This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
By Wesley Warner and Olivia Leroux
food was scarce.Evolution of the Medieval Cathedral The time in which the cathedrals were built was a very uncertain time. a master stone cutter. . Builders had to build on a huge scale without access to time saving tools that we have today. a stone dresser. laborers. mortar makers. population was low. To build a cathedral. an architect. carpenters. like cranes and hoists. plumbers. a black smith. a master mason. a roofer. and sculptors were needed. Life expectancy was short. a glazier or glass maker. a stained glass craftsman. stone carvers. and finances were lacking.
This church. This was a major breakthrough in Orthodox Christian Church architecture. is built in the “cross-in-square” style which was made famous from the Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom Church” in Constantinople.D.“Cross-in-Square” 537 A. .D. of the medieval times. in 537 A. This church became the capital of the Byzantine empire.
a church was a unit of stability and peace. throughout times of turmoil. Monasteries had influenced land developments and the Romanesque and Gothic architecture styles were developed and greatly focused upon. In 1000 A.Stability and Peace.D.D. . 1000 A..
These two styles were the basic architecture of most medieval cathedrals.Styles of Architecture During the Medieval Times. there were two main types of architecture. These styles consisted of Gothic Architecture and Romanesque Style A r c h i t e c t u r e .
sturdy piers. Romanesque Architecture is a cathedral style architecture made up of semi-circular. With high quality thick walls. large towers. pointed arches.Romanesque Architecture Descending from Roman customs. this Romanesque style became very popular for all cathedral architecture during the Medieval Ages. groin vaults and decorative arcading. .
With a great range of designs. palaces." this type of architecture evolved from Romanesque style construction and was given the name "gothic" during the conclusion of the Renaissance. First know as "the French style. abbeys. castles and many more famous structures of Europe.Gothic Architecture Gothic architecture is a name that evolved along with the Medieval era. gothic architecture was applied to several cathedrals. parish churches. .
Choir 11. Apse 12.Parts of the Gothic Cathedral 1 & 2. Chapels 14. North & South Tower 3. Narthex 5. Flying Buttresses 15. Crossing 8 & 9. Spire . Western façade 4. North & South Transept 10. Ambulatory 13. Aisles 7. Nave 6. Rose Window 16.
Flying Buttress Ribbed Vault Pointed Arch Characteristics of Gothic Cathedrals .
Limestone Purbeck Rock Red Sandstone Materials Used in Gothic Cathedrals .
Uses of the Medieval Cathedral .