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Unit 8



What do we learn in this unit?
Have (got) to  Should / Must  Words that go together  At the doctor’s

Work, work
 1. 2.

have to

CD2.43 Listen to Tristan talking about his job and answer these questions. What do you think his job is?

He is a vet
Does he work in the city or the country?

In the country

Does he like his job?

Yes ,he does.

Work, work have (got) to

2. Complete the sentences
a. I have to work at night. b. Do you have to work on weekends ? c. When I’m on a call don’t have to ….. had to study for five years . d. I e. I didn’t have to look for a job.

3.Work in pairs to change the sentences
He has to work at night.  Does he have to work on weekends ?  When he ‘s on a call he doesn’t have to stay in the clinic.  He had to study for five years.  He didn’t have to look for a job.

Have can express possession or an action.  I have a good job. Do you have any children? 2. Have to expresses obligation.  He has to work odd hours.  Do you have to work on weekends? -3a. write the question and negative with have to  What time do you have to get up ?  I don’t have to get up early . -3b. Put the sentence in the past.  Yesterday , I had to get up early


CD2.44: focus on the six different pronunciations and practice them with the class.


Work with other members in groups. Choose one of these jobs. Practice asking Yes/No questions, using Do you… and Do you have to…

What is my job?
receptionist artist lawyer architect taxi driver Sales assistant vet decorator miner dancer detective soldier ambulance driver mechanic farmer dentist plumber housewife fire fighter ……….. ………… photographer accountant optometrist Politician nurse hairdresser Homemaker nanny


PROBLEMS , PROBLEMS should / must
1. 2.

 

Match the problems and suggestions as a class. Give some advice. CD2.45 listen and complete the sentences , using the phrases in the box. I think you should ….. You shouldn’t …… I don’t think you should ….. You must ……..

I. Answers the questions 1. You should go to the wedding.  expresses a suggestion. 2. You must see doctor.  expresses strong obligation II. We do not add -s in the third person , or use do or does in the question and negative. Questions are formed by inverting the subject and the modal verb . Negative are formed by adding not or , more commonly, n’t. III. . Using I don’t think…makes the suggestion more tentative.

Give advice to your friend
I’m overweight.  My cat’s sick.  I think I’ve twisted my ankle.  I like my job , but I don’t like the people I work with.  I have a big test next week.  I’m always arguing with my parents.  My parents’ wedding anniversary is next week.  My car’s making a funny noise.

A. Grammar  Work in pairs or small groups to make sentences , write a few sentences as a record of what you are learning. 1. If you want to learn English, You have to work hard . You have to learn the grammar You don’t have to go to college You should buy a dictionary. You shouldn’t speak your language in class 2. If you want to do well in life, You should go to college. You have to believe in yourself. 3. If you want to stay healthy, (keep fit) You should exercise or play sports You shouldn’t smoke.

A trip to your country
 Work

in groups to think of advice to give someone coming to your country for six months.  Your advice about money, documents, clothes, health, housing, and food.

Aztec temple in Mexico

Acapulco beach, Mexico

Mayan Ruins, Central America

Pyramid in Egypt

Camel rider

The Nile, Egypt

Zurich, Switzerland

The Matterhorn in Switzerland

Lake of Geneva, Switzerland

2.Listen to Ian Mitchell, who lives in a small town. He is talking about his daughter, Evie, who has left home to live in New York. Answer the questions.

Exercise 2/61
1. She is 18. Four months ago. 2. She says she’s having a great time. 3. She wanted to take ballet classes. 4. She’s living in an apartment. 5. She is living by herself. 6. He doesn’t have a job. His name is Michael. 7. She works as a waitress. 8. Because Michael has no job. 9. Sometimes- not a lot. 10. She says they should get a cell phone so she can text them, and that they shouldn’t worry.

Exercise 3/61: Listen to Evie talking about her life in New York and answer the questions. Which of her answers are different?
1.Four months ago. 2. Yes, she loves it. There’s lots to do and see. 3.Because she wants to be a dancer. 4. She is living in a small apartment. 5. She’s living with another dance student- Francine. 6. He is doing the same ballet course as Evie. His name is Marco. 7. She teaches children’s dance classes. 8. Because New York is expensive.

9. Three times a week. 10. She says they must come to New York to visit her. She thinks they should get a cell phone so that she can send them text messages.

Role play
Work in two groups. Group A: Parents Discuss your worries about Evie Group B: Evie Discuss what to tell your parents about your life in New York. What can you say to make them stop worrying.

WRITING Letters and e-mails p.105
1.Put student in pairs to match greetings and closings, and discuss the questions. Answers 1.a,b,c,f 2. e 3. a,b,d,f 4. e 5. a,b 6. a,b,d,f 4 and 5,e and f are formal. The others are informal. 3 and 6,a and d would only be used in e-mails.

A Formal letter
2. Read the formal letter. • Answer some questions: 1.Who’s written the letter? 2. What’ her address? 3. Who is she writing to? 4. Why is she writing? • Complete it with the words or phrases from the box. 1.advertisement 5. to improve 9. Sincerely 2. interested in 6. application form 3. frequently 7. some information 4. However 8. to hearing

Av. Alvaro Obregon 47 Co 1. Roma Mexico City 06700 Mexico March 29 Harriet Lombard, Principal Denver English School 20 Providence Street Denver, CO 80201 Dear Ms, Lombard, I saw your(1)…….. for English classes in this month’s English Today magazine and I am (2)……coming to your

I studied English for six years at school and I have to use English (3)……….in my job. (4)………., I now feel that it is necessary to continue my studies. I would especially like (5)…… pronunciation. Please could you send me further information about your courses, and an (6)…….? I would also like (7)……. about housing. I look forward (8)…….from you soon. (9)……….,

Maria Perez

A few rules
The writer’s address and the date is in the top righthand corner. The recipient’s full name and address is top left but lower than the date. If you know the name of the person you are writing to, use it. Just use the surname. So for a man, write Mr. Smith, and for a woman, and Miss Smith . You can also write Mrs. Smith for a married woman, and Miss Smith for unmarried woman, but only if you know that this is how she prefers to be addressed.

If you don’t know the recipient’s name, write Dear Sir for a man, and Dear Madam for a woman, or Dear Sir or Madam if you are not sure of the person’ sex. If you start a letter with Dear Mr./Ms. Smith, and with Sincerely, your signature, and your full name. Use formal language, no slang, and avoid abbreviating, so write I would not I’d . Use standard conventions. For example, I look forward to hearing from you.

An informal e-mail
4. Read the email and answer the question: Why is Maria writing to Rob? Work in pairs to match highlighted lines from the email with formal phrases in the letter. I’m thinking of coming= I am interested in coming use English a lot at work= use English frequently in my job I think I need some extra lessons=I now feel that it is necessary to continue my pronunciation an ad= an advertisement

Can you send me some more information about=Please could you send me further information about I’d also love to= I would also like to Can’t wait to hear from you= I look forward to hearing from you Love= Sincerely Exercise 5/106 : Match these lines from an e-mail and a formal letter. 1.c 2. g 3. f 4. b 5. e 6. a 7. d

Jobs for the boys……and girls 2. Read the first part of the newspaper article . Answer the questions. 1. “Free to Choose.” It means that any individual has the right to choose to work in any job. 2. They are still recommending some careers only for boys and others for girls. 3. Students' own opinions. In the U.S.,science subjects are traditionally for boys, and languages are more typical for girls. 4. Childcare for girls, and contruction, enineering, and plumbing for boys.

3. Work in two groups Group A Read about Jenny Group B Read about Alex 4. Answer the questions Jenny 1.Psychology 2. Plumbing. She was fascinated when watching a plumber working, and wanted to learn how to do it. 3. Male plumbers. They think it’s a job for big, strong men. 4. Yes. She loves fixing things. 5. Try it, but you have to be tough.

Alex 1.Engineering 2. He’s nanny. He has always loved children. 3. Nanny agencies and some parents. They think that men can’t look after children as well as women can. 4. Yes. He says it’s wonderful to be part of a child’s development. 5. Go for it, ignore the prejudice, and show people you can do it.

words that go together- applying for a job 1. Match a verb with a complement Interview somebody for a job Study hard/study engineering Earn a lot of money Take care of children Study engineering/ have a lot of training Change careers Work hard/ work together/ with somebody Spend time with someone/ spend a lot of money Get along together/ with somebody


2. CD2.48.Listen and answer the questions 1.Because he loves children, and because his mother died and he had to help his father look after his younger brother and sister. 2. One year 3. One 4. How to change diaper, cook healthy meals, and how to play with children and plan their days. 5. Meet Jack and see how well Alex gets along with him. 6. Do I have to wear a uniform?

Two nouns can go together to make a new noun. Child + care = childcare CD2.49 Listen and mark the stress. Is it on the firs or second word? Childcare job interview training course

5. Match the nouns from A with nouns from B to make compound nouns
Hairdresser flight attendant Countryside homemaker Tex message plane ticket Advice column firefighter * Ask students give out some compound nouns

Two nouns can go together
post office
       

       


Alarm Movie Traffic Credit Ice Sun Coffee rain

cream glasses break coat light card star clock

Two nouns can go together
post office
     


       

Hair Sun Ear Can book Rush Cigarette earth

Case Dryer Quake Opener Ring Lighter Set hour

EVERYDAY ENGLISH At the doctor’s Complete the table with an illness or a symptom.
Diarrhea: b
Food poisoning: a The flu: f A twisted ankle: c a cold : d A sore throat: e

• • • • • • •

• Illnesses • I have a cold. • the flu I have_______ I twisted my ankle. • I have _______ diarrhea • I have a sore throat. I have food poisoning • _________

Symptoms I ___________________________ nose can’t stop sneezing, and blowing my I have a temperature, my whole body aches, and I feel awful. It hurts when I walk on it _______________________ I have a stomachache, I keep going to the toilet. My glands are swollen and it hurts when I swallow .____________________________ • I keep throwing up, and I have diarrhea.

2. Put the sentences in the correct order.
• • • • • • • • •
5 __ she took my temperature and examined me. 9 __ After a few days, I started to feel better. 1 __ I didn’t feel very well. 3 __ I went to the clinic and saw the doctor. 8 __ I went to the pharmacy and got the prescription filled. 2 __ I called the doctor’ s office and made an appointment. __ She told me I had an infection. 6 __ I explained what was wrong. 4 7 __ She gave me a prescription for some medication.


Answer the questions about Manuel and the doctor.

1. What are Manuel’s symptoms? • He’s got a bit of a temperature , feels terrible , and has a stomachache . He’s vomited and he’s had diarrhea. 2. What is the doctor’s diagnosis ? • She thinks he has poisoning. 3. What advice does she give him? • She tells him to drink a lot ,rest and take things easy . 4. What does she prescribe? • She prescribes something for the stomachache and diarrhea.


Hold me_____ hold me please!, don't______ just ask where why me ______ I come from or_______ I cry these ______. tears  Just hold me, hold me please! rest silence  Let me_____ in the_______ of your embrace.  Give me a moment , don't make me______ _______ explain need  Coz all I______ , all I ask for.  (Refrain)

Killing Me Softly With His Song ( Roberta Flack )

Strumming my pain with his fingers, Singing my life with his words, Killing me softly with his song, Killing me softly with his song, Telling my whole life with his words, Killing me softly with his song ... I heard he sang a good song, I heard he had a style. And so I came to see him to listen for a while. And there he was this young boy, a stranger to my eyes.

• Strumming my pain with his fingers, Singing my life with his words, Killing me softly with his song, Killing me softly with his song, Telling my whole life with his words, Killing me softly with his song ... I felt all flushed with fever, embarrassed by the crowd, I felt he found my letters and read each one out loud. I prayed that he would finish but he just kept right on ... Strumming my pain with his fingers, Singing my life with his words, Killing me softly with his song, Killing me softly with his song, Telling my whole life with his words, Killing me softly with his song ...

• He sang as if he knew me in all my dark despair. And then he looked right through me as if I wasn't there. But he just came to singing, singing clear and strong. Strumming my pain with his fingers, Singing my life with his words, Killing me softly with his song, Killing me softly with his song, Telling my whole life with his words, Killing me softly with his song ... He was strumming, oh, he was singing my song. Killing me softly with his song, Killing me softly with his song, Telling my whole life with his words, Killing me softly with his song ... With his song ...