ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

International Conference On  Advances in Civil Engineering

Governments Role in extension of ‘Cost effective  and Alternate Building Technologies’

Authors Authors‐ Ar.Suvarna Lele.Professor and  Practicing Architect Ar,Sarita Deshpande. Professor and Practicing Architect Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION

ACE 2011

BMTPC

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

BMTPC Building Materials And Technology Promotion Council Commercialisation of Innovative Building  Material Technologies

Enabling a process of re‐thinking for reducing  construction costs by promoting environment friendly  materials and techniques LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011 SERVICES OFFERED

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

1.Evaluation, validation of innovative technologies, and advice on cost effective  options for choice of materials and technologies. 2. Documentation and dissemination of cost‐effective materials, construction  techniques. techniques 3 .Design and engineering consultancy for preparing technology profiles, location  specific feasibility reports, and demand assessment reports for various building  materials. 4.Design and technology options for housing and building schemes based on use of  i d h l i f h i d b ildi h b d f innovative building materials and construction techniques. 5.Performance appraisal based on functional analysis of new building materials,  products, components and  construction systems 6.Selection and evaluation of foreign technologies. 7 Disaster resistant construction technologies.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Recent initiatives to promote innovative building material  technologies 1.Technology transfer at national level T h l  t f   t  ti l l l
Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council  (BMTPC) was set up in 1990 under the aegis of the  erstwhile Ministry of Urban  Development, to y p , bring together scientific research, technological  advancements and enterprise. 2.Technology transfer at grass‐root level‐A centrally  sponsored Scheme for establishing a National  Network of Building Centres was launched in 1988‐ 89. The Scheme is being implemented through  HUDCO and so far over 653 locations have been  identified and more than 490 centres have already  become fully operational in several States. 3.Other facilitating measures‐ BMTPC facilitates establishment of new building materials production units by providing technology backup services, and coordinating with concerned departments/agencies for  necessary policy supports, credit facilities and venture capital supports 4.Fiscal Incentives‐Fiscal incentives for promoting new building materials technologies  is an important facilitating feature of Government’s policy support for housing and  i    i  f ili i  f   f G ’   li    f  h i   d  building sector. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

CENTRAL BUILDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

OBJECTIVES 1.Shelter planning 2.Building materials. 3.Structures and Foundations 4.Disaster mitigation including Fire Engineering 4 Disaster mitigation including Fire Engineering 5.To develop new technologies for the promotion of building  materials and systems 6.To disseminate the results of results of research far and wide for  the good of community 7.To transfer the developed technologies to the industry for further  commercialization CBRI to work as world class knowledge base for providing solutions to almost all area  k ld l k l d b f idi l i l ll of Building / Habitat planning and construction including building materials,  construction technology, fire engineering and disaster mitigation construction.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar. Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

Nirmithi Kendra

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

"Nirmithi Kendra" "Ni ithi K d "
The housing shortage in India is estimated to be 40 million units by 2000 A.D. and  The housing shortage in India is estimated to be 40 million units by 2000 A D  and  provide an opportunity to search for feasible solutions. It was in this context that the  "Nirmithi movement", the project described herein, was started in 1985 as a local  initiative in the Quilon District of Kerala, by the then District Collector. In 1985, for providing affordable solutions to housing, India's first "Nirmithi Kendra"  I   8  f   idi   ff d bl   l i    h i  I di '  fi  "Ni i hi K d "  (Building Centre) was set up in the Quilon District of Kerala . Arising from its impact,  the Government of India set up such Kendras in all districts of the country and  integrated it with the national housing policy.  g gp y

LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

yj p “My job with the Nirmithi Bhavan helped me  to have a better understanding of the  housing problems and the needs of society in  the State,” 

EEF technology was distinctive in: 1.its use of locally available and innovative materials. 2.cutting down consumption of energy intensive materials (cement, steel) using  g p gy g appropriate technology.ensuring local participation in construction activities. 3.blending new styles with traditional ones and 4.designing according to the lay of the land.

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Welcome to Earth Architecture !

1.Peviously named the Auroville Building Centre / Earth Unit, which had been founded  by HUDCO, Government of India, in 1989. The development of the former building  centre evolved in such a way that the Auroville Earth Institute came into existence in  2004.  2.The Auroville Earth Institute is researching, developing, promoting and transferring  2 The Auroville Earth Institute is researching  developing  promoting and transferring  earth‐based technologies, which are cost and energy effective. 3.These technologies  are disseminated through training courses, seminars, workshops, manuals and  documents.  3.The emphasis is focused on the research and development of earth based  h h i i f d h h dd l f hb d technologies and their dissemination through training courses.  4.One of the aims of the Auroville Earth Institute is to give people the possibility to  , g q create and build for themselves their own habitat, while using earth techniques. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

Habitat Technology Group

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Habitat Technology Group

Established in 1987 in Kerala, Habitat Technology Group is registered as a Charitable Society. It  is totally committed to the concept of green and humane architecture. It has been recognized  as a nodal agency to carry out developmental works under the de centralization process in  as a nodal agency to carry out developmental works under the de‐centralization process in  Kerala. it has a core group of more than 400 architects, engineers and social workers with a  support base of over 30,000 trained workers functioning from 34 regional offices of 10 states of  India and 4 overseas offices. It has built more than 40000 buildings all over the country  including residences, commercial complexes, tourist resorts, public offices, schools, hospitals  and so on all using appropriate technology.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

AUROVILLE VIKAS COMMUNITY
VIKAS COMMUNITY AUROVILLE

Vijaywada,A.P,

Earth was used, from the first  developments of  Vikas, in all parts  d l   f  Vik  i   ll    of the buildings, from foundations  to roof.  The proper management of earth  resources was always the first  priority. The quarries where the soil  priority  The quarries where the soil  was taken from were always  planned first. This procedure  allowed a perfect integration of the  ll d    f t i t ti   f th   excavations with the buildings and  landscape.
LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Appropriate building technologies pp p g g
1. Stabilised rammed earth foundations with 5 % cement Plinths and walls in compressed stabilised earth blocks 2. Stabilised rammed earth walls with 5% cement Composite beams and lintels and composite columns 3. Vaults d domes f fl 3 V lt and d for floors and roof, made of d f d f CSEB Paints and plasters of precast C panels.Chajjas are without  with stabilised earth Floorings with CSEB tiles, 2.5cm thick with 5 % cement Ferrocement channels of 25mm thickness 4. Various ferrocement items for different uses Ferrocement doors, shelves, etc. of 12mm thickness 5. Ferrocement plasters for water tanks and p ponds Sparing use of concrete, g p g , glass, steel, etc. , ,
Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

VIKAS LAY‐OUT – 1448 m² carpet area 23 apartments, collective kitchen and toilets for 50 people Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

An Apartment using low cost construction techniques as Compressed  Earth Blocks and Funicular shells
Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Common Kitchen For 50 people
Ar.Suvarna Lele A S it  D h d

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

Case study

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

AR.Vivek Patankar’s bangalow,Nashik g ,
1)Strip foundations are used below walls. In usual cases the strip is taken below total wall. Here, after designing, it was found out that only 60% length of strip was required so the parts of strip were y g p q p p omitted 2)Brick work‐Exposed and rat trap bond 3)The roof ‐is organization of funicular shells. Each panel is of 900mm x 1500mm. 4)Door frames are made up of cast in situ concrete where the cost of each frame works around Rs. 100/‐. The ready made frame costs more than th 400 rupees (th rate i around 10 years b k) (the t is d back) 5)Precast C panels Chajjas and Precast folded staircase. 6)The construction time reduced by nearly 50 days 7) The cost saved in the year 2000 was Rs 2 lakhs for the total for a a. The estimated cost for a bungalow of around 145sq costed rs 600000 by using conventional technologies ab 4,80000 using the alternate technologies.
LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011 ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Centre Of Sciences For Villagers,Vardha g , A project sponnsered by CAPART.
1.Using Of  1 Using Of  Wardha mud blocks for walls‐size‐225x225x100mm mud blocks for walls size 225x225x100mm 2.Making Of face tiles‐to protect the walls from weaker soil. 3.Wardha tumbler blocks‐use of terracotta tumblers for vaults. 4 4.Burnt brick pillars in required cases. p q 5.Use of under reamed piles for deep black cotton soils. 4.Use Of frameless door developed by C.B.R.I 5.Frameless Windows‐in case of windows,a multipurpose M.S.frame is used.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

Wardha House

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Wardha Mud Blocks Masonry in Mud Mortar.
LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Fabrication Of  M.S.Centring trusses.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Laying Of tumbler  block Roof Tiles.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Frameless Doors And Windows

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Plan,Sections and Elevations-Typical Warhdha House

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

U cou sed ubb e Uncoursed rubble masonry 450mm thk upto plinth.

Chajjas sloping outside

Shuttering for ring beam

Laying bk.masonry chair at spring Carry bk.pier to Precast door blocks points for placing Wardha or tumble Lintel h i ht f 1 80M in b i k i Li t l height of 1.80M i brick piers. bow Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Some Bamboo Building Buildings Developed By BMTPC‐ North East ‐MIZORAM
Some Bamboo Building Buildings Developed By BMTPC‐North East ‐ MIZORAM

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE

BMTPC‐North East ‐MIZORAM

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

BAMBOO BUILDINGS-COMPLETED-Mizoram.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P

IPIRTI, Bangalore.

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

Workshop at Gandhigram

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

CAPART supported workshop at Gandhigram,a deemed  University at Dindigul,Tamilnadu for producing units on C.B.R.I developed technologies.

LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Brick Filler Slab

Brick Arch Foundation

Precast  Concrete Door Panel

Decorative brick work. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Low Cost Unit

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

SPEEDCON  TECHNOLOGY 

Vijaywada,A.P

SPEEDCON TECHNOLOGY  BY AR.SANJAY PRASADE . 1.Reduction Of material weight  by 50% of self  weight. 2.Speedy construction, less wastage of  materials. t i l 3.Portable and light weight materials. 4.Modularisation and standardization possible. 5 5.Less wastes produced and materials can be  p recycled.

LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

CONCLUSION
With the availability of alternate technologies and materials which are much cheaper, there   With th   il bilit   f  lt t  t h l i   d  t i l   hi h    h  h  th is a need of transferring them to needy to build low cost houses. Government has dealt this  issue on various levels by creating BMTPC, establishing CBRI, Nirmitee Kendras, SERC,  CASTRA Regional Research Laboratories, National Environmental Engineering Research  g , g g Institute and many related organisations.. The technologies selected helped to some extent  in employment generation, upliftment of women, decentralisation of production,  conservation, recycling and reuse of resources as well as development of human resources.

ACE‐2011

KL University, Vijaywada,A.P,

THANK YOU
Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
Reference: 1] www.bmtpc.org 2] www.cbri.org.in ] g 3] www.auroville.org 4] Government Initiatives and Program for Affordable Housing – National   Work shop on Pro‐poor Housing Finance. 5] www.unesco.org 6] www.habitattechnologygroup.org 7] Paper by Mr. V. Suresh, Director Corporate Planning HUDCO at  symposium on     ‘Construction for housing and Infrastructure Delivery’. 8] www.nirmithi.car.in

Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande

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