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UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12
This Handbook is intended as a guide to students studying Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Oxford. It gives the regulations prescribing the content of the syllabus and the subjects for examination in both the Preliminary and the Final Examinations in PPE, descriptions of all the courses available and other information useful to undergraduates throughout their time at Oxford. This Handbook is revised annually and aims to be up-to-date in September for the next academic year. Comments and corrections should be addressed to the PPE Administrator Liz Griffith (email@example.com). The current issue is available online at: www.ppe.ox.ac.uk; for the latest course regulations, please be sure to check the web version.
* IMPORTANT *
1. Email: It is essential that you use email. It will be used to send you important information about your course. Please check your mail regularly, and do not exceed your user allocation, as this will prevent you from receiving new mail. The IT support staff in your college will set up an email account for you. 2. Lecture lists: Lecture lists are published before the start of each term. The most upto-date versions for each subject are available on the following web sites: Philosophy Politics Economics www.philosophy.ox.ac.uk www.politics.ox.ac.uk www.economics.ox.ac.uk
A PPE lecture list will also be available at www.ppe.ox.ac.uk. 3. Subject reading lists: These are available on the above websites and this is the easiest way to obtain them. Philosophy reading lists are also available at the Philosophy Library, and Politics reading lists are available in the Social Sciences Library. Course outlines and subject reading list for Economics can be obtained from the Economics web site.
PART A - THE COURSE:
1. PPE Content: The PPE Degree Structure of the Course Choices: Choosing your options Theses Supervised Dissertations in Politics Changing your Course Teaching and Learning: Tutors Tutorials, Classes and Collections Lectures Vacations Examinations: Procedures PPE Prelims PPE Finals Preparing for Examinations Academic Integrity 2. Departments Philosophy Centre Department of Politics and International Relations Department of Economics Department of Sociology Department of Social Policy and Intervention 3. Libraries and Computing Libraries Computing IT Skills Data Protection 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 9 9 10 10 11 12 13 13 13 14 15 17 18 22 22 23 23 23 24 25 25 27 28 30
PART B - STUDENT ISSUES:
4. Participation Consultation Student Feedback Undergraduate Joint Consultative Committees (UJCCs) Library Committees 5. Student Support Equal Opportunities Harassment Disability Complaints Procedures Illness and Personal Issues Scholarships, Prizes and Grants 6. The Future Taking your degree Proceeding to Further Study Careers 35 35 35 36 36 37 37 37 37 38 38 39 41 41 41 42
Appendix A: Appendix B: Appendix C: Appendix D: Appendix E: Appendix F: Appendix G: Outline of Papers in PPE PPE Examination Regulations 2011 Complaints and academic appeals Key contacts Oxford Web Addresses Code of conduct Advice on answering “gobbets” or commentary questions in Philosophy 43 74 74 77 79 82 83
and the functioning of markets under competition and monopoly. which grants degrees and therefore examines for them. or Philosophy of Science and Social Science. normally taken at the end of your third year. you may continue with all three or concentrate on just two. bringing added dimensions of understanding and perspective. apart from lectures and some classes. Among the big issues considered in Politics are why democracies emerge and may be consolidated or why states go to war or seek peace. the behaviour of firms. as well as the role of government policies in many areas. PPE Content The PPE Degree PPE seeks to bring together some of the most important approaches to understanding the social and human world. monetary institutions. Labour Economics. inflation. and Economics (PPE Prelims). your study in each subject will benefit from what you have learned and the skills you have acquired in other parts of the degree course. and the Final Honour School (FHS) of Philosophy. Politics. Politics. It fosters intellectual capacities that you can apply across all three disciplines and develops skills that you will find useful for a wide range of careers and activities after graduation. Finals . Whether or not your choice of subjects includes any of the specially designed bridge papers. such as Theory of Politics. The degree is constructed on the belief that the parallel study of related disciplines significantly enhances your understanding of each discipline. The Structure of the Course The PPE degree is divided into two parts. The first-year course is designed to give you a foundation in all three branches. and considers issues in macroeconomic policy.5 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 PART A . but most teaching. The PPE syllabus prescribes the subjects for two University examinations: the Preliminary Examination for Philosophy. The study of Politics gives you an understanding of the issues dividing societies and of the impact of political institutions on the form of social interest articulation and aggregation and on the character and effects of government policies. This includes the study of decisions of households. The syllabus is set by the University. is arranged by your college. The study of Economics aims to give you an understanding of the workings of contemporary economies. and Economics (PPE Finals). focusing in part on the UK economy.THE COURSE 1. Prelims consist of three subjects. normally taken at the end of your first year. In your second and third years. The course also looks at the determination of national income and employment. the balance of payments and exchange rates. It allows you to apply these skills to many contemporary and historical schools of philosophical thought and to questions concerning how we acquire knowledge and how we make ethical recommendations. The study of Philosophy develops analytical rigour and the ability to criticise and reason logically.
which exempts them from taking the First Public Examination. First you must decide whether to select two branches from Philosophy. and your tutors may expect you to study more than the examination minimum. Politics.ac. you will be notified of any subsequent changes of regulation which significantly affect you. The Economics paper has a range of questions covering Microeconomics and Macroeconomics some of which involve the application of mathematical techniques to economic problems. then you have early choices to make within the Prelims syllabus. Unless you are exempt. General Philosophy.i.which can differ greatly from Finals marks. except that one subject in Finals may be a pre-submitted thesis. Each subject is normally examined in one three-hour paper. pass some Prelims or Mods before entering for a Final Honour School (or Pass School). If you take PPE Finals more than twelve terms after matriculating. This choice may be easy for you. or you have been granted dispensation by the University). In Philosophy the regulations require you to ‘show adequate knowledge in at least two sections’ out of the three into which the paper is divided: Logic. making you ‘tripartite’. Everyone else must pass it in some form .6 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 of eight. and Moral Philosophy. which allows you fifteen terms. if you were originally attracted to PPE for the sake of one or two of its branches and have not changed your priorities during your first year. they require you to ‘show knowledge’ of two or three set countries and of political theory/ideology. do not be too much affected by your marks in Prelims . PPE Prelims is a part of the ‘First Public Examination’. After Prelims the choices are greater. Changes which are too late for the printed 'Grey Book' are included in the web version available at www. Politics. and bipartite Politics and Economics candidates are allowed to include one Philosophy subject: similarly bipartite Philosophy and Economics candidates are allowed to include one Politics subjects: see the Examination Regulations. or a supervised dissertation in Politics. A few subjects are available under more than one branch.uk/examregs/. they will not apply to you without your consent. you are ‘overstanding for honours’ and can receive only a pass degree (unless your First Public Examination was Moderations in Classics. with the help of advice from your tutors. Choices Choosing your options In PPE Prelims you must offer all the three papers prescribed. In Politics. as a condition of continuing with your course.e. or it may be difficult. In none of these cases are you forbidden to range over the whole syllabus. If it is difficult. and if there are changes of syllabus which might affect you adversely. (See details in Appendix A. or to keep going with the third as well. In Economics the final examination will include three shorter examinations for three core courses that will count as two subjects. and Economics. Graduates of other universities can apply through their colleges for Senior Status. But if they do not. one each in Philosophy.ox. provided that your tutors think you are suited to it. and Economics. your college may require you to pass the First Public Examination before your fourth term from matriculating. Further . which will make you ‘bipartite’.) All syllabuses are published annually in the University’s Examination Regulations (the ‘Grey Book’). to which this handbook will frequently refer. You received a copy of the undergraduate version of the Examination Regulations when you arrived.admin. go by what interests you.
or set of questions. so that the time available is enough for your research and reflection on it.7 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 guidance on the choice of individual subjects within the three disciplines is given in Appendix A. If your tutor thinks that your proposal is manageable.) Please note that not all options may be available to all students in any given year. Bipartite candidates who offer a Politics or Economics thesis must combine it with at least three other subjects in the same branch. but the right time tostart working on it is much earlier. the latest date for seeking approval of its topic is Friday of Fourth Week of the Michaelmas Term preceding the Finals examination. or advance an argument. and have a talk with a tutor no later than the beginning of Trinity Term. and they are manageable. meaning you may need to attend one series in your second year and another in your third. what makes a thesis worthwhile is that it is your own independent production. 299 and 399 in the Honour School regulations in the Examination Regulations. so that work can be done during the Long Vacation. get initial suggestions for reading and follow them up. etc Application of appropriate theoretical or empirical models (applicable to Economics theses only) • Good undergraduate thesis topics can vary in character a great deal. and so is the choice of topic. So of course is the work. The Criteria for Assessment for PPE theses are as follows: • • • • • • cogency of analysis and argument accuracy and solidity in the backing up of the analysis and argument clarity of expression and presentation knowledge of how the topic fits into the existing work in its field awareness of relevant methodological issues respect for the scholarly conventions regarding contents pages. notes. A Philosophy thesis must be combined with at least three other subjects in Philosophy. introductions. Theses One of your eight Finals subjects may be a thesis: see 199. Please see Appendix A for more details. Begin planning no later than your penultimate Easter Vacation. conclusions. chapters. and 15. You should also plan your lecture attendance because of inevitable lecture clashes.000 words is enough for an interesting treatment. Remember that tutors can only advise: the decision to offer a thesis is your own. Titles of past . bibliographies. If you propose to offer a thesis. so as to answer a question. but all have two things in common: they are focused. (Students should be aware that they will have the opportunity to choose the Jurisprudence paper (Philosophy of Law) as an option in Philosophy.
Journalism and Letters. it is much better to be candid about them. care of the Undergraduate Administrative Officer at the Department of Economics and theses outlines for Philosophy should be sent to the Undergraduate Studies Administrator at 10 Merton Street. volume 4). in as sharp a focus as you can achieve: (ii) examiners will notice if you try to fudge issues or sweep difficulties aside. and in what follows present the argument. (iii) take grammar and spelling seriously. ‘Politics and the English Language’. but the exercise of pruning is a valuable one. and focus your reading on the issue you intend to write about. so arrange to be in Oxford. If for any reason you expect to submit your thesis late. 15. for approval in Michaelmas Term. and ‘the amount of assistance the tutor may give is equivalent to the teaching of a normal paper’. and for change of title. or near a large library. are in the Examination Regulations.000 words. (1946). The Vice-Chancellor and Proctors may grant permission on payment of a latepresentation fee which they determine. and always aim at a simple English style. Some general advice: (i) the examiners cannot read your mind. step by step. plus any others you have used that bear on the final version. become a problem. Before you start work. and to show that you appreciate the force of counter-arguments. you have to write the finished version on your own. The style for references can be modelled on any book or periodical in your field.ac. make sure you allow plenty of time – almost certainly more will be needed than you first anticipated. care of the Undergraduate Studies Administrator at the Department of Politics and International Relations. not a book.ppe. which can be found on the PPE website (www. go over the plan of the whole thesis very carefully with your tutor. You must not exceed the limit of 15. Your bibliography should list all works to which you refer.ox. and the method of presentation’. encouraging clarity and precision which you should be aiming for in any case. avoiding convoluted sentences and preferring short words to long (there is sound advice which may be relevant in George Orwell. excluding bibliography. the sources available. in his Collected Essays.000 words is the length of two articles. for some weeks of the Long Vacation. so tutorial sessions can be used for trying out first drafts of parts of the thesis. However. to your surprise. Do not worry if your outline is not in the end very closely adhered to. submit your title and a 100-word outline. If you decide to go ahead.8 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 PPE theses are listed in the PPE Examiners’ Reports. coherent and feasible. But bear in mind that much of your reading will be discovered by yourself. Thesis outlines for Economics should be sent to the Director of Undergraduate Studies for Economics. ‘on drafts’). consult your college Senior Tutor in good time. but they may at the same time give permission to the . Get more advice on reading. the point of it is to make clear the general subject of the thesis and to show that you have some idea of how to go about tackling it. Avoid letting your topic expand. The regulations state that you may discuss with your tutor ‘the field of study. but the tutor can help you make sure it is clear. Thesis outlines in Politics should be sent to the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Your tutor ‘may also read and comment on a first draft’ (in the case of Philosophy. The rules for format and submission.uk). explain in your introduction just what you are going to do. in accordance with the regulations for theses in Examination Regulations. That will probably. The plan must be yours.
Seek the advice of your tutors at all times when in difficulty. or is refused. you will need your tutor’s advice about the practicalities too.ox. . and you should get into the habit of helping and being helped. The Department of Politics and International Relations issues advice on supervised dissertations.you could be losing vital learning time. The dissertation may not be combined with a thesis in any branch. you wish to explore the possibility of changing. or its mark may be reduced by up to one class. or with fewer than three other politics subjects if you are a bipartite candidate. the thesis may be rejected. Talk to your current tutors or. to your College Adviser or the Senior Tutor or any other Fellow whom you know. having thought the matter through. If permission is not sought. one of your eight subjects may be a supervised dissertation in Politics. But if. and change of title.ac. which can be found athttps://weblearn. members of staff willing to supervise a research topic shall through the Courses Manager of the Department of Politics and International Relations place on the noticeboard of the Department not later than Friday of Fourth Week of Hilary Term a short description of an area of Politics (including International Relations and Sociology) in which they have a special interest. all writing separate dissertations on it.ac. a list of possible dissertation topics lying within that area. if that is embarrassing. it is best discussed with your tutor no later than the beginning of that term. which is similar to a thesis except that there is a group of students. an introductory reading list. The rules on length.ox. The regulations state that ‘with the approval of the Politics Subfaculty. Discuss problems also with your contemporaries. All courses that are worth anything bring the student up against obstacles. contained within the Notes of Guidance for theses. The Department of Politics and International Relations issues more detailed ‘Notes of Guidance’ on Politics theses.uk/portal/hierarchy/socsci/politics/teaching/redesign_und. which you can find on the WebLearn site within the reading list for theses at https://weblearn. are the same as for theses: see the Examination Regulations. late submission.uk/portal/hierarchy/socsci/politics/teaching/redesign_und. if your interest arises too late for the Hilary Term meetings. the first rule is. and a time and place at which they will meet those interested in writing a dissertation under their supervision for assessment in the following year’s [Final] examination…’ This means Hilary Term of your penultimate year. you are not in competition with them. and your tutors will guide you past them. Supervised Dissertations in Politics If it is available in the appropriate year. studying a common theme. ‘Do not delay’ .9 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 examiners to reduce the mark on the thesis by up to one class. You do not need to seek formal approval for a dissertation topic (unlike a thesis). Do not seek to change course at the first sign of difficulty. format and submission. Changing your course Sometimes the course you have chosen will not seem to be working out for you and you may wish to consider changing. So if the idea appeals to you.
You will learn through a mixture of lectures. The following brief notes should help you understand the importance of tutors. a few departments. However. such as Psychology. so before going down each term you should make sure that you have received reading guidance and the names of . or research fellows. and those who are paying for you.10 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 If you decide you really do want to change. or do not have room (in some courses. some may be tutorial fellows or lecturers of other colleges. The University is unlikely to be a problem. This is what differentiates Oxford from most universities in the world. the teaching resources are often very strained). Other awards. and Economics. your college.any complete Prelims or Mods will do. The overall responsibility for giving or arranging your tuition will lie with tutorial fellows or lecturers of your own college. All of these learning experiences will enhance your knowledge of the subjects being studied and contribute to your performance in the final examinations in which your degree classification is determined. there are three bodies which must approve: the University. once your college has agreed to let you change. etc. Again the Senior Tutor will help. or a particular combination of First Public Examination plus Honour School. There are no restrictions on examination entry: provided that your college approves. If you hold an award from your Local Education Authority you will need the authority's permission to change course. College approval is usually the most difficult. is that (if not exempt) you should have passed some part of the First Public Examination . You cannot change without its permission. Oxford is almost unique in the way teaching is organised. which is liable to be refused if the `receiving’ tutors think you unsuited to their course. Politics. and the condition for entering for a Final Honour School.g. Behind them stands the Senior Tutor. sponsorship. Tutors Anyone to whom you go for tutorials or college classes counts as one of your tutors. may be tied to a particular course. scholarships. Tuition for a term is normally arranged at the end of the preceding term. do have quotas for acceptance on to their courses. probably one in each of Philosophy. Some will be tutorial fellows or lecturers of your own college. e. In your preparation for PPE Prelims there are bound to be at least three of them. classes and tutorials. who must see that proper arrangements are made if one of these people is absent through illness or on leave. tutorials and University lectures and classes for the course. or graduate students. Law and English. which will be given only if backed with full college approval. Your Senior Tutor will do the correspondence. and over the whole course there may well be eight or ten. you may be a candidate in any part of the First Public Examination. Your college has admitted you to read for a particular Honour School. besides college approval. with the last playing a particularly important part. Teaching and Learning As you are no doubt aware.
In Economics. It should occupy a minimum of three days. Colleges have different rules about when term ‘begins’. depending on how many students are sharing the tutorial. if your difficulty is serious. a reading list. think up a structure for your essay (but do not write an elaborate plan which you . and you should try to ensure that by the Sunday at the very latest you know who your tutors for the term will be. but you will almost certainly be required back before then. In these circumstances you can usually expect a change. (In the occasional cases in which the name of the tutor is not yet known you should make sure you have received an explanation and that you are confident that arrangements will be in place by the beginning of term. otherwise do not just do nothing. So you will nearly always have more than one tutorial a week. styles differ. the Chaplain. and writing. Beyond that.11 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 your tutors for all the work you will be doing in the following term. the Senior Tutor. who cannot take you on without a request from your college. Tutorials. plus guidance. All written work for a tutorial will receive either written or oral comments.g. there is no point in putting up with a relationship that is impeding your academic progress. Most such problems arise from a personality clash that has proved intractable. for next time. If you would like a change of tutor. In PPE it is necessary to cover eight Finals subjects. the Women’s Adviser. Read attentively and thoughtfully. and you are entitled to see these. Centrally nominated subject convenors will communicate with college tutors at the end of each term on the allocation of students to particular tutors for the forthcoming term.your College Adviser. or even the head of college. the nature of the topic. say so if it is not embarrassing. and above all the habits and personality of your tutor. thinking. You must not expect uniformity. e. Classes and Collections What you are expected to bring to a tutorial is knowledge of the reading that was set for it (or a variant on your own initiative if some book or article proves really inaccessible) and any written work demanded. do not approach the person yourself. What you have a right to expect is your tutor’s presence and scholarly attention throughout the hour agreed. in five tutorial terms (the weeks before the Finals examination being usually set aside for revision). but not necessarily to the particular tutor whom you would prefer. Work on a tutorial essay involves library searches. but take the problem to someone else in your college . agreed that you should not normally be expected to write more than twelve tutorial essays a term. or nine for Economics candidates. the provision of classes and tutorials for optional subjects will be organised by the Department. have met or corresponded with them. If you would like to receive tuition from a particular person in Oxford. but since in a university of Oxford’s size there are almost certain to be alternative tutors for most of your subjects. and have been set work and assigned tutorial times by them. As your reading progresses. reading. Many colleges have timetabled sessions at which college tutors discuss reports with their students. Tutors submit written reports on the term’s work as a whole. The official start is Sunday of First Week of Full Term. and you will gain most if you succeed in adapting to differences. The three PPE disciplines have. ask the in-college tutor concerned.) Some tutors like to see their pupils at the end of the preceding term to make detailed arrangements. however.
logic. Use essays to develop an argument. and the relevant prospectuses. or for accumulating information. if it occurs in a tutorial at all. Important lectures may come a term or two before or after your tutorials. reading organised by colleges is supplemented by departmental classes. Do not expect lectures on a subject always to coincide with the term in which you are writing essays on that subject. Get a copy of the lecture list.a dictionary. Students are broadly encouraged to use word processors. should be very much incidental to the overriding dialogue. This means that note-taking.g. not as places to store information. Expect to have to sort out your thoughts. Some tuition is by means of college or University department classes. a system specially suited to subjects in which written work is exercises rather than essays . econometrics. however. Remember that the printed lecture lists often go out of date and the most up-to-date version of the lecture list will be online. such as the Concise Oxford Dictionary. a thesaurus and Modern English Usage. both during and after reading. Make sure at the end of each term that you know the times and subjects of next term’s collections. Most colleges will require you to sit college examinations. On the other hand there is a danger of getting out of practice in hand-writing time-limited examinations. or from the Social Science Library and the Philosophy Centre.e. In the case of certain FHS papers in Politics. and to give you practice in sitting examinations. unless you are very confident. You have a right to expect that written work for a class will be returned to you with written or oral comments. You should. lectures are provided centrally by the University departments. A PPE lecture list is published each term. The information on the classes is included in the Course Outline and Bibliography for each of the papers. and. Remember that tutorials are not designed as a substitute for lectures. Their object is to test your comprehension of work already covered. Take your copy of the list to your meetings with tutors: all of them will have advice on which lectures to attend. Lectures While tutorials and classes will be mainly organised by your College. though there are arguments for and against. Provisional programmes for lectures for the remainder of the academic year are also available on the three subjects’ websites. which will help you to plan for the future. and if you try out ideas in tutorial discussion. but to develop coherent verbal arguments and the capacity to think on one’s feet. before the start of each term. You will learn a lot if you share ideas with fellow students. all three subjects also publish individual lecture lists. and Philosophy issues lecture prospectuses which describe the contents of the term’s lectures. leave time after the tutorial to make a record on paper of the discussion. especially University examinations. and to tackle specific difficulties and misunderstandings. so equip yourself with a writer’s tools . and in writing an essay it becomes possible to postpone commitment to all the stages in an argument until the very end of the essay-writing process. and in the case of . covering all three branches. or statistics. so-called ‘collections’. On the one hand it makes one’s notes and essays more ‘inviting’ to read later. from the websites. in which word processors may not be used.12 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 will not have time to execute). Oxford trains you as a writer to deadlines.
in other personal versions. Others provide the last word on a fast developing subject. Prelims students in Politics should also attend the lectures on methods in political science. is appointed to examine PPE Prelims. or change your options. It is your personal responsibility to enter your Options for University examinations. who spread the load and deal with some of the specialised subjects. and write out your reactions. Nevertheless vacation study is vital. which may advertise times for applying. Some lectures give a personal version of what could be got. Tutorials break a subject up. or the only satisfactory overview on a subject whose boundaries are not well recognised in the literature. . they may be consulted by those who do. In term you will mostly rush from one article or chapter to another. It is chance whether any of your own tutors examines you. They hold their own in international competition only because they are full-time courses. covering vacation as well as term. Vacations are the time for less hectic attention to complete books. also drawn from the academic staff except for three external members. and if you enter. tutors rarely take part knowingly so the convention is seldom required to operate. the convention is that the tutor takes no part knowingly in deciding your result. They give depth and time for serious thought.13 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 some less popular options they may come in your second year and not be repeated in your third year: consult your tutors early about this risk. and everyone recognises that for very many students they also have to include money-earning time. vacations allow consolidation. drawn from the academic staff. If that happens. after the due date. The importance of lectures varies from subject to subject within PPE. This is perhaps particularly true of Oxford. where the eight-week terms (technically called Full Terms) occupy less than half the year. and PPE is certainly a reading course: its ‘study’ is mainly the study of material obtained from books and other documents. The University deadlines are listed each year in the Examination Regulations. The Finals examiners are assisted by a number of assessors. and a board of up to nineteen examiners. pick their bones. from books. you must pay a late fee and gain the examiners’ consent. Vacations have to include holiday time. is appointed to examine PPE Finals. It is perilous to miss the ‘core’ lectures on your chosen options: although in Oxford’s system lecturers do not necessarily set the University examinations. You are said to ‘read’ for an Oxford degree. but since scripts are anonymous. They are also particularly important for reading set or core texts. The forms are kept in college offices. Entry is through colleges. Vacations UK degree courses are among the shortest in the world. also staff members. Examinations Procedures Each year a board of up to nine ‘moderators’.
ac. insight and efficiency. Please note that students are not allowed to use any other calculator than the models on the list. but the level of attainment that is expected for Prelims is. If you fail one or more subjects in June (or miss any examinations through illness).ox. Working to these dates. if desired. The University regulations for PPE Prelims and PPE Finals are in the Examination Regulations: www. a white bow tie. Academic dress is a gown. with good command of the facts and/or arguments relevant to the questions and evidence of ability to organise them with clarity. considerably lower: 100-70: work displaying analytical and argumentational power.economics.uk/examregs/. black shoes. The marks can be interpreted as follows . you may request to use your own bilingual dictionary during examinations.ox. the examiners send a memorandum to all candidates about the conduct of the examination. A month or two before Finals. the University allows you (subject to your college’s agreement) to retake in September any paper you failed (or missed). and on the use (where permitted) of computers in examinations. a dark coat. black stockings and shoes. usually your Senior Tutor. on candidates unable to take papers on certain days for religious reasons. The request must go to the Proctors through your college. are announced each year on the University website and in the University Diary. Papers are marked on the scale 0-100. of course. on blind candidates.14 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 The starting dates of examinations. never approach the examiners directly: always communicate through your Senior Tutor. a dark suit and socks. this is posted in the Examination Schools. a white blouse. There are special University regulations on the typing of illegible scripts (NB: ‘the cost of typing and invigilation shall not be a charge on university funds’).admin.uk/index. and. for men.php/undergraduate/intranet/calculators/. and a regulation cap or mortar board (it must be a mortar board for men). Please note that PPE is no longer assessed by viva voce examinations. This applies to complaints too (although every student has a statutory right to consult the Proctors directly on any matter at any time in their Oxford career). which do not often vary in relation to weeks of term. on dyslexic candidates. Sub-fusc clothing is: for women. on the use of typewriters in examinations. and plain white shirt and collar. If your native language is not English. a timetable is issued a month or two before each examination. PPE Prelims To complete the PPE Prelim you must pass all three subjects. a dark skirt or trousers. black tie.ac.you will notice that this is much the same as for Finals. If you have any problems connected with University examinations which you want to take further. . In certain examinations calculators may be helpful and a list of approved calculators can be found on the Economics Department website: http://www. At University examinations you must wear academic dress with ‘sub-fusc’ clothing. see the Examination Regulations. and probably also in your college lodge. See Appendix E for more details.
in the case of Introduction to Politics. It is very important to direct your answer at the question which has actually been asked. in extreme circumstances. are either re-read by the two original markers or given an adjudicating mark by a third marker. Distinctions were awarded to candidates who scored a total of 200 or more on the written papers.8%. failure to obey the instructions about answering questions from the different sections of the paper. PPE Finals All scripts. or work that. theses and supervised dissertations have the same weighting. 0: Any script which fails to fulfil the rubric for the paper is liable to be given this mark: e. The examiners report your marks to the college. if sat in one go. which allow for classification in some circumstances. but your Prelims results do not contribute to your Finals result.3%. The External Examiners play a special role in adjudication. Any wide discrepancies. or discrepancies that might affect a candidate’s class. . Candidates who miss a paper are governed by the general regulations in the Examination Regulations. To enter for Finals you must have passed the PPE Prelim as a whole (or some other ‘First Public Examination’). The pass mark for each of the three papers was 40. for a Pass degree. failure to show knowledge of two countries. The class boundaries are set as an average mark with each subject weighted equally except that ‘the highest Honours can be obtained by excellence in a minority of subjects offered provided that adequate knowledge is shown throughout the examination’ (Examination Regulations). but giving an incomplete account of the question. or work showing considerable thoroughness but less analytical skill or less clarity in organisation. In 2011. or marred by inaccuracies. does not address the question asked by the examiners. In 2011 the outcome of the June PPE Prelim was: Distinction 18. or. but with less comprehensive and thorough command of evidence. 39 and below: very poor quality work. or work which demonstrates lapses in (but does not lack) analytical and argumentational skills. and a Fail mark in one or more subjects may disqualify for Honours or even. but containing some evidence of knowledge of facts and analytical skill. which communicates them to you.0%. Pass 80. 59-50: competent work with no major defects. while competent and knowledgeable in itself. Fail in one or more subject 1.g. but compensation was allowed for fail marks in the range 37-39 on one paper. You should note that one of the commonest reasons for answers receiving poor marks is irrelevance.15 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 69-60: work displaying analytical power and argumentational power. and all are double marked blind. if marks on both the others were 58 or better. showing little if any evidence of effective study. 49-40: work that is generally weak with muddled argumentation.
or work showing considerable thoroughness but less analytical skill or less clarity in organisation. which vary according to the seriousness of the omission. Upper Second Class script: work displaying analytical power and argumentation of the quality associated with a First.g. but not so poor that it should prevent the candidate from being awarded a degree if able to show better ability in enough other subjects. or work which demonstrates lapses in (but does not lack) analytical and argumentational skills. the mark should be 80 or above. with good command of the facts and/or arguments relevant to the questions and evidence of ability to organise them with clarity. Fail script: work of still lower standard. Lower Second Class script: competent work with no major defects.g. while competent and knowledgeable in itself. and for ignoring instructions on the question paper (such as ‘show knowledge of both authors’). Pass Degree script: very poor quality work. Uniform standards required of markers are as or like the following: First Class script: work displaying analytical and argumentational power. for a first you would need two papers marked at 70 or above. Where these qualities are evident throughout and the script displays original thought of near publishable standard. or marred by inaccuracies.16 The mark scale for individual papers is divided by classes: PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Class I 100 – 70 II 1 69 – 60 II 2 59 . but containing some evidence of knowledge of facts and analytical skill. insight and efficiency. does not address the question asked by the examiners. When these qualities are evident in all questions attempted. showing only slight evidence of effective study. There are penalties for a missing or negligible answer. and an average a little below 70).40 Pass 39 . the mark should be 90 or above. but giving an incomplete account of the question. Third Class script: work that is generally weak with muddled argumentation. but with less comprehensive and thorough command of evidence. . it is not necessary to score an average of 70 for a First) and a ‘preponderance’ requirement which states that at least two papers are marked within the relevant class (e. or work that.30 Fail below 30 The boundary for classifying each candidate to a class is an average mark which is in most cases set a little below the minimum mark associated with that class (e.50 III 49 .
and then to establish which class predominates. they turn these individual marks into an overall Degree classification according to different principles.1. they ensure that a candidate cannot be adequately prepared without study over a broad area. unless the examining board finds exceptional mitigating circumstances. . or. explain why not. II 1. in the academic year 2010-11 a First required both an average of 67. 50-59 a 2. work out what it means and decide what you think is the answer to it.1.too few properly written out answers.2. and 0-29 a Fail. etc). or a 2. 0%. 40-49 a Third. Third. and so on. putting pen to paper. They will therefore not be interested in answers which are in any way off the point. Fail. The other is to add up the marks on all papers and establish the average. 2.9%. in the light of advice from external examiners. The conventions are kept under review by the PPE Committee. state the answer and defend it.e.8 and two marks of at least 70.9%. The examiners are looking for your own ideas and convictions and you mustn’t be shy of presenting them.2. II 2 4.17 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Outright Fail script: work of such a dismal standard that the candidate should not be awarded a Pass degree irrespective of performance in other subjects. principle two requires an average mark a little below 70 for a First. a little below 60 for a 2. British universities tend to use a standard scale for marking individual papers. 2. Preparing for examinations When planning your examination strategy. 24. 30-39 a Pass [i.1 overall. Those currently in use are communicated by the Chair of Examiners when he or she writes to finalists about the practical arrangements for that year’s examinations. which communicates them to you. etc. Then. not Honours]. 60-69 a 2. Good examinees emerge from the examination room with most of their knowledge undisplayed. Abstain from presenting background material. PPE currently uses a hybrid of these two principles: it requires BOTH an average mark set below the class threshold for an individual paper AND also least two papers falling within or (where possible) above the appropriate range for that degree. whereby the range 70-100 indicates a First. if you think there is no answer. it is sensible to keep in mind the nature of the examination method which the University uses (the conventional method in UK higher education over the past two centuries). and they will severely penalise ‘short weight’ . Do not write too much: most of those who run out of time have themselves to blame for being distracted into irrelevance. If the examiners allowed you to set the questions. you could prepare good answers in a few months. 69. Pass. When you have selected a question. In 2011 the division by outcome of PPE Finals was: I. Examiner’s reports are available on the departmental websites and can be helpful in identifying the characteristics of good and bad answers in the various papers.8%. Because principle one does not require a First-class mark on every paper to obtain a First overall.1. 0%. The examiners report your marks to your college. by setting the questions themselves. For example. 0%.1 on every paper to obtain a 2. One is to allocate each paper to a particular class (First. III. However.
Plagiarism may take the form of unacknowledged quotation or substantial paraphrase. It regularly monitors on-line essay banks. In any written work (whether thesis. will be in the best position to advise you on such matters. in your induction. both in terms of copying and collusion. or unpublished materials. Cases of apparently deliberate plagiarism are taken extremely seriously. including theses. For more information please consult The Proctors’ and Assessor’s Memorandum.5 and 9. the University’s Proctors and Assessor draw attention to two extremely important disciplinary regulations for all students. Section 9. dissertation. or written examinations) passages quoted or closely paraphrased from another person’s work must be identified as quotations or paraphrases. “No candidate shall present for an examination as his or her own work any part or the substance of any part of another person’s work.ox. and the source of the quoted or paraphrased material must be clearly acknowledged.uk/proctors/info/.” (The Proctors’ and Assessor’s Memorandum. To avoid plagiarism.6: http://www. and your tutor or course organiser. and where examiners suspect that this has occurred. good practice in the use of sources and making appropriate reference. these may be covered. where appropriate. Sources of material include all printed and electronically available publications in English or other languages. The basis on which such judgements are made is likely to vary slightly between subject areas.18 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Academic integrity: good practice in citation. they bring the matter to the attention of the Proctors. You will need to exercise judgement in determining when reference is required. . as may also the style and format of making references. Sections 9. By following good practice in your subject area you should develop a rigorous approach to academic referencing. any attempt to draw on third-party material without proper attribution may well attract severe disciplinary sanctions. essay-writing services. It reserves the right to check samples of submitted essays for plagiarism. coursework. along with other aspects of academic writing. and when material may be taken to be so much a part of the ‘general knowledge’ of your particular subject that formal citation would not be expected. written by others. in addition.6) The University employs a series of sophisticated software applications to detect plagiarism in submitted examination work. In their Essential Information for Students.ac. and other potential sources of material. essay. it is important for all students within individual subject areas to be aware of.admin. and to follow. Although the University strongly encourages the use of electronic resources by students in their academic work. and avoid inadvertent plagiarism. and the avoidance of plagiarism Plagiarism is the use of material appropriated from another source or from other sources with the intention of passing it off as one’s own work.
etc. Note that some electronic sources explicitly tell you how to make references to their articles. 1986) p. You should not reference anything that you have not actually consulted. Descartes (Blackwell. in case your memory does not.92. the cultivation of academic good practice will ensure that you do not fall foul of the second.) Where exact words are copied or taken down quotation marks should be used. You must avoid: • The submission of other people’s work as your own. The Principles of Philosophy. quoted in J.e. author and date. It is also forbidden to submit work which you have already submitted (partially or in full) for another degree course or examination.) Inadvertency in this may be avoided by scrupulous note-taking. You should be aware that there exist sophisticated systems to detect such copying. How often you provide references must to some extent be a matter of style and judgment. which of its words and ideas are your own and which other people’s. bibliography. URL. Close paraphrase. • • • The surest way to avoid suspicion of plagiarism is by careful referencing. but where you are substantially indebted to a particular author it may well not be enough to cite his or her work once in a footnote at the start or the end of the essay. your notes should make it completely clear. Where your knowledge of a primary source is via a secondary one this should be made clear. Whenever taking notes always write down the full details of the source (author. (e.19 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Cases of plagiarism range from the culpably fraudulent to the carelessly inadvertent. Honesty is all you need to avoid the first. Linking together phrases from a source with just a few words changed here and there is not enough to avoid the charge of plagiarism The reporting of ideas without acknowledging them as your own. title.Cottingham. When you write. There are many ways to do this (footnotes. to begin each sentence of a paragraph of exposition with “Davidson says that…” would be redundant. but it is good practice to give proper references.g. You should not use professional essay writing agencies nor submit any work which has been written in full or in part by any other person. Note that where an idea is unattributed it will naturally be taken as the author’s own.) In general there is no one preferred system.) . and no examiner expects full references in a three hour exam. there should be no room for doubt which are your ideas and which are other people’s.Descartes. The verbatim quotation of other people’s work without clear indication and due acknowledgement (i. page numbers. Tutors and style guides are a source of advice. quotation marks or indentation. If you copy material in this way make sure it is fully referenced and does not become confused with your own work. R. lecturer’s name and date of lecture. Tutors may be more concerned to check that you understand than that your essays display scholarly references. The risk of plagiarism is increased where material is ‘cut and pasted’ from electronic resources. together with a full citation.
1977) p. if we were aware of them. The phrase ‘It has been argued’ is insufficient for this purpose. ‘If there were objective values.Mackie.L. then they would be entities or qualities or relations of a very strange sort. then they would be very strange entities. utterly different from our ordinary ways of knowing everything else. It has two parts. (3) ‘The argument from queerness’ (Mackie. You will need to exercise judgment in determining when this is the case. If there were objective values. . and they would have to be known in an equally strange way. if we were aware of them. Epistemologically. the other epistemological. is the argument from queerness. p. they would be strange things. Two phrases have been copied from the source. this would be taken as the author’s own words and ideas. utterly different from our ordinary ways of knowing everything else By selective use of quotation marks and referencing this suggests that the second point here is the writer’s own. seek advice or err on the side of caution. Some illustrations of plagiarism: Source text ‘Even more important. If objective values existed.’ Correspondingly. 1977. Metaphysically. utterly different from anything else in the universe. Ethics. do not call for a formal reference. unlike anything else in the universe. one metaphysical. Inventing Right and Wrong (Penguin. This has two parts. and certainly more generally applicable. when it is in fact just as heavily indebted to the source as the material explicitly acknowledged.38) Examples (1) An important argument is that from queerness. All quoted material must be enclosed in quotation marks and adequately referenced.20 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Some ideas may be taken as part of the ‘general knowledge’ of a particular subject and. If in doubt. then they would be entities or qualities or relations of a very strange sort. as such. if we were aware of them.38) has been stated as follows. utterly different from anything else in the universe. The case can be made in either metaphysical or epistemological terms. however. Without reference of any kind to any source. one metaphysical and one epistemological. utterly different from our ordinary ways of knowing everything else This is a mixture of verbatim copying and close paraphrase. Correspondingly. if objective values existed. it would have to be by some strange faculty of moral intuition. utterly different from anything else in the universe. when in fact it simply copies phrases verbatim from the source with just a few words changed here and there. it would have to be by some special faculty of moral intuition. it would have to be by some special faculty of moral intuition. but no quotation marks or reference provided. (2) It has been argued against objective values on the grounds of queerness.’ (J. quite different from our ordinary awareness.
38). a few sentences or an entire paragraph that you have written.21 Remember: • PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 • Always make clear the extent of your borrowing. such as (Mackie. p. A text reference. this is part of what it means to really understand them. . can leave it unclear whether the debt you wish to acknowledge is with regard to a clause. Try always to express the ideas and arguments you encounter in your own words. a sentence. 1977.
email: elizabeth.ox. Politics and Economics. The PPE Committee. Manor Road Building. The administration of the PPE degree is carried out by the PPE Administrator Ms Liz Griffith (Tel: 88564. and 09:30 to 16:30.uk The Departments of Politics and International Relations.ox. of Sociology. there is a Lecture Theatre. The Faculty of Philosophy is part of the Humanities Division. from 09:00 to 17:20 Monday to Friday.uk www. Liz is available to answer enquiries in Room 126. The Centre operates an access con- . Some undergraduate lectures and classes are held in the Manor Road building. between which the academic departments and faculties are divided. Oxford. The full address is: Manor Road Building. are available on the web sites: www.ac. This building also contains the Social Science Library and a Common Room.ox.griffith@politics. Manor Road.ox. Coffee.22 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 2.uk. the Department of Politics and International Relations. The members of the Departments and Faculties are those employed to carry out teaching or research within the University. Opening hours are: Term-time: Monday – Friday: 09:00 – 22:00 Saturday: 10:00 – 18:00 Sunday: 12:00 – 18:00 Vacations: Monday – Friday: 09:00 – 19:00 Saturday: 10:00 – 18:00 (Christmas and Easter) Saturday: 10:00 – 16:00 (Long Vacation) Sunday: Closed On all visits.ac.ox. The PPE degree has its own website at www.ac.uk www. including their research interests.ppe. consisting of members of the Faculty of Philosophy. The caterers’ opening hours are 08:30 to 16:00.ac. as well as breakfast and lunch. and the Department of Economics meets at least once a term to consider issues relating to the course. bring your university card for access. one of four Divisions in the University.ac.uk) on behalf of all three subjects within PPE. The Philosophy Centre The Philosophy Centre at 10 Merton Street is open from 09:30 to 18:30.. Monday to Friday. In addition. and of Social Policy are in the Social Sciences Division. may be purchased in the Common Room. OX1 3UQ. Monday to Friday. tea. etc. of Economics and of Sociology are all located in the Manor Road Building on Manor Road.economics.philosophy. in term-time. Departments The Departments of Politics and International Relations. in vacation. of Economics. an IT Room and seven Seminar Rooms.politics. Further details of staff in Philosophy.
email: shannon. except on Bank Holidays and between Christmas and the New Year.uk) in room G11 (second office on the left of the administrative corridor). The administrative offices are generally closed between 13:00 and 14:00. The Department is located on the third floor of the Manor Road Building. it contains a lecture room.ac. Most members of the Department have an office and collect mail there and the Undergraduate Administrator is based there (8:30-17:00) to whom enquiries may be addressed. As well as the Library. please arrange an appointment in advance. a garden. Further information on the Department and the seminars can be found at www. Its research programme includes work on social and political change. please ask at the main reception. If you wish to see the Courses Manager. and Social Statistics. The Centre is sometimes open for evening meetings. and the life course and ageing.30-18. the sociology of elections. or when the Philosophy Library (housed in the same building) has longer hours. a seminar room. a common room. Department of Economics The Department is located on the second floor of the Manor Road Building.uk. members give lectures and tutorials for PPE undergraduates in Political Sociology. and for four weeks from the beginning of August to early September.sociology.23 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 trol system and you will need your University Card to gain entry. should be directed to the Secretarial Assistant (Tel: (2)76926. The Department is open from 08:30 to 22:00. Department of Sociology The Department is concerned primarily with graduate degrees in Sociology.ac.00. However. All enquiries. Opening hours: 9. All students are invited to attend the weekly departmental seminars. . in term-time and 08:30 to 19:00 in vacation.philosophy. Sociology of Industrial Societies. The Centre is closed for about ten days at Christmas and Easter. Monday to Friday.armstrong@philosophy. It contains the offices of the Head of Department.ac.ox.uk contains further useful information. For more lengthy matters. and is available for enquiries regarding Politics from 09:00 to 17:20 Monday to Friday.ox. and the administrative offices. Sociological Theory. The Undergraduate Studies Administrator for Politics is situated in the Courses Office (Room 172). including the purchasing of study aids. A number of PPE students have written theses based on the Department’s research projects. Lecture handouts are available on the Economics website. The Philosophy web site at www.ox. ethnicity and national identity. Departmental administrative staff and Director of Undergraduate Studies. Department of Politics and International Relations The Department is located on the first floor of the Manor Road Building.
.24 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Department of Social Policy and Intervention The Department is located at Barnett House. mental health and anti-social behaviour. the family. lectures and classes will be held in the Department or in the Manor Road Building. 32 Wellington Square (Tel: (2)70325). Its research programme includes work on social deprivation. poverty and disadvantage. social security and welfare reform. health and health care. there are growing programmes of research on the comparative politics of the welfare state and on social policy in South Africa. Its senior members give lectures and convene tutorials for PPE and History & Politics undergraduates in Social Policy and in Demography. demography and population ageing. The tutorials are usually held in the Department. parenting and childcare. It is primarily concerned with graduate degrees in Comparative Social Policy and Evidence Based Social Intervention.
which is distributed by your College. Printing. Looking at the websites. copying. or asking the library staff can provide you with further information about specific services and library rules and regulations. copying and scanning . Feel free to ask library staff for further information and assistance. Finding journal articles: First look for the title of the journal using SOLO. Central Bodleian Library books cannot be borrowed. with the most popular items located in the Philosophy Reading Room in the Bodleian. and for checking email and printing.25 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 3. Your local college library also has a good selection of books which can be borrowed. Finding books: Begin by checking SOLO for items listed on your reading lists. Provision for Philosophy is split between the lending collections in the Philosophy Faculty Library at 10 Merton Street and the reference collections at the Bodleian. If you lose your University Card. and scanning: The PCAS system in operation across The Bodleian Libraries Group offers a range of services (see the link from the Bodleian Libraries website). Libraries and Computing Libraries The library provision in Oxford University is very good but can seem complex. The Social Science Library (SSL) in the Manor Road Building hosts all reading list texts in support of Politics and Economics. PCAS. Borrowing from a library or reading in the library: Once you have found the books or journal articles you wish to read. the OU local interface to a large selection of subject databases and internet resources. EconLIT. Induction: There are library induction sessions for all PPE students during 0th Week. will be required to enter and/or to borrow books or to order items from closed stacks. You will be taught how to use SOLO. and OxLIP+. Each library is equipped with computers for searching databases and catalogues. ask library staff who can help you search for the item in one of the many subject databases available from OxLIP+. The best policy is to always carry your University Card with you. If you do not know the issue or the page number of the article. the system for printing. the online catalogue for Oxford’s electronic and printed library collections. Philosopher’s Index. request a replacement as soon as possible from your College Secretary. picking up a paper guide. Admission: The University Card. e. Many journals are now available electronically via OU e-Journals. Ask library staff for assistance if you cannot find the books you need. . You can recommend new book purchases via the library's website.g. You will receive further instructions from your college about the timing and location of these sessions. you may have a choice of either borrowing the item or reading the confined copy in the library (see individual libraries' websites for details). paid for using an online account topped up by a debit/credit card.
sbodleian.ox.ac.ox.ac.) Web address www.ox.uk/science Rhodes House Library History and Current Affairs – political.uk/bodley BOD Philosophy Reading Room (Lower Reading Room.ox.ac.uk/ssl .bodleian.bodleian.ac.bodleian. Education. International Relations.bodleian.uk/bodley History Faculty Library History www. Library BOD Official Papers (Bodleian Law Library) Main subjects covered Official Papers (Parliamentary papers. Sociology and Criminology. International Development. Politics.uk/rhodes Said Business School.bodleian.ac.uk/business Social Science Library Economics. Old Bodleian) Philosophy www. government publications etc. Russian and East European Studies www. Refugee Studies.uk/philosophy Radcliffe Science Library Science and Medicine www.ox. economic and social – of Commonwealth and subSaharan Africa www.ac. Socio-Legal Studies.bodleian.bodleian.ac.ox.ox.ac.26 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Opening hours: These vary between libraries and are longer during term-time than in vacations.ac.ox. Sainsbury Library Business and Management Studies www. Social Work.uk/history Philosophy Faculty Library Philosophy www. Social Policy.ox. Anthropology www. see individual libraries' websites for details. History of Art.bodleian.uk/bodley BOD Upper Camera History.
The Manor Road Building has an IT Room with 48 PCs connected to the Internet. with software for word-processing and other applications. They have access to a wide range of specialist social sciences research software. We hope you will enjoy using Oxford’s libraries. Ethernet cables and USB sticks (as well as a range of other stationery) are available to buy at the SSL issue desk. Photocopying facilities and copyright law: The copying of books and journals and the use of self-service photocopiers are subject to the provisions of the Copyright License issued to the University of Oxford by the Copyright Licensing Agency for the copying (from paper on to paper) of: • up to 5% or one complete chapter (whichever is the greater) from a book.ox. • up to 5% or one whole article (whichever is the greater) from a single issue of a journal. Computing All colleges have a computer room. and Windows Media Player. and Theology Faculty.bodleian.ac. power sockets and Ethernet points are provided. and a range of other software include Endnote. and printers. OxLIP+ and the World Wide Web).uk/ssl/how/set-a-new-library-password. internet access (SOLO. Bodleian Law. The Social Science Library has 55 PCs offering Microsoft Office 2007 (Word. connect to the BodleianLibraries network and log-in with your University Card barcode and Library password. connections to the central University machines and the Internet. Excel. To use library computers you will need to log-in with your University Card barcode number and your Library password. Please respect other library users and take care of library books and facilities. GIMP. Powerpoint and Access).uk/vhl Other libraries which might be of use to PPE students include: Bodleian Japanese.ac. Nuance PDF creator Pro.bodleian. To set up your library password please see instructions available at http://www.ox.27 American Studies/History – Political. The room is mainly used for computer-based courses. Adobe Digital Editions. A further 10 PCs are available in the Philosophy Library. To use the wireless service. . Sackler. Readers are welcome to use their own laptops in most library study spaces. Economic and Social – from colonial times to the present PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Vere Harmsworth Library www. Refworks. • up to 5% or one paper (whichever is the greater) from a set of conference proceedings.
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Oxford University Computing Services (OUCS) is at 13 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6NN. The building is open to non-key holders Monday to Friday 08.30 - 20.30. Undergraduates have access to the IT training courses, to the Learning and Resource Centre (Monday to Friday 09.00 – 20.30), and to the online shop; also, by application, to printers and software on the central UNIX computers. Further details may be obtained on-line at www.oucs.ox.ac.uk.
By the end of your first year we expect you to have the essential IT skills set out below; those listed as ‘desirable’ would be useful for your future employment but are not a requirement of your course. While many students coming to Oxford will already possess most if not all of these skills, those who need to develop any are required to do this in their own time. Your college will provide the basic hardware, software and support. For those who would prefer to attend training courses, OUCS (Oxford University Computing Services, 13 Banbury Road) has a number of relevant courses set out below; information about courses and registration details can be obtained either from your college IT support service, from the reception desk at OUCS, or on-line at www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/courses (where there is a description of each course as well as details about the prerequisite knowledge and dates). There is no fee for attending any of these courses but a charge is made for course documentation. OUCS also has the LaRC (Learning and Resource Centre), a supported working environment where you can teach yourself using a variety of materials such as videos, computer-based materials, multimedia courseware and books. You can also study the OUCS courses in your own time, and materials for the European Computer Driving Licence (ECDL) are available. Skill
Essential Basic use of a PC MS Windows Essential IT skills: basics and beyond (includes Windows, Word, Excel, databases, www, file management) (1) Word – styles and table of contents (2) Word – tables, tabs and indents (3) Word – mail merge (1) Introduction to Email (2) Configuring and using Outlook Express (3) Essential web publishing skills (4) Searching the web for on-line resources
Email and use of the Internet
Mozilla Firefox or Internet Explorer
Desirable Spreadsheets Presentation and drawing MS Excel (*) MS Power Point (*) Designing and Using Spreadsheets (1) Introduction to Power Point (2) Creating presentations with MS PowerPoint
Database and filing systems MS Access (*)
PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12
(1) Database design (2) Essential access
(*) These are part of the integrated Microsoft Office suite. The University has a site license for this software (available via the OUCS shop) for use in departments and colleges but it cannot supply copies to individual students. You can obtain your own copy from a local supplier (see www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/shop/). You will not be examined in any of these skills. For second and third year students, various papers in PPE may have integrated practical sessions involving the use of relevant software. You will need to use IT during your course. Many tutors encourage students to present at least some of their essays in word-processed form.
Web and email
All the information you may need about the course is available at www.ppe.ox.ac.uk. This contains information on, amongst other things, the lecture list, reading lists, recent finals papers and examiners’ reports, and the JCCs. This should be your first port of call for information. It is essential that you use email as this will be used to communicate information to you by department or faculty staff. Your college will supply you with an email account. Your email address will be: firstname.lastname@ approved abbreviation of college name, plus ox.ac.uk. All students should also be aware of the University’s IT code of conduct, available on-line at www.admin.ox.ac.uk/statutes/regulations/196-052.shtml.
PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12
DATA PROTECTION ACT 1998: INFORMATION ON STUDENT PERSONAL DATA
Please read this document carefully. It will help you to understand the purposes for which your College and the University of Oxford, including its departments, faculties and administration (‘the University’) process (i.e. collect and use) your personal data and any disclosures that they may make of those data outside the College/University. It is important that you are aware of the personal data which is held about you, especially the sensitive personal data as defined by the Data Protection Act 1998 (see section A.2 below), where special provisions apply.
In order to fulfil their educational, pastoral, and administrative responsibilities before, during and after your studies at Oxford, your College and the University will need to collect and process personal data about you. The Data Protection Act 1998 requires that any such information is processed fairly and lawfully, is held securely, and is kept up-to-date. In some cases this processing is permitted under the Data Protection Act 1998 as being necessary to enable your College and the University to fulfil their operational responsibilities and where your rights and legitimate interests are not prejudiced by the processing. Your consent is not needed for processing of this data, which is described in section 1(a) below). There are other cases where your consent is similarly not required and these are described in 1(b) and 1(c) below. The final category of processing is that of sensitive personal data which does require your consent and that is described in section 2 below. In all cases data will be collected by your College and may be passed to the University and vice versa, so that necessary processing can be undertaken. Data may also be shared with other Colleges. 1. Non-sensitive personal data Categories of the non-sensitive personal data which may be collected and processed are set out below; these lists are not exhaustive but indicate the main sorts of such data. (a) Non-sensitive data which may be collected during the applications process and during your studies at Oxford Name, address, telephone number and email address; any other contact details; date of birth and gender; marital and family/household details; name of doctor; person to be contacted in case of emergency and contact details; school and admissions documentation; matriculation details and course studied; information on academic performance; examination details; distinctions, prizes, positions of responsibility held; membership of University clubs and societies; disciplinary action taken; financial matters (including loans, fees, college invoices, scholarships and bursaries etc).; information provided to the College/University during the course of your studies; information needed to permit access to College/University facilities such as computing facilities, libraries and for the issue of the University card, where access will be subject to regulations available from the provider of the facility; passwords and
PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12
IDs used to access College or University facilities; provision of student advice and support (e.g. OUSU and Careers Service). Your consent for such processing is not required as it is processing needed to allow the College(s) and the University to fulfil their educational, pastoral and administrative responsibilities. (b) Additional non-sensitive data which may be collected and processed after your studies have been completed. Details of qualifications and skills; employment details; membership of professional bodies; publications. Processing of data of this kind does not require your written consent but you may wish to indicate to your College/the University if you do not wish it to be collected or processed. (c) Alumni data Unless you request otherwise, your College and the University will add your details to their alumni records so that you may receive relevant publications and information about alumni activities, events and programmes and be kept informed more generally about the activities of your College and the University. Your data may also be included in College/University alumni publications. Such data will be held securely and will be treated confidentially for your benefit and the benefit of your College and the University. The data will be available to your College, the University’s Development Office, International Offices, faculties, academic and administrative departments, and to the Oxford University Society and other recognised alumni societies, sports and other clubs associated with your College and the University. It may be disclosed to bodies outside your College/the University where such bodies are acting as agents of your College/the University. Data will be used for a full range of alumni activities as described above. Data may also be used in fundraising programmes, which might include an element of direct marketing by your College/the University. Data will not, however, be passed to external commercial organisations without your explicit consent. 2. Sensitive personal data The Data Protection Act 1998 defines sensitive personal data as information about racial or ethnic origins; political opinions; religious beliefs or other beliefs; trade union membership; physical or mental health; sex life; criminal allegations, proceedings or convictions. Save in limited circumstances specified in the Act, those collecting and processing sensitive personal data are required to seek explicit consent to do so. However, much of the sensitive personal data handled by the Colleges and University will be provided by students themselves so that consent to process in those cases is not an issue. The Colleges and University have no need or intention to collect information concerning the political beliefs, sexual orientation, or trade union affiliations of students. Nor do they have
without consent. it may be necessary to ask for dispensation to miss an examination or special provision may be needed for certain health problems or in cases of disability. B.uk. The Data Protection Act allows action to be taken to process personal sensitive data. If a student is convicted of an offence under the criminal law.ox. where it is regarded as in the student’s vital interest. the College/University will need to be able to report to the appropriate professional body. .protection@admin. If a student is following a course leading to a professional qualification. There is also an exemption in the Act to allow collection of data without explicit consent in order to identify or keep under review the existence or absence of equality of opportunity or treatment between persons of different racial or ethnic origins. and students’ sponsors (e. local authority education departments. Community Charge Registration Officers. This exemption may only be used in exceptional circumstances. The University and Colleges may need to process information relating to a student’s health. assessment and valuation departments. require special dispensation to avoid sitting examinations on certain days or may have special dietary requirements. other education and training establishments and examining bodies. However the student will probably have volunteered the sensitive data him/herself so consent to collect and process is unlikely to present a problem. this is generally likely to apply only in cases of illness or accident where the student is unable or unwilling to give consent. Conviction of a criminal offence may in certain limited circumstances have to be mentioned in a reference to an employer or professional body. that he or she is ‘a safe and suitable entrant to a given profession’. such as the General Medical Council.ac.g. However. Such data is collected by the Colleges and University for the purposes of monitoring and of upholding equal opportunities policies.32 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 any need or intention to collect or process data on religious beliefs or practices except in so far as students may. this may be the subject of further disciplinary proceedings within the Colleges when data may be collected and processed. for example. the Student Loan Company and funding councils (and including the Higher Education Statistics Agency). Disclosure of data to bodies outside your college / the University Your College/the University may be required to provide non-sensitive personal data to the Inland Revenue. local authority electoral registration. or suspension of status may be needed for graduate students. If you have any concerns about the processing of any information in the sorts of circumstances outlined above you should contact your College Data Protection Officer or the University Data Protection Officer via email to data. For example. and to disclose such information to an individual/body outside the College/University. this will not happen without the student’s knowledge.
be necessary to process information about . It is unlikely that your College or the University will have to process sensitive data without your knowledge and consent.33 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Your College/the University will respond to requests for references. Your personal data will not be placed on any website by your College or the University without your consent. If you wish to seek access under the Data Protection Act provisions.ox. The University will be informed of changes as firstname.lastname@example.org. Archives The College and University records are normally archived as a matter of routine. It is therefore important that you let the relevant College officer know of any changes to your personal data. Disclosure may also be necessary in certain other circumstances. It may. or of any error in those data. transcripts or other information on your educational attainments. As indicated in section A2 above it is possible that sensitive data may appear on your file. but your College and the University are not liable for any failure to archive. however. you should contact either your college in the case of personal data processed by your College or the University’s Data Protection Officer. Queries and access requests The Data Protection Act 1998 gives you the right to know what personal data your College and the University are processing.uk E. Your College/the University will not normally send information about you to outside organisations at home or overseas other than of the kind indicated.protection@admin. You should be aware that many countries outside the European Economic Area do not have data protection legislation and so may not always protect your personal data to the same standard. However. A fee is required for such access. the information will not be provided unless the request is made in writing and appears to be bona fide. Keeping your personal data up-to-date The Data Protection Act 1998 requires that your College and the University take reasonable steps to ensure that any personal data which they process is accurate and up-to-date. or maintain the archive or for deletion of archive material however arising and you are advised to retain any original certificates issued by the University safely and securely. D. in any legal proceedings. funding bodies or recognised voluntary organisations. General queries about the Data Protection Act 1998 may be addressed to the University’s Data Protection Officer using the email address.uk. from employers or prospective employers or from other educational institutions. subject to certain exemptions provided in the legislation and to consideration of third party rights. data. for example to comply with legal or statutory requirements. via email to data. or for medical reasons to medical staff. C.ac.ox.
you should discuss these concerns with the college Data Protection Officer in the first instance.34 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 your health. . If when you leave Oxford you are concerned about the retention of any such material on your file or about the possibility that other types of sensitive data (as defined by the Act) may have been collected.
Confidentiality is preserved when we seek feedback and will be maintained if you wish it when you discuss issues of concern to you.35 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 PART B . Paper copies will be handed out by the lecturer towards the middle or end of his or her set of lectures.STUDENT ISSUES 4. These are reported on to the JCC and the department or faculty. in general they will ask your views on the amount and quality of teaching. Student Feedback The feedback which you provide to lecturers and tutors is valued and is taken seriously. Colleges also arrange for you to hear or read reports written by your tutor and to make comments on them. and further copies will be available from department or faculty offices. Lecture questionnaire forms will be provided for you to comment on each set of lectures. It has an important contribution to make to maintaining the quality of the education you receive at Oxford. and also for you to submit your own self-assessment of your progress to date and your academic goals. . and although colleges may differ in the exact ways in which they provide for this. reading materials. The results of the questionnaire are seen by the lecturer and also by the Director of Undergraduate Studies or Teaching/Lectures Committee or panel. You will also be expected to provide feedback on tutorial teaching to your college. Lecture questionnaires are distributed either electronically or as paper copies. It is important that you give us your views and feel free to do so. and feedback on your progress on the course. Participation Consultation Consultation of students is a serious concern to the departments and faculties and takes a number of forms discussed below. It is important that you remember that both the college and the departments will seek and welcome your feedback in various ways. The DUS and/or committee or panel are responsible for ensuring that any problems reported through the questionnaires are addressed. timeliness of comments on essays and tutorial performance. in order that we may deal with problems that arise both relating to you personally and to the course. Feedback from students takes both an institutional form via the Undergraduate Joint Consultative Committees (UJCCs) and also involves you as individuals making the effort to complete lecture or tutorial report forms or to seek out college or departmental officers for discussion. Completed forms may either be given to the lecturer at the end of the lecture or sent to the departmental office.
In addition. For the UJCCs to function well. Hilary Term and Trinity Terms. The Philosophy UJCC is similar in structure to the Politics UJCC. Make sure your college has a representative. It is also the forum in which you should raise any matters of concern to you relating to the organisation. Senior members will be looking to you for comments and suggestions. including the Director of Undergraduate Studies. The Committee meets once a term. The convenor prepares the agenda and minutes for meetings. The UJCC meets once per term. The undergraduates must be reading for a degree in PPE or HP. content and delivery of the course. through which departmental/faculty officers will keep you informed of developments within the department/faculty. It meets once a term at 2pm on Monday of 3rd and 6th Week in Michaelmas Term. the Undergraduate Studies Administrator or Courses Manager). The Economics UJCC comprises several senior members. and an undergraduate representative from each college. Library Committees (CoLP) The Committee on Library Provision in Social Studies may include student representatives from the relevant UJCCs. The UJCC convenors attend their respective faculty meetings and should send one representative to attend the PPE Committee. The undergraduate representatives must be reading for one of the Honour Schools involving Economics. Typical agenda items include course developments. . which is the body of academics and administrators responsible for the organisation of the degree. and ask him/her to raise matters of concern at the UJCC and to report back to you. It elects one of its undergraduate representatives as convenor.36 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Undergraduate Joint Consultative Committees (UJCCs) Each department/faculty has an Undergraduate Joint Consultative Committee on departmental/faculty matters (UJCC). library provision and IT. which may bring beneficial changes. it is important that undergraduate representatives participate actively in its work. but comprises junior members from across all seven of the joint honour schools involving Philosophy. and an undergraduate representative from each college. The UJCC is your forum. It meets once a term in the Ryle Room at 10 Merton Street. The Politics UJCC comprises the Director of Undergraduate Studies. lecture arrangements. the Chair of the Philosophy UJCC serves as an undergraduate representative on the Philosophy Undergraduate Studies Committee.
consult the Chaplain.ox.37 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 5. Details can be found in the University prospectus. Student Support Equal Opportunities The University has in place policies relating to equal opportunities.admin. Harassment The University has a Code of Practice on Harassment. can be found on the web site at: www.ac. You may wish to go to your tutor or to the Senior Tutor.uk Philosophy: Dr Katherine Morris (Tel: (2)70985).mander@hmc. a booklet which is given to all students on arrival. Women's Adviser.ac. on the Oxford University website (www. alternatively.uk Dr William Mander (Tel: 2(71028)).ox.ox.ac. Disability The University operates a code of practice to provide equality of opportunity for those with disabilities. which gives details about the accessibility of most University buildings.uk Economics: Dr Patricia Rice (Tel: (2)71047). howard. william.morris@ philosophy.uk.ac.ox. Local information on access and resources can be found on the Philosophy Faculty website at www. email@example.com. patricia.admin.uk/eop/) and in the Proctors’ and Assessor’s Memorandum. There are currently over 500 students with disabilities at Oxford and the University and the colleges are committed to making arrangements to enable students with disabilities to participate as fully as possible in student life.ac.ac. Further information and advice are available from the University’s Disability Office at disability@admin. martin.uk.ac. and providing support to disabled staff and students. improving access to University buildings for people with impaired mobility.uk/eop/disab. Detailed information about provision and sources of assistance. The University’s Committee for Disabled People is responsible for considering the issues facing disabled staff and students of the University.firstname.lastname@example.org. The Disability Co-ordinator for the Phi- .uk Prof Martin Ceadel (Tel: (2)79505).ox. including the University’s Disability Statement and the Access Guide for People with Disabilities. The Code of Practice makes it a disciplinary offence for any member of the university to harass another on any grounds. harassment and disability which are kept under review.uk You will also find that your college has people that you can approach if you feel email@example.com Dr Howard Smith (Tel: (2)71061). katherine. There are confidential advisers who can be contacted for help on any matter related to harassment: Politics: Dr Gwendolyn Sasse (Tel: (2)88689).ac.ox. or Welfare officers in your college. if you wish to deal with someone who is not connected directly with your academic work or your course.smith@economics. which is published in Essential Information for Students.ox.ox.
Details can be found in the Proctors’ and Assessor’s Memorandum. seriously affect your academic work. the college Senior Tutor should be informed (either by the undergraduate concerned. In addition. sending you home. and in confidence. In the case of harassment. Note that although tutorial and class teaching for the option papers in Economics is arranged by the Economics Department. as for other tutorial teaching.38 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 losophy Faculty is Dr Hilla Wait. E-mail: hilla. your college tutor. make sure that your tutors know this.ox.melling@politics. It is the policy of the departments/faculty responsible for the teaching of PPE to deal with all complaints from individuals fairly. in a collegiate University. The college tutor will take the matter up with the option tutor and/or the convenor in the first instance. Illness and personal issues If illness. E-mail: andrew. equal opportunities policy. Tel: (2)76927. The Disability Officer for the Department of Politics and International Relations is Mr Andrew Melling. Alternatively. disability and other welfare issues. any complaints should first be taken to the college tutor. Complaints Procedures The University complaints and academic appeals policy is provided in Appendix C. should normally be addressed in the first instance to the Director of Undergraduate Studies for Philosophy or to the Heads of the Departments of Politics and International Relations or of Economics. that even on matters relating exclusively to University teaching and examining. Tel: (2)78727. or the college tutor) who will then take up the issue with the Director of Undergraduate Studies and/or the Head of Department. students can approach the Secretary of the Faculty of Philosophy or the respective Directors of Undergraduate Studies in Politics or Economics. promptly.ac. asking the University to grant you . If the matter is still not satisfactorily resolved.ac. including all centrally-provided lectures and classes. which sets out complaints procedures. and provides further information on disciplinary procedures. Help may involve: excusing you tutorials for a while. If at all possible choose a Fellow of your college in whom to confide . provide an immediate and well-informed source of advice about the best procedure to adopt. The names of all these officers are set out in Appendix D. They have power to investigate directly complaints from any member of the University and to take appropriate measures to provide redress. or other personal issues such as bereavement. Observations or complaints concerning disablement issues should be addressed via college and departmental complaints procedures.ox. and if not satisfied will ask the Director of Undergraduate Studies to take up the issue.uk. or your college’s Senior Tutor and its other officers concerned with welfare. the University’s Proctors provide a special forum for dealing with complaints. Complaints concerning University matters. complaints should be made to the individuals named in the paragraphs above in this section of the Handbook.wait@philosophy. harassment. It is important to remember.uk.otherwise it will be difficult for the college to help. Complaints concerning college matters should in the first instance be referred to your college authorities.
The college officer concerned is the Senior Tutor. or Economics.domestic. may be awarded each year. (6) The Sara Norton Prize. details in the University Gazette. You must deal with your Senior Tutor. Those particularly concerning PPE are as follows. is awarded for the best thesis in History. who will pass the information to your examiners ‘if. candidates must apply by March and submit by May. or permitting you to go out of residence for a number of terms. your college will. on academic criteria which the college decides and applies. is offered for an essay within the field of the political history and institutions of the USA. college doctors have the relevant University forms. value about £600.in relation to finance or other matters.and a term for that purpose means forty-two nights). and a Gibbs Prize. Your college also reports to the Proctors if illness. which can be found on the university website. which may be a PPE thesis. (1) The Henry Wilde Prize. or PPE. No special application is required. value up to £100. (7) The Duns Scotus Prize in Medieval Philosophy. History and Economics. is awarded for a thesis on some subject connected with recent British History. Scholarships. value £150.39 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 dispensation from that term’s residence (to qualify for the BA you must reside and study in Oxford for nine terms . Decrees and Regulations (the ‘blue book’). they are listed in the University’s Statutes. it is likely to assist the examiners in the performance of their duties’. is offered for an outstanding performance in the Philosophy subjects in one of the Final Honour Schools. Give the Senior Tutor as much notice as possible. (2) Gibbs Prizes in Politics are awarded for the best performance in Politics written papers in PPE and for the best Politics thesis in PPE. No applications are needed. (5) The Arnold Historical Essay Prize. Political Science. No applications are needed. Prizes and Grants After your first year you will be eligible for a scholarship or exhibition from your college. in particular. examinations specially invigilated in a special place (usually your college) take a lot of organising. mostly narrow in remit and none specifically for PPE subjects. by the examiners of the Medieval Philosophy paper in any of the Final Honour Schools involving Philosophy. report the fact to the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors. No application is needed. (3) Hicks/Webb Medley Prizes are awarded for the best Economics performance (value £300) and the best Economics thesis (value £150) in one of the Final Honour Schools. and the deadline for getting permission in respect of foreseeable problems such as dyslexia is Second Week of the term of the examination. value about £500. value about £500.or six if you have Senior Status . if appropriate. disability or other factors have prevented you from attending part of a University examination. if there is a candidate of sufficient merit. In the case of illness or disability. If illness or other issues have interfered with preparation for a University examination. or makes it desirable that you should be examined in a special place or at a special time. which you can consult in your college office or a library. you will probably need a medical certificate. never with the examiners. or have affected you during the exam itself. University prizes are listed in a supplement of the University Gazette each year. imperial or foreign . submitted for the Honour School in History. in their opinion. or with some problem of British policy . (4) The Gladstone Memorial Essay Prize. The University administers a number of trust scholarships. value about £500. is offered for an outstanding performance in the philosophy subjects in PPE. with consequent negotiations with your funding body as appropriate. (8) The .
It meets once a term (Week 6 in Michaelmas and Hilary.ox.uk.40 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Elizabeth Anscombe Thesis Prize (value £100) is awarded each year to the best Final Honour Schools Philosophy Thesis across all Final Honour Schools involving Philosophy. The University Hardship Committee also makes grants and loans for the relief of unexpected financial hardship. which must have been unforeseeable at the time of admission.funding@admin. Application forms are available from your college or can be requested from Student Financial Support by emailing student.ac. The Access to Learning Fund is provided by the UK government to assist ‘Home’ undergraduates and postgraduates who are in financial difficulty. and Week 4 in Trinity). . and Thursday of Week 2 in Trinity). Application forms are held in your college office and must be submitted by your college two weeks before the Committee meeting (Thursday of Week 4 in Michaelmas and Hilary. No special application is required.
There are two UK Government funding bodies: the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). and possibly your guests. Proceeding to Further Study If you are considering graduate study. so it is important to research the deadlines for these opportunities and to plan your applications in a timely manner. If you wish to be presented in person.ac. in the Graduate Studies Prospectus at http://www. but they are heavily booked. You may ask your college for up to three tickets entitling guests to attend a degree ceremony. ask to be ‘presented’ to the Vice-Chancellor or the ViceChancellor’s deputy. must be submitted by December or January. and you must apply through it. and you must also make sure that you have.together with or after your BA .html. though many degrees participate in only one or two of the deadlines: you will be able to find a comprehensive list of deadlines.ahrc. either in person or in absentia as you choose.ox. perhaps by loan from your college. especially those overseas. the beginning of your final year is the latest time by which you should research the various degrees on offer and choose the ones that appeal to you. Deadlines are often strictly enforced and the competition for a place on a particular degree may be intensive.ac. and the competition for funding can also be fierce. you may ‘supplicate’ for the degree of Bachelor of Arts.ac. They provide studentships to a small number of UK students (fees and maintenance) and EU students (fees only).uk and at www. as well as information about the application process. and also a BA gown and hood. Your initiatives are likely to fail if they are not completed in good time. mortar board or cap. At that time you might also discuss the options with your tutors. There are three main application deadlines at Oxford. you must apply many months in advance: there are about a dozen ceremonies each year (usually in the Sheldonian). both of which can be costly. The same procedure applies to the degree of MA.uk/admissions/postgraduate_courses/index. at www. including which one supports your chosen discipline. particularly to institutions in the northern hemisphere. Most applications for graduate study. may fall in advance of the application deadline for your chosen degree programme.41 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 6. The Future Taking your Degree Once your name has appeared on the PPE Class List or Pass List. Graduate students must secure their own funding to cover fees and maintenance. Your college presents you. and your college will probably invite you.esrc. Every year a number of PPE finalists apply to continue their studies at Oxford. The closing dates for some fellowships and scholarships.uk. for which you may supplicate . Both research councils now operate a quota system. that is. an undergraduate gown.in or after your twenty-first term from matriculation. to lunch on the day. Dress is sub-fusc. which means that your department selects the successful studentship . You can find out more information about them.
ac.ac. Wednesday and Fridays.ox.00 in weeks 1 to 8 of Michaelmas Term. other sources can also provide funding to graduate students.uk/feesandfunding/ Careers A wide range of careers is available to PPE graduates.humanities.00 on Mondays.ac.uk/prospective_students/graduates/funding Social Sciences Division funding information: www. In addition to Government funding bodies. You are strongly recommended to start thinking carefully about your career plans early in your course. You may find the following links helpful: Humanities Division funding information: www. The Careers Service is located at 56 Banbury Road.00 to 19. while studying and for four years after they leave Oxford.ac.socsci. Tuesdays. The department to which you are applying will consider all students who ask for awards and will contact directly those whom it chooses.00 for the remainder of the year.00 to 17.careers. It is open from 09. Oxford OX2 6PA (Tel: 274646). and on Thursdays from 10. and 10. Their advice is that students should contact them early in the second year to be able to take full advantage of the extensive range of resources available through them.42 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 nominees. . You will need to check the local procedures for AHRC and ESRC studentship applications at the institution to which you intend to apply.ox. If you are applying to continue your studies at Oxford.uk) is at the disposal of all students. The University’s Careers Service (www. you should indicate your wish to be considered for an AHRC studentship on the graduate application form (all students who are eligibre for anESRC studentship are automatically considered).uk/studying_at_oxford/funding Oxford Funding Database: www.00 to 17.ox. and in recent years employers have recruited very actively.ox.
and are encouraged to think critically and write lucidly about the issues discussed. a topic-based introduction to key issues in epistemology and metaphysics. The course has three parts. how to identify the author's arguments and conclusions. the decision may be your tutor's or left partly to your choice. or even if you do not. In any case you are free to attend lectures on all three parts. Politics. and also to understand the relation between the elements of the formal system and the kinds of inference and argument used in ordinary language. and involves some study of a formal system. Students learn how to read and to evaluate philosophical writings. Mill: Utilitarianism. and Economics Introduction to Philosophy The purpose of the course is to introduce you to some central philosophical issues and to help you to acquire some concepts and ways of thinking which will be useful if you continue with the study of Philosophy. primary and secondary qualities. and justice. Moral Philosophy is studied in conjunction with J. In parts I and II (usually taught in tutorials or small groups) students are introduced to central issues in philosophy. with discussions of subjects such as happiness and pleasure. studied in connection with J. induction. the role and foundation of moral principles. I General Philosophy. Your college tuition may cover all three or only two parts. based on a manual by Dr Volker Halbach of New College. In the preliminary examination you are required 'to show adequate knowledge' in at least two of these. studied in connection with a course designed especially for Oxford students. General Philosophy introduces students to key topics in epistemology and metaphysics. Mill’s Utilitarianism and involves the study of an influential but controversial moral theory. . Even if you do not plan to answer questions from the Logic section of the examination paper. perception. Logic (usually taught in college classes) is the study of patterns of valid inference. and III Logic. the relation of mind and body. scepticism. Students are required to do exercises and proofs in a formal system.43 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 APPENDICES APPENDIX A: Outline of papers in PPE The Preliminary Examination in Philosophy. II Moral Philosophy. you are likely to find it useful in further philosophical study to have some familiarity with a formal logical language and the ability to use it to investigate logical relationships and to understand its use by others. including knowledge. S. personal identity and free will. the criterion of right action. S.
pluralist and public choice approaches. France. These lectures introduce students to key approaches to work in all aspects of politics. It also introduces you to the major theoretical frameworks used to explore the distributions and exercise of power in a democratic state. the United Kingdom. especially Rousseau. including Marxist. focuses on the practice of democracy. It asks you to think about the nature and functioning of institutions and rules in a liberal democracy. and includes the mathematical techniques used in Economics. Section (a). many students will not have one or other. Section (b). Germany) and also by the comparative study of a range of countries. or even either. entitled “Analysis of Democratic Institutions”. France. For those who will not carry the study of Economics beyond Prelims it is designed to provide a reasonably complete perspective. at an introductory level. you will be required to answer four questions. The course covers both microeconomics and macroeconomics. the Department provides lectures in research approaches methods in the study of politics in Michaelmas Term. mainly simple algebra and calculus. such as.44 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Introduction to Politics This course introduces students to the empirical and theoretical study of Politics. equipping you with the concepts and tools which will be developed further in the later years of the course. There will be a range of questions sufficiently broad to afford a reasonable choice to candidates who have studied the topics “country by country”. to some of the key concepts of the discipline and to major methods of contemporary analysis. France. and to the role of ideology in interpreting and linking them. to those who have studied them comparatively. While A-level economics and A-level maths will be helpful. It also provides an introduction to the work of some of the major political thinkers who have considered these questions. of microeconomic and macroeconomic issues and how economic analysis tackles them. In addition to these two Sections. liberty and power. entitled “Theorizing the Democratic State” introduces you to some of the main concepts which inform theoretical and empirical discussion of democracy. These questions may be approached both by the close study of four contemporary political systems (the United States of America. the United Kingdom. Tocqueville. In the examination. processes and political outputs. Germany. Introductory Economics This course is compulsory for those taking PPE Prelims. and especially its institutions. Germany. It also identifies some of the core normative issues which arise in democratic politics. This part of the course also encourages you to consider the necessary and sufficient conditions of democratic government and political stability. and to identify the effects they have on the design and implementation of public policies. and those who have done something of each. of which at least one must be drawn from each of the two sections. Mill and Marx. For those who are intending to continue with Economics it provides an introduction to economic analysis. such as the desirability of democracy itself and the legitimate scope of state authority in a democracy. to consider their aims and how well they realise them. and is shared with students taking Prelims in Economics and Management. and History and Economics. . Candidates choosing to answer three questions from section (b) must show knowledge of at least three of the following political systems: the United States of America. the United Kingdom. Candidates choosing to answer two questions from section (b) must show knowledge of at least two of the following political systems: the United States of America.
followed in some cases by a suggested introductory reading. You may only take 199 (Philosophy Thesis) if you are taking at least three other Philosophy subjects. 1.45 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 of these. The microeconomics part of the course covers the functioning of the market economy: the decisions of households. and restrictions on the option papers you can take. 115 Plato: Republic. What follows here is an outline of what the individual papers involve. 102 Knowledge and Reality. Philosophy Formal requirements: Students must take two core subjects: 103 Ethics. and macroeconomic policy. You should always consult your tutor about your choice of options. Kant. and it is these which form the framework within which exam questions on a paper must be set. or 116 Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics. informal descriptions of the subjects. and one of papers 101 History of Philosophy. You may take only one from 106 and 124. But to help your choices. The Final Honour School of Philosophy. you will find that some subjects are named as ‘normal prerequisites’ for the study of others. who employ labour and capital and choose their level of output. The macroeconomics part of the course looks at the determination of national income and employment. and the functioning of markets under competition and monopoly. In your choice of further subjects you should be guided by the Normal Prerequisites (see below). This is a matter you should discuss with your college tutors. the behaviour of firms. inflation. and Economics For your second and third years you may choose to continue with all three subjects or to pursue only two of them. The paper is divided into two sections and you must answer three questions for Part A which requires detailed answers on particular topics and one for Part B where broader essay style questions are set. the web-link to which is in the appendix to this Handbook). or to have undertaken relevant background reading in the History of . Normal Prerequisites (indicated by NP): In what follows. Politics. For instance: 112 The Philosophy of Kant (NP 101) means that those studying 112. noting also the advice in the next paragraph. Bi-partite Politics and Economics students may take any one Philosophy subject (except 199. but should be guided by the Normal Prerequisites (see below). see below brief. There are various requirements to take particular papers. The official syllabuses for subjects may be found in the Grey Book (Examination Regulations. would either normally be expected to have studied 101 (History of Philosophy from Descartes to Kant). the balance of payments and exchange rates. who have wants and budget constraints. and these are listed in detail in Appendix B. You may well find it helpful to look at recent examination papers (available on the departmental websites) to help build up a picture of what is involved in the various papers. or both of 110 and 111. You may not take both of 117 and 118. monetary institutions and the money supply. If you find the examination questions interesting you are more likely to find working on the paper engaging. Thesis in Philosophy).
Woolhouse. Leibniz) and at least one from Section B (Locke. our knowledge is necessarily limited. Spinoza and Leibniz. Spinoza. In considering knowledge you will examine whether it is possible to attain knowledge of what the world is really like. as suggested by their tutor. The Rationalists (both O. Descartes. are even our observational beliefs about the world around us justified? Can we have knowledge of what will happen based on what has happened? Is our understanding of the world necessarily limited to what we can prove to be the case? Or can we understand claims about the remote past or distant future which we cannot in principle prove to be true? In considering reality you will focus on questions such as the following.Cottingham. often astonishing conclusions about the world). Opus series). In cases of doubt students are encouraged to consult their tutors and establish with them. empiricist tradition. according to which the world studied by science is in some sense mind-dependent and mind-constructed. what the best options are. placed the new "corpuscularian" science within grand metaphysical systems which certified our God-given capacity to reason our way to the laws of nature (as well as to many other. In some cases alternatives are given as the prerequisite. Is our knowledge of the world necessarily limited to what we can observe to be the case? Indeed. Does the world really contain the three-dimensional objects and their properties . The examination paper is divided into three sections and students are required to answer at least one question from Section A (Descartes. Knowledge and Reality: The purpose of this subject is to enable you to examine some central questions about the nature of the world and the extent to which we can have knowledge of it. between the 1630s and the 1780s. or to have undertaken relevant preparatory work in one or other of those areas.S. 101. Locke wrote in a different. Reading the primary texts is of great importance. History of Philosophy from Descartes to Kant: The purpose of this subject is to enable you to gain a critical understanding of some of the metaphysical and epistemological ideas of some of the most important philosophers of the early modern period. 102.46 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Philosophy. would normally be expected either to have studied 101 (History of Philosophy) or 102 (Knowledge and Reality). 107 Philosophy of Religion (NP 101 or 102) means that those studying 107. Philosophy of Religion. in their individual circumstances.P. often collectively referred to as "the rationalists". R. since our concepts all ultimately derive from experience. He argued that.which we appear to encounter in everyday life? Or is it made up rather of the some- . The Empiricists J. Hume). Berkeley.U. Berkeley and Hume developed this empiricism in the direction of a kind of idealism. Section C will contain questions on Kant.g. This period saw a great flowering of philosophy in Europe.such as red buses or black horses . as suggested by their tutor. Kant subsequently sought to arbitrate between the rationalists and the empiricists. e. by rooting out some assumptions common to them and trying thereby to salvage and to reconcile some of their apparently irreconcilable insights. students taking paper 112 may not attempt questions from this section.
47 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 what different entities studied by science. if your answers are well-crafted and relevant to the specific question set. chs. and action. will be encouraged. What is distinctive about the field is its focus . perception. Metaphysics (Routledge) 103. Philosophy of Science and Social Science (NP 101 or 102): The purpose of this subject is to enable you to study topics in the philosophy of science in general. belief. Philosophy of Mind (NP 101 or 102): The purpose of this subject is to enable you to examine a variety of questions about the nature of persons and their psychological states. 1-3. 104. including such general questions as: what is the relation between persons and their minds? Could robots or automata be persons? What is the relation between our minds and our brains? If we understood everything about the brain. truth and definition. philosophers and non-philosophers alike. which are widely used in moral and political argument. John Mackie. Aristotle and Hume and Kant. Jonathan Dancy. Loux.g. Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology (Oxford). and topics in the philosophy of social science in particular. and happiness. Are the two accounts compatible? Should one be regarded as better than the other? Should our common sense understanding of the mind be jettisoned in favour of the scientific picture? Or does the latter leave out something essential to a proper understanding of ourselves and others? Other more specific questions concern memory. Michael J. chs. this is unlikely to be a problem. 1-2. rights. emotion. Ethics (Penguin). 1-3. such as colourless atoms or four-dimensional space-time worms? What is the relation between the common sense picture of the world and that provided by contemporary science? Is it correct to think of the objects and their properties that make up the world as being what they are independently of our preferred ways of dividing up reality? These issues are discussed with reference to a variety of specific questions such as 'What is time?'. and 'What are substances?' There is an opportunity in this subject to study such topics as reference. 'What is the nature of causation?'. However. In the broadest sense the philosophy of science is concerned with the theory of knowledge and with associated questions in metaphysics. equality. e. There is also opportunity to discuss some applied ethical issues. Matter and Consciousness (Cambridge) chs. 106. would we understand everything about consciousness and rational thought? If not. such as those of justice. virtue. Ethics: The purpose of this subject is to enable you to come to grips with some questions which exercise many people. but candidates taking 102 and 108 should avoid repetition of material across examinations. or have our decisions already been determined by antecedent features of our environment and genetic endowment? In considering these issues you will examine a variety of ethical concepts. but not required in the examination. and how best to lead our lives? Are our value judgments on these and other matters objective or do they merely reflect our subjective preferences and viewpoints? Are we in fact free to make these choices. Knowledge of major historical thinkers. why not? Several of these issues focus on the relation between our common sense understanding of ourselves and others. and the view of the mind developed in scientific psychology and neuroscience. How should we decide what is best to do. thought. Paul Churchland.
An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Oxford University Press) 108. even though most of us believe that we know what we are doing and why. This branch of philosophy is therefore concerned with distinctive traits of science: testability. causation. Among the major philosophers whose contributions to the philosophy of religion you will need to study are Aquinas. value-neutrality. or unemployment. and the argument from people's religious experiences. Alexander Rosenberg. or choose to do evil? Does it make sense to say that God is outside time? You will have the opportunity to study arguments for the existence of God .for example. in particular whether economics provides a model for other social science. What. God is said to be omnipresent. There may also be an optional question in the exam paper about some specifically Christian doctrine . can or needs to be provided for them? The paper is concerned primarily with the claims of Western religions (Christianity. against the existence of God. So philosophers of social science have asked whether human action is to be explained causally or non-causally. But what does it mean to say that God has these properties. some critics have asked whether a technological view of 'social control' does not threaten democratic politics as usually understood. and the nature of scientific theories. whether we can only explain behaviour that is in some sense rational . Judaism and Islam). whether there could be life after death.does it make sense to say that the life and death of Jesus atoned for the sins of the world. and are they consistent with each other? Could God change the past. Other issues are whether the fact of pain and suffering counts strongly. divorce. a source of moral obligation and so on. Reason and Religious Belief. necessity. Whether economics. that there is a God. objectivity. and less explicable than that of inanimate nature and non-human animals. and with the central claim of those religions. omnipotent. probability. Peterson and other authors. Philosophy of Social Science (Westview). and what philosophical problems are raised by the existence of different religions. realism and idealism .and if so.prompted by such a focus. perfectly good. and the metaphysical questions . whether it could be shown that prayer "works". M. but no government can reliably control crime. The Philosophy of Social Science (Cambridge). Hume and Kant. what that sense is. Finally. the role of ideology. Human behaviour often seems less predictable. the teleological argument from the fact that the Universe is governed by scientific laws. The technology spawned by the physical sciences is more impressive than that based on the social sciences: bridges do not collapse and aeroplanes do not fall from the sky.concerning space. whether there could be evidence for miracles. sociology. Philosophy of Religion (NP 101 or 102): The purpose of this subject is to enable you to examine claims about the existence of God and God's relationship to the world. or make its citizens happy at will. and the relationship between the particular social sciences. omniscient. 107. Other central issues include social relativism.48 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 on "scientific" knowledge. scientific explanation. whether predictions are self-refuting. if any. The Philosophy of Logic and Language (NP Prelims/Mods Logic): The purpose of this subject is to enable you to examine some fundamental questions relating to reasoning and . and political science are "really" sciences is a question that lay people as well as philosophers have often asked. or even conclusively. possibility. is meant by them? Could they be true? What justification. time. and could one know this? There is abundant scope for deploying all the knowledge and techniques which you have acquired in other areas of philosophy. if anything. Martin Hollis.
pieces of music and poems have enough in common with one another. are addressed directly.49 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 language. which will cover the following topics: arguments for the existence of God.or short-term effects on our minds or characters? If not. and others. Summa Theologica. makes it true that nothing can be at the same time both green and not green all over? Is that necessity the result of our conventions or stipulations. Medieval Philosophy: Aquinas: The purpose of this subject is to introduce you to many of Aquinas’s central ideas and arguments on a wide variety of theological and philosophical topics. If you want to know the answer to the question 'What is truth?’ this is a subject for you. the . Ia. Candidates are encouraged to carefully read and analyse Aquinas’s texts and to focus on the philosophical questions they raise. These are studied in translation rather than in the Latin original. Grayling (Oxford). and only art. Candidates taking 102 as well as 108 should avoid repetition of material across examinations. God and time. For example. 1920): Aquinas. The philosophy of logic is not itself a symbolic or mathematical subject. Mark Sainsbury. For example. or what? Does the value of a work of art depend only upon its long. including Plato's Republic. Hume's essay ‘Of the Standard of Taste’ and Kant's Critique of Aesthetic Judgement. pronouns. 2-11. 'Philosophical Logic'. Malcolm Budd. descriptions. do we enjoy sights and sounds because they are beautiful. how should we define it and what psychological capacities does it presuppose? Is a work of art a physical object. or are they beautiful because we enjoy them? Does the enjoyment of beauty involve a particular sort of experience. or the reflection of how things have to be independently of us? Philosophy of language is closely related. true? How do parts of our language refer to objects in the world? What is involved in understanding speech (or the written word)? You may also investigate more specific issues concerning the correct analysis of particular linguistic expressions such as names. What. The subject will be studied in one of two sets of texts (The fathers of the English Dominican Province edition. what sorts of reasons can we give for admiring a work of art? Do reasons for admiring paintings. Central also are questions about the status of basic logical laws and the nature of logical necessity. Aristotle's Poetics. It covers the very general question how language can describe reality at all: what makes our sentences meaningful and. Aesthetics (NP 101 or 102 or 103 or 104 or 115): The purpose of this subject is to enable you to study a number of questions about the nature and value of beauty and of the arts. 109. this is unlikely to be a problem. Values of Art (Penguin) 110. an abstract object. on occasion. edited by A. in Philosophy. a Guide through the Subject. C. to support the idea that there is a distinctive sort of value which good art of every sort. 75-89. though a glance at Aquinas's remarkably readable Latin can often be useful. rev. and little enough in common with reasons for admiring other kinds of things. and if so. and aspects of linguistics and grammatical theory. God’s essence and existence. if anything. if your answers are wellcrafted and relevant to the specific question set. God and goodness. possesses? As well as general questions such as these ones. and also by examining classic texts. what is the difference between a picture and a description in words? Can fiction embody truths about its subject-matter? How does music express emotions? All of these questions. However. but examines concepts of interest to the logician. or adverbs. 1911. the subject also addresses questions raised by particular art forms.
Cross. 1. As to Ockham. voluntary action. tr. Nicomachean Ethics is a good background for this option.C. Ockham: Philosophical Writings. tr. The purpose of this subject is to make you familiar with some fundamental aspects of their theological and philosophical thought. pp. This subject may not be combined with subject 111. tr. combines in the . Aquinas. perception and knowledge. F. Aquinas. and the reply to scepticism. the existence of God. Wolter (Hackett). As to Scotus. Texts: Scotus: Philosophical Writings. Davies. These are studied in translation rather than in the Latin original. 13-95 (man’s natural knowledge of God. Anthony Kenny. 97-126 (the possibility of natural theology. Ia IIae 1-10. Aristotle. the theory of intellectual knowledge of singulars and the question of whether we can have evidence about contingent properties of singulars. together with Aquinas. natural and universal law. the nature of efficient causality and the problem of whether we can prove the existence of a first efficient cause.50 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 soul in relation to the body. Boehner (Hackett). William Ockham. though a glance at the Latin can often be useful. M. Five texts on the Mediaeval Problem of Universals. Summa Theologica. the unicity of God). pp. vol. R. Spade (Hackett). 111. human law. This subject may not be combined with subject 110 112. Paper 116. He published the Critique of Pure Reason in 1781. without question. pp. the will. perhaps uniquely. 18-27 (intuitive and abstractive cognition). McCord Adams. the most influential work of modern philosophy. the theory of the existence of concepts common to God and creatures (the univocity theory of religious language). pp.U.) This paper will include an optional question containing passages for comment. individuation). the most significant and influential thinkers of the Middle Ages. which will cover the following topics: natural and supernatural happiness. B. 90-97. some issues in logic and especially the theory of “supposition” and its application in the debate about universals. they include nominalism about universals and the refutation of realism (including the realism of Duns Scotus). these include the proof of the existence and of the unicity of God (the most sophisticated one in the Middle Ages) and the issues about causality that it raises.P. Medieval Philosophy: Duns Scotus and Ockham (NP 101 or 108): Duns Scotus and Ockham are. Immanuel Kant lived from 1724 to 1804. and the Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals in 1785. Copleston. Candidates are encouraged to carefully read and analyse Scotus’s and Ockham’s texts and to focus on the philosophical questions they raise. chapters II-IV. 57-113 (universals. individual intellects. Duns Scotus. the existence of God). Five texts on the Mediaeval Problem of Universals. Spade (Hackett). The Thought of Thomas Aquinas (O. It is a difficult but enormously rewarding work. This is largely because Kant. 114-231 (universals). The 'Critique' is his greatest work and. the soul and knowledge. the discussion about the immateriality and the immortality of the human soul. Aquinas. pp. tr. The Philosophy of Kant (NP 101): The purpose of this paper is to enable you to make a critical study of some of the ideas of one of the greatest of all philosophers. free will.
Roger Scruton. To act in a way that is purely rational is to act in accordance with the famous ‘categorical imperative’. trans. H. in aesthetics. Nietzsche's writings less obviously constitute a ‘system’. metaphysical systems out of which each develops his own distinctive vision of ethical and (especially in the case of Hegel) political life. Norman Kemp Smith (Macmillan). In the ‘Groundwork’ Kant develops his very distinctive and highly influential moral philosophy. Kant's approach. Kant thinks that his Copernican revolution also enables him to reconcile traditional Christian morality and modern science. is the inevitable result of the empiricist criticism of metaphysics. rigour and tenacity with the bolder quality of philosophical imagination. political theory and the philosophy of mind. Husserl. Instead of looking at human knowledge by starting from what is known. which Kant expresses as follows: ‘Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law’. Post-Kantian Philosophy (NP 101 or 102 or 103 or 112): Many of the questions raised by German and French philosophers of the 19th and early 20th centuries were thought to arise directly out of Kant's metaphysics.U. Paton (Hutchinson). He argues that morality is grounded in reason. and in the other case. bad faith. art and freedom. Husserl will interest those pupils attracted to problems in ontology and epistemology such as feature in the Cartesian tradition. cognition and feeling. Sartre and Merleau-Ponty.51 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 highest measure the cautious qualities of care. Kant. In Heidegger and Sartre. trans. the purpose of which is to enable you to explore some of the developments of (and departures from) Kantian themes in the work of Hegel. that the world should be governed by inexorable mechanical laws). Heidegger. . in the face of their apparently irreconcilable demands (in the one case. the philosophical method later developed and refined by Heidegger. but they too develop certain ethical and existential implications of our epistemological and metaphysical commitments.P. Students typically focus their study on only two chosen authors. he claims in a famous metaphor. While this is very much a text-based paper. Schopenhauer. Hegel and Schopenhauer delineate global. MerleauPonty (who trained as a psychologist) presents a novel and important account of the genesis of perception. and relates these to themes in aesthetics and political philosophy. amounts to a "Copernican revolution" in philosophy. Sartre and Merleau-Ponty. 113. Robert C. epistemology and ethics: Hence the title of this subject. that we should be free agents. social understanding. his work also serves to introduce one to phenomenology. Solomon. many of the questions addressed are directly relevant to contemporary treatments of problems in epistemology and metaphysics.).J. that method is brought to bear on such fundamental aspects of human existence as authenticity. What we ought to do is what we would do if we acted in a way that was purely rational. we should start from ourselves as knowing subjects and ask how the world must be for us to have the kind of knowledge and experience that we have. Kant believes. Nietzsche. Its concern is to give an account of human knowledge that will steer a path between the dogmatism of traditional metaphysics and the scepticism that. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Continental Philosophy since 1750: The Rise and Fall of the Self (O. Critique of Pure Reason.
including the famous simile of the Cave. In studying it you will encounter a work of philosophy of unusual literary merit. and when should we disobey. philosophy of mind and aesthetics. one in which philosophy is presented through debates. Aristotle is concerned with the question. These questions prompt discussions of the ideal city . the nature of moral knowledge. responsibility.P. conservatism and socialism. Like Plato in the Republic. we also need to know which views of politics and society people have when they make political decisions. 116. This purpose of this subject is to enable you to look at the main ideas we use when we think about politics: why do we have competing views of social justice and what makes a particular view persuasive. weakness of will. Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction (O. Much of what Aristotle has to say on these is ground-breaking. Theory of Politics (NP 103): In order to understand the world of politics. 1. what is the best possible sort of life? Whereas this leads Plato to pose grand questions in metaphysics and political theory. metaphysics. political theory. the examination contains a question requiring comments on chosen passages (see appendix G). such as liberalism. in order to understand their main arguments and why each of them will direct us to different political solutions and arrangements. highly perceptive. of the nature of knowledge. pleasure. revised Reeve (Hackett). you will explore the main ideologies. trans. You are expected to study the work in detail. Nicomachean Ethics: The purpose of this subject is to give you the opportunity to make a critical study of one of the most important works in the history of philosophy. Written as a dialogue between Socrates and others including the outspoken immoralist Thrasymachus. Republic: Plato’s influence on the history of philosophy is enormous. which is perhaps his most important and most influential work. as well as rigorous argument. the examination contains a question requiring comments on chosen passages (see appendix G). Plato. of education and art. Will Kymlicka. it is primarily concerned with questions of the nature of justice and of what is the best kind of life to lead. friendship. as well as a choice of essay questions. possibly even right? What happens when a concept such as freedom has different meanings. Set translation: Plato: Republic. Julia Annas. and other related issues. it leads Aristotle to offer close analyses of the structure of human action. the virtues. The purpose of this subject is to enable you to make a critical study of the Republic. You are expected to study the work in detail. Introduction and ch.U. Aristotle.52 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 114. so that those who argue that we must maximise freedom of choice are confronted with those who claim that some choices will actually restrict your freedom? Is power desirable or harmful? Would feminists or nationalists give a different answer to that question? Political theory is concerned with developing good responses to problems such as: when should we obey. Grube.which Karl Popper criticised as totalitarian -. . and you will encounter some of Plato’s important contributions to ethics. through analogies and images. the Theory of Forms and the immortality of the soul. the state? But it is also concerned with mapping the ways in which we approach questions such as: how does one argue in favour of human rights? In addition. An Introduction to Plato's Republic. as well as a choice of essay questions. and still of importance in contemporary debate in ethics and moral psychology. and why we recommend certain courses of action rather than others.) 115.
equally important. Marie McGinn: Wittgenstein and the Philosophical Investigations (Routledge. but they are elegant and full of challenging ideas. 1997. the theory of descriptions). The texts are dense and sophisticated.H. In the philosophy of mind. Aristotle the Philosopher. There is much critical discussion about the relation between those aspects of Wittgenstein's work. O. and for feedback . which tries to show that words for sensations cannot get their meanings by being attached to purely internal. The main texts are Wittgenstein’s posthumously-published Philosophical Investigations and The Blue and Brown Books. These writings are famous not just for their content but also for their distinctive style and conception of philosophy. Blue Book pp. ch. Ackrill. Only in highly exceptional circumstances would it be appropriate to do this subject without first having done Prelims/Mods logic. J. Urmson. and Wittgenstein (NP Prelims/Mods Logic): The purpose of this subject is to enable you to study some classic texts from which emerged modern logic and philosophy of language. introspective. is there any standard of correctness other than the agreement of our fellows? Other topics include: whether language is systematic. Saul Kripke: Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language (Blackwell). Wittgenstein covers a great range of issues. Anthony Kenny. The Later Philosophy of Wittgenstein (NP 101 or 102 or 108 or 117): The purpose of this subject is to enable you to study some of the most influential ideas of the 20th century. Irwin (Hackett) second edition. Russell continued this programme. can we (as Wittgenstein thought) avoid Cartesianism without lapsing into behaviourism? The texts: try Philosophical Investigations paras 1-80. L. PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Set translation: Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics translated and with notes by T. 117. Wittgenstein's Tractatus outlined an ambitious project for giving a logical account of truths of logic (as tautologies). what makes it the case that a particular move at this stage is the correct way of applying the rule. one key topic is the nature of rules and rulefollowing.53 J. principally in philosophy of language and philosophy of mind. of introspection and of visual experience. Formal Logic (NP Prelims/Mods Logic): This subject is precisely what its name suggests. In philosophy of language. What is involved in grasping a rule. in the Routledge Philosophy Guidebooks series) 119. topics include the nature of the self. what I have to do to apply the rule correctly? Indeed. Most generally. Frege (Penguin) and Wittgenstein (Penguin). and the intentionality (the representative quality) of mental states. Russell. ‘private objects’. Philosophical Analysis. whether concepts can be illuminatingly analysed. Other. Frege. an extension of the symbolic logic covered in the Prelims/Mods logic course. and previous work in philosophical logic would be advantageous. adding some refinements (the theory of types. the relation between linguistic meaning and non-linguistic activities. Wittgenstein is especially famous for the socalled ‘private language argument’. indeed without first having done it very well. and he applied logic to many traditional problems in epistemology. and how can I tell. 10. 118. in a new case. 1-17. Frege invented and explained the logic of multiple generality (quantification theory) and applied this apparatus to the analysis of arithmetic. Ability to understand logical symbolism is important.
truth – as they arise across the board in the special sciences. Only those with a substantial knowledge of physics should offer this subject. They connect also with metaphysics. and will be required to answer three questions in all. and metaphysics. 3rd edn. Stephen F. which includes the rudimentary arithmetic of infinite numbers. and connect in turn with decision theory and the foundations of probability. Philosophy of Mathematics (Prentice-Hall). But granted these caveats. as a test or as an exemplar of their overall position. If you lose your way in it. Questions of method include questions of the theory-observation distinction. ontology. testability. necessity. Its purpose is to introduce you to some of the deepest and most beautiful results in logic. concerning objects of a special kind? If so.54 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 about this. Jeffrey. fictionalism. structuralism. the under-determination of theory by data. theory confirmation. They are at once questions about scientific rationality. They also include theory-change. whether inter-theoretic reduction. how do we explain the seeming difference between proving a theorem in mathematics and establishing something about the physical world? The purpose of this subject is to enable you to examine questions such as these. Candidates will be permitted to select questions from any of the three sections. it will be helpful to have studied mathematics at A-level. what is the nature of those objects and how do we come to know anything about them? If not. While no specific knowledge of mathematics is required for study of this subject. are all critiques of realism. Aristotle.) 120. Intermediate Philosophy of Physics: The purpose of this subject is to enable you to come to grips with conceptual problems in special relativity and quantum mechanics. even for those who have Mathematics A. Propositional and Predicate Logic. induction. philosophy of mathematics. and Metamathematics. such as Gödel's theorem. including Plato. Philosophy of Science (NP 101 or 102): Philosophy of science is applied epistemology and applied metaphysics. and scientific explanation. George S. 122. is the most closely related to the material covered in the Prelims/Mods course. Computability and Logic (Cambridge. not just in physics. The other two sections are: Set Theory. It is theory of scientific knowledge and scientific method. Understanding the nature of mathematics has been important to many philosophers. 124. Philosophy of Mathematics (NP 101 or 102 or 108 or 117 or 119 or 120): What is the relation of mathematical knowledge to other kinds of knowledge? Is it of a special kind. or revolutionary change.Level. unification. particularly realism: theory-change. There are three sections. . Boolos and Richard C. functionalism. and Kant. it would be advisable to consult your Prelims/Mods logic tutor. naturalism. Barker. many of which have fascinating implications for other areas of philosophy. which is normally available only to candidates reading Physics and Philosophy. which includes some computability theory and various results concerning the limitations of formalization. Formal Logic is an extremely demanding and rigorous subject. scepticism. there is liable to be no way of avoiding disaster. causation. The first. and has also played a role in the development of mathematics at certain points. the subject is a delight to those who enjoy formal work and who are good at it. It deals with metaphysical questions – about space. and to have done Logic in Prelims/ Mods. time. or similar. including elements in philosophy of language.
of grammar). attention and neglect. Philosophy of Science in the Twentieth Century (Blackwells) James Ladyman.55 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 The subject also includes the study of major historical schools in philosophy of science. Philosophy of Cognitive Science (NP 102 or 104): This paper covers some of key questions about the nature of the mind dealt with by a variety of cognitive scientific disciplines: experimental psychology. ventral visual systems). behaviourism. The core topics are: • • • • • Levels of description and explanation (e. implicit processing (e. functional vs. delusions.g. evolutionary psychology and massive modularity. brain) Cognitive architecture. dorsal vs. imagery. innateness (e. unity of consciousness. concept nativism). mind vs. notably constructive empiricism and structural realism. language processing and knowledge of language. as long as you enjoy reading about scientific discoveries about the mind and brain. non-verbal and direct measures. It will also introduce you to a range of theoretical issues generated by current research in the behavioural and brain sciences. concepts. linguistics or computation. cognitive neuropsychology. Don Gillies. In fact. But you do not need to be studying a scientific subject to take this paper. neural and computational correlates of consciousness. that dominated the second and third quarters of the last century. neuroscience. prosopagnosia).g.g. personal vs. and the problem of distinguishing phenomenal and access consciousness empirically The lectures will also cover philosophical issues raised by some areas of cutting-edge research. Understanding Philosophy of Science (Routledge) 125. blindsight. linguistics and computational modelling of the mind. Studying this paper will provide insight into the ways that contemporary scientific advances have improved our understanding of aspects of the mind that have long been the focus of philosophical reflection. perception and action (e. the computational theory of mind and language of thought. dual-process theories.g. the cognitive revolution). homuncular functionalism Conceptual foundations of information processing: rules and algorithms. cognitive neuroscience. connectionist alternatives The scientific study of consciousness. some of the most important current schools in philosophy of science are broadly continuous with it. such as: agency and its phenomenology. tacit knowledge (e. The most important of these is logical positivism (later logical empiricism). competence vs.g. mechanistic. subpersonal. dynamical systems. the paper is a crucial bridge to philosophy. For those studying psychology. including the role of subjects’ reports. Lectures may also cover some historical background (e. theory of mind / mindreading. performance Nature and format of representations: representationalism vs. spatial representation. modularity. The syllabus for this subject contains that for Part A of 105 and 106. forward models and predictive coding. embodied and embedded cognition. .g.
ac. see Economics entry 321 below) 150.politics. The subject can be taken either as one of the PPE candidate’s (three to five) Philosophy papers. Clark. A.P. and from the Courses Manager. You should choose your core subjects with care. 198. For those doing so it would be useful to have begun work on one or both of those papers first. The choice of two from five core subjects is deliberately permissive. Mindware: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Cognitive Science (Oxford. 126. Tutorial provision will be subject to the availability of Law tutors and will be organised on the normal college basis. Special subjects: As specified in the regulations for Philosophy in All Honour Schools including Philosophy in the Grey Book.. and PPE students will normally be included in tutorial groups of 2 or 3 with Law students. you acquire the basic tools of political analysis.56 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 The paper will be of great interest to philosophers without a scientific background who want to understand the benefits and limitations of bringing scientific data to bear on deep issues in the philosophy of mind. Smith (eds. tutorials will be given at the same time as they are normally given to Law students (in either Hilary or Trinity terms). Thesis: As specified in the regulations for Philosophy in All Honour Schools including Philosophy in the Grey Book. Recommended pathways: Although there are no absolute prerequisites.ox. The Philosophy and Economics of the Environment: (Can also be taken as an Economics subject.e. or as the one Philosophy subject which Politics/Economics students can elect to take.U.) The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy (Oxford: O. but . in F. 2. Jurisprudence: This paper. in the Undergraduate Section. and reading lists are available on the Politics website (www. under ‘Reading Lists’. 2005). including course outlines. ‘An approach to philosophy of cognitive science’. Politics These notes give an introduction to the various Politics subjects.. rubrics. 199. may be taken by PPE FHS students as a subject in Philosophy. Manor Road Building. Jackson & M. Further details. it would be beneficial to study FHS 102 Knowledge and Reality and/or FHS 104 Philosophy of Mind in conjunction with this paper. In the first year. (2001). with either subject 114 or 203). Oxford. An expanded version is available online at the Philosophy Faculty Weblearn site. Candidates offering the Jurisprudence subject are prohibited from combining it with Theory of Politics (i. from the Final Honour School of Jurisprudence. Background reading Martin Davies.uk). Department of Politics and International Relations. OUP).
already to have taken a related core subject. In the first year. students should note that the range of knowledge covered makes the lectures even more vital than they might be for some courses. For a number of options. While the main instruction is via the usual mixture of lectures and tutorials. A. it is helpful. and you are strongly advised to consult your college tutor and optionpaper tutors before selecting any optional subject. In a joint honours degree. In Comparative Government.57 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 the discipline of Politics consists of several distinct schools of analysis. political parties.socio-cultural and behavioural approaches. Core subjects: 201. British Politics and Government Since 1900: This course consists of the close study of political developments in Britain since 1900 and the major academic debates surrounding . electoral systems. where you might otherwise lack sufficient background. the approach is explicitly comparative. none of which is selfevidently more fundamental than the others. Your choice of core subjects will however have a bearing on your subsequent work in Politics. Thus the study of political systems in particular areas or countries is based on issues that are raised in Comparative Government and Political Sociology. as to a lesser degree. It prefers to leave final decisions on the appropriateness of particular choices to the individual. and students are therefore expected to treat it as a commitment running right through the academic year. and to leave open the possibility. The course also involves two compulsory Department run classes to assist students in dealing with some of the broader comparative and theoretical themes. the focus is on single-country analysis of broad themes in the recent historical development of specific countries. constitutional courts. and to develop analytical skills. the two optional subjects in International Relations follow most naturally from the core paper. the various 'institutional' schools. several subjects in the area of political theory are most readily tackled with the background provided by Theory of Politics. Through reference to the distinct methodological approach used by different scholars in studying these phenomena . Comparative Government: This course is a comparative study of the main political institutions through which contemporary societies are governed. and party systems. do those in Sociology from the core paper in Political Sociology. The course builds on the countrybased institutional knowledge introduced in the first-year course (Introduction to Politics). that you attend additional lectures or follow a course of directed vacation reading covering important material from the relevant core subject. in conjunction with college tutors.students acquire an understanding of the utility and limits of these individual schools of analysis. legislatures. The course also considers some of the main political processes that affect governance and regime stability. The core papers are each designed to enhance your ability to conceptualise. processes of regime transition and democratisation. and in this way also prepares them for the more specialised study of specific regions or single countries that follow as options later in the PPE syllabus. and patterns of policy-making. to require you to take papers covering all approaches would leave no space for choice and specialisation. and rational-choice analysis . The lecture course has been increased to twenty lectures. such as styles of leadership. The Department sets no ‘normal prerequisites’ (papers you should normally have studied before studying others) similar to those in Philosophy. These include constitutional frameworks. to compare. executives. 202. though not essential. bureaucracies. systems of devolved power. It provides students with an understanding of key concepts and tools of empirical political analysis.
These concepts underpin the study of politics in general and are therefore crucial to enhancing the awareness of the relation between political thought and action. The course is devised so as to develop a manifold range of skills necessary for constructing critical arguments in political theory. the domestic impact of foreign policies such as appeasement. the course provides the basis for specialization in political theory. Students are also invited. Both substantive arguments and methodological issues are consequently aired. though they are also enabled. These include techniques and methods as diverse as archivally-based historical analysis. The literature to which they are directed is therefore diverse. and for appreciating the main current and recent debates that command attention in the field. Theory of Politics: The course is designed to acquaint students with the political concepts central to the theoretical. Students are also directed towards discursive ideologies displaying complex conceptual arrangements such as liberalism or socialism. based on different scholarly traditions. The study of concepts such as liberty. and the merits of each type may be assessed and contrasted. for analysing the complexities of the usage of political language. to choose a specific strategy from among these approaches. which encourages students to explore problems of evidence and interpretation. in consultation with their tutors. justice. for the same events. the changing party system under mass democracy. for working with problems of consistency and justification. the development of the institutions and procedures of modern government. Students are therefore encouraged to explore different ways of approaching these issues. and to permit comparisons and contrasts to be drawn between the situations of political actors at different times.58 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 them. encompassing classical texts. To those ends philosophical. decolonisation and European integration. and efforts to transform the system such as tariff reform. It allows students to study a single political system in depth. to balance a broad appreciation of the field with a development of their own interests within the wide choice of available concepts and ideologies. significant journal articles. to make reasoned assessments of political discourse. or by building on other related introductory lectures and subjects. and to develop their own arguments at a requisite degree of sophistication. as well as tools that other specializations may draw upon. normative and interpretative analysis of politics. the challenges and failures of political extremism. over a period long enough both to make visible long-run processes of social. for understanding the principal forms through which political thought presents itself. and to consider a range of explanations. 203. and typical examples of ideological debate. It will enable students to reflect on the principles underlying politics. economic and political change. concentrating on the period since . political biography and political science modelling. social democracy and Thatcherism. both as theory and as ideology. By extending the initial understanding of political thought gained by students in the first year introduction to politics. if they so wish. seminal philosophers and theorists. 214. It is also a period with an extraordinarily rich and rewarding academic literature. authority or power provides the foundation for understanding the nature of political thought. the challenges posed to modern governments by relative economic decline. Among the topics covered are the decline of the Liberal Party and the rise of the Labour Party. ideological and historical analyses are all appropriate. the political effects of the two world wars and the widening franchise. International Relations: The aim of this core subject is to introduce PPE students to the academic study of International Relations and to develop a broad knowledge and understanding of the major issues in international relations.
parties and interest groups.ac. It provides candidates with both an awareness of the most significant debates in the academic literature and of different methodological approaches to the subject and a thorough understanding of the issues and controversies surrounding the operation of British government. and problems that arise from national self-determination and attempts to promote human rights). political culture theory. The subject seeks to strike a balance between empirical knowledge and theoretical understanding. Political Sociology: The course builds on some of the concepts. an understanding of the main methods of data collection and analysis. Further subjects: NB. interest groups including unions. the international impact of civil wars and humanitarian disasters. theories and knowledge introduced in the Politics Prelims syllabus . The interaction of these political institutions . and the historical and comparative perspective as such. and an appreciation of the role of models and theories in sociological knowledge. Thus by the end of the course students should have an understanding of recent sociological explanations of political processes and events. of the devolution of power to regions of the UK. economy. In this Final Honour School subject students will study in more detail the major theoretical approaches to social class. 204. the role of the United Nations and of alliances such as NATO. political parties and voting behaviour. This knowledge of the principal theories and concepts is intended to tie in closely with work for the Further Subjects in International Relations (International Relations in the Era of the Cold War [subject 213] and International Relations in the Era of the Two World Wars [subject 212]. and the study of the interaction of political ideas such as democracy with political processes. nationality. To aid students in attaining a comprehensive grasp of the field of study. race and ethnicity. This involves the study of the UK electoral system. and of the political influence of the media and pressure groups. rational choice theory. 220. (https://weblearn. a grasp of the competing approaches in the field.uk/portal/hierarchy/socsci/politics/ teaching/redesign_und) It is updated by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in Hilary Term. social structure. B. Modern British Government and Politics: The course aims to provide a specialist knowledge of contemporary British government and politics. The Politics WebLearn site contains a guide to Politics options.ox. Those taking the subject will have the opportunity to study some of the major questions in contemporary international relations (e. religion. But they will also develop a broad knowledge of the most important analytical and theoretical tools that are needed to make sense of these questions. and political processes and institutions. states.59 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 1990. legislature. The theoretical approaches will be critically assessed in the light of empirical evidence from a range of countries. parties. they will have the opportunity to look at ‘approaches’ such as structuralism. the development of European integration. gender. and the interrelationships between culture. gives details of when and how each is taught. the impact on international relations of globalization and of democratization. as well as studying the application of these to the specific topics mentioned. of the powers of Parliament and local government.g.notably the study of electorates. and also put in the context of the philosophically rigorous analysis of power and change. movements and single issue campaigns. judiciary and civil service. of the organisation and political activities of the executive.
On completion of the course candidates will be familiar with the detailed workings of British governmental institutions. electoral processes. interest groups. the presidency. 206. It aims to provide candidates with the ability to retrieve and analyse official information and other primary documents and to place them in historical and political context. and of comparative issues in European politics. political economy and party politics. Politics in Europe: This paper is a comparative study of the national party and institutional systems of Europe. including parliamentary papers and government reports. processes of policy formation and implementation. the federal courts. class and ethnicity. They will also be expected to read material on other countries relevant to the study of specific themes and topics dealt with in tutorials and in a weekly class. 208. to situate them in their social and economic context. labour and unions. institutional relations. The course includes the examination of a wide range of primary documents. It covers the constitution. with decision-making processes in government and the evolution of strategies for managing the public sector. gender. agricultural policy. and an understanding of the politics of countries of the former Soviet Union with respect to their formation. and of selected areas of public policy.60 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 with the European Union is also studied. party systems. Politics in Russia and the Former Soviet Union: Candidates will be required to show knowledge of the transformation of the Soviet system from 1985. political culture. and with the political dynamics of the system. federalism and separation of powers. Current and recent proposals for reforming the constitution are a particular focus of attention. corruption. and thus to contribute more fully to tutorials and classes held in other subjects in Politics. and to examine the political conditions and consequences of economic policies. including democratisation. congress. 205. political economy. of the United States’ political institutions. to refine the skill of thinking rigorously and critically for themselves. economic policy. parties and the party system. mass media. and may where appropriate include reference to the UK in answers. race. Candidates are expected to show a broad knowledge of European politics. Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa: This course will enable students to acquire a knowledge and understanding of the recent history and contemporary politics of particular African countries. regime types. especially as related to urban policy. It enables students to use data drawn from the large resources available (inter alia) in the Harmsworth Library (in the Rothermere American Institute) and the Law Library to form their own interpretations of governmental processes. These should include one or both of South Africa and Nigeria. post-Soviet transitions. to analyse their political processes and institutions. . and the influence of external factors. 207. Government and Politics of the United States: This subject seeks to provide students with a basic understanding of American exceptionalism. These include the politics of democratization. but should not answer any questions mainly or exclusively with reference to the UK. Students will be expected to study the politics of at least three African countries in some detail. the federal bureaucracy. and particularly of issues common to Africa and other regions they may be studying. and civil rights. state and local politics. and a good knowledge and understanding of the scholarly literature in the field. The course will allow students to extend their understanding of comparative politics. institutional arrangements. electoral politics. ethnic and clan composition. structural adjustment.
to the nature of the governing elites. class. based on empirical knowledge and informed by a critical awareness of the scholarly literature on the subject. Peru. The subject will focus on the politics of a number of major countries. 209. The course gives attention to social organisation. religion and ethnicity are emphasised. government. culture and identities as they bear on politics. 210. national and international ‘development’ organisations. in particular. which have played significant roles in the political history of post-colonial states. It will contribute to their wider education as informed citizens. The countries will include Mexico. The course engages with the evolution of political ideologies. The subject is intended to educate students in the most significant themes and issues in contemporary South Asian politics. Sri Lanka and Bangladesh) in the period after independence from colonial rule. The subject also seeks to enable students to develop a critical engagement with the analytical literature on South Asia. especially those of nationalism and ‘development’. Brazil. of political sociology and of international relations by raising relevant questions in African circumstances. which specialise on the ‘Third World’ and the field of ‘development’. through the study of illustrative cases taken from the various countries of the region. more generally. and on the ‘Third World’ or ‘developing countries’. students are.chosen because they all represent interesting problems to the student. The course is expected to enable second and third year students to develop the ability to construct rigorous arguments on South Asian politics. as well as upon the international context.61 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 of political theory. and to questions of political participation of the major social groups. The course examines the nature of the post-colonial state and the evolution of political institutions and party politics. This subject will examine institutional approaches to the study of Latin American politics. The interface of democratic politics with the political economy of the ‘developmental’ state is also addressed. at the same time. the politics of gender. and because they have accessible literature in English. but in a way that leads to comparisons between them. encouraged to analyse political developments comparatively. NGOs and academic research. which often appear to be far-away places of which we know little. Politics in Latin America: The aim of this subject is to study the major issues in the politics of Latin America. While each of the major South Asian countries is studied separately. to the politics of economic stabilisation. Students will acquire a more informed and critical understanding of African countries. This course will prepare students to undertake post graduate studies on South Asia and the ‘Third World’. and will draw upon the political sociology and the political economy of the countries concerned. diplomacy. Politics in South Asia: This course introduces students to the nature of political change in the major South Asian countries (India. Students may use this course as a foundation for further work in and about Africa in journalism. with a focus on the functioning of democracy and the tendencies towards authoritarianism or martial rule. The course also explores the development of ‘movement’ politics or social movements as an important element of the democratic process. business. . NGOs and ‘Think Tank’ or consultancy organisations. caste. Argentina. and for careers in journalism. Pakistan. Chile and Venezuela . The broad theme that links these countries together is the study of the conditions that facilitate or hinder the consolidation of political stability. Attention will be paid to the politics of the military. In particular.
and Marxist views of the international system. which is now further enlivened by the progressive release and assimilation of archive material. especially as many post-war statesmen were avowedly seeking . revolutionary ideologies (Communism and Fascism). journalism or the professions. The course enables students to consider the major theories and concepts of international relations critically in relation to the historical evidence. political economy. The course also considers the impact of total war on the international system. International Relations in the Era of the Cold War: The course covers the international relations of a period (1945-91) crucial for the evolution of today’s world. Please note that demand sometimes outstrips teaching supply on this paper. Politics in the Middle East: The course aims to give the student a wide-ranging and sophisticated introduction to the domestic political dynamics of the contemporary Middle East and its wider social relations. and détente and the concert of powers. who may go on to work in business. and the period now appears sufficiently selfcontained for scholars to be able to step back and gain perspective by viewing it as a whole. and the ‘learning process’ as it affected policy-making in and immediately after the Second World War. The geographical scope of the course is inclusive. decision making processes and the role of individual leaders. It is expected that the student will complete the course knowing six or seven countries in some depth. The course is organised thematically. International Relations in the Era of the Two World Wars: This course is the study of central issues in the international history of a period which had a profound influence on the subject of international relations. Turkey and Iran. These have always generated much writing of high quality. The course links strongly with the Politics ‘core’ ‘International Relations’ course. succession and gender. The thematic emphasis gives the student maximum flexibility to concentrate on whichever countries most interest him/her. The course has been designed both for the generalist. 212. students are encouraged to bring their knowledge of political concepts to bear in the course. the role of financial and economic factors. and also valuable background for its treatment of the post-1990 ‘contemporary’ scene. the military. as well as the core countries of region. the inter-action of different regional theatres in an evolving global international system. collective security. Students are introduced through the study of historical topics to the major debates and different theoretical approaches. These include Realist. eschewing the notion that the Middle East is somehow unique and mysterious. levels of analysis. the concepts of the balance of power. The ‘Cold War’ subject also links back to the Further Subject ‘International Relations in the Era of Two World Wars’. imperialism). causes of regional instability (nationalism. covering North Africa. 213. democratisation. It develops the skill of analysing empirical material in a way which is both informed by theory and sensitive to the complexity of the evidence. government. and for the budding specialist who may then proceed to a Masters in Middle Eastern studies. with students who have studied other parts of the developing world especially welcome.62 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 211. The course is closely related to the core subject International Relations and to the option International Relations in the Era of the Cold War. Inter-regional comparisons are also encouraged. providing factual context and tests for many of that subject’s theoretical approaches to international relations. The course is designed to relate to the discipline of politics in general. and to draw on a rich academic literature. Liberal. isolationism and appeasement. with weekly topics including the nature of the state. on which several of the theories were based.
It offers students the opportunity to develop an appreciation of the intellectual context in which the texts were written and/or to discuss the arguments of the texts in relation to issues in contemporary political theory. centralisation. however. 216. Political Thought: Plato to Rousseau: The objective of this subject is to introduce students to some of the canonical texts in political thought and to help them to develop an appreciation of their significance for their own time and for contemporary political theory. relies on developing the capacity to grasp both the way particular texts work as arguments. the subject encourages students to develop skills in reading and critically reflecting on the arguments of complex works of political philosophy. Thus.that is. Students are also encouraged to appreciate the intellectual and historical context in which the texts were written. Bentham and Mill. In any event. they may approach the subject by choosing a number of clusters of thinkers (e. later writers. choose between a number of approaches to this subject. In both cases. The subject is designed to enhance students’ skills in reading and interpreting texts and to develop their appreciation of the richness of the traditions of political thought in the West which will contribute to their broader understanding of the discipline. Saint-Simon and Tocqueville). Hegel and Marx. These further texts can include both additional works by the named thinkers and works by other relevant writers. and to gain some independent critical purchase on the arguments themselves. the idea of progress. and it provides case studies useful for the ‘Government and Politics of the United States’ Further Subject.63 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 to avoid the mistakes of that earlier period. to introduce them to major theories developed from the late eighteenth century to the early twenty century. students will be expected to demonstrate detailed and critical acquaintance with the major texts. helping them to develop the skills required to identify and comment critically on the principal arguments contained in those texts. or aiming for a wide coverage of many. Students may. Political Thought: Bentham to Weber: This subject is designed to acquaint students with the transition from classical political philosophy to modern social theory --. This subject will enable students to read . for instance those who pre-date the named thinker and who were particularly influential for him. science and religion. They may concentrate on a smaller number of named theorists in greater depth or aim for a broader coverage of many theorists by way of topics. The subject permits students to take either a narrow focus. 215. The subject enables students to study in depth a range of important texts. contemporary writers whose work was pertinent and. in the period covered by the subject. or agreement. in some cases. Students are also encouraged to examine different methods of interpretation in the History of Political Thought. Either approach. in consultation with their tutors.g. theories which (a) explored the nature and direction of social and economic change in Europe and (b) grappled with the moral and political issues raised by social and economic change. Or they may focus on topics such as individualism and community. and to analyse some of the main issues of contention. The subject allows students to choose from a range of classical texts in the history of political thought and also offers a number of supplementary topics which encourage students to examine issues raised by these texts in the context of related discussions in the wider cannon of political thought. may follow one or other of these options exclusively so long as they are able to demonstrate a sound grasp of the arguments of the texts on which they answer questions. Weber and Durkheim. by reading further primary texts in addition to those specified in the reading list. concentrating on a few thinkers in depth. in consultation with their tutors. Students.
In all cases. the course requires students to be familiar with relevant empirical studies. class and stratification (what generates systematic social inequality and what are its consequences?). (Students interested in a course essentially devoted to empirical rather than theoretical sociology might consider taking Sociology of Industrial Societies (219)). and Durkheim . the nature and aims of sociological theorising. (Students particularly interested in these more abstract issues might consider Philosophy of Science and Social Science (106)). ethnomethodology. political ideology. social norms and roles (where do informal rules come from and why do people comply with them?). with concrete political consequences. Weber. 219. the merits and limitations of different research methods. Sociological Theory: The course permits students to specialise in and develop their understanding of theoretical perspectives. although all students are required to cover the essentials of Marxist theory with reference to the key writings of Marx and Engels. Similarly. Marx and Marxism: The course. (Foundations of Modern Social and Political Thought (216) is an author. feminism. unusual in being devoted to a single intellectual and political tradition. students are also expected to approach Marxism as a practical.and micro-sociology. It rather attempts to encourage critical and analytical engagement with live issues in the assessment of a range of theoretical perspectives such as: rational choice. the course permits students to strike their own balance between concentrating on these texts . students are able (in consultation with their tutors) to concentrate on one or more of Marxist philosophy. to show how such theories can be tested against the empirical data. processes or institutions that they seek to explain or illuminate. Depending on their interests. sociology and economics. and to give students some knowledge of the relevant comparative literature and thus place the study of . These are studied in relation to a number of substantive explananda such as: social order and integration (what holds society together?). The course is devoted exclusively to the understanding and evaluation of sociological theories.Marx. 217. and reflecting the interdisciplinary breadth of the Marxist tradition. functionalism. some of which will have been introduced by the core course in Political Sociology. not just to show knowledge of.and their interpretation and evaluation . symbolic interactionism. social exchange. 218.64 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 complex texts with discrimination and attune themselves to the variety and depth of modern social and political debates in an historical perspective.the course is not primarily focussed on the history of sociological thought or on any particular texts. the Marxist tradition. social change (is there an underlying dynamic to the historical process?). deviance (in what circumstances and why do people contravene laws or less formal social rules?) The course also allows students to study more abstract or methodological issues such as: the relation between social structure and individual agency. Since this depends on considering such theories in relation to the empirical facts. While most attention is devoted to issues in Marxist theory. gives students the opportunity to develop a deep and systematic understanding of Marxist theory and practice. strategies for integrating macro.and considering the theoretical contributions of later Marxists. Although it includes the ideas of some of the ‘Founding Fathers’ of sociology . politics. the course teaches students to be able critically to evaluate. Marxism. Sociology of Industrial Societies: The aims of the course are to introduce students to the major contemporary theories and central concepts relevant to the study of industrial societies.and text-based subject covering these and others).
enabling them to understand the vicissitudes of Japanese experience in the last twenty years: from the 1980s. for example. so long as preconceptions are not allowed to get in the way of understanding. the electoral and party systems. It aims to provide an understanding of the major debates on the nature of Japanese liberal democracy. family policy. It introduces students to Japanese political history since 1945 and the social context of Japanese institutions and policy-making. ageing societies. Social Policy: The course enables students to develop a critical understanding of welfare states. The second focus is on social change. 224. foreign policy. The course encourages students to engage with both theoretical principles and empirical evidence across a range of issues and policy areas such as: the development and problems of welfare states. especially with regard to debates over the withering away of social class. see Economics entry 307 below) 223. when Japanese exports were seen as threateningly ultra-competitive in Europe. and social exclusion. the impact of demography on social policy. “irontriangle dominance by bureaucrats.65 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 contemporary British society within a broader cross-national perspective. 222. gender and so on. different approaches to social policy. The course covers the constitutional framework and structure of government. with a particular emphasis on the debates over stratification by social class. No previous knowledge of Japan is required. voluntary effort and the informal sector. North America and elsewhere. . housing policy and homelessness. urban policy and inner cities. Students are expected to read widely in the empirical research literature on policy formulation and implementation and to make themselves familiar with current statistics and reports. concepts and institutions are analysed on a cross-national basis. through the more difficult 1990s and 2000s which have precipitated a concentrated debate on “restructuring” both of the economy and of the political system. Where specific policy areas are examined. The Government and Politics of Japan: This course provides a study of one of the very few nations outside the Western world whose politics appears to be stably based on democratic principles and a democratic constitution. the process of secularisation. the mixed economy of welfare. health policy. citizenship. By the end of the course students should have gained a good knowledge of the scholarly literature and debates in the fields of stratification and mobility. and definitions and explanations of problems such as poverty. Labour Economics and Industrial Relations: (Can also be taken as an Economics subject. poverty. business leaders and politicians”. markets and welfare. rights. the growth of individualism. It permits students to draw on different perspectives in their previous study of. deprivation. education policy. they will have gained some empirically-based knowledge of the ways in which British society is similar to or different from other contemporary advanced societies. The underlying principle of the course is that Japanese politics is just as capable of being understood empirically as is any other political system. and they should understand how to test theories of industrial society against the empirical evidence. Principles. gender. One focus of the course is on the study of social stratification. the bureaucracy. the role of corporate interests and pressure groups. “patterned pluralism” etc. ethnicity and national identity. and the changing nature of the contemporary family. income maintenance. inequality. “developmental state”. and to some of the main interpretive models: “bureaucratic polity”. public economics or political theory. deprivation and social exclusion. underclass and welfare dependency. parliamentary and local politics.
Quantitative Methods in Politics and Sociology: Candidates will be expected to show an understanding of applications of quantitative methods in politics and sociology including the following: the principles of research design in social science: data collection. China’s new status as a regional power in international relations will also be examined. The paper also focuses on democracy in the European Union and the impact of European integration on the domestic politics and policies of the member states. Please note that demand sometimes outstrips teaching supply on this paper. hypothesis testing. and policy processes of the European Union. to study an area of political studies in greater depth. sampling theory. What is distinctive about them is that their subject matter is likely to be more narrowly defined than is the case with other papers. 227. and time-series. see Economics entry 315 below) 226. linear and non-linear regression models. and may be closely linked to the specialist research areas of the members of staff who teach them. and its politics and society have transformed radically during that period. The range of Special Subjects available will . rural reforms. 225. and comparative method. Special Subjects are examined like most other papers in Politics: by three hour unseen examination. Special Subjects will only be available to undergraduates in Michaelmas Term of their third year. This course will allow students to develop a strong knowledge of one of the world’s most important countries. the policies of EU member states and other countries are considered when these have a bearing on British arrangements. NGOs and academic research. business. and gender. major statistical methods and concepts: types of random variables. looking at its historical background before analysing its current strategy to remain in control of China in the post-Cold War era. independence. two very different Chinese societies. institutions. government. It includes analysis of the history and theories of the European integration process. 297. in which three questions must be answered. Candidates will also be expected to interpret information and show familiarity with major methodological debates in Politics and Sociology. and could serve as stimulation for further work in and about China in journalism. including elite politics and the Tian’anmen crisis of 1989.66 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 the focus is on contemporary Britain. event-history analysis. as well as relations between the EU and the rest of the world. correlation and association. hitherto only available to those writing theses or supervised dissertations. Politics in China: This course will enable students to acquire a knowledge and understanding of the recent history and contemporary politics of China. However. Students will gain an understanding of the Chinese Communist party (the most powerful Communist party left in the world). Candidates are expected to show knowledge of politics of the European Union. including the main institutions of the EU. decision making procedures and specific policies. urban culture. 228. Comparative Demographic Systems: (Can also be taken as an Economics subject. What they offer therefore is the opportunity. the logic of causal inference. The Politics of the European Union: This paper focuses on the study of the history. China has been in transition from the long rule of Mao Zedong since 1978. Special Subject in Politics: Where offered. The reform era under Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin will be analysed through a variety of themes. as well as its relations with Taiwan and Hong Kong.
These restrictions would also be announced in advance.ox.) From October 2012: these three core subjects will be examined full weight papers.ac. sampling and hypothesis testing. rubrics. teaching arrangements and reading lists are available on the Economics website (www. not all Special Subjects will be available to all candidates in every year. in Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. The teaching provided for a Special Subject will be equivalent to the teaching provided for a normal Politics paper. Microeconomics and Macroeconomics . Any such restrictions would be announced at the same time as the Special Subject’s introduction. Supreme Court.67 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 be announced at the beginning of the fourth week of Hilary Term via the website and noticeboards of the Department of Politics and International Relations and circulated to Politics tutors at colleges admitting undergraduates. Quantitative Economics core course: This is a compulsory course for all PPE (and EM and HE) finalists. regression analysis and the testing and interpretation of regression results. such as the economics effects of education or the behaviour of aggregate consumption. Economics These notes give an introduction to the various Economics subjects.] 299: Thesis in Politics: see the separate entry under Section One of this Handbook. Topics covered will include descriptive statistics.g.] 298: Supervised dissertation in Politics: see the separate entry under Section One of this Handbook.S. it might be restricted to candidates not taking Government and Politics of the USA. including course outlines. [None currently available. (Note that the shorter papers were examined for the first time in 2010. 3. and a fair means of deciding who could take the Special Subject (e. time series modelling and empirical applications of these methods in micro and macroeconomics. 299. Depending on the availability of teaching resources. Core subjects in economics: All students continuing with Economics must take three compulsory core subjects in Economics as part of their Finals. a ballot) would be used in the event of excessive numbers. The exam will include questions covering .economics. basic statistical distributions and applications to economic data. Some special rules apply to the Special Subject and these are set out in full in the Examination Decrees. in previous years there were two full-length core papers. There might be other further subjects which it would not be possible to offer alongside it. [None currently available. 300. A Special Subject may not be offered by candidates also offering a thesis (199. These three papers .Quantitative Economics. The lectures and classes will be given in Trinity Term. For example. 399) or a Supervised Dissertation (298).will have shorter syllabuses and exams and will be weighted to contribute as much to a student's overall Finals mark as two full-length papers. Further details. The QE course is designed to give students a good understanding of the rationale for and intuition about the application of statistical methods to the analysis of a range of applied economics issues. There may also be restrictions on the numbers of students permitted to take a given Special Subject. No candidate may offer more than one Special Subject.uk). if there were a Special Subject on The U.
Part B will consist of questions requiring longer answers showing more detailed knowledge of particular topics. Questions will be set requiring candidates to solve problems and demonstrate conceptual understanding of core elements of microeconomic theory. theory of search under uncertainty. The course will cover: Risk. Part B will consist of questions requiring longer answers showing more detailed knowledge of particular topics. You will be required to answer questions from both sections. information economics and applications of microeconomics. Microeconomic Theory: Rigorous study of core elements of microeconomic theory. and answer questions on its organisation and teaching arrangements. The course aims to introduce you to some of the fundamental ideas and tools of modern microeconomic theory and their applications to policy issues. expected utility theory. Part A will consist of shorter questions designed to ensure that students demonstrate a reasonable coverage of the syllabus. starting from microeconomic explanations for the existence of money and then proceeding to aggregate models of price and output fluctuations.68 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 econometric methods. 303. models of contracting under asymmetric information. the practical application of these methods and the interpretation of applications in the applied econometrics literature. Macroeconomics core course: This is a compulsory course for all PPE (and EM and HE) finalists. The lectures are given in Michaelmas Term. and show how these tools can be applied to issues in macroeconomic policy. 304. The Microeconomics paper in Finals will contain two sections. explanations for hyperinflation episodes and the . 301. 302. Microeconomics core course: This subject is compulsory for all PPE (and EM and HE) finalists. exchange rates. The course will cover: macroeconomic theories and their policy implications. Topics may (but not necessarily) include: decisions making under risk and uncertainty. Part A will consist of shorter questions designed to ensure that students demonstrate a reasonable coverage of the syllabus. A descriptive list of the topics will be published on the Economics Web site before the beginning of the year in which the course is taught and examined. at which. welfare economics and general equilibrium. Option subjects in economics: In Hilary Term of your second year there will be an “Economics Options Fair”. You will be required to answer questions from both sections. game theory and industrial organisation. intertemporal adjustment. theory of general economic equilibrium. the conduct of monetary policy. The Macroeconomics paper in Finals will contain two sections. The lectures are given in Hilary Term. macroeconomic shocks and fluctuations. public goods and externalities. unemployment and inflation. Money and Banking: This course covers a range of topics in modern monetary economics. The course will introduce you to the ideas and tools of modern macroeconomic analysis. growth theory and monetary and fiscal policy. such as competition and environmental policies. interest rates and current account. one of the tutors teaching on each option will be available to give an introduction to the content of the course. theory of social choice. the monetary transmission mechanism.
The course will analyse the determinants of international trade. Each topic starts with the presentation of a core theoretical model and some extensions. the policies and practices of organisations towards their employees. For PPE students this paper counts as either an Economics or a Politics special subject. Other special subjects that fit well with this option are OECD and Public Economics. 307. The focus of the lectures then turns to relevant empirical work in the field. government policy towards labour issues. 306. extending this to provide a comprehensive industrial organization analysis. product differentiation. the rationale for government intervention and the constraints on government action. As the above indicates. the paper is a mixture of Macro and Micro. and the analysis of mergers. price discrimination. technology races. Examiners ensure that the two Finals exams contain an optimal degree of overlap. The applied topics covered include (i) how best to separate cause and effect in the aggregate relationship between the interest rate. It starts by developing the welfare-theoretic foundations of policy analysis. (ii) heterogeneity in the responses of banks and firms to monetary policy shocks. Labour Economics and Industrial Relations: The aim of the paper is to understand: the behaviour of employees and employers and of collective groups which they may form. the relationship between market structure and profitability. The course includes empirical evidence from studies of real markets. 308. The major themes of industrial and competition policy are covered. concerned with the principles underlying most aspects of economic policy. how the labour market works and the macroeconomic and distributional outcomes it produces. including the . vertically related markets. including oligopolistic price competition. International Economics: With the increasing internationalisation of economic life the study of International Economics has much to offer in helping to think about global developments. Taxation and government expenditure are considered extensively. advertising. Public Economics: Public Economics is a very wide-ranging discipline. including social insurance systems. Economics of Industry: This popular course centres on the behaviour of private sector firms. education and pensions. (iii) explanations for inflation performance across countries and through time. strategic entry deterrence and predatory behaviour. On the expenditure side the course assesses the rationale for major categories of public spending. output and the price level. It builds on the analysis of oligopoly behaviour developed in the Microeconomics core course. Partly because of this. However. R & D.69 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 relationship between monetary policy and asset returns. On the revenue side of the public accounts we consider the principles involved in tax design and analyse different types of taxes. Implications of firm behaviour for social welfare are considered throughout. Accordingly a rather bigger choice of questions is available on the Finals paper. Students are encouraged to take an international comparative perspective on the individual topics. it allows a much more intensive study of distributional matters. For Economics and Management students there is a “sister” optional paper in management – Employment Relations. 305. of policy and of applied issues more generally than do these two core papers. it encompasses a wider range of topics than many other special subjects. including health. The course covers both principles and applications. The paper is not sectionalised and your choice is not restricted by whether you are deeming this an Economics or a Politics option. (iv) the impact of monetary policy on the yield curve.
309. Eastern Europe and China. Command and Transitional Economies: The goals of this course are to lead you to an understanding of the theory and functioning of the traditional command economy. 311. and the complex process of transition to a market economy. and the importance of international macroeconomic policy co-ordination. attempts to reform it in the direction of market socialism. inflation. A continuing theme is the assessment of the extent and sources of the decline of the British economy. self-management in Yugoslavia. The second subject area includes the 1965 reform and perestroika in the USSR. the cases when a protectionist policy towards international trade may be appropriate. New Economic Policy. international macroeconomic linkages. the role of economic aid. British Economic History since 1870: This subject analyses the record of the British economy since 1870 from an economist’s perspective. labour markets and employment. you will be expected to have an interest in the problems and policies of particular regions or countries. But emphasis will be placed on knowledge of the features and policies of the main variants of the command system (e. foreign trade and payments. An overarching theme is the role of government in development and the operation of markets. . rather than details of economic history or experience of countries.g. which demands serious economic analysis. For the period 1870-1918 topics of particular interest include British overseas investment and changes in agriculture. 310. performance of state enterprises. the theory and evidence relating to exchange rate behaviour and to alternative exchange rate arrangements. poverty and income distribution. Poland. and post-1978 reforms in China. You will be expected first to learn about the evolution of the command economy in the pre-World War II period in the USSR (War Communism. relating analysis to conditions in developing countries. and exploring some of the major economic policy issues relating to developing countries. human resources. This course introduces you to key areas of development economics. the fundamental determinants of the balance of payments and exchange rates. and use knowledge of actual situations to inform and illustrate the analysis. at least two will relate fully or partially to the economy of China. fiscal and monetary policies. foreign and domestic capital. Familiar topics which have to be adapted to the situation in developing countries also include monetary and fiscal issues. central planning. foreign trade). Note: Planning and transition in China and a number of ex-Soviet economies are at present excluded from this subject as they are part of the course on Command and Transitional Economies.70 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 implications of imperfect competition in international markets. agriculture and rural development. as well as policies and economic developments in the major countries after 1989. the New Economic Mechanism in Hungary. The main countries to be studies are Russia. Hungary and Czech Republic. Stalinist Central Planning) and in the post-war period in the USSR. industrialisation and technology. regionalism in international trading arrangements. The third area comprises the theory of the transition from command to market systems. the international context within which domestic macroeconomic policy is designed and conducted. Although most questions in the exam will deal with the Soviet Union/FSU and Eastern Europe. Economics of Developing Countries: Economic development for the world’s poorer nations is a self-evident challenge. The topics covered include: theories of growth and development. While the approach taken in the course is analytical.
prediction. In the theory of econometrics the following topics are covered: • Multiple regression: interpretation. followed by rising unemployment and the slowdown in output and productivity growth beginning in the 1970s. the prospects for welfare systems in ageing societies. This course covers both an introduction to econometric theory and methods. and to give experience of the various theoretical techniques covered in the lectures. new forms of family and household and their future. economic development. 314. On the technical side of the subject. the realities and prospects of mass migration. and the future of world population as growth rates slacken and poor societies begin population ageing. duration models and panel data models. the great depression and unemployment. but sympathy for arguments presented as graphs. the construction and manipulation of the life table and simple population projection. demand management and the role of fiscal policy. including methods of standardization. the theories advanced to account for them and their practical importance. limited dependent variable models. No previous demographic knowledge is required. estimation. and the historical origins of Europe’s distinctive demography will be emphasised. A variety of econometric topics will be considered drawn from the following list: maximum likelihood. including the use of computer software packages. including the departure from gold in 1931. the advantages of measuring demographic phenomena through different indices and the use of models in population analysis. Comparative Demographic Systems: The course deals with the major subject areas and controversies in contemporary demography. and a range of applications.71 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 both of which played a significant role in developments here and abroad. by the end of the course students will know the limitations and origins of demographic data. These include: the status of demographic transition models. • Part of the teaching for the course involves the use of the computer and standard software packages to actually “do” econometrics. Application of the introduced econometric methods to economic problems. theories of low fertility and of divergent mortality in the industrial world. numbers or simple expressions is important. endogeneity and instrumental variables. Both crosssectional and time series implementations will be discussed. . inference. Students will gain an understanding of major contemporary demographic trends. 315. Economic growth in the ‘golden age’ was tarnished by price and wage inflation. They will be able to perform elementary operations in the analysis of fertility and mortality. The post-1945 period brings the ‘Keynesian Revolution’. environmental pressures and new threats to health in the post war third world will receive attention. This subject provides an unusual opportunity to combine numerical analysis of human populations with an interdisciplinary comparative analysis of population change at micro and macro level. unit roots and cointegration. Intended and unintended consequences of government actions on demographic phenomena. and then covers the return to the Gold Standard in 1925. The analysis of the inter-war period begins from a review of the industrial problems of the British economy. Population growth. Econometrics: Econometrics is concerned with the application of statistical theory to the analysis of economic data and the estimation of economic relationships. Only elementary arithmetic ability is needed. and the sources and nature of the economic recovery in the 1930s.
Part A. The US section covers issues such as the ‘new economy’ of the 1990s. Within Europe the course focuses on the process of European integration. 319. games in political science. It also looks at features of individual economies such as the ‘German model’ and the ‘Swedish model’. 317. macro-economic policy and the causes of inequality. Broad topics covered in comparative perspective include economic growth in the ‘golden age’. the inflation of the 1970s and the disinflation of the 1980s and the international monetary system. firms. riskfree securities. centring on the USA. the rise of unemployment. The Japanese section includes the transition from rapid growth to stagnation. its results and challenges. including justice and goodness. 2. Mathematical Methods: (for first examination in 2011) The paper will cover mathematical tools such as Calculus. intergenerational ethics and discounting. decision-making under uncertainty. Finance: This course covers the topics of asset pricing and corporate finance. Candidates will be required to show knowledge on both parts of the paper. Applications and topics which may (but not necessarily) include bargaining. auctions. Japan and Europe. A detailed syllabus will be published every year. Applications will not require knowledge of material covered in other optional papers but will assume knowledge of the core first and second year papers. We will then move on to study how companies make investment and financing decisions and how these decisions will affect the valuation of the company. Part B. market failures. Probability and Statistical Inference and their applications to Economics. Solution concepts. how human . The paper will be set in two parts. A comparative framework is used to examine overall developments. 321. For example. international environmental agreements and the politics of the environment. the Japanese labour market and financial systems. The Philosophy and Economics of the Environment: The aims of this paper are to provide students with (i) an understanding of the philosophy and economics of the environment. Differential and Difference Equations. common stocks. the growth and productivity slow-down starting in the 1970s. It starts with examining how assets (which can mean anything that represents a title to a stream of uncertain money payments for some designated current and future periods) are valued in the marketplace. evolutionary games. Students may then specialise in one of the major areas. The course will assume a basic knowledge of calculus and probability. 320. global games. theories of value. Economics of OECD Countries: This course analyses developments since 1945 in the major OECD economies. we will study how the value of investment projects. the choice of instruments. Linear Algebra. Questions will be set requiring candidates to solve problems in and show knowledge of specific applications and topics in game theory. and (ii) the ability to analyse critically key conceptual and applied issues in this field using both a philosophical approach and the theoretical and empirical tools of economics. students should have a knowledge of the philosophy and economics of the environment. Game Theory: Strategic-form games and extensive-form games. 1.72 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 316. learning. cooperative games. At the end of the course. Games with incomplete information. Questions will be set requiring candidates to solve problems involving the core elements of game theory. Economic Decisions within the Firm: (Currently suspended) 318. options and other contingent claims are priced in the real world.
as appropriate. and local water and air pollution. 399.73 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 life and how nature may be valued. The course will be taught and examined in an interdisciplinary way. acid rain. Thesis: See Section One of this Handbook. . applications to environmental problems such as climate change. This paper is available to all PPE students taking economics in the second and third year. and the foundations of cost-benefit analysis (including methods for valuing non-market goods). The paper will cover.
continue to be raised through Joint Consultative Committees or via student representation on the faculty/department’s committees. The following guidance attempts to provide such information. Complaints 3. Many sources of advice are available within colleges. the Department of Politics and International Relations. You may wish to take advice from one of these sources before pursuing your complaint. However. 4. An electronic version of the up-to-date Regulations for PPE is available at: www. because it goes to print in the summer and the legislative cycle continues to just before the start of Michaelmas Term. which have extensive experience in advising students. 5. within faculties/departments and from bodies like OUSO or the Counselling Service.ox. then you should raise it with the Director of Undergraduate Studies . This is often the simplest way to achieve a satisfactory resolution.admin.74 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 APPENDIX B: Examination Regulations 2011 The published Examination Regulations.ac. of course. 2. The University.1 If your concern or complaint relates to teaching or other provision made by the faculty/department. General areas of concern about provision affecting students as a whole should. can be out of date. 3. and how to appeal against the outcome of assessment. all those concerned believe that it is important for students to be clear about how to raise a concern or make a complaint. Nothing in this guidance precludes an informal discussion with the person immediately responsible for the issue that you wish to complain about (and who may not be one of the individuals identified below). the Department of Economics and the Faculty of Philosophy all hope that provision made for students at all stages of their programme of study will make the need for complaints (about that provision) or appeals (against shortcomings in any form of assessment) infrequent. the Department of Economics and the Faculty of Philosophy 1. the Social Sciences Division. the ‘Grey Book’.uk/examregs/ APPENDIX C: Complaints and Academic Appeals within the Department of Politics and International Relations.
you may put your concern in writing and submit it to the Proctors via the Senior Tutor of your college.ac.uk/statutes/regulations/).uk/proctors/info/) and the relevant Council regulations (www. then you may take your concern further by making a formal complaint to the University Proctors. Senior Tutor. A complaint to the Proctors should be made only if attempts at informal resolution have been unsuccessful. (b) The Proctors can consider whether the procedures for reaching an academic decision were properly followed. whether there was a significant procedural administrative error. 4. teaching facilities. For undergraduate or taught graduate courses. For the examination of research degrees.admin.ox. If your concern or complaint relates to teaching or other provision made by your college. or Tutor for Graduates (as appropriate). etc).ac.admin. Academic Appeals 5. university accommodation. Your college will also be able to explain how to take your complaint further if you are dissatisfied with the outcome of its consideration. The procedures adopted by the Proctors for the consideration of complaints and appeals are described in the Proctors and Assessor’s Memorandum (http://www. . your concern should be raised initially with the Director of Graduate Studies. then you should raise it either with your tutor or with one of the college officers. An appeal is defined as a formal questioning of a decision or an academic matter made by the responsible academic body. the procedures adopted by the Proctors in relation to complaints and appeals are on the web (www.e.uk/statutes/regulations/). and non-academic issues (e. i.2 If you are dissatisfied with the outcome. university clubs and societies. 8. support services.ac. It must not be raised directly with examiners or assessors.ox. supervision arrangements. As noted above. Within the faculty/department the officer concerned will attempt to resolve your concern/complaint informally. or in relation to transfer or confirmation of status. then you or your college authority may put your appeal directly to the Proctors.75 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 or with the Director of Graduate Studies as appropriate. 7. whether there is evidence of bias or inadequate assessment.admin.ox. A complain may cover aspects of teaching and learning (e. Where a concern is not satisfactorily settled by that means. If it is not possible to clear up your concern in this way. a concern which might lead to an appeal should be raised with your college authorities and the individual responsible for overseeing your work.g. 3. 6.g. Please remember in connection with all the cases in paragraphs 5-7 that: (a) The Proctors are not empowered to challenge the academic judgement of examiners or academic bodies. library services. etc).
The Proctors will indicate what further action you can take if you are dissatisfied with the outcome of a complaint or appeal considered by them . 9. (c) On no account should you contact your examiners or assessors directly.76 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 whether the examiners failed to take into account special factors affecting a candidate’s performance.
77 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 APPENDIX D: Key Contacts PPE Administrator Ms Liz Griffith Email: elizabeth.uk 88564 Philosophy Chair of the Faculty Board: Professor Terry Irwin Chair of the Faculty: Dr William Mander Director of Graduate Studies: Dr Paul Lodge Director of Undergraduate Studies: Professor Ralph Wedgwood from Hilary Term 2012: Dr Thomas Johansen Curator of the Philosophy Centre: Dr Dan Isaacson Honorary Librarian: Dr Lizzie Fricker Administrator and Faculty Board Secretary: Mr Tom Moore Undergraduate Studies Administrator: Mr James Knight 72730 71028 82883 76334 87145 76929 76044 76928 76925 Politics and International Relations Head of Department: Professor Stephen Whitefield Deputy Head of Department: Dr Paul Martin Chair of the Sub-faculty: Dr Stuart White Director of Undergraduate Studies: Dr Lois McNay Director of Graduate Studies in Politics: Prof David Miller Director of Graduate Studies in IR: Professor Jennifer Welsh Administrator: Ms Janice French Courses Manager and Graduate Studies Administrator: Mrr Andrew Melling Undergraduate Studies Administrator Politics Graduate Studies Officer: Ms Samantha Rainbird Email: ug.uk 88560 77987 79747 70651 78569 70649 85942 78727 88568 85947 Economics Head of Department: Professor Kevin Roberts Director of Undergraduate Studies: Professor Margaret Stevens Director of Graduate Studies: Professor Peter Neary Administrator: Ms Gillian Coates Undergraduate Administrator: Ms Katherine Cumming 78601 71092 71085 71088 71098 .firstname.lastname@example.org@politics.ox.
75 George Street) Enquiries Head of the Division: Professor Roger Goodman Secretary to the Division: Dr Saira Shaikh 14850 14853 82574 70270 Nightline .78 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 Sociology Head of Department: Dr Tak Wing Chan Director of Graduate Studies: Professor Federico Varese Administrator: Ms Vicky Bancroft 86176 81150 86170 Social Policy and Intervention Head of Department: Professor Martin Seeleib-Kaiser Course Director (Comparative Social Policy): Professor Martin Seeleib-Kaiser Undergraduate social policy option course convenor: Ms Fran Bennett Administrator: Ms Katherine Gardiner Courses Administrator: Ms Bryony Groves 70355 70355 70321 70330 70326 Libraries Social Science Library. Manor Road Building Philosophy Library. 10 Merton Street 71093 76927 Social Sciences Division (Hayes House.
See eg: Regulations Relating to the Use of Information Technology Facilities (iii) Notes of Guidance issued by the Educational Policy and Standards Committee www. Examination Regulations 2011.ox.ac.uk/statutes/regulations/ This contains numerous useful documents but not yet the Examination Regulations.politics. including information on disability.shtml This contains up-to-date versions of the following: Learning and Teaching Strategy Notes of Guidance on Examinations and Assessment Notes of Guidance on Introduction of New Courses and Major Changes to Existing Courses This site also gives information on Access to Teaching and Learning for Students with Disabilities.ac.ox.admin. Oxford University Regulations and Codes of Conduct (i) University Regulations for degrees in Politics and International Relations www. (iv) Oxford University Diversity and Equal Opportunities Unit www.admin.admin. It also contains: Code of Practice Relating to Harassment .ac. (ii) Oxford University Statutes and Regulations website www.ox.ox.uk/epsc/guidance/index. and on racial equality.79 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 APPENDIX E: Oxford Web Addresses 1.uk This is on the DPIR website and contains only certain relevant parts of the Examination Regulations.ac. Please note that you must also consult the printed volume issued by the University.uk/eop This contains numerous useful documents. The contents of this volume have not yet been made available on the web.
ac.ox. addressing interesting issues including plagiarism and outside consultancies. See especially: Essential Information for Students Council Regulations 31 of 2002 (about complaints procedures: See para 48 onwards for Appeals concerning higher degrees involving research) (vi) Oxford University Research Services www.’ (viii) Information on Data Protection www. but where the University is responsible for the safety of its staff and/or students and others exposed to their activities.admin. .admin.shtml This contains information on a key piece of UK legislation.ox.ox.ac. Academic Integrity in Research: Code of Conduct and Procedure Public Interest Disclosure: Code of Practice and Procedure Statement of Policy and Procedure on Conflict of Interest (vii) Oxford University Safety Office www.80 (v) Oxford University Proctors’ Office www.uk/safety/oxonly This contains several documents that may be relevant to health and safety aspects of the work of staff and students.uk/rso/integrity/ This contains several key documents. including: Foreign Travel (University Policy Statement S1/03 Safety in Fieldwork (Guidance Note S7/95) The ‘Safety in Fieldwork’ document contains advice on ‘practical work carried out by staff or students of the University for the purpose of teaching and/or research in places which are not under University control.ac.uk/councilsec/dp/index.ac.uk/proctors PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 This contains information about complaints procedures and numerous other matters.admin.admin.ox. the Data Protection Act 1998.
shtml (ii) International Office www.uk/students/international_students/ .81 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 2.uk/admin/dates.ox.ox.ac.admin. Other useful Oxford University websites (i) Dates of term www.ac.
with respect and without distinction. where appropriate. may lead to formal grievance or disciplinary action as outlined in both Department and University policies. whether inside or outside the Department. or cannot be resolved informally. or. Anyone who believes they have been treated improperly should.82 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 APPENDIX F: Departmental Code of Conduct The Department of Politics and International Relations is committed to promoting and maintaining a positive. must act at all times honestly. whether established. students and associates – must abide by the University’s Equal Opportunities policies and Code of Practice relating to harassment and should treat everyone. the Academic Administrator. reasonably and in good faith. Complaints that are substantiated. staff. Department staff. The Department regards as unacceptable any behaviour that is contrary to these commitments. All members of the Department – staff. conscientiously. the interests of the Department and University. nonestablished or administrative. the Harassment Officers. the Head of Department. supportive and professional work and study environment for students. their legal obligations and the welfare of colleagues and students. visitors and all associates of the Department and University (whether employed or otherwise). All complaints of improper conduct or treatment will be treated seriously and in confidence. in the first instance. having regard to their responsibilities. speak informally to their line manager. equally. regardless of role or status. Contacts: Harassment Officers: Prof Martin Ceadel (79505) Dr Gwendolyn Sasse (88689) Mr Andrew Melling (78727) Ms Janice French (85942) Courses Manager: Administrator: .
in reply Socrates urges that all expertise aims to promote the advantage of that on which the expertise is exercised.g. It is vitally important to observe the time constraints imposed by the number of passages to be translated and commented on. that is to say 115 Plato’s Republic or 116 Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. These papers include a compulsory commentary or “gobbets” question. The advice below is reproduced from the handbook for Literae Humaniores (or “Classics”). the flaw should be briefly identified.83 PPE HANDBOOK 2011-12 APPENDIX G: Advice on answering “gobbets” or commentary questions in Philosophy If you are offering Philosophy at PPE Finals. Brevity. `This passage occurs in Socrates' response to Thrasymachus' claim that the ruler properly socalled is expert in promoting his own advantage. you may well be taking one of the papers in Ancient Philosophy. It is especially important not to be carried away in expounding the wider significance of the passage (see above). e. not his own advantage.g. You should then set out the specific contribution of the passage to the argumentative context.g. Details of sentence construction. Your primary focus in philosophy gobbets should be on argumentative and conceptual content. where you are expected to comment on and elucidate certain passages of text. or a faulty distinction. hence the expert ruler must aim to promote. and concerns how to go about a “gobbets” question in Philosophy: The first requirement is to identify the argumentative context of the passage. elucidation should be followed by criticism. note that where the passage is taken from a Platonic dialogue it will usually be relevant to identify the speaker(s). e. If the significance of the passage goes beyond the immediate argumentative context (e. but that of the subject'. Wider significance may be internal to the work as a whole. . relevance and lucidity are crucial. in introducing a concept which is important for a wider range of contexts) that wider significance should be indicated. a gobbet should not expand into an essay on the Theory of Forms or the problem of universals. or a distinction (in which case you should clearly state what is being distinguished from what). or the introduction of some key concept. vocabulary etc should be discussed only in so far as they affect the content thus conceived. a sub-argument (in which case the steps of the argument should be set out). thus if the passage contains a fallacious or unsound argument. Where appropriate. or may extend beyond it. for instance by relating to some theme central to the thought of the author (such as Plato's Theory of Forms or Aristotle's Categories) or to some important topic in modern philosophy. The same goes for the identification of persons etc named in the passage. which should be clearly elucidated. Use your own judgement on how much you can afford to put in.
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