irrigated areas and once a year in the nonirrigated areas. After palay harvest these areas are also planted to other

crops like vegetables, corn, peanuts, and legumes.

Sugarcane is also planted in non-irrigated areas.

Since 1960s the

province has been recognized as the industry leader where it produced majority (70%) of the country’s total production but due to problems like limited assistance and investment on industry development, it became weak. Low profitability led to conversion of sugar fields into rice areas and closure of mills. Later, the Provincial Government and the municipalities of Laua-an and Patnongon considered the muscovado industry as their focus under the OTOP Program.

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4.2.1 Economic Base Industries

Every province in Region VI has a location quotient (LQ) substantially higher than one in some industries. This means that these provinces are providing more than their local requirements and are engaged in exports.

Antique is producing palay more than its local requirements and it is exporting palay or rice to other provinces and regions.

Iloilo’s location quotient that is higher than one are 1) wholesale and retail industry, 2) manufacturing industry, 3) transportation, storage and communication services, 4) mining and quarrying industry, 5) construction industry, and 6) not defined business or industry.

Aklan is exporting in the following areas: 1) wholesale and retail, 2) manufacturing, 3) community, recreational and personal services, 4) other service, and 5) not define. agriculture, 2) community, Capiz exports on the following industries 1) recreational and personal services, 3)

transportation, storage and communication services, and 4) other service.

The province of Negros Occidental is exporting products in: 1) agriculture, 2) community, recreational and personal services, and 3) other services.

Guimaras exports products from wholesale and retail, other service, and not define.

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Table 15 Location Quotient: Total Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000
KIND OF BUSINESS/INDUSTRY COMMUNITY, RECREATIONAL & PERSONAL SERVICES 1.30 0.29 1.04 0.00 0.90 1.21

PROVINCE AGRICULTURE MANUFACTURING

TRANSPORTATION, STORAGE & COMMUNICATION SERVICES 0.87 0.44 1.61 0.98 1.24 0.75

MINING & QUARRYING

CONSTRUCTION

WHOLESALE & RETAIL

OTHER SERVICE INDUSTRIES

NOT DEFINED

Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental

0.87 1.26 1.17 0.47 0.65 1.28

1.28 0.22 0.59 0.47 1.28 0.97

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.02 0.74

0.65 0.00 0.00 0.97 1.78 0.79

1.14 0.99 0.67 1.49 1.18 0.87

1.01 0.74 1.07 1.16 0.96 1.06

1.02 1.36 0.85 1.11 1.19 0.78

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4.2.2 Local Employment Growth

Palay production generates local employment. Other agricultural crops that provide local employment are sugarcane, corn, vegetables, legumes, fishery, poultry and livestock and seaweeds. Tourism and cottage industry contribute to local employment.

Palay The province has a total land area of 2,729 km2 of which 16 percent is devoted to palay production. This attributes to the palay physical land area of 16.97 km2 comprising 189.50 km2 irrigated and 228.14 km2 rainfed/upland with 31,265 farmers, holding an average of 0.9 hectares per farmer.

In 2007, a total of 44,907 metric tons equivalent to 898,140 bags of 50 kg clean rice was recorded based on the overall palay gross production of 243,177 metric ton harvested from 7,287.20 km2, with an average production of 3.34 metric tons per hectare across all ecosystems. The average cropping intensity is 1.75 per year and the milling recovery of palay is 65 percent.

In terms of palay production, Antique ranks number four among the provinces in the region and number 23 among other provinces in the country. The province of Iloilo ranks number one and the last is Guimaras. Antique has a rice sufficiency level of 178 percent and ranks the highest in Western Visayas.

Sibalom is the number one palay producing municipality in the province. It is considered the rice granary of Antique with the total

production of 42, 984 MT having a value of production of Php466 Million and generated an employment of 12,562. The municipalities of Culasi, Bugasong and Patnongon have the production of not less than 20,000 metric tons each,
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with the value of production of not less than Php 223,000,000 having an employment of not less than 5,750 each.

The strengths of palay production in the province include: 1) presence of communication facilities and nautical highway (RORO) facilities that contribute easy access of palay produce to market, 2) subsidy program of government and private sector on the skills training of farmers, 3) vast area of agricultural land suited for palay production, 4) presence of irrigation facilities, 5) available source of irrigation water coming from the seven major rivers.

Although Antique is the highest in rice sufficiency level in the region, still it suffers from the following weaknesses: 1) high cost of farm inputs, 2) post harvest losses due to lack of post harvest facilities,3) insufficient supply of quality seeds, 4) weak delivery of extension system, 5) low cost of palay especially during harvest time because the traders control the purchasing price of palay.

The following are the threats that hinder the development of palay production in the province: 1) stringent requirements of government financial institution for capital assistance, 2) limited funds for the construction, repair and rehabilitation of irrigation facilities, 3) climate change and force majeure, 4) decreasing area for palay production due to land conversion, 5) weak implementation of Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA), 6) vast areas along river banks planted to palay and other crops destroyed by flood every year.

Some opportunities that will improve palay production: 1) credit assistance of lending institutions at low interest rate,2) enough funding the construction, repair and rehabilitation of irrigation facilities, pre and post harvest facilities and other infrastructure support facilities.
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Muscovado

Antique is strategically positioned as the growth center of muscovado sugar industry. During the 18th century Antique has a surplus and exported muscovado sugar when it was recognized as the industry leader producing majority (70 percent) of the country’s total production.

On the later years muscovado sugar industry became weak due to limited assistance and investments focusing on this industry.

From then on, muscovado’s quality suffered that hindered its chances of entering the mainstream of market. Its pronounced image as “poor man’s sugar believed to be of inferior quality than that of refined sugar, put off high end markets and consumers from buying the product.

Low profitability led to conversion of sugar fields into rice areas and closure of mills. The number of mills has gone down; farm productivity remained low and even lower than the national average productivity for sugarcane.

The resurgence of muscovado industry shines bright with the growth of organic and natural products market. Market indicators show that increasing demand outstrips supply, and growth is escalating at a fast phasing rate of 25% every year, faster than any traditional crop.

Recognizing the importance of the muscovado sugar industry in the province, the local government of Antique has recently taken a firm stand to reclaim its position as the industry leader. The municipalities of Laua-an and Patnongon considered muscovado as their focus under the One Town One Product (OTOP) program.
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Increasing farm production and productivity, mill improvements and modernization, enhancing markets and trading relations emerged as major areas of interventions as a result of the Muscovado Sugar Industry Assessment Study undertaken jointly by PDAP, the Provincial Government of Antique and the national government agencies. This is to make Antique muscovado sugar industry competitive and profitable.

Sugarcane Areas and farm Sizes

In the whole country, Antique has the most number of sugarcane cultivators with 1,160 farmers (40 percent), followed by Negros Occidental with 500 farmers (18 percent), Tarlac with 399 (14 percent), Pangasinan with 335 farmers (12 percent) and Sultan Kudarat with 299 farmers (8 percent). The remaining eight percent are distributed among the provinces of Abra, Batangas, Bukidnon, Davao del Norte and North Cotabato.

Although Antique has the most number of farmers, but has limited area for sugarcane and the area of farm plots are small. Majority or 70

percent of its sugarcane farmers have below a hectare, with land area ranging from 0.38 – 0.80 hectare. The actual number of farmers with less than a hectare is 1,961. Sultan Kudarat, North Cotabato and Negros

Occidental had an average landholding of over a hectare. This accounts for thirty percent (30 percent) of the number of muscovado sugar or 839 farmers.

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Farmers Income

Income level is largely dependent on productivity levels cost of production and tenurial arrangements.

With low productivity at 40 ton-cane per hectare under the tenancy arrangement, farmer’s net income averages from Php 10,530 per hectare (PDAP, 2005). Since sugarcane production is an annual crop, a typical farmer in Antique, with an average landholding of 0.6 hectare, is estimated to be earning Php 6,318 per year. This is very small compared to the national average household income of Php148,616, and that of Region VI at Php112,593 (NSCB, 2005).

Marketing Channels and Marketing Outlets

Ninety percent (90%) of the millers and farmers sell their produce in the local markets and local traders while the remaining is sold to other provinces in Region VI and in Metro Manila.

The total demand is 1,185.96 metric tons annually or 118.83 metric tons per month. With 149 mills in Antique, the aggregate capacity of about 586 metric tons (under optimum level) could readily serve the market given that staple supply of raw materials and product safety and quality are assured. According to PDAP study in 2007, the prevailing price in Iloilo is 62.50 per kilogram.

Market Share In the 1960s, 70 percent of the country’s muscovado came from Antique, however in the succeeding years it declined until it dropped up to 27.44 percent in 2003.
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Credit Assistance

In 2000 – 2001 the provincial government extended loan assistance to 11 producer-millers for the upgrading of their sugar mills to produce sediment free sugar that caused higher demand.

In 2007, PDAP through the Promoting Rural Industries and Market Enhancement (PRIME) program provided loan to qualified local market consolidators for the procurement and consolidation of muscovado from small farmers and millers in the area.

Ethanol as the bi-product of muscovado sugar processing that can be processed again into a bio gas. This is one of the potential industries that the province should look into.

Fishery

Fishing is the major source of livelihood of the households in the 15 coastal municipalities. The rich fishing grounds of the Cuyo East Pass, Sulu Sea and the vast municipal waters along the coastline that is around 296.80 kilometers makes fishing a promising venture. The fishing season is whole year round and peaks during December to June. A total of 17,437 households are directly dependent and 39,055 households are indirectly dependent on fishing.

The presence of financial institutions, five ice plants and cold storage, three fishing ports and 20 landing centers, 25 markets and fish processors are the factors that boast fishing in the province.

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In 2005, the province ranked third among the provinces in the region and number 18 in the whole country in terms of aquaculture, commercial and municipal fishing. fishery production for

There was a decrease in production in 2006 by 1.70 percent and increase in 2007 by 8.63 percent. The decrease was caused by unfavorable climatic condition and the increase was attributed to increase in area and harvest for seaweeds.

The top five municipalities for municipal fisheries annual fish production for 2007 with the production of not less than 2,149 metric tons are Patnongon, Barbaza, Tibiao, Culasi and Anini-y.

The support facilities that boast the fishery production are good condition of the arterial route going to Aklan and Iloilo, the Lipata Port in Culasi and the San Jose Port in San Jose. The estuary port in Malandog River in the municipality of Hamtic serves as the hiding place of boats during bad weather/typhoon but can only accommodate limited number of fishing vessels. The post harvest facilities that prolong the shelf life of fish and fish products are the mini ice plant in Patnongon, large scale ice plant and cold storage in Semirara, Caluya, large ice plant in Maybato Sur, San Jose and cold storage facility in San Jose Tradetown, San Jose.

Antique’s strengths for fishing includes 1) existence of 3,205 aqua farm operators; 646 fishpond operators and 2,559 seaweeds operators, 2) presence of landing area in 14 coastal municipalities, 3) available market outlet of fish products in the municipal market and in some barangays with talipapa, 4) presence of fishing port in Lipata, Culasi and Caluya and fish landing area in Malandog River, 5) established 29 marine sanctuaries, 6) wide range of rich fishing grounds, 7) organized fisher folks, cooperatives,
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Municipal Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Council (MFARMC’s), Barangay Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Council (BFARMC’s) and local government unit (LGU) alliances, 8) functional bantay dagat, 9) presence of municipal fishery ordinances, 10) strong technical and financial support of LGU for fishery sector, 11) large volume of fish catch during peak season,. 12) high demands of fishery products like tilapia, milkfish and seaweeds. 13) available fishery technology, and 14)good transportation and communication facilities.

The weaknesses of fishing industry include: 1) inadequate storage facilities, 2) inadequate post harvest facilities, 3) unsustained supply of fish for processing due to seasonality of fish catch, 4) lack of political will by some LGUs in the implementation of fishery laws and ordinances, 5) deputization of bantay dagat/fish warden is co-terminus with the term of the chief executives, 6) lack of legal support to apprehending officers, 7) no regular PNP/MARITIME personnel designated for fishery law enforcement, an 8) overfishing.

The threats are: 1) natural calamities, 2) high cost of inputs, 3) encroachment of commercial fishing vessels in the municipal waters (within 10 kms from the shoreline), 4) destructive fishing practices, 5) habitat destruction (mangroves, coral reefs, marine sanctuaries).

High demand of fishery products like tuna and tuna like species, grouper, (blue marlin) and seaweeds in the external market as well as the opening of RORO facility in Culasi, Antique are considered the fishery opportunities.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Fishery production improves the provincial economy by increasing household income and revenues of LGUs, provides job opportunities for fisher folks. Starting 2005-2007, total yearly jobs generated from municipal fishing were 14,305, 17,283 and 17,173 respectively. The job in fishing by mothers and children is buying and selling of fish while the father goes off shore for fishing.

The primary market of fish products are Iloilo and Metro Manila while the secondary market is barangay satellite markets. San Jose Trade Town is the main market outlet in the central and southern towns of the province.

The total income of the province from fishery for 2007 is Php 3,700,488.00 wherein Php 3,682,800.00 is derived from marine fishing while Php 18,690,698.00 is from aquaculture. The municipality of San Jose is highest in terms of income from this industry in the amount of Php 2,805,904,000.00. It is followed by Culasi and Tibiao having an income Php 199,536,000.00 and 180,722,610.00 respectively. of

Micro-Cottage Weavers

Currently,

a

total

of

855

families

are

engaged

in

buri/bariw/nito/abaca/pina/handloom weaving and bamboo craft making in 10 municipalities assisted by the Antique Development Foundation (ADF), Inc. Most of the weavers who are members of the cooperatives come from the municipalities of Pandan, Libertad, Tobias Fornier and Anini-y. Bugasong is noted for its handloom weaving the “Bagtason Patadyong” with 65 skilled women weavers. Sibalom has a group of gift item makers made of gemstone. San Jose, Patnongon, Barbaza, Tobias Fornier and Sibalom are noted for bamboo craft, and wood/furniture making.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

The local factors that enhance the competiveness of the handicraft are 1) availability of skilled and adaptable human resources, 2) access to technologies on which products and processes are based, 3) strong support of LGU’s to the One Town One Product (OTOP) Program, 4) active and supportive Non Government Organizations (NGO’s) to industry development, and 5) abundant supply of raw materials in the locality.

The industry contributes to the local employment generation that includes the following: 1) handloom weaving – 47 weavers, 2) buri handicraft – 30 handicraft weavers for hats, gift bags and placemats, 3) 238 bariw weavers for mats, bags and gift items.

Local Government Units (LGU’s) and NGO’s provide technical and financial assistance to the producers. National Government Agencies (NGA’s) (DTI, DA, DAR), The Provincial Government, Antique Development

Foundation, TRIAS and Insol Development Foundation also collaborate to respond to the technology and technical support to the industry. Continuous marketing support is extended to the producers by the LGU’s, NGA’s, NGO’s.

There is a decrease in sales of the products due to the reduction in the number of buyers and the lack of demand in the domestic market.

Tourism

Tourism services contribute to the local economy of Antique.

The

province has many tourist attractions, activities, points of interest, facilities and services to offer. There are tourism areas that are developing and many are still to be developed. Tourists from Iloilo going to Baracay can pass by Antique’s tourism areas. The whole stretch of coastal areas in Antique is suited for scuba diving. Starting from the southern town of Antique tourists
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

can drop by Sira-an Hot Spring – claimed to be a medical spring. The next destination is the capital town San Jose de Buenavista passing by Malandog Marker, where the first Malayan Settlement happened. Tourism amenities like restaurant, shopping malls, pasalubong centers, accommodation facilities and beach resorts are present. We can find Rafflesia in Sibalom National Park. Rafflesia is the biggest flower in the world. In the municipalities of

Patnongon and Laua-an we can find the traditional mucovado mills, where we can enjoy looking how the muscovado sugar is being processed. Muscovado sugar bi-products are also available. Laua-an is noted for its biggest and longest butong-butong . Tibiao has the Bugtong Bato Falls and the Fish SPA. We can see the Mount Madia-as in Culasi – the Mount Olympus of Antique. Sebaste has the Igpasungaw Falls, the Sebaste Inland Resort and the most visited Saint Blaise Church – where devotees of St. Blaise go on a pilgrimage every year during the annual fiesta. St. Blaise miracles happened in this

church. Pandan has Malumpati Health Spring, Bugang River – declared as the cleanest body of water in the whole country, where rafting and river boating can be experienced. This is the most developed tourism area with functional tour package. Libertad is famous for its bariw mat and bags weaving. Then the tourist can now go to Boracay after dropping by in these tourism areas.

Employment and Income

The industry can provide jobs through employment in the malls, restaurants, resorts and other accommodation facilities. Organized

communities in some tourism areas are managing their tourism industry with local tourist guides available.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Based on random sampling of 70 tourism related facilities in the province (resorts, inns, lodges, restaurants, shops) there was an average of five persons (employees and owners) in the operation of these facilities. This means that 350 persons were employed in these facilities only.

The average expenditure of a tourist per day was P2,918. In 2006 there were 43,480 tourists who visited Antique. This means that the province has generated a gross income of Php 126,874,640.

OTHER POTENTIAL INDUSTRIES:

Gemstones Processing

Antique has plenty of gemstones in the municipalities of Sibalom and San Remigio. Boulder of gemstones can be seen in the rivers of these two

municipalities. Gemstone processors were organized by the local government units through the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office, Department of Science and Technology, and Department of Trade and Industry. Their assistance includes the provision of processing machine, skills training and product marketing. The finished products are gemstone tiles, rosary beads, cabochon and other souvenir items. The industry can generate employment of the people living in these two municipalities. The problems encountered by the processors are: 1) they were not able to sustain the project because of limited management skills and low educational attainment and 2) lack of working capital.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Fish Canning

Fish canning is a good venture for the province to look into.

Fish

production in the province is seasonal. During peak season the supply of fish is very high that resulted to very low price of fish. The industry can provide employment for canning factory workers.

Twenty five years ago there was an investor who invested in fish canning but it did not prosper due the following reasons: 1) the canning raw materials are ordered from Manila or Cebu and it incurred bigger expense in reaching the province, 2) the power price in the province is very high. During that year the Antique School of Fisheries (now Polytechnic State College of Antique, Tibiao Campus) went into fish canning and the same problems were encountered. Due to these factors the price of canned fish in the province is higher compared to those coming from Metro Manila or Cebu.

The implementation of Villasiga Hydro Power Project can provide cheaper power rates that can motivate investors to invest in the province.

Silica, Marble and Calcium Carbonate Quarrying

Marble and Calcium Carbonate are the mineral resources found in the municipalities of Pandan and Libertad. Quarrying of these deposits is on-

going but on a small scale basis. There are big investors willing to invest marble quarry and calcium carbonate on a large scale basis but many environmentalists and some barangays opposed. Studies conducted showed that marble quarrying will last for more than 100 years and it is of high grade quality. Quarrying of these mineral deposits can generate employment in the province.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

4.3 Local Factors

Physical Resources

Antique has a vast agricultural lands, 28 percent of its total land area is classified as lowland for crops production. Sixteen percent of the lowland areas are devoted to palay production and the rest is planted with muscovado sugar, vegetables and other high value crops. The seven major rivers are the source of irrigation water. Raw materials for buri/bariw weaving, bamboo craft, furniture making, and gemstone are abundant in the locality. The seawaters of Antique are considered rich fishing ground. Mineral deposits are available.

Human Resources

Majority of the households in the lowland and coastal areas are farmers and fishermen. There are skilled and adaptable human resources for the cottage industry. Agricultural technicians are available to technically assist the farmers and fishermen. There are available skilled sugarcane farmers and mucovado sugar processor. Tourists guide in some tourism areas are already trained. Some gemstone processors were already but they need skills upgrading.

Knowledge Resources

Internet cafés are available in some municipalities.

All banks are

offering on-line services. Telephone services like ISLACOM and PLDT in the southern and PANTELCO in the northern part of the province as well as telecommunications facilities like GLOBE, SMART and SUNCELLULAR provide local and international communication access. The tertiary schools like Saint
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Anthony,s College and the Polytechnic State College of Antique (PSCA) offer academic and vocational courses. PSCA-Hamtic Campus offers courses related to agriculture and the PSCA-Tibiao Campus offers courses related to fisheries. The technical/vocational schools namely: Advance Central College, STI,

Computer College in the Visayas and TESDA Training Centers offer courses like information technology, computer hardware and servicing, programming, commercial cooking, food and beverage, barista, health care and caregiving, dressmaking, welding, electricity and automotive.

Infrastructure

Antique is linked by paved/asphalt arterial road going to the province of Iloilo passing southern route and to the province of Aklan in the northern route. Almost all bridges along the arterial road are concreted and widened into two lanes. The RORO buses going to Manila via Caticlan provide access to businessmen, and commuters in going to Manila via Caticlan. The flight of commercial planes at the EBJ airport stopped but there is a need to resume it as soon as possible. There is a need to fast tract the implementation of the Villasiga Hydro Power Plant to have a cheaper and reliable power supply to attract investors.

Internal linkages need improvement. The farm-to-market roads connecting the barangays to poblacion including bridges along these roads should be improved to provide better access in bringing products to the market and to motivate farmers to produce more.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

4.

ECONOMY

4.1 Economic Structure

Antique is an agricultural province that produces crops like palay, sugarcane, corn, legumes, vegetables and other cash crops. The province focuses more on palay production because of its vast irrigable lands and available source of irrigation water. Its production likewise supports the rice self-sufficiency program of the government.

Antique also supports and adopts the One-Town-One Product (OTOP) Concept of the government that aims to promote and create jobs for Antiqueňos. This strategy assists the Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) to manufacture, offer and market distinctive products or services

through the use of indigenous raw materials and local skills and talents. As a recipient of the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) assistance in the formulation of a Harmonized Small and Medium Enterprise Development Plan for Western Visayas, the “blue print” document will pave Antique’s take off for forward economic growth.

The economic structures of the province as regards to production, income and employment, agriculture and other service industries have a dominant share towards economic growth.

4.1.1External Context of Local Economy

The

total

family

income

by

household

head

by

kind

of

business/industry of Antique is P8,381 Million,

lower compared to the

regional data that is P 114,428 Million and ranked fourth compared to the

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

provinces in the region. Negros Occidental has the highest share of P43, 604.17 Million while Guimaras is the lowest that is only P2, 086.98 Million.

The larger share of Antique’s income came from not defined services or industries, other services and agriculture.

Over-all, Antique accounts for 7.32 percent of the economy of Western Visayas Region. Negross Occidental accounts the biggest share of 38.11

percent while Guimaras accounts for the smallest share of 1.82 percent.

Antique’s share from the total regional family income by household head, by business/industry is 7.32 percent. Negros Occidental has the

highest share of 38.11 percent and the lowest is Guimaras of 1.82 percent.

Out of 7.32 percent Antique’s share in the total regional family income, the biggest share comes from the not defined services or industries (2.79 %), followed by other service industries (2.13 %) and agriculture (1.71 %).

In terms of specialization,

only Antique got a high percentage

(38.13%) in the not defined business or industry and the rest of the provinces in the region specializes in other service industries.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Table 11 Total Family Income (PMillion ) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000
TRANSPORTATION, STORAGE & COMMUNICATION SERVICES 181.1 94.32 468.2 51.83 1,276.66 822.81 2,894.92 KIND OF BUSINESS/INDUSTRY, 2000 COMMUNITY, WHOLEMINING CONSRECREA& SALE TRUCTIONAL QUAR& TION & PERSORYING RETAIL NAL SERVICES _ _ _ _ 26.73 10.53 37.26 22.88 _ _ 8.69 309.85 148.23 498.65 697.15 614.04 574.94 231.06 3,563.46 2,811.34 8,491.99 251.87 57.66 279.43 _ 852.17 1,239.92 2,681.05

PROVINCE

AGRICULTURE

MANUFACTURING

OTHER SERVICE INDUSTRIES

NOT DEFINED

TOTAL

AKLAN ANTIQUE CAPIZ GUIMARAS ILOILO NEGROS OCCIDENTAL REGION VI

1,336.50 1,959.12 2,491.26 182.85 4,894.56 10,284.99 21,149.28

155.11 26.95 99.14 14.25 759.43 622.2 1,677.08

3,271.08 2,432.98 4,856.99 950.73 15,375.35 18,135.43 489.65

2,350.21 3,196.19 2,719.22 647.57 13,542.68 9,528.72 31,984.59

8,265.90 8,381.26 11,489.18 2,086.98 40,600.89 43,604.17 114,428.38

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Table 12 Joint Probability: Shares of Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000
KIND OF BUSINESS/INDUSTRY COMMUTRANSNITY, PORTARECREAMINING WHOLETION, CONSTIONAL STORAGE & SALE TRUC& & QUAR& TION PERSORYING RETAIL COMMUNAL NICATION SERSERVICES VICES 0.16 0.08 0.41 0.05 1.12 0.72 2.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.27 0.13 0.43 .0.61 0.52 0.50 0.20 3.11 2.46 7.42 0.22 0.05 0.24 0.00 0.74 1.08 2.34

PROVINCE

MANUAGRICULFACTUTURE RING

OTHER NOT SERVICE INDUS- DEFINED TRIES

TOTAL

AKLAN ANTIQUE CAPIZ GUIMARAS ILOILO NEGROS OCCIDENTAL REGION VI

1.17 1.71 2.18 0.16 4.28 8.99 18.48

0.14 0.02 0.09 0.01 0.66 0.54 1.46

2.86 2.13 4.24 0.83 13.44 15.85 39.35

2.05 2.79 2.38 0.57 11.84 8.33 27.95

7.22 7.32 10.04 1.82 35.48 38.11 100.00

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

4.1.2 Industry Concentration and Specialization Antique’s income is concentrated in agriculture that has a share of 9.26 percent of the total regional income in agriculture. It ranked fourth compared to other provinces in the region. The highest share goes to Negros Occidental (48.53%) and Guimaras has the lowest (0.86%).

In wholesale and retail, the province has only 7.23 percent and ranked fifth among the provinces in the region. The highest is Iloilo (41.95 %) and the lowest is Guimaras 2.72%).

Antique ranked fifth in manufacturing having 1.61 percent share, Iloilo is the highest with 45.28 percent and Guimaras, is the lowest and has a share of .85 percent.

In terms of community, recreational and personal services, the province is the lowest having a share of 2.15 percent and the highest is Negros Occidental (46.25%).

The province is still the lowest (3.26%), in transportation, storage and communication services while the highest is Iloilo (44.10%).

In other service industries, Antique is in the fifth rank (5.40%), Negros is in the first rank (40.28%) and the lowest is Guimaras (2.11%).

Antique ranked third in not defined services (9.99%), the highest is Iloilo (42.34 %) and the lowest is Guimaras (2.02 %).

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Table 13 Concentration: Total Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000
KIND OF BUSINESS/INDUSTRY TRANSPORTATION, STORAGE & COMMUNICATION SERVICES 6.26 3.26 16.17 1.79 44.10 28.42 100.00 WHOLESALE & RETAIL 8.21 7.23 6.77 2.72 41.96 33.11 100.00 COMMUNITY, RECREATIONAL & PERSONAL SERVICES 9.39 2.15 10.42 0.00 31.78 46.25 100.00 OTHER SERVICE INDUSTRIES 7.27 5.40 10.79 2.11 34.15 40.28 100.00

PROVINCE

AGRICULTURE

MANUFACTURING

MINING & QUARRYING

CONSTRUCTION

NOT DEFINED

AKLAN ANTIQUE CAPIZ GUIMARAS ILOILO NEGROS OCCIDENTAL REGION VI

6.32 9.26 11.78 0.86 23.14 48.63 100.00

9.25 1.61 5.91 0.85 45.28 37.10 100.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 71.74 28.26 100.00

4.67 0.00 0.00 1.77 63.28 30.27 100.00

7.35 9.99 8.50 2.02 42.34 29.79 100.00

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Table 14 Specialization: Total Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry, 2000
KIND OF BUSINESS/INDUSTRY TRANSPORTATION, MINING MANU& AGRICULSTORAGE FACTUTURE & QUARRING COMMURYING NICATION SERVICES 16.17 23.38 21.68 8.76 12.06 23.59 1.88 0.32 0.86 0.68 1.87 1.43 2.19 1.13 4.08 2.48 3.14 1.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.02 COMMUNITY, RECREAWHOLEOTHER CONSTIONAL SALE SERVICE TRUC& & INDUSTION PERSORETAIL TRIES NAL SERVICES 0.28 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.76 0.34 8.43 7.33 5.00 11.07 8.78 6.45 3.05 0.69 2.43 0.00 2.10 2.84 39.57 29.03 42.27 45.56 37.87 41.59

PROVINCE

NOT TOTAL DEFINED

Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental

28.42 38.13 23.67 31.03 33.36 21.85

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Figure 3 a

Concentration
A gr icultur e :Share of T otal F amily Inc om e, R egion 6
Ne grosOcci de ntal 48. 63

Il oi lo

2 3.14

Gui mara s

0.86

Capiz

11.7 8

Antique

9.26

A kla n

6.32

Figure 3b Concentration

Wholesale & Retail :Share of Total Family Income, Region 6
N egros Occidental

Iloilo

Guimaras

Capiz

Antique

Aklan

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

88

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Figure 3c Concentration

M an ufa c turin g :Sh are of Tota l Fa mily In com e, Reg ion 6

Ne gro s O cc identa l

Il o ilo

G uim ar as

Ca pi z

A nt iq ue

Ak l an

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

Figure 3d Concentration

Com munity, Recreational & Pers onal Ser vices :Share of Total Family Incom e, Region 6

Il oilo

Gui maras

Capiz

A ntique

A kl an

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

89

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Figure 3e Concentration

Transportation, Storage & Communication Services :Share o f Total Family Income, Region 6

Ne gros Occ idental

Il oilo

Guim aras

Capi z

A ntique

Akl an

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

Figure 3f Concentration

Other Service Industries: Share of Total Family Income, Region 6
Ne gros Occ identa l

Il oilo

Gui maras

Capiz

A ntique

A kl an

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

90

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Capital (Financial Or Investment Resources)

Government and private banks, cooperatives, local government units and other funding institutions are available to provide capital assistance to farmers, fishermen and other project beneficiaries. There are two government banks in the province, one semi-government bank and 8 commercial banks. Every municipality has an existing and functional credit/multi-purpose cooperative. Lending institutions are also available.

4.4 Summary

Concentration and Specialization

The province concentrated in agriculture especially palay production and provide bigger contribution to the region in terms of production value, employment and income.

Potential Industries

The potential industries in the province includes: 1) tourism industry, 2) Silica, Marble and Calcium Carbonate Quarrying, 4) Fish Processing and Canning, and 5) Gemstone Processing

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

5. Transportation, Access And Circulation

5.1. External Linkages

5.1.1 Description Of External Linkages Of The Province

Land

On the northern part, Antique is accessible by land through the Nabas - Pandan National Road connecting to Province of Aklan and the major tourist destination of Boracay. From Pandan to Caticlan the gateway to Boracay is less than an hour ride.

At the southern part, Antique is accessible from the regional capital of Iloilo City through Iloilo-Asluman national road. Travel from capital town of San Jose to Iloilo City will take about two hours.

Except Aureliana and Patnongon Bridges almost all of the bridges along the main arterial roads within the jurisdiction of DPWH-Antique Engineering District have already been concreted and widened into two lanes.

Almost the whole stretch of the main arterial road from Iloilo City going to Nabas, the 157.645 km road from Iloilo - Antique Boundary to Antique - Aklan Boundary, is overlaid with asphalt and paved with concrete. With the operation of RORO facilities at Caticlan Port in Aklan, as part of Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH), the traffic to Caticlan and the province has increased. The road is used as an alternate route by RORO buses plying the Panay to Manila route from Iloilo and from the southern municipalities of Iloilo in going to Boracay. At present, three bus companies are operating in
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

the province: Ceres, Dimple Star and Gasat Bus Liners with buses servicing the Antique - Manila route and vice versa.

The Iloilo-Antique-Aklan arterial road which connect the Province of Iloilo to Aklan through Antique provide access to goods and services.

During rainy season, the Hamtic-Tiolas National Road connecting the Province of Iloilo and Antique become impassable due to landslides, slips and subsidence. As an alternate route, travelers pass through the Junction

Guinsang-an - V. Jimenez - T. Fornier - Anini-y - Tiolas Coastal Road.

Air The province has two existing airports. One is located in San Jose, the Evelio B. Javier Airport, and the other is privately operated in Semirara Island in Caluya.

The Evelio B. Javier Airport has a 1,200 meter concrete runway needs to be extended to accommodate bigger aircrafts. Its facilities need upgrading to allow safe operation. A 100 - seater Zestair Air Line used to service the San Jose-Manila route three times a week but stopped its operation last October 2008. There is a proposal to extend the runway by 800 m long by 2010 to accommodate bigger aircrafts to service the San Jose - Cebu routes and vice versa and the Antique - Davao routes and vice versa. The Flight Service Station is to be completed this July 2009 and the Administration building is undergoing renovation.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

The improvement of this airport and its facilities is crucial in improving access of the province to other major urban centers in the country.

The private airport in Caluya is owned and operated by the Semirara Mining Corporation for its mining operations.

Water

The pr ovince has two national ports – the San Jose and Culasi Ports, It has two municipal ports in Libertad and Caluya Island and one private port in Semirara Island.

Currently, the San Jose Port caters to cargo vessels only.

Cargo

throughput traffic of 41,129 tons and 130 shipcalls were registered on December 2006. The port, however, cannot accommodate bigger ships because of shallow wharf water brought about by heavy siltation in the area. With the operation of RO-RO buses bound for Manila in January 2006, no passenger traffic was recorded at the San Jose Port and even before 2006, passenger traffic at the port was already declining. PPA has a proposal to improve the port in support to the SRNH Western Highway (Palawan – Antique – Negros - Mindanao route).

The Lipata Port in Culasi, also under the PPA Port System, is reported to have passenger traffic of 22,137 and a cargo throughput traffic of 414,341 tons from January to August 2007. Passenger and cargo ships from Caluya, Semirara, Mindoro and Manila are docking in this port. The second phase of the port’s improvement project covering the construction of the passenger terminal building and the improvement of the area in front of the building is proposed to accommodate RORO buses operating in Antique.
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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Libertad Port caters to small vessels with an average passenger capacity of 200 bound for Caluya and Semirara Islands and Mindoro

Province. The local government of Libertad proposed for the improvement of the port to include RORO facilities considering its proximity to Boracay Island. Another municipal port in the province is the Caluya Port. Small vessels from Mindoro Province and mainland Antique docks in this port.

A private port in the province is the Semirara Port owned by Semirara Mining Corporation. The ships and vessels docking in this port include those coming from Manila, mainland Antique, and Mindoro. The port is also used by SMC to transport coal to Austria and others countries.

5.1.2 Proposed New External Linkages

The Proposed Panay East-West Link Road (Valderrama-LambunaoCalinog-Passi-Concepcion Road) is 163.70 km from Barangay Ilaures, Bugasong, Antique on the west coast and proceeds toward an easterly direction traversing the mountain range between Valderrama in Antique and Lambunao in Iloilo and further traverses along existing national secondary road linking Iloilo towns of Calinog, Passi, Lemery, Sara and terminates on the east coast town of Iloilo in Concepcion. The purpose of this route is to link to the central municipalities of Iloilo Province and to lessen travel time in going to Capiz.

A proposed port project is the San Pedro Port.

The proposed

international transshipment port in barangay San Pedro, San Jose, Antique is a 10-meter deep inland port, 100-meter wide at the entrance, 350-meter wide inside and 800-meter-long. The port terminal will only handle cargo vessels. It is expected to boost the industrial productivity of the province considering

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

that San Jose is strategically located at the heart of the Philippines and other Asian countries.

The construction of the San Remigio - Leon National Road is on-going at the central part of the province (named as Odiong - Sibalom - San Remigio - Leon National road which is 36.473 km from Jct. Odiong to Antique - Iloilo boundary). This road will improve the peace and order situation in the mountainous barangays of Sibalom and San Remigio including Leon, Iloilo. It is also a shortest access road going to new Iloilo Airport at Sta. Barbara. Concreting of the remaining 21.087 km unpaved portion is also proposed to provide better access to commuters and improved farm to market road.

5.2 Internal Circulation

Antique has a total road network of

1,575.69 km with a

total

national road of 339.67 km, provincial road of 129.17 km, municipal road of 72.72 km and barangay road of 1,034.13 km. Road density is 0.56 km/km2. Out of the total road network, 299.4969 km (19 percent) are

concreted, 86.283 km (6 percent) are asphalted, 631.116 km (40 percent) are gravel road and 558.7959 km (36 percent) are earth fill road.

In terms of concrete paved-national road, Antique ranked third among the six provinces in the region and 43rd in the whole country.

Except for the island municipality of Caluya, those municipalities located in the coastal areas and the three inland municipalities, Valderrama, Sibalom and San Remigio are linked by the main arterial roads or national roads. In terms of distances, the longest distance among the poblacions in the municipalities is between Anini-y and Libertad at 189 km while the
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shortest distance is between San Jose and Hamtic and between Laua-an and Barbaza, both at 7 km.

Antique has a total of 6,806 linear meters of national bridges, of which 73 percent are concrete, 8 percent are steel and 20 percent are bailey. In terms of the highest percentage of concrete bridges, Antique ranked 5 th in the region and 58th in the country.

Antique has four bus terminal facilities located in Casay, Anini-y; Dalipe, San Jose; Poblacion, Culasi; and Poblacion, Libertad. These are used by Ceres Liner, Gasat and Dimple Star bus companies which ply the ManilaPanay route.

5.2.2

Priority Internal Routes And Linkages That Need To Be

Improved

The construction of an interior road linking the municipality of San Remigio to the municipality of Valderrama and the proposed Panay East-West Link Road is also proposed considering that this route is the shortest distance between Leon, Iloilo and San Jose, the Capital Town of Antique, Sibalom and Hamtic where most of the settlements are concentrated.

Concreting of 8.815 km of San Remigio-Bugo Road, 3.78 km of Bugo General Fullon Road and remaining 4.601 km unpaved portion of BugasongValderrama Road shall be given priority, these roads are linking to the

proposed Panay East-West Link Road and would address the peace and order situation in the conflict areas in the municipalities of Valderrama and San Remigio. It would also enhance the delivery of basic services in the remote areas and served as farm to market roads considering that San Remigio is vegetables basket of Antique and Sibalom is rice bowl of Antique.
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The 6 km Larioja-Pandanan-Valderrama Provincial Road shall also be improved to serve as an alternate road linking to the proposed Panay EastWest Link Road.

Likewise, the 13.8 km Sibalom - Egana-Bia-an- Hamtic National Road and 6.610 km Atabay-Inabasan Road shall be improved so that traffic congestion in the municipality of San Jose will be minimized.

Improvement of the remaining unpaved portion of Junction PandanLibertad- Aklan (Buruanga Section) is on-going and also improvement of unpaved portion of Jct. Guinsang-an - V. Jimenez - T. Fornier - Anini-y Tiolas coastal road is on-going.

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6. Income, Employment, Service Access, And Poverty

6.1 Employment/Unemployment

The total population of the province for the year 2000, 2003 and 2006 are 472,822, 499,404 and 530,232 respectively. As 2005, the labor force is 186,000 with the proportion of wage and salary employment of 36.1 percent. At the end of the plan period (2013) the labor force will reach 204,463. (Source 2004 BLES NSO)

The employment rate of the province as of 2002 is 90.9 percent which is lower than the regional rate at 91.3 and higher than national the rate at 86.1. Antique has the lowest employment rate compared to other provinces in the region. The province of Aklan has the highest employment rate of 93.6 percent. Although the employment rate of Antique increased in 2002 by 4.3 percent it considerably decreased in 2003 by 8.6 percent due to closure of establishments and trimming down of workforce, closure of some muscovado sugar mills that reduced the number of workers, decreased in the number of micro-cottage weavers because of the reduction in the number of buyers and lack of demands in the domestic market.

The unemployment rate of the province in 2002 is the highest (17.7 %) compared to all provinces in the region and higher than the regional and national rates of 8.7 percent and 13.9 percent. unemployment rate at 6.1 percent. Capiz has the lowest

The high unemployment rate in the province of Antique is due to lack of employment opportunities and absence of large scale industries. The conversion of sugar cane lands to other uses caused the displacement of sugarcane workers. Since the sugar cane land was converted to rice land
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women who are assisting men in the planting and milling of sugar cane shifted work by assisting men in farm activities like rice transplanting and weeding. Many of the subsistence fishermen stopped fishing due to

considerable decrease in fish catch because of the depleted marine resources and encroachment of large fishing vessels. In addition, fish canning venture did not prosper due to high power rates and high cost of processing materials coming from Manila or Cebu. The tourism industry contributes minimal employment due to undeveloped tourism sites. There are existing microcottage weavers that provide livelihood to women and men but decreased in number due to reduction in the number of buyers and lack of demand in the domestic market. There are many mineral resources but the exploration is on a small scale basis only. Table 16 Employment and Unemployment Rates, Province, Region and Philippines, 2001, 2002, 2003 Employment Unemployment 2001 Philippines Western Visayas Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental 88.7 89.7 86.6 94.2 89.6 96.6 90.0 2002 86.1 91.2 90.9 90.9 93.9 88.0 89.3 92.2 91.3 93.6 82.3 94.5 90.8 88.9 93.0 11.3 10.4 13.4 5.8 10.4 13.4 10.0 2003 2001 2002 13.9 8.8 9.1 9.1 6.1 12.0 10.7 7.8 8.7 6.4 17.7 5.5 9.2 11.1 7.0 2003

Source: Regional Social and Economic Trends, Western Visayas, 2008

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6.2 Family Income

The average family income of the province in 2000 is P94, 917.00 which is lower compared to the regional and national averages that is P109,600 and 144,039 respectively. Antique ranks third compared to all provinces in Region VI while the highest is Iloilo (P144, 675) and the lowest is Negros Occidental (P92, 065). The average household size of the province is five (5).

In 1994-1997 there was a substantial increase in the annual income growth rate of the province at 19.68 percent along with the provinces of Aklan, Iloilo and Negros Occidental due to an increase in the number of establishments especially in agriculture, forestry and fishery; wholesale and retail trade; financing, insurance, real estate and business services; and community, social and personal services in 1997-2000 the average annual growth rate of the majority of the provinces in Region VI decreased except Iloilo and Negros Occidental. There was a considerable decrease for Capiz (22.18 %), and Antique (20.53 %) while the region has a slight decrease of 2.53 percent.

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Table 17 Average Family Income, by province, Region VI 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000 Average Income Province Annual Income Growth Rates 2000 1991- 1994- 19971994 10.32 13.10 5.42 9.29 11.87 9.45 1997 10.63 7.44 25.10 23.31 8.76 8.51 2000 5.42 8.10 4.49 4.57 1.13 13.59 10.97 8.86

1991 47,723 48,641 36,183 35,911 54,810

1994

1997

Philippines Region VI Aklan Antique Capiz Iloilo Guimaras Negros Occidental

123,168 144,309 64,078 70,376 42,393 46,880 76,739 86,770 87,276 83,005 87,905 98,718 74,003 109,600 99,568 94,917 99,313 144,675 101,125 92,065

47,676

62,506

79,859

Source: 2000 Family Income and Expenditures Survey, NSO

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6.3 Social Services

6.3.1. Health

I.

Hospital Bed-Population Ratio

The hospital system in Antique is composed of government and privately owned hospitals. There are 9 government and 2 private hospitals which are further categorized into tertiary (1 provincial hospital), level II (2 hospitals) and level I (8 hospitals).

Hospitals are equally distributed in each of the Inter-Local Health Zones (ILHZ). The bed to population ratio of the different hospitals is higher than the DOH standard of 1:1,200. Table 18.a Hospital Bed-Population Ratio, Province of Antique, 2007 Profile of Government and Private Hospitals ILHZ/Pop’n. TADIZ SAHA Hospital PDMMDH ASMGH RMSDH BMCH VMH CULTIBAR SEPALICA PLGMH CDH SCH JCOZMGH TUGON SCMH Type Gov’t Gov’t Gov’t Gov’t. Gov’t Gov’t. Gov’t Gov’t Gov’t Private Private No. of Beds 15 100 25 15 10 10 25 10 25 20 25 1:1,069 1:2,315 1:1,992 Bed Pop’n 1:3,325 Category Level 1 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Operating as Level 1 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Level 1 Infirmary
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II. Doctor-Population Ratio

In general, there are adequate Municipal Health Officers. Out of 18 municipalities, four have met standard ratio of 1 government physician per 20,000 populations (Valderrama, Belison, Libertad & Sebaste). As for the remaining municipalities, three would need additional Municipal Health Officers because their population is over 40,000 (Hamtic, San Jose, Sibalom). Regional average is 27,265 populations per one (1) government doctor. Table 18.b Doctor-Population Ratio, By Municipality, 2007 Population Municipal Health MHO/ Municipality (2007) Officer (MHO) Population Ratio Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Tobias Fornier Valderrama 20,097 20,709 12,467 30,394 25,526 37,100 42,375 23,808 14,653 29,518 33,694 54,871 28,401 15,840 53,934 23,228 29,772 18,878 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1:20,097 1:20,709 1:12,467 1:30,394 1:25,526 1:37,100 1:42,375 1:23,808 1:14,653 1:29,518 1:33,694 1:54,871 1:28,401 1:15,840 1:53,934 1:23,228 1:29,772 1:18,878
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III.

Percent of infants with low birth weight

As of 2008, San Jose registered the highest percentage of low birth weight at 21% of the total birth for the period. This is followed by Hamtic and San Remigio at 16% each.

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Table 18.c: Low Birth Weight: 2006-2008
2006 2500 grams greater 2500 grams greater Not Known Less than 2500 grams Live births Live births 2007 2500 grams greater Not Known Less than 2500 grams Live births 2008
Less than 2500 grams Not Known

Municipality

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Tobias Fornier Valderrama Antique

339 375 166 593 405 746 853 457 186 674 637 1,228 505 319 1,155 435 333 336 9,742

334 344 151 556 361 718 819 440 142 662 619 1189 250 315 961 417 248 302 8,828

99 92 91 94 89 96 96 96 76 98 97 97 50 99 83 96 74 90 91

5 25 15 24 44 27 34 17 5 12 11 39 155 4 194 18 55 22 706

1 7 9 4 11 4 4 4 3 2 2 3 31 1 17 4 17 7 7

0 6 0 13 0 1 0 0 39 0 7 0 100 0 0 0 30 12 208

0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 21 0 1 0 20 0 0 0 9 4 2

323 356 200 639 366 813 907 509 254 642 597 1,098 342 278 1,178 264 321 445 9,532

320 343 188 606 329 796 875 459 233 628 560 927 190 271 1128 248 301 406 8,808

99 96 94 95 90 98 96 90 92 98 94 84 56 97 96 94 94 91 92

3 13 12 33 37 16 32 50 19 14 36 171 152 7 50 16 20 35 716

1 4 6 5 10 2 4 10 7 2 6 16 44 3 4 6 6 8 8

0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 8

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

342 374 202 656 422 684 871 464 241 666 668 1,520 494 331 1,155 295 397 232 10,014

342 361 192 615 380 659 731 436 218 645 638 1196 413 323 1109 271 372 185 9,086

100 97 95 94 90 96 84 94 90 97 96 79 84 98 96 92 94 80 91

0 13 10 41 42 25 140 28 23 21 25 324 81 8 46 24 15 17 883

0 3 5 6 10 4 16 6 10 3 4 21 16 2 4 8 4 7 9

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 10 30 45

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 13 0

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IV.

Morbidity rates by leading causes

The improvement of health resulted from partial control of some communicable diseases like Pneumonia, Tuberculosis and Gastro-intestinal Diseases. This can be attributed to Public Health interventions being implemented in the province.

The decline in the diseases has not been as fast as in other provinces because of the persistence of many factors like poverty and inadequacy of essential services in some areas.

While the problems in communicable diseases are still present, Antiqueños are threatened with emerging and re-emerging diseases.

Pneumonia still ranks number one leading cause of morbidity from 2002 to 2007. This is followed by upper respiratory infection which affected 10,543 and 5,044 persons respectively.

At the regional level, upper respiratory tract infection was the number one leading cause of morbidity in 2007. This is followed by pneumonia and urinary tract infection which affected 133,597 and respectively. 72,800 persons

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Table 18.d Ten (10) Leading Causes Of Morbidity No. & Rate/100,000 Population Province of Antique 5 year average Causes of Morbidity No. Pneumonia URTI Diarrhea Hypertension Wounds All Forms TB Respiratory Bronchiolitis/ Bronchitis Influenza Skin Diseases All Forms Bronchial Asthma 13887 5068 3913 1931 1347 7997 2310 1950 553 474 2002-2006 Rate 2713.54 990.29 764.61 377.32 263.21 1562.63 451.38 381.08 108.06 92.62 Rank 1 3 4 7 8 2 5 6 9 10 No. 10543 5044 2802 1825 1382 1272 1172 1045 996 839 2007 Rate 1941.38 928.8 515.96 336.05 254.48 234.22 215.81 192.43 183.40 154.49 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

V.

Mortality rare

Socially and lifestyle related conditions like cardio vascular diseases and cancers are more prevalent and are major causes of deaths.

The Crude Death rate is 5.58/1000 population in 2008. The causes of mortality are shifting from Communicable Diseases to Non-Communicable diseases. Although Pneumonia is still the number one cause of death, half of the ten leading causes of mortality are lifestyle related diseases which cause double burden to Antiqueños.

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Hypertensive cardio-vascular disease still remains as the number one leading cause of death in Western Visayas in 2007. The disease caused a total of 9,722 deaths.

Table 18.e Ten (10) Leading Causes of Mortality No. & Rate/100,000 Population Province of Antique 5 year average 2002-2006 Causes of Mortality No. Pneumonia Heart Diseases All Forms CVA CA All Forms PTB Stab & Gunshot Wounds Accident All Forms Septicemia Kidney Diseases Diabetes Mellitus 915 559 350 195 183 78 84 25 66 29 Rate 178.87 109.22 68.39 38.10 35.76 15.24 16.41 4.88 12.89 5.66 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 10 8 9 No. 757 633 269 223 186 106 83 82 63 59

2007 Rate 139.39 116.56 49.53 41.06 34.25 19.52 15.28 15.1 11.6 10.86 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

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VI.

Proportion of children 0-5 years old who died

Progress over the Millennium Development Goals of reducing Under Five Mortality by 2/3, Maternal Mortality Ratio by 3/4 and the proportion of underweight children by ½ are very modest. Infant death which is 11.84/1000 live births in 2008 has no significant decrease since 2003.

The most common causes of infant deaths are respiratory conditions like Pneumonia. It is worthwhile to mention that many of these Infant deaths are contributed by neonatal deaths of 1.14/1000 live births and stillbirths of 3.88/1000 live births which are strongly correlated with maternal health.

Although Pneumonia and Diarrhea are still among the top 10 leading causes of Infant Death there is a reduction of Pneumonia and Diarrhea as the cause of death.

Table 18.f Estimated Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Birth) 2007 Negros Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Occidental 8.39 10.49 6.97 4.69 9.04 8.32

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Figure 4 Neonatal Deaths/1,000 Livebirths Province of Antique
Neonatal Deaths
4.5 4 3.5 P erce ntag e 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 2003 2004 2005 Year 2006 2007 2.59 1.88 3.03 4.21 3.8

VII.

Proportion of children 0-5 years old who are moderately and severely underweight.

Undernutrition has been a problem of the province for a long period of time. Antique is consistently among the top 5 provinces with the highest prevalence in malnutrition in the region and in the country as well.

One of the factors that cause malnutrition in the province is poverty. Based on the MICS survey 2007, 2.8% of 3,640 women have experienced hunger in a week and 1.6 of those women says that the reason for missing their meal is no money to buy food. Improvement in the economic status of women and families is one of the priority projects of the present administration to solve the problem.

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The impact of poor nutrition in Antique is also manifested in the worsening effects on infants and children. As seen on the FNRI survey 2005, 32.3% of 0-5 year’s old children are underweight which is above the national prevalence of only 24.6%. Many Antiqueno children are also Underheight (35.1%) and Thin (7.5%). This figures even increases in the 6-10 years old children because 44.7 % are underweight, 46.5% are Underheight and 2.6% are thin. The province has to look into the multifactorial causes of malnutrition. So to fast track implementation the adoption of policies and guidelines on nutrition should be focused on by the province.

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Table 18.g Ranking of Municipalities on Malnutrition (Combined BNVL & BNL) Province of Antique 2006 & 2007 2006 2007 Municipality No. % Rank No. % Rank Tobias Fornier Anini-y Hamtic San Jose Sibalom San Remigio Belison Laua-an Bugasong Valderrama Patnongon Sebaste Pandan Libertad Caluya Culasi Tibiao Barbaza ANTIQUE 930 451 1,277 996 1,554 353 97 950 758 684 1.085 506 670 390 967 809 700 452 13,629 24.14 18.94 21.61 12.16 19.6 7.8 5.23 29.26 16.24 20.17 22.36 23.54 16.64 17.5 23.75 15 7 14 18.02 2 10 6 16 9 17 18 1 13 8 5 4 12 11 3 15 7 14 867 446 1,297 1,025 1,591 353 179 635 815 476 1,043 277 673 391 947 683 656 538 17.89 12.02 17.85 10.18 16.15 6.35 8.3 13.45 15.11 12.21 16.84 8.01 11.95 16.63 21.27 9.2 14.7 14.85 2 12 3 14 6 18 16 10 7 11 4 17 13 5 1 15 9 8

12,917 16.76

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VIII.

Proportion Of Women Deaths Due To Pregnancy-Related Causes

The Maternal Mortality Ratio is 105/100,000 population in 2008. This level is still unacceptably high given the MDG of 52 maternal deaths per 100,000LB that need to be achieved.

Each year more than 10 mothers in Antique die from pregnancy related causes. This is relatively high considering the MDGs. Majority of the maternal deaths are due to unpredictable causes of pregnancy complications like hemorrhage and hypertension.

In 2007, one mother died for every 1,086 babies born. The recorded maternal deaths in Western Visayas totaled 127 for the entire year.

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Table 18.h Ten (10) Leading Causes of Maternal Deaths No. & Rate/1,000 Livebirths Province of Antique 5 year Average No. 1. Eclampsia 2. Uterine Atony, Uterine Rupture 3. Placental Retention 4. Abortion 5. Post Partum Bleeding 6. Neoplasm of the Stomach 7. Sever Pneumonia
Vital Health Indices, 2008

2007 No. 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 Rate 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Rate 3 0.6 2 0.32 0.06 0.21 No data 0.1 No data 0.06

No data 1 No data 0.6

The crude birth rate in 2005 and 2006 decrease by .75/1000 population in 2007, however there is an abrupt increase of 1.65/1000 population in 2008.

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Figure 5 Vital Health Indices, 2008

18.48

LIVEBIRTHS
5.58

17.55 19.21

DEATHS

5.20 6.27

INFANT DEATHS MATERNAL DEATHS NEONATAL DEATHS
1.05 1.05 1.20 3.14 1.89 2.89

11.84 10.49 15.18

2008 2007 5-YEAR AVERAGE

GAPS AND DEFICIENCIES IDENTIFIED

Antique is facing a formidable challenge both in preventive and curative health. The high incidence of infant mortality, the increase in maternal mortality, the high prevalence rate of malnutrition, the persistence of infectious diseases with double burden of degenerative diseases and emerging and re-emerging diseases characterize the health condition of the province.

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Through a united effort of the leaders of the 8 hospitals of the province, the Municipal Health Officers of the 18 Municipalities with the program managers from the Provincial Health Office, the following were identified as gaps and deficiencies.

There is lack of awareness on health resulting to poor health seeking behavior. Factors that affect delivery of health services are weak curative health system, insufficient mechanism for providing public health programs and the uneven distribution of health human resource. There is inequitable and inadequate health care financing. Most of the provincial health budget goes to hospital services. Not all of the indigents are enrolled in Phil Health. Roles of each stakeholder in health need to be defined.

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6.3.2. EDUCATION

I.

Literacy

In 1994, Antique got the lowest rate of 88 percent among the six provinces in Region VI in terms of simple literacy rate, with Iloilo having the highest of 92.9 percent. On the other hand, in terms of functional literacy, Antique ranked third at 75 percent, higher than Negros Occidental (74.8 %). Iloilo still got the highest rate at 80.9 percent and Capiz, the lowest at 69.5 percent.

Generally, simple and functional literacy rates are higher among female population in the region.

However, simple and functional literacy rates among household population in the province had increased to 91.78 percent and 78.45 percent, respectively in 2000.

II. Cohort Survival Rate

In school year 2008-2009, Division of Antique ranked second in elementary cohort survival rate of 67.52 percent higher than the regional figure of 60.57 percent, although performance of the division did not meet the standard rate of 78 percent.

When compared with previous years, from SY 2004-2005 to SY 20062007, the province has an increasing trend but it decreased in SY 2007-2008 and again increased in SY 2008-2009. Among the reasons for the decrease in cohort survival rate during the period is that, some children especially the males were utilized by parents to do the farming, fishing and join the
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“sacada” in order to augment income of the family which discouraged them to re-enroll in the next school year after dropping from classes for a longer period.

In the entire province, the Municipality of Sebaste got the highest cohort survival rate of 81.24 percent while the Municipality of Valderrama has the lowest rate of 42.41 percent in SY 2008-2009. Except in the Municipality of Patnongon, cohort survival rate among boys is lower than that of the girls in 17 municipalities.

As far as cohort survival rate in secondary level is concerned, the Division of Antique has a lower rate of 60.66 percent and ranked second from the lowest in SY 2007-2008. It should be noted that the trend is decreasing from 64.77 in SY 2004-2005 and it is 16.33 percent much lower than the

standard rate of 77 percent. The factors that contributed to the gap are the increased drop-out rate, repetition rate, failure rate and school leaver rate.

In the region, secondary cohort survival rate is erratic in trend from SY 2004-2005 to SY 2007-2008. In SY 2008-2009, the rate of 62.29 is far below the standard rate of 77. Guimaras has an increasing rate and was the highest (77.16) from among the provinces in the region which is within the standard rate.

III. Classroom – Pupil Ratio and Teacher-pupil ratio

In public elementary schools, Antique has a classroom-pupil ratio equally the same as the regional figure of 1:30 in SY 2007-2008. The

Municipality of Belison has the least ratio of 1:22. The Municipality of San Remigio has the biggest classroom-pupil ratio of 1:45 in SY 2008-2009
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because some schools located in far-flung barangays offer multi-grade classes. It is also worth to be noted that there is a decreasing in the number of schools with teacher-pupil ratio of 1:45 and more.

Data revealed that the number of mono-grade classes in the elementary is increasing while multi-grade classes are decreasing due to hiring of additional teachers with funding from the Local School Board. Being a recipient of the Third Elementary Education Program (TEEP), the construction, repair or completion of classrooms/buildings were implemented which contributed to the increase in the number of schools with 45 or below pupil-instructional room ratio.

The implementation of multi-grade classes somehow solve the problem of inaccessibility to education in hard to reach barangays, but the same also poses a number of problems which include among others: a. Poor quality of teaching which affects the learning process resulting to low performance of pupils; b. Schools offering multi-grade classes are mostly located in far-flung barangays where newly hired teachers are assigned who after a while, request for transfer because of the localization policy of DepEd. When another teacher replaces, pupils would again adjust; c. Not all multigrade teachers are trained to handle multi-grade classes with much lesser supervision due to accessibility problem.

When schools were classified according to classes offered, the National Achievement Test (NAT) results showed that mono-grade schools perform better than multi-grade. Hence, the DepEd proposes for construction of additional classrooms especially in far-flung barangays. Several studies

have revealed that the smaller number of learners in a class, the better the situation because instruction would be more personalized. Individual

progress would be easily monitored and varied needs will be identified and dealt with.
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As to teacher-pupil ratio, majority of the elementary schools in the province have lower number of pupils than the national mean of 1:35-1:39.99

For government high schools, Antique performs better than any other provinces in the region in terms of classroom-student ratio in SY 2007-2008. It has the least ratio of 1:39 lower than the region at 1:45 which is within the standard ratio. . However, despite of its better situation, the province still needs 174 instructional academic classrooms to cater to the needs of the increasing number of school age population and for the replacement of some dilapidated classrooms. Likewise, the Division of Antique wanted to maintain its status and adhere to the planning standard.

In SY 2008-2009, the Municipality of Barbaza registered to have the biggest classroom-student ratio of 1:64 in SY 2008-2009 followed by Valderrama, Sibalom and Caluya. San Jose de Buenavista which is the

capital town has the least ratio of 1:22 lower than the provincial figure because of the presence of one (1) private and two (2) secondary schools within the municipality.

IV.

School Age Population & Enrolment

In the Province of Antique, there is an increasing number of school age population (ages 6-11) for the last seven years as a direct consequence of a rising general population. But, while it increases, the number of enrolled pupils decreases. This may be because the parents hesitate to enroll their children before the age of seven. A big number of 6-year old children who are qualified to enter primary school are not enrolled instead, they enrolled in pre-school. It can be noted also that total enrolment from SY 2002-2003 to SY 2003-2004 were higher than the total school age population because there

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were children aging 12-13 years old who were still in the elementary level during those years.

The Division of Antique objectively meets the challenge of educating the children who belong to indigenous people (IP) family. At present, the Division has 12 out of 472 elementary government schools with enrollees of IP children. Of these schools, two have purely indigenous children enrollees.

There are three public institutions in the Division of Antique which cater to children with special needs. These are the Delegate Angel Salazar Memorial School in the capital town, Villaflor Elementary School in Tobias Fornier and Tibiao Central School in Tibiao. Due to the increasing demand for special education, the remaining 15 municipalities need to have learning centers to cater to the education needs of special children.

V.

Participation Rate/Enrolment Rate in Government Schools

In

SY

2007-2008,

Antique

ranked

fourth

on

participation

rate/enrolment rate in government elementary schools of 88.83 percent higher a bit than the regional level of 88.51 percent. Compared with previous values, the trend is decreasing because of the increase in enrolment in private schools.

In the past four years the trend of the high school enrolment in all provinces is decreasing from SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 except for the province of Negros Occidental which increased significantly from 62.22 in SY 2004-2005 to 83.14 in SY 2006-2007.

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VI.

Simple Dropout Rate

Since SY 2003-2004 up SY 2008-2009 many boys in Antique are dropping out of elementary school than girls. For both sexes, dropout rate has a decreasing in trend from SY 2003-2004 (2.28) to SY 2007-2008 (1.53) but an abrupt increase was noted in SY 2008-2009 (4.24). The most crucial

cause is the economic condition of the household. Many children are required to do household chores or farm work during school hours or days which make studying difficult for them. It should also be noted that if these children have been absent for a number of days, it becomes very difficult for them to cope with the lessons they missed causing them to eventually drop out of school.

When compared with other provinces, in SY 2008-2009 Antique has low percentage of drop outs much lower than the regional situation. Negros Occidental ranked highest with a rate of 7 percent while Guimaras has the lowest rate of 4 percent.

The data revealed that simple dropout rate of high school students from SY 2003-2004 to 2007-2008 in Region VI is fluctuating in trend. In SY 2003-2004, Antique ranked second from Aklan, having the lowest rate. Starting SY 2004-2005 to SY 2007-2008, the province of Negros Occidental consistently ranked from 6.87 to 6.89 to 7.21, respectively which is higher than the regional figure of 6.63. position to third from the lowest. Antique has increased a bit placing its

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6.3.3. HOUSING

Out of the 91,401 housing units in Antique, 870 units which is equivalent to one (1) percent are dilapidated/condemned. The Municipality of Tibiao has the highest at 4.1 percent or 175 out of 4,312 housing units followed by the Municipality of Anini-y at 1.5 percent, Laua-an at 1.4 percent, Hamtic at 1.3 percent and San Jose at 1.3 percent.

Almost one-third (30.2%) of the housing units in the province were occupied rent-free. The biggest percentage with rent-free tenure status can be found in the municipality of Sibalom at 42.9 percent or 4,078 of its 9,508 housing units. This is followed by the municipalities of Culasi with 42.4

percent, Tibiao with 39.1 percent, Hamtic with 38.7 percent and Belison and Barbaza with 37.1 percent, respectively.

Equivalent to 23.5% of total houses needs major repair. The biggest percentage can be found in the island municipality of Caluya with 31.0 percent or 1,168 housing units. Barbaza is tailing close with 29.8 percent, followed by Hamtic with 28.4 percent, Laua-an and Pandan with 28.1 percent, and Bugasong with 26.8 percent.

In 2000, Barangay Ilaures of the Municipality of Bugasong was a recipient barangay of Core Shelter Project under the flagship program of DSWD, the Comprehensive & Integrated Delivery of Social Services (CIDSS) Program which provided housing units for 52 families. The project was

implemented to reduce squatting incidence within the hazard prone area of the barangay.

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When Typhoon Frank struck the province in June 2008, a number of houses were totally damaged. Most of the affected families were residents of the municipalities of Valderrama, Sibalom and San Remigio. As part of the rehabilitation plan, Core Shelter Project was implemented. A total of 100 dwelling units were constructed for occupancy by families of San Remigio and (35), Sibalom (65). The Japanese Embassy provided funding for the

materials while the Provincial Government shouldered the cost of labor and the relocation survey of lot. In the Municipality of San Remigio, the lot was donated by the municipal government. In Valderrama, the housing project was implemented with funding assistance from the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) benefiting a total of 75 families.

In the capital town, it is observed that a number of houses were constructed along the coastal areas. Most of the occupants are fisherfolks and informal settlers who are usually affected when storm surge occur seasonally. Under the Gawad Kalinga Program, a total of 10 housing units were constructed in Binirayan Hills and still many more families were not accommodated. Likewise, in the same town, squatting incidence within the commercial zones is also high. The squatters are the small market vendors and those belonging to the informal sectors. These households need to be relocated and provided with low cost housing units. The proposed housing sites for these targeted occupants are the Binirayan Hillside and Barangay Supa. Prior to the construction of the houses, land filling is required and proper drainage should be constructed because based on landslide and flood assessment conducted by the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB), high flooding with depth of more than 1 meter is experienced seasonally in the latter site.

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There are also employees working in government or in private companies or institutions who are renting houses or spaces near the work places at a higher cost ranging from P2,000 – P5,000/mo. and P1,000 – 2,000/mo. respectively. The demand for a housing project in the capital

town is high and the municipal government has proposed for its employees to be located in the higher portion of Barangay Funda Dalipe.

The Provincial Government through the Provincial Cooperatives Development Office has also started the pre-implementation activities of socialized housing projects located in Barangays Badiang and San Fernando in the same town to benefit a number of provincial government employees.

It is also noted that there are privately owned lots in the poblacion barangays of the capital town which are being developed into subdivisions.

6.3.4 SPORTS & RECREATION

The province has gradually improved/upgraded its sports facilities and equipment. There is a Binirayan Sports Complex best situated in a place not far from the center of the capital town. It is equipped with facilities which inspired the province in hosting the regional sports competitions. The multipurpose stadium can accommodate more or less 5,000 spectators and the grandstand has the same sitting capacity. There is a rubberized track oval which serves not only during regular school sports tournament but also caters to joggers and brisk walkers as an area for daily physical exercises. The swimming pool and its amenities have developed skills and abilities of the school children who later became consistent champions in the regional and national swimming competitions. These sports facilities are developed into economic enterprises of the province. When compared with other regions,

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the province still needs additional facilities and equipment and upgrading of the existing ones.

There is a basketball court, lawn tennis court, children’s playground and a stage located within the EBJ Freedom Park.

Some schools have also multi-purpose gymnasium where different activities are held including those of private sectors for a fee.

Majority of the municipalities have also permanent sports centers or covered courts also equipped with facilities and equipment but need upgrading. In some barangays, basketball courts are constructed within the barangay plaza. Basketball is the most popular sport being developed by the barangays having an annual tournament held during fiesta.

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6.3.4. SECURITY

In 2008, Philippine National Police records showed that crime volume and incidents of index crimes in the province decreased considerably and crime solution efficiency had improved when compared in the previous year. Index crime includes murder, homicide, rape, physical injury, robbery and theft. However, bigger increase of incidents in non-index crimes is noted.

From 2005-2007, the province’s crime volume of both index and nonindex crimes is increasing in trend while at the regional level, the trend is decreasing because Iloilo and Negros Occidental where bigger volume are reported had experienced abrupt reduction.

Police Force Per Capita

Based on the 2007 population of 515,265 and 512 police officers who are on actual field duty; the police to population ratio of the province is 1:1,006 which is lower than the regional ratio of 1:1,053. When compared with other provinces in the region, Antique ranked third from the lowest while Negros Occidental has the highest and Guimaras has the lowest ratio.

The Municipality of Sibalom has a greater number of population (2,163) served by 1 police officer. On the other hand, the Municipality of Belison has the least number of population (590) served.

Average Monthly Crime Rate and Crime Volume

In 2007, the average monthly crime rate (AMCR) of the province at 4.16 is higher than the region at 3.68 but decreased to 3.73 in 2008 per 100,000 population. The Municipality of Valderrama had the highest of 7.98
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per 1,000 population due to the increase in crime volume which almost doubled the previous year’s incidence. Next higher municipalities are San

Jose (5.76), Tobias Fornier (5.48), Bugasong and Hamtic (5.04) and Libertad (4.40). The Municipality of Caluya has the lowest rate of 0.36. The

Municipality of Caluya had the lowest rate of 0.36 because of the significant decrease in crime volume from previous year.

In crime volume, San Jose de Buenavista as the capital town has the highest of 39 followed by Hamtic (27), Tobias Fornier and Sibalom (21 each), Valderrama, Bugasong (20 each) and Pandan (16).

Cime Solution Efficiency

As to crime solution efficiency, Antique ranked fifth of 92.22% in 2007 still lower than the regional efficiency of 94.97%. Aklan made it on top at 96.25% while Capiz got the lowest rate of 89.55%. In the province, the

Municipality of Belison has the lowest performance of 75% while the Municipality of Hamtic has the highest efficiency of 96%. It is projected that the presence of crime laboratory provided with necessary equipment and facilities located in the capital town would help improve the crime solution efficiency.

While majority of the Municipal Police Stations have at least ideal operational 21 personnel complement, the shortage/insufficiency of

operational materials and equipments e.g. petroleum, oil & lubricants, maintenance and overhead and operation expenses fund and other related support mechanism/equipment are seen to be the main reason of the low efficiency results. The Barangay Tanods who are considered force multipliers also need to be capacitated to effectively and efficiently carry out their functions.

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Targets for security Sector PPAs

1.

Approval/adoption of the PNP Integrated Peace and Order

Operational Plan (IPOOP), Integrated Area-Community Public Safety Plan (IACPSP), Disaster, Search and Rescue Plan (DSARP) and Integrated

Transformation Plan (ITP) to LGUs, Provincial/Municipal Boards.

2.

Training and capacitating Barangay Tanods as Force Multipliers

at the Barangay level against threats to national security is one of the thrust of the PNP and with the help of LCEs, the influence and atrocities of Local Communist Terrorist to innocent civilian will be lessened.

3.

Physical Improvement of five (5) Municipal Police Stations

(Libertad, Patnongon, Sibalom, San Remigio and San Jose)

4.

Taking the lessons from typhoon Frank’s wake, the need to

support the inert capabilities of the police during disasters and calamities should be coupled with the proper equipment and devices in order to save more lives and protect more Antiquenos.

5.

IEC/Advocacy activities for audiences both internal and external

on crime prevention and control.

Fire Protection Service

In 2006, there are 54 firemen serving the province, thus the firemenpopulation ratio was 1:9,651 higher than the regional ratio of 1:7,447. It is noted that from 2003, the population served by one fireman had increased because of the fast growing population yet only three (3) additional personnel were hired in 2008.
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Fortunately, from 2003 to 2007, among the provinces in the region, Antique had the least number of persons died and injured due to fire incidence but had caused damage and loss of properties amounted to more than P52M.

The province has five (5) fire stations provided with a total of seven (7) fire trucks; three (3) of which are stationed in the capital town, two (2) in Sibalom, one (1) in Culasi and another one (1) in Pandan. These fire trucks are utilized to prevent the spread out of fire occurred in areas where there is no fire truck and also to provide back-up support in case of bigger fire. If conflagration happened in a distant place, it caused further damage to properties, injuries and even loss of life before these fire trucks are available at the incident site. It is therefore proposed that acquisition of additional fire trucks are needed to be stationed at the municipalities without fire truck for quick response so as not to cause further damage/loss of properties, injuries and loss of lives. Furthermore, additional firefighting apparatuses, supplies, equipment and communication facilities (radio base and handheld radio) are urgently needed including the establishment of fire stations.

The

Provincial Fire

Marshal

and Fire Safety Inspectors

and

Investigators are conducting pulong-pulong, orientations, advocacy activities on Fire Safety, prevention and awareness, fire drills & emergency preparedness and intensify fire safety inspection to all business

establishments provincewide which also require service vehicle so that the activities are well coordinated and done regularly. The personnel also need technical and operation capability enhancement in order they can perform their job with competence.

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Jail Services

The Bureau of Jail and Management Penology (BJMP) has a total of 29 personnel who are deployed in Culasi, San Jose and the Antique Provincial Office. Other Municipal Jails are manned by PNP personnel. At present, the district jails are crowded and have inadequate facilities which need to be decongested and provided with additional facilities.

The Antique Rehabilitation Center/Provincial Jail is located in a place where it can provide some correctional/rehabilitation activities for the inmates. However, there is a need to improve the security measures to

prevent unwarranted escape of prisoners.

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6.5.1 Elderly

Of the 2007 projected population of the province, elderlies (60 years old & over) represent 8.76 percent with a total of 45,156. Female elderlies were greater than male population of 25,161 and 19,995, respectively. Out of the total elderlies, 27,956 or 62 percent had been registered as members of the municipal associations ending 2008. Compared with previous years,

membership is increasing possibly because of the “Katas ng VAT, Tulong para kay Lolo at Lola” Program which provides them additional benefits. program is being implemented by DSWD through the LGUs. The

All Municipal A

Associations of Senior Citizens were organized with active officers.

provincial federation is well established with active officers holding office at the DSWD Provincial Field Office and eight (8) municipalities in the province have permanent Senior Citizens Centers where socialization and therapeutic activities are conducted. Other municipalities which do not have permanent structures are providing services under the Municipal Social Welfare & Development Office. The municipal associations need to be strengthened and centers should be established.

6.5.2 Persons with Disabilities (PWDs)

In 2008, a total of 12,221 persons (5,556 males and 6,665 females) are considered PWDs in the province. Out of these total, 7,475 persons of all ages are registered in the municipal associations. Of the registered members, 1,149 are children (577 males and 572 females). A Provincial Federation was also organized with active officers. Community based rehabilitation services and provision of assistive devices and wheelchairs for indigent PWDs are some of the factors which encouraged them to join the association. NGOs like Liliane Foundation and Hilwai International provided various support which include scholarship program, hospitalization assistance, free medical
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outreach, group therapy, free insurance (accident) and livelihood projects for qualified active members.

6.5.3 Children in Conflict with the Law (CICL)

A total of 9 children were reported as CICL in 2008 which decreased from 12 in 2006. However, it is noted that many cases are unreported and increasing in number and most of the offenders are aging below 15. Under R.A. 9344 which took effect in 2006, all children (aging below 18 years old) has no criminal liability and the discernment is determined when the offender belongs to age bracket of above 15 - below 18. It is therefore proposed that R.A. 9344 be amended lowering the discernment age of CICL to above 12 below 18 years old. Likewise, a holding/reception center is suggested to be established in the province.

6.5.4 Violence Against Women & Children (VAW-C)

Data on violence against women and children are based upon reported and referred cases only. In 2008, 48 cases were reported at the Provincial Police Office. Of the total number of cases that were filed in court, two (2) cases were settled while eight (8) perpetrators of rape (5) and violation of RA 7610 (3) were arrested. From among the cases filed in court, those two types of cases ranked first and second respectively. Since 2004, San Jose as the capital town of the province has been consistent in the top five (5) municipalities having the most number of cases (all types). Reports showed that a lot of transient residents coming from other places are already victims of violence before migrating. As observed, the unreported cases are increasing in number. Filing of complaints to concerned agencies has become easy due to accessibility of services and increased level of awareness on the part of the victims. But, due to absence of Family Court and inadequate

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number of Prosecutors handling VAW-C cases, resolution of filed cases is very slow.

The province has implemented the construction of Provincial Women and Children Crisis Center with fund assistance from Senator Loren Legarda and the Provincial Government. The building is not yet operational because it still needs additional budget allocation for its completion including acquisition of facilities. The existing VAW-C center is currently established in a Having an

temporary shelter manned by only one (1) Social Worker.

inadequate manpower complement, management and handling of VAW-C cases becomes difficult.

The Family Court provided with adequate number of prosecutors and social workers should be designated to handle VAW-C concerns.

6.5.5 Day Care Service Table 18.i Number of Day Care Centers, Workers & Pupils 2005 No. of Day Care Centers No. of Day Care Workers No. of Day Care Pupils 531 514 17,946 2006 578 578 17,581 2007 531 538 18,410 2008 551 538 18,871

In 2008, a total of 551 day care centers (DCCs) were established in the province and some were upgraded with 538 day care workers providing early childhood care and development (ECCD) services in accordance with the ECCD Law or RA 8980. In addition, there are also Supervised Neighborhood Play (SNP) organized in areas without DCCs. Based on the new accreditation guidelines, many of the day care centers will be reassessed and probably be reclassified into SNPs
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Programs and Services Implemented:  Operation and Management of Crisis Center for Women and Children   Conduct of Parent Effectiveness Program Facilitate the Implementation of Republic Act 9257 otherwise known as the Senior Citizen’s Expanded Law  Facilitate the Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Expanded Law and Magna Carta for Disabled Person/Accessibility Service    Implementation of Community Based Rehabilitation service Provision of Assistive Devices and wheelchairs to indigents clients Provision of Livelihood Assistance such as therapy center wooden key holder making.  Provision of Educational Scholarship Program College, High School and Elementary initiated by Liliane Foundation.      Advocacy on Child Protection Rights Issuance of Phil Health ID Cards to Indigents beneficiaries Provision of Aid to Individual in Crisis Situation Conduct Livelihood Trainings and Seminars Conduct Case Management and Special Case of CICL and VAW-C.

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OTHER SERVICES INITIATED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT/OTHER AGENCIES

Operation of Tindahan Natin per Municipality – A program that establish stores selling rice at meager price.

Implementation of Food for School Program in every Day Care Center and Grade I pupils of DepEd. Implementation of 6 th Country Program for Children under CNSP Component

Implementation of Cash Conditional Transfer to five (5) covered municipalities

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Table 18.j Simple and Functional Literacy Rate by Sex, By Province, 1994 Simple Literacy Functional Literacy Province (10 yrs. old & over (10-64 yrs. old) Male Antique Aklan Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental 86.40 93.90 86.60 91.60 89.80 Female 89.70 91.30 90.00 94.20 92.50 HH pop 88.00 92.70 88.20 92.90 91.10 Male 78.50 83.00 76.50 83.60 78.30 Female 82.10 86.60 84.40 86.40 81.90 HH pop 75.00 79.80 69.50 80.90 74.80

Table 18.k School Age Population (6-11 years old) and Enrolment Province of Antique SY 2002-2003 to SY 2008-2009 20022003
School Age Population (Ages 6-11) Total Enrolment Boys Girls 76,551 80,117 41,692 38,425

2003- 2004- 2005- 20062004 2005 2006 2007
78,059 79,399 41,242 38,157 79,597 78,347 40,594 37,753 81,165 76,913 39,890 37,023 84,920 77,101 40,020 37,081

20072008
86,903 77,198 40,005 37,193

20082009
88,939 78,029 40,804 37,225

Average Rate of Increase/ Decrease

1.97 (1.34)

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Table 18.l Elementary Level Participation Rate/Enrolment Rate in Government Schools, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 200320042006Province 2007-2008 Standard 2004 2005 2007 96 Antique Aklan Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental Region VI 100.22 102.44 105.07 96.23 97.51 102.23 100.11 96.63 101.61 103.10 92.18 94.41 100.26 96.74 90.79 97.22 95.61 88.35 88.72 92.96 90.53 88.83 95.12 92.77 86.76 87.03 90.51 88.51

Table 18.m Elementary Level Cohort Survival Rate, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 2008 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007Province Standard 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 78 Antique Aklan Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental Region VI 65.34 61.14 68.03 58.74 76.54 66.32 51.81 59.75 61.79 66.67 65.16 61.43 85.22 66.00 54.14 62.21 65.07 64.53 62.03 83.72 69.04 57.77 64.72 67.52 64.54 64.93 68.58 63.80 59.30 60.57

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Table 18.n Public Elementary Level Cohort Survival Rate, Province of Antique, By Municipality SY 2008-2009 Municipality Boys Antique Sebaste Hamtic Libertad Patnongon Sibalom Pandan Tobias Fornier Laua-an Caluya Anini-y Belison Culasi Tibiao Bugasong Barbaza San Jose San Remigio Valderrama 64.63 80.41 73.94 70.34 73.33 71.38 64.57 63.52 65.57 58.53 59.89 60.43 58.96 52.19 52.26 47.61 49.94 44.02 39.82 SY 2008 - 2009 Girls 70.46 81.76 80.25 76.39 71.75 72.65 78.27 79.65 73.26 74.60 71.70 70.34 65.86 60.85 55.52 57.05 50.21 57.20 45.40 67.52 81.24 76.85 73.06 72.35 72.00 71.32 71.03 69.32 66.22 65.29 64.64 62.24 56.25 53.73 51.94 50.10 50.09 42.41 Total Standard 78

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Table 18.o Public Elementary Level Drop Out Rate, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 2008 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007Standard 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Antique - Boys - Girls Aklan Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental Region VI 2.28 3.02 1.40 3.95 3.90 1.27 4.49 2.14 2.70 1.53 2.44 2.07 0.59 2.40 2.78 2.53 1.99 2.68 1.25 1.59 2.14 1.01 2.41 2.09 0.59 2.53 3.25 2.68 1.53 2.09 0.92 2.28 1.50 0.49 2.43 3.06 2.43 4.24 5.91 2.55 5.03 6.02 3.90 6.50 7.33 6.91 0

Table 18.p Secondary Level Participation Rate/Enrolment Rate in Government Schools, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2007-2008 2003200420062007Standard Province 2004 2005 2007 2008 Antique Aklan Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occ. Region VI 73.20 71.45 83.85 82.88 84.75 67.46 74.05 66.45 67.11 82.79 70.43 79.95 62.22 68.63 64.92 66.41 76.98 68.08 75.39 83.14 67.23 64.04 64.96 59.79 67.23 74.35 61.70 65.78 78

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Province Antique Aklan Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occ. Region VI

Table 18.q Simple Dropout Rate, By Province SY 2003-2004 to SY 2008-2009 20032004200620072004 2005 2007 2008 5.06 3.91 5.63 5.94 5.90 5.93 6.01 5.55 3.83 5.78 5.63 6.41 6.87 6.67 5.52 4.46 6.14 4.99 6.29 6.89 7.04 4.73 4.39 6.75 3.84 6.41 7.21 6.63

Planning Standard 0

Table 18.r Cohort Survival Rate, Province of Antique SY 2002-2003 to SY 2008-2009 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 20082003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Planning Standard 77
169

Antique Male Female

61.89 55.76 68.33

63.28 57.20 69.69

64.77 57.70 72.45

52.90 43.54 62.59

61.27 54.40 68.24

60.66 54.70 66.79

67.52 64.63 70.46

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Table 18.s Cohort Survival Rate in Government Secondary Schools, By Province SY 2002-2003 to SY 2007-2008 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- Planning Province 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Standard 77 Antique Aklan Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental Region VI 63.28 64.77 79.39 69.41 64.75 64.86 56.27 61.97 52.90 61.27 68.98 68.81 68.21 59.56 59.92 60.61 60.66 69.08 58.47 77.16 62.38 62.24 62.29 67.52

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Table 18.t Total Housing Units & Status, Province of Antique by Municipality
Province/ Municipality No. of Housing Units Dilapidated/ Condemned Housing Units Total ANTIQUE Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi T. Fornier Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose de Buenavista San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Valderrama 91,401 3,551 3,720 2,297 5,660 3,769 6,663 5,220 7,307 4,697 2,599 5,455 6,324 9,363 4,716 2,885 9,508 4,312 3,355 870 57 32 28 42 3 86 17 97 64 8 45 36 124 5 4 38 175 9 % 1.0 1.6 0.9 1.2 0.7 0.1 1.3 0.3 1.3 1.4 0.3 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.4 4.1 0.3 W/out Consent of Owner 604 10 12 19 7 21 120 8 86 13 11 11 12 149 10 2 57 49 7 Rent-Free With Consent of Owner 27,028 717 1,367 833 1,589 1,240 2,703 768 2,740 1,437 365 1,097 1,141 3,070 1,039 712 4,021 1,635 554 Needs Major Repair

Total 27,632 727 1,397 852 1,596 1,261 2,823 776 2,826 1,450 376 1,108 1,153 3,219 1,049 714 4,078 1,684 561

% 30.2 20.5 37.1 37.1 28.2 33.5 42.4 14.9 38.7 30.9 14.5 20.3 18.2 34.4 22.2 24.7 42.9 39.1 16.7

Total 21,503 765 1,110 292 1,516 1,168 1,662 1,002 2,074 1,318 258 1,535 1,447 1,610 1,213 503 2,315 1,134 581

% 23.5 21.5 29.8 12.7 26.8 31.0 24.9 19.2 28.4 28.1 9.9 28.1 22.9 17.2 25.7 17.4 24.3 26.3 17.3 171

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Table 18.u Crime Rate by Type, Province of Antique 2007 - 2008 Parameters Total Crime Volume Total Index Crimes Total Non-Index Crimes Crime Solution Efficiency (CSE) 2007 260 231 29 88.85% 2008 245 209 36 93.74% Remarks Decreased 15 incidents (5.57%) vs 2007 Decreased 22 incidents (9.52%) vs 2007 Increased 7 incidents (24.14%) vs 2007 Improved by 4.89% vs 2007

Source: Philippine National Police

Table 18.v Police to Population, Province of Antique, By Municipality, 2008 Police to Municipality Population* PNP Strength Population Ratio Sibalom 58,411 27 1:2,163 Hamtic 44,687 22 1:2,031 Culasi 40,598 23 1:1,765 Patnongon 36,885 21 1:1,756 Tobias Fornier 31,947 21 1:1,521 San Jose 56,413 38 1:1,484 Bugasong 33,073 23 1:1,437 Pandan 32,317 23 1:1,405 San Remigio 30,484 22 1:1,385 Laua-an 27,186 22 1:1,235 Tibiao 25,449 23 1:1,106 Caluya 23,435 22 1:1,065 Anini-y 22,937 22 1:1,042 Barbaza 21,738 23 1: 945 Valderrama 20,893 24 1: 870 Sebaste 17,502 21 1: 833 Libertad 15,143 22 1: 688 Belison 13,584 23 1: 590 Total 552,684 482 1:1,169.

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Table 18.w Average Monthly Crime Rate, Province of Antique by Municipality July 2007 to June 2008 Average Municipality Population* Crime Monthly Remarks Volume Crime Rate**
2007 Valderrama San Jose T. Fornier Bugasong Hamtic Libertad Pandan Laua-an Anini-y San Remigio Barbaza Sibalom Belison Tibiao Culasi Sebaste Patnongon Caluya Antique
Notes: *=Projected 2008 estimates **=per 100,000 population

2008 20 39 21 20 27 8 16 13 10 13 9 21 4 7 10 3 3 1 7.98 5.76 5.48 5.04 5.04 4.40 4.13 3.98 3.63 3.55 3.45 3.00 2.45 2.29 2.05 1.43 0.68 0.36 Increased 81.82% Increased 56.00% Decreased 22.22% Decreased 4.76% Increased 17.39% Decreased 20.00% Increased 6.67% Decreased 23.53% Increased 42.865 Decreased 18.75% Unchanged Increased 10.53% Decreased 69.23% Decreased 58.82% Decreased 23.08% Decreased 50.00% Decreased 40.00% Decreased 83.33%

20,893 56,413 31,947 33,073 44,687 15,143 32,317 27,186 22,937 30,484 21,738 58,411 13,584 25,449 40,598 17,502 36,885 23,435

11 25 27 21 23 10 15 17 7 16 9 19 13 17 13 6 5 6

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6.4

UTILITY/INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES

6.4.1 WATER AND SANITATION

a)

Water Supply

Out of the total 103,723 households 41 percent are served by Level 1, 31 percent by Level 2, and 17 percent by Level 3 water supply facilities in 2008.

There is notable decrease in the percentage of households served with potable water. From 96 percent in 2006 it drastically decreased to 89 percent in 2008. The decrease is attributed to the following: 1) water facilities were damaged by typhoon Frank, 2) permanent source of water was contaminated and, 3) existing water supply were poorly maintained 4) the frequency of water bacteriological examination is not conducted regularly to determine the potability.

In 2008, the municipality of Patnongon ranked first (99 percent) in terms of number of households served with potable water. It is followed by Sebaste (98 percent), and Culasi (97 percent). The municipality of Libertad has the least (80 percent) number of households served with potable water.

Out of the 13 municipalities with Level 3 water supply system, nine are administered by Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA), three by the local government unit and one by Semirara Mining Corporation. Shortage of water is experienced in all level III water supply systems during dry season.

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Antique ranked first (96 percent) in terms of households served with water supply from all sources which is higher than the regional data of 94 percent. However, in terms of households served with level 3 water supply, Antique ranked fifth among the six provinces in the region.

As of 2008, the municipalities of Laua-an and Anini-y still have no level 3 water supply to serve population in urban centers. Construction of level 3 water supply project is proposed to meet the demand of water supply at urban barangay/poblacion in these municipalities. The problems of putting up level 3 water supply system in the urban barangays of these two municipalities are: 1) spring sources are far from the poblacions (more than 3km from populated area) and, 2) the capacity of LGUs to put up counterpart as prerequisite from funding institutions (LWUA, Banks). In Anini-y deepwells discharge are insufficient and acidic. Development of level 3 water supply will be advantageous in this municipality if tapped. group of spring sources will be

The development of level 3 water supply in Laua-an would be through cost comparison between spring and deepwell. Deepwell sources are high in iron content in hilly area. Based on a study on provincial water supply, groundwater availability in Antique is limited and about 70 percent of the provincial area are classified as difficult area for groundwater exploitation.
Source: Provincial Water Supply Sewerage and

Sanitation Sector Plan for the Province of Antique conducted by NIPPON JUGSUIDO SEKKEI (NJS) CO., LTD..

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b. Sanitation

As of 2008, 87,796 or 85 percent of the total households have toilet facilities while 15,927 or 15 percent have no toilet facilities. Of the total households with toilet facilities, 5,861 or 6 percent have unsanitary type while 81,935 or 79 percent have sanitary type of toilet facilities. There is a noted decrease on the number of households with sanitary type of toilet facilities in 2007 by 1,201 compared in 2006 and 6,424 households from 2007-2008. The decrease is caused by typhoon Frank which totally and partially damaged many houses.

Of all the 18 municipalities, again Patnongon ranked first (95%) in terms of the number of households with sanitary type of toilet facilities. It is followed by Belison (94%) and Anini-y (90%). The island municipality of Caluya has the least number of households with sanitary type of toilet facilities because of its geographical location wherein it is composed of several islands (7 islands). These islands could be reached by more than six hours travel by motorized pumpboat.

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6.4.2 POWER

The province of Antique has 84,770 potential consumers as of December 31, 2008 with 64,790 or 76 percent of household connections. The municipality of San Jose has the highest percentage (129%) of household connections followed by Belison (102%) and Culasi (91%). The municipality with the least household connections is San Remigio, the upland municipality where majority of the barangays are hard - to - reach.

Out of the total 590 barangays, about 526 (98%) are energized. Compared to the other provinces in Region VI, Antique ranked fourth in terms of the number barangays energized, and ranked 51 st in the Philippines.

The island municipality of Caluya is served by NAPOCOR, while Pandan and Libertad are served by Aklan Electric Cooperative (AKELCO) and the rest of the municipalities are covered by Antique Electric Cooperative (ANTECO).

ANTECO ranked fifth in terms of higher power rate charges of all electric cooperatives in the Region VI.

As of 2008, there are around 58,148 residential households pay the rate of P7.7504 per kilowatt hour and fixed charges of P5.00; 2,351 commercial buildings (P5.7883 per kilowatt hour and fixed charges of P72.5136); 337 industrial buildings (P5.1665 per kilowatt hour, fixed charges of P69.2302 and demand charges of P30.8000); 1,363 public buildings (P5.7624 per kilowatt hour and fixed charges of P69.6949); and 90 street lights (P6.8574 per kilowatt hour and fixed charges of P58.8650).

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The main source of power supply in the province of Antique is the Leyte – Cebu – Negros- Panay Grid distributed through submarine cable by National Grid Corporation of the Phil. (NGCP). Other sources are from Salcon Power Corporation in Dingle Iloilo, and power barges in Iloilo City. Antique is connected to these power sources through a 70 km - 69 KV grid line from Iloilo and from Nabas, Aklan through a 45 km-69 KV grid line. ANTECO has four major power sub-stations: Sibalom, Culasi, and Hamtic Sub-stations with capacity of 5 MVA each and San Jose Sub-station with a capacity of 10 MVA. On the other hand, the Island municipality of Caluya has 2 units of 150 KWDiesel Powered Generators installed by the NPC-SPUG (Small Power Utility Group) while Semirara Island has a Coal Powered-Plant own by the DMCI exclusively used for their mining activities. Excess power from this Coal Powered-Plant is being sold to ANTECO and distributed to the three barangays in Semirara Island.

Antique experienced power interruption at an average of twice a month during summer due to the improvement of the Iloilo – Antique grid line and an average of 1 week during rainy seasons and when the Iloilo – Antique transmission line was damaged by Typhoon Frank. During power

interruptions, the alternate power sources are standby power generators fueled by either diesel or gasoline and petroleum gas.

Antique has a peak power demand of 12.042 MW in 2006, 12.080 MW in 2007 and 12.741 MW in 2008. The construction of an 8 MW-Hydro Power

Plant at Sitio Villasiga, Pangalcagan Bugasong and 2 MW-Hydro Power Plant at Barangays Guiamon and San Ramon, Laua-an are now on-going. ANTECO proposed to put up 5 MVA power Sub-station at Bugasong and upgrading the Sibalom Sub-station from 5 MVA to 10 MVA.

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6.4.3 DRAINAGE/FLOOD CONTROL

Antique has seven major rivers namely: Sibalom River in

Sibalom,

Cangaranan River in Valderrama, Paliwan River in Bugasong, Cairawan River in Laua-an, Dalanas River in Barbaza, Tibiao River in Tibiao and Bacong River in Culasi. These seven major rivers are considered to be the most flood

prone and highly destructive rivers in Antique. Among the seven major rivers, Sibalom River has the largest area of influence of 15,850 ha, largest drainage area of 637.28 km2, and the biggest mean annual runoff volume of 942 million m3. The latest and the devastating flash floods happened last June 21, 2008 when typhoon Frank hit the province that almost wiped out three barangays in San Remigio (Barangays Bugo, San Rafael and Bagumbayan) and also some barangays in Sibalom, including its Poblacion.

Currently there are 55 Communal Irrigation Systems (CISs) and one National Irrigation System (Sibalom-San Jose River Irrigation System) in Antique that also serve as alternative flood control and drainage facilities aside from their main purpose of irrigating farm lands. There are also 14 flood control structures found mostly in the major rivers of Antique but most of these were damaged due to flashfloods. There is a need to rehabilitate these structures.

The

flood

control

and

drainage

projects

that

need

urgent

implementation are located in seven major rivers namely: (1) Dalanas River; (2) Sibalom River; (3) Bacong River; (4) Tibiao River; (5) Cangaranan River; (6) Paliwan River; and (7) Cairawan River.

The National Irrigation Administration has also a proposal to improve the Sibalom-San Jose River Irrigation System under the ADB Irrigation Systems Operation and Efficiency Improvement Project (ISOEIP).

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6.4.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

In terms of compliance to section 21 of RA 9003 (Ecological Waste Management Act) “Segregation at source” Antique compliance rate is 16 percent or 96 barangays are complying and ranked fifth among the provinces in the region. six

Section 33 of RA 9003 “Recovery & Recycling” Antique has a total of 28 Materials Recovery Facilities (MRFs) and 15 Junkshops servicing a total of 140 barangays with compliance rate of 23 percent the lowest among the six provinces in the region.

Five municipalities had submitted their Municipal Solid Waste Management Plan. Four municipalities have active Solid Waste Management Board (SWMB) and eight municipalities have no organized SWMB.

As mandated by DENR Administrative Order No. 98-50, s.1998, LGUs are required to upgrade open pit dumping site to sanitary landfill and should adopt the landfill site identification and screening criteria for municipal solid waste disposal facilities. In Antique ten LGUs were issued Authority to Closed (ATC) for Open Disposal Facilities and Controlled Disposal Facilities. Due to unsanitary effect of Open Disposal Facilities to the environment 18 municipalities are proposed to have functional sanitary landfill solid wastes disposal facility.

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The total estimated volume of solid wastes generated per year is 11,038,151.00 kg with San Jose having the biggest volume of wastes generated of 6,000,837.00 kg followed by Sibalom at 590,577.00 kg and with Belison having the smallest of 136,514.00 kg. Anini-y has a shredder

machine and a dump truck used for garbage disposal; Hamtic has garbage

truck, shredder

machine, payloader and sewing machine; San Jose has 2

units shredder machine and garbage truck; Tobias Fornier has a shredder machine and Valderrama has garbage truck and shredder machine.

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6.5

POVERTY

The annual per capita poverty threshold of Antique for the year 2006 is P14, 650,00. It is lower compared to the national (P15, 057.00) and higher compared to regional (P14,405.00) thresholds. Among the provinces in Region VI, Aklan has the highest (P15,150.00) and Negros Occidental has the lowest (P13,075.00) thresholds. Since 2002 until 2006 all of the provinces in Region VI have an increasing trend.

As of 2006, the percentage of poverty incidence among families in the province is 43.0 percent. It is the highest compared to all provinces in the region and also higher compared to the regional and national levels at 31.1 percent and 26.9 percent respectively. There is a slight decrease at 0.4 percent from 2003 to 2006. Antique is the poorest province in Region VI and within the top twenty in the whole country.

The municipality of San Remigio has the highest poverty incidence (65%) because majority of its barangays have poor access to education and health services. The residents encountered hardship in marketing their

products to the market because of poor internal and external linkages. San Jose has the lowest (19%) poverty incidence because almost all of its barangays have access to education, health services and the center of trade and commerce being the capital town. The municipalities with 50 percent and above but below 60 percent poverty incidence are Barbaza, Bugasong, Caluya, Culasi, Libertad, Patnongon, Tibiao and Valderrama. Meanwhile the municipalities of Anini-y, Belison, Tobias Fornier, Hamtic, Laua-an, Pandan, Sebaste and Sibalom have the poverty incidence of below 50 percent. This situation tells us that nine out of 18 municipalities have more than 50 percent of their families lack income necessary to consume a basic bundle of goods and services or they have a shortfall in consumption of a basic bundle of goods and services necessary to do basic functions.

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San Remigio is still the highest in poverty gap (24%) and severity of poverty (11%) while San Jose remains as the lowest in poverty gap (05%) and severity of poverty (.02%).

The factors that contribute to poverty are low level of education and lack of investment in agricultural support facilities.

Education affects welfare of the poor because the lower the educational attainment the lower is their aspiration in life. The poor people living in hard-to-reach barangays and have no access to education remains to be poor because they cannot find better job.

Investments in land quality contribute to poverty. The lower the investment in agricultural support facilities like irrigation, pre and post harvest facilities will reduce production efficiency and capacity.

Transportation or accessibility affects the poverty groups.

High

transport costs due inaccessibility discourage farmers to produce more because of hardship in bringing the farm products to the market. Inaccessibility or high transportation cost deprives children to go to school. Thus, inaccessibility deprives the people of the basic needs for food, health, education, housing and other amenities in life.

The proposed strategies, programs and projects to address poverty in the province are: 1) improve internal and external access/linkages, 2) protect and conserve natural resources, 3) develop tourism areas, 4) environment friendly mining, 5) industry development, 6) scholarship program, 7) asset reform (urban housing and land distribution, capital and infrastructure provision to marginalized sectors, priority access of small fisherfolks, granting of ancestral domain titles to indigenous people), 8) improve access to human development services (basic education, health, shelter, potable water, sanitation facilities/services, electrification), 9) increased employment and
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livelihood opportunities (create rural

jobs on agriculture and fishery

activities, improve access to credit facilities, entrepreneurial training), 10) Enhance participation in governance and institution building (participation of civil society and basic sector in policy making, 11) increase social protection and security from violence.

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Map 23

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7.0. Land Use and Physical Framework 7.1 Existing Land Use, Trends And Potential Expansion 7.1.1 Existing Land Use The Province of Antique has a total land area of 252,200 hectares categorized into different uses. Of the total land area, 1.78 percent is utilized for built up areas with 4,476.97 hectares; 38.12 percent fall within the protection areas covering 96,147.05 hectares while 59.15 percent is utilized as production areas or 149,180.91 hectares. Other uses include military reservations, infrastructure and other major utility facilities which totaled to 2,385.05 hectares representing less than one percent (0.95%). Under the protection areas, a large percentage comprises the National Integrated Protection Areas (NIPAS) with San Remigio having the biggest area at 8,192.92 hectares which is part of the proposed critical habitat within the Central Panay Mountain Ranges. The natural hazard areas form part of protection areas which can be utilized for production purposes. Based on the latest survey result conducted by the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) in 2008, a total of 98,664 hectares experienced flooding, erosion and landslides. These areas are subjected to limited cultivations and shall be programmed to massive rehabilitation and reforestation. Another category of protection is on agricultural production being classified as National Protected Agricultural Areas (NPAA) with an area of 20,884 hectares representing 28.81 percent of the total protection lands. Among the municipalities, Sibalom registered to have the highest irrigated and irrigable lands followed by Culasi and Bugasong. These areas are the palay producing municipalities that made Antique a surplus province in palay production.

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7.1.2 Trends Based on the 2006 record of the Provincial Assessors Office, built up areas of the province totaled to 4,236.35 hectares, broken down as follows: institutional areas cover 980.21 hectares while 77.34 hectares are commercial areas and 3,178.80 hectares are registered as residential areas. Meanwhile, the 2007 record shows that the built-up areas totaled to 4,240.31 hectares, an increase of 3.96 hectares from the previous year. Comparing 2007 data from 2008, built-up areas totaled to 4,476.97 hectares, an increase of 236.66 hectares. It can be noted that there is an increasing trend in built -up areas of the province and some agricultural lands especially along the highway are converted for this land use. Table 19 Existing Land Use Distribution, Antique, Percentage Share Land Uses Built-up/ Settlement Protection Areas Production Areas Other Uses Total Area (ha) 2007 4,240.31 96,147.05 149,,417.57 2,395.07 252,200 % Share (2008) 1.78 38.12 59.15 0.95 100.00

2006 4,236.36 96,147.06 149,421.53 2,395.07 252,200

2008 4,476.97 96,147.05 149,180.91 2,395.07 252,200

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7.2. Physical Framework 7.2.1. Demand (A)

The projected population of Antique in 2013 is 554,099, equivalent to an additional population of 38,834 from the 2007 census of 515,265. This increase will need an additional built-up area of 400.76 hectares from the existing built-up area of 4,476.97 hectares in 2008 or will total to 4,877.73 hectares. This is based on the assumption that the ratio of built-up area to population is 0.0086 hectares/person and a including 20% allowance for expansion.

Meanwhile, the area requirement for palay production is estimated based on the total rice demand of the total projected population in 2013. The daily grain per rice requirement per day per capita is 286.6 grams or equivalent to 104.609 kgs per year per capita. Based on this figure, the total rice demand of Antique in 2013 is 57,963.74 metric tons of clean rice. The area of land requirement is computed from the area of land for food demand plus buffer stock and wastage or equivalent to 17,545.92 hectares. On the other hand, an additional of 1,069.48 hectares is needed for area requirement for seeds or a total of 18,615.84 hectares. The total irrigated and irrigable land of Antique is 20,844 hectares and rainfed is 22,814 hectares.

If part of the projected palay production area will be utilized for expansion of built up areas of 400.764 hectares, the estimated palay production will be 177,137.68 metric tons or equivalent to 115,139.49 metric tons of clean rice. Given the projected food demand in 2013 of 57,963.74 metric tons, there is still a surplus of 57,175.75 metric tons of clean rice.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Meanwhile, an estimated additional 500 hectares will be used for infrastructure and utility. These areas will be utilized for the extension of airport runway, construction of proposed farm to market roads, proposed construction of East West Link Road (Valderrama – Passi), San Remigio – Valderrama Road and La Rioja Patnongon – Valderrama Road, on going construction of Villasiga Road, facilities. Table 20 Existing and Proposed Land Use Existing Area 2008 (ha) Trend (2002-2008) 312.954 ha (increase) 0 612.954 ha (decrease) 300.00 ha (increase) Area Requirement 2013 400.76 ha (increase) 150.00 ha (decrease) 750.76 ha (decrease) 500.00 ha (increase) % of increase/ decrease +8.95% -0.15% -0.50% +20.88% bus terminals and other infrastructure

Land Uses

Built4,476.97 up/Settlement Protection 96,147.05 Areas Production 149,180.91 Areas Other Uses 2,395.07

In map form, this scenario is shown by revising Map 5a (built-up) to consider future trends resulting to Map 25 (Initial Settlements Growth Map).

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7.2.2 Integration Demand With Supply (B)

Based on the demand in built up area and additional area for infrastructure and utilities, there will be an inevitable decrease in the protection and production areas. However, this may introduce new environmental threats or requirements. For example, as population and economy grows, there is pressure to built-up lands which creates pressure to convert agricultural lands and protection areas.

Integrating demand with supply is shown in map form by overlaying built-up expansion areas with protection areas (Map 11 and Map 25), there are likely areas of growth and expansion that are in conflict with the supply of land as defined by identified protection areas. The following are the observed various types of land use conflicts as shown in Map 26:

a.

Built-Up Land Uses Encroaching Into Agricultural And Other Production (A & D) Lands

The capital town San Jose de Buenavista having a small land area of less than 5,000 hectares and a high density of 1,130 population per km2 experiences, land use conflicts, like the encroachment of built-up area into agricultural protection lands. Commercial/residential structures are constructed in irrigated and irrigable lands at along the national road toward to municipality of Sibalom. This scenario is also true in the municipalities of Hamtic and Sibalom wherein irrigated and irrigable lands are located adjacent to the urban barangays. When there are no available space for built-up expansion, encroachment of built – up areas in irrigated/production areas occur especially along the national road.

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

b.

Built-Up Land Uses Encroaching Into Forest Protection Areas. Considering that a large part of the province is in the upland

encroachment of built up areas in protected forest areas occur of the 18 municipalities, encroachment occur in 11 municipalities, particularly in upland areas of San Remigio, Valderrama, Sibalom, Patnongon, Bugasong, Laua-an, Barbaza, Tibiao, Culasi, Pandan and Libertad. Alternative livelihood and information and education campaign are the basic strategies to control encroachment in the protection area.

c.

Built-Up Land Uses Encroaching Into Protection Areas In Built-Up Areas Built-up land uses that encroach into protection areas in built-up

areas/buffer zones are the barangays of Maybato Nort, Maybato Sur, San Angel and Malaiba of the municipality of San Jose, Barangay Malandog and Barangay Lapaz-Tubog municipality of Hamtic. These baraygays continue to expand its built-up area at the coastal and river buffer zones which are flood prone, coastal flood and flash flood prone areas. These informal settlers in these areas are mostly fishermen which are dependent in fishing as their livelihood and in-migrant from other barangays, municipalities and provinces like Cebuanos.

d.

Agricultural And Other Non-Built-Up Production Areas Encroaching Into Forest Protection Areas. Mostly upland barangays that are located within the production forest

land and adjacent to the protection forest expand their livelihood activities to protection forest. These are the usual practices of the upland farmers. They cut trees in protection areas for firewood and lumber. They also practice slash and burn to plant annual crops due to limited information on its effect in the environment.

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7.2.3 Other Land Use Requirements ( C )

Settlement Framework Plan San Jose would require bigger area for settlement expansion to accommodate the additional projected population of 6,163 in 2013. Its role being a major urban center, provides economic link between the regional center and major urban centers in the Panay Island. It is categorized as large town with population of 54,871 based on 2006 population census, center of trade, commerce and industry. It is in this municipality we can find banks and financial institutions, shopping centers/super-markets, mall, tertiary

education, health services (public and private), large drugstores and quality restaurants. It is also the seat of the provincial government and offices of the national agencies. The initial settlement growth direction is toward the north, going to barangay San Pedro where there are available areas for built up expansion and going to the south approaching the municipality of Hamtic. Ten hectares socialized housing is proposed in barangay Badiang and Funda Dalipe.

In order to avoid conversion of prime agricultural land to built–up land use, expansion of settlement in San Jose will be pursued through densification, utilization of idle lands, in-filling of vacant lands and redevelopment (vertical structures). Development of urban corridor in the municipalities of Hamtic and Sibalom being influenced area of San Jose in urbanization, shall be encouraged to minimize population movements toward the provincial capital. Provisions of socialized housing projects in each municipality, all weather access roads, improved basic services and livelihood to the hinterland municipalities, strengthening of municipalities alliances are strategies to minimize urban sprawl in San Jose.

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Sibalom and Hamtic being the next larger municipalities in terms of population would also require bigger area for built up expansion to accommodate the additional increase in populations of 3,768 and 3,522 respectively. This is also expected to happen in the municipality of Caluya because of the presence of coal mining in Semirara Island the projected population will increase to 5,652 in 2013. On the other hand the municipality of Culasi being the secondary growth center (minor urban center) in the northern part of the province and presence of Lipata Port takes the role of processing and trading center of neighboring municipalities also require bigger land area to accommodate settlement for additional population of 2,072 in 2013. Others are satellite municipalities which are dominantly agricultural areas where the basic services are provided by its constituents require minimal area for built-up expansion.

High population growth rate means higher demand for settlement/built up areas in the future. This will affect the future land uses and will cause land use conflicts like conversion of prime agricultural land into built-up areas. The encroachment of production into the protection area and encroachment of settlement into the production and protection areas will result to the increase in demand for food, basic commodities and employment. Antique’s plan is to intensify campaign to reduce population growth rate through Family Planning/ Reproductive Health Program which will include free bilateral tubal ligation; conduct Responsible Parenting & Natural FP Classes; and provision of FP commodities, Adolescent Health & Youth Development Program;

Establishment of Community-Based & School-Based Teen Center, Peer Educators Training. Basic social services like livelihood programs for women and families should be extended to solve the problem in malnutrition. Other social services should also be provided like Phil Health card to indigents, conduct training of teachers to handle multi-grade classes, construction of additional classroom in far-flung barangays that exceed the standard student- teacher ratio,
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construction of classroom in 15 municipalities to cater to the education needs of special children, construction of 174 classrooms to cater to the needs of the increasing number of school age population and the upgrading and replacement of some dilapidated classrooms (secondary level) to meet the standard ratio of 1:45. Improvement of Provincial Hospital to meet the

standard of tertiary hospital and construction of private hospital funded by the Saint Anthony’s College will improve the basic social services of the province. Likewise the on-going construction of Bugasong District Hospital will provides social services in central municipalities of Antique. The vision of the province is “Antique: Haven of free, peaceful and environment-friendly communities engaged in world competitive enterprises and proud of its rich cultural heritage”. This vision could be achieved if our peace makers are provided with equipment and other logistical support. The identified programs and projects are the provision of equipment and facilities in the Provincial Crime Laboratory; procurement of a 75 KVA transformer and upgrading of the Provincial Police Office; capability Building for Barangay Tanods on Internal Security Operations in relation to executive Order 546; improvement of five (5) police stations namely: Libertad, Sibalom, San Jose, Patnongon and Culasi; procurement of Disaster-related equipment such as rubber boats with engines and other life saving devices/equipment; acquisition of additional fire trucks to be stationed at the municipalities

without fire truck and additional firefighting apparatuses, supplies, equipment and communication facilities (radio base and handheld radio) and also the establishment of fire stations.

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Protection Framework Plan Reforestation in the watershed area is the priority program of the Province of Antique to ensure the adequacy of water supply for agricultural, commercial and domestic uses. The priority areas are the watershed area within the seven major rivers of Antique. The NIPAS areas of Sibalom Natural Park and North West Panay Peninsula Natural Park will be properly managed to conserve/preserve its flora and fauna for the ecological balance of the environment. On the other hand, completion and implementation of

Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and Zoning Ordinance of 18 municipalities are vital to protect prime agricultural lands from illegal conversion.

Specifically, the protection framework plan will pursue the completion and updating of CLUPs and zoning ordinances of all municipalities based on the current planning guidelines and regulate land use conversion of prime agricultural lands to non-agricultural uses.

Areas that are severely eroded shall be subjected to limited cultivation and shall be subjected to massive rehabilitation and reforestation. Areas with slopes of more than 50 percent shall be prohibited from cultivation and utilization as any disturbance of their surfaces could easily lead to soil erosion. Areas found within the elevation of 1000 meters and above shall be prohibited to commercial exploitation and shall be preserved for ecological balance in order not to degrade the environment.

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The Bantay Dagat Patrol in every municipality should be established to control the encroachment of commercial fishing vessels and illegal fishing within the jurisdiction of municipal water. The protection and conservation of mangrove areas and fish sanctuaries, strict enforcement of fishery laws are vital measures to have sufficient catch of local fisher folks of marine fishes.

In order to minimize the green house gases emitted to the atmosphere coming from burning of our solid wastes and gases coming from solid waste as it decomposed from the sanitary landfill, proper solid waste management shall be adopted. The establishment and conversion of traditional dump site to sanitary land fill is necessary, reactivation of Municipal Solid Waste Management Board in each municipality, completion and implementation of 18 municipal and provincial solid waste codes and establishment of Materials Recovery Facility in each municipality are the plans to control the solid wastes being dumped into the dumping site. Implementation of smoke belching

tests to all vehicles and adoption of environmental friendly energy power sources like biomass and hydro power plant in Villasiga, greening the highway program, adoption of bioethanol and biogass fuels for mobile vehicles are the appropriate programs to mitigate the adverse effect of climate change.

Establishment of buffer zones/easement within the river bank, prime agricultural land, protection forest, restriction of settlement in flood prone and hazards prone areas and strict implementation of Zoning Ordinance are the mitigating measures to prevent major disaster that may occur in the future.

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Production Framework Plan

In order to meet the future demand for food as well as the basic commodities and employment of the growing population the production areas should be the main concern of Antique. Proper allocation of these production areas according to their suitability would achieve an optimum economic return as well as stable and sustainable environment. Based on analysis of sustainability, 93.51 percent or 235,827 hectares of the province have sustainable land use.

The plan provides for the sustainable production of rice as the major crop of the province in 17,764.5 hectares of irrigated land. The improvement of Sibalom-San Jose River Irrigation System under the ADB Irrigation Systems Operation and Efficiency Improvement Project (ISOEIP) and the rehabilitation/improvement of other communal irrigation facilities are the major infrastructure support facility to production area. Other plans and programs to boost the production and to alleviate poverty are identified like the provision of pre and post harvest facilities, construction of small water impounding projects, improvement of farm to market roads, introduction of hybrid seeds, agricultural research and development, introduction of Organic Farming, Integrated Pest Management, conduct of Soil Fertility Mapping, Agricultural Enhancement Program, Urban Agriculture, Farmer Field School, Agricultural Research and Techno Demo, Fruit Basket Program and Plant Now Pay Later Program.

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For areas found to be suitable for annual crops as reflected in sustainability map, their production will be intensified through introduction of high value commercial crops, diversification and intensification and adoption of Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT)/Hilly Agricultural Land Technology (HALT). In Areas with slope 18-30 percent which are suitable to agro-forestry, limited cultivation and sound agricultural management system shall be adopted. Areas with slope 30-50 percent shall be utilized as

production forest (firewood, fruit trees and timber).

In

order

to

provide

an

export

quality

muscovado

sugar,

improvement/upgrading of mills, conduct training on packaging and enhancement of marketing linkages are the proposed interventions. The areas indentified and presently cultivated/planted with sugarcane will be intensified as the demand in the local and export market is high. Recognizing the importance of the muscovado sugar industry in the province, the local government of Antique has recently taken a firm stand to reclaim its position as the industry leader. The municipalities of Laua-an and Patnongon

considered muscovado production as their focus under the One Town One Product (OTOP) program. Ethanol as the bi-product of muscovado sugar processing that can be processed again into a bio gas is one of the potential industries that the province should look in the future.

In creating more job opportunities to Antiquenos the development of tourism potentials shall be the priority. This includes the improvement of access roads, travel packages and amenities will be provided to attract foreign and local tourists. Also potential mining areas shall be tapped to create more jobs with introduction of environmental friendly mining technology.

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Fishing is the major source of livelihood of the households in the 15 coastal municipalities. The rich fishing grounds of the Cuyo East Pass, Sulu Sea and the vast municipal waters along the coastline that is around 296.80 kilometers makes fishing a promising venture. Fisheries production shall also be given emphasis to increase the income of marginal fisher folks. Provision of capital assistance, storage facilities and marketing linkages is a must to improve quality of life of these marginal fisher folks. Fish canning is proposed in San Jose due to the volume of fish catch during peak seasons that is more than enough to supply the requirement for Antique. Diversification of seaweeds plantation area and encourage more fisher folks to engage in seaweeds plantation by providing capital assistance and marketing linkages will also increase income of these community. Aquaculture production shall be improved by enhancement the breeding quality, more intensive

research/studies and farm demonstrations.

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Transport And Infrastructure Framework Plan

External and internal linkages provide access to settlement and production areas. Improvement of EBJ Airport will provide fast access of

Antiquenos to other urban center in the country and encourage tourists to explore the tourism sites of the province. Improvement of San Jose Port and Lipata Port to support the operation of Strong Republic Nautical Highway (RO–RO) will also provide better access to commuters and farm products to other provinces and major urban centers in the country. Improvement of national roads from gravel road to concrete provides better access from one municipality to another. The proposed construction of Panay East West link road (Valderrama- Lambunao Road) provides past access in going to the central municipalities of Iloilo and Capiz and the on-going construction of San Remigio – Leon Road will provide fast access to the new Iloilo International Airport in Sta. Barbara, Iloilo.

Meanwhile the implementation of 8MW Hydro Power Plant at Villasiga, Pangalcagan in the town of Bugasong, 2MW Hydro Power Plant at Guiamon and San Ramon in Laua-an will provide reliable and cheaper power supply to Antique. The installation of 5MVA power Sub- Station at Bugasong and the improvement of Sibalom Sub-Station from 5MVA to 10MVA will address the problem of voltage fluctuation. The immediate rehabilitation of damaged flood control facilities and construction of additional flood control facilities along the seven major rivers of Antique will mitigate the damages in the infrastructure projects, loss of lives and properties due to occurrence of flash floods. The construction of level 3 potable water supply as a basic needs in urban barangays of, Anini-y and, Laua-an are proposed.

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D. DEVELOPMENT ISSUES, GOALS, OBJECTIVES/TARGETS 1. 2. Development issues and problems Development goals, objectives and targets 2.a Goals 2.b Objectives/Targets

E. STRATEGIES, PROGRAMS, PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES 1. Strategy, Programs and Projects 1.1 Strategies 1.2 Programs 1.3 Projects 1.4 Poverty reduction, strategies and projects

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Table 21. Issues/Problems, Goals and Objectives/Targets ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Drivers Population  High population growth rate. Physical Resources  Over utilization of natural resources a. Marine Resources b. Forest Resources  Erosion, landslide c. Water resources  Inadequate supply of potable water during dry season d. Land resources  Conversion of production and protection areas to settlement or built-up areas.  Presence of geohazard areas.  Untapped mineral resources.

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Transport/Access  Inadequate external linkages and internal access routes. Economy  Lack of economic competitiveness  High cost of doing the business  Low agricultural and fishery productivity

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

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Table 22. Strategies, Programs, and Projects derived from Income/Access to Services ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
SYMPTOMS/ INDICATORS Income/Services  High poverty incidence -43%

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

 Reduce poverty incidence

 Reduce poverty incidence from 43 percent in 2006 to 5 percent annually

 Increase per capita
threshold from P14,650.00 to P19,000.00 in 2013

 Provide access to basic services of upland municipalities with high poverty incidence (San Remigio, Barbaza, Bugasong, Culasi, Libertad, Patnongon, Tibiao, Valderrama

 Livelihood Programs  Construction/Repair/ Improvement of Roads and Bridges - Construction of 12 kms. Gravel road linking Patnongon and Valderrama - Concreting of unpaved national road from Junction Villavert JimenezT. Fornier-Anini-y-Tioilas Road

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Provision of external linkages and internal access to both lowland, coastal and upland areas

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
- Concreting of PandanLibertad-Buruanga—Aklan National Road section - Concreting of OdiongSibalom-San RemigioLeon Road - Construction of 163 kms Panay-East-West Link Road - Concreting of 13.8 kms Sibalom-Egana national road - Concreting of 18 kms provincial road - Concreting of 60 lineal meters of bailey bridge along provincial road Air Transportation  Construction of additional 800m runway extension of the EBJ Airport Water Transportation  Completion of RORO facilities at Lipata Port

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)

GOALS (D2a)
 Improve HDI level of Antique  Improve status of Antique by graduating from one of the poorest province in Region VI.  Improve palay and Fishery Productivity

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 Increase literacy rate from 88 percent to 93 percent in 2013  Increase per capita threshold from P14,650,000.00 by 5 percent annually  Increase palay production by 2 percent annually  Increase fishery production by 3 percent annually

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Provision of hazard pay for teachers and educational facilities for children in the hard-to-reach barangays  Intensify agricultural and fishery production  Strengthening of poverty reduction and hunger mitigation task force  Adoption of synchronized farming  Encourage use of organic farming  Limit use of pesticides and inorganic fertilizers  Adopt recommended farming technology programs

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
 Opening of schools in the hard-to-reach barangays  Construction of additional school buildings

 Low palay productivity and fishery production - Stringent requirements of government financial institution for capital assistance - Limited funds for the construction, repair and rehabilitation of irrigation facilities - Vast areas along river banks planted to palay and other crops destroyed by flood every year - Overfishing

 Agricultural Enhancement Program - Organic Farming - Crop Intensification & Diversification - Soil Fertility Mapping - National and Communal Irrigation Project  Construction of Farm-ToMarket Roads - Credit Assistance Program - Conduct of Strategic Agricultural Planning - Construction of River Dike - Flood Control Program

 To increase production of major farm commodities and income of farmers.

- Lack of political will by
some municipalities in the implementation of fishery laws and ordinances

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
- No designated regular PNP/MARITIME personnel and lack legal support for fishery law enforcement - Encroachment of fishing vessels in the municipal waters - Destructive fishing practices - Habitat destruction (mangroves, coral reefs, marine sanctuaries  Low/Limited supply of quality muscovado sugar required by the market

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

 Improved quality of muscovado sugar

 Increase number of upgraded muscovado sugar mill from 11 to 15 in 2013

 Mill upgrading  Advocate/ Promote compliance of food safety requirements  Enhance market and trading relations  Enhance Enhance market and trading relations  Enhance product presentation

 Muscovado Sugar Development Program - Sugar Mill Upgrading - Conduct of Food Safety Training - Muscovado Sugar Product Matching - Provision of Consultancy Assistance to Improve Productivity  Provision of packaging and Labeling Assistance.

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)  High unemployment
rate (16.7%)

GOALS (D2a)  Reduce
unemployment rate

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)  To provide livelihood
opportunities for men and women

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Improve/ Strengthen industries: - eco-tourism industry - fishing industry - micro-weavers - sugar workers - Food Processing - Bamboocraft  Encourage men and women to avail of scholarship programs of agencies e.g. TESDA, DOLE, etc.  Upgrading of livelihood skills     

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Tourism Development Gemstone Processing Marble Quarrying Cottage Industry Upgrading of Muscovado Sugar Production and Processing  Food Processing  Bamboocraft  Scholarship Program

 Low investments (compared with other provinces)  Inadequate marketing support

 Strengthen marketing linkages

 Improvement of marketing support

 To increase annual average family income from P94,917.00 in 2000 by 5 percent annually  To generate 1,000 jobs each year until 2013.

 Conduct of Skills Training

 Provision of access to loans, marketing and retailing

 Provide financial and marketing assistance

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Social Services Health  Prevalence of malnutrition among pre-schoolers and school children

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

 All children are wellnourished.

 Reduce prevalence of malnutrition among: - pre-schoolers from 14.50% in 2008 by 2% annually. - school children from 26.92% in 2006 by 2% annually.

 Home & schoolbased feeding  Sustain the Food for School Program  Replication of 4 P’s Program in other municipalities and barangays.  Improve knowledge, attitude and skills of women in pregnancy, labor and post partum.  Improve access to health facilities.  Improve contraceptive selfreliance strategy.  Sustain Phil Health Indigency Program  Intensify Health Education/ Advocacy

 High maternal mortality ratio

 Zero maternal death.

To reduce MMR from 105/100,000 pop in 2007 to 52/100,000 in 2013. To increase deliveries attended by skilled health personnel

 Nutrition Program - Food Production - Supplemental Feeding - Vit. A & Micronutrient Supplementation - Deworming  Food for School Program  Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4 P’s)  Establishment of BEMONC/ CEMONC facilities.  Construction/Renovation of hospital/RHUs/BHS.  Upgrading of hospital to comply with accreditation standards.  Provision of FP commodities/supplies.  Training of health workers on CMMNC, Family Planning  Conduct Health Education/ Advocacy activities

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Increase budget allocation for premium of indigent enrollees  Comply with PhilHealth accreditation intended for TB/DOTS, OPB, MCP, NCP package of services.  Improve immunization services.  Intensify breastfeeding program  Improve implementation of malnutrition program  Strengthen IMCI

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
 Phil Health Indigency Program

 High child mortality rate

 Reduce child mortality rate

 To decrease IMR from 14.58/1000 LB in 2007 to 10/1000 LB in 2013.  To reduce child mortality caused by pneumonia from 1.57% in 2007 to less than 1% in 2013.  To decrease protein energy malnutrition from 16.76% in 2007 to less than 10% in 2013

 Advocacy to LGUs for hiring of additional health workers (MDs, RHMs)  Purchase of medicines/supplies  Construction of additional health facilities in geographically isolated depressed areas (GIDAs)  Training of Health Workers on IYCF, IMCI

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Enhance  implementation of newborn screening  Referral of  newborns to DOH for free newborn screening.  Improve availability and accessibility of low cost quality essential drugs.  Strengthen surveillance & Epidemic management 

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Establishment of more Botica ng Barangay to 1:2 ratio. Conduct Basic Epidemiologic & Surveillance Response

 Decreasing percentage of households with access to potable water.  Inadequate supply of potable water during dry season

 Improve access of  To increase percentage of households to households with access to potable water. potable water from 89% in 2008 to 94% in 2013.

WATSAN Project

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Population Development  Rapid increase of teen-age pregnancies

GOALS (D2a)
 Reduce teen-age pregnancies 

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
To decrease teen-age pregnancies 

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
Review of the Modules  

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Life Skills Education/ Training Establishment of additional Community & School-Based Teen Centers Peer Educators Training Adolescent Health & Youth Development Program Reproductive Health Program - Conduct of free bilateral tubal ligation and vasectomy - Conduct Responsible Parenting & natural Family Planning Classes Identification of unmarried couples Conduct of Mass Wedding

   High fertility rate  Reduce unwanted pregnancies  To increase contraceptive prevalence rate among MAWRAs from 46.47% in 2009 to 65% in 2013. To increase level of fertility awareness among MAWRAs. To decrease number of unmarried couples.  Enhance IEC Advocacy on Gender and Sexual Responsibility Provision of access to FP commodities 

 High incidence of illegitimate births

 Reduce incidence of illegitimate births

Encourage the unmarried couples to receive the Sacrament of Matrimony

 

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Education  High illiteracy rate

GOALS (D2a)
 Decrease illiteracy rate 

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
To increase simple literacy rate from 88% in 1994 to 93% in 2013.  To increase functional literacy rate from 75% in 2004 to 84% in 2013.  To establish ALS in 16 school districts; 2010 – 1; 2011 – 5; 2012 – 5; 2013 – 5  To upgrade elementary 115 classrooms; 2010 – 5; 2011 – 20; 2012 – 50; 2013 – 40 

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
Establishment of Alternative Learning System (ALS) in every school district. Advocacy campaign for enrolment   

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Conduct Literacy Classes Hiring of contractual instructional managers Provide Basic Literacy Program (BLP) and Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) learning materials and equipment

 Poor/Inadequate educational facilities both in the elementary and secondary levels

All 6-12 years old are in the elementary school

Improve educational facilities

Upgrading of elementary school buildings and classrooms - Rehabilitation of classrooms - Provision of educational facilities

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 To construct additional elem. school buildings and classrooms; 2010 – 20 classrooms; 2011 – 50 classrooms; 2012 – 60 classrooms; 2013 – 70 classrooms  To rehabilitate/ upgrade 83 high school buildings/ classrooms.  To provide training for 471 teachers and 191 school heads on drop-out reduction program  To hire 200 school board teachers every year. 

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
Provide additional school buildings/ classrooms 

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Construction of elementary school building & classrooms

High drop-out rate among male children both in the elem. & high school levels

Reduce drop-out rate among male school children

Improve educational structures Capability Building

Upgrading of high school buildings & classrooms

To increase level of awareness among parents on child’s right to basic education

Advocacy for Parents

Comprehensive Drop-Out Intervention Program - Training of teachers and school heads on drop-out reduction program - Procurement of modules - Hiring of school board teachers  Conduct Parent Effectiveness Service (PES) Training  Livelihood Support Program for Parents  Food for School Program  Scholarship Program  4 P’s Program 

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Special Education  A number of differently-abled children needg special education 

GOALS (D2a)
All differentlyabled children have access to special education.

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 To increase number of differently -abled children provided with access to special education in all municipalities. 

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
Establishment of SPED Centers   

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Construction of classrooms for SPED Classes Hiring of SPED teachers Provide learning materials, equipment and facilities for SPED Centers

Early Childhood Care & Development  Majority of the 3 years old children are not enrolled in pre-schools or day care centers.

All 3-5 years old children are attending preschool or day care classes. All barangays have day care centers.

To increase percentage of 3-5 years old children attending pre-school or day care classes by 10% per year. To increase access to quality ECCD services.

 

Strict enforcement of Day Care Law and ECCD Law Resource Mobilization Advocacy for Parents on Child’s Rights.

  

Accreditation of DCCs and Day Care Workers Upgrading/ Construction of Day Care Centers (DCCs) Provision of learning materials and ECCD packages Establishment of Supervised Neighborhood Play or Home-based ECCD in barangays/sitios without DCCs.

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Housing  Presence of informal settlers in disaster risk areas.  High squatting incidence in commercial zones in the poblacion barangays of the capital town.  High rental cost of houses or spaces.  

GOALS (D2a)
Disaster risk reduction Reduction of squatting incidence in commercial zones

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 To provide affordable housing units for a number of informal setters and employees working both in private institutions or government offices or agencies. 

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
Relocation of informal settlers in disaster risk areas.  

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Core Shelter Project Livelihood Program

Provide affordable dwelling units for employees near their work places.

Development of affordable housing units by cooperatives and local government units

Socialized Housing Projects

Sports & Recreation  Inadequate sports equipment and facilities and existing facilities needs upgrading

 Develop sports minded Antiquenos.

 To develop the youths become champions in any sports.

 Upgrading of existing sports facilities and equipment.  Provision of additional equipment and facilities.

 Sports Development Program

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Security  Increasing incidence of criminality

GOALS (D2a)
 Reduce crime incidence

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 Reduce all crime parameters by at least 10% until 2013.

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Upgrading of PNP units and stations  Adoption/approval of 2010 PNP Integrated Peace and Order Operational Plan (IPOOP), Integrated AreaCommunity Public Safety Plan (IACPSP), Disaster Search and Rescue Plan (DSARP) and Integrated Transformation Plan (ITP) to LGUs, Prov’l./ Mun’l. Boards and other stakeholders and provision of budget.

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
 Improvement of the Provincial Police Office  Physical improvement of five (5) municipal police stations (MPS) - Libertad, Patnongon, Sibalom, San Remigio and San Jose  Immediate provision of a patrol vehicle for Laua-an MPS  Conduct IEC/Advocacy activities for audiences both internal and external on crime prevention and control

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
 Decreasing crime solution efficiency

GOALS (D2a)
 Improve crime solution efficiency

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 To improve crime solution efficiency from 92.22% in 2008 by at least 5% until 2013.

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Improve investigative skills of law enforcers  Upgrading (equipage) the Prov’l. Crime Laboratory Office (PCLO)  Conduct IEC/Advocacy activities in secondary and collegiate schools ICOW PNP entry/recruitment requirements  Maintenance of a pool of police eligibles  Endorsement of police eligibles for recruitment 

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Conduct of 10-day Intensive Refresher Course for all Investigators and probable investigators Provision of equipment and facilities for PCLO

 Low police to population ratio in some areas

 Attain ideal police to  To attain national standard population ratio ratio of 1 policeman for every 1,000 population.

Recruitment of at least 120 new law enforcers until 2013 (30 new cops per year)

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
 Presence of insurgents in some communities

GOALS (D2a) 
Insurgency-free province

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b) 
To lessen the influence and atrocities of Local Communist Terrorists (LCTs) 

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
Capability Building 

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Implementation/ Operationalization and Training of Barangay Peacekeeping Action Teams (BPATs) Conduct IEC/Advocacy activities in insurgency affected municipalities/ barangays. Conduct 10-days Intensive Refresher Course for all members of the Provincial Public Safety Management Company (PPSMC). Conduct of Internal Security Operations Extension/Improvement of district jails in coordination with BJMP. Construction of additional jail facilities

Well-informed citizenry

Strengthen PNP PCR Teams


Jail Services  Crowded and illequipped jail Improve jail situation To decongest the District Jails. Extension of land area of district jails and upgrading of jail facilities.

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1) 

GOALS (D2a)
Improve security measures in Antique Rehabilitation Center/Provincial Jail

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)  To prevent unwarranted
escape of prisoners. 

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
Upgrading of ARC/Provincial Jail 

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
Construction/ Improvement of perimeter security fences of ARC/Provincial Jail Conduct of Intensive Refresher Course for all members of the ARC/PJ particularly in handling of prisoners

Training of Provincial Guards

Fire Protection Services  Inadequate fire trucks, firefighting apparatuses, supplies, equipment and communication facilities which caused further damage to properties and loss of lives.

Protect the lives of Antiquenos and prevent damages to properties caused by fire.

 To establish fire stations in all municipalities equipped with fire trucks and firefighting equipment, etc.

Resource Mobilization

Establishment of Fire Stations  Provision of Fire Trucks  Provision of firefighting equipment, apparatuses, etc.  Acquisition of Service Vehicle

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Other Services and Facilities Elderly  Majority of the municipalities have no established center for senior citizens  Inactive Municipal Associations of Senior Citizens

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

 Every municipality has Senior Citizens Center  Strong Municipal Associations of Senior Citizens

 To establish Senior Citizen Centers in all municipalities 2010 – 3 2011 – 3 2012 – 2 2013 – 2

 Inclusion of annual budget for senior citizens.  Reorganization/ Strengthen the Municipal Associations of Senior Citizens  Provincewide Advocacy campaign for additional registrants

Establishment of Senior Citizens Center.

 Many senior citizens are not registered members of the association which resulted to deprivation of the benefits intended for them.

 Increase membership of the Municipal Associations

 To increase registrants in every municipality.

Conduct massive registration of senior citizens

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

Violence Against Women & Children (VAW-C)  Increasing number of unreported cases of VAW-C.  Slow disposition of  Fast resolution of filed cases of VAWcases involving children C and women.  Lack of Social Workers in terms of home care management for total rehabilitation of the client.  Lack of proper facilities and equipment for the implementation of services  The Provincial Crisis Center for Women and Children is not yet operational and needs completion.

 By 2013, the province should have a designated Family Court with adequate number of prosecutors.

 Passage of resolution by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan requesting the Supreme Court to Designate a Family Court in the Province of Antique. Hiring of registered  social workers 

Designation of Family Court

Completion of Crisis Center Hiring of registered social workers

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

Children In Conflict with the Law (CICL)  Many cases are  unreported and  Improve reporting  To provide psychosocial and  Strengthen LCPC/BCPC. of cases and legal services to individuals increasing in number aside and and families in crisis  Set decrease number of and most of the disburse 1% from CICL. situation particularly victims offenders are aging the IRA of the of violence, neglected, below 15. province for CICL  No CICL to be abandoned, victims of  Absence of detention as stated in the trafficking, exploited, detained in jails. cell and rehabilitation provision of R.A. dysfunctional families, center for youth in the stranded individuals, 9344. Province of Antique. court refugees and street  Identify children. appointed special  Lack of trained Social advocates and  To provide legal, medical, Workers to handle psychosocial interventions foster families to CICL cases. assist in the to victims of violence. treatment and  To provide a comprehensive rehabilitation of intervention program for CICL. CICL focused on the best interest of the child.

Establishment of Provincial Holding/Reception Center for CICL.

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Persons with Disabilities

GOALS (D2a)

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)

(PWDs)
 Majority of the newborns are not screened to detect disabilities and sickness for early rehabilitation/ medication and prevention.  All newborns are screened for early detection of disabilities and sickness.  To reach out and advocate at the community level regarding prevention, rehabilitation and causes of disability.  Referral of newborns to DOH for free newborn screening.  Conduct programs, consultation meetings, symposiums on issues related to disabilities.  Provision of newborn screening equipment and facilities.

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Table 23. Strategies, Programs, and Projects Derived from Land Use ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)
Land Use  Massive agri-land conversion to other land uses

GOALS (D2a)
 Preserve/ conserve areas suited for agriculture for food security purposes  Protect/conserve marine resources

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 To limit conversion of agricultural land to a maximum of 5% of the total land area as stipulated by law.  To rehabilitate the depleted mangrove areas  To be able to establish fish sanctuary in all coastal municipalities.

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)
 Strict implementation of CLUP/ Zoning Ordinance and land conversion policies.  Linkaging with DENR and LGU alliances for the rehabilitation/ conservation and protection of marine resources  IEC/Advocacy with the communities  Strict implementation of Fishery Laws.  Lobby or advocate to fast track the formulation / updating of CLUPs and MDPs.

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)
 Formulation/Updating of CLUPs duly approved by the local sanggunian.

 Depleted mangrove areas  Degradation of marine ecosystem

 Resource Conservation and Regeneration - Mangrove Rehabilitation - Institution Building - Establishment of Marine Sanctuaries - Operationalization of Bantay Dagat

 Non-observance of buffer zones in river easement and shorelines in the construction of buildings.

 Proper zoning & strict issuance of building & electrical permits.

 All LGUs strictly implement the Zoning Ordinance.

 Formulation/Updating of CLUPs and Municipal Development Plan approved by the Local Sanggunian.

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)  Illegal quarrying of
sand in major rivers and beaches.

GOALS (D2a)  All quarrying
activities of sand in rivers and beaches should have secured permits  Improve waste management system.

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)  To determine the legality
and proper quarrying activities in major rivers & beaches  All municipalities have established proper waste management system

STRATEGIES (E.1.1)  Deployment of staff
in major rivers and beaches

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4)  Monitoring of quarrying
activities province wide.

 Poor waste management system due to unsystematic waste management practices

 Implementation of Section 21 of R.A. 9003 (Ecological Waste Management Act) “Segregation at Source) and Section 33 of R.A. 9003 “Recovery & Recycling  Organization and Strengthening of Bantay Gubat

 Integrated Waste Management Program

 Livelihood Projects

 Production activities in the production forest encroached to the protection forest.

 No production activities in the protection forest.

 To reduce incidence of production activities in the protection forest.

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ISSUES/PROBLEMS (D1)  58 percent of the total
land area of the province is experiencing various forms of erosion, 39 percent or 98,664 hectares are severely eroded.  High incidence of illegal construction of infrastructures in the production and protection areas resulting to conversion of land.

GOALS (D2a) 
Minimize erosion

OBJECTIVES/TARGETS (D2b)
 To reduce incidence of erosion in severely eroded areas.

STRATEGIES (E.1.1) 
Strict implementation of forest laws

PPAs (E.1.2/E.1.3/E.1.4) 
Upland Development Program

To be able to adopt 75% SALT in upland areas

 Minimize
conversion of prime agri- land and protection areas into built-up areas.

 To reduce incidence of illegal conversion of prime agricultural land and protection areas into builtup areas.

 Adoption of sound soil conservation measures.  Stop kaingin in higher slopes  Encourage SALT practices in upland areas  Limit conversion of prime agricultural land to the maximum of 5% of the total agri-land.

 IEC/Advocacy Activities - Conduct of orientations/ pulong-pulong re: illegal construction of infrastructures in the production and protection areas

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Table 24. Summary of Programs/Projects and Activities
PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES Income and Services  Livelihood Programs for Municipalities With High Poverty Incidence San Remigio, Barbaza, Bugasong, Culasi, Libertad, Patnongon, Tibiao, Valderrama LOCATION

Construction/Repair/ Improvement of Roads and Bridges - Construction of 12 kms. Gravel road linking Patnongon and Valderrama Concreting of unpaved national road from Junction Villavert Jimenez-T. Fornier-Anini-yTioilas Road Concreting of Pandan-Libertad-Buruanga— Aklan National Road section Concreting of Odiong-Sibalom-San RemigioLeon Road Construction of 163 kms Panay-East-West Link Road Concreting of 13.8 kms Sibalom-Egana national road Concreting of 18 kms provincial road *Tobias Fornier-Catoogan-Igbangkal Road, 0.50km *Apog-apog to Gamad Road, 1.0 km *T. Fornier-Barasanan B. Road, 0.50 km *Apog-apog-Igcalawagan Road, *Lindero-Atiotes Road,0.5 km *Iba-Nasuli Road,1.0 k.m *Junction National Road to Barangay Badiang, San Jose, 1.0 km *San Juan-Villahermosa-Villafont Road,2.0 km *Nagdayao-Pisanan-Badias Road3.0 km *La Rioja-Pandanan-Valderramac road, 0.3.km.

Patnongon and Valderrama

Hamtic, Tobias Fornier, Anini-y

-

Pandan, Libertad

-

Sibalom, San Remigio

-

Valderrama, San Remgio

-

Sibalom

-

Tobias Fornier Tobias Fornier Tobias-Fornier Tobias Fornier Tobias Fornier San Remigio San Jose Sibalom Sibalom Patnongon & Valderrama

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PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES

LOCATION

Cubay-Talisay Road, 250 km *Malabor-Alegre Road,1,970 km *Binangbang-Magtulis-Esparar Road1.069 *Sto. Rosario-Malumpati Road,0.211 Concreting of 60 lineal meters of bailey bridge along provincial road: *Mojon Bridge, 12.73 L.M. *Macarina Bridge,30.0 L.M. *Manlacbo Bridge, 18 L,M. Air Transportation  Construction of additional 800m runway extension of the EBJ Airport Water Transportation  Construction of RORO facilities at San Jose Port   Completion of RORO facilities at Lipata Port Construction of International Transshipment Port at San Pedro, San Jose, Antique Opening of schools and construction of school buildings in the hard-to-reach barangays in the municipalities with 50 percent incidence of poverty -

Bugasong Tibiao Barbaza Pandan

Belison Patnongon Valderrama San Jose

San Jose Culasi San Jose

San Remigio, Barbaza, Bugasong, Culasi, Libertad, Patnongon, Tibiao, Valderrama, Caluya All Municipalities

Agricultural Enhancement Program - Organic Farming - Crop Intensification & Diversification - Soil Fertility Mapping National and Communal Irrigation Project Construction of Farm-To-Market Roads Credit Assistance Program Conduct of Strategic Agricultural Planning Construction of River Dike Flood Control Program

     

Provincewide Provincewide San Jose Seven Major River Seven Major River

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PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES Muscovado Sugar Development Program Sugar Mill Upgrading Conduct of Food Safety Training Muscovado Sugar Product Matching Provision of Consultancy Assistance to Improve Productivity - Provision of packaging and Labeling Assistance. Tourism Development  Gemstone Processing Marble Quarrying Cottage Industry

LOCATION Laua-an, Patnongon, Belison, Sibalom, San Jose

   

Provincewide Sibalom, San Remigio Pandan & Libertad Pandan, Libertad, Tobias Fornier, Anini-y, Bugasong, Sibalom, San Jose, Patnongon, Barbaza, San Jose Hamtic, San Jose, Pandan, Laua-an Tibiao, Pandan, Culasi, San Jose, Bugasong Sibalom, Valderrama, Laua-an, San Remigio Provincewide Provincewide Provincewide Caluya, Tobias Fornier, Hamtic, Patnongon, Libertad, Sibalom, Bugasong, Barbaza, Tibiao, Laua-an

Food Processing

Fish Processing

Bamboo craft

 

Scholarship Program Conduct of Skills Training

 Provide financial and marketing assistance Social Services:  Nutrition Program for the top ten municipalities with high malnutrition rate  Food Production  Supplemental Feeding  Vit. A & Micronutrient Supplementation  Deworming  Food for School Program  Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4 P’s)  Establishment of BEMONC/CEMONC facilities.

Provincewide Provincewide Provincewide

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PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES  Construction/Renovation of hospital/RHUs/BHS.

LOCATION San Jose, Tobias Fornier, Sibalom, Bugasong, Barbaza, Culasi, Pandan, Valderrama Provincewide

 Upgrading of hospital to comply with accreditation standards.  Provision of FP commodities/supplies.  Training of health workers on CMMNC, Family Planning  Conduct Health Education/ Advocacy activities  Phil Health Indigency Program  Advocacy to LGUs for hiring of additional health workers (MDs, RHMs) Purchase of medicines/supplies Construction of additional health facilities in geographically isolated depressed areas (GIDAs) Training of Health Workers on IYCF, IMCI Establishment of more Botica ng Barangay to 1:2 ratio. Conduct Basic Epidemiologic & Surveillance Response WATSAN Project Life Skills Education/ Training Establishment of additional Community & SchoolBased Teen Centers Peer Educators Training Adolescent Health & Youth Development Program

Provincewide Provincewide Provincewide Province wide Province wide

 

18 LGUs Provincewide

 

Provincewide Anini-y, Laua-an

18 LGUs

  

18 LGUs 18 LGUs 18 LGUs

  

18 LGUs 18 LGUs

Reproductive Health Program 18 LGUs - Conduct of free bilateral tubal ligation and vasectomy

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PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES Conduct Responsible Parenting & natural Family Planning Classes 18 LGUs

LOCATION

     

Identification of unmarried couples Conduct of Mass Wedding Conduct Literacy Classes Hiring of contractual instructional managers Provide Basic Literacy Program (BLP) and Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) learning materials and equipment Upgrading of elementary school buildings and classrooms - Rehabilitation of classrooms - Provision of educational facilities Construction of elementary school building & classrooms Upgrading of high school buildings & classrooms Comprehensive Drop-Out Intervention Program - Training of teachers and school heads on dropout reduction program - Procurement of modules - Hiring of school board teachers Conduct Parent Effectiveness Service (PES) Training Livelihood Support Program for Parent Food for School Program Scholarship Program 4 P’s Program Construction of classrooms for SPED Classes Hiring of SPED teachers

18 LGUs 18 LGUs 18 LGUs San Jose

18 LGUs

18 LGUs

18 LGUs

 

18 LGUs

18 LGUs

San Jose

     

18 LGUs 18 LGUs 18 LGUs 18 LGUs San Jose San Jose

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PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES  Provide learning materials, equipment and facilities for SPED Centers. Accreditation of DCCs and Day Care Workers Upgrading/ Construction of Day Care Centers (DCCs) Provision of learning materials and ECCD packages Establishment of Supervised Neighborhood Play or Home-based ECCD in barangays/sitios without DCCs. Core Shelter Project Livelihood Program Socialized Housing Projects Sports Development Program Improvement of the Provincial Police Office Physical improvement of five (5) municipal police stations (MPS)

LOCATION San Jose

 

18 LGUs Provincewide

 

San Jose San Jose

     

San Jose 18 LGUs San Jose San Jose San Jose Libertad, Patnongon, Sibalom, San Remigio & San Jose Laua-an

Immediate provision of a patrol vehicle for Lauaan MPS

18 LGUs Conduct IEC/Advocacy activities for audiences both internal and external on crime prevention and control Conduct of 10-day Intensive Refresher Course for all Investigators and probable investigators Provision of equipment and facilities for PCLO Recruitment of at least 120 new law enforcers until 2013 (30 new cops per year) Implementation/ Operationalization and Training of Barangay Peacekeeping Action Teams (BPATs) 18 LGUs

 

San Jose 18 LGUs

18 LGUs

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PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES  Conduct IEC/Advocacy activities in insurgency affected municipalities.  Conduct 10-days Intensive Refresher Course for all members of the Provincial Public Safety Management Company (PPSMC)  Conduct of Internal Security Operations  Extension/Improvement of District Jails  Construction of additional jail facilities  Construction/ Improvement of perimeter security fences of ARC/Provincial Jail  Conduct of Intensive Refresher Course for all members of the ARC/PJ particularly in handling of prisoners.  Establishment of Fire Stations   Provision of Fire Trucks Provision of firefighting equipment, apparatuses, etc. Acquisition of Service Vehicle Establishment of Senior Citizens Center. Conduct massive registration of senior citizens Designation of Family Court Completion of Crisis Center Hiring of registered social workers Establishment of Provincial Holding/Reception Center for CICL. Provision of newborn screening equipment and facilities 18 LGUs

LOCATION

San Jose

18 LGUs San Jose San Jose San Jose

San Jose

San Jose San Jose San Jose

      

San Jose San Jose San Jose San Jose San Jose San Jose San Jose

San Jose

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PROGRAMS/PROJECTS/ACTIVITIES Land Use:  Formulation/Updating of CLUPs duly approved by the local sanggunian.  Resource Conservation and Regeneration - Mangrove Rehabilitation - Institution Building - Establishment of Marine Sanctuaries - Operationalization of Bantay Dagat  Formulation/Updating of CLUPs and Municipal Development Plan approved by the Local Sanggunian.  Monitoring of quarrying activities province wide  Integrated Waste Management Program  Livelihood Projects  Upland Development Program  IEC/Advocacy Activities - Conduct of orientations/ pulong-pulong re: illegal construction of infrastructures in the production and protection areas

LOCATION

Anini-y, Tobias Fornier, Hamtic, SanJose, Caluya, Culasi, Libertad, Pandan

Sibalom, San Jose, Barbaza, Patnongon, Laua-an

18 LGUs 18 LGUs 18 LGUs 18 LGUs 18 LGUs

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A

NNEXES
PALAY PRODUCTION 2006 Metric Rank Tons

Annex A COMPARATIVE PALAY PRODUCTION IN REGION VI (In metric tons)
PROVINCE WESTERN VISAYAS Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental 2005 Metric Rank Tons 2007 Metric Rank Tons

150,432 232,336 309,209 46,876 670,300 391,667

29 20 14 63 4 11

136,155 230,154 303,879 48,484 854,646 413,906

34 21 16 62 4 10

141,574 243,177 315,433 43,754 823,376 425,112

36 23 15 63 4 11

Source: The Philippine Countryside in Figures, 2007 Edition

Annex B PALAY PRODUCTION, INCOME AND EMPLOYMENT, 2007
2007 Municipalities Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Tobias Fornier Valderrama Production (MT) 4,932 13,029 3,226 21,061 2,141 21,288 14,381 8,625 3,970 13,528 20,667 15,248 14,252 7,588 42,984 11,721 11,883 12,653 Value (Pesos) 53,413,560 141,104,070 34,937,580 228,090,630 23,187,030 230,549,040 155,746,230 93,408,750 42,995,100 146,508,240 223,823,610 165,135,840 154,349,160 82,178,040 465,516,720 126,938,430 128,692,890 137,031,990 2,633,606,910 Employment 1,694 3,930 1,032 5,985 724 5,753 4,399 2,723 1,189 4,049 6,647 4,318 4,314 2,196 12,562 3,366 3,989 4,002 72,872 1 4 5 2 3 RANK (Income)

TOTAL 243,177 Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics

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Annex C TOTAL FAMILY INCOME PER MUNICIPALITY PER INDUSTRY, 2007
MUNICIPALITY Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Tobias Fornier Valderrama TOTAL RICE 53,413,560 141,104,070 34,937,580 228,090,630 23,187,030 230,549,040 155,746,230 93,408,750 42,995,100 146,508,240 223,823,610 165,135,840 154,349,160 82,178,040 465,516,720 126,938,430 128,692,890 137,031,990 2,633,606,910 FISHERY 163,392,000 373,637,000 76,512,000 23,164,745 45,880,000 185,526,000 92,976,800 53,644,800 1,245,200 577,800 25,338,150 2,805,904,000 1,360,000 180,722,610 1,477,000 4,031,358,105 MUSCOVADO 1,047,200 3,926,000 35,982,000 34,381,200 151,200 1,096,400 3,831,200 80,415,200 SEAWEEDS 846,000 18,900,000 14,010,000 7,800,000 41,556,000 OTHERS Corn ,Mango, Banana, Coffee 1,524,075 22,333,452 1,464,393 11,210,010 7,823,935 9,104,766 37,579,464 18,192,054 4,658,385 7,646,418 12,141,265 5,733,655 14,245,432 3,705,075 28,185,042 9,889,292 10,409,495 6,477,767 212,323,975 TOTAL 219,175,635 538,121,722 116,839,973 262,465,385 95,790,965 439,189,806 286,302,494 201,227,604 48,898,685 162,532,458 295,684,225 2,976,924,695 168,594,592 87,243,115 494,798,162 317,550,332 140,579,385 147,340,957 6,999,260,190

Source: National Statistics Office/Bureau of Agricultural Statistics-Antique

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Annex D

EMPLOYED PERSONS BY TYPE OF INDUSTRY (In Thousands)
PROVINCE 2002 Philippines Western Visayas Aklan Antique 11,025 1,057 52 80 AGRICULTURE 2003 11,155 1,075 53 80 2007* 11,700 1,202 57 80 Growth Rate 1.2 1.7 1.9 2002 4,821 302 32 20 24 6 97 123 INDUSTRY 2003 4,859 322 34 20 30 8 108 122 2007* 5,016 445 43 20 73 25 166 118 Growth Rate 0.8 6.6 6.3 25.0 33.3 11.3 (0.8) 2002 14,340 1,134 83 75 127 17 361 471 SERVICE 2003 14,404 1,122 82 63 120 21 334 502 2007* 14,636 1,146 78 31 96 49 244 648 Growth Rate 0.4 (1.1) (1.2) (16.0) (5.5) 23.5 (7.5) 6.6

Capiz 146 160 231 9.6 Guimaras 31 27 15 (12.9) Iloilo 246 224 154 (8.9) Negross 502 531 665 5.8 Occidental Source: The Philippine Countryside in Figures, 2007 Edition *projected data

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Annex E NUMBER OF MUSCOVADO SUGAR MILLS, SUGARCANE FARM AREA SERVICED, AVERAGE AREA COVERED PER MILL, AND NUMBER OF FARMERS, BY MUNICIPALITY, ANTIQUE, 2007 Average No. of No. of Area Area Farmers MUNICIPALITY Mills Covered Serviced Per Serviced Mill LAUA-AN 80 350.00 4.38 458 PATNONGON 33 188.85 5.72 211 BELISON 11 51.75 4.70 104 SIBALOM 11 46.50 4.23 89 VALDERRAMA 9 7.90 4.44 12 4 21.00 5.25 36 BARBAZA 1 2.00 2.00 6 TOTAL 149 668.00 4.70 916
Sources: Department of Trade and Industry-Antique

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Annex F

GENERAL INFORMATION ON FISHERY, ANTIQUE, 2007
MUNICIPALITY LENGTH OF COASTLINE (km.) 19.00 10.20 0.64 10.51 105.00 18.00 15.50 11.00 18.50 14.00 15.90 13.65 18.00 13.80 13.10 NO. OF COASTAL BARANGAYS 17 11 6 7 18 19 14 12 14 15 10 14 8 8 12 FISHING SEASON PEAK SEASON Dec.-June Jan-March Jan-Oct Feb-March Apr-June March-June Jan-May Nov-May Oct-June Oct-March LEAN SEASON July-Nov July-Oct Nov-Dec Dec-Jan Aug-Dec July-Feb June-Dec June-Dec July-Sept May-Sept Aug-Feb June-Oct July-Feb June-Sept July-Sept July-Sept July-Nov TOTAL NO. OF RESIDENTS DEPENDENT ON FISHING INDIRECTLY DIRECT DEPENDENT DEPENDENT 7,378 200 96 160 42 3,500 1,376 263 580 No data 863 No data 371 210 2,398 2,398 17,437 3,689 150 228 177 860 2,000 222 62 251 No data 170 No data 321 1,210 29,715 29,715 39,055

ANINI-Y BARBAZA BELISON BUGASONG CALUYA CULASI HAMTIC LAUA-AN LIBERTAD PANDAN PATNONGON SAN JOSE SEBASTE TIBIAIO T. FORNIER

Mrach-July Nov-May Nov-June Oct-May Oct June Oct T. FORNIER 13.10 12 June TOTAL 296.80 185 Dec-June Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics/Office of the Provincial Agriculturist – Antique.

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Annex G

FISHERY PRODUCTION IN METRIC TONS BY SECTOR BY YEAR CALENDAR YEAR 2005-2006 YEAR COMMERCIAL MUNICIPAL AQUACULTURE TOTAL 2005 6,978 10,698 49,698 67,373 2006 6,812 10,875 48,587 66,274 2007 7,061 11,012 53,918 71,991
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics/Office of the Provincial Agriculturist-Antique

Annex H

MUNICIPAL FISHERIES ANNUAL FISH PRODUCTION (MT) BY MUNICIPALITY, CALENDAR YEAR 2007 ANNUAL PRODUCTION MUNICIPALITY RANK (MT) Anini-y 2,149 5 Barbaza 235,425 2 Belison 20 13 Bugasong 285 6 Caluya 351 7 Culasi 2,310 4 Hamtic 177 10 Laua-an 103 9 Libertad 24 12 Pandan No data Patnongon 324,903 1 San Jose 74 11 San Remigio No data Sebaste 282 8 Sibalom No data Tibiao 65,280 3 Tobias Fornier No data Valderrama No data TOTAL 631,383
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics/Office of the Provincial Agriculturist-Antique

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Annex I

JOBS GENERATED FROM MUNICIPAL FISHING CALENDAR YEAR 2005-2007 MUNICIPALITY 2005 2006 Anini-y 1,545 1,439 Barbaza 1,022 Belison 324 324 Bugasong 1,000 391 Caluya 543 902 Culasi 1,249 1,696 Hamtic 1,036 500 Laua-an 400 335 Libertad 851 510 Pandan 1,050 1,050 Patnongon 1,138 1,025 San Jose 300 2,508 San Remigio Sebaste 2,487 Tibiao 1,500 1,374 Tibiao 1,500 1,374 Tobias Fornier 346 Valderrama TOTAL 14,305 17,283
Source: Office of the Provincial Agriculturist-Antique

2007 1,439 1,022 214 391 902 1,696 500 335 510 1,050 1,025 2,508 2,487 1,374 1,374 346 17,173

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Annex J

INCOME BY MUNICIPALITY FOR FISHERY INDUSTRY, CY 2007 PROVINCE OF ANTIQUE AQUACULTURE MARINE MUNICIPALITY (Tilapia/ Mun./Commercial) Bangus) Anini-y 163,392,000 Barabaza 372,393.00 1,280,000 Belison 76,512,000 Bugasong 4,745.00 23,160,000 Caluya 2,304,000.00 43,576,000 Culasi 726,000.00 184,800,000 Hamtic 14,276,000.00 78,700,800 Laua-an 53,644,800 Libertad 20,000.00 1,225,200 Pandan 577,800.00 Patnoňgon 402,150.00 24,936,000 San Jose 2,805,904,000 Sebaste 1,360,000 Sibalom Tibiao 2,610.00 180,720,000 Tobias Fornier 5,000.00 1,472,000 Valderrama TOTAL 18,690,698.00 640,682,800.00
Source: Office of the Provincial Agriculturist-Antique

SEAWEEDS 846,000.00

TOTAL 164,238,000.00 1,652,393.00 76,512,000.00 23,164,745.00 64,780,000.00 199,536,000.00 92,976,800.00 53,644,800.00 1,245,200.00 8,377,800.00 25,338,150.00 2,805,904,000.00 1,360,000.00 180,722,610.00 1,477,000.00 3,700,929,498.00

18,900,000.00 14,010,000.00

7,800,000.00

41,556,000.00

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Annex K

SKILLED WEAVERS Municipality Bugasong Laua-an Libertad Pandan Sibalom Tobias Fornier Tibiao Total

Loom Weavers 40

Mat/Handicraft Weavers 13 150 88 25 30

Total 40 13 150 88 25 30 7 353

7 47

306

Source: Department of Trade and Industry-Antique

Annex L

EMPLOYMENT AND ANNUAL INCOME Municipality No. of HH Employed Bugasong 45 Laua-an 13 Sibalom 30 Tobias Fornier 15 Pandan 178 Tibiao 24 Total 305
Source: Department of Trade and Industry-Antique

Annual Income 738,000.00 482,799.00 237,682.00 72,000.00 4,022,000.00 267,056.00 5,819,537.00

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Annex M POVERTY INCIDENCE, POVERTY GAP AND SEVERITY OF POVERTY, BY MUNICIPALITY, PROVINCE OF ANTIQUE, 2007 Municipality Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Tobias Fornier Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Valderrama Poverty Incidence 0.4170 0.5435 0.3073 0.5385 0.5697 0.5318 0.4547 0.4352 0.5848 0.5308 0.4468 0.5355 0.1904 0.6473 0.4912 0.4476 0.5320 0.5564 Poverty Gap 0.1232 0.1854 0.0841 0.1861 0.1951 0.1807 0.1436 0.1325 0.2036 0.1801 0.1393 0.1784 0.0462 0.2391 0.1572 0.1394 0.1828 0.1891 Poverty Severity 0.0498 0.0829 0.0326 0.0841 0.0871 0.0806 0.0610 0.0546 0.0919 0.0803 0.0586 0.0785 0.0163 0.1124 0.0672 0.0585 0.0821 0.0842

Source: The Philippine Countryside in Figures, 2007 Edition

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Annex N ANNUAL PER CAPITA POVERTY THRESHOLD, POVERTY INCIDENCE AMONG FAMILIES, PHILIPPINES, REGION VI, 2000, 2003 AND 2006 Annual Per Capita Poverty Percentage of Poverty Threshold (P) Incidence Among Families 2000 Philippines Region VI Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental 11,458 11,314 11,527 10,938 10,536 10,759 12,122 11,126 2003 12,309 12,291 11,980 11,377 11,298 11,694 13,221 12,131 2006 15,057 14,405 15,150 14,650 14,242 14811 14,810 13,975 2000 27.5 36.7 36.3 35.1 40.8 22.6 29.7 41.6 2003 24.4 31.4 33.5 43.4 21.6 32.7 31.1 31.4 2006 26.9 31.1 42.6 43.0 24.3 35.2 24.1 33.4

Source: The Philippine Countryside in Figures, 2007 Edition

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Annex O ANNUAL PER CAPITA POVERTY THRESHOLD, POVERTY INCIDENCE AMONG FAMILIES, PHILIPPINES, REGION VI, 2000, 2003 AND 2006 Annual Per Capita Poverty Percentage of Poverty Threshold (P) Incidence Among Families 2000 Philippines Region VI Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental 11,458 11,314 11,527 10,938 10,536 10,759 12,122 11,126 2003 12,309 12,291 11,980 11,377 11,298 11,694 13,221 12,131 2006 15,057 14,405 15,150 14,650 14,242 14811 14,810 13,975 2000 27.5 36.7 36.3 35.1 40.8 22.6 29.7 41.6 2003 24.4 31.4 33.5 43.4 21.6 32.7 31.1 31.4 2006 26.9 31.1 42.6 43.0 24.3 35.2 24.1 33.4

Source: The Philippine Countryside in Figures, 2007 Edition

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Annex P POVERTY INCIDENCE, POVERTY GAP AND SEVERITY OF POVERTY, BY MUNICIPALITY, PROVINCE OF ANTIQUE, 2007 Municipality Anini-y Barbaza Belison Bugasong Caluya Culasi Tobias Fornier Hamtic Laua-an Libertad Pandan Patnongon San Jose San Remigio Sebaste Sibalom Tibiao Valderrama Poverty Incidence 0.4170 0.5435 0.3073 0.5385 0.5697 0.5318 0.4547 0.4352 0.5848 0.5308 0.4468 0.5355 0.1904 0.6473 0.4912 0.4476 0.5320 0.5564 Poverty Gap 0.1232 0.1854 0.0841 0.1861 0.1951 0.1807 0.1436 0.1325 0.2036 0.1801 0.1393 0.1784 0.0462 0.2391 0.1572 0.1394 0.1828 0.1891 Poverty Severity 0.0498 0.0829 0.0326 0.0841 0.0871 0.0806 0.0610 0.0546 0.0919 0.0803 0.0586 0.0785 0.0163 0.1124 0.0672 0.0585 0.0821 0.0842

Source: The Philippine Countryside in Figures, 2007 Edition

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G

LOSSARY OF TERMS
Land devoted to , or suitable for cultivation of the soil,

Agricultural land.

planting of crops, growing of trees, raising of livestock, poultry, fish or aquaculture production, including the harvesting of such farm products and other farm activities and practices by persons whether natural or juridical and not classified by law as mineral land, forest land, commercial land or industrial lands.

Agricultural sector.

Engaged in the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops,

growing of fruit trees, raising of livestock, poultry or fish including the harvesting and marketing of such farm products and other farm activities and practices.

Agroforestry area.

Area allotted for sustainable land management systems

characterized by an integrated production of agricultural crops, trees and forest plants and/or animals and the application of management practices which are compatible with the cultural patterns of the local community.

Alienable and disposable lands.

Lands of the public domain subject to the

present system of classification and declared as not needed for forest purposes (PD 705); lands of the public domain which have been delineated, classified and certified as such and available for diasposition under the Public Land Act (NaLUA, 1995).

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Ancestral Domain.

Areas generally belonging to indigenous cultural

minorities/indigenous peoples (ICCs/IPs) comprising lands, inland waters, coastal areas and natural resources therein, held under a claim of ownership, occupied or possessed by ICCs/IPs by themselves or through their ancestors, community of individually since time immemorial, continuously to the present, except when interrupted by war, force majeure or displacement by force, deceit stealth or as a consequence of government projects or any other voluntary dealings entered into by government and private

individuals/corporations and which are necessary to ensure their economic, social and cultural welfare. It shall include ancestral lands, forest, pasture, residential, agricultural and other lands individually owned whether alienable or disposable or otherwise, hunting grounds, burial grounds, worship areas, bodies of water, mineral and other natural resources and lands which may no longer be excessively occupied by ICCs/IPs but which they traditionally had access to for their subsistence and traditional activities particularly by the home ranges of ICCs/IPs who are still nomadic and/or shifting cultivators.

Aquaculture.

Fishery operations involving all forms of raising and culturing

fish and other fishery species in brackish and marine areas (RA 8550).

Average Annual Growth Rate.

The rate at which the population increases or

decreases in size usually expressed in yearly percentage.

Bridge.

A structure across a waterway or any other gap serving as a

pathway and/or roadway with a minimum span of six meters.

Brushland. vegetation.

Degraded areas dominated by a discontinuous cover of shrubby

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Coastal area/zone.

A band of dry land and adjacent ocean space in which

terrestrial processes and uses and vice versa. Its geographic extent may include areas within a landmark limit of one kilometer from the shoreline at high tide to include mangrove swamps, brackish water ponds, nipa swamps, estuarine rivers, sandy beaches and other areas within a seaward limit of 200-meter isobaths to include coral reefs, algai flats, seagrass beds and other soft-bottom areas.

Coral reefs.

Marine shelves or platforms formed by the consolidation of the

skeleton of hermatypic corals through cementation by corraline algae and lithification processes.

Cropland.

Land used primarily for the production of adapted, cultivated,

close growing fruits or nut crops for harvest, alone or in association with sod crops.

Ecotourism. heritage area.

A form of sustainable tourism within a given natural and

Employment Rate.

The proportion in percent of the total number of

employed persons to the total number of persons in the labor force.

Erosion.

Weavering away of land surface by running water, wind and ice or

geological agents including such processes as gravitational creep.

Expansion

areas.

Idle

and/or

under-utilized

lands

mostly

grasslands/shrublands that have high potential for various forms of and well managed agricultural uses with low to moderate land development costs.

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Fauna. Animal life in general, especially the indigenous animals of a certain region, environment or period.

Fishpond.

A land-based facility enclosed with earthen or stone material to

impound water for growing fish; are bodies of water artificial and natural where fish and other aquatic products are cultured, raised or cultivated under controlled conditions.

Food Security.

Policy objective, plan and strategy of meeting the food

requirements of the present and future generation of Filipinos in a substantial quantity, ensuring the availability and affordability of food to all either through local production or importation or both.

Food Self-Sufficiency.

Ability to meet food requirements, specifically rice and

corn of the country’s population through local production.

Forests. Areas of one hectare or more which are at least ten percent stocked with forest trees including seedlings and saplings with palm, bamboo or brush; trees able to reach a maximum height of 5 meters; consists either closed forest formation.

Forest Lands.

Lands with slope 18 percent and above either classified as

public forest, permanent forest, forest reserves and forest reservations.

Forest Protection.

Refers to the existing forests including areas which are

delimited by the people to be permanently protected and developed into into forest for ecological, aesthetic, recreational, educational and research purposes.

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Forest Reservation.

Forestland that have been reserved by the President of

the Philippines for any specific purpose or purposes (PD 705).

Fresh Water.

Water without salt such as generally found in lakes, lagoons,

basins, rivers, canals, channels, dams, reservoir, paddy fields and swamps.

Geographic Information System.

A computer-based technology which

integrates textual or attribute data and geographic information from various sources into a system which makes it possible to store, retrieve, analyze, manipulate and present such data or information for different purposes.

Grassland. trees.

Land with natural grass cover without tree or very few isolated

Grazing/Pasture Lands. Portion of the public domain set aside in view of the suitability of topographic and vegetation for the raising of livestock.

Grid.

An interconnected system in which high voltage, high capacity

backbone lines overlay and are connected with network of lower voltages.

Gross Regional Domestic Product. Measure the total value of the total goods and services produced in a region. It is the aggregate of the gross value added or income originating from each sector of the regional economy. Hospital. A health institution that provides short-term and long-term medical care consisting of observational, diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative services for persons suffering or suspected to be suffering from a disease or injury.

Hospital Bed Capacity.

The number of beds permanently retained at the

hospital for the treatment of inpatients.

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Infrastructure.

Any structure necessary to support urban development

normally provided by government or public utility companies, e.g., roads, water supply, drainage.

Inland Fishery. Freshwater fishery and brackish water fishponds.

Irrigable Land. Land whose marked characteristics justify the operation of an irrigation system.

Irrigated Land.

Land serviced by natural irrigation or man-made irrigation

facilities. These include lands where water is not readily available as existing irrigation facilities need rehabilitation or upgrading or where irrigation water is not available year-round.

Labor Force. unemployed.

Population 15 years old and over who are either employed or

Labor Productivity.

The output per unit of labor expressed in terms of GDP

per employed person.

Land Reclassification.

Process of allocating the desired alienable or

disposable land of the public domain to specific uses such as agricultural, residential, industrial or commercial.

Land use conversion. into some other uses.

Process of changing the current use of a piece of land

Land Use.

The manner of utilizing the land, including its allocation,

development and management.

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Land Use Plan.

A document containing a set of policies embodying the

community-desired pattern of population distribution and proposal for the future allocation of land to the various land-using activities in accordance with the social and economic activities of the people. Through maps and similar illustrations, it identifies the location, character and extent of the areas land resources to be used for different purposes and includes the process and the criteria employed in the determination of land uses.

Mangrove.

A community of intertidal plants including all species of trees,

shrubs, vines and herbs found on coasts, swamps or border of swamps.

Marine Park.

Refers to any public offshore area delimited as habitat of rare

and unique species of marine flora and fauna.

Marine Waters.

These cover beds,banks, shell fields, zone areas and regions

of Philippine waters totaling some 1,666,300 km2. For town planning purposes, marine waters refer to municipal waters.

Metallic Minerals.

Mineral with high specific gravity and metallic luster such

as copper, gold, chromium and nickel; these are good conductors of heat.

Military Reserve.

Refers to forest lands which have been reserved by the

President of the Philippines for military purposes.

Minerals.

All naturally occurring inorganic substances in solid gas, liquid or

any intermediate state excluding energy materials such as coal, petroleum, natural gas, radioactive materials and geothermal energy.

Mineral Exploration.

The systematic searching or prospecting for mineral

resources including energy resources.

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Mineral Resources. economic value.

Any concentration of minerals/rocks with potential

Mining Area.

A portion of contract area identified by the contractor for

purposes of development, mining, utilization, processing and rehabilitation and sites for support facilities or in the immediate vicinity of the mining operations.

Mining Operation.

Mining activities involving exploration, feasibility,

development, utilization, processing and rehabilitation.

Municipal Waters.

Include not only streams, lakes, inland bodies of water

and tidal waters within the municipality which are not included within the protected areas as defined under RA 7586, but also marine waters included between two lines drawn perpendicular to the general coastline from points where the boundary lines of the municipality touch the sea at low tide and third line parallel with the coastline including offshore islands and 15 kilometers from such coastline. Where two municipalities are so situated on opposite shores that there is less than 30 kilometers of marine waters between them, the third line shall be equally distant from opposite municipalities.

National Integrated protected Areas System (NIPAS).

The system which

shall encompasses outstandingly remarkable areas and biologically important public lands that are habitats of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, bio-geographic zones and related ecosystems, whether terrestrial, wetland or marine, all of which shall be designated as protected areas.

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National Park. Refers to a forest reservation essentially of natural wilderness character where settlement, occupancy or any form of exploitation is prohibited except in conformity with approved management plan and set aside as such exclusively to conserve the area or preserve the scenery, the natural and historic objects, wild animals and plants therein and to provide enjoyment of these features in such areas.

Network of Protected Areas for Agriculture and and Agro-industrial Development (NPAAAD). Agricultural areas identified by the DA in

coordination with NAMRIA to ensure the efficient utilization of land for agriculture and agro-industrial development and promote sustainable growth. It covers; (a) all irrigated areas, irrigable lands already covered by irrigation projects with firm funding commitments; all alluvial plain land highly suitable for agriculture whether irrigated or not; (b) agro-industrial croplands or lands presently planted to industrial crops that support the viability of the agriculture infrastructure and agro-based enterprises; and (c) highlands or areas located at an elevation of 500 meters or above and have potential of growing semi-temperate and high value crops of which will result in serious environmental degradation and mangrove areas and fish sanctuaries.

Non-Mettalic Mineral.

Minerals which lack the properties of metallic minerals

such as bright metallic luster, hardness density and good conductors of heat.

Ore.

A naturally occurring mineral aggregate from which a metal or several

metals may be extracted at a profit.

Pasture land/Grazing land. Portion of the public domain which have been set aside in view of the suitability of its topography and vegetation for livestock grazing.

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Permanent Crops.

Crops which occupy the land for a period of time and

need not be replaced after each harvest, like fruit trees and crops for industrial purposes such as cacao, coffee and others.

Population.

Total number of individuals in a territory living at a specific

period of time with an agreed definition of residence whether time is regarded as discrete or continuous.

Port.

A shelter harbor where marine terminal facilities are provided,

consisting of piers or wharves where ships berth/dock while loading or unloading cargo, transit sheds and other storage areas where ships may discharge incoming cargo and warehouses where goods may be stored for longer periods while awaiting distribution or loading.

Production Forest.

Includes natural and artificially regenerated forests and

areas below 50 percent slope or less than 100 meters; includes the residual dipterocarp forests, mangrove and pine forests, forests available for logging, rangelands for grazing, areas under the Industrial Forest Plantation management, areas for Community Forestry Program; Integrated Social Forestry areas, watersheds not yet proclaimed as watershed reserve, multiple –use zones under the NIPAS Act; and other forest land for special land uses.

Production Land Use.

Direct and indirect utilization of land to generate

outputs usually from the following activities: agricultural, fish farming or aquaculture, timber or agroforestry, grazing and pasture, mining and tourism.

Protected Areas.

Identified portion of land and water set aside by reason of

their unique physical and biological diversity and protected against human exploitation.

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Protection Forest Vs. Production Forest. Protection and production forest are almost the same only that their use and purpose differ. The former mainly emphasizes intangible benefit while the latter deals with tangible economic benefit.

Public Domain. Property destined for public use or which belongs exclusively to the State without being devoted to common use or which is destined to some public services or to the development of the national resources and of mines until transferred to public persons; lands which belong to the State which may either be agricultural, forest, timber, mineral or national park as provided for in the Constitution.

Public Lands.

Lands that have been subject to private property rights or

subject to sale or other modes of acquisition of concession under the general laws and are devoted to public use; generally synonymous with the lands of the public domain.

Reforestation.

Artificial establishment of the forest on land which carried

forest within the previous 50 years or within living memory.

Social Infrastructure.

Services seeking to improve human capital such as

those related to health, nutrition, education and housing.

Strategic Agriculture and Fisheries Development Zones (SAFDZ).

Areas

within the NPAAAD identified for production, agro-processing and marketing activities to help develop and modernize, with the support of government, the agriculture and fisheries sectors in environmentally and socio-culturally sound manner.

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Telecommunications.

Any transmission, emission or reception of signs,

signals, writing, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio optical or any electronic system.

Tourism Development Areas.

Refer to contiguous land areas endowed with

natural and man-made physical attributes and resources that are conducive to recreation, leisure and other wholesome activities.

Underemployed.

All employed persons who

expressed the desire for

additional hours of work in their present job or in an additional job or have a new job with longer working hours.

Watershed. Is a land area drained by a stream or fixed body of water and its tributaries having a common outlet for surface run-off.

Watershed Reservation/Watershed Forest Reserve.

A forestland reservation

established to protect or improve the conditions of the water yield thereof.

Water Supply.

A general term for the sources of water for public use. Also

refers to the furnishing of good potable water under satisfactory pressure for domestic, commercial, industrial and public services and an adequate quantity of water under reasonable pressure for fire fighting.

Wildlife Sanctuary.

Comprises the area that assures the natural conditions

necessary to protect nationally significant wildlife species, biotic communities or physical features of the environment where these may require specific human manipulation for their perpetuation.

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C

REDITS

PROVINCIAL/LOCAL PLANNING AND EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT (PLPEM) CORE TEAM PROVINCE OF ANTIQUE

Chairperson: Ms. Juliana O. Cepe Development

Provincial Planning & Coordinator Provincial Planning and Development Office Provincial Treasurer Provincial Treasurer’s Office Provincial Budget Officer Provincial Budget Office Provincial Accountant Provincial Accountant’s Office Sangguniang Panlalawigan Member Committee on Appropriation Asst. Provincial Government Department Head Provincial Economic Enterprise Development Office Provincial Engineer Provincial Engineer’s Office Provincial Assessor Provincial Assessor’s Office Provincial Agriculturist Office of the Provincial Agriculturist Sangguniang Panlalawigan Member Chairperson, Gender and Development Inter-Agency Committee
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Members:

Ms. Sherlita B. Mahandog

Mr. Pacifico C. Galindo, Jr.

Ms. Esther Minnie A. Julian

Hon. Dante M. Beriong

Ms. Ailene B. Maguad

Engr. Inocencio P. Dajao

Mr. Eduardo S. Suelan

Mr. Nicolasito S. Calawag

Hon. Rosie A. Dimamay

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

Ms. Rhodora E. Pon-an

Executive Director Antique Development Foundation Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Officer Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office Provincial Agrarian Reform Officer Department of Agrarian Reform Provincial Director Department of Trade and Industry

Mr. Vicente Sardina

Ms. Marilyn B. Salvani

Mr. Jose M. Divinagracia

Engr. Rafael C. Valenzuela District Engineer Department of Public Works and Highways Ms. Rosario F. Maza Provincial Director Department of Interior and Local Government

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Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

PARTICIPANTS TO SERRIES OF WORKSHOPS IN THE PROVINCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK PLAN PREPARATION NAME Mr. Martin T. Terre AGENCY EBJ Airport Air Transportation Office EBJ Airport Air Transportation Office EBJ Airport Air Transportation Office Department of Education Department of Education Antique Provincial Police Office Provincial Population Office Provincial Population Office Department of Trade and Industry Antique Development Foundation Department of Agrarian Reform Department of Agrarian Reform Office of the Provincial Agriculturist Office of the Provincial Agriculturist Office of the Provincial Agriculturist Office of the Provincial Agriculturist Antique Human Development Program Department of Environment Natural Resources Department of Environment Natural Resources
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Mr. Elmar P. Capadocia

Ms. Marites J. Beriong

Mr. Noelito P. Gipal Dr. Victor V. de Gracia PO3 Rodelio B. Canja Mr. Felimon V. Ebon Mr. Primo C. Ogatis Ms. Jocelyn P Perez Ms. Rhodora E. Pon-an Engr. Jose Diogenes A. Gomez Engr. Noel B. Pagunsan Mr. Edmond Ello Dr. Gina B. Jordan Ms. Nancy Corazon Montecastro Ms. Josienne C. Hugos Ms. Marilou Llavan

Mr. Vicente A. Sardina

Ms. Mirza G. Samillano

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

NAME Engr. Randy C. Alipis Engr. Benny O. Fabila

AGENCY National Irrigation Administration Department of Public Works and Highways Department of Public Works and Highways Provincial Health Office Provincial Health Office Provincial Health Office Provincial Health Office Provincial Engineer’s Office Provincial Engineer’s Office Provincial Engineer’s Office Antique Electric Cooperative Antique Electric Cooperative Environment and Natural Resources Office Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office Department of Science and Technology
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Engr. Rafael C. Valenzuela

Dr. Maricar O. Esperida Dr. Zoilo Bernardo E. Tubianosa Dr. Ric Noel Naciongayo Ms. Teresita M. Vergara Engr. Simeon S. Balasa Engr. Inocencio P. Dajao Engr. Manuel J. Gallano Engr. Rochel P. Cejar Engr. Gregorio Rufino Ms. Ma. Vivian T. Barillo

Ms. Careen F. Panaguiton

Ms. Diwata P. Dagumanpan

Ms. Rebecca Hope T. Lotilla

Ms. Noemi B. Tagle

Engr. Abraham R. Fabila

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

NAME Engr. Eleazer T. Moscoso

AGENCY Department of Science and Technology Provincial Veterinarian Office Sangguniang Panlalawigan Sangguniang Panlalawigan Provincial Tourism Office Provincial Tourism Office Provincial Tourism Office National Statistics Office National Statistics Office National Statistics Office Provincial Assessor’s Office Provincial Assessor’s Office Antique Integrated Area Development Provincial Economic Enterprise and Development Office Human Resource Management Office Antique Federation of NonGovernment Organization Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Provincial General Services Office Officer In-Charge, Provincial Administrator Office Department of Interior and Local Government
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Dr. Romeo S. Magdato SP Fernando C. Corvera SP Calixto Zaldivar III Mr. Florentino H. Egida Mr. Ismael P. Montecastro Ms. Stella V. Jardeleza Mr. Jesus F. Escote Mr. Randy Tacogdoy Mr. Catalino G. de Gracia Ms. Visminda Y. Rizardo Ms. Delma Y. Flores Ms. Placida Lumogdang Ms. Ailene B. Maguad

Ms. Marieta C. Belleza Mr. Reygene V. Santillan

Mr. Richard E. Cordero

Ms. Rachel B. Gindap Mr. Eric C. Otayde

Ms. Rosario F. Maza

Provincial Development & Physical Framework Plan, 2008-2013 Province Of Antique

NAME Ms. Ma. Irmina A. Magbanua

AGENCY Department of Interior and Local Government Department of Labor and Employment Technical Education and Skills Development Authority

Ms. Laura G. Villarico

Ms. Marilyn P. Aguilar

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