ABSTRACT

Bangladesh has a very high road accident fatality rate with official figures indicating more than 60 deaths per 10,000 motor vehicles. Everyday around twelve persons die in road accidents. The actual rate of fatality is likely to be even higher. The problems related to the accident reporting system and the data derived from it, as reported by Quium1, have not been resolved and official statistics are prone to under reporting. The number of accidents has incre ased by 43% between 1982 and 2010, while the number of fatalities has increased by around 400% within the same period2. This indicates that not only the occurrence of accidents is on the rise, the severity of accidents is also increasing. As the population, total road length and modal share of road transport continue to grow in the country, the number of casualties from road accidents is expected to maintain its rising trend.

1

INTRODUCTION

Road accidents have been increasing countywide for years, killing 12,000 people and leaving 25,000 injured every year. According to the statistics of government of Bangladesh, on an average 12 people die in road accidents everyday, totaling 5,000 eve ry year, as opposed to a figure of 12,000 according to non -government sources. World Bank conducted a countrywide survey on 90,000 families in 2003 explicating damages of road accidents, which reveals dire consequences of 12,000 people¶s deaths averaging 34 per day and leaving 25,000 injured and damages worth $1 billion. That is about the same amount that Bangladesh receives same from donors every year. In the last three months, some 445 people including two secretaries (Razia Begum and Siddikur Rahaman) died after being run over. Of them, 245 died in head-on collision, 60 in motorbike accidents, and 155 died in other accidents. Some 1,454 people have be en wounded after being rammed by vehicles. Normally, buses, trucks, microbuses, CNG taxis, three wheelers and motorcycles are engaged more in road mishaps. The countryside people ² almost 75 per cent of the 12,000 figure ² are mostly victims of road accidents. A recent survey of ARI reveals that 80 per cent of people who died of road accidents are aged from 5 to 45 years, 53 per cent are pedestrians and 21 per cent are under 16, having impacts economically and socially. According to the ARI survey, 50 per cent of the victims died on the spot within 15 minutes, receiving injuries to the head and chest leading to hemorrhaging. Almost 35 per cent died from chest and head injuries within the next 2 hours and others die of putrefying or cutting the parts of the b ody within the next 30
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action should also be taken against those who are providing licences to unskilled drivers and unfit vehicles in exchange for money. use of old and unfit vehicles. Experts are of the opinion that only bringing change to laws to punish the guilty drivers is of no use. and deficiencies in and poor enforcement of traffic rules and regulations are leading to an unbridled increase in the number of road accidents. unskilled and reckless driving. Stern implementation of traffic rules and regulations and laws relat ing to road accidents would reduce the incidents but right now that is impossible due to labour movements. Bangladesh Road Transport Authority. Although laws of road accidents exist to jail offenders having connection to accidents. 3 . are supplying driving licences out of personal relations to the incompetent and unskilled drivers and unfit vehicles. the quantity of road smashes would double in developing countries like Bangladesh. If measures are not taken immediately. in reality they are hardly enforced. Reducing the number of unfit vehicles on highways would also lessen the number of incidents. Experts viewed that due to unplanned and uncertain roads. On the other hand. vehicles fitness certificate and driving licence providing authorities.days. Road accidents take away 1 to 5 percentage points from the national GDP of every country. ARI have made the report flicking through police and media reports and accidents of the last 5 years.

Illegal competition to overtake the vehicle. To drive the vehicles by helpers instead of Drivers. Driving under influence of alcohol. Hazardous roads & road environments. To cross the road without using the foot over bridge. 10. Poor implementation of Traffic rules & regulations. 6. Lack of training of maintenance of vehicles. 5. 13. Vehicular defects. Reckless driving.. 11. 8. 4 . 3. Lack of Training to the drivers. drugs etc. 4. 2. Over.Loading. 14. seat belts etc. 15.speeding.Causes of Road Accident 1. Lack of Knowledge and consciousness of the road users.. 12. Unutilization of helmets. 9. Over. 7. To walk on the roads instead of using the footpath.

Almost 80% of fatalities are vulnerable road user. over 100 deaths per 10. 7. there were at least 3424 fatalities and 1925 injuries in 3662 reported accidents in 2008.Road Accident Scenario in Bangladesh a. It is estimated that the actual fatalities could well be 10000 -12000 each year.5 times in 27 years period.TOTAL ACCIDENT STATISTICS According to the official statistics. About 70 percent of road accident fatalities occurred in rural areas including rural sections of national highways. 35% and 25% respectively . b.3%) 6. 2. nearly 3. buses are dominant in fatal accident.5%)  Head on (13. truck . Many fatalities and injuries occur in a single accidents. 3.  Hit pedestrian-(45%)  Rear end-(16. nearly 50% of accidents on less then 5% of the highway network. 5. Significant fluctuations in the numbers of fatalities and injuries as reported by police clearly reflect the problems of reporting and recording inconsistencies. Predominant accident type are. Nearly 50% occurred on national and regional highways. The statistics revealed that Bangladesh has one of the highest fatality rates in road accidents. Abour 70% of road accident occurred in rural areas . 8. About 2. Road crashes are the leading cuses for death children age between 10 -14 years. 5 .5% accident occurred in bridges and culverts.2%) and  Loss control/overturning(9.Trends of reported road traffic accidents are given Police Reported Accidents and BRTA 2009.000 motor vehicles. Accident highly clustered . The number of fatalities has been increasing from 1009 in 1982 to 3424 in 2008. 9. up to 60 death and 150 injuries on the spot. Heavy vehicles. 4.Some Characteristics for accident 1.

data not comparable with data of other years. Personal information concerning traffic accidents is retained by the Police. Table shown below summarises the number of RTAs recorded in the database since its inception in 1996. etc. Accident details recorded in the database are technical. There is no record in the database of persons¶ names nor vehicle identification. truck. These are contained in the first part of the general accident details section.c.g. 6 . other than a general classification. Each accident record in the database contains several fields. Number of accidents recorded in the National RTA Data base type of accident Year fatal 1997 1998 1999 2000 *2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 y grievous injury simple injury total collision 1281 2000 2432 2523 2029 2599 2752 2447 2424 2668 2893 2723 875 1137 986 1029 642 904 921 664 631 610 679 658 233 193 304 209 137 200 239 211 142 127 172 150 238 203 220 209 117 238 202 202 125 144 166 131 2627 3533 3942 3970 2925 3941 4114 3524 3322 3549 3910 3662 Incomplete National coverage. e. car. Content of the RTA Database There are details of almost 43019 road accident events held in the National Road Traffic Accident (RTA) database.

060 Notes: 1.149 0.228 0.309 0.411 0.518 0. Accidents causing only damage of property are not included in the report.197 1.480 10.735 113. Year 2008 populations are derived from statistics published in the Population Census 2001 Preliminary Report.243 0.218 0.311 0.Change in Recorded Casualties involved in Accidents.185 0.865 141.605 132.506 121.474 0. per 10.278 0.278 122.593 9.257 0.170 0.195 0.365 0.000) accident rates (no.445 0.879 9.559 0.738 9.000 pop'n) fatal + injury fatal accidents accidents 0. 1999 ± 2008 number of accidents 1 severity fatal Divisions.310 0.057 111.421 0.201 0.245 0. 2.258 0.176 10.912 0. This is the recorded number of accidents involving casualties (fatal and injury).152 124.365 0.296 0.208 0.026 10.250 0. Cities are Chittagong. Khulna and Rajshahi.350 0.328 123.510 0.182 119.635 12.612 0.974 126.192 0. Dhaka.156 0.882 10. 7 .449 9.798 128.235 0.700 130.610 0.030 0.177 0.772 118.190 0.500 154.414 115.561 0.327 10.181 0.175 0.257 0.931 0.780 0.684 0.168 0.186 0.191 0.680 0. excluding the Cities 1999 1984 2000 2129 2001 1688 2002 2087 2003 2241 2004 1994 2005 2047 2006 2140 2007 2296 2008 2210 Cities 3 1999 448 2000 394 2001 341 2002 512 2003 511 2004 453 2005 377 2006 528 2007 597 2008 513 Bangladesh 1999 2432 2000 2523 2001 2029 2002 2599 2003 2752 2004 2447 2005 2424 2006 2668 2007 2893 2008 2723 grievous 595 579 407 557 602 462 452 436 494 469 391 450 235 347 319 202 179 174 185 189 986 1029 642 904 921 664 631 610 679 658 simple injury 170 160 117 158 183 170 121 116 125 109 134 49 20 42 56 41 21 11 47 41 304 209 137 200 239 211 142 127 172 150 Total population2 ('000.180 0.538 134.208 0.229 year 2749 2868 2212 2802 3026 2626 2620 2692 2915 2788 973 893 596 901 886 696 577 713 829 743 3722 3761 2808 3703 3912 3322 3197 3405 3744 3531 110.165 0.217 0.204 0.259 0.092 116.222 0.215 0.524 120.221 0.884 0. 3.058 123.

800 0.000 Casualty accident per 10.000pop'n 0.200 1.000 Divisions (excluding Cities) Cities Bangladesh 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Divisions (excluding Cities) and Cities Traffic Accident Trends in Bangladesh Num er F 8 ear 8 .Casualty Accident Rate 1999-2008 1.600 0.200 0.400 0.

BRTA and MAAP Data Base 9 . Pedestrian Deaths per million population and per 10.000 registered vehicles 23 26 25 19 23 22 20 19 21 22 19 Ped` n death per 10.000 on road vehicles 30 34 33 25 31 29 26 25 26 28 23 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 51 49 47 50 52 48 49 50 53 58 48 10 12 12 10 13 13 12 12 13 15 13 Note : vehicles on road excluding motorcycles and others non-motorized vehicles Source : RSC Report 2004.SOURCE MAAP5 DATA (MICROCOMPUTER ACCIDENT ANALYSIS PACKAGE) D.000 vehicles Year Pedestrian fatalities Percent of pedestrian fatalities Ped` n death per million population Ped` n death per 10.

excluding Cities 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 262 274 207 307 329 310 311 307 335 364 197 253 187 235 248 209 176 207 188 231 6 11 4 29 7 7 13 11 6 11 94 78 69 109 106 103 102 130 118 142 232 226 211 248 265 196 203 201 195 198 11 6 14 36 14 13 31 29 25 16 50 46 31 65 53 35 80 41 36 44 39 36 37 76 61 28 30 33 30 55 994 1074 834 917 1060 1025 1021 1113 1264 1058 0 3 1 24 0 0 2 2 5 1 97 122 92 110 93 64 71 62 90 83 1984 2129 1688 2180 2240 1994 2047 2140 2296 2210 Cities 1 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 26 22 25 26 28 27 21 42 42 29 71 76 66 70 66 49 52 74 88 83 4 3 10 9 5 5 2 1 0 3 19 8 1 12 10 15 11 17 16 12 12 9 14 10 9 12 8 7 13 4 1 4 1 1 0 4 4 6 6 7 2 4 5 3 5 1 6 9 3 3 1 1 0 7 6 4 5 2 4 6 302 255 211 353 363 308 254 357 402 351 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 12 8 19 20 28 14 13 23 15 448 394 341 510 512 453 377 528 597 513 Bangladesh 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1.Change in Recorded Fatal Accidents by Type of Collision. 1999 . 10 . Khulna and Rajshahi. 288 296 232 333 357 337 332 349 377 393 268 329 253 305 314 258 228 281 276 314 10 14 14 38 12 12 15 12 6 14 113 86 70 121 116 118 113 147 134 154 244 235 225 258 274 208 211 208 208 202 12 10 15 37 14 17 35 35 31 23 52 50 36 68 58 36 86 50 39 47 40 37 37 83 67 52 35 35 34 61 1296 1329 1045 1270 1423 1333 1275 1470 1666 1409 0 3 1 24 0 0 2 2 5 1 107 134 100 129 113 92 85 75 113 98 2432 2523 2029 2690 2752 2447 2424 2668 2893 2723 Cities include Chittagong. Dhaka.2008 number of fatal accidents collision type Overturne d vehicle Hit object off road Hit parked vehicle Hit pedestria n Hit animal Head on Side swipe Other Right angle year Unknown 2 0 1 24 4 4 7 4 4 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 24 4 4 7 4 4 7 Hit object in road Rear end total Divisions.

007 6.00 Barisal Chit t agong Sylhet Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Chit t agong Dhaka Cit y Khulna Cit y Rajshahi Cit y Cit y Division and Metropolitan Areas 11 .658 17.182 154.728 0.834 0.349 1.311 0.204 0.016 9.587 0.170 0.397 0.149 26.000) total casualty rates (no.480 12. per 10.967 0.161 0.60 1.20 0.222 0.254 0.347 Division or City fatal Divisions.430 0.352 1.145 0.00 1.770 0.60 0.20 1.000 pop'n 1.80 Casualties per 10.388 0.000 pop'n) total fatalities casualties 0.879 4.883 41.115 0.40 0.260 0.80 0.00 0.005 0.257 0.222 0.041 141.833 0.40 1.Casualties Recorded Casualties by Division and City 2008 number of casualties severity grievous simple injury injury 47 157 112 406 125 229 1076 51 208 13 32 304 1380 17 75 54 166 39 84 435 14 73 7 16 110 545 population1 ('000.220 0.178 0.060 1.133 37. excluding Cities Barisal Chittagong Sylhet Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi total Cities Chittagong City Dhaka City Khulna City Rajshahi City total TOTAL Notes: 117 578 217 1083 276 629 2900 75 395 14 40 524 3424 181 810 383 1655 440 942 4411 140 676 34 88 938 5349 10. Year 2008 population are derived from statistics published in the Population Census 2001 Preliminary Report.311 0.187 0. Casualty Rate by Division and Metropolitan Area 2008 2.

2008 number of fatal accidents junction type Off-set tee junction Roundabo ut Not at junction Cross junction Tee junction Other year Unknown Railway crossing total Divisions. 12 . 2061 2150 1695 2168 2080 1778 1687 1902 1751 1783 84 76 63 88 86 84 98 122 119 175 171 163 115 143 168 158 155 160 192 201 13 34 17 16 26 28 20 30 39 26 27 4 9 16 18 32 25 14 8 10 1 4 2 4 3 8 3 4 3 5 73 90 121 144 303 304 350 359 661 500 2 2 7 20 68 58 86 77 120 23 2432 2523 2029 2599 2598 2447 2424 2668 2893 2723 Cities are Chittagong. Khulna and Rajshahi. Dhaka. 1999 . excluding Cities 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1765 1858 1441 1833 1744 1497 1437 1558 1342 1476 35 37 41 49 45 56 67 64 78 115 101 112 77 71 123 106 101 93 124 126 10 33 15 12 21 19 18 21 33 20 4 1 2 4 2 3 8 7 6 8 1 0 0 0 0 4 1 2 2 2 67 87 107 112 244 252 329 318 591 440 1 1 5 6 62 57 86 77 120 23 1984 2129 1688 2087 2087 1994 2047 2140 2296 2210 Cities 1 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 296 292 254 335 336 281 250 344 409 307 49 39 22 39 41 28 31 58 41 60 70 51 38 72 45 52 54 67 68 75 3 1 2 4 5 9 2 9 6 6 23 3 7 12 16 29 17 7 2 2 0 4 2 4 3 1 2 2 1 3 6 3 14 32 59 52 21 41 70 60 1 1 2 14 6 1 0 0 0 0 448 394 341 512 511 453 377 528 597 513 Bangladesh 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1.Change in Recorded Fatal Accidents by Type of Junction.

500 154. per 10.857 132.53 122.449 9.327 10.530 0.448 0.482 0.092 116.974 126.058 123.472 0.152 124.347 year fatal Divisions.429 0.593 9.226 0.236 0.252 0.441 0.422 0.500 0.360 0.460 0.212 0.512 1.532 0.527 0.402 0.538 134.239 0.506 121.501 0.238 0.890 0.176 10.738 9.242 0.586 0.218 0.346 0.263 0.060 Bangladesh 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 13 .547 0.262 0.239 0.204 0.218 0.222 total casualties 0.770 0.480 10.430 0.524 120.469 0.242 0.000 pop'n) fatalities 0.243 0.194 0.392 0.935 0.438 0.000 pop'n) casualty rates (no.213 0.179 0.879 9.008 0.558 0.798 128.057 111.026 10.328 0.220 0.8648 141.735 113.214 0.238 0.539 0.182 119.373 0. excluding the Cities 1999 2416 2000 2638 2001 2025 2002 2513 2003 2786 2004 2578 2005 2566 2006 2608 2007 2627 2008 2900 Cities 2 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 473 420 363 524 548 501 271 552 623 524 2889 3058 2388 3037 3334 3079 2960 3160 3250 3424 4926 5269 4086 5080 5833 5079 4727 4363 4280 4411 1429 1274 867 938 1241 951 511 920 1072 938 6355 6543 4953 6018 7074 6030 5530 5283 5352 5349 110.772 118.Change in Recorded Casualties. 1999 ± 2008 number of casualties severity grievous simple injury injury 1531 1552 1221 1556 1874 1609 1508 1248 1199 1076 634 718 440 304 547 358 228 324 333 304 2165 2270 1661 1860 2421 1967 1830 1572 1532 1380 979 1079 840 1011 1173 892 653 507 454 435 322 136 64 110 146 92 12 44 116 110 1301 1215 904 1121 1319 984 740 551 570 545 population 1 total (no.392 0. per 10.328 123.700 130.949 1.635 12.422 1.460 0.492 0.414 115.398 0.882 10.311 1.

This involvement of children less than 15 years of age in road accident fatalities is much higher than those in other developing countries. accounting for about 21 percent (see Table ). 1999-2008 Casualty rate(Casualty acciden 10.000pop'n 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Divis ions (excluding Cities ) Cities Banglades h Division(excluding cities) and Cities INVOLVEMENT OF CHILDREN IN ROAD ACCIDENTS The national road accidents statistics in Bangladesh revealed a serious threat to the children. The incidence of overall child involvement in road accident fatalities in Bangladesh is found to be very high. It is important to note that compared with industrialized countries.Casualty Rates. the proportion of fatalities to under 15 years of age in developing countries is approximately two and half times higher. Child Fatalities of Road Traffic Accidents in Bangladesh Year Children fatalities (age 0--5) 82 71 99 68 67 68 86 Children fatalities (age 6--10) 210 221 224 173 210 216 182 Children fatalities (age 11--15) 122 148 150 102 108 111 103 Total children fatalities (age 0-15) 414 440 473 343 385 395 371 Percent children fatalities (out of all) 22% 19% 21% 21% 21% 20% 21% 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 14 .

Total number of vehicles registered is 784347 in 2003 2. trucks 24%) and for pedestrian about 72 percent (bus/minibus 40%. trucks 32%). Different Types of Vehicle Involvement in Road Accidents and Percent of Death Vehicle types Percent of vehicles (register ed)1 5% 8% 24% 2% 15% 42% 0% 0% 3% 100% Percent of vehicles (on road)2 6% 10% 16% 3% 16% 45% 0% 0% 3% 100% Percent in all accidents 33% 26% 12% 7% 5% 5% 5% 3% 5% 100% Percent in fatal accidents 35% 29% 7% 6% 5% 5% 4% 3% 6% 100% Percent in pedestrian accidents 38% 30% 9% 9% 3% 4% 1% 0% 6% 100% Percent Death 36% 24% 5% 7% 9% 5% 5% 4% 6% 100% Percent Pedestrian Death 40% 32% 5% 8% 4% 3% 0% 0% 7% 100% Bus/Minibus Trucks Jeep/Car/Taxi Microbus/Pickup Auto rickshaw/Tempo Motorcycle Rickshaws/Rickshaw Van Bi-cycle Others Total Notes: 1.2005 Total 73 614 140 1576 103 947 316 3137 21% 21% Note: Traffic fatalities with known age within seven years are 15278 (66%) out of 23194 in the period of 1998-2004 Source: MAAP Data Base Over Involvement of Trucks and Buses Studies of road accidents revealed that heavy vehicles such as trucks and buses including minibuses are major contributors to road accidents (bus/minibus 33%. Total number of vehicles on road is 485228 in (2001-2002) Source: BRTA. This group of vehicles is particularly over involved in pedestrian accidents accounting for about 68 percent (bus/minibus 38%. trucks 30%). BBS and MAAP Data Base 15 . trucks 27%) and in fatal accidents their shares are 35% and 29% respectively. or the case of road death. the share of buses and trucks are nearly 70 percent (bus/minibus 36%.

3 138. .00 112.25 105. 4. atalities and atality Rates Avg.25 45. Total number of vehicles on road is 485228 in (2001-2002) 3.6 57.Vehicle Involvement in Road Accidents Registered vehicles 50 40 30 20 10 0 On road vehicles Fatal accidents Ped'n accidents Percent bu s ep /C ar/ Ta xi ric ks ha w/ T.1 7.25 *Note: 1.13 426.0 17.75 63.88 3. Total number of vehicles registered is 784347 in 2003 2.8 ¡ Number of Vehicles (Registered) Number of Vehicles (On Road) Avg.88 246. Pedestrian atalities per Year 3 atalities per 10000 Vehicles 4 (on Road) Pedestrian atalities per 10000 Vehicles 4 (on Road) Au to M Bus/Minibus Trucks Jeep/Car/Taxi Microbus/Pickup Auto rickshaw/Tempo Motorcycle Rickshaw/Rickshaw Van Bi-cycle Others Total 40469 65239 189287 18492 116242 328294 N/A N/A 26324 784347 29717 48753 78236 14743 77700 220225 N/A N/A 15854 485228 1005 673 133 193.63 89.25 58..1 76.7 ¢ .7 N/A N/A 108.1 N/A N/A 56. Table: Number of Vehicles.3 27. atalities per 10000 respective vehicles 16 ¡ ¡ Vehicle Types 545.7 6.38 338.63 172. Traffic fatalities with known vehicle involvement in the period of 1998-2005. Bu s/M icr ob us /P Je M Name of vehicle Vehicle involvement in road traffic accidents Vehicle Statistics and their Involvement in Road Fatalities Table shows the registered and on road vehicular statistics. There were a total of 23194 fatalities out of which vehicle involvement were known for 22442 (97%) fatalities.5 8.00 129.5 2.63 147. It also shows the yearly fatalities contributed by specific vehicle types along with fatality rates per 10000 vehicles of those categories.25 1346. atalities per Year 3 ot or cy c le Tr uc ks ini ick up ¡     183.13 2805.5 31.0 131.25 2.4 87.

 Tamper proof speed controllers should be made mandatory for all heavy vehicles.2. or example. account for the majority of fatal accidents and should be the principal target areas for these initiatives. New heavy vehicles should have built in tamper proof speed controllers. Dhaka Division and Rajshahi Division. outside the city areas of Dhaka and Rajshahi. Steps to be taken for preventing Road Accidents  Most important method to bring down accidents is strict enforcement of speed limits.  Heavy Penalty should be imposed on ALL those who cross speed limits. ( Suitable speed limit may be selected for each country. gadgets can be developed to automatically slow down the vehicle.National Highways With 51% of all fatal accidents occurring on National Highways. 17 . Research organizations should be asked to develop such gadgets on a war footing. if safe distance commensurate with the speed of the vehicle in front is not maintained.  Heavy penalty should be imposed for those who cause accidents. nobody will dare to go at high speed.These initiatives may be auctioned independently but preferably they should be auctioned in combination with each other on selec ted sections of national highway of some length (typically lengths between 10 km and 50 km).)  New gadgets are to be developed for collision prevention and should be fitted on all vehicle.  90 % of accidents can be avoided by strict enforcement of speed limits. these roads continue to be the principal target of recommendations for road safety initiatives.  Two wheeler manufacturers should be asked to design two wheelers with a designed maximum spee d of (say) 50/60 kmph.  Existing speed limits should be brought down further. If this is strictly implemented. The recommendations are listed in table 8.

 Ensure that the money recovered as Road Tax is fully utilised for the construction /maintenance of roads. making accidents unaffordable so that everyone will be very vigilant.  All those who do not maintain the safe distance for the speed should be punished.  Ensure that all Helmet users are fixing the Chinstrap of Helmet. depending on severity of negligence. OR impose a lower speed limit for those who do not use helmet.m.  Helmet should be made compulsory by law in all states.  Refreshment parlors should be made available at (say) every 50 / 100 k.  Cancellation of license of those who make serious accidents.  Law should be modified such that the person who made the accident has to bear (say) 0 to 10 % of the insurance claims. Otherwise it will not help during an accident. at least until they prove that they are not guilty.  Immediate suspension of license of those who are involved the accidents.  Scientific analysis of major accidents / accident prone areas. If safety awareness is imparted at childhood.  Strict enforcement of existing traffic rules. as it is difficult to impart awareness to a grown up a human.  Children below a certain age should not be permitted to do cycling in busy roads / roads where heavy vehicles are plying.  Safety awareness should begin from childhood. curvatures and other parts of the roads should be removed immediately. Diving tests for issue of Driving license is to be made more stringent and foolproof. safety will be a habit.  Advertisement boards and other items that may obstruct visibility at junctions.  TV and other media should be effectively used for Public safety awareness.  All sorts of Motor sports especially racing should be banned by government.  Raising of lower age limit for two wheeler and Heavy Vehicle license to 21.  Restriction of speed at accident prone areas. 18 .  Helmet should be made compulsory for back seat riders also. Also the compensations should be made very huge. on all national highways and truck / heavy vehi cle drivers should be forced to refresh by having a face wash or by having a cup of tea / coffee.  Enactment of stringent traffic rules. Telecast of Motor Sports and Racing also should be banned.  Video / Computer Games that simulate Racing should be banned by Government OR discouraged by parents as it will develop racing habit in children.  Ensure that ONLY good quality Helmets are available in the market.

Elimination of obstructions on road sides. All the Contractors of the Public Works / Other departments should be provided with the details of scientific Hump construction Humps should be clearly marked. Immediate cancellation of license of drunkard drivers / riders. accident prone areas. 19 . Reflectors should be fixed on Front and Back of Trucks and Lorries. size and shape of the Humps be scientific. Straightening / Widening of roads. Increasing visibility near curvatures.                    Strict enforcement of health of vehicles. caused by unauthorised construction / road side sales. Zebra crossings should be provided for pedestrians for safe road crossings at appropriate places. Implementation of one way traffic and construction of medians. Sometimes even cutting of grass to increase visibility can help save many lives. Let µRoad Safety¶ be a mandatory topic for School Projects for all classes. Proper marking of roads and signals. Setting up of Judicial Commissions to monitor steps taken to control road accidents. School Buses should be painted with Bright Yellow color. Road Safety Day / Road Safety Week should be observed in all Schools. to avoid accidents. Methods of permanent nature should be followed in Hump marking. For example white marble pieces / white color / fluorescent pigment can be included in the mixture ( if scientifically correct). every year. Front and Back of Lorries and Trucks should be painted with bright Yellow color to increase visibility. Provision of small pilot humps few meters before humps can also be considered to ensure that humps are not left unnoticed. Construction. every year. Footpaths and medians should be made mandatory for important roads. Slogans. Painting etc should be conducted for various categories of students. Humps should be provided at all important places. Competitions on Road Safety Tips. Essay. Periodic eye testing of old aged driving license holders. Signals for road crossings at important busy places where a large number of people have to cross the road everyday. This will help to prevent collisions while Lorries and Trucks are parked on roadside without parking lights switched on.

women. and removal of any obstruction to the placement and effective visibility of signs Increased enforcement of Regulations regarding unsafe vehicle condition and overloading. Sections 142 (Driving at excessive speed) and 143 (Driving recklessly or dangerously) of MVO 1983 apply. Establishment of speed limit zones where warranted g. particularly children. Speed limit zones can only be established where the nature and extent of adjacent activities warrants reduced vehicle speed. aged on safe practices when near the road Education of drivers. Safer People c. CURRENT NATIONAL GOVERNMENT POLICY FOR ROAD SAFTY a. Safer Vehicles h. initiative (a) applies. The BRTA Traffic Signs Manual contains the standards for road signs and pavement markings. Sections 86 (Limits of weight) and 149 (Using vehicle in unsafe condition) of MVO 1983 apply. In other cases. b. slow and faster traffic. Sustainable education requires introduction of a highway code in a format appropriate for all road users.Table: Recommendations for Road Safety Initiatives Road Safety Attribute a. Source ³draft national road safety strategic action plan 2008-2010´. Conflicting road uses are. Recommended Road Safety Initiatives Education of pedestrians. Provision of road signs and pavement markings throughout the network. d. Provision of facility where appropriate for conflicting road uses Safer Roads f. Overall road safety target for our government : 50% reduction in road traffic accident fatalities within 25 years. pedestrians and vehicles. adjacent to or near the road Comment An education program should focus in road side communities near the national highways whose are the frequent users. turn and through traffic. 20 . particularly he avy vehicle (buses and trucks) drivers. Inappropriate activities are those which reduce the capacity of any part of the road to serve its design purpose. stopped and through traffic. Different parts of the road are designed for different purposes. nonmotorized and motorized traffic. e. on road rules and safe driving practices Increased enforcement of Regulations regarding excessive speed (especially in speed limit zones) and reckless or dangerous driving Rationalization of inappropriate activities on.

Driver training and testing 7. Road engineering 4. To improve the road worthiness of vehicle using roads by ensuring that minimum safety standards are met and to reduce the negative effects of transport on the environment. to ensure that the data is disseminated and use to identify problems and design remedial measures. traffic legislation 5. 2. To implement road safety education and publicity programmers in order to improve the knowledge. National council Sectors road safety Objectives Reduction of road accident and casualties by implementation of adequately resourced national and district multisectoral road safety plans under the guidance of NRSC and monitored by BRTA To establish an accurate and comprehensive national accident and casualty database. Accident data system 3. Source : ³ draft national road safety strategic action plan 2008-2010´. Revise and extract traffic legislation promoting road user compliance with regulations intended to maintain a safe and efficient traffic flow To develop a more effective and efficient traffic police capable of instilling safer road user attitudes and behavior through the use of modern training. To prevent road accidents through more safety conscious planning. To improve the emergency assistance. adult program me and mass communication. equipment and expanded power. plan of action and/or priority areas : S1 no. strategy. Vehicle safety 8. attitude and behaviors of all road users. increased mobility.b. non-formal education. National road safety policy. BNRSC 21 . traffic enforcement 6. hospital care and rehabilitation available for road traffic accident victims in addition to having the medical professionals actively promotes road safety and help identify the true incidence of road accident casualties. through a combination of formal education. Education and publicity 9. particularly in terms of air pollution. Medical services . design construction and maintenance of roads and improve hazardous locations using low cost. To improve road safety by ensuring minimum standards for driver competence through improved driver training and testing procedures. 1.

The priority areas are accident data system. and medical services. attitudes and behavior of all road users through a combination of formal education. driver training and testing. Sources of financing road safety (i. road engineeringtraffic legislation. traffic enforcement. adult programs and mass communication. 2. Sub-sectors Formal education Non formal education Materials Agency responsible Ministry of education National curriculum and text book board Department of non formal education Non government organization Ministry of education Bangladesh road transport authority Accident research institute( BUET ) Department of non formal education Non government organization Bangladesh road transport authority Accident research institute( BUET ) Ministry of communication Mass communication department Bangladesh road transport authority Bangladesh road transport authority Accident research institute ( BUET) Community programs Publicity Training of BRTA staff Source : ³draft national road safety strategic action plan 2008-2010´. radio-television. road safety levies on insurance premiums ) Bangladesh 2009 Road Safety Country Status Report Additional Information (23/9/10) Current national government policy for road safety: 1. BNSRC D. stickers etc. BRTA already arranged 81 trainingprogrammes for professional drivers to develop skill and awareness on safe drivingwhich covers 8500 drivers by the end of year 201 0. National road safety strategic action plan 2008 -2010 was approved by national roadsafety council (NRSC). DESIGNATED NATIONAL LEAD AGENCY FOR ROAD SAFRTY : Bangladesh national road safety council ( NSRC) E. Resources allocated to road safety issues. 3. 22 . Against which for the next three years roadsafety action plan chalked out to set a goal t owards achieving a 10-12% reduction in road accident fatalities by the end of the year 2010.c road funds. leaflet. Government has taken initiatives with a vision to achieve a target of 50% reduction inroad accident fatalities within 15 years. National road safety awareness campaigns and training programs carried out : To implement road safety education and publicity programs in order to improve the knowledge.c. posters. non-formal education. Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA) under the Ministry of Communicationhas taken publicity programme to e nsure road safety through daily newspaper. vehicle safetyeducation and publicity.

CONCLUSION The high rate of fatal accidents in Bangladesh is cause for alarm and unacceptable. The creation of NRSC and adoption of Road Safety Strategic Action Plans are welcome moves towards improving road safety. However. The report is based ondata provided by the policy department based on road accidents across the country. 5. *** Ministry of communication has taken a remarkable decision that all 2 lane single carriageway national and regional highways will be constructed in 4 lane dual carriageway. Government allocates funds for holding training programmes. not many tangible results have been achieved so far. It is imperative to review the measures adopted to identify the problems of implementation and improve or modify them so that they can be more effective. seminars. 23 . Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA) under the Ministry of Communicationpublishes National Road Traffic Accident Report every year.4. conferencescarrying out awareness campaigns and advertisement on road safety in electronic andprint media.

(ed.  Our concern topic is road safety in Bangladesh 2009 The Bangladesh country paper. Rowshan ara begum. Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. in Hoque.M. Handout of Road Safety Training Course on Understanding Road Accident Problems and Their Remedies. Deputy secretary. M.). 2005 )  draft national road safety strategic action plan 2008 -2010´. Status of Accident Database Manage ment in Bangladesh. 2003. BRTA and MAAP Data Base  NATIONAL ROAD SAFETY TRATEGIC ACTION PLAN 2008-2010  Accident Research institute (ARI). 2001. BUET  Accident and casualties police reported FIR and MAAP Database vehicle km : RHD Road user cost annual report (1999.REFERENCES  National Road Traffic Accident (RTA) report 2008  Police Reported Accidents and BRTA 2009  RSC Report 2004. BNRSC  Alam.Ministry of communication Bangladesh 24 . M. Accident Research Centre. (2003).

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