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Review of Last Class

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Introduction HVDC Advantages Disadvantages: cost, harmonics, reactive power, point to point access, overload

Types of HVDC links
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Monopolar Bipolar Homopolar

Components of HVDC System

Types of HVDC links

Monopolar link

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Only one energized conductor normally of negative polarity Ground or sea water used as return path

Types of HVDC links

Bipolar link


Two conductors with polarities (+ve and -ve) represented as ± Neutral points (junction between convertors) are grounded If there is fault on one conductor other conductor can be used with half of the rating

Structure of HVDC System

Homopolar link

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Two or more conductor with same polarity (generally -ve) Operates ground as return If there is fault on one conductor other conductor can be used with half of the rating

Components in HVDC Transmission
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Convertors Convertor transformer Smoothing reactor AC (Harmonic) filter Overhead lines Reactive power source


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Earth electrode
DC Filters Circuit Breakers

Basics of Convertor

Thyristor

Terms used in Convertor analysis

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Electrical%20Engineering/Power%20System%20Operation%20and%20Control/Course_home_L18a.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon-controlled_rectifier

Convertor Operation
5&6| 6&1 | 1&2 | 2&3 | 3&4 | 4&5 | 5&6 | 6&1 |

Current and Voltage in Convertors

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Electrical%20Engineering/Power%20System%20Operation%20and%20Control/Course_home_L18a.html

Effect of Firing Angle on Voltage Output
α=0 150 90 30

HVDC Links Connecting Different Regions

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Electrical%20Engineering/Power%20System%20Operation%20and%20Control/Course_home_L36.html