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Building Sustainable Organic Sectors

Building Sustainable Organic Sectors

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Published by Gustoff
Building Sustainable Organic Sectors
Building Sustainable Organic Sectors

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Gustoff on Oct 29, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain

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05/25/2012

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In the early 1980s the Alternative Agriculture Network was founded to promote organic and
sustainable agriculture. Starting in the early 1990s, market incentives were introduced and

17

2. Summary Of cOuntry caSe StudieS

extension methods revised. A local organic certification body was founded to ensure better
market access, driven by a combination of efforts by the private sector and NGOs. Almost
14,000 ha is under organic management, representing less than 0.1% of the total agricultural
land, and 2,500 farms are certified. Rice is the dominant crop, followed by fruits and vegetables.
Most organic produce, especially rice, is exported, mainly to Europe. Most of the vegetables
are sold locally. In 2004 many organic brands were available in small shops and in mainstream
supermarkets, particularly in Bangkok, where there is a wide range available. The domestic
market for certified organic products is estimated to be US$13.7 million, while export was
estimated to be around US$11.8 million. The non-certified and health food market is estimated
to be US$83.33 million. Apart from the initial private-sector certification body, the Department
of Agriculture also offers free certification through an agency. Half of the producers are certified
by foreign certification bodies. There is a voluntary government standard for organic production
and a governmental program for accreditation of certification bodies. The central government
has recently adopted a program for organic development, including massive investments in the
production of biofertilizers. The royal family has promoted self-sufficient sustainable agriculture
and the Royal Project has recently started organic production. One province has embarked on a
large-scale organic project. The sector has a number of organizations but no one uniting body.
Collaboration between the sector and the government is still weak.

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