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osman 1

osman 1

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Osman I

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Osman I
Osman Ottoman Turkish: ‫ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺯﻯ‬
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Reign Coronation Full name Born Birthplace Died Place of death Predecessor Successor Royal House Father

1299–1324 1281 and 1299 Osman Gazi 1258 Söğüt, Anatolia 1326 (aged 68) Söğüt, Anatolia New creation Orhan I House of Osman Ertuğrul

Osman I or Othman I or El-Gazi (1258[1] – 1326) Ottoman Turkish: ‫ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﻏﺎﺯﻯ‬Sultan Osman Ghazi, Turkish: Osman Gazi or Osman Bey or I. Osman, Osman Gazi Han), nicknamed "Kara" for his courage, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks, and the founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire. The Empire, named after him, would prevail as a world empire [2] for over six centuries. Osman announced the independence of his own small kingdom from the Seljuk Turks in 1299. The westward drive of the Mongol invasions had pushed scores of Muslims toward Osman's Anatolian principality, a power base that Osman was quick to consolidate. As the Byzantine Empire declined, the Ottoman Empire rose to take its place.

dreamlike conception of the founder of their empire. . Ottoman historians often dwell on the prophetic significance of his name. at the expense of the neighboring Byzantine provinces. This location was auspicious. extending through the reigns of many of his successors. many were Ghazi warriors. or Bey. border fighters who believed they were fighting for the expansion or defense of Islam. which was renamed to Söğüt and became the initial capital of his territory. and it was over the cities and armies of the ailing Byzantine Empire that the triumphs of the last 26 years of Osman’s life were achieved. or Uthman. the Turkic population of Osman's emirate were constantly reinforced by a flood of refugees. as the wealthy Byzantine Empire was weakening to his West. A long and fierce struggle between the descendants of Osman and Karamanogullari princes for ascendancy commenced in Osman’s lifetime. The name Osman is the Turkish variation of the Muslim name Othman. Osman had already proven his skill as a leader and warrior. Ertuğrul conquered the Nicean (Byzantine) town of Thebasion. His early fortunes and exploits are favorite subjects of Ottoman writers. the very year Osman I was born. led the Turkic Kayi tribe west into Anatolia. mercenaries were streaming into his realm Area of the Ottoman Empire during the reign of Osman I from all over the Islamic world to fight against and hopefully plunder the weakening Orthodox empire. while in the east. Osman's father. which means "bone-breaker".Osman I 2 Origins of empire Ertuğrul. fleeing from the Mongols. In 1231. Osman became chief. especially in love stories of his wooing and winning the fair Mal Hatun. He pledged allegiance to Sultan Kayqubad I of the Seljuk principality of Rum. and the foundations of the Empire were quickly laid. Of these. After the last prince of the family of Alaeddin. The Ottoman writers attached great importance to this legendary. 23 years of age at his accession. save the Emir of Karamanids. Osman himself had gained some advantages over his Karamanli rival. or fighters for Islam. died. Osman I left his mark on the history of the region. there was no one to compete with Osman for the headship of the Turks of the region and dominion over the whole peninsula. His mother was named Khaima. signifying the powerful energy with which he and his followers appeared to show in the following centuries of conquest. These legends have been romanticized by the poetical pens which recorded them in later years. By this time. Under the strong and able leadership of Osman. upon his father’s death in 1281. fleeing the Mongol onslaught. to whom Osman's empire was indebted for its foundation in Asia Minor. He is remembered as the founder of a powerful empire and one of the symbols of the Ghazi tradition. Baghdad had been sacked by Hulagu Khan in 1258. these warriors quickly proved a formidable force. Muslim forces under the Seljuk Turks were splintered and distracted in the face of relentless Mongol aggression and internal bickering. A considerable portion of the Turkish people called themselves Osmanlı (Ottoman) until the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. but the weak and wealthy possessions of the Byzantine Emperor in northwest Asia Minor were more tempting marks for his ambition than the Karamanoglu plains. In addition. who gave him permission to establish an emirate and expand it if he could.

It branched out and got complicated.[3] Further Illustration of Osman rallying Gazi warriors into battle. Orhan. The shadow of its branches covered the whole world. was against the Byzantines in the city of Bursa. He often went to Edebali’s house where a dervish group meets in Eskisehir Sultanonu and been his guest. From my navel there sprang a tree. Osman however continued to press westward and captured the Byzantine city of Ephesus near the Aegean Sea. One night. he went to Edebali and told him: “My Sheik. It rose. The influx of Ghazi warriors and adventurers of differing backgrounds into these lands spurred subsequent Ottoman rulers to title themselves "Sultan of Ghazis". rose and then descended into my breast. Osman began settling his forces closer to Byzantine controlled areas. the Byzantines gradually fled the Anatolian countryside and dedicated their resources to the Navy instead. As the sun shined. before dying of old age. It grew up and turned green. What does my dream mean ?” After a little silence. strengthened by the influx of migrants into his territory.[4] Although Osman did not physically participate in the battle. the victory at Bursa proved to be extremely vital for the Ottomans as the city served as a staging ground against the Byzantines in Constantinople. Osman's last campaign.[3] Alarmed by Osman's growing influence. and migrants composed the bulk of his army. . when he was a guest in Sheik Edebali’s dergah. Osman also moved eastward and seized Byzantine domains in the Black Sea region of Anatolia. Islamic scholars and dervishes began settling in Osman-controlled areas. Byzantine leadership was determined to prevent Osman from crossing into Europe and attempted to contain Ottoman expansion westward. I saw you in my dream. and as a newly adorned capital for Osman's son. All the world will be under the protection of your son and my daughter will be the wife to you.” Military victories In 1302.Osman I 3 Osman's Dream Osman Gazi appreciated the opinions of Edebali (the famous Ahi Sheik) and he respected him.[3] Large numbers of Ghazi warriors. he had a dream. Seyh told him : “ I have got good news Osman! God gave you sovereignty and to your son. after soundly defeating a Byzantine force near Nicaea. A moon appeared in your breast.

artists and literary men are the power of the state structure.. Such a privilege was reserved to devout religious leaders from the time Osman had established his residence in Konya in 1299. Do not hesitate to advise your successors in this way. One who commits a great sin and continues to sin can not be loyal. You follow my way and protect Din-i-Muhammadi and the believers and also your followers.[9] . Scholars.Osman I 4 Last testament In directing his son to continue the administrative policies set forth by Sheik Edebali. on the Golden Horn waterway in the capital Constantinople. It was held at the tomb complex at Eyüp. Build close relationship when you hear about a virtuous man and give wealth and grant him. Depend on God's help in the esteem of justice and fairness. Treat them with kindness and honour. to remove the cruelty. Gratify the public and save all of their sake. ” The Sword of Osman The Sword of Osman (Turkish: Taklide-Seif)[6] was an important sword of state used during the coronation ceremony of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire. The fact that the emblem by which a sultan was enthroned consisted of a sword was highly symbolic: it showed that the office with which he was invested was first and foremost that of a warrior. faithless and sinful men or to dissipated. Respect the right of God and his servants. attempts in every duty. Osman stated: Manuscript of Osman I “ Son! Be careful about the religious issues before all other duties. who was summoned to Constantinople for that purpose. Do not give religious duties to careless.[8] The girding of the sword of Osman was a vital ceremony which took place within two weeks of a sultan's accession to the throne. has no fear of the created. a Mevlevi dervish. Because the one without fear of God the Creator. The religious precepts build a strong state. The Sword of Osman was girded on to the new sultan by the Sharif of Konya.[7] The practice started when Osman was girt with the sword of Islam by his mentor and father-in-law Sheik Edebali. virtuous men.Put order the political and religious duties. before the capital was moved to Bursa and later to Constantinople. indifferent or inexperienced people. And also do not leave the state administrations to such people. Protect your public from enemy's [5] invasion and from the cruelty. Take lesson from me so I came to these places as a weak leader and I reached to the help of God although I did not deserve. Do not behave any person in an unsuitable way with unfairness..

J. com/ mem/ archive-free/ pdf?_r=1& res=9C02E3DA133FE23ABC4052DFBF66838D669FDE) (PDF). daughter of Abdulaziz Bey. osmanli700. pp. . Türbe (tomb) of Osman Gazi in Bursa Ottoman Empire . 1700-1922. TheOttomans.uk Retrieved September 13. .) 32: p. tr/ english/ sultans/ 01index. org. He also married a daughter of Sheikh Edebali. died in 1332 • Orhan I . Religions. 33 [5] His testament (http:/ / www. gen. 604–622 [8] Bagley 1969. OCLC 6298914. . Donald Quataert. "The Race. Science. theottomans. • Alaeddin Pasha.Sultan Osman Gazi (http:/ / ottomanempire. Retrieved December 13. pg. page 4. pg 32 [4] The Fall of Constantinople 1453 by Steven Runciman. 2010. The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature.son of Kamariya Sultana Mal References [1] "The Sultans: Osman Gazi" (http:/ / www. (July 1854). 2011 • Incorporates text from History of Ottoman Turks (1878) . Trow. google. 2005 [3] The Fall of Constantinople 1453 by Steven Runciman. 1876-09-18.org. org/ english/ family/ osman. and Art (New York: Leavitt. The New York Times: 2.org. com/ ?id=1MYRAAAAYAAJ& printsec=toc#PPA376. asp). 376.M1). html) [6] M'Gregor. nytimes. ISSN 0362-4331.Osman I 5 Marriages and Children/Personal Life He married in 1280 Valide Sultan (1324) Malhun Hatun. uk/ sultan-osman-gazi/ ) ottomanempire. [2] The Ottoman Empire. 2 [9] "Girding on the Sword of Osman" (http:/ / query. Retrieved 2009-04-25. p. [7] Hasluck 2007. and Government of the Ottoman Empire" (http:/ / books. Retrieved 2009-04-19. & Co.

TimBentley. Lambiam. Themfromspace. JarlaxleArtemis File:I Osman.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Gryffindor. Bulgaroctonus. Nostradamus1. Mdupont. Shadowjams. Iridescent. Gryffindor.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Bilinmiyor File:Osman I area map. Tokle. D1kta. Rdsmith4.php?oldid=457058727  Contributors: 3210. Daanschr. Master&Expert. Carlaude. DragonTiger23. Dinkytown. Yev900. DBaba. Hemlock Martinis. Jeff3000.php?title=File:Osman. MayFlowerNorth. Janbyer. ThaGrind.wikipedia.org/w/index. Scarian.php?title=File:I_Osman. Vrenator. Sundostund.0/ . Romanm.org/w/index.PNG  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3. Macrakis. Александър. OttomanReference. DerHexer. Rjwilmsi.0  Contributors: DragonTiger23 Image:Osman. Sardanaphalus. TenaciousD. Furkan12. Thomas Blomberg. Alec Connors. The Phoenix. Opelio. Alexfiles. Eternal Prince of Persia. Studerby. Llywrch. Yk Yk Yk. RogDel. Djordjes. Siafu. 213 anonymous edits Image Sources. Ma'ame Michu. Awakened82. Kasper Holl. Mandarax.org/w/index. Fixer88. Aldux. Nev1. BazookaJoe. PrincessofLlyr. JForget. Arved. Vervin. Kars777. FayssalF.PNG  Source: http://en. CanisRufus. Lysandros. Tommy2010. Gouerouz. Searcher 1990. Jason Recliner.jpg  Source: http://en. Vpendse. Cunayt. Jauhienij. Esq. Adrianinos.0  Contributors: User:Darwinek License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.Article Sources and Contributors 6 Article Sources and Contributors Osman I  Source: http://en. R'n'B.php?title=File:Bursa_7092. Andrew Dalby. Darwinek. Tommiks.wikipedia. Luani 1. EdK. Snowolf.jpg  Source: http://en.. Tarih. Magioladitis. Jobber. Euchiasmus. Saanvel. Vonsnip. BeeArkKey. Cplakidas. Manuel Anastácio.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Ottoman miniature painting File:Bursa 7092.jpg  Source: http://en. OwenBlacker. TheEgyptian. Saposcat. Ueberzahl. Rmosler2100.org/licenses/by-sa/3. RR. NeoVampTrunks. JohnOwens. Valentinian. Gate-way. Minesweeper.php?title=File:Osman_I_area_map.wikipedia. D6.org/w/index. Danny. Scythian1. Cmdrjameson. Monegasque.php?title=File:Osman_Gazi. Nedim Ardoğa. Osmansdream. Jp12000. Kansas Bear. Junkyardprince. Orileyfactor. Mostafa Shams.0 Unported //creativecommons. CommonsDelinker. Harput. StaticGull. Kansan. Freshbakedpie. Absar. Tim1357. Conversion script. Evlekis. Fromthemitten. Zirowerdy. Davemck. Louis88. Khoikhoi.org/w/index. Vetinarih. StAnselm. Gveret Tered.wikipedia. Geoff.org/w/index. Mikko Paananen. Burningview. CeeGee. D-Rock. Jleybov. Japanese Searobin. Hanberke. Licenses and Contributors File:Osman Gazi. Antometrios.jpg  Source: http://en. Cupertino. Onur oktay. Böri. Takabeg. G. Akhilleuss. Zoe. Deb.wikipedia. Ktsquare. Deliogul.-M. Isnow. Zipekci. Baristarim. Downwards. JohnCD.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.powers.wikipedia. Kilix3018.

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