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Music Tech Practice Final

Microphones
1. Transducer2. Microphones change ______________ energy into ______________ energy.

3. Describe the two ways to classify microphones:


Element:
Pick-up Pattern:

4. Name and describe the three most common types of elements, including positive and negative
aspects:
a.____________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________
b.

c._______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________
5. Name and describe the two types of magnets used in microphones:
a._______________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
b.

Speakers
6. Speakers are a type of _____________.
7. Speakers turn _____________ energy into ______________ energy.
8. As ________ moves into the speaker, the ___________ rapidly vibrates.
9. Label the diagram and describe each part:
b.

e.
d.

a.

c.

Name

Description

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.

10. Name and describe the three types of drivers:


a.

b.

f.

g.

c.

11. Name, describe, and draw the three types of speaker enclosures:
a.

b.

c.

Pick-Up Patterns
12. Another term for background noise is _________ noise.
13. Whats the difference between a uni-directional microphone and an omni-directional
microphone?
14. Draw the types of pick-up patterns:
Bi-Directional:

Cardiod:

Super Cardiod:

Shotgun:

3 to 1 Rule:
15. If two mics are too close, it could cause:

16. Beating:

17. The distance between subjects must be _______ times the distance from the ______ to _______.

Amplifiers
18. List and describe the four parts of an amplifier:
a.

b.

c.

d.

19. The _________________ determines how loud the amp is capable of being played.
20. The __________ is a combination of all amp components.
21. The __________ holds all necessary circuitry along with one to four speakers.
Sound Boards
22. Name the three most common types of plugs and describe their most common uses:
a.
b.
c.
23. Each column on a sound board is called a ___________.
24. Describe what knob on the sound board controls:
a. Gain/Trim:
b. EQ:
c. AUX:
d. PAN:
e. Master Fader: