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# Line Parameters Preview

 Line parameters
 Types of conductors
 Resistance
 Inductance for single conductor (Internal and External)
Internal and External Inductance
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Internal External
Inductance of Single-Phase Line
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Inductance of Single-Phase Line
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
If r
1
' = r
2
' = r' , then
Flux Linkage of Conductor A due to
Current in Conductor A
D
'
7
ln 10 2
r
D
I
ap
APA
÷
× = ì
Flux Linkage of Conductor A due to
Current in Conductor B
D
D
I
bp
APB
ln ) ( 10 2
7
÷ × =
÷
ì
P
Total Inductance
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× =
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× =
~
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+
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× =
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\
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÷
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\
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÷ +
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\
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× =
× ÷ × =
+ =
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷ ÷
'
ln 10 2
'
ln 10 2
conductor from distance long at very is P If
ln
'
ln 10 2
ln
1
ln ln
'
1
ln 10 2
ln 10 2
'
ln 10 2
7
7
7
7
7 7
r
D
L
r
D
I
D D
D
D
r
D
I
D
D
D
r
I
D
D
I
r
D
I
A
A
bp ap
bp
ap
bp ap
bp ap
APB APA A
ì
ì ì ì
Inductance of Three-Phase Line
(Symmetrical Spacing)
Flux Linkage of Conductor A due to
Current in Conductor A
'
7
ln 10 2
r
D
I
ap
a APA
÷
× = ì
Flux Linkage of Conductor A due to
Current in Conductor B
P
D
D
I
bp
b APB
ln 10 2
7 ÷
× = ì
Flux Linkage of Conductor A due to
Current in Conductor C
D
D
I
cp
c APC
ln 10 2
7 ÷
× = ì
Inductance of Three-Phase Line
(Symmetrical Spacing)
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Similarly,
Inductance of Three-Phase Line
(Symmetrical Spacing)
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Expanding,
Inductance of Three-Phase Line
(Symmetrical Spacing)
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
If point P far away, then we can approximate
D
pa
~ D
pb
~ D
pc

Inductance of Three-Phase Line
(Symmetrical Spacing)
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Inductance of phase-a
Inductance of Three-Phase Line
(Asymmetrical Spacing)
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Inductance of Three-Phase Line
(Asymmetrical Spacing)
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Inductance of Three-Phase Transposed
Line (Asymmetrical Spacing)
 Asymmetrical spacing
inductance for each phase to
be different.
 This results in unequal
voltages at the receiving end.
Inductance of Three-Phase Transposed
Line (Asymmetrical Spacing)
Therefore
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Inductance of Three-Phase Transposed
Line (Asymmetrical Spacing)
a + a
2
= - 1
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Similarly,
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
n strands that are electrically parallel:
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Substituting the values of L
a
, L
b
etc.
Where,
Composite Conductors
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Where,
Bundled Conductors
 Extra high voltage lines corona causes problems such as
power loss, interference, etc.
 The high voltage surface gradient is reduced considerably
by having two or more conductors.
 It also reduces the inductance of lines by reducing voltage
drop.
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm
Bundled Conductors
where n=2,3 ....
Where, D
s
is the GMR of the conductor
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/power-system/ui/Course_home-1.htm