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SISTEM PENDEKATAN PERENCANAAN TRANSPORTASI KOTA
KONDISI TRANSPORTASI SEKARANG ESTIMASI YANG AKAN DATANG TRIP GENERATION TRIP DISTRIBUTION MODA SPLIT ROUTE CHOICE NILAI DIANUT MASYARAKAT TUJUAN PEMBANGUNAN KOTA MAKSUD PENYEDIAAN TRANSPORTASI KOTA TUJUAN PENYEDIAAN TRANSPORTASI KOTA
STANDAR/KRITERIA PENYEDIAAN KEBUTUHAN
APAKAH KONDISI YANG AKAN DATANG SESUAI KONDISI IDAMAN ? YA TIDAK
IDENTIFIKASI MASALAH SELEKSI STRATEGI SESUAI ACTION PROGRAM
TUJUAN PENYEDIAAN TRANSPORTASI
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Keamanan perjalanan Menghemat waktu perjalanan Mengurangi biaya operasional Meningkatkan efisiensi Tingkat mobilitas meningkat Mempertahankan keindahan kota Kenyamanan perjalanan Mengurangi polusi udara Meminimisasi disrupsi Meningkatkan produktifitas ekonomi Tingkat kemudahan tanpa kendaraan bermotor
to shopping areas. Transportation of goods within the city and region should be efficient without interfering with the citizen’s enjoyment of his city. Within the city and the region. . and to recreational and cultural facilities. Texas General Goal Dallas must recognize and improve its as a major transportation and communication center. to schools.Transportation Goals for Dallas. In order that we may continue to grow and complete successfully with other metropolitan regions. pleasantly. we should work constantly to improve transportation and communications facilities. safely. and economically from their homes to work. people must be able to move rapidly.
e. b. right-of-way for future rapid transit. an area initially as is practical and be design ultimately for the entire metropolitan region. enabling legislation for a Transit Authority or Authorities which would : Serve as large. . Membership would include representatives of the areas served. Assume ownership and operation of the Dallas Transit System and extend its services to satisfy as many needs as the Authority cab justify economically. 2.Specific Goals 1. a. Secure with the support of other governmental units in the region. Consider subsidy of public transit by the metropolitan region. d. if possible preserve at today’s price. See to it that Dallas and other municipalities protect and. Study the technology of rapid transit to select the system or systems which can best satisfy our needs. c. Continue to expand and improve transportation service to the metropolitan areas and nations at reasonable rates.
5. Design transportation facilities and services to satisfy the needs of users without dissatisfying other people. Make available adequate taxi service in all parts of the city and at all hours. telephone. Maintain a perpetual list of the community’s needs in communication and take effective action to assure postal. Developed more private aircraft and short hop commercial facilities. Bring the Dallas Fort Worth airport to its fullest potential as a regional and world air center. 6. when transportation changes are needed sufficient right-of-way should be acquired to protect adjacent land. For example. and telegraph services which meet the needs.3. 4. .
Oxides of Nitrogen: grams per mile 4. Emissions (for 4. Evaporative hydrocarbons : grams per test 5. Carbon monoxide: grams per mile 3.41 3.Example Criteria and Standards Criteria I. III.0 1.0 Standard . Compliance with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and inherent safety of the vehicle and power plant. Top speed : mph for 1 mile on level surface 4.4 1.000 miles) 1. Acceleration : seconds on level surface from 0-60 mph 3. Range : miles at (a) 50 mph and (b) 65 mph 30 16 75 (a) 200 (b) 150 (a) 30 (b) 15 0. Startup time : seconds at 60º F 2. Smoke: percent capacity during (a) acceleration and (b) lugging II. Performance 1. Hydrocarbons: grams per vehicle mile measured by the 1975 Federal Test Produce 2. Safety 1.
Equivalent to 1972 model for vehicles V. Serviceability 1.Criteria IV. Noise level 1. Maximum dBA at 50 ft Standard 2. Million vehicles-miles per year fuel quantity available (also must be capable of being stored and dispensed by existing methods) VI.5 80 . Fuel availability 1.
To maintain and/or improve the quality of transportation services on the existing transportation system 2. 4. To improve the safety for the existing transportation system To improve the security of the movement of persons and goods on the existing transportation system 5.Recommended goals and objectives for TSM Goal 1. 6. To improve the comfort and convenience of the existing transportation system To improve the reliability of the movement of persons and goods on the existing transportation system . 1. Objective To reduce the travel time required for the movement of persons and goods on the existing transportation system To reduce the travel costs required for the movement of persons and goods on the existing transportation system 3.
To increase transportation system productivity To minimize the capital costs of improving the existing transportation 13. Objective To reduce automobile usage in the immediate future To increase transit patronage in the immediate future To increase pedestrian and bicycle travel in the immediate future To increase the person movement capacity of the existing transportation system to adequately serve demand 11. To minimize the operating costs and deficits of the existing transportation system 3. 10. 7. 9. To minimize the cost to improve the quality of service on.Goal 2. . To increase the efficiency of the existing transportation system 8. and efficiency of the existing transportation system 12.
20. To promote desirable and minimize undesirable social and economic impacts of existing transportation facilities and services .Goal 4. businesses. 16. Objective To reduce existing transportation system noise and vibration impacts To reduce existing undesirable transportation system air quality impacts To reduce existing transportation system energy consumption To provide adequate service to the transportation disadvantaged and transitdependent 18. To promote desirable and minimize adverse economic impacts resulting from improvements in the existing transportation system 19. 17. To minimize the undesirable environmental impacts of existing transportation system 15. 14. and community facilities caused by improvements to the existing transportation system 5. To equitably distribute transportation service and costs To minimize the displacement of the residences.
MAJOR PRIMARY DATA SURVES Travel : Home interview Truck-taxi interview Roadside interview Railroad passenger questionnaire Transportation facilities : Arterial link inventory Transit link inventory Intersection capacity studies Speed runs Traffic count programme Parking studies Air-bus-rail terminal studies Goods movement studies Person-miles of travel .
Land Use : Land area measurements Floor space measurements Public utilities Soils and surface water Parks and open space studies Socioeconomic : Personal opinion questionnaire Household history questionnaire Industrial management survey Source : Hamburg Creighton Inc. D. Data Requirements for Metropolitan Transportation Planning (NCRHP report . 120) (Washington.C. : National Cooperative Highway Research Program. National Academy of Sciences. 1971). ..
STRATEGI PENYEDIAAN TRANSPORTASI : 1. 3. Pembatasan Lalu-Lintas Penyediaan Transportasi Umum Penyediaan Infrastruktur . Full Motorization Weak-Centre Strategy Strong-Centre Strategy Low-Cost Strategy Traffic Limitation Strategy ACTION PROGRAM PENYEDIAAN TRANSPORTASI : 1. 2. 4. 3. 2. 5.
Full Motorization • Strategi Tanpa Strategi Dibiarkan mobil berkembang bebas kesana kemari • Mobil pribadi didukung oleh public transport • Tidak terbentuk center. hal ini jarang tidak semua fasilitas dapat dilihat di sub center • POP 100-200 ribu .
Weak – Center Strategy •Perlemah CBD •Dukung sub center dengan KA (RMT) •POP 200-500 ribu .
Low Cost Strategy • Tumbuhkan Sub Urban hilangkan center • POP >500 ribu .
Traffic Limitation Strategy • POP >500 ribu .
Strong Center Strategy • Di Eropa • POP >500 ribu .
Penyediaan Infrastruktur .ACTION PROGRAM PENYEDIAAN TRANSPORTASI : 1. Pembatasan Lalu-Lintas 3. Penyediaan Transportasi Umum 2.
waktu.besaran (volume). . dsb Permasalahan Sistem Pergerakan transportasi Kemacetan lalulintas dan Pro Public Transportation. jenis. asal-tujuan.Sistim Pergerakan l Sistim Pergerakan l lalu-lintas orang/barang -.
000 60.Pengembangan Angkutan Umum Massal yang Aman dan Nyaman 350 Underground Metro 80 Capital cost (US$ million / km) 60 Elevated Rail 40 LRT 20 BRT 0 20.000 Passengers per hour per direction .000 40.
Pengembangan Transportasi yang terintegrasi 23 .
Pembatasan Pengguna .Road Pricing 24 .
SISTEM ERP 25 .
Pengaruh ALS / ERP 26 .
dsb) simpul-simpul: terminal. pelabuhan laut. udara.DAMPAK KONDISI DAN PERENCANAAN SISTEM JARINGAN TRANSPORTASI n Sistim Jaringan q q Ruang Lalu Lintas :jaringan: fasilitas & layanan (laut. moda. darat. dsb .
SISTEM JARINGAN .
Model Hubungan Sistem Kegiatan dan Sistem Jaringan .
DAMPAK KONDISI JARINGAN DI KOTA PALEMBANG .
DAMPAK PEMBANGUNAN JEMBATAN MUSI 3 TERHADAP LALU LINTAS .
DEMANG LEBAR DAUN .DAMPAK PEMBANGUNAN FLY OVER SIMPANG POLDA GAMBAR PERSPEKTIF DILIHAT DARI JL.
GAMBAR PERSPEKTIF DILIHAT DARI ARAH JL. BURLIAN . H. KOL.
GAMBAR PERSPEKTIF DILIHAT DARI ARAH JL. KOL. BURLIAN . H.
JEND.GAMBAR PERSPEKTIF DILIHAT DARI JL. SUDIRMAN .
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